Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 4, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 4, 1846 Page 1
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TH] Vol. XII, No. !i.W-Wbolc No. 447U. TILE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT PROPRIETOR, Circulation?Forty Thousand. ^DA!LY HKRALO?day, Pnce ? eentt per copr?$T (VKKK.LV il&RALl)? Kvery Saturuar?Price tii Mill p?r copy?i3 Ilk cent* par mu-fi?iU? in advance. HKRALD tOK KL'ROPK? Every Steam Backet day. Price IK cents per copr?tt M per annum, payable IB advance. ADVKRTI9KMKMTS at thelnsual pricee?alwaya cash advance. PRINTING of all kiada nMUd with kMitr and deepatch. All letter* or couimnnicationi, by mail, addreaaed to the e tablishmeut, OMat be post paid, or the pottage will b? ded< ctedfiom the subscription money renutfd. JAMES GORDON BKNNETT, Proprietor of the Nrw Yoaa Hauu EiTituirwHT, North-Wast eon rof Ku I ton and Naaadn street*' H.MLW?ilUN t. CENTRA!. AND MACON AND WESTERN KAIL ROADS, GEORGIA. gjnaai eaata flte Jfc A ot the Slate ol Georgia, form a continuous line from Savannah to Oothcaloga, Georgia of 171 miles, ris Savannah to Macon... .Central Railroad 190 mile* Macon to Atlinta Macoa k Western Railroad 101 " Atlanta to Oi>lhcj|o*a, Western fc Atlantic " *0 " Goods will be carried Irom Savannah to Atlanta and Oolhealoga. at the lollowiu^rates, vix : w.1 ?? r. I" i ivuuua. ifftic A o iJOfllftogar, Coffee Liquor, Bagging Hope, lanta. caloga. Butter. i hprif. Tobacco, Leather, Hiilei, Cottou Yarn*, Copper, Tm, Bar and Sheet Iron, Hollow Ware and Castings $0 3# SOTS Flour, Kice, Bacon in caiki or botes, Pora, Beel.Fish, Lard. Tallow, Beeswax, Mill Gearing, Pig Iron and Orind tfcones $0 5$ *0 62% On Mkaiumcmknt Ooooa. Boxes of Hau, Bouueta and Furniture, per cubic loot , $0 30 $0 38 Boxes aud bales of Dry Goods, Saddlery Glass, Painta, Drags and Confectionery, per cubic foot $0 JO p. 100 lbs. 35 Crockery, prrcnbic loot $0 13 " " 35 Mo'asaes aud Oil, rer hhd. (smaller casks in proportion.) $9 00 913 00 Ploughs, (large) Cultivators, Corn Shelters, and Ktraw Cotters, each $1 25 fl JO Ploughs, (suiall) and Wheelbarrows... .to 80 SI 05 Bait, per Liverpool Hack, $0 70 $0 95 Puiiai. Savannah to Atlanta $10 00 Children under 13 yean of age, half price. Savannah to Macon, $7 00 1117" Goods consigned to^be Subscriber nail be forwarded free of Commissions. O- Freight may he paid at Savannah, Atlanta or Oothcaloga. F. WINTER, Forwarding, Agent, C. R. K. Savahwah, Angnat 15. 1048. a!5 3mrrc L?ONU ISLAND KAILHOA'D COMPANY. SUMMER ARRJ1NO EMENT MM MM DRAINS RUN AS FOLLOWS. COMMENCING WED NESDAY, MAY 13, 1840: Lkavi Bbooklti* at 7 o'clock. A M. Boston train for Greenport, daily (except Sundays,) stopping al Farmingdale and S? . George's Manor. " " at 9% o'clock, A. IVI., for Fannin.,dale and intermediate place s. n " at 3 P. M-, throogl i to Greenport, itrr V'n> both ways at Jam< ica, Branch. Hickai ille, Farm>ngdale, and all the stations between Farmingdale and Greenpqrt. - " in r. m., tor Karmingdale and interne diate places. Lim (iazEnroar at5 o'cloA, A. M. Accommodation train, daily, (except S an day*,) through 10 Brooklyn. * " at SP. M., BoCuon train, or on the arrival of the itearaer fit.m Norwich, topping at St George'* Man or and Karmingdale. Lsivc KiRMirrsDAxr at (K/t. M?, Accommodation train for Brooklyn. |" " at Ik A. M. Green port train, lor Brooklyn " " at I^^F. M. Accommodation train, for Liin Jamaica MSA. s/^Xscomsoodation train, for Brooklyn. " " ar*M A.M Ore?port train for Brooklyn " " at Sm. P. M. Accommodation train, foi Brooms. raits to ? Bedford I omu, Kaat New York liX, Rsee Coarse UAL Trotting Course 18V, Jamaica *5, Bruihvillr SIM, HydeTark (17 mile*) 3TK. Clow*ville (daring the *eaniou of court) J7)t, Hempstead V%,\ Brunch 37V. Csrle riace 41 W?*tbory 44,Hicksvi! le 44, karmingdale *ft?, Deer Park C Thompson It, Suffolk station $1, Lake Road station ft 1IX, Medlord station $1 11V, Yanhaalt $1 37 W, St. George'* Manor $1 52)i, Kiverheao *1 6IW.J4n.esrort $1 62K, Mattetnck tl 62*{, Cntchogne * 1 9JH. SouthoM ?l 62X, OreenpoH Accommodation train $1 75, Greenport by Boston train ft 25 Stages n? in readiness ou the amral of trains at the sereral atttions, to take paasengeri at vary low fares, to all parti ol the Island. Baggage Crates will be in read mesa at the foot of Whitehall street, to receive baggage for the several trains. SO minutei before the hoar of starting from the Brooklyn aide. The steamboat " Statesman" leave* Greenport for Sag liar bor twi?e each day, on the arrival of the trains from BrookIts. my? re kW LONG ISLAND RAILROAD Expre** Mail Tram, leave* Whitehall atreet Kerry, New York aide, everv moraine at 7 A. M.. for Bomlon.? SHEL^liu, traiua from Brooklyn aide at 7 o'clock and Are jftmiitu, and 9>i A. M., and 1 and 5 P. M., daily. The 7 A. M., and J P. M. trami go through, the former (topping al Farmingdalo and manor, and the latter at all placea on the load Jell r TO WESTERN TRAVELLERS. Public ia rcepectfully informed that the recti nt break JL in the Canal. cauted by atlie late frealiet, harm* been repaired, the PIONEER It EXPKSS LINfc, ria Railroad anJ Canal from Philadelphia to Putabairgh. oommeind it* regular trip* for the aeaaou on Mouday, the 6th ofAPril. leaving the Depot, No. *74 Market atreet, DAILY, at 1H o'clock, A.M. By thia route paaaengen will avoid all the fatigue and danger ol night trarelling in coachea, both Hailroada being paa? ed in daylight. for further information, apply at the old-eitabliahed Offieo, *74 Market lETMt. 4 dnnn Mh,.?? Virhth m#?r apl? ?m?rTt A. B. CUMM1NOB, Agent. REGULAR MAIL LINE FOR BOSTON. VIA NORWICH It WORjiWM jflCtSTKR, without change of^^^^^i flp3V?g#l>n or Baggage, or wtthout.^^H^^B 2C^?jBt^fc?<-ro*iin* any herry. I'aa.engcrs taking their seats at Norwich, are insurrd their eat* through to Boston. This being the only inlaid route that communicate! throogh by steamboat and railroad. Passengers by thu line are accoinpauieit through by the conductor of the train, who will have particular charge of their baggage, and who will otherwise give hi* attention to their ease and comfort. Thu line leaves aonth side Pier No. 1, North River, foot of Battery Place, daily, (Sundays excepted) at 5 o'clock. P. M., and arrives in Boston in time to take all the eastern trains. The new steamer ATLANTIC, Caj'tain Dustan, leaves every Tuesday, Tharsday, and Saturdays, at i o'clock, P. M. The ateamer WORCESTER, Captain Van Pelt, leaves very Mouday. Wednesday, and Friday, at i o'clock, P. M. For farther information, inquire of J.H. VANDEKBJLT, No. Batten' Place, North River. si tf re TROY MORNING AND EVENING LINE. MORNINO LINE AT SEVEN O'CLOCK. Jfl FOR ALBANY AND TROY-From the Steamboat Pier at the foot of Barclay street 3SaiSpuK?Lnnding at Peekslull, Weft Point, Nflarborgh, Hampton, Milton, Poaghkeepsie, Hyde Park, RhiBeoeck.U. Red Hook. Bristol, Catskill, Hudson, Coiaackie, Kinderhook and Baltimore. Breakfast and dinner on board the boat. The steamboat NIAGARA, will leave oa Monday, Wed eaday and Friday Mornings 7 A. M. The steamboat TROY, Captain Qurham, oa Tuesday, Tharsday aad Betarday mornings, at T o'clock. Retanang oa opposite days. wharf******* 01 *P1>ly oa board, or at the office oa the MVUf VHP IT A TH A MV A KIT \ TO nv T T Vf rOE ALBANY ANDTKOY DIRECT, Prim the piar at the foot of Coartlandt street. The low-jnessnre (teamboat KMf IKK, Captain E.B. Maey, taayea tha foot ol Courtlaadt street, on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday eveniugs. at seyen o'clock. The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Capt. Wm. H. Pack, will leave on Monday, Wednesday and Friday ayaniaga, at T 'dock. Passengers taking these Boats will arm* ia time to take the Morning Train of Cart from Troy waat to Bnffalo, aad north to Saratoga, Whitehall and Lake Champlain. For Passage or Kreight, apply oa hoard, ?r at the Offiea aa the wharf. No freight taken after 5K o'clock. NOTIC K?All goods, freight, bank bills, specie, or any ether kind of property, posiayely at the owner'a risk, jlir OPPOSITION MORNING LINE AT 6* O'CLOCK FOR ALBANY. Landing at Hammond street. Van Cortlandt's (Peekskill), West Point, Newburgh, New Hamburgh, Milton, Pougn keepeie, Hvde Park. Kingston, Upper Htd Hook. Bristol, Catskill, Hudson, and Coxsackie. Passage, One Dollar. ?WKI Jmm inti nrw <iuu IHII'Miiiiik luwiurisme Qp^^Seaieambnnt MKTAMOHA, Capt. P. H Smith, ^ki^HQK.will leave the pier fout of Warren aireet in Monday. Wrdiwaday aa<l Friday, at 6)< o'clock, A. M. Re turairiK,leave Albany on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. l uinitn taking thia boat will arrive in Albany iu time for the care going North and Weat. Break ia?t and Dianer on board. Fare to Van Cortlandt'a Dock, 25 canti; Ponghkeepaie. 50; Hadaon, 71; Albany, ?1. _J ,1 Im r PEOPLE'S LINE Oir 8TEAMER8 FOR ALBANY. Direct?Daily, ttmdaya excepted-at 7 o'clock, P. M. From Steamboat gtar between Cowrtlandt and Liberty eft. KNICKERBOCKER, Capt. A. BpJEMf Ho??l> oo, will leave On Monday, Wednea?t|oc?" 00 ^ Tlsaraday and Saturday eveoinga, ati The above horta.will at all times arrive in Albany in ample tiae for the moruiag care for the Eaat aad Weat elock'p'M*" " mo<1*r,M r*^,t lu", 00* takm after 5* All persona are forbid muting any of the boata of thii line without a written order from the eaptaina or ageata. ' For paaaage or freight, apply on board the boata, or to P. C Schalu, at the oftct on the wharf. UNITED STATES MAIL LINE. At 3 o'clock. P. M., Landing at Intermediate Placee. From the feat of Barclay etrert. Steamboat 8ANTA CLAUS, Captain B. Overbangh, will leave on Monday, Wedneaday, Friday, and Sunday after; Doom, at i o'clock. Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, (Captain 8. W. Braiaard, > will leave an Taeaduy, Thursday aad Saturday afteraoona, at 5 o'clock. Am>Iv n? h*ard. nr at the office on the wharf an31 m ( -a^ar- MK i IPH BHIr LANARKSHIRE, FROM tMPW LIVERPOOL?Thia ship ia discharging ander MIW"atal order, at the foot of Dover ctreet. Co*- , igiieea ii ill piMM Wtwd to the receipt of thtir good*, it E NE' NE Meeting of the Association of Urologists mi?1 1 Naturalists. This body again met yesterday morning, at 9o'clock, at the Columbia College, and a full attendance of mem: ber? were preient. The Society, though in it* inl'auey, promise* to progress rapidly, and cmbraco* the names c! several of our most eminent professors and inen of science. Dr. C. T. Jackson, the chairman, called the meeting to order, and B Silliman. jun , acted as Secretary. The standing committee of the association consist* of tho (ollow mi? ffeutUm*n i Chairman?Dr.C.T. Jackton ; Secretary?B. Silliman, jr. Treasurer?E. C. Hernck. Dr. C. T. Jacksou, j B. Silliman, jr. > Ks-Olttcio. K. C. Hernck, > Dr Amoi Kinney, Wm.C. Kedfield, Prof 11. D Roger*, James C. Booth, Prof. B. Silliman, John L. Hayes, Pres K. Hitchcock, James 0. Dana. LOCAL COMMITTEE. Hon James Tallmadge, Prof. John W. Draper, Hon. Luther Bradish, H. Brevoort, Major Joseph Delafield, Charles M. Wheatley, Prof Jamei Honwick, Cem. Matthew C. Terry, Prol. James K. DeKav, C. Congtion, Brooklyn, Jar. Van Kunsselaer, M D.James Hall, Albany, Prof. Cyrus Mason, W. B. Kinney, Newark. After the reading of the minutes of yesterday'* proceedings, which were approved, J. D. Dana. Esq. road a very interesting paper in relation to the volcanoes of the mcon. In all ike geological observations which have been made with regard to the moon, one important feature remained unsatisfactorily explained?namely, the vast magnitude of its craters, which were described by the non-committal term of King mountains, which geologists have not ventured to acknowledge their belief in these lunar wondera. Some of these wwre from 100 to ISO milos in diameter, and 20,000 feet in depth, and of lesser magnitude. Those are crowded in great numbers over the larger part of its surface. It wa* not, therefore, to be wondered at, that there ahould be much difficulty in reconciling their features with those of Vesuvius and Etna. The crater of Kilanea, in the Hawaiian Islands, is of a wholly difl'er eni cnaracier. aooui two-thirds of the lunar hemisphere, compriiing almost the whole of the louthem nail, it composed of these volcanic mountain*. Kir*t, the ring mountain!, which aro broad truncated cones, with immeme circular crateri. Second, conical mountains, which are like ordinary volcanoes. Third, lunar ridges. Fourth, large depressed areas, usually termed sens, but not supposed to contain water. Kifth, long, pale streaks, supposed to be fissures. Out of 1095 heights, measured by Beer and Madler, six are above 30,000 feet in altitude, and twenty-two exceed 16,760 ieet ? The broad truncated cones, with large circular craters, are its most common elevations, and are among the loftiest. The pita are of all dimensions, to 160 miles, and of various depths, to near 35,000 feet. The crater, Baily has ascertained to be 149% statute milos in diameter; Clavius 143S miles; Bchiekard 138 miles. The dopth ot Newton is 33,833 feet. The height above the surface, exterior to the crater, is said by Beer and Madler, to be often one-half or one-third less than the height above tho bottom of the crater. The pits are generally circular, and sometimes almost artificially regular. There are others, also, which con'ist of two or more cratered pits; the enclosing walla in many are broken into a series of ridges; sometimes with large open ings. The bottoms of the pita, not unlrequently, contain small cones or ridges, like elevations. The depressions, called seas, among which are the "mare lerenitatii," and " mare Cririum," notwithstanding their size, are identical in character with the great pit cratort?their extent and depth being their only characteristics. This fact has been clearly proved by Rosit, and their entire features sustain it They, too, contain cones and circular areas. The light streaks, alluded to, form radiating lines around some large cones, and especially about those known as Knler Kepler, Copernicus and Aristarchus. They are from one to five hundred miles in length, and cross ridges and depressions without interruption, as if they were bands of light coming up through open fissures; and they coalesce about the summit of Kepler; so that the whole surface appears nebulous with light. Sir W. llerschell first published an account of actual volcanic action in the mooa. Mr. Dana here compared the features with those of Kilanea, and showed a correspondence in every particular; and accounted for their size and features on the gronnd on which the Hawaniian illustrates, that the action was that of boiling over the large areas, and not the ejection of ciuJars, like the summit ejections of Vesuvius Dr. D. here went on to illufitrato iom? point* in the itructureof our earth, anJ concluded a very interesting address. Professor Silmma* here rose, and asked Mr. T)nna, a* to his opinion, whether or not there was any water in the moon 1 Mr. Dana repIiecLthaf he understood the general belief wui iliat there MP not. There was none that astronomers could detecf Mr. Jauci Hall ajfct offered some remarks on the Fossil Brachiopodaano%rthocerata of the United States, and presented various specimons in illustration of his views, in relation to fossils, shells, lie., as found inclosed in rocks, itc. Kos.ils in the State of New York were found to ba not ouly four, but ten feet in length, nnd a f;reat number of shells were found in particular. Mr. H. ntimated his intention to resume the subject in the course of the week, and to go more fully into details. Professor SHiPAan introduced bis report on meteoric stones and irons, by observing that he had aimed at little beyond what might be considered a monograph of such as had been observed within the Unittid States ; and that although the views he was about to present might have somewhat the appearance of a general report on meteor masses, yet this had not been intended, und was no farther the case than was found necessary to au intelligent account ot our own specimens. He fur her obeer ved. that he did not wish his frequent references to terrestrial minerals and rocks to bo interpreted as having any hearing upon the point of a common origin, of meteoric and terrestrial productions, since the comparisons would be instituted chiefly with a view of promoting our knowledge of the unknown, by bringing it .into con nam wuu wn?i una I'ecn Bsrertsiinea, in diiection where the analogies were certainly vary striking ? Ai a general theory on the origin of meteor mauei, he accepted that which find* at present most favwr with aitronomeri, viz : that they are small cometary bodiei. moving with the velocity of the planet* in paths about the tun, in harmony with the lawa of univerial gravitation, and that when they encounter the earth in their oourae, and become luminous on the verge of iti atmosphere, they frequently let fill fragments of greater or less aize, (from a few pounds up to torn,) which are heated in a greater or less degree, and covered on their surfaces with a black and shining crust; the great proportion of inch bodies being believed to pass in our vicinity without any precipitation of matter, and only suffering a slight deflection in the eccentricity of their orbits, ny the attraction of the earth. The report;submitted, (which it was observed was only an outline of a mere preliminary to a fuller work, which, with tho approbation of the association, he hoped to offer on a future occasion.) consisted of a series of tabular view*. The first of these wa* devoted to tho systematic c Unification of the various mineral species, he had been able to detect in meteor masses generally. These he found amounted to thirty-six in number, which equals one-tenth the entire number of mineral tpecies belonging to our earth. The thirty-six meteoric specias (although one half of them are peculiar to meteors,) arrange themselves very naturally under the classes and order* recognised in the natural history system of minealogy. The profesior suggested tho propriety, however, of creating a new science for the reception ot these species, as it did cot comport with our deposition of mineralogy to include these extra terrestrial production* among it* content*. The name he offered for the new *ci?nce wa* Aitrolithology. The meteoric species were then tabulated in the order of their prevalence in the aggregate of meteoric matter, which ha* thus far come under our observation; and a reason suggested why the metallic masses so greatly preponderate over the *ton?y in meteor*, while the reverse i* true among?tarre*tria'l mineral*. If we compare the metallic maiie* with the itoney, which have fallen during the laat hundred year*, the earthy are to the metallic a* twenty to one; but if we compare all the iron masse* known, to all the stoney masses, a reverse ratio will be the result; i.e., the metallic to the earthy will l>e a* twenty to one. But it 1* reasonable to (oppose that Ill ? > < |>.V l>ortion an during the last hundred yean, end the reason why we have not been able to dctect them in common with the iron masses it, that the former are 10 perishable in their nature aa not to allow of their recognition above filty year* after their fall; whereas the latter are nearly imperishable, and, in point of fact, while we know of of above foity instances of meteoric iron masses whose period of fall may date back in some instances thousands of years, we have not a single cane of meteoric stones, save those which were collected at the time of the meteoric explosion in which they originated. A proper allowance then, being made on the aliove scorc, we find that the proportion of metallic matter to the stonry in meteors, corresponds in some partial manner with the ratio found in terrestrial minerals; only it appears to be true, that no native iron or steel, or any of the iron alloys ? prevalent in meteors, are known among terrestrial minerals. Kven the apparently well ascertained instances of Canaan, (Conn.) native iron, the Professor remarked, would probablr be shown, from facts in his possession, to be an artificial product. n. ?rm <? un?es * < men exhibited in illustration of the chemical constitution of meleorie masses, from which it appeared that they ara composed of one third of the chemical elements found entering into the composition ef our earth, and that the elements of meteers are found among the inost abundant half of terrestrial elements. The geological relations of the subject were then systematically presented undor the new scientific term of Astropetralogy: 1st. Descriptive Astroptraiogy (or a classification of the rocks formed by meteor masses) and 'idly, Theoretical Astropetralogy (including explanations of the origin of meteor manes) and the changes lliey may have suffered from chemical and mechnnical influences while within the meteor, and doring their passage through our atmosnbere. Under the head of Theoretical Astropetralugy, the Professor inquired whs- j tlier the stones an<l ' iron masses rppear to have | acquired their glazed coating before or subse- 1 quern te their leaving the bosom of the meteor T? j As tliis glszing is so uniform over every part of the mass, and must have acquired so intense a heat for iU production, it seems most probable that it took place within the highly in flamed atmosphere of the meteor itself, where kome of tha metallic masses (which have come down to us) app*t>r to have undergone complete j fusion, assuming a drop like shspe, with a perfectly mooth surface, and the obvious appendage of a pedlcal, ?r on* ?nd, aa if they had moaaenturily depended by it from tha main maaa ; and some of thaso masses ha va acquired a partially flattened aspect, as if thay had bean acted upon in a emi-plaiatic state by tha resistance of the air, or possibly bjr their concaaaion against tha VV TO ;W YORK, FRIDAY MOB surface of the (round on reaching our earth To the inquiry whether the metallic and stoney muui co-exist in the name moteort, the Professor remarked that we have no example* iu which both kind* originated in ono aud the tame explosion, from whence it might ?eem reasonable ta infer that there exist two clasaes of meteors, the one metallic and th?other aton" But it may he true that the iron masse* for# the mora centi *1 portions of all meteors,and these are not precipitated until from frequent passages acrou our atmo*phere, the meteor has by sueI cessive expnliations, paried with its exteiior coatings or wrapper* of earthy matter. He here called the attention ot the meeting to drawings, illua rative of a aiaiilarity in shape, between the most of tke meteoric iron-mauas. and Itimpi of native gold and copper, found in the rocka and oil* of our earth. Finally, he concluded by presenting a systematically arranged catalogue of the American meteor mtiiei, which uumbered in all twenty-two meteoric iron*, and eleven mataorio atones. The whole number of localities at present known (i. e. which are il j luktrated by specimens) is about 1J0. Professor Sillimam asked Mr. Hhepard il ne haj ever met with malleable iron |n meteoric masses It waa a* ertamed that in large stonev masses malleable iron was wrapped up, and he abaold wish to have this matter settled. He conceived that as regarded meteoric masses. two negatives were tally established . they were not of terrestisl origin nor of atmospheric origin?and the question was where did tbajr come from ' A .vliMsca?Two negatives make an affirmative, and therefore they must come from some place. Dr. M. W. Dickcbsom, of Natchez, explained he had aoea sotural specimens of metears. Alter a few deiuliory reaiadu on the subject of meteors, it was agroed, in compliuape with Dr. tjilliman's motion, to appoint a committee to examine some meteoric spaoimuns found in this country. It was also, on motion from thaehair, agreed that Professor bhepard oontinue the subjaet of meteors. There is much interesting business to be transacted during the session, and re|>ort* wilt he presented by various members, and lectures bv eminent profeisois will also be delivered. Professor P. A..Browne, of Philadelphia, will deliver a lecture io. the coarse of the week, and the programme announces th? following order of business, with the subjects upon wjdeh the various committees are to report In accordance with a resolution bf Prof. J. Johnston, to ascertain the amount of sedimont carried into the At- I Initio by rivers from the United States. For the Mississippi : Dr. J. L. Kiddell, C. J. Forahey, Dr. W. M. Dickerson. For the Susquehannal! : 8. 8. Ualdeman. For the Connecticut: Prof. J. Johnston, Dr. Joseph Barrett. u For the Kennebec : Prof. J. R. Loomia. On Fossil Footmarks observed by Dr A. T. King, at Oreenaburg, Peun : Pres. Hitchcock, Prof. H. D. Rogers, 8. 8. 1 tableman. On evidence of Congelation in new red land atone, aa presented by Or. Barratt: Ur. Barratt, Prea. Hitchcock, Prof. J. Johnston, C.H. Olmsted. On the present state of our knowledge in reaped to Winds : Mr. James H. Collin On the distribution of Molluaca in (be United Statea : Dr. Oould. To prepare u synopsis of tlie Coleoptera of the United Statea : Mr. 8. 8. llaldeman, Dr. F. ?. Melabeimer, Dr. JKhn L. Lecontu. To preparo a ayuopsia of the Molluaca of the United Statea : lL Kglesfield Urifflth, M. D. On Shooting Stara : Mr. E. C Herrick. On Meteoritea : Prof. C. U. Sliepard. On Birds, and their relation to Agriculture : Mr. Johu L. Hayes, Ur. S. Cabot, Dr. Harris, Mr. Spencer F. Baird. On Trap Dykes : In addition to tho former committee, Dr. ( . T. Jackson, Mr. John L. Hayes. On Quart* Veins in Berkshire Co., Mass.: Dr. Stephen Reed. On the Foaail Brachionoda and Orthocerata of the United States : Mr. James liall. On the geological ago of the Zcuglodon : I'ref. H. D. Rogers. On the geology of the vicinity of Natchez?the remaina of the Basiloaaurua or Zeuglodon, the maatadon remaina of the Natchez bluffs, and the curioua non-deacript animal already mentioned in the paper communi- , cated by Dr. Dickeraon at this session of the Association?to report separately : Dr. M. W. Dickeraon, Col. B. C. L Wailea. On the bayou formation of the Mississippi, and on the habita of gruwth of the cypress and other forms of vegetation which fill up these bayoua: Prof. Win. M. Car pernor. Ou Fossil Bonei: Dr. Jeffries Wy man. On the Aurora Borealis : Prot. I) Olmsted. Committee* which have been appointed ou former years( and which have not reported or been di??olved, were desired to continue in power and report at next session. Viz.: On Fossil I'oruls : James D. Dana, Dr. A. t'lupp, and John Gerhard, Jr On American Fossil Botany : H. D. Rogers, J. E. Tes- 1 chemacher, and J. W. Bailey on the microscopic poition. Ou Knto/.oa : Dr. J. Wyman On the Kossil Osteology of North America : Dr. J. Wyman. On the Geological Distribution of Minerals : James D. Dana. On the Native Compounds of Lime, Magnesia, Iroo, and Manganese : Martin H. B?ye and James C. Booth. On Fassil Crustacea and Crinoiduu : James Hall. Oa American Forest Trees and their Distribution : Oeorge B. F.meraon Oa American Cryptogamia : llov. Mr. Russel, Mr. Edward Tuokermau. On the Chemical and Economical Relations of the Oreen Sand ol the I'nited Htates : J. B. Rogers, and C. T. Jackson. On Amendments to the Constitution and Fiscal Concorns : Prof. .SiUiman, Prof H. D Roger*, Dr Binney. The Associatl in adjourned to meet at half-past four o'clock. Additional Particulars op twk Murder and Riot in Pittsburgh.?It appears that the firemen in Pittaburff ncimjitimna /wrun* tha ttahhoth as ? the wont ffroraen do, in fights and disturbances. Last Sunday, however, they got up one of a teriific characte, and murder wan the consequence. Two persons were tabbed, one of whom died In thort, a* the Baltimore Sun complimentary retnaiki :?" Although it waa the fir>t attempt of the Pittsburg fireman at a riot, they seem to have acquitted theniselvei in the genuine Philadelphia tyle !" The fire occurred about 3 P. M., in a stable back of and belonging to the tavern ol Mr. A. Morton, on Liberty treet, just below Marbury. A back building to the tavern waa a good deal injured by fire and water, as were two other small brick btiiluings. At thin fire there *11 ome quarrelling among the firemen, and a man, laid to belong to AlleghanyC ity, of the name of Craig, was (truck with a brickbat above the eye and leverely cut, but not dangerously. The Niagara fire company belongi to the 6th Ward, and took the lingular route of Front street, up to Market end along Mat ket to Liberty. The AUeghany hose compaey proceeded~up Liberty. About the corner of Fifth and Market atreeta they came in contact. How the fight between the two companies commenced we cannot positively say, but it commenced at the intersection of Market and Fifth streets. At it they went, pell-mell?spanners, horns, clubs and stones were used as the crowd rushed toward Wood treet. One nan had all hi* front teeth knocked looae ; another had piece cut out of hia upper lip by a blow from a horn; another wai badly cut above the eye with a panner ; heeds were cut and eyes blackened, See , in profusion. Individuals wero repeatedly knocked down. | The wont of it occurred juit opposite the Iron City Hotel, kept by Mr. Matthew Patrick. Ilereayouug man, named Edward Lawaoa, in the general fight was mortally stabbed in the left temple with a small Bowie knife, to the depth of two inches?was cut on the chin and also on the back. The wound in the temple, however, was the fatal one. There is a dispute as to the ]ierson who stabbed him. It was one or the other of the two brothers, James Paul Braddock, and Thomas. It is generally supposed to hare been fee first. I.awson immediately fell and waa carried to a hydrant for water. Here he bled and looked horrible, apparently dying, and waa immediately after carried into Mr. Patrick'a hotel, where he lay speechleas until ten minutea to 7 o'clock, when he expired. The widowed mother was sent for.only to see her son die, to her inJeacribablo grief. The mayor was aitting at this time in hia store on the corner of Wood street and Virgin alley, and hearing the noise came to the door. The crowd came rushing up Wood street, the murderer, which ever one it was, among them, hia aleevea bloody, and here he turned up the alley towarda Giant'a hill. He threw away the knife in the allay, and aa it happened, in tho very door where the Mayor was. We are told he waa last seen while descending Boyd'a hill to the Monongahela river, above Pipetown. Dr. Kahnestock describes the wounds as, one on the chin, aim another on the ipine of the beck or shoulder, both of little account The other was on the left aide of the head, ab?ut oue inch above the ear It wai given with luch tremendous force as to break the akull and waa between two and three inchei deep. The murderer wai bent on killing him. Law ion waa a single man, a cabinet maker by trade, rather large and very powerful. It wai thought belt to trepan him, and the doctor did so, but the operation afforded him no relief ; he wai inaenaible until he died, about three hours from the time h? was wounded. Thk Mormons and Anti-Mormons.?The Warsaw Signal, of Tuesday laat, says, in a j>oMscript,that the pone lummoned by Mr. Carlin to meet at Car thage on Monday last, were amembling ; that six hundred

armed men were at Carthage, and about four hun dred at La Harpe ; and that reinforcements were rapidly arriving. The poiie, it was supposed, would march to Nauvoo on Wednoaday, under the command of Major Brock man of Brown county. Aa we expected, Mr Couchman, the new Sheriff of Hancock countv, denies the statements attributed to him by tha editor of the Nauvoo Eagle. He says : " I have presumed that Mr. Carlin wai acting legally, or he certainly would not have acted at all It is the only coune left him, and I new say that I approve of the course he has taken It is always presumable that any omcnr, wno may nave proem iiui in m* muu> .?? cute, i( acting legally when endeavoring to execute such process; no matter whether Uia writ is a legal one or not, ao tho officer come by it legally. Anil no individual again it whom luch officer mat nave n writ, baa the right to question the legality of such a writ until he may be brought to trial." He conclude* by saying, that when properly installed into office, he will consider himself the HherifT of the citizens of Hancock county at large ; that he will endeavor to discharge hi* duties without prejudice, fear, favor, or affliction ; and that he will execite whatever write are placed in hi* hande, petceably If he can, but forcibly if he mu*t?St. I.ouit KtptUlican, jlnj The Unlveraalift General Convention i* to lie held in the city of Troy, on tho 234 oI September. IRE 1 tNING, SEPTEMBER 4, Army Intelligence. S B B*nWN>VILl.C, VlVK MlLKt AltOVK M*TAMOlAl, ) Auguit tf, 1046. > Thing! in gtntral?Capt. Jai. E. Stewart. uenerat ra) lor leit.Matamoras tor camargo the titn instant, and will make the Utter place hi* head quarter* for a few weelu, until all the troop* that are now down the liver arrive, with the exception ef those that will be left to garrison the principal placet along the river.? When they arrive at ('amargo, they will take up their line of march to Monterey, and (how the little tannr Mexican* what the Yankee hoys can do in the way of a fight. A battle i* *oon inevitable, unless General Paredei back* out. I sincerely hope that he will Indulge the " boys" enough to give them a mere smell of " burnt gunpowder." It ii the rumor that the inhabitant* of Monterey are evacuating the city a* ipeedily as possible. They seem to bo aware of the intentions of General Taylor paying them a respectful visit. Two companies of our battalion (Baltimore) are now on this boat, o n their way to ( amargo. The remaining four will follow immediately. The two which are now on board are under command of Captain Jas. K. Stewart. I would here take the opportunity of speaking a few words in reference to this officer. He is a gentleman as well as an officer, kind and yet decisive towards his subordinates, respecting and respected. He enjoys the greatest confidence of his fellow officers in matters of consideration, and it seems that his judgment is necessary before a final consummation. He is a son of the gallant Colonel Stewart, who so triumphantly defended KtoM Mcllenry during the last war, and the bright laurels won by him, will receive no tarnish in th* hands of his brave son. Give him an opportunity, and if 1 am not greatly deceived, he will prove himaelf one of Mary Iiaiiu uriguiesi niri. 1 had forgotten to lay that when wo left Matamora* this morning, newi had been received that General l'aI rede* wai on hii march from Monterey toward* Camar. | go, at the head of thirty thousand men, with the intention of meeting (ien. Taylor near the latter place. 1 have but little confidence in the rumor. I think if General Taylor ever see* Parede*, he will have the pleasure of marching into tho interior of Mexico. A body of the Texai lUngera, under the command of Colonel Hay*, itnrted for Ctmareo thii morning, via Victoria. Thor are a flue body of men?that is fighting men. Just such men as the country neods at the present time. 1 shall have more definite new* in a day or two. Camf at Camabuo, Mexico, Aug. 8,1816. Matteri in Camargo?Arrival of Troopt?Petition oj them at Camarga?Lieut. Dobbin and Lieut Ritchie? Honor t to the Heroet. Here wo are, not exactly in a state of quietude, but waging war on the Mexican Chapparal, much to the diecemfortjof myriad* of tarantula*, centepieda, scorpions, ant*, lizard*, and last, but not least, rattle snakes of hugo dimension*; and all thi* for the *ake of a few dollars. I suppose, for it is laid confidently, by thoie who oaght to know, that as soon as old Rough-and-Ready can get a depot of sufficient provisions and forage eatabliahed here, he will be ofi' for the interior. Boat* are constantly arri ving with troop*, and Commissary'* and Qr. Master'* stores. The old Gent, ha* not arrivod here yet, but U on the way by land. At preient Gen. Worth i* in commund of the troop* hero. On the 6th, Major Brown of the artillery , arrived with a company of artillery. On the 7th, Lt. Shackleford arrived with another company of artillery. Our encampment 1* on the left bank of the Rio San juan, anoui inree muos anove lis junction wnu me iuo Bravo, and i( arranged ai follow*. The 7th infantry occupies the Plaza in Carmago. The artillery battalion on our right; noxt Duncan's battery ; then the Hthinfantry; then the 7th infantry; then the 6th; tlion the 3d infantry; Bragg'* battery; and then the 4th infantry on the left of the line. Two companies of the 3d and two of the 4th have not arrived, nor has Bragg'f battery. They are all coming by land under the command of Lt. Col. Uarland, 4th infantry; it is supposed that the Ueneral if with them The Camanchei and Lipans are hovering near thif place. The (tolc some of ( apt. tiillesp'e's horses, he being In pursuit of them with his Rangers, about a week since. Capt. McCullough has gone on a scout with his company ot Rangers, in the direction ot Monterey. The Mexicans have behaved themselves much better than those at Matamoras, and in fact, are better people; they seem to rejoice at our being here. They adopt our ways in many things. Very nearly one month since, there was nut a wood yard on the Rio Bravo; now they are as plentiful as they are on the Mississippi. The call for team boat wood is a perfect Ood send to them, for the peor devils had all their corn crops destroyed by the overflow, and now they will get something to buy with, until they can plant again. Cumargo is a most miserable little town, it is almost in ruins, the river having inundated a great portion of it, causing the walls to Kill It has a Ifcigu Catholic church in an unfinished slate, as is usual wiih them. 1 have a pictdre of Camargo and Rcynoso, which I shall send by a friend who ia going soon to your city; ttiey am good sketches ot thoN puctt. II you think prv] er to publish them, I will continue to furnith you with all the other place* of note we paaa in our march to the interior. By the way, 1 had nearly forgotten to tell you that you and all the editors in the Statei hare trumpeted tlx deed* of almost all the officers who were engaged in the battle of the Hth and 9th May : but you hare mined some who were there, and in the hottest and wont of tho chappt.ral tustle too ; nl, u a friend aud intimate acquaintance of both of the ladi of whom I ihall ipealt, as well an all their friend* and acquaintance!, would like soaee them put in your columns for a small slico. The Ant of these is Lieut. 8. D. Dobbins, 3d Infantry He ii a citizen appointment, and entered the army in 1834 His fint service waa in the I ndian country west of Arkanaas ; then ia Florida, where he served three years; then in Louisiana and Texas. He was the int man who landed in an official capacity at Corpus Christi, on the mainland, lie was rendered quite notorioua there for having killed a great deal of game ; and, among other things, he had a tight with an enormous couger, which he killed : and alter our taking up the position opposite Matamuras, the (ieneral kept him going almost constantly in the chapperal- Ho belonged to the advance under Capt. MeCall , he fired the first shot from our tide, killing a Mexican officer, and thus opened the battle of theUin of May. at Resacade la Pulma. He was wounded in tho face with a grape shot, and fought hand to hand with the Tampico Uuarda Costa. He u?e<l a ride and bowie knife in the fight, and fought like a tiger, dealing death to I think 1 would be safe in laving a tcore. He was highly spoken of by hii commander, Capt. McCall, and deserves a great deal of credit lor his gallantry and daring. The other ia Lieutenant Ritchie, 4th Infantry, a mild, modeit, unaaiuming young man ; but a lion in battle. He was in the crowd with Hays, Wood* and Cochran, when they captured piece of artillery from a force three time* their number. Give him a touch?he deserves it richly. General Taylor has just arrived with his staff, via the river. General Worth's command, the 1st brigade, are to inarch immediately for the interior. [Cor. of the St. Louis Republican.] Kort lcivkkwoatm, Aug. 10, 1846 ? As the last portion of Price's regiment of Missouri volunteers are about leaving this place for Santa Ke, 1 will give you a short statement of facts, as they have occurred since the arrival of the regiment at this placo. The whole requisition is aomposed of fourteen companies, amounting in tne aggregate to near thirteen hundred men?ten of which companies are (ormed into a regiment, the four remaining compose the extra battalion ? all mounted and armed, either with rifles, carbines, or muaketa. Our election wa* concluded on last Wedneiday, the 1 Jth instant. Col. Price waa elected, without opposition, to the commend of the expedition. Col. WillocK, of Marion, was elected, without opposition, to the command of the extra battalion ; D. 1). Mitchell, of 8t. Louis, was elected Lieut Colonel of the regiment over Oen. Allen, of Marion, by a majority of one hundred and eighty-three votes. Capt Kdmondson, of the DeKalb Hangers, was almost unanimously elected Major of the regiment. Edmonson's vote 683 ; Walker's 30. Kigbt of tho companies of the regiment have already left The extra battalion leaves to-day, and the remaining two companies will leave on Saturday. Major Kdmoason left on Saturday, and will overtake and command the advance portion of the expedition. Lieut. Col. Mitchell leaves to-day, and CoL Price and Staff will take their departure on Sunday next Lieut J. C. Dent, who was formerly appointed Adjutant by Col. Price, has been elected Captain of the DeKalb Rangers, to fill tho vacancy occasioned by the promotion of Capt. hdmonson ; and Mr Walker, since his defeat for M^jor, has been appointed Adjutant. Dr. May, of Platte county, haa been appointed principal Surgeon to the regimnnt; Dr* K.T. fcdmonson.ot 8t Uenovievo, and Long, of Platte, Assistants. Dr. Long win appointed in plans of Dr. J. 11. Hereford, of St Louis county, who could not reach this place in time to depart with the troopa. We have had much aickness here among the troopa, and one death, which waa in the caae of Wm. H. Baylor, a private in the company of DeKalh ilangers, from 8t. Louia county. Naval Intelligence. [Krom the Charleaton Mercury, August 31 ] Tho steamer Neptune, Cjftain Spinney, touched here on Saturday for fuel. Mhe ia bound for Point Isabel, with stoios for the army, and carrieaout, rather late in the day, the ponton to be used in croasing bridges. [Krom the Mobile Herald, August 97 ] We understand that the U. 8. schooner Flirt may now be daily expected at Penaacola, with important despatches from t.ommodore Conner- When she arrives, if no accident happens to the mail, or to our private cori respondents, we shall receive farther particulars and latter news of the stirring eventa now transpiring in Mexico. Dlirase Among the tloraea. (?a? ?.pim sH, Sept. a, 1846. To the Eniroa N*w Vr>ak Hkbalp? Mia I have been informed there ia a new, or hitherto unknown, disease among tbe lioraos in your city, and il , so, I would advise the owners or dealers in ii .rsea to steep a strong teaof water-melon and pumpkin s'sede and gite lye of walnut wood aahea for their oonatanl drink when well, and, of courae, when alck. 1 am youra. with reapect. PETER J. WITBAKt. HERA 1846. . Woonsockbt, It L, Aug. 8, Ib44i Journey from Bolton to thit place?Rev. Hitodare I Parker''t Residence in IVett Roxbury? Dedham? j Med field?Mtdiea y?The Widow of Charlet T. Torrry?The Pint Cotton Factoriet?Bellingtuim ?Hotel of Mr. Crook't, where Col. Blodret Un tinguithtd himtelf?Woonsocktt?The Crops, fyc. Having occasion to visit this place, 1 lelt Boston one fine morning last week, mounted on n stage coach by the side of Mr. Fuller, an experienced and gentlemanly driver. The sun beat down with great power, but there was a cool breeze win 3h constantly fanned the cheek, and made our situa; tion quite comfortabe. The stage passes through I the new city of Koxbury, a growing and flourishing place, which includes within its limits many elegant country residences and fine farms. We passed the residence of the celebrated Rev. Theodore Parker, at West Roxbury, about seven miles from Boston. He has a very pleasant location in a very quiet little village, surrounded on every side by highly cultivated and productive farms. His house j resents a neat and studentlike outward appearance, with trees in the front yard, and other tokens of taste and refinement around the premises. Near by is the village church in which he officiated as a preacher, before his name and fume became so extensively noised abroad ; yet here his splendid talents and somewhat novel doctrines attracted no little attention, and he soon emerged from the comparative obscurity which usually attends a young country clergyman. After leaving the village of West Roxbury. a ride of thre^ miles brought us to Dedham, the shire town of Norfolk county. This is a quiet and handsome village, ornamented with large and noble shade trees, which render the walks pleasant, and impart a cooling and agreeable aspect to the whole place. A short branch from the Providence railroad, atfords the residents of this village frequent and easy communication with Boston, and induces many to take up their residence here whose business is in the city. Among the number is Mr. John Doggett, an extensive ueaicr in carpets, loouing giuss turn picture mimes, &c., ami father of the gentleman who is familiar to your citizens as the author of Domett's Directory of New York. Edmund Q.uincy, the famous abolitionist, and brother to the present Mayor of Boston, has a delightful situation here, where he spends his time in dreaming about theories which are generally pronounced Utopian. He is a finished scholar,a rank abolitionist, a non-resistant, a come-outer, a disunionist, and, in short, a regular Garrisonian reformer. The next town on the road is Medfield. It is a small but excellent agricultural town, containing extensive meadows, in which the farmers were busy with the scythe and rake as we passed. These meadows yield a good crop of grass, and they also produce an abundance of cranberries, which always command a good price, and are of much more value than the hay. A cranberry meadow is about the most profitable piece of land a farmer can have in this vicinity. The contemplated line of railroad from boston to New York, by way of Woonsocket, known here as the "pettee route," will pass through-this town, and will probably be of some advantage to it. Wc next passed through Medway, a much larger town, in which are several manufacturing villages, where a few men have acquired fortunes within a few years past. These men, it is not dillicult to ascertain, are opposed to the new tariff. It will undoubtedly curtail the profits of their business. The new railroad will also pass through this place. Mrs. Torrey, the widow of Rev. Charles T Torrey, who died recently in the Maryland Penitentiary, is supporting herself and children here, i am told, by industriously plying the needle Her father, Rev. Dr. lde, is a very respectable orthodox clergyman of Medway. One ot the first cotton factories ever built in this country was erected in this town by Mr. J. Blackburn, who came over from England in the same ship with Mr. John Slater, a brother to Samuel Slater, the pioneer in the manufacture of cotton cloth by machinery on this ?id?- '?f the Atlantic. He (Samuel Slater) erected tlie firfct cotton mill at Pawiucket, R. I., having obtained the means to do so of seine capitalists in Provi | UCUUC, WHO UrtU Idllll lit II1L BUUCCS? U1 lilt? SUIlCliltf ! Mr. Blackburn is now living in the town of Wnlpole, Mass., having acquired a handsome property. From Medway we passed into Bellingham, an agricultural town, and not one of the most thriving. The soil is not of the best description, but it ia near this great manufacturing village of Woonsoeket, which affords a good market for the urplus produce of the farmers. We passed the renowned hotel of Mr. Crooks, two miles from this place, (being within the limits of Massachusetts,) where C<3. Blodget and his associates, of the " law and order" army, made a forcible entrance. in the mglit time, and captured and made prisoners of several Dorrites, during the recent war in this Stile. For this act, committed in violation of the laws of Massachusetts, the gallant Colonel and two others were indicted by the grand jury ol Norfolk county, and a requisition was made upon the Governor of Rhode Island for them. They were arrested, tried and convicted, but their sentenco was delayed lor some cause, and what has been done with the case 1 know not. After leaving the scene of Col. Blodcet'f heroic and valiant exploit, we were soon in sight of Woonsoeket. This is the Manchester of Rhode Island. It has already beaten Pawtucket. A ilcv scription oft.je place, with some observations respecting it, as well as somo interesting matter* connected with the manufacturing businens, 1 will emuoay in iuiure leuurs irorn uns village, which may not be altogether devoid of interest. I have made particular enquiries in regard to the anticipated effect of the new tariff; in many instances these enquiries have been addressed to the manufacturers themselves, and their views at the present time, may be entitled to some attention. The fields of corn which I passed in coming from Uoston to this place, a distance of torty miles, look remarkably well. The potato vines, in some places, are dying, in consequence of the rot, as I was told. There is something singular about this potato rot. Some fields are affected by it badly, while other fields, in the immediate vicinity, appear not to have been touched. There are but tew apples, this year, on the trees in this part of the country. Rye, oats and hay, full an average crop of each, have been gathered into the barns, and the farmer will now have a little resting spell. " Etiquette In City." Sir :?I fear your fair correspondent?" The Beauty"?is one of ihose spoiled lieauties whom tho American people pet and indulge entirely too much. Politeness, forsooth! When did a lady ever acknowledge by look, word, or sign, any mark of civility or politeness shown to her by a gentleman 1 Never. They will permit you to relinquish yourseat in a stage coach or an omnibus, (and if full, to stand upon the outside steps, as 1 have 1 often done, but will never do again) to pass their fare, open,the door, help iheir children in and out, J without the slightest smile, or bow, in acknowI ledgement. Nuy, they will even (particularly if I they are pretty) toss their heads in disdain, and curl up their beautiful lips at you in the most proi voking and contemptuous manner, if you are tho least tardy in offering these attentions. For my | own part, (though I will yield to none in my devotion to and admiration of the sex) I have done taking tho slightest notice of these disdainful beauties when I meet them in an omnibus, or any oilier public place. When they want to pass their fare, I turn my head to one side, and pretend not to see them. If they have children with them, 1 move to the upper end to get rid of helping them out. In short, I return scorn for scorn whenever the opportunity offers, which (though at first it greatly rebelled against my natural good i nature and politeness to do so?yet t now begin to feel a sort of malicious pleasure in it. Nn sir tell vnnr 'RphiiIu " (tint if "if i? t><> I litr.ness for a gentleman to Rive a lady a scat by a lady in a public vohiole " or show her any other civility, it is no more than common decency in her to at least let hiin see that she is conscious of his having done so. As to the complaint of "Mnr'ha" of be ng stnrcd at (as she terms it) in a fi>rry l>oat, Jtc , I Will only ask if the poor bird can escape from the fascination of the snake, unless he nrst breaks i the charm. Tit^ok Tat. 1 <i*m. Gaines ?The Portsmouth (Va.) ?? F.ra ' states, thaton Saturday last Major General1 Junes ; ' received throuifh the Adjotsnt (Minnl or lers fro'tt the > wsr department to teke oommiml of the tern up i?l< n, ' fining hit hea.liiuarter" ei'her at New Vork, Philsi4??. phis, or Troy ; thai the General h?i eelectod .New Voik si the mo?t important point, snd on Monday afternoon sat cut from Norfolk for the poet asaigned htm. J LILgr -- rw. TUT, It ifc| LD. Frtre Two Cent a. Macao, April 2tt, 1H46. Hotels?The Harbor tint/ Promenade*- -Tlit Philharmonic Society of Macao?Grave of the Pott Cumaens? Temple of the Ouern of Heaven, Xa tural Curiotilitt There is a hotel here kept by a New Yorker, but pork chops for the principal dish at dinner, for the small sum of three dollars per day, i* rather too much for one, who, although not a Jew, ha* 110 very particular desire for the commodity, so I took rooms at a fine French house?the proprietor did not wish it called an hotel, for then he would be compelled to pay heavy taxes. In this house there is no direct charge made for board, but when a person leaves, the proprietor it presented with the amount of his bill. The apartments are very cool and airy ; the floors nicely painted and then waxed till they shine like any mahogany table, and our private rooms open into a spacious verandah or balcony fronting the harbor, where one can recline with ease und comfort, on bamboo chairs. One side of Macao fronts a small bay in tha form of a horse-shoe, und along here are die finest buildings and the prettiest sidewalks. The quay, extending along the water's edge, is wide and well paved, and abaut a mile in lewgih, forming a fine parade ground for the garrison troops. There is a large building here, which we went through, appropri \ted lor balls, theatrical exhibitions, tea squalls, &c., by what is called die Philharmonic Society of Macao, composed of gentlemen who each contribute ho much a month to carry into effect these objects. On our way to visit the last resting place of the celebrated poet, Camaens, we passed through beautiful grounds, very tastefully laid out in walks and grottos. The cave is formed by the natural meeting of three immense rocks, half hid by whose shadow is the tomb, the attraction ot all foreigners visiting Macao. Surrounding it are trees and wild shrubbery so dense as to resemble a forest, and the walks are so arranged that, without a guide, one would quickly lose himself. Tho gentlemanly owner ol the grounds himself acted as our guide, and, before leaving, he insisted on our entering his house and partaking of refreshments. A day or two ago we vere carried by a palanguin, to the " Temple of the Queen of Heaven," a Chinese Josh-house far exceeding in beauty and grandeur any thing of the kind I have ever seen here or in Canton. On approaching it, it resembles a series of platforms rising one auove another with the utmost regularity,?the Joshes being at the extremity of the Temple on the highest platform. The Temple itself is in its natural state, nothing artificial having been added ; it is on the side ol a hill, and appears as if had been cut or formed out of the solid rock, but this would evidently have been a work of too great magnitude even for the Chinese. While proceeding to this Temple I saw a curiosity equal to any Barnum ever produced, at his most " enormous expense," it was a cow having a tail with the hair growing up. Now this may appear very ludicrous, but it was a very singular Phenomenon. Imagine a cow's tail turnedup side down ! Varieties. A now cotton factory in now in operation at Kalmouth, Va , the property of Mr. Oreen. This if the third cotton factory in that place, all of which are in lucceaiful op ration. The following is said to be an almost sure means of saving life in case of a lightning stroke " When any one is struck by lightning, the first thing applied should be cold vinegar?bathing the person well throughout. Should the patient complain of pains in the arms or any other limb, let bleeding be resorted to. and give ? dose of glober i.alts -which is more cooling. Should that not give easo, let a dose of calomel be given, and the salts repeated. Kven though the person appear dead, bathing miu uiuvuiiiH ituum iiu ir-mmu'ti io, aim 11 luey anuru no relief, no human effort* will." The Brooklyn Star state* that Mr. Heuatia ha* again decamped from Hemp*tead with Mra. Flower. No efJorte are being made to bring them hack. The Pittsburgh Journal say* that the engineer of th? steamer Diinatcli ii leverely blamed for the late horrid accident He knew, it appear*, the dangerous condition of the boiler* sometime before the accident occurred. It was his duty to have remedied the matter ; and there ia not evon the bad excuse of ignorance for his juitiftc ati Wf Uurueil yesterday that the engineer had gone aw Hi* name i* Fleming One of the wounded pa**enf ha* died. Hi* name i* Lewi* Pearce. The Hon. Jama* Sample arrived at 8t. Loui* on Saturday, Md ult from Washington. The Hon O. B Ficklio, of Illinois, accompanied by Judge Douglass, of that State' and the Hon. L. H. Sims, of Missouri, has gone to Oeorgia te fulfil a matrimonial engagement . BLUELICK WATER. JUST received, a fresh supply of (his celebrated medicinal water, from Hollsdsv's Bluelick 8p ings, in Kentucky, lis aetioii ii|>ou the system is pu>fative, dispnoretic, dtnrrhotic, and alterative ; being possessed of greater variety of substances and in greater abundance, it stands st the head of the Holme bulphur Waters ia this Country, and n identical with the Hariowjcate Springs of F.ugland Analysis famished gratis. For sale by HKNKV JOHNSON, Drnggist, 273 Broadway, (Jrsuite Building, sn? lw*rh corner of Clamber street. rp W INKS?2H> bale* Koglish, Bridpon, Seine, Herring aud X Oill NttTwiuss, comprising a complete assortment from to M lb. manufactured expressly lor this market.? For mle by ?. K. COLLINS k CO., anX 5* Month street. LIBERAL BOOKS, at the Beacon Office, No. I 1'ianklin square, Pearl street. New editions of the works of Mr. Thomss Paine, Voltaire's Dictionary. Straus' Life of Christ, Volney's Hnin* (a good edition), Vale'* Life ot T. Paine, th* Work* of Mr. Owen and Dr. Hollich. Palmer's Principle* of Nsiure, Shelley's Queen Mab, Le Citateur, Knmt Martin, Three Impostora (curious book), the VesugM of Creation, New Tracts, Quarterly Beacon, fcc. ant7 lm*r CORNS ?CURE WARRANTED. THE Arabian Corn Plaster is aa effectual care lor eora* ; it easily applied, and (ires immediate relief, la UM it ihould fail to core the money will he refnaded. Over M boxes have been sold this seaion, and not oae bos haa been returned for huring failed to effect a cure. Foruu by David Bands h Co. 77 East Broadway, 1M Kultou street- and f7J Broadway, C. H King, 192 Broadway, C. Hubbai M Hudion-it, Wvatt k Ketcnnm. 121 Fulton-st, J. Smith, Ml Spring street, E. M. Union, 137 Bowery, and by druggists generally. Price 25 cents per box. auTt lm ?r ILLINOIS BONDS. THE UNDER8IONED, as agent for the State of Illinois, hereby gires notice, that ou and after Tuesday, the first day of He member neit, he will be prepared to pay to the holders of such bonds of the Bute of Illinois, as are entitled onder the act of the Legislature, to participate iu the proceeds ofthe one mill ui tor IM3, the sum of three dollars aad twenty-three cents upon each of the aaid bonds for $IM0. The overdue coupons doe 1st of January, 1M2, must bo presented to the undersigned (st the Americaa Exchange Bank) on or after the 1st of September next, in order that the am nut paid may be stamped thereon, and a receipt siren for the amount ptid. D. LEA VITT, su291w*m August M, IMf. WROUGHT NAILS. C/l/l KEOS of 10* lbs each of 2K and 3 inch wrought nails fvrvr 1st ijnality, are dsilr expected, and will b? sold low, on delivery after 1st of December next, at OKOROfc F. OERD1NO, an29 lmee 70 Maiden lane, jaaetion of Liberty at. GOOD NEWS for smokers af A No. 1 Havana Began.? The " Habanero House," 12 Beekmaa atreet, have now completed their arrangements to furnish tho lovers ol the real siomatic weed (aa well as dealers in segars, hotel keepers. Sic )* Ith the best legar the Havana produces, and cheaper than any other house in the United States, as Seuor Hiveru is now at Hav?ua,und will permanently reside there for tho purpose of manufacturing negars.suitable for this msrket ; among other improvements he haa introduced la the manufac are of Segara, is the highly important one of packing up the Begars in the same maaner aa the Chiueae : thereby pre ft inr lha n^rtxltar rulnr inlt am?na?i? Maenr In > u> I?h U a. ?ana 8egar? have IO long been celebrated, which to this day li*? boeu entirely neglected by parting the Segars la cedar boies, thai imparting to the Segars the bad ndo and duagreeabte flavor of tna cedar ; thia new aad philosophical plan haa been privately tried for > months past,?and of lit advantages the public will in a short time be able to jadge for | (hemselvea. As soon sa the ftisl invoice como to hand they will be duly advertised ; meanwhile the remainder of the old atork pot upon iho old plan, comprising a very choice and well selected assortment, will be retailed at wholesale prices, and sold by the (honsand it from $1 to |J, lees than the nsnal rates. Call and try them ! at the Habaueros House, No. H Beekman street. _ . N.B. A. second-hand Show ('aae for sale thea|v auMJw*r TRAVELLING TKl/NKS, kc. JOHN CATTNACH, Trunk Manufacturer, No. I Wall street, corner of Broadway, has now on hand aad constantly makiug. a good aitortmeut of Truoki, Viliifi, Carpal Bags, and Satchels,wholesale and retail Also, a sap.nor article of sole leather Trunks, soluble for Amencui or Kuropean Travel, and Portmanteaus for lb* * Orderifor'th' Weat Indiea, Sonth America, kc., fllled with despatch. a?HI?T AMERICAN MANUFACTURED CUTLERY. WM WILD, manufacturer of Cutlery, No. 1*0 Dlviaioa street, New Vork, haa constantly on hand good aasorimenl or I, I. J and 4 Madelaives of his owamanufaetnriag, good and cheap to two trade. ? ?* tar ATCHU !?WATCHES AND JKWELRY.?Thoeo W who wish to parchase Oold or 8.lver Watehos, OoU Chains. <>old Pencils, Keys, kc., will find it iraMly to thoir advaniiga to call on the .ubseribor, who is selling all descriptions of the above a? retail, nraen lowerthanuiy other honae in the city. <?old Warchaa as low aa Mo and ? each. W?tclt?? and Jewelry eichanted or bought. All watanas ; warranted ?? k*ep ?ood lime, or the a>oa?Y refandrd U. C. ALLbN, Importer of Watchct and lewelry. Wholesale and retail, 11 Wall itreat, a?l> Im'rne ap miw._ HELGIAN COOKING STOVES. 2 OK theaa famoua Cooking Hcotu for tale. OEOROE F. OERDINO, mM Imw tl Maiden lano. TO THE FUlJLlc. THE Dr. HEINE, whoae un* h? frfjin'ntly appeared in thenewapapera, it not Dr. SOLOMON HEINE, of No. in < hamkera itreet. Thia ta t ? prfTaBl miatakea in th? minda of Ui* pabkic. Dr. Solomon Heme being oar lamilr physician, we, the udenirned, have taken the liSerty to Tcfty?uTll WIGHT. DAVIS HARRISON. JOHN ELVOORT. SIMON HOPKINS an lin'rrc