Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 17, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 17, 1846 Page 1
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' TBI Vol. in, I*. JMl-Wbol* Mm. MWi THE NEW~YORK HERALPT JAMES 60RB0N 8ENNETT, PROPRIETOR, Circulation---Forty Thousand. DAILY H?R AXD?Kvrry day, Price ? cent* per copy? KPtr (tu mi in?payable in *dT?nce. WttKLT llK.R \LD?k **ry Saturday?Pnee 6\ cent* per copy?$J ilk cetil* p?* ?uimm?payable in advauce. HfcJKAl.D FOR ElROPt?K?ery Steam I'ncket da> Price *% cents per copy?M ? l?er num. payable in nd AuV K.RTISfcMKMTN *t the |a*oal price*?alway* cast) 'prIntTnO of all kind* executed with bentr and deapatdT All letter* or eoramtuiication*, by Bail, addreued to the tabliihmeiU, miu be poat paid, or the poatag* will b? d? dt ctedfrom the inhacrintion money remitted. !JAJU.B.uunuun MnnuTi 1'roprieior of tile Nm Ton Hutu) EtTABLiiPiaeirr, North-Writ pnn rof Kolton md Nassau streMa MAKJT1MIC ACVUHMUDATIOHI. JOHN HfcKDMAN * CO., United State* and Orant Britain and Ireland. Old Eatabliihad Emigrant Office.?) Hootti street, New York. JRJHv It CO.AiietpS^^^^^^ fuitfe to ?nd from Great Britain and Ireland, via Liverpool by the Old Black Ball Lin * .or aajr of the regular Packet ahip* *ailiu? every fire day*. The subscribers iu call in ( th (.attention of Old Countrymen and the public generally to their unequalled arrangement* Tor bringing out pasaengers from the old couuLry, bee leave to state that the bn*ine** of tlie Hoasa at Liverpool will be conducted by it* orauch. Tho*e seudiue Tor their friend* will at once see the (real importance of tnis arrangement, a* it will preclude an nnnecesaary deliy of the emigrant. The shius employed in thu line are well know* to be of the first and largest claaa, commanded by meu of experience; and aa they nil every five day*, offer every facility that can be furniahed. With those uperior arrangement*, the *nb*criber* look forward (or a continuation or that patronage which ha* been *o liberally enended to fiem fur *o many year* past. In case any of those engaged do not embark, the passage money will be refunded a* customary. For further particulars apply by letter, poet paid. J HER DM AN i CO., SI South St., New York HERDMAN k CO., Liverpool. N. B.?Drafts for any amount can a* usual be famiihed, payable at all the principal Banking Institutions throughout the Uni'ed Kingilom. on application a* above jy?l r MEW LLNE Oh UVbKJeoUL ^ALiJUSffa. t&ft nNV ?3f*V niiWrV ?Hi I jVmuT from N?wYoSsist, and GwmLnrerpool I month. I From New York. Livet pool | NowhipLirergool ,1150 tow. \\ 5'uu. ? J. BJdridge. . ( Xog-Jlt ? Oct. C New .hip Queen of the Weil, !. iff "ary J| 2 1150 tona/P. Woodhouse, Nov. ! New Ship Rochester, MM tone. !' f5? *ry ?{ aS ? ? JohuBritou. 31 Do?" J Ship Hottingner, 1050 torn, life* '} ? ImBnr.lT. i1 INor. 21 jT" ' These substantial, fast sailing, firat clai* abipe, all bnilt in the city of new York, are commanded by men of experience and ability, and will be despatched punctually on the list ol each month. Their cabins are elegant and eommodioua, and are furnished with whatever can couduce to the ease and comfort of passengers. Price of passage $100. Neither the captains uor owners of these shipa will be reipousible for aav parcels or packages sent by them, unless regular bills of ladiug are signed therefor. For freight or passage apply to WOODHULL It MINTURN, 17 South street. New York, or to FIELDEN, BROTHERS It do., ml re Liverpool. I NEW YORK AND GLASGOW LINE Of [ PACKETS. iH?L i|i& ^ jBSsl Sailing from NevMforkon the lst^STniTasgow o^h^3th of each month. From N.York. Fm. Gl'gow. ( June 1. July 15. Ship BARACEN, N. T. Hawkins, \ Oct. 1. Nov'r 15. r Feb. 1. March 14 i July 1. April 15. Br. Ship BROOKSBY, H. M'Ewen, < Nov. 1. Aug. 15. ( March 1. Dec'r 15. * i August 1. May 15. Br Bazk ADAM CARR, , < Dec'r 1. Sept. 15 ( April 1 Jan. 15. ( May 1. June 15 Br. Bark ANN H ARLEY, R. Scott, < Sept. 1. Oct. 15 ( Jaii'y 1 Februa. 15. t These ships are good, substantial vessels, ably commanded and will sail punctually on their regular days. Their accom modatious for passenger .are good, and every' attention will be paid to promote their comfort. The agents or Captains will ot be responsible for u>y parcels or packages sent tliem, unless bills of lading are signed therefor. For freight or passage, apply to IvOODHULL H MINTURN, tt South street. New York, or Irr Nk'in H M1TIIR1V Ul^ASGOW AMD NEW ?OKK L,ixNE O* PACKETS. P.l 1 1 ? EKSONS wishing to send for their I'rieada in anv part ol Scotland, to aail direct from Glasgow, can make arrangement* with the Subscribers, to have them brought oat in any ol tM regular line ol Packets, tailing monthly from Glasgow. The ANN HARVEY. Captain Scott, ADAM CAKR, Captain McKweu, SARACEN, Captain Hawkins, BROOKSfeY, Comprise the above line,and the high character of those vessels st tould be sufficient inducement lor persons who may be sending far their friends in Scotland, to make arrangements for this (the only line.) Further particulars gives, on application to W.fcJ T. TAPSCOTT, 75 South street, corner of Maiden Lane, or Mesars. REID k MURRAY. Agenta alt r in Glasgow. MARSEILLES LINE OF PACKETS. hence on the 1st, and from Marseilles the 10th of each month daring the year, as follows Ships. Captains. From N. York. PRCE de JOINVILLE, (new) Lawrence, April 1 Sept. 1. MISSURI, Silvester, May 1 Oct. I. ARCOLE (new) Eveleigh, Jane I Nov. 1. OASTON, Coulter, July 1 Dec. 1. NEBRASKA (new) Watson, Aug. 1 J.m.'l. Ships. Captains. From Marseilles. FR'CE de JOINV1LLE, (new) Laurence, June 10 Nov. 10 MISSOURI. Silvester, July 10 Dec. 10 ARCOLE, (new) Eveleigh, Aug. It Jan. 1# GASTON, Coulter, Sept. 10 Feb. It NEBRASKA, Watson, Oct. 10 Mar. It Theae vessels are of the Ant class, commended by men ol experience. Their accommodations, for passencera are anaur passed for comfort and convenience. Goods addressed to the agents will be forwarded free of other charges than those acta ally p?id. tor freight or Diuin *41 ply to CHAMBERLAIN k PHELPS, Proprietor* No. 103 Front street, or to BOYD fc HINCKEN, Aseat*. Mitre OToatiue Bnililings. M Will,cor. Water st - - BRITISH AND NUKTH AMERI^^filpiCAN HOVAL MAIL STEAM SHIPS, jOySM\ot ,2M tnD* ?nd4?i horse power each, ander contract with the Lords of the Admits aledo'ni a: y. \ ; * v. c?w. t alow. BRITANNIA Capt. J.Hewitt. CAMBRIA Capt.C. H. E. Jadkini. ACADIA ..Capt. Win. Harrison. Will aail from Liverpool aad Boston, via Halifax, as fol lows >? " I r?0?* boston. from LtVKKPOOL. Hibernia Aug. M, IMC. Britannia. Aug. It, 1846 Caledonia. Sept. I, " Cambria Sept. 4, " Britannia H, " Hibcrnia, " II " Cambria Oct 1, " Passing Monet. From Boston to Liverpool $1 JO. From Boston to Halifu JO. No bertha secured until paid for. These ships carry ex*nenced surgeons. No freight, except specie, received on ys of sailing. For freight, passage, or any other information, apply to D. BRIOHAM. Jr., Agent. At HARNDEN li CO.^B, Wall at. , rr l" addirion to the above line between Liverpool and Halifax, and Boston, a contract has been entered into with Her Ma.esty'sgovenimrnt. to establish s line between Liverpool and New York direct. The steam ships for this ser? vice are now being built, and early next year dae notice will be given of the time whrn they will stait. Under the new iontract the steamers will sail every Saturday during eight months, aad every fortnight daring the other months in the year Going alternately between Liverpool, and Halifax and Boaton, and between Liverpool and New York. jv? tfrrc irrr nVilt? TTm iirfiT HKITAIN AND IRELAND?Persona wishing to reB??*T to iWii friends 10 any part of Britain or Inland,on proeare drafts the subscribers for any amount, Irom i! i? apwarda, payable on demand, without discount, in "Ufl Pnncip?! towns throachoat the United KiugiUm ? * "T'l mail steamer will l???f Hos'o on the l#th >? weawahip " Great Western" will aail (apm , X vS'^? P'Kfcv either ofwhieh drafti can be Tor "ft* W" * J- T. TAfSCOTT, K South street, __ * doora below Barling slip. amm ott'h general EMIGRATION OFFICE, Removed from ' > to South ttreet?Peraooa aendmc for anSllllBflfl^nl _>r 10 ,nV Part of the old coantry iluuhMniyir. -- nsafce the accessary arrangements wiih iat'in raaaaaabU -Unas. to hare them brou?ht nJIk NEr^^'^E OF LIVERPOOL PACKETS. The Shipa of thia liae are unsurpassed by any other and their immense sis. <all be,n, l?M, and apw J*) rwd^il them more comfortable and convenient than aWpaof a ImalT? elaaa ; aad the froeust reliance may be placed in their imiir. taafinrin ?ailin?. The subscribed ara a| " ?.".1 fcSS KTgWB* ? / U?iw Li?a af Lie.rp^Pa'SfSg. g Draftt for any amount, payable without discount in all the < principal town* of Kngland, Ireland, Scotland or Walaa, hi aUo lie obtained. 4? TArW'OTT, te*>re *! Month at.. Id doorhelow Bnriin* Slip, ft. T. FUR LIVERPOOL? New Lme-Rcnlar o^ek||9RV<t, to tail A anu at 9?ih?The el riant, fa?i sailing JHHKpPwket ship 8IUDON8, >; B.Cobb, master, of 1 ill tea* will sail a* above, her refalar day. for freight or putafe, having accommodations nneqnalled for splendor or comfort, apply on board, at Orleaaa wharf, foot of Wall treat, or to K- K. COLLIN* fc CO.. M Booth at racket (hip SHERIDAN, Oeo. B. Cornish, muter, will jmece*4 the Stddoas, and Mul September Jfch, bar E NE' NE Trad* with the Two Slrlltos. I i , Treaty of Commerce ami Navigation between the United J ] .Stole* of Jtmtrica and tke 7Vo Xciliet. I IT THI PRMIDMIVT OK THK VlfITrD STATE! or AMEBIC*. I A PROCLAMATION. Whereas b Treaty of Commerce and Navigation he- 1 tween the United States of America and hit Majesty the King of the Kingdom of the Two Picillps, was concluded : and signed at Naples on the first day of December, one ' thousand eigth hundred and forty five, which Treaty, being in the F.nglith and Italian languages, is, word for 1 woid, as follows :? ! The United States of America and His Msjiuity the King of the Kingdom ef the Two Sicilies, equaUy animaicd with the desire ol maintaining the relations of : good understanding which have hitherto so happily sub- j listed between their respective States, and consolidating the commercial intercourse between them, fcave agreed | to enter into negotiations for the conclusion of a Treaty of Commerce and Navigation, for which purpose they | have appointed Plenipotentiaries, that ia to my :? The President of the United States of America; William H. Polk, Charge d'Affaires of the said United States of America, to the Court of his Majesty the Kin*of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies: and his Msjesty the King | of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies; D. Giustino i Fortunato, Knight Orand Cross of the Royal Military Constantinian Order of St George, and of Francis the 1st, Minister Secretary of State of his said Majeaty; D. Michael Urarinaand Requesenx, Prince of Comitini, Knight Grand Croaa of the Royal Order of Francis the 1st. Gentleman of the Chumber in waiting, and Minister Secretary of State of his said Majesty; and D. Antonia Spinelli. of Scalea, Commander of the Royal Order of Francis the 1st, Gentleman of the Chamber of his said Majesty, Member of the Oeneral Consult a, and Superintendent Oene nil of the Archives of the Kingdom; who, after having exchanged their lull powers, found in good and due form, have concluded and vigned the following articles :? Art I There shyji b? reciprocal liberty of commerce and navigation between the united States of America and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. No duty of customs, or other imposts, shall be charged upon any goods the produce or manufactuio of one country, upon importation by sea or by land from such country into the other, other or higher than the duty or iippost charged upon goods of the same kind the produce of oianuiaciure of, or imported Irom, any other country ; and the United states of America and his Majesty the King of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies do hereby engage that the subjects or citixens of any other State shall not enjoy any favor, privilego. or immunity whatever, in matters of commerce and navigation, which shall not also, and at the same time, be extended to the subjects or citizens of the other high contracting party, gratuitously, if the concession in luvor of that other State shall have been gratuitous, and in return for a compensation, as nearly an possible of proportionate value and effect, to he adjusted by mutual agreement, if the concession shall hare been conditional. Art II. All articles of the produce or manufacture of either country, and of their respective States, which can legally be imported into either country from the other in ships of that other country, and thence coming, shall, when so imported, be subject to the same duties, and enjoy the same privileges, whether imported in ships of the one country or in ships of the other ; and in like manner, all goods which can legally be exported or re-exported from either country to ine other in shipe of that country, shall, when so exported or re-exported, be subject to the I same uunea, ana oe entitled to the line privilege*. ? drawback!, bouutiet, and allowance*, whether exported in ships oi' the one country or in ihip* of the other. Art III No duties of tonnage, harbor, light-houses, pilotage, quarantine, or other similar duties, of whatever nature, or under whatever denomination, shall be impo 1 ?ed in either country upon the vessels of the other, in re- > pect of voyage* between the United State* of America ( and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, if laden, or in re- l spect of any voyage, if in ballast, which shall not be 1 equally imposed in the like cases on national vecsel*. I irt IV It i* hereby declared that the stipulations of 3 the present treaty are not to be understood as applying c to the navigation and carrying tra ie between one poit * and another situated in the Stajas of either contracting 1 party, such navigation and trade being reserved exclu ? sivelv to national vessel*. Vessels of either country * shall, however, be permitted to load or unload the whole * or part of their cargoes at one or more ports in the States ? of either of the high contracting parties, and then to pro- 1 ceed to complete the said loading or unloading at any I other port or port* in the same States. Art. V. Neither of the two governments, nor any cor- f poration, or agent, acting in behalf or under the autho- t! rity of either government, shall, in the purchase of any * article which, being the growth, produce, or manufac- * ' ture, of the one country, shall be imported into the other. * give, diroctly or indirectly, auy priority or prefetence 11 on account ol, or in role re nee to, the uational character a of the vessel in wtiich such aiticle shall have been imported ; it being the true intent and meaning of the high cnnti acting parties that no distinction or difference who ever sballbe maJe in this respect. [ Art. VI. The high contracting parties engage, in re garil to the persoual privileges that the citizens of the United States of America shall enjoy in the dominions of his Majesty the King of the kingdom of the Two Sicilies, and the subjects of his said Majesty in the United States of Ameiica, that they shall have free aud uudoubt e? ngni 10 travel ana reside id the States of the two high contracting parties, subject to the same precautions ' of police which are practised towards the subjects or citizens of the most favored nation. "lhev shall be entitled to occupy dwellings and warehouses, and to dispose > their personal property of every kind and description, by sale, gift, exchange, will, . or any other way whatever, without the smallest hind- ' ranee or obstacle ; and their heira or representatives, be- <i ing subjects or citizen* of the other nigh contracting c part) , snail succeed to their personal goods, whether by 1 testament or ah intrttalo; and may take possession i thereof, either by themselves or bf others acting for them, and djspo>e of the same at will, paying to the " profit of the respective governments mch uues only as t! the inhabitants of the country wherein the said goods are shall be subject to pay in like cases. And in case of c the absence c f the heir and representative, such care 1 shall be taken of the said goods as would be taken of the ?>oJ? of a native of the same country in like case, until e lawful owner may take measures for receiving them ji Vnd if a question should arise among several claimants. . ai to which of them said goods belong, the same shall be decided Anally by the lawa and judges of the land j< wherein the said goods ar?. r They shall not be obliged to pay, under any pretence whatever, any taxes or impositions other or greater than u those which are paid, or may hereafter be paid, by the g subjects or citizens of the moat favored nations in the a respective States of the high contracting parties. They shall lie exempt from all military service, whether by land or by sea ; from forced loans, and from every " extraordinary contribution, not general and by law esta blished. Their dwellings, warehouses, and all premises il appertaining thereto, destined for purposes of commerce r or residence, shall be respected. No arbitrary search of, a or visit to, their houses, and ne arbitrary examination or a inspection whatever of the books, papers, or cccourts of their trade, shall be made, but such measures ahall be Ji executed only in conformity with the legal sentence of ' a competent tribunal; and each of the two high contract- P ing parties engages that the citizens or subjects er the li other, residing in their respective 8tates, shall enjoy their pro|>erty and personal security in as full and ample h manner as their own citizens or subjects, or the subjects M or citizens of the most favored nation . Art. VII. The citizens and the subjects of each of the .. two high contracting parties shall be free in the States ol " the other to manag*. their own affairs themselves, or to a commit those affair* to the management of any persona U whom ihcv may appoint a*their bioker, factor, or agent; <1 nor shall the citizens and subjects of the two high con- y tract mg parties he restrained In their choice of persons to Q act in auch capacities, nor shall thev be called upon to t) pay any salary or remuneration to any person whom they shall not choose to employ. Absolute freetom >11811 be given in all casea to the buyer and seller to bargain together, and to Ax the price C of any goods or merchandize Imported into, or to be ex- Ii ported from, the States and dominions of the two high t[ contracting parties, save and except generally such cases wherein the laws and usage* of the country may require j the intervention of any special agents in the States and , dominions ot the high contracting parties. Art. VIII Each of the two high contracting parties 91 may have, in the ports of the other, consuls, vice-consuls p and commercial agents, of their own appointmen', who ti shall enjoy the same privileges and power* of these of the most favored nations ; builf any sach consuls shall q exercise commerce, they shall be subject to the same _ laws and usages to which the private individuals of their nation art? subject in the same ulace. The said t onuuls, vice-consuls and commercial a*ent* lu are authorized to icquiie the assistance of the local au- 111 ihuriiies for the search, arrest, detention, and impri'oo A ment of thr deseitrrs from the ship* of war and merchant bi veot-U ol their country. Kor ihis purpose, tbey shall *|f H, ply to the competent tribunals, ju.igos, and ofltrera, j unit shall in wri ui> demand the said u?*serter?: nnmiis. by the exhibition o? the registers of the vessels. the roll* of the crews, or by other official documents, that *uch individuals formed part of the crewi , and tins reclame- yt tion Lei.ig thu? substantiated, the suirender shall not be 11 refused. lu huch deserters, when arretted, shall be placed at the 0j disposal of the aaid coniuli, vice conanli. or commercial agent*, and may be confined in the public prison*, , at the request and coat *f tnoie who shall claim them, in order to l>e detained until the time when they shall be restored tjthe vessel to which they belonged, or sent ai hack to their own country by a vessel of the same na in tion. or any other vessel whatsoever. But if not sent oi back within four months from the day of their arrest, or G| if all the expenses of such imprisonment are not deftay- ... ed by the party causing such arrest and impiisonment, . they shall be set at liberty, and shall not be again arrested for the same cause. P< However, if the deserter should be found to have com- M mitted any crime or offence, hil surrender may be delay at ed until the tribunal before which his case shall be de- 01 pending, shall have uronoun -ed its sentence, and such sentence shall have beeu cairied into effect . Art IX. It any ships of war or merchant vessels be wrecked on the coasts of the States of either of the high n< contracting patties, such ships or vessels, or anv paits t0 thereof, and all furniture and appnitenances belonging m thereunto, and all goods and men hundize which shall in be saved therefiom, or tHe produce tbeieof, it sold, shall b] be faithfully lestoied with the le*?t passible delay , to the piopnetors, upon being claimed b) thim, or by their duly authorised lactora ; and if there are ne such propriutois or factors on the spot, than the said goods and ' 1'iviuiiMiiiiipr, ur Hie jirw-w d* uivrvui, ? ?*vii - nu "? i Caller* ioui?l on board such wivrked ships or ve*'?ls, 'J! hall he delivered to the American or htcilian conml or S ice consul in what* district the wreck ma> have tak- ci n place i end auch consul, trice oonaul, proprietors, or tc factors, shall pej only the expenses incurred in the .. preservation ol the property, together with the rate of "'*** and expense of quarantine which would hare , been payable in the like case of a wreck of m national '* , ; .,af} the fools and merchandise saved from the 1' wreck (bail not be subject to duties, uo1?m clewed for / -jr W YC W YORK. MONDAY M conaumption ; H being underatood that la em ol an legal claim upon auch wreck,, or annti?Lft the ume ahall be referred for deciiioji to the compeftu tribunal* of the country. Art. X. The merchant veaaela of each of the two higl contracting partiea which may be forced bjr atreaa o weather or other cauae into one ol the porta of the other hall be exempt from all dutv of port or navigation paii for the benefit of the State, if the motirea which led ti take leluge be real and evident, anil it no oiwiratian ? commerce be done by loading or unloading men has [life ; well understood. however, that the loading, o unloading, which may regard the sublicence ot th. crew, or necessary for the reparation o( the vessel, shal not tie considered operation! of commerce, which lea< to the payment of du?ie?, and that the Mid vessels do no lay in [>ort beyond the time necessary, keeping in Tie* the cau?e which led to taking refuge. Aav XI. To carry alwaya more rully into effect th intentiona of the two high contracting parties, they agr* that every difference or doty, whether of the ten pe cent' or other, established in the respective States, t the prejudice of the navigation and cam metre of thoe nations which hare not treaties of commerce and navi gation with them, shall ceaae and remain abolished ii conformity to the principle established in the first articl of the present treaty, as well on the productions of th oil and industry or the Kingdom of the Two Sicilioi which therefrom shall bo imported into Ik* Unit* States of America, whether in vessels of the on* or thi Either country, as on those which in like manner ahall bi imported into the Kingdom of the Two Siciliea In vai els of both countries They declare, besides, that, as the production of tk< toil aud industry of the two countries, on their intra luction inte the potts of the other, shall not bk subjec .0 greatei duties than those which shall be imposed 01 the like productions of the most favored nations, so th red aud white wines of the Kingdom of the Two Slellie if every kind, including those of Marsala, which naj \e imported directly into the United States of America whether in vessels of the one or the other country, ahal not pay higher or greater duties than those of the re. tn<l white wines of the most favored nations. And ii like manner, the cottons of the United States of Americ which may be imported diroctly into the Kingdoms :he Two Sicilies, whether in vessels of the one or othe ifttinn shall nnt nav hi?rh?r ap :ottons of Egypt, bengal, or those of the moit lavorei lations. Aht. XII. The present treaty shall be in force fron hi* day, and for the term of ten years, and further; unti he end of twelve months after either of the high con racting parties shall have given notice to the other o ts intention to terminate the same; each of the said higt .ontracting parties reserving to itself the right of givin| uch notice at the end of the said term of ten yeara, 01 it any subsequent term. Aa-r XIII. The present treaty shall bo approved am atifled by the President of the United States of Ameri '.a, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate o ho said States, and by hia Majesty the King of thi lingdom of the Two Sicilies, and the ratification shal >e exchanged at Naples, at the expiration of six month rom the date of its signature, or sooner, if possible. In witness whereot, the respective plonipotentiarie lave aigned the same, and have affixed thereto the seal if their arms. Done at Naples the first of December, in the yew om housand eight hundred and forty-five. > William H. Polk, (l. s UlUSTIKO KoaTUNATO, [l. S. Paincira oi Comitidi, [l. amtomo SriKKLLI, [l. And whereas the said Treaty has beeu duly ratified 01 >oth parts, and the respective ratifications of the sami vere exchanged at Naples, on the first day of Jane, on? nouvand eight hundred and forty six, ny William 11 Polk charge d'affaires of the United States, and D Uiuttin* ''ortuwaio. Kniglit Grand ( ross of the Royal Militar] 'on-tantinian Order of St Oeurge, and of l<>ancisthe 1st ilinister Secretary of State of nis said Majesty; 0 Mi ihael Oravinaaud llequesenz, Prince of Comitini, Knigh Jraad Cross of theRowi Order ot Francis tho let (iantl* nun of the Chamber in waiting, and Minis' r - tetarj if 8tato of his said Majesty; an<> D. Antonio 8] < 1 li, o 'calea, Commander ol tue Roval Onli ol t ranci.s Uie lsl ienileman of the Cham) said itjr, maml>.' if the General Consults, intaini ,1 General he Archives of the Kingdoi . part ol their respect ve governments: Now, therelore, be itk. that f, James K. Polk 'resident ol the United 8U1 Vmerica, have cauiei he said Treaty to be mad' 10, to the end that the ama and every clause am. lis thereof may be ub erred and fulfilled with goou .1 by the United State nd the citizene thereof. In witness whereof, I hav< ereunto set my hand, and caused tuo seal of the Unitei jtates to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this twenty-fourth da) of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand eigh hundred and forty.six, and of the Independence ol l. *.] the United Stales the seventy liist. james k.polk. By the President: J a m ks Bucmakak, Secretary of Stata. Correspondent:*, t>r Ihc !M. V. Herald. LiOftDOt, 24th July, 1846. ?ohlical Protptctt and Speculation!?Probable Dit lolution of the New Minittry?Return of 8v Robert Peel?Military Flogging. The excitement momentarily produced by tin ate ministerial crisis, has now subsided, and th< ;reat public begin to think what will be the ulti nate issue of the present unexampled disorgani ation af political parties. What will the frag nents dol lute what new combinations wil bey resolve themselves 1 Which of them wil oalesce, and which will reciprocally repel 'hese are questions which every body asks, am /Inch nobody answers. All lbrmer rules o udging political conduct are annihilated. Th? nture in all things,except astronomy, can only 1m i^lged by the past. Analogy is our only guide lut statesmen now act as statesmen never actec efore, and we must wait for another century U upply the grounds for a new body of politico natogies. Uur grand children may possibly iave rules to guide their anticipations. We have tone. In truth, England has just passed, or rather is 11 the act of passing, through a series of bloodies: evolutions?revolutions in which the instrument! ire the pen and the tongue ;?the steam-engim md the press. These vast changes commence* vith Catholic emancipation. Then came the re orm bill. Now we nave, at one fell swoop, ex unged our whole system of commercial poliei rom the statute book !?what next 1 Iu the midst of this legislative commotion, w< ave covered the country with a network of railways, arid built engines that transport the popu ition from one centre of commerce to another,? oin one extremity of the island to the opposite, t seventy miles an hour. Not content with this, re have seized that ettierial agent which Franklin rew from heaven, and compelled it to carry out wishes and our commands from place to place, ver the surface of he land, with the speed ol :iought itself! "W hat next 1 Will the present cabinet hold its place 1 Every ne asks the question. Every one tries to solve it. 'pinions differ and solutions are contradictory, i has not yet sailed out of port, and yet it sees a ack ahead, round which the breakers already )am and roar. This reef is the sugar question, "he opposition has already raised the cry of" No lave grown sugar!" The humanity party are nmmoned to the field ; and they are a formidable arty in England. They include almost the enre lemale population. The ministerial plan, as just announced by the "imct, is to c?nsisiof an immediate equalisation f the duty on free and grown sugar, and a radtially declining rate of duty,by which in a ceri n brief interval, that isrticie will be brought, ke all others, under the system of free commerce, n opposition to this proj eot has been declared in Jth houses ot pairliaiiien'., even belore its formal iinounceineiit. This opposition is of a mixtd laracter, partly protectionists, and partly hum*tarnin. Some will oppose on tl*e ground o< voring our West India colonies; others on the -ounds of opposing fore jgn slavery. In this wxy formidable opposition will no doubt be consulted Meanwhile it is announced, in a semificial wxy .that Sir Ko'ocrt Peel wiil come to the scue,aii(i lend his win ?le weight and influence to ord John Kitisell on t.jis question. It tho ministry tail to carry th sugar question, lid quite possible, a n immediate dissolution is levitable, and this necessity will doubtless xsrate to tome extent. in their favor. The wish : the cabinet, howev* ;r. is to stave off a dissolain if possible, until February, so as to obtain me to mature their plans, and consolidate their irljr. That they cai mot go on through the next ission they know. ' fhey intend theretore to take (vantage of the first check they receive,after the )emng of parhamei it next year, to dissolve. Ii appears to be till* impression, however, in the sst 111 tor med political circle*, that the whig cabiat cannot long hold together. The country looks ' Sir Robert Peel as the man best cmIculated to leet the exigencies of the times.pile has imtensely improved and | strengthened his position If the result of the present session, and esLT.ially by bis mode of retiring Irom olfice. here is no doubt that his return to ettice ould be hailed with acclamation. A coalion, were it possible, would be the thiup le countiy would desire. But how could ir Robert and Lord John sit in the same ibinet?neither would con sent t? yield the lead k hA Alhor Tf ilia UAitsa r\f T < ?/> ? I.. ' ? V V?MV*( m m HIV ?*vu*v Wi JUUIUB " vIC ICIB III* ({n.licant than it is, ii might be feasible that one r the other beimr raised to the peerage should iad that house. But neitherfLorri John nor Sii Robert would consent to be shelved in the Lords, it is calculated that Peel will ere long return t< r^w IRK I [ORNING, AUGUST 17, 1& y | office, making up a party from the fragments of | ?. the ruptured conservative*, protectionists, aristox | eratic whigs, aided by something to be won by | conciliation, from the Iriah party. Besides those 1 f ' of the conservatives who adhered to him in his . ' com law measures, it is estimated that he would ) i ' gain about sixty votes from the protectionists.? ? o : Besides, if the whigs fail i i This experiment to f conduct the business of the country, they can 1 scarcely refuse to support Feel. Some ene must n r I be in. The radical party are outoi the question. e J The whigs will have had their trial. To l>e sure, j a protectionist ministry is still on the cards. Lord -I t Stanley would not scruple to make the trial, sup- ? r ported by the whole tory party, of every shade c and complexion. I t Great doubts are entertained on this side of the j * channel whether the Gui/.ot cabinet will obtain a f J majority in the coming elections. Soult desires g 0 to retire, being very naturally and properly un- r I. willing to be the nominal chief of a cabinet with 1 d whose measures he has almost as little to do as li b witti those of President Polk. Guizot must then \ 6 assume ostensibly, what he now has in substance, a |> the presidency of the cabinet. But he has never I keen able to obtain that personal popularity 'J . wifceh is considered desirable, if not necessary, c ' for the ostensible head of the cabinet. A great sensation hat) just been excited here amoug all classes, on account of a soldier ol the Seventh Huzza r?, who has died of the effects oi a militaiy flogging. It ia thought that it will lead to the abohtiou 9i that barbarous practioe. f * Berlin, June 3, 1846. Polith Insurrection?P>li*h Nationality?The Priesthood?P rust ian Policy towards the Poles. My long ilence has not been occasioned by t any dearth of matter, or want of movement in kthe political world. On the contrary, events of an unusually interesting nature have taken place in the course of the last lew months, the Polish insurrection hav ing kept both the people and theuc rulers on the qui vive ever since the early part of January, and created an excitoment which is not yet entirely mb-ided. A% however, yon must have continually been receiving the latest counts by way of. France and England, 1 thought it useless to give any particulars of these occurrences while they Were still in progress, feeling certain of being forestalled by your Paris and LqfciMi correspondents. After the total failure of that most unlortunate and ill concerted enterprize, it is easier to form an opinion of the causes that led to it, and of the etiect it is likely to have 011 the future condition of those provinces ol Prussia, that were enguged in the revolutionary * movement. There can be no doubt that the Prussian govern ment was far from suspecting the existence of so universal a spirit of disaffection in its Polish territories, as was revealed by the events to. j The system ofTPrussia ha* alwiiys been a cone ilia 5 tory one, and it was natural to hope that the Poles 3 would feel gratetul for the moderation ol' her . sway, when compared to the iron severity ef Rus * sia and the tneditrval policy of Austria, and be ' willing to forget the eiicumstances to which she !' owed her dominion, in consideration of the mildt negsshe displayed in its exercise. But the event i- showed that the Poles were more sensible to the r loss ot their rationality, than to the benefits they r derived from the Prussian administrative institutions. The nobility, shorn of their ancient splendor, and limited in their feudal power, were eager to throw off the yoke of their German masters, anil to restore that blessed state of things, in , which every little Seigneur enjoyed absolute au1 thority over his dependents and serfs. The Ro? man Catholic priesthood,who are still possessed of * considerable irilluence over the public mind, were ' as usual uncompromising in their opposition to a | government, whose toleration, though approaching to weakness in the forbearance it displays tor wards the encroachments ot ultramontanism, t could not atone in their eyes for the unpardonable I offence of bein# Protectant in its cliacacter, and its principles. If the sentiments of the dominant 1 The application for a new trial in the cane of Wyatt, u the murderer, haa been denied, and aa the Governor haa ti refuted to grant a anipennon of sentence, he will un- j doubtedly be hung on Monday next v The < arlarwl Guards,a very neatly uniformed compa 0 ny o( firemen volunteers from New Vork, nu . be ring 34 rauakets, and commanded by Captain Lloyd, arrived .. at Albany on Friday, on an excursion, accompanied by r Kngine Co. No 'J, of Hudson city.. They are the guests * of Neptune Company No- 10 of that city, and put up at c Stanwix Hall. ft Dbxadful Accident?A son of Henry J. Rogers,Ksq. t< the gentlemanly luperintemleut of the Baltimore terminus of the Washington telegraph, met with an accident on Thuraday which it is feared will cost bim his Ule.? II* ia about t?n years of age, and hail gone into a bath tub at hia father's dwelling, when, through mistake, he , turned hot water in the tub imtead of cold, and plunged , in, scalding himself so badly that the phjsiclans have . no hopes ol his recovery. The lower part of his person wna uui ui M? vii?p. A Nrw Yoaa Naw?*ov.?We *aw yeaterday morning, I'1 a young lad about fifteen year* of age, named William " Bordell, who hedjuit arrived in the city from Illinoia, having itarted in June, and travelled the whole o diitance on foot, peuing through Indiana. Ohio, f* and Weitern Pennaylvama, following the National n Road He wa* on hi* way to New York city, where hi* friend* reaide, and whichbc purnoce* reaching in the v *ame way. We learn that he left New V'ora ahout n eighteen month* lino*, where he followed the occupation ol a " newihoy j" and having aaved a conaideralde mm of monej , determined to m*k? tour through toe 1 country, which he ha*done, on foot, and a greater part d of the time alone, traveraing a greater portion of the 1 Western State* He i* certainly one of tlie " bo hoy*," p and il enrrgy and enterprUe will make a man, he U *ure> c 1) deitinen to tie one Suece** to him, wherever he 1< t may go ? I'M lailrlpMa paper. I J,The weather *eem* to continue it* warmth throughout r the country. At Boaton on Saturday, the thermometer F ' itood at 97; at New Haven. M in the ihade. In New York we can keep no account. { [ Goon.?The Urand Jury of Cayuga coantr, noon the * . testimony of the prieonofficer*, laet week found a bill a of indictment agein*t Ruuell (happel, agent of the * ! Htato Priion, for providing unwholeiome lood for the i ' convict*. The officer* testified that he knowingly or- | 1 ' dered to be cooked for their u*e, a quantity of injured a and (polled codflah, which had been condemned by the I i phywciana. The jury *tood 17 to 6 is laror of Um bill. I 1 classes had been shared by the third and most J numerous portion of the population, it is impossi ' We to say what lengths the insurgents might have proceeded to ; but foitunately for Prussia the cooperation of the peasantry was wanting. In spite of the inveterate hatred of the Sclavonian ' race to the German, they could not but contract r their present condition of comparative liberty with the servitude they had groaned under during the palmy days of the so-caJled Polish republic: B they felt a shrewd suspicion that the restoration 9 of national independence might be the signal for . the:r return to bondage, and with this impression they resisted the threats and entreaties of the no" bleu, the prayers and admonitions of the clergy, - who were thus deprived of the only means of 1 sucoess in a contest with the enormous military I power of the Prussian monarchy?the active and zealous support of the masses. * Notwithstanding the complete failure of this 1 revolutionary attempt, and the ease with which it f was suppressed, we may reasonably anticipate that it will produce a change in the line of con5 duct hitherto pursued by Prussia towards her Po3 Iish subjects. Though she has used hor victory wtth in.deration?though she neither hangs the j malcontents in detail, like Nicholas, nor butchers them en matte, like Metternich, her sys> tem of conciliation is likely to be greatly modified. I The nobility will be abandoned to their fate as inr corrigible, while everv effort will be made to imi prove the moral and physical condition of the lower orders, and above all to assimilate them to ? the rest of the monarchy, by engrafting the Tuei ton element upon the original Sclavonic stock?in s I a word to turn the Fol? s into Germans. It may " j | seem a difficult undertaking to denationalize a ' i whole people, but it is by no means a hopeless 1 . one. A great part of Eastern Germany was for- 1 - merly inhabited by the Venedi, a tribe of Sclavo- ! f nian origin, who in the course of ages have been gradually and so completely Germanized that j 3 scarce Mrestige of the metamorphosis is percep. tible. e same process is now going on in Sile . sia. which, a f?-w centuries ago, was as much a ' Polish country as Galicia or Posnania, but where , the language, manners, and customs cf Germany , arn daily acquiring greater preponderance. The i same system, carried out with steadiness and cirr cumspection, will probably have the same effect , in Prussian Poland, where the nucleus of a Gerf man population is already existing; at all events, th<s will be the only means to secure government - against all future attempts to subvert it, and to maintain its undisputed sway over a province, the possession of which is indispensable as a barl rier against the growing ambition of Russia. Varieties. On Friday, two of the California volunteer* quartered ' on Governor'* Island, between 8 and 9 o'clock in the > morning, attempted to iwim from the (eland to the upper i end of the Atlantic Dock. One beginning to feel exhausted turned back and reached tke shore in safety, and immediately directed a boat to be sent to tecure his companion, who foolishly persisted in the attempt, but before aid could reach him, he sank. His name was Jehn Thompson, from Oswego. ] IERA 16. Affair* or La Plata. No. in. j Buenos Ayrks, 11th May, 1846. Sir In previous letters I endeavored to give 'on the avowed and real motives for the English t ind French armed intervention in the affair* of t he Rio de la Plata. 1 told you of the pathetic > ippeals to " Victoria " against the barbarous cru- 1 ilties of llosns, by the English loan and stock- | obbing company of Montevideo, who had obtain- < ki iroin ruvera ana tne so-eailea government i if the lianda Oriental, shut up in the city of Mon- < evideo, grants of ail the public property of the ] >rovince, and a grant of 21 leagues square of the inest land in the camp, to be settled by AN) En- 1 ;liah families, for loans made by them at enor- < nous interest,to support the tottering government, j i dot only had these money lenders obtained these 1 Binds and public property, but also the whole re'enne of the Custom House for years to come* ind the exclusive right to navigate the river Jruguay with steam, under the English flag, ["his band of SIlylocks could well afford to fabri:ato charges of inhuman cruelty, and hire wittesses to substantiate their fabrications, to secure he penalty of so rich a bond. i It has even been imagined, that in some cases, > liey were, at least, the instigators of horrid crimo, < o give plausibility of their charges against Hosas. 1 One very singular circumstance occurred short- i y before tne commencement ol 'hostilities, by the ! ' mediators." I have told you before, that since losas came into power, foreigners had always i seen respected and secure. This was urged as in argument against the interference. Some ime before the blockade of this place, a Scotch ! amily by the name of Kidd, consisting of some line or ten persons, quiet, unoffending and in- j lustrious, living in the country, were all murder- ! id in their own house. This outrage was blazon- i sd about as a conclusive reason for the interposiion of English and French humanity, and even 1 inures in the reas-ons assigned by Ouseley an I < Jetfaudis, f<?r their blockade ; notwithstanding it I s known to every person living here, as also to I Vlessrs Ouseley ana DefTaudis, that Hosas had i idopted every means that human ingenuity could mggest to discover the authors of the deed. All i who could in any way be suspected?dozens, I i Believe near a hundred, at different times were arrested and tried. Even some of the Justices of the Peace and Alcaldes of the district were brought before the Chief of the Police, for a supposed neglect of duty, in not detecting the perforators ol the foul deed. 1 would not have alluded 1 to this matter, had it not been used by the minis- < ;ers to justify their conduct. But 1 ask any re- 1 fleeting man, which is most probable, that Rosas, i ivith the powerful nations of England and France < eaay antl threatening to attack turn with their inited forces?should urge them oil by such an act; W that the Sbytacks, fearing that the ministers < night listen to reawn and justice, should have strengthened their cause and hastened the action jf the mediator*, bv luring assassin > to commit :his murder 1 On Rosas' part it would have been the a pplication of the match to the cannon levelled m his country ; on their's, a stimulant to speedy action in accordance with thair wishes. But enough of motives! 1 will now speak of actions. William Gore Ouseley, the English minister, ar- i rived here about the end of April, 1845. He, of j source, stopped some days in Montevideo, on liis way, where he had his ideas brightened up by 1 the instigators of the intervention. On the 8tii of May, he was accredited, and on the 10th went to work. He stated to Mr. Arana, the Minister of Foreign affairs, what he required. First, all the I Argentine troops must be withdrawn from the j Handa Oriental, and the snuadron from Monte- ' video. After this, he would talk of a settlement 1 if the difficulties. He intimated, too, that Eng- j and and France had the force at hand to enforce iiese demands, but he hoped they would not be iriven to resort to it. He did not wish to threat- i m ; he came as a friend to establish peace, &c., i kc. Rosas was not frightened by this first gun, | u Ouseley seemed to anticipate. On the contract, Mr. Arana brought him to a parley, Ouseley , owered his tone, agreed to discus's the rightof the matter, and to admit Mr. Brent, the Charge d'Afairesol the United States, as one of the arbitra- i ors. These three, Messrs. Arana, Ouseley and i Brent, had several conferences, and seemed to be < lpproaching a basis on which peace might be es- 1 abttitfteti. About the end of May, Baron Detlauiis arrived; Mr. Ouseley immediately discovered that Mm UrOnt eotrtd have nothing to do with the , irbitratien. The French and English had taken the matter in their own hands, and the United States could not participate; notwithstanding Mr. Brent had offered his mediation, which had been accepted early in April, before the arrival of either Ouseley or Denaudis. The Baron must have {iven Mr. Ouseley a severe lecture for his course, mdfor presuming to tnove in the business alone ?lor poor Oust-ley twisted and equivocated, tried o deny what he had done,?said that it M(aa all >rivate and informal, and even asked Mr. Arana o permit him to alter the date of some of his lotes, as you may nee by a copy of the corresponlence, which I send you. tinally, Mr. Ouseley, j lettled the matter, by placing himself entirely un- j ier the lead of Detfaudis. Throughout the month < if June they kept up a hot correspondence with this government, demanding a cessation of all < hostilities in the Banda Oriental, and an entire 1 withdrawal of Argentine forces, both land and laval, and threatening vengeance if Rosas refused o comply. He kept perfectly cool and unintimilated, and showed them they had no right to inerfere in his affairs, or those of Plata. Arana lad as much the advantage of them in argument ind justice, as they, combined, had over Rosas in he superiority oi their naval forces But I can- ' lot go into detail. Already have I occupied too 1 V..W.V. i rrm, ml . if th, it tr. l.o 1 ..uv.. h.yu.,u , .. ........ ' ""I.""""'* "" more minute, you can do so by giving extracts , From the correspondence which 1 send you, to en- , ible you to sustain my statements, if they should be questioned. One thing 1 cannot pass over.? liotn Ouseleyand Deliaudis in their notes of the ith July, urge as one of the grounds to justify intervention, that England had guaranteed the independence of the Banda Oriental, as agreed up>n by Brazil and the Argentine Confederation in he treaty of 1828. This is an absolute falsehood, ind as far as Ouseley is concerned, shows an in xcusable ignorance, or a wanton misrepresentaion ol facts. Deliaudis may say that he was jusitiable in believing Mr. Ouseley on such a subect. When the treaty of 1828 was made, the Minsters of the republic of La Plata, Messrs. Ballarce and Guido, addressed a note to Lord Pononby, the English Minister at Rio de Janeiro, inderdate of 18th August, 1828, asking him if he vas authorised to guarantee the treaty, and expressing a hope he would do so. He replied, 20th, same month. * * * 'The undersigned in reply, has the honor to tate, that he has no authority from his governnent to contract any engagement for the guaran- ' ee of any preliminary convention, or definitive | 1 reaty of fieace j and he begs leave to refer to his Excellency, Gen. Balcarce^ knowledge, that the ! indersigned was similarly situated, when he had ! he honor and pleasure to be British Envoy at J iuenos Ayres." What honest man knowing this, j routd say that England had guaranteed the treaty J \ 1828 1 1 About the end of July, the grand mediators, 1 inding they could neither coax nor frighten Ko- 1 as into a Mirrender of the independence of his j< onntry, asked lor their passports, and sailed for ! ' lonte video, early in August. Ut their doings ml- ' er reaching there, I will *pealc in my next. Yours, &e.t to. I A CtTIZKM OK THE U. Si. | Personal MovemenU. The Chex-alier Adam da Lovenskiold, Charge d'Aflirei of Hi* Hwediih and Norwegian Majeaty in the ' Jmted 8t?tea, arrived here yesterday, in the ithip Sultan rom Havre. Hon John J. Crittenden, the diatinguiahed Senator 1 om Kentucky, arrived in New Bedford on Wednoaday, . i company with the Hon Mr. Grbinell, M. -C. The Hon Mr. HilUard, the diatinguiahed whig member f Congreaa from Alabama, who ii on hia way with hii imily, to Saratoga Springe, paaaea a day or two in Albay, rk the gueat of the Hon. Bradford K. Wood. The Union sta'es that the Poatmaater General left Paahington on Thuraday, on a vlait to hia family in Tenessee. The re?t of the cabinet are atill at their |h>?U General Caa* la in Boaion. Meaara. Calhoun and M'Duffle arrived here onTtiesay evening in tiie cara, from Washington, and proceed- j d on Wadneaday morning to the Greenbrier White Bill hur Spring* Their vlut wm *hort that few of our | itizen* were aware of their pretence. Mr. Calhoun ; iok? well, but M'Duflle appear* quite feeble.? Wincktitr (Va) Hrpuhhcan M Mcfin Welxter and Winthrop arrived at Boiton on 'ridajr morning. ' ?rn bc *vri Dmiii nrKrrn -Wn ?ome day* ago. I , opied an article from a Southern paper, mentioning the j , irreat of two robber*, and the (ubiequent (hooting of me of them in hi* attempt* to e*cape. It i* now ?uppo?id that Kppe*. the murderer of Muir, in reter*burg, Va. (H the individual *hot. If ?o, ?ome mo*t *in*iil*r deve- f opment* are yet to be made. The man *hot aniwer* the J idvertifed description of Kpp??. and beiide* taking from ' nm nearly $6000 in money, a bowie knife wa* found vitl? the name of Wm. Ep|>*?, written on the acabbard ( LD. P*tc? Two CtnU< Matamohas, (Mexico,) July 16,1840. Hot h'eatktr?Coujt Je Solid?Particular* of tht Bullitt of the 8th and 9th. I avail myself of the present favorable opporunity (the nun having net and given me achance a breath,) of writing you a few line*. The .veniher lias bo?n inten?ely hot of late ; as your jiend T. would say, is an icehouse to tliis pliiee. Three men died instantly on ike 14th liy u ouf dc w!\<I The 11 ver here rose over fifteen feet ?buut two w?eks since, which obliged us to n uve aur camp. The old encampment is now three feet under water, although the water has subsid N?t?1 Intelligence. The V. 8. revenue cutter McLean, we learn, aaila on Monday next for Tampico. Since the arrived here, wcnty men hare been enlisted ai marine* for her.?* 0. Picayune, Jtug. H. We learn from a letter, that on Wednesday last, order* were received at Pensacolu, for the revenue cutter Wolcott, Capt. Katio. to immediately proceed with important dmpatche* lrom Waihington city, for I'oan. Connor, off Vera Cruz. The purport ot the?e deipatchei, of conrae, are not known, but they muit be of importance, from the fact that the Wolcott wan undergoing a thorough overhauling, painting, lie., and (he would hardly be called into ?ea lervice until these neceiiary repair* were completed, unlet* in caaeofan emergency.? Mobile Herald, Jlug.9, [Tlu* cottar ha* probably taken out the offer of peace from the President to Mexico. Ed. Herald ] The rumor* which were contained in the letter we received yeiterday from a correspondent in the Havana, nro directly contradicted by the official account* which have been received in the Navy Department The Karitan ha* arrived for lome day* at Pen*acola She brings no cane of yellow fever?none of her crew ha* fallen a victim to it?the (uttering* attributed to the *curvy, and the mortality which i* reported of our vessels oil Verm Cruz, are extravagant exaggeration*. We understand that our squadron i* a* healthy a* pouible.? H'aekingtan Union, jSug. 14. Tlie Knlletment of Seamen. Mr. Editor,?In one of the papers, it Is stated that the recruiting Officers on this station, cannot snlist a sailor in this city?that they refuse to go into the Mexican war to die of yellow fever. Thi? is totally false, and must have been published for tome vile purpose. There has been no objec;ion made on the part of seamen to the war in Mexico, and the enlistments have averaged thirtyive a week (or months past; and some weeks lave extended to over forty; as any ane may st e. >y catling and viewing the returns at the nav.d eudezvous, No. 9 Cherry street Several drafts >C seamen have been sent from this station to Norfolk and Boston. The sloop of war Dale, the ichooners Reefer, Petrel and Uonita, with the store ships Lexington and Relief, have all sailed from this port recently, with their crews almost exclusively shipped on this s'ation, and there will be a full complement for both the steamers. Spitfire and Vixen, when they are ready to receive them. Why, Mr. Editor, should a paper, wishing to be considered as respectable, publish a* a fact so wilful a misstatement, ?vhen correct information could be had by asking for it ? _ Kkxdezvous. The ChlmM. Why does not the chimer of Trinity give us some variation on the bells? As yet we have heard nothing but the sama rotary of sound, from the highest uole to the lowest, " ding, dong, bell, ding! Hong, ding, ding, dong boll; <nng ' dong, din*, dong, bell : ding ! This is the only tune so far. If there is not a full octave of bells, cannot the Doctor arrange something that will not be so monotonous 1 We have had the ding, dong, longenough. A I-oveh of Music. Political Intelligence. The Whigt of the Md district of Pennsylvania, bsva nominated F> f.. Hayn. of Mercer county, as their csndiiate for <;ongre??. Tha district is now raprasaatad by U'm. S Osrvin, Democrat. Thomss O. Edwards. ol Fairfield county, is tha Whig andldata for Congress in tha ?th district ef Ohio, now -epreseated by Augustus L. Perrill, Democrat. At a Whig Convention held at Portland on Wednasday ast, J. S. Little was nominsted ss a candidate (or Conr ress, receiving on the flrat ballot 30 votes ont of 37. 'oseph Adams had 4, W. P. Kessendon J, and W. Bus ten i vote, Rodolphns Dicki n>on it tie Dfirociatir rsnllrittc for Congrats in the ?er tjaadu>i) iiwtiiit, (. Liv. * . sd much in the last two (lays. We have plenty of vegetables, and all kinds of tropical fruits in abundance?green corn -Muce the 10th of May? melons, oraages, lemons, ite. It is not the most pleasant to march through the interior of' the country where there is no wood, or water that is fit to drink; but, as the Irishmen said when he was going to be hung, " it is nothing when you ^et used 10 it." No doubt you have seen in print many particulars of the battles of the 8th and 9th of May. I was in both those engagements; it makes a fellow feel a little jueer to find himself marching up to the mouth af Mexican cannon, and the grape and canrnster falling thick and last around him. The 5th received in square a charge from 700 cavalry, anil liad but four wounded, while the enemy lost twenty-five. Our strength was only 310. Tne second day our copper-colored neighbors thought they hail everything prepared to massacre us in the chapparel, two miles from our former action; but the way we routed them was " nothing to nobody." The 5th lost ten killed, and twentyfour wounded the second day. I had my cap knocked off by a saucy grape shot, and an hol? made in my haversack by a inu?ket ball. Four companies (ABC and D), of the 5th. have been broken up, and the officers and N C. officers sent north to reciuit. Three companies (E, Cr, and K) left a few days since for Camargo; [he r< maimng companies have been waiting lor \ boat, which has just arrived; so it is probable we shall leave to-rnorrow morning. It is under stood here that a* soon as the army can be concentrated at Camargo, a distance of 250 milesfrorn this place, it will take up the line of march for Monterey, u strong fortification in the pass. They are reported to be preparing themselves to give us a warm reception. 1 had almost forgotten to say that your friend dorporul S, of E company, was severely wounded on the 9th in a personal contest with one of the enemy; they were for some minutes engaged in the agreeable amusement of running their rayanets into each other, till at last the Mexican fell . to rise no more. Excuse this, ae it is written in haste; if anything occurs above worth mentioning, 1 will write. Army Intelligence. [Corre?pondence of the N. O Bee.] Matamosjj, July 'J7th, 1S46.?The third Artillery hu left here for Camargo with their heavy rum. They went up by land. All the Texan cavalry will leave for the same place some day this week Their number la between 1MH) and 1800. I do not think they will remain at Camargo any length of time, but move on to Mier, about 3/> miles above. Three of the four Louisiana regiments that were sta tioned above here have passed uowa in boat*, and we are hourly looking fur the other. Gen. Taylor had signifled tiif intention of receiving any company of theie volunteer* that might feci disputed to remain 12 month*, including the time they have already served. One officer from Peyton's regiment arrived here from below, and reported that he had had a muster-roll of 68 inen; but I did not learn whether they were re-mustered in. A company of Texan* were refused admission into the service this morning, tlio General saying he had jnough men. Whether that was the only reason 1 oan:iot say. In and aboat Matamoras, with the exception of the rexans. there are not 1200 men. Gen. Taylor gave up the command of the town yesterday to Col Clarke of the tith regiment, now in the United States. It was proposed at first to give it to Lieut. Col. Childi, but he, I learn, prefers following the army. During the last three days five steamers have arrived here from Camargo, but no word of news was brought of the movement of the enemy. The river is falling very fast, and the idea seems to be to get up as much of the provisions a* possible before it got to low water mark. I think from the number of troops concentrating there, that a much larger number of boat* will be fotltad necessary. [From the Matamoras Vevielle, July 25.1 The Kev. Mr. M'Elroy will celebrate mass, and preach in the church on the I'lazH, on Sunday morning at 10 'clock, and every succeeding Sunday till further notice. I From the New Orleans Picayune, Aug. 8.] The bark K. II. Chapin arrived last evening from Brasos Santiago, bringing three companies of the Andrew Jfcckson regiment of Louisiana volunteers, numbering 114 men, under the command of Captains Head, Keene, and Fontaine. and Lieutenants Kaircnild, Kelly, Johnson, Scully, and llunter. The steamship Massachusetts, Capt. Wood, arrived yesterday, from Brasos, whence she sailed on the 1st inst., bringing three companies of the 2d regiment (Col. Oakin'i) Louisiana volunteers, under command of Lieut Col. Kmerson She spoke on the 3d inat, lat 27 degrees, 60 minutes, long. Bl degrees, (hip Charles Carroll, from Crasos to this port with troops. On the 4th she passed three ships. The bark Kazan, previously reported as lost on Padre Island, within twelve miles of the Brasos, went ashore on the 21st alt. The officers and crew and i ho Ohio volunteers got off safe. Their tents and camp equipage and twenty days' rations were saved. The vessel was sold for $179. The ship Charlotte, Wellman, arrived yesterday afternoon from the Brasos, with a portion of the 6ih regiment of Louisiana volunteers, (Col. Feather ton's,) commanded by Captains Kennedy, Stewart, Smith, and Bruselman. She left on the 37th ult.

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