Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 6, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 6, 1846 Page 1
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/ TH] Vol. XII, No. ?3K_Wbote No. 44SI. AFFAIR8 OF THE MORMON8. Xfews from Wanvoo. We have received an extra from the St. John's Ntw Era, containing a letter from Nauvoo dated uie zatn nit. The fallowing extracts may be found inter- ; eating :? ? * Certainly, a greater sensation has not bean felt during the pre?ent year, nor on* that haa augvred more determined, deciiive, and perhaps to many good citizens, fatal result*. ? , ? * V The excitement among the Mormons is intense, and man to man teemii urged on to desperation. The new and old citizens of Nauvoo seem united in their purpose of defence, or, rather the new citizens constitute the directing, and the old Mormon citizens the effecting power. Ttie usurpers, it will be seen, seem determined to make the usurped the defenders of the usurpation. They hare about 500 well disciplined men, the larger portion of whom can fire twenty rounds. 1 noticed some six or 0tght camps in Iowa, opposite the city, and numbers of Mormons lingering arouod, hi if watching the forthcoming destiny of their friends and only hopes. The Mormons cast thrue pieces of cannon this week, and hare infto flvo six pounders. The anties have eollect.nl to the number of six hundred men in Carthage?ha re five pieces of artillery?obaerve minute military order?and appear determined to enter Nauvoo on Saturday next. * ? Tim (lpAfrii/M inrt nnri (IpTpnoA nf tViA tpmnip copiyi I to be, to a great extent, the watchwords of the parties. There is also given a letter from Gov. Ford, directing Major Parker of the 32d regiment to repair to Nauvoo, and assist in defending the city. Upon the receipt of this, Major P. publishes his proclamation, to which|John Carlin replies, refusing to acknowledge his authority, and declaring himself ns acting legally. Major Parker, on receipt of this, writes to Carlin, requesting himl to disperse his poue, and trust to him to enforce the laws. These facts indicate that it is more than probable that Nauvoo will yet be the scene of battle and murder. St. Louis, Aug. 20,1845. The Mormon* tn a Paragraph. The strange history ot the Mormons, the marvellous accounts of their great temple, and the singular fact of a people distinct in religion, customs and social institutions, living and flourishing in the midst of overwhelming masses bitterly opposed to them, had long aroused in me a desire of visiting a community yet in existence, whicn ere long might only be traced in the records of the past. With no superfluous amount of funds, thorAlnra an/1 aiMirla Ittifr r\f lofa ed luxury of a change of linen and spotless galligaskins, I awaited the arrival of a boat from the lower regions?of the Mississippi, I mean. The opportunity was not long wanting. The deep asthmatic thunder of one of these fresh water monsters was soon heard laboring away afar in the horizon, and the lapse of a brief hour or so, beheld her surging nianfully up the stream end fastening to the floating wharf on shore. To describe a Mississippi boat in detail, would be to give you a brief but (glowing picture of Noah's arte, with all its beasts, birds, and creeping things, and to give you any adequate idea of (the hurly burly, topsy turvy process ol unloading, more particularly with a heavy wind and rapid current, would be to transport you at once to the very confines of Babel, or a political meeting in the Park. Suffice it then to say, that with each eye looking indifferent ways, after dodging several arm-fulls of cord wood?bundles of tobacco, pigs of lead and whisky barrels ; after numerous skuful evolutions over slippery planks, and divers exhibitions of posturing among empty hogsheads and railing kegs, that would not have disgraced a professor of the tight rope, I at length found myself safety?that is firmly, I meant to say, ensconced on the upper deck. Time was precious?hurry and helter skelter was the order of the day. Commands and countermands rapidly followed, and with agrand flourish of hallowing, squabbling and shuffling, at the expense oi divers tender shins, and a man's hat overboard, we at last swung off,and gallantly pushed up the stream. The banks of the Mississippi at this point,with the exception of the blulfs of Warsaw are elevated but slightly above its current, exposing a deep black and rich stratum of mould seven or eight feet in thickness, and constituting in fact a division of the famous "Mississippi Bottoms." Here the dense primeval forests crowd down to the very water's edge, and fling their broad arms far over its bosom, drooping with the tendrils of the ivy or cucumber vine, and festooned with the purple clusters of the wild grape,Nir the scarlet blossoms of the trumpet creeper. Between their gigantic steins dim and distant vistas may be seen winding to obscurity, and rare scenes of sylvan beauty stretch away in endless succession?here shrouded in a rank growth of grassy vegetation and wild flowers?there carpeted by a bright level and velvet-like sward, over which the deer still gambols as of yore, and the panther and lynx yet find retreat nnd subsistence. This neintscted region Still sleeps in the tranquillity ol by-gone centuries, and the silence of nature's world will yet linger long among its solemn arches, unbroken save by the report of the hunter's ntle, or the deep reverberations of some laboring xieamer. But all this lieauty of scene is but the deceptive coloring of danger. The fatal malaria arising from numerous stagnant ponds and vast inland bodies of water, whose depths never know a current, and surface is thickly coated over with an accumulation of deep green, heavy slime, through which the trails of the otter and rattle-snake may bo seen winding for hours after their passage, together with the rank exhalations irom shore, marsh and lake, rendered an hundred fold more malignant by the intense and unremitting heat cf the sun, hangs like a pall over the earth; and scenes where Eden might be pictured, now ?nly give protection to the wild denizen of the forest, and to all others harbor disease and death in every breeze. A few miles farther brought , us in sight of the town of Keokuk; but here my reflection on the ultimate destiny of these fertile rations, when the hand of man, and the united enoris of a dense population shall have removed many of the prevailing causes of unhealthiness, were brought to an untimely end by a certain indefinable craving not easily described. Alas ! a weakness too common to steamboat trav#*llnr.?. aft?r ? h^nrtw ilmnxr In nluiri V.mrlinh I was rampant after a cigar, and forthwith proceeded to make the acquaintance of that high potentate, and arch functionary on the Mississippi, the bar-keeper. This character, generally the prince of good fellows, I found in the present instance, to be a crabbed old Frenchman, whose sourness of visage was only equalled by his own cider, and whisti, no doubt, to put the most charitable construction on the matter, had turned his brandy into water, and his wines into vinegar.? Him 1 found in that state, certain somnilerous poets debcribe as approaching nearest the celestial, namely, a gentle doze. Despairing of obtaining his aid in that condition, I proceeded to addiess this snirit of spirits, in a potent adjuration, consisting chiefly of divers guttural hems and haws, intermingled occasionally with an ominous mttlitig of small change; but alas he was long deaf to all my spells, until a stentorian voice roared out over my shoulder, ''Hallo, stranger, aint you doing a putty quiet business, I reckon 1" 1 looked, round, and beheld a gigantic, bread shouideied long-armed, open-mouthed geod-natured looking character, who, in every lineament of his frank {frolicksome countenance bore the stamp of "old ht-ntuck.'V'That are chap," continued he, in an under twl,v? b uumpittim in uiic cjrc,niiu uu? ? well out ol the other. Oh, stranger ! your likely to mako some pretty smart trades, I say, going along." "I wont do nosing else," grumblmg'y replied the half awakened object of these remarks, ruhhing und blinking his eyes with a variety ol contortions, " What you want, eh !"? " Wall, I want one of them oaxymuriated, ornamental, petrified cow-tails, you got stuck up thar as ' regalia*,' that look as if they'll twitch an ostrich and give the grascutous the cholic." "Well den das rie very reason you'd brtter not toshe 'em," replied the other. " Hurrah, that's rght into me like a cat hook, barb and all, I'll confess ; but oonie now," (leaning over and whispering confidentially,) " I want to know?how do you contrive to bring the breed of musketers and bed *J>ugs to such a state of perfection on this 'ere boat, with that arr awful stock of animal pisens (pointing to the dccanters) worse nor any drug shop, and enough to give any living critter a dogmetrical catalepsy just to look at? a starnn' them in the lace, like a row of doctors in a hospital." " I only Wish sare, dat dey was strong enough to kill all de ik E NE NE THE SCENE OF TBI The above cut represents the appearance of the scene on Governor's Island at the time of the presentation of the Bibles to the California regiment, by Dr. McVickar, in behalf of the vermin that come on board of dis boat, sare," replied the enraged little bar keeper, looking his tormenter ffull in the face. * Oh, now I don't wonder, when we see them carrying on the business themselves. 1 reckon you aft got innoculated together. Oh, blazes ! (lighting the cigar,) what on the face of this univarsal art'* do you call this ' I'd as soon light the furnace and smoke out of the pipe ef a live hundred horse steamboat." " I)at sare, is because you don't know what is good fcr yourself, sare ; you are one ognoramus, sare, dat don't know de B from de bull's foot." "Wall, if I den't know that. 1 reckon I know Cfromn calf's head, and can tell that letter from your head any day, though they are both round with nothing inside." "ySacrebleut go way out ol dis?so clcur yourself, or I'll throw dis jug of waterre in your eye?I'll break my bar in twenty, siventy-six hundred piece?, witn your head of watermelon !? huit mille dinbles, I will." Here the noise the little Frenchman's voice, with his furious ejaculations, attracted the attention of the by-vtanders, who. ! crowding around the spot,sueceeded withtheaiclof his friends, in lagging the gigantic Kentuckinn off the field, with which, however, he reluctantly complied, leaving the enraged barkeeper hopping aniKlancing around his cage like a maniac, and swearing himself by all that was solemn, that "he'd take the starch out of him ; he'd jump into him with ten claws and a long tail ; he'd shoot him out of a crooked barrel ; he'd 'dte him up against a lime rock ; he'd throw him to the ends ot the airth and pitch him over the other side ; he'd come down upon him like a methodist sermon, whip, skin, curry, stretch and i?.y hi* hide, and make a bullet pouch out cf him afore he knowed what he was," with a score of wther extravaganzas enough to throw a stranger into fits. The arrival of the boat at Keokuk, put a final conclusion to the meltc, when I stepped out on the deck to view the place. This town or village is situated on high rugged blurt's, sloping abruptly down to the river's edge. Over the summit and sides of these, scattered at various intervals, are perched aeme few half painted houses, exhibiting but slender proofs of comfort or convenience, and only obtained by broken precipitious thoroughfares, rather resembling bad roads than streets, whose rocky foundation offers but little promise of speedy amelioration. The lower part of the town consisting, in fact, of one street stretching directly under the steep face of the blufl, is chielly composed of a potent array of grog shops, surrounded by their customary attendance of bil Uous, cadaverous looking loafers, a few stores, and one or two large flaming hotels of sufficient magnitude to accommodate the whole town and county, but still, as I afterwards found, appearing, notwithstanding neatly and well kept. They exmbii ?sad monuments, however, of the days of speculation, which here raged I with a fervor never surpassed in the most eligible marshes of New Jersey. This is tfie spot where the ma jority offcthose beautiful geodes and crystalization of rjuartz are obtained, which the traveller so frequently meets with in the Mississippi. They may continually be observed on its banks. I must inform you there exisists on the banks of the "Father of Waters," during the warmer months of the year, a race of abstract theorists and speculative peripatetics, who would put to the blush the whole tribe of cynics ; and the venerated worthies ofCommunipaw never at any time dreamed of the perfection of dozing with open eyes, which has long been attained and practiseu here. Any village in these districts might furnish me with a sample compared to upon, and their locality, the Hoogerbooms would be mere Merry Andrews, and Sleepy Hollow a place of frivolous, gaiety Imagine some small country inn, with sufficient breadth of porch to furnish a shady spot through out the dav. Here, shortlv after hrsikfiut. itur junto of philosophers begun to congregate and seat themselves around. From this, time nor tide moves them not after. The bright beams of the morning sun find them in one place, and his departing Tight beholds them scarce a yard from tho same, .lust toddling their chairs along after the shadow, they form a sort of locomotive dial, by which the busy matrons of the vicinity may at any time form a shrewd guess at the hour. Here they may be observed all the long summer's day, lazily pufling away at their half-lighted pipes, sipping mint juleps, or demolishing the luscious contents of some gigantic ruddy-hearted water-melon; sometimes preserving a grave taciturnity : sometimes keeping up a drowsy humdrum conversation, interspersed with long-worded Istories and sage reflections on the vanity of work aiul vexation of labor. The shuffling of a pack of cards, or rattling of the dice box, may now and then be heard breaking on the sleepy stillness of the place, but this is only on particular occasions of vivacity, infallably denoting the presence of a cool day, or an unwonted flow of animal spirits. To be sure, I have known exceptions to these rules. I have witnessed a degree of excitement arise among them scnrce to be credited, either from their habits or principles. I have known the re turn ui some extraordinary piece ol national or political intelligence produce a patriotic grunt From every man present, and have heard that the declarations of President Polk on the Oregon question(caused a simultaneous rising of the whole assembly. Nav, I'll even go so far as|to say that upon the arrival ol the news of Texas annexation, one stout pursy old philosopher started up to his feet, upset hia chair, climbed with his hands and j knees on a large wooden box, and actually whirling his hat three times round his head, made a frightful attempt to shout out aloud; but the effort was premature and unnatural, his voice died away in an asthmatic wheeze, and the only result visible to the company was a series ol drendful contortions and a dangerous How of blood to the face ?like the spasmodic struggles of a victim of iho nightmare. These instances, however, aa I mentioned belore, are only solitary exceptions to the general rule, followed immediately, as might be expected, by a cor anil il ? dinary fit of somnambulism An occasion^ Yankee, full of noise, bustle, and baigaining, will now and then find his wny into on? 01 :h? so sequestered haunts, arousing 'he frighted ecnoes with the din of his voice and wares, and pouring over the whole country a flood ef tetotums and patent gimcracks; but he talks too loud?wts people's brains to woik ?is voted a bore, and in the end, Is either compiled to make off with himself, or else catching the contagion oflistlessness, with a heavy heart and clogged winjjs, like a fly in a cream jug, gradually buzzes himself to silence, and settles down to the general state of torpor around. Thus passes time with them. The affairs of the great world | trouble them not; the changes of Emperors and 09t W YO W YORK, SUNDAY MOI ! PRESENTATION OF BIBLES TO T America)* l?jj>le Society. The regiment is seen drawn up in hollow square, the spectators jrathered around, kept at a respectful distance by a chain of sentinels, and the Colonel aad stall', with inkingdoms, and the fate of battles and sieges, give them no care; the rise and fall of states. citi?ss, and great men, and the thousand events that forever Hash and fade on the horizon of Time, pass to them like the memory of a dream. Ease, Rest, and Plenty, are their mottoes, and only give them a long summer's day, a boon companion or two, a quid or box of genuine Tennessee, with a cob I>i!ju aim a mini juiep, wnere me siem is 1011^ enough?tlie wwil strong enough?the mint green ?the liquor good, and the ice pounded to |>erfection, and they, t'with this fair store will ask no more, but r-jst witli life contented," scout the world, and laugh at the revolutions of Tim* and Fortune. Bless their somniferous souls! Long may they live to enjoy life and Monongahela, prose over the past, ana speculate on the future. After leaving behind the landing of Keokuck, we soon shot into the rapids, ami from this time began our tribulations. The current of the Mississippi, wlfeh had hitherto rolled along with a smooth gurgling creamy surface,here exhibited various signs of the turmoil and struggles going on beneath its watersj sometimes where soma treacherous sand-bar lay far down in ambush, merely playing it? gentle ripples in the sunlight? then again where some steady rock and dangerous rid^e raised its sturdy head nearly to the surface, wheeling and chafing around it, and shooting away in a tempest of fierce eddies. Through these alternate terrors our sturdy Palenurus, with a keen eye and steady hand, by dint of a frequent application of the lead for a long time, steered his lumbering bark with impunity. Rocks, shoals and sand-bars had been rapidly left behind us, and already we flattered ourselves that we should behold the setting sun tliat evening gleaming from me mormon lempie, ana me cmsit 01 twilight ttiut night guide us through the broad streets of Nan* voo. But it was not to be?relentless fate wa* against us. Suddenly we felt the boat tremble?a succession of violent shocks passed rapidly through her frame, and a sensation of being raised from the bottom was distinctly perceived, as if some enormous power Underneath her keel, were endeavoring by repeated throws to raise her bodily from the water. The engine was quickly reversed to check her progress, but all in vain?with a few more vbrations sne remained perfectly quiet, as fixed and as motionless as the rocks, around which the rapid current rushed by, and whirled impetuously past us. Every expedient was resorted to, for a long time in vain, to get again underway. The engino was first made to back water, then reversed to drive us over the bar. Its utmost eflorts, however, were ineffectual, and although applied to the ta*k until its iron joints seemed tairly to crack, and every puff of steam shot forth with a discharge like distant artillery, not an inch could we gain from the spot. Finally the anchor was earried out in the yawl and dropped some hundred yards ahead, and a connecting rope applied to theenpstain: but even this produced no perceptible effect. In the meantime, as if to add to our vexation, down came a fine bout with the full current in her favor surging proudly over the stream, and in pure impudence running her wheel directly over our solitary buoy. With a rapid headway, and a full load of passengers, she swept triumphantly past us, while a crowd of some dozen graceless lounging characters, in huge Panama huts and gingham jackets, with cigars stuck 111 their mouths, and their heels thrown on the railing, sat regarding us with a contcmptusus amused sort of expression ; and even the ladies, of whom there were numbers on board, well dressed and very pretty?inore's the pity?instead ot commiserating our forlorn condition, exhibited some very unequivocal symptoms [1 shall pray for them,] of a smile at our expense. In downright chagrin, I went over to the other side of the boat. Here I was considerably amused by the progress of a very sententious, but owiiwwuttfc uy j/ci wuuuai speuien ui argument.? Two men, seated opposite ench other, bearing every appearance, froin a ccrtuiiyglassiness of the eye, unci very rubicund countenance, of being ' unco glorious," were contending some disputed point, with all tha gravity ol" a chancellor, while an occasional maudlin droop of the head or a falsetto intonation of voice, threatened to bring them *o the close of their argument and the deck together?"o'er all the ills of life victorious."? "S>ir, allow me to state that your ideas?are? er?roneous?sir, on that identical subject under consideration. There is, sir, a met?metaphysical connection allowed between the spirits ol the ' saints.' I am bound to acknowledge?in the abstract?that is on the principles of magnetical?magnetical -polariy, sir?and'?" Oh, now come over me, wont you 1 I tell you the only spirits they connect is whisky and Jamaica, as for the res' I say the doctrine ol spiritual wives is nnwarsall^ acknowledged among them, Irom deacon down to devil. I've heard them are Mormons preach it from the pulpit, and knowed 'em to practise it at Nauvoo, and every where else.? Now, you see I'l prove to you how the case stands as clear as a slue. In the first place, if that are doctrine is right, why then?then?in the natur of things?to any man of common principles?it ?it can't bo wrong. You'll admit thatl,' "Certainly?'hat *8 from the premises?to a certain degree, sir, nerfVcilyIcorrect " "Well, if it can't be wrong, them that diflers about it inust be wrong, an;' th?-in that n^rees about it must be right; you admit thatl' "Certainly, sir?proceed, sir." " Well, then you ditler with me about it, don't you ? and I agree about that it's all a pack of infernal deviltry, so you believing in it, all wiong, and 1 who don't believe in it, am right; so Wv*'ii move them are Mormon villain* any way " The party addressed was for a moment completely nonplussed by his antagonist's loijic, hut pres?'i>tly narted up to liis feet 111 a furious pulsion, at buin^, as he expressed it. so devilishly diddled. Kipping out. a set of oaths thai made my hair stand on end, ho swore it was all a park of popalorum, nnd toddled otr indignantly to the other side of the boat. I was aroused by the renewed motion ?f the engine. By the unit? d ussis.ance of the anchor ana capsiain, the power of steam and the large heavy spars, which by acting as levers, served to raise the l>oat off the bottom, we at length got underway and passed over the bar. Our progress fr?m this time wascotnptirntively unimpeded ; but, alas ! fortune came too late, and the wonders of iVauvoo were not to gladden our eyes that night. We, therefore, ns the channel w>is intricate a,id uncertain, requiring the full beam* of daylight for its navigation, run a mile or two further ana fattened along shore. Here we landed on the stony beach just as the moon was heaving her broad yellow margin over the woody bluffs. The merry sounds of the fiddle rung blithely to the ear from a low Dutch built comfortable looking house near by, and the forms of the dancers could be frequently seen Hitting RK I tNING, SEPTEMBER 6, HE NEW YORK LEOION, OR CALL vited guests, in the midst. The Colonel is receiving the good book, and Dr. McVickar, the chaplain of the island, is beseeching him to hold it as

his guide and leader in whatever part of the across the lighted windows. As 1 drew near, the measured tramp of the party could be distinctly heard springing blithely away to the stentorian shouts and enlivening notes of Master Rosinabow. I listened a moment, and then leisurely strolled towards a party of emigrants who had just landed from a keel boat, and were seated around a blazing fire cooking their suppers. The strange medley of Dutch, German, Irish, English, Yankee and Kentuckian, and llio wild jargon of half as many ditVerent languages, with their uncouth postures, and blazing camp fire, atforded a fair specimen of a scene in the " West." I loitered a few minutes around the spot, and thon slowly retraced my steps and sought my berth. But the idea of sleep seemed perfectly out of the question. The shouting, shuttling, singing, dancing, and crowing below, together 'Wirh the whizzing of steain, and the rumbling r>f the engine, wlio'e power was still ebbing away in the dying plays of the piston; the rattling of blocks and cordage, and the thumping of heavy lug^-ge, with all tne other ten thousand indescribable noises on board of an Upper Mississippi boat, would rouse a man from a trance and laugh at an ounce of opium. This, ioined with the intense Beat, the stilling air ol the state room, and the occasional pounce of" lean musquiioes with their sharps and Hats," for a long time kept me in a state of restless excitement; and it was not until nature sunk at last, fairly overcome, that I dropped into a feverish doze, in which strange ligures and uncouth forms rioted before me, and all the tinkers in creation seemed hammering about my ears. The siims ol Henarture awoke me with the first light of morning, and by the time I was dressed, we were already under way. A few miles of the same slow cautious navigation as of late, brought us in sight of Nauvoo and the temple?the gioat temple as it was described, with its gigantic proportions, elaborate carving, an?l mysterious dedication. To the northward of us, some three or four miles, stretched a long low promontory extending directly across our course, and apparently harnngall further progress up the river. This, thickly studded with houses, trees and garden* over an almost immeasurable extent, apparently denoting the locality of a large town, was the site of Nauvoo. The clouds which had hitherto hung darkly over the whole landscape, here slowly parted towards this spot, letting a full flood of ruddy light pour on its glittering roofs and wide avenues. The sight was unique and beautiful in the extreme, for while all the surrounding country yet slept in the shadowy mists of a cloudy morning, this spot alone shone out from the scene, bathed in the brightness* of fairy land, with its dwellings of gokl, its diamond windows, and gigantic temple, like a monument of ebony heaving up in bold relief against the glowing horizon. Another mile or two beheld us touching at the nourishing village of Nashville, which 1 shall compliment in the most exalted degree, by saying not one word about it. From this spot the Mississippi began to expand in width, gradually assuming the appearance of a miniature lake?hero dark and still, leaving the base of some woody prorilillurmo tl.o rl.ir.Ua ~t .-v.r,n ...WUVV4/ . .rr.V,? W. W.HW hidden shoal?now curling round the edge of some willow-fringed island?now whispering on the sands of some pure bright arrowy bar. Through these various loatures of landscape our boat slowly pushed her way, until we arrived at the small town of Monticello, a place chielly under Mormon influence. Here a fair view of Nauvoo presented itself, with its farms, gardens and scattered houses; but, alas! most of its beauty had faded with the distance ; the full glare of the midday sun but poorly supplied the magic veil of Aurora, and the creations of a lively fancy were but faintly realized in the unpaintcd houses, heaps of rubbish and lumber, and the smoking manufactories on the shore belore us A few minutes' passage across the river sulliced to bring us to the opposite bank, and effect a landing on the Ixiach, the erection of wharves being a luxury not yet indulged in on the Mississippi. A crowd of saffron colored loafers, as is usual on this river. with countenances redolent of bilious fevers and agues, were lounging about or leaning up against a very State's prison-looking edifice near by,while a number of fine houses and good carriages were stationed on the bank above, awaiting our arrival, strongly reminding me in this respect of an Eastern town. There being no other passenger to land than myself, I soon jumped on shore and ascended to the road. From a number of vehicles around I selected one, and soon found myself prancing gaily along the streets towards the iSauvoo Mansion. Do not imagine, however, that the sound of this mighty and euphoneoug name at all conspired to raise my anticipation* too highly. I had already experienced too many travesties on the sublime in travelling through the West, to be at"all surprised by log cabin Astor's, and Tremont's" in shingles. During the drivel addressed several questions to the driver and a companion of his, both of whom I found very civil and intelligent, and apparently pleased to give any information in their power. Among ii number of other subjects,I enquired how it was that being a people who lived not for this world, nor the praises of men, they should devote so in#1 pa ftiun nniinarii nam* fn tlw sinniMir anee of their houses and public buildings. ^They replied that there object was to oollect thither, by ar.y reaaoi nble means, the members of every trine, people ami nation of the earth, that they might all see with their own eyes, anil h<*ar witfi their own ears; thence to beget lor them final and irrecoverable judgment; and "you," sai<l he, delivering himself something in this strain ; while his eyes lighted up with fanatic lire, " you have come to the bar, you have passed the boundary line, you have reached the promised land. Kgypt is behind you, and from this time you will be judgt'i according-!? the light you have received.' 1 w.is so much astonished at this powerful, hut somewhat personal appeal, that lor a lew seconds I scarcely knew what reply to make,' /hen, as all my lucky stars would have it, the sijf < post of the Nauvoo Mansion arose directly before us, and the next moment we had reined up before the house. ! I in. Iu? !| ripntlt/ Jill ill well ruiiiitil. comfortable looking house, with everything about it in good order, and jfoisessing a mire air and pleasant location Alter reaching the l>ar room and entering rny name on the books, I requested to be shown a room. This was immediately granted, and I was conducted np stairs to a largo airy and commodious chamber, furnished in a convenience and even elegance of style, I may say, compared to anything 1 had encountered for a long time previous, An excellent carpet, clean beds, mai ogany drawers, wawh stand, and even centre table, with a fresh breeze and fine prospect of the principal streets, with divers savory smells from the culinary regions, soon made me feel per IP D A MIA XV A 1846. FORNIA REGIMENT. world ho muy be with his troops ; that they should go not only with the sword, but with the olive branch of peace, and with that Bible, upon which liberty has its loundation. ? fectly comfortable, and exemplified the truth of that old proverb, " Bide with saints and eat their dinners," &c. After dinner I took a stroll along the banks of the river, and was here very much sumrised hv thn snirit of flntRrnrisn nnd mannfac turing advancement that is displyed on every side. In fact, the Mormons would seem to act as if they expected to hold their present location for all time to come, and lay out, improve, and build incessantly on a spot which, in another month, may bo a heap of ashes. Mills, (lotteries, br'ck yards, and foundaries meet your steps in frequent succession, and the mechanical arts are here carried on with a perfection difficult to surpass. Among a number of other objects, I was struck by the singular construction of a current mili, which, although rough in execution, evinced an ingenuity in design worthy of inspection, exhibiting the application of a mechanical agen' 1 had hitherto supposed neglected in th;s part of the West, namely, the rapid and powerful current of the Mississippi. Upon request, I was civilly shown through the building and hadexpltuned evei yobject of importance 1 thought lit to inspect. Ju the evening I rode out to view the town. The streets are generally level, laid out at right angles and of great width. This, joined to the custom of alotting to each house an acre of land, which is either cultivated as a kitchen garden, teeming with vegetables and fruits, or an ornamental one,studded with flowers, gives to many localities an interesting and beautiful appearance. In fact the principle pursued by the Mormons in laying out their town in four acre lots, to each of which is assigned one dwelling, I consider one of the most admirable designs in forming a beautiful anil healthy place of residence in existence. For although of necessity its dimensions will be greatly expanded, and poss bly extend over so large a district as to prove in some points of view disadvantageous, still, if the town should ever become of such magnitude as to require greatercondensation, (which in the majority of our country towns would not, if ever, occur in half a century,) a separate quarter might be allotted lor that purpose, and the remainder of the inhabitants, whose time and pur DUH3 WCIC IIUI U1 SUUIl Vlldl lIIIjUHUlUUl.-, CMjUjr WHO facilities of congregation with the health anil j amusements of a rural life. [It i9 a perfectly wellestablished fact, that the pursuits of agriculture, though followed in soever a limited degree, will always act as an antidote to the ennut, recklessness and depravity, incident to the dense association of masses; and the physical vigor, integrity, independence and responsibility of character inseparable to the calling of a farmer, would a thousand fold counterbalance any disadvantages a riiiug from too wide an extension of locality. The houses on the outskirts of the town are principally small, one story in height, and built o 1 brick, offering in their appearance nothing worthy of note ; but many of the edifices on the main streets exhibit decided pretentions to style and beauty, being commodious, well built, and of handsome exterior. In fact, the frequent occurrence of new buildings, and the progress of manufactures, would seem to argue well for the temporal advancement of the "saints." What the real condition of their so?icty may be, how far a speciousness of appearance may be resorted to, in order to deceive strangers, or how the laws and ordinances, necessary Tor the jurisdiction of fifteen or twenty thousand people, can be carried out in a city without a charter, or (with the exception of the influence of the twelve elders,) without any ordinary or ostensible means of self government, I am unable to determine. 11 is true, that the streets of Nauvoo are every night vigilantly guarded by several hundred police; but their eflorts seem rather directed to the detection of spies, and repulsion ol the neighboring people, whom they designate by the title of "mobs," than for any purpose of internal regulation. There is one point in the social organization of the Mormons that oilers a bold contrast to all modern associations, and for which, at least, they deserve the palm of originality; they are a people who profess to live without the aid of litw or physic, and as such, deserve to be buried under a wooden pyramid. They exultingly informed me that tliero was not a hiwyer or physician in tlie whole city. When I questioned them how they succeeded in quelling difficulties, and settling disputes, and how they cured the " ills that flesh is heir to," for' the first, they stoutly denied the existence of any dissensions in their community; and lor the last, they acknowledged no remedy hut divine inspiration. To this, however, I decidedly objected, urging the utter impossibility of any body of men, of so great a magnitude, living together without somo collision of person or interest, and, at the same tiine, also strongly demurring a* to the potency of inspiration in settuig a broken leg or curing a lumbago in the back. Their reply was, that if at any time tliere might exist a difference of opinion strong enough to approach even the shadow of a dispute, it was immediately and without lurther appeal settled by the elders; and, as regarded the Iracture of a limb, there were many among them, who, by the assistano of grace and a knowledge of surgery, always possessed the power of healing it. The first part of their answer appeared reasonable enough, but as to the latter, I wasa little dubious; not being perfectly satisfied of the fact why " grace" and surgery should not agree as well as " yracs" and singing, and why a doctor in practice was not a physician in prolession, unless, to be sure, the one was compensated in money and the other in presents. After a rid,- ol' ne'irly two miles through one street, in which the houses were still as contiguously placed as in < :liei pnrts of the town, we turned, and came back by another route. The appeamnco of the inhabinnts as we passed along, most of whom were of the nnnrer nlftAM*. iif tlifir monlu nr niiiMrliriu. joying the evening air, did not seem to justify the extern of poverty and wretchedness I lin<l been led to expert amorg them ; and an for the females, tliey were dressed with a neatness, simplicity nnd taste I had rarely seen equalled. The ?ha<it * of evening had fallen darkly arnund when my cicerone pointed out the temple, a short distance from tno spot; but all that could he seen with distinctness were the outlines of its dark form heaving ui> sombrely against ihe evening sky, while its base appeared surrounded and eurn)>ere<4 with huge blocks of stone, and heap# of building materials, of every form and description. 1 returned, therefore, without stopping, arid retired for the night, hut was long kept awake by ths strains of a wild and peculiar, but sweet hymn, proceeding from a house opposite, whose coqrettish occupants 1 had observed playing at bopeep the whole afternoon. Tho next morning 1 visited the temple. At the first view I was somewhat disappointed in my anticipations. Although of immense magnitude, and evidently constructed LD. Frtee T*o CtnU. at enormous expense, there wa? something wanting in grandeur ot expression. Tha effect of some vast dome heaving its huge sphere tar over the surrounding habitations and scenery, with its simple accompaniment of massv cornica and Doric pillar, was but ill supplied oy the spindle tnu/tir hiah uralla Hut nilntfurt H r\fi urn. tesquu ornaments of the edifice before me, reminding Hie more oi ?ome fjigantic, hall modern-limit chnrcli, with itscircular lights nr.d bow windows, than a building I lmd supposed of purely original design, or even constructed m the tine Gothic, (irecinn or Egyptian styles. '1 he ? fleet, however, became greatly modiliedon further examination. The magnitude of the pile?the accuracy, beauty and finish of its parts, and the singular mode of its erection, wnich has hitherto been effected entirely by the voluntary and proffered efforts of the inhabitants, all conspired to overcome my scruple? and alter my first impressions. The whole edifice is erected of a sort of white granulated limestone, resembling marble, and admirably adapted to the purposes of building. While hi the act of examining the premises a person stepped out and politely offered to show me through the interior of the building. I gladly accepted the invitation, and followed him to the entrance. iMy attention here was perfectly riveted by the stupendous height of the ceiling, the riiuMivenrss and quantity ol the timber, and the number of workmen, who, although in the hottest partol the season, were laboring away with an alucrity and perseverance tlmt would have a?U>nifthed the majority of New York carpente s.? Everything seemed to be done in the most tlio longn minuier. i no mau*nais were 01 nn- nrst 3uality, and oven the tools of the beat possible escription, and assisted by every process of modern ingenuity and labor-saving invention. My first excursion was to the basement. This part of the edifice extended principally in one immense apartment, some hundred and forty feet in length and seventy in breadth. The floor was not yet paved, which I was informed however would be shortly done, and heaps of half-flnished work and building materials were scattered promiscuously around. One object, however, in an advanced state of completion, attracted my attention ; this was tho baptismal font, as it was termed?a huge elliptical shaped mass of stone placed in the middle of the room, anil intended, 1 supposed, from the cavity in the middle, to receive tne holy water. The employment of this structure is intimately connected with some of their religious observances ; what they were I did not enquire, but its fleet, when finished, with its beautiful cornice and massive horns, and surrounded by the figures of eight oxen, cut out of stone and placed in the attitudes ol guarding its approach, will, in the gloom and silence of the apartment, be highly imposing. The builder of the edifice, a man of superior skill and intelligence, here offered himself to conduct'ine through and explain the construction of the building. This I promptly and gladly accepted ; but 1 will not impose on your patience by any minute detail of the many objects 1 here beheld worthy of observation. Suffice it to say, that in the basement, where the great part of the wood-work, finished and ready for putting up, was carefully stored, 1 was continually astonished at the quantity of material, and the accuracy and perfection exhibited in the eornpletion of every part. This was particularly observable in the execution of some pillar caps which were to surround the tower. These were carved in a somewhat grotesque imitation of the human countenance, on which, whatever opinion might be entertained regarding the nature of the sentiment they inspired, there could be no difference concerning the accuracy and finish exhibited in their completion. 1 cannot forbear noticing several fine images of oxen I observed thrown carelessly aside in one corner of the apartment. Upon examination, I found they were executed ol wood, formed by joining together pieces of plank, but with a fidelity and perfection ol detail difficult to surpass. In the earlier stages of the building, they had been placed around the fort, but now, owing to their mutilation by visiters, being about to be substituted by those of stone, had been laid aside as useless, and were rapidly going to destruction. At the intimation of my cicerone, 1 now proceeded to ascend the building. 1 had always, from a child, possessed a certain perverse and premature desire for scrambling up to the very top of matters and things, sorry am 1 to say, though not sufficiently extended beyond mere temporal affairs ; but now, with a " saint" for a guide, and a holy edifice to mount by, 1 felt a laudable conviction of turning my wayward propensities to a better account; but, alas! in the present instance, as I soon discovered, by such an ordeal of tilting planks, shifting beams, and Jacob ladders, that i more than half anticipated my physical material would fall a sacrifice to my spiritual aspirations. Through the space of four or five stories, we mounted in this way before we came to a halt on the roof. Here we paused a moment to catch a view of the fine prospect beneath, and then proceeded to ascenu the tower. Here, indeed, the splendor of the scene amply rewarded lis thr tlm trmihln of its attAininir. The survey of Nauvoo, wiiii its broad, rectangular streets, and its innumerable gardens and houses, scattered over an interminable extent?the glassy bosom of the Mississippi, stretching far to the north and south, studded with rafts, keels, and steamboats?the steep woody blufTs and rich corn fields of Illinois, undulating to the very horizon? and, last of all, the wild lands of Missouri, sweeping away in plain after plain and ridge upon ridge, until mingling forest and prairie faded in { distance?all conspired to enhance the scene.? Even eur own situation, perched as we were on n single beam, with no other support than a bare foothold could atford, had its effect; for from its dizzy height we could behold range upon range of massive timber, diminishing, dwindling and darkening in the distance below ?supporting, abutting, meeting, diverging, crossing and opposing, in all the varieties ot architectural combination, until all distinction Aided in the mazy depth; through their interstices the pigmy workmen could Iks seen, far down, busily engaged in their Lilliputian (asks, from whioh continually arose the confused but resounding din of the plane, hammer and saw. It would be useless here to enter into a detail of the skill, ingenuity or immense labor expended on the upper part of the building?the perfect adjustment of timber in the tower, or the admirable system of jo.ning and joint covering on the roof? these are subjects interesting alone to the architect or build er, ana even 10 ouiers wouia require a iar n'onrci space than we present to illustrate. Suffice to say, allowing for tune, obstructions, poverty, paucity of mechanics, and the daily anticipation ?f dancer, I consider the temple an exlraordinary building. After half an hour's chat with my intelligent guide, whose manners were the perfection of the old school, I cordially thanked him for his politeness and took my leave. In conclusion of the temple then let me add, the expense of construction is stated at two hundred thousand dollars; its dimensions are 158 feet long by 88 broad, and 155 feet high, with the tower. Its order ol architecture is partly original, partly compounded of Grecian and Egyptian, and its object is I iefly ecclesiastical, though built undoubtedly in a great measure to attract visiters and thence converts. It will probably be completed in some twelve or fourteen months. With some three or four drives around town, and twice that number of pedestrian excursions, which, however, offered nothing particularly worthy of notice, I took my leave of N'auvoo. A few words, however, before I conclude, concerning the position and cha racter of the Mormons, may not prove unacceptable. Their whole history, and even present existence, offers a strange con' rast to all precedents. They profess to a perfectly and purely organized system of the Christian religion, ana yet talk of des|?erate resistance in case of attack ; they do not deny the use of,the sword, and yet suffer themselves to be driven from place to place. If the half of what their accusers bring against them bo true, they live in direct and palpable contradiction of every civilized custom and religion?in open violation of every precept of Christianity, and in perpetual infraction of" every law of the land. We continually fiear, both frem the natives of the surrounding country and strangers, whose temporary residence in the vicinity would seem 1 to give them greater claims for an impartiall ? ~r ilirmanml offences and misdemeanors committed l>y tiicm without detection, of the most flagrant crimes perpetrated |iy and "inoiiR thtm with impunity. We 1 are continually reminded of the destitution and recklessness of the poorer classes, and the ex1 tortion, duplicity, and oppression of their lenders. And yet the stranger visiting Nauvoo beholds a town flourishing apparently in every respect? its inhabitants actively engaged in business, trade; or the cultivation of their lands? the houses neatly kept and well built, and an order, harmony, and imanitnity prevailing among them, to all appearance, rarely equalled. Of course the residence of a few days among a people, notwithstanding the opinion* of certain English tourists, give hut an indifferent opportunity of ascertaining their real character. But appearances must be admirably kept up to prevent a stranger in a number of promiscuous rambles through a

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