Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 21, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 21, 1846 Page 1
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T II Tot. XIX, No. H4.-i.WlMl* Mo. 4404. ADDRESS or tiiz HON. WM.,11. IIAYWOOD, JR. To the People of Worth Carolina. _ have never apj>earcd before the public, by myself or otherwise, to write ilowu au accusation against me, but have hitherto chosen to bear uujuit rebuke in ?ilence, h in I rely upon time and rav mamiei of life to consign to nhlivinn u'liiaiM?rinoranf ihn onuirtiu on.l nulnmni*. of the malignant. I do not affect to concoal that , departure from this rule gives ran much pain; anil I am persuaded that if many of mv friends did not think that it iia duty 1 owe to the people not to remain silent under the recent censure ofphrenzied partisans I should leave it, ui far as concern* me. to my known character and the elf-denying act which has provoked it, to vindicate the patriotism and purity ol my motives; reposing confidently upon the discernment an I judgment of au intelligent public, in view of tho simple facts as thev occurod; and not doubting that, so ?oou as the occasion had p used by. and there was no longer a necessity for overawing others who it might have been supposed were more timid in their purpose, and no chance to doccire the people at the North Caroli n elections by unscrupulous libels against me, my assailants would cease from their " dirty work," and bad men. who measure tho motives of the virtuous by a standard of morals which vice has erected ? in their own bosoms, would go hunting after some fresh victim to gratify their ignoble malice. Hut I come before you at this time to tpoak of myself, not of others, nnd to defend my own faithfulness, not to expose their designs; and 1 think invKelf happy that I have the honest people of N'irth Carolina to judge my cause. It is true that on tho 46th of July, a few moments before the vote was expected to have been taken on the new tnriff bill of 1846. (improperly called "McKay's bill,") I resigned my seat as a Senator in Congress into the bunds of North Carolina, to whom it belonged, believing miu 11 was my duty to tlo it, sooner than cast my rots against my conscience for a law that I could not approve. Conferences with each other, anil with the chairman of tho Committee of Ways und Means of the House of Representatives. (Mr. McKay,) were frequently hold a> to the best mo.I? of altering anil reforming tho tariff of 18-12 ? The more eminenL men of tho Democratic party in the Semite, ami leuding statesmen from liitfereut sections of the Union in Congress, took part in the deliberations and investigation* which preceded and aocompanicd the formation of what was then culled and known as " McKay's hill and report," vit : in March, 1844. ? ? Unfortunately, it did not pass the House of Representatives; I will not stop to state the cause. Cut, notwithstanding its temporary defeat in that body, the Democratic pirty at onco put themselves before the people of (ho I'nion upon that luil, as a common 'platform, and it was promulgated as their proposed scheme of reforming the tariff act of 1842. " McKay's report" of 1844 was published and sent lorth as the true and authentic interpretation of their views in regard to the change we wero tiftvrwardn to insist upon, ho I understood it at the time, and ever sinco, and so have I constantly declared. The bill was named af'er its author and advocate, (Mr. McKay,) a Ftutesman of North Carolina?a southern man?a Democrat. My own opinious in its favor were freely expressed in all my intercourse wi'h you, and they are not unknown in any quarter. The"Democratic press in North Carolina, without exception, applauded it The Democratic party zealously approved of it throughout our limits. If there was a single one of them who did not, I am yet to learn the fact. Hundreds, if not thousands, of the other party in our State gavo their approving voice in its favor. Our elections in 1844 and 1844, all of them, were conducted u|vom that basis, so far as the tariff question entered into them at all * * * * * Bear in mind that tho "McKay bill" of 18-14 and the McKay bill of 18J0 agree in nothing but the name, a* 1 will show you herenlter. An 1 what, let me ask, was the result ofall thisf In the North, as well as in the South and West, the elections to the present Congress ended favorably to tho Democratic party. A Democratic majority of more than sixty were roturnod to the llouso of Representatives. The same party held a majority in the Senate And a Democratic President, nominated altar the " McKay bill" of 1844 had i..v> |?oiv?, -aicittiru tho votes of States in the North as well as the South ; a Southern and a Western President, w bom we could not hive elected without tho votes of Northern States. Of course I cannot undertake to affirm, as a fact, that ttie Northern States which voted for the Democratic party were induced to do it, by McKay's bill and report of 1914. But this 1 know, and will say, that it was put forth as a politicul peacc-offering <pon the tarilf, and that the Northern people at once tallied to the support of the party in numbers largely beyond those which had hero tofore supported it; and that it was expected by u* when tb.it offering wa; made that ii would conciliate the Northern Democrats; and I have uo doubt that it enlisted the support of thousands who would not have sustained the party without it. Now, then. I put it to the con science of the pcoplo of North Carolina, who I know love all their country?North, South, J- ast, and West? whether, under such circumstances, 1 was bound to violate my sense of duty, and contrary alike to thia party pledge and to my own fober judgment us a Senator, to assent to an act which violated, out aud out, the "McKay bill" of 1*44, when there was no public emergency to rcquiro it. an I uo national exigency to excuse it, and that when I di 1 most confidently believe thai the new tariff act of tho .present Congress, was in itself, unwiso and full of mischief to tho Republic ? But what I have said tipon the history and purpoao of tho " McKay bill" of 1844 did not form all ol my objection to the new tariff of 1846, improperly named " McKay's hill- ">n.l ulnnl, I - ? ii r.- . v, ? -.l-~ ?f more properly f all the " Experimental Tariff.'' My opinion! shall he laid before you without disguise, and >ou hall sec whether, taken in connexion with an unnecessary and iinpioper abandonment of the rcnl MoKay bill of 1844, they do not show. that in iny hostility to the experimental tariff, 1 was lailhfal to you aud my country and true to my self anJ party. These, then, were my opinion?, ns they are now : First. Our country is involvod in an expensive war, nnd the w isest among you cannot foresee iu close The sum ulreadv a|>propruiied by Congress for the Uovorn ment ex|>endlturcs of the fiscal > our, excecds fifty millions of doliais. Will tho experimental tariff raue re venue sufficient to "pay as we go P Certainly not. Congress knew that, and therefore authorised a loan of ten millions, at the very time wo w ere passing this tarill'; and the first act of the next session will probably be one for ten millions more ! Will it produce revenue enough to |>ay one half of the appropriations? 1 nm quite sure it will not. "Wherefore, if this experiment works as well as its warmost friends have predicted, the Government will fall in debt twenty-five millions this (fiscal) j ear. So long as the wnr lasts, and for such ? period of time after It as the war expenses continue, it will be tho same thing. But if the experiment works as illy as its more violent opponents have said of it, why then it will hardly go at all. I think tho truth lies between them It will work, but it will work bitdly, and work you deeply in debt; and f it is adhered to " without alteialion," the public debt will l>e increased not much short oi thirty millions the first car, and 1 ran see no way to prevent its yearly increase, except by a resort to direct taxes. Second. The tariff of 181J ought to havo been modified, but not by an act which reduced the duties as early as the 1st December. ? ? j ue munuiacturers at the NoitH are not all "Abbott Lawrences,'' whose fortune has been the theme ol o many taiifl speeches. Tho compromise tuiiil act under lien. Jackson, in 1833, roduced the duties gradually anil priiodicallv lor nine year*. It gave li ne ) cars' notice. Tnis Experimental Turin' will reduce "j^l the dulit* upon only lour months' notice. Third. The Independent Treasury, of itself a great change ; the Warehousing act another ; and tho Experimental Tarift, tho greatest of them all, will, when token together, woik an entire revolution of our tmmicial T*teui. One at a time they might have hern introduced more salely, some of them wisely. But, by helng so nearly mined, as they w ill Lo, in the time of ti.air commence' incnt, it is calculated to excite apprehension and alarm 'l'o put them into simultaneous operation was, indeed, a political movement 01 party too violent and too potent for good. They will ufl'ect all ilie business ol tho people most injuriously , and, w ith a Government expenditure of fifty innl:tun,ami a revenue under twenty millions,the Government itself may be crushed under their combined operation. ....... l ourtli Jn none of the tariU'acU of the United States in lormer years, was the industiy ol out own country burdened by discriminations made against home manufacture*. 'i'heir policy was lo build up and nit to destroy, to pioterl and not lu oppress. Not so the experimental tariff. And i? it not a mi?Uke to suppose that ihe republican pccplu of North < arolina were at any time hostile to those acts merely because they were " protective T" And, coming down lo moie locent events, let me say that McKay's bill of 1844 wrn a Tar ilf of incidental nrotec hum, ?. nu-n ) ou and I, and aM the Democrats in Congress from NortU Carolina upplovoil au.i sustained, a ud the people ut our parly in Nonh Carolina nowhere opposed la?t year, and the press of the party defended np to the inauguration and aiterwnrdi, and even down to the day of the report lrom the presunt Secretary ot the Treasury. Careful study, longer expeiience, aiul closer examination, hare confirmed mo in the laith pi those timea, loitified ai it was by tlie authoiity ol the administrations of Washington, and Jeflersun, and Maduon, and Monroe, and Jack on, all Sou thorn republicans and Southern Presidents. I* consistency treason T It may l.e a misfortuue to me that 1 was unahle to change with the timea, but it would he a ciime to deny my laitto. 'i'o avoid misrepresentation I give you the word* of those wiso, and eminent, and patriotic men. Hear Washington,Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, and Jackson. [Hera follows extiacts from their messages,] The experimental tarifl discriminated, but it did ?o against our domestic labor, an<l in that way and to that extent it made war upon the vital interests of the North. And pray, what inducements weio otieied to North Carolina by th's experiment, that her Senators should help to rariy on the unnalurnl conflict I What hut the naked desire of an appaient jiarty unity wheie there was really no paity concord I Kor North Carolina hud no local or ^tato interest, which will be seivod or elevated hy it. j None, whatever. 'l be limits of Ihis address will not allow of illustrations hy a ted.ous detail of ennmerated articles : 1 reierve that i lor a more suitable occasion, only remarking for ihe pre- 1 sent that il any should l>e disingenuous enough to deny this characteristic of the new tariff, no one who regard* i his reptitetien will venture to contiadict the lact that the espeumental tarllf does not discriminate in favor of American manulacluies , and net to disci?nmate in tkair favor moderately and reasonably, by a " live and l?t live" \ I E iNH ti law of lore amongst brethren of a common country, it the tame thing in principle, though not in degree as to discriminate against them. * Fifth. The last objection I shall trouble you with U te the new principle that all11 duties are to be laid ad valorem " It it not the leait remarkable rimim-tance con* nccted with the passage of the act that this new ad ralorem article in the democratic creed was supported by the sanction of no distinguished name but Hemy Clay's; and Mr. Clay'* friends say that even he has been misrepresented, to lurnish the authority. ? Another not unim|>ortant circumstance is, that the people ot my State have been commanded to dishonor me, as one^nut true to the doctrine of a ptrty tariff of "ad valorem duties," and therelore treacherous to them, when 1 pat it to your conscience that there arc thousands and teus of thousands of good North Carolina Democrats, who r.,( i___.__-.i-_.-j '?i- ?-li.i?i - i 1 ? ?* itvui uat jii|| auv|hou n hi ? did never so much a* hear of it until lo^K sine* my election to the Senate It wu< a maxim of the revolution, that "representation and taxation should go together " Now this is a great principle ot liberty never to be df-spited ; and the alw o*ation ol it cannot be necessary to the interest of the republic. Uut it means nothing, unlet* it creates the duty ol laying taxes by the law, and not by the of.lcers who collect it; so that tKo citizen who reads the law may, as fur as practicable, see in it what it taxes him : officers, too, whum the people have no agency in appointing, and cannot remove officers who, in assessing values, exercise their own discretion, and whose individual ju.lgmcnt, in this country, as to the market value of property in all foreign lauds, cannot be successfully impflhehrd, because the witnesses to do it live abroad, and cannot be got here; and if they could, it would still be almost impossible to convict the officer of intentional falsehood. It must be proved that he-was wrong, and knew it too. Is not 'his new doctrine, then, more than a slight departure from this maxim of tho republic ? ?hall it be approved, upon tue notion that this great principle of a representative democracy has become impracticablo ! Shall we sanction the pretence, that the people's lepresontatives will cheat them in adoptiug the specific duties, and assume at the same time that custom house officers will be more scrupulous and more just to you, in fixing the values under a system of ad valorem dutios I 1 como now to show that what the experimental tariff makes the rule of taxation, the fathers of the republic in. uia i;avii|>uuu. hum moy ueaiareu was a iriiittiil mother or frauda, it baa adopted aa the only parent of ouj revenue*! In 17B5, when Washington waa Praaident. Alexander Hamilton, hia Secretary oI the Treasury, in a report to the Houae of Keproaentsmvea, used the following worJs, viz. "According to the present laws, imposing dutiea on articles imported into t!:e United States, not much short of one thiid of tho whole amount of the dutica ia derived from article* rated ad valorem "In other nations, whero thia branch of revenue, as with ua, is of principal, ar very considerable consequence, and whero no peculiarity of situation has tended to keep tho ralea of duty low, experience lias led to contract more and more toe number of articles rated a<! valorem, and of course to extend the number of those rated specifically : that is, according to weight, measure, or other rules of quantity. "The reason of thia ia obvious : it ia to guar 1 against evasions, which infallibly haupen in a <r <ater or lets de gree when duties are high It ia impossible for the merchants of any country to have manuosted more probity than those of the United States on this subject ; and it is firmly believed that there never waa one in which illicit purchases to the disadvantage of the revenue hive obtained so little as hitherto in this. Vet would it be a de4uiive expectation, that, with duties so considerable as those which now exist, a disposition will not be experienced in some individuals, who carry on ourimpoit trade, to evade the payment of them, and this to an extent sufficient to make it prudent to guard with circumspection, and by every reasonable precaution, against the success of such attempta It ia needless to repeat, that this will contribute as much to the interostof the fair trader as to that of the revenue. " it is believed that in onr system the method of rating ad valorem could with convenience be brought within a Iiubu usri vwcr uuiiijmis, nuu u eviueni mai 10 ao SO will contribute materially to the security of the revenae n? (See American Siato Pa porn, Finance*, vol 1, page 348 ) In 1801, under Jefferson's administration. Al'iert Owllatin, Secretary of the Treasury, in a report to the Senate, said iha s? " In order to guard, ni far ai possible, against the value of goods being underrated in the invoice*, it would be eligible to 1<>> specific dutiea oil all such articles now paying duties ad valorem, as may bo aiuceptible of that alteiation."? (See American State Tapers, Finance, vol 1 page 7W) In 1316, under Madison's administration, A. J. Pallas, the Secretary of the Treasury, in a report to the Hoiim of Representatives, and in answer to a resolution ol the preceding Maiden, after a thorough examination, aaid : ? " That artjcles imported to a great amount should rather be charged with specific duties upon their weight and measure, in order to guard against evasions and frauds, than with ad valorem dutiea on their value "? (See American State Paper*, Kiuanco, vol. 8, page 01) In 1818, under Monroe'a administration, William H Crawford, the Secretary of the Treasury, in answer to a resolution of 1817, directing him to report such measures at might be neceasary for the more effectual execution of the revenue laws, said :? " In order to provide an adequate remedy against the frauds and evasions which already exist, and to prevent their further increase, it is respectfully submitted, tie " And then, after recommending twenty-four additional laws, he adds . " Whatever may be the reliance that ought to be placed in the efficacy of the foregoing provisions, it ia certainly prudent to diminish, as far as practicable, the list of articles paying ad valorem duties."?(See American State Papers, vol 3, j?9ge 'J36) These opinions, of the great and eminent men of our country, were never controverted, so far as we know, until the present time ; and upon what principle of patriotism or of democracy was! expected to refuse to them the homage of my confidence and support 1 What should ...... umiaviu uiu iii iuicju iub cuii' IU?10U1 oi my own judgment, fortified by such authority and confirmed by th? experience of the government for half a century I In all my conference* with Senatori, no better renaon wax given to me for it than that tho bill would destroy the tariff of 1841 ; but toe remedy waa an bad, if not worie, than the disease, and the operation seemed to me almoat aa*unwise ? to " cut off the head for a cure of the toothacho." I now proceed to lay before you an unadorned narrative of rov party conference* in connexion with thi* subject, and leave it for you to characterise aa it deserves, the injustice that ha* been done to me by all thoae who have brought into question my faithfulness to the democratic party. When the tariff bill firat reached the Senate, 1 was in Raleig h, and then eommunicatod to an intimate political friend bow diifkcialt 1 should find it to aupport it without important amendment*, expressing to him my exceeding anxiety and fear* upon the subject, immediately after my return to thi* city, the first day of the debate in the Senate, I told several of the senators (democrats) with whom I ? ai most intimate, the same thing, and upon a conference, suggested to two of them that 1 might have to resort to a lesignation : but they did not agree with me. and I consented to think further of that It had been voted by the party to have no refrrence, and agreed to have no amendment to the bill. Next day, I hell a long anil confidential conversa'ion with the President of the United States himself upon this subject, and informed him of my determination not to vote for the bill; but left it to his discretion whether to keep that purpose secret or nftl in lht?* n^W ? ... ?? .i..vif?v?,?uvH n <*? *./ VUAIVIJT IU IC" concile my duty with the wishes or others, that 1 consented to wulve my opposition, and Tote for th? bill, however reluctantly, piovided it were amended so that the new tariff would not go into operation belore the 4th March. 1817 The hill would then hare operated aa a repeal of the tariff act of 184-2, and so far 1 wa* willing to support It * * * By that time, too, I hoped we might have peace with Mexico, and, indeed, I entertained no doubt that Congress would tee the necearity for modifying the act at the next teuton. I knew well that the Senate were about pasting the bill, conttary to the judgment of a majority, under the dureta ot a party drill; jet, unwise as that was, my feelings were averse to going ajainst the course of my paity in that body. Ihtse reasons I assigned to the President, whose n?me is not used without his express licence. Upon my return to the Senate chamber, aa I had promised to do, I told several senators, who were regarded a4 leader* upon this question, that I could not vote for the bill, unless it should be amended as above ; but, if H were so amended, I would give it my vote. An l 1 agaia piomised to keep my objections and purposes a secret from the other side, until my own party had been consulted, and until I should be obliged to act. The recret was kept sacredly upon my part, and no whig senator knew of my opposition to the bill. With that view it was, that down to the day before I resigned, I had no conference with persona in Washington, and out of the Senate, upon this subject, except me President of the United staccs himself, and one ot his cabinet; unless it may be, that in generil terms, I fainted to one of m? col leagues in the llonse that I w as embsrrs?i<ed ; biit bo kitkeii no interview, and I sought none. On the day before I resigned, I want into Uia country with a privoto gentleman ami personal friend, (a distinguished democrat,) to consult with lum upon the single point of my resigning, or of making lesutance to the bill. 1 ha I frequent ronvcrsations with senators and daring Wednesday and Thursday, before the vote was taken in the benate, I held thrto confidential conferences with the President, by hit request, to whom my determination to vote against the bill was always known ? ? , * lie saw that my mind was made up, and he resjiccted my scruples, though he was not indifferent to their supposed political consequences to me, or to his administration. I bad been positively informed before my last interview with the President, that the democratic senators could not unite, or would not agree, upon the amendment which 1 had- suggested; and the reason assigned to me waa, that it would jeopard the bill in the other House to alter it and that the Houae would reject it, if it went back. I repled to this, that it was a mistaken calculation; and if not.than the bill enght not to pass with the people's representatives against it ! The sequel proved that I was rightrfor it bad to be returned to them, in consequence ol another amendment, and yet it passed, as it had dono before. The democratic sen*tori must have regarded any effort of mime to amend the bill, contrary to their wishes, and afWr all that had passed, as a sinister attack upon their bill, and perhapa they would have been jnsti- | ued in that; and thorefbre I finally resolved not to more an amendment Myself. As honor and good faith to the i'5[;y.,3lqll,r#d.of m8 not to attempt amending the bill "Mint their will, I determined to let my opposition be, in ? ' <Jir*?t ?nd above suspicion Ho I was exwedtatly net te do anv thine which might < *~*i JL CT"*' m *"*??? m ooaJiential p?rty relations with democaatic aenatora, and therefore ?I'i" VV YU JEW YORK. FRIDAY MC | reiolved not to be put in array againct them at all, until I waa forced to the wall, when, (as 1 told them) I would be " compelled to follow the dictate! of my conscience, party or no party, and leave the consenuenaea with Uod." ???? Democratic senators, numbering twenty-feven, had ngreedto vote for the experimental tariff bill; and to had Mr.j Jarnagin, a whig senator from Tenoe*?e?. 1 knew that Mr Jarnoffin expected to vote for it, for ha not only hail told me himself, but I ha 1 alio reliable Information of the fact that he had given assurance* of hi* (Wed determination to do so, which it wa? hardly poxible v. ...... ?. 111) iiimi iu viuuie : Him i una Knowledge more than a work before I resigned, that, in case of a tie, the Vice President meant to vote in (avor of it. The result has proved that I was not mistaken in my facta. From J these frets, it may been scan that, with my voto or with1 out it, the bill was dostiiud to pass the Senate If I had ! kept my soat.and voto I forthn bill, it would havo passed ! by a voto ot twonty nine ! If 1 had kept my seat and voted against it. the bill would have pasted by the cast| iug voto of t!' Vice President Dut why resign. aa my vote against the bill would not havo counted in the result ? It was not to bo expected 'that 1 should vote against my party friends, without dofending my vote. A speech in the Senate at that time would have created grunt excitement, and no doubt the same parsons who now complain of my resigning would have denounced me f ir holding on to my ottlce, merely for the ?afce of Making war uj>on my party. My friends in the Senate, who had resolved not to speak, might have ha i reason toaccu?e me of seitishuess; and probably some of my lessons uttered iu the warmth of a public speech, might have appeared as much like arraigning others as doiending mysolf. In short, 1 deprecated the possibility of an oj>en rupturo with those I loved, but with whom I dated not act, and was ever ready to sacrifioe much more than a place in the Senate to avoid it, utiless my duty to the country had demanded that risk at my hauds? " Country before party, but party before self," lias always bocn my principle of action. I'f my self-sacriike did not secure the peace it was intended to propitiate out of the Senate, 1 am abuudantly rewarded by its effects on the Senato. My firm intention was quietly to resign, and not t7 attack a measure of the administration after it had I been passed by my party friends, even lor my own vindi! cation And that determination would have been kept, if { the folly or the wickedness of others had not forced this I AViilun stinn from ma ? ? 1 But 1 kepi iny intentions secret! You have seen, that, j I to the extent that this was true, it was an act of party i obe lieuce on my part, which a partisan ha* no right to ] condemn; ami all can sro, who will see, that it wan ueither more nor less than an unselfish act of duty upon the ; facts alre.idy stated. If any one had boeu iuclinod to question the policy of the concealment beforehand, the i result proved his mistake, since it did no harm to the party or tho bill; and it it had turned out otherwise, ; the fault would not have been mine. It was a secret of the party at my hazard, and instead of being blamed for it, I might reasonably put in a claim for crodit. Having once consented not to disclose my hostility to the bill, it becamo a point of personal honor with me; and a prudent man, who has that to keep, cannot be too cautious in selecting the |Kiliticians who are to assist him. Out i resigned without a right to do so, and without the leave of my State;! Ii that true.' Let us see. Suppose every voter in the democratic party had commanded me to vote for the bill, and yet my own judgment had pre vailed, as it did, against the joint influence of my feelings, my individual triendships, and my personal ambition; is there a man who will deny that 1 still had a perfect right to rcsigu my station and savo my conscience? Did any ono ever before suppose that party bad the right to claim dominion over the man who aeived them, as well a* the office they had bestowed?over the soul as well as the station of their airniit? tinooi But iu my case there is no room for now theories. The legislature that elected me passed resolutions, declarato- | ry of their doctrine They were passed by the party that elected me. Whilst the " voice of Ood in the soul of man" demanded my opposition to the oxpeiiniental tariff', a democratic State legislature, at the utmost, only demanded of me to do otherwise "or resign;" and lor obey- , ing both Ood aud man, as 1 have, are you culled upon to deuouuee me as treachafous. No man, with a due sense of honor and accountability could put himself in a position where obedience to the maodates of others was both imperative and unavoidable; and nobody would be fit to serve the republic who could. L'pon any auch terms, it would be infamous to servo any party. But the North Carolina resolutions, of themselves, constitute at once my defence, and a refutation of the absurd notion that senators who cannotobey have no right tj rosign without being criminal. * * Are you instruction! <ts 7 Behold hero is a complete exculpation of my conduct. The legislature says that to " resign" is not only the right but the duty of a senator wtio does not prefer to obey their instructions. It i* not to obey without any other al ernative, but it is to obey or resign?either one or the othor?according ta his own choice. So he doaaone or the other he is farhl'ul. * * Are you non-instructionists I The<i remember, that I had it not in my power to sacrifice myself to the country, for my vote could not have prevented, no more than it could have secured, the paa.age of the tariff act. With or without my vote, the deed would have been done.? Remember, too, that these resolutions were passed by my own party, and the legislature who elected me, and my acceptance of the olHce, in the view of some honorable friends, might have been held to create an implied pledge that 1 would resign provided I did not obey their instructions, and therefore, that, independent of any political duty to obey or resign, 1 had come under a personal obligation to do the same thing. Hence, by holding on to my reat and resisting, there might have been some room for censure, but I desired to have no such controversy; and as my resistance would have done no good to the republic, surely all will agree that it was my righ^to resign. It mutt be confessed that these resolution* did not positively instruct the senators from North Carolina to vote for tne experimental taritt' by that name, nor by any other precise description of it. It 1* more than probable the legislature had not anticipated the invention of such a taritt ; and I sun sure 1 had not But they did instruct the senators to "carry into effect the principles declared I in tho foregoing resolution and a plausible argument, I if not a sound one, migHT be made in favor of the construction, that their principles, or at least some of them, would be cariied into effect by the experimental tariff; and | therefore, if I had remained in the Senate to vole against the tarifTbill, it might have been alleged, and it woul<l have been charged, that 1 had disobe) ed the instruction* of the North Carolina legislature merely for the sake of my office. And what could 1 have answered I Had 1 tol l you that the resolutioni were obicure, and that therefore 1 hud not been able to obey, my excuse would have been a false one, for I have alieady ihown you that I dared not vote for the thing, had the instructions been sent in the ery word* of the act. when the alternative of resigning, was conceded to l>? my" right and my duty. Had I told you that a higher duty imposed upon me the obligation of defeating this new, unwise, and sectional tariff of 1840, in order to save the republic and the people from those injurious results which, according to my judgment, were almost unavoidable, and that therefore 1 had remained at my post in defiance of instructions, it wooM have been untrue in my case, for, aa I hare already stated, I knew th? bill would pass with or without my vote. 1 was incapable of resorting to any such ialse pretexts for my dofence. Asa Christian and a gentlemaa, it was my duty to assume, aa the party press at home would seem to have admitted already, that tbu " principles" of these resolu tions were to be " carried out" by the experimental tariff; and not being ablo to obey, it was therefore my right to reilgn. If there had been any doubt about the other *' principles set forth in the foregoing resolutions," there was none unon the nrinciide oi the senator's " dutv in resign and hi* " tight" to do that was unquestioned and anquostinnatila. In ao tar as the legislature intended to declare hostility to tlM tariff act of Irt-W, I concurred with them; arid 1 again repeat that my embarrassments grew altogether out of thta : that tho act by which it wai proposed to get rid of the tariff of 1849, wai, under the circumstances of iu presentation, progress, and enactment, and in view of all itt consequence! to the party and the country, as bad or worse than the act of IH4 j | and a support of it by my vote was utterly repugnant to a sense of duty to myself, and of fealty to North Carolina and the Union ; so that I retired from it at 1 would from a political pestilence I did not do it soonor for the reasons already given ; and for the additional reason that the governor of the Ntate being a whig, it was imsossil le to surrender my office to tlie democratic party that elected me. If it was not my duty, it was certainly my right to postpone it until the Augustelections, ana that light 1 exercised for the benefit of the democratic party, w hose minions have been the first to denounce me for (lThe people of North Carolina will not, they cannot, in hqnor and justice, give their sanction to such abominable iniquity. They are too jiut, too honorable, to approve of the execrable nraxim that " all'* fair in politics." It may be regarded as no slight evidence of the faithlulno? with which I adhered to my party obligations, that, altar consenting under the pressure of strong leelings, to vote for the experimental tariff, provided it could bo p mended so as to jmstpone its taking effect until 4th March next, I had very considerable doubts whether I had not gone too far. Vet, in my endeavors to avoid complaint, I adhered to my pledge , and nobody was suffered to know of my repentance. Tho minute before I resigned, it was ma .e known that I would abide by that od'er, and a final answer wa? given by those competent to reply, that the bill would certainly pass without my v to, ami any alteration of it would endanger its passage in the other House, and therefore no amendment would he voted for. This was communicated to me, and theieupon my resignation was handed into the fienato Now, my fnonls and countrymen, I believe I have told yjti all, and I submit to your justice and common tenia, whether ingenuity und raalico combined can make out more against my conduct with tliii administration, upon the subject of the taritT^tlian an honest difference of pinion) HocK'ue the President recommended a tax law, must your Senator therefore approve of it, without croesing a i, or dotting an <? Because the administiation wished to carry a bill for revenues, must your Senator, against hit own judgment, therefore, vote for it) Because the Treasury Department may have become committed to a new experiment on tho tariff, did it therefore become a part of the creed of democracy, and bind Senators who wore chosen long before this administration waa elected? When and where, and how, did these become a part of the political faith ol North Carolina? Who indoctrinated her and her people) What book teaches it' What precedent* enforce it) Whnt ago illustrates it) The Constitution provide* that bills for raising revenue (hall originate in tho House of Hopresentatlves; but here I* a new doctrine in politics, and a new practice in carrying it out, a* well aa a new principle for laying duties! And will you proscribe me, simply because I resigned rather than give my vote thus to revolutionize at once, and without time lor deliberation, or opportunity to amend the act, all the past experience of the government, and set aside the counael* of Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, and Jackson) T do not undertake to account, for the preaent at leaat, , for the extraordinary outrage that wae perpetrated upon y rtgh>? aa a Baa and Henater, aa aeon aa I had resigned, and before I had been either aeked for my rea

'ttiL 1 )RNING, AUGUST 21, 18ion or allowed time to speak to you for nor to remark upon the servile spirit of some in our own State, who were quite eager to follow the ignoble lead. There is a time for all thing*. Oct to those iu North Carolina, of every party, who aim U> direct public opinion, I beg > leave to say a word in which they are interested at much as I can be. How happened it that another demri- j critic Senator openly denounced this very bill as absurd, disgusting, and unfit to be touched, and he was not noticed by party censures' How did it cone about thut another democratic Senator, in debate, averred most emphatically that the omission ot tax upon tea und cofl'eo tor revenue " was without excuse," and not awonlof complaint was made against liim / Whence was it that democrat! of Virginia voted mrainut the aHmlnlctratinn upon ilia resolution of notion to tormlnate the Oregon Convention, and no one was heard to proclaim their want 01 fealty to tiio party or tho administration.' And bv what influence wai it that South Carolina democrats did the like, and they went nnteproredf Whence happened it tliat a democratic. Senator refused to vote for the Mrxioau war, and (till he ?ui a good party man and administration man? And that other democratic Senator* voted (gainst amendments to the independent treasury, reported upon the recommendation of the administia- , tion, and declared by the Secretary to be indispensable to his getting along, and yet they were treated as true and loval, without any open rrproachesl And, more I than all, how will you account for it, that other Senator* ; have denounced the President for the Oregon treaty, and openly charged him with lraud, deceit, and hypocrisy, and still they remained " very excellent friend*" of this administration, and received no censure*? But Senator from North Carolina, who enjoyed the perional confidence ot the President more than any other, lupported his administration moro zealously, and, 1 may say.iuoro sucaessfuily, than any other single Senator ha* done?an early, intimate, unflinching friend, who brought to his support hi* heart, as well a* hi* head, all he had of both?ha* been denounced and slandered a* a traitor and auontate, merely becau*e he resigned . his seat in the Sonate into your hand*, looner than vio- 1 lato his comcience by voting for a moasure of legis- 1 lation, or disturb his friend* l>y resisting it. Such are the undjma'Ue facts; look ye to their meaning. Your friend and countryman, WM. H. HAYWOOD, Jr. Washinoto.i City, Aug 10, 18-lti. fph> th. d i Steele, Eiq. [Krom the Cherry Valley Oa/ette ] We have juit read au address delivered at Laurent, on the 4th of July la*t, by John B. Steele, Ksq , District Attorney of Ottugo county. Mr. Steele in a brother of the late Oiman N. Steele, who vu murdered in Augu*t last, while engaged in the fearlet* and faithful discharge of hit official duties, by a disguised and nrmed mob ofantirenter*. Mr. Steele, in hi* oration alludes to the death of hi* brother,, in word* which mutt come from hi* heart. After (peaking of the nece**itv of respecting the right* of property. as well a* the rights of persons, if we would not have the glorious experiment ot our republican government fail, he *ay* " Ought we then to pass unnoticed the fact, that within the last year, within our own boasted Kmpire State, and in at leait two counties adjoining in, if not in our own to tome extent, hordot of armed ruffians have banded themselves together in defiance of law, for the avowed purpose of violating the rights of property, ?nd preventing the procest ot law from being executed. Yes?and these violate r* ef law and order bold up a* their motto, ' equal right*,' and by meant of these catch wohls, and the sophistry of those demagogue* who fanned the flame of thi* rebellion, ; have, without doubt, drawn into their train many ignorant and othcrwUo inoflemivo men. Nor 1* thi* all: I following up their preconceived deiign*, the officer* of i I law, selocted by the people themielve*, have been arretted in the di?c'iarce of their official duties, their perI anna vinlutail thn nf law ?n/4 1 itself trampled under foot and set at defiance. And finally, an if for a climax of this mad carter of crime and | lolly, a ]iul>lic officer at tbe post of duty, being charged ! with no effence save that of endeavoring faithfully to | dhchaige the duties which hii office imputed upon him, I and winch he had sworn to do, is deliberately ihot down, . in open day light, in the presence of hundred* of his fellow-citizeus, and the perpetrator* of this foul deed are allowed to pass away unmolested ? And when at length, by meaus of the untiring efforts, the daily and nightly vigilance of the virtuous and right thinking purt ol that community (for as staunch hesrts and choice spirits as ever breathed the air of freedom, live among those Delaware hills, and their exertions were put torth to the utmost) many of the vile perpetra tors of that dastardly murder were arrested, indicted by an honest grand jury, and arraigned upon the charge of 1 murder They were called up, and some were severe- I ly reprimanded, and told if they were not in future very good children, very orderly and peaceable citizens, they i would surely he punished, and then, without trial, dischaiged from custody Others again were allowed to plead guilty of minor offences,and enormous fines of 25 to M, and even an hundred dollars were imposed upon them! Some few wero required to plead guilty of offences which subjected them to imprisonment in the State prison ; and two were tried and convicted of murder, and sentenced to be hanged. Rut they were thought fit subjects of executive clemency, and, instead of the sentence of the law being enforced, it was arrested ; and, iulieu thereof, they were actually sent to the State prison. And many of the political demagogues of the day, who are desirous, for selfish purposes of socuring the favor of a miserable faction of desperadoes, and many in high places who oNght to be men, think those unfortunate ones, who have been so severely punished have suffered enough for so slight an offence, and ought immediately to be set at liberty. In the face of Heaven, and before the world, I say it?not as the feverished excitement of a moment, but as the settled conviction of days and nights of anguish, had I known, as 1 stood ever the mangled body of my dead brother, pierced, as it was, with three murderous shots,that such a mockery of justico was to follow, I would have relieved tho ministers of the law of their onerous duties. I would not have waited to see tho irreen turf cover his untimelv crave, ere I would have mounted my horso, rode through the streets of my native I village, and called upon the friends of my murdered brotiicr to assist in administering summary justice ; nor would llint call have been in vain?thousands of honest voices would have responded to it, and, in a moment, (for there were multitudes in attendance on that mournful <i?y.) ye*- in ? moment, hundreds of trusty men would have leaped into the saddlo, and ere the sun had a?t, the known and principal actors in that bloody scene of the ever to be remembered seventh of August, would havo paid the forfeit of their crime; their blood should have obliterated the stains made upon this soil of freedom, by that of their victim ? Bu; I had laith in the majesty of the laws, and fully believed they would be thoroughly executed. I was much more calm then than now. Those who saw me on that sal day, will bear witness, that 1 was not even among that very large and respectable number oi honest clti zens, who openly and boldly talked of summary justice, and freely discussed the propriety of administering it, instead of awaiting the slow, ana (as it appears) uncertain administration of the laws. Since that time, however, I have been sickened and disgusted by the wretched farce that was played oil' as a most miserable subterfuge for justico. and my feelings havo been harrowed up and lacerated by the contemptible manoeuvres of political demagogues, until it seems almost a disgrace that I should live so long aftor the brutal butchery of my brother, and know that not one of his murderer* have paid the forfeit of their crime. It is not my desire, fellow citizens, to intrude upon you my private griefs, or cloud your brows, upon this auspicious day. 1 only desire to impress the importance ot a fearless and unflinching administration of the laws, ai the only means of an ample and thorough protection to the rights of person and property. There is a morbid sensibility, and sympathy, at the futo of murderers, thieves, robbers, and the whole host of criminal offenders, that must be frowned down by the virtuous part ot this community ; or, I tell you, the hour is not far distant, when the law of nature will rise paramount to everjr thing else, and a civil commotion will follow which will drench our land with blood, if it does not upturn the foundations of our beloved government. I.ct fin organized gang of desperadoes rise up aguin in our State, set law at defiance and trample its mandates under their feet, insult and outrage its omcers, Mi*l wind up by the cool, deliberate murder of a respectable citizen, simply because he happens to be offensive to them, or is engaged in officiul duties which they tin<i?rtake to prevent- and let me tell you, no sickly mockery of justice will follow, but thousands of swords would loap from their scabbards, our citizens will rush together arrayed for battle, and a war of extermination will be commenced, which will end?1 will not attempt to say where?but would rattier draw a veil over the picture, and pray liod we may never be called upon tu witness it, save in a dream of toe imagination. Horiud Okf.h.?An inquest wag commenced on i Saturday night last, and continued till Monday ; last, before Roiiert Tato Wicker, Coroner of the City, upon the body of Martin Crofleld, who was fonnd stab- 1 bed to the heart in front of the house of Mr. N. Ryan, at i mo it-rminmion 01 r ouriennin meet, near Mayo'* bridge iu thia city Tbe evidence waa circumstantial ai to wno 1 committed the atrocioui deed, an . a great deal of toatimony waa examined, which terminated late on Monday ai'emoon, in finding, by the jury ot inquest, that Jeremiah Kinney, Kdward Paitersoh, and Hubert H. Kuhn, 1 weie guilty of the murder, and Amanda Lotion a* accessary before the fact. Kinnev, Patterson, and Knun, are labomra, and worked at tbe Virginia Foundry, and Aman da Loden ia a vile woman of ill lame, inhubiting a (dace in the notoriou* McUuiic's Row, a sink of iniquity, near Mayo'* Bridge. The Coronor having had all tne parties previously arrested, upon the finding ol the inquest, [hey wero committed to jail, and a Court of Examination wna called upon their caso for Tuesday neat, at tho City Hall, at eleven o'clock, A. >1. The evidence led to the following concluaions:? On Saturday night, Kinnoy, Paiteraon, Kuhn, and a fellow associate. named John McArthur, started together Irom then boarding houaa, near the Public W&rehouie; they went down Cary street; at the corner of 1 tth street Kuhn parted from the iest, and they went to the house ol Amanda Loden, whore McArthur left them; Amanda Loden not beiug in, but her mother and a girl of 111 tune being the only |>ersonH present. Amanda Loden had fallen in with Kuhn. and had walked toward* Mayo'a bridge, paasing the house ef H> an, and around on tha South side of tho canal, leading to the dock; there they were overtaken by the deceased and vvm Holdswoith, who had come liom the Petersburg Depot, and were on the way to Manchester. The deceased wa* a little intoxicated, and caught hold of Amanda Loden around the w aist, when Kuhn remarked ti.at he "waa taking too much liberty." Mme harsh worda occurred between the parties. Soon after, Amanda Loden returned to her hone, and informed Kinney and Patterson of what had occurred, and she sent them to revenge the injury done their asaociate loundry man. They Immediately rushed to the spot where the deceased and Holdaworth were, and there, by either Kinnev, Patterson, or Kuiui, the deceased waa mortally stabbed, and died in a few minutoa^? Ritkmnnd Knfvirrr, %Aug- 10. 1EKA 46. ARMY INTELLIGENCE. The Preparations of General Taylor. &e. &e. (Kromtlis Columbus (Oeo ) Tlmei, Auk. 13.] inusijuiiue* una uueves, wu siept nuuuuiy uu suuuio. u the morning we found (.Jen. Twin*1 wagon wailing for us, uud having donned our beat military harness to call on the (Jeueral-in-chief, we enjoyed (Jen. Twiggs' capital breakfast, and thence proceeded to (Jen. Taylor's camp. The regular army is miierably supplied with tents. Some companies hate rot a rag to protect them from the weather. We approached oftS of the shabbiest we aaw, and were told that it was General Taylor's.? The old gentleman was sitting outside,under a scrub of a tree, on a block bench, conversing with M^jor Monroe and the Quartermaster of the pest. He received us politely, but without tho least ceremony ?r insi, and fell straight to talking. Now, although the Genb'rel-Hi-chiel' does not possess very remarkable colloquial powers, It was pleasant to hear him. He seemed to have no kecrets; talked of his plans and prospects ; said we should all go ahead very soon ; he was moving the regulars to Camargo ; the volunteers should follow ; should go himself in two days ; wanted to end the war speedily ; spoke of the inadequacy of the transportation to hi* force ; said we should whip the enemy everywhere wo met him ; the difficulty was, he was afraid we couldnt find him? thought if ho could get to San Louis t'otosi, he could end tho war ; didn't know whether he could ?0 so far ; he had yet to explore the countfy, and learn its capability for feeding an army ; that an army could only march a certain distance from the water communication aflbrding it supplies ; thought that Vera Crui and Tampieo were the points ?f attack, and that the only prospect of terminating the war without the compulsory process of whipping the Mexicans, was through the mediation of France or Lngland. (Jen. Taylor is. as has been described, a plain?a very Slain loolujy man. He looks like an old plantar, whs ad neveraeen a uuilorm, much lf<ss had one on. I liked the old General's manners aud appearance, although I must confess that the latter scattered all my anticipations ot the halo of chivalric glory to be discovered in the atmosphere surrounding a military hero's head. In the Georgetown (Ohio) Standard, of the (ith, we find the following interesting letter from General Thomas I I-- ..I \i.. . I..]., in liiic . " Dear bir I have been here tor the last two day*. Our regiment ii (till at Urazon, but will move up on the Rio Grande in few daya The health ef the army is generally good About the lust of thia week wo auppusc General Taylor will ko to Cainargo. with a portion of the troopn now at this place, part of our army being already there without ojquonition No fight W oxpecteJ until we roach Monletey or Saltillo. At one ol those pointa the Mexican* will probably make a itand and again get soundly whipped. "This climato is different from what roost of us expected. It ia very little warmer than Georgetown. Today 1 am dressed in woollen clothes, with flannel next the skin, and am not uncomfortable; but wo have had rain for three daya part Previous to theao rains it was very warm; and woollen would have been too heavy for the weather; wo change according to the temperature " There are now something like 1A,000 men in our neighborhood, including regulars and volunteers. As lost as boats to take us up the river, and wagons anil mules to take our baggage into the interior, can be olitained, we shall proceed into Mexico. The further we progress into the Mexican dominions, the more pleasant and healthy the country will be found. " The 3d regiment of volunteers was at New Orleans w'lion wo left, but ia probably at Brazos Santiago by this time. The 3d regiment will be on in a few days. " This town if a poor, mean-looking place, consisting | of number of brck houses, many of which are thatched with straw and the rest mere hovels. There are, perhaps, 4,000 inhabitants. Most of those I have seen look like Indians?a few having some negro blood in them. Occasionally there ia a Spanish cross with the Indian blood " General Taylor is in fine health and spirit*. All he w ants is means to transport his armies, munitions of war, Ibaggage; and he is ready and 8nxious to push on his uiumas. The means are arriving daily. Your friend, " TH. L. HAMER. " N. B.?The famous Captain Walker, of Texas- now Lieutenant Colonel in the volunteers?is lying on a cot beside mc, a little unwell, but ready for a fight whenever it begins." ^ H. KAval Intelligence. A public vessel will be despatched from New York to Chagres in a few days. Letters for the Paciflo, sent to the care of Captain 8 H. Stringham, commandant navy yard, New York, during the preaent week, will be forwarded. Incidents, Ac. of tlte War. The citizens of Auguata, Georgia, are about to present to Gen. Twigga, of the U. 8. Army, a sword, " aa a teatimonial of thoir appreciation of his gallant conduct in the battles of Palo Alto, and Kesaca de la Palma, on the Hth and 9th of May last.'' Col. Belknap told tin that during the heat of the hrit tic tion, he sent a mounted servant to the rear to get him some claret?m he returned, (ten. Taj-lor was near, and he called him up to take a drink. While the servant was opening the wine, a hall came and killed hone and servant, and smaahed the bottle to atoms. Police Intelligence. Aua. 30.?Important Jlrrt$t of Burtlan.?Captain Tilly of the 13th ward, and two of his efficient officers, Bassett and Lawrence, arrested yesterday two desperate characters, called John Adami and John Johnaon, whom it appears escaped from tiie State prison atC harleatown, Massachusetts, on the 21st of July last. We give tho following narrative from the diaclosurea made by John aon, which we know to be true, from other circumstances corroborating bis story. It appeara that Johnson waa under aentenco of three years and four months for grand larceny, and Adams waa sentenced for ten years lor robbery and burglary, and also another man who escaped with them by the Name of Whilehouse, who was likewiae under a sentence of a term of year* for highway robbery. Johnson.it seems, being an elderly man was allowed to work in the kitchen and do the white washing along the corridors of the priaon ; and the cells of these three were adjoining each other, consequently an intimacy took place between them, and Johnson was the man deputed to aid in their escape; consequently a false key waa fitted to the cells, the iron bo t was suwed off, ai d a piece of wood merely polished and blacked by Johnson waa substituted in its place ; the next plan waa how to get out of the prison when leaving their cella;conaequently Johnaon for-ed an aperture through some wood work on the upper rtory of the priaon near the aky light, and very neatly blocked up the hole again onH lvhitn waihaH fit* tilor* molrinv if nil iliklt hilt moveable at plesuure- t.hu rei all done by Johnion at various times,when the keeper* imagined he wan ongng | od in repairing and whi'e wfih'rg the priion. All theae arrangement! being completed, a quantity of rope, had been collected by Johnion from time to time, under pretence of making a line along the corridor to white wash to?thia rope wu twilted togethor, and placed in behind thia secret hole in the upper itory, where they wero to eica|>e through, to lower them?-lvo? down to the outer wall. They finally concluded to make the attempt on the Slit ot Jul) lait, and at muul the keeper came at tour o'clock in the morning to unlock the kitchen priionert. to piepere breakiaat Jubuiou waa therefore let out and on nutting by the cell of Ailams he intentionally dropped bis bucket, which fell down by the cell door, at the same time witn the lalie key he unlocked the door, the noiie of the falling bucket preventing the keeper hearing tne turn ol the key. '1 hey then proceeded to the um*r tory. and lowtred themielvea down by the aid of the iope on to the outer wall, and oacaped. The rope broke when the laat one wm defccending. and precipitated him down lomo twenty-five feet, bruiting him considerably. The next step they took?being all in their priion dreia- wai to proceed to the houaa ot a friend of Adami, who lumiihtu them with a change of clothing, And olf they started for New York; travelling only Tiy night, and having no money, thay were compelled, from necessity, to procure leod in the woods in the day time, lor fear of detection. On arriving at a small place called Woburn, t^ay burgleriouslv entered a itore and (tola three caps, and alio entered a dwelling house and procured ?oine old olothing and food, and then, when near daylight, retreated again to the woods. The neat More that wai pnUrud by them waa at a place called Aabland, about thirty mile* from Boaton, on the route to Worceater, where they stole three pair* of boon, several handkershiefa, food, and various other articles. The same night they took from oil' the graaa plat, as they war* paaaing along, three shirts belouging to a farmer,to help to make up their wardrobe. When they arrived at Worcester, Whitehouse left them and went t, he having aomn friends living In that direction. Adams and Johnaon continued their course towards New York, and after entering aeveral houses along the road to procure food, they iient entered the dwelling honse ot a Mr. JonM, residing at a place called ftouthingtea, Ct., and thtr* they met with a prise. for they carried off a large quantity of silver war*, consisting of silver knives and I lorks, spoons, silver eupe, fcc., amounting to between f800 and $400. After the robbery, the silver waa divided between thrm,andthey proceeded on their Jonraey M*t4m0k4?, July 31, 18-td.?In the cool of the evening, Oen. Twiggs called to mo u?, iiki we hid ? very interesting conversation with hint upon the subject most interesting to na?the war. The (Jeneral look* in fine health?his hair somewhat whiter than when 1 last raw him, unci tike every other male in thu region, connected with the army, w iih prodigious whiskers end moustaches. 1 donl think any of the volunteer* brought their razor* aleug? Crrtu, 1 never nw *uch crojjs of hair OB human faces os meet yoti here, pastim. After a long and agreoable conversation, Oen. Twigg* left us, promising lo send up hi* private baggage wagon and mules to take us to his quarter* to breakfast with him, alter whicli lie would introduce us to Gen. Taylor. In the evouing wo strolled round to the theatre underthe management of no less a pe.souage than Mr Hart, of Columbus memory. The audience was not large?no females, and principally men connected with the army.? We staid out an act or two of only passable playing, heard a lew tunes from the U. S. Dragoon brass banU, which officiated as orchestra, and went home to *eek a place to roost. Returning, we took tho advice of a citizen in going, and kept th* middle of the street?advice intended to keep us prepared for an attack ; and from whom, you will say. I am usliamed to say from our own countrymen. This town, like all garrisoned towns, is full of vice. Oamb. ling, drinking, knocking down and robbing, are the fashionable amusements of tho harpiel who infest and hang about tho army. Wejgot home safely, and (bund that two olticera had departed down the river and left two cots to our enjoyment?a sheet was the entire bed furniture. We loaded our pistols find went to bed on the ground floor, with our windows open, where, in spite of ^ - - - ' a ? L,i>. Ww Tw? c*att> | u before, until they (truck near Tarry town, in thin State, on the North Aiver, where Johnson, becoming ao? fatigued, and hi* feet being >o tore with travelling, con1 eluded to take tba ateamboat to New York, and Adama trudged it down on foot, by the way of Harlem ; but, before parting, they agreed to meet again on Thuraday morning, (yeiterday) on the Battery, at 9 o'clock in the forenoon. Howerer, on Wednesday night, aa joumcm wu airoiiiiiK up un mo nvu&, u* w?ui? acroia a man by the name of Robert Dougherty, to whom he nhowed the stolen silver, and rave him a siL ver cup, to procure him a man who would purchase the lot ; consequently Dougherty took him that evening, about 10 o'clock, to a Mr. Jonn Polhamas, watchmaker and jeweller, No. 46-2 (>rand street, to endeavor to sell the same ; u|>o?the property being offered to Mr. Tolhama*, be at once thought something waa wrong, and aa officer Baiiett wan on hii post in the vicinity, he was imI mediately colled in, and Johnson taken into custody. 'and conducted to the staticn home, where, after "screws" | being put to him in a strong manner, by the captain, he "squealed" right out. und acknowledged the whole affair, and told where he wai to meet his "pal" Adams; consequently the above officers took Johnson down on the Battory yesterday morning, at "J o'clock, the appointed time lor the meeting, and there, sure enough, waa Adams, anxiously awaiting the arrival of Johnson, who likewise was arrested and both taken before tha chief of police, where an accurate description of the rascals had fieeii ?ent on by the keeper ot the prison; they finding themselves completely dune, caine out and acknowledg. ed their identity ; the balance of the silver, that is, tha portion kept by Adams, was all recovered by Ihe above officers, in Westchester couuty, about a mile from Harlem bridge, hidden by Adams, for safe keeping, under some bushes in a hole in the ground. They were both committed by the chief of j>oiice to await the requisition of the Governor of Massachusetts. Chart' of Orand Larceny.?A kind of runner, by the name of Andrew Liddle, was arrested yesterday on suspicion of stealing a gold watch and chain value.! at $136, also two (old Ave dollar pieces, belonging to Capt. William Turner of the bark Lancashire, while lodging in the house of Jolih Kucastle, No. 44 Whitehall si. Committed for examination. Pick-pocktlt in New Havtn.?News arrived early yesterday by the magnetic telegraph from New Haven, that a gentleman at the above place while attending the College commencement exercises at one ot the churchea, was robbed of a silk purse containing $1 AO in gold and bank bills. What knucks are out of town T Charge of Robbery.?A cab runner by the name of Michael Riley, waa arrested yesterday by officer Wier of 0th ward, chargod with feloniously taking from the possession of a Canadian Frenchman, by the name of Lewie Wen or, a draft for $'>00 on the City bauk of this city, drawn by W. Weeks of French Creek, together with $A0 in money and a watch. It aeems the accused undertook to cscort the Frenchman around town to show him the lights, and after getting a little " toddied," Riley advised Him to srivo un Ins monev and watch to him for sale keep ing, an<! bo w ?uld give him a receipt for the same, which wm done, 10 hats the Frenchman, and since_that time he haa been unable to obtain it back again. The accused deniea tho whole of this statement. Committed for anamination by Justice Drinker. Ckar^tof Fraud?Officer Prince Jobn Davii, arretted yestorday, two individuals by the namea of E. Hammond uud It. B. ramie 11, located at No. 31 Ann atreet, on a charge made against them by Mr. Andrew Coats, of No. I'J i'ine atreet, importers of apool cotton. It appear* these men, have been iasulng a apurioua label. Waring the aamc device aa J. k P. C. Coata, and filled with a much inferior article ot cotton, much to '.he injury of the complainants. The accuaed weie b' th held to ball to anawer. Hohhine a Strangtr? Vlarv Maulin waa arretted yesterday on the charge of robbing a atranger, hy the same of John Ceyle, of a wallet containing $17. while in a den of infamy, at No. 34 Orange street? Locked up for trial Movements of Travellers^ The Hotel* of the city are overflowing. The registries exceed our limited compass of record. Among the multitude we find the following at the respective hotels:- Amkbicaw?W. H. Dempster, Burlington, N. J: A. Ram-dell, Newburgh; J Cabell, Va; W Parslow, N.J; M. Barroil, Phila; A. Bache, Washington; E Brayton, Utica; M. Biownhsle. Pa; K Dandet, Phila; J.Curtev do; J. Clarke. 8 Carolina; H. Ford, do: J. Colley, Mobile; T. Benedict, 'l'ariytown; J. Orinnell, Providence; Rev. L Wilson, (. infinna l; J. Lathrop, UeorgU; H. B. Clark, Charleston^ W. Bennett, NewNwgh; K. Kemper, Phila; II R Smith, do; J. F. Baker, do; J. F Edwin, do; E. Patterson, Baltimore; F. Bragg, Ala; T. Charles, Mass: 8. Hoday, Mobile; J. Roberta, Ala; Col. Crane, United States Army; O. Dyert. Ilsvauna; J. A. Roberta, Otahoito; W. Marshall, Baltimore-, E Griffith, MoMJf; VV King, Georgia, H. Mqrgan, do; J. Bulkley, do; Tho*. Merry, England; K. Cringle, 8. Carolina. Aaioa?S. Farrar, Bangor; M. Taj lor, Troy; H. Pratt, Phila; J. H- Pratt, do; \V. M'Knight, Bordentown; M. Thomas, Hartford; J. Talbot, Montreal; J. BowJin, St. Louii; G. Griffith, Mobile; J. D. Voting, Vontreal; Mr. Munn, Quebec; Mr Deano, do; W. Whitney, Delaware-, C. Allen, Richmond; M. Techetman, do: 8. btowill, Mau, 8. Ilowela, New Orleans; J. M'Ctitcneou, Mobile; J. Batrice, Geneva; J. Tyson, Baltimore; Col Kensman, Wiaconain; Geo. Koberta, Button; Geo. Loiing, do; J Wolfe, Roxbury: H. Ludlow, Va: J. Bowlin, bt Leuia; J. Saunders, N. Orleana; H Fry, Richmond; J. C Wilaon, England; C. Chamberlain, Boston; ( apt. Codman, Baltimore; J. W. Saundera, N. Orleana; Mr. Aiiaon, London; O. Marl and, Mancheater; E. Pleaaant, Philada; P. Hayea, do; W. Grinuell, Albany; J. Collin*, Miaa; D. Barnard, Albany; J. Cooke, Boaton; 8. North, Pa; J. Erwine. Phila; L. Darling, Louiaiana; M. Tuft, Charleaton; I. Boyd, 8. Carolina; T. Andaraon, Tenneaaee; C. Kennedy, Boaton; C. March, do; J. Cuahing, Baltimore; J. Darlington, Canada; G. Dowe, Boaton; J. Steele, Canada; T. B. King, Georgia; L. Chapen, Rochester. Citt?W. Anthony, N. York; A. Grant, N. Orleana; W Robinaon, Ky; J. Finlay, Baltimore; Dr. Finlay, WUliamiport; T. Ganell, Waahington; A. M'llvain, Peteraboro; J. Southgate, Norfolk; E. Heal), N. Orleana; J. Stone, Phila: R. Neff, do: J. Pattiaon, Ala: J. Ecclea, Va; M. M'Ghee, Phila; R. Wilaon, Baltimore; Dr Staunton, England; H. Bard, Boaton; J. Goddard, Worceater, C. Toppan, Philadelphia; T. Row lea, Baltimore; A. Kipp, Lockport; M. Vanpleche, Catakill; W. Rogers, Porto lUco-.V. Lina, do; A. Maxan, do: J. Harding, Philadelphia; J. Anspach, do; C. Warne, do; M. Lowar, Norfolk; W. {{roadman, Troy; J. Brad, Phila) Dr. Duanne, Schenectady; 8. Ewing, Tenneaaee; E. Barnard, Conandiagua; ilon. J. Witroua, Texas; C. Stebbina, Richmond. Fbanxlin?C. Evans, Cincinnati; J. C. Read, British Army; W Robinson, Kyi T. Gilmour, Nashua; H. Taft, Albany; W. Angel, Watartown: H. Muiaon, Albany; A. Hamilton, Briugeport; B. Wilson, Long Island; J. Benedict, Galveston: J. Tompeon, Miaa.; C. Pel ton, Poughkeeptie; W. Williams, Mass: Dr. Wilcox, Connecticut; W. Ray, Phila; J. Ely, Binghampton; T. Warren, Looiaville; \V. Van Dovendert, St. Louis; Ed. Williams, New I York; 8. Muron. Michigan; R. Granger, Albany: J. Brad/., Louisville; 11. Chamberlain, St. Louis; M. Cunningham, do; J. Hopkins, Wc?tchester CO; M Vassar, Poughkeepaie; M. Benedict, Rhode Island; Capt Rey1 nolda, Mobile; P. Benthuaen, St. Louis; A. Brown, Ohio; ' W I'arkeraon, Charleston; J. Sloching, Boston; M. PaaI .? u 1; u i u.l? vt n?vnnliia Phila: M. IUU, O. I NiUtlUB, O. I'UMV, , ?... , j - Wait*, Ohio; N. Williamson, Florida. howard?0 Waterbury, N. York; 8. Lyman, do; H. Novum, Now Bruuswick: 0. Demarest, do; W. Harper, Pittsburg; oapL Howie, U. 8. Navy; Gen. Cooke, Albany; J.Newman, Vermont; J. Rogers, do; R.Jenkineon, Phila; J. Woodward, do; K. Davit, Boaten; K. Window, do; H. Stratton, Troy; C. Kdwarda, Alabama; D. Boyd, do; J. Shaw, Miia; M.Curtei, Georgia; M Aspon, Alabama; 8. Murray, lllinoia; W. Moon, London; K. Ding*, 8L Louif; K. Olipbant, Charleston; H. Smith, Pittsburgh; A. Rich, ardion, Cambridge; 8. Graham, Alabama; J DawsonCharleston; C. Smith, Albany; A. Morrill, Boaton; W. Brown, Washington; N. Pholon, Baltimore; P. Durfee, Palmyra; M. Tompaon, Baltimore; M. Parkhnrat, Canada; J. Dunlap, N. Carolina; K. Mitchell, Phila; J. Campbell, Albany; K. Kuglehard, Miaa; Geo. Wood, Albany; M. Vandcusen, Va; B. Graham, Memphis^ Special Mkssen^sr to the Pacific.?By an arrivul at New York from Carihat;ena, we have received lettera from Mr. Henry Lindsay, of tbia town, now embarked on a special mii'ion from merchanta and hip owner* interested in the whale lUhery, to the fleet iu the Pacific Ocean, and aa bearer of despatches from the government of the United States to tna sandwich Islands, announcing his safe and speedy arrival at Panama on tho -Wd July, to proceed on his destination via Mazatlan. Mr. L embarked at New York on the Tld of | June, in the brig Harriet, ol Falmouth, Captain Coleman, for Kingston, Jamaica, and with the lavoring influencos of prosperous braetes nearly half the passage was accomplished at the end of the three first days from port ; those, however, were succeeded by a protracted calm during the remainder of the passage, delaying the arrival at the outside ef Kingston harbor to the morning ot the Ifl'h July. Mr. L. learned from the pilot that the steamer to Cbagre* *u to leave at l'J M. on tnat aay, and with hia usual promptness and enterprise, immediately made preparations to secure a passage 11a ac cordingly hailed a ranoe Irom the shore in which ha embarked with hii luggage, an<l aucceeded in boarding the steamer otM'ort HoyiU, seven mile* below Kingston. To hii di?may, however, lie then found himself em'urk d not on Hoard the steam ir for ritagi-ea, t>?t in one of the same line bound to St. J ago de Cuba, and thence to ting land, lie accordingly landed at Port Koyal, and succeeded within the <?m? hour in getting on hoard the steamer lor Chagres off that place, mid arrived at Carthage n.i ou the 19th, and at I'ansma on tho 33d, intending to take pn?age thence to Maxatlan and the SanJwich lallamla. Kroin his well known enterprise we doubt not that the objects of the imaaiou will be*ucce*?luliy accomplished. Mr. L. entertained hopes of being able to # accomplish the remainder of the ruute, and to return home by thj middle of November.?yew Bid ford Mercury, ?**?. 19. Internal Naviuatio.n.?The HaverhtU Oizeltc gives an account of an exploring expedition on i Merrimac river, from Haverhill to_ the new citjr at Me | thuen, with new to n? n*rig?uon or (team. rni genI tlemen composing K were from the town* below connected with che *tesoier Lawrence : They report that the distance by the river is near nine mile*, more than eight of which is deep and nmooth water, and might l>e navigated by the Lawrence, in the erase tit date ol the river. Two rapids occur, called Head's Kail* and Mitchell'* Kalli, over which the water is quickened for nearly hail a mil* each, and at one piaoe on each rapid the water laila about one foot in the distance of half a doxen rod*. Two men rowed the exploring party over all the rapid*, eccept a few rod* in each of theee places, and might, probably, have rowed themselves the whole distance. The rock* appear to beleparate boulder*, not targe, and a channel 40 or AO leet wide, and free of rocka I to the depth of two leet or more, might be cleared at ft < moderate expense. 1 he Lawrence i* much toe large | and unwieldly for *uch navigation ; but it we* the unanimous opinion of the petty, that a boat HO or l?et long, : and 10 or 13 wide, drawing from 13 to 16 inches of ? atsr, might navigate the uhole 11 let arte e and do good I u*i| re**

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