Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 29, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 29, 1846 Page 1
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TH] Vol. JKH, lo. axi-wtoto M70, thiTnew york heraldT JAMES GORDON 8ENNETT PROPRIETOR. Circulation---Forty Thousand. DAILY HKH VLu?> u?>. Price a cant* par copy?CT Bper auDura?I'iribli in adrure. WEtKLY IIKKaLO? ' 'Tery Sitnrday?Price per copy?$3 UK ctmu |>?* annum?payable ia advance HKHALD I1 OK Kl'ROPK? Kvery Steam Packet day. Price caau par copr?M M per annum, payable in ad ADVKRTISKMKMTS ?t the Initial price*?always cub B linan PRINTING of all kind* eieoated with beaaty ud 4m- i patch All letter* or communication*, by mail, addreaaed to th? f tabluhment, mutt be poat paid, or the |<oata(? will be d? d. ctcdfrom the *uhacnption money remitted. JAMK8GORDON BKNNKTT, Proprietor of the NrwYoas Hbkald K*Taat.i*MKirr, Nflttii-WMf #(wi r#?i ir*flfn?, iorf M?Maitmi#ri HI A Ki l l 1 K ON JOHiN HbHU.VlAJM * CO., United tfeate* aad threat Britain and Ireland. Old" Katabluhed Qnigrant Office. (I South ?treetj*<ew York. tRjft It "CO., Liverpo^^^^1^^^^^ Ptsaage to *nd from Oreat Britain and Ireland, via Liverpool by the Old Black Ball Lin e .or any of the regular racket ahipa aailing every fire day*. The inbacriber* in calling th < attention of Old Countrymen and thr public generally (o their uueuualled arrangementa for bringing oat paaaengera from the old country, beg leave to Mate that the biiineu of the Hoaae at Liverpool will be Conducted bv its Branch. Those tending fortheir friends will at once aee the greet importance ol tnia arrangement, aa it will preclude in unnecessary delay of the emigrant. The ships employed in this line are well knowu to he of the first ana largest class, commanded by men of experience; and a* they fail every* ',Te days, offer every facility that can be furnished. With those superior arraugemeuts, the subscribers look forward (or a continuation of that patronage which lias beeu to liberally ettauded to Chen* lor so mauy years past. In case any ol those eugagsd do not embark, trie passage money will be refunded aa customary For fnrther particulars apply by letter, post paid J HKKD.V1AN fc CO., 1 South at., New York HKHDMAN ta CO.. Liverpool. N. B.?Uralts fur any amount can aa usual De furnished, payable at all the principal Banking Inatitutiou* throughout the I'm'ed Kingdom, on application aa ahovc ji 28 r PA^KEilj FOK HaVKE?LINK. i # ? # The filiipa of this Line will (ail during the year iu the iollowing order From N. York. F'm Havre. ( Jan. I, Feb 16 Ship UT1CA, Capt. J. A. Peirce, < May 1. June K. ( Sept. 1. Oct. 6. Ship ST. NICHOL AS Capl. N. W. ^; ^ }*; tveleifh. ) 0c, , Nov l# Ship ONEIDA, Capt. Fonck. > }; Ang'le'" r Nov. I. lJec. 16. Ship BALTIMORE, Capt. J. John-> ^r'| |g; ,ton- < Dec' I. Jan 16 They are all of the first class, ahlr commanded, and with acc xntnoilations ample and commodious The once of passage iu the cabin is $100, exclusive of wines and liquors. Apply to BOYD HINCKKN. Agents, No. 9 Tontine Buildings, ' No 88 Wail street Oooda sent to the agents for forwarding, will be subject to none other than the expenses actually paid auitl m GJuASGOW AND NEW YORK LINE OF PACKETS. Mb. m* DKHSONS wishing to send (or their friends in any part of i Scotland, to tail direct from Glasgow, catj mall* arrangements with tlic Subscribers, to hare them brought out in any Ot toe regular lineol Packets, sailing mouthlyirom Glasgow The ANN HARLEV, Captain Scott, ADAM CARR, Captain McKwen, BAR AC EN .Captain Hawkins, BROOKS^Y, Comprise the above line, and the high character of those vessels should be sufficient inducement lor pe. on* who may be sending far their friends in Scotland, to make arrangements foi this (tne only line.) Jfuxtlier particulars given, on application to W. lit J T. TAPSCOTT, 75 South street, comer of Maiden Lane, or Messrs. RE1D Ik MURRAY, Agents alOr in Glasgow. NEW LINE OF LIVERPOOL PACKETS. Ml at M. T^sail from N swYork11 st, and Iro^Liverpool 6t)w>feacr mouth. Fr&m Aew York Live, pool Ntw ship Liverpool, 1150 tons, j ^pril 21 June ( J. Eldridge. > Aigmst 81 Oct. S NewshipOueenofthe We?t, 2} j!?'ch S 1250 tous/r. Woodhouse, i ,, ?} ft* ? New 8hipfeehe.ter.WttM. * John Briton. /October 21 Dee. f hip Hottinguer, 1050 toma, ) ^'ch 2} j&J Ira Bursly S N J ? j*- ? These suostantial. fast sailing, first class ships, ail built in the city of new York, are commanded by men of experience end ability, and will be despatched punctually on the list ol each monrn. Their cabins are elegant and commodious, and are furnished with whatever can couduce to the ease and comfort of passengers. Price of passage $100. Neither the captaius nor owners of these ships will be responsible for anv parcels or packages sent by them, unless rriuiar uius (?i mihiik wt >iK>iru incrriw. For freight or passage apply to WOODHULL k MINTURN, 87 South street, New York, or to F1ELDEN, BROTHERS k do., mire Liverpool. MEW loKK AND GLASGOW LINE O* PACKETS. Mk Ml Mt tik Balliug from Nev^KrF on the l*t^iucKiTa*gow o^h^^tr of each mouth. From N. York. Fm. Ul'gow. i June 1. Jnly 14. Ship SARACEN, N. T. Hawkuu, < Oct. 1. Nov'r 15. ( Feb. 1. March li. i July I. April li. Br. Ship BROOKBBY, H. M'Kwea, < Nov. 1. Aug. 11. ( March 1. DecV 15. I August 1. May 15. Br Bark ADAM CARR, ??, < Dec'r 1. Sept. 15. ( April 1. Jan. 15. SMay 1. June 15 Sept. I. Oct. 15. Jac'y 1 Februa. 15. Theie ship* are good, substantia] veueli, ably commanded, and will tail punctually ou their regular day*. Their accom modation* for p**senger,ar* good, ajid every*attemion will be paid to promote their comfort. The agenu or Captain* will not be reapomible for any parcel* or package* tent them, unlau bill* of Inrlinir ar? aimed therefor. rorfr*htorpo^V^D?fiuLL fc 17 Sonrh *treet. Nrw York, or M re K K.I f) 8t MUKH.AY, Utwow. MARSEILLES LINE OF PACKETS. m m m m The umlrrme.. iuu Ships will b* regularly despatched from irm't oil the 1st. and from Marseille* tbe 10th of each mouth daring the year, a* follow! Ship*. Captain*. Krom N. York. PR'CE ile JOINYILLE, (new) Lawrence, April I Sept. 1 MlSSURI, Silvester, May 1 Oct. 1 ARCOLE (new) ETeleigh, June 1 Not. 1. OASTON, Coulter, July 1 Dec. I. NEBRASKA (new) Wauoo, Aug. 1 Jan.'U* Shtp*. Captain*. From Marseille*. PR'CE de JOINVILLE, (new) Lawrence, Jane 10 Not. 10 MISSOURI. Silvester, July 10 Dec. 10 ARCOLE, (new) Eveleigh, Aug. 10 Jan. li OASTON, Coulter, Sept. 10 Feb. 1# NEBRASKA, Wataon, Oct. 10 Mar- |0 These re*sels are of the first class, commended by men ol experience. Their accommodation*, for passengers are nusur pn?*d Inr comfort and convenience. Oooda addressed to the genu will be forwarded free of other charge* than thoae acta ally paid. For freight or paaaage iu>i>ly to CHAMBERLAIN k. PHELPS, Proprietor. No. 103 Front street, or to - BOYD It HINCKEN, AI entt, tToatiPf Bmldinjf, it Wtll.cor. Wtttr it . UR1TIHH AND NOHTH AMKRI sjfc+fSlt*,;AN HOYAL MAIL 8TKAM SHIPS, L**ol 1200 tons and 410 hone power each, an. ilrr contract with the Lord* ol' the Admiralty. HIBLRNIA Capt. A. Ryria. CALEDONIA Capt. E. O. Lott. BKITANN1A Capt. J. Hewitt. CAMBRIA Capt.C. H E. Jarikini. At A 1)1 A Capt. Win. Harrison. Will Mil iron Liverpool end Boston, ril Halifax. u fol Iowa raou boston. rioM timrooi. Hihernia Ang. IS, IMC. Britannia Ang. It, IMS Caledonia Sept. I, " Cambria Sept. 4, " Britannia *' IS, " Hiberuia It " Cambria Oct I, " Fttiiiil Mount. Kroin Boston to Liverpool $!M. Krom Boston to Halifax... 20. No bertha seenred until paid for. These ships carry ex pern-need surgeons. No freifht, except specie, received oa dij s of sailing. For freight, passage, or any other information, apply to D. BHIUHAM, Jr., Agent. , At HARNDEN fc CO/S, S Wall st UTT" In sedition to the above liue between Liverpool and Halifax und Boston, a contract haa beeu entered into with Her Majesty's government, to eatabliah a line between Liverpool and New V orh direct. The steam ships for this service are now being built, and eaHy next year due uotice will be given of the time when they will stait. Under the new contract the steamers will sail every Saturday during eight months, and every fortnight during the other montha in the year Ooing alternately between Liverpool, and Halifax and Bosti-n, and between Liverpool and New York. jvjo tftre DRAFTS ON OWCAT BRITAIN I /y&Mi&W* AN" IKrXA?p-f?fK*? wmhi?K to r- I ^^fLiPtf*a!",,'monrr ,0'h'V ^n'?4* ' ?> p?? of i Urol B. it mi or Ireiaud.raa proeare draJU o| the lubacribera for ?nf wuhiiii, Iron ?1 uiil jpwarda, payable on d-inm.d without Hi.rnum, is II the prin:ipal towne throughout the United Kingdom. T>>e rny I tin I it earner will iea?e U<.?'o on the 16th ini'unt. and he (leamahip " Ureal Weatein" will tail from New York on th? 30th bv either of which dralt? eau be for* warded. W ft J T TAMW.OTT. H Homh atreet. tail ?e t dnora below Burling alip 4*. rUM WUI.ItC, with deyntch?The A I Britiah ?(tWy B?rh ItOBKKT A. PAhKKH, Kinnini mailer. JiMMftbh iriiia tl ree-fon'tha of her Cargo augaged, will ha>e Ur.patch for ll e abore port. Kor fi tight, appl) t? J. MeNilH' KA Y. ?*?.r M MlU.lttNl, | r E N E' NEW VERY LATE FROM MEXICO. ! &.TTAOE OH ALVAHADO. REVOLT IN THE CITADEL. &c , &e , &c. The following intelligence fiom Vera Cruz, was received by the Southern mail yesterday. It if of some interest. [From the Mobile Her?l<l, Aug. 41.] Piwhoola, Fla., Aug. 19, 1B46 ? I hasten to give you the arrival of the steam frigate Mississippi, four and a half da} from VeraCruz. Owing to the mail brought b> her not yet beiag diitributed, I am unable to rive you aa full an account of the new* aa 1 would be, had 1 received my correspondence before the departure of the mail Tor your city. I learn that the dopartaaent at Vera Crux hat declared for Santa Anna, an! a deputation has been lent to Havana to etcoithim over, and hii arrival by the Hritiih teauicr Montezuma, would certainly be announced the day after the Mississippi sailed Thia clignge, however, will reault in uowiae to the security of peace between the two nation*, for Sxnia Anna a party, although they require a change of ruleri, sternly insist upon Uie must active prosecution of hostilities. On the eveuingof the 7th inst, Cou\. Connor coutamnlntftd an a'tack unun Alvarnrln u ,J mill, - ,? that object the Mis?is<ippi was tout down preparatory to an attack on the 8ih, but owing to the difficulty and danger encountered iu crossing ll.e bar, and the indioauom of an approaching storm, a signal waa given from the flag-ship to haul oil' This was done, net, however, without iring a lew iholli at the enemy, at a distance ol about two miles and a quarter, which compliment was reciprocated by a salutation of musketry from the buahes at our gus-l*oati, which were endeavoring to efl'eet passage up the river against a strong current No damage was done to our party : but what damage the enemy su?taiu?d ii unknown. This attack I leain will doubtless lie penevered in by ('om.< onner, and success will inevitably he the renult. Th? great <li>sen?ioua iu the enemy's camp ai to who shall rule, can surely renult in no good to tliem, but, ou the contiary, iavor ou interest. The next airival from Vera Cruz is looked to with much anxiety to know tbe impression made upon (he people by the presence of his excellency Ex-President Santa \11na, and the course he will puraue after being restored to authority. [From the Washington Union] We published accounts on Saturday night from CemConnor, down to the 30ih July, from VeraCruz ; and in la?t evening's Union we furnished extracts Irom New Orleans papers, with accounts from the city of Mexico to the 29th, and from Vera Cruz te the 31st, (receive 1 via Havana) We are now obligingly furnished with translations of Mexican papers subsequently received at the Navy Department, with dates from Vera Cruz to tbe 6tli of August inclusive, and from the capital to the 4th of August. We understand that the following are the mo?t material articles which these papera conmin if these accounts may be relied on, the revolution is advancing with rapid stiides to place Santa Anna once more at the head ol the republic : ? Liinuiiaisuiiuiu ?ji luuitauur OI > era utuz.ot AUgUSt (iih, 184b.] City or Mexico, Aug. 4, 1846. liberating republican a kmt. In the morning of this day almo<t the whole of the garlison of this capital, who are at this moment under the order* ol the unJeraigned, and of General D. Juan Morale*, occupying the citadel, declared against the government, and will soon be in possession ot the whole city, as the troops who remain under the orders of General* Bravo and 1'arofles are insignificant, and are extremely disaffected, and almost in unison with us ; for it cannot long be eoncealed from any goed Mexican, that the hol\ cause which we delend is the cause ot the people and of national independence. In the name of these, then, we invite your excellency ?and rely confidently on your sincere patriotism?immediately to second an enterprise so noble, aud give thus a day ot glory to the couutry lo which tou have rendered so many sei vices. It is, beyond all doubt, certain that lie cause which wo defend will speedilv tiiumph, not only because the government t?o called) may be said to Ve already overthrown, but because the whole nation is in commotion, and raiulved to vanquish those who wish to sacrifice it. The triumpna obtained by our arms in (iuadslaxara, and tne p> onunciamento ol the whole department o, Vera ? iuz, attest this truth: and lor the omplete information ot yonrexcellency, it only remains lor ma to atate to you that the valiant generals Landero ?nd Perez declared themselves in me city ol Vera Ciuz on the 31st ultimo, inviting, through a commission, the illustrious General Santa Anna to come and place himself immediately at tlie head of the army sustaining the national independence and libeitirs. in confirmity with the plan which we have proclaimed, and of which 1 here with transmit copiea to your excellency. The enthusiasm among the united people nnd army cannot be greater?chiefs, officers, and men of all classes of society are presenting themselves to us by hundreds We congratulate ourselves, in the name of tho nation, which will soon be able to ahow it* gratitude to ita worthy servants. God and liberty! J. MARIANO DE SALA9, VALENTIN GOMES FARIAS. To hia Excellency the commandant general of the department of Vera Cruz. Editorial remarki Ike " Indicator" on the foregoing. According to the document, which we insert with the greatest satisfaction, the pronnnciamrnto took pUco in the capital ol the republic on the 4th inst, hs wan agreed npuji by those . patriots who had, on the preceding day , ioctived intelligence of the declaration ol the gairisons here. un uie aepanure 01 me express wiucn Drought this in telligence so gratifying very low troops remained willi OeneraU Bravo and Paie.tes. anil those were ulresd) in agreement with their companion*, who, under General salas y Morales, occupied the citadel and part of the city, which they would so?n occupy entirely. Vera-Cruzans! The cry of union and of liberty, tent forth fiom this city?its cradle?travels with the velocity of lightning The people and the army united aie reconquering the usurped lights of the country: they have now do otherobject than the public good. Long live the republic !?the union!?the tutelar genius who, though out of the country, and in exile, it able to promote iu felicity, and smooth the obstacles in its way. News from th? Santa Fe Expedition. An express irom (Jen Kearney's camp at Bent's Fort, arrived at Kort Leavenworth on the 14tn inst. The express left Gen Kearney on the 10th of July. We have been politely favnred with letters received by the Messrs. fomeioy by this express, and also some information collected by a gentleman who returned yesterday from Kort Leavenworth on board the Little Missouri Oen. Kearney, with his command, consisting of several companies of U. 8. Dragoons, the 1st regimcut of Missouri Volunteers under Col Doniphan, and the battalion of Volunteer Artillety, under Major Clark, ret out from Bent's Kort for Santa Ke on the 1st day of Aug The troops were all in excellent health an4 spirits. There had been but one death up to the time the express left. A general itamprdc took place among the horses two days before t he express left, and at the time of his leav _ 1 .1 . M l-. i "... 1 in*, uuuui 1117 nuisei, cuieuy ueionging 10 ma volunteers, were mixing, and it was feared they would not he recovered. Thin will operate seveiely on thoae who htve Inst their liori?i. (or in the event of their not recovering them, they will have to travel on foot. A nhort time before the express left, Capt Moore, of the U 8 Dragoons, captured three spies, who had been sent out from Santa Fe to ascertain the character, extent, lie , of the United States force. After their capture, and their purpose was ascertained, by the o;dert of General Kearney they were shown all over the army, ami after they had seen everything, they were dismissed, and permi ted to return to Saate Ke. From these men. and also from ether aourcei, it had been ascertained satisfactorily that there would be no resistance made to General Kearney's taking possession of Hanta Ft. In fact, it is said that the Mexicans were anxiously awaiti p the arrival of the army, believing that it would furnisn them a harvest in the way of trade, and protection from the tioubletome Indi-ns in their vicinity. There were no troops at Santa te nor in the upper province. and none were expected. Gov Armijohait i-sued a proclamation, in which lie states that the existing hos | tilities between the I'niteJ States and Mexico will not 1 Interrupt tiie trade between the United State* and San a Fe ; that in all respects it shall be conducted as if the war di>i not exist 'I bis of itself it a sufficient indication that Governor Armijo does not intend to oiler resistance to Gen. Kearney. Our inlurniunt states, that the ladie* of Annta Ke were making extenait* preparations lor the reception of the United States troops, and some of them expected to be permitted to go with the expedition to Calilornia. Preparation! were making for fandango dances and other sjiorts It ia said that Gen Kearney will atop at Santa Fe until Col Price's regiment arrives there That, upon their arrival, that regiment, or a portion of it. will be leltto occupy Santa h e and other important points in the vicinity, and Gen Keainey, with the residue 01 the force, will proceed immediately to California. TI.e live hundred Mormon inlandy, under the command of l.ieut Col Allen, were progressing rapidly. They made thirty eight mile* in two daj s. It waa believed they would reach Benfa fort nearly as soon as Col Trice's regiment, auit quite as soon as the purpose of their enlistment required. Mr. Armijo, a brother to Gov. Armijo, a trader, is at Independence in this State, sick He is very low, and anurebeiisioiis are enteitained that he will not recover if he doe* recovcr lie will not be able to leave for Me*- | ico lor nereral week*. Mr. J. C. l)*nt ban been elected Captain of the DeKalb I RHiigeri, in the place ol ? aptKin KiimtiiiKOn, who biu been elected Major in ' ol Price'* legiinent A great many trader*, and a very Uige amount of good* ate going out They am ?cnlterreil all along the louie. The io*d i* repr??ent?d h* iii n|>lfndid condition. ( There waa a number ol trader*, we believe all but those whom rapt. Moore failed to oveiiake. at Bent'* Kort, and would move on to Santa Ke with the army. 1 They are quite diacouraged with the prospect befoie them They wiil arrive several month* later tiian they anticipated, and the prospect of tiade i* by no mean* flatienng after they reach there. When the Little Miaiouri left Fort Leavenworth, on the 16th, thar* were yet at the Kort nine companies, tiortion of Col! Trice'* regiment, and a portion ol Lieut CoJ H illock * extra battalion.?Si Lcuii Hrpuklican, Aug. 31. W YO YORK. SATURDAY MC 1 ENSACOLA, August 16, 1846. Tht Fathio? of the Piact?Naval Affairt-Improvrmtntt?Th* Negro In*urrtrtion, tfc. Sfc. In all your correspondence from every part of ihe Union, there has very seldom appeared any notice of our little Creole city. This has often bef n a matter of regret with the many readers of your invaluable journal in this place, who refer daily to its culumns lor a summary of events agi ta'ing ihe ({rent world, as well as to seek the intelligence of affairs transpiring around us, and j of actual concern to our immediate interests. Hence it is we look lor an occasional .salutation in your great journal, which 1 assure you will be always welcome, and acknowledge as an agreeab'e attention in aifording pleasing reflections for leisure moments, or suggesting various ideas of profit and advantage when devoted to more important pursuits. I venture, then, to send you a brief sketch of general matters in *ur town? Titling and unimportant to individuals?but of considerable interest to the public, and at present, chietly holding the attention of the people. The season, so far, has brought its customary gayeties. We have had already several latge and magnificent balls, where the loveliness of Flori da's beautiful daughters shone forth with wonted splendor and effulgence, too bright and overpowering not to dazzle the eye or any beholder ! moreover, rendering vain and presumptuous any attempt at defcription. For who oan recount the noble demeanor and inexpressible elegance of the gentle Miss A?, the just pride of our whole town, or how describe the nigh polish of her n.... n i.?.. : UUU lutuu i iUIOil u>) IWWj UVW III1(/U39I UIC to utter the praises due her beautiful blue eye and gulden hair; or the lovely Misses C?'s, the charms of their dark tresses, graceful steps, and hazel oi lis : Ini-ides from Barrancas the enchanting sisters, Misses P?'s, al-o, the fairy Miss It, with the whole train of dancers, who n, to enumerate wnh one single acknowledging nt of their irresistible charms and captivating beauties, would lar ex -e<d this wretched pen's best endeavor. I understand, however, there are several superb parties now in preparation, which promise to outvie even the former in tnaunifici-nce and appointment. When they are duly enjoyed, it shall be my happy task to render an account of all their glories. 1 must here mention the general regret felt at the departure of Mrs. M. and G?, and in a few days ol T?. I know not scarcely how the void our society will sustain from their loss can b i repaired, for our presiding queen of loveliness will then be taken away. I think we will have to petition the indefatigtbio ( aptainofthe Navy Yard, to remit the restriction of tattoo on tliost- visi'eis who desire to prolong their call on the lovrly ladies dwelling within the yard vt alls. Su?-h would be one alleviation Ol l ite we have had no direet news from the "eat of war, owing to tie circumstance of New Orleans having gradually, to the great -(etritnent ol Peusacola, tormrd the general channel ol communication to and Irom ttie army. Our naval forces in the Gulf are all steadily occupied with their variousduties under the admirable command and excellent dispositions of Commodore Con ner, who, with his usual unpretending, but in fant most methodical and wtfU organised plans, send* us only at intervals one ship of his tlrset at a time to refit and provision, alio ding us thus not very frequent news from\ era Cruz to be sure, but rendering, in the meantime, service to our country of incomparable importance to the mere gratification ot our curiosity. 1 hear it stated tue Oom modore has so ingeniously managed and arranged his lorces as to have seldom absent I'rom his fleet more than one vessel at u time during the blockade; and notwithstanding this, they have always been kept in supply of piovisions and water. Jiy such measures the full force of the fleet has been preserved in vigilant blockade, constantly in its station remote f rom supplies, thus coufii tiling ever the high standing and reputation of Commodore C.inner for remarkable abilities, in carrying oat the views of the government, and being, luoreover, an able, laithlul, and eminent ofiiuei to his country, who will reward his skill and zeal with her high approbation lor conducting such perplexing sort ot duty as that blockade with such judgement and justice to all the neutral powers, that perfect resptct and friendly feelings have bee'i uninterrupted. We have lately had a small excitement, in the way of a reported negro insurrection. The ru mor, however, turned out to be merely an idle tale, fabricated by a rascally boy, to save himsell a well merited hiding. A negro belonging to one of our citizens, had been sent to the suburbs of the city to gather whordeberries, which are there very abundant. The negro, however, being of a very rascally and indolent disposition, instead ol gathering the whortleberries, as he was bidden, preferred lying down in the sun, on the border <1 the swamp, and sleeping at leisure, on a pine log, lor the space of a whole day On his return in the evening, he (ruined a very mischievous account of' having bren forcibly detained by a band of arme< negroes equipped in Indian co?tumr?that h> eigned complixnce with thuir commands to aid them in their d- sign of assaulting the city on a certain night. He stated besides, various absurd svories of a concealed depot of arms, gave numerous particulars of their plans, with details in full of ibis, that, und other, making, altogether, an artfully devised story, exciting enuugh for the time to direct from h\mself a chiding for his neglect, or slight punishment perhaps, at tailing to gather whortleberries from the swamp side. Upon prompt investigation, however, there was found not the least evidence corroborating the rascal'* story ; and thus ended an affair, of which it may be said there was never any beginning. A few old wives and gossips of the place ielt" bound to credit anything so marvelous; but the negroes themselves stoutly viewed the whole affair as an impertinent slander on their respectability and good sense, affirming constantly " Dat vere boy Hun, been always mighty big liar. lie cheat pitching coppers?all he been good for to go a C' abbing and bob for eels, or else hold lightwood chunk to catch posxurr. or tree coon " We have had an unusual amount of extraordinary and unseasonable weather this summer, so much as to effect the usual healthiness of Pensannlu* vi/liilut at Rarran/tafl u ml tlirniurlimit thti army establishment at that place, serious fevers prevail quite generally, with various other disorders, depending on the unhealthy character of the locality. There will soon, no doubt, be more litigation about the old Spanish grants of land in Florida, and defending on them, are claims of individuals 10 the Barrancas property, which will soon be contested. This property is novV in actual possession of the government, occupi< d with some log barracks, a parade ground, and several squatting concerns, all unworthy the dignity of government, and neglectful of the more healthy quarters a soldier in barracks is ju?tly entitled to As to those claims, I do not speak positively; but behe vo the merits are, sun ply, whether a former Spanish governor, (whose government was pounced upon, and taken away by the immortal Jackson,) had the legal right to grant property to individuals without the kinp'p leal, when in so doing he wascanyuig out vi itli proper care, the charge of Ins office, in offering proper inducements to settlers not to settle up the hay at the present site of Pensacola, but rather accept the bounty ol laud at Barancas, which he then bestowed witti such hopes and intentions It would seem the proceeding was th?*n viewed as holding good, as it were in common law, and thus the matter s;and* at this time, the claimant* preferring such, with numerous other arguments of the like kind; whilst the government has now, and intend* to letnin possession of the promise*, lor her good u<e and convenience. These Florida claim* and grants will always be fruitful sources oTdisputation, ami despite commissioners and commissions, will limtlly come before Congress, where, like 1 lie French claims, they will remain until the money is paid the |>eople. From the rums oi the late disastrous fire in Peasacula lias arisen a ttnw row of fire proof large brick stores, having extensive warehouses of the same materials in the rear. They front en Palafox street, and the Plaza, an?l extend from Ijaragossa street towards the bay, and are as valuable it piece of property as we have in theci'v, unless you except Barclay's corner, or Key^er's large lot. Several improvements in the way of hotels have lately been established, with one entirely now; but in this list I do not include the large unoccupied building which stands in the pine forest at New Town. That palace still remains the cotiS|>icou8 terminus of the gieat Kailioad. I understand a new effort will be made to re- | suscitate the former plan of running that same ; railroad through the back counties ol Alabama's ; cotton regions ; also to build a new town on the bluffs?-in short, to revive all the vain projects of '36 again. j The new city, as surveyed, will require a popu- j lauea of forty thwart toula to flint* long ave-1 * L RK I )RNING, AUGUST 29, 18 niies and squares, but I must say I prefer its 1 names of the streets as laid down, every way to the revolutionary Spanish titles of lntendentia, Saragosja, Andalusia, Palofox, Bayden, in the old c ty,?and Anderson's Court, Mcrarity Place, Bromaham's .Square, Kelley's Avenue. Campbell's str^eu and Charley's lain?all sound to my ear, I confess, far more proper and natural than the former old set, of which one can know nought, save he readn in a book about old Spain, whilst all tliH others can speak lor themselves, and need no looking after, neither. Considerable interest is now manifested by the ; public in behalf of an enterprise to lorm a company who will undertake to light up the city with gas, and insure to the town always a full supply 1 at a moderate nrii'? Tim cnnmraiinn inn mii?r. I ing wisely into the spirit of advancement, have at j last resolved to pave Palafox, Sarn^ossa, Baylen and Intendendia streets with stone,from the rocky I shores of St. Rosa Island. One of our excellent and public minded citizens, also, is said to be now occupied with estimates of expenses, in running a steam-ferry, with hourly trips to Fort Pickens, touching en route at Grand Bnyou and Michalothkey's landings. It is welt understood also, that the Dr Uas idle capital enough at hand to carry out such an undertaking without aid Irotn any other source whatever. The same enterprising and ready capitalist has now in contemplation, the teasibility ol trying a' McAdmnized road, with toll privileges to Blackwater ; whence, should the speculation prove profitable enough in its returns, it is to be carried out to Milton town. These laudable undertakings will soon raise our quiet little city to commercial and domestic importance and prosperity. And we may compete with Mobile'the moment they are consummated The railroad will direct from that place to our city all the large cotton trade now centering there, wh le the several local improvements will each tend to animate the whole bo<ly of our inhabitants froin their long siesta and apathy to obvious interest*, when it is shown that the natural xdvauiai(es of Pensacola are *o great, that if properly improved, must raise it to the first importance on the guu. Ia groat haste for the mails, I hastily bid you adieu, and remain ev<;r your*, '1 kllkr. UriCA, August 25, 1846. Trip from Saratoga. We were induced last evening from the irresistible persuasions ?f several friends from " The Springs," bound westward, to try the packetboat from Schenectady to Utica. "It will afford you rest, leisure to survey the country along tlie Valley ol the Mohawk,and lime to write about it." We absented. We have the ticket now: "Mohawk Valley packet-boat Herkimer, Capt. Harvey Harter"?fare through to Utica (1)0 miles) one dollar and found, that is a day's board and lodging, and the transportation of yourself and baggage all for a dollar on'he Herkimer. Uuprecedvnicilly reasonable, that. We were arnon^ the tirst aboard ; arid things looked promising for a while of a small but agreeable party, and plenty of room. But with the Eastern train we were taken by a regular sortie from the cars. In the midst oi ringing ol bells, the blowing of tin horns, the concussion ol trunks overhead, and all sorts of voices, we turned from our perusal of the morning papers lrom New Yoik, to look around us ; and a glance satisfied us that the enchanting cry of " One dollar to Utica," had filled our establishment to the brim, and running over?numbers, indeed, being turned away. Une hundred passengers on a canal boat, however, though profitable to the captain, is a positive infliction to tlie uninitiated of the company. Hut when you corae io pack away or hang up all ihesa people, and vOUi'Still amunff them, inn ranir thpriiinr I sions ?f winch are scarcely greater than thu two apartment.-* of a solitary traveller at a good hotel, you are destined to try tha benetit largely of a most liberal inhalem?nt of carbonic acid gas. We were literally piled up as thickly as cotiins in a vault, one above the other ; and wtiat with the brass band on deck?the walking overhead, the cry of a hall dozen babies, the general conversation all round, among men, women and children, and with a few bad lellow's low jokes, stale pro vinciliasms, and snatches of negro melodies, we were not deficient in music. We had the fortune of securing a berth near a window, which we kept open in spite ol all remonstrances, with our face to the fresh air, that streamed in as a strong wind to till up the poisonous rarefied vacuum within the body of the packet Herkimer. Most of our passengers were of the farming interest, men and women, tanned and wrinkled, and wasted by hard labor and exposure; and to whom the value of a dollar has its proper estimate, from having cost them so much of sweat and toil.? These good citizens, as they are every where, were quiet, unobtrusive and polite ; and in their own inoffensive familiarity, agreeable fellow voyagers; but there was an intermixture of'the b'hoy s' who made Uie night hideous with their barbarous jaigon. Fioin our window we watched the stars, the IreqUent passing boats, and the glimmering h^his upon the shore, until we insensibly passed into the relief of an illusion, of a porch looking to the setting sun, and of one, the beautiful and the g<Kxl. oar own most beauulul and best, at our side, discussing ihe doings of the day in Congress. Wo were awakened as by the groans ol the inncil Willi lift v m-n urmm.l ..rwl I...U.1, I a* closely stowed away as mummies m the Memphiau catacombs, were snoring in happy obliviousness. From the ladies' division, feparated by a red curtain, theru were voices still in conversation, whispers, and sighs, and murmuring*, and faint dreamy exclamations ot laughter or sorrow. Such a night. Horatio, itinu hast nut seen. Wi:h the rising of ihe sun we took to the shore, and a walk of several miles on the towpath,at rate of four miles to the hour, expelled the nbsorption of the deadly exhalations of our crowded chamber. We had a good breakfast, a fair dinner, and a pleasant day over an interwsiing book in the cabin, the boJy of the company having taken the deck in (he interim bwtwern the meals The valf y of the Mohawk will spenk for itself?it is a rich picturesque agricultural rt-gion, green with a luxuriant vegetation, even among the rocks and cliffs that form fair miles the margin of the river. The corn-fields looked admirably ; indeed the whole coumry wore the aspect ol the highest cultivation. But the ruins of conflicting legislatures lay thick along the route,in the frequent piles of hewn ston?*, and in the abundant excavations for tho enlargement of the canal. In this business we were informed that the satisfaction of suspended contracts would have completed within a tr lle the whole enterprise oi the enlargement of this grand commercial communication between the lakes and the sea. On the subject of politics, we find the people at a stand They know not what is to happen, but they appear to dread more than any thing else the anticipated resort to direct taxation in Congress. In connexion wuh this alternative they am anxious for a peace with M?*xico?they don't a* yet < understand either the necessity or the object of his war. The enormous expenses alone are perfectly apprehended and dreftdrd, fhey are anx- ious fjr peace, because they are anxious to escape direct taxation. We had u few infuriated abolitionists on board, who opposed the war because it looked to the extension of the area of slavery. Poor fellows, it is a pity they can't find sufficient employment in mintf'tig Ihrir own business. We notice almost invariably that this class of men have a lean and hungry look, a wild eye, only expressive of disordered brains, and that they are generally as ignorant and stupid as they are obstinate and dogmatical. In a day ?tr two we expect to locate for a few days, when we shall take time to write you more deliberately ityon matters of pnbl o interest coming under review. Respectfully, The Doctor. Fsc-roair.s i* Ki.oam*.?We learn from thfe Pmtacola Qatetie, that at Arcadia there is a cotton manufactory in succesalul operation, founded by the enterprise and public spirit of a lew discerning citizens of Pensaeola. 1'he building it 94 by 38, two stories high from attic to baaemenl, ?rtO spindles. 40 operatives, all black girls from I ft to in years, are mostly married, and look as happy and contented with their vocation as it has been i oni lot to see any wheie; they are comfoitably lodged, ! well led, well clothed, and kindly treated Twenty-lour looms, making part twilled and pait cotton cloths, rive- ; raging 4i)O0 yanU a week, anil will shortly increase to ' 60u0. or thiet* millions per year The cost of tlie building an machinerj is nearly $60,000, and Ave citizens of renaacoia aie the proprietors. Porut.sT'oi or Wisronsiis-The census was takan in June last, and the following table sfcowi the rate of in- : Ctea?e~ In IH30 the population was 3.046. | ''??? " " 11,686 " l?40 " " 30,946 " " " 4d?78 | " 184# " " 156 277 In siiteen rears the population haa swelled from a mere handful to over 160.000 souls. During the last year the increase has been ona hundred thousand. And the influx of emigrant* this year i* greater than any preview MMW. IEKA 46. Albany, August 2<>t 1846. 27k Convention ? Svarkhammer vt. Shepherd? Robert Morrit' Nomination for Governor?The Top of the Capitol?'Hie Swine?Freeman und Elliot?Ad-niral Hoffman?An Elopement?Martin't Arrett?Iaivu County Hank? Profeuor Emmont?Dr. Spraguc?Hrruld't Circulation? Benediction. The convention is spending the people's money with tnuch tang fniid at present. I think beyond a doubt, that the report ol' the majority of the committee on the judiciary of the State will be sustained, and this day was wasted on crude amendments to the second section, all of which were rejected, and the section was finally adopted without alteration. A smart little rub came off, (rather bar-roomith,) between Messrs. Swackhammer, of Kings, and Shepherd, of New York. These are great events of the day. The Postmaster of New York, looks as happy as a king ; his friends are making much capital for hiin?with the aid of the unequalled Hcru/U. which is already pledged to his support for Governar, for the very disinterested purpose of vetting him out of the Post Ollice; yet many object to his nomination, for fear that he may hold over, and keep both olKces if he can be elected?yet, others laugh at his prospect*, because he is not at heart tVright. The viewofiheHudaon,from the top of the capitol is very fine?the waters rolling on their pathway to 1 the Atlantic, remind me of the- strides of this great Empire State towards the acme of civilization, , commerce and refinement?the distant Catskills, j blue as the eye of a weeping peri, glimmer with I glory in the setting sun, while the rugged outline , of the Helderbe'ir finishes the nietiir? with ? . riety of tone and harmony, and coloring, like f lie sunset of tlmt mirrorer ot nature Claude Lorraine. I The greatest objection to Albany is quite a relic of I Old Holland?dut is, the sale of marketable arti- ' cles froin the wagons in 'he street,?the same cus- | torn now prevails in Antwerp, Amsterdam and Ghwnt?and still another peculiarity, that Charles | Dickons would have embalmed with the radiance ! of his meteor genius?1 mean the liogs, in variety of form and feature, from the lean barrow, of whose corporation it would take 25 to make a the plump happy looking porter, who, in the expressive lines ol Addison, " Kaowa no reanon why he'* horn, Than only to devour the corn." To the little suckling who calls sweetly in dulcet i swinecese tones for his natural protector?in | walking the streets I encountered only eleven.? | 1 wish that the people of Albany would abate this nuisance, which give strangers rather a piggish idea of their otherwise beautiful and interesting city. I was much ploased wirh a fine picture that I met with in the house of a friend here, it was of i a beggar-boy, by J. E. Freeman, who is a great 1 favorite in this city, where, to their credit be it said, dwell many of hisearlv natrons. Thorn i are many very anxious to see some of Elliott's portrait'?he is now engaged upon one of Governor Bouck, which will he an honor to the art* in America. Admiral Hoffman is daily losing ground i in the political arena?many of the citizens think that he had (like an honest man) better be attend- j ing to the duties of his valuable office, as naval officer of the port of New York. God save us j from any more double-mawed cormorant olficeholder*. There are many rumors here about the I elopement of a very interesti"g young girl, of one ot the famil es ?lite,\vlio after a smart chase west, was brought back to her distracted parents, un- | married, Irom Rochester. Tfie hero was her fa- ! ther's coachman?but the matter has been kept i so very quiet, that delicacy forbids my giving the i publ.c the names of those implicated in this unfortunate affair. Papas must not employ handsome Johns?they are dangerous in a family of grown up girls. Some ot the stockholders of the Lewis county bank, who have been severe sufferers by its mismanagement, are now in town, making a great elfort to resuscitate it. "Martin," a late President, you will recollect, was arrested a few days since in your city, ,and taken to Lewis county, on a charge involving high turpitudo and crime. 1 cannot learn that the cashier, who F tinderetand is in town, makes any satisfactory explanation to the stockholders or the public, in relation to the cause of the disease with which the bank died. An explanation is rertaiuly due to the bill hoi' ders. fl havintf an X 011 tli? #*YnlnHi>rl limtlimln., that he should make such an explanation as will screen him l'rom the ndinm, of having su Iff red it to go down under his mismanagement. Perhaps silence may be his best explanation. Professor E. Emmons, a gentleman of scicnce, who has done as much for the chemical agriculture of the State, as any other man in it, i.?now engaged upon the analyzation of different soils? a great aid this will be to the farmers, who will know the sort of manure best adapted for their different kinds ol land. Heigh-ho?this is an age of invention, acquisition and propagation. 1 shall in my next, ?ive you a glimpse ol Trenton falls, that quiet retreat lor lovers,and elderly men, and rosy maidens, and blooming vouths. Albany is a great place for hobbies, even th? clergy sport them; thus the celebrated Dr. Sprague is almost crazy upon the subject of sutogiaphs. I offered a shilling for a Herald, but could not obtain one at any price. It is the intellectual manna of the Isruelitish men?of the thinking, reflecting, and reading world. With an earnest Wish for your health ami prosperity, arid of the growth of the goodly city of Gotham, under the reign of your worthy and judicious chief magistrate, 1 shall ever be happy to subscribe my- ' self your good Genii. State Constitutional Convention, Auk- 27.? Mr Dubois presented a tnuincnal from Dutches'* county aiujnst the establishment of free school*. Re. frrro'l Mr. Young presented a petition of ladies of Wy oming county, for aecuring to married wonmn their pro of 8 A. (iardiner, clerk in chancery for the 7th circuit, giving the ilem? of the fundi ami secuiitie* in hit hand* or under hi* control. Alao certain resolution* adopted at a meeting ol the asaociation of teacheri, advene to the diversion of the literature fund Irom academies to common schools. Mr. ChamDerlain offered the following resolution, which was adopted:? Resolved, That the comptroller report to this convention a statement in detail showing the amount of State stocks outstanding on 1st September, 1846, for what purpose it was issued! and when payable; that for caoil pur |*>ses in one column, and that for other purposes in another column. Als> the amount of funds belanging to the State available and unavailable, separately stated, and the source* from which it was derived, and the pur|io?es to which it is applicable Alio his opinion when the unavailable )>ortion may ho realized. The convention proceeded to the further consideration of the judiciary reports, the question being on the 3d section of the majority report: There shall be a supreme court having general jurisdiction in law *nd equity. Which section Mr OVonoi had movod to amend by adding h provision creating county courts, with original juris iiction, V-. Mr O'l withdrew his amendment. .Mr Brown moved to amend tl.e section by striking out , the word "general," and substitute the words "the same," tud adding to the section, "which the supreme court and the couit of chancery now have, : subject to additions, limitation* and regulations, : as may be prescribed by law " Mr. Hawley moved the previous question, and there was a second, 61 to 9 The main qu?-siion was ordeied, atid the amend- j menc of Mr Brown (ejected. 6G to Sfl. The amendment i to the lection ottered by Mr. Baicom to strike out all af- 1 ter the word " having'" and add, "geneial common law juiisdiction. and such special equity jurisdiction a* shall lie enumerated and pre-cribed by law," wn read and rn jected, 100 to 10 Tho question then recurred on the amendment offered by Mr. Mt?n, yesterday rejected and to d*y reconsidered, which proposed to add. " subject to uch restriction* and regulation* as shall be from time to time prescnoed by law " Lost without a count. This third section w is thun agreed to without amendment, toll Mr Ol'on'it presented t*e additional section*, pioviding n county court and court of general sessions in each county, an.t one or more county judge*, ai may bo prescribed by law ; the State to be districted, for each of which districts there Khali be otio or more piesident judges. to hold for eight year?, to hold the county court* in the several countie* of their district*. Mr. Ba?coni mo>ed a* an amendment, a itries of sections, cienting a court ol common plea*, the judgo* thereof to be elected Irom those countie* entitled by its number of inhabitant* to a member of assembly The Mtate to bo divided into district* embracing, at leant, five countie* entitled to a judge. Ciicuit ?e?*ion* of the court to be held by a single judge and b?nc session* by fo ir juHges. An appeal to lm Irom the four judge* to the court ol appeal*, lor the tiial of ciiniinal case* the surrogate and a ju*tico of the peace, or two justice* to be a>*ociated with the judge of the common t lra* \1i KiiUland also propo*ed an amendment to Mr. Bascom'* amendment, creating a county court with ; jurisdiction a* now po?*e**ed by the county court*, and *uch equity 01 Oihei power a* may lie conferred by law. 1 >'rovi<l?? lor the division of the state into eight districts. | for the appointment ol a district judge in each diltnCtlor , eight seat*, ana the distribution ol the bu*ines* among the district and county ju Ige* In each county two l judge* to be elected by the peopi', for four year* Surrogate power* to tieexercued by the first judge of each county. Alter a long deo*t?. the queation was taken.on , the flnt .action of Mr Kukland'. proposition, Mtailish- , ing a county court in each county-jnriidictlon as above : atatod- and it wa* rejected, aye* 31, noes 73. Here**. Arraanooi* H>s*iori.?The re*idtie o( Mr. Kirkland's proposition (the first secUon ot it Unrifig been l#*t) wu J LD. rn?* ffm Cants* ' withdrawn. Mr. Baacora'iproposition waaalio loat. Mr | O'Conor'i proposition contemplating county courts an<l general sessions of the peaca in each county, was a'so negatived - -ayes, 35, noes 60. Mr. Bafcom tfa\e notice ol motion* to reconsider these votes. Tal>U. Mr. Ba?com moved to pain on to the 13th section, winch, among other thing*, abolishes county courts as at | leient organized Lost Mr. Richmond moved to amend the 4th section by reducing the number of supreme court judges to 16 Lost. Mr. Mann then moved to itrike from ih. section the limitation of the proposed increase ol the number of justices of the supreme coui t in the city of New Yoik, fiom time to time, according to imputation Mr. (.liatfielJ moved to strike out the entire clause authorizing an iucrease of the supreme court justices to be elected in the city of New York. No question. Adj.?JiMny -Argut. Notice Ui Collecting, KtMlvIng, and Dlfban* lug Officers of Ui? United State** TaKssiav DsriiTHisT, August IMi. In the tith, Bth, 15th, and 16th sections of the act of thetith mst , establishing the constitutional treaaury, it la provide das follows " 8s:c. 6?And lie it further enacted, That the Treasurer of the United States, the Treasurer of the Mint of the United States, the treasurers, and those acting aa such, ol the various branch mints, all collectors of tha customs, all surveyors ol the customs, acting also aa collectors, all assistant treasurers, all receivers of public moneys at the several land offices, all postmasters, and all public officers of whatsoever character, be, and they aie hereby required to keep salely, without loaning, using, depositing in banks, or exchanging for oilier funds than as allowed by this act, all the public money collected by them, or otherwise at any time placed in their posression and custody, till the same is oraeied, by the proper department or officer of government, to be transferred or paid out ; and when such orders for traasfcr or payment are received, faithfully and promptly to make the same aa directed, and to do and perform all other duties aa tiseal agents of the government which may I>e imposed nytlnsor any other acts oi i ongrsss, or ojr any regulation of the Treasury Department made in conformity to law; and alio to do aud perform ail act* and datie* required by law, or by direction of any of the executive department* of the government as agents for paving pensions. or lor malting any other disbursements which either of the heads of thote department* may be required by law to make, and which are of a character to be mad* by the depositaries hereby constituted, consistently with the other official duties imposed upon them." " to. D And be it further enacted. That all collector* and receivers of public money, of every character and description, within the District of Columbia, shall, a* frequently a* they may be directed by the Becre'ary of the Treasury, or the Postmaster General so to do, pay over to tho Treasurer of the United States, at the Treasury, all public moneys collected by them, or in their hand* ; that oil such collectors und receivers of public monet within the cities of Philadelphia aud New Orleani, shall, upon the same directiou, pay over to the treasurer* of the ininti in their respective cities, at the *aid mint*, all public moneys collected bv them, or in their hand* j and that all such collectors and receivers of nubile money* within the citlei of New York, Botton, C harleston, and St. Louis, shall, upon tho samo direction, pay over to the assistant treasurers in their respective cities, at their offices, respectively, all tho public money* collected by them, or in their hands, to be safely kept by the said respective depositaries until otherwise disposed of accordrug to litw , and it shall lie the duty of the said Secretary and Postmaster General respectively to direct *uch payments by lliif said collectors and receivers at all the said places, nt least often as one* in each week, and a* much more frequently, in all cases, as they in their discretion may think proper." " S? c. 16. Aud be it further enacted. That all marshal*, j district attorney*, and others having public money*, to | pay to the UniteJ States, ?nd all jiatenlees wishing to inukc payment for patent* to *'0 issued, may pay all *uch moneys to the Treasurer of the t'nited State*, to the treasurer of either of the mints in Ph'l .delphia or New Orleans, to either of the other ussistattt treasurer*, or to uch other depositary constituted by t?U* act as shall be de*igna'ed by the Secretary of the Treasury in other nai ts of tho United States to receive such aaymtnU, and give receipt! or certificate' of deposit therefor. " 8ec. Hi. And be it further enacted, That ail officer! and other persons, churgcd by thin act, or any other act, with the safe keeping, transfer, und disbursement ol the public money s, oth r than those connected with the rout Office department, are hereby required to keep an accurato entry ol each num received, und of each payment or trunsier; and thut if any one of the laid officers, or of thote connected with the Post Office Department, shall convert to his own uie, in any way whatever, or ahull use, by way of investment in any lund of property or merchandise, or (hull loan, with or without interest, or ahull deposit in any hank, or shall oxebange for other funds except as allowed by this act, any portion of the the public moneys entrusted to him for safekeeping, disbursement, transfer, or for any other purpose, every, such act shall lie deemed and adjudged to be an embezzlement of so much of the said moneys as shall lie thus taken, converted, invested, used, loaned, deposited, or 'exchanged, which is hereby declared to be a lulony , and any failure to pay over or to produce the public moneys intrusted to such person shall be held and taken to be prima facie evidence * ot such embezzlement ;and if any officer charged with the disbursement ol public money s shall acceptor receive, or transmit to the Treasary Department, to be allowed in his favor, any receipt or voucher from a creditor of the United States, without having paid to such creditor, in such lunds as the said officer may have received for disbursement, or such other funds as he may lie authorised by thin act lo take in exchange, the full amount specified in such receipt or vouchor, every s ich act shall be deeme.H to be a conversion by such officer to his own use of the amount specified in such receiptor voucher ; and any officet or agent of the United States, and all persons advising of participating in such act, being convicted thereof belotc any court of the United State" of competent jurisdiction, shall be sentenced to imprisoament of teimof i/ot less than six months nor more than ten y eats, and to a #.")<" to the amount ol the mnn y embezzled. And. upon the trial of any indictment against any person for embezziutg public money under the provisions of this act, it sliuii be sutlicii-nt evidence, for the purpose of showing a balance against such person, to produce 9 transcript trom the books and proceedings of the treasury, as requited in civil cases, under the provisions of the act entitled " An act to provide more effectually for the settlement of accounts between the United States and recovers of public money,' approved March third, one thoCsand seven hundred and ninety -seven , and the provisions of this act shall be so consttued as to apply to all person* charged with the safekeeping, transfer, or dil Dur?ement 01 me puoiic money, wueuwr >ulu be indicted jm leceiven or depoeitaries of the tame ; end the refusal en' such person, whether in or out of odlca, to pay any ilraft, order, or warrant, which may be drawn upon him by tte proper officer of the Treasury Department for any pul'lic money in hii handa belonging to tha United States, no matter in what capacity the sane may have been received or may be held, or to transfer or disburse any such money promptly, upon the legal requirement of uny authorized officer of the United Stales, shall he t'eemea and tahen, upon the trial of any indictment against such person lor embezzlement, as prima / cit evidence of such embezzlement." The attention of public officers enumerated in tha above sections is heieby called to the previsions therein contained. Unless, where otherwise specially directed, tha officers referred to in the uth section will make their deposits in accordanco with tha provisions of this law at least once euch week. The Collectors at New York and Boston will make their j deposits daily with tha assistant treasurers. ? f tir Jk W VLB iv. j. ww ALii\r<n, Secretary of the Treasury. Uterarf Intelligence, The University in Buffalo, incorporated br the last leBislntiire. baa been organiaed in the Medieal department by the appointment ot the following profeaaom? Jame* Dudley, M. D Profeaaor of < hemiatry and Pharnary. Charles Broadhead Coventry, M. D., of physiology and Medical Jurisprudence. Jame* Webster, M. D , f General and Special Anatomy. Charlea A. Lee, M D , ot Pathology and Materia Medlca Jamea Piatt White, M I) , of Gbtetrica and Uiaeanea ol women and children. | Krank HmlinK* Hamilton, M D , of Principle! of Surgery and Clinical surgery. Auatin Kllnt, M D , of Principle* end Practice of Medicine and Clinical Medicine. The Phi Beta Kappa society of Old Harvard, held ita anniversary on Thursday. Mr Sumner delivered ai address which, say those who heard it pronounced, ws one of exceeding meilt. The Hev. James Freeman < laikc, delivered a poem, of which the subject was " the Country and the Age, with our duties towards them." The annual commencement of Pennsylvania |<;olle|(e Kill be held on the 17th of September. (Jeo B Cheever of New York will pmaounce an oration before the Literary Societies , and the K?v James L Schock before the Alumni. The number of students connected with the college is 103 : giaduating class IS. A 1.4* DtrAhTMcnr hai been added to the College of New Jersey, the lion. Joieph C. Hornblower, Chief Jus 4ice of the Supreme < ourt, and James 8 Green aad Rich ard S Kield, Kaqra. of Princeton, Professors The commencement at Bowdoin College will take place on the first Wednesday in September. The orattoa i l>e!ore the Phi Beta Kappa Society, will be on Thursday, i by Rev Dr. Jenka, of Boaton, a Trustee and Professor at i the College. The orationa before the Peucioian an 1 Athenian Societies, will be on Tuesday alteruoon, as uauai? I the former by Dr John P. Claaveland, late of Miobigin, the latter by the HonOeorge Luat, of Newburyport; and on the afternoon of Wednesday, it is expected there will be a meeting of the llittorical Society, of Maine, and ; a discourse belore that Society by the Hon. George Pelade, of this city. CitiRiMDiiE Collci.k Lisassr.? By actual enumeraI tion lately made. the library conaista of 61,000 volumea, oaclusive of eight or ten thou tend pamphleta The department of Americsn hiatory is s>ipi>osed to he 'he Ijrgrst in the world, being 3,000 volumes. The oldest , woik on American hiitory, known to exist, is a letter from ' olumbin, translated from Italian into Latin, and j published iii 1434. Ki**ncki or Lowell?The amount of property asthi* ritw Inr (Visa vaar luiA - ill AUK I .34fl , i#r?on*l. >>,443 MO?Total, $1 a,138 9W, being an incraeae nf about halt a million ovar 1846 The lax ta $] 15,037 9H 70 rcntf on the $100 .Number of polU, 6,437, an incroaae ol 1940 oter !H4o. The number of inuiviJuaia ami lirm? in thi? city, who pay a ta* of ttltjr dollar and upward*, u over 14). The total valuation of the corporation! 1* ta*, 668 SO, ai folluwiApple ton Company, *3 360 ; Boott Cetton MiU?, $B 7'JO j Hamilton Company, 7i0 ; Lawrence Company, <.8,400 j Lowell Hleacbrry, $688 ; Lowell Machine Shop, $i M0 j Lowell Company, >8,616 ; Lock* and Canals, f?3:? ; Maantx-hiuetta Cotton tallli, $0 740 ; Meril mack Company, >11,'JOO ; Middlesex Company, $4,!iG0 ; Preacott Compaii), *1,7 ftO j Suit oik < ompany, I Tiawoftt Mill*, t>,W.zMw*U jSfmrHr.

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