Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 2, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 2, 1846 Page 1
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1 A TH] Vol. XII, No. \\ hole So. 443 7. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT PROPRIETOR. uircuiauon---rcny inouBauui DAILY HER ALU?Every day, Pnee t cents per copy?$1 t> per lunirn?i-aynble in advance. WEEKLY IIERALD?Every 8aturday-rnce ?'< Mtti per copy?>3 IIU ceutiiw annum?payable m advance. HERALD FX)K EUROPE?Every Steam Packet day. Price tSi cents per copr?W #? Per acnatn, payable in advance. ADVKRT1BKMEMT8 at thelusnal prices?always eaib advance. PRINTING of all kinds executed with beanty and despatch. All letters or commamciuioDs, by mail, addressed to the establishment, most be post paid, or the postage will be deducted from the subscription money remitted. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor of the NmtYoii Hbbald EsT*bi.isrM?:irr, NortH-West eon tnf k'nltoo and Nassin streets .-an. CENTRAL AND MACON AND WESTERN RAIL ROADS, GEORGIA. vaTTI 002809 JMB THESE Roads, with the Western and Atlantic Railroad of the State ol Ueorvia, form a continuous line from Savannah to Oothcalogs, Georgia of 171 miles, via Savannah to Macon Central Railroad 190 miles Macon to Atlanta Macon V Western Railroad 101 " Atlanta to OothcMoga, Weatern k Atlantic " SO " U.khIs will be carried from Savannah to Atlanta auil Ootlicaloga, at the following rate*, vii: _ _ _ _ . on Wei?ht Good*. To Jit- To OothSugar, Coffee. Liquor, Bagging. lloi>e, lanta. caloga. Better. Cheeae, Tobacco, Leather, Hide*, Cotton Yarna, Copper, Tin, Bar and Sheet Iron. Hollow Were and Caatinga $0 SO $0 7} Flour, Rice, Bacen in cask* or bnxea, Pot?, Beef, Full, Lard. Tallow, Breawai, Mill ueariug, rig Iron aud Grind Stoue* $0 40 $0 62X l)r? Mkail'hkmknt Good*. Boxni of Hau, Bonnet* and Furniture, per cabic foot $0 30 $0 36 Boxe* aud bale* of Dry Good*. Saddlery Ulaa*. Tahiti, Drug* and Confectionery, per cubic foot $0 !0 p. 108 lb*. 35 Crockery, percubic foot $# 15 " " 35 Mo'aiui and Oil, rer hhd. (smaller ca?k* in proportion.) $9 00 $13 00 Plough*, (large) Cultivator*. Corn Sheller?, and Straw Cutter*, each $125 $1 50 Plough*, (auiall) and Wheelbarrow*... .$0 80 $1 05 Salt, per Liverpool Sack, $0 70 $0 95 PasiACE. Savannah to Atlanta $10 00 Children under 1} year* of age, half price. Savannah to Macon, $7 00 O" Good* consigned to the Subscriber will be forwarded free of ''oininiuiona. (T7~ Freight may be paid at Savannah, Atlanta or Oothcaloga. F. WINTER, Forwarding Agent, C. R. K. Savaxwah, Angnit 15. 1*46. ali 2mrrc L.OMG ItiLAiND JK.A1LKOAD COMFAWX. | SUMMER J1RRJ1N OF. MENT -fKAINS RUN AS FOLLOWS, COMMENCING WED NESDAY, MAY IS, 1W6: Leati BaooiLTR at 7 o'clock. A. M. Boaton train Tor Greenport, daily (except Sunday*,) stopping at I Farmingdale and St. George'* Ni.iuor. " " at 9X o'clock, A. M., for Farmin^Ual* and intermediate place*. " " at 3 P. M., through to Oreenport, MrrQing both way* at Jamaica, Branch, Hick*\ ille. Fnrm'iigdale, and all the (tationa between Karrruugdale and Greenpart. " " at 6 M.t for Farmingdale and interne diste place*. hr itf Ubfinfout at6 o clock, A. M. Accommodation train, uty, (exci r.ndaya,) through to Brooklyn. " ot 3 1*. M., F tton train, or on the arrival of the steainr. from Norwich, (topping at 8t. George'* Manor and Karmingdale. L fr'ARMinaDALE at SK A. M', Accommodation trail for Brooklyn. " at 8^ A- M. Oreenport train, (or Brooklyn " at lA P. M. Accommodation train, for Brooklyn. lilttl J AH MCA at * A. in. viccominouaiiou uiu, ior diooilyn. " " at #M A. M. Oreenport train for Brooklyn. " " at Vi P. M. Accommodation train, for Brooklyn. Ka*? to ? Bedford S centi, East New York 12*4, Race Course 1SV, Trotting Connie 1IK. Jamaica 35, Bruihville 3lia, HydeTark (17 miles) 37JK. Clowsville (daring the ses ion of conrt) 37?, Hempstead 37 H.' Branch TJ%, Carle PI ace 44, Westbory 44. Hicksvil le 44, Karmingdale 62K. Deer Park 69, Thompson 88, Suffolk nation $1, Lake Road atation SI I8X, Mediord atation $1 18V, Yaphank SI 37>i, St. Oeorge'i Manor $1 6J>?, Riverhead f 1 Tlji, Jameiport SI 62K, Mattetnek $1 62 W, Cutchogue $1 6^4, SoutlioVd SI 62X, Oreenport Accommodation train SI 74, Oreenport by Boaton train S2 26 Stages are in readiness ou the arrival ol traina at the several a tat i obi, to take passengers at very low farei, to all parts ol the Island. Baggage Crates will be in readinesa at the foqJLpf Whitehall street, to receive baggage for the several traiitf. 30 minutei before the hoar of starting from the Brooklyn side. The steamboat " Statesman" leaves Oreenport Cor Sag Harbor twice each day, on the arrival of the trains from Brook lyn. my!9 re LONG ISLAND RAILROAD Kipress Mail Train, leaves Whitehall atreet Ferry, New York side, every morning at 7 A. M., lor Boston.? aBC.AIso, trains from Brooklyn side at 7 o'clock and five minatea, and 9X A. M., and 3 and 5 P. M., daily. The 7 A. M., and 3 P. M. trains go through, the former stopping at Panaingdala and Baaoc, and the latter at all places on the road jell r TO WESTERN TRAVELLERS. mwtiA teak ^pHErnblie is respectfully informed that the rece nt break X ia the Canal, caused by (the late freshet, havingbeen re paired, the PIONEER It EXI'RfcSS LINE, via Railroad and Canal from Philadelphia to 'Pittsburgh, oommenced it* regular trips for the season on Monday, the <th of April leaving the Depot, No. 174 Msrket street, DAILY, at 7H o'clock, A.M. By this roate passengers will avoid all the fatigue and dan ger ol night travelling in coaches, both Railroads being pass ed in daylight. For further information, apply at the old-established Office gn Market street, 5 doors above Eighth street. aplO 6m*rrc A. B. CUMMINOS, Agent. 0m DAILY LINE OK BOATS BKTYVhhr* URiSi NEW YORK AND 8TATEN ISLAND 3BnBC3Ea. The steamboats SYLPH, Captain J. Brais t.H ?n,l STATIN IHI.iMim f'.nt.ii, II VnMi u. .11 leave aa follows Leave Staten Island at S, ?, >, 1* and 11 A. M; at 1,1, i, 4,4, and 7, P. M. Leave New York at T,?, 10, aid 11, A. M. and 1,1,1,4,}, 1,7 and put 7 P. M. All freight at the risk of of the own en thereof. A stage will leave Vanderbilt's landing for the Telegraphic Station every hoar throughout the day- Fare UX eenu. Jy? TROY MORNLNG AMI) EVENING LINE. MORNING LINE AT SEVEN O'CLOCK. iWI Jfl TOR ALBANY AND TKOY-Krom the fla|yHj3>8teamboal Pier at the foot of Barclay street. SC3BLLudin| at Peekskill, West Point. Newburgh. Hampton, Milton, Poughkeepsie, Hyde Pa'k, Rhineteck, U. Red Hook. Bristol, Catakill, Hadson, Coxsnckie, Kinderhook and Baltimore. Breakfast and dinner on board the boat. The steamboat NIAGARA, will leave oa Moiday, Wednesday and Friday Mornings 7 A. M. The steamboat TROY, Captain Gorluun, on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday mornings, at 7 o'clock. Returning on opposite days. Kor passage or freight apply on board, or at the office on the wharf. NEW YORK. ALBANY AND TROY LINE. FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT, Ksbm the pier at the foot of Courtlandt street. Thelow-preeeare steamboat EMPIRE, Captain R.B. Macy, eaves the loot ol Courtlaudt street, on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evenings, at seven o'clock. The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Capt. Win. H. Peck, will leave on Monday, Wedaesdny and Friday evesiings, at 7 o'clock. Passengers taking these Boau will arrive in time to take the Morning Tram of Cars from Troy west to Buffalo, and north to Baraton, Whitehall and Lake Champlaia. Kor Passage or Freight, apply on board, or at the Office pa the wharf. No freight taken after iX o'clock. NOTIt fc?All goods, freight, bank bills, specie, or any ether kind of property, positively at the owner's risk. J Mr TO BOOKSELLERS. AN EXCELLENT opportunity for a young beginner. The stock of a Retail Book and Stationery Store, in a food neighborhood, lor sale. Terms easy, and rent Inw. or particulars, address D R. at thu office anHI tt#m 192 BROAD W A Y, C01HM or JOHN STHKKT. TO TH08E WHO shave themselves. From the Evening Pott. Specimens ok king's unapproachable verbena CREAM KOIl SHAVING.?This article, universally praised by those who made trial of it, last year took the tint premium of the Institute Fair: Indeed it it folly eouceded by those who know, that it ii impossible to manufactnre an article eanal to it. It ia softening to the tkin, fragrant to the irnee, a destroyer of freckles and pimples, and ia sold cheaper than the old soaps. All, therefore, who would comalt economy and comfort in shaving, should possess themselves of it. Kr*m the New York Gazette.?The New Soap.?We speak from eiperience, and we speak from the more professional knowledge of our benefactor and friend James Grant, No. 4 Ann street, who saya it is ahead of any thing ever yet found out in this department ol modern improvement. It is not only an emolient ' bat it is something more." In short, we believe it is the toa.ahaving soap in the world. Beware of iMltations, and observe the written signature nnder the directions for use, of " C H. Ring." Prepared and for sale, wholeaale and retail, and for eiportation. by C. H. KINO, Druggist, aaK Im'mc IM Broadway, corner of John street. MTATCHES '-WATCHES AN I) JfeWKLTTy^Those IT who with to |>nrcha?e Gold or Bil?er Watches, Gold I hmui Gold Pencils, Keys, Ice., will find it rreatlv tn ?h#ir advantige to call rin thf anbacriber who ia Celling "all detcripliou* of the above a> retail, much lower than anv other bona* in the city. Oold Waichet aa low aa $20 and $26 each Watehei ??d Jewelry rirhanced or booght. All watcnca warranted to keep good time, or the money refnudrd. O. C. ALLEN, Importer of Watcbea and Jewelry. Wholeaale and retail, 51 Wall atreet, an'l lm*mc np ataira. CHKAP SUGARS FOR Plf KSfcKVINO. BROWN 8UUAR for 3a 7lba,*ood N () 1. fid and la; yellow and light ll^^na 4a and 4a Sd 7 lha ; white do ia and m64; refined \ellow "> and ia fid: cruntied Ioaf I,? 71ba. FRE8H GREEN AND BLACK TEAK. Beat gnalitv young hyaon for Ca ; very Rood 4a and it ; heat Oolong and Mohaa 4a ; good black and coantry young hyaon a per 1 b PURE JAVA COFFEE. Old Java of tha finnt flavor, roaated and groand daily, la ner lb; Sumatra do It renta. For aale in qnnnliea to anit, by ' J. O. FOWLER, Grocer and Tea Dealer, ' ?uMlw*re tt* and 4M Or*?nwici> and 7? Y*aey ?t?. I E NE NEW JmA A SMALL genteel fainilvof uuiet hibitt, coniuti?* of gentleman, wile, and motiier, with to obtain of a*. Dowu towu preferred. l'lea?<* ajdie?? De Lortoto, nanus; particular*. and left at the Triliuua office, will receive immediate aitrmiuii. *1 ii?r WANTKi1. jggk Uentleineu and thtir wives or siuglr gentlemen,"can j ?cco?iiio4aled with delightfully situated room*, by i JJBk^Pplving at 474 Broadway au?8 lm*ic j Mm De.8ilt.\bLK KAKAl KOK SALK. conta.iiiug 20 acres. with good dwelling, fill, d in with brick, barn, coach, cow, aud smoke houses, all in complete order, j situated on a st ge route, 1H milea from Tuft'a LauJing, to 1 ward* YVoodbridge. N.J. Price 92,MK> L>. K. fe H., 2:19 Pearl Hreet. wile ii'Wmc 7^ TO KOKKIUM UKNTLKM^N arriving iu tne MS9lnited Sute*. or othera, deairona of purchasing a per Country Residence in Pennsylvania.?The sub senber, deairoua of chianiuy hia reaideuce, offer* for aale hia Ksnn and etl*bli%!>nieu;, aituated in Montgomery county,Pa , 14 milea uortli of Philadelphia. It contains 308 acre s ofland, 21U of which are iu the highest state of cultivation, producing wheat, rye, li dian corn aud hay, equal to any upland farm in the Union?. ie remaining 2# acres being woodland. Ou the premises is a fne stoue manaion, 60 feet by 4J, wiih a ve.'aud?'i attached, IS feet wide, extending the length of the house, and a large piazza on the east; the whole giving ample accommodations for a family of tweutv persons. Tlie pleasure grounds suriou.idmg the house are shaded with eleguut evergreens, and very beautifully laid out. There are on the farm three atone houaea for farmers or teuanta. togeiher with three large atuue barns, coutaining stabling aud couveniencea for a hundred head of cattle, and for the storage of 250 tous of produce, with coacb house, wagon house, grauary and corn cribi attached. There are also the advantages of a fine spring houae ice house, fish pond, a garden of two acres, orchards tucked with the linest fruit, green house and grape w?ll, a stream of nrmir u.nrr m everv field, a daily uioriinis and mail to and from the city, by which ihe Philadelphia and New York papers of the name day are receivtd, and an oanuibus passing the gate morning aud evening. In the immediate vicinity ate ?piscupal, Lutheran and Presbyterian churches. Further description is unnecessary, as all persona wishing to purchase are iuvited to Call aud examine the estate. It may. however. be added that for beauty, healthful situation, and adranuees of every kind, it ia not surpassed by auy in the United states. To save trouble, it may )> well alio to mentiou the price, which is $221 per acre. Apply to OfcOKOK SHEArV, White marsh, au8 2taw 4w?rrc Mortgoinerv Co.. I'enn. I BOOTS AND SHOES. ! ^ THK subscriber invites the attention of purchasers to i whis extensive assortment of Khkncii Calf and Patent JV Leather Boots, Qaiteks, Bhogans, Pumps, Slipreus, etc., received weekly from his MiHi'ricTolT at Sing Sing, and manufactured expressly for the retail ttauf., aud warranted in all rases to give entire saiisfactiou. I am now manufacturiiiK for the f*ll and winter trade a superior quality ol Cork Sole and Water Proof Boots, io gether with other articles, comprising the most extensive assortment ever offered lu this city, all of which inav be found bv the packaue or sindlk paih at the Depot, 73 Maiden Lake. R. WILTBE. au30lw?m NEW BOOT AND SHOE STORK, 69 MAIDEN LANE, NEW YORK. ^ FINE Calf City Made Boom, for, $3 00 ; Fine Calf IV City Made Uress for, $3 50 ; Fine Freuch Dress equal JJF to any boot in the city, Si SO. AH our boots warranted JK and equal to any now made. Every thins elie in our [ lie equally low. Jobber* and others will please give us a call before purchasing; oar stock is all made under our own inspection and bought for cash, and therefore we can sell as low as any house in this city. Boots neatly footed for $3 30 ; repairing done in the store. McGEARY St HIGOINS, au21 lin*r 69 Maiden lane, comer of William st. FINE BOOTS7FOR $3 60, A City made, and are equal to those sold in other steres V for Si. Fine French Call Dress Boots for $4 30, equal V to the best made, and sold in this city for $6 or $7. All ^ Boot* warranted to give satisfaction. YOUNG (k JONES, No. 4 Ann street, Near the American Museum. Quick sales and small profits is onr motto.?4 Ann street. *n23 Im'rrc fcSTABLISHfcU flUUEB Al GURNEY'S NEW ESTABLISHMENT, 134 Fult?n Street. (Sum Building.) FIRST QUALITY BLACK FUR HAT $3 50 SftCOND " " " 3 00 FIRST UJALITY SILK HAT 3 00 SECOND " " " 2 50 fV THESE price* have been firmly established, and mavbe ai implicitly relied oa, as the beauty, Kyle and finish ol the article to which they appertain. The proprietor would respectfully ask the pnblic to test the value of hit Hats, by comparison with the productions of any othei manufacturer in the city, and believes no candid mind will leave the premises dissatisfied with them or theirprices. nul8 1m*rc T. T. OURNEY, 1S4 Fu'tonst. REMOVAL OF ROBERTSON'S PHOSNIX HAT AND CAP MANUFACTORY. PI THE undersigned wonld respectfully notify tbe publie, that he lias removed from his former location 103 to 89 Fnlton stieet. Having a much more commodious store, and having otherwise increased his facilities, he is confident ofgiviug satisfaction to his former patron*. ROBERTSON, Hatter, 89 Fulton at., anl5 lm*m (between Wm. and Gold.) FOR SALE" A beautiful black Pony, young and kind, has been ."11^*as a lady's saddle horse. The ' ' ' ? will be sold low on applying to Mr. Dicksey at huiiii Quin's liverv stable, 65 Reade street, up stairs. au27 3t?icThSat&W FOR SALE, Jt FINE SADDLE. HORSE. WILL drive also in a carriage. It n just the right for riding on horseback^ and hrs been limn t i v i n.xi to the saddle Apply to B. Ualbraith, 2i I'ark Place a?6 tf*J<b PER LAST PACKET FROM EUROPE. Mr JUST RECEIVED one pair of English Sw?ni, jP^iwo pair English Pheasants, two pair Chinese Silver ^^CMPhensants, two pair Chiuese Golden Phea.? ints, the 9flB3l>lumage ol' the latter are equal to the Bi'd or Paia "*^^*.lise. Foraalebjr A. GRIEVE, au23 iw m No. 5, John atreet, New Yhrk. KING CHARLES SPANIELS.?Si*, BlaeVand lM| Tanned, very fine, juat imported perihip St. Jamea, l\ n frnm London. Alao, Three Shetland Pome*. suitable lor gentlemen'* sous?Tory docile, and perfectly manageable. For Sale by A. GRIEVE, No. 5 John atreet. Importer and dealer iu Birda, Cacita. ke. aa( lm*rre GERMAN HAKDVVARLT A LARGE assortment of German Hardware, coniisting of Scissors, C'hissels, Butcher Knirea, table Kuivei and Forks. Siws, Plane Iron*, Halter Chaini, Pocket Knives. Knitting Pina, Umbrella Frames, ike. Alao, Curtain Pina, Curtain Ornaments, Slate*, ike., haa just been received by the undersiKned, and is offered for aale low, on accommodating teruis to dealers. 8L4TV.S AND SLATE PENCILS. 40 rases Slates, assorted No*. 1 to6. 2, 3, 4, 4, V 6. and No*. 3, 4 and J. Also, 9*s Slate Perrils. hoi-sale by GEORGE F. GERUING, 71 Maiden lane, Junction ofLiberty street. Violins, Guitars, Flutes, Itc., constantly ou hand. ai>28 1 m ec CLOCKS, FANCY GOODS AND GLASS WARE. A Large assortment of Fancy Goods, Clock", Violins, Guitars and Flutes; also Glassware, China, See, will be sold to dealers ?t reduced prices, at GEORGE F. GERDING, nu29lmec 78 Maide lane. RANGES?RANGES. PIERCE'8 First Premium New Patent Two Oven Ranges, combining economy, convenience and durability. These Ranges have alwaya taken the first preminm it the Fair of the American Institute, and are universally acknowledged superior to any ever offered. All ranges sold by the proprietor are warranted in all respects. GEORGE PIERCE, auntw*mc Sole Proprietor, 292 Broadway. THE AMAZON WIGS, GENTLEMEN'S Real Heads of Hair, being the latest and greatest improvement in the manufacture of Wigs and Scalps: and the subscriber is llsppy in being the first to iutro luce them here. They display (he forehead and temjiles to uiy height, a point in wig making never before attained.? They are composed of ventilating or gossamer work. They fit on the head by a mechanical contrivance entirely new; they are put on in a moment. They immediately adapt themselves to the countenance, and at once become part and parcel of the living man. Copy the address. K. I'HALON, 61 Broadway, opposite the au28 lm*re Globe Hotel, under Judaon'a Hotel. ILLINOIS BONDS. THE UNDKRSIGNKD, as agent for the State of Illinois, hereby gives notice, that ou and after Tuesday, the firtt dav of September next, he will be prepared to pay to the holders of such bonds of the State of Illinois, as are entitled nnder the act of the Legislsture, to participate in the proceeds of the one mill tax for lIMi. the sum of three dollsrs and twenty-three cents upon each of the said bonds for $1000. The overdue coupons due 1st ot January, 1(42. must be presented to the undersigned (at the American Eichange Bank) on or after the 1st of September next, in order that the am unt paid may he stamped thereon, and a receipt given for the amount paid. D. LEAVITT, au29lw*m August 29, UK. WROUGHT NAILS. KEGS of 100 lbs each of and 3 inch wrought nails 1st quality, are daily expected, and will be sold low, on delivery after 1st of December next, at GEORGE F. GERDINO, auM Imce 71 Maiden lane, junction of Liberty at HLUKLICK WATER. JUST received a fresh supply of this celebrated medicinal water, from Holladay's Hluelick Hp ings, in Kentucky. Its action u|>on the system ia purgative, diaphoretic, dinrrhetie, and alterative ; being poaaessed of greater variety of substances and in greater abundance, it stands at the hi-ad of the Saline Sulphur Waters in thia country, and it identical with the H?r owgate Spring* of Kngland Analysis furnished gratia. Korsaleby HKNHY JOHNSON. Draggiat. 273 Broadway, Granite Handing, an?9 lw*rh corner of Chamber afreet. CIOOI) NKWS for amnkera of A No. 1 Havana Segara.? * The Hahanero Honae," 12 Bcekman street, have now completed their arraagetnenla to furnish the lover* of the real aiomatic weeil (aa well as dealers in aegara, hotel keepera. fcc.)wnh the lieit aegar the Havana produce*, and cheaper ih.m anv Other lioase in the DlM State*, aa Hennr Hirer* ia now at Havana, ami will permanently reaide there for the pnrpo?e of manufacturing Segar*. suitable for tlua market; among other improvement* lie has introduced in the mannfac lire of Segar*, ia the highly important one of packing up the.Megars in the lame manner aa the Chinese thereby pre- 1 ser? irg the peculiar odor and aromatic Havor for wfiich Havana Segars hare to long been celebrated, which to thia day haa been entirely neglected by patting the Segar* in cedar boies, thus imparting to the negara the Dad odo* and disagreeable flavor of the cedar; thia new and ph.loaophical plan haa been priyatelyjried for 8 months jiiutj?and of its ad vantages tin' pnnuc will in a lhort lime ne awe to Janice lor 1 ll?-m?elve?. As soon u the lint invoice comet to hand they will be duly advertised ; meanwhile the remainder of the old stork pnt up on the old plan, comprising a very choice and well selected assortment, wilt he retailed at wholesale prices, and told by (he thousand at from $1 to $3, leaf than the nsual rates, (.'all and try them ! at the Habaiieros House, No. 11 Beekman street. N.B. A second-hand Show Cue for sale cheap. auM lw*r TKA VKLL1NU TRUNKS, he. JOHN CATTNACH, Trunk Manufacturer, No. I Wall i i . ?' corner cf Broadway, haa bow on hand wd conitantrt. * food assortment ol Trunks, Valises, Carpet B??s, and H?tchels,wholesale and retail 1 Also, a superior article of sole leather Trunks, suitable for Freuch?AfaUe ftST*" Pnnm*u"-"? f"r <bt deVpat'rh ,or th* West Indie*, South America, Ice., filled with ' ' lm*r Vrom^Nn.'M?Vi K KM?,?M.tM ihs Straw Boards, lBI' UMMtTNaMaaK. W YO YORK, WEDNESDAY M additonal intelligence FROM MEXICO. ITS ZMPOETANOS. THE ANNEXATION OF CALIFORNIA. SUCCESS OF SANTA ANNA. IMPRI80NMENT OF PAREDE8. THE EXPEDITION OF T1IE TEXAN HANGERS. [From the New Orleans Time*, Aug. 34 ] | Through the politeness of n? eminent commercial house. we have just been placed in posneision ol the following moat impor'unt intelligi ufie from Mexico. The news was received by a llridah man-of-war, which touched at the Bnlize with dc8j>ateho( from the British Minister at Mexico, for hit government. The purport of thoso despatches it. that the lTnited States have taken possesion of the California*, and that the revolution in favor ol Santa Ann* it complete. We subjoin the follow ing letters, from which it will he perceived that the itcirnier Arab, with Santa Anna on board, woi in sight, off Vera Crux, to the ltith inst Vitra Clkux, Aug. 16, 1840 Availing ourselves of the opportunity by a British mnn-ofwar, we have just time to stuta- that Mexico and l'uebla have since also pronounced for federation and Santa Anna. Bravo'a government, hardly established, i was oveithrown, und General Salas has ]>ut himself | at the hoad of the movwnont until Santa Anna may I arrive. | Tranquillity was soon restored. tiomet Farias aided , the partisans ol Santa Anna to bring abMt the revolution. His sons have come down here to welcome Santa Anna, who left the Havana on the Htfc, in a British steamer, called too Aran, accompanied ny Almonte, Haro y Tamariz, Kejon, and Boves, and tluis ought to b? here every day. General Parades wan taken a prisoner, and ii kept in tho oitwtll Of Mexico. Gen. Balaa has issued al eady a letter of convocation of Congress, on tha principles of 18-24, and the members arc to assemble at Mexico on lha , t?tli December next. The present conveyance carries the newa of tho annexation of California to the l!nite<l States, received last night by express at the British Consulate. Vera Usui, August 16, 1846. Advices have just been received by express of the formal annexation of California to the United States ! and this vessel of war takes the British Minister'* dispatches to New Orleans and to England. The whole country has declared in furor of Santa Anna, who left Havana for here on the Arab steamer, but has not yet arrived, which makes his friends rather anxious for his safety. P. S.?The Arab just in sight! IFrom the New Orleans Beo, Aug. 24.] We ha?ten to lay before our readers the very important intelligence from Mexico, received through letters brought by the British brig of war Daring, below, from Vera Cruz. They are dated the 16th, and state the steamer Arab, from Havana, had arrived at Vera Cruz with Sauta Anna on board. News had reached Vera Cruz of a revolution iu the city of Mexico. Paredea was deposed and imprisoned in the citadel. Gomez Farias, formerly the mortal enemy of Santu Anna, had decluea in his favor, and had sent his two sons to Vera Cruz, to meet the triumphant dictator, and excort him to the cap The Mexican Congress was to bo convened in the beginning of December. Ali the old ministry had resigned. An express had reached the British Consulato at Vera Cruz, with tlie news of the annexation of California to the United States. Some suppose that this means that Commodore Sloathtd taken possession of the country. [From the New Orleans Picayune, August :24.1 The British brig of war Daring arrived oft'the Balizo last evening, from Vera Cruz, aud two of her officers came up to townthis morning with u mail and despatches. The steamer Arab arrived oft' Vera Cruz on the 16th instant, with Santa Anna on board. He immediately placed himself at the head of the movement in that department. The departments of fuebla and Mexico have declared for Santn Anna, and Paredes has alieady been taken prisoner. The revolt at the capital was headed by Gen' Salas-i Before Santa Anna left Havana he took letters from tien. Campbell to Commodore Conner, aud avowed himself, in reply to some inquiries as to his intentions, as follows:?"If the people of my country are for war, then 1 am with them?bat I would prefer peace." News has been received in Mexico that Monterey. in California, has been seized by one of the vessels of the Pacific squadron. Another account says that all California has yielded to the Americans. Army Intelligence I.ETTEBS FROM THE ARMY. No. XIV. San Lucia, Mexico, July 39, 1846. Our hatterv of liirht artiUerr. escorted bv two compa niei of infantry, left Matamoras for Camargo on the morning of the 35th. This force was under the command of Capt. Duncan. The road directly up the Rio Urande being overflown, it was necessary to tako the interior route, and unawed by the terrors of ranchcros or regular Mexican soldiers, we started towards Monterey. Ignorant ax we were of the exact preparations or condition of the enemy, we went prepared and expecting to fight for the battery on the way. The Mexicans, perhaps, excel most othor people in the cunning and duplicity requisite to a successful spy, and their vigilance is such that no movement of ours passed unobserved or unreported ? Hence, the contemplated match of Duncan's artillery was known several days in Matamoras before it commenced, ana if our enemy had been as enterprising as the old Spaniards have generally ptoved themselves when their country has been invaded, you would have heard of a struggle desperate in proportion to the value and importance of the prite. We havo frequently ob the prairies, who were evidently watching our progress with particular intercit. Thus far, however, they have kept at a respectful distance and confined themselves to their chapparal retreats. < anales' cruising ground is about this region, but scandal say* the is not lormed of the stern stutf that soldiers are made of, and probably doea not perceivo.with sufficient clearness, how our battery may be attacked and captured. The country for fifty miles on the Monterey road is a dead level, varied by prairie and thick wood or chapparal, and occasional water hole*. We soon entered upon the va?t plains of Mexico, covered with immense herds of fine cattle and sheep. The presence of herdsmen and the entire scene remind* one of the simplicity of the primitive ages and the earlier degrees of civilization. Inferior ranchos or farm-houses were encountered at long intervals, and we everywhere found the inhabitants willing, for a consideration, to furnish all the supplies we desired. Indeed, it isbutjuit to *ay that a degree of kindness and hospitality, quite unexpected,ivas manifestrd on the part of tho Mexicans we met. The proprietor of a ranche we passed to-day came out and begged us to halt for a while, offering to prepare dinner for the officer* and to send out loads of melon* for the men of the command The oiler was declined, but the evident sincerity and gcod will with which it was made.aonvinced us that the laws,language and intention that every individual of one belligerent is tho necessary enemy of everv man, woman and child of the othor, i* not always verified. From my obiervation, thu* far, I am satisfied that the people of these northern provinces, take little inte rest in the political relations between their country and ours, and are probably more willing to liail the advent of a republic ofthe Rio (irande, than to ?hout tor any military dictator, who succeed* in gaining the ascendant at the capital.^They have already felt the difference between the principle and character of our government and that, *o called, of Mexico. The gentleman whose hospitality I have mentioned, pointed to a recent encampment of the Mexican army, and showed Adhere they had destroyed his valuable fences, instoad of lighting their camp Ares from the wood growing abundantly around. In the evening of tho first day, we were overtaken by a muleteer, going from Mat*moras to Camargo, and he asked permission to travel and encamp with u?, as he iaared the robber* who infest eveiy highway in Mexico. This permission'was^cheerfullyaccorded, and he has thus far closely accompanied us, receiving our protection, ami faithlally guiding us on the route. The patience of these animals, quadrupeds and bipeds, is quite remarkable, steadily and industriously pursuing their journey day alter day, the mules receiving indifferent treatment and the driver worse compensation for his labor. A considerable drove, each loaded with a mountain of wool, or burdened with barrels of flour or whiskey, would be a spectacle singular enough, travelling along the Mohawk valley for instance. Vet tedious a* is the process of transportation in this manner, the price for 180 pounds lrom Matatnoras to ( amargo, genorally from seven to ten days journey, ia hut a single dollar. I have before said that tho steamer which several years ago made two or three trips up the Rio Grande to Matamoras, was discontinued on account of its destructive effect upon the muleteers. It is presumed tho influence of these respectable gentlemen is hardly sufficient at Washington to prevent ?ur navigation ofthe Rio Grand* with steamboat*. a After we had marched four day*, the country became mult- inning, anil uin quality ui me laim mi the 'iitb, betweon Cuiatano and Jacalitas, the first rooky substance I have seen in Texas or Mexico was encountered? real limestone. Krom thin point, the country becumo mora uneven, and the journey to-day ha* been through beautiful hill and valley scenerv, perfectly charming to an eye which, for many months, had not rested on ?o refreshing a sight. To-morrow we rcach the San Juan. X. Y. /. Camp La caoteha, 8a* ji'arr, { Mkii o, Aug. 4, 18-ltf. \ Onr camp was enlivened thia morning by the arrivif of a company of thone renowned public lervanta, half nimred, half soldier, styled " Texion Hangers." Justly are they named, for Daniel Boone himself was not fonder of tha woods. The haunt* of civilizcd men seem to pot Ms few charms for thia class, for no sooner are they ia 'torn one distant expedition,than they hasten upon another, 1 wherever service may be rendered or adventuro found. , Security has no attractions, for thejr woo danger a* a j RE I ORNING, SEPTEMBER ' mistress. The effeminacy engendered by|roofs?even the life of us dwellers in tents they despise for incessant motion thr*tu?h foreit or over prairie, making toilsome marches, suffering hunger and thirit, exposure to the w indi and raim, and burning heat* of summer, lying on the ground, the saddle for a pillow, an.I often a tree or the sky his only covering, is the daily and nightly life rtf tViA Tovian rinsnr Vrtl" ilflAmi \\ l* thic KarTlwllill ft\r the life ii that of hi* own choice. Mounted on a noble steed, and bearing hi* trusty rule, he looks with contempt upon the Mexican foe, and laugh* at pursuit from even the wily Camanche, realizing in his own person the idea he h*? been taught to worship?freedom. This was the company of ('apt Mcfullough. a parti/an * of note, an.l who has earned his fame by eminent services. lie is characterized by frank manners and strong sense, and possesses ail those traits required to control , the varied elements combined in his command. The uniform of a ranger company is similar to that of the muma in a western State, but the arms are of the best quality, | and most effective description Besides their rifle, they t lira ornamented with revolvers and bowie knives, and in , tact each is a miniature arsenal on horreback. L'apt. Mot ', is now staiting on a reconnoisanc.o towards Monterey, and It i< pretty certain he will not return without accurate and useful information to the commanding gene- I ral He went from Matamorai more than a hundred ] miles into the interior, accompanied by Mr. Kditor Ken- | dal), who loses no opportunity 01 seeing this country aud its wild inhabitant*. And to-day, ? few hours after his captain, followed this same writing campaigner, with a small escort of the rangers, whose garb, and appearance ho has adopted. Though I did not exauiinohis baggage, I am willing to venture a small wager that he is that muny a bright Picayune will be made by his pre ent excursion. Our neighbor! of the Kancho are kind and obliging in supply ing our table with whatever their little farm affords; their hospitality i? unbounded, and aome of our young gentlemen amuie themselves ia visiting these most charming families. The Mexican habitation ii unencumbered by any of the luperfluoua furniture we see in the houses of other lands. It consists of a single apartment, however large the structure. The bare walls, mud lloor. and high thatched roof, are generally unrelieved by ornament, except, perhaps, a rude picture of the Virgin ami a crucifix, suspended in a conspicuous place. Vou find the family seated or lying upon a cow-hide, which is carpet and family bed. (ienerally some representative ot a chair is offered the stranger, otherwise he seats himself with the group. At first he is struck with the remarkable simplicity of dress worn by the children. If the poet said truly, that " loveliness needed not the foreign aid of ornament," then is its high est adornment and best personation witnessed in these juvenil-s, it being evident to (he most careless observer that in their creation the distinctions of male and female were not forgotten. The attention on the part of parents to the wants and welfare of these urchina is the same paid to mules or mustangs, lor all seem to run wild together. However, one anxious care is observable in mothers towards their tender ollspring. They are unceasingly active in pursuing Mid capturing the carnivorous monster, immense droves of which roam through the heads of these little ones. Their skill and sucress in the hunt is wonderful, and could only be acquired bydaily and hourly practice. AVo to the victim, if taken ! Tlaoed by the sanguinary captors between the sacrificial thumb nails, the persecutor of innocent but neglected children, looks his last upon worldly scenes. Besides the succour and comfort afforded their enemies by these people, in the shape of milk and vegetable*, a signal instance of troason was this morning presented to eur observation. A tall, well-looking young man, 111 his ammuon 10 acquire uie Hpanisii, Had occupied Himself in long and frequent conversation* with tue fairest senorit* in the rancho. Hit proficiency was 10 great, that he wai able to invite her to go with him to the United .States. She of course blushed and hesitated, nd looked " I'll ask mama." The next day or two the parents of this lovely girl inquired if the young gentleman intended to raarrv their daughter. They wished the matter decided without delay. Jose Somebody wantad her, but as he was a worthless sort of a fellow, gambled much, and drank some, they would prefer the young American ; but he must make U]> his mind?the young lady could not wait. I understand volunteers are flowing in. and several thousands of the patriotic citizens arc already on the ground. O. P. Q. [From the New Orleans Times, August 34 ] There where a number of idle rumors about Mntamorai relative to the enemy, which found much credit for a time. One report was that the Mexican rancheros had assembled in considerable numbers, and that they intended making * descent upon the town. Auother was that they were within a few leagues of tiie town and led on by C'anales; and the last and most important was, that thoy had come within six miles ofthe place, and sont in word for the women and children to go out to the ranches. This laat rumor created quite a sensation among the credulous, and they spread it like wild tire. There seems to be quite a nest of spies and traitors amongst the population of Matamoras, who keep the enemy advised of all that is passing there. On the 13th inst., a vast quanity of military stores was found in possession of an eminent citizen, Don Jose Maria Tova, under circumstances of great duplicity. An examp'o should bo made, so as to undeceive the Mexicans, as regards our easiness of character. About two hundred recruits, for the regular service, arrived on the 1:1th from New York, via Point Isabel. Matamoras, August 14, 1848.?-The army on this ! menu, or en rivte to the ports above here, that it is ; somewhat difficult to fix tneir whereabout*?if such a w ord is allowable. Two o' the Illinois Regiment* were still at the Brazos Island on the 10th inst. The Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and some portion of the Tennessee, Ohio and Indiana volunteers are strung along the river below here, but nearly all under orders to move as soon as transportation can be furnished. The 3d Ohio regiment is encamped on the cast tide of the river, noarly opposite this place. Col. Johnston's Texas rifle regiment has gone to ('amargo, as has the mounted riflo regiment or Col. Woods, from the swno State, besides nearly ail the regular troops, ;vn 1 many volunteer corps from other States. Lrigadior General Quitman left night or early this mo ning to go above, where ho exjwcts to be assigned to the command of the Georgia, Alabama, and Mis?.t>ipi>i regiments. Brigadier General Hamer, with one regiment from Ohio, one from Kentucky, and the Baltimore and Washington battalio-js, reached here this morning, going to Camargo, where the head quarters of General Taylor now are. and where the army is concentrating as rapidly as possible. The 3d dragoons, now cominandod by t'apt. May, nnd the light artillery of Lieut, llidgley, leave to-morrow, to escort a train of wagons. In the con He of fifteen days, the largest army ever assembled, at one point, since the time of our revolution in the service of the I.nited Slates, will be at Camargo. We shall all, regulars and irregulais, be there, and then see what is to follow. 1 have endeavored to ascertain the actual force in this quarter, and the best information to be had, makes it over eighteen thousan I men, and they still come. What iiio/ mc iu nu i* uium man i can mu, ?is < iuei cuuu''cm the Mexican Government can nerer organize a force onu-half as strong The RioOrande is to he the bane of the lino of operation!. The principal depot will be at Camargo: from whence we shall go to Monterey and a* much further as directed. (Jen Taylor *aj'* hi? order* are to advance, and lie shall go ahead unbl be if ordered or force to itop. The latter not a probable event. Uarriion* will be left at Point Isabel. Brazos Island, H tinea, Matamoras, Keynoia, and other placet. Col. Clark now ha* the command of the force here, which consiit* of a battalion of regular* and some volunteer* are to be joined with them. The Texai mounted regiment, commanded by Col. Hay*, left thi* place on the 8th inst, on an expedition into the interior. They go first to the town ol San Kernando, about one hundred mile* west of aouth from here, from whence they will range up the county to the main road from Camargo to Monterey. They left without tent* or supplies, and expect to subsist by foraging Hay* is supplied wi'.li sufficient fundi, and ordered to pay well lor all lie ta!iesto subsist his command. The trip will be interesting, though a hard one; and I should not be surprised if they hav e a brush with the rancheros. The regiment is about MO strong now, as two companies have gone a dilt'erant course. Lumsden, of the Picayune, is one of the crowd, as are several others well known in your city. feKumors are a* thick as blackberries, many not en titled to much credit. Yeiterday, a Mexican arrived, a* he *aid, direct from Mexico, and reported that Buitamente had put down the Government of Parede*. You are probably better informed. Thi* morning, the report wai current among tho Mexican* here, that a band of ranchero* had captured the mounted company of Texan*, commanded by ( apt. McCulloch, who tliey ?ay, wa* on a ncout on the road from Camargo to Monterey Mr. Kendall i* with that company. I have no faith in the report. nor ha* Governor Henderson. That gentleman na? been very ill for lix or*even weeks, but is now raridly recovering, and will, in a few day*,be at therhead of hi* division ?and will do good lorvice, if an opportunity oiler*. Naval Intelligence. LETTERS FROM THE SQUADRON. V. H. Home sukaimoff, orv Liiariio, { August 9th, 184S. J I have been attached for many month* to thi* squadron, and have witne**ed all it* o|>eration*. 1 will, at random, notice the following recent event*. The Taitle of Vera Cruz i* expected to be taken by thi* squadron,of course. Here gunnery would tell, and yet it i* a po*itive fact that none of the veicoli under Commodore Conner'* command have ever been exercised in trunnerv: not for want oftirr.e, for we hav? been idle at our anchorage for month*; true, we have what la called "general quirtera" three timea a week. Thia la like the manual motioni of the soldier on parade, i. e. it ahow* the aailor how to nin hi* gun in and out, and train it, but give* him no real 1 knowledge aa to the diatnncea of hie range, or the eflec- | tive uae of hie gun, more reminding one of a country m inter than of the "deadly education of tho man-of-war." And why in this I Becaute Commodore Conner doe? not deem practice neceaaary to enmire good gunnery?he- | aide* it if a tueleaa expenditure of powder Ae for oxer- i ciiing l>oat?, or adopting anyfmeane by which the crewe j (many of them perfectly greon) could be made proflcent 1 in tSeir dutica, the thing ie never thought of; aa regordu discipline, there ii none. You cannot excite men by dull formulai, they require oxcitementa in exerciee aa w ell aa in more aerioue engagement*. The Kngliah (taught the value of the true exerciae by our men in 1813 and '14) ordertbeir caplaini to exerciee their crew at gunnery at leaat every three montha. Yet thieaquadron ia expected to rendtft a aatiafa:tory account of itaelf, in the event of an attack being made on the atronghold of the Mexicans. Jt it well known that thia squadron appeared oil the TERA 2, 1846. Rrassos of Santiago on the nth of May, and fame to ancliar with the sound ol Taylor'* artillery booming in our ears, and the smoke of the )>rairie tires daikening the skies; the excitement was intense, lor the tirst communiration from shore informed us that the two armies were then engaged in battle, about twenty miles distant, and also that (ieneral To) lor had left Point Isabel the day previous, hut the result was unknown. Here wa* a dam|>er. Wo were a "uay alter tke lair, lor had thn squadron arrived a day sooner, ita officers, seamen an t marines, nearly a thousand of whom could have been lunded, would, without doubt, have participated in the battles olthe Mb and 8th of May. tien Taylor's critical situation was known four day* previous to the squadron sailing from that port, and we liad no bad weather or head winds to detain ui. On the '29th of July last a |>ortion of the squa lion cot underway from the anchorage olttireeu proceed to " Anton Lisardo," distant li mile*. When about halfway between the two places the " Cumberland" ran on a shoal (partly in 1*2 feet water, tho ship drawing il) and remained so for over eighteen hours, after throwing overboard her spar deck guns, and being lightered by sending to the " Potomac" most of her water and provisions. She was, by tho ;x?werful aid of the "Mississippi" and the boats of the squadron, relieved from her i>erilous situation, with tho loss of her false keel and part of her copper. The best chart of the harbors of " Vera Cruand " Anton Lisardo'' extant, w ero made by the officers of the French squadron previous to, and alter their attack upon Vera Ciuz iu 163b?but " the long experience in tho service 'of some Post Captains is sufficient. You cannot teach them any thing-their dignity would be compromised; for according to would have been exposing " the men too much to have had a " survey of the coast" by some of tho talcuted junior ofHcers of the squadron?and which could have been done without any interruption from tho .Mexicans. A few weeks sinco the frigates Cumberland and I'otomac and steamer Princeton, left Groen Island, and proceeded to a place called by some of the Spanish linguists in the squadron the Kio Antigua, 10 miles to the northward of Vera Cruz. On their way thither, these vessels passed within range of tho guns of the Castle of San Juan d'Ulloa, with tompions in, muzzle bags on, aiid touch holes puttied, as the batteries ot men-of-war usually are when at sea; the w ind he- , ing light, the shins were in thi.i situntion lor some I lime, witnout making any preparation 10 repot an ; attack, not even boating to quarter*?that we were Dot well peppered in entirely owing to Mexican forbearance, i While at the river above referred te, several boats j were sent op shore tor the purpose of getting a supply of j fresh water. In executing this duty, our men were constantly fired upon by the " Ranchcros"?to defend then, elves in an enemy's country and in time of war, tl.o boats1 crows were, by an order of Com Conner, not allowed to take with them but three ball cartridges each?orch boat was, however, provided with two marines. 1 will conclude tins " long yarn ' with a notico of our last demonstration against the enemy, which came ofl' a few days since at " ^Ivarado," fortv miles to the southward of Vera Cruz. Within this harbor the Mexicans have secured the remains of their Navy, consisting of a ligun brig and several schooners?the entrance to the Rio Alvarado is defended by a small mud fort mounting several indifferent guns?on the bar is 8 feet water?a mile outside from 6 to 9 fathoms. On the 7th instant the following vessels got under way from this anchorage, viz: Cumberland, Potomac, Mississippi, Princeton, Falmouth, Somers, Reefer, Petrel, mid Uonita, and the same afternoon arrived and anchored off Alvarado. "The line of battle" was a half circle, the schooners inside in three fathom water, the two frigates the centre, in 9 fathoms. It was generally understood that the large vessels w sre first to silence the land batteries, when a flotilla of buats well manned with sailors and marines were to cross the bar and cut out the Mexican vesbels. I say it was understood that this was tlio plan of attack?for what was really to be done no one know Commodore Conner kept his ''programme" to himself?for he never allows his oliicers to know what he intends they should perform until the last moment. Well! about 1 1'. M. on the 7th, the signal was made by the fi ig nip " Prepare for action." All hands went to wr>rk with a wili?guns cast loose, powder, shot and shell got up ; eacn man iui:y ueueving mai now ino iinic uuti coine when something was going to he done." Tho olficors and men selected to mail the boata wore all in high spirits?glory for the officer*, prize money for the men. An enthusiasm rarely known among tho men had got them up to " concert pitch," and they would without doubt have done credit to their country's flag ; hut, alas ! th?jy had no ' Ro>igh and Heady" to lead them. The affair ended in smoke. The Mississippi and Princeton each tired two shells, without affect. The brunt of the battle was borne by the little Bonita, who from her single gun fired some half dozen shot, one of which nassed between two of the Mexican schooners, another through a house near the fort. Neither tho Cumberland or Potomac Bred a single shot, and if thev had fired they were at too great a distance to have damaged the enemy. The oniy defence made by the Mexican* was trom a body of then infantry, who from a chnpparel above the beach poured a volley of musketry into the Bonita without ulect. In about half an haur after the action commenced, the signal was mado, " Ceaso firing," the guns were secured, I .l._ any further demonstration of attack made. The ensuing ] morning the squadron got under way, and returned to thin anchorage. In standing out from otf Alvarado, we could distinctly see tho Mexican flag stieaming in the morning breeze from the mast heads of their vessels, while over the waters came the martial strums of the 'Potomac's band, playing its native air?the "Star-spangled Banner," which sent a thrill of regret to many a gallant heart that its " glorious stars and stripes" should nave been engaged in so ridiculous an affair. The British frigate Kndymion and ?loop of war Blanche followed ui down to Alvarado to see the fun, which was an additional cause of mortification to ui. Off Vera Cruz, Aug. 14, 1840. Arrival of Mr. Moiphy at Vera Crux?Attack of Alvarado? Diiafection in the Interior of Mexico. I hereby send you some facta which may be relied on, and you can make what use of them yoa wish. Mr. Morphy was landed at Vera Cruz on the 24th ult., being treated throughout with the utmost politeness by Cora. Conner,owing to a carte blanche having been ordered at Washington. \ pronunciamento was given out in Vera Cruz on the 'id instant, although a disposition to revolt was clearly manifest among the citizens and tro?i (, caused by the the examples set in OuadalHxara. 'Generals Parodes and Bravo wore deserted by tho troops ; the former imprisoned and the latter unmolested. Tito new ' ministry to be formed is reported as being of the peace party. The capture of Monterey by General Taylc. hud been reported in Vera < ruz. The manner of attack on Alvarado by Com. Conner has created a very general dissatisfaction nmong ?lie fleet. The Homers and Kalmouth wore first sent down to select and mark positions. On tho next day tho whole fleet followed, accompanied by the English squadron, who weio desirous ot seeing the fight. On the eastward of tho entrance an old fort of six guns, and on tho western some three hundied citizens nnd soldiers, were (ill the opposition to a landing. Nothing seemed to be easier than ihc capture of the placo. Tho Vera Crux papers had given it up, and the enemy themsolves stated that they were* destitute of all defence; but our squadron fired a few shots, and th? next morning sailed away, like " The King of France, with twenty thousaad men, Marched up a hill, and then?marched down again."' Murnlles heads the revolution in favor of Santa Anna. Great dissatisfaction exists among the inhabitant! ofCnrr. peachy, became Tobaico if not blockaded; it being a place of great trade, and the people violently opposed to the United S'ates. I do not beliove that there i* any army to oppose General Taylor; they are all occupied with internal disunions. There i? no government, no army, and no means to carry on the one or raise the other. [From the Washington Union, August 31] Despatches from Commodore Connor, under dat< - >f 10th, 1'ith and 14th of August, have been receire^ at the Navy Department, some extracts from which we lay bofore our readers. In reference to the accident that befel the Cumberland, Commodore < onner says, that " the guns, spars, shot, provisions, gee. that weio removed from the ship to lighten her, on that occasion, were all recovered and put in their places two days after the ship was got afloat. With the exception of some iniury to her false keel, and the probability that some of the copper on the bottom is injured or rubbed of!', as stated in my letter above mentioned, I am net aware the ship has sustained any dumage of consequence." " The llritish ships," he adds, " anchored at Sacriflcios, havo lost several men by fever. The rases were so numerous on board the steamer Vesuvius that it was deemed necessary to send her to Bermuda. Although the weather has been extremely wet ami unpleasant lor the last three weeks, the crews of the different vessel* of the squadron still continue to enjoy good health. "The Mississippi was detained forty-eight h< i to await the arrival of the Knglish steamer frtim the Havana. Hho anchored at Veta Cruz on the 14th of August. General Santa Ann# wai noi oh A rumor had obtained that a Mexican privateer hail been teen oil'the Havana One of the (hip* of the squadron was at once de?patched to mak? search for her, but no trice of any ?uch vessel could be found. Several hiim cruiiing in that region were boarded lor tlu putposo of obtaining intelligence, but none of them had heard of any privateering veaiel. The rumir i* deemed to be without foundation Commodore Conner confirms the intelligence that "the garrison of the city of Vera Cruz and Sun Juan de Ulloa (pronounced against the government of General Parades, and in favor of General .Santa Anna, on the 31st ultimo. "An express Irom Mexico arrived at Vert Cruz on the afternoon of the 8th, with intelligence that the city had ' pronounced,' and would fully adhere to the plan of Vera Cruz General Morales ii at the head of the move ment in the capital. Nearly all the departments have pronounced against I'aredes, and the remainder, it is I -l:-...,l ,..,11 inllmit >>..< ~ no doubt hut tliathii government will I* (or ii already) overthrown. The greater portion of hia troop* have de orted him, and Iho lew that remain are repre?ented a? waiting only for an opportunity to jein hii opponent! ? I The revolution ii altngeth ir a military movement. On the Slat July a new cabinet we* formed, coni|ioied of o ' following per>om : Joae Jonaqtiim Pe?adi mini*- | ter of foreign aflairi ; Joae Maria Jimonea, interior ; Antonio (iaray, finance; and Ignacio Moro y Villa, mil, miniater of war. It ii ?aid thia mimatry are all in favor of making pence immediately with the l uited Statea, ami ol calling a new C'ongreaa 'o lorm a liberal conatitut ion. Paredca mi atill In the city at that time Itia atatcd that two thouaand men had marchcd from the capital in the latter part of July, tor the northern frontier. The preaent condition of aflaira will probably cauae them to return, u their aaaiataiice may be neceaiary to one or .other of the contending partiea. " A atrong party exiata in the country oppoaed to Santa Anna, which, it i* likely, will operate to make lum Je LD. Prt?? Two Cent*. irou* of |ieace, ihould he even be able to obtain power without fighting for it. At all events, thu diitracted and impoverished conditio* of the country, willt u knowledge of the power of hi* opponent*, will prevent hi* vending any comiderable number Jof troop* to the northern frontier." The French frigate Laperoute lately entered the bar bor of I'ensacula for repair* ; but on the evening of the :20th, the vessel suddenly departed without any more notire than that she wont to Vera Cruz, leaving her repair* only half completed. It is thought that the entrance of the U. S. ateamer Mississippi had something to do with her sudden change of destination, as ?ho entered the saino afternoon ii|>on which Le Luperouae to strangely i ueparted. The U. 8 store ship Relief fram the Pacillc, was apoken on the Mh Inst, oil' Double Headed Shot Keys, bound I tirobably to this port. We liavelseen a letter written on | board?all well. I The IT. S. ru/ee Independence, Captain Lavallette, tieai ing the broad pennant of Commodore Shubnck, lei1! | Boston on Saturday afternoon lor the Pacific. The 1. mils for Kio de Janeiro direct. She ia one of the Snest si- p? in our navy. She mounts on her main deck twentysis long thirty-twos, and lour Paixhan sixty eights, on the spar deck, twenty medium thirty-twos, four Paixhan six ty-eight*, two long tliirty-twosjfifty-six in all: small arms, sixty carbine* sixty muskets, one hundred and twenty pistoles, two hundrod pikes, aud one hundred aud twenty cutlasses Also, ojie six pounder mounted on an improved carriage, to be up* i in the field er the launch, a* ucchmou may require. She tunes out seventy-file thousand pound* of powder, thirty-nine hundred being her allowance, th.> ballance for the squadron. AITatiii at Hmita F?. wov. Arnnjo nas receivea no intelligence irom tue government officers at Mexico for four month* previous to the departure of the traders who arrived here on Saturday lant. From one of the gentlemen we learn that the traders with (ton. Kearney anticipated much difficulty on entering the department* with the troopi. The powers of tbo governor will, in that caie, he set aside, and they will he unable to obtain custem-house certificates winch will protect them in tho interior. It is sta'ed by those among them who know Speyer, that his haste to enter Santa Ke before Col. Kearney was not becausc his wagons were laden v 'h arms or ammunition, bat that he might obtain a ceun.cste from the custom houso i in Santa l e before the United States trcops took poaaes| sion. | Our informant, an intelligent trader, who has been 10 years in Now Mcxico, gives it as his opinion that the territory is not of sufficient value to repay the cost of conquest. Mr. Morris Colburn, in his letter from Hanta Fe, July 17th, to i>ur neighbors of the Ke/iublican, speaks of a party ol California emigrants from Napoleon, Arkansas, as having just left Santa Ke on their further journey, and fears that they wo' Id suffer much. If we remember, but one party left Arkansas this spring?Leavett's ; so the reported massacre by the Camanches must have originated in error. Klei'tlon Intelligence. NAMES or CANDI Ai Fill as known. vermont. [Election Sept. 1.) Whigt. Drmttcratt. Governor, Horace Eaton, John Smith. Lieut. Gov. Leonard Sargent, T. B. Hansom, Congress, 1st Dist. William Henry, Jona T. Bradley, 2d " Jacob Calomer, Hugh H. Henry, 3d " George P. Marsh, Homer E. Hubbell, 4th " Geo. B. Chandler, Lucius B. Peck. Maine [Election Sept. 14.] Governor, Davit Bronson, John W. Dana, Congress, 1st Di?t. Ham'l Hopkins, David Hammoni. ad " Joieph 8. Little, An W. H'lapp, 3d " Hiram Belcher, J. D. M. Crate, 4th " Freeman II. Morie, J. L. Cutter, 6th " J. 8. Wiley, 7th " Jairei SjPike, H. Williams. GrOROIA. [Election Oct. 6 ] Congress, 1st Dilt.T. Duller King, Solomon Cohen, 2d " Wm. II. Crawtord, Alfred Iverson, 3d " J W. Jones, O. W. B. Towns, 4th " Wm Moteley, Wm. A. Haralson, 5th " , Jno. H. Lumpkin, 6th " , Howell Cobb, 7th " A. H. Stevens, Wm. Turner, btli " H. A. Toombs, R. W. Flownroy, KNXSILVtSli. [Klection Oct. 13 ] Congress, 1st Dist. , T. B. Florence, 2d " J. R Ingersoll, Wm. A. Stokes, 3d " John \1. Coleman, , 6th " JohnK Zcilen, , 8th ?' JohnStrohm, , 9th " , John Hitter, 12th " , David Wilmot, 13th " , Isaac Stenker, l?th " E. P. Peter, , 16th " , James Black, 17th " James Ulanchard, A P. Wilsen, 18lh " Andrew Htewart, , 20th " John Dickey, Jno. R. Shannon, 21st" Moses Hampton, ? , 22d " D.L.Hays, M. B. Lowry, a34 " , Jas. Thompson, 24th" tkx Irvine, Findley Patterson, OHIO. [Election Oct 13 ] Governor Wm Bebb, David Todd, Congress, 1st Dist. Joshua R. Oiddings, J. J. Faran, 2d " David Fisher, , 3<1 " R. C.Schonch, , 6th " , Wm. Armstrong, 6th " E. Dresbaeh, R. Dickinson, 8th " J. L. Taylor, 1 9th " Thos. O. Edwards, A. L. Peril, 10th " Dan'l Duncan, 8. Medary, 13th" R. S.Canby, Thos. Rickey, 1 Aih 41 R HCnwAn - ! 17th " Van lirowu, , I The election in Maryland will take place on the 7th of October, but is only for the State Senate and Lefialai 'ire. The Democratic Convention of Massachusetta will be held on the 16th of thin month for the choice of candidate! for Governor and Lieut, Gov -nor. Farmers' Club. Turn)**, lit September.?Mr. Fountain in the Chair.Yesterday, being the first Tuesday of the month, thu member* of the Far men' Club assembled in very respectable numbers, and several visiters, alsoi were presen The subject selected for discussion, " The manufacture ol Home Made Wines." exciting an Intcrost in all, as to the method.- necessary for the production of a domestic article of wine?for wliii-h the fruit character of Ui? country i* peculiarly adapted A vast portion ef the time of the meeting was occapk in reading the severalcommunications that had accumulated since the last ad j* it romp nt One was upon the advantages ot a revolving rake ior c gathering I hay, that was designed to supercede a vani deal of the 1 >r formerly performed by men and oxen. The same communication alluded to the various manures experimentally tried upon various speciea of potatoes, by which coal ashes seem to have been the most successful. Home translations were read from Krenoh Horticultural Kssays, and a paper from Mr. CocMnson win inoKi eueciutu uieun?u vi satiui ap|moa ivi uauapvitation. Hp atated, that by the aimple proceaa of carefally picking, wiping, and rolling up in wrapping papertaking proper precaution ugainat friction, ha waa anabled to forward several barrel* to Kngland, which raaoha<l their deatinaiiun in the higher ordar. Thera waa as apple produced of a large aize, red (treoked and of a delicate flavor, from tht i' -den'of Mr. Valentine. Tkia apple waa exhibited, uu ueemed worthy of a cognomen : which waa then aolemnly conferred upon it by the Traaident of the Club, under the name and atyle of?'' Valaatine'a lummer red atreaked apple." Thia neremonv be. ing concluded?a paper from a gentleman of Long laland, waa read upon the beat method of planting corn, and apply guana? the point o 1 thia, conaiated in the intro duction of the guano, no into the hole when the aaad ia depoaitcd, but in one to be made within two inchaa of the plant. A letter waa read from the Hon. Judge Tiffany, exhibiting the vaat improvementa he had ooaervad in travelling to tJio Vn<1 of Lake Ontario in 1795 and 1H46. The aubject of the occaaion, making domeatic wine, waa then introduced, and from a French racipa book, the & . retary read ?e*eral of the plana adopted in Franco? from gooaehe ie>. curranta, kc.. in the prouuetion of familv wine*. Here a bunch of black Hamburgh grapaa, weighing two pounda, were exhibited from the hot-houie of Mr. Colt anil a turnip beet from the farm of Dr. Field, of immeme aize, raiaed by the aid of much and the anbaoil plough. The thanka of the Club weJe conferred upon Mr. Colt, for hia preaent and paat favora to the Clan. Dr. Green presented a branch of a tomato plant, atrongly encaaed in a white ahell-work of worma. A long and intereatiug converaation enaued, between Dr. llnderhill and Mr. Hall, upon the proceaa of making winaa from the grapea of the country. Dr. U. argued that there waa a vinous principle in all fruita, which, when fermented produced wine. 8h>>iiid the temperature exceed 106, alcohol ia produced. You cannot, (the Doctor aaaerta) make wine again by returning the brandy. Thia, how. ever, ia the opinion of a German chemiat, and not that of Dr. U. The Doctor deacribed the variooa apeciea of grapea beat calculated to produce wine in thia country. Mr. Hall replied to the reniarka of Dr. Underbill, and teemed Irom hia experience with the proceaa of making wine in France and Spain, which he viaited, to be perfec t maater of hia aubject. Ho ataerta the fact that the wine in ita purity in thoae countriea, poaaeaaea no alcohol. That in France and Spain it ia uaed aa a common beverage, and produoea r.o intoxicating reaulta; Mil to gratify the " hot moutha,"- aa the gentleman expreaaea it?of the people of the United Htatea and Great Britain, they are ' compelled to uae brandy or aicohol. Mr Hall a aaaiatanrn in the- <*i?Cuaaion ol thia aubject, muat be highly uae' ' - i- u?itwi minufBr.tnrart ! ful to the piasters 01 ?~ , an.I we regret length exclude* an adequate report of them. IJr Kield produce* a i>oech railed from pit planted ?ome yeara ago, and recommended the preeent liixuiiant crop aa affording fine apecimena of tho fruit for aeed. An invitation from the Commitaioner of the Alm>Hotine, to viait ItandeH'a laland, waa accepted by the Cluli, for Saturday next. When the Society, alter a pleaoing, profitable, though protracted litting, adjourned to the third Tueaday in September. Personal Intelligence. Senator* Barrow, ol I,oui?tnna, and Breeae, of IUlnoia, arrived at Chicago on tl t Srtth ultimo. The former proceeded homeward. John Wentworth, member of Congre?? from Illinois, and lately re-elected, hat arrived at home. The Hon John ?. Phelp*. M. C, arrived alio at ?t Loui* oniaturiUjr, 'Md. He left the next day for hia reai dcnco inSpringfleld.

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