Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 16, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 16, 1846 Page 1
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1 TH] Vol. HI, Mo. SttO.WlMlc Ho. HB7. FOREIGN EXTRACTS. American Affair* In Europe. Ac. Ac. Ac. [From the London Time*. July 8 J Wo hopo that a laige portion of our reader* gore an attentive peruial to the report, which we published in ye?terday'? pai*r. of ihe Select i ommittee appointed hr tha Tinit?.< <ritato*a Hnu>t of Il?uiA>kiintl(ifA? tn invnati. cat* the charge' of ill miacoiiduct breuglit against Mr. Web.ter by Mr ingersoll We have more Uian ouca directed public at'eutiou totiiia aubject; and a little moia than a mouth ago, while the in re (ligation was still pending. we took occasion, aa it will per ha pa be remembered to expoae the character of thia indecent transaction, and to prognosticate the reault of the inquiry. We cannot claim lor cur anticipation! the merit of any remarkable political foreaight; nor do we consider that to discredit an accusation of petty larceny .directed against a gen tie man long known amongit ua aa the honorable representative ot a foreign power, waa any particular example of charity or penetration But the peculiar character of the chargea, and the evidence on which they were founded, when coupled with the poaition of the gentleman againat whom they ware urged, do, now that they are given more in detail to the world, illuatrate very senaibly the observation* which wa formerly ottered on the whole tranaaction Wa will not merely ?ay that no grand jury would ever have Interred for a moment on auch grounda to an application for trial; but wo will aaaert mora roundly, that no Council of Three, either in St Mark'a place or in Someraet houae, would evor have entertained auch chargea agaiuat any unfortunate official, aa the Americana have listened to againat the greateat statesman of their countiy. Aa to the abatract truth of the accuaation, no opinions but thoae expressed by ouraelves could evor have procured credence arnongat men of reaaon or information. Bat it might perhaps have been not unnaturally surmised by some that there would be found appearances sufficient to mialead the accuser, and that he would have made out case for himself, even though he failed in establishing one againat hia adversary. But although there ia not the alighiest ground for aup|>osiiig the select committee unfavomblv disposed to Mr Ingersoll--though they obviously avoid any direct insinuations of the frivolousnesa and vexatiousneaa ol the charge, and are clearly rather desirous of impartially complimenting all parties ?yet the report,which the) have been bound in common ju?tice to make, diacloaea the utter groundleaaneaa of the original charge ao fully and unavoidably, that it ia hard to conceive any cia-atlsntic ay Mem of ethics or politic a under which Mr. Ingersoll would not have become himaelf amenable to the censure he designed to inflict I The charges advanced against Mr. Webster were three in number,?that he had transferred from its proper place of depoait to hia own banda part of a certain fund, without the knowledge of the President, under whose control it was placed; that he had used the public mone v to corrupt the public preas ; and that he had gone out of office a public defaulter. On the first count it appeared that the transfer waa effected by the President kiinaelf in the meat formal manner to Mr. Webster; and tkftt in nnint nf funt hv ! ?? an A ? vu actually the very officer in whose has ill the money hould be lodged; bat that an interruption in such cu>tom had for a few years pant occurred, till urgent State teasons determined the President, on the occasion in question, to revert to the original system of conOding the deposit to his Secretary ot Mate. On the second charge, of asomewha less definite nature, the committee, though they have evidently found and followed up most perseveriugly Mr. Ingersoll'a original track, are compelled to express their conclusion that " every foundation for a belief, or even a suspicion, that the public money was used to corrupt the party press" is removed. And as to the third article of the uccusation, it was actually shown that Mr Webster, after his retirement from office, had paid over to his succesnors the whole of the apparent balance due from him, until he could call in the various vouchers for the sums which he had disbursed on the public account, with the understanding that, on the production of such documents, the money should be refunded to him ; and that all subsequent transactions between him and the Exchequer consisted in repayments to him by the Government of sums which he had paid into the Treasury, bjt wnich were really not due from him ! 80 that, in point ?f fact, he was all along a creditor of his country, and not a debtor! and the only doubt expressed by the Committee is, not whether Mr Webster owes anything to the public?for any possibility ef such a balance was obviated by him long ago?but whether the United States of America are not ut this moment indebted to their late Secretary of State in the true and lawlul sum of ?80. Perhaps the committee could not, according to American rule, express any final opinion of the nature of the accusation, and were confined to the point on which they haTe certainly most unreservedly declaied themselves? the unsullied character of Mr. W ebster. But we are not without suspicion that the general tone ef American feel log is mainly to be blamed for the facility and composure with which this outrageous charge has been entertained, an>i for the total impunity which the false accuser has secured. Not since the beginning of the last centuiy in our own country-not since the deluge ot the French Revolution in any European kingdom, could a statesman have been charged with peculation and embezzlement in such an ordinary matter-of-course fashion as has been exhibited here That one senator should make this ac- I cusation against another as a mere outbreak ol temper, and without a shadow of foundation to rest upon, is bad enough ; but that it should have excited so little general surprise among the people?so little outcry against the party accused by those who thought him guilty, and so littln discredit against the accuser by those who believed him iunocent, Is a circumstance indicative of the lowest possible range of public and political morality. [From the London Times, July 15 ] The last arrival from the United States brings us intelligence from New York down to the 30th of last month, aud from the theatre of war on the Rio Grande down to the 3d ult. The armistice which had been proposed by the Mexican commander and rejected by Generu Taylor has, U tact, been imposed upon both aimies by the circumstances in which they aie respectfully placed ; for, as we had anticipated, the American forces were by no means in a condition to take advantage of tbeir late successes by a rapid march in o the interior of Mexico; and the Mexican*, on the other hand had neither political authority nor military power to expel the invading army from their territory. The consequence has been that both the belligerents have remained in a state of inaction; and both are looking for reinforcements to sustain the war. These reinforcements will, it is needless to add, only increase the uisproportion between the forces .U~ ?.l.l u- ,? -? uiiw uia ueiu uy 1I1V iwo IKUI j 10U 11 IS DOl easy to account for the infatuation or the patriotic ardor which induce* Parades, who appeared to have juat secured his own political position in the commonwealth, to risk everything by taking the actual command of an army which haa so few chancea of victory on its aide. If the account* which reach us through the American papers are to be believed, the efl'ect of the war has been far more disastrous to the political condition of Mexico than had been anticipated. The approach of an insolent and aggressive onemy, distinguished from the people of Mexico by all the characteristics of religion, of mannera, and of blood, might reasonably have been expected to call lorth the latent enei gy of the nation, and incite them to a vigorous and united effort in defence of their national eiistence, At one time it was believed that war with the United States would be popular in Mexico-, and that, in spite of the dangerlrom without, the Internal government of the republic would be rather strengthened than weakened by it. These hopes were entirely fallacious. Several of the proviuces of Mexico have already shown a dia|iosition to avail themselves of this opportunity to thrvw ofl'the Kcleral tie, and to assert a precarious independence Seme of the most influential classes of society appear to indicate their acquiescence in a species of conquest which they begin to think inevitable, and which miy at least secure to them the rights of property 3 ore effectually than their present worthlets ami unstable government. Y ucatan has already declared her independence, and the United States have immediately abknowle<tged it, by exempting the coaat of that province, and the flag it has assumed, trom the ?pe- j ration of the blockade; and opinions favorable to the advance of the Americans, are said to be entertained in many parts of the aorthern provinces of the republic. This state of things may, however, be cbanged to a considerable extent, as lar aa regards the internal disposition* of Mexico, by the reitoration of Santa Anna to power?an event which we must now suppose to b? by no means improbable. ii cany to perceive mat tne operations of a protracted, unhealthy, expensive and inglorious war will Dot j long gra iy the Aniencan democracy, or be populcrin the I'mted State*. At no di?tant period the cabinet of Washington will be aa eager to make peace in the midst ol its aunci|>ated triumphs, ai the cabinet of Mexico under the pressure of deloat; tor, if the war he carried on by the United ?ta;ei with miperior force* and superior (ucceaa, it ii at the same time far more onerou* to'the American population than to the ill paid and irregular forces of tne enemy. We may hope, therefore, that both patties will seize the first decent pretext for pntting an end to this wanton and absurd quarrel. [From the London Chronicle, July 15 J The intelligence from the United States, received by two successive arrivals, ia varied and interesting The intelligence which we pttblisbed yesterday consisted of an account of the gradual ail vance of the American lorce* under Geneial Taylor, who had, it would seem, the intention of advancing directly on the aapital. The city of Reynoso had been captured, and the authorities of the town of Camargo had sont a deputation to the American General, to offer him possession of the town. It is almost impossible at this distance, and with our necessarily imCi feet means of information, to deter.ninc the absolute portance of these movements ; but as both these towns arc on the southern batik. of the Rio Grande, and on the road to the capital, there would appear to be no manner of doubt aa to the immediate intentions of the American General. The advices from Uie seat ol wai come down to the I Jth of June. The Mexican forces were being concentrated in the mountaiu pass near Montere , which lies considerably to the westward of CamarMo, and is, it would seem, destined to be an inglorious Thermopyl* Ghneral Taj lor was hesitating for a shoit period in his advance, until he had procured a sufficiency of rationa for his troops at Camargo, and then the struggle would be quickl) concluded. From the letter* ol our correspondents, it appears that Mr. McDuffie. the successor o( Mr Allen as Chairman ol the Committee of Foreign Relations, is about to pi esent a report to the senate Irom that lotrmittee. recommending a speedy tetmination ol the Mexican war, by an equuabte adju?tmeut of all diflViences between the countries; and should such a reuoit be made, there aiv Kara to belittle doubt, on the other hand, that it would fl ffiMl inflii*iis? uiilh lh? M*nota VI li?n ? " to conakler what the report of Mr. Walker, the Secretary oftfee Treaaury waa, we cannet wonder that ther* should be found large numbers of peraoni willing to 15aten to negotiations of peace, which would ipare the gof eminent the nectaaity of saddling the country with V E NE NJ TH M Our engraving, to-day, shows the Indian exc half naked squaws, children and dogs; they mini dance begins. Those who have witnessed it, de: of evil. But afterwards, the victory accomplished his experience among the tribes ol' the west, mucl large amount of national debt. It appeared by that report, which we printed on Monduy last, that the aggregate estimated expenditure of the war and Navy Departments for the fifciU year 1846-1047, amounted te $'.23,064, 904 over and above the estimates made in January last. In those estimates, made for a time of peace, it was calculated that on the 1st of July, 1847. there would remain a balance in the Treasury of $4,332,441 Deducting this balance from the excess oi the expenditure above estimated by the War and Navy Departments, there would result a deficiency of $19,640,463 How this deficiency is to be met by any conquests, consistent with sound policy, that could be made in Mexico, it is not a little difficult to see. As to supposing that any extra turn of the ordinary financial screw will secure a sufficient compensation lor the expenses of the utarrrnm ika ?k_ ?: ? .1 ..... ..vui .uv fivA?caua, Vile upfFVBlUUII ! pvnccny I1UI* culoui. " Noe fleets" is tlie ground; if there be any, of the war. Without doubt the American* ate prepaied to make large sacrifices for additional territorial aggrandizement; and we have very little doubt, from the account we see of the naval operations, that they meditate no loss than a permanent lodgment in California, if not the annexation of that province. Thus they will succeed, at last, in obtaining possession of the Bay of San Krancisco?the finest harbor on the coast of the Pacific. If we are to judge from the tone of the Union, the government paper, Mr. Polk seems disposed to hurry on matters, before any of the European governments shall have time to interfere. " Mexico must relinquish her absurd territorial pretensions," says a writer in that journal; "the war must progiess onward, till the United States shall have the power to dictate, from the capital, a peace upon such terms as would not only be satisfactory. but permanent" It appears that the Legislature of Yucatan have proclaimed the independence of that province as a sepai ate republic. Thus the Mexican federation is rapidly falling to pieces. Paredes waa to march towards Matamorai. to meet Ueaeral Taylor, at the head of 10,000 men The Mexicans bad fortified Santa Fe with a l'orce ol ft.OiO men, who will very probably surrender? li they cannot run away?on the first approach of the American ttoops. The Americans would seem to have lound a mot! efficient set of allies in our brethren of the press, a journal has been set up at Matamoran, from whieh we extract the following choice period, as indicative of the leeling that prevails as to a legitimate ramv brlli in the United States. Alter establishing what is and what is not the character of an American citizen, the writer states, " the government of the United states seeks no conquest over a reluctant people, but she does demand a congenial neighbor upon her borders. If she cannot ebtain a congenial neighbor, it will become the paiamount duty of the Unitod States to seek a boundary which sho can readily fortify and defend against an uncongenial neighbor.' If the people of Mexico will be congenial, " they are to ha placed fifty years in advance ol their present position if, on the other hand, they will not he congenial?that if, hand over their country to the United States?they are " to be hurled back among the anarchical fragmenta of the interior of Mexico, to subside and rot, perhaps, under the stagnant calm of des|>otism, or pethaps to expire in a feeble and attenuated antagonism to principles which must ultimately govern the world !" Altogether, the proclamations and counter-proclamations form an amusing leature in the American news.? Some ol them are worthy of Lord Ellenborough. If the citizens of Tumaulipas, Coahuila and ?. hihualiua are invited, on the one hand, to shake off lethargy, General Arista, on the other, tempts the American privates with an offer of 320 acres per head. As to the significance of all this proclaiming, anil squabbling, and lighting, we trust theie will be lound cool heads enough in the United States to restrain actual brigandage and robbery under the color of political propagandists. We should aee with pleat-ure any friendly intervention on the part ef any European government ; for, although the republic of Mexico may not be the most useful state institution in the world, it would be lamentable to see suih a wanton profligacy in public men as would be argued by an unjust invasion of its rights and seizure of its territories. [Prom the London Globe, July 13 ] That the Oregon question has been amicably settled gives satisfaction in this country, chiefly because it trees us from tbe apprehension of a war. And otir satisfaction on this score is increased when wo regard the means by which the settlement has been brought about. W'enre agreeably surprised, after all that has passed, to find that among the leading statesmen of America a peaceful nolic.y is decidedly preferred. We hate teen that a rash popularity-hunting President cannot, by pledging himsell and catching the ear of the mob, lorce the United States into hostilities with England Already both countries begin to look upon war as a ; free it Irom iti ancient bonds it seems likely to extend more rapidly than ever. Kvery year largely increase* the mutual value el our liiendly intercourse , and makes more deep and extensive the loss to both which must inevitably follow its interruption. Thus the price ol a war, as paid in the stoppage of mercantile communications, is constantly increasing ; and already outweighs the cost of armament and the damage to bo sustained in actual contest, formerly the chief consideration in a pecuniary view of the matter. In all who serve tho ends of foreign commerce we have, in fact, peace-mukers of the most efllciont kind ; and in no two countries in the world are these increasing in number and political im portance so rapidly as in the United States and Great Britain. Te take only one instance?the growers of cottun in the Southern States and its manufuctuiers in Lancashire, having no quarrel wuh each other, would kto|> at no tmall sacrifice to prevent an interruption of their commui>icativ ns by a dispute in uhich their interest was coiui lerably less than in the cotton trade. The tendency of commerce may, as has been urged against it on other occaiiuna, be to displace other considerations with that of mere pecuuiary gain But objections bin as this may be in souie in>um e?. it can scarcely be deemed so when it tends to prevent war. Peace is valuable for itself, and none the less so for its bein^ preserved by an army of money-getters, even ul1 twing that money-getting, if honorably pursued, is not at least as worvhy a pursuit a* the most honorable description ol ftghtiug. .Nor are the merchants and maunlaoturers alone concerned These aie but purveyors to the public. Their profit >a but their pa'y tor services rendered to the millions of their countrymeu ; and their losses, whatever they are, must ultimately fall with accumulated weight upon those tliey serve. The shipowner who protests against a war in which his ships will probably b? captured or burnt?the planter who cries out against his piodnce being kept to rot at home, or tent out under similar risks?and the manufacturer who deplores a prospective scarcity of raw mateiial.nnd the lalling off ol ordeis from abroad, may, after all, be taken as lepicsentauves of that very numerous class whose servants th*y all aie?the consumeis. If trade UIUU|IH,H ! UCVOUJO MIC IIIU tUIL Ifl WUT r*|N||>? price*, the people muit needs cense to buy 10 much a* before. Ami, in short, nation* connected tiy cornmeicial tie*?who serve each other h) mteichaiigr ol th?ir peculiar production*?cmi onlj go 10 war when, independently ot *11 other consideration*, th?y have determined to give up, a? a preliminary ??cnrtre, all, or very nearly II, the advantage* ol that connection Thirty ) earn ol peace have done much to develop these advantages,aod < a lew years 01 tiee trade will do even moie Alteady ! the perception of them ha* helped u* uvei the Oregon ditliculty ; and we are not without ho, e that tnty will, at no very diitant period, make war between civilueJ nations very ne >rly impossible 'J'li* tone ol the American pie??, notwithstanding the inllueiK e of the piotectcd Intereits in the Noithern States, ia decidedly favorable to a reduction ot the protective duties levied under the tariff of 1H4-J. ((From the London Globe, July 1ft ] The American news would be gratifying in every re*, poet, could wo exclude from our view tiie progress of the Mexican war. The grain cropa are said to be more abundant than they have been during the last twenty } w?i and w? ftnj iba mm remark very generally ap "<wtr Wife wj < # |M W "fo , ? ? EW YORK. SUNDAY M< E FEARFUL 3CA LP C r y ^j^wjuKHragZflH itcd by blood, by gratified revenge, and victory. ;le with tho warriors in one dense mass?soon a c1 icribe it as the acting of mad-men ; all the reserve i, the rites finished, the warrior assumes his usual i that is new and intensely interesting, will rewari plied to all kind* of provisions. Wheat and Indian corn ai well as beef and )>ork, already fill the depots far suet article* along the entire line of inland navigation froir New Vork to the Lake*, and from Cleveland to Detroit and the farmers are tinning an anxious eye to the English market, in the hope that our demaud will draw oil their surplus produce before its accumulation bring! prices to a ruinously low point We very heurtily join in the hope We are likely to have a good harvest our. selves; hut, with lower prices there are few articles ol food of which our population migUt not advunt tgeously increase its consumption The fate of the tautt was not yet decided, norcould il he anticipaied with any great certainty, but some re. ductioa of the protective duties seems to have been ex. pected by all paitie* It is said, too, that the August in terest of the Pennsylvania debt is sure to be paid, as the State revoiiae of the current year will greatly exceec that ol 1845. The war in Mexico goes on slowly, filling some co lumns of every newspa|*er in tho Union with the march ii^ au<i Luuiii?i-innii:[iiii^ ui irnuji!), nnecuoie* 01 .line rican valor and Mexican cowardice, and rumor* of new taxes. Here are hundred* playing at soldier*?" the martial strain* of Chapman's bras* hand vibrating througli tho groves, and wakening the slumbering echoes of the hills," (as when the Itaymond (enables turned out al Clinton, Mississippi,) " strains of iervid eloquence' from patriotic citi/.ons coming aptly in to give breathing time to the band?and there, in busy crowded towns, where brass hands and shining uniform* are paid tor? where war, or the very runnorof it, stops the sale and tra isit of merchandise, and throws a gloom over counting house, stores and wharf, are hundreds of thousondi grumbling at the dullness of trade, and weighing then share of the national glory against their share of the new taxes. The government require* an addition of nearly 20.000,OtKi of dollar to the war expeudituie of the current year, besides having already absorbed a balance m the Treasury of 4.3SJ OOtt dollars The troops in the ti hi do not ) et, U|>on the highest estimate, exceed eleven thousand. Nearly ax many mure aie said to lie in motior for the .Mexican lrontier ; and, including the volunteer! enrolled and taken into pav in the Northern States, am' the a iditious made to tho force of the navy, we are tol< that the forces under the command of the government a Washington will, in the coursc of a few wcoks, fall little short of 109,(HiO men We shall l>est under>tand how there facts are regarded hy the thinking portion of the American people, it we recur to what they are accu* tomed to. The total annual expeudituie of the Kedora government has of late years varied in round numbers between twenty and twenty-live million* of dollar*.? The average cost of it* military anil naval establishment! may be stated at about fifteen millions ; and the largcs aggregate amount expended in these departments in an} one \ ear (1013-14) ha* not exceeded twenty-eight milliom of dollars. But the aatiinates made in Januuiy last have all cad v been increased bv an addition- mi anrnnnt ni u . expenditure alone, for the fiscal j car 18-16 7, by *23,95'.!,90 dollar*. So the cost ol the war in Mexico threatens ti he considerably greater than the co?t ot the war wit! England thirty ) ears ago In vain da we look for any object likely to be attainei by the prosecution of tliii war which might counter balance its cost. The idea of forcing Mexico to pnj the expenses is simply absurd. If the American govern ment has any justification for the piesent hostilities,! must, we suppo e,be lounded upon the non pay merit b^ Mexico ot otner and much smaller demands , and it ii well known that her inability to pay is at least the chie cause of her deiault. With the exception of goods chiefly belonging to foreigners, in lier ports, and Taigei towns near tne cons', there is very little in Mexico ilia is worth carrying oil, unless it bo the piopeity of tin church. Taxation of the least scrupulous kind has bcc i pushed to its furthost limits already ; and without pluu dering the shrines, it is not probable that an America: army strong enough to march to Mexico, could get holi of enough to pay half its expenses. The bulk ot tli population is very poor, peaceably inclined, much o} pressed, and extremely indolent. It would be ?*?icr t exterminate them than to raise from them a sui aid lha would riot more than absorb itself in the cost oi colJec tion. It is pretty clear, therefore, that the American will not be reimbursed. If they resort to these hostili ties to force pay ment ol a debt, tliay do so at a cos enormously exceeding the value ot what they nfl'ec to fignt for The only plausible explanation ol the a: fair is fouud in the ambition of American statesmen to ex tend the terri ones of the I'mou. The annexation o California, with the possession ol the bay of Man Kran cisco, and tho command of the whole coast line of Alexi co, us a continuation southward of that of Oregon, is ap patently the object in view ; indeed, we find as inucl admitted in more than one of the most widely circulate! of the American papera. That this, or any similar object if gained, will bo tound to repay in expense, even at already contemplated, we very much doubt. That it ii not worth attaining by an unprovoked and unjustifiable invasion is not only our opinion, but thatof very man} of the most sensible men in the United States. [From the London Sun, July 11.] By the arrival of the Great Western, we have receivei the gratifying and important intelligence that the Oregut treaty, on the lMth of June, received the sanction of the Senate by a majority of forty-one to fourteen All fur ther conjectures us to the upshot of this eccentric squab ble between (neat IJritain and tlie United State*, art consequently prevented from thin moment. With tin toon a of Mexican waifare still ringing iu their earn, thi legislative council of the Preaidency, to whom the ret tlcinent of thin delicato question had been transferred has breathed toward* the mother country nothing hul sentiment* the mo-1 pacific, and Iiri altogether conducted Itself m a manner the most conciliatory. Nor, be it re membered, are three conceitioni to the drmandi oj our go rernmmt the fruit t of diplomatic chicanery ? thry in no l the const i/uencet oj any adroit or kprctout prvpoiition The injihiitri'i which are uiuatly tummoned to the atlit tam e of the plewpotentiv y have in thit instance hern n> gtectrd, and a etrange randor, (which in many retpich fi without a precedent) hat been adopted by the repieien tattves of buth empire*. Much a* certain mdividuali acros* the Atlantic had become inlected with i belligerent spirit, wordy a* were their invec live* upon their British progenitor*, extortionate a* were their demand* in refeience to the coio nidation of the Oregon and the navigation of thei.'olum bia?every sentiment i* merged into meekness, and all obatacle* have given way to ac^uieicence upon the fir*l Hounding of the artillery in .Mexico. It i* impossible, in deed, to remark the coincident informal.on contained ir our last packet from America, namely, that the totai amount of lund* estimated by the Secietary of War ai itecenary for the prosecution of ti.e contest with Mexico from May, 1M46, to June 1817, i* somewhere aboul $l?,971,47'i?and (here ia the coincidence) that ainiulu neuusly w ith the receipt ol thi* intelligence, we are in formed of the arrival m Knghnd of the Oregon treaty a* ratified by the rieimte ol the United State*, that docu tnout having been conveyed hither under the safeguard o (len. Armstrong, American ( on?ul at Liveipool. Any com mailt upon tin* casualty of occurrence w ould be wholl) upeilluou*; but it may not he cou*ideied *o eutirel) superfluous to utter one iiKidental ob?e. vatiou U|?n tin behavior ol the English government when the \inericai outbreak with Mexico wa? flr*t announced. Innoad o seizing that remaikahle opportunity lor the precipita turn ol extortionate demand* Ujjoii the teriitonei ol thi Mregon ?instead of availing heriell of the nio?enien when the rival claimant ol those colouie* wasjust pie equaled iritu ail the einbatrassmenU of a war with ad jaceut slate*, and of iti>i<ung upon an instant compliant wnh an iminodeiato requisition,ai tliajunciure w lieu th Presidency was but ill piepaieU to engage in . double struggle? the most reasonable proposition are, on the contrary, luhinitted to the conaide.ation ol tho national magistrate, Mr. Polk. Thi* moderation oi ,u? i ... w.c.i orjiaiu ana e?poci?Uy when ther wcro nt.nol.ite lure. to aggrandisement- will not be tot gotten very ?|.eedily by the nation* of the globe. I that ungrmaping oflei of bringing matter* to an amicahl settlement, and in the dignity and resolution with whicl ife j_Jg. JSJV.... JLLMK'!! "" ' ' R, K I 1RNING, AUGUST 16, 184 IANCE OF THE INDIA His passion expresses itself in the most tumultuou! Irvun is heard, a circle is formed, the war-flag i3 raisi and dignity of the race is thrown asidtf, and each w stoical demeanor, till his vengeance is again to be gr i a patient perusal. , that offer was tendered, the other empires and principals i ties of the earth will recognise the urobity, the power, i ami the peacefulnen of the national spirit in England. They will perceive that the aid feudal crusades, lor the mere extension of dominion, are regarded by us with abhorrent contempt; and that authority aud political vigor cunnot. now-a-da) s, excite any administration of < these islands to encioachupon the rights, or to avail itself of the dilemmas of another nation Despite the hostile temperamentof Mr. President Polk himsell, itnd the pugnacious oratory of Mr QotgCT Adams and 1 1" com patriots, u more humanising spirit has prevailed By the ] wisdom and moderation of her Majesty's councils, by i the liatiertt. but at tlie same time unflinching posture of ' '.the late Secretary for Foreign Affairs, the Karl of Abernn, ami tlnuugli the good temper by which Mr. Pakenham's movements have been regulated throughI out this protiacted correspondence, the dirtlcult problem of the Oregon question has been conducted to the pre sent satisfactory issue. The sword of our empiro has still remained in its scabbard, and Kngland has thereby - conquered the prejudices of the American Legislature. ' British moderation will prove more salutary, as an ex> ample to other empires, than any warlike conquest. [From the Liverpool Mail, July 18 ] , The utmost satisfaction is expressed that th > Oregon ; dispute, which produced as much anxiety ami taik as the ci.rn and Catholic questions, has, like those questions, been set at rest?it is hoped forever. It is gratifying that the warlike ebullitions of some pugnacious and | obstinate gentlemen on both sides of the w aterhave subsided, though pcace may, to them, as far as pecuniary mutters are concerned, be a war. There is nothing like 1 kgitation, alter all, for letting off' the superfluous steam and preventing explosion. It is an excellent safety-valve, and has obviated much inconvenience. Public attention is now anxiously devoted to the American tariff', and it is learedthat the n odel republic will not be so liberal in its commercial vie ws as tome of tho tories of the old country. General Armstrong, to whose knowledge and tact the adjustment of the Oiegon differences is mainly 1 attributable, is an object ol much admiration on 'Change, 1 especially to strangers anil others unaccustomed to Ire. queut the pHvi' and the news-room, but who occasionally pay them a visit. | The Ameiican invasion of Mexico is still a subject of | natural intoiesi amongst our leading mercantile men ? The morale ol the matter has long been settled disadvan' tageously to the charac er of the government and the citizens ol the United Statos, and it is quite clear that the j Mexicans will be titled, robbed, and plundered, by the hordes of V ankees that have been let loose upon their 1 territory. Arista and Paredes, brave and experienced ' generals, are, however, still at the head of large forces; ' and the castle of San Juan d'L'lloa will stand any amount , of ba'tering. The nature of the climate and the difficulties of the country will also be a hindrance to the ad' ranee of General Taylor and his army ; and as President * Polk and tho Mexican* evince a desire to settlo the quar' rel by treaty rather than by a passage of arms, an earnest hope is entertained tbut lurther bloodshed may be avoid' ?d. Brother Jonathan, it is apprehended, will not, even ' id that case, return to the place whence he came ; but . the settlement of the United States' citizens at Santa Ke, t alilornia, Ike., will no deubt be a ferti'e source of fu" ture grievances and encroachments upon Mexican pewer and property. 'I h. K.n. 1> rr..lar r Table of the imported end exported articles of raeri Chan like, it the entrance or at the exportation of which f the custom house dutios are lessened or entirely rejwali ed. Alio, of merchandise prohibited up to the present day, the admission ol which is now authorised. t >II-:BLII4M>I9F roll KlfoKtiTIO*. ! Silver. i H. Cop. Hemp, combed and uncombed, per berkoneU. .. 0 50 Klax, combed and uncombed, by sea and by land 0 75 I Common bones of all sorts, bleached and uno bleached duty free Tallow of all kind* 1 0 0 I M POAT K D MraCMAKDISK. t Native purified mineral alkali?Phosphate of so- % da, per pound 0 30 ,* urr woods. I* lied tandal of Brazil, or wood of Ternambuco, ' < ampeachy wood, or blue sandal, Japan, or ' 8<ipan wood, and wood ol the same kind under various other names, in blocks or chips, par berkonets 0 *0 1 The same woods in dust % 3 50 Y ellow sandal, shuinac. fustic, and other woods of yellow dye, not otherwise named, in blocks ami chips 0 30 ' The sama in dust 3 >0 ' Cocoa, in bean and husk, |>er pound 3 0 Coll to 3 70 1 Cinamon and cinamon flower, wild cinamon, 1 cloves, and wild honey, per pound 5 0 Capers 0 AO ' Cardamum seeds and grains of Paradise 5 0 Carmine, per pound 'J 0 Bustard saffron, per pound 0 75 1 Mushrooms, pickled or unpickled ti AO i Cochineal 8 0 Coral, manufactured 0 AO ' Crustaceous, and all shell li?li, per pound.... .. ?> 4 ' Laces, entmlagei ol all kinds, per pound ?> 0 t Silks, enloitaget 13 0 I Kxtracts of different woods for dyeing,per pound 9 60 ; ladifo, Wld?r its denominations known in Russia. pes pound 3 AO t uui?v, I'wwuci, par jmunu. !> " t Cudbear 1 60 I Lac dye 3 A* clove*. 7 fr<l Kngliah pepper, Jamaica pepper, ami cubeh*. .. 1 60 Ited *ulph*in of antimony 4 0 Woollen fabric! ol different kinds, per pounil... '2 40 Clotns ol" particular fabric and cloth* mixed with cotton 0 Hi Cloths employ ed in oil mi 111 0 -it (iauzes and crape* 10 0 Maccaroni of all Winds, per pound 3 ? METAL*. riatina, in all it* form* duty free. Platina wrought, except when nsed in art* or manufacture*, an ndvalorem duty 0 1* riatina vase* and inatrumenti of platinum uaed 1 in workshop* duty free 1 The exportation of platinum, in all It* form*, i* duty free through all the Custom House* of the empire. ' Nutmegs per pound 9 ' Mace per pound 10 0 1 I'ute* of ail kinds, with their pana, per pounds...? *0 I WORKS Of ANT ' Marble ami bronze antiquities of all *i;.ei dut;f free Woik* in sculpture ol modem artist*, such a* statue*, bust*, ha* rel.el*, in marble or bronze, with their pedestals, if the latter are altogether or partially aculptured duty free > Sculptured object* of all kind*, in ivory, wood, or metal, mid work* of art in bak d clay. . .duty free ' Ornamental marble* of all color*, such as chim f ney piece*, vase*, lamp*, monument* of all ' kiudv when they are w irks ot art, an I have ' ornaments sculptured upon tliem, or la^tene l f upon them in bronze .dut y fr??e. The fieo iaipoitalion of all those objects of wi t men 9 tioned in the foregoing paragraph* is only permit ted by ' the Cn ttom Hoiihe of St Petersburg!!. Id cas? of doubt as to whether the articles to he introduced reallv baton* to the <'aiegt>ry of worki ol art, the decision will tw li lt > to the decoiun of the Academy of Fine Arta, v ;Uo, for ? that pmpo.e ahall ba inviteil to aMiat in theaxan linatiun ' ol the smd ol>jecti. I'earl* manulactured, compoiition, Rlaat, metal, f Iriiroot, and ear pendanta, kc a 60 i Oitrich leather* ami plume* of all kinda for hat*, a dyed or undyed, marabout feather*, bird* of Paradiie, and other* of the aame kind, plume* n for ol?f era, with the bo* 10 0 Ki?h, aalted or prepared, with the exception of It Ueiting*, ancliQ*ic?, and sarduie*, pei poind. -? 00 -??? ' ?"i IERA 6. NS. t Liuj v ?extravagances. From their wigwams pour out ;d in the centre, a song chaunted, and the scalp arrior appears as though possessed of the demon itified. In Mr. McKenney's late work, detailing Anchovies and sardines, per pound 0 Pomatum of all kinds, per pound 'J 0 Quercitron bark, per pound 0 -A Itocon, per pound 0 76 Sa/fion, per pound 0 40 Sago, per pound. . 1 M) Carbonate of soda, crystalized, per pound 0 80 Soy. and other similar preparations, in bottles... 0 30 While pottery and Kayeuce, or of tingle colors, without gold, or silver or design, per pound.. 3 49] Pottery ware of this kind, which will be imported to part of le*47, will not pay more than 3 rouble* 9JJ silver popacki per pound Pottery, gilded, wilvered, bordered, painted,or iu bus reliefs of different colors, and variegated of all kinds 9 0 Waie of this kind, which will be imported to part of 1847, shall not pay more than 6 silver roubles per pound. Vanilla, per pound 0 34 v eruigns.. a v TUo present table will l>e put in force at the time of its reception at each Custom House. Imported merchandise deposited in the Custom House* which hare not paid the duty on the day of the reception of the present table, will be released on the payment of the duties abovemeutioned. The operation of the present table, except so far a* it affects platinum for which there is a special proviso, extends to all the Custom Houses and barriers where the tah/Tofthe 38th November, 1S41, for the regulation of the commerce of the empire with Europe, is in force. Foreign Tlicatrieala. The lA>nd<m Herald states that a lady, whose name us not revealed in the bills, made a successfull debut as the Widow Belmour in Murphy's comedy of "The Way to Keep Him." The character is ono that requires a tlow of anitnal spirits, with the manners of a lady perfectly used to the highest society. The debutante had evidently studied the part with the greatest assiduity, and while she sustained the gaiety of the young widow she brought into the representation a tone and an ease of deportment, that rather reminded of the usages of a drawing-room than of the ordinary conventionalities ot the stage. Her countenance is most expressive, and she does not deliver a line without its distinctive colouring. The play itself is dull enough; and cannot possibly prove very attractive at the present day. A theatrical company, including Mrs. Coleman l'ope, Mr. and Mrs. Conway, and Mr. J. M. Dawson* of the Liverpool Theatre-Royal, hnve lately been performing vaudevilles with great success, at Douglas, in the Isle of Man, ana are now at Ramsey. The Manxmen say they never before bulield such superior acting. The performances are unaided by scenic illusion. Two theatres have just closed at Rouen from want of support; and the manager of the Bordeaux theatres has just made in appeal to his performers to accept half salaries, or he must close his houses. The performers, considering half a loaf better than none, have accepted the manager's proposition. There were produced during the past month at Paris, two new operas, three dramas,and sixteen vaudevilles or farces; in all twenty-one new pieces by thirty-four authors. It is bruited about that Mrs. Bishop has been engaged by Bunn for Drury Lane Tneatre next season; and it is, also rumoured that Miss Bass&no is to appear at the same theatre. Mrs. Bishop o.i.l Mr n ro trnn? tr* for three months. Vincent Wallace's opera " Maritana" has been performed at Manchester, with greawrtat ; the principal parts were supported by Miss Kain forth, Mis* Isaacs, Mr. Allen, and Mr. Stretton. Mademoiselle Ernesta Grisi received a benefi at the St James's Theatre, on the 4th of Angust Mademoiselle Carlotta Grisi assisted on the occasion, dancing for the ilrst time on the boardi of a small London theatre. The lastof M. Jullien'a Concerts was given a Covent-garden Theatre; Vieuxtemps.the violinist Signor r.atti, the violoncellist, the cornet a pistoi jnir exccllence, Ktumg, and Mdlle. St? pel, th< mamste, playing toli. This speculation has no been successful this season, notwithstanding tin formidabi* vocal and instrumental attractions s< liberally provided. At the Theatre-royal Adelphi the attraction hai been a troupe of Professor Keller's foreign inal< and female artistes, who, in their classical group ings, surpass all exhibitions of living statuary be fore witnessed in Liverpool. Th?*y are quite unique in every point of view, ana cannot b< compared with any other representations of t similar class. As might be expected they hav? been received every evening with unboundet applause, and we would strongly urge our reader) to go and judge (or themselves. An awful instance of sudden death on the stage, of a French actor named beburau, has lately occurred. lie was performing m a niece cauetj Iai Join SrJdutt, Hn<l sung the final a>r to the words "iV'eH dtmandtz pa* d'avantage !" Whei the curtain dropj?-d Deburau fell into the arins o one of his brother actors, and almost instant)) expired. the Countcsi de Kossi (Mdile Sontag) had decided, fron reverse ofciroui.istances, to again appear on th stn#e. We now lenrn that Madame de llos* continues to live in Berlin, where her husband i accredited as ambassador, and where she is ai object of regard and consideration to the moi aiiguit personages. The fortune of M. de Ross has suffered no reverse; and Madame tie Rosi has never thought of seeking in her talent as singer,the resources which mightlinve been wan ing to her elevated position. It would seem thi tins rumour had its origin in malevolent motives Herr Pischrk lias sung at nbout a hundred cor c?rts, since his arrivul in Londeti, two montl: ago; and, as his terms are fifteen guineas, he iiuii have made a pretty penny by Johnny Bull. A new opera has latelv been produced 111 Drei den, called L)er Tann Hauser," the music c winch us by Wiighorn. A new oratorio, by Max - ' - - - I ... IJ ? I:11 .. wrilln V" WCt-ll JJIUIUU CU ill LVCMII1. II .a ....... in the givvo ecclesiastical style, and is a ver meritorious production. leresitta Hrambilla is gaining golden laurels i racliim's new opera ol " Bondelmonte." Th music of tliis opera is eminently dramatic, com bined With true melody, and appropriate to stag cil'ect. It is considered the be.-t work Pacini ha produced in Ins long and bruliant career as i dramatic composer. It is with sincere regret that we announce tin death ol Mr. James McKweu ; he was man; years known as a clever composer and arranger a good pianist, and an excellent comic singei He was editor of the Mvtical Caiktl, and the Ah LD. mm two cants* i tical Cabinet, ami several other works. Mr. McEwen had none ot the errors so often attributed to public men, in whatever sphere iliey may move: he was a good husband, a kind father, an d of most industrious habits ; his only fault was poverty. Whilst impudent assumption took the tield, McKwen shrank from it. He ha* left an amiable widow and five children (the youngest only four) to deplore their deprivation. Mr. McEwVn's complmnt was inflammation of the brain; he expired hi Guy'- Hospital, whither he was removed 11 few day* previously, on the 20th ult Mis Bishop hits made an engagement with Mr. Buitii toi tlir?e months, and is to appear on ' the opening of Driirv-lane Theatre, in the " Maid ol'Artois." Mr. Balfe is writing several entirely j new pieces for her and arranging tl'e whole of the part tor soprano, and he is also recom posing some of the music for the male voices, so that the opera will be presented with many features of novelty. A new opera by Messrs Balfe, Wallace, and Lavenit, is composing for Mrs. Bishop, who in consequence of these arrangements, has given up, at a considerable sacrifice, her continental engagements. The Duke of Brunswick is said to have promulgated a decree that every fortnight a new play shall bo represented at the Court Theatre? and every six weeks a new opera. Ilunri Her/, the distinguished pianist and celebrated composer, intends visiting America in the autumn. He will slart on the "J6th of September from Liverpool, and will make a tour of the Uni ted States. Two marriages were celebrated last week in Paris, doubly connected with the profession. This first was that of M. Leplus, a distinguished flutist, with the eldest daughter of N. Habemck, the eminent composer, and lender of the orchestra of the Opera. The other was that of M Tilrnant, leader of the orchestra at the Italian Opera, with Mdlle. Picardat, a distinguished vocalist. The last account* received of the s'ate of health of Mdlle. Rachel are favourable Letters were received yesterday, direct from Lille, stating her to be out of daager, and fast improving. M. Leon Pillet has returned from his voyage to Bologna, having arrived at Paris on Thursday se'night. The theatrical diplomatist has been pretty successful, Rossini having promised at least a new version of the Dame du Lac, if not a new opera. M. Niedermeyer and M. Gustavo Waez have not returned from Italy, but are staying with the nuiestro, to assist him in his adaptation of the Dame du Lac to the French stage Madame Grisi, Mario, and John Parry; also Castellan, Marras, and Fornasari, intend to make tours through the provinces, when her Majesty's Theatre closes. Mr. Wilson will give his Scottish entertainment in all the principal towns in Ncrth and South Wales; Mr. H. Phillips will give his "Trip to America" at Bath anil other places in the West of England ; and Mr. Lover will cross the Atlantic, and pay brother Jonathan a visit, to give him a taste of his " Irish Evenings." Madame Pasta was said to have cleared in one season ?17,000. Laughing at the liberality of the English public, she and ner mother landing at Calais, on their way frpm England, and being charged immoderately at the Lion d'Argent. the prima donna exclaimed to the landlord, "What! do you take us for English asses 1" Miss Rainforth is staying at the Adelphi Hotel, during her engagement at the Theatre Royal. The marriage of the son of the reigning Prince of Moldavia, with the so called Countess of Duch, is dissolved, a* it appears she was a French actress. The lady has now lell the principality, indemnified by a considerable sum for the short time she lias performed there. Mas sender, one of our greatest dramatists, is buried at St. Saviour's Southwark. The entry of his burial describes him as " Philip Messenger, a stranger." The manager of the Swansea theatre now calls the prompter a " Repettteur." Speaking of Miss Monicr, the same paper says: "A Miss Virginia Monier,of American celebrity, h s lately made her debut here, in " Mrs. Haller." We must, however, see more of her before we can judge of her merits?the lady, hitherto, having been confessedly laboring under indisposition. The London correspondent of the Liverpool Albion says that the theatrical circles are about to be electrified, on Tuesday next, by the appearance of Miss Cushman and her sister in the wnolly unexpected and seemingly unsuitable character of Lady Spanker and Grace Ilarkaway, in " London Assurance;" the mention of which comedy inevitably recoils the charming Mrs. Nlsbett, of whose return to the stage there is every probability, for it is now ascertained that her late hutband, (Sir W. Boothby,) has left her?nothing, but the poor privilege of befog called my lady. Something astonishing is said to be in preparation at her Majesty's Theatre for the final farewell night of Tuglioni, who is now in London, and who will bring the opera season to a close in " a blaze of triumph," as manager Bunn has it. A i? kAtnffSiut (nrivarH with ft view to test how far tlie public would ke disposed to tolerate the re-appearance of Mrs. Bishop, (now also in London,) alter her "little affair" with Itochsor some few years ago. The Ismdrm Athfrurum says that the announcement that Dr. Mendelssohn and Mdlle. Jenny Lind arc plotting an opera, will not excite a livelier sensation the rumor (which we believe, this time, to have good foundation) of Rossini's possible return to active life. We are told that the com power's second marriage, which is to take place in the autumn,will shortly be followed by the performance of" La Donna del Lago," done into French lor the Aradimit?the text by M Vaez; and with so many important alterations and addii tious by the composer as almost to constitute a . new work. It is to be produced during the month of November. Not one of Rossini's dramas is better worth retouching than that in question, which contains some of his freshest and most delicate fancies. Much do we wish that a like revivifying process should be applied to another opera containing some ol the matter's most sumptuous music?to wit: "Zelraira." And we may now hope, that as the " Comte Ory" and the "Moisc were followed by " Guillaame Tell," this resumption of habits only partially laid aside, we have always suspected, rather than totally abandoned?Will be followed by the production of sonie entirely new work. Never was the public of Kurope so anxious to receive?and io div posed to receive with respect?a gift from the s master who has lived to see some reputations. : which lor awhile supplanted his own, dwindle or - expire. The sixth season of Mr. Wilson's Scottish ' entertainments was brought to a close in the 5 Music Hall, Store street, which was crowded fo 1 excess by a right caatie and hearty audience. Mr. ? Wilson sang several of his favourite songs, also 1 two Merman song", and Attwood's " Soldier's Dream," in allot which lie was highly successful, and was called upon to repeat some of them. At , the end of the Hut part Mr. Wilson recited Burns' 1 humorous poem ' Tarn O'Shanter" capitally; I the ?fleet of which was not a little enhanced by i a brief introductory sketch of the origin ol the ? poem. ' Sir Andrew Barnard will give a prize early neit ' season for a Druidicul ode and chorus, and W. Dixon. Esq , will give a prize for a song on a * cheerful subject; the candidates to be honorary 1 members ol the Melodists' Club, of whom there ? are twenty, including the names of Bishop, Blew1 ett, Cooke, Hatton, Hobbs, Horn, King, Parry, 9 Parry, jun., E. Taylor, Arc. Ac. On the oecassion of the death of the late Pope j Gregory XVI., a new funeral dirge was performed at the church of Saint Lotus de Fran?e, at a Home, the composition of a young Frenchman named Atlrien cte Lafage. ?t We learn thst the office of ' Count ef Music" - 1 I I.AAM variant fnr or toe court oi * icnria, which im.. ... lil'ry years, had been bestowed on Count do | I'odMiirk Leichtenstein. This office embraces the management of the musical chapel oi the Emperor, and ail the opernfw? theatre*and other musical establishments, which are supported by the |j. government. 1 Chamber Concerts ?Mr. Lucas the last i of a very interesting series ol quarter concerts, at y his residence in Berners street, when the following flue compositions were excellently performed Sainu>n, Blsgrove, Hill, Tolbecque, Lucas, and Ludera (pianoforte):?Haydn's quartet in C. No. 57; Mozart's quartet in B Hat, No. 2 op. 18; Mene delssohn's quartet in B minor, No. Hon. 8; and ? Beethoven's quintet in C, op. 29 The lively i | andante in Mozart's quartet afforded Mr. Luuaa opportunity of displaying liis talent on the violoncello, and Tolbecque di^ ample justice to the 15 viola part. Mr. Luders acquitted himself ex? tiemely well in the pianofor e part of Mendels? sohn's quartet; and Sainton, f 1 ill, and Rlagrovs were highly successful in their several dejmit ' | meius. ,'xr:%r ,*M r,is0t^ JU ?. '.i\ I ' H :

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