Newspaper of The New York Herald, 5 Eylül 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 5 Eylül 1846 Page 1
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TH] Vol. XII, No. 9137-Whole No. 44HO. ADDITIONAL FOREIGN NEWS KKCKIVED BY THE BRITANNIA, ~ AT TllK NEW TORE HERALD OFFICE. ArrAXRs ?luiAiro. THE SCHISM AMONG THE REPEALERS. O'BRIEN AND O'CONNELL, And all the Little O's. THE ELECTIONS IN FRANCE. OCEAN STEAM NAVIGATION. THE MARKET8. &C., &.C, &c. The American Tariff .In England. [From the London Time*.] The American iiewa brought by the ateamihip Cambria ia of conaiderable imnartuxu. The hattln of nro taction hu been lost simultaneously in the eastern and western hemispheres. While the last wail over departed corn law wa? resounding in our House of Peers, the aocordant elegy over defeated tariff was chanted in the American Senate. Whilst here Lord Stanley wai making a decorous ahow of resistance in a hopeless cause, t>ets were laid with difficulty in New York as to the division in the Senate. There the cause of protection was more obstinately defended and more hopefully wagered on. There no illustrious general brought the influence of a time-honored name and highly-valued services to cow the expression of private feeling or thwart the advocacy of particular interests. Therefore the Senators spoke and voted according to their consciences or their interests. And so equally balanced were the chances of free trade and protection, that even after the vutes on distinct divisions were known, the final result could not be safely prophesied. A majority of -i8 to 27 eventually decided a measaro of consummate importance to all engaged in commercial transactions with America, which means to every nation of Europe. Henceforth the principle of duties for protection must be considered a* abandoned in the United States. The duties which remain, insufficient to compass the objects of protection, are quite high enough to insure a revenue to the State, ranging as they do from 20 to 40 per cent on tbeir value. The alteration in the American tariff cannot but be regarded as a great triumph gained by the principles of free trade. With us, various other considerations were imported into a discussion which ought to have been purely economical; passions were excited on a subject which ought to have been decided by reasoning alone ; and the interests of individuals were enlisted in a cause which ought to have regarded only the interest of the public. It was made a question betweeu town and country?between the landed gentry and the mercantile .class?nay, even between the peerage and the people.? Everything that could stimulate the spirit of partizanship or w^et the appetite for innovation, was pressed into the servi'"^ doctrines whose native truth and excellence in the ,a<* vindicated themselves. But in America it has been otherwise. ^ new country presents fewer materials for <Ji??nsions than an old one? daiiei are lets diau?**00*** J caste has fewer external symbols, whate arepuDiic iiKeme aiaiea. a. vT yvr' , J" . State inherits the commercial u ^ctrine? of the older kingdomsof Europe. They ail have f*?"?? Por^?? or another oi the " commercial syitem which Spain first employed, and afterwards imparted N England and France. Thii hereditary prejudice is c^Uflrmed by a spontaneous impulse. A false knowledge * pressed into the service of a natural ambition. Each nC*. 8tate desiies to produce everything independently of all nations. It wishes to anticipate the fruits of many gei.'*' rations. It is ambitious of becoming at once an agricultural, a mercantile, and a manufacturing country.? Following the lights transmitted to it from former days, it imagines that such results can* be attained by restricted statutes and high customs duties. ? It thus creatM an artificial branch of home manufactures; but K dees so at a vast expense. While it diverts no small labor of its citizens from it* natural channels, it imposes a heavy burden upon the rest. It in the first place induces many to transfer their industry and their capital from natural and obvious sources of wealth, and then it forces the others to remunerate an unnatural employment by an unnatural sacrifice. It imposoe a tax upea Mary consumer in the State on purpose to repay the eMjf of an artificial production. Witn the hope of encovftging industry, it testers monopoly ; and professing to extend commerce, it strikes it with a fatal blow. An error of this kind must, sooner or later, be found out The benefit of a few will not conceal or palliate the loss aAd the injury of the many There has long I>een in the United States a party anxious to realize the doctrines of free trade. Their efforts have been resisted by the indirorence of one class and the selfishness of amnner. out wnen uia nrst commercial people in me world flung away the tethers of an obsolete prejudice, and courted the competition of rival industry, then the friends of free-trade in every quarter of the globe gained confidence and hope. A new movement began; it* first fruit is the modification of the American tariff. The principle which moit peculiarly marks the new act ia a good one. Whilst it reduces on articles of necessity, it in some instances raises, and in others leaves un touched, thoee on luxuries. It thus gives to the poor man the opportunity of exchanging his labor on the best terms to himself; whilst it compels the rich man to purchase on terms most profitable to the State. It destroys a miscalled protection ; it continues a productive impost. Ireland. O'Connell and his late repeal advocate, the Dublin Nation newapaper, have dissolved partneralnp. The Examiner says:?" Mr. O'Connell laid beiore the last meeting of the Repeal Association a report lrom the committee, severing the connexion of the Association with the Nation, and declining any longer to permit subscribers to the repeal rent to allocate a portion ol the rent for the Nation newspaper." What!?the Nation supported by the repeal rent!!! and its Boston scribe also. There has been a report currant for the last few days, to the effect that Mr. O'Brien and the other seceders from the old establishment on Burgh-quay, ere about to set up business on their own account; and with view of putting an end to the lucrative monopoly so long enjoyed by tb? head of the ancient firm, are in treaty ior the little theatre in Abbey-street, which is to be opened under the management of Messrs. O'Brien, Meagher 8t Co.? The new hous/will have for its motto, " Repeal without rent, Freedom without money." Physical vs. Moati. Foaca.?This morning the boardloom of College-street police-office, was crammed to excess by the friends and admirers of Old and Young Ira land, who ware anxious to bear a charge of assault, pre ferred by Captain Broderick against Mr.Meagher, Mr. TyndaXl, prosided. Mr. Currau appeared as counsel for Mr. Meagher; and Mr. Cantwell, solicitor, for Captain Broderick. Captain Broderick sworn?On Saturday last Major Talbot called upon him. He said lie called about a report of something he (witness) had said at Conciliation Hall, on Tuesday, and which appeared in Saunden' Newt Letter. He at once acknowleeged the substance of the words were correct Upon the 13th of July, he said he would not takejiotice oi anything Mr. Meagher would say to tim. When Major Talbot called upon nim on Haturuay last, he referred him to his observations of the 13th of July, wiUi a view to show the course he should take. The witness then alluded to the uproarious scene in the Repeal Association on the 13th, when Mr. that occasion ho did My the conduct of Mr. Meagher was " infamous." Some one elta did apeak har'hly to Mr. Meagher, but ha (witneaa) declared that he claimed the bonorof first insulting Mr. Meagher. According to the tews of honor, he (witness) considered himself released Jrom any liability to Mr. Meagher; that, in short, ha k?Hould givo him no explanation or sa'itfaction He had com..* 10 'I1'* conclusion after consulting with his friend. On Satu'd*? evening last, he (witness) waa walking down Wesu~,or#'und *trect- >n company witli friend, and aa he tnrne ? the corner of Lundy t oot's, he saw Mr Meagher and Mr. Hi.^'th- Suddenly Mr. Meagher rushed towards him, and rmi^J ? .tick, threatening to strike him, whan ha seized it, anu .<r?0Bd? closing on them no blow waa struck. Ma then gave *n charge to the police Croit-KxamineH?I sworn an information *Cajnat Mr. Meagher lately. The first dispute between Mr. Ai *?lh?r and m? occurred on the 13th July. On that day ha lui> * retracted his charge against Mr. Clamenta. It was a sulI oraa t??ru msa/?ti at lha timp I applied the term " infamous" to him Yon think gen. t lemon should be bound by the codo of honor? A. Certainly. Q. On the following morning did Mr. Meagher address himMlfto you, when he said he did not mean anything personal? A. I thought so Mr. Meagher praised Mr. Holmes. Homebody exclaimed he voted against Mr. CConnell, and 1 saM, " Oh," and further added, " I wonld not take notice of anything that fell from Mr. Meagher. CrtirEraminfd by Mr. CuaaAK.?lie admitted that on the 13th of July, he designated the conduct of Mr. Meagher ai " infamous," bat that as be did not take notice : of that, n? he (Captain Urodeiick) intruded he ihould, and in* foitnight alter be stated that / he would not mind ' anything mat tell from Mr. Meagher," the meaning of which wai that he had passed ovo^the Aratodence. Mr. Ttisoali. suggested tbatjKe partial should arnica- , bly arrange their diO'erencei eMlwhere. Mr. Craasjr mentioned t hyp Mr Meagher waa bound ovei yesterday ill the sum ajfiaoo, to keep the peace to Captain Broderick and allJKr Majesty's subjects. I Mr. Tyndall said there/ITaa a summons issued against . Captain Broderick on a Ahiirge of intending a breach of , the peace, and that all/the objects of the parties might , be attained by alae calling upon him to give bail in an equal amount. / This suggestion iCas adopted and the parties left the office. i nioH or o'conniLi. The usual weakly tttlng of the repeal association L \ # E NE NEW was held on the 3d ult, at 1 o'clock, and was crowded to auflbcation for some hours previounly, it having been known that Mr. Of'onnell had aimed on the pie\iuua evening from London, and would be present. At the onnointm! (ima (Ka bVM'r. John 0^nnelTM~P. ^r"ua"nl?l d-ConnJfi, Jr., j M. P.. the Lord Mayor, Mr. T. Steele, Captain Broderick, and several other* of the Old Ireland, or moral force party, entered the hall, and were louJly cheered. Upon the motion of Mr 0'< en*rn., teconded by the Lord Mayor, the chair wa* filled hy Mr. Darnel O Cobnell, jr., M. P. The Chubma?, upon taking hi* ?eat, said it ?u always moit gratifying to him to be railed on to |>re?ide over a meeting like the one he wai then about presiding over ; but on no former occasion had he felt so highly honored, for it wa* not merely a compliment to him, but a compliment to the honest elector* ol Dnndalk (Cheers ) They deserved any compliment which could b? paid them ; in fact, no praiae could exceed their merit*, for they had by their admirable organization icarcd away even the ihadow of opposition to hi* or any Repealer*' election. (Hear, hear.) No doubt they might have made a better selection. (Crie* of " No, no.") They had, however, made a (election of him becauso he wa* a repealer and the *on of O'Connoll. (Great applauie)? They wore to a man almost repealers, and understood the great bad* upon which the association was founded ?the principle of moral force alone, ([{ear, hear.)? Nothing could be more peaceablo or orderly than the manner in which the men of the north conducted themselves at the election ; so peaceablo were ti er, that he taw but thve policemen amongst never*; thouiand i people ; that, Uowevor, wa* not 4 all extraord.aary; for they had the men of Hod?the lianan Catholic clergy to rule and preside over them, and to t>-ach thntu to work out repeal upon moral and peaceablo piinciple*. (Hear ) The feeling in iavor of moral lbrce was not, he wa* happy to he enabled to *ar, confined to Dundalk alone, but exhibited itself all along hi* route to Drogheda, where he wa* loudly cheered with the cry of " nl.l IrMatid and Rmiaal." (ChMrll 1'ha gentleman concluded by banding in lome money from Doth Drogheda and Dundalk. ? ? ? ??? Mr. O'ConnrLL then rose to address the association j amid loud cheers, lie said he deemed jt hi* duty to addreu the association at the earliest possible moment. | His mind was indeed so pressed by the magnitude of the crisis to which thev had arrive, and the vital importance of the rights and liberties of Ireland which were involved iu the discussion, that he could no longer remain silent. (Cheers) It was true he had scarcely sufficient physical force to go through the details he had to lay before the meeting, for he had but just arrived from travelling, but yet his heart was anxious, aud his mind was strengthened by the magnitude of the occasion. (Cheers ) He was convinced that so much good to the country was never tendered by a government, and so much prudence and discretion were never so necessary on the part of the people. (Cheers.) He regretted the dissensions which had got amongst them, but he (Mr. O'Conneil) asserted that tney had only stood by the principle of moral force,the principle on which he commenced his agitation (Cheers.) That principle had guided, and would always guide his entire condnct. Yes, he had only to remind them how often he had said, "That the greatest amelioration of human institutions was not worth the shedding of a single drop of blood." (Cheers.) They had lost many who had hitherto dignified that association with their talents, and he must especially feet heartfelt nnd bitter regret at the secession of William Smith O'Brien. (Hear.) When they were under prosecution, Mr. O'Brien at that moment of personal danger threw himself into their ranks, and soon became one of the foremost amongst them. (Cheers.) Mr. O'Conneil, after saying that he had not compromised any of his principles, went on to say, he did not justify himself; he required no justification. He maintained his old position, and laughed to scorn those who prided themselves on a species of pocket courage (laughter); violent men wno taiucu 01 ngnting wnen mere was no ngntmg to be done (Cheers.) MrO'Coonellthen charged the Young Ireland party with getting ?p the late dissensions in the association in his absence, and then went on to observe that they seemed plainly to accuse him of coalescing with the whigs. One young gentleman had said that the people would be betrayed. Now by whom were they to be betrayed T It was not his sweet self, he meant. (Laughter.) He meant him. (Mr. O'Connell)? (Hear) In his absence that was insinuated against him. That gentleman was followed by three or four others of the same party,and when pressed to say who they meant, they said they meant nobody. That was the first time he tMr. O'Connell) was called nobody. (Laughter and cheers.) The learaed gentleman then proceeded to answer the accusations ofthe Young Ireland party, relative to the late Dungarvon election, and made the same explanations as to the election of Mr. Shell as had been gi\"?m so frequently by other members of the Old Ireland p.Tty. He said those views had been put forward only for purpose of creating dissension, and cried shame on th<J*e who had brought it forward for such a purpoM. (Cheers ) He (Mr. O'Connell) in 18U) called on toe Association to dlkapprove tho declaration of Lord Kbrington, " That a Repealer should not obtain office under the government," and he was joined in the cry by the Nation and " Young Ireland j" in fact, ail parties agreed in disapproving of the course pursued by tho Lord Lieutenant. (Cheers.) When he and they acted on this principle, why should they not rejoice to find that they had a Lord Lieutenant who would not consider a Repealer disqualified from holding office on that account * (Hear, hear.) The moment that Lord Beshorough trampled down Lord Lbrington, and male a declaration to that ett'ect, up got the Nation and Young Ireland, and called every one who dared to accept office . V. ...... ..... tl.af i A I i: could not have been *i nee re, or that they were then inlincere. (Cheers.) Soveral young gentlemen of talent, family and fortune, frequently told him (Mr. O'Connell) that they could not join the auop'ation, leat they might be injured.in their prospects, although ardent Repealer* ; and if the Notion newspaper and the Young Irelander* were really true to thei r color*, would they not have been delighted at a declaration of .that nature made by the government, which would have the effect of adding to their rank* many young men, both Prote*tant* and Catholic* 7 lie (Mr. O'Connell had reaion to know that it wa* the opinion of Lord Besborough that Kepcaler* should not be excluded from office because of their politics ; indeed he would pledge himself to the sentiment, and he was sure the people of Ireland would regard such & man as he ought to l>o regarded. What wa? the next thing the Young Ireland partv suggested ? Why, that they should become physical force Ropealers?advocate* of murder and robbery. (Hear, hear)? They Become revolutionary force men?they profess doctrines contrary to the fundamental principle* of the association, and such as would prevent tne Protestant* of Ireland from joining them?(cheeis)?in fact, if they were to placard the streets to that effect, they could not have been more treacherou* to repeal?he would, therefore, arraign them all with treachery, with the exception of hi* friend Mr. W. S. O'Brien, who was a man of honesty, honor and truth. (Hear, hear.) The next matter he wished to alluda to was one of great importance, and one on which he would move a resolution ; he at luded to the Nation newspaper, and it* connection with the association. (Hear, hear.) He would move, "that the committee should consider whether there be any connection between the Repeal Association aad the Notion newspaper ; and if so, if it wa* for the safety of the a*cociation that it ahould be continued." Now, he (Mr. O'Connell,) believed that no *uch connection existed, for he did sdl Tn his power to prevent it after and even before the state prosecutions. (Cheers.) The very moment that the song of " Who fear* to speak of '9* V' wa* published?which, by-the-by, wa* written by a Fellow <ji i riui.y i.uiicge, uuuiiu?ne severed uie connection ; but, notwithstanding, a bench of judges wan got to decide that he was bound by that song ; a decision that be would call monstrous and profligate. ^Cheers) They might send judges again, and they would be prepared lor them, and not let tnorasnlvea again be involve;! by the Nation, aud as counsel for old Ireland, lie would keep them out of all scrapes (Hear, hear.) The learned gentleman then proceeded to read several passages from the articles lately publiahed in the Matijn, and said they were clearly in favor of physical force, and were such as would involve the association, and would have had him convicted and executed tor high treason, if read and raised in evidence against him on his trial il^ond cheers.) Two indictments lor treason were xciuallv prepared in 1848, to be sent to the grand jury, and would have bean sent, but they adjourned before it waa sow up, and the government altered their mind. (Cheer* ) It wa? also aaid that M. Ledru Rollin offered assistance, and that it wu ottered by " a lurer source" from France. Now, lie (Mr O'Connell) admitted that it was offered by M. Ledru Rollin, publicly, and refused publicly ; but h* denied that any other offer of assistance wax made to the association, publicly i or privately ; and if offered, he called on and defied the Salmon to say to whom it was offered; and if it was prove'l that even his beloved ton John, ioined in the receDtion of i inch a proposition, he would have him impelled from the auocUtion. (Cheers.) Were they sale in dealing with newspapers which advocated such doctrinci ? A Voic??No, wo will turn them out. (Cheeri.) Mr. 0'Connrt.L aald, th#y should do no inch thing ; for, if they did, they would be only acting ai the people fooliahly acted, when they burned ilr. Ilercsford's notei, because they diilikcd hii bank. (Cheer* ) The | learned gentleman then referred to all he had been able ' to do for Ireland by moral force, and aiked what the | advocatea o( physical force had.done 1 (Hear, hear.'") ; It might be said, he had not been'successful for the re- flgl. His answer wai, " Wait awhile." But, had not | the agitation really done anything for them? Had it not kicked out the Coercion bill f (Cheers.) And bad . it not made Sir K. reel turn from orange into green, and l to declare that "justice should be done to Ireland 7? | (Loud cheers) And they had also Lord J. Russell's pro- ! mise to ikiss the most comprehensive measures for the I good of Ireland. He wonld support the present govern- I ment as long as they endeavored to do justice to Ireland; and while they di<l so he would do everything in i his power to assist themj but he was bound to admit that tin did not think thav could f>e successful in their I favor. (Hear, hear) (I'ho lion" geniieman then etilogised the new Government for the late official appointment* they hate mad* in this country, and alluded to those made by the late Administration, which elicited hisses and groans) There wa* also the restoration of their magistrate*. (Hoar, hear ) Ue (Mr- O'* onnell) was not a magistrate when tie latt addressed them, hut he was one now. (Loud cheer*) He feared ho would have Iieen unable to adiireia thera to such a length a* he had done; bat he found that when he came to Ireland he prew young again. (Cheer*.) It was strong evidence In lavor of the ttepeal cause that The Timtt newspaper poke ita sentiments in their behalf. (Hear, hear ) The 7\mt$ showed the opinion of the majority ef the Knglish : people. In fact, all classes of people, both in England | and Ireland, were coming to an opinion that justice j should be done to Ireland. The learned gentleman concluded by moving that it be referred to the committee of the association, to ascertain if there was anything between that association and the Malien newspaper W TO ' YORK, SATURDAY M( Jangorou? chiractor. ?uJ w^frh ?4|hi rUl it tororMir* 01 tho ronu?*t?n -y Tho motion was mtmmW.1 bf Um Lord Shy or ukd fax riod with iftlwuwt r iieverai ewnernpuoaa, to ? eonaideraMe amouat ha> in* Iwon handed ia. < t|>Um lw#?i>in la tW, election *f Dun >Ulk, nloK?c t the cvi.4oj|*rUM Repeal (lab 'here aa it waa. be Nkl to iKotr ??tt nil the Marceaa at th# elan- I tion ? a? owing iio i?u??J ?ol# <x ihank ? to the Repeal t'.lab. and tbo Rrpealrrii af Daadaik. I?i tkur auf l>ort vn the orcMtoa id i|?rti?k. < arried Mr. J. A O'Niaui. IBuuMra* <aatkei *m |>rakin( afainat ttie prooeeOiaga 4 Um Yaait? Irelanl when l<o?t hour irnrod The we??k? rent will annx?t la a beat f tun M? 'MITItO'M'II Mr. j O'Chiii.i. tail it fdhn Jaty to roaJ letter from Mr. ttmlth O'Brien. uiidf(that datv waa rewlered aomewliat painful l>) iea?.?n ?f aeme M tbo watiiBfiili to whirh tbo writer faro a*|'-a^aw The latter ? m ad dreaaed to Mr Hay " BMW. Aa*?et II, 1*4* " My dear Mr Ray:?When, open thu lay lortmght. I retire.) from Conciliation tWll aiihatie*!* put ea | end to a acene which wu not |mb dietreeainf to thaae who witneaaed it than injmioiAte the cowee of Ireland and .iniiara*ing tu the characwaf Irishmen I indulged ; a confident hope that Mr. O'i oftMail woatd ho enabled ; u|>on hia retain, to adopt aurh ?aaearea aa wowhl /valor* ; harmony in the Ke|?'ai t? laUon, aad raaaUa the I ettorta of Repealer* iu every pa*of the kin(<U>m " Thia hope haa t>een diaap|*>intoi " Although anwillinji to aay anttkiaf whirh ran tend i tj ? . !. n till' In each ? In I !<? ':<loa place in .m I feel that entire ailoiH-e upon mr yart might bo aouktruod aa acquiesce in tha lata |t adopting otthe Repeal llMMlldMk " Under thaaa ircumataacaa. I mm ewaa palled to record my diaaont from the re?oluii#a by whirh tho mem hara and asai>riate* of tha Repeal iqjieciation have hoan deprived ol their right to receive thewaoea uewaueper. in cooaidaration of their contribute** to tha Repeal rant. ' _ ' " It i( acaroely rteceuary for me to 4Jeclaim any cob nation with that journal; hat teat tM>r> ba *117 j mitcouceptinn upon the auhject, I (Up M right ta atate that I have navar *een, prrviou* tt kl paUlMliot, *n) 1 article written for that newspaper; MM that tjix e the death of my lamented trie nil Mr Davte, I Have enjoyed \ very little per*<ii. il :n.<*rrourae or < oiniMBiration * nh any of the gcitlemtn who write in it* c?lar-ne lathe Kation, n? well ai in oihn K. |?al journal*, vpimon* are occasionally put forward with which I It not agree expression* are used which I regret ltd condemn , teat, while I tliiu r^Cure to identity mytU with ail it* oenti menta. 1 pr ole** and avow admiration af the ability with which it ha* beea hitherto conducted. I admire it for the extraordinary vigour oi ita style- fcr the dunlin* aidendor of ita pruae, and lor tiie glowu.f beftuty at it* verse? for the abaen-o ot that scurrility by which modern journalism i* di-graced; tut. al>ove all for it* burning enthusiasm in the cau?t* of Ireland I sincerely believe that the aim ol ita writer* ha* Iwaa to raiae Ire landtober pioper station amount the aation* of the earth by the attainment of national iaaHtaUoaa. and by the moial elevation of har people?to make bar renowned in literature and acience, in art* and I* aria to prelect and uplift the poor without injuring the rich?to in spire patriotic sentiment without demand law blind earrtlity of opinion?to oombine re*puct for fMlgioa with enlightened toleration of adverae creed*?to anile the people ofthi* land in one great and glorioua oonfedr ration aad upon thebaai* of *<ii-h a ronlVderutioii to plant tha atandard of Iriah freedom, lupuorted 011 the one hand bv loyally to the Queen of this empire, and on th? other, by tho wisdom, virtue, and courage of an Iriih Parliament " Believing that tho Nation hai rendered incalculable service to the cauae of Repeal.1 cannot hut deeply rafnt Hi severance from the Repeal Association. If this pro scription should have had tho effect ol destroying the journal. Irelahd'i came will have lost one of its most etttciont advocatos. If, on tho contrary, it should be sustained by tho public in honouiable independence, the Ke|>eal Association will have voluntarily thrown away no inconsiderable portion of moral influence, by losing its indirect control ovei a powerful organ of public opinion. " I regret much that it has been thought necessary to subject to unfriendly and ungenerous criticism every ex predion which has appeared in the columns of this newspaper. If every article written in the repeal journals of irelaad?if every speech made by tho advocates of repeal, in times of great political excitement, were in like manner to be subjected to sinister interpretation, who amongst us could escape censure ? At the period when a popular outbreak was really to be apprehended, it might have been proper to have adopted coercive mcasuros to restrain the use of menacing language; but assuredly at no period during the last three years hat there been less pretext than at present tor interfering with the independence of the repeal press, either with a view to protect the Repeal Association front legal snares, or to prevent the Irish people from striving to attain a repeal ofthe Union by means of physical force. Far my own part, although I have telt it to be mv duty to defend men who have been unjustly assailed.vnl, in doing so, have cheerfully sacrificed that popularity and ' leadership' which it ia supposed that 1 covet to much, I firmly repudiate the imputation that I am desirous to encourage the people of Ireland to struggle (or their legislative freedom by ail appeal to arms; but, on the other hand, 1 will not consent to pamper the price of England, orto encourage her oppression of my country, by telling that the liuh people have for ever forsworn the use of the sword a* the final vindicator of their national liberties. "A multitude of painful reflections suggest themselves to my mind in connexion with the recant proceedings Of the Repeal Association, but, as the expression of Uiem would exasperate rather than ally dissension, I shall add no mora than that I disclaim all participation in a course of policy which seems to me calculated to defeat the consummation of our national hopes at the very moment when we were upon the eve of a final and glorious victory. " 1 cannot conclude this letter, however, without renewing to you, individually, the assurance of mr unfeigned e?teem; and 1 also gladly avail myself or thia opportunity of gratefully acknowledging the uniform respect and kindness with which I bave been treated, not only by Mr. O'Connell and his family, but also by every member of the association with whom I have been brought into personal communication since my accession to the repeal confederacy. " 1 remain, my dear Mr. Ray, " Your'* very tincerly " T. M.Rav, Esq." ? W. 8. O'BRIEN Mr. O'CONwri-L raiJ. ho tvir. coive that in the letter just read ' there was not the least approach, or more than an implied wish,on Mr. O'Brien'* part to join again in the labours of the association (Hear, hear.) That day week he (Mr O'Connell) held out an invitation to Mr O'Brien to re-join them, and they had no reply but that letter, which coald uot he construed into an acceptance. There wai a great deal of matter, he regretted, in it. which if he waa disposed to treat with severity would require a great deal of observation from him; for instance. there was a feeling uxnresied to place a (ingle newipaper before the public a* the great advrcate of the repeal cauae. (Hear) Now, he would not consent to bandy arguments between that body and the Nation, nor would hit enter into a discussion with them atali,for)ie had something else to do. (Hear, hear.) He had to look for repeal upon the principles of the Asocittion, and in doing so. place all men upon a tafa footing in his capacity of Repealer and Irishman ? (Cheers) It was his dut) to demonstrate, that there should not be the smallest peril anarh to their exertions yet he did not mean to undervalue Mr. O'Brien's exertions; on Ike contrary, he felt the full valaeof them, and would be nroud to see him again in their ranks; he would make a " bridge of gold for him to recros*. In fact, ho wui'ld make any sacrifice to havo him again, but a sacrifice of principle, and principle for no considerI.I K- -W 1 >? - ... I /. -! - -f I -- .1. ""?? ??? ? "" ?"U?UU|HTU. \v_mr.i ui ut?l. HfUl ; The learned gentleman then rtfut a letter Irora Coik, eni losing some money, and referring to the late rapture.? Me (Mr. O't onnell) could not agree in thu expression, for he coijld not approve of the doctrine* Mr. O'Brien urged, and, until he changed tkom for other*, it waa impossible for him U coalesce with that gentleman. For he believed, that if they adopted hi* principle*, they would be all liable to a charge of high treason. (Hear ) That was hi* candid opinion a* a law) er. (Loud cheer*.) Tm principle* promulgated by Mr. O'Brien and the Young Ireland party were to act oq peaceable measure* if they could; but, if they did not lucceed with them, to ie*ort to physical force. Now, a?a lawyer, it wa* hi* conviction that it waa high treason to hold *uch principle* a* a body of men; ana therefore it waa, that pence able meaaure* alone were the fundamental principle* of that a**ociation. (Hear, hear ) The Lord Chancellor admitted by hi* late act that Hepealer* had a right to to agitate peaceably and legally for a change of the law; but would he have done to if they resorted to force I On the contrary, the moment they did ?o, their conduct would have been illegal. The difference between the two principle* wete imprisonment and death, and liberty and Ireedum, and if be v>lr. Q'Connell) wa* to run turn a risk a* the Young Ireland party propoied, he would lie running the ri*k ot the live* of all the member* of that body, and al*o hi* own lile; and for that reaion he would not coalesce with Mr. O Urien, or any man advoaatlng Ui* doctrine*. (" Hear," and cheer*) The Toriea ?o. t him (Mr. U'Conneli) to gaol lor keeping the peace?hut tbey could not keep him there, because they had no evi lenco of physical force doctrine* to bring against himbut cvidenco could theu be produce from the Nation, if I there wasany connexion wluca they could l>? made j liable to. That was one <f his reasons for disconnecting himself with Mr. O'Brien ami hii party; and another #??, for what the Nation laid as to the Association's eon- | nexioo with F rance. It said that they were promised anaistance from Kr?nce through M. Ledru Roll in an4 from other sources; but there *, a? no foundation for such a statement, and he would hold no connxxloa with a paper capable of asserting 10 grou falsehood.? ! U'hcert.) Hi?principle* were poaceable, anil he would not accept repeal if obtained by revolution or lorce, lieeauae the moment force was found to be a suocessiul weapon by one party, another was always prepared to 1 st?rt up and nsa it; so that if they even got repeal by the principles the Vu.<?, ? ? i~u up to" take it from ttiuni. (Cheer*) He weuld not, . therefore, bare repeal on any but moral lore* grounds, for then it would be permanent; liut if other* ne, the end of their victory would be a military despotism, or a lyaiem ct anarchy. Revolutionary warfare had a horrible effect on society. It had the effect of separating htllband* from their wivee, mother* from their dsughtera, and brother* from their sisters, ami wa? always mixed up with the confiscation of property (criea of " hear, hear"), whioh generally waa a transfer ef the property of the good and virtuous to the depraved and abandoned (Cheera.) They got emancipation by moral force, and they were not the won* for it. (Load ehrer* ) The Aaaooiatlon had a difficult card to play, tor thay were attacked on all aidea (hear, h*ar), for youngnwuattoctodtoitaUQ wroU for other papers, RE I JRMNG, SEPTEMBER Z *h*h K-ronot*! fur th* (U|>port tha Saliyni got in some 1 u iitTcr* n ? as a pity to tee >D ing n>cn oi talent en leathering to injure the cause ol Ireland. (Hear, henr) They ear I they wrre Resellers, mul agreed with the j

Association to a certain eatent; if tlioj did. why did they not work with it to a certain extent ' Rut instead of loin* ao the? were UiruwmK every obstacle in the way of repeal, and doing everything calculated to prevent ita Keltic carried cut Waa ha to lie told that moral means would not do t Waa not emancipation carried by it ' Talk of violence an I they would ihut out every moderate man What chance would they have of tlio I i >tettuit gentry in Meter, or of the Koinan ("utholic (entry of the other provinces, if they adopted physical force' (Hear, hear I lie implored Mr. Smith O'Brien' to throw away hia sword. (I^ud cheers) Let that patriotic (eiillemau recollect that on the state trials the chief document used against the repeal traverser* waa the Natie* newspaper which published that ridiculous poem entitled? Who feara to talk of Wf He (Mr. If* onnelt) did not fear to talk el Ito but he talked of it < > Irmti It >1 oud cries of he jr hear" and clivers ) That ret>*llion had proluced anarchy and blood, and but lor it the i nion would not have been carried. (Hear, hear > The hon and learned gentleman then want on to say, that the meaiuree of relief proposed by the present Parliament would not t>e successful, but had been ol use The argument |n|M> Iks repeul would have vamslwHl the aoment that the failure waa demonstrated lie had given the trial -he could not do more, i Hear heat." and cheers.I They would have the repeal and that repeal would alone be achieved by moral I though the Vssix-1,1110:1 parted sorrowfully with those w ho diitered from them, it had confidence in ths |<eople, aarf. above all, in the mercy and protection ol a generous (soil. (Load cheers.) 1 aplain neon. aica read a letter iron Carrickmacroas, nclosing hsli notes lui 1>, and also an addreas from the Hepealer* of that town, raiteraUag their sentiments of . nnft lerice in Mr <?'< onnell at the present crisis, when (as the letter aaidi "his ainc?rity and wisdom wore again triumphantly attested " Alderman Dtuvart, Watorford, hande.1 in ?40. Captain (* ? ? a promised the admission of Mr. George Ou>. inn . who. he stated was a most ras poo table mer chant hi mewry. oirnM At tbti atage of the proceeding, reapectahly dre**ej moil ?ho>f mar we und*r?tood to be " John Martin." ro*e to addrea* the meeting, but wji iimtantly Ini?mipt?ilby Mr 0'< onuell, who aaid he could not lietea to bim at be waa not a member of the Aaaociation, ad mor?oi?r, he had addreued to them a rao*t imjvei tliteut Utter Mr M iinii pe related in being hoard. Mr. O'* umn.i would uot allow it. (A Voica?" Par r?ui 11. Mr Mania") No, not 4M,u0o could obtain hi* admiaaon. (I hear*.) Thia cloaad the proceeding* of the day. Mr O't unniLL announced the repeal rent forth* week to bo I'M la 14. Mr. koutarv, of < abra Ca'tle, wm the a called to the chair and ihekmeuting lepaiaiaJ Kraatt. Our advice* from Pari* are to the l?th ult. The following appear* in a Utter of that data, publiahad in Wilmar* Tim*i . ? A* m at anticipated, the election* hare gone in favor of ihe Milliliter* The majority, in fact, u much greater tUau waa expected. By the (hawing of the opi>o?ition uevkipapera themi?elv?a, it i* not l*a? than 100; according to the organ of the government it run* from 100 to 1*3 or 130. It i* *uch a crutliing majority, m almoit to annihilate th* opposition All (action* ol the oppo*ition have giievoualy ?tillered. uotwahvtanding tfcey backed up each other without any regarl to principle. The lagitiuiut* in |?aiticut*rhave *u*tained hoavy loaae*; many of lh*ir b**t men having been ?ent adrift, and their rank* baing now reduced to 10 or 13. The Republican*, too. hava been f*ruou*ly drubbed. All their candidate*, as cepl uieir om stagers, lucn u? Ara||o, Hoiun, rages, vera in woful miuerities. and lumt ofthe smaller fry who were in the last ( han>l>cr have been sent to the wmIi tul calm of private lilt. The Hepubiicana, indeed, were never very strung, >n<l every day they are lotitig ground. Tbo I'irty oi Odillon Burrot has to l>eWAil many losses; and that which if peculiarly attached to M. Thiers cut a melancholy figure The poor opposi1 UoriHi. however, have had ttie satisfaction of gaining the victory in the Urgent constituency of this country?that of the second armndnnment of Paris ? which numbers upward! ol >00(1 elector*. Their triumph is the greater Irom the fact lhat the candidate they aucceeded in beatinf, wa( not only a thorough going partisan of the mi* ntetry, but had represented the dial riot for many years. I and potaeaaed greater personal influence therein than any oilier piivate individual. In a lew daya the new Chamber will ostemble, and be opened by the King iu person. It will not, how ever, transact any business beyond the verification of the election of each deputy This operation will occupy about a fortnight. An adjournment will then take place until the end of Dmwnber or the beginuing of January. The best mends of the ministry hoj>e that it will not l>ecom? so in?oJwt on the strength ol Us vait majority as to presume t* disdain the wishes of the country for moderate measures of reform. What if asked by sensible and reasonable men, la really very little. It ia only a reduction of the duty on nit, the adoption of the uniform system of postage, as in Eng and, or aome modification thereof, a revision of the tariffs, an extension ol the suffrage, the reduction of the Ave per centa, kc., all which might be granted without serious inconvenience or danger. There is no doubt that the Ministry is indebted, in very considerable degree, for its vmat majority, to the insane attempt on the King's life, committed by the madman Henry, on the 39th ultimo. This provea the hold that the dynasty of Louis Philippe baa taken in Um affection of the nation. Men may diOer as to the policy of this or that minister; and may not approve the part the King takes in carrying that policy into effect But the moment anything occurs to show that the King's life or dynasty is in danger, then the great majority of the olectori, which ii composed of the elite of tbe nation, rally round the throne, and the family, and the Institutions of Julv. 1830. I particularly request the attention of your con temporarios ol the Unitud State? to this fact In the few American journal* which coma under iny notice, i frequently seo it Mated that the French government (toes this and that, but the French nation thinks differently. There cannot possibly he a greater mistake than to separata the government from the people; and it is a mistake which, if persisted in, may lead to grave results. The Consul-General of Uruguay, has addreaaed a lettar to some of the newspapers, setting forth a communication he had received from M. Uuiaot relative to Mr. llood'a mission, by order of the English government, to Rosas. The Consul bad requested to see M. Uuicot personally, but the minister excused himsell, and caused it to be stated to him, by his secretary, that "the mistion of Mr. Hood is louts ojjlcimit?he is not charged U> terminate any tiling, on acoount ef his ancient relations * ith ltosas it was believed that he could make Itysas hear reason, but the policy ef the I- rench government has un- ' dergone no modification." The Cousul professes to be alaimedlest the interests of France should be made to sutler in favor of those of England. My opinion ta, that the publication of his letter waa only a clap-trap to thru.it himself before the public. He has boeu disappointed, however, for bcyomi printing his letter no newspaper thought it worth while to take any notice of him. Very little, indeed, has been aaid in the newspapers about the United Htates since my last One journal has published some long letters relative to the domeeOc |>olitics of Canada, and expressed therein an opinion that England would have no objection to get rid of Canada, if she were certain that it would not fail into the hands of the United States. The thinks that the United Htates will not be able to take any territory from Mexioe, except it be thai of the California*. It declare* tliat lk| only tiling that can ??vo Mexico would lie the re-estSRliihment of a monarchy. It declare* eiio tiiut iU deliberate opinion it, that Great Britain ceded nothing at all in the Oregon question tnat it waa essential to ber intereit to retain. The Prtut, the fame intelligt nt newi. paper that declared that the Oreron queition could not lettled, that the Oregon treaty would not be reified, and that Kngland intended to declare war agaiiot the United State* because Lord I'almerston got uu one mom ing in an ill humor, or for some cause equally grave.? The Prme says that it ia impossible that Mexico < an resist the United State*, and that every month she ''"lata to make peace the greater will Iwber sacrifice*, a?.i the more on?rou* lor lx-r interekt au'l lionar it doe* uot t>elifve th.it .San'j Anna will lelurn to >i?tico, for if he did, and were to make per.ee, the nation would rue against him Nor does the Prtitu think that Mexico will take the initiative of peac?, nor that the ottered mediation of England will be ac^tpted by the United state* It aayi, indeed, that Mr. Pakenham took upon himself nut to make the offer, although ordered by hi* government, liecause he knew that it would draw forth ' humiliating refuial." As, however, Lord Aberdeen and thr Monefi reel u?cuaia<i uin n n*u ?ir. rucniiim a pioceeiling will only have the affect or substituting "ndicule'.'for "humiliation " "A Ion* time ago," continue* U>a Piute, "we said that th?i offer of me tuition could only ha a mal,Ut'<ir or a menace, ior It must ueceasenly end in a refusal: which, patiently accepted, u a diplomatic tnde blow, bat which, being an insult, might be lor tha British cabinet a pretest andea means to paaa Ir?m an amicable intervention to an armel inlerven lion ? iThia piece or aatratagaitce is really printed ut large letter, in the /??n?e J bnt wa l>eheve no longer in intervention : If tba Kn RUafa Government had intended it we should have wen preparation* for it. tvidentl) Great Britain baa taken the wise pert of resignation and of retreat before the menacing program uf the so?er figpt) ot t(i" I'nited Mtate* in N'ortli America Kt?a the present It may be (aid that thia |>ower has ceaaed to be what it waa tlx montha ago, according to the expression. ol M. tiuizot?an American power Beyond the Atlantic, K.ngland la now only, like Kranre, Vpein, Holland, a colonial power. That ia lor her a sudden and an immenae transformation " After thia eloquent, an.l prolounil. Md truth!til tirade, the Pmif notices certain I items of American news, and then arrives at i anode. for | tUe pu.iHXo ol aoflng that the " Ust news is very menacing ler the British sovereignty , ami that the Koglish population ol (ana<la talk high of annexation to the United Htates." A few days afterwards the f*??a?? thought fit to croak over the United Mtutea. It stated mil |>ninounn u*u "r|?n iu mvirv in .tiftirn hiwi ibh the liovernment hid received money Irvm the clergy and private citi/ena to continue the war j that the "Am rican troveinment *aw itMlf menaced liy a very alarming diDgar"?that of the rmn| of the Indiana in the far Weil , ami that " the drama which ia being perfumed in Northern America would become complicate! in a inuch graver manner; yet, if cite mint *ee not a h?ut*dr of a jounialiit. but a *emi-ofllci?l menace ia the per* graph borrowed from tha London Momi?( CKt?nt,It, the lournal of Lord Palmertton, declaring tnat the noreaaity and the hour for intervention had arrived, made an appeal to tha coalition of European government* again*t American ambition." All thia *, no doubt, wonderinlly profound, but, for my part, I confaea that It *eem? to me to be nothing mora than the wretched twaddJe of a newipoper writer, who, in ttying to I* clever and far-teeing, unconacioualy become* ttupid. Upon the whole, tho projected change* in the Amen i IERA ?, 1846. can tarifl' have been receive.I with no rery great favor here. Though they are in favor, a* far aa they go, of French article*, it ia not tjelieved they will hare any honaliciul effect on the commerce of thia country. The ?/ouinai am ueoaiu iu)9 uiui uouung in uie pruposea measure pn*Mtt tube what its partizana represented ? a ort of ecuo to the great measure of commercial reform adopted by Kngland. "It hai been couceived," it adda, " not in !he view* of a liberal reform, but with the object of providing for the want* of American finance, now in the way of deficit. Whatever success may be predicted for the United States in the war which they pur ue against Mexco, thin war, after all, will cause very heavy expense* ; and as the product! of the customs are the beat source ot revenue?we might almost say the only one?on which the Federation can count, it haa naturally sought in this branch of impost the resources which are indispensable to it to establish the balance of its financial situation, and to sustain the struggle commenced with the Mexican provinces." Preparations for the trial of Henry, the fellow who fired at the Kiny, are proceeding aa far as the preliminary examinations go. The Chamber of Peers will shortly hold the trialT The bullets that were in tho pistol* have not been found, notwithitanding the stricteit search ha* been made for them. Thi* has cauaed the republican and legitimist newspaper* to declaro that iu all probability the pistol* were never loaoed. Henry himself has refused to state positively with what they were loaded. The same paper* have also stated that the i>istols were so small that they would not carry so far as from the spot where the man fired to whero the King stood. This, however, has beeu disproved lioin actual experiment*. In fact the pistol* were not ao small as represented. Professor Dew, of William and Mary Collage, Virginia, reached Paris few days ago, and died tho (lay alter his arrival, There is something peculiarly melancholy in a man thu* traversing the wide Atlantic, only to leave hi* bone* in a loreign land. The speech of M. Ledin Kollin, the republican deputy, uu reuniting uianu lur uia election, nil excueu me animadversiom ol the conservative journals, from hii contrasting the lorm of government of the United State* with that of K ranee, and comparing their consequences. Perhaps he went rather too far ; for he hinted that for the King to be flred at was almost a necessary consequence of a monarchical form ef government. Th? harvest may ho said to be entirely got in. It if fully ap to, perhaps beyond, the uaual average. Fennimore Cooper's " History of the United States' Na\y" has been trunslated into French, and is now being published. A notice oi Kmerson, and a critique of his works, has appeared in one of the reviews. It is, however, turiirikiiig, considering the frequent intercourse between the two countries, that so little should bo known of American writers. An educated Kronchmun knows the works of all the eminent authors, living or dead, of England, rind all are translated. Of American literature lie knows nothing but of the novels of Cooper, and even those only because they are accepted in KnplanJ. This country possesses 60 lighthouses on it* coal's, the lights of which can be seen at a great distance. It has also lOi lights of lesser importance, for the entry of porta, kc. The system of lighting the French lighthouses la superior to that of other countries ; and has been communicated on the demand of the respective governments to the United States, hngland, Norway, Spain, fee., lie. The annual regattas at Havre, have gone off exceedingly well. The h rench boats sailed, ana were managed better this year than last, and consequently had not the moitiAcatioa of seeing all the best prizes carried ofl' by the K.nglnh watermen an I sailors Nevertheless, the honors of the day ware decidedly in favor of the children of John Bull; and even Brother Jonathan, although ho had but on* boat, ran away with one of the second prizes, to the great delight of the American seamen who witnessed mo druggie, i no victory wu gamed by a whaling boat of New York, the Forget-me-not, nn<l was managed by Butter. It was a boat manned by Parisiaus that he had the satisfaction of beating: but it is juat to the former to aay that they aubsuiuently challenged the New Yorker to another taia]|oftkill, and that the challenge waa declined. An official report juat publiahed, aeti forth that in 1844 marchandiae to the amount of H3 milliona waa imported into Algiers, and the ?x]>ortationa amounted to 8 milliona. hD,000,000 franca were conaumed in the colony.? 17.000.000 franca of tho importations were supplied by France, 33,000,000 francs by other countries. The importations of Kngland to the colony are gradually declining, although formerly she poaaesaed them almost exclusively. Souie days ago, very alarming rumors were afloat that the King hail been again tired at and wounded, as also that|he had died from an attack of apoplexy. It is needless to say that there was not the ahadow of the ahade of truth in either atatement. An official inveatigation has l>ven set en foot by tho legal functionaries to trace the falsehoods to their source. 8ome say they were concoctcdfor speculating purposes on the Bourse and the op|>osition journals boldly (but, of course, falsely) aver that they were set on foot by the ministers themselves, for the purpose of frightening the electors into giviug them u majority. M. Sauzet will be again proposed by the conservatives for the Presidency of the Chamber of Deputies, and although he may be opposed, will ba elected by a largo majority. The Peers met on Friday, in their standing committee, to appoint the deputation of twenty-five members who weia to receive the King, on his arrival on the Palais Bourbon, on Monday. Tho Chamber of Deputies was to assemble for the same purpose on Sunday. Mr. Cobden, who was in Tar is, had received from a number of peers in Krunce, deputies, political economists, and merchants, an invitation to a grand banquet, to be ^iven to him in that city yesterday. On his way w i mn? uv mi'itDu ?u iuvjmuuu u) ume wim inc vmi'K t the CkdM il'K.n , and he accordingly joined the family dinner party at the Chateau, where be wai moat graciously and cordially received by the King, Queen. and Madame Adelaide. We underatand that hii Majeity (who speak* Kugliih perfectly well,) ahowed an intimate knowledge of the proceedinga of the anti-corn law league, and of the recent struggle for the repeal of the corn law* Speech of Lottie PlUlllppe. Gentlemen, Peer*, and Deputies,? I eipehence a lively satisfaction at aeeing yeu a**embling around me with ao much eagerneaa. At the usual period of your labor I shall communicate with you respecting the internal and external attain of the iteto. At preaent, in convoking immediately the two Chambera, in compliance with the charter, in lummoning the Peera appointed since last seaaion, and the Deputies whom > ranee hea Juat honored with her suffrage*. to take the oath before me, I am aniioua that you should receive at the aame time the asaurance of my active and unchangeable devotedness to our country, and ol my confidence in yodr sentiments towards me and my familv. I learned from my earliest youth to love and serve K ranee. Called to the throne by her wish, for the salvation olher liberty, I devoted my existence to the regular mainMMtoce of her institution^, and to the jieaceable developdMrm of her prosperity aud grandeur. There is no trial thai I am not prepared to submit to, and that 1 shall not endure, in order to obtain an object ao dear to my heart. Providence, I hope, will permit me, with tho Co operation ol the ( bambera, and the national assent, to insure the success of that petriotic labor. My children and yours will reap ite fruit, and if France, free and hanpy, retain an affectionate recollection of our common effort*, it shall be, gentlemen, our brightest and noblest reward. Italy. The accounts from Rome ere to August 4. The popularity of the aew Pope is unbounded, and nothfog else is heard in the state* of the church, but bleaIMfi on hia name. The amnesty has been fully carried info effect, and the persona aet at liberty have returned to their homes, to which they have been welcomed by tho uproerious applause ef their fellow townsmen. Tho rejoicings led to disturbance*, in the course of which tho Hwia* Guard was celled out* and several persons were killed. It is to be regretted, however, that neveral cardinal*, governors of towns and provinces, set their face* against the n>?a*ures of the Pope; one or two even went so far a* to refuse to publish the amnesty. Hi* holiness has held ht* Arst conswtory, in which he delivered a speech In Latin, thanking the cardinal* lor hi* elevation. The popular Cardinal iHxti ha* lieen nominited 8e<-retarv of Htate He entertain* the *ame liberal and en lightened views ? tiie l ope. Letter* from Florence, of the 6th intt., mention '.hat it was the intention of Cardinal tin. l, the new becretarv of Mate, to aecnlarite the government of the l ?l 'l dominion* According to hi* project, the higher ojit et ol the adminittrat'.a^. #uh the exception of those of Sec.etsry (i fttate ami General ( ommuuoner ol the four l,e pUsa*, are to be hereafter corrilded to laymen Ibose lsit two noet* will t>? h*M ?.? i illni and the other by < ordinal Amil The other offioea are to b* hcuUinod, aurti aa lit* government of Home and o( Im piovincaa, the department* o< luilirr, finance, mi l war, and the couaulta. or council. aitting at Room1 which ia to be coaapoaed of <Wt><it;**, choaen by (ha provincial iMaMm palai Tha I ate at intelligence from Mad.-Wl la the 10th ultimo On the v*tb Jaly. Mr Waabmgton Irving waa received in pi irate audience by the to takeleeve a* Aaaheaeedor from tba I nited Wain Ho hiiI that he aw charged by lk? Preaident to remit to the t^ueaa the latter recalmg hun lion baa noat.aod to ajaure bar Majeete of lb* I'reaideal a ardent ileaire to maintain tba aaairable relet to ? eo happily auhaieting between the two oountriea Ur inanell be aa* a red the t^uaen that be ahould alwa>a preeerve aaa private life tbe uiw anient deaare lai tba h*pp nee* ?f Npaiu. and tba <ame profound latere at id ita )oaag Hovareign aa be bad dona in hia official career , ead be aided Uaat ba took laeve ol ber Me e>t> in a idling bar a tone and happy Ufa, Md a reagn whack My ba eoaanted aa gleraeua in tba baetory of bar cowatry l'ba quvea.n iapl) aaad tbat aba learned with egret tbat be waa raralled Tbe wiabea tbat ba a* era aaad lor tba bap)>?aee* of *(>eniar ta ware ear* agreeable tu bar , aaad on tbat felarity abe foaaaded tbe uaMu aaaa be wiabad ber. ami tba glory of ber reaga Tie Might carry mU private lile tbe intiaaaU raavictaea tbat Ilia (rank and upright ceodtact bad rua?nb*ud to draw cloaor tba am* able relataooa eti?ung between North Aaaerica aaad tbe *pe*u>h hiiob . and bia dietinguiabeil I* i tuna] <juaiiti*> ba4 bar Mmb, ? htcli b? aaarilod bj Mf* liian oaa till# Two <tora iator Mr banodara, tba n? Mieiatar araa ro<-oi?a<1 by U>a i^nm Ha iMta ai fal Wa? >?'Ma.laaaa. tba Praa?.loat of tba torto.1 ftataa having nsaiaa U.I ma fcavoy Kitranrdl?ry ao4 Miniator rioni|>otent>a TV at Va4rM hoaeharfod aw to raoui ta rnr Hajoaly tba Utter whii h arci?aita na to jaa Tka fraaiJanl baa at tba mm t i?a anjotoad m toaaaora jour 1 ajaatj that bo M immM by a livalj aaad atartra -taaara a at mmlr to m ant am but to in* eloaar aa4 cbaar tba ba?u?< fron<laiu|> abicb biftd tof albor Um two cvuntriaa I profit bjr tbia occaawt to a>(<r*aa to your Majaaty Um aatialaclton that i paraaiaU) laol in |.iaaonUag ) nil to 111 1 tba aaaHW wbtch baa hooa < ?nft<to4 to *a at tka coo it ol a ttoTarotfn, wbooa mm aui tbiouo (Mr piuacoi) U JLD. Wc? TW? CMU. , lu?tr?te<l by the wiM m?uur?? wh?rh trrriMd a t* markahla inlluaiiro in th?> iIihuviiv ul lk? n-* u ... l of which the country 1 have the honor to 1*1 rsMitt turwii ao important a part." The Queen replied?" 1 have bear<l v? ith thr (irtiHt satisfaction the expressions of veritable f iiri>.Ui.i|. thai you have addressed II me in the uatne of the fr?nJ?il ol the United States, in remitting me the letter by wh* b be accredits you near my peraon Vou may assure him that my desire to draw closer and closer the hands which unite the two Mates is not lees lively and less iincare than that which he feela himself The flattering souve nir that you recal to me of the illustrious Quern ?hoa?' name I hear, and whose throne I occupy, redoubles ro> affection lor that part of the New World which she discovered, and of which the prosperity is, on that account, so dear to my heurt. Tho nappy choice that your coua try has made of the worthy interpreter of its sentiments will be a new guarantee for the cordiality which h?ppi1 ly exists between the United States and the Mpeniah na 1 tion." Home troubles appear to have taken place in the fUU lippine Islands, belonging to this country. | It appears that an expedition of two battaliena of troops I is secretly fitting out, with the knowledge of the Gov| ornment, for the Republic of the Kquator. What it is i to do there is not stated. Home accounts say that it ia j really intended for Mexico, to aid in re establishing monarchy in favor of a Spanish prince; but I attach no credit to the statement. The Gazette publishes a notice from tho Government of Mexico, notifying that the port of Acapulco is closed to commerce so long as it shall be occupied by the lnaurgent Uoneral Don Juan Alvarez. Tho newspapera have been a good deal occupied with the everlasting question of the Queen's marriage. There ia no domestic news of a political nature worth giving. Uennaarlc. The advicea from Copenhagen, are to August U. A royal ordinance reduces by one-fifth the duty oifthe tonnage of veaaels leaving Danish ports for Sweden, Norway, all the ports of the Baltic, Holland, Belgium, Kngland, France and Spain. The Duty on the exportation of rags is also reduced. The publication by the King of letters patent, relative to the succession of the Duchies of Srhleswig and Hoistein, has excited an immense commotion The object of his majesty, in which he is supported by the Danish people, is to incorporate the two duchies into the Daniah kingdom. They, however, being German, resist this attempt, and sturdily maintain their separate nationality. 111 mil vuoj ?iv au}>|iviu)u ujr uic Bjni|?avuy ui til Ufr* many. Iwltutland. On lit August, the people of Berne adopted, by a great majority, the now constitution. The discussions of the Diet have not beea of a nature to cull for any observation. The non revision of the Ked?ral Pact has caused tone excitement, but there has been no breach of order. One of the radical Journals gravely recommended the people to take a tire engine, and to souse the Coaservative deputies, and alter that to waylay and trash them. Such i< a specimen of the mani.dr in which the thorough democrats understand freedom of opinion. Germany. In most parts of Germany the Jews have to pay a special tax to the governments as Jews. The Austrian government has just concluded a bargain with the Jews of Hungary, by which, in virtue of a large sum paid down at once, this special tax is abolished. The inhabitants of blbing have seat ta address to Sir Robert Peel, complimenting him on the recent commercial reforms. In this country the ex-minister of t'"gi?n.i is held in the highest esteem. The labor* of the Commercial Congress, sitting at Berlin, were nearly terminated. "The difficulties raised in the last Congress of Carlsruhe," says the Efoque, "have been removed in the latter, and no solution could consequently be effected. The southern states of Oertnany bud protested anew against all increase in the tariff duties on cotton threads, whilst the northern states claimed that augmentation as indispensable for the prosperity of uieir manuiaciures. 'j'Uo rruxsian government, thus placed between the prohibitive system ami the ay stem of free trade, will, it u said, confine itaelf to publishing, after the close of the session of the Cong real, an impartial statement of the debates, in order to prove to the merchants, manufceturers, and agriculturist!, of Germany, that the long desired solution of those questions can only be arrived at when the general interest shall have succeeding in triumphing over private interest*." Russia. In Livonia convertions of Protestants to the (Russian or Oreek church are going on very actively. This favors the policy of the Czar, which4s to make all the difterent people of hi* vast dominions of the same faith, as a stop towards making them speak the same language, and amalgamating them into one and the same people. The ratifications of the treaty of commerce between this country and Turkey have been exchanged. India. The usual extraordinary express, in anticipation of the long-delayed overland mail trom India, reached London on Tuesday, the 11th inst., bringing advices from Bombay of July 1st; Calcutta, of June 19th; and Madras, of June 22d. The only news of any political importance they convey, is that of the surrender of Kote Kangra, which was given up unconditionally on the 28th May. The British troops arrived before the fortress on the 28th of May, with 6,000 men and 90 pieces of artillery, and have returned home under UUUI. I1IUC3 wmeu uuvo rureiy aiiacneu to sueli an expedition. No sooner had they arrived at their destination, and manifested their intentions, thau the garrison threw down their arms and surrendered at discretion; nay, ibllowed up their submission by the most anxious desire for the protection of the British authorities. The Governor(runeral and Commander-in-Chief continue at Simla; the latter is about to inspect the stations on the Jutlindar Doab, and will probably visit Lahore. In the Sikh capital, the formation of a government is proceeding slowly enough; the refusal of the Kajah of Moulian to pay his usual tribute, or acknowledge his liabilities, will probably teat it* real power. He appears to have been disposed to negotiate, and t* have offered ?60,000 sterling in liquidation of his liabilities; the result of this dispute will afford some notion of the strength of the Lahore government. In Scinde, the measures of Sir Charles Napier appear to have produced the best effect. miscellaneous. Indian Corn.?The anticipated total fsolnre of the potato crop in England, Ireland, and Scotland, has caused the price of Indian corn to rise from 25s to 32s a quarter, durinu the last thiee weeks. The quantity in the Mediterranean is ?aid to be very small. Wo expect that America will be enabled to reap a golden harve?t in the sale of this article in England. wrnuhologv.?Mr. John Audubon, the ton of the distinguished American naturalist, has recently arr:ved in England for the purpose of taking drawings of some specimens or American animals in the collections in this country, in order to complete the work on the quadrupeds of America. The specimens required are principally those from the territories of the Hudson s Bay Co. and those brought home by tho expeditions in search of a north-west passage. One specimen in the British Museum is supposed to be unique. Lord Elgin, Governor ep Canada.?We havw the gratification of announcing the appointment of Lord Elgin as governor-general of Canada?an appointment which atfords tho highest satisfaction in England. We know it will be a matter ot serious regret to tho people ?f Jamaica that his Lordship does not return to resume his office in that colony, which he has fulfilled in a way that ! has commanded the esteem and respect of all parties. Jamaica will long bear traces of the benefits conferred upon it by Lord Elgin, by the encouragement and aid which his Lordship gave to agricultural improvement, and which, at the prei sent moment, must prove of the most important service. The nice discrimination and other high Qualities which Lord Elgin has displayed for too unties of a colonial governor, especially recommend hnn to the important post of governing the j North American colonies. This appointment reflects great credit On the whig government of this I country, as it is well known that Lord Elgin i* particularly opposed to the administration of Lord John Russell. The selection has been made solely in reference to his Lordship's qualifications foi the discharge of this distinguished post.?Ltvnpvol Aug. 19. Tn?. Noun American Mail Cowtiuct.?The select committe* np|?nnt?4 to inquire into the circumstance* connected with the granting of the prekent contract for I the rouvevance of the mails from Kualand to Halifax and Button, aud alio into the circumstance* connect*! with the granting ?f any new or the extension of the existing contract for the uno purpeae, have considered the several matter* to them referred, and have agreed to the following report:? " 'J hit youi committeo have inquired into the circum atancea connected with the granting of the present con tract for the conveyance of mail* from England to Hali fax and Boston, an well aa other mattera referred to themand are of opinion that the arrangement hai been concluded on terma advantageoua to the public aervice, and have been moat efficiently performed by Mr.Cunard. I " But your committee do not wish to expreaa any opinion whether a more advantageoua one might not have been entered into had the tender been thrown opon to public competition. ' \ our committee, however, cannot bnt regret that the above arrangement* involve conaequencea injuriotia to the (Jieet Western Hteamihip Company , and considering the meritorious character of the aervicea rendered by the latter company, and its priority of establishment on the New York line, will be glad if, on any fatare extension of the Royal Mail aervice, it receive! tho i favorable conaideration of the Itovernment" A trtaw aitir HaaAN Sards.?On Tueeday three launch ea took place Tho flrat in site anJ importanco wae the Urge and beautiful iron ahip, the Morah Mends, named aftor the tody of Thomas Kaixia. Ksq , one of tbo ownera, muitded to run aa a regular " liner" between thia por? and New York, and with a etoem-worked acrew prop* ler aa an auxiliary to her aaiia, launched from tbo bulla in? jwdoiMi John uianthwn. The ?hip u of very lino m