Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 25, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 25, 1846 Page 1
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THJ Vol. XXI, No. WJ~W1U?I? Mo. MOO. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT^PROPRIETOR. Circulation---Forty Thousand. DAILY HUH ALU -hw*> J?>, frier1 cenu per copjftl D j?er annum?Piiyablf miflViBCf. WEEKLY* IIKKaLJJ? L'very Ssturday? Price ?Vi e?nt? per copy?$3 IIX reut* re* annum?payable in advance. HKRALD KOK EUROPE?Kvery Steam Packet day. Price cents per copy?$3 DO per annum, payable in advance. ADVERTI8EMEMT8 ?t the'usual prices?alwaya cub D ujTlliCr PRINTING of all kiuds executed r.'iih braury and despatch. All Ixticia or communications, by mail, addressed to th# ( tablislmieu:. mutt be post paid, or the postage will b* de d cteJ from the subscription money remitfd. JAMEStHJRUON BENNETT, Proprietor of the Nvw York Hu<ii.d Establisfmcist, NohIi-(irtn rnf l?" ii I rim and Na?s*n ?rr??rs ,nAKi'i'iKIK AViDnnttuATitina. JOHN HERDMAN It CO., United Mutes aad <frr?i Britain Mid Ireland. Old'Established Emigrant Office. $1 South itreet. New Yorkmm mm HEKDMAN fc. CO., Liverpool. Passage to .ud from Great Britain and Ireland, via Liverpool by the Old Black Ball Lin e .or any of the regular Packet ships tailing every five days. The subscribers in calling th < attention of Old Countrymen and the public generally to their nnninalled arrangetnculs lor bringing oat prsaeugers from the old country, bee leave to Kate that the business of the House at Liverpool will be conducted by its oranch. i nose aeuumic ior ineir menu* win it once aee tne greet i Importance o( thia arrangement, u it will preclude an unuecuury delav of the emigrant, The ahiua employed in thia | line are well known to ke of the first aim largest claaa.cuin* i manded by mru of experience; and a* they tail every fiva daya, offer every facility that can be furuiahed. With those ui>erici arrange menu, the aubscribera look forward lor comiuuntion of that patronage which haa been ao liberally extended to rtietn for ao many yeara paat. lu caae any of llioae engaged do not ambark, the paasage money will be refunded aa customary. For further particulars apply by letter, post paid J. HKRDMAN k CO., 61 South at., New York. HEKDMAN Ik CO., Liverpool. N. B.?Drafts for any amount can aa usual he furniahed, payable at al^the principal Biuikiug Inititutiona throughout the Cured Kingdom, on application aa above. jv?B r PACKEMS FUK. HaVKE?r-fc.CO.NiJ L.1NE. tfM- m '1 he -> ?! of this Line w ill tail duriugthe Year m the tollowuig order From N. York. F'm Havre. ( Jan. I, Feb 16 Ship UTICA, Capt. J. A. Feirce, < May 1. June 16. ( St pt. 1. Oct. 6. *hiP 8T. NICHOLAS, Capt. N. W ^,{; My }?. r.veleign. ^ 0c( , No/ ,6 Ship ONEIDA, Capt. Funck, S &L 1 \ .?uiy i. /vu| io. f Nov. 1. Dec. 10. Ship BALTIMORE, C?pt. J. John-N IJ*' J?; ,,on' C Dec.' 1. Jan'16. ' They are all of the firat clan, ablr commanded^ and with accommodation! ample and rommodioui- The nrice of paisige in the cabin ii $100, exclusive of winea and liquor*. Apply to BOYD t H1NCKEN. Agouti, No. S Tout ine Building!.* No. 03 Wall itreet. Goodi lent to the agenti for forwarding, will be inbject to mine other than the eipei.iea actually paid au21 m GLASGOW AND NEW YORK LINE OF PACKETS. P4 Hy ? ^ t.KSONS wiihing to lend (or tnei^riendj in anv part ol Scrxlnnd, to anil direct from Glasgow, cui make arrangementa with the Suhacriberi, to have them brought out in any ol tne regular lineol I'nckcta, iailiug monthly from Glaigow. The ANN HARVEY, Captain dcott, ADAM CARK, Captain McEwen, 8ARACKN.Captain Hawkini, BROOKSBY, Compriie the abovr line,and the high character of thoie vei eli inould be lufficient inducement tor pe. oni who may be amding far their frieuda in Scotland, to make arrangement! for thii (tne oaly line.) farther particular! giren, on application to W. (k J T. TAPSCOTT, 76 8onth itreet. comer of Maiden Lane, or Menn. REID Ik MURRAY, Agent* ttlO r in Glaigow. NEW LINE OF LIVERPOOL PACKBl'S. month. | From. Ifrv York. live. pool. New ihip Liverpool, 1150 ton*, S ?! ? J. bldridge. > Aa^xut 21 0?" ? New ?hjp Queea of the West, S {^'"ar7 2} ^Vch ? 1450 toua,P. Woodhouae, j ? ?& N.wSh.p Hoche.ter.aOO'o^, t JjWr ? AP"^ ? John iintOD. 1 October 21 Dec. I Ship Hottinruer, 1050 tool, S hillV it nlVt c Ir.Bur.lv || ?* ? These .noiiannal, Tut aailng, lint elm .hip*, all bnHt in the city of new York, are commanded by mm of experience and ability, and wiU be de.patehad punctually on the Hit ol each month. Their cabin, .ire elegant and commodion., and are fnrni.hed with whatever can conduce to the ease and comfort ofpaa.eoger*. Price of lUMnge SI00. Neither the captniu. nor owuera of the.e .hip. will be responsible for an\ parcel, or package. .ent by them, unless regular bill, of ladsug are aigned therefor. For freight or uaaaiwe apply to WOODHULL It M1NTURN, 87 South street. New York, or to FIELDEN, BROTHERS fc CO., ml rc Liverpool. ~NhiWUKK AND GLASGOW LINE OF " PACKETS 4f& jffv m- ifffr TaHTiiTfrom Ne^^Irk on the l.t^m^laagow oi^h^iu! ol MCb moiiUi. From N. York. Fra. Gl'gow. ijune 1. July 15. Oct. 1. Nov'r 15. Feb. I. March 16. July 1. April 15. Nn. t. An. 15. ( March 1. Dec'r 15. J August 1. May 1). Dec'r 1. Sept. 15. April 1. Jan. 15. May I. Jane 15 Sept. 1. Oct. 15. ./aeiV 1 Februa. 15. lese ship* are good, substantial Teasels, ably commanded, will sail panciually on their reKular daya. Their accom modatioiu for passenger,* good, and e?ery*atte;ntion will be pvd to promote thrir comfort. Tlie amenta or Captaina will not br responsible for any parcels or package! aent them, unleu bills of lading are signed therefor. For freight or passaga, apply to WOODHULL k MINTUHN, *7 South afreet. New York, or { ?4 re HKID fc. MUKWAY. Masgow. MARSEILLES LIME OK PACKETS. M. Tn^iiiUerin?. ion bmps will b.? rrgulirly despatched from heoce on the 1st. and from Marseilles tlie l#th of each month dnring the year, aa follows Slops. Captains. From N. York. PR'CE de JOINVILLK, (new) Lawrence, April 1 Sept. 1 MISBURI, Silrester, May 1 Oct. 1 AKCOLK(new) K?eleigh, June 1 Not. 1. (JA8TON, Coulter, July 1 Dee. 1. NEBRASKA (new) Watson, Aug. 1 Jan. II. 8hips. CapUiua. From Maraeilles. PRCE de JOINVILLE, (new) Laurence, June 10 Not. 10 .Xisovrt n. oiivcairr, **uiy iu i/vc. iv ABC CLE, (new) Erelcigh, Aug. 10 Ju. II CiASTON, Conlter, Srpi. 10 Keb. 10 ISEBIIASKA. Wat*on, Oct. 10 Mat. 10 Thur I'Mifla are of the fir*t c lin. commrndrd by men of experience. Their ?ecoinonod*tmu*, for pusencer* nrr umui puHd far comfort and convenience (food* addresied to the scut* will be forwaidrd free of other charge* than thoae acta ally paid. For freiKht or mmp apj ly to CHAMBERLAIN k PHELrS, Proprietor. No. 103 Kront itrret, or to BOYD k HINCKEN, Aaenu, ailtre Tontine Building*, St Wall .COT. Water It. tTuTfTsH ANL) NOHTH AS1KRI /^SliCAN ROVAL MAIL STEAM HHIF9 Xv^Ckff^LA(^1201 tou* ami 140 horie power each,an d*r contract with the Lord* of th? AdraiHIBEItNIA... .' Capt. A. Brrit. CALEDONIA...... ...Capt.E. 5 Lott. BRfTANNIA ...CaTt. J.Hewitt. CAMBRIA Capt.C. H. E. Judkin*. Al ADI A. Capt. Wm H*rri*on. Will tail lion* Liverpool and Boiton, rii Halifax, a* fol low* f 1 FROM BOITON. FROM LITtftrOOU Hiherni* A*a II. 1MI. Britannia An,. t?. 1141 Caledonia Sept. I, " Cambria Sept. 4. " Britannia -1 1?, ? Hi horn ' II " ( amhrift Oct 1. PttSAOg Moifl^ From Boaton to Liverpool $12# From Boaton to lUlifoi. 30. N? berth* armred ontil paid for. These *hip* carry *i Xrieaced aurgeon*. No freight, eicept specie, received on yi of *ailwg. For freight, pumi, or any other laformatioB, apply to At HARN DBKNUkH^Vi TO* Brf In Maitloa to the abort line between Liverpool and alifai. and Boaton, a contract baa been enleretl into with er Maje*ty * government, to aatahliah a line between Liverpool and New * ork direct. 1 ha ateam ship* for thia service are ?ow being bnilt, and early neit year dae notire will be given of the time when they will .tail Under the new contract the ateameva will aail every Saturday during eight month*. and every fortnight daring the other month* in the year (Ming alternately between Liverpool, and Halifkg aad Boaton, aad between Liverpool and New York. Jr? tfrre " - I)HAFTS ON (JBKAT BHITAIN ^?? 1 AND IRELAND?Peraona wiahmg to remit money to their frienda in any part of Ornu H, it tin or Ire'and.caa procure draft* of the anbacriher* for any amount, ' Irom ?1 and upward*, payable on d?m?i d. witln ai diaronnt, in all [he pnn-ipal town* throughout the United Kiugdom. The royt mail ateamer will leave on lha Hth im'ant; aad he ateamahip " (ireat Western" will aail from New V ork on the 20th. hv either of which drafta caa bo forwarded. VV k J f. TAPHCOTT, M South atreet. an IS tie 2 doora below Barling alip. ~ ' NOTICE. r' THK rabllc are hereby caationad again*t trusting JMVyr"" craw of tha Bntiah Bark HMBF.HT A. JKbMm^ARK. fiom Liverpool. *a neither the Csptaia VI t. on*ignaa will pay gay d*bt* a( their aostfaaung aaM H rra I* I E NE N1 The Catholic Chaplains. Baltimore, Auyiift 21, 1*16. From private letters received lure, we learn 1 that the Jesuit lathers are winning laurels, never lading laurel?, every day. The greatest part of the army is in favor of them, and many of the general ollicers are study ing the spiritual exercises of Saint Ignatius, wi'-h deep attention and devotion. You may look out soon lor a hatch of converts. These p.iests, as well as the Mexican", prefer to have the ten millions of Mexicans, with their cathedrals, nunneries, convents, their archbishops and bishops, and their seven thousand priests, united to the Catholics of the States, rather than be as they are now, as this union would entitle thorn to twenty-eight Senators, arid to one hundred and lorty Representatives in Congress ; and. if added to the three millions ot Canadians, would give them such a preponderance, a protection and security on tliis hemisphere, as they could never expect while separated. The union of Mexico and Canada will put an end to all hostility against the Catholics in the Union. Yours, ft. Army Intelligence. Capt. Holt's company was mustered on board 4he steamer Tributary this morning, end will leave for Kort Leavenworth some time in the course of the afternoonThe strainer North Alabama brought up to Jcflereon Barracks, Lt. Thomas Claiborne and twenty-six recruits from 8mithland. They were recruited at Nashville, Tenn.? St. Louii Jlmtriean. Jut 14 Some half a do*?n of the California volunteers, attached to Capt Prisbie'soerapany, in full dresi uniform, arrived here on Saturday to fee their friends. They looked remarkably well tit Journal Naval Intelligence. [From the Washington Union. August 0-i ] L?tteri from Commedoie Conner ol as Uto (lite as the 80th July, have been received at the imvy department. The crews of the different ships of the squadron continue healthy, with the exception of a ca.o or two of scurvy. The Porpoise arrived at Vera Prut on the 19th July. The Petrel reached thntporton the 31st, after a uascage of 33 days from New York; and the Bonita arrived on the 29th. On the morning of the3ath. before daylight, Midshipman Wineate Pilsbury, of Maine, ami Michael Kl) mi, neaman, both of tho stentuar Mississippi, were drowned by the upsetting of the luun h of that vessel. Neithor oi the bodies has bean recovered. A town in the neighborhood of Jalspa had pronounced against the government of Parades. and in favor of San'a Anna and federalism. One of the chief* was secretary of legation to Alinonte. when minister to France The principal chief, Jose Arrillago, is a particular friend of SanU Anna, and said to be a man of energy and ability. At first the movement was considered ol little importance; but it ha* since increased in consequence, and fi om present appearances there is rea-on to believe it will become general throughout the department of Vera Cruz. Intelligence had also been received at Vera Cruz as late as the 31st from Mexico, of ?ome importance. The r;oveinment troop* sent to quell the insurrection in Jaisco, have been te ally defeated at Guadalajara by the nmnunciaiios, anil their commander (General Arevallo) L ill**/! TK?* Hanorfm?.n?? t\f flnnrni??A ? -i ?4? Uave pronounced against the government, but not, a? i? supposed, in conneiion with Santa Anna. Except with a portion of the army, it ia said that thif gentleman ia not popular in the country. The federalist* have no confidence in hia preaent professions; and without their aid, it ia believed, he could not sustain himself at the head of the government for any length of time, even if hia frienda could succeed in having him recalled It ia difficult to conjecture what effect theae eventa may have on our relation! with Mexico. Should thev lead to a change of government?which in not improbable?the party coming into power will likely olfer proposals of peace, as we learn ftom a source deserving of credit. that suoh is the doaiie of many of the most influential men in Mexico- A close blockade of the coaat, however, and a vigorous prosecution of the war, seem the most obvious means of bringing them to terms On the 21st J uly, Congress pasaed a law, granting commissions to piivateers. Alvarado, Zecoluta. Zaspain.and Sote La Marina, have been declared ports of entry. These ports will b? included among those already blockaded. Gen. Bravo declined acting ai president of the republic on his arrival at Mexico. Congress, however, rofused lii* resignation, and ha haa since accepted the appointment. Oen Paredes was to have left Mexico on tlie -J7th, for the northern frontier. It is genorally supposed he will not take that direction. It is stated that some reRiments, amounting in all to fourteen hundred men, ... i- i. ....v .lum >uct,ii;. ii is uonuveu mtj were intended to reinforce Geo Arevallo at Guadalajara. ' United Statics ship Cumberland, " Off Vera Cruz, July 30, 1846 " Rib Rhortly after closing my letter of the 28th instant, the Cumberland, Potomac, and two of the schooners, tailed from Green Island for the purpose of attacking the enemy ' vessels in the river of Alvarado. In pn.-.sing through the channel, leading to the roads of Antonio Lizardo, 1 regret to inform you this ship, owing to a strong current, ran on tho northwest part of a coral reef, called the Chop&s, in three fathoms water. This was about half past 4 o'clock, in the afternoon of the 28th. After great exertions, and lightening her more than a foet by pumping off the water, removing the provisions and shot to the other vessels, and depositing most of the spar deck guns on a shoal part of tho reel, near the vessel, (whence they can be easily removed,) with tho assistance of the Mississippi, she was filially extricated from her perilous position at about 8 o'clock, P. M., on the 20th, alter grinding in the coral reel for upwards of twenty-seven hours. With the exception of her false keel, of which small crushed fragment* rose to the surface of the water alongside, tho ship does not appear to have sustained any material injury, as she makes no more water than usual. It is reasonable to infer, however, that much oi' the copper on the bottom has been rubbed off. It affords me great satisfaction to add that the officers and men of the Cumberland performed., their incessant labor with untiring zeal and assiduity; and my acknowledgments are due to Captain Kitzhugh. his officers and men, for the very efficient aid rendered y the Mississippi, whose lerrices were of the greatest importance; and to Lieutenant Le Roy, and the men of the Potomac, who shared our labors. I am. varv rMMcirullv Your obedient (errant, D. CONNER, Commanding Home Squadron. Hon. Ur?boe DiKCKorr, Secretary of the Navy." The intelligence which we give in detail from the Havana and Vera Cruz, via New York, shown that Santa Anna ha* nailed for Vera Cruz, in the British steam packet; and that the peonl* of Vera Ciuz were preparing to receive him. Some revolutionary event* may be 011 the wing, having an important bearing? both internal and external upon the government of Mexico, and upon the war with the foiled States. Mexican Privateers. Extract from a private letter dated Havana, August 8th, received inthii city " By the steamer from Vera Cruz, we received intelligence that the Mexican government had authorized their conauU to grant letter* ol marque to any who might apply fortheiii, with the condition that all person* sailing under such licenie shall he considered a* Mexican aubject*, and amenable to their law*. We think no privateer* will be fined out from thi* place, as tlie authorities will do all they can to pievent it. Some may, however, get out. if it i* thought anythinir ran mailA hv th? hiiBinrait Two r.Ammii?inni>ri from Verm Cruz came in the la?t (trainer to requeat Uen. Santa Anna to return and take command it la auppoied that be will not go."?Boikn Tramcript, Jlut. 33. Incidents, Ac., of th? War. There was one tiling which m somewhat amusing at tho Seminole < ouaril. which I forgot to mention When the agent informed the Indian! of Uen Taylor's triumph*, they were somewhat incredulouaat first, hut when satisfled aa to the truth of it. Wild Cat aaid that "Meiicana may be to, they can't fight?may be they better quit and make friends?might get whipped tome more,"? and "gain, "that Mexican* were not aa goo.t aa the Sam in oica to fight? vbat (Jen. Taylor waa nig man now, but I chase him back once myaelt ?Heminolen make lam run in Florida."?Cherokee advocate, July 30. Particulars of the Acc-.dknt to rut Palmetto.?The steamstup Palmetto, Capt.Chriatianion, chartered by the United States Government to proceed to the Rio Grande, with munitiona of war. arrived at thia port, on Saturday, from New totk, and came to at Shippen itraet whart. Yesterday she waa visited by many hundred persona, and ahortfy after 3 o'clock, aa he waa about starting lor the Araenal, near Gray'a Ferry. the bottom of ber larboard boiler bunt, with a aharp rattling craab, and in a moment the immenie throng of people on board were enveloped in a cloud of ateam The rrv iaf fira u. an rainpd and ifreat conitetnation prevailed on hoard Tor a nbort lime. The how-line having bern previously cant loose, the iteamer swuag round with the tide, and her (tern coming in contact with a ship lying in a dock cloae by, a large number of the passengers got athore. Alter the excitement subsided, it was atcertniued that Lewi* Flynn, aged '26 yearn, the fireman of the 1 boat, was acalded to death. At the time of the exploiion I he waa trying the gauge cock, to aacertain the depth of j water in the boiler, lie waa married but a, abort time ago at New York, where he laft hi* wile on Friday last. William Fraley, the chief engiueer, waa acalded in the | face, neck and handa. He ia from Jersey C^ity, and liaa a wife and a number of children at Williamsburgh, N- Y. The phyaician did not conaider that be waa dangerously acalded. Richard Taylor, ad engineer, of Jeney City, waa severely scalded about the arma and bieaat. He v aa taken to the hospital, and it is supposed will recover in a few days. The boilers were inspecttd at New Vork, i en the lAth of May, 1846, and pronounced to be sound, i ne steamer uaually runs with about 34 to 80 inches of steam, and at the tins* the boiler burst there were only York Inspection ol steam boilers is ?w fmr ^ia t'1* *ec<>nd accident on our ii!!LT w ,wo happening to boilers which those Inspectors have approved ot short time previously. We learn, however, that Just previous to leaving New Vork. a new plate waa placed in the bottom of the boiler, and it may be the workman employed are more to blame than tha inspocton.?PMJ. Paptr.jtug. 24. irrt *? - 4iW YO ?W YORK. TUESDAY M THc Dec talon In the C?m of General OtlnM# | GENERAL ORDERS,! WAR DEPARTMENT, AdjctVt Gknkbil's Orric*. No 39. > Washington, Aug JO, 1810. I.?The ('.oart of Inquiry, whereof Brevet Brigadier General II Brady, ii ('resident, instituted by " General Orders," No. 33, of June 30th, to investigate certain transactions therein set forth on the part of Brevet Mtjor General E. P. Gaines. Commanding the Western Ili?ision of the Army, which convened at Kort Monroe, Vs., on the J"th day of July, 1H46, hat reported tho following facts and opinion r*cTS. "General Gaines learned at New Orleans, ahout the lit Mkjr, 1846,that n Mexican amy of superior forco to the army under General Tajlor, was advancing to invade Toxin, ami that actual war ?u impending. He wai infonnei officially from General Taylor of nil situation, ami what auxiliary force of volunteers he had called from the States, vlt ; lour regiments from Louisiana, tuid four regiments from Texas ; and he was requested by General Taylor, to aid the Gevemor of Louisiana in equipping and forwarding the troops of that Slate. " On the receipt of this information, General Gaines wrote to the Governors of Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee. Kentucky, and Missouri, advi?iug them to anticipate a call from the President ol the United States for voluuleers and to make preparation! to raise the troops. It wai not, however, in form, h requisition on them to ?end forward troops before they were calle J for hy ihe President " On the 3rd May, General Gaines sent att oillcer to Mobile, to raise voluuteert for Taylor'* army. On the 4th. one company was raise J, nnd embarked for New Orleans. The whole volmiieer force to tie raided at Mobile. Oeneral Gaines limited hy order* of May Gth, not to exc?ed two regiments or twenty companies. ' \hont the 4th May, the Governor of Missouri, being at New Orlnartt, tendered to General Gaines a regiment, wheh 11ft".ir (Jeriernl <>ain?*s aprnnfpit " On the 8tli May. General tJaines authorized Colonel I 'rane commanding at Pcii<>acola, whence General Gaiues had withdrawn thu garrison of regular* to send to Text*, to muster into the ?ervice one or more volunteor com panies ; also informing '"ol. Crane that he had requested the Governor of Alabama to send there two volunteer companies ; making three or more companies, called out or authorized to bo called out for the protection of Pensacola. " On the ttth May, General Oainc? authorized Lafayette Saunders to raite a regiment of mounted gunmen, from oOO to 1.000 men " On the 11th May, he authorized A. M. Dunn to raise a company of 100 men to guard the Arsenal at Baton Ilouge. " On the lith May, he authorized A. Rust to raise a regi nent of mounted gunmen ? from Ave to ten companies; each company to number from 60 to 100 men: 'hereby authorizing the levy of 300, or ft00, or 000, or 1,100 men " \Jay 10th. He authorised W. B. Lewis to rai?e a regiment of mounted gunmen?five to ton companies of 70 to 100 men?amouuting to 350, or ftOO, or700, or 1,000 men "May 13th. He authorized Bailie Peyton to raise a regiment of ten companies?eacn 60 to lOu men?amounting tutiOOor 1,000 meu " May Mth. He authorized V Buipson to raise a battalion of two com| aniei?each 60 to 100 men?amounting to l JO or iOO men to garrison Kort Jackson and St. Plulip till further orders " M?\ 16th. He authorised I S Oilhert to raise a regiment of mounted gunmen?<ive to ten companies ; each company 10 no ov i? iuu incn-amouuung to omi, onu, 600, or 1,000 mtn. ".May 20th. 11a authorized K Kotherstono, W, M ! Fulton, W 9. Hays, J. It t.reecy, and E L Tracy, to raiie cach one logiment of ten companies, each dO to 100 men. The whole amounting to 1,500, 2,500, 3.000, or 5,000 men. May 22(1. He authorize') P. B. Starko to raise a regiment of <en companies?cach 60 to 100 men making 600 or 1,000 men. "May 23J. He accopted the offer of the Governor of Mississippi to furnish 2,000 volunteers?including the regiment to bo raised by P. B Starke. ".May 3lst. He issued orders to complete the muster of two regiments of volunteers from Alabama?only three companies having been, at this time, raised on his previous requisitions. "In the latter part of May, General Gaines raised and mustered into service, Gaily' Battalion of Light Artillery?three companies?286 strong. The preciao date of thin levy does not appear in any document before the court, and is not remembered by the witness examined to this point?General Gaines' Assistant Adjutant Gene ral. "The court find further, that in consequence of General Gaines' communication to the Governor of Kentucky, about the 1st or 4th May, representing the situation ol Geneial Taylor's army, the Governor raised and sent forwarl a regiment from Louisville?which, on its arrival at New Urleans, about the latter pait of the month, General Gaines accepted and mustered into the service of the United States "The foregoing statement shows al^ .the troops raised, or called for by General Gaines. It appears, however, that tho only troops actually raised, and brought into service by him on these calls, were the St. Louis Legion, ol Missouri; the Louisville Legion, of Kentucky ; Pej ton's and Ketlieritou'i regiments of Louisiana volunteers ; and Ually's battalion of Light Artillery ; anil three companies of Alabama volunteers, raised at Mobile. "The court find further, that when Ueneral Uaines was relived from commnud of the Western division, and ordered to repair to Washington city, and in execution of said order, had arrived at Mobile, on the 12th June, lie was then and there informed bv the Governor of Alabama. that much disorder prevailed among the regiments ot volunteers assembled at that point by the President of the United States ; for which reason, the Governor applied to Ueneral Uaines to receive into the service of the United States, for the proper government of these volunteers, Brigadier General Smith, whom the Governor had commissioned to commaud them, and his staffWhereupon Ueneral Uaines did receive and muster into service? Walter Smith, as Brigadier Ueneral. Thomas Casey, Assistant Adjutant Ueneral. J ihn J. Walker, Assistant Inspector Ueneral. William P. Brown, Brigade Quartermaster. Henry K. Zettyplace, Paymaster. Charles D. Sandford, Aid-de-Camp. Richard Lee Kearr., Brigade Surgeon. "The order of Ueneral Uaines, published in this case, directed that it should remain in force till Anal instructions should be received from the proper authoiities at Washington ; and further directed Ueneral Smith to organize the volunteers, and as soon as the said organization should be completed, to procecd with them without delay to the seat or war. "1 he appointment by General Uaines of certain volunteer* and others, to staff offices, as shown in the official documents sent as evidence to the court, not being stated in the order appointing the court, as one of the matters into which it is directed to enquire, it is not consi dered in thi* statement 01 tact*, nor m the opinion 01 the court. The fact* and circumstance*, however, are et lorth in the evidence for tho information of the department of war. "In regard to issues of public (tore* by order of Oene rai Oaines, the court And that he ordered the iiaue of ordnance and ordnance store* to arm and equ p all the volunteer* called out by him, and alio, when necouary, for those called out by Oeneral Taylor ; nl?o, that he ordered the Quartermaster'* department to furnish camp equipage and quartermaiter'* supplies ; also, he ordered the Cammis*arie* to furninh *uhsistence to all volunteer* arriving at the general render.ron* for muster, and to issue to them previous to the muster. "The court also find an issue, by order of Oeneral Uaines. of two piece* of field artillery, and 36 round* of ammunition, to two private gentlemen and plantar* in the pariih of Weit Baton Kotige, for the protection of the parish againat the slave |>ofiliation, on condition of the return ol the gun* when im'jeJ for. " in regard to order* by Oeneral (iainea to Staff officer* to itsue or pay public money, the Court And ohly two such payments indicated in tho documentary evidence 1*'. He ordered the Quartermaster to pay &3.A00 to Major Oally's Uattaliun for comuiuta ion in advance of clothing ; and -id. Ho ordered the ordn ince officer to pay account* coutractc I by Major Oally tor ammunition fir hi* battelies amounting to (I 407 >0. Both which sums and accounts wo>e (>aiu accordingly. And further the Court flndtb.it he ordered the Quurtennaater'* Dc |?ar:mrru 10 p ly jii huthncr 10 an ?uiumcci a (.uhiimumtion of >ix montiii* clothiug. That any payment* were made under thi? order, doe* not appeal, by any evidence tent to thii Court "And upon tbe foregoing finding* of the fact* in the roue, the Court lubmit ibe following ' opinion ' " It it contended by General titinei that he acted in accordance with hit mitruction* from the War Uepailment. The court find that the** inttruction* were at lollowt:? " lit. Auguit 33th, 1845.?The Secretary of War wrote to (ieneral Oainet?' It cannot be ncceatai y to appris.* you that tbe authority to make a lequitition upon the Governor* of the respective State* for the militia thereof, to bo employ oJ in tn? icrvice of the Uni:ed State*, i* vetted only iu the Hreiident and limited in iu exercite to two or three tpecilied canet. Tbe emergency which would tolerate or t'xeuae the aaiumptiun of tin* autliui ity by a military officer >D command at a ilittancc froin the teat of government, in anticipation of tha Pre?ident'* action, mutt be one indicating great and imminent peril to the country?a peril to great and to imminent utto leave no reatoi.able doubt that the Pretident, with full knowledge of all the circumttance* of the cate, would have fait it hit duiv to re?ort to tuch aid The assumption of thia authority hy an officer to situated should be under circumstances which would be sure to command hit nubsequent ratification of it.' ' !2d. On the I3lh September, 184.1, the Secretary of War wrote to General Gaines :?' Vou misunderstand your poiition in regard to the commanding General in Texas. Hia command la wholly inde|>endent ol you; the orderi and instructions for hit eonduct emanate only from the government here , and you are directed to abstain from all interference with him.'

And again, on the 3<>th September, 184??' The power which you have exercised could only be resorted to in cases of extreme public peril. An error of judgement, with such motives as the President has with pleasure conceded to have governed your conduct in this case, cannot l>e regarded as a crime, or an ofl'encc sub- , jecting the officer to trial.' " The Court And further instructions to Oeneral Gaines from the office of the Adjutant General, of date May 18, 1846, from which the following is extracted ' ' The volunteer force called into the service Irom Louisiana and Alabama, lie., and which you have previously reported, meets the approval of the department.' In the opinion of the Court this approval ratifies the call and orders of General Gaines to raise two regiments at Mobile, and three or more companies at Peneacola. " The Court also deem it unnecessary to consider the case of the Ht Louis Legion received into service by | * ,. " Tvr * ?"i1* RK I [ORNING, AUGUST 25, 1 OtMrtl Oainei; it he wa? informed from the Adjutant I Uener*l'u office. May '2'id, that 'the laid regiment had j bean accepted, and would be regarded a* a portion of the foro? aaiWit out by the Preaideat.' " I r?- regard to the Louisville Legion, it appeart from j the statement of General Gaines. and teitimonv of Lieut ' Calhoun, to have been raised without a direct call from General Gaines ; though accepted by him iuto service before he hid received special authority from the War Department. It wa?, however, subsequently accepted by the department?by instructiona to General Dames of May QSth -in which instructions, however, written on the supposition that ho had called on the Oovernor for the troop*, he is informed of the disapproval of the department, and that the call was without authority of law. " The court cannot find that General Uames, at tho ! time he received this legion into service, (about the last of May,) had the authority to do so under his instructions But as the regiment was alreadv sent forward, he felt himself, on its ariival at New Orleans, under the necessity to receivo it, and te trust to the aubscquent ra tificutiou ol' tho Department I "In regard to the other calls made by General Gaines I before the 17th May to raise troops for Taylor's army, : 1 the Court are of opinion, that, under these previous iu- I ' structioa* of the War Department, and in the situation of Taylor's array, and unon ascertaining the slow progress of ' ; the enrolment of the Louisiana volunteers, and upon ascer- I taining lurtlwr that General Taylor could not receive more ihan a small portion of the force which he had called from Texas?that, tinder those circumstances, General Gaines was justified in endeavoring to supply General Tavlor to the amount of the auxiliary force, he hiioself had called for and if such force could not be obtained Irom the States to which General Taylor had applied, then General Gaines was justiflpd in applying to ether .States. The Court do not extend this approval to the requwitions for mounted gMn-men. The lour regi ments of this (Inscription of force, amounting to tour thousand men, which he auth >rized to be railed before the 17th May, destined to march overland to the army, however uretul Gen. Gaines may have coniidered them for the future operations of the war. not being required I or intended for tho immediate emergency, wero not | authorized by his instructioua, or by law. " It i? proper in this connection to bring to the favora- ' ble notice ot the War Department, the prompt recall by ] : General Gaines of all his requisitions for mounted gunmen on receiving orders to that effect ; and that the go- I vernment Incurred no exponse on account of these i calls. " For the calls made by General Gaines for volunteers, after the lttth May, when he kuew of the victories of Taylor, the Court cannot find any necessity at the time, an v authority in his instructions, or any warrant of i law. Thou calls authorized the levy of 7.000 men, bei sides Gaily'? battalion of artillery. It does not appear, however, that any, eicept the artillery, wure raised, before the calls were countermanded. " Two of the requisitions made by General Gaines for volunteers, appeal totheCuuit to be of a special character ; via : to raise a garrison of volunteer* for Koits Jackson and St. Philip, and for the arsenal at Baton Rouge. Ai the government had withdrawn the garrisan from the arsenal, and had not seen fit to garrison the forts, the Court are of opinion that Oeneral Games ought to have felt himselt specially restrained from ruining voluuteer garrisons without authority. " In regard to the authoritio* given by General Gaines to certain individuals to raise troops, it appear* to have beeu his motive to avail himsell, under what he frit as the pressure of tho emergency, of the sunposed influence of these individuals In Louisiana, where troops wore actually rauod under such power'), it was wish the sunction and concurrence of the Governor of the State, who commissioned the officers, and organized the troops according to the State laws. It does not amuor in iuv ra-u to have been the intention of General Gaines to act independently of the State authorities " Id General Gaines' proceeding* at Mobile, on 13th May, [June] in muttering into service General Smith and hi? stall', alter he was relieved from hi* commai.d, and instructed hy the War Department, to ' cats hit independent action in theaa mattem, and to confine himself to carrying out the order* and views of the President, ao far as they might he communicated to him from that Department'?the Court are of opinion that he transceuded his authority, and violated his order*?particularly in appointing such a Staff Officer as an Inspector General, after the recent nnd emphatic instruction to him hy the Secretary ol War, that* such appointments would not bo recognised or confirmed, and that the President himself had no authority under existing laws to make such appointments. " Vet the Court are *ati?lied that General Gaines had not the intention to act in defiance or in disregard of his instructions He thought that the disorganized state of the volunteers assembled at Mobile, made it a matter of very urgent importance that a commander should be appointed over them, Ho acted too, at the special application of the Govern.>r of the 8t\te;and the Court, therefore, recommend his conduct to the favorable construction of the Preadont. " The Court are of opinion, in regard to the iisue of ordnance and ordnaoco store, camp equipage and subsistence to the volunteers, that the issue followed necessarily the enrolment and muster of tho troop*. After tho troops were brought into servico it wa* proper to arm and equip and provide them according to regulation*. "The issued ration* to volunteer* before muiter, i* not provided in the regulations or law*. But tho court present to the confide ration of the department, the necessity of the case, when the volunteers hnd arrived at the rendezvous, and were absolutely without moans of subsistence. "Such innes, as of the two pieces of field artillery, and ammunition to planters of Baton Rouge Pariah, are not provided lor by the regulations of the army. But under the circumstances, being required for the aecurity ot the parish, and issued to responsible persons, on condition of their safe return whenover demanded, the court are of opinion that it ought to bo approved. "In the absence of ceitain official information on the subject, the court suppose it to be the practicc of the government to make advances to the militia called into service, in commutation of clothing; and that the orders of (Jeneral Gaines on this subject did not introduce a new practice Of the correctness of the particular account of $2,.'>00,which General Gaines ordered to bo paid te Gully's battalion, the court have not the means of judging?and therefore leave it as an account to be settled, according to law and regulations, in the auditing offices of the treasury. "The court cannot approve General Gaines' order to Captain Whitely, to pay Major Gaily's hill of $1,467 60, for ammunition, as it does not appear that whatever ammunition was required, might not have been furnished from liaton Kouge arsenal, or otherwise procured by the ordnance officer. "The court have not considered, as connccUd with he issues of stores and payment of funds before menlioned, whether the persons or troops, to whom or on account of whom, tfco isnues and payments were made, were legally in the service of the United States, inasmuch as the act of Congress of tho last session, has ince provided tor the settlement of such accounts. Of the lawful authority of Genral Gainos to raise the troopa, they have expressed their opinion in tho several canes. "Having now reporter) their finding and opinion, the court recommend to tho favorable consideration of the President, the good and patriotic motives, and the public zeul, by which, a* the court believe, General Gaines was actuated in all theie transactions, and therefore, they recommend that no further proceedings be had in thia case " II?The proceedings of the Court of Inquiry in tha foregoing case having been duly submitted, the following are the orders thereon: War Dkpartmi.it, Aug. 18,1816. The proceeding* of the Court of Inquiry in the foregoing case have been laid before the President, and carelully examined It is seen that the Court have found that several of the acts of Brevet Major General Gaines "ware not nuthori/.ed by his instructions or by law; and that he haa violated orders " That for the calls mado by him "for volunteers after the Inth of May, when he knew of the victories of [General J Taj lor, the Court cannot find any necessity at the time?any authority in his instructions, or any warrant of law:" That in musteriug into service at Mobile certain general and stall' officers, alter he was relieved ol his command by instructions from the War Department, "the Court Hre of opinion that he transcended his authority, and violated hi* orders " The President views with deep regret, the exorcise of thi<i asuumeil authority on the part of the late commander of tha western division, ami while ha is disposed to give every consideration to the ciicumitancas, which nifty leim iy quwinj inmgnin nj? ruiiuun, lie can see nothing in them wi.i. h would juiHy | him for withholding the e*| re-siou of his drI cided disapprobation of the irregular and unauthorized proceeding* of that crllrer But In consideration ut the recommendnifon of the Court, and concuriing with them in their opinion ol tAe ''good and patiiotic motives and the public zeal bv which ha was actuated," the President direct! that further proceeding* in the cam of Brevet Major General Guinea be dup.nsod with. The President cannot dismiss tho con without inviting the seriour attention of the army to the grave subject which haa been presented for hi* consideration and decision. The officer* belonging to the military service are known to ba devoted to the public interest. Their zeal, gallantry, and skill have long been established. The country dulv appreciate* their value, hut unremitted care ihould be taken to abitain from any act which may tend to impair their high character. And what ao ' likely to derogate from thi* a* the aaiumption of important executive or miniaterial authority bv a military commandcr, or the diiregard ol hia order* r '1 he cxerciie of authority not poa*e**?d nor delegated ?tne non-obiervance of instruction*, or the expenditure of the public troature, not warranted by law nor justified by imperious necessity, cannot be dimegari'ed A just re>possibility of all in authority make* it a public duty ol imperative obligation, to olnerve and itrictly enforce the law and the rule* of the service. By order of the Prksidic*t : W. L. MARC.V, Secretary of War. Ill ?The Court of Inquiry, of which Brevet Brigadier General H Brady 1* President, i* hereby dissolved. By order : R. JONES, Adjutant General. Steam ship HmRRNU.Kyrie, 64 hours lrom Bo#i ton, arrived at Halifax, IHtli instant, and after I taking on hoard eight additional passenger*, left same d?.y for Liverpool. A bad accident occurred *oon after the steamer left Boston At 8 P.M., on the 10th, five hour* after leaving Boston, In a thick fog, she ran foul ol schooner Maine, of Cohassat, 53 tona burthen, and *uok her. 1 ha boats were immediately lowered from the steamer, which succaeJed In saving five of the craw. The remainder, aix in number, pariihod. Their name* were Joshua Litchfield, matter, M Litchfield and ton, Martin Wheelwright, H. Richardson, and L. Lincoln, boys. | to IERA 1846. Correspondence of the Herald. Syracuse, August 21, 1846. j Salina and Central Square Plank Road?lit effect on tlieFarm* Contiguous to it?A Celebration and Dinner?Trouble among the Pnnteri in Syracuse Having never yet seen u correct statement of the new plank road, recently laid from Salina to Central Square, with your permission I will give you a few facts. This road w;is commenced early last spring. The President of the Board of Directors is M. D. Burnett, Esq., of Syracuse; Vice-President, O Johnson, Est], ol Brewerton. Directors?George Geddes, M. W. Bennett, A. P. Granger, S. G. Alvord, llichard Adams, John Van Buren, and J. Candcc, Esqrs. Engineer and Superintendent of Construction, Geo. Geddes, Esq. It was four mouths only from the time of commencement to the completion of twelve and a half miles, the distance from Salina to Brewerton. The entire cost of the 12i miles is $17,000. Tlio whole distance, when completed, will be miles, and will cost twenty-two or twenty-three thousand dollars. The road being graded to reI ceive the plank and to admit teams to puss, the plank are then laid upon stringers bedded in the eaith and rendered solid, and the earth graded up level with the top of the plank, which are four | inches thick and eight feet wide?a single track only being laid. This is the first, and F believe only puonc pianK roao in mis couniry. ino pari 01 I it was built by contract, but all under the pergonal direction of the engineer. The effect of this road upon a large portion of Northern Onondaga will be most liappy. The road over which this plank improvement has been made, has been forever almost impassable ; a great part of it was the very worst kind of "corduroy," endangering the safety of travellers, and rendering the transportation of goods and produce exceedingly hazardous. Yet it was the great thoroughfare tor all the salt barrels brought into this marled. The poor state of the roads (believed to be the worst lor so long a distance in the State) thiough that region, has for years kept down the price ol farms not only, but preveutcd men of wealth and enterprise from taking them up and reducing them to cultivation. Nlany have attempted to cultivaie larms, and abandoned them, because they could not get into market without breaking their wagons. A gentleman, a lew years since, purchased a place in Cicero, 9 mile* from Salina, with a vi-jw of go>ng into the practice of medicine there; when within a mile of the village, j he broke down his carriage for the fourth time ! [ On arriving at Cicero he reuteo his house for hall i its value?sold his remnant of a carriage, and i went back the saine night on horseback, utterly I dis/usti-d with (be place. Now th-ro is not a hettrr road in the State?and ttie consequence is, ! property has run up from 1 to 25 per cent <uuur?l I?,?, ??l,l orl.?< ar. per acre. On the 11th ult. a free ride was given to the citizens by the directors, and a public dinner prepared by the proprietor of the Brewerton house. The dinner was served up on a small and beautiful island.a short distance from the house, giving a delightful view of the bay for several miles up, with its clusters of islands, fertile farms bordering it, tic. After the cloths were removed, the company were addressed appropriately and with eloquence by H. Baldwin, M. D. Burnett, Esq., Hon. D. Mosely, and by Geo. Geddes, Esq. Toasts were given adapted to the occasion, and to the ladies, a large number of whom were present, and the whole affair parsed off with gratification. Thero can be no doubt, I thiiik, of the utility, economy, and convenience of plank roads. Our printers here are in quite a snarl about the P. O. advertising. The P. M , \V. W. TeaU, Esq , hns, as others have done, under the direction of the P. M. General, allowed those who could swear to the largest circulation, to have it. At the last term for advertising(monthly) new affidavits were taken. The proprietor of the Standard had had it for several months. At this time the Star publishers ran ahead of them in their affidavits several hundreds. The Standard publishers complained of the St ir publishers before th'-* police for perju ry. >v iiui me i.icls in uic cttsc nro, me uuuuc win know when the libel suits,which have been commenced between the parties, growing out of the transaction, come on. I think the best way after all, is for newspapers to be like the Herald, independent of all government or ofiicial pap,?to live by its merits as a newspaper. Let government printing &c. come if it will, and if not, let it go to the old shoe. Yours, kc. Clio. ? Newport, R. I., August 25,1816. The La$t Letter. j A cold sou'-wester?a dun and drizzling fog?a | tire blazing in the parlor grate, awaken symptoms of a return to the hearth and home. The " sumi mer birds" begin to shiver even in the brilliant circle of the saloon. The heavy "cashmere" hangs over rounded shoulders, or is drawn closely around the voluptuous developments of many a fair bosom. An additional petticoat has been , dragged forth from its summer slumbers?and now encircles tho velvet limbs of the gay dan | sense. Ennuied forms lounge listlessly on sofa and j ottoman?rcilecting on the joys that have vanishj ed, or perhaps thinkingof the winter campaign? Li H5 1110 ill tut? ^iuuv auu uujr a.uutu iu oci 111, moustached men in pea jackets lounge about the piazza*, or crawl closer to the tire and smoke their segars. The stage and the steamboat depart heavily laden, and every thing seems to say that the reason is over. Transient visiters still comi thickly from the far North anu the Canadas?stop for a moment to plume their wings, and then, as if the demon of the cold was pursuing thnm, continue their migration toward the soft regions of the sunny South. The sweet sea breeze that has been our kind consoler through the long summer days?now becomes a cold and biting sou'-wester. Well has it done its duty?well has it warded off the j hot and burning beam of the summer noon ; and it leaves us to sigh for the return of Spring. We I shall long to inhale again the " Narragansett Zephyr" laden with the sounds of the mighty sea ?laden with the narcotic aroma of Newport honeysuckles?laden with the sweet fragrance of many a lover's kiss; and, God willing, we shall breathe that blessed air again. We shnll yearn for it through the long chill day of winter?yearn to mingle once more with the happy hearts of this hospitable home. The sun has set over the blue waves of the " Sound"'?the lire driven vessel bears us fast and far away?and with unwilling heart and treiubl'ng lip, we are contained to apeuk the unwelcome and woe-breathing word?Adieu ' E comer. Yttileilon. I The Petersburg Intrtlitmnrr of Thursday notices a rumor which had tea lied tint town vn Lychburg, ol the 1 arrest of i-.ppes, tlie ni'ir.'eier of ?Ir Muir, at m. Lome, 1 an'l s, we have papers from there us late uh the 11th, I | (subsequent to the reported arret!,) which are lilint ou the subject. ! John P Barryman, of Fincastle, Va., was shot on the 50th, by Hairaton Amya, and dangerously wounded A Mr Henry Beeaerkar, of Fincastle, Va , an old man, rpcentiy committed auicide by shooting himaelf. Visit or the PitnoifiT at NoaroLa.?The President iind Mr* Polk, Mtaa Rucke, Mr. and Mra. McNeil, Col. I Totten, Col DeHusse. Oen Hrooaa Maj Miller and the 1 Hon. Mr. Brockenbrough. of Florida, came up from Old l'oint about 1-2 o'clock yeaterday, in therU. A. steamer Kugineer, Lt. Com'g. Pennock. A salute wai bred by the L'. S. Revenue Cutter Madiaon, Capt. Polk, lying in our harbor, aa the Kngineer passed up to the Navy Vard Tho President ami amte first visited the higahip Pennsyl rania, on hoard of which splendid national veaael ihey were received by CaptHtribbling and.his olBcers with the usual honora ami salutes, both on their arrival and departure. The President next visited the Dry Dock and Navy Yard, and then partook of a handsome collation at the residence of Com YVilkinnon, the commandant olthe Vard. In compliance with the invitation of the jorpornte authontlea, the Preaident and suite vitited Norlolk at about half pait 2 o'clock, and upon landing, wai mot at the wharf by the Mavor of the city, the Court, the Melect and Common Council*, and the volunteer companiei of toe city, the battalion being under the commend of Capt. * k Kerguaon, a mlute bum? died by a detachment of | the N. L. A. Blue*. The >plendid Old Point Band, under the lead of Mr. BloomAeld, heeded the proceaaion. The | Preaident waa then escorted to qnartera prepared for him at Block's National Hotel, where the party partook of a idmptuoua repaat, prepared in Mr. Black'* be*t style. The Mayor presided at the dinner, auiated by the Preai- ! denta ol the Delect and Common Couacila a* Vice Preai- | I dent*. The Preaident and auite emberked at hel/ peat 6 i o'clock for Old Point, in the splendid iteamer C urt I* Peck, | which waa chartered for the occauon by the city authoritiea. . .. . Personal In tell (genre. Senator* Ca**, ef Michigan, Baron, of l.ouiaian*, Breeze, of Illinois, and Crittenden. of Kentucky, with Mr Irving, Kepreaentative from Tenne*aee, ami Mr. Wentworth, ol lllinoia, |>e*aed thioU|(h Bulla loon tiida? l??t and took i>a?*H* lor hom* ? LD. Two C?sta? Affkirn of La Plata. No. VI. Buk.nos Aypes, 14th May, 1&I6. On the 3d September, 184fi, the Engliah and French agents here, nnd at Montevideo, iuued th?? fnlIou.'inu nnti?? " Sir?I have the honor to inform you, that in con* que mo of a decision, which the Ministers Plenipotentia1 ry of Knglanri and France at Montevideo, have found necessary u blockade of the porta and coast* of the province of Buenos Ay re?, hit* been declared , and that such blockade will be enforced by the combined squadrons if England and ! ranee, forty-eight hour* alter the date of the piuseut notification. " Fifteen days, however will be allowed for the depar ture of neutral vessels from Birenos Ay res." This blockade was protested against by most of the foreign representatives here. The U. 8. Charge anil Consul protested; the Portuguese Charge protested; the Consul tor Bremen ai>d Hamburg made a partial protest. The Brazilian Consul of course did not protest, because his government instigated the intervention; and tne Sardinian Consul was enchased with the English and French business here, when the representatives of those governments withdrew; of course he said nothing, There are two or three other consuls here, but 1 haye heard nothing of their course. Captain Pendergrast of the U. S. corvette Boston, then senior officer in the river, protested against the coast blockade. The chief grounds of all these protests were, that England and France had no right to declare a whole coast, extending, as does the coast ol Buenos Ayres, some twelve or fifteen hundred miles, under blockade. They were at the same lime, and with the same vessels, pretending to blockade the whole province of the Bantfa Oriental, except Montevideo. The essential thing in every definition of blockade, is a sufficient force stationed oft' the place blockaded, to make it hazardous to enter. Our government has never recognized a mere paper blockade. Her course in relation to captures made under the orders in council of Lngland, and tho Berlin and Milan decrees of France, has "defined her position" elearly. The blockaders stationed two or three vessels off Buenos Ayres, sometimes only two. The residue of their combined squadrons were either at Montevideo, or at some other port of the Band'i Uiieiital, or cruising it- the rivers Parana and Urftguay, "to open up the navigation" of those riveis. "They have not at any time had a single vessel stationed opposite, or even cruising oti, any ot the numerous ports of this province, to the extremity of Patagonia, except at this port. About the 10th of November, an expedition organis. d at Montevideo, consisting ot about tilty ineicliant ves-els of various nations, even three nr lour Americans, assembled ai trie isiana 01 Martin Garcia, where they were joined by an escott ol two English and one Freucn steamers, and nine other English and French vessels of war, ior the purpose of forcing the tree navigation ol the River Parana. Governor Rosas a ?hort time previous, had declared the navigation of this river entirely suspended, even to vessels under the Argentine Hag, because Corrientes, one of the interior provinces, was in rebellion, at.d had cantured several vessels descending with cargoes. It had never been open to foreign flags. On the 20ih of November, this expedition had ascended about thirty-three leagues, near to point Obligad*, where Rosas had assembled a strong lbrce, under command of his brother inlaw General Mnn?illa, who had erected three small batteries, and stretched two chains across the river, to which were attached a number of small vessels. At one end was placed an armed schooner. Early on the 21st, the English and French opened their fire ou the batteries and bchooner. They had in all over a hundred guns, from SO pounders down. The Argentines had in all thirty-threo guns, from tt's to 24's?only two of the latter. According to the English account of the matter the battle lasted nine hours, and was conducted with great bravery on both sides. They so?n disabled the Argentine schooner, but the commander, before leaving her, set lire to her to prevent her falling into the hands of the enemy. They finally succeeded in cutting the chains, and passing up wun tne uiree steamers to a position where they could rake the batteries with their heavy guns and bhclls, for a time. As one set of gunners were shot down, others took their places; but finally their ammunition was nearly exhausted; and the result cannot be doubted when the superior force ?1"the invaders is considered. They themselves speak of the undaunted bravery of the Argentine troops. Gen. Mansilla was seen throughout the day issuing his orders, and taking " mate" with great nonchalance. The combined forces finally landed and spiked the guns; next day they carried olFthe guns, and burned all the vessels that had been stretcher! acress the river, and then commenced repairing their vessels, several of which, in their own language, were " literally cut to pieces." They claim to have killed over a thousand, and acknowledge a loss of about 120. From the best information 1 can obtain, the loss of the Argentines was about 300, and of the other side about 200; but take their own statement, and it must convince all that the mediators dia not come to stop the effusion of human blood, us they claimed. This battle was fought without any declaration of war, and for no otiier alleged cause than thai the mediators were resolved to force their way into the interior rivers of the Argentine confederation, contrary to the laws of a country with which they professed friendly relations. The few American vessels that accompanied this hostile expedition have disgraced the flag they carry, and the name of an American so far as their conduct goes. They have already suffered much, for they are still up tha river, having been gone nearly seven months, and at the last accounts they had done very little in selling what they took up, or in obtaining a return carj(o. The whole expedition has been cxpectedft^wn for some days, and General Mansilla is far better prepared lor their reception than when they ascended. A Citizen of thk United States. Singular Story?The Dead and Biteied. -*A case has mute recently been brought before one or two of the courts in this city, which has developed proceeding* of an extraordinary character, and bared as deep laid a acheme of villainy as the jeauitical Rodin, of bugene Sue, could ever have conceived. A plot of Ura moil diabolical character, conceived with the moat cenaumcnate akill, and eaecuted with an adroitneae in all its minutin, that would atartJe the moat audacioua. And at the bottom of it all, the prime mover and actor, wee a woman. What a woman coald be capable of that could devil* aueh a plan, it ia aimoat irnpoaail-le to conceive?that aha inuat he a |>eraon of extraordinary abilitiea, in one reapect at Ifaat. none can doubt. It appeara from a petition Bled before Judge Preaton, that in the year 1831, Mr Thomaa W. Thompson, a respectable citizen of thia plaae, married a yuung woman whoae maiden name waa Mmcrva A. Uholaon, by whom he had a daughter. On the 30th of ^tigtiat, 1843, hia wife left him under pretence of ?initing ner mother, then reaiding in St. Louia, taking with hvr their only child, then about nine yeara and a half old. Prevjou* to thia time hia amiable ipou?e had been ta'hergay, but bad aucceeded in blinding the fond and creduloua liu'hmid pretty elt'ectualyj. and he could only anapert what he waa unwilling to believe. In the latter p.rtof Mcptpmber, IMS, he received a letter I rum one I Mr W. J. Logan, who had married a aiater of hia wife, inhuming linn of the death ol .Mra. Thompaoo, and enl cloaing a lull of the phydcikn who ntteniied her in her last and fatal illneaa, and given the attendant undei taker a certificate o< "de th Ironi natural cau>ea and alao a bill for indiipenaable arttclea politely fumiahed by the atorraaid undertaker, for aeeing the unfortuuale deceaaed decently beatowed. 1 he ntUicted hutband waa IncoD olable, for he had tenderly loved hia wife. ConaiderIng it a ueceaaary and aecreo obligation to pay the Mineral ek|>en?ea. he paid the doctor'a bill to Di Tiffin, of thia city, and aent the amount of the undertaker'! bill to hia affectionate brother-in-law. In iNovemher of the aame year, Mra Sarah Oholion and the daughter of Mr. Thompaon, arrived from St. Louia, clad in the habilimenta of wo. and after remaining a abort time here, retained to St Loula, Mr. T permitting hia daughter to accompany her grandmother; and up to November, 1845, they continued to reaide in that city, oocaaionally coming down for a few day - at a time on a viait. Since November, Mra. uholaon and Angelina Thompaon, the daughter of Mr. t l .n tkia r?tv tnn fiilhur frrnuffntiV Tint ing the home providing lur them, anrl enjoying the eocioty of hi* (laughter, now thirteen year* ol age.to whom he i* devotedly attached During the month of July Uat, Mr. Thompaon wa* founded *t learning that hi* wife til "alire an<l kicking." or had riten from the grave, and wa? a? full of life arid a* lair to look upon m ever.? H? could ?carceljr credit that he had bean tb? victim of <uch a daring and adroitly managed plot, and that hi* , wife had planned and carried it through, taught an ionocent child to lie and deceive for yeara a doting father, to conceal and eujoy unmolnated a criminal interceuraa with another man lie could hardly realize that aha could hare had power enough to indue* an antlra family to aid her, till tha fact waa accidentally diacovered hy a third party, and ha learned that aha had keen for many montha a reiident in thia city. A caee before Recorder Baldwin; about a ho* ol jewelry, A rat apprieed* tha hueband of toia wrong*. Hinca that time he hat bean unable to obtain a eight ofhla daughter, or aacertain her whereabout*, and haa giran tha matter up in daipair. A writ of habaaa corps* wa* granted by Jndga I're*fan. com manding Sarah Oholaon and Minerva A. Thompaon to bring before him the body of Angelina Thompeon, upon a petition aatting forth thai* fecu in tha caaa. Unfortunately tha officer waa unable to aarva tha writ, tha partie* having fled from juitice, and thua tha matter reata at preaent, the father having relinquished all hopaa of ah. taining tha guardianahip ef hi* child.?/f. 0 ncmar, Jimgwill.

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