Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 20, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 20, 1846 Page 1
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THJ Vol. JCDU Is. B5)4?Wbola Mm, *401. Bjr Adama dt Co. and Harndcn A Co.'i Shprciwi. ARRIVAL OP -THE STEAMSHIP CALEDONIA AT BOSTON. NINE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE, j The Success of the Whig ministry, THE PROGRESS OF FREE TRADE. THE 8UQAR QUE8TION. Political Disruption in Ireland. THE CHOLERA IN LONDON. Another Attempt to Assassinate the King of France. AMERICAN AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Bnropean Mediation Requested by Mexico. THE CROPS AND GRAIN MARKETS. THE COTTON TRADE, dic. die. The steamship Caledonia, Captain Lott, arrived at Boston on Tuesday. The lightning line, owing to the rascality of some one, failed to bring the news, and we therefore had to depend upon the next most speedy - * J I I U 1-1- TT ^UHvcy uuc?ftuauia atiu iiauiucu 9 IJA^ICSBCS. Oar Napoleon in the Express line, Bigelow ol Boston, could have reached this c ty last evening with th? news,but he knocked under to lightning, and did nut start. The intelligence it to the 4th inst., from Liverpool,and is interesting,with a slight dash of importance. The importance, however, is oonfined almost wholly to the success of the new English Ministry on the Sugar Question. The Cowrrier Francais, of Paris, says that the Mexican Government has demanded of France and England their mediation to put an end to the war with the (Jn>ted States, and that the departure of the Psyche for Vera Cruz has been delayed some days, in order that it may carry the anfwer to this proposition. The Mayor of London had announced ?hat the cholera was in that city. It produced some ex citement, and many were in consequence, leaving for the country. Prince Albert was on a visit to Liverpool. The accession of the whigs to power had pro ducrd a s'ight disruption in Ireland. O'Connell and thj O'Brien section of the repealers were at loggerheads. The proceeding!* of the British Parliament are barren of interest. The dull monotony of a long session, now drawing rapidly to a close, had been relieved by two nights' discussion on the Sugar Duties. The Government scheme has triumphed by a majority of 266 to 135, nearly two to one. Thif result virtually abrogates the monopoly,and placet sugar in the same catagory as corn?by an easy declension on the high road to Free-trade. Sir Robert Peel gavo the Minister's measure a generous support, and the greatness of the majority may be traced to that circumstance. Of course, all fears of an immediate dissolution are at end' The value of iron had improved,in England, in anticipation of in increased export to the United States. There appears to be no material change in the cotton market. There was very little doing In the manufacturing districts. A small parcel of wool from Oregon had been offered in London. The London Money Market was without much chan|e. Mexican funds had been affected?they had declined. The corn trade was inactive. The large ar rival# of flour and wheat from the United States and Canada tended to depress prices. Baboo Dwarkanauth Tagore, the distinguished Hindoo gentleman, the richest man in the world, is dead. With the exception of the learned Rammohun Ray, he was the flrst Brahmin of any note, we believe, who has visited Europe. The Britannia arrived in Liverpool from Boston on the 31st ult. Louis Bonaparte, ex-King of Holland, died at Leghorn of apoplexy, on the 21th ult., aged 67. The Pope of Rome has granted a general amnesty for all political offenders. Another attempt has been made on the life of the King of the French. While seated at a window in the Palace of the Tuileries, to listen to n . concert performed by the National Guards, on the 80th ult., a man in the c^>wd drew a pistol, and tired two frhots at the King. At Berlin on the 22d, Mr. Wheaton, the Ameri f E NE' I NE1 American AlWri In Ruropr.?Opinions In ' Kliglund and Franrr, [P?ri? Letter in Liverpool Timet] < American aiiairs have of late tieen honored with acarce| ly any notice at all in this part of the world La Prttn hat put forth an article, the o' ject of which it to p uVe | that the profl'ered mediation of Kngland between Mexico i and the Unitod State* will be rejected hy the latter; that inch rejection will be a great humiliation fur Kngland, and compel Kngland to choone lietween " a peace lull of . sacrifice*, or a w ar full of perili !" There'* ? profound ! politician for yon ! If the man who can aeo in the retu?ijl of friendly otticHi " a peaoe full of sacri#<-e?, or a war full uc uui cupauie 01 seeing sjap inrougn mn ui-u| se?t millstone, most assuredly no man can The P'eut , alio put forth a lucubration to prove that lord Palmerston would never consent to ratify the Oregon treaty, union ; he was determined to abandon California, the laid aban- i donment being described aa certain to be " one of the , greatest event* trer yet registered in the annals of Great ritain; for it would De, in effect, the abdication of a ?overclipity for which Oreat Britain ha? not hesitated to I enter into a struggle once with Krance once with Spain,and twice with the United States." Alas', for the p-sor Pratt. Lord Palmerston ha* ratified the Oregon treaty; and it now remain* to be leen whether the taking of the California* by the United State* will be " the abdication of lovereignty by Oreat Britain " Aa to the Oregon treaty itself, the Pi rue declare* that it i* "the tardy abandonment of what for more than thirty year* England called her rights, and the accep ance of a division not more advantageous to her than that which *ha refuted in 1818, in 1H34, 1H27, and 1H45 " It deolares, moreover, that til* teaty doe* not provide for the Columbia being free in perpetuity to the navigation 01 Oreat Britain It say*, "the navigation is not perpetual, as the London Tmet assert*; for though the Hudion'i Bay Company has a perpe'ual charter, it i* enlv for territories between Canada and the Rocky Mountains, those territories being tar removed from Oregon The North West Company has a charter in Oregon, and it expire* in 1MB A renewal of the chirter would not enable it to take advantage of the Oregon treaty," The Print seems tot to be awara that the Hudson's Bay Company and the North We?t Company are now amalgamated. The same journal ha* given an articla on Mexican affair*, in the course of which it expresses a very decided opinion that Santa Anna will not return to Mexico at present, tor it would be contrary to hi* interest* to be engaged in a war which if certain to be disastrous, and which the popular feoIinR -would prevent him from auanuoning. i tie Steele expresses an opinion, mat it Mexico would offer >110 halt of what the United Statei demauded, the offer would be immediately accepted bv the latter, lor tbe purpose of bringing the war to a close It alio think* that it is impossible that the war can he pushed vigorously by the United Stales before Septem bor. In an article ou the ottered mediation of England, the Steele stated that it had information that if the offer of England be rejected b> the Washington Cabinet, sbe would immediately demand what was intended with respect to Mexico, and would not ratify the Oregon treaty until she was answered. On the last point wo know that the Steele has been gravely misinformed Ttie Etprit Public, a journal of no great character or in tluenre. sayt that England wants to drag France into an Intervention against tbe United States in the Mexican iiuslncss, such intervention to be aimed, if necessary.? It adds that the French government is not willing to of tend the United States, though it dare not say "No," to Great Britain What a contemptible fable ! The same Afjii-it Public ays that it it very likely that Lord Palmerston will rush into a war with tbe United States, in order to distract the attention of the British people from the feebloness of the whig governmeut!! 1 am really I shamed to have to report such extravagant and such pitiable trash ; hut it is right to lay it before you. Beyond what is here stated, nothing has teen said by any of the nowspopers on American affairs ; from the Drbati, or the Epoque, the two government organs, not one word The Print has reproduced a few lines from the Wash ington Union, relative to France sending a naval squadron to the Gulf of Mexico, " not," as it says, " for the parpoae of replying to them, but to show how great have been the distrust and susceptibility of the Americans towards the French Government since the unhappy affair 01 1?XU." The Moniteur of Sunday last (the official journal) publishes a notification from President Pa<edes, declaring hat the port of Acapulco, being in the hand* of the insurgentf,.sball be cloaed to Mexican vessels within one month from the 2id of May, within four montha of that late for vessel* of America, and within six months for vexnels from Europe. The Monittur alio publishes 11 tetter from the commander of the steam frigate Mississippi, ratifying the blockade by the United States squadron of the port of Vera Cruz. [From the Liverpool Times.] We are indebted to a friend lor permission to publish the following strong and gratifying expression of opinion as to the conduct of the British government, and the Riitith press during the recent Oregon, negotiations and discussions. It was uttered by Mr. John C. Calhoun, one of the most distinguished of American statesmen, in the presence of the wiitar of a letter which is now before us :?" The British government (be said) has exhi t>ited the greatest wisdom, judgment, and magnanimity. Had there been the least false step on the other side? had the speeches in Parliament, or the articles in the public journals been of an exasperating character, we could not then have arranged matters on this side as we tiavodone. No two men could have displayed more in'egrity of purpose, more forbearance, and more sagacity, than Lord Aberdeen and Sir Robert Peel." One of the satirical newspapers has the following, the truth of which, of course, is not implicitly to be relied upon. "The Mexican ckargt <T mjfairu mat lately in a political tmlon, an American diplomatist The conversation turned upon the war, and the Mexican, aftor reproaching the Yankee, added. It is evident Mr. that you have been guilty of a most culpable action?that of having debnucbed our d&nvhtcr " 11 I am iorrv " rAnli?r) tliA imariran " tliaf you complain, but tha truth is that your daughter threw herself into our arms However, for the wrong we did we have now made reparation?we have married hor !" Opinion of tlte American Tariff Bill In England. [From the Manchester (Juardian.] Should this important measure become a law, ai we have now every reason to believe, it will exercise a most important influence upon the commerce between the United States and this country ; the reduction of duties upon most of our staple productions being very e onsiderable. and upon none, perhaps, more so than upon the manufactures of cotton. Under the existing law, the duty on these manufactures (nominally 3o per cent) is levied, not ujion the real value, but upon certain fictitious valuations, which serve to raise tho actual duty in many cases to 60, 00, or 100 per '-(int. Under the provisions of the bill now before the bcnate, the duty on embroidered and tambored cotton* will be 30 per eent, on cotton velvets, 30 per cent; and on all other manufactures of cotton. 2A par c?/nt ad valorem. Under a duty of this amount, the import of the finer qualities of English cotton manufactures, and especially of good print*, mus lms, and probaMy fine shirtings, will be large ; and we may expect the trade in those articles to be restored te something like tha amount at which it stood some yeers ago. The reductions in the duty on iron, and on woollen and worsted manufactures, are also important; but, as we shall probably have decisive intelligence as to the fate of the bill at an early period, we shall, for the present, abstain from any further remarks upon it American Mall Steamers. The American public will recollect that on the arrival of the Great Western, we published a condensed account of a meeting that had been lately held in Bristol, convened for the purpose of setting forth the claims of that city for being the terminus ol the proposed line ot mail pucketa direct to New York, and suggesting to government the propriety and juttice ol submitting the contracts to public competition, in order to enable the Great Western Steamship Company to make their estimates for the proposed service. By tr.e arrival of the Caledonia, we perceive that the matter has been acted upon in Parliament, and was the subject of a long debate between some of the members of that body. We give a synopsis oJ the debate:? Mr. P. MiLct proceeded to move thn resolution of which ha had (riven notice, for a select committee to inquire into the eirrumttancei connected with thn granting ol the pre lent contract for the conveyance n'the mailt from t'.ngland t? Halifax and B<>s on, and al?o into the circum?tancet connec t? I with the grsn'tng 1 of any new, or the extension of the existing con ra t j for the came pur pone The honorable memtier mhi it waa Impouihle that the country should be sstisfled with ' ihe contracts made with the (;un*rd line. The p?rfoim- 1 *nces of the Great Western and Great Britain steam- ' thips were well known, and it was important tn 1 the mercantile community that they should still 1 run. Yet although the Government hod been in 1 the habit of receiving letters and despatches by 1 these vessels, the company to which tney belonged had never received a farthing for the service. It was in hit opinion, of the greatest consequence that competition sheuld be encouraged, and thst the most ample opportunities of commuiiication should tie afforded between Liverpool and|the United Stales. The effect of competition hsd been to reduce the passage-money be- 1 tween this country and North America from ?40 tu ?S0, and ?i?; but he would venture to say. that ii the Great WesternCompany'a ships ara now withdrawn, the pas- 1 sage-money would be at once rai-ed to ?40. 1 he public interests demanded an investigation into this case; for the public had a right to know why so large a sum ef 1 money was expended on an undertaking which was not open o public competinon. Ha conil<tere<i tiiat it wa* moit unjuatitiahle to add payment* ol ?10,000or jC.VuOo to the originalcontract, without acquainting tha publie with the reaaun lor ?uch augmentation. He would venture to aiuert that tha Great W'oktern Company would continue the communication at an outlay much below that which wai now incurred by the country; that company wai ready to undertake tha contract for a much leu mm than wai now paid. Mr. Bkrrci.kv, repreientative from Briitol, in aeceix!ing tha motion, atated that he considered that the preaent iy*tem of requiring tender* in caae* of thii kind wu a raoit fictitioui and delusory lyiUm, and he wa* inclined to think that there wai lomething bad and rottoo in that lyitem, from the circumitance that the Great Weiteni flteam Company had been excluded from all theie contracta. The Great Wcitam Company aolved the problem of ocean itram navigation, and wai the fint company to build ataam veiaela ol the magnitude which it wai now admitted wai nocaaiary for it amen intended to undertake long voyagea. At the time of the Canadian outwhen the ipeedy conveyance of detpatchei wai or the utmost importance, the nntlntalligance of the disturbance* wti brought by the Great Western; and the celerity with which that veaaol performed the voyagea out and hoaM, was mo?t advantageous to her Majeity'a *H>vernment, by enabling them to keep up a conitant and rapid communication wit* the colonMT Government Ho 9 can mmisitr, ukjk uis wjhvb ui uie iving ui Prussia, and Mr. Donelson was received in private audicnce, ami presented his credentials. American Flour.?Three hundred barrels ol Amu neat i flour reached Nottingham from Liverpool the other day, and was immediately sold a< aoout eight dollar? per barrel. Amfri-an SupruKs ?The following extensive supplies of flour and other articles from the United States took place at the port of Liverpool in one day. The Nicholas Biddle, from New Orleans, brought 7600 packages of flour and 7600 staves (or coopers' u;c; the Farewell, Irom Baltimore, 9630 barrels of flour and 4678 bushels of wheat; the Hardie, from New Orleans.; 1478 packages of flour. 1581 bags of corn, and 507 sacks of wheat; ihe Robert Parker, from New York, 5283 barrels of flour, 66 of breaa, and several of Indian meal; the Hargravo, from Baltimore, 6700 barrels of flour, 401)0 bushels of Indian corn, 300 of lard, &c.; and the Promise, fiom Montreal, brought 821)0 barrels ef flour, 5000 barrels of wheat, and 4600 bushels of peas, the produce of Canada. A N*w Co*rr.?Sir? Last night at llh. 10m inean time, I discovered u telescopic comet, in the constellation Omelopardus. Its observed uosiQ41 ... l4t. C _ o. ' _? uuu wnn, i^u.orii o*. menn ineenwicn time?Right Ascension, 3h. 15m. 36 2s ?Norlh j Declination, 60 deg 37m. 2s. The diurnal motion J in R. A. is about 3m 53s. decreasing, that in dec6 lination is quite insignificant. The comet is a ? round nebulosity, with a bright stellar nucleus, p and may be seen with a telescope of moderate B power. 1 nm, Sir, your most obedient servant, {fi T. R. Hind. H Mr. Bishop'# Observatory, Regent's Park, ^ Thursday morning, July 80, & Gkr ma* Railroaks.--A letter from Munich of \ the 22d ult., states that intelligence had been reft ceivedfrom Vienna, announcing that the Austrian [ Government had deei led upon constructs g.with the grt atest promptitude, a railroad from Vienna to Salzburg On receiving this intelligence the Bavarian Government immediately resolved on establishing a railway from Munich to 3alzburf. These decisions of the two Governments have causcd the greatest satisfaction at Munich, as by the railroads in question the latter city would bo include i in the net work <Jf railways which will connect the Adriatic with the Baltic sea. & 3 i i J j W YO W YORK. THURSDAY * might observe, alio, that tb? Great Western wai the vet- I tcl which brought the earliest intelligence of the mpn res* ion of tho outbreak ; and what waa the laat tier formance of that noble vemelf When the right Hon. Baronet the late first Lord of the Treasury came down to that hoil'e and made the proud declaration that the government hud concluded a treaty with the United State* on tho Oregon question, ha was enablod to make that < statement in consequence of the celerity with which the despatches of our minister in the Siates were convened to tb'a country by the Great Western The Great BriUiu the sister vessel to the Great Western, alio brought home tho earliest news of thn ratiAentinn of that treaty. He (Mr. F. Berkeley,) considered this a i must moiistrou< case- He maintained that contract! of ; this kind ought not to he given away without competition, to the exclu-ion of a company wni-h had at leait as strong claims ai any other upon the country. Mr. liouLBuan said, as the contract with Mr. Cunard had been euteied into under his udvice, ho thought it light to state the circumstances under which that contract lis 1 been matlo. in til* year 1S3S. it ?H judged advisable to attempt to establish ? communication by steam for the conveyance of mailt across the Allan- 1 tic, and a geuetal tender was then publicly advertised. The service was the conveyance of mailt between England. Halifax, and Nova Scotia, and between Kngland, Halifax, and New York, in reply to that advertisement two propositions only we e made?one by the Oreat Western Company, end he other by the Sit. (Jeorge't Company. Ncitherot those com ponies was prepared to execute the sarvioe with vessels <>f the size and strength, or with engines of thu power required by the Board of Adinir alt>. 'l'hose ten fer?, therefore, fell to the ground. Mr i unard in-<de a proposition to the government to supply three vo^sein of 3l?0 horse power each, for the pur. po-o of conveying tho mailt once a fortnight to Halifax and Boston, and alto up tho St. Lawrence, for 66.00W. a ; ear?a sum somewhat below that tequited by one of tl.e compHuie* which had formerly tendered.? At a later period, however, the difficulties of navigation during tho winter were judged to be to great that Mr. CtiunrJ said be feared vessels of three hundred horte power would not be adequate to the safe conveyance of the mails across tho Atlantic, and he made a proposal to the government, which they acroed to, that instead of four ves-els of three hundred horse power each. Ave I vessels of four hundred hone power should be employed. The government annexod to that contract the condition that the vessels should be so built that, in the event of vi ar. thev would be capable ol carrying guns of the heaviest calibre, and of being employed against a hostile power. In consideration of this augmentation, an increase was made in the payment to Mr. Cunard, and it was determined that be should roceive ?S0 000 for twenty voyages to be annually performed by vessels of the description agreed upon Afterwards, the House consented to make an addition of ?10,000 a year to the contract, in consequence of a fifth vessel being appli d to this service by Mr Cunard, who, upon an examination of the accounts, had proved the deficiency of the former allotment: but the government subsequently withdrew from that a sum ot ?5,000, in cousequence of the withdrawal of Mr Cunard's obligation to keep up h curtain number of vessels for the service in the St Lawrence Before the ) ear in which the contract coinplained of was entered into, ^discussion arose as to the best mode of conve* ing the mails to the North American Colonies; and in 1844, ne (Mr. Goulburn) believe-i an ar aangement was made with the American Government, which had been lor some time under consideration, for conveying across the United States, in closed boxes, the mails which were to go to our colonies theie; and under that arrangement it became advisable that the mails should he taken by New York, instead of by Boston A great pressure alto was made upon the Government to doubly the nnmberof communications between this country and North America; and under these circumstances, looking to the previous contract with Mr. Cunard in which ne was under engagement, when required, to go double the number of voyages, the Government entered into correspondence with him for the purpose of esta blishing that weekly communioatiou witli our colonies there during the summer month*, and fortnightly during the winter, which would give 44 communication! in the vear. It wai upon that contract that the present question Dad arisen. The former expenditure under the contract had, in fact, been no expenditure to the public ; for, by means of Mr. Cunard's regularity and industry, the pottage received upon the lettera to and from the North Vmerican colonies more than defrayed the ninety thausand pounds a year payable to him: (hear, hear). The Great Western Company had studiously avoided those months which every one knew to be most difficult and dangerous, and in which principally the risk of any undertaking to crosa the Atlantic existed. It was the duty ol the Government to take care that the public were served on the best possible terms, and they did not i>rnj>ose to Mr. Cunard to give him to the full oxtent to which he might have been entitled by doubling the number ot voyages, but they reduced the amount, bo that instead of ?180,000. to which he uould have been entitled under the contract of 1H4I, they gavo him ?143,000 lor 44 voj ages; and in order that the Government might transmit the mails with most convenience to all parties interested in the regular conveyance and delivery of let- j ters, they allowed him to make alternate voyages to Halifax and New York, subject to a power in the Government in cato of necessity, to divert him to the one point or the other; and, having established a communication across the United States, by New York, it would have l>een idle indeed to establish a mail that did not alternately embrace both these. Mr. Cunard having proved to all what no other company had ever yet proved,?that it waa possible to miintain this communication regularly duringthe winter, and having, therefore, a claim upon the public, that if the letters were to be conveyod twice as oftvn he should have the carrying of them, there did not appear to hira (Mr. Goulburn), to bo a power of hesitation in giving to Mr. Cunard the additional contract, offerinir as ne did. lower term* than any previously offered Lord Clkmenti hoped it would he an instruction to I the committee to comider whether it would not be preferable to have the packet! to Halifax start from the western coaet of Ireland?the nearest point to America Mr. SrooncR aaid, that it waa utterly impossible for the Great Western and Ureal Britain fleam-thipi to run in competition with the Government packet*, hecauio the sum paid to the Government packet* wa* so large, that the other* from the want of aimilar aid could not keep on the line, and thua the advantage gained by the manu facturing districts, from competition in the lowering of the rule of freight*, wa* loat. The right hon. gentleman said that Mr. f.unard'a ships crossed the Atlantic during the winter month"; but the reason of that wa* that he wa* well p<id tor *o doing, and the others con Id not do the *ame because they were not paid There wa* not the least accusation against Mr Tunard for the manner in which he carried oat hi* contract, for he had performed it with great punctuality (hear, hear) but that wa* no reason why the count'y should he deprived of the benefit of competition. The government had advertised for tender* for carrying the mail* to Boston and Halifax, and two tenders were seut in, neither of which came within the term* of the advertisement. The torm* were then altered, hut the government concluded tho contract without ottering those term* to the public. Mr. M PmLi-irs iiw the difficulty in which the government had been placed, and when'they entered into a contract for the aat'ety and *ecurity of the transmiaaion of letter* acros* the Atlantic by (team communication, they wiiely and properly took care to err on the right side, and to choose vess?l* of proper power and aize.? lience arose the first difficulty. A modification of the provisional arrangement*, he understood, took place, but there appeared only one party able to conform to the riiUa an/4 eiifriraaflani of IKa ffflVPrnmAnt and th? mil. tract ?u accordingly placed in the hands of that individual. He was anxious tbat tbia committee ibould l>a ((ranted, in order tnat the commercial interests should Icel aiaurod tbat they had been properly attended to. but he did not mean to let one word fall against the perfect good faith with which Mr. Cunard had carried out the contract. Sir Rohcht Pikl sincerely hoped that no ohjection would be made to the appointment of thia committee. The treasury gave this contract to Mr. Cunard because they thought that at the period at which the original contract was entered into, engagements were formed which entitled Mr. Cunard to this indulgence. It was said that the contract was signed ?fter the resignation of tbe late ministers had been tendered ; but it must be borne in mind that they had ell the |>ower to conduct the public business, and, the contract being made, there was an obligation in honor to sign it. Keeling that the interests of Mr Cunard would tie protected, he claimed innuiiy on the part ol the tiea?ury. The (*h '^ckll^r ofthe Lxch<-<|uer*aid he thought thst the oiler of Mr. Cunard was a very advantageous otfei I lor tlie public, infinitely more advantageous than the nther tenders received The most advantageous pie viotisly received was for OOM a year lor .1 mon'iily commun,cation, but Mr. Cunard tendered for ?6b,000 fur s lortnighily communication, am) subsequently a further turn of j?j0O<) was given for the addition nf a communication up the St Lawrence to Quebec, making the whole amount ol the contract A'60,000, including the communication with Quebec That was better than any other ten- | Jar. and was the most beneficial bargain that uttered for | iha nnhlir Mr Cunard h?d nerto med tlie service he had undeitaken most creditably to himself, end alto with 1 (he gicuieit advantage and profit to the public. (Hear) It was, he believed, the only Jine of communication with i iliatant countries where the postage on letters more than defrayed the expense. (Hoar) He certainly thought Mr. Cunard had a fair claim to the contract, which was an exceedingly beneficial one to the country, the rat# of carrying being ?480 per voyage lower than the loweat tender that could be got when first put up. It had been Mated by the hon member from Bristol that a deputation had waited upon the noble lord at the head ol the j government, requesting that if the contract was not signed, Itihould not l>o so till an enquiry took place. The ] noble lord at that time did not know the fact that the con ! tract had been signed, and agreed to the request of the I deputation If the gentlemen, however, had waited upon < him, he would have told thein that, at the time they a?ked | lor delay and inquiry, the contract had been already ri^jicribed He was satisfied with the whole transactions regarding this matter, but he would be the last person to object to the fullest inquiry being made. Mr P. Milks (aid ha.would now withdraw hit motion, on tha understanding, aa stated by the right hon. gentleman, that the committee would be granted. The motion waa withdrawn. Ireland. Mr. Redington is the first Roman Catholic who has Ailed tbc office of Under Secretary for Irttlund. i The Kejiual Association was engaged on Mon- | day and Tuesday, to which it adjourned, in a ' squabble, of nearly a personal diameter, between the two sections into which it has lor some tin>e I been notoriously divided, of " Old Ireland" and I "Young Ireland," at represented by the followers af Mr. O'Conneli and Mr. Smith O'Brien. The ! latter gentlemen was present, and address the meeting at some length, as did Mr. John O'Cdnnell, a Mr. Keilly, and one or two others. The parties were very courteous to citch other, but evidently BgWP? WWW RK I 10RNING, AUGUST 20, entertain no mirual good will. The result appears likely to end in the disruption of the whole lolly; at which the Irish people, if they have any common sense, cannot fail to be delighted. 1 he rent

for the week was announced to be ?100 4s. 8d.? At the meeting on Tuesday, Mr. Meagher was justifying ihe adoption of physical force, which causeit great contusion, and Mr. JolmO'Connell asserted that, by his advocacy of physical force, Mr. Meagher hau virtually ceased to be a member of the Association, and unless the Association awiveci with him in his view of tli? mat ter, he (Mr. J. O'Conuell) would no longer continue to be a member of it. A scene of the utmost confusion and excitement ensued, in the j midst of which Mr. Smith O'Brien, accompanied : by all the members of the "Young Ireland" party in the meeting? left the hull, intimating that they had ceased to l>e members of the Repeal confederation. After a short lapse of time, and when tranquility was somewhat restored, Mr. J. O'Connell expressed his heartfelt sorrow at the course j which Mr. Smith O'Brien and his friends had thought proper to pursue. In moving the adjournment of the Association to Monday next, he observed that be might undertake to promise that on that day his father would be present, who should endeavor, as far as in him lay, to h?al the wound which had just then been inflicted on Ireland. The meeting then separated. FrtlWIi Our adviocs from Paris are to the 1st Inst. At a grand banquet given by his constituents at Lisieux, M Guizot delivered a long and very remarkable speech. It was remarkable u the inauguration of the new policy of the conservative party, of which he is the distinguished leader, that policy being the adoption of all useful reforms, and the serious examination of every measure that may be proposed. 44 We are," said he, 4' a government of progress People speak of a sta tionary spirit of immobility. Gentlemen, ihey have not thought seriously. When liberty exists in a country, when it exists in the midst of order, progress is infallible : it is accomplished every day by the free development of individual liberties under the protection of public order." I think this avownl must give sincere pleasure to every real friend of his country ; for unquestionably all that France now needs is domestic reform, such as an extension of the suffrage, the removal of public functionaries from the Chamber, more freedom to the press, a little more liberty to thn people, &c. &c If newspapers and public men had contended for those things, instead of wasting their energies in heated discussions on foreign Hilars, one half of which were of no intrinsic importance, this great and glorious nation would have occupied a higher place among the free nations of the world than she now does. The rest of M. Guizot's speech was devoted to praise of the Conservative party for what it has done during The last sixteen years, and demonstrating that it was the best and wisest policy it could have adopted. The orator observed that Franee was \r. full possession and in full exercise of all the liberties guaranteed by the constitution, and said that the government would endeavor to increase the material as well as the moral interests ol all classes. He praised highly the peaceful policy of the King, and said it had gained France the respect of Europe. He also complimented very highly Louis Philippe, the Chamber of Peers, and the late Chamber of* Deputies. Referring to a visit made within the last week by Louis Philippe to the detached forts, M. Guizot said that the Kini( seemed to say to Europe, "Come and take them but though the expression of a quiet pride, that was not inimical or menacing, for the fortilications were a security for peace. This oration of the Foreign Minister will, no doubt, be torn to pieces to-morrow by the opposition press; but I repeat that every impartial person, having no concern with the squabbles ol party, will find it highly satisfactory. During the last fortnight the newspapers have scarcely done anything Dut hammer away at the general elections, which take place on the first of August. Each journal sticks up stoutly for the candidates of its party, and mauls most ferociously those of its opponents. The opposition prints tire particulaily severe on such of the ministerialists as voted the indemnity of Mr. Pritchard, the heroof the notorious Tahiti business. To enter into a detailed examination of these attacks and indications is totally impossible?it would occupy all your columns. I may state, however, that my opinion remains what it has ever been? namely, that the Conservative party will be triumphant. Reports have been current lately of a change of ministry being determined upon, whatever may be the result of the elections. For my part, I believe nothing of the kind. A newspaper says that Louis Philippe told Count Mole not to go too great a distance from Paris to pass his vacation., for it was probable that he might have need of him; unit tins is interpreted into an intention of his Majesty to get rid of M. Guizot. 1 don't believe that the King ever said it; or if he did, most certainly it was not with the intention of dismissing M. (luizot, for if the elections he in his favor, as I renp?t thpir will h*? his Maiestv will lie most hannv to keep Sim in ofnce. It is notorious that Louis Philippe has the greatest confidence in the great Minister, and trie warmest admiration of his talents. In a publication by the Minister of Commerce of documents on the trade with China, the necessity of briDiring cloth not less in width than from 1 metre 57 to 1 metre GO is insisted upon, the Chinese refusing all that are narrower. Bright colors should be employed. French cottons and calicoes, though said to bo superior, were neglected for the English. Upon the whole, the French appear not to have had any vei^ great success in China compared with that ol' the English, the Americans, or even the Dutch. The fault is described to be in exporters not seeking to adapt their products to Chinese tastes, but trying to force the Chinese to adopt European fashions?a thing they are by no means disposed to do. Tne Government ha*, at length, after much hesitation, authorised the association got up in imitation of the Anti-Corn Law League,(to combat for the absolute abolition (of all commercial restrictions. There are constantly employed in Paris 3,444 public vehicles, including 840 omnibuses. They receive on an average 62,516 francs per day, which makes 22,817,340 francs per annum. This enormous sum is equal to 6 centimes per day for each inhabitant. A report has been current that the Government intends to reduce or abolish by royal ordinance the duty on the importation of sheet iron colfhing from the United States of America. I am notable however, to vouch for the truth of the report.? rttill it is not improbable that it may be correct.? The shipping interest, which is in a woful state, demands a modification of the duty on iron as almost the sole means of saving it from absolute destruction; the ironmasters of France, on the oilier hand, protest against any modification which >hall open the door to English and Belgian products; hence it is not impossible that, ns a compromise, a resolution to admit United States iron may have l>een agreed to b.?twoen the contending inteiests; for, tnouuh United States iron would be cheaper than that of France, and therefore advantageous to the shipowners, it would yet not be suffieiently cheap to cau?e the ironmasters to dread its competition. It appears that the combined fleets of England and France, although not ytt au gand compltt, have already done good service in putting down tho abominable trade in slaves on the western coast ot Airiest; and they are confident of doing yet greater things shortly. The Hey of Tunis ha* severely punished some individuals who sent their slaves out of his dominions. and disposed of them clandestinely, on the abolition of slavery taking place. r rum inei'ijuiy, in-w, to mo uijmy, IJ540, there were 836 bankruptcies in Paris. The number of cases judged by the Tribunal of Commerce in 1845 were 50,926. The Octroi from the 1st of January U> the 1st of July yielded 18,0OO,OOOf? The population of Paris is now rather more than a million. The differences between Franco and the Government of Hayti, have been satisfactorily arranged. The latter pays an indemnity, inv tes the consul ol France by fetter to resume fiis functions, and receives him with all honors on land. It is stated that the English agents have contributed greatly to bring about this satisfactory result. The limited number of electors (about 200,000) in this country have voted. In the department of the Seine, including Paris and some towns of considerable importance, there were at the last general election, in 1842, only 18,872 electors inscribed, of whom only 15,773 voted. Elections are very quiet and orderly in this country. There is no noise, no tumult, no bands of music, no flags, no bloody nises, as we see in the United Stares end in Great Britain. At this the French prof era to be extremely pleated, and bless their stars that their elections are not like the brutal scenes of America and England. But if they had the same liberty as Americans and Britons; that it to say, if, instead of two trandred thousand. IERA 1846. they had millions of electors, their elections would I be just as violent and brutal. ' The importations from abroad, in the first half of the present year, amount to 74,ff76,OOU francs, i They show a decline of upwards of a million as compared with 184.V Reduction of tariffs is asscribed as the cause. Among the articles wluch have declined, figure cotton ttnd wool. In the course ol Monday night, the stables of the Hippodrome caught (ire, and were complete* i lv destroyed, the harness of the horses, together wnli the costume!) of the ac'ors, &c. The damage done is very considerable. It is supposed I that the tire was the work of an incendiary. Yesterday, to-day, and to-morrow, are the six-: teenth anniversaries of the "three glorious days i of July," winch resulted in the placing of the crown of France on the head of Louis Phillippe, and ol making the charter une vtrit?. Yesterday and to-day relief was distributed to the poor, and prayers were ottered in the churches for the repose of the souls of those killed in 1830. Toi morrow there will be all manner of amusements; ! pantomimes, balls, concerts, greased poles, jousts on the water, fire-works, illuminations. The Champs Elysees are to be illuminated in most brilliant style. The Bourse will be closed, and commerce generally suspended. The Intelligence from the French squadron of evolution sets forth that the crews are admirably disciplined, and execute the manoeuvres exceedingly well. But it is stated that all the heavy ves. els are wretched sa.lers. Upon the whole, the harvest this year is very good, but in some places the crops are lesa than the average, and in some parts of Bretagne they have been entirely destroyed. I am Lneved to have to inform you that another attempthas been made on the life of King Louis Philippe. Yesterday evening, at seven o'clock, his Majesty appeared as usual on the balcony of the principal window of the Palace of the Tuilei ries, to listen to the concert which was given by I the bands of the National Guard, as part of the customary rejoicings in i-ommemoration of the revolution of July. The King was accompanied by the Queen, tho Princ?s his sons, aria other members of the Royal Family. He was warmly received by the crowd assembled, and acknowledged their greeting with his usual warmth. No ' nuuuer 11i%\.i uu prniru 1111119^11, wiiu given IIIU <*>?" nal tor (he concert to commence, than a person in the crowd drew forth a pistol, and fired two shots at the King. By a providential dispensation neither touched his Majesty. Nor was any person near to him at all injured. The King himself pointed out the assassin, who was immediately arrested, and lodged in safe custody. The police had great difficuliy in saving him from the vengeance of the populace. Being questioned, the miscreant r<ally admitted his crime, stated his name to be Joseph Henri, that he is fifty years of age, and n manufacturer of objttt de fantarie, residing at Paris. Misfo> tunes, he saia, had made him weary of life, and he fired on the King to get talked about, and as u means of meeting death. He added that he proposed to commit the crime some weeks back when on duty at the Palace as a National Guard, but refrained lest he should bring dis/race on his comrades. The attempt on bis life excited no perceptible emotion in the mind of the King. He was as calm and as composed as if nothing had happened.? His Majesty, as on prevous occasions, sat out the conclusion ot the concert, and then went to witness the fireworks, lor the commencement of which he rave the usual signal. After they were concluded he returned to Neuilly, and from thence started for the Chateau d'Eu The assassin will, no doubt, be beheaded like his predecessor Lecomte. He is well dressed, of elegant manners, and at the time he was arrested had 1-10 francs in his pocket. This makes the seventh attempt at assassination from which Louis Philinnn has escaned. What a shame and disgrace it is even to the nation at large that so great, so patriotic, bo aged a man, should be thus exposed to the bullet of the murderer. The newspapers do not appear to be in very good humour with the alterations in the American tariff,as they say they afford at best only miserably small advantages to French commerce, whilst some of the changes will positively be more injurious to it than the existing tariff Italy. We have advices from Milan to July 21. At Naples some sensat.on has been created by a cardinal, in preaching a sort of funeral sermon on the late Pope, attacking violently the King of Prussia, and the present Emperor of Russia, for their proceedings relative to the Catholic church. He spoke also ot England, Spain, and Portugal, but with respect; of Austria he said not a word, and of France ho spoke, upon the whole, very favorably. It is expected that the Russian Government will complain of the attack upon the Emperor. Spain. Accounts from Madrid to July |22d, have been received. The brother of the Duke of Rianzarea has been appointed Minister to the Republic of Venezuela. There have been some slight attacks of cholera, but none dangerous. Doctors recommended the people, as a precaution, to make a less immoderate use of ice than they are accustomed to do. A conspiracy has just been discovered at Pampeluna, but it does not appear to be of much importance, notwithstanding the governmeat makes an immense splutter about it. In this happy land conspiracies are as plentiful as blackberries on English hedgus. Th? ntornal miAsfinn nf tliA D11 pan' mnrriniM is still on the tapis, and the newspapers are busy in discussing the merits of the rival candidates. Switzerland. Our Geneva dates are to the 22d of July. The Council appointed to draw up the new constitution of Berne has completed its labours, by adopting the constitution by 88 votes against 9. It is thoroughly democratic in the most democratic sense of the word. It will come into operation on the 31st inat. In the Diet, a letter was read from the Consul of Switzerland at New York, stating that, in the name of the President of the United States, he had to announce that tho war with Mexico was only defensive, and that ad soon as Mexico should desire to make peace he would accept it. Somo considerable time having been occupied in discussion, a conclusion was come to that nothing could be done this year with respect to the long demanded revision of the Federal Pacte, so as to free it from the objections that have been made to it ever since 1816. Some Cantons demandgd a total revision, some a partial revision, some revision by the Diet, some a revision by special commission. On no one point could a majority be obtained, and so the revision has been adjourned tint die. The same thing occurred last year, the year before, and years before that; and it will go on recurring until the people become impatient, and a revolution takes place. Tbere is no denying it, republican institution do not wrk well in Switzerland, and, in my opinion, th< y nevrr will. PrnMl?> Ourdatesfrom B<*rhn nr? 10 the 23d Jul jr. On the 18th, Mr. Whenton, the Amer oan minister, took his leave of thw Kii'f ; and Mr. D>hel; son, by whom he is snpeiK-drd, was received in Erivate audience by his majesty, and presented is credentials. The Ecclesiastical Synod has decided that the tak;ng cf oaths ought to be maintaint-d. Or. the 1st Octotmr next, the government will commence the publiostinu of a new journal, the object of which is to defend it against the attacks of opposition prints. Mr. Flottwell, the minister of finance, has resigned, and it is expected that Mr. Can it/, and Mr. Abden, ministers of foreign afTairs and of justice, will also resign. In fact, a completo change of cabinet is expected. Holland. Our advices from the Ha^ue are to July 2'5h. The merchants are turning their attention to colonial enterprise. They have already got up a company for the cultivation of the sug^r cane, on a grand scale. They propose also to make great efforts to obtain possession of a larger share of the v/.i.iio tmoc. J ?T- KDvrriHiii'm nan es<?uiinuv<] n 1 profrsHorship of the Chinese lan^ua^e in the Denmark. Wo have dates to tho 20th July from Copenhagen. The King has published a declaration, which declares that no difficulty whatever can arise as [ I to the succession to the Duchies of Lanenbourg and Schlesu'g; and that as to the Duchy of Holstein, difticulties that may exist will l>? removed, i The King's eldest son, though two or three times married, has no children, and at his death tho I German possessions of the Crown of Denmark j i will be separated from that country, unless *opie j means can be devised of preventing it. The Germans and Danes, though living at present I under one government, hate each other intensely, . and will b? glad of n separation. The King and Queen of Sweden have ba?n on ' a visit to the Danish Court, and have l?een receiv- i I ed wjth peat poinp and respect I / . I d D 9 MM TWO Casts* RomI*. We Lave advices from St. Petersburg to July 14. The marriage of the ICmperor's daughter, the Princess Olga, with the Prinoe Royal of Wurtemburg, has been celebrated with very great pomp. Orders have been sent to Kenva to sign the treaty of commorce between this country and Austria. From Algiers the news is of the usual character, thai is to say the French have chastised revolted or disaffected tribes, seized their flocks, and com* manded them to make heavy payments in money. The tribes of the Ouled-sidi-Yahia-Ben Kaleb, those of the mountains to the north of Setif, of Ouled-Aissa, of Amoucha, have been thus treated. The last accounts represent the country as tranquil. There were no tidings of Abd-el-Kader. Fashions for August* [From the London and I'aru Ladies Magazine of Fashion.] Taffetas glac is the most fashionable material at this season, and checks of every dimension, at alio stripes, either wide or narrow, are both in favor. Barege is also much worn, of dnrk colors with whito designs, with under skirt of gros de Naples to match the color, and the barege skirt nearly covered with flounces, either thrse deep ones of five placed their own width apart, or one very deep and two narrow above; taffotas de fll, foulards and taffetas Chine are all favorite materials. Evening dresses of white taffetas d'ltalie ara made with flounces of ci?po. edged by a narrow open gimp. Very pretty redingotes, suitable for tho warm w#ather, are of white muslin, over lilac, pink, pnilln or green, trimmed with tho new tullo called tulle Pay an; the corsages full, and ceinture of sarcenet ribbon of the color of the lining. Lace and crape dresses have three very deep flounces of black lace of graduated wldtns, with berths and revers of lacs. Morning drsssss of coutil ds soie or de fil. are with high bodies, full st the shoul ders and waist, plain skirts, sad Amadia sleevss; the scarfis often of the same mstsrial. Many dresses s<e of nankin or coutil Anglais, of the redingote form, the corsage descending very low, and hollowed out at ths hips, on which are several rows of colored vslvst continnn/l rnitnii lli si hur>lr ftf lh* fllrirf DrfUlAI rOtltinnH tO be richly trimmed with gimp*. Marquiie button*, fringci of every de*<-ription, devant* de robe* of point pagne, fancy uaud*. lie. Scarf* of either *ilk or cachemire are equally fashionable with vitite*, mantelets, and hawlo; the latter are nioatly white, aim oft covered with embroidery in silk in large flower*; 'be viaite* increaaein width in opjtoai'ion to the mantelata. the pelerinei of which art* very unall. though the width of the fri 1 utakxo up for it Little *tircot*. a kind of vi?ite.are made of pink taffeta*, having merely opening* fur the arm*, aim no (lrnve*, trimmed with a |>li?*? of ribbon. Bonnet* of tulle bouillonne, with crotaei, paille <te riz, la<*e, leghorn* and fancy ktrawi, are thoae mo>t in favor at thl* moment for travelling and country wear | draw* are trimmed with dark green, dark blue, or ruby velvet, and bouquet* of fleld flower*. Foreign Theatrical*. The following named actor* and actreaiea were performing in London at the Ia*t date*:? At the Theatre Royal, Drury-lane?M. Ceuderc, M. Bottle, M. Zelger, Madame Laborde, Madame Gulchard At the Theatre Royal, Haymarket?Mr. B. Webeter, Mr W Farren, Mr. Stunrt, Mr C. Parkin*, Mr. Howe, Mr H. Hall, Ml** Helen Faucit. Mr* Edwin Yarnold. At Theatre Royal Lyceum? Meaari Diddear, Meadow*, F. Mathews, A Wi'gan, H. Butler, Kinlocb, Turner, and Keeie> ; Min fc. L>aly, Mui foraier, Jim i unw, and Min Fairhrother. At Princen'i Theatre?Mr. J. M Maddox, Mr. Char la* Mathewi; Madame Veitria. At the Thea<re Royal, Adelphi?Mr. Selby. Mr. 0Smith, Mr. Wright, Madame Celeite, Mn Fitzwillian. At Jamei'i Theatre? M. Cartigny, Mdlle J! ace I At the Theatre Royal, Sadler'a- Wella?Mr. Phalpi, Mr? O.Bennett, Mr. H. Maraton, Mr. CreawioK, Mr. Phelpa Mr*. Brougham, Mra H. Maraton At the itoyal Surrey Theatre?Mr. Obaldiiton, Menra E. F. Naville, Hughei, Juhnaton, Neville and Forman ; Mr*. Vining, Mri. Daly, Mra. llughei, and Mia* Lydia Pearce, Min Vincent. At the Queen'i Theatre?Mr. Abington, Mr?. R. Gordon. Mr. R. Uonlon, Mr*. Selby. Mr. Henry Ruuell, American Vocaliit, repeatahii concert! at the City of London Theatre the ensuing weak. M.Beriot canted a monument to be railed in the church of t.ackento the memory of hii first wife, the lamented Malibran. Thii monument comiiled oi a itaiue in whit* marble, repreieuting the celebrated canfatrice ai Norma, and waa placed in a chapel of blue none, cloied by a bronze openwork gate, through which the itatna could be icen The number of viiitera attracted by thia monument, however, duplexed the cure of Lackan, who cuuied a lin plate to be nailed over the door, pierced with a few holei, through which detached parta only the itatue were viaibie. He itatei, ai a pretext for thia act of vandaliim, thai lome peaianta bad knelt before the itatue of an "actreaa," and adoiod it aa a taint. The London Timet statei that Mr. Webiter waa to have a benefit, at whiah the Miaiei Cuihman and the Ethiopian SereuaJeri would perform. It further itatea that no mnna^er hai doue moru to keep the pure legitimate drama anoat than Mr. Webiter, and we believe be haa succeeded It ii worth mentioning, that the night will be the &64th of the acaion. Truly Mr. Webiter'i leaaon promiaei to rival the Platonic year. Market** Loxdo* Mout Markkt, August 3.?The change* in monetary business have been few, and the defired general movement of capital appear* to be still delayed by political circumttancci, and by the uncertainty which now prevail* on the general remit of the harvest at home and abroad. The alarm which prevailed at the time of the harveit of the late year i* not eipreieed in the aame degree on the preient occaaion, even with almoit the certainty that Ireland will require a long continued aaaiitance for the whole of another twelve month*; and were the grain fully tecured, the impreuion on butinei* would cot be lufflcient, it it thought, to prevent the revival of proaperitr, notwithstanding the lot* of even a considerable portion of the other and inferior produce of the ground. The weather, which haa hitherto been extremely fine, changed for the worae, when a thunder and hail utorm of uncommon *everity prevailed almost all over the kingdom, and ha*, we fear, done great damage. The harveit haa yet been ao partially ecured, and the itake i* ?o unuiually greet In the preient *eaa?n, that a further ihort period mint elapae before capitalist* can be expected to place full confidence in the prospect* of monetary and mercantile affair*. In the political world affair* have alio improved, the stability of the administration being conaiaered to be more assured, and the opposition to the proposed change in the sugar duties lesa combined and threatening to the r>AMier si f tit* Miniate. ?. r.,1 tk. U to be carried, and at an earlier time than tu previously supposed. It ia now perceived tbat the pre?ent government iitobe supported, and it only nominally not the adminiatration of Sir Robert Feel. The fundi have been more buoyant since the division on the sugar dutie* bill, Console being higher, and the business more extemive th;?n for tome time pait The premium on Exchequer Bills hat not correspondingly advanced, but India Bond* are rather higher, and Bank stock ia in good demand, at the late considerable advance. The improved appearance of all political affair* give* gradually more confidence to (peculator* in the English market, and the probability increase* that the quotation* will be higher at the prog rest of Parliamentary bu'lnea* 1* favorable. Bank Stock left off Arm at 008H' to 9i9% ; Three per. Cent*. Reduced, at 96 to M}? ; Consols, for money, at to ; for the Account. IMSK to 90^ ; Three-and a> Quarter per Cent*, at 9* to 08X ; India Bond*. Ms prm.; South Sea Stock, at 106Ji to lu7jf , and Exchequer Bill* at 8* to I3t. prm The Foreign market ha* been better, bnt without any extemive traniaction* in any of the European securitlee, the principal change being another considerable advano? in the value of Bratilian Bond*, the demand fbr which improve* in consequence of the great expected benaflt which the change in the sugar duties will effect in tha commerce, and in the long much embarraieed finance* of Brazil The account* from Mexico continue to b? of the moit ditattrout description, and there i* a consequent extreme dullnet* in the butinet* of thece Bonda, which aed for tale Russian Bond* maintain the advanced quotation*; ami there ia tome business in the French Rente*; but H|>ani?h and Portuguese Bond* have bean unuaually heavy, and trie change* in an; of th? Stock* only alight throughout the prceut day. The doting quotation* were ? Brazilian At* per cent*. were done at 89X for money, and An tke account; ditto new of IM43, at (teKl Oranade, at 91*4 : the deferred at*: Mexican, at 'JO; Portuguese four |>er cent* for the account, at 4AK ; Hpanish flee per centa. at ; and for the account, at 'J?H : Passives, at <IK ; Dutch two-and-a-half per centa, at and the four per cent*, certificate*, at 94%. In tha there market a considerable increase of bnaina?* ha* taken place, with a general rise in the price* of the old established railway*, and in come of the *crip share* and foreign line*. Oreat number* of bill* of inferior importance, have received the royal ?sent within \he la*t few day*, and a* more than jCSOO.OOO have been paid buck by the AccountanKJenaral of the Court of Chancery in the iam? time, capital now i* ia no great an abundance in ihe *h?re market, that with a continuation of the improved pro*pecta of politic* and commerce, there i* every expectation of a bu*y aierkat and advanced price* in the cour*e of the en*uing month. The market of the present day ba* been af a further general improvement, hut the transactions were checked by the high price demanded lor the be*t of the railway*. Livvrpool Carrot Maikkt.?Report from July 24 to July W.-A steady trade demand upon a market favorably viewed by holder*, and on a gradually decreasing .i^w wl ih? PiTe.-t of sivintf a sliirhtly advancing tendency to price*. Tue chanjre. however. is scarcely quotable. And i? more perceived in the restricted quantity offered lor sale than from any actually raised seal* of prices, especially so in American descriptions of *11 qualities. not less the gnod than the middling. A batter state of trade in Manchester, as regards both yarn and goods, seems essential to any material improvement with ua hare, fte'es of to-day 600o to 7000 bales, nearly all to the trade 4200 American hare been taken on speculation, and 3310 American, #20 Pernams, and lOO Rahia for as port. The total number of aalea amount to M.M0 bales. August 3d? Owing to the visit of Prince Albert, and tne feminities consequent thereon, the Cotton market lias been closed from the 'J9th ultimo till today. Tho market opened after these holidays with sn animated demand The sales are estimated at Id.000 bales, mostly ail to the trade, very little being bought either for eaport or speoulstion : no change has been reported in prices, but those last quoted are maintained with extreme firmness. London Commksciai. Masssts, Saturday, Aug. 1There has not been much activity In the produce Mr ket this week, slthough prices are moderate in nearly all instancesj but the auger question being imMmiii