Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 7, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 7, 1846 Page 2
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A. NEW YORK HERALD. York, Monilny, Sr|>ti mini 7, IN4M. The Pnraun C&|Milltlon. We give on the outside of to day's paper a spi* j rited sketch, taken by an eye-witness, of the appewrnnc' of the fleet of merchantmen, under convoy of a French and English squadron, when pawing the batteries of the Buenos Ayreans at St. Lorenzo. Tha batteries on the north side were under command of the brave General Murcella, while op[>ov?d to him were the broad* des of the com bined men ot'-war, and a continual discharge of congreve rockets Irom the islanu on which the English threw up a slight fortification. The con. voy, the account of whose pwsage we have | hitherto given, composed of vessels of all nations, lost three vessels, which ran aground and were burnt. The papers from Buenos Ayres stu'c 'hat the lo's of the allies, in killed alone, must have been from 3<l to 50 men, and property destroyed to the amount of ?190,000; while the English state that but one man was killed, and three vessels lost. The correct account is probably between the two. Throughout the whole cor.llict, this Argentine forces displayed a courage which all the strength of England and France never could subdue?a courage arising from feelings of resistance to aggression and delence of home. Our Dlrxlcnn Hi latlnim? IllglUy Favorable Prospects uf Ptai e?\\ hat Is Trump ' The intelligence from Mexico and from the seat of military operations, has not been unex. pected here. For some time, we have been waiting impatien'ly for news from the 1'acirtc squadron, which had learned of the actual existence of hostilities, and was known to have ample strength to make a powerful diversion in ttint quarter. Although what has been accomplished had reached us through the very imperfect medium of Mexico herself, little doubt can be entertained that our naval force is in possession of the principal ports in California. The operations of the army extending from the mouth of the Rio del Norte, where General T ivlor has an available force of at least 18,000 men?the movements of General Wool at the h ?ad of about 7000, and of General Kearney with fx)00 more, as-ailing Mexico, and penetrating her territory in combination, upon a line of 2000 miles, aided by our naval forces on both oceans, would be sufficient even undt/r ordinary circumstances, to place her in a state of extreme jeopardy. Distracted however, as she is, and has been, it is impracticable for her to continue the unequal contest, without the certainty of enormous loss. Whatever portion of her territory our troops may occupy, it will be impossible for her to dispossess us from. At this juncture Sant* Anna arrives?a new re volution occurs. The troop* raised by Paredes to make a ->how of resistance are detained in the capitol, and our different armies move on unim- i peded in their operations. Even if Santa Anna was disposed to carry on the losing game which such a state ol affairs must make the war in which he is involved, the onward move of the j troops of the United States, will find him, when ; he is ready for action, stripped of all the frontier provinces. They are probably by this time held ' by our armies. 10very consideration of policy? every prospect of consolidating his own power at j home, will incline him t? peace. It is moreover pretty clear that his entry into ! Mexico, has been with the connivance and underttauduigof our government. The circumstances of his sailing in an open manner,without disguise-- | his arrival there at the very moment he was expected?the letter which lie is said to have carried from our consul at Havana to Com. Conner?the mission of Slidell Mackenzie, brother ol the ex-mi n *ter to Mexico?the sending the Mississippi from b Tore Vera Cruz the voryday he w is expected? the permitting the ;<teainboat which carried him to enter without even the attempt to capture him, all indicate the existence of such an understanding. What then is the prospect of peace? The intelligent portion of our community, looking to all thefe fac'*, consider it nearly certain that peace will be concluded belore the lapse of many weeks. It is also confidently believed that the [ terms of the treaty to which Santa Anna consented in 1843, will constitute the basis of the arrangement. That it will be further provided that the American troops will retain possession of all the j Mexican territory which may be in their occupin : cy when the treaty is made, as security for the performance of its stipulation ; that when tlie amount of the claims of our citizens shall be ad- : justicated, the payment of them will be assumed by the United States, who will then receive a eession of so much of the conquered territory as may be found necessary for her indemnification, j But, while all these opinions and facts are float- | nig uruuiKi, vienerui layior may ue lighting a 1 desperate battle at Monterey. imm to Kkpoeters.?Why will not those | < who get up public meetings provide suitable ac- , com mod at ion for reporters ! People wish to see 1 their names in print, and to have their speeches 1 reported at full length, and the public are desirous t < of having a full and graphic report of such pro- '] ceedings. But no accommodations are ever pro- | i vided, and the repotters are left to do as they best can, and are expected to take full notes whilst they are jostled about, surrounded by the turmoil and confusion incidental to such occasions. A reporter goes to a public meeting and he scrambles through a crowd all eager, one to get before the other. He pushes his way to the platform, tries to secure a seat, and to be somewhere neur il lii/liL. II'he mhv.'.w! lie is xtill aitKw>r?t t? the annoyance of bein? pushed about, leaned over, and squeezed lo a jelly. Should it happen to be warm weather he stands a chance of being | dissolved into a state of absolute and entire liqui> ; day. His arms are not allowed free use, and he often finds the few deal boards promoted for the } occasion to the office of desk, occupied as a seat by those in front, and not unfrequenUy carried j away altogether in a skirmish;?and notwith- j standing all these inconvenienciea a reporter is ! expected to take full, accurate and minute notes, i The thing is preposterous. Those who get up I public meetings should make it an object of espe- ' cial care that sufficient accommodations are se- \ cured to the corps of repotters. We always ser.d an able body ol reporters to very public meeting of importance. We can i ive fall and accurate reports, and notwithstanding the many disadvantages and inconveniencies, which we have mentioned, we do give better and abler reports of public meetings, fcc., than any j other paper in the Union. But we can do even better if only common fair play be shown to our reporters. We, thcrelore, request those who get up public meetings, to set apart a place which shall be occupied by reporters alone. Let men be appointed to sccurc them against interruption or interference. The effect of such nil arrangement will l>e, to give the public a full and complotc acquaintance with everything that occurs at public meeting*, and 'hose who take part in such meetings will have the satisfaction of fiudiug them- I selves truly and accurately reported. Coitrt or General Sessions ?The September term of this court commences this forenoon. Owing to the long interval which has elapsed since the close of the last term, the nsmber of prison cases requiring adjudication will doubtless be found to be unusually large; which, together with those wherein the parties accused have lioen admitted toba,!, wtll keep the court closely 1 fudged until the exjnration of the i?rm. | The I)?.uu.s of Dutisovishkd Citizens.?It appeurs to us as though we had recorded the demise of more old and distinguished citizens during the past summer, than ever before in the same length of time. The following list comprises those we can now call to mind. N. L Gejswold, E*q., of the firm of N. L aiw G. Griswotd, one of the olile?t merchants of the city. The house in which he was the senior partner having existed more then forty years, pasting safely through nil changes, of a or commercial character, which have been experienced witlnnihat period Mr. Griswold, through life, enj >yt d the reputation of an upright merchant, and a philanthropist to the fullest extent of the term. Pkkskrvkd Fisu, President i.f the Tradexinans* Hank, and a politician of considerable eminence. W.u. M Prick, forineily United States District A'torncy, nn able lawyer, and a generous, kindhearted man. John Fjsuui'som, one of our oldest and most rc?]>ectfd citizens. Geo P Siiii'man, of the firm of Shipman, Ayrett & Co , one of the oldest and heavies' houses in Wall street. Mr Shipman had been a member of tlie upper board of brokers from its establishment, aud through nil the vicissitudes ol the mm-*, ami iioiwiwisutniling lue neavy losses which repeatedly fell upon his firm, he maintained a character for strict integrity and honesty of purpose, of the highest order. Wm O'Brien, whose demise we announced on Tuesday last, at a very advanced age, was the oldest broker for the adjustment of marine losses in the city, lie has been engaged for nearly half t century exclusively in this branch of business. It is a pursuit of peculiar character, requiring an intimate knowledge of commercial law, and the usages and customs of dilferent countries in the adjustment of a marine loss often interests a great nunibei of persons An established broker, from | his long experience, is a sort of arbitrator, to iuake up a statement of such portions of the loss as shall fall on the Insurance; and Insured Companies. Individuals and courts, in case of litiga tion, rely greatly on the broker's estimates. None are ever engaged, and none can find employment in this branch of business, except men of sterling integrity. Mr. O'Brien was a man who held his position with great fidelity, and his estimates have been confided in svith great con imcucu we uvmi ly un uiu as{e, aim was always greatly respected by all who knew him. Walter Bowse, formerly Mayor of this city, having been appointed in 1H2JS by the Common Council, He had also fit led other offices of honor and trust in several important institutions of the city, and was a man almost universally rc. spected. There are many others, equally distinguished for their many virtues. The season just closed has been very severe upon our at resulenin fact, all classes and ages hn Feri'd wry much from the frequent ai adden ges, and the extremes temperature. The weather of the past /eek has been exceedingly oppressive, and has caused a vast deal of sick i The very old and the very youn^,' len victims to the changeable nature o Innate. Modern avelung.?New York can boast of th i mboats in the world. Her merchant \ been called floating palaces, but her s are superior to any other in creation, both in , swiftness and elegance of appointment. The Oregon, the Atlantic, the Hendrik Hudson, the Worcester, and others, exceed in the beauty and comfort of their interior arrangements, any thing that can well be conceived withoat the aid of ocular in?pection. The saloon and state rooms would not disgrace the palace of an Eastern monarch; such a profusion of gilding, of mirrors, of costly upholstery, and luxurious magnificence do they exhibit in every particular, and in all the datails of their construction. Of the Atlantic, a pri- j vaie letter speaks as follows :? . . ? \ye |1(tl] *nn fhine. sun-?et, anil moon shine while on hoard the Atlantic. She is a queenlike vettel, an I contains an ocean ol comfort and luxury. Her spa- j ciom state rooms, plea ant promenade*, luxurious loung ' eg, andta-tetul tea service. conti ihute to the happiness of the traveller, and he rejoices of raving exchanged the tilted air of the city, th? mosquito'" hum. lor tlm retreshing sea breeze aud the luxury of the Atlantic." The great increase of travelling has imposed it | as a matter of obligation on the proprietors of these magnificent boat", to spare no expense in j providing for the comfort and convenience of the | quests, and they have done their duty amply aiul j well. Naval.?The little sttuin schooners Vixen and ' Spitiir'-, fiom this city, was passed on Tuesday, | 50 miles north of Cape Hatteras. Steamer Orxoon.?The new steamer Oregon, intended for the Mobile and New Orleans line, arrived at Charleston on tli#? 3<1 inst in t\\? ol.r.rt passage of 54 hours from this city. Hnllce Intelligence. Sr.rT. 6.?Burglary?The dry goods storo No. 43 John street, occupied by Colgate \ Abbe, was " tracked" on i Saturday night by some burglar*, by pacing through the new building now erecting in N?s?au street, and thus I obtaining accen to the rear of the store, and forcing the t 'iack basement door, entering (he premises, and stole i herefrom a quantity of silk goods and other articles va- j lued at over j-JJO, a-.d making their escape. Whore j *as the policemen ol that |>ost 1 I lliolout and Dttordrrly Conduct?Captain Buck and i Dfficen Vandei zee, Marshal and Swnyse, of the .1J ward ] police, arrested on Saturday night, between 11 and 13 /clock, Yankee Sullivan, Kit Phelan, Manny Kelly i anil John Anderson, on a charge of disorderly con- i duct in an oyster cellar, kept by Elihu L. Tucker, No. 4A4 Broadway. It appears that these sporting men stepped down to take ? dunk, and by way of amutement smashed a couple of tumblers. They then took another drink, and Phelan threw down a $3 bill on the Cumberland batik, which note Mr. Tucker refused to take, from the fact of its being a bad bill. Phelan denied having tendered such a bill, stating positively that it was a %l> lull he offered, and the accused party being romewhat, in liquor? Mr. Tucker requested them to leave the housewhich they utterly refusi-d to do, abusing and threatening violence to Mr. Tucker, who feeling himself in bodi* ly danger, sent lor the assistanco of the above otHcers, who conducted tliem all to the Station House, where they were locked up until morning aud Mr Tucker appearing before Justice Drinker, made the above complaint and the patties wetc held to bail in $500 to answer at court Grorgr C King.?The council for this man procured a writ oi Sabrai coipus on Saturday, directing his api??arancc before Judge Kdmunds; ? hereupon,alter a hearing, the Judge admitted him to bail in Ihe sum ol $3,000, on a criminal charge against him. L'pon bail being given, King was immediately arreted again by Mr. Deputy Sheriff Bevens, on a process called lit rxtat rtjuiblico, and conducted to the Kldridge street jail. On Sut)iicion oj Burglary ? Officer Waldron, of the ll'.h Ward, arretted last night John II. Mosieur and Rhodes; M osier on a charge of burglary. Locked up for examination by Justice Taylor. Petit Lvrcfuy ?A loaferish looking fellow was detected on Saturday night in the act of Healing a piece of smoked )>eef. worth $1, from the grocery store of Henry Myers, No. .'?6 West street. Locked up for trial. Extensive Foboerv.?A lew days since one of our largest brokers was swindled out of $2,500, under the following circumstances:?A person of good address, and very genteel appearance, called upon and introduced himself by means of a letter of credit, purporting to have been written by very respectable firm ii the K.ast to a merchant of this city. The letter spoke in ter> commendable terms of the hearer, and introduced him as a speculator of high standing, who had visitedthe West for the purpose of purchasing wheat. Shortly alter his appearance he informed hi< new acquaintance that in order to make the purchases he intended it would be necessary for him to cash a certificate of deposit which lie held for JA.OOO sgamst the Dank of IHica, N. V. The merchant proll'ered to assist him in making sale of the cernncate, and lot that pur| o>o they \i?ited iwo or three | broker* together ; the discount was without difficulty elt'e te<l at a small per cent oft', )3,iM0 of the money wt? p*iJ, anil the balance, at the requeat of the supposed wheat bujer. wa? placcd to the credit of hif friend, the merchant, to te drawn and sent to hiiu in convenient remittance*, and to such point! up the upper rivers *? be might heir titer direct. Slioitlv after the tran?action, the wheat dealer disappeared. anil it wu not long after that the certificate ill ascertained te be a forgery Step* w ere nninedia'el) taken for his ai rest, consul.le McDunough ha* been tent to a point on the Upper Mississippi, to u here he directed the inon^y to be tor warded, and it i< moie than piuhaMe that he will oveihaul him upon hi* ?| plication at the pctt office for le'.tets The broker, unlets ho is caught and tho money found, will lose * 2400 . and fortunately for him thai he ascertained ti e lorgery so soon a* he did, for upon the very day he re ceived the intelligence, the meichant was about to remit tho liaUnco of the five thousand ?St. Daily fftwi The Delhi expresses some astonishment on receiving three Arkansas papers which did not contain a single murder. We now ?eud him a paper which contains two; nnd, by the wjy, we would like to see a New Orleans paper containing lets than a page of murder* an I other vjQainitt' ?LOtl' RtthUhh.) G'ottit? ! > -L 1 hr?tilc*li. Ac. P ?ss The at at.?"Richard the Third" will be presented thil evening, with all the gorgeous decoraUoiia which so much added to it* repiesentation during the previou* engagement of the Kean'*. Mr. Kean'i Duke of Olouceiter and Richard, is considered by many mi 'he character be?t adapted to the di*play of hi* dramatic power*, and without doubt it i* a part to which ha doe* mo*t perfect juitice Mrs Kemi a< Klizabetli alway* sustains the pait in that chaste and feeling manner *o peculiar to herself Barry, Dyott, Mrs Abbott, anJ Mra Hany, will add their abilities also to the perfection of the per fortnance Probnbly no piece ha* ever been brought uut in a manaer so cnrrec' in all its appointment* a* thi* at the Park, and with such a cast of character*, we are sure of meeting a crvwded h?u?a. The petite couiedy of " Perfection" will bo added, in which Mrs. Kean and Mrs Dyott both appear. Buwmv Theatre ?Mil* Julia Dean takes her first benefit this evening, on occasion of which she ofTer* a very itrong bill. The performance will commence with the play of the " Stranger," in which Mis* Dean appear* ail Mrs. Haller, being luitained by Mr. Neafie ai the Stranger. The comedy of the " Monty Moon " will be added Mis* Dean as Juliana, and Meitra. Neafio, Wemj is, ai.ii Chanfiau in the other more prominent character* The latter actor consider as a great addition to the company, aud it is to be hoped that he will soon he called upon to assume tome pait in which ho may have a fair opportunity of exhibiting his talent. Miss Dean has, during her engagement, displayed a high degree of talent and there is no doubt but that a full house will receive her this evening UaKtnwicH TiiKATar.?The manager of this pleatan* theatre continues his career of liberality in producing a series of novelties, by which, notwithstanding the disad" vantages uf the season, he has succeeded in nightly drawing respectable and satisfied audiences. Mri. George Jones is an actress of a high order of merit, and, assisted by the talented Mis* Crautord, ha* been n great card for the manager*. Thi* evening the drama of " Kent Day," in which Mr Freer and Mrs Jones appear; the laughable interlude of" Bachelor's Buttons and the melo-dramatic opera of" Ciuy Mannering " will be presented. This i< a most attractive combination of sterling piece*, and will fill the house to overflowing Curu (Jariien.?The new addition* to the attraction* of this much frequented retreat, have been the means of col'ecting nightly number* of our citizens, who can en joy good muiic, good refreshment* and good air, while they view the beautiful scenery of our harbor and vici- . nity. The Buffo singers ate creditable performers and j re nightly encored in favorite songs The dissolving views and t'hinese fireworks are of a very pleating nature and when uddeil to these aru the cusmorumic views, a treat for the eye is afforded rarely e<|uolled.? The managers intend to present attractions which for variety aud merit will not be sur|ui*aed in the city. lionuc Hall.?,>lr. Tielz, owing 10 me return 01 our citi/ens to their home*, anil (he consequent influx of visiter* to hi* room* still remains with us ; and his me- { chanical and automaton figures excite the admiration of all who see them. No stranger should visit New V'ork t w ithnut inspecting the movements of the celebrated j Vauranson duck, so closely imi'.Jtmg nature. Arch stuttt Theatre, Philadelphia.?Mr. Burton produces this evening the new play which had a run ol I 100 successive nights in London, " The King of the { Commons." The whole strength of the company will appear, and from the liberality of the manager in its prepaiation, it will probably be tho greatest hit of the day. Walwut Street Theatre, Philadelphia.?Mr. Mur- j doch, the popular American actor, makes his first ap- I pearance this evening in "Hamlet" Me has hitherto been greeted with much praise, and he will well sustain the reputation he has earned. The farco of " I.end me Five hhillititfs" is al?o added to the evening's bill. Wo undo .ml mat Mr. Murdoch will appear every eveniug this week. How, Mammoth Circui.?The unrh alleJ troupe of i i ile and female equestrians, dancers, clowns, and other list* belonging to this threat company, will perform at hester on the 7th, Htli and 9th, Hep. inst ; at CanandaK on th<- 10th i at Palmyra on tho llth; at Lyons on the lath; at Vienna on the 14th, and at AuUirn on the loth, ltith and 17th inst. This company has already n ade a most profitable tour, and fresh laurels are in store ! lor them at those places which are yet to be visited The famous Madame McCurte, the moft beautiful female rider in the country, and her peculiarly classic and chaste performances, are the admiration of all. Dan Rice, the Shnk?perian clown, likewise belongs to this company, and other performers of surpassing inei it. Rockwell tt Store's Ciacr.i?This establishment will be exhibited in Rochester on the llth ano 12th September inst. The celebrated llerr Cliue. Levi North, and other great equestrian performers, are engaged, and will receive the approbation of the people ol that city.? This company lia* lately been on a tour through Canada, where it met with the most encouraging patronuirn and was admired bv all who witnessed the performance*. Mr?. Hunt and Mr. Wlieatley, at the National theatre, Boston, meet with much commendation from the critic* there. Mr. Templcton gave a concert at Montreal on Friday la?t. The Montreal H'rald sayi : "Few vocalists of the day are possessed of so much versatility as ho is, not only as un operatic singer of the highest merit, but he is celebrated for the beauty of hi* ballads, and is a racwi- ' Irur of no mean order. The Olympic theatre at Montreal is under tbe ma- , nagement of Mr. Skerrett. After a verj successful seasun, it will cfo c the last of the present week. . The Allcghanians were to give their first cower' be , fore the Bostonians yesterday evening. These native songsters surpass many who rome to our shore* accompanied by the loudest blast of Fame's trumpet Yankee Hill is delighting the Albanian-: with his aiuusiDg i n I popular entertainments, Dan Marble appeared at the St Louis theatre, on the 27th ult, in Sam Patch. A jam was the consequence. The Baker family pave a farewell concert at Pittsburg on Monday evening Inst. musical Intelligence. Camillo Siroai.?This great artist, who is now on his ! way to this country, is the only pupil of Paganini, and is | said to be the most worthy successor to that great violin- ' ist. Sivori is a native of Genoa, his father being a , wnnhhr mprrhant of that It ii mid tint hn liAtravpti I even in his infancy an extraordinary passion for the instrument on which he excels, and that he could, at four years of age. play a great many airs. At six years of age, Paganini, having heard him play, advised his father to have the child in-tructed, and. the father consenting, the great violinist took him under his own tuition. He was afterwards under the tuition of Costa, who had instructed Pagamni, and of Dellepiane. the intimato friend of the latter. At ten years of age he gave concerts in all the principal cities ot K.urnpe, but lie did not, like too many of those unfortunates who are known as precocious children, content himself with what he lind learned, and with the fame he had acouired, hut after giving a series ef concerts, he would return to study, and remain buried ; for nine mouths together from the gaze of the world, pererting his powers, Hnd preparing to give the world proof >f the excellence ofhis teaching Shortly before Paganlini's death, Sivori induced his father to oiler the great Maestro any price for one of his violins Paganini's reily was : " 1 will not sell you the violin, but will present it to you in compliment to your high talents." Sivori travelled to Nice to receive the violin from the liand* of his great preceptor. Pnganini having heard the young man play, complimented him ou his proficiency, and advised him to go to Paris. This adviee ne followed after first visiting the Russian and German cities. At Paris the most flattering marks of attention were paid him. The press was loud and enthusiastic in his praise, and the respect paid to his genius was fcarcely inferior to that paid to Paginini himself in his lifotime. He visited London, Dublin, Cork, Liverpool, and other cities of (treat Britain and Ireland, and was everywhere received with unbounded enthusiasm. As an instrumentalist. Sivori is said to be most extraordinary, and the possession of the favorite violin of Paganiui, gives him. no doubt, great advantage in this respect, indenendeut of his own natural nownrs. Rut thn innl and sentiment that he infuses into his music is the greatest characteristic of his wonderful genius, tie comes amongst us, acknowledged by the critics of all the princi|?al European opera cities, as the greatest living violinist, and as the direct and true successor to the mantle of Paganini. We have no doubt that ho will realise amongst us, those hopes nnd expectations raised in the musical community of this country, by the endorsement which his genius has received from the voice of all Europe lie will arrive by the Great Western. Novcl Concert.?A day or two ago wc referred to the wonderful musical performers, Masters Bullock and Cole, and expressed an opinion of their ability as exhibited in their rehearsal at the Apollo Rooms. Since then, in conversation with several of the most distinguished musical professors in this city, we find that there is but one opinion of their merits. They expressed themselves amazed and delighted with the proficiency of these youths, who. from their age, could hardly have been exacted to have conquered the rudiments of their profession?and, indeed, their performances on the violin, viola, violoncello and piano, surpass all description, not onlv by their scientific accuracy, but by the tuneful melody with which they are inspired. A concert will be given by them to-morrow evening, at the Apollo Rooms, and our citizens, our " upper tens," who pour out their money freely at the foot of foreign talent, have now an opi>ortunity of encouraging and supporting 11a live genius in its laudable attempt. The object of these children is not prematurely to come before tho puUlic as professed musicians, but to exhibit such gifts as the) have, and make this their appeal to the New York public to assist them by their attendanco at lhe>r conceits id the purchasing of proper instruments and in securing proper instruction, for the prosecution of their studies We are satisfied, that if our puhlic. twill but once lieai s?l>il Iran ftf a Vnu,' York Knil (hat thpr#? will hit nn tiouble hereafter in their course of study, for th?J li'k of mean*. Political Intelligence. A long communication appears in llie tfangor W 'h<K. of Sept 1st, in relation to the election of Mr Bradbur) to the I 8. Senate, signed by several respectable names, amongst others, by Wm. P. KesscRdcn formerly of < on gress They declare their readiness to prove that eithe. loud or great carelessness wasui-ed to elect him The lollow ingi? the conclusion: ' II'theycould dispute (his.woul not the proof have lorg ?go, instead of their puerile arguments, false pretenses, and unpist aspersions, been bla /.oned through all their newspapers I If they cannot prove it, we assert that Mr Bradbury was not elected and shall call upon the Senate to declarc the seat vacant.' The H<?n. Wm Sawyer is le-nominated as candidate for t ongress, in the Fifth District, Ohio ; so that the luc link is not yot broken Personal Mi.vumiits, Hon. James Buchanan was in Albany, on Satttrdu) lie leaves for Saratoga Springs to day. Hev. Dr. Woods, of Andover, if said to have resigned his rrofesioiahip in the Theological Institution. He has hel 1 that office for near forty yearr [ BetttaP^^ Ai?o?l?tlon of A mart can G*? MQ^te and Nitaralliti. mijh dat. The Society mat on MMMpay at 10 o'clock, A.M., Dr C. T Jackson in the chtlfc The minutes of the lut mMttpg were read and approved showing that the noxt mMNkX of the Aiaociation will be held at Boston on the thjjri Monday in Ueptoraber, and not on the Id of that aoalh. The Standing Committee presented the following name* of the om;er* for the ensuing year : Chairmau?Dr. Amos B 'M?T Secretary?Dr. Jeffries Wjman, Treasurer? B. Siliiman. Jan. Ksq. (Who are Officer* Kn Omcio.) ita*di*o comw 1 Ti-r Dr J. E. Holbrook W. O. Re.ltield, | Professor H. D Rogerf, L V*iuxeur, Professor i) Sillitnan, L. C. Beck, Pres't. E Hitchcock, John L. Hayes, and J. D. Dana. local cohulfw i Hon. Nath. Appleton, Dr D. H. Storer, Hon. A. Lawrence, Dr. L. Cabot, jun. J. A. I.owell. Esq. Dr. C.-T. Jackson, Dr J. C. Warren, V Alffer, Esq. Dr. Asa Gray, Dr. ^A Gould rt oLrnMu tum?n 1KB. Dr. J.Wyman, Dr. A. A Gould, Dr II D Rogers, Dr. C T. Jackson. The Report recommendatory of the above named officers for the ensuing year was unaaimously adopted. B 8illi?i*!?, juu. Ks<| , late Secretary, here rose and expressed his regret at being oblimri to retire from the arduous duties of the office. which he had filled for so long a period. In superintendingttie publication of their proceeding*, it often happened that errors necessarily jrose, in consequence of the aptftkers themselves not having presented their remark* IB a written form, but j the ei rorsarosi from no inlentiotml neglect or official carelessness on hi* pait. In ratfring, therefore, he begged to thank them for their many acts of courtesy, extended to him during the period lie had acted as Secretary. Dr. Rem here offered some ntmark* in relation to the Quartz Hocks of Berkshire county, which he remarked were cleatly of igneoua formation. Dr. JoNio supported the opiaions of Dr. Reid on the subject of the Quartz Rocks of Berkshire county. The Chaihman here preaentd from the " Northwest Mining Company," sevon magnificent specimens of lead, silver and copper ore from New Hampshire, and also specimens of ore from Lake Superior. Professor ?mma*s addreaaed the Association In relation to rocks and their varietiea in this State, commencing I with groups of Champlaia, and so on to the calcerout , tormaiious, and further aonth to the Black river lime stone, l'renton limn stone, and Hudson lime stone?then the vanoties of (late at Tiny, and Williamsbnrgh, be. Prolessor Rookbs differed with him in his views in relation to certain conglomerations and conformations of j these rocks, and the question was left open lor ducus- j sion. Professor hereupon briefly continued his remarks in support of hit theory, reserving to himself the right to reply to any geotlemun who should engage tn discuss on on the subject mutter Dr. Wvma.i moved that Dr. M. w. Dickerson bo ap. pointed u Committoe to report upon Indian Antiquities. . L nanimouily concurred In. The ClitisHU moved a vote of thanks to the late Se- ; cretary, Mr. Silliman, Jnnr , for his etticient discharge of 1 the duties of his office. Carried unanimously. Professor Hall, in reply to Professor Kmmans, on the iwvnn VI IUO IIIIUSVU, II^UCU 111J V?j'|'U?lllUIl Ul? VICWB | ,n relation to the unconfoi inabikty of certain strata, as urged by the rrofeaaor -the Heilderbnrg rocks for ex- | ample. Professor H- here exhibited several plate* prepared by Uim to illuitriite his views. Profe?sor Kmmadi?Have you travelled over the j ground yourself? Professor Hall?I hare, most certainly. Mr Emmans j n ade some statements on this subject in a public iournal in opposition to my opinions ; but as my object is enquiry and information, not controversy, I pursued this *ui>- 1 ject with great attention. Professor H here pointed out on the diagram the positions of the various strata of rock which he had examined on the tirecn Mountains?the Hudson river. Professor Hoot sis wished to call attention to the object i of this controversy. If Dr. Emmans succeeds in his theory, it will establish the existence of life in this world long anterior to the period which is universally established at present. This tho^ s the general scope of the enquiry. j Prolessor R. here alluded to the exertions of himself and j his brother, ill their geological labors for the last seven j vears, in which they had actually originated and established various geological .nuior.ant points in geology, anil ! regretted that Professor Hall had omitted to name himself and hi* brother lor their elaborate researches, with a view to apply them to the Alps. Professor Hali. regretted that there should be any difference of opinion on this subject; I say that Professor Kogers and his brother had done much on this subject; but thare were oihers who had done much sarvice on this geological inquiri ; as to appl)ing them to the , Alp*, that question had been decided, twenty years ago. I He regretted to be compelled to say this. Professor Silliman?1 am sorry that the heat of the weather should have crept into our liscussions (laughter), and as we have hitherto got along like a band of brothers, 1 should like this question to he settled elsewhere. Of the merits of these respective gentlemen, there could exist not much difference of opinion. He hoped the gentlemen of the press would have the kindness not to notice this part ot their proceedings. It was exceedingly painful, and he hoped that the gentlemen who addtcssed them would confine themselves ?o a? to i enable the gentlemen present to understand what they were about-what the drilt of their remark*?for he would venture to sar that the auditory, so far, could M yet make nothing of it. (Laughter) The Chairman wished to explain in relation to the comparative merits ot the respecti e gentlemen who bad been named. Their high claims were not to be nualti.inn.! r.rrotpttor Roum wished to explain that it was because tlio names of himsrlf and hi* bro'hrrs were omitted by Mr. Hall, ho felt bound to notice the omission. Chaiuman?Well. I irust we ahall hav* no mora perKoiialitied, a? the a^ree.ible harmony which hitherto existed. he tru?ted alter this would continue to characterize their proceeding* Professor Rookks (brother to the former gentleman) i here ros? and contended that the whole Apalachian chain is the same grand system of rock, making allowance for those small changes which could be easily explained by the geologist. He felt with his brother in relation to his remarks on the subject of the omission of i his name by Mr Hall; and after the explanation given j by him he hoped they would continue iu the same path o'l enquiry with the utmost cordiality. Protesior Emmans regretted that any difference of opinion should have arisen on this subject, lie had no poetry in him, but wa? a patient gxtherer of facts. He differed with the gontleman who had preceded him as he had made a careful view of the subject for several years, i Mr. E. here in illustration of his views contended thit there was a marked difference along the chain referred to, in point of foisils, See., See. He wished the association to examine and determine for themselves. Adjourned to t'i o'clock, P M. The following are the remits of Professor Rr*wic*, after the reading of M r. Dam's paper on the Moon: It mny be suggested in reply ts the question of Professor Sillman, that it is not surprising that water has not been detected on the surface ot the moon, for if aqueous matter exist there, it mint under the circumstances have the solid iorm. It is well known that much of the hoat experienced at the surface of the earth is due to the pressure of the air, and as the moon has no approvable atmosphere, its surface will be in the tame condition as the topi of the highest mountain! of the earth. These are above the limit of perpetual conjelation, which,were there no atmosphere, would he at low ax the level of the sea. The moon, therefore, having little or no atmosphere, the aqueoua matter which fiom analogy, we may infer to exist there, must exist at its surtace in the form of ice and snow. The following synopsis of remarks by Dr. J. Wyman, on the fossil astrology of North America, preliminary to a final report on this subject to be at a future meeting of the Afisciation, nrc interesting. The whole number of species of fossil hitherto described is 49, belonging t* 82 different genera. Some general observations were made on a few of the more important mammiferous remains. The recent discovery of the bones of Mastadons had enabled Dr. J. B. S. -la.kson to make some interesting observations on the dentition of this animal. According to Dr. J the whole number of grinding teeth amounted to 14, presenting the following characters : ? the 1st and *id teeth have two ridges; the 3 I, 4th, and 5th have three, and the Oth has 'our, In the lower jaw of a young animal, he had failed to detect the tooth described by Frofeasor Owen, which replaces ita predecessor from beneath in.the lower and from above in the uppor jaw. After re' viewing the arguments which go to prove the tetracauloron of Dr Goodman to be identical with the great mastadon. Dr. \V. referred to the height of the mHstudon as indicated by different skeletons, the height of the one in the British museum was 10 tect ; this was the skeleton exhibited by Mr. Koch in the United States, under the name of the Mistounan. A very perfect skeleton belonging tofllarvavd I Diversity measuiing 10 feet9 inches, and the one now in possession of Dr. J C. Warron, of Boston, found at N't wburgh, N. V., and by far the most ,)crfect hitherto discovered, measured 11 feet. A daguelotype view of this skeleton, as it had been mounted under the direction of Dr. N B. Shurtteff, was exhibited These different measurements go to confirm the observation of tuvier, that the height of the maitadon and elephant were nearly the same A lew remark* were then mtde on the megatheroid animals of North America, and originality of the correct interpretation of the r>oues of the megalonyx was reclaimed for our countryman. Dr ?? j?i?i , wi r niiniu*ipuiB, wno reierren mem 10 me eaentate ordtr of animals, in opposition to the opinion of Prof leffercon, who legarded the mcgalonyx as gigantic oaruivemus beast, similar to a lion. Dr W. concluded his remarks with aonie observation* on the zengludon cetordes originally described by l)r Harlan as a reptile and the remains ol which were recently exhibited by Mr. Koch, as the hydrarcho* or fossil " sea serpent.'' Mora recent discoveries confirmed the observation of Prof Owen, tlmt this animal was allied to the whales (cetaceous) and not to the reptiles. Dr. Wyman gave an .inatomical description and exhibited drawings of the era nium of the rastoroides Ohioensls, a gigantic rodent This was the first entire cranium which nad ever been discovered, and bad enabled him to determine correctly the generic character! of the animal, for which the iia^mtntsof bones mid the lower juw previously discovered weic insufficient. Kyiihini) 8ts?io!?.?Mr. Lkscxla**, from Cazenoria. rea l an interesting paper on the Lakes and Ponds ol llnon tago county, to show that those lakes anl ponds wet# oriK nally formed by aink holes. After the gentleman hail ,!one, Mr .flux stated that his remarks were very curious and interesting, and moved that the gentleman be requested to continue hi* researches and report to the a* ociation at its next session. Carried. Mr lt? dpiklc then read a very ingenious paper drawn up by Doctor Coffin on the Theory ef Winds. This paper contained several new and curious remarks on the ubjei't. which we believe have escaped the observation of every other gentleman who has made that branch ol science a study. A motion was then made and carried, that Dr. Coffin I'O requested to continue bin reaoarchea and report the rrsiil'v to the anajciation at ita next meeting. Mr vIilliii.tiii, on behalf of Doctor Jackaon, of Phil i<)e)|>ltfa. |>re?eiit<>d enrioat fungus, rcaembling ani m ?l in it;er, wnirh was found on a maple tree at Albany oil motion oi Pronator Emma**, two committee* ware uppoiulad, one to esunine two ipeclmeuaof |'bo?phoro?, *n! th? otfatr to via it the localities manttoa*4 la Uia morning proceeding', ?nt to report their observations thereon to the association at iti next session Mr At-Lri next presented * m? very curiooi minerals and fossils found in Ohio. He stated that he received the specimens he had now the honor to present that morning from Dr. Dawes of Chilicothe. who was in connection j with others extensively engaged in excavating the ; mounda of the Went, and who had during the last year, i opened more than sixty of those receptacles and took an exact account of their contents. He also stated they j were engaged in making surveys of the ancient foililica- j tions of those regions, that in the course ol the excavations they had found these specimen*, withwaty othera equally cuiious. such as pipes anil other articles of pofteiy of exquisite workmanship and lar superior to auy thing manufactured by the present race of InJians. They also lound sever,il pieces of sculpture representing dugs, racoons, and other animals all beautifully carved They alto found a quantity of minerals, beads, rmde of bones, with a variety of copper and copper poiute d'lnstruments, with other curious articles. They alto, he said found an altur of very cunoui workmanship, and be believed the gentlemen engaged in those curious researches would at an early day give the public the benefit oi their labors. Mr Allen was requested to continue his labors and report to the association. Mr. OiMJTtiD presented some curious specimens of iron, crockery and glass, taken out of cellars after the great Are at Pittsburgh, which underwent by the action of the tire some extraordinary transformations. Mr Rk DFiiLti presented on the part of Dr King, the ..r n?r|n... c...,t >ra..i,. iV... VI ?V<||W AH?I WIIICU UT. U?) of Brooklyn and Professor Derby of John'* College, Mast, were eleeted members, and the meeting adjourned to 10 o'clock on Monday. City Intelligence, St. George's Church, Beekmais Street.?Morning prayer* were read by the Rev. D. A. Tyng, ion of the rector. After which, the Rev. Dr. Tyng (elected for hU morning discourse the ltit'.i p-talm and 11th verse, "Thou j will thow me the path of life ; in thy presence is full. : nets of joy ; at thy right hand, there are pleasures fcr evermore." The Rev preacher proceeded to show the , natural state and condition of man in this life, and that I which is tocorae. He asserted that the whole of this j psalm had a reference to the death and resurrection of , our Saviour Jesus Christ. They who take this path which 1 our Saviour trod, and which he has laid open to all his followers; they who obediently, under every aspect, make their live* conformable to his image, have God's most p ositive and solemn asstlranc# of their redemption : and entrance into his eternal and glorious kingdom. St Peter asserted this when he says, "Thou will not leave ' my soul in hell, neither will thou suffer thine holy one to tee coriuption." Ht- urged his hearers, especially every pilgrim, to choose the right path to make his peace with and submission to God, for every other lead* to ruin. The man who foi??kes'thU path, and has not chosen the voi) summit of nod's thioun shall break in upon him, ainl he shiill leel and know hi* lost and ruined condition. The Rev. preacher proceeded to show further, that the presence of <?Od is every where?that there is no corner to which we i'*n go to escane. Ood i* present in the converted soul. )? with him who ha* a broken and contrite heart. Then in these temples the Holy Uhost ever delighted to dwell; rejoice in the Lord wn always, the language of the Apostle. David. Isaiah, and St John, bear record of the joy of the redeemed. The Rev. gentleman, in the remainder oi his discourse, spoke of the wretchedness of those who for gold, or exalted station, or for the gratification of any of these unlawful desires, reject the proffered mercy and grace of the gospel, and compared them to the foolish mariner who, in the hour of shipwreck, lashed himself to the anchor, vainly hoping to escape his impending doom ? Alter the ?ermon, the Rector proceeded to administer the Holy Communion, assisted by his ion, which was received by a very large number of the congregation. The Rector informed the audience that the vestry of St. George's, with a view to accommodate the members of the congregation, who reside in the upper part of the city, and lor the purpose of forming a congregation before trie completion of their new edifice on Stuyresant Square, have made provision for evening service every Sunday evening, in the Preibyterian Church, in 8th street, at the head of Lafayette Place, and divine service, and a sermon by the Rector, Rev Dr. Tyng. may be expected every Sunday evening during the remainder of the year. . Gum Strket Church.?After the customary iu?pension, public worship was resumed Jin this sanctuary, and the Rev. Dr. McElroy delivered with his usual and |)0|Hilar style of address, an interesting discourse, taking lor his subject the 8th Psalm?" O Lord Ood, how excellent i* thy name in all the earth," Sic., ?Sic This psalm it a composure of the |meditations of David whilst contemplating the beauty and magnificence of th? visible lieavens; and brutalized, indeed, must the mind of that man be. whore thoughts and feelings are not elevated and solemnized by the serenity, loveliness, and grandeur of a night scene ; for that such was the glorious spectacle beheld by the psalmist, is evident, from the consideration that in the third verse no allusion is made to the tun, but solely to the moinand stars, which only serve in the absence of the solar orb. After u few preliminary remark*, the preacher, by way of exposition observed, that the contemplations of the psalmist weie prophetic of the glory of the gospel dispensation, the opposition which would be made to its introduction and progress in thin world, and the feebleness of the instrumentality by which the triumphant advancement of Christianity would be effected. Kor an army of " babes and sucklings'' to be marshalled against a body of well disci piiueil veterans, and overthrow and put them to rout, was, indeed, a miruclc not to be accounted for on natural and rational principles ; yet so it was, that Christianity had prevuilod over the most powerful and subtle assault* by the weak instrumentality of those illiterate men vi liorn God hud appointed to turthar i's propagation. The word " man" was used in Scripture in rriuronce to hi* state of innocence and apostacy, in which latter sense it wits employed by the pialinist, whose astonishment was elicited hv contemplating the condescension of liod in his mercifnl visitation towards him, esix-cially exhibited in the humiliation and redemption of Christ And here 1 the preacher presented his views lespectiug the meaning of the 4, S, anu 6 verses?that the phi a?e, " a little lower thin the angels," referred to the period of Christ's humiliation, and not to any degrees of dignity in comparing man, with a higher order of cieated intelligence. The great ditlii'ulty connected with the passage, was the suddenness ol the transition, which, however, could be satisfactorily explained upon the con?itleration that the psalmist || pen snot in the character of a logician, but a devout worshipper in a soliloquy?when subjects come before and go from the mind in great variety and corresponding abruptness The dominion over the creature was considered as delegated to man, since the fall, as a part ol the mediatorial work of Christ, and the opinion was offered that in the millennium, the ferocity of the animal creation would be subdued, and in the contemplation of " the latter day glory,' the psalmist renews his hymu of ptaise and adoration, " O Lord God, how excellent is thy name in all the earth !" The preacher concluded with '.he following practical reflections : ?That a spirit of devotion is indispensably necessary to take a ju?t viow of the world's creation?that the glory ot redemption far excels the glory of the mateiial universe?that no man can entertain a jmt view of the blessings of salvation who has not a heartfelt conviction of his own sinfulness Since it is '.his alone which gives the advantage to the humblest christian over the proud philosopher, who, with all his lolty and scitntiflc attainments cannot discern in the works of nature the surpas?iug glory of the work ol grace?that no despair nee.l be excited regarding the final and triumphant success of the gospel over all the opposition it is still destined to encounter, the preacher finishing with foreboding apprehensions that Christianity would have to pa<s through darker clouds, and undergo a severity of opposition suck as she had not yet experienced. L' A Ttr .tA^ .An ?r V Water*, fell down off an area-way, from the large club house in Broadway, between Prince ajid Houston streets, yesterday morning, nnd wis instantly killed. The (all was over 20 (eet. The remains were taken to the station house by officer Scatlift' and assistants. Strat Chilork*.?Francis Roche, 3 years of nge.tent home to .'J Avenue B. Henry O. Dell, aged 6 years, found yesterday, and sent home to 105 Broome htieet. Peter Murtagh, Syears old, found anj sent home to Avenue B. Corr i'f Solikl.?Matthew Bettill, fell yester'ay in the street, from the eltect* of a coup it toliel, and was taken to his residence, No. 41 Broom* street. Thi Wkathkr.? t'esterday was another extremely warm day. surpassing even the previous day, (Saturday.) K*TR*oRDi!*iar The intenee heat has be<-nfelt all over the world this sea?on more than it has been tor several years past. The snow and glaciers have actually been melted on Mont Blanc. Common Coc mcil.?Both Board* will meet thii evening, after their usual summer recent. Coronkr's Orricr. Sept fl ?Death iy Intemperance.? The Coroner was called to hold an inquest yesterday at No. 337 Mulberry street, on the body of Klward Hewson, born in Ireland, 36 years ol age. Verdict, "Came to hit death by congestion of the brain and lungs, probably caused by heat " Jlnother?The Coroner was likewise called to hold an inquest at the 3d ward police' station house, on the body of Charles Vale, whom it appears was brought in laM night, and placed in one of the cells in* grots state of in toxication, and wat found dead in the cell in the morning. JreiJentallv Killed ?The Coroner wat called yester day to hold an inqueat at the 14th ward Mation hoti??, on the body of Henry A. Watera, born in Now Vork, 3i jearn of age, aon of Talman J Water*, whom it appear* wa* leaning againat the railing or gate in front of the Club Houie, No. Broadway, between Prinre and Houiton atreeta, and accidentally fell over into the area below, and itriking upen hi* head, fractured hii ukull, which cauaed hla death almoit immediately. The body wan conveyed to the police atation by officer Murphy. The Jurv rendered a verdict that " thed?cea*ed came to hii death by injuriu* received from falling down the front area of the Club Home. No. 49rt Broadway, in con equence of the gate of the aaid area being left unfaatened. for which the Jury consider the proprietor* of the (aid hou?e highly cenaurahle." Hmth hy Hmt ?The Coroner held an inqneat yeaterilay at No W Ninth Avenue, on the body of lohn Wehra, horn in ?Jermanv, 39 years of age. who same to hit death by the effects of lieat. Verdict accordingly. Movement* of Trwvellenu We were neceaaarily compelled, from the preuure of foreign and domestic intelligence, to aii?pena, lor me last two liny, our uiiiel lilt ol daily arrival* We have endeavored to-day to repair the omiition, although much abridged from the respective rogiatriei of the following principal hotela Alton?J., Preaton, Boston; J. Duncan. Tcnoiylvania; J. Spauldirig, Richmond: Oeorge Thorn, U. S. A.; D. Andemon, Richmond; J Field, Baltimore; J. Chanon, do; N. farter. Manchester: H. Biitteiflrld, North Carolina; J. W Wallack, Kngland; M. (Jregor, do; T. Howes, do: I. Anldje. do; M. Karmand, do; (Jeorge Little. North Carolina; Thomaa Lover, Ireland; O. Letter. North ( aroli nn; C Hodgeman, Nt Louis; M Chalwell. Boston; J. Hopkinaon, Philadelphia; J. Sherman, t'tica; W. BrinkerholT, Havana. R Stannard, Richmond; W. Sutton, Salem; D. St. John, Montreal; S.Coleman, Ponton; Major Geo. OaiMa, U. 8. A; P. Calhoun, do. Cirv?M-Brown, Waahiugton; J. Muon, Florida; O. Burt, Maqrland, J. Hawkins, do, J llaakius, \ ermont. J. JAart, I'llM; ?il?ird Martin, Alabama: J. McKanzia. CM? II caio: W Auatln, Charleston, W. Harding, Virginia; S? K Vcei'ar Canandaigua; C. H Coffin, Tennenw*, R. An? strong Bal'imore. A. Boyil, Vlrg inia; Gen Devereu*. ha I t?r?on; M. Lenneth, llliooi*; W vTarrin. Florida, J F1M,, I Illinois: C. Tappan. Philad; D Coffin, Tenuaisea; W.CM*t I ter. Philad; J. Edward*, Washington. \ 3 Ki?*xli??j. Osborne, Bottom Gao~ga Dodd. do; oi \ w! Maaienger, Mobile; J. Danforth, Boa'on; C. ItawMT, \ I Bridgeport; A Cateltim, ChadeUon; M Butterworth, A?| ' M J. Robidson, N. H ; C. Crawford. Detroit ; E. ( lark*, jfl Chicago- J. Jone*, Galveiton; 9. Huilbut, Vermont; W. 4H Robinson. New Hamtiabiie; T Oreen. I'bilaJ; J. Kco?Ml> Waterbury; W. (Jooilwm, Philad; W Graham , Oluofw^L Pierce, North Carolina; J. Holme*, do: T E. CooMgHc 1 Philad; J. Brown, Boston; A Jobiuon, Buffalo; 8. Kaw? 1 drick, Troy; J. Whipple, New York; E. Sandford VMft 1 ginia. J, 1 Howard?L. Morae. Georgia; J. H. Adam*, South 0?*K rolina; B. Bennett, North Carolina; R. Hyman, doi/jH Humphreys, South Carolina; A L'trpenter. Canada; T'JB Smith, Conn; J. Low, Bangor; E. C. Saunders, AlahaiMfB' P. Tucker. Rnleigh; J. Diggs. Virginia; W. Jonea, Kaa?Sf< tucky, W. Romain, Toronto; G. Steele, North CarolUN^^B W Smith, Attakapas; K. H. Thomas, Utica; T. WilUagia^A con. Canada; R. Richard*, do; E. Varniib, London; Brent. Washington; A. Lawrence, do; J. C. Rive*, do;^ Stewait, Montreal; A. Moneer, Canada; J. W StrttX^B Georgia; M. Peebles, North Carolina; H. Sherwood, ronto: Dr. King, do. 1S j JtroaON?J. l.e/enour, Ohio; W. Swanton, Boston; J Lewi*. Chicago; E Peck, do; H Lomua, UurlingtonJMT I Dwight, New Hampshire; K. Convene, ConoectkflpW I C. Smith, Philad; P. Woodbury, New York; J H. LymM^K fl Northampton; M. Lewis, do; C Wingalo, Philad; Head,4 Sandy Hall; J Mitchell, Waternurry; F. BrowdHfl Hartford: 'Way man. Pittsburgh; A. P. Roger*, Naw L?B "on; a. wtldrow, ruilad; U. lerry, ueorgta; u. icdviu h Rochester. "S B Metallic Tablet Knxor Htrop?91 rrchnntlBI and others about purchasing an article of this kind, would do well to call and examine at the manufactory tlie varioua pat ' term offered, each beiiiE made of the beat material*, bat varyl lug only iu ou'side finish. Certificates, iu proof of their utility, are iu the poasession of the inventor, from tome of m l the mostacientific geutlemen in the country; liberal dia Count made to wholesale purchasers. W a. SAUNDERS Bt SON, 177 Broadway. Portable Sliavlug Catca?The moat porta" f ble and at the same time the moat complete and elegant art! I ele now manufactured, having every requisite for a gentle- I uiau'a toilet, and as a travelling enmpamou invaluable. Foj ale by U. SAUNDE S ?t SON, 177 Broadway, A few doori above oourtlnudl atreet. navigation of the Ohio 111ver. Placet. Time. State af River. i iacuuiuti, Aug '.i6. ............ 7 feet. Wheeling, Aug 29 5>; feet falling. !*ittsbnrg, A ig 31 4 Met Louisville, Aug 28. .? M, . . 6 feet and rising. HONKV N VRKKT. Sunday, Sept. B?fl P. M. It will be perceived on reference to a table of comp | rative quotations, which we give below, that quotation* for nearly every stock in the list have, during the past week, been gradually but steadily declining. There i* no causo for this movement, growing out of the state Of our money markets, or any unfavorable prospect in relation to our commercial affairs generally, bat is produced more bra combination of brokers in Wall street, than by I any thing else, or in other words, the bear* are in the ] ascendency. If the state of the money market wai luch as to causa a decline ia stocks, the depreciation would be general, or ' we might say universal. Such, however, is not the case, while some of the fancics are falling off one or two par cent daily ; others are advancing at the rate of twenty and twenty-five per cent per day. This is enough to show that it is something else than the money market that causes the decline in stocks. We do not see as there ia much margin for a falling off in the principal fancies. Harlem and Norwich and Worcester certainly have no margin for depreciation ; but on the contrary, in our opinion, have a wide margin for an advance. In about thirty days, the Harlem road will be estended twenty-seven miles, making its entire length fifty milaa The extension terminates at Somera, a large and thriving town in rutnam county, and in the centre of a rich and extensive agricultural country. Aa a permanent investment, the stock of this company ii worth much more than it is selling for in the market, notwithstanding the miserable management of the road, and the many abuses which are daily practiced in its operation. The Norwich and Worcester Railroad Company never was in a more prosperous and thriving condition than it is now. Since the new and magnificent boat of the com* pany,the Atlantic, was put upon the rou'.e, tho receipts have increased a large per cent. The profits on the boats of the company alone are now one th out and dollari per night, and the transportation of through passenger* on the railroad to enable the boats to nett that profit, must bo very large. This ia the favorite route to lioston, and it* local travel it very large, being of itaelf sufficient to pay the entire running expenses of the road, leaving the through travel to pay off the floating debt of the company, to provide the appropriation to the sinking fund, and to furnish funds for the payment of dividends. We have good authority for stating that a dividend of three per cent will he declared from the nctt earnings of the com' piny, for the six mouths ending December 31, lf>46, and p lid on, or soon after, the 1st of January, 1847. This re sumption of the paymout oi semi-annual dividends will be permanent. The roud will, even intheovent of ther* 4 being no increase, oarn enough to pay six per cent per annum, and make all the necessary appropriations for other payments. Tuis being so well settled, it is a matter of much astonishment that the stock of the company rules at such low prices in the market. At sixty it is a ten per cent stock, at present prices nearly an eleven per cent investment, with a margin of forty-four per cent before it reaches par. There hat not been much done lately in Morris Canal; price* appear to have touched bottom, and a* soon ai it uit* the views of those interested in depressing the market. to let it up, there will be a rise as rapid as the decline has been. The parties diiectly interested in a further decline in this stock are closely connected with its management, and are making great efforts to get pnees down so low that ihey can get hold of a large portion of the stock, when movements will bo made which have been for a long time in contemplation, that will, if successful, place the market value of the stock many per cent above present prices. So far as we are able to judge, there appear* very little doubt in our mind, but that the movements alluded to will be auccessful; that the party at work depressing prices will succeed in getting por session of a large part of the stock?that the bondholder* will lose their lien upon the canal, and that eventually there will be on advance in the stock which will place it nearly in the position it fell from. There is no danger of Morris Canal going out of sight There is still further no doubt but that it will come up again one of these day* a* good as new. This has been a stock of too much importance to the speculator* ?f Wall street, to let go *0 easily as many in Wall street would have o'hers believe, and we have every faith, for the reasons above given, in its being ultimately reinstated in it* former position. We annex a comparative table of quotation* for the principal stocks in this market, fur each day of tho past week, and at the close of the previous week. It will be observed that there has been throughout the week a gra dual, but steady decline in mo?t of thananciei. This we attribute maro to the little disposition manifest by operatort to make transactions, than to uny tightness in th? money market, or any other real cause for a depression. Quotations roa thk pamcipal irwcas its thi Nbw V'onk Market. Sat'w. Mny. Tu'y. ??> ?. Thy Fr'w Sa'y. Ohio Sixes 91% 9J', #3>, 93U 93?, |V nx *e.iturky Mixes. 99 ? ? ? 9HtZ ? rVnnsyl'a Fires. <W ? W'4 ? (('? M lllinoi 33*? 31 ? ? ? ? ? iikImiis Hixh. .. 3u ? ? ? ? 30 ? Heading Bond*. 72 ? 71 71 70U ? 70 Kd'n VlrVr Bds. 73", ______ Kridiuii lUil d. 6'i 66^ #?V 61 83 SS Nor k WorcesV 57)^ J7* 57', J7\j S7\ J7* trie Kit., old... SdW ? ? ? ? 48* ? Kne RK. new.. 8.1 >4 82 ? 80 ? II ? Harlein RR. .., X 1AK MX ii\ S1K U% kjuus Ulaud... 31 31* 31't 31 31 SO* M tlohawk it 41 ? ? ? ? 10 W -itouingion 42U ? ? ? ? ? ? Ksrmers' Loan.. 24>4 24X 24*? 24 ? 21V I4<< Canton Co 32X ? ? J'X J'H 31 JO >1 orris Canal... ft* 7 7 6S ?V ?'? Vickslmrg ? ? ? ? ? ? Uni'd States Bk. 4 ? ? ? ? ? ? Hast Bottnn.... 14jtf ? 14)a ? ? ? ? N. Am. Trust... 9 ? ?* - 9X II* A comparison of price* current at the close of the market yesterday, with those ruling at the close of th? prerious weak, exhibits a decline in Pennsylvania .">? of X tier cent; Reading Bands, a ; Reading Railroad. 3) Nor. wich and Worcester, \ ; Erie Railroad, 1 : Harlem, X; Long Island, | ; Mohawk. X i Canton, a* ; .Moriis Canal, V; and nn advance in North American Trust of 9*per cent, equal to twenty-five per cent on the market value. This in the only atock that haa improved within the week. The earnings of the Massachusetts Western Railroad for eight months ending August 31, 1846, were $?08,7OO 31, againat $497,139 41 for the same period in 1145, being an increase of $101,541 10, equal to about twenty per cent. The receipts of tho Philadelphia and Reading Railroad for the fourth week in August of the past four ycaia, nave been as annexed : ? I'liii.Aiiri.rru a*d Rrsnino R*il?oao. IRIS. lfllj. IStfi. Travel. $3,106 3J J,t?H at a Freight on goods... 8n 78 1,lM 08 2,sIi 4fl Freight on coal 14.682 VI 24.?4i 63 42.sM 71 Total $17,635 01 28.?? 51 48,575 77 Cosl Trans. Tons. 13,120 22,7'JJ 19,1M The aggregate quantity of coal shipped from the va. lioua mines of Nniwylvania, during the proaent aeasoui 4

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