Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 5, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 5, 1846 Page 2
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roolel built fro-n drawings by our talented townsmen, I Tr John rjruntham. and appears at if she would twrn out a li'gulir clipper " The following are her dimen?ion? L?tigth of keel lad feet Onto over tigure head and tati'riil :no " Ream 3j " Depth of hold 2'J feet 6 in. Tonnage, o. M, about 1000 tons. Ditte, n m ISjO " Slio is clencher built, and double riveted throughout, the strongest svstem in iron ship-building When load< <', iibe will draw about eighteen feet of water, and, though of beautiful form will carry, in addition to her renttj.e ) fuel about WOO fon? of good?. Her after-cabins will irotnfortably accommodate sixty pas?enireis, and there ia ample room lor recond ami thiiu class voyagers The icr?w will be turned by a douhie condensing engine, of OOfl hor?e power, working directly upon ih e *'>sft, on the print' pie patented by Mr. (Jrantham.? The diameter of llie ?cretv is fourteen feet, and is on Ihn principle patented by Mr VVooJcroft, of Man Chester The engines anl boilers are all some feat below the lot I wa er line, and, in place of causing topheaviness will ??-rve as Imlla-t ("apt W. Thompson, fo-merly of the Stephen Whitney part owner, an I will command her Her rig will be peculiar She will, from her ureal length, have four masts, the two in flu t'i.,1 lln c,iiurit ri?r?r??rl i jvith vnr<l? l nnd lhi? tun at ttic extremities with fore and alt sails The vessel is divided into i.x compartments,by live water-tight iron bulkhe ?ds firing irreat safetv 111 case of collision at sea, or of stranding Tho ship has a tine fiddle head, with delicately carved floriated on the trail boards Immedintely after the launch, which took place at aNout halfp??t one o'clock. tlie invite 1 company, to the iniinher of upwards of 4iW ladies and gentlemen. sat down to a substantial nnd sujierb iltjmner in the mould room of Messrs Hodgson's est iblishment The apartment, which is of great *i7>\ wa< ceiled and completely lined with British in 1 Vmericau Hags even the windows on all sides covered by them a? with fancy gauie curtains There were tea tn?'(es acro?i tho room, and one long table uniting them ou the e i*t side, at which the rhaiiinan Mr. Sands, fit with his more immediate relatives and friends near lii n Among tho?e present we oMtrred Mrs. Sands. Mias 'an is. Mr. San ls. jun , the Kev. Ur Tattershall, Mr Addey an I family, ( apt. Jevons, and lady. Lady Paget Capt I arpenler, I'ol Clarke Miss Reeves. Captain Allen and lady < apt Sovler, Cant V unlock. Mr. J RAllen. Mr Councillor Tyrer and family. Mr. Watklnf nnd litdv. Mr Mould and family, Mr Vause and lady, Mr Parker and lady. Miss Briscoe, Mr Joshua Edwards, Mr W Drury, Mr K?rr, Mr Fostor. Mr Pre tmsn, the Rev Mr filadstona and familv. Capt Harrison and lady, .Mr Shield, \1r. T Tobias, Mr (J W Tobias Mr. f haa. Turoor and lady. Mr I) La* ner, of Lon on, Mr. Ogden, Mr (liantbam, Mr Ulalr. Mr Councillor Booker.' apt Thompson. Sc , &c The* weie of an exceedingly interesting character, and the joyoua scene appeared lo be enjoyed to tho lull by every one present.? Lti try on I >tatl Stkam to Hio ?A regular line of steam communication between England and the Brazilian Empire, is about to be opened, by the sailing of the Antelope from Liverpool for Hio. Slie sails on the loth of September. Lit i irrriav r*tti.??Mr W Chute, of Tralee. lias chow fit Limerick The smallest it only 'J3 inches in h?ignt. though rising two years old?Globe Kfk*cth n p thk ?t* Tiiiifr tur - -Throughout Germany. Holland and Belgium, where provision* are very dear, the rose ia price it attributed, in h great measure, to the purchases for Kngland. consequent upon the changes in our Corn lu?' nod tariffs , and which, among the inauufactuiiiig population, are extremely unpopular ? They view the effect of these measures, a> effecting them in three distinct and separate ways Kirst : The Er>g!i<h siy they will 1>? provided with food cheaper than heretofore, which will a id to the other numerous a (vantage* w hich we have in the competition in our manulacturet in tieu'ral corfhtriot Seeon J : The price ot food iJ raited upon them, which will t ike away from their advantages ; and In-tly, the example of England not only fumi<ho? the partie* on the continent, whose interests are bett promoted by tree trade, with a powerful argument in its favor, but it ulso incieatcs their raoUves for urging it. Sp>nish Import Dvtici os Cotto*?The following royal orJonn ince, modifying the import duties on cotton, has just been promulgated :? Art. 1 Cotton from foreign ports and colonies, which are nut pluccs of the production, will continue to pay the pre-eutduty. 3 Cotton cnuiine direct from the foreign carts where It is produced, will pay a customs duty of tiro per cent. ?u tun valuation of V66 reals the quintal S It a io>?'l ai riving at ttie Havana, or at Porto Rico, demand the depot of their cargo without discharging it shall tie granted on paving a duty of one per cent , and the name amount on Ic tving and a duty of three per cent at tiie pun of its destination 4 Cotton coming from the Spanish colonies, and of 1 ?pan.?U production, will continue to pay the present duty. a. Tlie preceding provisions only relate to cotton imported in Spanish bottoms ; cotton in foreign vessels will continue to pay the duties hitherto levied. Our private ac ounU from Norway represent the direct trade oi th it country with Kngland as being rapidly inerea-nig Prior to their tariff reform in IS4J, fourfifths of their goods were received from Hamburg ; last yoar. at Icik! on? half were received direct from this countiv, an t iathe present year the direct imports from SO gland will amount to at least liuee fourths ot the whole. ' osumcui Tsicatv betwkei asd Bsi.,i -m ?After a separation of sixteen years, during -V -ich some blood and more gall were shed, Belgium an 1 Holland have Men the e.ior of their wuys, arid U?vf. 1 Uc Peachein and Lockit. felt that they were both j>i he wrong The consequence lias been, that, yielding to the peaceful and commercial genius of the age, they have entered into a treaty which has been already signed in Holland, and which, within the preseut week, will, doubtless be ratified at Brussels The present King ot Holland, it is well known, entertains none of the bigoted prejudices of hi" late fattier towards the Belgian people, and it will, therefore, excite no wonder that he has conceded to Antwerp a participation in the Dutch I'.n(t India trade During the union of the two kingdoms, the enjoyment < f n puition ot this trade gieatiy mcrea-ed the wealth wnd p osterity of Antwerp, and the permission now accorded to the Belgians, to import 8,000,t?00 kilos, of Java produce in Belgian bottoms, cannot fail to be acceptable to a people wholly without colonies. The sugars, leathern, f incy woods, colfoe, ricc. indigo. anJ tobacco, ?? well ai the tropical fruits and vegetables, will lurnish many asiorted cargoes to the merchant* of Antwerp and Ohem, ? . lie they make ex hange again*' the?e commodilies ol their wove and manuiactured stuffs. In the introduction of these latter, and aUo in the introduction of uad" into Holland, Belgium is to hare some advantage-", while she, on her part, reduccs tne duty on young cattle in liivor of Holland. H hitr these w ise ainl Iriendly act* are being performed by ancient, and, it was supposed, irreconcilable enemies, is il.ere any approximation to a commercial treaty between hngland and France f This is a subject rt transcet.dant i.iijioi tauce, and must be kept steadily in view. Amkrica.n Pkoki'ce?'the following suppliescomprise liin principal portion of the most noticcable arrivals w hieh have taken place Horn tha United States of America and Canada <;un..g the pat<t week The Jane, from Montieal. brought l,o40 i.auels ol flour, and S.415 minon of heat; the >10toha, ai rived at Liverpool liom Now \oik, biougnt 4002 barrels of flour, the laige number of 11,370 huabela, and 74 j sacksj>f wheat, 6-JO tierces of beef, and bushels ol Indian coin, the Alliou, at the same port, 5>lso from New Vork, 1000 barrels ol flour, 'J,613 bushels t, and 4,101 busnel< ol Indian corn; the t'nuce 4\ i>nt, lioin Huebeo, 4.04,> barrels ol flour, the produce t L.iiada; tne Arabella, irom New V oik,9,900 barie,*of tto t the Kobert and Ann, Iroui Quebec, -i.Hdl bartulsof floui ice.; the Undine, Irom Quebec, J.144 barrels ol (lour mid i articles, tho Calliope, Irom Quebec, 7,07e tiarrcls ol flour, and the large number ol I4,Jsj staves for coopers use. And the lollowing, comprising the latest aruvals at the pott of Liverpool, all loo > place in one day .?the Paul Jones, Irom New Yoik, 7,4.?w banels of flour, Am. ; tho .>lonongahela, Irom New Orleans, 1,196 sacks ol In nan corn , the Va&oo, lroin New Orleans, :i,ft7 j sacks ol corn, Kc.; the Fidelia, from New Yoik, 3. lot bairels ol fluur, ISti barrels ol lard, several pucK nget of uami, tongues, Uc ; the Lauia. Ham New Orleana, 4,io7 tuck* ol wheat, Ate.; tue John dimming, irom New*. J.jJi liuuels ol flour, l.d^J sacks 01 wheat, and 2,Mi sajk? ol In nan corn; the ?.1 na'tetlt, I rum Montieal, J nxrieli ol tlour, 1 :tti Ijanelt ol |>orK, mid I0,i kegs ol Uu.ier ; (he yueeit ol the 1'jue, trolit .Montreal, 7 ,li4t' mmuit ol wheat, l,u7u tianela ol Hour, and 1<0 Keg* ol lntiier, the Lavnna, irotn .Montreal, J,oi7 barrels 01 tiuur buz., the Mary, lrom yuetisc, l,d7t> barrel* ol flour, the 'overualc, liom Mohlieal mid Quebec, "J,160 battel* ot Hour, Si hairoia of pork. sevei al of nauis, un.l 4 6<s4 bushels oi wheal, the Jane, liom Km utre.ii unit Quebec, 3,3o0 bariel* m Hoar, etc , besides numerous vessels irom the provinces of ca.ia la, St John'*, .New biuuswtck, aud oi.ier ports ol ,\onli America, laaen entirely with wood goods ol American produce.? London ^iug. 17. Kuril^u TIkiiiiIimIH. The following actor* and actresses were engaged in London * lien iii? steamer tailed, vjt. At uwr .Majesty . i h?-a,re.-Mudaiiie Grlsi, Mile. San chiof, .Ma Cast liaa, Signor ( ornasari, biguor Labial-lt?. 8i.;iior r. La Mac tie, Siguor Uotul.t, stgi.ot .vlano, Mile. lagiioni, Mile. Lucne urahtt, .Mile cento, .Mite. Ja.ur*, ...lie llouure, M. St Luou, Mile. LanKureux, L Armour, Mile Julian, L'Hymon, Miles. Ca>tan and l>eut*i, se, >1 I'errut, Mtrcure. At .ha 1 heattc Itoyal, urury Lane ? M Couderc, M. Uaneiie. < Uilauoy, ,ulle. Chartou, Madame Outcliard, Mauaoie Mtacabe At tue i ,ioc:re Royal Lyceum. ?.Mr. Koiley, Mr*. Ktcley, iVlr. UlUUear, .kir. 'luruer. and Mitt Howard. At tue fitoce-*'* J'lieatro ?Mr. J.M. Maddux, .Madame Vcstri*. .Mr. cna,let Mntncw*. At tue 1 tiCB io ttoyal tJelplu?Ma lama Celeste, Mr. 8? by, Mr vv right, Mr. O. Smith, Alttt Mien chaplin. Ai 'i Jame?. I'uoatre.?M. Cari.gny, >1. Li.'i, M. 'Joig?: nit, ..j. i'ourtoit, Madame Lroset, .Mile, lleloise, ML*. IU. ..el. Ai tuj iu-..itre, Sadlei't Well*.?Mr. I'ltelpt, Mr O lie,.h?it, Mr. H. Martion, Mr. Lietwick, Mra. fiUUhil? II, .'IIP. <1 Ai .iie 14 .teen's Ablngtoo, Mrs. H. Gor(Jon ih? Haymsiket Theatre closed on the 7th August, after being "jifn ooi consecutive uights Ihe ^uyiuy i iait? ?aj s nat ou tne ia<i evening ?ir. Webster came lorwaiJ, uii'j <Jcln>ereu a niioit but excellent ad<lie?s to lite >. ii. u>.e. We are uet lain that every trteuii ol the win rejoice to learn that me ?eu?on has been a uioti i?i i ,*iuui oue, an i mat Mr. iVebater, encourageJ b) t..?r tuppvii ue lias tacetveU from tu? jiatilic, prouimos U> I'.ujun at me Itay iu<i ket uuiing me ensuing ?.canon, " tailing . um? net oj u.iti.h inaiiuiactuie," by ma most <1. i ? *" '<i>aiQ4 iitt oi ibe aay, as Waii es oy "otueri > yei uu. uj?utg tasie, or pe.uaiiy ?ot dramatically upeaaiiig ' +?ua. iMlion wm expecte 1 in London in time to sujHiinUin tue iem-ar??i ol hu new oratviio, "Klijah," i uiiipt 'I lor >tiiiiiiii|(Ua:n Kestiv*ij ? hich took j.i?r? in ilie H tauter tuumi, ou tue ^Utu August. tia> .ra M rngagea lor il.c Unluingbaoi r e?uval. He will >u- mil iiiv t.-.?vr part in lliinteii"^^," iu? til* . |'|f ti??K'a at IM Hireling ol tue thr*e . iioiri was at <t. . r it i, in I il?i, ju.i a veuiury n^? i i ..>? i-;ailan, na-ilia i urtieri, .?iai i as, Ciabatte, ?i.? VaiiMtMri will porloim several popular ope.a. n.i? imvi iii, ?t i Uttiuigu, tiiasgow, ana uuonu, un i?r tne aire im.i vt K.^mh itmiii .tu efficient nana ana chorus wnt a.tiia^4uy tue fariy lioai Luna^D. < MiamuiiaainiiMlai tmiis. ana ?ill make her apaii .? at Uie Ac a ie one Hoy tie d? Aluai^ue, id " l a * quita. or tha Dlahla'a Quatra " So tuccettful wa* her visit to Dublin. during her sojourn in England. that instea l of performing only five nights, as the at first intended. ine gave nine representation! in that city. The lAi-erponl Mercury states that Mr. Edwin Forrest hat taken hit departure suddenly by the g jod thip Rochester \!r F wat advertised to take hit farewell ba- j nefl1 at L'verpool but did not do so. It l( certain that he frit much Jisappointed at hit reception on thif. hit last vitit ; hut in realitv ho hat no one but hitnielf to blatne Me engage I at a theatre not fitted for the repre mentation?he played partt in which the public had teen him in other and better placet?parti, too. in which that pu die had awarded the palm of tujiertority to Macready and Charles Kean The only novelty he attempted was Matamora. and no talent could uphold snch a drama at tha'.. Had Mr. Forrest ofl'ered anything at once now and endurable, tho public would not have deserted htm. Many characters were suggested for him?Zanga, Bajalet, Octavi&n, Gambia, until the rest?but he stuck to Macbeth, Lear, and one or two other parts, in which it was eviden* the l"iblic rr>in 1 had long been made up not to acknowledge ttim The general opinion appeared to be. that on his physical abilities (not his mental ones) he mini rely John bull was prepareu to receive mm ?nn open arms hi a melodramatic actor, not a* a tragedian We are informed that he will make a tour of the State*, anil then quit the Mage for ever. Ho in the first American actor, anil hii will create a void not speedily to be filled up A Miii Addison, of whose beauty and talent much hat been said, is to be the heroine at the Surrey, In the tragedies preparing for Mr. Slacready. Mr 11 Betty is engaged for four nights at the Margate Theatre Mr Gustavus Brooke is. it is said, to play a short engagement at the Haymarket. Mrs and Mr Walter Lacy, Mrs. C. Jones, Mr Wilkinson Messrs Cowall, (?en. and jun). Mr Cockerill, a Mr. Ii.ivilge, Mr i Beer Johnson. Mrs. Gordon, i.nd Miss ( bai lex are engaged at the Olympic, which open* at Michaelmas. The < ity of I.ondon re-otians under the management of Mr K Homier, attne latter end of last month The Princess's Theatre, it is said. has closed; notwithstanding tho attractions of Mr and Mrs. Charles Mathews, the houses have been very indifferent of late. In consequence of the sudden, and we rtgret to state, severe indispo?ition of .Mr. Keeley, tho Lyceum Theatre was closed one night As Mr. Keeley has performed in nearly all the pieces whlc.h have been withdrawn, it was found impossible to substitute other entertainments Mr WiJmot has lelt the Lyceum, and his duties are. it is said, to be entrusted to Mr. Wallack. On dit, Mr. Wilmot joins Mr Iluun Mr Barnard Gregory, will, jt is said, appear at the Haymarket shortly as Hamlet, Mr. Webstor letting this thsaire lor a week or two, to some gentleman formerly connected with the Histrionic or some other dramatic club. M iss Joy ner has opened Margate Theatre with great spirit Mr Tyrrell is the stage manager, Mr Warren the low comedian, a Mr Kanke, (an actor of promise) light com< dian. and Mrs Gurner. the leading lady The house has been very respectably attended Mr Henry Betty and other stars are announced to appear The Ra- 1 neligh Gardens have had a public breakfast and prome- 1 nade ; Tivoli a masquerade Tho Assembly Rooms arc open every evening with uconcert and ball. Mr C. Chambers Kainel, author of the " Dance of Death." nnd seveml other poems and dramatic pieces, has latelv written a poem called " /ulmiera," or. " The Slate's Revenue." the subiect of which is founded noon historical associations connected with Antigua, in the time of the Commonwealth of England. Tile European Corn Trade. [From the Mark Lane Express, August 17 ] The complaints respecting the potato crop have become so universal as to create considerable uneasiuess ; , tint11 ve v recently wc were disused to believe that the i mischief likely to result from the disease, which hps for j the second time attacked this crop, had been greatly ex- ' aggerated We were, therefore, induced to tako more than ordinary care in collecting informatiou on the sub- j ject and are sorry to say that the reports from corres- ; ( undents in whose statements we are hound to place the i fullest reliance are of a nature sufficiently alarming.? j That the disorder prevails eUensively all ever England, , Scotland, and Ireland, no longer admits of doubt and that its effects will be more severely felt than last year is nearl) as certain In the first place a less breadth of land whs planted than usual this spring, owing to the doiiMs reasonably entertained as to the policy ot putting much ground under thfl crop whilst the origin and nature of the disease of the previous season remained involved in mystery. The severe drought of May, June, and part of July, was certainly very unfavorable, inasmu h as moisture is highly needed by this plant during the summer tnou'bs ; and it is more than probable that the produce from this cause alono would have been very short, even if there had been no return of the blight, murrain, or whatever else the disorder in question maybe termed. Under thee circumstances a very material deficiency must, we fear, lie reckoned on ; and substitutes of tine sort or other will be required to an extent which is likely to iftct prices of almost all articles ?f food. Vn unusuxlly large consumption of wheat is. therefoic. likely to take place during the autumn and winter, an>l we much question whether the value thereof w ill long continue as low at it is at present. The wc ither has. during the week, been unsettled, and harvest operations havo been more or less, interrupted by the showers which have f.illen at intervals. Should that portion of the crop still out be secured in good order, the produce of wheat of t e Un ted Kingdom would, wc think, fall little, if any. shut of a full average ; but there is still a great deal in the fields north of the Humber, the quality of which stands in danger of being injured, unless the weather should become really tine. Some mischief has iilrehdv hem dune, the hnut mid moisture hnvinir m MTWImMKMimimj the corn to sprout in the ear ; these cases aie |?rliu|>i at present rare, there having been f ir lest rain in the north than in the south, where comparative!) little wheat is now abroad. The showers have, nevertheless, caused a feverish and uneasy feeling ; atid holders of wheat have ihotrn much less anxiet) to reali/e. whilst the inclination to get into stock has decidedly increased Hitherto no ver> great change lias occurred 111 prices, but the tendency has heen upwards at all the leading provincial markets held sluce our last. At Liveipool, on Tuesday, business was rather checked by the liigh pretentions ot sellers ; still a good many sales ol wheat were effected at an enhancement of ad to 3d per Td lbs on the curieney of thai day se'nuight, whilst American Hour moved off freely at an advance of r>d per hbl Later in the week the demand for both these articles was less active ; still the rise was well maintained on Friday. At the leading towns in Yorkshire, tolerable supplies ofulieuthave been brought forward, which has tended to prevent any material rite in quotations ; the turn Was, t'CVtrthefess, against the buyer both at Leeds and Hull on Tuesday, whilst at Wakefield on Friday the best qualities sold readily at an advancc of per qr on the i curmtf of that day se'nmght. In the western and northwestern parti of tho kingdom, the rise has heen more decided than at the places already referred From Birmingham we learn that old wheat found buyers on Thui?<lay at Js., and new at 3j per qr. more than nil that day se nnight. At liristol, the adranoe wa< neatly to tho same extent, as well as at several of the neighboring maikets. From the chief shipping ports on the cast coast, the accounts are of a similar n.ituro One ol the principal causes assigned by tellers for the firm tone they hate all at once assumed, is, that the yield of the wheat from the straw, what put to the teat o( thrashing, proves much below expectation. Many farmers express themselves greatly dissatisfied on this point, but too little is at pre?ent known to admit of a very accurate estimate ol the total production of the kingdom bein^ termed ; it may, pretty safe1) concluded that the crop ot IH40 will not turn out so suj>erabiindant as was at once predicted. The fact that prices of wheat ure uctually lower in most ol the countries from which (ireat Bntain usually draws supplies when she requires foreign aid, than they are in Kngland, is also calculated to impart confidence to holder* of the article. Kiance, Belgium and Holland.?ff >id better markets at present than Kngland . and so long as this continues to be the case, slupmenta lroin the tialtic are not likely to be made to this country. We have, therefore, come to the conclusion that wheat it not to fall to auch I uinuuily low puces a* wi? at one tune anticipated U> our BdvicM fiom Scotland. we learn that the ome what firmer tone of the account) from the south, with the pread ol the |<otato <li*ea*e, hail caused bolder* of molt Kinds of Kiuiuto raise their pietension* , and at fcdinburgh, an well at tU Ulaago*. wheal, t>a le> and oat*, aa well as flour and meal, were held at enhanced term* on Wednesuay. Moat of our letteia from Ireland allude to the potato disease ; but quotation* ol wheai and oat* do uot ap|>*ar toliavfl been much eliectcd by the anticipated scarcity of the staple article ol lood to the poorer cla.aea '1 he arrivals ol wueat coastwue L'lto London have been very small, only 3rid& quarters having been rei?oi ted up to thi* (Saturday) evening The quantity exhibited at Mailt Lane by laud carriage samples Irom the home countiea has alao been scanty in the extreme ; indeed, the Kasex, Kent, and Suffolk a tan J a were nearly hare, both on Wednesday and Friday. The disposition to buy was certainly greater on the lint of theae day* than in the commencement of the week, though no ad vance could then be established. On Kriday, however, factois retuaed to accept lotmor rates, and the lew infiling baigaim closed wcie at pricea about I* per quarter above those of Uiat day se'nmght. The supeiior quality ol the new wheat hitherto brought forwaidh-is rendered the millers anxiouito secure a jKirtion, and it has consequently commanJed higher ratci than oil. The bait iun< ol red huve not been sul; t.elow 4-" or fin* white under 64s, whilst picked sampW* have brought J* per quarter over the?e term*, i he average pi ices, aie, ueveitlieless, low ; and it ii now certain that the duty will, in the courts ot a fortnight, rise to 10s per quarter, the maximum point under Mo existing law*. it is alread) Ms. having advanced a itepon I'liursday laat ; and nt thai o is a demand lor bouded wheat lor export, it if not likely that any which may yet retch u? tioin abroad will )? entered lor home consumption During the wi-ek several purchases of lock Wheat have been mad* lor *hip<nrm 10 France and Belgium, at prices relatively higher than could huve been oiitaineu lor similar qualities duty paid; am] tne quantity now in liond lieie i* quite uuioipottaiu Foreign heo wueat has likewise excited some attention , on Wednesday aeveral parcel* Changed hands at terms not previously ohtaiuaole, wuilst on Kiday hue D.uwig. Kostock, and other Uvorite sort*, brought quite Is i*ti quarter above the rate* currant in , the beginning ai me week. 1 he improvement in the wheat trade has caused battel demand lor flour ; the nominal ton nrice ol town made lias remained stationary, but itup itotploi Iiiva been held Is pei tack higher. American Hour has been iu mthcr lively roquest, and tome important sales were made toward# tne Uo?e ot tba week ai ratos tid to 1* per barrel above tho?e current on .Monday. Ol Lug lull barley only 4i?j qra have rome to hand, whilst the loreign leceHod lias <>eeu warehouse 1 under Iock . the quantity exhibited lor tale baa, conaequently, been smell. 1 nia grain ha?, nevertbeleaa, aoid very slowly ; and we can nolo no improvement, citboi in tba demand lor or the valuo of (hia aiticie. The iraneaotions in molt bate likewue been on a restricted Hcule , and transactions have undergone no change requiring notice. The arrnalsoi oats irom our own coast and Hcotland have (wen trifling in the extreme ; and of the I qra. received Irom liwland. the greater portion came to hand previous to ,?ion?Jay, tiiougn not in ume to be included in laat week'* ll?t o( supplies. from atiroad the supplies hare aiao lallen oil', bui there is still some quantity on parage Irom Archangel Until Wednesday tne pilucipal dealers continueu 10 conduct their opelanona with extreme caution j suite iheh, however, the inclination to get into stock haa certainly iucreaae.1, and on huday ^ rather large puicuases were made, at pnoes OJ. to Is I III MM? par nr. above those current in tho commencement of the week F.nglish beam have become very scarce, the itocki of old having been reduced into a narrow compin, and no new having been brought forward The article ha*, consequently, been held with much firmneii, and former ratei have been well maintained Peaa hare alio come sparingly to hand ; and the recent advance has been firmly instated on. Some ?tir ii being made respecting the duties on thi* article and rye, which have, since the new corn law went into operation, been levied according to the averages of barley Thii. we think, could scarcely have been the intention of tho framers of the bill, as instates might easily occur that might render it advisable to admit one article at a low duty, whilst it might be equally desirable to have a higher rate imposed on another To put a case, we will suppose that the crop of barley ii abundant, whilst beans and peat are nearly a failure Would it, under such circumstances bo either fair or politic to discourage the importation of the Utter article*, though greatly wanted, because barley happened to be plentiful and cheap?? Such, however, would b? the working o; the existing scale. Krom the North of Europe the account* are of precisely the lamo character ui before, and scarcely anything appears to have been done in wheat at the leading ports in the Baltic. A letter from Danzig, of the 8th instant, inform: u? that rapid progress had been made in that neighborhood with the rye harvest, but that wheat cutting had not yet been commenced The weather wai then, and had tor some time been, very fine; and. though it was expccted that the yield i f rye would be rather light, no great deficiency was calculated on. Business had throughout the week been exceedingly dull, and, with the excep tion of a purchase of 260 lasts of inferior wheat at 34s to 36s per qr , on Dutch account, little or nothing had been , done for export. From the lower ports the advices are of evea less interest; indeed quotations of wheat at Rostock, Stettin, ice., have for weeks past been little better than nominal; nor will the value of the article meet its level until the harvest shall have been completed and supplies begin to bo brought forward by the farmers, By the most recent accounts it ttppear* that 43s to 44s per qr , free on b?ard, continued to be still asked at the ports name < for the best red wheat, being fully as much as it would be worth in bond at Mark Lane. At Hamburg, on Tuesday last, wheat was in fair request for shipment to France The sales made since the previous post-day had amounted to 1,600 qrs ; and equaJ to 44s per qr free on board had been paid for really fine parcels of red, weighing 63lbs per bush Prices of spring com had been well supported, equal to '24s 3.1 having been paid for SOibs Saale barley, and 30s 3d for white peas Of oats und beans sea cely any had been offered for sale. The accounts from Holland aii'l Belgium are not of much intorest this week, the inquiry for wheat having become rather slow as well at Rotterdam as at Antwerp. In the Mediterranean prices of wheat are even higher than in the Baltic; and so far from supplies being likely to reach us from thence, there is a strong probability of some of our bonded wheat being shipped to that quarter. Markets. London Moiset Markkt, August IS.?There is but little to DOtice in monetarv ariairs ; since our last the market has been s eady.sM the transactions very limited Alinougn monej u mure uuummui, jrti me imu* lu fhown no disposition to alter their rate of interest, which contimsec to be 3,'^ per cent a? before. There has, however, been a disposition in consols to decline the last few day?, from some cause that is Dot well understood, and the market closed to-day at rather lower rates than have been qnoted during the last ten days. The following are the latest quotations Consols for monoy closed at ; for tho Account, at 9b\ ; Bank Stock, at 309 to 210 ; Three per Cents Ileduced, at 96 ; Threeand-a-Quarter ner Cents, at ?T\'; Long Annuities, at 10 6-16 ; and Exchequer Bills, Hs to !3s. pm. In tlie foreign market the chief feature has been the continued effort to maintain Mcxican stock, which, after all, has not been successful?the last new* from that quarter shows the affairs of the government in such a woful condition, that private individuals, for the most part, decline to purchase, and the dealers wisely foresee no indication of profitable operations Brazilian New, 67 ; Mexican Five per Cents, of 1846, at 23\, ; the Small, at 23& ; Portuguese Three per Cents, at 43 ; the Four per Cents for Money, at 41V; and for the Account, at 41>? ; Spanish Five per Cants, at : Passives, at ; Dutch Two and a-Half per Cents, at 59%; and the Four per Cents, Certificates, at 94K The Railway Share market has again become very dull and inactive. Livrarooi. Cotton Market?Wici Ekdimo August 7th.? We continue to have a fair steady demand for nearly every description of Cotton ; and this has so far relieved the market as to give our currency rather an upward tendency. The advance in price, however, ii to much checked by the depres cd state of thing* in Manchester, together with a failure there in the varn trade, that the actual quotable advance is very alight?say Jfd per It), within the last fortnight. Some rumors are afloat about turns-out and working ahort time ; but hitherto nothing has actually been determined upon, nor is it possible that such a course will immediately be adopted to any material extent. It is not, however, in our opinion, a matter entirely out of the question. Were the stato of the consumption in a satisfactory and prosperous condition, we make no doubt that it would be instantly seen in our increased activity and somewhat advanced rates. 3,800 American and 200 Surats, have been taken on speculation ; and 3,640 American, 670 Pernams, 100 Laguayra, and 100 Surats, for export. 8ales to day, 7,000 bn^s. Wrxx F.idinq August 14 -The quotations of Cotton remain as last week, but we have barely maintained oor ground for the middling qualities of American. In many instances we know that Dullness has been done at the full rates of previous sales, but on an average of the transactions the dulness of the market lias given the turn i in favor of the buyer. This state of feeling and tenden1 cy of our currency ha* been owing chiefly to the dull and discouraging accounts from Manchester. No doubt the apprehension of mouey want* for railway purposes has checked the enterprise of speculators, as well as urged upon the market property which, under other circumstances, would have lain over undistmbe 1. Altogether we have pasted rather a dull week. From the United States we have a confirmation of previous re| ports, namely, that the crop now on the ground is likely to p'ove a moderate one, and under any circumstances must be late in its gathering. 1500 American, and l.Ot'O Surats have been taken on speculation, and 3,360 American and 360 Surats for export. The sales to-day 4,000 bales. The sales for the week amount to 2d.830 bales. Auofst 15th, 17th and luth?The sales since the 14th instant amount to about 14 000 bales, at the tame rates as were then current, but upon the whole the market has assumed a firmer aspect. To-day (Aug 18,) there was a pretty fair demand, both sjieculators and tha trade taking a part. In prices, of the general disposition of the market, there is no change to report; but neither the business of yesterday nor today seem sufficient to retrieve us from some appearance of dullness. The aales to-day are estimated at 6,01)0 bales, of which speculators have taken 700 American, and exporters 500 balos ; 1,00) Brazils, consisting of BOO Dahia, at 6d to 6\'d, and 100 Ternam at 6??d to 6.V' have been taken for ttie trado, the market closing steadily. Loudo* Mahkkts, August 18?Cotton?Since last report the demand has been rather dull, and at the same time prices have been supported. Importers look with confidence for better price*. The sales for the week, ending August 14th, were 1,390 bales, namely, 870 Surat at to 3?i'd, and Madrks 3%d to 3%d. The sales on the 18th instant were 60l) bales, at very lull rates. Hemp, tic ?There is a steady demand for all sorts, and the market has a firmer appearance. American, of good quality, would bring ?16 10s to ?37, but there is little offering. Flax is in better demand, as is also Jute, at very firm prices. Metals ?A very extensive business has been done in all descriptions of British Iron. Most of the Welch houses have filled their books with orders at ?8 It's for common bars, ami some of them arc now demanding ?9. Hails have been aolil at ?0 15s to ?10, an I large orders are in the market unexecuted. In Staffordshire the makers were never more busy than at present. Scutch Pig; has been in great demand, No. 1 at 77s fld. to 80s., mixed numbers 73j. to 75s. Welch Piir ha* been in brink demand at Sis to 110s.. and Stafl'orf shirr Bis. to 106s. In Spelter a good business has been transacted, and tiie price is firm at JC19 per ton on ibe spot This is dull of sale, but Bancs canndtbe had undor 94s.. and Sraiu 91s. Lea J is little wanted, and former rite * are with difficulty kept up. Copper is unxltered in value Naval Stores? Kor Spirit# of Turpentine the demand has been active, and prices are firm at 41s. fid to American has bean selling at 39s. to 10s In rough a (food deal has been done at 9s to 9s. 3d. per barrel. I'?r is wanted, and, in oonseque ce of the small supply, buyers have been tompelied to pay Itis for Stockholm, ami 17s fid. to IHt. per ubl. lor Archangel. Provisions? American. ?Hams are now iiuoted at 3.ris. to 43*. Lard moves ott slowly, fcegs telling at 38s. to 4- s., and barrelled 3 js to 3rts There ii a good demand for Beef and Tork. and late prices are filly supported. Cheese, of good quality, is very scarce at this market; the few parcels lately arrived, being of an indifferent quality, have been aold at 3js. to 43s. per cwt. Rice.?The demsud for Bengal has been pretty Urge, and during the

last few da)*'J,7i>3 hags were sold privately at 3d per rwt advance, low middling white rather small bringing 14s. (Id. to 15s , goo I middling Itis, an*, sea damaged 9s to 14s Ail. per cwt. Madras has mot with ready Luyerrat lis to 14s 61. Java is vanted, but little is to be had? the rate it 14s to l6i. In cleaned rice a goo 1 ileal haa been done ?Carolina at Jfls to 31s. and fatna Ida. to 31s. percwi ana me mirnei 11*1 a nrm apiwarance. Liriarooi. Miiiiti, Aug. 19.?Bark?Some (mall alts are report*.! in Quercitron, at 9?Bdto 10s percwt. Coal?Mince our laat there hat been lest export demand though tho atook* <lo not accumulate; price*, however, aro not ao Arm iron?There ha* been a large bu?iness done during thu last fortnight; the demaud continues goad. the maker* are well oil' for order*, an.I prices are very firm It i* expected that the alteration! in the American tariff, when brought into operation, will cieate a demand for aom* of the mo?t anientive kind* of manufacture I, which hare hitherto been excluded by the very high duu*t impose I upon them, and will also cont: Jeribly increaie the trade in other description*. Large salct vl Scotch rig Iran haro been made in OUagow during the W<t werk, a'. 76* per ton, the present price is from 75t to s*>* per ton, the lowest price for bars, in Wales, ia ?H |0a |?r ton In Liverpool, present quotations are lor&otrh Tigs, JC4 it; Murchaut Bart ?9; best Bart J.M0 l?s; Hoop* ?10 I5t to ?11; Sheen ?11 6*. Ro lt ?:l 16s per ton I'rovitiout ? We have a Arm market for Butter, and (irieet aro on the advance Tho supply oa hand 1* very light. In ilacon or Hamt very little buailie** it doing Lard also meeta a rather dull tale. Urease ia quoted at 43s to 46*; Beef 7i* to 85* per tierce, and I'ork #7* 04 to tos per barrel. Rice continues in good demand, and price* are on the increaae. Sale*, since last publication, are 19.000 bag*. Ordinary white, 1J? 51 to Us 01; 15s to 10* Od for middling to line white; 4<) tierce* American cleaned Carolina brought from 21* fi 1 to por curt, in bend Salt?The demand continue* vtry good, and prise* am Arm at the advanced ratei, which are likely to be |>ermenently maintained, owing to the llghtneaa of the (tocka. We quote the following price*:?Sett fine utoved. for bag*, 13* to IS* per ton, handed square*. 14* fld to IAS, thutelump* IS*; innrinu and hutter 10t?l; common 0*; River Freight 3*, Dock and Town due* 9d ?Seed*?A *m*ll lot of old red American Clover*eed i* reported at SI* in bond; aOO >ag? Bombay Li meed at 47a 6d to 44* ttd per quarter, and JO ton* vmnrtran Lin?eed Cake*, at jC7 7* fid to ?7 10? per ton Tar, fce ? Some parcel* of (elected American have been Mongol al lt*?w barrel We have alio to report a tew perceie of American Ronn, which rh.tng<>i| hand* at previou* rate* Tobacco?The *ale* *inre our lut report are about 400 hogshead*, comprising a few amiiil |>ercel? of Virginian Leal, taken for Irelaud; the remain ler, Waitern strip*, by the trade We make no alt?ratien in price*, theugti with Strip*, and all kimUot Weatern Tobacco, the tendency I* itiii down . I wards. Turpentine?The dmand it good, and the sales ?ince our lsst are estimated at from 3000 to 4000 barralf. Wool?Thar* has bMn a mora active demand for low foreign the stocks of which are by no mean* excessive, and tbajr are generally considered cheaper than the lower qualities 01 our doraeitic wools. The mw arrivals are aeon expMted, and the supplies from 1 all quarters promise to be rmj large. In fine clothing wools there has been leaadoot, moat of the trade being supplied for the moment; bat there ii a steady consumption going on. which our mari^t will soonteel the benefit or Some branches of ournple hare already experienced considerable beneSt slave the announcement of the alteration in the American tariff, but the rates are still too high to admit of extoflve shipments, generally, I tn that miartor. Hat be,?A ufa at 7th.?Cotton*?During the pait week our market has been distinguished by a good degree or activity compared with what had previously taken place; after the celebration of the July anniversary, business, which had been partially interrupted, began to exhibit ymptom* of rental, and the excitement produced by the election* hiring also died away, things have njw resumed their u*ual eourse. Since our preceding report, therefore, the tMWMCtioni have been of a much more extenaive and regular character, the demand from the trade ha- been daily toa fair amount,and-buyers for tranait have alio taken a goed ihare in the operation*. The intelligence from the Manufacturing district* continues satiafactory, and, coaaled with the favorable impression produced by the advieea from the United State* of 16th ult, received by the Britannia iteamer, have restored confidence generally, and imparted Brunei* to price* which had before begun to wear a drooping aspect It muit be observed that our pre tent price current being eitabliahed according to the new classification* alluded to in our previous report, the price* have teen reduced in the tame ratio, and will therefore appear lower without being really so; bnt as this change might g've rise to erroneous snppoeitiens, if not explained, we have deemed it neceasarv to state the fact, in order to prevent any misunderstanding. August IS.?The situation of our market ha* beenle** encouraging within the last week. .The firm attitude evin ced by holders, has been auzceeded by a considerable de greeof pressure to realise, and their readiness to meet the view* of buyers ha*been the only means of inducing them to come forward with less reluctance than would have occasionally ben to a pood extent, and upon the whole to fair amount,there nai been no fpirit displayed in the transactiona, wfeich have been merely to supply consumption. 1 he Closes for the present unwholaaoine tate ?f the market, will be found in the eagerness of importeri to run offatook. owing to the lateness ef the teason, and the large arrivals that have taken place within the last few days, which, coupled with the unlavorable ! character of the intelligence from England, have created a slight depreciation in prices, and led to a decline of about If. on all Aatrican cottons. We are without any advices from the United States since those of the 16th ult. received by the packet ship Havre, from New York, which being only one day subsequent to the accounts already In our poaaession, were unimportant, and therefore productive of no new feature in business P. 8.? Since writing Ike above, we have been put in possession of New York dates to 31st ult. by the Cambria steamer, and our market*has become very animated; about 3000 bales have changed hands, and prices have recovered from their drooping state. The following vere the sales effected, viz 4877 Bales New Orleans K 99.? to 100 ? 3778 " Mobile 63? to 94 ? 3119 "* Upland 65? to 80.? 333 " Sea Island 170.? to 340.? 31 " Cayenne 90.? to 100.? 11,038 Bales. Ashes?Thero has been some demand manifested, but the only salea to record are 316 bbls. American Potash, 3nd brands at f 30 to 30 3.5 per 50 kil, duty (f 8 35) paid ? ! Buyers could be found for 1st brands at f 33 35 ; but holders have higher pretensions Nothing has taken Blace in Peariash, which we quote as before at f36. The [avre.lram N York, brousrht in iUDbhli Pnli: th? Hnlan did, from New York, bad on board 184 bbla Pots, and 37 bblt. Pearls. Hide*?Within the late few days there has been more animation in the demand, the late advices from La Plata holding out no immediate prospects of large shipments to Europe. The transactions have therefore bMB to a fair amount, consisting of 6346 Buenos : Avres, dry, takes at 77K to 86c., 9550 Rio Urande, wet I salted, at 40c., 1346 ditto, dry, at 76c., and 1300 New Orleans, wet wlted, at SIXc. per half liil., duty paid. The | imports were 6114 from Montevideo, 6509 from Pernami buco, 031 from New Orleans, and 414 from our colonies. Rice?Owing to the accounts from Delgium, where ! unfavorable reports were circulated as to the ik>' tato crops, a considerable degree of activity has taken place in the transactions, and prices have experienced an advance. The following were the sales effected, viz., 648 tierces Carolina Rice mostly to arrive, at f 30 to 3S ; 3032 bags Last India at f 30 to 34, 66 torn, to arrive from Calcutta, at f 21 AO to 25, and 95 bigs Brazil at f 36 per 50 kil, duty paid. We have received ! 623 tiercel, by the Havre, from New York, and Othello, frem Charleston Our stock is at present very trifling.? Tallow, &c.?Very little bu?jness haa been done in tallow thii week, but prices nevertheless remain wilhout alteration The sales effected were 25 casks Russia, new, at f 60, and 75 casks New York at f HO 76 per 50 kil, duty paid. In American lard we have to notice a sale of 100 bbls at f 63 76 pel 60 kil, duty paid Tne imports were 374 casks Tallow and 577 bbls Lard from the United StaUs, and 60 cas*s Tallow from St. Petersburgh. Whalebone.?There haa been merely a retail demand, the aales consisting of only 7 ton* north-western fishery at f. 2 40 to 2 47%, and 4 tons southern at f. 2 68 to 2 60 per % kil, for home use. A supply of HI bundles was received from New York, and 169 uundlos arrived coastwise.?Stock: 150 tons against 130 tons last year. Bombay, Juno 27.?Since our last there has been nothing doing in the market, but we notice a speculative demand for copper in sheets and tilos: holders, however are firm, and 48% ra. per cwt has been offered and re fused for the latter Dyed Yarn?Orange has improved, and we hear an offer oi 11% annas per lb. for No. 40 hal been refused. Turkey red continues as before. Cotton?The market continues steady as before, and we have heard of the followiug purchases : - 400 hales Broach and Jumbooser at 82 ra., 1000 at 81% ; 1000 Surat at 83. The latter description this year has been of batter quality, and has commanded throughout the season a few rupees more than the former. Calcutta, June 19.?Imports?Cotton Piece Ooods.? The maiket for cotton fabrics has assumed a moro unfavorable appearance since our issue of the 2nd instant. Another failure in the Bazaar has added to the general uisirusi, huu uujers anuw ^ivui unwillingness 10 onier into engagements at almoit any price. The only class of purchasers who Bhow any inclination to do business are the local dealers, who, tempted by low prices, and anticipating a better inquiry in a month or so, have taken to moderate extent of such articles as they can retail without dittiiflty. Grey shirtings, grey jaconets, and white jaconets htfVo thus boen placed, prices in most instances showing a decline, but with so unsettled a bazaar it is difficult to give any quotation. All light and iancy Glasgow goods are quite neglected. Book muslin* for Burmah Nos. I to 3, have sold as low 1-0-6 for. No. 1 increasing 3 annas lor each number, la printed and Turkey rod goods very little has been done. Haltpetre?Chuprah has continued in request lor America, and pricas are well maintained. Refined has been old rather lower. Prices may be quoted?Gudna, Co 's Rs 6 6 to 6 10 per fy md.; Chuprah, Co.'s Rs. S 6 to ti 0 per fy md , Refined, Co.'s Ra. 6 4 to 6 13 per fy md ; Exported* above?Great Britain, merchandise, 849 ; North America, 2,956. Rice?There continue* to be an absence of all inquiry for the home market, sales being confined to a limited qua ntity of ballam tor Mauritius at former rates. We quote?Table, cleaned, Co ' IU. 2 3 to 3 8 per b. md.; Moongby, Co.'s Rs. 1 13 to 1 14S' perb. md.; Ballam, Co.'s Rs. 1 9 to 1 lit p*r b md. Klecilon Uetuiiia. have partial returns from this State, Countiet. r~ l?4r , iy/iig. Locofuco% ?S4'? Ir&iiklin 1,160 7<tt 384 Chittrndeu 1,380 91 2 472 (J rand Ule maj. 100 ? ? Orange 176 17J 43 Windsor 1,476 512 241 Hu'land 152 10 41 Wiudham 627 319 45 4,961 S,74J 1,226 3 919 2,753 9M 2,979 Katon'n majority in 7 counties, ai far ai hoard from' 932. Partial returns for Congress leave do doubt of the re-election of lion Jacob Collamer (whig) in the Winds' r, and very little of the choice of Hon. William Henry (whig, in place of Hon Sol. Foot, declined) in the Winaham and Rutland district! Hon lieorge P .Vlarsh has been pretty certainly re, elected to Congress from the third district,-Franklin Chittenden, Oriuid Isle, and Addison counties,) a clear m^orities. Further returns from Windsor county give Eaton 2,'218, Smith I.G8I, and Branerd 649, which reduces Eaton's majority nearly 700 votes, but as he was ahead of his ticket in every county heard from, he is probably elected The whigs have thus far gained three members in the Legislature. fFrom the St Louis New Er*] Fijbthkr Particulars from Nauvoo.?We continue to hear of difficulties existing in this quarter and the rumor which reached here last evening, by the steamers Ocean Ware and Cecelia, is of rather aserieus nature, and if true, it is more than probable after all there may be some blood shed before things will again assume a quiet attitude. From Capt. Throckmorton we learn that lie left Keokuk, Tuesday evening, and that du< ring the day, he saw and conversed with Higby, a strong anti-Mormon, who informed him that an engagement wan inevitable : hiw bnaineia at Kaokuk was to purchase lead, and he did buy eleven pig*, to be taken to Carthage and thore run into bnlli. Higby stated that there were i nearly 1 000 men gathered at Carthage, for the purpoae of attacking the Mormena ; and that it ? ai their deter initiation to drive them, new citizen*, and all, Irom the State. The attack wa* contemplated on Wednesday, and unlea* they $et frightened, a* before, we may expect to hear of a light or a foot race. [From the Wtnaw Signal of the 33th.] PoiTtcairT.?We learned latt evening, from Carthage that tbe fit comilatui wa* assembling at Carthage and La Harpe. At the former place, there were about tkifl armed men. and at the latter, about 400, and reinforcement* are hourly arriving. The poa*e will probably march to Naavoo to-morrow morning, under the comj mand of Major Brockman, of Brown county. Mails for thk Pacific ? Po?t-Olfice Department, St-ptember 1,1846 ?The Postmaster Genei ral* public notice to i>oatma*ter* and other*, that nil opportunity o< tending letter*, newspaper*, and other mail matter to Oregon, and to* of the United State* at the Sandwich Islands, will shortly occur by mean* of public vessel* to be de*|>atched from the port ol I New York around Cape Horn, and up the Pacific coa*t, free ol any charge for the trinimiuiun in those veasela? the matter to be lorwardetl by other opportunities from their place of debarkation Letter*, tie wipe per*, and mall matter depoiited in the pott office of New York, if the poatage of one cent on each package be prepaid, and like matter forwarded to New York from any otbei poat office, if the inland poitage to New York be prepaid thereon, will he duly made up and forwarded under charge of the captain of the ve**el conveying the *ame. It I* adviaed that correspondence to peraona in Oregon be addreased to, or to the care ol, Mr. A. E- Wllaon, merchant, Astqria, Oregon ; and that thoao who deaire to avail theminlve* of thu chance of tranamiiaion lo?e no , time in embracing the opportunity. NEW YORK HERALD.! - New York, Saturday, September 5, 1H44* The Weekly Herald. The Wttkly Herald will be published at 8 o'clock this morning. Annexed, is a list of its contents :? tmr ioiitiiti : The Foreign Newr? received by the steamer Britannia , the late and highly important intelligence from the city an.i iu> v , uiuujruii imormauon irom California a?d the Pacific Squadron ; Several interesting Letters, fee , from the Army ot Invasion, and our Fleet in the Oulf; Movement* of the Santa Fe Expedition ; Li?t of Officers engaged in the Battles of Palo Alto and llesacadela Palma ; Affairs in Central America; Canadian Intelligence ; Letters from Waahington ; Proceedings of the State Convention ; Domocratie Meeting at Tammany Hall ; Daily reporta of the Money Market during the week ; the Markets ; Ship News, and a great variety of Editorial and .Miscellaneous matter. Tliia number will bo embellished with the scene of the presentation of Bibles to the California regiment now encamped on Governor's Island, and an illustration of the " News in ib? Tatribs." Single copies, sixpence each, cash. SteamnlUp Ureat Britain. | This steamer is not now on her passage, as ma- j tij may suppose. Owing to her toucliing bottom . ob Newfoundiard she is to go into dock for exam- j ination. She will not, therefore, leave Liverpool till the 22d insr. The Cambria will be the next steamer due.? ' one was to have left Liverpool yesterday. The Foreign New*.?It* Political and Commenial Wiaractsr. By the arrival of the steamship Britannia, at j Boston, l'rom Liverpool, we have advices from ! all parts of Europe fifteen days later than those received by the Caledonia. Politically, the news possesses very little importance ; commercially, it is favorable : and that is all. The crops are likely to be full an average, i and the corn markets were in a very satisfactory condition. There had been a very fair busiuess ; | done in cotton, at improving prices, and there ; were indications ol a further improvement, both ! in the demand and in qualities. As the accounts ' from tkis side, in relation to the crop which has now reached market and that now on the ground : I reach England, there will be, without doubt, a ' I speculative movement to some extent in the arti- j cle. As the deficiency this year has been so \ great, and that next season bids fair to be much j greater, their cannot but be an attempt made, [ particularly in the principal markets of Great Britain, among speculators, to avail themselves > of the state of things, to create as great a monopoly as possible. The consumption this | | year will be large, reaching the regular in- ! nrpfldo nnri tKo Hmrianfl urill tliPr^lnro Kn 1arcr#>r ! in proportion to the supply than has been expe1 rienced for years. According to the estimated per { cent increase in the growth of this staple, the crop should this year?that is the receipts from September 1st, 1846, to September 1st, 1847?be nearer three millions of bales than two millions ; instead of which, the yield will not, according to present appearances, reach two millions of bales. In view of these facts, we cannot resist the conclusion, but that holders nnd growers of cotton will, within the next twelve months realize better prices for the raw material than has been known i for the past five years. The money markets of Europe were, at the latest dates, in a very easy condition. Capital was plenty enough for all legitimate commercial purposes, but fears were entertained in Great Britain that the railway mania would lead to a derangement of the currency of the country, and I to much difficulty and embarrassment in the < financial world. The State Convention.?The I*kooress of Labor.?This body has, appears, agreed by resolution, to adjourn on the 6th day ot October next, by which time they will have been in session four full months, at an expense to the State ol many thousand dollars more than was necessary. We say necessary, because a great deal of time has been expended in debating upon, refering, and reporting upon matters which the majority of the members knew could not be finally acted upon. What a contrast wo have between the Convention of professional men, mostly assembled for the purpose of remodelling the Constitution and the convention of the State of Iowa, whose duty it was to form an entirely new con stitution for that new State. The first takes four months, and the latter only thirte?n days. It was not until lately, however, that ourconvention made much progressin performing the task tliattheywere elected to perform, and then they went to work cutting and slashing in all directions. After a comparatively short debate, some seven or eight hundred offices wera abolished by the besom of reform. All the inspectors of hay, lime, pork, &c. (See., were swept away by a single resolution not over ten lines in length. This was, undoubtedly, a capital movement, and one that will receive the approbation of the people. Masters and examiners in chancery have likewise been abolished, and the profession of the law annihilated. We are disposed to believe that this last measure is too violent, but it is in consonance with the hostile spirit that has been manifested in this State for years past towards the legal profession. This spirit of hostility has been manifested repeatedly in the Legislature, and on every opportu mty it nas Deen ina ligeu in. J. nus, at one time,we have seen the fee-bill clipned, and reduced every successive winter,until it has been reduced so low as to be far from remunerating. At another time, we have seen resolutions introduced throwing open the profession to all persons who on examination should be found qualified. The carrying of this last measure was, how?"*3r, reserved for the 1 Cenvention, which has consigned the profession to the same fate that was meted out to the feebiU. They are both gone. Peace to their manes. Other measures have been passed upon by the Convention within a short time, among which the aboli ion of the Courts of Errors and Chan, eery is the first in importance and interest, and the establishing in lieu thereof of a Supreme Court, vested with jurisdiction in b?th law and equity. This court will consist of thirtytwo Judges?four to each Senate District, and will be the highest court in the State, except the proposed court of appeals, which will be composed of eight judges, four ol whom will be electi ed by the people, and the other four will consist ' nfSur>r?me court incites. whos? tr>rm nf nfllrn ? ) such judges will have expired. Such is tlie pro; posed reform in the judiciary, a matter which has t taken more time, and been the sul jeot of more de1 bate, than all the other measures combined, i There is one matter, however, which has as 1 yet escaped the notice of too Convention, and which we hopo will not be overlooked?that is the , total repeal of the usury laws. This is a measure which the people expect and the business of the country requires. There is no earthly reason | that money should not, like every thing else, have i a market value according to its abundance or scarcity, and any attempt on the part of the legislature to fix a value upon it is ridiculous. At one time it may be worth only 3 per cent a year, and another it may he worth ten, fifteen, or perhaps twenty. The usury laws that now exist are only resorted to by rogues and other unprincipled men. No honest man will object to repay a loan of money because he agreed to give more interest than the law tolerates. If it were not worth more to him at the time he borrowed it than the legal interest, he would net have borrowed it, r except with the view of cheating the lender by I tak>ng advantage of the law. We hope and trust the Convention will not adjourn as long as these laws remain unrepealed. | M*. Buchanan.? The Hon. James Buchanan, Secretary of State of the United States, passed tfirough this city yesterday, tn route for Saratoga, where he is to remain for a ween or ten days. t ' > Jkrsey CrtY Fk**y.?We believe the Common Council will assemble again next Tuesday evening. We hope that Assistant Alderman Smith will not forget to urge upon the Common Council the impropriety of renewing the lease to the Jersey City Company, except on such conditions as will be satisfactory to the public. By the old lease, his Company was bound to run a boat every ten minutes. Instead ol, however, following their agreement, they run but one boat every quarter of an hour during the day?every half hour during the evening, and none from twelve o'clock at night (latterly from 1 A. M.) until morning, and then a boat every half hour. This lerry is lookod upon as a monopoly and they think from their wealth, that they are beyond the reach o( public opinion. The rent which they have heretofore paid for the exclusive use of the slip foot of Courtlandt street, is entirely too small, and ought to be increased to the same amount that is paid by the Fulton Ferry Company. They are abundantly able to pay it, for they assume to own all the wa. ter rights adjacent to Jersey City, and therefore pay no rent on that side of the river. At all events, the people must be better aecommodated than heretofore. The State of New Jersey and the city of Philadelphia, to a great extent, are tributary to this company, and swell its receipts so much that not a share of the stock is in the market. Thk Ockan Hack.?The great, the stupendous race over the Adantic course, always heavy, because very wet, between the Cambria and Great Britain, has resulted in the defeat of the latter. The time and speed can be summed up ija the following way:? Ob bat Bbitai*.?Passage IS day* 8 hours ; detention, 18 hours. Difference in diitance 80 hours. Time, compared with Cambria's, 11 day* aud 8 hour* Cambria.?Time from Boston to Liv?rpool,Tia Halifax, 10 day*, 8 hour*. This gives a difference of twenty-four hours in favor of the Cambria. But it is our honest ODin ion that the Great Briiain is the fastest steamer. Take the two vessels, trim them alike, have their machinery in perfect order, and start them to. gether from the same pier, and we believe that the Cambria wou.d be beaten. But why race 1 The Cambria, the Great Britain, the Atlantic, the Oregon, are certainly last enough for all useful purposes. The spirit of tho age, however, urges them on. The Foreign News and the Express Lines.? We were indebted to Gay Ji Co., Adams & Co., and Harnden & Co., for the early delivery of oar parcels yesterday morning, These express lines are of great value to the community. What should we do without them 1 Theatricals, Ac. Pars Thiitei.-Last evening Mr. and Mrs. Kean appeared as Jaques and Rosalind in Shakspe are's comedy of "As You Like It." The play was finely cast and admirably played. Of Mrs. Kean's Rosalind we scarcely know how to speak in terms sufficiently laudatory.. It was full of sparkling wit, grace, and a charming ttpU \ glerie that forms the very essence of the part Jsques, although not a prominent part, yet in the h??<is of Mr. j Kean wss made both graceful and effective. There may be othors who do it as well, bat w* have never seen them. Barry as Old Adam, was, Ju what we con rider, his best part. His acting received marked aad well deserved applause. Dyott as Orlando, Bass as Touchstone, Fisher as WiUiam, and Mrs. Vernon as Audrey, were all equally good Some of the songs and chorusses were not as good as they might be, but the excellence ef the acting made op amply for anv deficiency in this respect. This evening. "Twellth Night," Mr. Kean as th? Duke, and Mr* Kent) n* Viola ; the other character*, cast to the strength of the company. To conclude with the farce of "Advice Gratia." Bowert Theatre.?" Fazio," last ni?ht, afforded Miss Julia Dean an opportunity to display her rare acquirements to the belt advantage; she threw the whole weight of a cultivated mind into the part of Bianca. and was as successful as her most sanguine friends could have wish ed. It is scarcely possible to conceive a situation mora truly wretched and heart-rending than the Italian wife entail* upon herself by denouncing the husband of her * bocom. accusing him of crime in a fit of jealonsy. Of Miss Dean's performance of this very difficult task, we can only say in one word, it was excellent Mr. Neafie. in Fazio, we thought rather too noisy. The tragedv was followed by a well acted petite comedy with the title of the " Double Bedded Room,,' in which Hadaway, Wemyss. Collins, Brooke. Mrs. Madison and Mrs. Booth succeeded in keeping the aadience In a perfect r?ar of laughter, from tlie commencement to the close of the piece This will bear repetition. Greenwich Theatre.?We never saw an audience KAttAr aaticfi?f) than WAm thn rmtrnna nf tha Or?Anwii*h Theatre, last evening, with the performance*. This place of amusement is now established on a first and lasting basis, and bids fair to have a long and prosperous career, under the able management of Mr. Freer. The performances last evening were loudly applauded by a large and respectable audience, who appeared delighted with the acting of Mr. Freer, Mrs. Jones and the rest of the talented company. The bill for this evening is " PI* arro," and the " Honey Moon." Castle OAaociT.?The buffo troupe of Ethiopian Mini itrels have been received with rreat applause at this pleasing place of retort, and they will oootinue their en tertainments throughout the week. Between the first and second part of their performance, an opportunity is afforded the audience to view the range of cosmoramas which vividly portray scenes from all parts of the world. 1 he dissolving views at the close of the evening, and the Chinese fi<eworks, are of themselves weith much more than the price of admission Sights for the eye, j music lor the ear. refreshments comporting to the inner man, are some of the inducements to our citizens and strangers to p*?s an evening at this cool retreat and we hope the managers will reap a golden harvest from the seeds of their liberality. Madam* Auuusta.? This charming dantentt was to have come out in the Britannia * but was obliged to delay her departure in consequence of her failing to procure a good second Her corpt dr. ballet is almost complete, and she intended to have come out in the Oreat Britain. But as that vessel is laid up in dock to undergo some necessary repairs, and will not be ready to start before the 'J-id inst.. Madame Augusta probably took pansago in the steamer that left Liverpool yesterday, and may the re to re be expected here in a fortnight She is to appear at the City Intelligence. Accident to the Steams* Trot.? As the steamboat Troy wa? approaching Milton, four miles below rough* keepiie, on her trip trom Albany to this city yesterday, crank pin and connecting rod broke, in consequence of which the pi-ton knocked out tha rend and l>ottoni ul the cylinder, thereby crippling the (peed ot the boat, sc that she did not arrive here until about seven o'clock la*t evening when she w? taken round to Secot's esU lilishments for repairi In the meantime her place will l>e kupplied by the North America City tuiiv<n.lun. The Convention met last evening, Dr. Williams in th? Chair The minwea were read ?nd approved. Mr PiastcR offered a resolution proponing to refeo the City Charter to a committee, and that they be authotj rized to revise the same and report thereon, with auclj amendment! as they may daem necessary. Mr Obaham supported the resolution Mr Bhobkkick considered that the adoption of such it resolution would infringe the rights of the commutes already appointed to act upon this subject Mr French suggested to have the resolution laid orfj the table until to morrow. Mr. Broderich moved to lay it on the taale forthj] with. , The yeas and naya were ordered, and resulted . ? Nay 14 j] Lo?t by tit rote. I Chairman.?The question now recurs on the adoptioij of the lesolution. it Mr Kkkuch opposed the reioltition ; and attributed iU introduction, ai the reiult of a caucus ; ia order t? tak, it advantage of the absence of members who now war*not in attendance. i Mr. Paukkb had heard nothing of any caucus. 1 Mc?n Bk.ikdick and Parkin denied that they kne ! of any caucus that had been held. Aid Prsov.?If gentlemen choose to explain that tho.* i know of no caucus, they might do so ; but as to inyei'j I Wave only to say. that any poison who assertt I atteu , d a caucus onthh subject, usterts what ia not true. * Alter a few desultory remarks, I Mr Flanaoaw moved to lay the whole subject on trf. table, in order to give time to members to consider tl . subject first, and subsequently amended his motion, I moving to postpone the whole subject uutil next meti tag- I The yeas and nays were ordered, and resulted? I Ayes 18 * Nays 10 % Th# rAftfillltmn wna odnnUrl IV Documei.t No. 18, on the accountability of public oL? rerj, wm hern taken up in Committee of the Whole Benedict iu the Chair We published thi* doc am'J yeiterday, > The three aectioni war* amended, when on ny, tion of t Ald Hmofci, the Committee roM, reported pro (freak and atked lea\e to ait again ' The conveitWon adjourned to Tueiday evening, atji o'clock. ,?| LlKtTT. WARRTt 14TH KkOIMIEXT.?Wo much j>lensure uAnnnotinmiH the aafe return?* Lieut. H. J. Warre.Tkf Canada Mr Warre w?ia d' patched upon a confidMtinl minion to the Oregon ley tor j whence he ha* r> tar nod direct acrota the contin* of North America, and hi?Jong abience from Canada h J given occaaion to the m#?f alarming report*. Mr Wai?t lett the t oiumbia river on' the lit of Kuril, at whidy'i'd both partiei were quietly Mm waiting i I ciakin by the Home Government! the long pe.T. * Oregon queation. >laje*'.y'a ahip \1odeite, Is, ' *P" | Bail tie, wai then in Uw Columbia. 0 1

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