Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 18, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 18, 1846 Page 1
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TH] Vol. XXJU lo. MH.WkaU Uttrn from the Army of Invuloii. I No. X. MATAJtotAS, Mexico, July 20,1846. Having been permitted to examine aeveral chart:) captured at the battle of Resaca de la Pal- , ma, I have copied tho distances, on those routes j which will bo likely to attract most attention in ! the United States. They are eitimated prinoi- | pally from Saltillo, an important military point on the route to Mexico. From Saltillo. ? ? Monterey, Ltmaret Victoria, and It Cajo a Tamfxco de Tamaulif a?. LngMi. From Saltillo to Riacostdi. 13 To Monterey .. . . ? 13 To CftilerelU Timcnez 11 To La RirUima 8 To Montemorite* (Ante* rilon> 9 To fan ChristevaJ ? 8 To Linarea 8 To Scoto d? VUJagran 13 .To Hidalgo 8 To Victoria. _. 18 To Panor. iJ To Forton. 1-2 To Cojo. ........ - so To Tampic? 34 Total. . .. . ..178 From Tampifo, nt Soro la Marina, Matamorat, and QoHad, l? San Jlntonia de r. League*. From Tampioo to Villeriaa 7 To Aldama 16 To Vejorano 8 To Laa Crucet 13 To Soro la Marina 10 To Abaaelia (or Santillana) 15 To Timenez (or Sastaader) 8 To Encinal 7 Te Laa Cherreraa S To San Fernanda de Preaaa. . , * 9 To Santa Fereaa IS To Moquete * * '' ' 10 To Maumoraa (or Refur '0t t 7 To Lo? Premoa *?/ . * 8 To Mulato 7 To LoaAnimoa. . 7 To Santa Roaa jj Tn Han fWirtr _ S * - - .Qdu. . 7 1? SSLf <?clo " To Gull (or u&hia or de Kspiritu,8ento) 33 To ? - Barrio ...7 19 To 4&a 4*jtouio do Bejar 31 Total 342 i-'row Saltillo, via Cirderrita, lot Jjdamat and Camargt, to Mata moral. From Saltillo to Cardereita 37 To La Monteca M To Camargo 38 To La 6 I"o San Antonio dc Reyaoao 13 To La Meia IS To Guadeloupe 9 To Matamoraa * Total 184 J^rrtm Saltillo via el Vtnaio, San Lou it Pototi, San Hifuel O and*, Qutritaro, and San Juan del Rio to Mnicu. League*. from Saltillo to Aquanuva Hacienda 9 To Ranquo de la Vaca 7 To Vanche de Jeaua Maria 7 To Id de la Ventura 0 To La uacienda del Salado 10 Te Kanchu loi Ammo* 7 To id de la Puuta. 6 To La Hacienda de San Chriatoval 7 To La Villa de Guadalupe el Carnicero 8 To Kanche del Berrendo 7 To Venado (Peblacion Grande,) 11 To La Edionda (Id).. 6 To La Hacienda de JJooai. 7 To Han Louia Petoti, via La Hacienda De Penaico.. 13 To La Hacienda de la Pita 6 To Valle de San Franciaco (Villa Orande) 0 To La Hacienda de Jaral. 7 To La Rancheria de nan Zanilla 9 To La Hacienda de Francaa 8 To Doiorea (Poblacion Orande) 0 To San Miguel el Orande 0 To La Hacienda de Buenaviita 8 To Qn.retaro 9 To Sanz (Hacienda) 9 To San Juan del Rio 6 Te Saa Tadio (via Palmilla) 8 To Arroyo Zareo (via Finuaal... t To La Hacienda de la Golata.,'I".IV.! 7 To La Hacienda da San Ai^tonio. S To Fula , , ? g To Hinhanlora (via al ftancho da Bata).'7 To La Lachcrn. ... ' 6 To Mexico (via .M ..... I, 8 ToUl^, M7 'l ^'i.6 appears that the entire distance to the ?'t^ of Mexico from this place, is 371 leagues, by the route indicated by Arista. It should be recollected that the Spanish league is somewhat shorter than the English. Y?u closely approximate in multiplying by three and deducting one-eighth. My list may appal our friends at the long march before us, but they will at the same time be gratified that the politeness of the Mexican General in chief has furnished us with information so accurate and minute respecting the country through which wo advance. Every road is laid down,and not a hacienda, or scarcely a rancho of any importance, is omitted. Now, if the Mexicans shall oppose no obstacle after the manner of Palo Alto, our march promises to be an agreeable excursion into the most beautiful of lands. However, in cur tactics is the word of command, " Pass obstacle," arid we shall endeavor to obey it so promptly, that no beauty in nature of mountain, plain, or river, shall be lost. The Rio Grande ia now alive with steamers, and the unward movement has commenced in earnest. Detachments are starting almost daily, The companies of the first brigade set out to-dar, the others will follow as soon as transportation Is provided Our late Inspector General, Colonel Payne, having proceeded to Washington with the standards captured, Lt. Col. Belknap has been appointed his successor. His large experience, and high military qualifications, peculiany fit him lor this responsible station. It was this officer who led the eighth regiment of infantry in its famous charge in the battle of Resaca de la Palma ; and whom history will name as the hero of that memorable day. X. Y. Z. No. XII. Matamoras, Mexico, J uly 24, 1846. A considerable portion of the army has left Matamoras. To-morrow Captain Duncan's battery marches by land for Gamargo, escorted by infan try, unci probably a few dragoons. The roads are now almost impracticable, and hia journey may occupy 12 or 16 days. This place is now almost wholly in the possession of the volunteers and rangers, and the poor natives are in constant alarm at the brandishing of pistols and bowie knives. They seem to think that the inmates of the lower regions have escaped, such is their terror on account of the lawless 1 tjanot. A small number of regular troops will be left at Fcrt Brown, which latter will be under the command of Capt. Lowd of the 2d artillery, who was so conspicuous in its memorable defence. In addition to this force will I e a regiment or two of volunteers : and I understand Gen Hamar oi Ohio, who has lately received the oppointment of Brigadier General under the new volunteer law, is to be left the commander in this part of th^ border. He is, as the country knows, an able legislator; and a slight acquaintance sausfies me tnat when his talents are turned towards the art and practice of war, he will make a distinguished soldier. The two companies which sailed from New York on the 11th June, under Capt. Swartwout, for the Brazos, have arrived after a passage of forty-two days. They proceed directly to Camargo, and join the artillery battalion. Should we escape the rancheros and arrive safely, you shall hear from us at Camargo ; if otherwise, and we are driven .towards the capital, I promise reports as often as my keepers will permit. General Taylor's practical obedience to the orders of his government, was exemplified a few days ago. A murder having been committed in this city, the person suspected was Immediately arrested and turned over to the civil authorities, the murdered man having been a Mexican. It is understood, that notwithstanding a degree of clamor and denunciation among the friends of the individual accused, the General had determined that the law should take its course; and is reported to havo consoled them, with the assurance that the man should not only be tried before the Mexican court, but if that tribunal so decreed, he should be hung too. You, at a distance, can have no idea of the character of the divers colored spirits which have assembled in this captured city. Could you see their uniforms? garnished with weapons of every size and de Tk- ? ? 9UII}HIW||. J. HO idBli Ul KWVCIUIII^ BIIVU nil Iiicon* anions masi is more difficult than that of winning battles. I am a lover of my fellow men, ball have little hesitation in saying that were I to clioosu my friends and neighbors, they would not be selected from among the son* of Adam visiting Matamorasat the present time. X. Y. Z. ^ ?. ) > f E NE1 NE1 The above engraving represents the return of a b: the lull after the storm; but when onoe again amon; we see them now advancing in peace, so can wc iini and the scalping knife glistening before his eyes. A PANIC, PRC Among the most beautiful and grand superstitions heaven* is, with them, the muttering of his voice; a they believe to be the manifestation of diepleasure i runt terrified to hia wigwam. Sacrifices and otferin: Great Spirit is pleased, and has put on a smiling face NEW MEXICO. ? The Destination of feton. Kearney's Expe- tr dttlon. [From the Matamora* Flag, Jnly 10 ] The territory of New Mexico lie* north of the 26th tc parallel of latitude, and ita greatest length from north to " aouth ia 700 milea ; from eut to went, it* boundary ha* !" never been circumacrihed within the limit* of certainty. It* geographical position i* remarkably singular; the Rio A Grande paaaea through it nearly in a central lino from * north to aouth. Ita whole entira surface ia a ?ucce?sion " of mountaina riling in majeitic iplendor to that giddy " height where eren the cedar and pine can retain no foothold, their conic head* covered with the white veil of '' perpetual mow. The inhabitant* live in the deep valley*, {' and upon the margin of the Bio Orande. Village* on the J' river are aitaated In Ita different bend*,where a aulHcien- " cy of bottom landaare left lor the purpoaea ef agriculture. * The graataat extent occupied by aettlemanta, i* three . hundred milea in length and one hundred in width ; the " population, taken collectively, ia about fifty thousand. The first village in the north ia el Pueblo it Taos, which give* name to the valley in which it ia situated. *' The original inhabitanta are Indiahs, and known by the " name or Pueblos. They were in possession of this coun- '' try when the Spaniard* first visited Mexico, and they ri have remained until the preaent time When the Spaniards extended their dominion over this Indian country, by the aid of Oospel missionaries, they found thoso Pueblo Indiana friendly, honeat and industrious, brave '? and confiding ; endowed with great, natural good sense? J" neighbor* to be conciliated but not lubdued. Tne Pueblo of Taoa ia immediately at the foot of the waat aide of the flrat ridge of the Rocky Mountain*.? There ia a small itream that issues from a ravine, flow* J. out into a valley and eventually mixea ita waters with " the Rio Grande, which aeparatea the two departments. The village posaesaea much singularity, combining great '1 strength with the boldest conception in the architecture, enjoying the most complete utility in ita honey comb ionnation. The village ia formed of two diatinct <le- * partmenta. the rivulet dividing it in the centre. Thi* f at first sight might not *eem to have particular design. [" The building* are exactly aimilar. The flrat or base- !},' ment story occupies a large area; upon thia u teared another atory being (mailer than the first by ten feet? each successive atory falling off in the same ratio until I the pagoda become* nine stories high- In tho basement " itory that* are no door*, the entrance being through a j'J round hole in the offsot which form* the roof: a pule . ' being planted in tha aperture with a ladder attached, by which th?y aacend ana deicend. The buii ling* resemble pyramid*, with tha exception of their being square. In tha formation of thit village, an equal utimber of ' the head* of families divided themselves oil and laid two foundation* preclaely similar, and reared upou them two 0 equal itrnctarai. What a Aeld waa here tor emulation? . what barrier* to an aaeiiling enemy? Aa their genera- 1 tion* grew up, the youth from both sides would meet . j and in manly (port* endeavor to excel. The great pation Saint of the village i* Saint Jerome: they having adopted tha Catholic religion, through the powerful influence of mitaioaarie* from old Spain. The day of St. Jerome i* celebrated by (electing thirty of the choicest jouth* from each aid* of the (tream, to compete with one ano. '"f ther in manly (porta. A race course i* cleared out in . front of tha village four hundred yards in length, and wide enough for two to run abreast. An equal number J ol tha old men of each village are chosen to prepare the **1 li*t? and marihal tho competitors. Nothing can he <o ,w animating and *ouI stirring to the beholder a* to view those sixty champion*, in all the pride of nature, adorn- *' d with the *imple*t art* and yet so appropriate In making (election* for the li(t(, the pride nnd boast of the " villages arw brought out, all are chieftains of the great- n< est note. Tha honor of their ancient house* in staked upon them: their own fair name i( entrusted to the race, and their feat* are viewed by the " fairest of the fair." ,0 The houses present one vait pyramid of human being*? all the woman from tha adjoining villages coining to v< witness thia annual featival. About eleven o'clock the lignal ia given, and the race comn.cnce*. At each end J*1 of tho track stand thirty runner*, fit teen on a aide, a* J? one starts from one and, another from tho opposite party " start* from the other, and the first thirty that run *r through, aro considered a* having Ruined the lau- re rel* of the day. They then form in grand procession*, and in wild chorus of song surround tho building*, from which in great profusion is showered in pon them varietiea of fruits and cakes, the crow ; of to spectators mixing in a joyful scramble. The morning ?ti feat* having pasaed off, the evening's interlude com- th mence*. between these two heaven reared tower* ci tanda tall, (lender polaof natire pine, the bark peeled in off and tha poUabad aurface groaned. On the top of the er pola ia framed acroaa, apon which are hung b??ket? of ta lruiu and faatoont, injaajoualy woren, of iweet cwkci, g< wara and emblematical devicea pictured with ailver w fl 1 ?o?pandad by wiraa ; and to crown the rich of- Pi faring, upon the rary top of the pole atanda an aged and 1>< IJIP? '??t pinioned to the place. A large tli crowd haa fathNrmf rattttd to wttneaa the niatic acena, ui which ia announced by tha marry peali of muaic and the m load piMrcinc acraaaaa oi tha acaling aquadi'ona, ai they V m - - JL t\ v o iV YORK, TUESDAY M THE RETURN OF IND "'! ind of Indians from a battle; successful in the pi ; their squaws and old men, tlio scalp dance wiR aguie thorn preparing to attack t^e unsuspecting )DUCED BY THUNDER Al inHBRHHUAwnn^ of the red own, is the one that believes in the p nd every flash comes from the otTended eye of 1 n the Great Spirit. In our engraving the brave gs are made to propitiate his favor; and when, i jmc rushing to the trial. The pole is to be scaled, the easure is to be lowered, the list* ore open, the world my enter. Here then may ho seen the resources and meuuity of nature's children. The prizo would seem itally beyond their reach, yet their minds once bent pon tne attainment 01 uio onjeri, mey maHe 01 tneir adiea Udders, hoops, chains. leaning pyramid*, until at kit some daring npirit reaches the suspended treasure.? h tlio evening shades prevail, the festivity commences rithin doori, where the victon of the flay are rewarded y the maidens ol their choice. The sole object of the ;parate villagers i* to excel in all they undertake in ommon. In their agricultural pursuit! the same emuition exists ; when they go into battle what desperate atsof bravery will they not attempt, to wear the vic>r'? crown. Indissoluble bonds of friendiihip bind them >gethor,and they have over been the white mnu's friend, 'heir honesty and industry is proverbial, and woll cultiated fields and well stocked farms give token of much irift and independence. They are strict observers of le < athol 10 faith, the priests being allowed to live in leir villages. If it had not been for these Indians New [exico would long since have been overrun by the aurlunding Indian trinei. They do not make war a trade, it their bravery ia unequalled in the retfresa of injues. Santa Fe ia the capital of Now Mexico. It i* a small id inoonsiderable village, in ita moat prosperous day* ?ver having had a population of more than iOOO, and it now upon the decline. It is situated twenty miles from e Hio Grande,upon the cast side. It ia owing to an einsive commerce with the Slate of Missouri and the gold ines in the vicinity, that has given Santa Fe a name jioad. From Santa Fe a large wagon road winds around irough the valleys, and emerges out into the plaina here reaching Red river Through the Mountains to fan ignei or el Bado^is filly mile* San Miguel i* situated l>on a small creeflfcr river, called feca* River, which kea its rise within fifteen miles of Santa Fe, and alter inning six hundred miles falls into the Rio Orande. bout naif-way between Santa Fe and Han Miguel, is the lehrated Tecaa village, being of the aatne tnt>e that has sen described, but claiming a more ancient origin. They ive 110 records, but are governed by oral traditioua. hey obaerve the < atholic laith, but strange to tell, they ly they are wailing the return of tbeir great King, who omisad ihem tha he would return in due season, and om time immemorial have they preserved the same fire at was burning upon hia departure. They describe m as their great King and Saviour, and they take it by rna in w atching the tire, which preserved in a deep ell or cellar. 'I he old and most decrepid are destined the never-ending watch. In latter years great aick>ss prevailed amongst them, and tha village went to dey in consequence. They became fearlul that it was ne visitation, and about the year IHS9, or in 48, they uved to the wost side ol the Rio Orande, to a small vlife called Jem.is, about filty miles from Santa Fe, w h< ro ey earned the everlasting fire, to continue ita onurious are through all time. Army IntelllKcnne. [Prom the New Orleans Delta, August 9 J The sbip-i Noriolk. Henry rratt, (harle* Carroll, and irk Parthian, arrived yesterday from Hraao* 8t J*go, inging eleven companieaot tho Louisiana Volunteer*, i : Cempanj C, . McNamar ; Company K, Capt oiteau ; Company II, Capt. Price ; Company B, Capt. reeland , Lieut* Hayi, lliggins, Donald und Curley : k'O compame* from Haton Rouge, under l.apt* htewiird id Beale Thi* detachment ia uuder the com maud of ajor Fowler. t.ornpaniea K, (J, A, H, .1?Captain* Willard, f omstock, unt, Hicurdo ; Lieut* Smith, P?tter*on, Charles, Hen'ii. I'ii) lor, Ktekiel, Parker, Pcttii.?Total,MS men. The nchooner Kul'aula, brought up Captain* bmitti and lirley, ol the Alabama volunteer*, 14 diacaaiged L'. 3. Idier*,and ;ii volunteer*. Oodtrey Pope, who was ail officer of the Kentucky iluuloeri, wa* recently iliot near tlatamoras I'y a ??ntill. It wa* late in the evening or night: the r cntinel talUngod Mr. Pope a* he approached him ; he continued advance without giving the countersign, whereupon e lentinel fired and killefl him. He wa* put under rest, but on an investigation of tho unfortunate occurnee he waa discharged. [Kromthe New Orlean* Picayune, Aug. 9 ] Gov. Johnion haa taken the re*pon*itiility of instructg the Paymaster of the L'nitod state* Army at this point allow the volunteer* from thi* Slate full pay, without Dppage or drawback for clothing In this decision of e (Governor the Paymaster ha* signified hi* acquiei nce. The dicbandod volunteer* will therefore receive II pay, without the discount for clothing. Thia will table moat of the volunteer* to draw a sum sufficient to ke them home. Many of the diabanded troops have jne away without full pay. In future, *uch inju*tico ill be obviated In regard to the flth and 8th, Colonels jyton* and Keather*ton'* Regiment*, some doubt* have ten entertained whether they will be paid or not, under ie order* ol the War Department. Tnat they will be IA: __ aSaIm natlt )>n n<* >ln?kt n .. A t. lUUlMtai) VBU uc UU UVUUI. OUl lO '10101 p?yant for time i* equivalent to a denial of all payment,

fhen they are muttered out of tha aervice tboy will ? - - RK Jt ORNING, AUGUST 18, 18' IANS FROM BATTLE. VWs2-v- IttAw?. . Jv \ IU irsuitof revenge they are now cautiously, in Indian 1 ealWtoto action those passions now apparently dormai ftontierman, whose A'St knowledge of their coming ND LIGHTNING, AMONG TH K9@SI^HB8iHHrVi?* ^W" * ^ x-. ^SS^KHBtefew^t\^gaMxFL! \Jw-Mljm t ' V* jj I C f?1f ?| rI. ifj ) m{( J?j f I fjiijtf '-t /.; ?' i( w *# ' ' cal of the thunder, antl the flash of the lightning, aa I :he Mnnitou. Before these tokens of his wrath they urn !?> iuKa in Knftla ?i/Alll<l flrrKf t r\ tlwt Ifl 4lM u the natural course of things, tho storm i? parsed, s scatter to the four quarters of the world, and never bo i collected together again. They should be paid at once, and we hope will be. There is enough evidence in the < Executive office to show thut their enlistment and shipment to i'oint Isabel was sanctioned by the War Depart- i ment. i Cam*(ho, Julr 23, 1948.?Affairs begin to look a little 1 more lively in this particular lection. The steamer Big i Kntcheo came up lawt evening with Major Staniford and < the rest of the 5th U 8. Inlantry on board, so that we have two regiments of regulars, the ftth and 7th, already quartered here. To this force must t>? added the section of Uragg's Artillery and the two companies ot Dean t Hangers, tinder McCulloch and Oillespie, iorming quite an a.my when all arc paraded. A portion ol the 8th U. H. Inlantry is en route, and some of the Louisiana Volunteers .ire also said to be on the way to lleynosa. To feed all this force, every steamer comes loaded down with salt meat, haid bread, cotl'ee, sugar, and other articles; and Lieut, lint ton, who has been acting here as both Commissary and (Quartermaster, has had his hands full to find places to store every thing since la creciento carried away ao many houses. The -Mexicans, who have never seeu such an immense amount of subsistence before, and probably did not think there was as much in the world, look on with perfect astonishment as they behold barrels rolling in all directions: andono old woman innocently asked yesteiday if all the Americans alive wore coming to (Jamargo 7 In the mean time we have intelligence from the interior which looks as though it might !>e in part authentic, although it is difficult to place leliancc on Mexican statements of any kind. As the story goes, they commenced fortifying Monterey on the J0tn ol last month, (June) and at the very latent date they had ten heavy cannon in position ; and further, that the State of Nueva Leon, of which Monterey is the capital, has been peremptorily called upon to furnish7,000 men for the army, but that not a soul had stepped forward to join ; still further, that there is a force of 3,(KM) in tho neighborhood of Linares; while to sum up, it is asserted that I'aredes has reached San Luis Potosi with a force of 8,000 men, on his way to Monterey. A part of this intelligence is doubtless entitled to some belief?another portion is entirely ' destitute of foundation?and it if difficult to separate the true from the false. One thing may be put down as certain : the inhabitants of Nueva Leon had been called upon to turn out and volunteer for the common defence of tha country, and the inhabitants of Nueva Leon will not inovK an inch in the matter. The defeat of the Mexican army opposite Matameras broke down whatever spirit they may have possessed, and under any circumstances, I believe they p-eter independence ami a separation from the central government, to clingiug longer to its tottering fortunes. Nothing probably lestrains them from coming out openly and declaring themselves, except fear?a fear that possibly the Americans may not be auccessful in the end; and that in such case I'aredes, or whoever might be in power, would visit tnem with a heavy hand. One word about Canales'f men. It i* said llint many of those who have left him are now cutting cord wood on tho river banks for the steamboats, and are making money by it. '' a ma aoo, July 34.?The steamer Hrownmllc camo up lait evening with two companies on board, one of the Hth U. S Iniantry, anil the other of the 3d U S.Artiilury; and the report now i* that <ien. Worth in ou the way, and will he hero in a day or two. Army stores are tumbling in by wholesalo, every 4>oat bunging as much as she can stow, while preparation* are rapidly going on to start much of it toward* donierey. I learn that one man?an Irishman living here has contracted t? furnish no less ttiau one thousand pack mules lor tho use of tho army. By the arrival of a Mexican gentleman from ZacatecM, who CAine thruugn Haltillo, .vlenterev and the im mad.ate village-, we ar<; iniormed that tuere are a lew troops in Sal mo, in Monterey there are ahuat JOO.an I tint the) are making all possible d.fonoes Tuat portion of tne army previously tepoited at Linares, haa moved toward* Monterey, and are now stationed at Morale*, twenty-two leagues distant. 1 he business appearance of Jtlatamora* continued to increas?, and ere another month rolls around can be emphatically s-t down as a place. Several merchants, with iimple stocks ot goods, have arrived, and we also notice some lew genlleinju who used to summer it at the water ing place*. To one of them we are indebted for late New Orleans papers,?Malamora$ Flag, July 31. IVnval Intelligence. Cant. Maxwell, of the Hobert Kerr, arrived yesterday from Liverpool, reports that on the JJth, when between h. I j I.. I' nu? aii.I II... Ilran.l I .......... k. .. A liy a " lutplcioui, long, low, rakinh looking imack." He Dually rounded to ml ran u|> Un colors, wnentlie i in tick bore away to the windward, and he uw no more of tier. -N O. ficayunf, Jiug. 9. We learn that (Japt. Censor, late in command of the cutter Krie, now repairing athrie, hai been ordered to the command of the Dalian, which ta now ready lor sea. Capt. Dobbin*, who has bean long and farorably known " '".'j 1ERA 46. uKL T/T i5i K I ? m lie, tracking their pathway homeward. *Tis nt, and clogged with excess of gratification. As is the horrible war whoop sounding in"his ear, E INDIANS. >etraying an angry deity. Every sound in the tremble, and become panic atruck under what :n crouching before the artillery of heaven, and ind tho heavens are clear, they believe that the as ono of tho be?t navigator* on the lakei, ?nd late commamler of tho cutter Fancy, ha? been directed to take It wilt be remembered that both Capt. Dobbin* and Cart. Connor, were in the navy during the war of 1813, rod did good tervice. Their old friend* will be happy :o hear of th ir being appointed to command where tney will be auro to render important ferrice* to the commer:ial interest* of the lake country.? Buffalo jSdvtr titer Incident*, Sr., of tha War. ('apt. May ai?d Hi* Kirit ('ommimiok.?Some one in iimouncing the nomination of ( apt. May a* Brevet Major and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, itatea a lingular fact in connection with hi* original appointment aa Lieut.of Dragoon*. During General Jackaon'a administration, young May, then but a boy, and expert in horaemanahip, wai hoping for a military appointment. A Lieutenant'* vacancy occurrcd in a regiment of dragoon*. May heard of it, and mounted hiihorie, dreaced with fuatian jacket, ami pantaloona of fuatian, in huntaman'* ityle, and daahed from Brown'* Hotel, on the avenue, up to the Pretident'* houie, and on to Georgetown, through mud, rain, and every thing elae. Upon arriving there, he turned his horse a head "bock agen," and diimounted at the portal* of tha Preairient'* hou*e, covered with mud. Say* fie, "Jemmy," to O'Neil, then the doorkeeper, "I want to aee the Preiident." "He i* in cabinet ceuncil to-day," any* Jemmy. "But I mu*t aee him," *ava May. O'Neil, looking at the rider and the horae, imagined the viaiter to bo a bearer of an important government deipatch, and immediately retired to make the announcement to Oen Jackaon. The old General, with hi* characteristic promptitude, directed hi* cabinet to withdraw, and the itranger tobe uahered in. Young May, an elegant lad, nix foot, and beautifully proportioned, cap in hand, made hi* bow to the Preiident " What i* your buiine**, young man f" aaked the old hero. "I learn, air," said he, "that there i* a vacancy in the Lieutenancy of Dragoon*, and I have rode, *ir, a long diatance, through mud and aleet, to aak of you the appointment" Jackion, aatoniahed, acanned him from head to foot, and from the acrutiny, judged that he had about him tha material of a aoldier. Sail? he, "are vou a good horseman 7" "My horae i* at the gate," aaicl young May, "*ee me mount and di*meunt." The old General, struck with the appearance Df the young man, followed him to the ground* in front of the Prendentlal manaion. May mounted, rode and lismounted aa man never did before. Tbi* occurred luring the Florida war. The old General aaked him whether he could kill an Indian T "Ye*," *aid May, 'kill him. by , and eat him !" Tha next day May was Lieutenant of Dragoon* ! A Wounnxi) lloaia.?For many day* after tha battle of Reaaca de la I'alma, there waa tied to one of Duncan'* ;un carriage*, a horae, wounded in the battle. He waa in object of univerial intereat, and waa nunad by tha nen of the company, to which be belonged, with the ?reate*t care The animal waa a noble looking apecinen of hia kind, and aeemed to underaiand exactly hia innomble position, it even appeared, that the other lorana envied the attention bestowed apon him. A mua.... . I ,.,.t l..l?a, tha ?? th. .M. ,.f il'l I?llI u?. I auuv* -V? " ?? ?/ - V? w., V? be face, and lodged behind the jaw. Th* woud<1 wu -egnlarly dres*ed, and tied up with white handkerchief, giving to tli* animal'* haad a moat grotesque ap>earance. Dou? i* THr. Battles.?Very many of the officer* ataeh*d to the army of occupation, own retaarkabiy flue 1igv principally of the pointer and aattar ipecie*. Af ei the battle ol the 8th began and the firing became very ntenoe. two dogs, remarkable for their intelligence, apleared tu listen to the confusion for a while with great istouishinent, and then evidently holding a conaultation, liey started oil' at great apeed for Point Isabel. being the irt?t arrivals at thi^ place from the battle field. There va? a brave dog, nowever, to redeem the character of he species. He poited himself in front of one of the bateric* an 1 watching with th* intensest gravity, th* ap earanco of the diacharged ball, would itart after it at nil H|>eed, expressing great surprise that it waa out of lis aight io luddenly. Ha would then wn**l round, an.l vatch the appearauce of another ball, and then again ommincn the chase. He thus employed himself through be action, and escaped unharmed Wiimya 4 8*ddlr.-- Among th* Taxan Rangers, winung a saddle means taking on* from a Mexican. On the Uh, when General Taylor charged with hi* cavalry, a Mexican officer and horse fell upon the Held. A Texan lismounted ami 1st the hot haste of the charge, and in an instant almost, transferred the splendid saddle of the om:er, to hia own horse, and left his own in the place of i t, ;oolly remarking that if there was any dulerence in talue, the M exican might call upon him for It. M??ic*t shsrwowiest.?The immense number of the VI ex lea us killed, made it impossible for our soldiera, defiled for the purpose, to bary them fkst enough, and General Taylor sent over to Matasnoras for two handled Mexicans to assist in the burial. Home twenty, miserable looking wretches same over, in obedience to the demand who were sent to hunt for the bodies in the out of he way places After beinp gona^a long Una without returning, %nmj wbiu ?mu\ . > " 111 1 ? L,D. W* Two Oulb off the manes and tail* of the dead horses strewn about; the hair being an article of merchandise. A Death Atbnoid ? Lieut. ( hadbounie wu killed, when in the act oi taking possession of a battery, bjr two lancera. A brother officer, avenged hia death, by instantly killing both of the Mexican foldiera with hii own hand. A raw recruit, frem the 8ueker State, came upon d?rude the other day, at the Jefferson Barracks, aay* the Revtillt, looking rather troubled tor want of sleep? if, indeed, he had stood (entry all night, he could not nave presented a more carc-worn expression of countenance. " Why, Jeff," inquires an olu acquaintafee, belonging to another mess, " What's the matter ? You looked seweu up !" " Oh, well," ?aya Jell', resignedly, " I'll git u*ed to it, I reckon, afore we sit inter roglnr action " " < iet used to what ?" inquired hif friend. " Why, used to aleepiug on my armi!" responded Jeff. You aee, the aergeant of our men iaaued order* for ui to practice aleeping on our arm*, aa we'll have to do it in camp, and might ai well commence now; so last night 1 truck a spread on top of my musket, with my canteon for a pillow, and it was awful hard aleeping. It's u good way to be expoctin' an enemy, though, lor tli* feller who doe* hii duty ia sure to koep wide awake." " Ha-ha-ha !" burat hia acquaintance, " why dont you lay your arm* beside you 7" Home of the other fellara did that," (aid Jeff, " but | go in for obeying order* !" Further Foreign Bxtracts. Operatic, fce. In the year 1790, Shield the musical composer, while on a visit to Taplow, had the good fortune to make the acquaintance of Haydn; and he has been heard to declare that he gained more important information in four days' communion with that founder of a style which has Kiven lame to so many imitators, than ever he did by the best directed studies of any part of his life. " I had seen him," says Shield, " at the concert of ancient music the preceding evening, and having observed his countenance expressive of rapture and astonishment at the performance of the chorus in Joshua, * The nations temble at the dreadful sound,' I took the favourable opportunity of asking his opinion of that composition. His reply was, ' I have long been acquainted with music, but never knew naif its powers till I heard this. 1 am quite ceitain, added he, that only one author, and that author inspired, ever did or ever could pen so sublime a composition." Donizetti has, at length, left France, accompanied by his nephew, for Bergamo, his native eity. The state of his liealth remains, unfortunately, the same. Bodily he enjoys good health, but his mental faculties are so far gone that his medical attendants despair of his ever returning to his perfect reason. The characteristics of his malady are a profound melancholy, an absolute deprivation from speech. His looks are lively and intelligent, and he recognises his friends, but he only vacantly looks at them,and utters not a word. Three of the best physicians in Paris were consulted to know wnether Donizetti could undertake without dangfr so long a tourney as th *t from Paris to Bergamo, when tney unanimously gave their opinion in the affirmative. His nephew, who never leaves him for a moment, accompanies the invalid. He is a young and intelligent man, extremely devoted to his unfortunate relative. A Bordeaux journal gives a very flattering account of the success of Madame Dorus Gras, vocalist in that city, where she had performed the character of Rosina, in the Barbier dt StvtlU, and Lucie, in Lucie de Ijamvttrmoor; "Her performances," says this journal, " have excited the utmost enthusiasm; and more particularly her execution of the beautiful morceaux of J^ucit, Jr. vau loin de la terre." Madame Doras Gras is now at Toulouse, and in treaty with the Grand Theatre. Mademoiselle Lola Montes, who created much talk in London, as the assumed Spanish dunscuse, at the Opera, some few seasons ago, and subsequently acquired no small pugilistic fame in Germany, and various other parts of the Continent was indebted in a round sum of money to a Mr. and Mrs. Azam, of Paris. Not having tho means of discharging the debt, she left with them, as security, a thoroughbred English herse, said lo be of inappreciable vaiue. Since then, Madlle. l^ola Monies has not discharged the debt, nor taken away the horse.? A legal verdict of 3d February last allowed Mademoiselle to retake possesion of her precious horse on payment of 1,500 francs, but she did aot I avail herselfot it. Meanwhile the expenses were I daily augmenting; the horse continued to eat his corn, without regarding who had to pay Tor it, and the Azam's debt was increased by nis keeper by 251 francs. They at last had to put him oat at livery to a Mr. Demonvert, whom they had to Say in addition 183 francs. The complainant's ebt Was now increased te 984 francs f>r the horse's keep. They applied to the court to sell the horse by public auction, which was granted, and further hearing of the cause was postponed till after the sale. Madlle. Lola Montes is understood to have bolted from Pari*. A new copyright decision is said recently to have passed the courts of law in Germany, establishing a property in melody?which makes it, henceforth, impossible for any composer to take a theme, for variations, or other similar purpose, without the consent of the publisher. HISMUansoas. It is said that negotiations are now going on between France and theZollverein for a commercial treaty. M. D'Arnim, the Prussian minister at Pans, conducts the negociations on the part oi the Zollverein. Among the last acts of Sir Robert Peel's gov* ernmcnt was an official announcement that Roman Catholics and Unitarians were to be equally eligible with other denominations for professorships in the three new colleges of Ireland ; and that one Untarian would be put on the board of management and examination with one Trinitarian Presbyterian. A great extension of out-do?r relief is contemplated in Ireland. The appointment of so many Irishmen to important situations under the new government has given great satisfaction in Ireland. Russian Gold.?A letter from St. Petersburg!!, ~r ot.u -! . >< ti._ 1 .1.. _ |j ui *f LXI uib.| any a .? A IJO UUUUD UI IUD ^WIU mines in Russia is vearly increasing. In 1841 the quantity extracted from these mines was 981 poods (9,610 kilogrammes), amounting in value to 39,000,200/.; in 1842, 9,810 kilogrammes, value 53,200,0001.; in 1843, 12 960 kilogrammes, value 72,800,000f,; 1844, 13,410 kilogramme?, value 76,OOO.OOOf; in 1846, 13,711 kilogrammes, value 79,000,0001'.; making in the five years a total weight of 60,490 kilogrammes, of the value of 8l9,QOO,OOOr. Up to the present time almost all the produce of the gold mine* of Russia has bean exported to England; but if the quantity continues to increase progressively, ofii' it even no longer exceeds the quantity obtained in 1846, England will cease to receive it, at least the greater part, and then it will be necessary for us to seek other markets for our gold, which it may, perhaps, be rather difficult to find. But let us hope that the new system of commercial policy which the government has adopted, and particularly the reduction of the import rl?ties, which has been the first consequence ol it, will increase our consumption of toreign merchandise, in the purchase of which our gold may find an advantageous employment. However this may be, the working of the gold mines of Russia must necessarily cause, sooner or later, a groat revolution in the commerce and industry not only of Russia, but of all parts of the globe.' ?Oalignani't Mruengrr Thi French Squadron of EvoMrrtow.?The French squadron (says a French journal) mancsuvrea well, the crews are very efncaeioos, ami the vessels are in excellent trim; but the sailing qualities of the vessels are interior. The Jupiter is the only vessel that sails tolerably, and she has been newly coppered. The Inflexible, the Alger, and the Souverain come next. 1 be Neptune, The Marengo, and the Jemappos are reuular logs on the water. The latter has been taken five times in tow since the squadron sailed. All attempts to better this vessel, by smfting her masts, Ate , has proved unavailing. These 100 truns vessels are great floating mistakes. Perhaps they might be turned to account if they had steam-engines on board. No mention is made ol the steamers. The Cospsn Testimonial.?We are happy to announce that the national tribute to this gifted and taiontea ?pniirmnn progresses mom unmm;torily; it now amounts to nesrly ?00,(100 The house of Messrs. Brown, Shipley, and Co., Amcriran merchants, at Liverpool, we find, heads the list by a subscription ol 8001) dollars. Matrimonial Uosvekts ?The Gaxettt of Jwdn iim n>lates that at New York it frequently happens thst Kantlaman dasiroos of antaring into tha holy tsta of mstrimonjr, fsll in lor* with lstlies of tha JawisH faith, from whom, howsvar, thay recaiva do aocouragament, axcapt on condition of baconing cireusscisad, and amhranax tha Isw of Masai. Mora than twalva individuals. inspired hjr tha loraly rawsrd hald ont to thaw, j hsra latalr nhmittad to thoaa rigarous conditiom Tha rito is partormad by a Portuguaas, a moat skilfnl opara tor.?JtwitK Ckromtl' I