Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 31, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 31, 1846 Page 2
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m f , . ill.,.^i. NEW YORK HERALD. Mew >mfc, Monday, Au|[u?l 31, 1M?. The Ilcral<l for Knrop?. We shall have an edition of the Herald for Eu- ! rop* ruady at 1 o'clock this afternoon, in time to send to Hoston by the mail which will take the dispatches for the steamship Caledonia. The lollowing is a summary of its C0WTIWT1. Newt from the Seit of vVtr?Affur* in Mn?c6? \rirv and N?vy InttHifffuce-?The S*ut? fe Ktpeditiou?ijeial Order* if.?m the vV*r Orptrfnent? Decision of the * ?rt \l rt.Ai u 'lie f .?e of Or er.?l Oiiae*. uiil ippionl there* of \?y the President?L?rr**ra I-on W'Mliiuft(Mi-A(T?ii? in I'irr.iliit f>???n the -ecr- arv of the Tre?aur> ? L?re mi 1 I mi rt n<t Nenet from South Amrriei?CrugitM of t > Nitro iomt m this (-ouiitry?Uoaeaaounhle Otttbur * t Par FmIiiii?The * Ivctiontof I??6?Tl?e Peace * 11 is MtiU *1 pii o? I'tie Importance to American ouimen* of i Kulroadto the Pacific?('arefull Prepared Re *oi?? Relative to the Monetary Aff ' rt of the Country during ihi? l?a?r WMfli?l'..m?n#*rr ul Aff.i*.? _ . .... ? VIUJ/. Ship Nfiri, ate. In addition to the above, every other news of interest that may be received opto the hour ol publication will be given. Fr o six cents per copy in a wrapper. The mail clos-.-s at the Post Ollice at half-past 1 o'clock. Affairs In Mrxlco. Additional details from Mexico arc published on the outside of this day's Herald. They will be read with tlio greatest interest. The next news is now lookt d for with considerable anxiety, fur in less than a month it will probably bo decided whether or not we are to have a long or a short war. If Santa Anna returns to Mexico, and will not negotiate a peaoo wuh us, our hope in the heueticiul effects of a revolution, in that distracted country, will be ove r Indeed, they will be of serious injury to us, for after we have whipped one government into decency, mother will spring up and fight till they aro loraed to sue for peace, wh<-n unother will make :t- appea-iance in the lield, and thus it will wwii.irmc mi no uie compeiieu, uy necessity, to overrun the whole country, and annex it to our Union. This view will, of itself, invest the next news? j the intelligence of the arrival of S inta Anna and of our poace message?with considerable in* teres: ami importance. The steamer Princeton, with the despatches, may make her appearance , in the Potomac in less than a fortnight. The New* by tlie nvit Steamer* The Steamer Britania will be due to-morrow ! at; Boston. Leaving out of consideration the Ore- I got) question, the news she will bring will be as important as any that has reached us for the last twelve months. The affairs of Ireland have at length /cached a crisis. The Young Ireland party has been dis- ; membt'ied fron. the repeal association, through the jealousy of Mr. O'Connell and his party, and, by the last accounts, the latter were about to \ unite with the wings in support of the administration. The separation of Mr. O'Brien and his party wvs sought by the O'Connell party, and will bo no doubt to them a subject of triumph. But we will not be surprised if it bf> a death blow to th- issoc ation. It is not at all too much to say, that the course of the antagonistic parties, since ; u.u iu-i Movir ?, win determine me late oi Ireland. Jit. O'Conneil's influence is sensib'y on the decline among his countrymen ; and il in ridding liimse it of Mr. O'Brien and his party, he nmko any false step, it will bo his ruin. Mr. O'Bfien't, i .fluunce with the pieople is scarcely inferior to th-at of Mr. O'Connvll himself; but he is ton mrn t! in the advocacy ol the cause for which be is contending, to throw up his b;ict in pique or disgust. The n<xt advices from Ireland, therefor<', will l>e highly interesting. The I a to s-"<sion of Parliament has probably d. nvn to a close, and ministers are banding their stren h !> . her fo: the next session. The next >ubj'-ct of importance is the elections in FraiiC", the result of which will determine the d iraiin.i of the Guizot ministry. A momentous warfare is at present being waged in France between the opposing principles of monarchy and democracy. We do not doubt for a moment as to the eventual success of the latter. As Ion? as L> iii* Philippe lives, the throne is secure, and ihe Gui/.ot ministry will probably be in mo ascend int. Hut the revolutionary spirit is abroad in France, and there only needs ail opportunity to givt? it free vent. The fires of democracy, which have been long smouldering under the surface of society, must finally i bu^t forth; and when the (lames are once kind I'd, it will be difficult to extinguish them. The election returns will form a fair criterion by which tojnd^e of'he comparative power of the opposing factions in France. It is therefore apparent that the news by the Britannia wiil be rf deep interest and importance. j % Stats Political Conventions?The following political Conventions are to be held in this State during ih? months of September and October:? AVwlitionUU, in< ?nnitota. . Sept. 8. | "IVliifcfi, in Uttra Sept. 23 N Reformer! in iny Sept %19. Democrat* in Attica ...Oct. I. Ann Kontera in Albany Oct. 8. The nutives held their Convention last month, and made their nominations ; but their candidate lor Governor having declined, they will have to meet a^ain to select another candidate. This party jt active in making their several nominations in caucus. Edward Prime is to be their candidate for the State Senate from the district including Westchester ; and AiiRUStUS T. Cowman, from the district of Dutchess and Ulster counties. Among the democrats, several movements are making. Aid. Hart is talked of as the democratic candidate in die Third Congressional District, or, perhaps, for the Slate Senate. Ttie whig? and natives have it in contemplation to nominate John Leveriilge in the Congressional District, now represented by Mr. Maclay, nnd either J. P. Phoenix, or ex-Aid. Drake, for the Third District. Hut just now, the State nominations are the ' great difficulty with the whigs and democrats.? They are so split up into fragments, that they fear a smglo move on tho dirty chess board of politics will lose the State to them. They are really to be pitied Mexican Pkivatf.krs ?Dscidedly Cool.?It app?ars that Dan Francisco Arrnngoiz, Mexican Con?nl at H ivana, has written to the Acting Consul at New Orleans, and ta D in Juan tie la Granja, Consul-General in New Yorlc, ordering them to i**?if? letters of marquo, by the authority of the Mex can government, to prey upon American commcrco. T'ii? is decidedly the coolest pieco of impudence thr?t we ever heaid of, and characteristic of that , ignorant, filly, and degenerate people, who imnttine, we suppose, that the American people are on a par with themselves in vilhiny and rascality They have yet to k-arn that no man, with the proud title of American r.rizen, could bo so bns-\ar d (IcpraveH as to fight against hi? country. We hope some letter* of marque will be issued, and the scut to .?rn for then our tars will have the plenmre of capturing them, and get their pockets lined with the proceeds. Navkjatio* or the Colombia.?'The newspaper pre-i throughout the country have just awoke from n deep sleep, anil, after wiping the cobwebs fiom their eyes, havo discovered that the nav; at ion cl.uise in the Oreg*n treaty is of doubtful i 'instruction, and may, perhaps, be construed into an absolute and unlimited nght by the British, ll our enterprising contemporaries will refer to the files of the llnatd they will see that this subject was thorouuhiy sifted by us many weeks "go, and a conclusion arrived at which was oontirmed by facu that subsequently came tp oux knowlirlge. L Operation of the Bankrupt L?w of 1R41?An Illustration of thr Stupendous. We have received the official reports of the returns mads to the State Department at Washington, of the number of persons who took the benefit of the bankrupt act in 1841. Nobody will doubt that many an honest man was saved from ruin and starvation by the Bankrupt law of 1R41 It was an act of mercy to some honest unfortunate men who had been prostrated in their business concerns by untoward circumstances, and who would never have been able to resume business but for th?? mwmiinn nf ik? l..... of 18-11 Yet the fact that under the operation of that law the enormous sum of four hundred and forty million*, nine hundred and thirty-four thousand, six hundred uud fifteen dollars, have been wiped out, sponged out, and forever extinguished, and that only in twenty-one out of lha twentyeight states and territories, must prove that the frauds perpetrated under tho act were gigantic and extraordinary. The following tabular statement will speak for itself:? * 2 " i's ti i c ? i - ? j! 3 | ^ <S. ? S3 -5 ? 5 |? J Is 5 S 3 ^-5 'i ? t ? ?* M-fc. us ?: q a, a, v?ine 3.478 $16 539 3?0 Ot 10.^11 90 0 18 N Hnmpuhiru ... 1.79* 3 75? 6*3 19 1 97 I 334 42 0 SI MatitrlfHK-lta . .. 3 250 21 752 032 R| 15.46* 546 69 4 Connerticur 1.517 1041997100 ? "71 New Jfmv RIO 17 8n 3?3<7 19 180 79 0 97 IVna?vlvaina 1.799 31 9fi'. .723 C8 99 253 20 ? Mar' I -ml 490 5,745,4*1 49 1,903*5 f-9 1 S"HlhC roliua.. 277 5 Wl.821 00 817'J07 00 2 18 Miatiaaippi S72 4?. 15*542 40 6.33'26fi?64 0 006 Tuin-a-.e 1313 7 Oil 8 0 TO 315 078 00 4.5 Kentucky 2.373 16.24'.171 41 5 499 171 75 0.8 111 ino i 1 592 14 4 98 39 23 3,5*9 5 '4 89 0 07 Arlta taa 178 I,III 074 5(1 188 906 87 0.19 on III 711 I.m I'll 139 I.7J79 0 027 Wiicuniin 3'5 2.V52 4H 00 261365 0 05 l"Wa 223 8It.552 88 159,017 53 0 27 W ?hio?on,D C. 21H 1 940 412 81 ? ? A'rn din, I), r.. 33 191.16' 20 1.356 74 9 07 Nut Y?rk 8 '<8 172 13G 020 25 1,307 905 7? U 66 Vinfinii 2,755 12 67".148 76t? 4 i 761 J9 6 Alabanf* 1 519 31.W10.105 64 l'ifi 732 CO 25 Florid* 4G 438928 21 207,2 9 33 8 *6 Tottl 33,739 SUO.934,415 01 4) 69'.307 13 It appears from tliis table, that, as we have before siated, there are upwards of $$440,000,000 entirely remitted under the operation of the bankrupt law, whilst the aggregate amount of property surrendered by applicants, amounts to a little over $ 13 000.000, or ten cents on a dollar on this enormout sum The number of those discharged from the payment of their dcht* under the act. is. . . 28,991 Number to whom such discharge was refused. "tifi Number of applications still pending 4.468 Agerrgqte number of creditors given in by applicants 1,049,003 Agt'cgato costs of the proceedings had under tho law $603,322,64 In tho Southern District of New York, which includes this city, the number of applicants mourn 10 2,560 Of these the number of voluntary petitioni aro 2,448 On petition of the creditors 84 Th^y describe themselves as follows:? Merchants 726 Broken 85 Lnwver* 18 Farmers 47 Clerk* 405 Otfice holders 16 Mechanic* 872 Auctioneer* 12 Agent* 31 Victualler* 11 L;itio;er* 11 No occupation.. 161 Thyririana 26 Miicellancou* 690 Gentlemen 40 Total 2,MO The above mass of figures speak, trumpettongued, tlie folly and w.ckedness of the gambling system of speculation which turned the heads of all classes in 1836 and 1S37. Here are the nakwd results: Four hundred and forty mil lions of dollars due, and owing, from a certain number of men to a certain number of other nn-n, auil the government obliged to step in and cancel those debts by an extraordinary act of the national legislature. But it was net alone those who had been unfortunate in speculation who were benefited by the operation of this law. Men took ndvantnqe of it whowishud to defraud their creditor*, just as some men are at present taking advantage of the passage of the new tariff act, as a pretext for cutting down the wages of those in their employ. There was something extraordinary in the mania that seized upon the people in 1835 and 1836. The whole Union was turned into a Wall street. The false gleam of sudden wealth, which dn'w away men's minds froiti the quiet, honest, nnd steady pursuit of wealth, by gradual acc. initiation, was only equalled in intens ty by the gloom thnt succeeded. Men found their suddenly acquired wealth transformed, like the fabled gifts of the arch destroyer of mankind, into dross in their purses. A few, it is true, remained wealthy, but thousands were impoverished. Tl.o .? atki.V. ..... 1 ? -1 -< aiiv ? uiv-u wo ua?u ^ivcit auuvc, ui the workings of the bankrupt act, form a terrific commentary on the recklessness of men when they are seized with the accursed thirst forbid. The Nkw Polick ?There is a small-sized jontest, we believe, going on be; .veen one or two members of the police department and the city fathers, the result of which we are anxiously looking for. As a body, the new police are highly respectable ; and, I y the judicious use of the authority vested in them by virtue of their otlice, tht-y are highly useful in the prevention of crime. The criminal statistics ol our city will probably prove that there has been less crime committed in the metropolis since the star police came into existence than at any previous 'ime. We are grieved to see, however, that there are certain persons, from whose official station better conduct should be expected, who, because they have been clected to represent their fellow-citizens in our civic councils, imagine that they can control the police department, and in case of misconduct, consider themselves privileged from interference. A short time since one of our police in the discharge of his duties found it necessary to arrest an Alderman in Church street, and for taking the liberty, he has been threatened with ?i... ??io rested one or two of the city fathers for alleged improper conduct in Broadway. It appeared that the Aldermen, who had been to M dinner during the day, and aldermanlike, had, it is said, mbibed more strong coffee after their turtle soup than was consistent with the rules of propriety, and coming home late in the night, took it into their heads to se? how the new Russ pavement in Broadway was getting on. Now it happened that some of the police wero engaged keeping people from walking on the new pavement, until it should be finished, and who according to their directions from the Mayor, requested the delegation of our city fathers to keep off. This was more than aldermanic dignity could atand, ami the very polite answer addressed by them to the police was to go to some particularly hot placc, where thermometers are useless and ice creams at a great picmium. The stars repeated the request, thi e ty fathers continued as they had before?and the upshot of the matter was, that the wor?hy Aldermen were salely lodged on the sidewalk, their proper place. We understand that in tins case, to the officers who thus manfully did their duty in spi'e of every tiling, are threatened with the loss or office on the complaint of the city fathers. W? shall keep a sharp cyo on the proceedings in both cases?and defend the policemen in question. A few years since it was impossible to find an officer to do his duty faithfully and fearlessly?we have got a few now and any interference with them while performing their duty must, ought, and will, be frown* <1 down by the community. Mt-tDiuoi Aasr.iKD-We learn from the Pilt,field Eagle, that the munl?r?r? of Ricord in Wimlnor, been arrested Their names sre HUf h Biggins and Thomas Afiin Higgins was seen to leave n barn on Sunday morning. where he had lodged, and go Into a piece of woo n. The wood was surrounded, and Biggins lonnd in ? hollow tr*e He was examined and committed to the Jail in Lenox The evidence against him was clear anil decided, although he had taken great precautions to hide the evidence* of his guilt Agin gave himseli up, and was to be examined at Uelton on Thunder. The cause of tfce murder was quarrel about a jug of rum. Otm Military Capacity?Forn?iCATio,ra.?I have received from the author, Major Wm. H. Chase, of the U. S. Engineers, a brief memoir explanatory of a new trace of a front of a fortification, in place of the present bastioned front, which we have rend with a koo<4 deal of interest. | We are not, however, sufficiendy conversant with the subject to venture an opinion on its merits, but from what we know of the anthor's qualifications, we are led to believe that the memoir is well worthy the attention of military and scientific men. The publication, however, proves that we are not deficient in military resources of nnv kind, which rcmrtin Intent until / irrtim?ton. ces like the Mexican, or any other war, bring them forth The probability is, that no country possesses greater military resources than these United States. Fkom Puerto Cabeli.o?Hy the brig Rowena, at Philadelphia, the proprietors of the Merchants' Exchange have advices to the 10th instant. It is stated that commissioners have been appointed by the government of New Greneda and El Qttador, for the purpose of regulating the difficulties unhappily existing between the two republics, with fair prospectsof success. Business continues dull, coffee scarce at 8 a 8^ cts?the new crop bids fair to be abundant. Indigo is scarce and nominal at 7 rs. per lb. The new crop will commence in September. Ox and cow hides are scarce and bought up for European maikets. No cotton in ma'ket, sales were at 8$ to 9j( cts. Flour is worth $13 to $13 50 ; lard 18 a 20 cts.; butter in demand at 31 to 35 cts. Finance and Literati-ilk ?We find the following specimen oflocofoco finance and literature in one of the Southern papers It 8penks for itself: WtiHiKr.Toif, 18th July, 1846. Mrains Pmce & Fall:? I am not in the habit of writing for nowspapers, because the city paper* (fivo the news ; ami sometime* our fancy leails us to write what never comes to pass. But, d-. I ,. ;n r ? ...i . i...? r? u * - i?? ?" ??y. that a bill lia* till' <lav passed the Senate. authorizing the issue of $10 000,Of 10 of treasury notes, to which, in behalf of the people of Mississippi. 1 enter my protest I am opposed to converting this governmeat into a shinpla<ter hank The constitution authorize* it to borrow money, but no where do I find anv authority to Utile treasury notei thereforo, l?t the government raiso its revenue by borrowing or by taxation The Senate is engaged with the tariff I cannot s*y what will ha it* fate. Beyond the abolishment of specifics and minimums, I consider it 'mt littio relief to the South In the course of a long service in politics. I never voted for the issuing of rags and lamp black, in any manner, size, shape or form, and, so help mo God, I never will. J. SPEIGHT. ] Theatricals, &c> ! Pabk Thuthi: ?Mr. Collins has concluded his very successful engagement, and has proceeded on a Southern tour, on which there can be no doubt but that he will be received with the same enthusiasm as ia this city.? After the great attraction he has been at the Park, somej thing more than common was needed to prevent a re ac- < tion and avoid slim houses. The manager aware of this, has mado another engagement with Mr. and Mr?. Charles Kean, who make their first appearance this season this evening. Tli ir well earned fame has already secured a triumph in New York, and wo will only add, that to-night a most excellent bill is presented. The tragedy of " The Gamester," in which the characters of Mr. and Mrs. Beverly will be sustained by Mr and Mrs Kean The evening's performances will conclude with the laughable farce of the j " Illustrious Stranger" The stock company of the Park has been much improved, and the names of Dyott, Fisher, Barry, Bellamy, ami Bats, will be sufficient to All the Park, even on "off nights." Bowery Theatre.?Miss Julia Dean, who has acquir- I ed by her superior attainments in her profession, the ' name of the young tragic actress of America, will mako her first appearance on the Bowery boards this evening. She is an actress of much beauty and promise, never overdoes a character, and bids fair to arrive at a verv high rank on the stage Thii evening the admirable play of'- The Hunchback " will be produced, Mr Neafie as Maxtor Walter: Julia. Miss Dean; Sir Thomas Clifford, Mr f'ljrke, and characters by Mr. Wemyst and Mri Sergeant. Thisis a very strong cast for the piece, and we are sure that those who visit the theatre this evening, will enjoy a rich treat. The Misses Vailee will intioduce a celebrated dance, " Le pas des Korgea." " Paul Pry " will conclude the amusements of the evening. Gkeefiyi-ich Theatbb.?1The manager of thia theatre hat, notwithstanding the difficulties he has had to coutend against, by pursuing a very liberal policy, succeed, ed in acquiring a large share of theatrical patronago. By a continued and ever changing series of novelties, regardless of expense, he affords one of tho most pleasant re orts in our city, for an evening's enjoyment. The engagement of Mrs. Geo go Jones ha* proved u great card for the miiiaarement, and her acting attracts gieat attention Thi? evening the grand drama of " Joan of Arc " will be performed, Mr*. Geo Jones taking the part ol the Maitl of Orleans. and Mr. l>'reer himself that of Beauvais ? succeeding which, M'lle Julia Vincent, a most excellent artiite, will dauce a grand " Pas Seul." The builetta of the " Cottage of Content," and the drama of " Robert Macaire." will also be produced. To see the latter play nloue, by th? Greenwich company, is worth moro than the price of admission. Messrs Stevens and Tilton are actors ot merit, and are a strong addition to the theatrical forccs of the West Lnd. Castle Gardkw.?To all strangers who desire to see 1 ourhatborin its most beaut ful aspect, we would ad' vise to goto the cool balconies of Castle Garden, and enjoy the bracing breath of the sea air. The unequalled orchestra will perform an entirely now selection of musical gems this evening, and lovers of the opera will hear thoir lavorite airs well executed. 1 he refreshments are nf thp fint minlitv ami a vi**ur r.f tha atil??n<lisf run en r?f illuminated cosmorainic scenes complete the enjoyment for every sense. Oothio Hall.?There never has been in Amcrica, probably, such a combination of anatomical, mcchanical and automical attraction! an are now collected in Gothic Hall, under the auperviaion of Mr. George Tietz. F.ach of the many curiositiei hero collected, if worth double the price of admission to nee. First, the anatomical cabinet. presenting the complete an itomies of the mule and female, and o'her model* from the Kronch and Florentine medical schools. The Duck of Vaucarxon too, is beyond all question the most wonderful mechanical invention of the age The rich group of fif(Uies lepiesen'ing the Great Mogul and his elephant, surpass all description.? We cordially recommend this exhioition to the attontion of the savan, the mechanic and the curious. Thk Shakkr Family?A molt singular and interesting performance will be allbrdeJ our citizens this evening at ihe Apollo Room*. From the opinions expressed in other quarters, where thev have exhibited their chaste and pleasing performances, we have no doubt but that h?>re they will succeed in creating the same satisfaction, 'i he evening's amusement is composed ol instruction, song and the dance, all descriptive ol the manners of the sect so much t;.lked of and so little known among ourselves Olo of the family, Miss Julia A. Willard, we nndeistand, is a young lady of most extraordinary beauty and fascination Her dancing is said to he unequalled for agility, g ate, mid muscular ability We shall be theie to >ee, and look for no disappointment Arch Strkct Thkatrk, Philadblphia.?Wa are glad to hear that this theatra, tines it* reopening under lU enterprising manager, Mr Burton, has been nightly crowded with the tlxtr of Philadelphia. The pieces presented appear to he of th? moat attractive order, ami the Jilt of actors presents a moil talented corps This evening wo nee that tho play ot the " French Spy" is to t>e performed, in addition to the comedies of the " Dumb Belle," ami " Boin to Good Luck." Our own citizens : will pass very pleasant evening at ttiii theatre iu tlioir visits South. The Tremont Vocalist! after a most successful sojourn at Rocheiter, are now at Buffalo. Our cotempoi aries front Boston to Rochester are unanimous in awauling to these sweet minsticls deserved commendation. The Misses Sloman aro at St. Louis, auJ are nightly received with great cnthu'ia'm . Lltrrary Intelligence, The commencement at Bowtloni College will take place on Wednesday, Sept 2d. The exercises will cominen e on Tuesday, l>y an address before the I'e.icl.iian the liev John P. Cleveland, of Salem, and n poem bv (?eoigo Talbot, Esq.. of M.ichia? The om tion before the Atlienian society will be delivered by Hon. Oeoige Lunt, of Newbnrj port, and a poem is ex- i pected fiom I has C. N'utter, Esq , ol Boston. 'l'lie exercises ol the graduating clam will take place on Wednesday. on tiie a/'teriioon ol which day.Oeo'ge Kolsom, Esq. I of New \ork, will address the Maine Historical Society. I Tho annivertary ol tho I*. B. K. will !>e celebrated on Thursday by an aJdreti from the Ilev. Or Jenki of Bos- . ton. Th* following wor? tlio cxerr iaua at tho lain annual , commencement of llunover <.oKeg*, Olilo: ?Oil Monday | evening, Auguat 17th, tlie nnnnnl oration before the Phi- : lHlethmn Society by Thomas II. Shreve, of Louiaville. j ami a poem before ihe amn aociety by Wm D. Oallagber, of Cincinnati. On Tuesday evening, tha annual oration before the Union Literary Society fcy Kav. Wm. W Hill, of Louiaville, and tha annual oration befoie tha | Alumni Society, by Alexaudar M. Browu, of Pari?,_Ky . V?U .ictory by N. Butler, Louiaville " Mvudi* will oi-t !"?vvhn* tha Tanneaaea Volunteer* were enramped near Benton, in S?liae county, on j Tuesday evening but, an individual named Jacob Jester, wh*haa for Home time |>a?t been roaiding in Hot Spring county, in thia atnte vimted their eucampment, and wan immediately recognized by aome of the aoldiera, aa the peraon, who, two or three year* aince, broke Jail in HunUviUe, Ala , where he was in confinement, awaiting a tiial, on the charge of murdering a man by tha name of nrewater Jeater waa taken Into custody bv aquad of voluuieara, ao<l brought to thia city on Wednesday An "onilnaiinn waa had baiore Judge Smith, | which resulted in tha committment of Jester to ptiaon, i to awnlt a reqiii<ition from the Governor of Alahima.? j One ol the tmupa atatea that Jeater, on tha rout* from , Benton, conlessed that he kill*<l Brewater, but aaid it waa in salf-defence At th* time of hi* aicapa from ; Hunuvlll* Jail, a large reward waa offered to; kis appr*| tension ? Jirktntti Utmtcrai. I Ji \* II. I' ntf-J 1 -JLa^ Srrvlce* at St. Peter'*?Dr. Ryder'* Dlw conne> St. Peter's church was crowded yesterday morning with a large congregation, where divine service wns performed, in the course of which? Dr. Ryde* preached, taking his text from 17th chapter St. Luke vt. 11% to 19, inclusive. In his opening remarks, he dwelt upon the interpretation put upon the text ol scripture which he had read, by the great Doe tor of the church, St. Augustine. In suggesting that the lepers spoken of in the gospel were to be referred to the priests ?who were te cleanse and purify them?he was | led to reflect upon the peculiar properties of the leper*, and what was the emblem they were intn rpnrpucnt mul aUn ?f th#* h?nr>r? r?? furred to in the gospel were riot n. disease that nffected the constitution of the individual, and distracted his health?producing the most loathsome appenianca?and whether the cure for this disease the Saviour had simply pr?scr;bed In this view he was led to conclnde that the -lepers, referred to in the gospel, were the emblem of error. This error, too, was complicated?and referred to spiritual?the spiritual leper in like manner. Now what was meant by spiritual lepers! In looking round him, in thil rmt metropolis he law various houses of worship, which, from the nature and character of their peculiar creed, be would not be allowed to partake of their peculiar privilege* ; because of his not be Ing a member of their congregation He wai attracted by the great emblem of wlvution. ai exhibited from *omo of these houses of worship? and how come it then, that thia great emblem of Christianity should be disfigured through the spiritual labors of those who profess the gospel 1 simply because the teachings of Christ were not attended to --because (here was no attention paid to I that sacredotal authority which Christ had established to promote the great truths of Christianity. Christ established this sacredotal autho- ' rity. which ha told tham was to remain ' even to the consummation of tha world." Hence, if man wished to he free from this loathsome disease?this leprosy of sin? he wai bound to appeal to the priesthood. who had authority delegated to them, to cleanse Iromthis loathsome disease If thi? authority wai not delegated to them he hould conclude that Christianity won a fable?for the toxti of scripture fully fortify the opinion If Chriit himself were the founder of the various creed* that now distract the human family, he would aay, were he au infidel. that chriitianity wa* an error; but consequently , as Christ did not lea** aay room for controversy on the subject, the present Jlistracted state of the churches was a sort of moral lepro y, nnd the 'eachiDgs of Christ were not complied with But did this exist in all the family of christians? Cwtainlv not Then there must be a portion of the christian family cot infccted with this leprosy, and if there is, where is the leprosy? The words of the Savior were cleat in relation to the lepers. " Go how yourselves to the priests " Now who were these priests? These priests had delegated authority; and he would repeat, wMre were these priests as referred to in the gospel? They were the Aposilxs. In Matthew they also read that in delegating this authoiity to St. Peter. Christ said, " Thou art Petsr; and on this rock I will build my church, and to thee I will give the key* of the , Kingdom of Heaven; feed my lambs?feed my theep "? j When he eatablubed his church thus on earth, he added to those divine injunctions, " Go teach all ages and nations, baptizing thorn in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost " This was in itself sufficiently explicit; 'but lest there should be any interiuption to this authority, he pledges that he ; "will be with them all days; even to the consum mation of the world." This shows how explicit i was the Saviour in his laying down the rules of his gospel. There were no tints or stains upon the beautiful system of true Christianity. It was established in unity and harmony, and all under the one head In looking at the gospel, they would find in the 10th chapter of Jonn, that Christ designed his sheep should be all in the same iheepfold?under the one shepherd. The beautiful prayer of Christ to his heavenly father, showed bow tho Saviour designed to preserve this unity and harmon *. They would find also in Matthew and John that the Saviour expressly delegated the power of the Church to St. Peter, not to his disciples generally, but to Peter, and added, " feed my lambs : feed my sheep "?thus making him supremo head. Peter was not choson head by his Apos:les, but by Christ himself : and tho Saviour added, " be who will not hear the Church, let him be to thee as the heathen and the publican " The Iter. Dr. Ryder, after la>ing down further doctrine from the scripture in support ol his position, concluded. Sporting Intelligence. Cricket Match?There appears to be considerable , excitement and discussion in sporting circles in relation to the termination of tho late match between the Canada ; Club and the combined strength of the St. George and j Union Clubs of this city and Philadelphia. The account we gave at the time was as we understood the affair, having been an eye-witness. We havo since learned further particulars, from each of the parties interested, and, as an impartial judge, have come to the conclusion that there is no cause or foundation fore reversal of the first decision. We not only. consider the St. Otorge Club at fault, but we believe the Canada pla>ers are innocent of the slightest wish to terminate the game upon any other grounds than because they were ill treated, and one of their players grossly insulte d. The St George Club admit that Dudson was wrong in attacking Hellewell in the outra geous manner he did. and offer no excuse for him ; but they think the Cans da Club was not justified in the position it assumed, and in the refusal to continue the game upon any conditions. It is true that the Canada Club refused to continue the game upon any conditions ; upon this point we were wrong. ?> our account said mat tney agreed 10 go ou il the St George Club woul l withdraw the individual who committed the offence They, from the first moment, refused all overtures by their opponent* It appears. according to the version of the atl iir j, iven by the Canadians, that Hellewell did not intend to hit Dudson with his bat when he riin against him; it was purely accidental, as Hellewell was looking at the ball as he was running, aud did not mind how he carried his bat He did intend to run against him. a? he considered he had a perfect right to do, according to the laws of the game. When the two came in contact, Oudson called Hellewell sorae hard name, or made an angry remark, which induced H to think he intended to attack him, to avoid which he ran ou toward the other wicket, Dudson following, when the St. George players stopped him. and he thru threw the ball which struck Hellewell in the small of the back, without injuring him, however, to the extent at first reported. Dudson was not knocked down with Hellewell'* bat, and therefore did not lay rolling on the ground, in great pain, as reported, by lome of the papers. The St. George Clnb made every effort to settle the difficulty, and *o on with the game, but the Canada flub considered the insult too gross to be removed, and abandoned the game. This is r true and correct statement of the affair, and we will add that had it happened in Canada or in Kngland, a player who forgets himself so far as to commit such an offunce as throwing a bail at an opponent, would he at once expelled from the club he might at the tin1 o 1>? a member of, and not suffered to appear upon any cricket ground,or to become a member of any other club. There are many other points which we forbear touching upon, merely remarking in conclusion, that many of the Canada playera were peculiarly aituated, as officers in the British army, and could not have acted otherwise than they did. It was fortumte, under the circumstances to which we allude, that the individual of the Ca.iada club insulted, was a private gentleman We regret very much that the conclusion of this match, which had been looked forward to with to muck anxiety, was of such an unfortunate character, as it has put an end tn every thing of the kind hereafter. We are dona wi'h this matter, and leave those interested to arisnge the dilHculties as they best can. Sii>;i?ii>an's Enclish SroaTs ?Our citizens will have an opportunity of indulging in healthy spoits or looking At tho-c who do, by vifiting Castle Garden noxt Wednesday Some of the sports me highly diverting, and nothing will occur to ott'end the ear or ey? ot the " moit fastidious." nuvriiM iiiH ill Trttv*I irra. The arrival* ) osterday were not as extensive as those of the past few daya The following is nearly the full amount at each of the undermentioned hotels : Amkkic?n?J Reynolds, U. S. A.; Lieut. Watson, U. B Navy; George Hill, Connecticut; H Shield*, U. 8. A ; Hev K Steam, Baltimore; J. Coley, Mobile; H Folaom, Alabama; M Goilby, Philadelphia; J Clsrke, Alabama; T. Bradl.ury, Virginia; J. Crawford, Philadelphia; J. Make, Alabama; J. Hamson, Richmond; O. Deinmeny, Georgia. Astob?W. Brown, Washington; J. Tucker, Missisippi; W. Jots, Pennsylvania; M. Hopkinson. Philadelphia; J. K Buslidalo. Virginia; J H Kobertson, Norfolk; A. Dunbar, Missouri: G. Saunders, Boston; II Kddy, do; R. Bingham, New Hampshire; J V ood. Home; Capt Erakin*?, ,\l try land; B. Mallow,Naw ttrlrnus; C. Cooke, Au pint*; vv; I; T. Hint, New Oilcan*; J. Holers H&ltimoie; M. Watson. Tennessee; J Hayden, USA; J. Shepherd, lUlcigh; iM. Wigginf, Cincinnati. Cit*?W. Downing, Charleston; M Rowe, Richmond; M. Ilarkini. Alnbana, J Rmicjt, 1'ittsbiugh; L Rendly, do; T Rawson, U 8 A.;W Uailow, Boston; W. Shertwnrt. do; W. Biewater, Detroit; F. F. Robimon, Boiton; W. Curry, Manchester; R Crell, New Orleaua; A. Cleveland, Georgia; J. r-urnell, Ma> yland; H Woodbu ry, Savannah; Oen Devoreux, Paterson; Dr Furley, Mobile, Lieut. Camp, U. 8. N.; A. Stewart, Philadelphia; C.Rey, Washington Fhsisbliis?G. Atkins. North Carolina; J Johnson, do; J. Grant, Kentucky; J Long, Tror; 8 Converse, do; C. Knoals, Connecticut; K Fisher, Al' my; C. Gardner, Worcester; H. Reynolda. Mobile; G Moiely, Norwich, M Foster, Ohio; A. St. John, Massachusetts; J. ilc.Mamahon, Hteubenville; R. McMuhon do; fclv Patry, Lnncaster; J M ller, Albany; L. Miller, do; G Borwman, Philadelphia: J Peabody, Miniisippi; J. Joivett, Com,ao ticut. Howtan?W Croonoo, Florida; C. Arnoll, Rhode Islninil; P. Tippcll, do;C. Hoarn, Connecticut, W. Wa'son, Kentucky; W. Wheeler, Virginia; J. Ferguson Kentucky, J. McDonnell, Glasgow; T Heed, Lewiston; T. Brent. Lonj Mand; J Tolson, Alabama; H Wich, Ohio; E Pruner, Albany; J ( ooke, Philadelphia; J. Mallov, Albany; T. Cantlin Montreal; R. Ii .n.bert, do; M Gilbert, do; 8 Huton, St. John; C. Fooke, Alabama, J Gard ner, 'le jrgia, Hon. J. AnJerion, Went Cheitci; Mr. Kltebword, Toronto. Pollllrnl liitelllK**nc<)? F.fltrai.l Stanly, Kenneth Rayner ?nd William II. Washington, widely known and o?teemed ai whig member* of i ongrci* in other day*, are member* loot to tho | Noith Carolina Houit of Common). The Democratic State Nominating Convention, i? to be held at 8yracu*a, Thursday, October lit. The Piqua Kfgiiier notice* tho nneasv feeling "till manifest in portion* of Miami county, hostile to tho continuance among them of tho colony ofnagroe* loft there by Judge Leigh The Rtfitttr learn* that It 1* Juilg* Leigh'* deiign to remove them to Liberia, or aomo place where the? may be left in aecurity, *o soon a* arrangement* can be mad* for that purpoe*. \ I City intelligence. THE HEWS ITTHE TOMBS. The above it an illustration or a scene which took place a few morning* since, inthc yard of the Tomb?, at an early hour. The prisoners had been allowed to leave their colli, and take recreation within the limited bounds provided for the purpose bv a liberal and philanthropic Common Council, and had congregated in knots, varying from five to a dozen in number*, composed of" black spirits and white, blue spiri's and gray," ot every clasa and profeaiion, from the fashionable swell pickpocket, to the ragged, dirty, unwashed and unshaved denizen of Dickens' place and the Five Pointi. One knot of these sufferers from the present imperfcat organization of so. ciety, attracted our notice more than the rest. And on proceeding to the place where they were assembled, we found a specimen of imperfect humanity with an ebony lace a mouth resembling the entrance to the Mammoth Cave in Kentucky, a pair of legs which put tho pedals of the flamingos in the Bowling Green entirely in the shade, and a head like a worn out tar brush, discoursing to his assembled fellow martyrs from the columns of the Herald. lie was reading the police intelligence, and the proceedings of the sessions the day previous, which appeared to interostthe audience exceedingly, and as might be expected, expressing deep felt sympathy for the unfortunates, whose area of liberty had been curtailed by a sentence of six years to the classic neighborhood' of Sing Sing. Sunday Incident?Moral Suasion.?We witnessed yesterday a very good instanca of the pewar of a kind word in assuaging wrath. In front oI ouroffioe. a boy, bearing the bloody marks of war upon his shirt and countenance, was in pursuit of the urchin who it seems had inflicted upon him soma injury. His imprecations were not only deep, but loud, and on his face, lika Achilles of old, he bore the impress of strong determination. A fire was in his eye. a stone in hand, and an oath in his mouth, when his hurried course was arrested by a venerable gentleman, who reminded one of tho Brothers Cheoryble. At first, the low uttered words of i the interferer seemed to attain no influence over him of j the ragged jacket; but. like the droppings of water upon i (tone, they finally subdued the rugged heart, an4 a* tha | tears rolled down hit unwashed cheeks, he turned away, ' with all hi* wrath vanished under the soothing tones of the speaker. As we heard many remark who were lookers-on in the little scone, ene such kind heart would have more effect upon angry passions than all the starry , influence* of the police. Did the bey know that the gontleman addressing him was Dr. Hewitt, the originator of | temperance societies in this country, an4 a respected pastor of a church in Connecticut, he would probably ! nave listened with none the less attention. Plow many ! are there of our own fashionable ministers who would traverse a muddy street for the purpose of (peaking a good word to an erring newsboy ? Firi.?A fire broke out, corner of Prince street, at ISO Bowery, yesterday, but was promptly extinguished, j with little damage. It occurred in a furniture store. Citv Contention.?The City Convention will meet to morrow evening. Park Fountain.?The fountain, in full play, at 10 o'clock, A. M., yesterday, attracted a vast crowd of : pectators. We were delighted to s^e the "maid of the mist" look *o well after her late "excursion." Credit to thi Urate and Humane.?On Friday after- | noon lai>t, about 4 o'clock, ai the steamboat Arrow left the wharf, foot of Hammond street, a boy about 8 or 10 years of age, the *on of a blacksmith at the upper part of Hudson street, was di 'covered by one of the hands to be on board an I about to be curried up the river. Ho seized the boy and threw him with all his might to the wharf. He lighted upon th.> string piece, and having no hoM.'otl , backward* into the river. Mr. John F. Tall man being pre.-c'it, immediately plunged in alter the lad and snvea ill* iro i. i???u in uis goiu which anl chain and h roll ofbilU in hn mouth a lighted cipur. He had thesegar ill hi* mouth whan he came out of the water. Statk Constitutional Convention?Aug 29.? Mr. Murphy called up his resolution, mnkin^ the several report! of the committee on incorporation*, other than banking or municipal, on currency and banking, and on the organization and power of cities and incorporated villages, the special order after the financial reports Debated anil ltid on the table. 49 to 31. Mr. Marvin, from tiie committee on future amen'ments and revisions of the constitution, made the following report () 1 Any amendment or amendments to this constitution may be proposed in the Senate and Assembly : and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority" of th? member* elected to each of the two houaes, such proposed amendment or amendments shall be enterod on their journals with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referral to the legislature, then next to bo chosen; and shall be published for three months previous to tho time of making such choice; and if, in the legislature then next to be chosen as aforesaid, such propoitd amendment or amendments shall he agreed to by twothirds ( all the members elected to both houces. then it shall be the duty of the legislature to submit such proposed amendment or om'ndmenti to the people in such manner, and at such time, as the legislature 'hall prescribe; and if the people shall approve and ratify such amendment or amendments, by a majority of the electors qualified to vote for members of the legislature voting thereon, such amendment or amendment* hall become a part of the constitution. New ?At the general election to be held in the year 1960, and in each twentieth > ear thereafter; and al?o at such time as the legislature may by law provide, the question, " shall there be a convention to revise the constitution and amend the same 7'' shall be decided by the electors nualified to vote for members of the leirihliiture 8i>*l in ciiso a majority of the electors so qualified, voting at auch election, shall docide in favor nf a convention for moli purpose, the legislature at its next session, shall provide by law for the election of delegates to such convention Committed to a committee of the whole Convention The Couvenlion then proceeded further to consider the leport of the committee on the judiciary. Mr. Mann propoaed as a fifth section to the report, the following :? " The legislature shall have the same power to alter and regulate the jurisdiction and proceedings in Ihw and equity in the Supreme Court as they have heretofore possessed; but pro ceding* in law and equity shall not tie separated as distinct jurisdictions to by administered by different judges in that court." Mr Drown moved to strike out all of the section, excepting the first word " the " so that it would read :? " The powers, jurisdiction and proceeding* of the Supreme Court shall be subject to such additions. Iimita| tions and regulations as may he prescribed hv law '' u Debated and rejected, 68 to 30 Mr Loomis move.i to amend the proposed section liy striking out the woids "in the Supreme Court," where they first occur, and the I words " in that court," at the end of the section. Rejected without a count Mr Simmons moved to amend the section by striking out the words " jurisdiction and" in the beginning of said section. Rejected The section was then rejected, 64 to 3.2. Mr. Jordan moved the following as a fitli section:? The Legislature shall have the same power to alter and regulate the jurisdiction and proceedings in law and equity as they hive heretofore possessed. Agreed to, 44 to 31. Mr. Brown offered tho following section, which was ordered to be printed and Ui 1 on the table: ? ?? Whenever the population of any judicial district shall exoeed thousand, provision may be made by law for the election, hv thn nf en.-h .li^rrint ! assistant justice* of the supremo court therein, who shall have powet within tucli district to holii ciriuit court*, to preside at court* of oyer and terminer, ami to act ai i associate justices oftho supreme cour* with one or more j ntticcs of the lupreme court, in holdii g the general j [ term* ol said court; nnd to e\cicisc nnd pt-ifoim all tho j power* and duties ot a justice of the supreme court at | , Chamber*. They shall be coinpcni-ited in like inarm- r a* | the justices of the supreina court?and (hall hold their | office* lor tho term ol eight j ear* Mr. Hunt, by conscnt laid on tho talila the following ! as a substitute for section 12 <) 12 Kach senate diatrict, at it* biennial eloction for ; Penatois, ihall choose three elector* of judges No cltixen shall vote for more than two of such elector*, and | the iliren persons having the highest number of vote* ahull be elected. Shoul i fewer than three elector* be oboset. at nny luch election in con equenee of 1*0 or i more of the f)in persons receiving tho highest number | of vo'ei, having an equal number of votea, ooo or more ^ of Mich persom. aa the case may require, shall lie self, ted to till tlio deliciency by lot. The eltctoi a tbu* chosen throughout the State, shall convene at such time and place a* may ba prescribed hy law and eloct the jn?- i tices of the supreme court, uii<1 till all yaesncie* t lereui occurring. .. . The fifh lection of the report was then r?il : ? "Any three of them may hold general term* or *a Id ( court in any district; and any one ol them may hnl.i special term*, and circuit court*, and preside at tho courts of oyer and terminer in any county.' Mr Miunhy proi?o?ed to amend by *tnking out all of the ft rut line, 'including the word " court," anil m?ert "An* four of th? j??uce? of tbo twpramn court of whom the iwnior juitic* in who in not 01 the court o'upl>enU. hail nlwiiyn he one end ahull preiide, may hold geaeral term* in Several modificUioni of thi( aertion wrrc propoied end ordered to he printed Adjourned.?Jllbnny *4rgui. The tr.hooner Ti ihune liom B.nton, arrived at Albany on Kri.lev, with ? caat iron light houie. Ita domination ia for Lake Champlain, and thence to be tranihipped to Juniper liland. The (iovernor of Maa'a'.hu<ett?, with advice of connoil, hai appointed Thuraday, the :16th ol November Dent, to be observed at a day of public ihankagiving la that I MunoawMitlk I Pol I re Intelligence. Aro. 30 ?A Bit Kant it Clrrk.?K boy by the name of Henry Morgan. in the employ of Mr. Jolce, merchant tailor, corner af White (treat and Broadway, vai arreited on Saturday night on a charge of robbing hia employer of various turn* of money, at different timet, amountin; to $15: also several pieces of goods. He was arrested by officer Qilgan, of the Oth Ward and committed to prison ior trial. Petit Larctnu?Susan Harvey was arrested yeiterdkv , by officer Heaseldan. of the 8th Ward, charging her with stealing a rug from No CO Canal street; also 2 piece* of calico. 2 remnants, and a pair of children's gaiter*, belonging to Mr. John Killiaton, 171 Hanry street. Committed bv Justice lloome. -/VI/ Thirf.?A loaferish looking fellow, called Thome* HocWliff. w?s caught on Saturday night in the act of attempting to rob the money drawer, wherein was the cum ol some $? or $10. in the eating house 34 Fulton it , J ?... ??- l-l-- i n i.| j 1 VOUCH I'; ill. til/ml 1UII UL'CUICH was lOCkod up for trial. Ji Juvenile Thief ? Quite a good looking boy. of about 14 your* of a*e,by the name of Alfred Hunt, whose parent* r .tide nt 4o Norfolk ttreet, wan detected in the . act of stealing a small book called Cook's Voyage*, valued nt 31 cents, from the secondhand book-shop kept by Mr Tabot Watts, I0i Nassau street, near Ann street.? Locked up in the Tombs for trial. Sahhath Rreakert.? Officer Appleynrd, of the Fifth Ward, arrested, about 4 o'clock oo Sunday morning, four individuals by the name* of Edward J Warren, Joel Oable. Israel Long and Hjjhralm Marland, for liotous and disorderly conduct, having just sallied forth from an oyster cellar on the corner of Li<penard street and Broa.lw.iy, I pon being brought before Justice Osborne in the morning, and the officer not wishing to prosecute the matter, they were discharged upon a reprimand from the magistrate not to de the like again Jlttempt at Buiglary.?Twe fellows called Joseph Dixon and Thomas Jeukinion. were both arrested on Saturday night, on suspicion of burglary. Officer Kullane of the ltith ward mado the arrest, and Justice Rootne looked them up for examination. Another ?Qeorge Johnson was likewise arretted for an attempt to burglariously enter the premises No. !M7 West i-id street, by boring holes with an auger through the back basemeut dooi, hut wai detected in the act, and Justice Rootne committed the rascal for trill. *4 Strange Story ?Under this head we noticed the ar rest of n young man by the name ef John Cottrell. In yesterday's llrrahl. on a charge of inducing a young woman of easy virtue, by the name of Ann Wrenn. on board of the ship Osceola, lying at pier No 9, North River, and detaining her on boani against her will, for two uHys aim tnrcn iiij;ihb. justice urinker investigated the ca<e yesterday with a great deal of care, and trom circunwancea whieU came to tlie Justice's knowledge, he was fully couvinced that Mr Cottrell although bis conduct in the transaction waa very diigracelul and uo gentlemanly, yet, from the testimony produced, he feU confident tha' no felony hail been committed, consequent lv he should not lioM the accused to hail on the charge. The Justice, however, after a lew remarks, severely reprimanded the accused, and alio a forward young man of 16 years of age, who figured conspicuously in the whole transaction?showing most decidedly the march of intellect in the present rising generation; alto the young man whom the girl called her "lover," was hstid up to view ia this affair in anything but an enviable position. The names of theso last two young men we refrain from giving, trusting that the exposition in the police office will prove, (without going to the world at large.) a salutary caution far the'r future coaduct through life Justice Drinker further remarked, that he was satisfied in his own mind,from certain manoeuvenngs of certain individuals that hang around the office, that the complaint was merely instituted for the purpose of extorting money trom the accused, and he (Justice Drinker) regretted much that the testimony was not sufflcient steamers sure cnaugn. i ney remina you of tha descriptions of the mammoth keel? of the Spanish Armada, while their interior finish carries you back to the Oriental gorgeousness of the palaces of the Arabian Nights A fleet of canal bo its, charged to tli* water line, with produce, are moving eastward; a counter curient laden wi^_ heavy merchandise, are coming westward. On the other hand, the gold-n carriage <jf Raymond & Co.'s menagerie, drawn by 'two elephant*, >8 passing to the strains of a l? ra?s band, around the city, fallowed by asmotl'y a group as was ever clustered in the Park absorb the patriotic rxoectorations of Mike Wa|<li. The Buffaloes are cons'rttfcting a great city. We are informed that not less than 600 buildings will have been rrected at the expiration of the curr.nt year within the limits of the late village, five or six elegant churches ainwng the numb-r. A commercial activity, after the stylo of New York, keeps all hands moving. The place swarms Willi a busy population, and the number oi Dutch in the streets would indicate that it wa? on the very borders of Hesse Cassel and the Harisetowns. The beautiful U. S. war steamer Dallas, i? lying in the creek. At this momenta packet with fifty respectable looking passengers cn deck, is coming in from the east They are discussing here the question of a mr>numiint to Perry. 1 ho Baltimoreans would set to work and execute i;t and before two years are gone, if the Buff does do not have a column to the victory ol their favorate lake, they ought to sa^iiothing more upon that subject. iiu- i re mom vocalists, ine same we expect tha t we heaid at Saratoga, are here; also, Mr. Mooney, the I i>h orator on modern lieland, who purposes to eddy the Butfalonians upon tha present condition ol tVe green i?land, which is bad enough from ihe latest advises, ro s ?y nothing of the potato rot and starva ion. We hav<* also a theatre in bias'; Mazeppa is to be murdered tonight, and we purpose to report the execution. On the subject of the executive veto??, that of the harbor bill meets with a most unanimons execration in this quarter. Thus they declaim:?Tho work at the pier is suspended?the safety ol tho harbor is imperfect; and the various harbors proposed to be benefited along the great Ukcs, are all abandoned, and a continued sacrirtce ol life and property is 10 he the cost of an executive coristi'utional abstraction. The indignation of the iron masters of Pennsylvania at tho casting vote of Vice President Dallas on the tariff question, is conciliation contrasted with the unanimity a'iw g all parties here of the downright oxecratton ofPresiden Polk lor his veto of the River and Harbor Bill. But they say the effort for a twothirds vote must bo tried again; and we may exp.-et some such experiment at the next session. 1 hi! votes ironi mo ii'-w oi?ic ui run win secure it in tli* Senate, were it not already secura, Htnl the. indignation of the north may ret aliate in the Hons by a junction, which will pass the bill over the head ol tho Preiident, in spito of hira el I". Col. Ilenton stands in high estimation in this region. II s oimr^'j on the Oregon question, and on the Siili-Troneury and Ilirb >r biln, particularIv, place lutn in a very favorable position. Cass is regnrded ns impracticable as Col. Polk for tho next term; Senator Allen is regarded ns having missed tyn important figure in his passage atarms With Crittenden ^ Anon, and regardfnlly^^ The Doctoiu Hrllyliitii Intelligence. Theconiecration of n place of wnrahip for the " Shaar 'm Soriclytook place ?t New Haven on Friday last. Moit of the clergy of *11 denomination! in the citv wfie preaent, well a? many of the faculty of Vale College. The Synod of Buffalo (old Sehool Preahyterian> held a otsMori in Ronheater last week An eloq'ien' address woi delivered by Fler. Mr Savage of Ogteiiahtirgh. The 1,0 Iv wna then duly organised anil proceo led to tmaiueae. An *ldre*e wris made by Rev. v|r Cheater. D. D , of tba Welt Jersey Presbytery, on tho education of \ouni? men for the |ro*pel roiniMrv Iter Mr llapperaett, of Baltimore. followed I)r Cheater, and addremed tho body on thi> ??bject of mitsiona. A remarkable degree of harmt* nv aim brotherly lore prevailed, and the aeaaion elooci. . after finishing their buaineaa, late on Kriday evening, prayer, the doxology and the apoatelic lienediotioa. The Rev Charlea Adami, of Boston, his been appointed to tha China mnaloo. Another laborer will aooompa* B7 hint ly strong enougn to warrant the arrest of the partita for a coatpiracy Much credit ia due officer Stewart, for the persevering manner he showed ia bringing the parties up before the justice, whi?b threw a new light upon the whole adair, thereby exposing some new movements, which we shall notice more fully hereafter. Buffalo, Aug. 27, 1846. The Run Through?Distinguished Fellow Travellert ?A Glance at Lake Eric and the Business of Buffalo?Raymond 4* Co '? Menagerie?Buildings Erected?War Steamer Dallas?Monument to Perry?Tremont Vocalists?The Theatre?Orator Mormey?The Veto of the River and Harbor Bill ?Indignation?Popularity of Col. Benton, fyc. Thoroughly satiated with the " take your time'i progress of the canal packet, we left Utiaa las*, evening, per railroad, with the resolution graining in a night what we had lost in two dayv We, therefore, relinquished our original intuition ol an inspection of the salt works of Sytfccuse, the State Prison at Auburn, the iiouringinills at Rochester, and so forth, in order to kc<rp up with the programme of our excursion. We had a lonsr and drowsy night of it?somewhat relieved, how. ever, by the presence of several acquaintances from Washington, among whom was the intelligent Senator Chalmers, on bis way to Mississippi, via the lakes, from a sojourn on the sea shore. In the coursc of the morning we picked up Gen. Armstrong, (:he Indian Commissioner of' Tennesee,) and his daughter, also hound westward fr?m the eastern watering grounds After making in company with Mr. J. K. Tyler, a cousin of President Tyler, we believe, (having something of his nose, and all of his politeness,) after making the detour of the city, eaten a good dinner, and slept an hour, in tho agreeable duty of communing with yonr reader*, we occupy an apartment looking out unon Lake Erie, and the shores of her Britannic M <jeaty over in Canada. Several steamers and sails are dispersed along the wide i"g expanse of the laketotho westward; a Imtid of music is playing upon the steamer Nile, which is leaving lor a trip of a thousand miles by these inland saas of the north. Half a dozi n other steamers, among them four of Reed's line, are lying in the creek. Tkey are

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