Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 19, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 19, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. S?w Yori?, iVrdntMUy, August 10, 1N40. TUE 1IEHALD FOR EUROPE TH3 HAILS BY THK GREAT WESTERN. Tlie steamship Great Western will leave this port to morrow afternoon for Liverpool, and her letter bags will close nt half past two o'clock. Our regular edition ot the Ihrild f?r A'uro/*, will be ready at one o'clock P M., in time to be sent by the mail* of this steamer. It will contain the latest new* from Mexico, and the army of invasion?a rrview of thee omtnercial, financial, and political atf.urs of the country, and every other news that m iy arrive up to the hour of publication. The price of the p iper in wrapper*, will be sixp"nee per copy ARRIVAL Or THZ3 STEAMSHIP CALEDONIA AT BOSTON. NINE DAYS LATER NEWS PROM EUROPE. TELEGRAPHIC REPORT. EXTRA HERALD. The fact that the steam-ship Cal'donia, Capt. Lott, was off Boston, witn advices from Liverpool to ihe 4th inst., inc'usive, was flashed over the lightning line about eleven o'clock yesterday morning. It was announced that ?lie would reach her pier at East Boston at two o'clock yesterday afternoon, and that her news would then be immediately transmitted to this city But we were disappointed. No news came ; the flashes would not come through. Attempts were nude throughout the afternoon and evening, to get the news over the line, but after every effort to send it through, the operator* name to the conclusion that the wires had been severed?cut, probably, by some rascally speculator, who felt aggrieved that lightning should meddle with the news of the day, and upset some speculation in corn or cotton. But whether the wires were designedly cut or accidentally broken, we are not sure ; all we are positive of, is that we have not received tho news, an? can t get it mi tne man arrives tin* morning. Wo understand that the Directors of the Telegraph Company have appropriated five hundred dollars, to olFer as a reward for the apprehension of any one who is so lost to decency and the progress of the aire, as to cat the wires, and cheat the public out of interesting intelligence. This line was cut when the Great Western arrived; and this i?, therefore, the second outrage of 'he kind that has probably teen committed between here and Bo^on. All this, however, cannot now be helped. Immediately after we receive our papers, wo shall issue an Extra Herald containing the news in lull. Highly IntermllnK Coiuinrrt'lal Intelligent* ?The Cotton Culture?It* Projecttcll ntrodurllon Into Turkey. It will be recollected that several years since the cotton culture was introduced into Hindostan by th>5 East India Company, under the superintendence of several American planters or overseers. One of these was the overseer of a South Carolina planter; and at his request he was punctually furnished by his late steward, with a statement ol ttio climate, season*, soil, &c., for eight consec utive months, including the season of the growth of thj plant thiough all its stages. The roturnu th.l. film tall u#l tiror.. rr.rn.l~ >1... a paper in one of our agricultural magazines, in which the author predicted a failure of the experiment in India, from tho excess of wet and humidity during the growing season ; but he alio incidentally referred to Turkey in Asia as very likely, at no remote period, to become a formidable opponent to the United States in the production of the raw material. The predi' tion of the result of the experiment i in India has since been verified?for the cotton of thatcountry turns out to be far inferior, in quality and quantity, to the staple of the Soutli; and the only obstacle that it has been to our trade is, that from its very inleriorcharacter, the price at which it sells in England enables the manufacturer to mix it info his coarser fabrics, with a fair profit at a reduced price, upon the same fabric made exclusively from the American article. Yet this imposition has been of no small benefit to our own manufacturers in the sale of their coarser fabrics in South A.nerica, where the secret of the difference in the staple between the British and American go?ids has been discovered. We have but little to fear, therefore, from India; for the better quality will continue, in the spread of civilization, to monopolize the advantages of the profitable markets of the world. But, returning to Turkey . the Sultan, through some agency unknown to uf, was apprised of the publication to which we have adverted, and the ,i._? u:. -i~?? . 1 ?i r .v. j mil* |||?> IU1 uouuuiuiia, UCYUICU, 1IUIU wir unya of the patriarch*, to silk and Max, " and purple and fine linen," were susceptible of cotton, and that in its highest pertection, immediately attracted his attention. The very idea suggested to him an element for the improvement of his people, and the strengthening of his empire by the siuews of its domestic products. He has been looking around him?he is anxious to appropriate the experience of the western nations to the advancement of his own. He promptly, therefore, through our minister at Constantinople, (Mr. Carr) conferred with our Secretary of State, and authorized him, in a carte blancht to despatch him a special instructor or two to undertake the experiment of the cotton culture on the eastern side of the Dardanelles, and among the kiosks and mosques of the Prophet. The Sultan desired as a fraternal favor, that the American government would send him one or two (two if they could be procured to go) cotton planters, of intelligence, experience, and competency, to introduce the culture of cotton into hi? ilnniininin Under this authority, Dr. J. L. Smith, of Charleston, was appointed, a young gentleman educated in Germany?a student of Liebeg, and who has obtained some celebrity in agricultural chemistry in this country, and as a man of general science. The other gentleman selected is Dr. J. B. Davis, of Fairfield, South Carolina, (whose overseer is the one referred to in this article as having been employed to test the experiment in India, Dr. Davis, as we are intormed, has establshed a high credit in South Carolina, as a practical planter and farmer, making many successful experiments upon the old system of things It has been suggested thut should the expert ment succeed in Turkey, it will be necessary to the introduction of cotton as a staple of that empire, to export a few thousand of the free blacks oi the south experienced in the art, on the most tavorable terms to themselves, as an inducement to go; or that tho Sultan may find it expedient to hire for a term ol years, on the condition that they are then to have their liberty a sutticient number of laves from the cotton planting States, to initiate his subjects into the rudiments ol the culture. We shall look to the results ot this ex|ierunent with the greatest interest. From the latitude, climate, and productions of Turkey, the cottonpi mt will take hold there as readily as the potato ill Ireland j and if it be as successful, the de. I matxi for cotton pin* and cotton press*# w.U glvs not a little employment to our manufacturer* and navigators, while the demand lor the raw material in England, will scarcely be diminished, as fabrics of cotton will supercede among the faithful, their fabrics of bilk, wool, flax, and hemp, which they have worn from timr immemorial. The empire of the Sultan, will become an empire of cotton wearing Mahomedans, half Christianised from this single innovation. We have no renson to fear from the innovation a diminution of our own market. The demand has increased with our supply, stupendous as that increase has been from year to year. The filty-three millions of pounds of raw cotton from Egypt, scarcely produces an impression on the English market; it is absorbed as a bucket of water in a flowing stream. Tho demand will continue to be commensurate with the supply, and with the empire ol China thrown open to our ships, we may continue our ratio of increase in the cotton production for a hundred year* to come, introducing the culture meantime into successful operation in the dominions of the brother of the Sim. whose snouse is the sister of the Moon, mid who, if they say to their subjects, " produce cotton," it must be produced. We 1. arn that Dr Davis will leave to-morrow in the Great Western, tn finite for the Sublime Porte, to identify himself with the success of bis predictions. Aftar making an outline and a projection, lie will inform lis of his proceedings, ol the adaptation of the country to his enterprise, and of the facilities for planting, as he contemplates being there in time for the planting season in that quarter of the world. Looking at the undertaking of these gentlemen as in its results calculated to extend the operations of commerce, and the intimacy and friendship of widely separate nations, as adapted to be of great advantage to the mass of the Turkish people, without any detriment to an abundant market for our favorite staple, we wish our agents to the Sultan a successful experiment; and it is a high source of gratification (of which this is but an instance) that America and the Americans are being scat for from the remotest quarters of the earth, to develope their domestic resources, to introduce new elements of domestic wealth, stability and independence, and to elevate and improve the character of their people. The U. S. Ship Raritan.?Thin beautiful frigate, recently returned to Pensacola for supplies and repairs, will again sail for the Gulf squadron during the present week. The Raritan has been in commission and absent from the country two and one half years, most of the time under a tropical sun, and the crew living nine months of that time upon salt provisions, except about twenty day*; yet notwithstanding she has not lost a single man during the time. ]?y reason of the long period of salt diet, a number of her crew have been down with the scurvy, who were brought to the Pensacola hospital, and who are now fast recovering. A part of the crew's term of service had expired, and are now being replaced by enlistments at Pensacola. Our old friend Capt. Gregory continues in command of the ship, and will never leave her voluntarily wh ile there is a chance of a fight ahead. In view of the dare drtvil service of our gallant friend during the war of 1812 upon the lakes, we predict that if a fight takes place about the region of that said " Castle," that he is in the thickest of it. As the Captain was so long connected with this station, we New Yorkers have an eye to his movements, and expect to see him prove the crack officer in Commodore Conner's fleet,kwhen there is a fight on hand. The Elections?Within a few days we shall have full returns from Indiana and Kentucky, but they can hardly alter th3 present results. Indiana has elected v hitcnmb, Governor, by about 2,000 majority, a slijj it falling off from 1844. The Senate stands 25 whig ?25 democratic, one district to be heard from. The House will have a whig majority of 10 to 12. Kentucky shows a whig gain of three in the Senate, and 6 or 7 in the House. In Illinois, the delegation stands, so far as heard from, exactly as in the last Congress. In North Carolina, the whig Governor is elected by largely increased majorities; also a whif House and Senate, securing two whig U. S Senators in the rooms of Haywood and Mangum. The California Expedition.?We now learn that three ships have been chartered to take out the New YoikLegion, or Cnlifornia regiment, to the Pacific. They are the Susan Drew, Loo Choo, and Thiunas R. Perkins. The two first are taken ar$20,000 each, and the latter at $22,000. It is expected that the expedition will not be ready for sea before the 1st proximo. The Thomas R. Perkins is to come round from Boston Diplomatic Movements.?The Right Hon. Richard Pakenham, H. B. M. Envoy at Wash ington, accompanied by the Hon. Spencer Ponsonby, attach^ to the embassy, arrived at the City Hotel yesterday, en route to Canada. Execution op Wyatt.?We leam, by a telegraphic report received at Albany, that Wyatt was executed at Auburn, at three o'clock on Monday afternoon. News from Bermuda?Mexican Affairs.?We received last night by the Falcon, Capt. Pitts, from Bermuda, the Royal Gazette to the 11th instant, inclusive. It contains the following items A ?hip from N?w York, out 9 dan, bound to New Orleans, wai boarded by Mr. James Richardson, an East End Pilot, on Sunday last, the captain of which was anxious to know if any Mexican privateers had been seen about these Islands. H. \1. Steamer Vesuvius, Commander O'Callaghan. from Vera Crux, arrived here on Sunday last, for fuel an<l WBter. She sailed last evening for Halifax The Vesuvius, < aving '27 cases of yellow fever on board, was placed by the authorities under strict quarantine, and the greatest precaution was used to prevent communication with her. Eleven of her crew had died of fever. It is reported, but we vouch not for its correctness, that her first and second engineers had died. We are informed that the American squadron continue the blockade of Tampico and VeraCruz, but that the bombardment ! st Juan de I'lloa had not takenplare ? the squadron waiting orders from Washington. The yellow lever bad broken out on board the squadron Tho Kndymion. had several cases of fever on board. The Rose, still free from it. An pnrinftlir of thn Rnvkl Moil Hf*nm Parlr*? Pnmnftn* who volunteered hii tervicet from Vera Cruz to Bermuda in the Vetuviui, haa been removed to Torti' ltland, under Quarantine. He hai not bad the fever. Wc have before given the report of the Vesuvius, but are disposed to doubt the yellow fever yart of the story. Sporting Intelligence. Atiiixtic Games SpoKTa ?In consequence of the heavy fall of rain on Monday, thil amusement haa been postponed to thit day, at half peat three; whan, no doubt, from the character of the iporta, the Centrevilla count will be crowded. Thouaanda attended the like amuar ment in Boiton. ? Brooklyn tlljr Nr we. 74 aval?The worka on the Albany are progre Ming but lowly ; itiaaaid they ware delayed considerably in conaequence of the iron work, which had to b? mad* for the two tuamera. The Treble ii ready for iea The Bofton i J . ? 7' e*c*P,,h*1 ,h* hM not (tot her full com. plainent of maa A draft of 30 men lor the Independence, ?ai tent off on Saturday to Button Ai we anticipated, the frigate Sibme. now on the atocka ^m'.Vf M nOX hr W-^wVu ?2. that aome of her timbera are in a tuta of decay and har modal it not approved of-thattha do." all tha recent iniprovementi in naval architecture Tut Dav 0-e? -Tha breach which waamada intha dam tome four or Ave weekt amca, waa repaired on Thuraday evening laat, and immediately altar the pumne were put in operation. Since than tha water in the Doc\ hat been reduced four Teat and five inchea - the pumpa are k?t t going Irom four o'clock in the morning to eight in the evening. It ia calculated that tha Dock will not b? cleared in leta than three werka?there are yet in aome parti of it twenty fe?t of water. l.lterary Intelligence. The commencement at Amherat < oliege took place on Thuradav. 13th. The degree of A. B. waa conferred on twenty-aix young gentlemon. About twenty have joined the next Kreihmen claaa No I) D. degreet were conferred. l)r. F. Beecher, of Boiton, addreaaed the literary aocietiea of the collcge, and Or I). Bacon, of Near llaven, the Society of Inquiry. Tha Rev. Mr LMvitt, of Provi* deuoe, will adUraaa the AJuautf Mat jraar Mule?l Intatllg?M?< 9inwoa Fks??-?t!.?We mentioned I Ctw day* sine* the arrival of Slgnor Ferrantl, u agent of the celebrated Sivori, who will shortly visit the United State* ami make a professional tour through the country, but we were not at flrst aware that Signor Ferranti ia himself a musician of the highest oriter. and that with hi* own peculiar instrument, the guitar, he ia considered in Europe unapproachable. It is said, by those who hire heard him In Europe and in this eitv. in?t he i? the fine't guitarist that ever lived; and that lie has the faculty of drawing an emission of sounds from that instrument, that might be suppoaed to proceed from a whole orchestra We understand th it this gentleman's friends are endeavoring to prevail upon him to give a concert in this city soon, and before the arrival of Siveri. We sincerely hope he will do to. and can aaaure him in advance, that bis talents will be adequately appreciated. Lcopolo Ok Merita.?This extraordinary and gifted musician is at present in this city, recruiting himself, af ter a most successful professional tour throughout the country. We understand that he will proceed to New port Rhode Island, in a few day*, where he intends to give one or more concerts. The people of Newport have a treat in store for them that th?*y little dream of ? The laM place visited by Do Meyer wax Sara'oga whe^e he had immeu'-e audiences to listen to his bewitching note* We copy the following notice of hj? performance* from the Saratoga U'hie, of the 17th inat:" The went room of the U 8 Hotel < rowiled to suf. focation on Saturday evening by the fa-hi hi.iIiIh and the plebeian. t? hear " the lion pianiit," Leopold De Meyer: and every avenue to the hotel Contained a denie man of human beads. Expectation wai on tip-toe uniil "the liou" ariived. when he wai greeted by tremendou* rounds uf applause Hit performances were enthusiastically received, ns were also the le?s novel but exquisite " touches" of Schneider, and his celebrated band of inftrumeiital (runic. So attonishing were the performances ot De Me) or, that, duiiug his most rapid and powerful execution, most of the audience involuntarily arose, and pa/.nd upon the performer with countenance* beaming with admiration. We saw many pianist* among these, and must leave to them, who understand the aubject. the task of criticism, as we can only express sensations, without being able to explain, scientifically, how they were produced." Theatrical. Park Thcatrc?This theatre was comfortably filled last evening, by a highly (elect and faahionable asserably. Mr. Collins appeared as Sir Patrick O'Plenipo, in the " Irish Amba**auor," and also in " Teddy the Tiler." We do not like his Plenipo near a* much as we do hie ,-McShaneor his Teddy, and we are a little inclined to think, that his fame will be based on the latter. We still maintain, however, that bis delineation* of Irith character, are the most perfect that we have seen since the time of Power. Mr. Collins' song* are relished a* they deserve, and are applauded to itrenuously, that he haa been compelled to sing them twice on every occasion where they are introduced. He will appear to-night in | the " Nervous Man," and in " How to Pay the Kent." Bowery.?The drama of "Hoboken" wu performed last night before a crowded house, and passed off with j much eclat. Walcott's Beau Earnest, and Clark's Olen- ' denning, were admirably sustained. Mrs. Booth played the character of Mary Lonnox, with much ability. The I " Wizard of the Ware" was also represented ; and the 1 whole passed off highly creditable to "Old Bowery " Scott's Charles Falkner, in the latter piece, was ably sustained by this deservedly popular favorite. To-night , Coney and Blanchard's farewell benefit will take place. A bumper house will doubtless be present to take leave of their favorites. Greenwich Theatre.?This evening is set apart for the benefit of the celebrated Acrobat family, and is the ! last time those distinguished artistea will appear in New York. The performance will commence with a very instructive moral drama, called the "Incendiary, or the 1 Horrors of Intemperance." which has been pronounced of great interest. This will be succeeded by the Burletta of" A Lie and No Lie, or Confusion worse Confounded," ond alio the farce "Did You Ever Send Your Wife to , Richmond Hill." The Acrobats will perform some of i their wondeiiul feats between the nieces. Mr. Marks : ; will perform a solo on the violiu, with other entertain] ments, the particulars of which will be found under the Theatrical head. With such a great bill, we will be surprised if the Greenwich is not filled to-night Md'lle Blamov?This distinguished damruie drew together last evening a very brilliant assemblage. The i " poetry of motion" found in Md'lle Blangy, an effective 1 nnnunlolin, inj !,. a/ im-11- 1_ *k i. popular ballet, wat highly applauded throughout last evening. Mdlle B excels in all the witching grace* of her art. Her figure and person are much in her favor, and her manner 11 deeply calculated to fascinate her auditory. Her Gitelle last night waa rapturously applauded. Castle Garpen.?To-night the attractions in this popular place of public resort, will be honored with a crowded auditory. Few places of evening amusement in our city, will repay more fully the visiter. The or. che?tra, under the direction of \lr. C. W. Meyrer, perform with inimitable taste and execution. The entertainments this evening, include several select pieces from the most distinguished composers. The cool and healthful evening bree/.e, inhaled, fresh from the Atlantic, is worth the price of admittance. The Bowery Amphitheatre will open for the season on the 14th of September, under the management of John Tryon. The company will be made up from a selection of the best performer* of all the principal equestrian troupe*. May Fi.y?-Samps' Bots?Fiohtimo Powies?These splendid novelties in the equestrian wsy, will be at Norwich, New York, on the -Jtitli, and at Elmira on the 39th inst Messrs Sands U Lent are reaping a golden harvest from their enterprise. Mrs. Hunt, appeared as Beatrice, at the National of Boston, on Monday evening, in " Much Ado About Nothing," W he a tie y sustaining the character of Benedick Police Intelligence. August 1*?Pick Pocket* at Work.?A Mrs Lynch, residing at No. 135 13th street, was robbed of her purse containing $50 in bank bill*, while in an auction shop in Chatham Square, yesterday No clue to the thief. Burglary ?The dwelling house, No 77 Amitv street, wns hurglarously entered between Saturday night and Monday morning, by some young rascals, in the absence of the family, who are in the countty. They were evidently in search of money and silver ware, for tbe premises were turned almost upside down, and bureau drawers emptied and scattered all over the floor. No Robbing a Milkman ? Officer Van Norden of the 14th ward, arrested four boys yesterday. by the name* of Jamci McKeon, James Collins, Bill Kenedy, and Bill McOowen, charged with stealing $16, in pennies, from a milkman'i wagon standing near Centra market, belonging to James Crawford, who wai occupied at the time af the robbery in an en tins house near by, taking mmi refreshments. Committed by Juitice Taylor for trial. Receiving Stolen Goodt?A man called John Kgan.and : a woman called Sarah Keegan. allaa Ryorson, were both arrested on a charge of receiving stolen goods?a search warrant having been issued by Justice ilerritt to search their premises, and a portion of the property found therein. Committed for examination. Stealing Spooni.?A bltck fellow, called Bill Hynnr, was arretted yesterday on a charge of stealing six silver spoon* worth*$6, belonging to James Faulkner, No. 219 Madison street The property was found in the prisoner's possession. Committed to prison for trial. Mmt'jl Derangement.?A very respectable looking individual by the name of Westerly Woodworth, son of Judge Woodworth, of Albany, wai brought into the police office, by officer Burley, of tae lower police, in a state of mental derangement. Upon being examined by Justice Osborne, he was committed to the City Prison, to be further examined by Dr. Tompkins, the skilful surgeon of that establishment Stealing from a Steamboat.?A very respectable looking man was arrested yesterday afternoon by officer Si mom, of the first ward, by the name of Phillip Ostrander, on a charge of dealing a mm iter coat and other imall article*, valued at $6, from on board the iteamboat At lantic, lying at pier No. 1 North Hirer. Committed for trial by Justice Osborne. On the" Sneak"?A fellow called Charles Raynor, wn* caught in the act of stealing a plated table castor, from the basement of No. 138 Greenwich street, belonging to Mrs. Harriet Stevens. Locked up for trial. Petit Larceny?A black fellow, called George Morrison, was arrested yesterday by officer Barnes, of the fitk ward, charged with stealing $1 50 belonging to a Mrs. Williams, residing at No. 143 Reed street. Also stealing various articles of household furniture belonging to Rosannah Cox, No. 143 Reed street. Committed for trial. Stealing Monty -Ann Donnelly was detected in the act of stealing a purse containing $4, belonging to John Kullan. Locked up. Jtrrett on Suspicion.?A man called Sylvester, alias Bookman, was arrested yesterday by a policeman of the 17th Ward, on suspicion of burglarious!) entering a leather store in Houstun street, and likewise on a charge of stealing ahorse. Committed for examination by Justice Taylor. , . Stealing Clothing ?A fallow called Leforge Garrett, was arrested yesterday, charged with stealing a frock coat, and two pair of pantaloons. Locked up. Charge of Theft ?Officer McMaaus of the 6th Ward, arrested yesterday a person on a charge of stealing a silk dress, valued at $'J4, belonging to Adeline Thompson. residing nt No. 13d Church street. Locked up for trial by Justice Osborne. From thk Sandwich Islands.?Accounts from Honolnla by the usual route front Chirm and the India overland mail to Kngland, have been received in this city. The French hid restored, in the original package*, the $20.0u0 which they had taken from" the Hawaiian government aa a guaranty for the performance of tha stipulations of the forced treaty .that not over A par cent duty ahould be charged on importationa of French good*,and had formed a new treaty ,h> which the Hawaiian government were permitted to levy any duty they chose on winaa and *pi'H?. provided inch duty ahould not ba prohibitory Tha government had accordingly laiti a doty of $(i par gallon on lirandy, and $1 par gallon on wine - Boiton *ldv Jiug 18. Visiter* at S^aiiatooa Sfkings.?The whole I number of arrivals at Saratoga by railroad, fiom tha 4th to the 13th inat, both inclusive, waa 3341. The Daily Republican of the 14th says Tha whole number of strangers now in town, cannot be less than 4000.? The weather is remarkably Ana. and tha tide of fashion if now set'ing in from all directions The month of August bids fair to b? the gayest and moit delightful we nnve witnesaed for manv years. With tha adjournment of Congress, politician.*' are naturally directing their at tention to Saratoga, as the moil favorable spot for planning their operationa for the next Presidential campaign." Th* great costume ball came off at tha United States Hotel on Friday night, and was tha most brilliant affair ever known there. ./ R '"garsoll, son of the naw Minister to Ruscotui " Pt?o?t*<l Secretary ol Legation to that I city IktalllpiM*. Fit*.?A ftp* wn dlaoororod TMUnlir morning it 4 o'clock by officer HumpH#y. ?t No. 110 Orange ttroot. The Arc was promptly pat out, tad but little dui|( wi* sustained Pnr.cocious took occasion to notloe i yestenlav, an instance of youthlul depravity, which i in conaideratlon of bo*h act and aex, aurpaaaed any, thing of the kind we have heard of for aome time. Another instance of tbe kind occurred yesterdav?a young I girl not 18 rear* of age. wai found in a home of 111 I lame No. IDS Mercer afreet; and waa taken in charg* by the police, to be left with her friend* The lnfamoua densof iniquity, that infeat tome of the more obsrure streets have been the ruin of many a young and help1 leaa ricti n in thia city. It ia truly deplorable to Had that no act ot the legislature haa Men passed, to reach the proprietors, who seduce the young and the innocent into those vile dene of iniquity. Thia owner* of auch houses ought to be bold to answer, under an indictment from tbe Grand Jury. A FaiEiDLT Hikt.?The police officer! would bo h?ppy to receive from persons temporarily leaving the city, their nanes an I resiliences; aa in auch event their residence would be care'ully watched by the poli e. Tur M'h rHu,? Waterday waa agreeably cool, and tlie stre*-U were thronged The rain of the previous day did considerable service, in cleaning the sewers anil ai'iewuika irom the deposits of filth ana decayed vegetables that have been strewn about tlie city ior the laat mouth. mad Lion.?Anotner 01 me?o nnunais w;n i?ip?cnea by a sturdy Dutchman, in Water street, yesterday. Chatham Sqntnr.?The plan of paving this squareat |>re<eut being adopted, is IMMWhU of much im proveaient. The piviug stones used are much too smail' Authoiv 9tkkkt ?A project for the widening of tliis street, and its continuation through p?rt of the " Five Milts," to Chatham 8qu?re, has long siuee been rpoken of It hai We?n indicated bv tome of the active members of the Common Council, that the requisite majority could be procured, to in?ure the success of the measure, by commencing with the inhabitants, at Hudson stroet, and going direct for a given point at < hathatn Square The la<v requires, that a majority of the resi'lonts of a street, who wish to widen the same, should take the steps prescribed ; and we have no doubt, that this desirable im1 provement will meet with the sanction of the Common Council, when next they assemble. The trie Catt hth-lae?The Park Is infested with very variety of this nuisance. We often suggested the mode of getting rid of such customers, by a simple operation, tix : to use tne Croton hose once or twice. If some of tho hose companiea tried their hand at the work in the park, it would be a boon to those who frequent it. The Battkrv was crowded last evening, by nun" hers of our gay citizens, who enjoyed the cool and re* I freshing breeze that swept across the bay. It was truly I Invigorating. The Ommai'ses?1The custom of carrying children, and over-crowding the omnibuses at this season of the rear, is not only illegal, but dangerous. Each omnibus is only entitled to carry " twolve passengers" at a time. Bo says the law. Burhino Straw it the Stbeets.?This is most mischevous and dangerous practice, and one which ought to be abolished ; because innumerable accidents, both as regards life and property, have arisen from It Whenever and wherever a heap of straw or any other ignitable matter is kindled in the street, and there is no commoner practice in this city, a band of idle, mischevous boys, invariably collect round it ; and if they are not poking with sticks, they are sure to be jumping back and forward through the middle of it, causing the sparks to fly in all liirections, to the great danger of setting fire to the neighboring houses, particularly if there be smart breeze of wind, and in nine cases out of ten it happens that people choose a windy night for this kind of amusement. But it i* not bouses alone that are endangered by it, passers by run the risk of having their clothe* fired. We remember an instance of thu kind which came under our own observation : it waa one night during the last winter we were passing through Centre street near Grand street, when a large pile of straw was set on fire, from which ro?e a column of flame nearly eiafat feet high, and a proportionate numb?rof sparks; a female happened to be pasting at the time and one of the sparks struck the xkirt of her gown, and burned a large hole in it before she perceived it. We do not know whether there is any order on the corporation book* forbidding this practice, but if there be not, thtre ought to be one, and we hope the Common Council when they meet in September next, will pass an ordinance to put a stop to this nuisance. Accidewt?A young lad,* son of the widew Cider, corner of Centre and Leonard street, fell from a ladder yesterday and was severely hurt The accident occurred in consequence of one of the steps of the lxdder having broken. Another Accidikt?A boy, about 13 years of age, was run over by a milkman's horse and cart, corner of Prince street, yesterday. One of his legs was broken. He waa conveyed to his fathers residence in Vandam street. His name, we learn, was Williams. Parents cannot be too careful of their children?nor can milkmen be too careful in driving their cart*. Destitution ?Policeman Kennedy found a small boy in the 9th ward, in a state of destitution yesterday ; and removed him to the usual place of refuge An Humorous Monkey?The inhabitants of Centre street were entertained last evening about 7 o'clock, by a rare exhibition. A monkey, who was regularly hooded and decked out for street pantomime, escaped from its owner, and climbed to the top of the large hickory pole at the coiner of Anthony and Centre streets. Being full-blooded " ringtail." his antics amused the gaping crowds, who had collected, for over an hour?during which time he made several unmannerly efforts to undress him*elf before the crowd ; and succeeded in taking oft' his " inexpressibles," to the infinite pleasure of the congregation. He sometimes managed t? pitch his tail right " sky high," and twist it round one of the branches at the top, from w hich he suspended bis august peiKon. amid tho loud shouts and huzzas of tho multitude beneath?and no sooner was this part of the peiformance over, than he would creep <lown to near the crowd with as much agility as can "possiblv be imagined. After a very acientific display, he very coolly made hit bow. and came down to terra firm", amid loud applnmo. Tho whole acene wai truly amusing, and tbe variou* motions <4 pug were criticued with as much minuteness an if he been a regular performer upon the stage. His ridding himself of his nether garmeuta, however, was deemed quite impolite on his part, by a certain portion of his auditory. Cobonkb's Orricic ? Suddm Death.?The Coroner held an inquest yesterday at No. 160 Anthony street, on the body ol John Malonv, born in Ireland, aged 43 yeari, who came to his death by disease ol the stomach and bowels, superinduced by his previous habits ol life. Verdict accordingly. Thi Prison Association?Its Objects, Jtc.? We have recently hud placed in our hands by George E. Baker, Esq. the Second Report of the Prison Association ol New York, including the constitution and by-laws of the association, a list of its ollicers, members, &c. From the cursory examination that we have given it, it appears to have been drawn up with great care and ability, and must undoubtedly prove a document of much vaiue and deep interest to those truly philanthropic individuals who are ever striving to do good. As many persons may not have been aware of the existence of the Prison Association, or its ohjects, the following extracts from the constitution and by-laws may not be deemed out of place. The objects of the Association are? " The amelioration of the condition of prisoners, whether detained for trial, or finally con- i victed, or as witnesses. "The improvement of prison discipline, and the ^UT^IIIIIIUUI VI TTUVkUVl 1UI l/tUC0) VVUIl" ties, or states." " The support and encouragement of reformed eonvicts alter their discharge, by affording them j the means of obtaining an nonest livelihood, and sustaining them in their efforts at reform." With this view, it is made the duty of the Committee on Detentions? " To inquire into the causes of commitment of all persons detained for trial, or as witnesses in any of the prisons of the cities of New York and Brooklyn, and to adopt proper measures for procuring.the discharge of such as shall appear to be entitled thereto." " To visit frequently the prisons under their charge, and to endeavor to improve the condition of the prisoners, by training them to habits of cleanliness and exeicise; by securing to them comfortable accommodations, having a regard to space, light, and temperatare ; by procuring for them suitable eni^ieyment; by providing them with books, or oilier means of mental occupation : by securing such a separation and classification as shall preserve the young, the innocent, and the less hardened from the contaminating intercourse of the more depraved : by wbtaining for them honest and able , legal advice; and generally by all practical, moral, and religions influences to operate upon their minds. The duties of the committee on discharged convicts, are :?"To open a correspondence with the prison agents or superintendents, relative to the character and trade of prisoners, and to ascer- , tain previous to the discharge of each prisoner, his feeling, views, and capabilities, with a view to mnkingthe best arrangements for his future employment. " To keep a record of all persons who will employ discharged prisoners, and of their several occupations; to procure employment for prisoners, applying therefore, as seems best adapted to the. Capacity of each, *c. " To endeavor to procure suitable boarding places for the discharged prisoner*, where they will not be exposed to corrupung influences ; taking care not to have more than one in a place, when it can be avoided. '? To see that the prisoners are provided with suitable clothing, of a kind that wilt not attract attention, and point them out as convicts." Tlie duty assigned the committee ?n prison discipline, is? " The supervision of the internal organization and management of the prisons in which convicts are confined, embracing the moral and physical influences to be exerted 011 the prisoners during their confinement ; comprising cnet, dress, cleanliness, warming ol prisons, ventilation, exeroi*#, modes of employment, insanity, and medical treatment, generally ; the classification of prisoners accorai k to age, sex, physical condition, charactor, and numbers; instruction, religious aud ordinary ; moral treatment, isolation and intercourse ; rewards and punishments ; the visitation of friends, and pardons " Mr. Fo?ter, President of the Albany an<l Buffalo Magnetic Telegraph Company, authorize! us to Mjr that hereafter the price here oiore paid for transmitting 10 worrit, will he charged for IS words, which is a reduotion of one-third upon the expense or communicating [ information by Telegraph- ? .aiimty Miming W 1 I Abtoa Honw, New York, Aug 17, IhJi. Nott? of a Summer Ezcurtion from tJu Ftarral Capital?Arrival, with tundry Dittinguiybfd Vititert, at the Atlor Houte?Pallid* Remarks upon Mr. Adamt and Mr. 7ty*r and tht Tyltr Family?Senator Breete, Col. 8 Mtdary, Pay- , matter Bennett, Capt Taylor, Him. A. Com table, Hon. Caleb Cuehing, H m IV. IVoodwnrth? Mr. Davu, of Mouth Carolina, 8pecial Agent to the Sultan, to Utt the Cotton Culture in Turkey, fc. 4-c. For some days past there have been among the numerous arrivals at this house, several and sundry lions of lesser or larger calibre, entitled by right of their manes, to a complimentary annunciation of their movements and locality. On Friday evening we had the pleasure, amonz : others, of coming in with the venerabln Ex-Presi- j dent Adams anil family, and the amiable Ex j President Tyler, and Robert, the (>o?tic?l historic- ! i!rather of the Wandering Jew On board the | boat amending the Delaware to Bristol, we hud a i German choir, an instrumental and vocal quar- 1 tetti?the vocal branch consisting of three fe- i males with very clever voice-, and a man ; the | instrumental part b?-injr constituted of two harps, a guitar, and the flute of the flutist?the choir and 1 orchestra consisting of four persons all told. They commenced their services on the upper deck, tant cfremrtnie, and soon they had an audi- i cnce, in number", which il sustained, would support a very respectable theatre. The distinguished t I?rttiuiriai ', wcic UUUU3 tilliwiltf the company. Mr. Adams listened with evident delight?ihere was a harmony in the conduct of the mtiai voices and instrument*, which pleased him; and thouyh the vernacular of the Rhine ; may have pusMiled him, it was plain that he con- ' sidered it very appropriate to the Delaware and the pleasant ?cenery around us, and the ix>ft afterno 3n s'xy in the offing. There was a markad respect shown both to Mr Adams nnd to Mr. Tyler by all on board, and the German minstrel women were evidently apprised of the presence of some " great people," lor they sang and played with an enthusiasm which seemei, untiring Mr. Tyler approves the veto of the River and Harbor bill? he would have done as much himself; but, as we understand, he inclines to the impression that it would have been better for the quiet of the administration, had the President given his name to the bill for the cancellation of French spoliations. There appeared no shadow of regret or disap- 1 pomtment about the countenance of John Tyler 1 His face expresses the quiet sell-complacency of a man who has played his part, and is content with rhe proceeds. And well may he be, with his tine plantation, his young and beautiful co-partner, and the brave little Jt>oy she has given to the family. There is an impression of the sun upon his countenance indicative of the planter, but the whole expressien of the face is strongly indicative of an independent and contented mind When I we came into collision with Mr. Tyler and his son, the poet laureate of his administration, we hailed them with the cordiality which the associations of ; the past excited ; for never shall we forget those brilliant and delightful reunions at the White House, under the dynasty of Old Veto?the era of social good feeling?and always shall we remember those sweet eyes in the dance, and that truly Virginian hospitality of the executive household of the Tvler l'amilv. On Saturday we had among us, Mr. Breese of the U. S. Senate, Col. Modary, la*e editor of the Ohio Statesman, and the most efficient man the Democratic par'y have ever had at their head in the Buckeye state. Also, Paymaster Bennett of tlic volunteer army, and Capt. G. \V. Taylor, the Sub-marine walk-in-the-water; al-o the jovial and frank, and manly Albert Constable (of Md ) of the House of Representatives. On Sunday, in a grey blouse, we had the pleasure of intercepting, at the desk, the Hon Caleb Gushing, of Mass., the scholar, and the Chinese treaty man. As ever, his conversation was rich in incidents, fact*, and pointed illustrations. His knowledge ot government affairs is comprehensive and particular. It is clear that ho understands the fluctuations of the tide. On Monday, Judge Wood worth (of Congress) and family came in From Long Branch, where they have been taking the sea air and salt water for a few days. Also, Mr. J. Davis, of South Carolina, who goes out to Tuikey to initiate the subjects of the Sultan into the art of the cotton culture. There issomething of interest about this appointment. Some five years ago, an ove seer of Mr. Davis at a profitable offer from the Eat* India company, went out to India to test the capacity of the soil and climate tor cotton. At the request of Mr. Davis, his la?e overseer apprised him of the temperature of the climate Mr. D at once concluded that during the growth of the cotton, there was too much rain in India for the success of the culture ; ta which he had received, in which, afier setting forth the unfitness of India for the growth of cotton, from the extreme wetness of the climate during the growth of the plant, he incidentally referred to Turkey in Asia and in Europe, as affording the soil and the climate, in an eminent degree, for the culture of the great staple of the Southern States of America. This treatise, through our minister, Mr. Carr, was laid belore (he Sultan, who immediately seized the idea, and determined to give it a practical experiment. Ho accordingly addressed u letter to Mr. Buchanan, desiring a cotton groover to be sent out to the Sutilime Po te. Mr. Buchanan gave the appointment to Mr Elmore of South Carolina, and Mr. Elmore promptly nominated Mr. Davis for this especial mission, and he is now with us at the Astor, on his way to Constantinople. The Sultan gives hunhiswwn salary, so that if Mr. D charges 25 or $600,000 a year, it will be pa?d him. He is very sanguine of the succ ss of his experiment, and thu commercial world may well look to it with (something of interest. We shall leave the Aitor in the morning for a run along the lakes; and travelling as a citizen who pays his way, we shall have the privilege ?f an i independent critic of hotels and steamboats, as of every thing else. Respectfully, Thk Doctor. Farmers' Ciub. Dr. Browne in the Chair. Yesterday being the third ; Tuesday of tha month, the mam bars of tha Farmers' Club, ever indefatigable in furthering the important ob jacts for which they are organised, assembled It wtisone of their stated periods tor tha discussion of <hosa subjects which, by a reciprocity of communication, and a mutual interchange of opinion, grounded upon practical expert- j ments, materially ten.l to create an abiding interest in each, for the general benefit of all engager in the developement of nature's nobleit science?toe cultivation of tlie earth. At ttaia peculiar season of the vear, every moment of which 1* preciou* in the sight of the farmer, and precarious, from the transitions of our climate, few can be found to abandon the practical employments of the farm lor the theoretical (Inclusions of the Institute Chamber ; consequently upon this occasion the attendance of members was limited, but although so, the lew , observations made were eminently useful in developing many incidental facts, not connected with the particular I subject* selected for the occasion We pesa over, in our ' limited report of the proceedings, the testimony of Mr. Coziens and others, as to the nature, extent and probable result of their investigation of the present growing ' potato crop? the apparent symptoms of decay?the gradual, and in some cases, imperceptible progress of con- : umption in the vegetable?the historical genealogy of the various tribes of the potato, that from time to time hare been experimentally planted ?the cause of their abandonment, and the sabititution of other* more prospective of successful cultivation. We pesa theae reports over as partial to our peculiar aoil, and undeterminable by further research, as well as unproductive of the main issue?the cause? and equally unsatisfactory?the remedy. All on this subject ia mysterious, deeply mysterious. The eommon ethics of agriculture hare ) lelded to the inexperience of man, and whaterer can be written on subject which ha- put to defiance the genius of Uurope, can scarcely hope lor elucidation from us in our present infamiue progress towards agricultural enterprise. The eril Ins i unquestionably reached us; but the same wholesome materials lor the maintenance of human existence, we h ive | afforded to our less lavored brethren in other lands, are i bouutifuUy bestowed upon as A communication was read on a similar di?eas? in the apple; and a committee was appointed to ascertain huwfar the marksin a cow can indicate her qualifications for milk. A member suggested Uie sub- > ject of lucking apples for export, asone oi interest to the grower?when Dr. Uniierhul wes appealed to, and sta- j ted that ail security depended upon tne eultiration ef the orchard?the putting up of sound apples?and occa- ' sional sweating before packing A cemmitteo was i named to ascertain the best and safest plen for this par pose. A specimen of Persian wheat was exhibited, and j distributed, sent to W. Redfield, Ksq , by the Hev. Mr. i Stocking. A lithograph of a gate, called Hood's patent, was exhibited, proposing several advantages, upon which Pioessor Nhm mi I a committee were appointed I to examine and report upon The cultivation of roo's was the next subject of ai>cussiou, wuen Dr. Underbill ; unequivocal!}, aniliiom s ckuo viedged facts, assigned to ! carrots and beets a preeminence over every other crop, for economy anil nutri-ion. The remarksol Or Undeihili proved how deeply he has studied the comparative profit to be derived irom the cultivation of tho.-e vegetables most suited to the soil, an I the nature ol the animals the> are intended lo nouriah. Or. Underbill laid down a scale for planting in conjunction the csrioi an<> i beet, be highly beneficial to every agriculturist. The regular nuhjrct ot the day wa* h*>re anuounced ? " The I'roc ot* ol Making Wine"?woen the Hon W. Terrell, of Georgia, wa* introduced t? llio club, and de*c.ribed the plan adopted ty a neighbor ol hia .sir. I once, of ih-iking tha grape* from the tree, collecting an<i aqueeiing the Juice, and applying a propottion of ipple : brandy, producing a rich ami highly palatable bevei ?ge i He. deacribad lereral *pecie? of wild vir.ea that poaae*i>ad conndera >le virtue 1'he introduction 01 there vino*, waa del ribed to a traditional it.ry of a ve<*el with raiaina being wrecked on ih? coaat, and fiom tlibt aprung the white Tine. The remark* of thl* gentlemlm ' were Intend to with much attention, and at the ttau&l hour the club adjourned to the lint lueiday in fitf i timber. f , On Monday night, 20th ult, thoofticera of Her Ma jeity 4 ! Cuatom at thii port, adzed twenty-lour barrel* Unit J Stale* rum and one caie of clock", which were beiif landed at Chance Mat bor from large open boat.?JT ' J*kn 0*?rr?rr. / } Arm |T lnUI1l|?nM< rFrtm the $t LouU Reveille, Aug II.] W# understand that the Governor hs? Is'tied an oM?r OB Rostov. of M. OtnoTicn, for volunteers from hn b liidf The Governor, like th# loader; at Washington. it picking hit contyun'es. I'upr Holt** company expects to leavo thlf cl'y for Fort Leavenworth ahout th* lutoftlie w aek. They ara orgenice' under the new levy H?:?0 Ql'mTrM *onici Octao. U 8 A ) Pawnee Fork, Santa Fe Trail, July in, 1940 ) Your kind letter* have been received by an evproea, and I embrace t'?i?, the ftrat opportunity that hat offered, 13 write to the Unite I States You know 1 was ordered, with s squadron of dragoon', (with only eight hours' notice,) to proceed in pursuit of 8pe>era the Santa Fe trader, who had some wagons, loaded with a-ini and ammunition, for New Mexico ; hut from his having too much the atart, I was unable to overtake him. Whan I left ray eaenp at Rants* river, on the 7th ultimo, and up to the time ot my arrival at the croasing of the Arkanaaa river, I couM not perceive that I had gained much on him. judging from the age of the sign he mad*, although I followed in a forced march, reaching the croasing in eleven and halt' oaya. Our march was tha most dlaaereeable out of many that I have expnrienced. In con frequence ej the wrought no rein n*v ng laiieu ?in? e test spring The roads wan exceelinglv dry and dusty, and for several days sre march* 1 twenty-five mile* withou' woter. Oo our arrival at the oro^sing, finding no Mexicans, nor ?ign of any. and the grass scarce and insufficient. I fell l?ack with my command to this point, about eighty miles from the crossing intolerable g:??s, where I hara remslued tin -? ; but to-morrow I Mil take ui> the line of march for Bent's Kort. on the Arkansas. with Ave companies under my command, three of dragoons and two of mounted volunteer riflemen?the two latter companies, Captains Waldo and Reed, hiring joined me ye'terdry. The volunteer officers are clevor fellows, and hare a fine-looking vet of men. woo, although ignorant of military matters, evince a disposition to learn highly creditable to them We have no news worthy of credit from Sante Fe, but It is rumored that (ten I'rrea. from the Pas-o Del Norte, has marched to Santa Ke, with an army of from thiee to four thousand troops ; if so, wc may meet with a warm reception. Wall, it is uot usual for us to be rivalled in cordiality. We will reciproca'o their poli'.tuass?tho American eagle will vie witu the Moxican in a hearty grip f Lieut. Col. RulT, of the Missouri mounted volunteer* was about two day* in rear of Captains Waldo anil Reed's corps; he will overtake us at Bent's Fort. The traders (all of whom I have detained at this place aa they arrived) hare concluded te go bv Bent's Vort. instead of the Semarono, as they originally intended. Among the traders, and those accompanying them, I have found some polite and courteous gentlemen ; amateurs ; some travelling for the sake of locomotion, some for pleasure, and some in the pursuit of health We are all well and in fine spirits, in contemplation of "business on hand " Benjamin D. Mnena, U. 8. D. The following are extracts of a letter from General Twiggs, of the u. 8 Army, to Major Howard, of Columbus, Georgia "Matamobss, 27th July, 184fl.?Tour esteemed favor of the 4th of Julv. I received u-ith im>At lilAasur* In the name of the army I return you my moat sincere thank* for your kind feeling* toward* then?for many year* the army has not beeu in so high animation in public opinion, ai the navy. I knew if an opportunity offered, that this pertion <f the army would do its duty : viator Du.tcan, Captains Kidgely and McCsll, did distinguish themselves on both days; their peculiar position made them conspicuous, but there ar? a huudreds other that did their duty equally aa well as they did, but were not so fortunate as to have separate co nm tndi ; indeed the result shows " that all put their shoulders to the wheel." The Georgians arrived at Point Isabel several days ago. 1 have not yet seen any of them but I shall make it my business to attend to them and their interest*. Notwithstanding I have been so long a wanderer from my native State, I ugsure you I have as strong atiachmeuts to Georgia as any one in it, and it is only necessary for me to luiow that a man hails from Georgia for me to take an inUiest in him. I had fuared tint I was forgotten in <>eorgia, and if I hod been. 1 had no home * * * * The troops are moving up (he river to Camargo; which is ninety miles above (his, and one hundred aid twenty above Point laxbel. As soon us we all get up there and our supplies,we shall make a forward movement to'.vlou'erey, nt the loot of the mountain*. one hundred and eignty mil-'* from Camargo. It is my opinion that the Mexican* will not again fight, but they may prolong the war by keeping out of our way?which 1 think they will do and w? cannot well follow them for want of transportation. W? have eleven steamboats on the Rio Grande, and are forcing supplies of every kind up the river * 1 ou cat) have no idea what a wiet l.el population there is in Mexico; our Creek Indians are infinitely superior to them, llm best reliable news from Mon'erey, is that theic weie about ?00men there at work, to.iilying the town III wm in command if tliev would agieo to go into fortified places, I would bu Id tliarn; we could then know whetc to find them. Whenever they meet ui you may bo sure of one thing, and that is, that we at* victorious. " The stealer Fashion, Captain Fullerton, which arrived at New Orleans on the 8th inst, in fiity-two hour* lion Poit La Vuca, Texas, mokes the following tepoit: fe.Tlie Fashion le t hare on Kii-iay nigh'. 31st ult, at 10 o'clock, with volunteers, hones mules and witgons, and at lived at La Vaca in tift\ hours. Tuur?day, 6th ?Loft in Matagorda Bay the brig Oriole, from tlii? port; had discharged her troop?, but coul 1 not leave in conequence of the deseriou of her crew. The btig \dolphus, <. apt Ha> e?, arrived hence wi b voltinteeison Wednesday evening At anchor inside, baik Tarqmn brig iienr\, and s -liooner Alleghany. The steamboat Telegraph, Samuel L. Williams, and Undine, were lying tlieie, t>ut aim <st destitute ot fuel; the schooner with a supply of coal having baea lott on the b.r going in. At tue u'gont re |unsi nf tne Q'l irterraas'or, lurmshed to the U. S. sieumer Un'.iue all the coal we could scare, to '-nable her to tra i-po.t the troops par Adolphus to La Vaca On her arrival, the voluntt-ers were immediately marched wbout tan miles in'o the inteilor, lor the beiiefit of wood end water, neither of which can be ob uin< d at La Va a without hauling that distance. Wen it not lor tbese difficult'OS, it nould he a ven desirable location, situated as it is on the high b'Uft shore ola most beautllul bay, a fine sea bre?ie and no musquitoes. With the exception of mea-iles, winch were very prevalent, the health of the troops was generally good No ne t s from the army. No movement was axnec'ed to take place until after the arrival oi the wagons, horses and munitk ns Naval Intelligence. OKNKRAL OKDKR. No person shall herealt?r recire the appointment nl naval contractor in ti e nivy of the United sutts unlrse ha shall hnva been examined an I approved by a board, to be designated for that purpose by the Secretary of the No par ton shall hereafter receive the appoint neat of boaUwain, gunner, caii>e:iter, or tailmakcr in the nary of the UuituJ States, uulen he shall liave been examined end approved by e board, to tie designated for that purpose by the Secretary of the Navy OEURGE BANCROFT. NaVT Defartmert, August 17, 134H U S. sloop of war Saratoga, Commander Shabrick, was at Uelua, July 7, and would sail in a few days lor Rio Janeiro. Incident*, etc ., of I lie War. Extract of a letter r< o -ivel in Botton from highly respectable mercantile bouse, dated ? " Havana, Aug 6 ?Tbe steamer Charleston (from Charleston) only brought on? letter from her consignee, as I learu- She wai taken up by ike iate minuter of Finance of Mexico under Sura tuna. (>lr Murphy or Murfio.) and had five days passage ; but we do not hear that he baa come on any particular mission. He cam* out in the Cambria, and taw Lord Palmerston just he lore he sailed He wanted to learn if any auistsaee could be relied on from England in the Mexican war with the United Stater; and tne Minister, Lord P. told him no, and that they must fight it out a< well as they could, or sake peace en the best terms they could." It i* atated that a number of Ca*tomhou*e officer* have been lent to Matamoia*, to wateh the arrival of good*, that they may ba enabled to collect the customs altar th? American force* have abandoned tba city. Tkl* fact ii laid to anriouily affect busineu in Matamoraa. The Mexicani are gradually becoming conrinced that it la uaelaaa to make war upon the United State*, and to their advantage to make peace, and pat dews their revolutionary leader*. A letter received at Matamoraa ha* the following direction : "To Johnny Mc , army of occupation, Texaa, Uineral Tailor, this i* from Johnny 'iMile, Johnny vol unteered for hi* country, don't forget huh." It i* *<iid, that while our volun'eeromceiaare praneing ab< ut tho *treet*. on their flue charger*, that the Mexican* will be bargaining among car h other, for the delivery of them to purchaaera, *u adept are they in (tolling horaea. Court of "pedal Iteaaloni, Before Judge Ulshoeffer, and Aldermen Benaon and Gilbert Acquit 18 ? Not a single case of intere*t waa brought before the t ourt this morniug, the following compi laea the principal one* that were adjudicated upon. Nicholat Garner wa? lint placed at the bar for trial, on a charge of having, a day or two ago, assaulted one of the " Star Police." 8u h conduct being calculated to dim the lustie of the " Htar" in question, poor J >ck waa aent up to the Island for aix months, to study the aoience of cut'iig atone?pro hono publico Sptncr S. Uownlty, charged with helping him'elf to cotton sheet, belonging to a ueraon name 1 Isabella Thomas,nas adjudged guilty ol the oflence, and remanded to prison lor the term ol ten day I Pkihp MeOer, was then placed at the bar. charged with having given hi* wife a larger do*e of the ihilelah than she had bai gained for. Notwithstanding he denied the aoft impeachment, Philip waa deemed a lit aubject for the laland, and waa accordingly furnished with a ticket for three montha' board and looging John Btodtrtck, uoubtless. pre timing that thin clothe* were desirable a few da) * ago, helped himself to a piece of Croton cloth, worth (V, at the store of Mr. Richardson, No IA3 spring street, without any apparent intention of'' stepping up to the Captain'* office to settle ' On beiug next pla.od at the bar, John " owned up," and w*( pruvi.le.l with a oertldcate for a six month*' reaidence on the Inland Giilrrt Oinnii, took a fancy to a hat at the atom door f >ir. Theodore t 1 irk. co.ner of Chatham and Pear1 street*, an ' ilecampa l with the same, without fir?t con tilting the owner thereol?for thin offence, ()ili?ert wa* en'enccd to the Penitentiary lor a couple ol niontna Jamr$ Humpkrryi for an anult upon Joh:? Lent*, waa rem^mie.i u> ijuaneia in me .%) pimn iobdi wrur ther day. Hnhrrt St fatll wan then placed at the bar, on ft charge of mealing various article! of app>iiel, belonging to vlary Stiickland. Kohert wai found guilty, tnaramiuj lad to the ciiy prison for 30 dayt. Jnhn Laurmee, charged with dealing a coat from Wib. Lucky, on being placet! at tha bar, " acknowledged tha corn"and was luiniihed with a passport to the Island for 80 dayi. The Coart then adjourned until Friday nautt. From thk Socikty Isi.amiis.?By a recent arrival nt New Bedford, advices h?ve been received fiorn Tahiti to April ?6 The naUvea hid made a Tigoroui ainault uiion the French garrison, and had driven liem from the land. The Enr>'i>ean re?i>lent'had heen compelled to ll?e,with their etftOU, on hoard the French ves el< of war Alter tha evacuation of th? to*n, tha Kranch \ assets h?<l opened ? fire upon it.? But** 4* A*i 18.

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