Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 16, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 16, 1846 Page 2
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\ ! YORK HERALD. New Vcirk, Sunday, Au|;u?f in, 1N4U. rne V\ cr It 1 y HrraKI i'h? lun-at edition of this publication is now ready, and can be obtained at the desk, in wrapper", a; <i*pence a copy. It is illustrated with a view of the "California Encampment" on Governor's Island, and contains all the official correspondence and documents relative to the Oregon and Mexican questions. Also the closing scenes in Congress. Amelia mi Alfulra In Kurope. On the outride ol this day's Utiahi will be found Copious extracts frinn the last English papers, relative to the ntfairs and foreign policy of the United Siatrs. They will be found of considerable interest, as shadowing forth rhe influence of this republic on the other side ol the Atlantic. Siew? from Kuropd, The Steam-ship Caledonia, Captain Lott, it the next steam ship to arrive at Boston She was to leave Liverpool on the 4'h inst., and will be due to-morrow or next day. She will bring nine days later intelligence from all parts of Europe. our Relation* with Mexico?-Our Offer of IVai .? W 111 It be Refused f W shall continue to wait, not without anticipating a somewhat undesirable issue, the mission > if AITi. : 11 i .1. . _ r _ il C io mexico. ? iiiti win ue me eneci 01 h ung ui truce entering the harbor of Vera Cruz, and anchoring within the range of the guns of the fort of San Juan d'Ulloa 1 It will take, as a necessary consequence of the distance of the seat of government from the fort, a space of time embracing many days, before a return of a courier can reach the Commodore from the city of Mexico.? Delay may be occasioned, also, by Paredes havjuk departed, with the forces, ta Monterey; the President ad interim, General Bravo, it being assumed as unlikely to take action in the matter, , without first consulting the national officer for whom he is acting. We must assume it as a fact, then, that Commodore Connor will be detained at Vera Cruz many days before an answer can be received by him from the Mexican government. What that answer will be, however, is another matter. It would appear our President has used considerable tact in having his message on the way to Mexico before the discussion ofthe mission came to appear in the presses of the country, and in the Washington debates. The "flag of truce" will, thus, by this secret management, take the Mexican people and government by surprise; and decision may be arrived at before the intelligence of'ts discussion in Congress reach the city of Vera Cruz. We have long been aware that Mexico would feel desirous to negotiate and settle the whole matter on honorable terms to both countries ; but, the terms we may deem honorable to ourselves, may not be d cmed honorable by her, and, in that way, the negotiations may remain somewhat in abeyance; that Mexico will accede to the opening of negociations there can, perhaps, be very little doubt; but, we are compelled to observe, the suggestion ol " sending a Minister Plenipotentiary," or " receiving a Minister Plenipotentiary," is what, under the circumstances, may create difficulty: Mexico will say, "we declined to receive Mr Slideil, as a Minister Plenipotentiary ; we cannot therefore, assent to receive, any other g?ntleman, or even him, in that capacity ; were we to do so, we should acknowl-dge we treated him with personal disrespect, and that our declining to receive him was an unfriendly act to his government; it wou d be also a recession on our art, quite unnecessary; we will be pleased, however, in lieu of a plenipotentiary to receive or send a commission or commissioners to arrange terms of peace, which terms of peace will embrace all outstanding national differences." That is likely to be the answer of Mexico. Then, again, it is to be considered, will Mr. Polk assent to the sending a commissioner, instead of a plenipotentiary Will lie yield to Mexico in this particular 1 If he should not, it is clearly perceptible the whole question will remain as it wai before Mr. Slidell retired from Mexico, and thn peace will have to be fought for. The non-passage of the $2,000,000 appropriation, may and may not have a bad effect on the peace desired on honorable terms by Mr. Polk; Mexico may not be disposed to mistrust our power to pay any sum that may bo agreed upon ; and if, a* has been suggested, compensation for a new boundary be offered by our government, on he ground that General Jackson offered to purchase one embracing the whole of the area of Texas, there is no question but the desire of Mr. Folk will be fully and satisfactorily carried out, and sustained by a favorable issue and lasting peace When this takes place, the two countries will doubtless knoweacli other better; andthe past will open out happier prospects for the future; Mexico will have discovered a material change called tor in her internal and external policy, and we may be better friends than eve She will discover, if, indeed, she has not already discovered, the necessity for drowning individual discord in the Lethe of the pn?'.; and when the nation shall be restored to quiet by a cessation of the existing war, it is hoped the mischiefs of disunion among themselves will forever disappear. Strong as we have ever been, and are now, for the prosecution Of the existing war, we have based our sentiments on no ill will to the Moxiran peoplo ; as a matter of course, we sustain the war, because we are proud to go in for our counirv. assured that bv sustaining it well, the oast c?n alone be oblivionized; ami like Mr. Polk, when this war ?hall be settled, we will be desirous to have our neighbor a "prosperous republic, in perpetual amity with the United States." On the conclusion of peace, it would doubtless be a good thing to promote a friendly understanding among all classes in Mexico. If President Paredes were to invite the return ot GenKrals Santa Anna and Almonte, and these three individuals were to shake hands and drop for ever all notion of future dissonaney in act and opinion, Mexico would be benefitted The monarchy question has occasioned a misunderstanding between Paredes ar.d Almon'e, but that question having t>een set at rest, the misunderstanding no longer exists; and Santa Anna has announced that"he will not consider General Pa/edeshis enemy." There is every chance, then, that with the celebration of a lasting peace with the United States in Mexico, the joy of if will embrace also, the return for the good of their country, of the Generals S&nut Anna and Almonte. With the return ol peace to the United States, as desired by Mr. Polk, and the return of peace to Mexico, with the burying, as alluded to, of the ntchet in me latter country ot individual chiels, we believe it possible Mexico may, and will really and truly become a happier and more prosperous republic. As we have said, so may it be ; but we desire to relinquish none of our national rights in the present emergency for the sake of pcace. We await advices from Vera Cruz. Steam Ship Gkeat Western.?We learn that this favorite steam packet ha* already about seventy passengers rugged for her homeward trip. It will b* recollected that she came out with one hundred and thirty-nine, including one born off Sandy Hook. She will sail next Thursday mlUiniooii. CorxiNEt, M. M. Payjie.?This distinguished officer, who was severely woundeu in the affair with the Mexican army on the 8th, arrived yesterday at the City Hotel, rapidly recovering from the effects ot his wovneff. f Thk Mv*ritiuors Mwsion op Mr. MoRrHY ? Our readers will recollect that we gave an explanation of the mysterious movement* of a Mr. Murphy, or rather Morphy, who recently travelled by express to Mexico, and received passports* ! it was said, l'roin our government to entiila him to enter Vera Cruz, notwithstanding the blockade. We lind the following letter in the Washington Union, which we think confirms the views we expressed of Mr. Morphy's mission :? Autrust 6th, 1846. By the Kogliih war steamer Vesuvius, from Vera Cruz. and bound to Bermuda for the health of her crew, touching here for coal, we are informed that the Raritan had nailed for FHnaacola u ifh u?*ar tOi) nick, from the American *<|uadron ; the di?ea?e* *rurry and yellow fever , the U-tol which prevail* to a vreat extent in the city an I harbor of Vera Crux The Ve*u?iu* had lost both engineer* from yellow (ever, and had many of her crew nek We have been amused here by letter-writing and editorial (peculation on the movement* of a Mr Murphy, (properly MurAi) to and in Mexico I hi* Mr MurAi i? a Spaniard, and ha* lor gotten the lri?h spelling of hi* ancotral name He is h wealthy money-broker of Mexico, and the agent of the Knglmh bondholder*, and heretofore ha* had no political or diplomatic ageney. He waa proifice of Santa Anna, by who*e aid and countenance he amaaied a fortune in the city of Mexico.of $400,000 in two year* ; he i* known here, and hi* acquaintance* are quite (urprued at hi* new poiition, if your paper* are correct. By thr ateamer Charleston, arrived here yeiterday from Charleston, came Mr. H. Zamari*. who chartered the ateamer for $3,000 to biing him to thi* por , that he might be (it i* *uppoiod) in time to take the Britiih texmer for Vera Cruz M. Zamari* left England on the 4th ul(, and report attache* importance to hi* movement*, particularly a* he immediately called on Santa Anna.The truth, however, appear* to be he i* a man ot large fortune, anil a holder of immeme tract* of land in California, which he i* impatient to look alter. There i* nothing new here ; heat interne, and yellow fever more general than it ha* been known for year*, but of a comparatively mild typo. There is no doubt, as we then stated, that Mr. Morphy'f mission to Mexico was for the purpose of instigating it revolution in favor of Santa Anna, and preparing the people for that chieftain's return. Mr. Morphy, as wo then stated, was a protect of his, and under his administration amassed an immense fortune, as broker or negotiator of loans for the Mexican government. The above letter informs us that Mr. Zamaris had reached Havana from Charleston. It will be recollected that Mr. Zamaris accompanied Mr. Morphy to this country, and that when he went to Vera Cruz, Mr. Zamaris proceeded to Havana. There has been a correspondence, no doubt, kept up between them, the purport of which, nobody but themselves and Santa Anna are cognizant of; and the probability is, that whatever arrangements they entered into are now being perfected. Thk Promotions in the Army ?President Polk has fulfilled his promises made to the nation, in laying before the Senate names for promotion, of those who were at the battles of the Rio Grande? and for this compliance, with justice, deserves the thanks of all parties. Among these names, we find those who particularly distinguished themselves on the field of battle, and at Fort Brown. Captains May have been promoted two grades each, so that they now rank as brevet Lieut. Colonels, in their respective arms of service. Fifteen promotions were confirmed by the Senate ; and the names of sixteen, justly entitled to their reward, were, for want of time, ' not acted upon. We would have been glad to see a few of the brave noncommissioned officers, ol' whom their commanders have spoken in loud praise, also the recipients of a commission from the hands of the President. It is customary in European armies, to promote the non-commissioned officers of their armies for valor displayed in uattle, as we have seen in India, after the battles of the Punjaub. And we know no reason why the same democratic proceedings should not have effect in our democratic country. We hope that President Polk, who has began so well, will not leave ofl" till justice is done t* all, be they of rank high or low in the service. Elections.?The returns from Indiana render it certain that Whitcomb is elected, but by a reduced majority, probably about 1500. The legislature is as yet uncertain. Graham's majority in North Carolina will be from 7,000 to 10,000; Senate and Assembly both whig. Wentworth, democrat, is elected to Congress from Illinois. The returns from Kentucky show a small whig gain. Distinguished Arrivals?Tne Hop. John Quincy Adams and family, were among the arrivals yesterday, at the Astor House,on their return from Washington. Also, the Hon. John Tyler, ex-President ol the United States, and Miss Tyler. Theatrical*. The Par*.?This establishment re-open* for the fall seaaon to-morrow evening, with a strong and efHciont company During the receis the house ha* undergone a thorough repair, and everything done to render it comfortable and pleasant to viiiter*. Among the many new and valuable acquisition* to the dramatic corpi will be found the name* of Mr. Collins, and that well known favorite of the New York public, Mrs Hunt. Mr. Collin* i* spoken of by the pre** of the Old Country a* being one of the belt delineator* of Irish character living, and hi* vocal qualification* are *aid to he almost unequalled. He make* hi* debut in America to-morrow evening in two of his mo?t popular character*, and will doubtlo*^ be greeted by a large and fashionable audience. Bowery Theatre.?Thii establishment wa* pretty well attended lait evening, notwithstanding the weather wa* very unfavorable. With the bill of performance* set apnrt for the evening, it would be itrange if the audience wa* not large. Mr. Scott appeared in hi* great character Don Csriar de Oazan.and performed it to perfection. On reference to the theatrical will be perceived that Mr. Scott, Walcott, Itc., will play on Monday evening. Greenwich Theatre ?On Monday evening, thoie who havo not as yet seen the extraordinary feats ot the Acrobat family, will have their la*taopportunity. The manager, in order atill more to increase the attractions of the evening, ha* made an engagement with the " Wizard of the Katt," who will go through his pleasing j performance* in natural magic. " Our Old House at Home,'' will for the lait time at thi* theatre, be produced, and a mo*t touching drama Iti*. Mr. Freer, Mi** Crauford, and the whole talent of the company will appear.? The new comedy of " A Lie or No Lie," will also be added to the entertainments. On Tuesday next, that popular and favorite actress, Miss Crauford, will take a benefit at thi* theatre. We hope she will have a bumper Castle Oodik ?Thi* evening a choice (election of sacred music will be fierformed by an unrivalled orches tra and all those who love to pass Sabbath evening in quiet and proper amusement, will find it to their advantage to spend the:r evening here. The breezes that blows Iresh from the ocean, are truly invigorating this tultry weather, and the choice refreshments are an inducement which tew can resist. It is brilliant sight too, the gorgeous saloons of this extensive illuminated garden. M|ft>rtlng Intelligence. taton, at Caledonia springs, has now completed his 67ath mile, and seems aa lresh as when he started on his , long walk. Maslcsl Intelligence. We have ju?t received from the establishment of Atwill several new pieces of music, very tastefully issued, amonp which are the " Moonlight Walttes," being six favorite airs, easily arranged lor dancing tunes. An admired ?ong of i ell m? not of morning breaking,'' as composed by R. Andrews The new waltze, Rasaca de la Palma composed by J. M. Lelsnd. and the popular song by L. L. Hind, ' Tho Joy that grows," fcc. Mormons in Txxas.?We learn that the Mormons that have lately settled near Austin are erecting a large flouring mill on a small stream 'about three miles above tliat citv Tii?ir .ii ?> , , (,,u,..?iy lorm n permanent settlement at that point. The country in the vicinity ii well adapted to the culture of wheat, ami a large quantity ol tliu grain w as formerly rai.e'd near Austin , hut owing to the wan* ol a goo,i flouring mill ita cultivation ftaa been abandoned. There is no doubt that a sufficient quantity of wheat could he rained in that section to supply all the aettlomenu on the < olorado and it i? possible that the Moimons, by erecting suitable mills for ine manulacture of flour, may give a new stimulin to the culiure of thia valuable gi aiu, and thua conler a imtuig benefit in a country where it was feared their presence would he but the precureor of evii.?Houtton Trlrgraph, July 29. Cot'Rr for thk Correction of Errors.? riuu vlay, Aug. 18, l!Mfi ?Freight, Lieut. Governor ttardner, Justice Heardsley, and 'H Senators The < ourt railed the calendar from fto It), to No. 17?and no counael being in attendance, the Court adjourned until | to-morrow at aiu* A M. City Intelligent*. Pasi Him Recfio.?Stephen Carr, of company O of Col. Stevenson's regiment of Califomia volunteer!, observing a tail boat cup>ize In the harbor yesterday afternoon, instantly sprang into a small boat, rowed to the pot. and reicued the party, conaiating of thrae persons, from their parilout situation. Scaieus Accident.?A lad about fifteen years old, name noi vctiruiiwu, jesieraey uuruvuu wciuvuiuij ( 11 from a third story window. at the corner of William and Duane street, and broke an arm and a leg. Ha waa taken up in a state of insensibility, and conveyed to the city hospital, where he liea in a critical situation. Attempt at Slicici ?Wm Goldahine, residing at No 108 Hotter at near Centre, came near patting an end to his existence bj rutting his throat with a razor. Bailiff discovered ere he had accomplished his purpose, surgical aid waa immediately obtained, and the wound properly dreaaed. He la expected to recover. Uwbbsllas.?There is a certain nameleas individual who ia becoming very notorious in thia city from the manner he carriea hi* umbrella. He was observed walking in Broadway last evening, during the fchower, and seeu to thrust hia umbrella in the faces ol all persons he passed, inal?* and female Several gentlemen were obliged to stoop, and otherwise incommode themselves, or suffer their hata to be taken off by coming in contact with his umbrella. We hope this individual will reform hit manners, and save us the trouble of further noticing him. Coaonaa's Office, Aug. 16?Death by Drowning.? The Coroner held an inquest yesterday at 34 John street, on the body of John Oardner, a colored boy, 19 yeara of age, who came to his death by accidentally falling out of a sail boat on Monday laat, in the North river. Verdict accordingly. Death by Intemperance ?The Coroner alao held an inquest at 117 Mulberry street, on the body of Thomas Miller, born in Ireland, 40 yeara of age, who came to his death by the effecta of intemperance. Death by Exhaustion.?The Coroner held an inqueat at the Feiry house, foot of Whitehall street, on the body of William Cropsey. born on Long Inland, 39 yeara of age, a resident of Brooklyn, who had been at work on Htaten Island and being attacked by diarrhoa he waa brought up from the island yesterday to be taken home, but expired in the Ferry house on this side. Verdict, came to his death by exhaustion and disease oi the bowels. Brooklyn City News. Assault and Battbht Upon a Watchmaw.?On Friday night last a ball, or what in Irish parlance ia called a fanHntiirn rnmn r?H at a Inw tmrt?r hntua in r? mo n street near Court street, kept by a man named McDonald. In the course of the night, as usual, the partiaa commenced fighting, and a regular street row took place. The ) elling and shouting of the fellows brought watchman Dougherty to the spot On his coming up, he attempted to arrest the fellow who seemed to be the princi pal of the gang. An assault was immediately made on him, and one of the ruffiany named Patrick Dallon, struck him from behind. The watchman turned round, and just as he did. he received another blow upon hia forehead, cutting through his cap and inflicting a severe wound of about two inches above his eye ; if the blow had taken effect about nn inch or less further back on hia temple, his life would have been taken. A reinforcement of tho watch fortunately came up at the time, and Dallon, and two other fellows named Patrick Kenna and Lawrence Phelan, were secured, and committed in defanlt of bail, to answer for an aaaault and battery .with intent to kill, at the next Court of Oyer and Terminer. Officer Dougherty thinks the wound was inflicted with a slung- . shot. Ali.khko Attempt at Bubglaby.?Two young men were arrested on Friday night while attempting tobreak into the house of Mr. David Leavitt, in William street. Upon being arrested, they gave as an excuse that they were on a spree, in chase of one of Mr. Leavitt's servant f ills ; but it seems there are other charges against them, t is alleged that they also attempted to break into other dwellings in the same neighboihood ; and against one of them, named John Gilbert, there is a charge pending, of stealing a coat from a fellow boarder. They were de' taiued for examination. A Grkat Fall of Timbkb.?An immense pile of staves numbering over 60,000, fell on Friday evening with a tremendous crash, at the Pottsville Lumber Yard, on Plymouth near Gold it eet. completely blocking up the former street Itissaid that an unfortunate person who waa passing at the time, ia buried beueath ; a number of workmen have been engagad all day in putting them to rights, but up to late hour yesterday evening no body was found. Police Intelligence. Aug. IS?J financier in Limbo?Officer Leonard, one of the Chief's right hand men. arrested yesterday a genteel looking man, by the name of John W. Martin, who was discovered boarding at the Franklin House, on a charge of obtaining the endorsement to a promissory not* for $2,000. from Mr. Norman Goody, ot Martiusburgh, Lewis County, State of New York, under false and fraudulent representations. It appears that the accused was formerly president of the Lewis County Bank, and likewise a justice of the t>eace in the above ' ounty, which shows he once held office of trust, and hitherto ot good standing, It seems that Mr. Goody endorsed a noto over to Mr. Martin for $-2,000, for the especial benefit of the accused; this, however, was done in January, 1844, and after some length of time expiring, the accused applied to Mr Goody tor another endorsement for the same amount, lupresenting that the previous note had been cancelled and destroyed; consequently another note of the same amount was endorsed by Mr. Goody, for the benefit of the accused likewise. These representations were ascertained to be talse and fraudulent (or the purpoie of obtaining the second endorsement, from the fact of the first note being still in existence and in the possession of a third party; consequently a warrant was issued by Zeba Knox, a justice of the above county, for the arrest of the accused, who was conducted back by the sheriff to Lewis County for trial on the charge. Constructive Larceny.?Officer Hays, of the Lower Police, arrested yesterday two Jews called SahernKreelander and Casper Wolf, charged with a conspiracy to defraud another Jew, called Isaac Finkelstem, of 44 wa'ches, valued at $160 It appears Kinkelstein purchased three ? atches, and net being able to sell them again, he was compelled to pawn them for $32, to relievo his immediate wauts; he then oflereo to sell them to the accused but all they woul I do was to redeem them from the pawn shop, and hold the watches as collateral security until paid; this Kinkelstein was perfectly willing they should do However, in a lew days afterwards. on applying lor the property, he was told that they had bought the watches lor jrid, and refused to give him any further satisfaction; consequently the above complaint was made, charging them ? 1th larceny. Committed for examination by Justice Drinker. Ckarge of Falte Pretences ?Officer YVm. H Stephens, of the Lower Police. arrested yesterday a man oy the name of Daniel A.Galc. the keeperol the Olympic Shades in Broadway, on a charge of obtaining *400 from a Mr. J. W. Conrod, by false and fraudulent representations. It appears that Gale advertised for a partner in his business, and .Mr. Conrod answered the advertisement, when an arrangement was made between the parties, by which Conrod paid the accused the above sum for an interest in the concern, fixtures, &c. Galo representing, at the time of making the bargain, that he owed no back rent, nor was there any incumbrance on the property ; and also, that he had a lease of the premises up to I860 However, such statements proved to be lalse and fraudulent, for, in two weeks alter Conrod took possession, ho was served with a writ of ejectment by the landlord for hack rent; consequently a complaint was made a^inst the accused for the fraud. Justice Drinker held him to bail to answer. Novel Hone Jockeying?Officer Prince John Davis arrested yesterday, a man called Kdward Gallagher, charged with stealing or defrauding a man by the nauie of Patrick McGuire.of No. 23 Warren street, out of a horse, valued at $74. It appears that the parties met at the Bulls Head, a few days aeo. and airreed to exchanzo hones, and to effect tliii arrangement, they 'ook each otheri horse upon trial, to be returned if not suited. McUuire, however, found that instead of his getting the best of the bargtun, that he was " tucked in," for the horse he had on trial was a complete " baulk," and, upon returning the horso according to agreement, he lound, kto his surpuse, that Gallagher had sold his horse, tior would he give any satisfaction, but took back his own " critter" and kept tiiat likewise. ( outequently McUuire ha* instituted this suit, to endeavor, it possible, to get back his pro|>erty. Oallagher was committed for csn nil nation by Justice Drinker. l'riii Lan rny.?A black woman, called Frances Houseman. was arrestnd yesterday by officer Kile of the 6th waid, on a ch.iigo ol stealing a pair of ear-rings, valued at Art, belonging to Ann Durner, residing at No. 40 Leonard street. ( ommitted lor trial. Baltimore, Aug. 12, IH46. Member? of Congress and their Trains?Ejectment of an Old Defender?Jutt Sentence of the Mag titrate. Members of Congress were as thick as blackberries in Baltimore yesteulny, all on their way to their wives and sweethearts, and consequently in a most tremendous hurry. A number of suspicious-looking characters were following in their wake, apparently watching with intense interest the pocket in which ei?i:h ol' thein had established Ins sub-treasury. They seemed to look upon it as public property, under the impression, 1 presume, that many ol those who had it in possession had not earned it, which was undoubtedly quite a philosophical view of the matter. There will, therefore, be a struggle for possession with some of them before they reach their journey's end, particularly a lew Iroin the West, who>e spirits were on the parallel of' 54 40,," and who seemed determined to keep them at that temperature during me remainder 01 uieir journey. A inont outrageous cn?n ol ejectment, by n landlord, occurred last night on Bunk street near Har? lord Run. The landlord, whose name is Owen Hagan, proceeded to the dwelling of his tunant, an uged couple, named Walker, of near 70 summers, and not only forcibly turned them out of th<# house, but proceeded, with his minions, to throw every vestige of their furniture alter them. The old man is an old defender ot Baltimore, and one ot the lew who claim that title who distinguished themselves at the battle of North Point, but the most outrageous part of the transaction is that this heartless landlord, who thus brutally treated the old soldier and hia wife, is an unnaturalized foreigner. I am pleased to see by papers that the old sol dier yesterday had Ins landlord brought before f.. ' . Cl.?ir n aitit lr? r rl a m u iru* Hllilu ? JU31IUC OlliCUOI} Uil ? own ?v* " large number of ladies from the neighborhood wore present as willing witnesses in behalf of the old man's good character, whilst the latter produced receipts in full tor his rent, it appearing that he wu? thus forcibly expelled ; not on account ot neglecting to pay his rent, but because Hagun wanted to rent the house to some one else. On this statement of the case Justice tfchaetfer gave a verdict ol $l30<tnd costs to the plaintiff, expressing Ins regret that the law woind not permit htm to itnpws? n heavier fine, and even add imprisonment to its rigor Hagan threatens im appeal, wltieh it is to be hoped he will do, as old Judge Purviance would do something towards expressing his abhorrence of such an outrage, beyond the decision of the magistrate. LAOtTAYiu, 20th July, ISO. Violation of Treaty?Particular! of the Deeertion of a Sailor of the Schooner Martha Elizabeth?and proceeding* thereon. I regret exceedingly, that I should now have it in my power to relate to you the circumstances and facts, regarding an open violation of the treaty between the United States and the Republic ol Venezuela, by the authorities ot this place, in reference to a seaman, duly and legally shipped on board the American schooner Martha Elizabeth, Captain Gatchell^ of Baltimore; and who, upon arriving at this port, deserted from : I I r :J ... oaiu Tco9oit anu icutiwu pivicvuuil lit#in aaiu ou* | thorities, in contravention to the 32d article of the treaty. As this case has bean most grossly mis- j represented, and in order to counteract any false | reports which may be published by evii intentioned persons, who are continually on the alert, and ever ready to misrepresent the clearest case, 1 j have been permitted to exa r ine the documents bearing upon a subject of such transcendent importance, and make the extracts judged necessary lor the purposes designated. Soon after the American schooler, Martha Elizabeth, Captain Gatchell of Baltimore, arrived and anahored at this place, a seaman, belonging to said vessel deserted from her, and at the instance of John P. Adams, Esq., Consulate of the United States, was apprehended by the Mayor. I and imprisoned. On the 2-1 instant, Mr. Adams addressed a note to the Mayor, requesting that the seaman should be tent on board of the Martha Elizabeth, of which the following is a copy :? Consulate or the United States, ) ' Laouayba, Julv3d, 1840 ? To the Hon. Estebap Escobar, Mayor of Laguayra,? Sib,?I have th? honor tc inform you thatB Mico one of the craw of the American schooner Martha Elizabeth, who was sent to prison yesterday. by the orders of your Honor, is a citizen of the United States of America, and shipped at BalUmore on board the said vessel, to perform a voysge to this port, one, or more other ports ou this main, and back to Baltimore. As the complaints msde by this seaman, come within the proper jurisdiction of this consulate, I have the honor to request that he may be sent, with a proper guard, on boarj the said schooner Martha Elizabeth. I have the honor to be, Itc., Sec. (Signed,) JOHN P. ADAMS, U. 8. Consul. To the foregoing, Mr. Escobar, the mayor, addresses the following official note to Mr. Adams, U. S. Consul La Ut'ATBA, 8d July, 1840. In connequeuco of your communication of this date, I have to observe?that the seaman, B. Chico, of whom vou refer in your official letter of this day, is prepared to r>e delivered to you or to the person you may select, on the day and hour that you shall designate for which purpose I enclose, herewith, the necessary order to the jailor. Y?ur obedient servant, (Signed) ESTEBAN ESCOBAR. The succeeding day, on the 4th instant, much to liis surprise, Mr. Adams receives from the 1....: ???>" " w.uiuu...v-?iiuii,i;iitiu?uij( a. icpicsentation of the deserted seaman, B. Mico, to the said Mayor, praying the protection of the authorities, and complaining of bad treatment received at tbe hands of Captain Gatchell daring the voyage from Baltimore; likewise affecting severe illness, which would prevent him from discharging his duty on board, and alleging other motives, that proved to be equally fal?e ana ridiculous. Mr. Etcobar to Mr. Jldawis. . La Gdatra. July 4. 1840. ' Accompanying this, you have an original representation directed to me by B L Chico, tbe content* of which you will pleaie to peruse, and on communicating your view a respecting it, return the said representation. Your obedient servant, kc , (Signed) E8TEBAN ESCOBAR. Me. Adams to Scnoa Escobar. consulate of the united states, ) La Oi'atra, July 4th, 1816. j To the Hon. Esteban Eicobar, Mayor of La Ouayra. sir?i have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of this dote, enclosing a written representation addressed to your honor, with the signature of Bartolo Melius Chico attached, both of which have had my serious attention I find the material statements made in the l.itter, to be entirely void of truth. 1 have examined the whole of the ship's company of the American schoo- 1 ner Martha Elizabeth, who declared under oath, that B. 1 Mico. a seaman belonging to said schooner, has never received the slightest mal-treatment from the coirman- j der, or any other person while on board said vessel. Captain Oatcbell or the said schooner, declared that the < said B. Mico has never complained to him or to hi* mate i of being ill; that if the said seaman is or should be sick, i he has on board a proper medicine chest, and is pre- ] Eared at all times to administer to him such medicines m i e may require. i This seaman shipped and contracted at Baltimore, to i perform a voyage on board the Martha Elizabeth, from i that port to one or more ports on this main, and back to i Baltimore. The importance of maintaining a proper discipline on board the merchant vessels of the United States, and the rights of one of the contracting parties, makes it my duty again to request, as I now moit respectfully do, thnt your honor will order the said B. Mico to be sent with a proper guard on board of the vessel to which he belong*. I will cause a boat to be in readiness at the wharf, to receive said seaman at any hour your honor may be pleased to designate. I have the honor, 8tc. (Signed) JOHN P. ADAMS, U. 8. Con?ul. The Mayor, on receiving the preceding official letter of Mr. Adams, and continuing 10 mani- 1 fest a strong disinclination to deliver ihe seaman ' on board of the Martha Elizabeth, addressed to Mr. Adums another official note, dated 4'h inst., , enclosing a certificate of the port ph/sician, relative to the infirmities of the seaman aforesaid, , and concludes his communication by deciding , that the man was not in a sui'able ttaie to be ein- j barked. Dr. Sierra, the port physician, certified that the sailor was slightly affected with a din- < ease, which it is not necessary to mention, neither do 1 consider full copies of nil the correspondence necessary in order to elucidate clearly the affair, and I shall consequently only give brief extracts therefrom. In answer to the official letter of Senor Escobar, above referred to, Mr. Adams states :? " I have the honor to enclose herewith, for your honor's perusal, Doctor Baillie's certificate in respect to the condition of the said teaman, which certificate I have respectfully to request may be returned to me. " The extent of the illness that, in the opinion of Dr. Sierra, this seaman is laboring under, does nut by any means, in the opinion of the undersigned, render his discharge from the vessel to which he belongs necessary. In the rtrm conviction that proper treatment has, an 1 will be extended to this seaman, <ind the attention that his sickness may require be given to him, 1 have the honor to repeat the request made in my previous note of this date, tic. fcc." The Mayor, and the port captain Senor Guiti error,being, as will appear, determined to oppose and thwart the United States Consul in his endeavors to procure the said seaman to be placed on board ot the Martha Elizabeth, Sr. Escobar addresses a note to Mr. Adams,dated 4th inst and encloses an exposition drawn up by the port captain, containing the declarations of several boatmen, regarding the treatment received by said sen men lrom Captain Gatchell, in t'-ieir presence on board of the Martha Elizabeth, on the IWtli tilt. Upon the 6th inst. follows another olKcial note from Senor Escobar to Mr. Adams, stating that innsI much as there appeared to be a contradiction between the certificates of Doctors Sierra and Baillies (the latter having declared that the seaman was perfectly able to proceed on board, and discharge his usual duties,) he had thought convenient to appoint another physician to examine the i condition of the seaman. Mr. Adams hereupon acknowledges the receipt of Mr. Escobar's note I of the 6th inst., under the same date. To wit:? ! CoMVUTI or TH( UwiTKD STATKS, ) Laguav?a, July 6th, 1846 } To the Ho*. Eitkbav KscobaI, Mayor of Laguayra:? , ' Sin,?I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt, , on the evening of the 4th, of your third deipatch of that date, enclosing an instrument of writing ligned by Senor J. Uutierrer; also your dispatch of thii date, and I have to inform your honor, ttut any complaint* the seamen belonging to Aineiican vends have to make of bad ' treatment while on board of laid vessels, come* only within the jurisdiction of thia consulate I deny the ' right of the authoritiei of this place to interfere in luch j 1 cases; and 1 regret that it becoinei my duiy to state that the interference of some of the officers under this govern- 1 ment in the case of the seaman B .Vtico, belonging to the ' 1 American schooner Martha Elizabeth, has a tendency to I encourage the seamen belonging to American vessels 1 to desert, and mutiny agaim>t the order* of their commanders, which I conceive to be a proper cause of complaint on the part of this consulate. < As the American schooner Martha Elizabeth, to which < the seaman B Mico belongs, ia ready to proceed to sea, i I have now to demand, in the name of iny government, i that the said B Mico shall be immediately placed subject to my orders, and a proper guard be furnished to conduct laid seaman to the wharf, in accordance with the 1 conditions 01 the aid article of the treaty now existing between tbe United Stales of America and the Republic , of Venezuela. 1 have the honor to be. kc Signed, JOHN P. ADAMS, U. 8. Consul Mr. Escobar, in reply to Mr. Adam's note above 'c written, announces that he has finally determined r to deliver up the sailor, and encloses an order to f the jailor accordingly. 1 cannot better explain to I you the events which occurred subsequently, than ji by making the following extract from Mr. Adam's 7 report to the Charge d'Affairtt of the United States | residing at Caracoass? " Immediately on the receipt of said order, 1 went to ( tho prison with Captain Oatcliell. took raid seaman out, t who wuscon meted to the wharf by Ave soldiers. wheie ? the sexmen and soldiers were surrounded by a number , of disorderly persons who prevented Captain Oatuhell from taking -.aid ifHman on boaid Ins vessel, he having ( his boat at the wharf for that purpose These diso'derly persons menaced the' aptain and her boat's crew, an' struck with a piece ol iron one of the boat'a crew The ) Casein returned and inlormed me that a mob prevented , him from taking the ?eaman on board I immediately i ( went to the Mayor's pnva'e office, meeting there the mob , in possession ol the #ve soldiers and seaman I request ( ed the Mayor to disperse the mob anil give me pea. eable ] poaaeasiun of the seaman; he replied, and Anall) atata<l that he had not sufficient force, and could not do it ( While the mob were in the Mayors Office-that , officer did not addreea or maka tha slightast 4 it tempt to disperse them, neither did any other ofleer of ' he government interlere for the purpose ot dispersing ?id mob Indeed, the course that ha* been purfut <1 by iffice under this government. officially and unoftlcialjr. has been the whole cause of exciting the people and :reatinc the mob. The seaman is a Spaniard by birth, la declared that he wished to remain inthii country. an>l ome of the officers under this government were deternined that he should remain The rap ain of the port lunted up boatmen that had been along side of, or in ight of the vessel to which the sesman belonged, and ook their depositions. This officer on the 6th inst.. after he seaman had left the Mayor's office, surrounded by he mnn, went amongst them, abook hands with the leaDun, Rave him his blessing, and told him that he had to hnnk the people of La Guayr* for preventing hia being aken on board That he (the captain of the port.) vould see that he (the >eaman) waa taken out of priaon he following day, and that he would tend an order to be captain of the veaael to which the seaman belonged, o deliver up hia clothea and effects, which order waa ia;ued and sent, a ropy of which I encloae herewith. Capain (Jatchell refused to deliver aaid effects, in accorIsnc/ with my ordera. and waa obliged yesterday to iroceed to aea. leaving the xaid soaman nere The mob m railed the streets a part of the night armed with pia. ;ols, clubs, knivea &c.. crying out "death to the Ameri:an captain and American consul,'' Sec. " Thia aeaman shipped at Baltimore to perlorm a voyige to this and other ports on this main, and back to Baltimore He shipped as an American, and the collector >f the port of Baltimore certified on the ship's list of the ;rew, that he was a citizen of the United States. 1 exa niued the officers and all the crew of the schooner to which he belonged, who declared, under oath, that the laid seamen had never been struck, or in any way illseated by any person while on board said vesael, which 'rom his own statement I feel convinced was the truth, rhe said parties further declared, that he had never iomplained to either of them of being ill, or had the appearance of sickneas. It is the firm conviction of the inderaigned, that the safety ol the lives, property and nlerests of American citize ns, residents in, and having ntercoursa with this country, require* that an example ihould be made of the instigators and leaders of the mob who set at defiance the laws of Venezuela, and I reapect'ully advise that a demand be made upon the governnent of Venezuela ; first, that the canUin of this port be dismissed from office , second, that tne instigators and eadersoftke mob shall be properly punished." In consequence of the preceding communica:ion to the U. S. Charge u'Atfairs the Venezuelan government immediately suspended from office the Captain of the Port, and ordered the adoption of measures for the apprehension of the ringleaders of the molt, in order that they may be proceeded against with all the severity of the lawsof the country; gave instant orders to the competent authorities for the delivery of the seaman to the Consul of the United States, or to be lent under a sufficient guard, wherever the consul ihou!d think proper to designate. And in iact, le was duly delivered to Mr. Adams 01 the 13th nstant, and despatched to Porto Cabello, where le was placed on board of the schooner Martha Elizabeth, on the 16th instant. I take pleasure in testifying to th>; promptness tnd eneriry exercised by the supreme government of Venezuela, immediately after the facts met documents relative to the extraordinary conduct of the local authorities of Lamiavra. were presented to its consideration, in order to atone j in a measure, for the manifest violation of a so- i lemn treaty on the part of its agents. And it gives me the highest satisfaction, as a native born citizen of the United States, to be able to stats, that the conduct of our Consul, John P. Adams, Esq., in regard to the atfair of the seaman, B. Mico, belonging to the American schooner Martha Elizabeth, (h-serves the highest praise and commendation, for the cool, deliberate and determined resolution observed by him, lor the purpose of sustaining the honor and dignity of the United States, amidst an armed and infuriated mob that threatened his life ; and the imbecile, and conniving authorities of this place,who, instead of using proper exertions to pacify, or disperse the tumultuous assemblage, appeared to be gratified that au occasion offered to serve as an excuse for not delivering the seaman over to the U. S. Consul. 1 beg to state, that eight or ten of ttie ringleaders of said mob have l>eeii seized, and sent to the capital for their trial. Your's truly. Religious Intelligence. Cai.cnuah for aiot'st ? 16th, 10th Sunday after Trinity. 23d, 11th Sunday after Trinity. 24th. St Bartholomew, the Apostle. 30th, 12th Sunday after Trinity. Rev. J. J Thatcher who has been for many years a minister of the " Christian Union" denomination, has left that sect and joined the Baptists. We understand from respectable sources, that the subject of a separation of Long Island from the diocese of New York, and the establishment of an independent diocese, is likely to be brought before the Convention, at its next meeting in October We have been awaie, for ome time past, that the plan of a separation ol Long island from the diocese of New York, has been talked of by many influential Episcopalians, and that the subject, o far as our information extends, has been looked upon as highly desirable by a large number of our episcopal friends. For our own part, we cannot imagine that any serious obstacle can justly be proposed to prevent its consummation. Long Island has about twenty-five parishes, and some thirty clergy, and in this respect is stronger than one half the dioceses of the Union. That the interests of the church will be promoted by the nana* no new* ui ii?iiuniim line 01 tne Mexican teamen wii fitting out at Havana un.ler Brtttali colors, ,n l wee to mil for Kngland. We have bean favo e<l by commercial houae in tliU , ilty, with the following extiact of a latter , " Aug 5. Ourrice market W quite dull The rice per Z-'phyr < iat jmt bten aol I at r? The cari(oe? of K \ Biown , itul ^reliant, arri?ed } e?terday evening, in r? , ii the >eit offer tliat could be nb'ain?d fot them The *tock ia ibout 4iM? ca?k?, anil I700 big. fro n Vnlmicia Lmi Hale* of larii were m.ide at MS for 40:) kegt and I 90 bbla. The iitock amount* to SAtxi ke<? j We have no change to nutice hi our market for proluce Height* continue dull, and no tianaacticnf hava ken plfc-e recently. 1 Lxciiange oa U 4 I ptr cant pram." i erection or an independent dioceie, we will not allow our elf to doubt for a moment. We are satisfied that the ad- 1 vancement of the church on Long Island ii identified with iti separation from the rather unwieldy dioceie to which it belongs The missionary field is most ample, and there ii much to be done by the minister of God, (no miitter of what denomination;) and our predilections tor the church would lead us to hope for a separation and the appointment of an able and efficient diocesan, that under the blessings of Providence the devout may rejoice in a spiritual pro?jierity, which seems inseparable from small or circumscribed diocetas. Arguing from the reception which the pruject has met with Irom the many acquainted with it, we (eel assured that it will become popular in the loftiest and purest sense of the word. The triple crown which is now used at the coronation of his Holiness, is the same that Napoleon presented to Pius VII.; theie iaalso another whicti was given by Pope Gregory XVI. The tiaras and mitres are kept at Fort St Augelo, where they are taken back after the ceremony The tiara given by -Nanoleon is of white I velvet; the three crowns are ot sapphires, emeralds, rubies, pearls, and diamonds ; on the top is a large emerald surmounted by a diamond cross This tiara is estimated at 80,000 Roman crowns (about ?17,000.) Rev James M Macdonald, of Jamaica, Long Island, has declined the coll presented to him to become the pastor of the Central Reformed Dutch Church (Doctor Brodhead's) in the city of Brooklyn. The next academical year of the Union Theological Seminary commences on the first Wednesday in October; and we are requested by a Committee of the Board of Directors, to state, that in addition to the instruction provided in elementary Hebrew, and in Ecclesia?tical History, the ltev Professor Sbepard, of Bangor,has been engaged by the Board of Dire "tors to deliver his lectures ou Sacred Rhetoric in the course of the yoar. A solemn mass and requiem for bis late Holiness Pope Gregory XVI , of happy momory. was performed at rtt. John's Cathedral on Thursday last Bishop Kenrick celebrated pontiAcall., and the funeral oratiou was preach- i ed by the Rev. J P. O'Qwyer, O S. A It is due to the attentions of D Desmond, Esq. Consul for the Roman States, that suitable acco im > lation wa< provided in i tne central aisle of the Cathedral for the foreign consuls, city authorities, and ethers, who attenJed more numerously than might have been expected at this season of the year The ceremonial was most solemn and impressive The requiem sung on the occasion was most judiciously selected from the works of the old master*. and was admirably performed by a choir, to which several professors and amateurs of the city lent their valuable aid. The Rev. gentleman who delivered the funeral oration did a ?ii>le justice to his subject. Along residence in Rome had afforded him opportunities of information relative to the piivate life and manners of the illuttriou* Pontiff, whose virtue* and exertions in the cause of the church he eo eloquently recorded. If we m icrh t in Her* nf ntKtn frnm nnranlvao .. ai>M .... that tho truthful manner in which ha narrated several interesting anecdotes of hii late Holiness, had the effect of transporting ui to the very scene in which ttie eventi occurred. On the 24d of April last, Mr. II. Taylor was io al led by the Presbytery ol Ottawa over the Presbyte an church in Joliet, HI. Invocation and reading ot ha Scriptures by the Rev. Mr. Patterson. of Chicago; ?t. Mr Wright, of Belvidere, presided, offered the first i ay Dr. and propoaed the constitutional questions; the er Mr Hastett, of Ottawa, preached the sermon; Rev Mr Brown, of Napierville, offered the installing prayer; Mr Lyman, of Dupage, gave the charge to the p tor Rev Mr Bascom, of t'hicagn. gave the charge t U l>eople; Her. Mr. (.lark, of Klgin, ottered the conclix la , I piijir. On the 30th ult.. Rev J. D. Baker wa9 installo I pastor of the Presbyterian church in Scipio, by the Presbytery ?f Cm)-uga Introductory prayer and sermon by the Rev. L. K l.aihrop. D D ; the Rev. Seth Smith presided, anl put the constitutional que?tion? and gave the charge to the pastor; the Hev \V S Kranklin offered the installing prayer; the Rev. E. Barber addressed the congregation; ?nd the Rev. W. reck offered the concluding prayer. Benediction by the pastor. The Rt. Kev the Bishop of Connecticut held his first risitation of the infant parish of Christ Church, Unionrille. town of Karmington, on Sunday, the Jd inst, and idmiuutercJ the holy rite of confirmation to nine parion*. The Rt Rev Bishop of the Diocese held an ordination n 8t. John'* Church in this city, on Wednesday last. Vug 6th, at which time Mr Francis J Clerc, and alumius of Trinity cnllepe, and a graduate ol the Oeneral 'eminary, was admitted to the Holy order i f Deacon* 8u*d?t SnavicB ?The Rev Mr. Coe, Pastor of the Ulen street Presbyterian Church having returned to the :ity, will prea:h today, the l#>h, in the Tabernacle, nornlng and evening, the repairs of his own church edlice not having been completed. A new synagogue, Auchi Cheaed, has just been C,ii t listed in Cleveland, Ohio, and was consecrated the tk inst. Prom Havana.?The steamer Chhrlcston, Opt. lopes, arnvt d nt Clmrl??ton from Havana, liii Arm jr DiuUImhm. [From th? New Orleans t'icayune, Aug. 7.] The *taam?hip Galveston, Capt Wright, Arrived yea terday from Indian Point end Galveston. . She cocvejoJ <>en. Wool and three companie* of lllinoi* volunteers to Matagorda. The Ualveston bring* u* paper* to har day of sailing, the 4th inst., from Galveston . they are, however, totally devoid of interest. It would be well for penoni writing to their friend* in the army to pay the poitage, a* theie i* no offlct above Matamora*. and only *uch letter* lent to the encampment* higher up a* are paid for. In addrening a letter, a* wa have ?ani before, tha writer ahould ba particular in naming the compeny and regiment, for without that the chance* of teaching the place of destination are verv slim. There ate a number of letter* now li in* in the post office there intended for persons at the camps on the river above, and the postmaster ban no authority to lend them, because the pottage has not been paid. [Fiom the New Orleans, Delta, Aug 7 ] SmMia (Unriioi, Lavaca Bay, Aug. 1, 1844 ?I Save you a few "hastv" line* ?t Galveston, reporting ius far our onward course to Chihuahua via San Antonio de Bexar. I have now the pleasure to state, that w? arrived at this anchorage 3K miles below Indian Point, thia morning (having been detained at Galveston till halfpast five o'clock last evening,) with the three companies of the second regiment Illinois volunteers, under Lieut. Col. Morrison Moon alter our arrival the ateamer Samuel William* came alongside, and took off all the troops, with their baggage, and they are probably now encamped at Port Lavaca, eight miles up the bay. Gan Wool and his stalf will remain on board until the ateamer returns to a brig (which is below) for two companies of Col. Hardin's (first regiment) Illinois volunteers, wb?n, tomorrow morning, we shall proceed to the camp. Tt>.% three remaining companies of the second regimant, which we left at the Battle Ground, arrived last evening In the steamer Telegraph, and are snugly enoamped ; so you will perceive that all the troope of Gen. Wool's command, passing this route to Ban Antonio, are here, and will take up their line of march as soon as oar transportation is ready, which we hope will be in a very few days, as we are all anxious to pitch our tents on the banks of the San Antonio, and enjoy its delightful bathing, and prepare for our advance into Mexice. I presume that none of the troops attached to this army, coming by the way of Red River, have arrived, but they will soon be with us The " Army of < hihuahua" will consist, so for as can be now ascertained, of? Capt Washington's company U. 8. Artillery, (say). 100 Two companies U. 8." Infantry 100 One squad first regiment U. 8 Dragoons 130 First and second regiment of Illinois volunteers. . . 1,760 One regimont Arkansas Cavalry 777 One ragimont Texas Cavalry 777 One battalion Texas Iufantry 400 One company Kentuaky Infanty 86 4,170 As soon as they all arrive and are inspected, it will give me pleasure to forward you a full report of tham It is the intention of Gen. Wool to tafce up hia line of march by the 1st of September, and he will not b? delayed longer, nnless for the want of supplies for the troops and transportation. We had a most delightful trip over, and the troops are in good spirits, although about 30 are on the sick list?1 have no doubt that two or three davs, with good sea bathing and a little stretching of their legs across the prairies, would put them in a good trim to enjoy a tremendous drilling, which they may be sura they will commence upon immediately on their arrival at San Antonio. Gen. Wool is, so far, very popular, not only with the officers but with the men; and 1 doubt not, from his well known character as a good drill officer and strict disciplinarian, he will conduct the expedition with honor to himself and to his country. The Telegraph is at anchor near us. and also the brig T. Street, with four other brigs and schooners, names not known to me. August 3.?We are still on board, but shall prooeed, after breakfast on the Undine, to Port Lavaca. On the arrival there of the troops, it was found that wood and water were very difficult to be procured, consequently they have proceeded to Placedoras creek. 10 miles on the route to Victoria; where they will remain until the wagon train is prepared, whioh, by the way, should hav* been dona before a regiment landed. Oh ! the troub' fta consequent upon the dilatory Quarter-Master's D?',4rtment. We have on board one of Capt. LuTnidens' P' r.ri r. Mr. Johnson, of 8. C?) who intends to join, at 'jU Antonio some one of the cavalry companies. [From the New Orleans Bee. Au_ 7 i Three steamboats, the Rough and ?>!? Or.nn. wood, and the Little.Vazoo 3d, on their way to the Rio Grap'J0 [From the New Orleans Jeffer$onitn x 7 ] ,,.W? ^d?r''8n ,b^fJnl -tee" no" ? service will be divided between the two jew .vi^j4,r Generals as follow* : General Patterson to r,ommand those from the States of Tennessee. Georgia-, Alabama, Mississippi, and Texas; General Butler to Command those from the States of Ohio, ivbuiuckj, iuui? j4| Illinois, Mis?ouri and Louisiana. [From the Houston (Texa?) Telegraph, July 99 ] A gentleovan who la'eiy arrived in the western settlements fro'j the Army, reported that Oen Taylor had es tabllshe-il a military depot at Laiedo, and sent ? lares nuant'ty of provisions and military stores to that place. If this report is correct, it Is probable that he intends to garrison that town, or that the troops that are now at San Antonio are to m rch by way of Laredo to take possession of Chihuahua We believe the most direct route from San Antonio to Chihuahua is by a point on the Rio Grande called Porto Carlo, about one huadred miles alio ve the Presidio The < hihuahua traders were accustomed to travel to Bexar by this route before the revolution; and we believe they estimated the distance from Bexar to Chihuahua by thi' route at only three hundred or three hundred and fifty miles. The route by the Presidio we believe is over Ave huadred, and that by Laredo about six hundred miles The route from Bexar by Porto Cailo * extendi over an elevated undulating region, and can be traversed by cavaliy without the least difficulty. Naval Intelligence. The following is an extract from a letter In the Philadelphia U- 8 Gazette of yesterday, dated Mo.tTEvniko, June 6 ?The U 8. ship Plymouth is still here, and I regret to report a melanch jly accident which * took place on the 3d in?t. On tue morning of that date the second cutter of that ship,on her way to the shora for maiketing. was upset by a heavy she was near a point forming the harbor : although every assistance was rendered by the vessels that were near, five persons were drowned, and up to this date none of their bodies have been found. This melancholy aocident lia* cast a gloom over the beautiful and happy ship ; the crew are vary much affected, and the offioers participate in this feeling. The following are the ntmaa nf thn?? Uui ? hips' steward, aged i#, Philadelphia ; Raphael Oondolpho, wardroom steward, aged 46, Leghorn; Samuel B??. ban, seaman, ?ged S3. New Hampshire . John Nieis, teaman, aged 38, .vlaaaachuxettt; and Geo. Monroe, (lit clan bov, apprentice,} Providence, R. I The purser's steward and wardroom ateward left familial in Port vl alion The latter has been in the nary for thirty years, and known to nearly all the oflcera in it ai one of the most exemplary mentney ever knew; his place cannot be filled, and bis loss to his family will be sever*. He was a guod husband, a fond parent, and hia character above all reproach. The United States revenue cutters Ewin?, Forward and Van Buren. have left the Balize for Brazos 8t Jago. Commander Webster has hoisted his broad pennant on the former, which is to be the flag ship. The cutter McLean, Captain Howard, now in this port, is also about to sail for tha same destination.?.Vtw Orltani Delia, Aw guit 7. GENERAL ORDKU. Vacancies in the grade of matters may be filled by the oldest paired midshipmen who are worthy of advancement. The fitness of the ronior passed midshipmen for advancement may be established by an examination, or by the record* of the department, or by the testimony of the officers under whom they have served, or in such other manner as may be deemed proper. Those who may be found not suited to be advanced, may be placed on furlough or diopped from the list. Tnc masters thus Appointed will reaeive regular warrants, and will also remain in the line of promotion UEORUE BANCROFT. 1 Navt r>trA*tuert, August 14.1946. Incidents, etc., of the War, La Palria of yesterday, in order to show that Ota. La Vega has not accepted Urn Santa An.iaS offer, an some northern papers have indicated, says that besides the tirst offer of Santa Anua. the generv.'i )<a? received ano- ' ther, dated 19th July, accompanied by an unlimited or t der on the house of Lapey re, Har'.spe It Co . of this city ; , but that (ien. La Vega has wruten .o the ex-President, stating that he cannot iak? advantage of hi* kind offers, as hejind his friends reoeive fully as n-- en from Mexico a* suffices lor the current expenses of him end his friend** The ripanuh |>?per further add*, tnat (Jen La Vena it ? undoubtedly m tliankiul to Santa Anna aa ha ia to lien. o, Taylor To both he fuel* indebted for their kind atten- y, tioin. and without the intention ot offending either, he it < obliged to refute tlje.r goai ami friendly action! ?AT 0. 1J Del. Jhi&- 7. it Movement# of Tr??all?il. ( The arrivali ymterday increaeeu coniiderahly, and >" produced renewed buttle and activity at the following ' hotel* Amkbioai?H. Oilpin. Philadelp lia; H Helmuth. do; J C Jnitice. Alabama; T. T Ojoding, do; J Kjnennolt, < Demopoli*; M. Lewi*, Philadelphia; O McClellan, U * 61 A.; R Lalta, DC; J Burke, V* : A Conrad, Philadelphia; Dr. Holi'en, U. 8 A ; W. fhbotton, Enalap-' 8. Carver, Philadelphia; T Well*. S C. J' Airoa-B Bo?man, Baltimore; M Trimb* ,j0. a Duncan. Loui?ville; W Wade, Matiaohur' i \r+ ham, Georgia, H Heath, Va ; M And- n Ji0. Hon John Tyler, K*.Pre?ident, N O ; T sh ke. Oeo "'ol Wire. Ala K Phelps Liguiyar*; WhuA-v Ws?h Ington; R Johnson. Oeortfii, Hr w n??J? Toronto*, Bo.ton, 8 OoSrfc* ? Jonn * ll r ? ' ,l#i Hon J Adam-" Bo?ton; j it JUnl^ "'^-delph,.; J P Whit> aioT?rCvla-r"' "? H 9 A ; J Philadelphia; , h?m r k * jUndt J VViiitfield, Ri'hmond; Lt Ben. PKil./til- E. Walton. Burlington; J VtlU?,| !h-? J"dK* wera, Cttakili; J Buhop, Mam?. ; lU; Ji Lymau. Philadelphia; F. Parker, fenoaW.aU; J. Wilmer, Philadelphia D. Claude, Annapolis; M SiUTife de Villae, l'nnidad do Cuba; D Rogers, Xewhurgh; Mr Stutrt, Philadelphia ruANBLin?J Meiglian, fl C ; R. Cole, Penn?ylvanla; J. Street, Ala ; O lohnton. Mobile: E Prltchard, Conrecth ut. M Benedict. \lbany; O. Deming, Oiwe(o; 8 Buughton, Hartford; O Porter, Michigan; O Brook*. Rochester; F. Sprogue, Baltimore; E Ward, Detroit; W. Hei<kell, 1'hila telpiiia; W Swilt, Georgia; M Hammond. Manticello; Col. Lock*ood, Connecticut; A. Che|>?n, Humam>- J.Seward, Ireland; W, Colliar, d?; R Hudion, Ala; W. ftimpnun. Houth Carolina; K WaRl>aon"l, ,la; Major HaUey. I 8 v.; t Hinith, Voitlnn; J. Kin(? ley do; G Orinnell, B.?ton. H 1'aife, Jo; W Cartwright. itulfalo; (J \oi!?r?on Bo-tun, R Jenkin*, C?nada; S Kieeport. Ho; L Oirduei , I 1 oy: C 0-g'>od, Nor>vioh, M hairha <k?, V1??? , o Waldtou Chai l%-?ton; J. Cottar, Cana l* Kant; Capt .Nawaon. lurid*: A Ciaik-t. Bo?tnn; H. D mfoiih. KnglanJ; \V weConnalle. Pa ; ' K*ni??on Loo iiaia; M Lewi*, < onuaoticut; R Lambert. Baltimore _ The ?econd trial ol Samuel Keuunly. fer the muidera* Benjamin Wait, in Decemliei laat, at New Orleana, " lulted in a verdict ot acquittal

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