Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 19, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 19, 1846 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

THJ at, XIX, Mo. ID)3-Wlwto I*. ?400. Attain of La Plat*. No V. Btr*<?os Ayres, May 13,1846. On the 13th September, 1846, the English and French ministers issued their declaration of the blockade of this province, und address d d joint letter to this government, assigning their reason* Tor to doing. I *end you a fipySof this famous document, which I wish could be read by every citizen of th<? United States, with a knowledge of the precise circumstances under which it was written. tl,-? ? i ?:-l *u< / .r.'M.v* ow <-uv niv/.-jfc naiauu ailU ^tusa VlU'fl* tion ?f international law, the most glaring mid J apparently wilful misrepresentation of facta, that I oror disgraced any diplomatic agent. They > would lee that these ministers had, almost with- ' out attempting to conceal it, thrown aside all tlio restraints of international usage, and shown to the world that where they felt confident they had the physical force, they were resolved to use it, even against a weak nation, with whom they had tUc most favorable treaties ; against a nation which hail always reapeoted such treaties, and witti whom they professed to maintain th? most friendly relations, it wouUi teach our people how much they can rely on the integrity or justice of England and France, when their interests are oppo-rd to us, and when they may come to imagine they have the brute force to exact any demauds ttn-v may choose to make The tirst reason they assign for the blockade is, that Roihs would not comply wiib their demand in withdrawing his land and naval forces from before Montevideo, and from the Oriental territory, or, in plain language, that he would not surrender the independence of the Argentine confederation into their hands. They refer to the treaty of I82d, between the Argentine confederation and brazil, and the treaty of 1840 between Risas and France, as furnishing them with a right to i teriere. i have shown before that under the treaty of 1823, Englaud, so far from guaranteeing it, as had been asserted by OuaeRey and 1). tfaudis, had expressly refused to guarantee. Betidi*, if that treaty was obligatory on Rosas, what was he to consider the government of the Band* Oriental, which he haa stipulated to guarantee! that of the whole province (with the exception of the cuy of Montevideo) under Oribe, the legal President, supported by an army of 15,000 Orientals, or those shut up in Montevideo,_ supported uy an army ol about 3,000 alone, oi wliotn only about 300 were Orientals, the residue French, Italians, Basques, and negroesl These facts, in relanon to the comparison of the government* inside of Montr video, and outside, are susceptible of incoutestible proof, which I will furnish, it required. In the treaty of 1&40 with the French, Ru?as reserved the right of an independ- . ent nation to make war against the Banda Oriental, but now, he is only continuing a war against Rivera and his party, declared by them. So much fur the first reason. The next reanon asserted is the inhuman murder in cold blood of about 1,000 prisoners, after the batil > of India Mueria; this tliey say is a " recent and little known act of atiocity." The battle had been fought some months previous; the " little known" part ot the assertien is certainly ? true. For some months after the battle it was represented as a small matter?no triumph, a few killed, and a hundred or two taken prisoners; this was ull, and this was the history oi the battle till it became necessary to show the brutal cruelty ol Oribe, when the number of prisoners swelled to a thousand, all of whom had their throats cut This was an addition, also, to the story, to suit the time?. You will see in the correspondence which I send you, that Rosas addressed notes to the diplomatic ageuts of all countries resid ng here at the time ot tbe batde, and even to the French Charge, all whom had a better opportunity of knowing the truth of such charg-, than Ou.-eley and DefTaudi*, a-kmg them what they knew about such a scene ef murder. Tin y all professed an enure ignorance and iisbetief. The next charge i?, that " upon the mere blockade of tliu ports of Uruguay, m possession of tbe Argentines, (meaning Oribe and his adherent!-) they compelled by violonce,the peaceable subject* ot th'- two mediating powers, rending on the coast, to go iuto the interior." Most horrible ! Oribe issuis an order, for all inhabitants, foreigners as well as natives, to retire from the sea coast, with their oattle; thus preventing the English and French ves-et?, blockading his whole province, from obtaining fresh provisions. Is not this a ery eatisluctory reason lor blockading Buenos Ayres 1 Next, and of the same character,?" Tho Buenos Ayrean soldiery (meaning Oribe's troops,) lnvo likewise extinguished au<f broken the light bouse on tli'j Island ot Flores, for the purpo?e ol causing nn increased number of wracks on this already dangerous coast." This, certainly, was a verys;tvi?g? act of barbarism! The lighthouse had been kept up by the Oriental Go/eminent milder Oi be, lor the convenience of vessels visiting his ports. All iii? ports were block-tded, and he certainly oiuht to have continued the expense of the light, for 'be convenience of the English and French ve?*ta ol war. This was another v ry substantial reason lor blockad.ng Buenos Ayres. The robber who comes to plunder you in the night, wiih the same propriety might justify bis subsequent outruge, hy complaining that you did not keep lights burning to show him the entrance to your house. The next grievous charge, and reason for the blockade is,?"The journals of the Buenos Ayrean government, (that is, the gazettes published here,) have promulgated the most injurious acotisatioiis against the intentions of the mediating powers, and the conduct of their plenipotentiaries, entirely at variance with truth, and contrary even to the evidence of facts; representing a pacitic and disinterested mediation, as ambitious and hostile intervention ; attempted reconciliation as perlidy ; arguments lounded on rights as arbitrary miction# ; the detnaud for the execution ol treaties, us their violatiou; and in fine, stigmati z.mft mn wjcn.no uicoaurci, nci-e&hiuiieu oy unjustifiable resistance, as uncalled foi act* of violence" Put tbin extract in capitals, Mr. B., as a warning io"ll editors in the United States. You will all have to bo vory careful how you writ?, or you wilt have Messrs. (Juseley and Deflaudis down upon us with a blockade ol the httoral of the Union. And Queen Victoria too, hall better keep her yes open, for 1 see many of the English papers i speak in much ationger language of the enormities of these minixters, than even the journals of Buenos Ayres. Is net England in danger of the blockading wrath of this pair of worthies 1 What vulgar brutes the editors of Buenos Ayres must be, to call the capture of their squadron and. the seizure of the Island of Martin Garcia, uncalled f#r ucts of violence!" Such billingsgate i slang ! what gentleman and especially what mi- ] luster, couln be expected to stand ill Again, another reason?and I do hope you will cauuou ?ur members of Congress as well as the English Parliament and the t reach Chamber of iJeputios, if you have a friend in England and France. They s>ay, "in the assembly, styled Hall of Represents.vt-s, and in conformity with the spirit of communications (roin the govetnment. language is held more violent even than that of the y lUrnals against the mediating fiowers, their ininiHters, ana their subjects, and their language has been publicly applauded in the street*. , Mo?t awful! horribl?! damning! Certainly < richly meriting the blockade of the countrv ! I What right havo the representatives of the people i here or Any where else, to open their lips against Messrs. Ouseley and Ut Saudis, in fmvor of the rights and independence of their country, and ( that too in language mora violent than the journal* before specified! >ext they allude to the murder of the Kidd fa- ' mily, which I have examined before, and then 1 they say, foreigner* cannot obtain purports, and J thai protection* given to them by th?4r respective ' consuls, have been taken from tnem and torn up. No single instance cited, and the representatives ] of nil nations living h? re, including the French i Charge, testify to the falsity of the charge. See 1 their letters, which I ?end you. 1 '* F.rally (?ay they) the government of Buenos i Ayrt-s, by a late decree, hris prohibited, on pain < ot hucIi punishment as it may think proper to in- 1 flict, all communication between the territory of i the Argentine Confederation, and the combined I sqiiHdrotiK of the mediating powers." t l'lus rapped the climax ! This pair of media- j tors had come all the whv from Europe, ac?om- ' iiunitd with ntimerotiH ships, for the e-Spresaand i humane purpose of inkitif the libei tie a and inde- ' iiendencc ot this peoplt into their awn keeping. 1 fliey bad (Irud into and captured the squadron, ' to keep Rosas from ninning into danger. They y had arrested from him Martin Garcia, that ho ; 1 ni ght no longer be bothered with regulating the ] navigation ot the river leading into the heart of I ... . t 11,1 I I I II J , i?U? L E JN E NEV the confederation. And yet, Uu was ?o very ungrateful and barbarous, as to refuse to permit these vessels of war, brought for these benevolent purposes, to comtnunicMte faeely with the shore, to obtain all such supplies an ttiey wanted ; and to convince the people how much better it would bo to become the provinces ol England and France, than to live independent ?nd govern themselves. | I have given you a fair synopsis of all the reasons assigned lur putting on the blockade ; and ; if ever a weaker or m'>rn puerile document pro- , ceeded from the peu of a diplomatic representative, I have yet to see it. Much more manly nnd noble would it have been to have said " We have i come to rob you, and are resolved to do it!" A. riirmv r>u Tu? IT S I Woo.nsocket, U. I., August 11, 1846. Peculiarititt of thit Place?Iti Enterpriu, Rapid. | Growth and Protperity?fVooniocket FaUt?ReminitctnccM of the Past?Exteniive Manufacturing Operationt?Accumulation of Fortunee?The BaUous?Edward Harrit?Railroad Meeting, fyc. frc. 1 promised, in a former letter, to give you a description of this village, but it is about the queerest place to attempt to describe that I ever lit upon. There is no regularity or uniformity to it. Unliko Lowell and many other manufacturing places, which have bean built up by corporations, Woonsocket is almost entirely owned by individual manufacturers and other flit'zens, and each one has built his factory or his house to suit his own taste or coav-mienoe, and without regard to the general appearance of the village. The stranger is at once convinced that money i> the grand object of pursuit hero?as, indeed, it is every where?and that ornament or beauty is not much thought of. There is a roughness and want of harmony in the construction of the buildings, which evin?es a most profound devotion to the ftnirit nf mil ifurinrti?m TK? ^AntimiAil hnttL orwt activity among the people, in some measure, atone* for the uncouth appearance ot' the village in other respect*: at least the mind is diverted, and is led to admire its enterprise, life, rapid growth and prosperity. Woousoclcet is built on both sides of the Blackstone river, about fifteen miles from Providence. The river, at this point, is the dividing line between the towns 01 dimtbficld and Cumberland, and li? nee the village is partly within the limits of each of these towns. " Woonsocket" is an Indian name, and it is now about the only existing metneno of the wild "Native Americans" who once erected the wigwam and kindled the council fire on the banks of the Blactstone. Here the river has a natural fall of many feet, and when the waters are high the view is rather majestic, as the liquid element tumbles down u]>on the ragged rocks, and goes ^paining and plunging into the abyss below. At the present time, there is hardly water enough toaarry the numerous mills, and very little is suffered to escape over the falls. In the spring of the year, however, when the river is high, these falls are said to present a sublime spectacle to the beholder. The rocks upon which the water fails, exhibit the marks of constant wear for a long period of time, and are really curious tnings to examine. It is within the memory of many of the inhabitants, not accounted very old neither, that Wooiisocket was an uninhabited place, with nothing but a grist mill to break the solitude of nature. The brushwood and almost barren sandbanks in the vicinity of the falls, presented but tew attractions to the agriculturalists,whose farmhouses were scattered over tne adjacent country. The land on which the flourishing village is now built, and which is almost burdened with wealth and population, could have been bought foity year* ago for a mere song. Manufact?rmg was fi st commenced here on a small scale, by individuals of mode a.te means, and it hit* cmrliiullv progressed, until now the witter power is nearly all taken up. Corporations, as before remarked, have had but little to do in building up the place ; individual enterprise has done the work ana don* it effectually. There are, I know not, how man/ cotton mills in constant operauoa here, and one or two very extensive woollen establishments. For the last year or two some of them have run their machinery night and day, and then have been unable to supply the demand lor their cloth. The profits of the manufacturers have been enormous, in some instances, 1 am told, amounting to eighty per cent on the capital invested. Thirty per cent is regarded as a very moderate profit. Fortunes, of course, have been realized, and many men would doubtless be able to retire with a competency, who a lew years since were poor "Several new mills have been erected recently, and more nre going up. In some of them, steam fiower is used when the water power fails, as it frequently does at (his season of the year, especially when they operate night and day. On the Smithtield side of the river is a large establishment, comprising two or three handsome mills, owned by a company of Providence capitalists. This part of the village is laid out anil built in a very handsome maiuior. It is called " B-rnon." Sullivan Dofr, the lather ol Thomas W. Dorr, is one of the owners ot' this establishment. Another establishment, on the Cumberland side. is called the Carrmgton Mills," being named after General Carrington, of Providence. Most of the other mills have been built and are owned by citizens of Woonsocket. There are three brothers by the name of Ballou, who were among the earliest to engage in manufactures here, and nave been in the business aver since. One of them, Dexter Ballou, Esq., is president of the Woon socket Bank. They commenced with small means, but are now rioh. Mr Edward Harris, a woollen manufacturer, is said to be the most enterprising man, and probably the wealthiest citizen of Woonsocket. He has built up his fortune in the manufacturing business and is still in the prime of life, with the prospect of accumulating much more. He has just erect< d a large mill, wbich is not yet filled >vi'h machinery. There are five or six churches here of the various denominations, including one of the Catholic order, which has recently been built. Ten or fifteen years ag* there was not a church in the place, and only occasional preaching in a school house. I will notice o her matters connected with this and the neighboring villages, in a future letter, and also speak of the new tariff law. To-morrow there is to be a meeting of the friends ol the great Central Railroad from Boston to New York, at this place, of which 1 may have occasion to speak. Th? Post Office Mismanagement. Mr. J. G Dbnnxtt? Dear Sib?I have seen a great many com- i plaint* in your paper ef the mismanagement of the post office, but none of them come near a case that hnppenctl to me. The facts are these:?I i sent the Htrald and another paper to one of my i friends at New Rochelle, last Wednesday* week, i (5th August,) and would you (relieve it 1 it did i not arrive there till last Wednesday morning. Is < not this outrageous 1 A paper put in the oiiice i on Wednesday never arrives there till Saturday? but six days for a paper to go about 18 miles, and to whiah place you nan go in less than two hours, i is too much. This is not only said, to add to the ' general complaint, but I am ready to prove it by | witnesses, should it bo disputed. Besides, have \ the clerks in the post office a right to take the pa- , per out of the wrapper and detain it until such \ nine as suits them 7 I)o you charge the New Ro- i chelle people so much for your paper that they ian? ot atford lo keep it 1 Every paper ha* been taken out of the wrapper and rea<l in the post , office that has ever been sent by your fri? nd, ] Cecilia. Abolition of Capital PaiiUhin?nf( To the Editor or the Herald If you will allow me in behalf of that large class of your readers, who are in favor of the abolition of capital punishment, to correct an error in youi article on this subject, you will much oblige us, besides doing an act of justice. In common , with many others, you seem to suppose tbnt the main object of abolishing capital punishment is to benefit the murderer. This is entirely a mis- I take. We ask for the abolition of capital punish- ] tnent for these two reasonsFirst, under the pre. , lent law the most undoubted cases of guilt escape conviction and punishment, and always will, so long as the present law exists. Second, society is I not protected under the present law, as it would | be under the law of imprisonment. In short, we j ask for the abolition of the deulh penalty, that the , murderer may be piininh. <J, and that society mty be proiected. This is our position. We have no | sympathy moro than others, for the murderer, j ind ww car* not whether imprisonment would be ( more or less severe or cruel than death. Argue u much as we may, this fact remains, jurota will not convict (vide cases of Robinson, Tirrell, Bodine and others.) where the effect will bo td deprive one of their fellow men of life. Justice. ' *" * 40^? - ?? W Y O 7 YORK, WEDNESDAY The Watering Place*. U. S. Hotel, Saratoga, Aug. 16,1846. Ttu Grand Fancy Ball?'lilt Ezciltmmt. The grand afiair?the great ball, came off at last, to the entire satisfaction of ever/ body. The next morning nt breakfast, the whole affair was talked over agam ; and Mrs. D. was more than usually profuse. The ball broke up at daylight, ftt th? imlimrnhnn nf no nn? Knt nnwalnrt??a ?? Sol. * Of the bright particular stars, were noticeable Mr. Dick, H. of Water street,'*in tho character of a foreigner; Mr. J. tho self styled "only gentleman of Brooklyn," in a Persian costume, with his j friend M., as we understand, in a court dress , brought on for the occasion; Mr. E. C. one of our i Pearl street Napoleons, accompanied l?ya host of fairies in the persons oftha Misses W. orWilmington, th? pretty Mi?s M. A. now of Middletowri, formerly of New York; Miss B. quite a belle, of the Union, with her usual number of satellites. Mr. G. was only a spectator, but perhaps would have "attended," had he then been possessed of "thatnccacia and would-be forget me-uot" in his buiton hole Mr. William W. of South street, Mr. J. M. of Exohange Place, with quite a host of your Wall streot friends, added considerably to the lustre of the oocasion. The whole affair came off, as we said, to the entire satisfaction of every on?>?even of thoae whoj did no. attend?and, depend upon it, it will be talked over again and again in your parlors this winter, as the brightest affair of the season. There is a great talk now of a certain occurrence which took place yesterday in the gardens of the " Union"?on which occasion a certain gentleman, a mumber of a distinguished firm in South street, distinguished himselt in a most startling mminiiv Tn? froniiAiilAr* nf rha * au/ina" ? ||im atbre?aid garden, and the little girls there seeking pastime were not the only ones possessed of the secret, as you will hear more of this affair. We understand, the law, that most unwelcome of all visiters at the Springs, has stepped in to put in her vote in the dispute. More anon. Nkwpwrt, R. I., Aug. 11,1846. A Newport SerrnadtMusic has a powerful effect upon the human heart?I am not certain that it will "rend a rock or split a cabbage," but certainly its influence is powerful?to soothe or to excite either the savage or the civil mind?all over the world. Music on the) water, music in the theatre, music in the ballroom, mu?ic on the march, are all in their way delightful?but music by night?by silent night, with a bright mson above you?a breathless atmosphere around you, and the d?ep blue sea in the distance, is positively enchanting. That is, if all the romance of" youth's bright dream," has not entirely forsaken you ; and you do not feel disposed to sleep. How sweet, on such a night, to hear beneath one's window, the plaintive tones of the clarionet blending with the bold exulting notes of the French horn! H >w much ploasanter, how much more harmonious, than the squall ing of cats! Now this little preface, was intended by us, to usher in the desc iption of a little serenading scene, that occurred here a few nights ago, ana which we consider it our duty to describe, or at least to attempt it. You inust know, in the first place, that serenading is at present ranked among the many fashionttble amusements, ?f which this " summer city" is the scene. A serenade is a thing of frequent occurrence, and your poor pen-slave, is not unfrequently " waked up" out of his dozing dream* by the dulcet notes of midnight music.? tie does not compla n, however, wishing to encourage the arts in their widest signification. But to our story. There resided in the upper part of our town, in a very handsome and dutinjpti cottage, a Miss B., a beauty and an heiress?no, not an heiress either, for she is already in possession?in other words, has the " tin" under her ten fingers, some ne nundrcd thousand dollars. This beauty is a most eccentric creature, and travels alone?and starts on the spur of the moment, witnout caring to bid good bye to any one ?to Saratoga, Cape May, China, anywhere. Ik would be contrary to reason to suppose that she has not plenty of a?siduous attendants, wherever she goes ?he certainly had at Newport more than a score of them. There was one young gentleman, however, who was particularly eager to brine about such an arrangement as would enable him to finger some of the "aforesaid tin," and generally, give him " a sav," in the management of the lady's affairs. He bled freely for show? f|>orted a fine steed?almost danced himself to death, an4 as a grand coup d'oril, determined to give the precious beauty a splendid serenade. A rnagnificient band was engaged, and accompanied the generous lovrr, at the still secret hour of midnight, to the residmce of the fair on*. Choosing their position by the side of her handsomely corniced cottage, and under the shadow of a clump of blooming hburnums, the musicians commenced blowing and fiddling. The lover stood at some distance, leaning against the trunk of a large tulip tree ; and watching with eager eyes for some token of love. He expected a white cambric, or a glove at least to drop, as if from heaven, at his feet. But the band played on, for more than an hour, running through the lovespeaking notes of " Somnambula," the " Bohemian Girl," and other favorite operas, and yet there was no symptom,to the lover's amazement, of opening casement, from garret to basement. "The devil! Can she bo asleep!" soliloquised the now impatient swain. That was not likely, as one ol the musicians with a huge cornet-a-pision,'had by this time succeeded in waking up the whole neighborhood 4,I will try a song?when she hears my voice'"? continued he in the tame soliloquizing manner? .1 u-t then the writer of this article being out on a midnight perambulation, came suddenly round the corner, and became an interested spectator to a scene s? ludicrous, that he only regrets the dullness of his pen tn describe it. The amateur singer stepped boldly forth into the clear moonlight, and thiowing up his eyes and hands in an agonizing attitude, commenced singing the very popular Scotch melody of " My love she's like a red, red rose." As he proceeded, an upper Venetian was genUy pushed outward, and si n'ght-capped head protruded itselffrom the opened window. The serenader was evidently enchanted with his success, for the fervor of his voice and actions increased exceedingly. As he waa about rounding off the first stanza, which, if we rightly recollect, ends with " tune" we distinctly heard from the window the euphonious interrogatory of " Who's dar 1" The voice jof the linger drowned the question, at least to his own Ear, for striking a fresh attitude he conunued to ling with all the emphasis in bis power : Ah ! fair art thou my bonnie laaa, kc. md on through, to the end of the second jranza. Here he waa obliged to pause for breath. There wns deep silence for a moment, which was broken by a rei?-tition of the interrogatory from the window " Who's dar 1" The serenader started, but said nothing?a fearful pause ensued?an unbroken silence ol at least a minute. Then from tne winaow rnmc in loucier uin^s? w no * ami Dnt you niifna, E. 1 " Ye?es, Lu?busy?n Mi * B. asleep 1" " W .v L<>r', massa! she no h? a? ,hf Hon* to flosson five hours 'go" Aint nobody tiea Kcpt'n sef? ya, ya, ya" Five minute* after the town was quiet a? a Quaker meeting. Lcoliku. Newport, ft. I., Aug. 17,1846. Tlit Grand Masquerade?The Weather?The Yacht Squadron, tfc #c. Fashion is on thd qui vive, preparing for the grand masquerade. Costumers, hair-dressers, md Taney dealers generally, are reaping a rich Harvest from the purses of vanity and folly.? Fashion bleeds freely, and its apes have to follow iuit, by buying suits. To-day the air is somewhat hot. How could it t>e otherwise 1?Seventeenth of August. It is hot to-day in Greenland, and Labrador. This, by my chronicle, is only the third we have had this nenson that calls for a linen coat. The surf rolls in sweetly, and a hundred beautiful Undines are now bathing their smooth limbs in the blue sea. Diana and her daughters were a lar less lovely sight. Besides, here ytu may view the dripping nymphs without the danger of having y*ur head garnished, a la Actaon. The show oJ splendd equipages that our streets daily exhibit, is worthy of notice. The great passion of an aristocratic snob, is driving the vertex of his ambition, lour-in-hand. Money will do all fasxssaammm u 1 j.I RK I MORNING, AUGUST 19, tiii*. Many snob* have money, consequently there are many four-in-hand carriages. Dozens of beautiful equipages may be seen, with grooms and outriders, dashing along our dusty roads at a hiifli pace. Evening is tUe time for tilbury. Equestrians, too, gallop i>ast. Some of the lady equestrians ride gracel uly. A graceful gendem*n horseman has not made his appearance in Ntwport this season. Better, perhaps, as it is. We have a rich subject tor laughter; and laughter is good for the lunus. The yacht squadron have all left us?all but the " Ida, * who lies mirrored on our bay, as lonely looking as Ida itself

on the plains of Troy. Tlmrt- vviiScornuthuiK mysterious in the move ments oftho squadron^" about their time of leaving?a sort of jealoury between the yachtcrs of Boston and those of your ciiy, on account of the statements ^made in relation to the races of the Northern Light and SyrenWe have heard since, that the Boston yachters intend establishing a separate squadron, under a Boston commodore, and that they have already taken action on the matter. This will create Srenter rivalry than ever; and we have no doubt lat many closely contested regattas will be the < result. 1 witnessed, a few days ago, a scene worth recording. It is in every way cnaraoterisiio of saltwater Jack, and shows his aversion to a " litis on land." SA whaler's crew had iust returned from a four years' oruise in the Pacific. Paid off? with full poekets, they could not live without indiligence? amusement then was sought for. How, think jMu.did they set about spending their money T There are many ways in Newport, as elsewhere; and a carriage ride to some of the tea gardens would have been expected of Jaak, as being to him a kind of variety. But, no?instead ol this t'-e whaler's crew preferred hiring one of our beautiful sail-boats, and betaking themselves once more to the " deep, deep sea, their natural element. For several hours they sailed round the bay, enjoying themselves as if they had never before felt the giddy pleasure of life on the ocean wave. A gentleman in this place, reads us a good anecdote of General Zachary, from a letter which he has received from a friend at Matamoras. Thus: " A certain militia colonel lately arrived out, had been stationed by the General's orders, some dis tance up the Rio Grande. One morning, at daybreak, the colonel's piquet guard, who nad seen at a distance a number of" greasers," with their cattle, came in and informed the colonel that the enemy in large force, were in sight. The colonel got frightened, and immediately despatched an express to General Taylor, requesting assistance, as his command was in danger oi being captured." "Rough and Ready" received the message With a savage grin, and instantly replied to the message : " Tell Colonel B?? that if he thinks there is any danger in that quarter, he had better fall back on New (Orleans!" It is needless to nay tliat the colonel did not consider it politic to fall back on New Orleans, as the rancheros had all gone out of sight when his messenger returned lankee Hill has just arrived, aud proposes giving a series of his droll eniertaiumenis. The captain of the brig Florida, who was said ?o have passed the sinking vessel Octavia, without offering any assistance, is defending himself in the Newport NUet, agam?t this charge. Wo believe that ih*c>iptairi has fairly exculpated himself. The Massachusetts, 011 leaving our harbor last Saturday evening, run aground at Fort Point, where sne stuck in the sand until 4 o'clock next morning. She was then floated off, and proceeded to New York. Nothing else of interest at present. Ecolikb. Quogue, L. I., August 15, 1846. Geographical pot it ion of Quogue?Grand Ball and Incukntt. QtiAiilfl anmn i r?K V\ainnr Mrk<*?A la Quoguel we would supply hi* want of geographical knowledge, by informing him that Quogue m on the southern shore of Long Island, eight miles from River Head, and eighty-four miles from New York, to which you can go in about four hours, by the Long Island railroad. Should you visit our shores when Aurora is shedding her golden beams on the ocean, yon would find sea nymphs, mora beautiful than Houris, laving in the waters ; or youi classic recollection might suggest, as arising from its billows, some new Venusses, whose charms are superior even to the model of that statue which uas enchanted the world. Here is concentrated no small portion ot the fairest daughters of your city, and of rustic beauties there are the choicest specimens. But it is not in the human form alone that Nature's loveliness is thus exhibited. "Here smiling spring iUearliest visit paid. And parting tummer, lingering bloomi delayed." Our village is supplied with the richest dainties that enn gratify the palate, or please the senses. Eaith, sea and air contribute te its sustenance; and the viands are of such varied assortment, as to suit the taste of the epicure, the convalescent, nnd the invalid, There ate three hotels in the village, all of which are well sustained, and now amply filled; but that of which Mr. Foster is the proprietor, is the hotel par txcelltnct, and is designated " the Astor House." Here fashion's throne is erected; in it, the reigning sovereign presides, and all who have had the good fortune of being the subjects of Madam W******* wdl not be disposed to transfer their allegiance, nor refuse to acknowledge that she rules over their affections, and contributes much to their domestic enjoyment. On her, fortune has showered its golden favors in rich profusion, and the graces have been yet more liberal in their donations. The little community was thrown into a state of unusual excitement by the announcement that on Tuesday evening, the 11th instant, a fancy ball would be given under her auspices. And in thus giving it the benefit of her patronage, no ladypatroness of Almack's could have di?played|more taste and tact than our gracious queen. During the day, the inmates were occupied in preparing dresses for the approaching festivities?needles, scissors and thimbles, were in a state ef unusual activity ; the demesnes of Flora and Ceres were called on for tribute, and their most favored produce responded to the demand. Cards were is sued io most 01 me visiters ai me hotels, and the invitations were generally accepted. At eight o'oloclc the rooms of " the Astor House" were filled with the invited guests, who were entertained, until the appearance ?f the coatumers, with the performance on the piano by the amiable and beautiful Miss Susanna B * * * . Among the first of the Bui Matque whs our own gracious soAereign, Madame w *****. Those who are acquainted with the distinction between mythological and royal costumes, might be enabled to say, whether Juno Josephine, Cleopotra, or Victoria, whs honored by the representation; if the first I would question the judgment of Paris, and place little confidence in those scandals prevalent on Mount Olympus, which charge the thundorer himself with violations of his conjugal bonds; for could the queen of the celestial regions comparc with the queen ofQuogue, neither Venus, Ledft, nor lo, could have presented any temptation to seduce him from his matrimonial allegiance. The younger Miss next appeared, bearing the train of Madame W . she was dressed as n flower girl, bearing in her hand a bnslret containing the choices: of Flora's treasures, which she politely distributed among the company Her roll was performed with propriety, and her artless manner and low ?ofl voice recalled to memory that beaiitiiul creation of Bulger's pen?The Flower Otrl of Poni)>eii. ller sister, the elder Miss !<.** . appeared as the representative of the peasants Ijo. BtUt I ranct, and admirably sustained the character ol that light-hnarted and simple class, " Plested with themsslvos, whom mil the world csn plesse." Few of the company appeared her equal ; certainly none, to greater advantage, though some were more nouy in their mirth and more oulri in their deportment; to her may be applied these lines of Moore:? " At stream* th(t ran o'er (olden mine*, All ilowly calmly glide, Nor see into know the wealth that ihinss Beneath their humble tli'e ; So, veiled beneath the simplest guise, Thy radiant beauty shone, And Uiet which charmed all other eyes Seem'4 worthless in thine own." Next appeared the two lovoly and accomplished Misses 11 * * *, one as the representative of Diana Vernon, the other a la Etpntnolt, and l>oth of whom were (an they are at all times) deservedly objects of admiration and attraction. It would be difficult to render them justice by any description here attempted. Indeed, the effort would be needless, for none possess more numerous or more devoted admirers; and if beauty end accomplish IEKA 1846. | menu be the means of tbeir attainment, none de- | | serve them more. To the amusement of the eve, ning their truly amiable sister mainly contributed, | ' seeming to feel the highest personal enjoyment in I adding to the pleasure of others. Although de?i' rous to avoid distinctions which might appear in- 1 ! vidious, yet a parsing tribute must be paid to the beauty and amiability of the two Misses 1 whose musical performances, both vocal and instrumental, contributed much to the enjoyment of | the evening ; nor did the charms of their conversation fail to delight those who prefer good sense, and rational enjoyment to nonsense or frivolity, 1 and who agree with the sentiment of Cooper, " That talking is not always to converse." Miss appealed as a Maid of Honor, ! her dress was simple, but becoming, and admirably in keeping with her quiet and unobtrusive demeanor ; though acting no conspicuous part in the entertainments of the evening, we know of none whose absence would have been mors deepi ly regretted, for, if beauty of person, engaging manners, amiability of disposition, and modesty of deportment, can secure a place in the records of memory, Miss name ia one that will not be allowed to die. " Though many a gifted mind we meet, The fairent forms we see ; To live with them it far leu tweet, Than to remember thee " Her sister, Miss Mary represented a Nymph of the Woods, with cheeks, whose tints seemed to be combined of the lily and the rote; a neck from which aculp'ors could draw their model, and whose whiteness, even the Alpine summit can scarcely rival, a form so symmetrical as to Require no artificial adornment, illustrating the truth of the oft quoted, but in this case, correct adage, 44 that beuuty, when unadorned, is adorn> ed the most." The charms of her person derived additional beauty from the garb with which she was invested, and the propriety of the dress brought to our recollection the lines of the poet, " Oh, my Norah'e gown for me, That floats at free at mountain brectes, Leaving every beauty free, * To link or iwim at nature pleatet." The Wreath that formed lk? coronal nvAr >i *r brow may fade and wither, may lose its odor and be impaired of its flavor, but ihe impression It*ft by her many endearing qualities will not so readily be effaced, for their recollection can terminate only with life. Nor can the beauteous Miss Fanny W**** be omitted, she appeared as the Swiss maid, and was as fair as the snowy avalancho in her mountain home, with heart I trust not as hard as its glaciers?with eyes as bright as the gazelle's, and as lucid as the waters of the Lake Geneva; yet though pleasing the character, and appropriate the costume which she assumed, yet truth compels us to say that we would prefer seeing her in that character which fhe best represents?a lady ?for in it a native grncu has been her best instructor. Her no less beauteous and accomplished sister, Miss Emma contributed much to the enjoyment of the evening, by her sparkling wit anJ playful repartee. "Her humor was fay a? the fir* Ay'a light, Played round eierv object and ?hones? it played, Her wit In the combat was ? gentle a* bright, Anri na'?r rarriu^ a hasrt ?tain *? <*?# nn iu H Amonir the gentlemen we noticed Mr. D. W******* a* Bonaparte : he strode about with bis long sword dangling by his side, chaneau Napoleon a la straw, adorned with a cockade and large military boots a la tnipt shooting. He looked every inch a king, as may well be supposed, considering not merely the character he had assumed, but the splendor of the costume in which ha was arrayed. Mr. J. R- B**** appeared in a fantastical dress, the coat being somewhat of the Kangaroo fashion, unmentionables of gorgeous hues, and tiara of a shape unknown to any one In his hand he flourished a boquet composed of the fragrant leaves of a culinary vegetable, known as the cabbage ; we were unable to say what character he represented, for the tout tntrmblt of his appearance resembled nothing that is in the heavens above, aor the earth beneath; nor (so far as th? diving bell and marine telescope have enabled us to extend our researches) in the waters under the earth. Mr. Nathaniel j***** resembled something between the Spani h bandit and Mexican ranchero, with a long c >at covered with medal?, an amorphous chape* i, and other habiliments to match. Among the last of the merry maskers, appeared Mr. L, in a costume so grotesque as to excite the surprise and wonder of the benolders. All were at a loss to understand what character he designed to personate, for while some spoke of him as the venerable Bede, others as a Druid of the olden time, be seemed to our imagination like the ghost of the " ancient marinere, with his long grey beard and Altering eve, or one of the old piratical Danish Bersekir, suddenly aroused from his long re pose, to participate in sights and scenes to whion his coteinporaries were strangers. We understand that one o? the invited guests appeared in the disguise of a gentleman; we would give his name, l ut the transmogrification was so complete, as to battle our sagacity, and it is questionable whether even Vidocq would have been more fortunate. " S?J inriiibilia non daciplunt" At the conclusion of the evening, a bunt of light appeared in front ol the house, as sudden, though not as appalling as that whion in the Corsair revealed to the "stem Seyd " the presence of the pirate band. On hastening to the windows for a dose examination, we were entertained with a pyrotechnic display, which, if not equal to the best manufactures of Edge, furnished no little amusement to the spectators, hi a few minutes a tire balloon, under the superintendence of some of the gentlemen, was despatched on its aerial journey, and after ascending to a considerable height, and sailing towards the ocean, was seen to ignite and fall, leaving a luminous track to mark its downward passage. At a late hour, re freshments, consisting of ice cream, champagne, and confectioneries, were supplied in the greatest profusion. After partaking of these luxuries, the company dispersed to their respective dormitories and abodes, much amused and entertained with the first bal masque ofQuogue. We among the rest hastened to " our own delightful bed," pondering on the manv queer things we had seen and heard, and mentally exclaiming with the poet, " A fancy ball'* a strange affair, Mad? up of silks aadraathara. Light heads, light hearts, falsa heals, falsa hair; fins, paint and ostrich feathara." We have thus attempted to describe the compa| ny individually, but the effect of the whole scene wnen an were cotteciea in me pnnora, tripping it on the light fantastic toe, would require a pen capable of portraying the extravaganza* of the carnival at Rome; if for a moment there was a partial ii.teruption to the prevailing harmony, it was for something not worth mentioning, ana we should recollect ' "That cren in the tranquillett climes, Light breezet will ruffle the flowers sometimes, But the soft petting anger doth seem to awaken, New beauties like flowers that are sweetest when shaken. The only drawback on the pleasures of the evening, was from the absence of Doctor W ******* who unites in himsell the representative of the aristocracy of birth, education and wealth; the latter of which will sutler no diminution in his hands, lor he knows liow "To catch Dame Fortune's golden smile Ami atiiiluont wait upon her, And gather gear by evary will That's juttifieJ by houor. Tit not to hide it in a tent. Nor lor a train attendant, But for the glorious piivilege Ot being independent. We now drop ourdillo r,and regret that no more uiflHii r-h rurndrr liils imili-rf -iit #>>i tln? tin. Is ??(' ,? 1 cording the scenes and aventa of the Quog'ue t fancy ball. Travel* In a l*?w Turk Omnlbm. I It m disgusting ' The gentleman who ought to j have vacated the seat by one of the ladies opposite to me, fancies himself a gem of tbe genus homo. w hat thall I do 1 He has drawn from his i left hand a very delicate fawn dyed kid finger envelope?by impoliteness denominated?a glove ! ! and?would you believe it 1?he is using it tan| fashion, to increase the activity of the omnibus' j zephyr; it is evident, however, he has a yellow ; I and upon his little flnger?'tis a ring?an emerI aid ! and he thinks, at least / think he believes I mutt admire it! Dear me how vtry perplexing J I embraced sufficient courage to give nis features a hurried glance?I certainly am a magnnt? for his newly ?hampood,orwnium twisted light round with a Midden jerk, auri?horrible thoughthe discovered by a smile which then unconsciously curled the laughing dimples of my ruby cheek, I anil played areund the red-lipped bieathing aperi ture,\?y the illiterate termed rudely?a mouth?that i I did loek at him! The fen increanesits velocity! he hopesto catch ine magnetizing him again-he averts : his faoe?now, quick as thought, allows it to re-take 1' the front position?then, left?front, right?front, left?front, right?back and iorwaid, forward and back, lor ?U the world like a Chinese image with a ?I 1 . I.D. Wm two Oulfc perpetual locomotive wire-spring, circular, never iDv-stiU-niotioa ! Hope the world, through my so delineating a public conveyance curiosity, will not aet me down, as Hn requisite?genii! What thaU I do 1 It is, indeed, dreadful; very ! that rules ol etiquette should discountenance the indulgence of a risibility, the essence of good nature, "when it is intolerable emo'ion to restrain tiiv lujuiriuus uupuive ui uubiiuub juu, wwukv UJ , the dormant sensibility of inelfable conceit. Oh! I I will *of laugh, but?will you please let gentle1 men who travel in omnibuses, witb red Anger envelope , linger ring*, and other attenuating decoiations, know?it is very impolite to fancy beauty condescends to view tiiem perfection-proof?it is not gallant. [By the bye, Mr. Editor, gal-lam is an appropriate appellative for a fop?it ia a little creature, a creeping thing: it is, in t-hort, the very reverse of a brave soldier is, u?GullAnt ] Bless me ! what is to happen now ? My beautiful light blue figured silk will most certainly be dreadfully creased, and I, oh dear ! almost pressed to a jelly ! a hogshead of a gentleman has thia moment leaped into the omnibus from the corner of Canal street, calling out " full" as he doea ?o! it is impossible not to be aware he speaks the truth- Full, indeed 1 Why. sir, he is an omnibus of himself! and I, alas! atn wedged in between live gentlemen; three 011 my right and two on my left; with scarce space enough before me to avoid the to and fro swing ol that fawn colored kidtinger-held-zepyhr stirrer ! J shall faint?1 certainly shall! lie at my side nearest the horsea, every now and then gives to his lift shoulder a most peculiar and very arrf-ent swing, against my own right! Horrible! What it to happen 1 0, air ! he ia a disguised gentleman! a living brandy bottle ! he is overcome with that never enough to be deprecated beverage, an elegant pen, like mine, dare not put on naper. Take ice Irom liquorice?the balance will spell that which elegance dare not! O, air ! what an exceedingly annoying evil! Bless me! he is about to be ill! What thall I do 1 My blue silk bluce will certainly be ruined! Fortunate chance! he is dosing, only! now, arouses himself with a snort loud almo-t as the neigh oi a racer ! discovering himself at Spring street, he gives the telegraph-leather-brace, connecting the driver and the door, a pull strong enough to twist the ancle oil' the holder of it! he is now pay tug his fare, and while waiting a dollar's change, in sixpences, fancy the delicate horror of my fear, that he, in defiance of all propriety, should of a sudden Jail into my arms, or become, unin'emionallv and against wish, that most unfeminine of all lady-decorations? a beauty's lap dog! Fortunate circumstance ! The fawn dyed kid finger envcloper ceases to be a fan : the hand thin waved it holds the living-bottle?steady ! Thank goodness, be has received his change, and it going! 0, but, sir?dreadful 1 ha has sunnbled against me, arid my gossamer neck-kerchiftf is dangling to one ot his coat buttons? The hogshead of a man has caught and returned it to me. How vtry confusing! Will yuu please let gentlemen know, that wb*n they cease to be gentlemen by becoming " decanters," e ther of brandy or wine, that they have no right to sit on tho tiar-board of a public conveyance?it is very incouveuient and exceedingly perplexing^ Thk Bkautt P S.?Another gentleman has just paid and evaporated. I am now ai the top of the omnibus. not on the outside of it, mind you, but at the end of it. End1 It has no end! It has an upper end tower lop, two sides, a baclt and a front?no end. That is the reason omnibuses are ever on the ge, there is no end. to thtm ! The discovery you will perceivo was made without a telescope. T. B. Stats Constitutional Convention.?Monday, August 17 ?Mr. Cliainberlaiu presented a remonstrance from Liviiijiton county against the transfer of tha literature fund to the common school fund. Referred Mr. Bouclt submitted tha following proposition as a substitute for soctions 1, a, 3. 4 and 0 ot the first article, and sections^ 3. 4 and 5 of tha second article, of the report of committee No. Three, of which Mr. Hoffman is chairman :? 1. The aggregate indebtedness of tha State at the time of the adoption of this constitution, shall aot be increased, unleaa to repel invasion or suppres insurrection. 3. The auction and salt duties, and all the receipts into the treasury, not appropriated to other funds or specific objects, shall be set apart for the use of the general fund. S. The tolls collected on the canal* and railroads, the rent of surplus waters, tic., the proceeds of property belonging to the canals, shall constitute the oanal fund, aad are appropriated to the maintenance of the canals and the payment of the canal debt and interest, except as herein is otherwise provided. 4. After paying the expenses of collecting the tells, the superintendence and repsurs of tha canals, and other expenses (if any) properly char gable to the canal lend, $4'JO.OUO ahall in each fiscal year, tie set apart fiom the canal revenues as a sinning fund, to pay toe principal and Intereet of the general fund end railroad debts?as set forth in the annual report of the Comptroller, of the latli of January. 1S40. on page seven ; and also $1,978... OtiO in each fitcal veer shall he set apart from the oenal revenues to pay tne principal and interest of the oenal debt The balance of the eanai revenue shall, at the discretion of the legislature, be applied to pay any deftcit which may occar in tue revenue of the general fund, to meet tha expenses of the goven.ment, or to the payment of the public debt, or to the completion of the enlargemeat of the Erie canal, or te the completion of the Genoese Valley and Black River canals. 4. The legislature may, to meet ceeaal deficits or failure in the revenue, or for expenses not provided for, make temporary loans, which singly or in the aggregate i shall not exceed one mdlion of dollars. BesMee such temporary loans the legislature shall nit in any way or | manner creete a debt which ahall in the aggregate ex i of report .>10 4, ana oruereu u> ifw y?w. conaiiieration of the rejmrU on lb# Judiciary ?m muotd. The dei'ete continued by Mefare. Worden and Sinmom. Mr 8. without concluding. gave way lor notion to rue, which waa agreed to. Receaa ArTKiinoo* H??aiow.?The di?cuaaion of the Judiciary queotion ?u continued by Mr. 8imiaone, who had not concluded when the eommitte roae. Adjourned.?jtL fteny At put. Dakau* by Flood, Fi*? and Hail.?a tremendous thunder storm occurred in New Sharon, stark*, Mercer, and tho neighboring towne, on Sato, day I night laat, (extending, we belie**, into Homereet county J ranting quite a flood upon the amell itreowa emptying into the Siindy river. At New Sharon village the tinner) of Mr. Hopkine waa destroyed, three or hla buildings and a large quantity of leather baring haen carried olT- loea from $*m*0 to Four bridge* on the FiU; brawn atreaan in New Sharon and Mercer were awept , away, and the new mill dam of Mr Work*, at New Sharon, waa nearly deatroyed. In Marka, a barn fall of hay I belonging to a Mr. Witham waa burned by the lightning. We alao hear generally of great damage to the cropi by , hall in that vicinity and New Portland. Greet quantitie* I are aaid la have fallen, ant many of the hail atone* I weighed from ten to twalv* onnoee each. In aeaae InI atancea cattle, and even men, war* much tnjared.? M*?| n*i*e ceed five millions of dollars, except to repel invasion or uppren insurrection; and every law authorizing loan of money, except for temporary purposes, ahaII provide tor a linking fund from available sources for the payment of the interest on the money* loaned, and the extinguiskmen t of the principal in twenty year*, or a leu time, from the time of contracting luch loan or debt; and tbo money* arising from any loan (ball be applied to the parpotea mentioned in the acts authorizing the sams, and ia the final pa?*age of *uch acts, in either house of the lefiilature, the question ahall be taka* by yeas ant nays ulv entered on the journals, and the assent of two-thirds of the members preeent in each house, shall be necessary for the passuge of at>y such law; and eneh law shall not be repealed or modified to affect injuriously or adversely, the securities and interest of the boldera of the stock usued upon the faith and credit thereof. 0. The ratee of toll upon the canals ahall be so regale ted and adjusted, as that the aggregate amount of revenue received therefrom shall not be diminished, until the exJiting canal debt is paid. Alter that period, the toll* may be reduced thirty per cent; and after paying all expaaeea properly chargablo to the Canal Fund, MM,MM to Mali fiscal year shall bo set apart far the use of the Oaaerat Kund; $800,004 in each fiscal year shall be paid over to the School Kund?and the balance shall ha appropriated io lUDu mr lot purpvw ui inivnw improTimtBii. 7. No direct tax ih*il hereafter b? UtM on the ml and person 1 property of the people of thia (Ute, iter in. ternal improvement* a If any state atock* out* tending ihall fall due, and the fundi herein provided ahall not be anflcieot to pay the lame, the legiilatare ahall provide for mob payment ky the ie*ue of new stock, payable at the aherteet period within the ebility of the canal revenue! to meat the aame. 9 The legiaWture shall not paas any law to loan the credh of the state to any corporation, institution, individual or individual*, or in aoy manner or way guarantee the payment of any ato<-k, bond, or other instrument, madia, ekecntod, and iaawed, by aay coroorattoa or institution whatever, or by any individual or individual* whomsoever. Eir^Anstoav or ma reaaoomo raorosiTMne. The inking fund of HM,WO, in each 4?c*l year, to pay the Ueneial Kund debt and interest, is based on a debt ol $A AHA 04*. the amount stated in the last annual re|>oit of the Comptroller. i'he sinking fund ef *1,'J7A 000, in each flical yeer, to pay th? canal debt and interest, is based en a dabt of $18,944 Hlfl i \ oaiculatlon will >bow thai, at the rate of AX per eent ' inter"*!. the sinking fun! will pay the general lund debt ' in years, and the oanal debt ia 84X year* I Afier taking fiom the c.anal iavenue* 60.1.000 for collection nnd repair* anj the mm* mentioned for atin king I fund, making in ail *1 IM,t?00, there would from the cnual revenue of the fi'Cii fw I84'?, b? btl4Dc? of i I3M OOU, and probably fiom 1M6. of 443.0W' Referred to the committee of the whole when in charge