Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 11, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 11, 1846 Page 2
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VI W YORK HERALD. \ >.|?, l'rl'iny, September II. I*4?. e weekLY herald. Affairs iu South Amorica. i ii>^ IV'ttkly Herald will be ready, as usual, at egt.t o'clock to-morrow morning. The following are to be its content':? The Coirixri: Corr#*pond?ne? an t Extracts relating to our Pilfloultie* With Mexico; I.ate New* from Santa Ke; Aripy und Navy Intelligence, Vlfaus in the Argentine Republic; | Highly Iutereiting from .South America; Reception of ?hj lion '.'.i McI.ium 1" the Merchant* of our City; i los-ln* Prooee ding* of the Se**ion of American fleologist* an 1 Naturalist*; better* from WushingUm City; tl jrriblo Murder ol u Woman by her liuitbaiul; Trial ot , Spencer U?r the Murder of'hi* Wife in Jersey City ; The Awvlu 1 Catastrophe on Board the Steamwr Excelsior; 1 Daily Report* ol the Monetary All'air* of the Country; ! the Marketa and Crops, Ship New*; and a large amount of K liturial and miiceiiauoou* matter. Tfii - number will be embellished with an en- , grazed plan of the famous Anglo-French expedi- I tion up the Parana, together with an account of its reception on its pa-^sa.e down that river. This will be examined with a good denl of interest by those who loot upon the inteiferenee of France .lad EnLrl intl in the affairs of the Argentines. ns a li gli-hauded and uncalled for me?**ie. .? n^le copies, in wrap^ers, can be had at the d?ok at sixpence each. Annual subscription price, three dollars. The Kail Ro??i ?<? tue Pncilic?Attending , tlif A.r?a of Commerce. Wo published n short time since in this journal, n leading article on this subject, ba<ed on the report ol tho Senata Committee to whom the subject whs referred during the last session of (Congress, ami which report was founded on the memorial ot Mr Whitney, asking an appropriation ol a strip o land thirty miles in width along the whole line, lor the purpose of building the road. We then stated that the Senate Committee had divi 'ed their ruport into twelve different parts; ' t li: firs', of which, v!z,, the power of Congress ov"r the entire subject in all its bearings, we dispo.-ed of then. The second of these points, vis , the practicability of the proposed work, we intend to take up in the present article, premising beforehand that we have for a long time been satisfied of its perfect practicability. frequent Jeiierson, in a coniiueunai cominumcui ori to Congress uu the 18th January, 1803, suggr?<t d tin- propriety of employing an exploring expedition to the source of the Missouri river, and thence to the Pacific, as to the practicability of op"ning " communication with that ocean. The expedition having been completed, Mr. Jefferson in h>s message to Congress on the 2d of December, 18'JT), Ma??-d that 'he expedition of Messrs. Lewis & Clark had all the success which could have been expected ; that they had traced the Missouri nearly to its t-ource, descended the Columbia river to the Pncific Ocean, and ascertained with accuracy tin geography of that interesting communication across the continent, and learnt the character of the country, of its commerce, and ol its inhabitant*. Tlie route proposed by Mr. Whitney pursues 1 the valley of the Columbia by Lewis's Branch to th? great South Pass, and thence nearly due east, striking the Missouri above the mouth of the great Plattr river, and the Mississippi above the mouth of the Wi^onsin river, until it strikes the shore of lake Michigan. The committee then reier to the testimony of Captain Fremont:? ho itatei ftiut tho route he "followed in 194-2 was up the vulley of the Oreat Platte river to the South Pass, in nor'h ! tlitude 42? " "The road which is now generally folloA'oJ through this region is n very good one. without any .iirti.-il't 3H'cm? to overcome." ' It passed through an epen prairie region and may he much improved, so as to ,m>id th - gieat part of the'inequalities it now prosen i " In .'f?srrit-ii g his arrival at the great South Pas*. l,e remwiks that "the accent had been so gradual, that with .ill ihe iniima'e knowledge possessed hy Carton, who hud nude this country lux noma for seventeen year?| r ucii||fii id wuu n vrr) nu'civ to nnu the place i t wW-. wo hud reached tho culminating point. This was between two low ! ill* rising on either nan I fifty or *lxty feet ' (Fremont's Hop, 8. dor. 174, |>. #0.) " We crossed very nearthe table mountain, nt tho southern c\tr?mit\ 01 the *outh Pns?, w hich i* n?*ar twenty mile* in width. and already traversed bv several different roads Sele'Mig, hs veil as I could in tho scaroelv di*tmgnisliaMo i.? -out. what might be consi lered the dividing tidire in thi* remarkuhlc depretslon in tho mountain, 1 took it barometrical observation, which pave 7 400 l>ot lor llio elevation above tho Oulf of Mexico (fi. 129) " I is imp?rtanc- as the great gnte through which commer.'o and travelling may hereafter pass between the Valley of tho Mississippi and the North Pacific, justifies a prociao notion of its locality nrd distance from the leasiing poin's. in addition to this statement of its elevation As stated in the report of 1942, its latitude at tho poln* vhore we crossed is 42 (tog 24 ruin. 32 sec., its Iongiuido 109 dog ,'fi inin ; its distance IVom the mouth of the Kan*a*. by the common travelling route, Oti.' miles ; tioin the mouth of the (ireat Platte, along the valley of i that river, according to our survey of H42, 882 miles ; and its distance from St Louis about 400 miles more by the Kausa . on! about 700 by the (Ireat Platte toute ; ' these ait rions being steamboat conveyance in both in- . tance? From this pass to the mouth of the Oregon it il out I 400 miles by the common travelling route ; so ' that, nn lor a general point of view, it msy ho as?nmed to to about half way between tho Mississippi and the Paciflc ocean on the common travelling route;" (i'A. 199) Having arrived at the junction of the Waliawalla with the t olumbiu river, ho remarks liatteaus from tide water a~i-etid to the junction, and thencc high up the north foik or Columbia. Land con>eyance only is is .od upon the lino of Lewis's Kork To tho emigrants to Ore .ion, the Ne > Perce (tort) is a point of interest, at be- ' in--, to tii?- who choose it. the termination of their i ?.vorlnn 1 journey. The broad expanse of the river here invites them to embark on it* bosom, and the lefty trees ( oi the fot eat fntni<h tl.e means of doing to. from the South P?a? to this place is about 1,000 miles : and as it is aofmf tile samo distanco I rem that pass to the .Missouri river, tit tho mouth of the Kansas, it may bo assumed that 2.003 miles i? the necesaary land travel in crossing from the l*'nted States to the Pacilic ocean on this line. From tli? mouth of the (ireat Platte, it w ould I o about i 100 miles le?s " From these data, and ether* referred to by the Committee, thry state that the conclusion of fixing tfi r termination of the railroad in tho vicinity of the 12<1 parallel of north latitude is inevitable. They farther state that there is no doubt of the practicability of the proposed route from the ( -I. rr of Lake Michigan to the navigable waters wf the Columbia river. W py the following table of distances and elevations, by which It ap r u < that the mouth of the Kansm river i? TOO . . fe. t < the Otilt of Mexico ; thence, to the crossing 1 of tic HrpuMican fork. i? MO mile*, the ancent gradual to 2, JOO (< ?t more, or equal to 4 2-3 feet per mile; ineq'mfiilet ot mrfiiop very ?mnll. The next US mile? lucemli 1 000 feet, or let* than 8 j feet to the mile. The next I'>7 miles to St. Vrain'i fort, air out 1,000 ' feet, or a little more th ?n <t feet to the mile. * Ttaa nc:U miles, ascent i :>i)o leet -16 feet to the , mile. T.io next . * mile?, ateent -Oil feet over 42 feet to the T wile Tke ri'xt ST tr>ilr*, toward* the pa*?, a?cent *.'00 feet T or ij f??et to the mile. From tin* point 11 de*ret.t U?ke? plnre, more irregular v than hr former aacent. to an elevation of about ?W thousand io?t :>b ire the *ea, mi l maintaina ?n uniform V levat on to the Peer Springs, a distance of 64.^ milet, * fcnj 31) mile* <v<-st of the pass; th?n the turfare apj>e.iri> to be equally irregular for 440 mile*. The next 17^ mile* i* on a general elevation of 8,000 feet from the sea, or a de?cent of 17 feet to the mile From the I ?at point to the foot of the Blue Mountain* i* JdJ mile* (?he west tide ) The elevatiom and depre*aioo* of this Ukt distance vary to ac to make an average gra.'e of lo,'V feet to the mile ; thence to Fort Vancouver the road detreiid* 1,000 feet in 303 mile*, or le*a than 3^ feet to the mile. Wc thus, have this most important fact established, Viz: that the piacticability of building a railroad that willconnect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, is beyond question. This is decidedly ine mou important enquiry, ana it graunes us exceedingly that it is placed beyond question, by data which is indisputable. May we not hope thnt et'- Ion# this subject will receive the atten- t lion its magnitudo on the interests of the | country d?serves, and h ?t before many years we shall see the work commenced 1 I J We have more to say on this sub jeet nother i time. J t I in Tjcacl with Mr.Kico.?Two or three days < ago, n paper in tins city published a ridiculous let- j tnr, purporting to come from Havana, and con- t taint:.g the terms of a treaty, said to have been made with Santa Anna. We looked upon the ] story nt -lie time as an absurd one, and wn now find tniu the I'mini is authorized to characterize ( it ns such. The Union says : I Of the nature ami kind of this respectability, our read ' er? may judge from the fact? which we are authorized ' to State in tha raoit nbiolute nod unqualified manner? that Mere ia not a particle of truth in the whole iitory. | Kroin t'egiiiinnn to and, it i? pure Action , and it ia no leu l>u?ur?J Dun 1*1 Hit M^ltun (5?>ncr?iwriulr ChtfUtM *l?d < nurigf) Oiir reader* will recollect thai the first account of the battle of i'ulo Alto mentioned the death ol a Mexican general, named Torrejon. After the lapse of a week or ten days, the report of Torrejon's death at l'alo Alto was contradicted ; and ,t was then stated that, after escaping the sabres of May's dragoons, lie had gone to Tampico, where he died of fever. Uut, lo ! a new minor is afloat touching Torrejon, according to which, that general is still in the land of the living, and is preparing, at the head of some cavalry, to cut off Col. Hays! May be, this third rumor is as groundless as the two previous ones. If, however, there be any foundation for it, it will be necessary for the gallant Hays to be on his guard; for this Torrejon, though not a military genius, is brave, enterpris ing, find very cunning. None of the Mexican general!! are better adapted for guerilla warfare than he is. Ho was made general in 1840, having in that ye:ir gained great repute by his defeat of some troops who had revolted against the government. lie drew them into an ambuscade, and though their force wa? to his as three is to one, he soon cut them to pieces. Torrejon, unlike many of the Mexican officers w said to be inaccessible to a bribe. He and Canolizo (another brave and enterprizing soldier) were the only generals oi note who remained faithful to Bustamsnte during the revolution of 1841. One day they presented themselves to the President (Bustamente), and told him they had formed a plan for surprising Santa Anna, who was then on his march to the Mexican capital. " Sanction our enterprise," (they said to Bustainante,) "and we pledge our word, that within forty-eiylit hours, and in this jruu siuui BCD caiiin Aiiiia, ciuirr uuuit ur nlive." There is no doubt that Torrejon and Ca] [ uahzo, would have done what they proposed to do ; for the troops of Santa Anna were the worst 1 in the republic, and much fatigued by the forced marches they had been obliged to make. Besides, it was notorious, that Santa Anna rareiy gained a battle, when he commanded in person. But un- ! fortunately for Bustamnnte, he was overwhelm- j ed by the difficulties of his position, lie distrust j ed Torrejon and Canalizo?men whose honesty ! and devotion to his cause, were apparent to all | Mexico. Their project?as feasible a one as was j ever contrived?was rejected by him, almost with- ' outgiving it considers*ion. What has been the consequence 1 Why, that in the course of two or three weeks, the reins of government slipped from his fingers, and fell into the tenacious grasp of his rival, Santa Anna ! Santa Anna, on his elevation to the presidentship, acted both wisely and generously towards Torrejon and Canahzo. Upon these men?who, had Bustamento permitted them, would have taken Santa Anna, "dead or alive"?he showered benefits innumerable. To Torrejon, he gave an important command in the north ol Mexico.? And when in 1814 he started on the exped.tion | which resulted in his overthrow by I'aredes, he left Canalizo in the city of Mexico, as his locum j teiitns. We may observe thatTorrejon is a Mestiza, or in other words, is of Indian, as well as Spanish, descent. Military Service?Sappers and Miners.?We stated, in an article under this caption, yesterday, tnat the members composing tlio new company of sappers and miners recently organised under the act of Congress, had made many complaints of the treatment they were receiving from their officers. Since we wrote that article, we have been informed that the complaints wc referred to | were greatly exaggerated ; and that although there is some murmuring among the men, that they are altogether without cause. It is reasonable to suppose that a body ol men will not have so many privileges i in the army of tho United States, as they 1 are accustomed to enjoy in their own ) homes, and at their own firesides. We are disposed to believe, from what we have sinco learned, that there is no real cause of com- | p'aint, and that this new company are treated, in every respect, ns well as the rules and regulations of the service upon which they have entered, will permit. They enlisted with the understanding tlmt they would receive an engineering education, and it is the intention of the government to teach them engineering and other kindled sciences, when they aro not engaged in active service. In this respect they possess advantages not j within the reach of privates in the regular army. 1 They likewise have advantage in point of pay.? 1'lie lollowing is the rate of pay they receive, viz:? 10 KArffMiita $.30 per month 10 corporals 16 " " 39 privates, !ir?t class 13 " " 39 " second class 9 " " When we compare these sums with those paid lift snmo rlnKitPt nf rn?*r* in thn rpirnlnr nrinv uro >erceivc at once a dilTerence in favor ot the new company of sappers and miners. The following is the pay in the regular army, viz :?Corporals $9 per month, sergeants $13, anil privates $7 per I month. On the score of pay and advantages ol receiving useful knowledge, the position of the now company is intinitely superior to that of the regular privates. We trust to hear no more complaints from the men composing this new company. This is a new thing in our army regulation", and in order to ensure its success the utmost harmony should exist among all concerned. Of p.oursa the men may meet with inconveniences they never anticipated, hut like good citizens they ought to know that the good of the service re|iur(jf that a rigid discipline should be established md preserved ; and they ought, and we have no ioubt Will take pleasure in submitting to all reguations that may be imposed on thein. HnMi Tut Afoui-o^korct.?The second concert ofthese won lerful children camc oft last evening, at the Apollo Saoon, and created as much enthusiasm at the first. We rixhed that all ourfriends were there to pnrticipatc in he delight afforded by the brilliant and perfect instrulentatinn of the?e youthful musicians We do not brieve that the world ha* ever before seen such a comhiation of precocious genius. a? that presented In the peront of tnese children. Master Burke, fifteen yean ago, rested a furor in the musical aud theatrical circle* ny is extraordinary talent But here aie fire children, rhoie nges vary from nine to fifteen, wha delight nn<1 stomsh even oi l piofessional men by the oxtraon'inory iccuracy and brilliancy of then instrumeutation. and by ' h?> perfect harmony they produce. Some idea may tie >??t ol thnr performances when wc say that we heard he overture to Tancredi performed by the four boys on he \ iolin vinla mi.I vtnlonrslln u/ithnnt M tilr na U'? ould judge, a single error, uul that, without tan.enc*?, mt >|iiriteiliy, and with ferror and tenfiment. The [day ins of VIin role, a child of nine yearn of age. on the |>iino foite ??> lapturously applauded by good judge*, ?nd it would not have dune diu-redit to lome of our moit practived pianoforte playeit. The performance* afforded ut throughout the highest gratification. Camii.lo Snon.?We have reason to beliere that the ?am? exciteiucnt cau*ed in the mntical circle* hy Ole Bull during his recent *tay in this country, will he proi duced, ferhap* to a greater extent, hy Signor Sirori, when he appear* amongrt u*. Sirori i* the only pupil of Taginini, ?nd i* allowed by all who hare heard the latter, to he the only true intequeter of hi* *tyle. He in- 1 beritu the violin of I'aginmi, and although the po**es*ion of that in?trument, obtained t>y caaualt). might be looked u|K?n a* unimportant, itill. a* the gift of the great ' martlrn to Sirori, in token of hi* high **tcem for hi* ge- * niu?, it i* in iuelf a powerful recommendation Hi* in- ' itrumentatioii i* *?id to be truly wonderful, and the 1 sentiment breathed into hi* mu*io unapproachable In ' the lal.mi of Pari*, end in the opera house* of I.ondon. 1 >>e ha* long pa**ed a* the gre*te*t Liring violinist; and [here i* no doubt that our people, who have alwayi iirored themi>elve< patron* and eppreciaton of true geniu*. will not be ?low to cndorie the opinion of the criic* of the two greateit mart* of mu?ic in the world. Mr. Templetoni* In Quebec. Leopold de Meyer, the lion planiit, i* now in thi* city Ho ha- ju?t returned from a vi?a to Newport. SwoRO TO LiKt'TKNAXT Ridc.elt.?We take Kreat plt-nsnre in lnyinK before our reader? tne correipondence between a Committee of gentlemen of thi*city and Lieutenant (now Captain) Randolph Ri<lgely, on tne oc? aaion of a pre*ent of a *word to that gallant officer, in con*ideration of hi* brilliant *erTice* ou the Rio Ormnde. The correipondence will *peak for it*elf ; i it i* becoming and appropriate on both aide*.?Baltimore Jlmrricen, S'pttnkr 9. J 1 .... -M.il' I'l l . P ! .1 n Thc*trle*l*, Park.?Mr. Kean ej>p?^re>! at OlotUr. Uut e?amnf, in the tragedy of " Richard 1(1.,' with the uiudl cast and stage appointments. Thii is the last time this magnificent j.lay will be produced during the present engagement of Mr. and Mrs. Kean, and we may say now, without going into ita particular merits, that no play has ever been put on any American stage, so perfect in all ita parts us " Richard III.," us lately played by Mr. Kean at the I'ark. The management of the Park, as well as Mr. Kean, deserve the greatest praise for the very perfect style in which they have presented this play, and for their intention to produce others of the great conceptions of Sha!(?|>eare with similar splendor. Thisevening Mrs. Kean takes her benefit, on which occasion she appears as I'ortia, to Mr. Kcan's Khylock, in the " Merchant of Venice." and aflei wards as Donna Violunte, to Mr. K.'s Don Felix, in the comedy of " The Wonder," (cut down to three acts) Mr. Kean's Shy lock is one of his best parti, as it was of his father; and of Mrs. Kean's Portia, wn may say that there is at presant nothing on the stage to match it. Bowcrv Theatre.?The tragedy of " Romeo and Juliet," anil the drama of the " Carpenter of ilouen," were enacted at this theatre last evening. The house was fillej with a highly respectable audience. Mini Dean was enthusiastically applauded, and the whole performances went nfl' very well. The same bill will be repeated this evening, which fact it sufficient to drew a full house. There will shortly be produced at thii theatre a nautical drama, entitled the " Lion of the Sea," which it now in rehcartal; and from what we can learn, it it i likely to havo a tremendous run. I Gkiewwich thratait.?would remind the pub. lie that thi* is the last night but one of the engagement of Mrs George Jones, whose talents as an actress are acknowledged to be of a high order. Sho will appear this evening in Pauline, in the " Lady of Lyons," one of her best characters, and as Meg Merrilie*, in " Guv Mannering." This lady has bocome great favorite with the patroni of this establishment, and has aided, in a groat measute, to add to the prosperity of the Greenwich. Wc expect to see a very large house here thi* evening. Caitlk Gardkr.?The Buffo troupe of Kthiopian singers continue to draw crowds nightly to this beautiful re sort. Mr. Holraan, a very fine singer, and Mr. Thomp" son, a very popular dancer, add to the attiactions by the exercise of their respective talents. There in no place where one can enjoy himself better than at Castle Gar- j den. Independent of the attractions above enumeiated, and the beautiful dissolving views, cosmorxmas and Chi- I nese fireworks, tho saloon itself is well worth a visit, | and tho refreshments are of excellent quality. Mil. Kohkest.?This gentleman arrived yesterday in J the packet ship Rochester, from Liverpool, after a professional tour through England and Iieland. He appears at the Park on Monday evening next, iu " King Lear."? We hope, for the sake of the management, that j that theatre will scatcely contain tho crowds that will (1n/*lr ?> tvnlonrna VI r t'nrroaf nn liia first annnnrun^n of" tor his leaf; sojourn in a foreign country. We trust that invidious comparisons with foreign artists will bo avoided on all tides, ami that Mr. Korrest will bo judged on his own merits solely. This is but fair, and it is the only mode of arriving at a true appreciation of his professional ability. Raymond's Mkkaokrie.?This valuable and magni- , Gcent exhibition continues on its successful tour. It is to be at the following places in this State during this i month:? Warsaw, Sept. 14 Hernellsville Sept IS j Perry ' 15 Bath " 10 Mount Morris ... " 16 I'aintedPost " 21 i Dans'ulle " 17 Mrs. Mowatt has concluded her engagement in Buffalo Julia Turnbull, the danseuse, is in Buffalo. Police Intelligence. Surr. 10.?Quite a Rush in the f>th IVatd.?Officer* ' Stewart and Prince John Davis, of the lower police, ar- | rekted j esterday the following women, keepers of noto- ' rioun houses of prostitution: i'hebe Doty, 164 Church street, Kmma Miephard, ltii Church street, Lmma , Cieighton, 166 Church street, Sally Sideboard, 168 Church street, and Chailot'.e Brown, 165 Church street. Also, thesj cfUceia kt?pp?d into Leonard street, and brought in Frances O'narle, 55 Leonard street, (Julia Brown's old stand ) Sarah TuttJe, alias Lyona, 50 Leonard street, and .Margaret Ilyerson, 68 Leonard street?all of whom stand charged with keeping disorderly house* of prostitution, which places are considered, and are nertect nuisance to the respectable portion of the neigh i>ui.t icaniiu), JU iu.il 'ivuuij. 1UCIUI?|'I?IUI ? u.-> muuo liy Or. Alexander K. Ilossack, 101 Franklin street, and backed up by the following witnesses : Mr. George Levie, No. 103 Franklin street, Reverend Antliony Verren, 1?9 Franklin street, Mr. James 8. Smith, 181 Church street, Mr. (Julian C. Yerplunk, 86 Franklin street, Mr James Delafteld, 104 Franklin street, Mr. Joel B. 1'urdy, corner of Franklin and Church street*, and . Mr. Livingston, 72 Leonard street. A complaint was likewise made against the landlord of a portion of these houses, a Mr. Oroondates Mauran, of No. 6 Leroy l'lace, charging him with building and leasing these houses for the oxpress purpote of prostitution, and thereby becoming a nuisance to the neighborhood. This'complaint, it will be seen, has been undertaken in a correct , and powerful manner, by some of our aost respectable citizen* residing in that vicinity, who have eudured for years past this intolerable nuisance?the rear windows of , the houies in Franklin street being in full viuw of the rear windows of these disorderly places - subjecting their families to a continual view of obscenity, render- j ing it im|>ossible for their families to set at the wiudows without being annoyed by these disgusting character;. The complaiuaats in these eases intend to prosecute as far as the law allows, which will, in all probability, land some, if not all, on lilickwell's Island. Justice Drinker held the accnsed parties to bail in the sum of , to anawer at i ourt. Jithmpt to Rob a Veittl?A loafcrish looking fellow, calledJohn Williams, was arrested last night by ollicer Daly, on board the schooner Mary Lllenburgb, he having been caught in the act of breaking open one of the sailor's chests, with intent to steal. -Committed for trial. Cut with a Knife?A black fellow was arrested last night, by officer Koff of the 6th ward, on a charge of cutting a severe gash in the arm of another negro, by the name of James K. Smith, while in a scullle together. ?Locked up for trial. Burglary.?Assistant Captain Sea rt iff, of the 11th ward, arrested a man called Henry J. Wilson vesterday after noon, in the store occupied by .Mr. Lock wood, Mo. 113 Grand street, having in his possession a portion of the dry goods, valued.at $160, being a part or the property burglariously taken from the tailoring store of Mr. Sampson Hatfield, No. 164 Broadway, on Monday lust. The property was identified by Mr. Hatfleld, and the accused committed for examinatioa by Juslicc Taylor. Fugitive burglar.?Officer Curry ? of the 3d ward, arrested a man yesterday by the name of Win. Hathaway, on a charge of burglariously entering the the store occu. pied by J. sloat 6c Co., at Kamapo, llockland County Sent back foi trial. Jlrrett on Sutvicion ?Officers Thorn and Whittaker, of the 11th ward, Arrested man called llobert Allen, yesterday, on suspicion of being concerned in breaking open the store of Mr. John W. Yandewater, at Hempstead. Long Island. .7ssauliing an Officer.?A man by the name of Robert Hill was arrested at 3 o'clock yesterday morning, acting in a very disorderly manner on the coiner of Cherry and James streets, Dy striking his walking cane on the pavement, imitating the kuo.k of the policemen, and when remonstrated politely by officer llatben ion re spooling such conduct, mid instead ol desisting returned abuse and finally assaulted the officer, while in the discharge ol his duty, who arrested the accused Hud brought him to the Station house. Justice Uiiuker held the prisoner to bail in $300 to answer at couit. .Irtempt to kill kimtrlf.?A poor, miserable looking fellow called Ui.riiey Laverty, who had been committed by the magistrate lor five days to the city piison for intoxication. while laboring under the ettects of delirium tremrm yesterday, endeavored to ?tab himself with a pockct knite, by holding the blade on his stomach and i. riviig it in with the other hand, in three different places, before he was stopped by the keepers. Police Affairs. To tiik F.oitok ok thi New Voaa Herald,? Dear Sir.?Having seen an advertisement in your pa per ol Thursday, purporting to be a true statement of an I affair that occurred at Mr. HanSeld's Cottage, 1 wish to state a few facts. A warrant being put in my hands for the arrest of Mr. J. Farley, I proceeded to the lesidenee of Alderman Purser, at six o'clock on Monday morning, to get my warrant enclosed; said Alderman lefused to do so. I then proceeded to tho Tombs, and alter waiting some time, it wa* endorsed tiy Justice urinkcr, wiiica cause.I n delay of two hours Through the representation of Mr. Karley's friends and AMennan Tuner, 1 did not insist on au immediate conveyance to Wiilismsburg. Ilia friend and the AlJerman had protnued that lie would appear at Williamsburg at any hour that the Justice might name, with ba'l, as the following letter will show, which wu in' downklor Tuesday morning, at II o,clock; the said Mr. Karl y did not appear at the time specified, and has kept outol my way ever since. UIDKON C. AUSTIN, Constable oi King's Co., L.I. Wii.iumi>um, Sept. 10, 1046. [coir.] Jl'dck LcATcaorr, Willumsbuiiq:? 1)? ah Si*.?A w.inunt was ia*ued this morning against resident of my ward named Karley, for an alleged disturbance and riot In ) our Village. Will you ploase to inform the ufHrer having iho v, ariant, tliat Karley with his bail will npp<mr before you to-morrow morning, at any hour convenient tu >ou This arrangement, if it ' meets your appro* ul, shaM Ve carried into execution, and w ill sccure Kailey liom unnecessary detention. Yours, respectfully, OKOHUi; II I'URSKK, Sent 7.1816. Alder.nan 4th Ward. ' l*nli?d State* Coraiiiia?loiiciV Ofllcj. Before (Jommiiwioner Morton. Strr. 10.?dtlrmptint In Shout?Henry W. Webb, of lha Amorirun bark Kugen a, which it will bo remembered was the vessel that loired the blockade of Vera Cru/., wan brought before the < ommisaioner yesterdav morning, on a charge of firing at a colored boj named wm Moore, Iho utewarii of the es?el. from the testimony, it apper- i ?d that on the passage home, Moore one morning, while I tome of the crew were cleaning the arms, came aft I lowarda the galley door. The mute was there at the 1 lime, and had a inuakot in hi* hand, and dekjrod him, I Moore) to ?lew round, or he'd put aome powder into him. The boy deiirod him not to point the musket at him, and was m the act of going into the hatch-house, when the musket, which waa charged with a blank cartridge, was fired, striking Moore iu or near the hip with the |?wclsr ami wadding, and wounding him severely, Kor the defence, it was endeavored to be Shown that the mate was only joking with Moore, and that the musket went oft by accident. It waa alao slio vn that the wound was *e*r slight, and healed up ia.a day or two. Webb was ' held to bail, and the matter sent to the Urand Jury, and waa dismisaeil. Cruel nnH I nutual Punishment.?Albert Cook, Captain of the American brig Robert, waa brought before the Commissioner on a chaige ol cruel and tinnaual puaiah- 1 mem, for frequently heating with a at.ck and cowhiding William Williams, a hand on board said brig, on the voyage from the f oaat of Africa t? this port. The Captain waa held to bail, and the matter Mat to the (Jrand Jury. ?Tf tii?04t Emono* ton o#l|ir??At t (t* mi? ute? put 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon,the steamboat F.xcelsior, owned by Meurt. Hunt it Xalacpof this eity, burst ' her larboard boiler,immediately after Ueving the dock foot of Robinson street, end when she ?U about half a dozen lengths from the ihore. The explotiM was accompanied with a report like that of distant thuader Immediately after the explosion the boat took and commenced drifting with the tide towarda the Battery, where tome fifty or sixty small ressels were anchoreJ The steam* , boat Columbus immediately went to th| assistance of the E , and commenced towing her back to her dock, and had brought her about two-thirds of th? way back, when the steamboat Fairfield came in contact With the line and severed it. The burning steamboat thw drifted again : with the tide, and was proceeding at ? fearful rate to wards the ileet of schooners aforesaid, when the Iloboken steamboat John Fitch took her in tow, tod conveyed her to the fiats between Ellis Island and tfe Jersey shore where she remained, and burnt ho the water's edge. At the time of the accident there were aetbe forty persons on board, including the paseengere and crow. It was impossible to ascertain last evening how many live* were lost, but only four of thoM injured have been beard of, besides one milling, who was a fireman, and went by the name of James. Of the four taken to the hoipital, one, who was an old man named Wynant, supposed to belong to Montgomery, Orange county, died immediately from | injuries be received. Two more of those wounded were

engineers of the boat, and another was a passenger named Wm. Hall, a ship carpenter, who was going up the river to engage in his trade. The two engineers were brothers, named George and WUliam Van Wart. The Excelsior was a new boat, and waff not deeply laden at ; the timo of the accident. She commenced running on the , first of June last, and waa built at Brooklyn. She was in' sured. When ?he first got adrift, the E camo in contact with two tch oner*, which (he *et fire to, but they were { put out without much damage. After the above was in type wo received the following : statement from the gentlemen bv whom it is signed. The I Kerry Company ought to investigate the matter, and ascertain the cause of such ootiduct. It may be that the Captain of the ferry boat haa some good reason lor his I course. If so let us have it?? ' "Captain Nelson, of the Excelsior, stated this evening : in our presence, at me American Hotel, Jersey City, that afier the bursting of her boiler, tlie boat being just out- 1 side the slip, he called to one or the Jersey City Kerry I boats, which lay near, and begged assistance to get the ExAbior back to her alip, which could have been done with ease and without (fairer to the ferry boat?but all aid was denied, and the ferry boat weiit on her regular trip. He also state* that had this assistance been render- ' cd, all his passengers could have landed with safety, and the Excelsior would have been saved by the many fire engines near by." CORNELIUS KUNARSE, C. I). VAN ALLEN, JAMES J. CHILD, W. A. KENT. Jersey City, Sept. 10th, 1646. Thc Arrkst or thb Murderer.?Calvin Russ, the man who murdered hit wife Eliza on Wednesday evening, by cutting her throat with a razor, was arrested yesterday morning, under the following singular circumstances. It appear* that as Mr. Abraham Pitcher was passing along Orange street, a little after 8 o'clock yes terday morning, he observed a man pass out from an alley way apparently somewhat in liquor, and proceed towards White street, and having but a (light reeollec- 1 tiou of the piisoner'* person, consequently he was unable to recognize him ax once. However, he turned around and followed after hitn. ltuss turned the corner of Orange street into White, on the opposite corner to where he had committed the murder, looking over at the premises, seemingly with deep thought at the awful deed he had done ; passing along White to Centre, and along Centre, stopping directly in lront of the Tombs, ' ou iiif oppowe kiuo ui iu? way, mr. ruuuer iuiiuwui^ close behind, endeavoring to tix his identity. Upon looking a little mora minutely at his person, when he turned to go back again, Mr. Pitcher observed a s|>ot of Mood on hit (the prisoner's) coat; upon seeing this his suspicions were realised, and he immediately said to tlie prisoner, " How do yon do, Mr. Rust)" upon which the prisoner answered, " My name is not Ruts." On receiving thii antwer, Mr. Pitcher took hold of hit right arm, ana perceiving the sleeve of his coat all bloody, said, " What doe* this mean I" and Rust answered, " 1 liavn't done any thing." Mr. Pitcher then told him he must go with him, and conducted the prisoner across Centre street into the police station house, where bo wat taken into custody by Captain McUrath, and on searching his pereon very sharp bloody razor was found in his pecket; his vest, shirt, coat and pantaloons were all spotted with the blood of his victim. On being stripped of the clothing, (which was dono to be retained as evidence,) Iluss remarked to Captain Mctiraili mat he commi tted the murder, and that they might hang him at quick as they 1 d n please. Ou the Coroner being ready to hold thj inquest, the prisoner was taken to the room where he had committed the murder, his wile still laying on the floor, presenting u most ghastly spectacle. The Coroner then asked him it he knew that woman?to which he answered yes. The Coroner then said, " Is she your wife?' and the prisoner answered; " Yes ; we are married." To theso questions, and at the appearance of the body, he maintained a firm and immovable ap- j pearance, showing that he is a desperate and hardened ' villain ; and instead of jealousy being the cause of the deed, it appeals to have been nothing but pure malice and wicked disposition ; lor wu understood that, some short time ago, he endeavored to persuade her to prosti tute herself to procure money to support him. lie has been heard to say irequently that ho would kill her, and that he would have to be hung for her yet After see- ' nig the Douy, in the presence 01 me jury, uuss was con- j ducted back to the Coronei's otiice, when the inquest was held, and a verdict rendered by the jury that " Kliza Russ, wife of the prisoner, came to her death by being murdered by her husband, Calvin Russ, by his severing her throat nearly from ear to ear with a razor, on the 9th day of September, 1816. at the house No. 131 White stroet, in the tith ward of the city of New Vork." We have been informed that the deceased, Eliza Russ, is niece to Mr. Trowbridge, of L'tica, forwarding merchant, and formerly lived with a Mr. Lovett, of Albany, before her marriage, by whom she obtained some little property, at his death. She was a young woman, of respectable connexions, and liberally educated ; and bv her unfortunate marriage with Kuss has met with an un timely grave. Alarms a*d Fires.?This was a city of fires yesterday. There were no less than nine alarms, aud the bells were ringing almost frein sunriso to sunset. Our streeU were filled with firemen and they seemed to be the most active and valuable portion of our population throughout the day. Annexed is a list of tho fires so far as as we have asceit&ined:? One was in Laurens street, in what ii called Ro'.ton row, several old buildings were destroyed. Another was the Soap Chandlery on the corner of James and Cherry streets. This was entirely destroyed. ; Thk Di ?m r io Ma. McLank.?It will be Reen that tho Hon. Louis Mc.Lanc, late U. 8. Minister to England, Ilia ?i.i,0|nru mu uinvauuii VI uur nil/cm lU pmiUKe with them of a public dinner, and that he will name aa early a day Tor that purpose as the state of hii health and hi? pressing engagementi shall warrant. Nkw York, Sept -1 1' i. lion. Loun McLaiyk? Sir?The undersigned, your fellow citi/en'- ,ty of New York, beg leave to avail thoraselve* o i ccukion of your return from your late imporiui 11 to the Court of St Jimei, to express to you the n ^ir.l they entertain for your public and urivate character, a?.H especially the nigh estimation in which they hold yoi efficient efforts and agency in producing the happy termination of the recent differences between this country and Great Britain. It will gratify them much to havo a snitaMe opportunity to manifest to you personally these sentiments, and with that view they request you to name auch early dar as may suit your convenience, when you will meet them, and others who entertain like feelings, at a public dinner in thi* city. We have the honor to be, With great respect, Your obedient servants. A.H.Mickle, Geo. Newbold, C. W. Lawrencc, James Lee, and others. Citt Hotel, New York,) September 8th, lK4d. j To His Honor the Mayor of New York, and Messrs. George Newbold, (5. W. Lawrence, and others : Gentlemen I return you my siacere thanks for your letter of tho 4th instant, tendering me, in behalf of a large number of my fellow citizens of New York, and us a testimonial of their estimation of my services upon my recent mission, a public dinner, at such day as it may be convenient for mo to name ; and I should be most happy, as un additional proof of my appreciation of the kindness of my fellow citizen! of Now York, to return you my immediate acceptance of their invitation. Upon the present occasion, however, the state of my i health, not less than the nature of my engagement! in the South, oblige me to decline an immediate compli- j nncp with vnnr u. iahna un<l I ihnitlil also f?r?1 an inmi. porable elijection, at lucli a season, and in tucb a state of ! the weather, to expose you to the ceremony of public dinner Nevertheless, an it would afford me Rieat pleasure to take the oppoitunity of once more associating in this way with my fellow citizen' of New Yoik, to whom 1 am already under no many obligation*, i will take the earliest occasion after my return home of designating a day when it may be in my power to embrace your ef- ! fer, of which I will not fail to give you timely notice. Meantime, I have the houor to be, Gentlemen, Your friend and fellow citizen, LOUIS McLANE. FRKsnsrs.?The country in the neighborhood of St. Francisville and Bayou Sara was overflowed on the night of the l?th ult. The overflow was so sudden as to cause great destruction of property. Bayou Kara was completely deluged, several of the streets being navigable for atuflis. The mail-boat report* that fourteen lives were lost by , the freihet at Madiaon on Thuriday. F.leven bodies have been found. The amount of property destroyed had not been fully ascertained.?LouitvilU Journal, Sepitmbrr 6. Lifk on tiik Mississippi.?The steamer Bertrand was boarded at Ghurcliville landing, on , Thursday week by a mob ?f the citizens in that neigh horhood, who tried to take possesaion of her. The crew cut the cable, and succeeded in driving the assailants overboard. A dispute between the otHcers of the boat | and tho owner of a woodyard near Churchville, is assigned as the cause for the attack. VarlsiUfc Mrs. Webster, the aged widow of the late Dr. Webiter, lays at the point of death at New Haven, having had a severe attack ofparalysia. Mr French, the new Governor of Ullnoi*, Mr. Well*, the new Lieutenant Governor, and John Wentworth, the Chicago M. C. are all native* ef New Hampshire. LioHTisian.?The telegraph connecting thia city with Buffalo la complete, ami in working order. John Van Dyke is the whig candidate in the Fourth Congressional District of New Jeney. porting Intelligence ' OltAT T?OTTI?C SfiTtM YliTCMAT, 0*1? TH< CP* ; T*t?iLLE Coi-ftse, L. I.?Thta wu foraTurta of fW, two mile heats In harnen, for which four of the beat horses in the United State? were to contend, us follows : Geo. Hpicer entered b. g. Amorictu. P. Hunt b g. Moscow. W. Whelan br. m. Dutchen A. Campbell br. g. Peter Smith. The first three named honea made their appearance on the ground, but Peter Smith waa not there when called for. We could not ascertain why Peter waa not forthcoming, lmt suppose that hia owner thought it of little ! use for him to go with such celebrated animals as Amer- : icus, Moscow, and Ducheaa. The day waa a most lovely one for the sport, and great I numl>ers turned out to witness the match. A great many ' of the sporting fraternity, however, were deterred from attending with their horses and vehicles, on account of the malady now raging on Look Island among horses, the prevailing impression being that it is a contagious disease; J consequently the majority of the owner* of valuable horses ' in keeping them at home to escape disease, lost the chance ' themselves of witnessing the very best trot that hasta. | ken place within the recollection of the oldest sporting inhabitant. Still, tnose who went to the course with hired horses were very numerous, there being at lent j one hundred different kinds of vehicle* around the en! cloiure ; and there were numberless exhibitions of speel ! on the road, both in going to and returning from the track. ' The Long Island train took up several hundred ; and we j noticed several lovers of racing, pedestrianizing to the | I course, notwithstanding the great distance from the j city. When Americus anj Moscow appeared on the track, ! i the judges of horse flesh declared them both in fine con j ' dition. Americus was the favorite at 100 to 60 against the field?and in ono or two instances three to one were I laid out on him, that he would beat Moscow. When the Duchess appeared, offers were made at even that she, ; too, would beat Moscow j but hii friends seemed shy.? j i The mare certainly was in very fine condition, as the' result of the match will prove. Mosnow had improved [ considerably in his appearunce since the last day he contended with Duchess , hut the tiinc that he made in that ! match not coming up to the mark of his previous achievements, made bis admirers cautious, and oven douMlul about investing much on him. Previous to the *tart tlie judges decided that Americu J j wns to be placed on the iiisido, Ditches* in the centre, and Moscow on the outside They , then called up the different driver*, and gave them the usual instructions, ' explained to them the nature of the match, and hoped ! that each one would do his best to make it a fair shake. Kibst Hut?The horses came ap as apj>ointed above, ! and (>tihe first attempt started, Duchess taking the lead, both the horaea well tin ; Ameritu* second, and Moscow ! closely following. They kept in thi* way to the half- ' mile pole, when .Moscow came up with Americu*, and went side and side vrith him lor a short timo ; then Amo- j ricus made a dash, and came up with the mare at the ; three quarter pole, Moscow some distance in the roar. : A* they came along by the diitance pole, Amoricu* and Duchess had their head* together, and in thi* way they 1 passed the stand. On leaving the stand and going round the corner, the mare threw him aside, evidently not liking hi* company but he persisted in paying his devoir* ' to her, and again placed nimself at her side on nearing the half, Moscow being about ten or twelve yard* be- | hind. Moscow here made a brush, and broke up, but rc- i covered in an inatant ; then Americus dashed by the I mare, and, in *o doing, he broke up, and loat ground, giving Moscow achunce to associate with the Ducheu. 1 At this point the interest was intense. Moscow was a* indefatigable a* possible, but he was not nimble enough on the foot for her ladyship, and ahe came in winner of the heat by a neck, Americu* about twenty yard* he- I v.:_ i fnk- ?uu .* . r*-i ?- ?- I uiiin. iuo uiuo ui una iicai n u as luiiuws :?rirai mue, 2:16,la; second mile, 2:44; total, 5:30)^. Id this heat Motco v had to draw out aom) distance (at the time Americus broke up ; probably, if that had not occurred, thing* would have been different. The betting now changed, and there were somo queer-looking fares at the result. Duchess stock took a rapid rise, and those who had heavy investments in tho Americus were willing to part with them at a discount. Moscow went up a little in the opinions of somo, and bis | chances fer the ipurse were considered good. Still bets on Americus were ottered at evens, and taken pret- ] ty l'reely. When the horses were taken out of harness ' to be rubbed, Duchess appeared to have the advantage \ in condition. SccoriD Heat.?The mare was now ontitled to the inside of the track, Moscow next, and Ameiicui on the outside. At the start, Moscow took the lead, waited on by Duchess, Americua in a good position. Moscow, as he passed the quarter-pole, was the length of his sulkey ahead, hut when he reached tho half mile pole, the mare and Americus were even with him, not a head to spare. He got away from them again during the next quarter, on passing which they were at him again, head to head, and they continued in this way up to the distance pole, and the enly difference appearing, as they passed the stand, was the noso of the mare. Away they went again, keeping side by side to the quarter, where Americus fell off a few yards, which he closed up again at the half. Between this pole and the three-quarters, the mare broke up, and was thrown out of the chances of winning this heat. Moscow new had the lead, closely followed by Americus, and after a desperate struggle between theeo two noble animals, tliev came up to the stand, the partisans of each claiming the heat. The judges, however, decided it to be a dead heat?aud their judgment must always close the mouthsofthe most clamorous : and so it was here, for in a short time all seemed satisfied. The time of this heat was?lust mile, 2:41.',,; second mile, 2:43)*; total, S:2a. After the settlement ot ilie previous squabble about foul driving. It appeared, from a broken speke in the wheel of Moscow's sulkey, that the Duchess and be had been in too close approximation for the safety of their driven. At the call to prepare fur the next heat Americus became again the lavorite at two to one, but j no takers ; the presumption being that the following heats belongod to him Thi?i> Ukat ?After a false start, the horses all started together, neither having an advantage; but soon Moscow got a little in front, Americus after him. The mare now, i from an unknown cau^e, fell oA'considerably. At the half mile pole, both the horses were tide by side, the mare still losiDg ground, and in this position they continued past the three-quarter pole, and ail the way round to the stand,there being,apparently.no advantage in favor ofoither horse?the mare very lar behind. At the quarter pole, on the last mile of this heat, they continued as before, and at the half mile pole they had not deviated a foot fioin their old places; but the maro was now lull one hundred yards behind, and some apprehensions were felt about lier being distanced. On tho horses nearing the stand, Americus broke up, but in uti iustant, he was playing away again as lively as ever, although not quite so fast a* was needed, for Moscow led home a length in most beautiful style?the mare inside of the distance. Time? First mile i 4-i?second mile -J 4.W Total 6 i7'?. Then took placo another turn in the simulations on opinion, 1 und money in all shapes were ottered 011 Moscow. At the end ot this heat, when unharnessed, he appeared the freshest of the three. Koi ?th Hkat.?The horses cbme up pretty even for this heat, and after a pull up, got away; Moscow a little in the lead, which ne held to the half mile pole, ./vm eric us ?? ciu-u iu iijiu an |m>9hiwib, giving uiw Bj?eciators a chanci ui' .'ecing tbe whole ol them, Ouches* havin it eye on them both all tho time, showing them that u i? in better play than in the previou* heat. In thii v. they continued round the bottom of the track, and up past tiia stand; but shortly after her ladyship made a <!u?h, and passed tlicm both, Americus making another break of a tiiilirig nature. At the quarter, tho mare a d Moscow were in a very friendly position?side and sido ?not a head out. At the half, Moscow manage 1 t.i get j about hall a length in front, Americu* gaining tapidly on i 1 them; and before they got by the three quarter pole he was ulongiideof them. They came round tho turn together, but on coming up to the stand, Duchest and Moscow both broke, which gave the heat to Americus, 1 the other two coming in on the run. When they nil passed the stand there was not a length difference between them Time?First mile 3.42?second mile 3.dlX< Total j 6 33?4. Fifth Hcat.?At the start, Ducheas had the lead, but was soon passed by Americus, Moscow following close j in the wake. At the quarter pole, they were about a length apart. As they pussed the half, Moscow had placed his shoulder alongside that of the maro, and close on to Americus; but the Duchess not liking such fa- ' miliarity, shook him otT, and went up to Americus.? Moscow then made a bruth, but it wa* not enough to catch them at the itand?the mare going by it a neck ahead. Here Americu* took a front position a* far a* the quarter, when he made way tor Moscow, and by the time they reached the half they ware all in a heap again?head to head. At the three quarter*, Americu* was a little in advance, when the other* made for him, and tliey were all in a line aguin ? Then came the tug?whips came in requisition?shouting and hallooinc by each driver?and a* the) came to with- ' in tun >aril* of tne stand, Moscow went into a g.illoji; I but the mare had them where she wanted them. she ! ( won by half length, Americus second: thus ending this most closely contested match. 1 he time ol ih s 1 heat was?first mile, second mile, 2:&3&; totil, 1 6:44*. The following it a recapitulation of the match:? ht hrat 2il heat. 3d heat. 4th heat ith hear ' Dutchess I 3 3 a 1 t Moscow 2 0 1 3 3 . Americus ... 3 0 2 1 2 Time?>5:3 I Court Calendar?Tlila clay. ' ] Common Pleat.? Ill, 118. to inclusive, 33. ! ] = 1'iar ? Syrupa und Nnlosses. Urookltn, Otli September, 1948. To thk Kntroa er thi: Herald :? , Si*?Protracted and severe illness has been the causa of my not before asking you to correct an error which I appeared in your paper last Sunday three weeks. Know- i ing your readiness at all times to set everything right and do justice to all parties, causes me thus to address vou. I am sure "Felix" is mistaken respecting the sugar 1 frauds?wn are all liable to mistake*?he undoubtedly ! quoted from a letter to the Hon. the Becretiry of the ] Treasury, which letter I have laielv proved to be (to i that functionary) a perfect piece of calumny. 1 wai the < pemon who rendered to Mr. Purdjr, along with the other chemiat, the whole report proving the to called molasies to be lyrup*. I never spoke to, calie J upon, corresponded with (in onv way) Meier* Holt ?t Owen since I returned I from Cuba, end ?m proud to *ay I am the disinterested ' representative of the I,oui*iana planter* Sickness at thit j moment, brought on through too much exertion in tli* nb >ve CHUie, ia one reaion whV I do not write with ttio i j same spirit I ain accustomed to do?however, ! trust, through your kindness, this willsulllce to satisfy the pullio. I am, dear sir, Your obedient servant, VV K. W ILK INS. 1 Pall Fashion 184(1 for iisls.ut Genln'a well ' known establishment, 114 Broadway, opposite St. P*?l's " Having devoted mm.nil attention in prodncintt this sivle.ihe attention of gentlemen W parM'?Urly invited to it. The lightness, grace, and buoyant effeet of theie Hits csnunt he 1 described. Thev must oe s>'eii to be appreciated Oenin re- 1 / ceives molality the stylei of Hats from Paris, and instantly adopt*every thi g that is valnalile i* the new patterns, aud thus h's customer* share the benefits of the judgment sud taste of all Paris, united with liii own First quality of Moleskin Hats, $1; first quality Nutria Hats, St M, and ?*- i Erior in quality and Anith to aay ever offered. Paris made . Us. R [ > f( # Phllarieifelil* Ajr?nta A?rth? RmM, a. M< ZitberfcCC-, Sulldlaci 14 street, ?f?r I'tapm, where thntt" wishing t? ?>tb?rpbe. will ;*? letretheir mmn. Tefma?l.i cenn y,t month, including the Hunday paler , OSrms without it. Advertisements and comtnumration* Intended for nest dty's paper, Boat be left at the agency by 4 o'clock in the afternoon. toll Portable Droning taw?,?The Subscriber* having completed their assortment of the above, can recom inend them to the public and travellers, as the most complete case lor a lone or short journey, ever manufactured, both as rriuds utility, durability and cheapness li. UA17NDEB9 ITSON. 177 Broadway a few doors above Coartlandt street. G. Saundrr'a Patent Mntnlllc Tablet Razor Strop.?The oldest ?nd most approved strop now in use, having been before the public lor the laat thirty years, can be had at the subscribers. No. 177 Broadway, wholesale and re ,-;i ti.. ....1.1 i ... ??.ii the various patterns. Pbalon'i Hogle Hair Oy?, a iutr and Invaluable discovery. warranted neither to smat nor wash oil, beiii* * Liquid Dye. which instantaneously chance* the color of the hair to a beautiful browu or black, without injury lu the kair or skiu. The Kreat superiority o f this Dye consists iu the easy mode of application aud instanraneous effect,all other dyes requiring Iroin ten to twelve hour* to produce any change. lt? superior excellence will be apparent to every one upon a single application. Country gentlemen can have a bottle forwarded them by express, by seudiug cash, enclosed to K. Flialon. 61 Broadway, Judsou's Hotel. Price fl per bottle, with full directions tor use. City gentlemen ?re invited fo rail at the depot md h^ve ib**ir whwb#*! Hv*d ? Borne k hiwctit, iT4 Chesiiut street, agent for Philadelphia. Navigation of the Ohio Hirer. Placet. Time. State of River. lucnumU, Auj 28. 7 feet Vlieeljuff, Aug 29 t>% <eet falling Pittsburg, Aug SI 4 feet Loniavillw. Aug -J8 ........... 0 feet and riling. MONEY UiUlKKT. Thursday, Sept. 10?K P. M. The stock market continue* very quiet, and prices without any material alteration. Morris Canal went up >t; Canton )%'; and Reading \. Long Island fell off X ; Harlem >?'; Fanners' Loan, Norwich and Worcester, and Ohio O's closed at yesterday's prices. There appears to be very little life or activity in the ?iut?v uiaincv, buu .lutiu.tc nuiu u?jr iw U07 merely a fraction of a per cent, and the broker* in tl\< treet have nearly all the o|>eration* among themseJ'.es. It appears to be impossible to get outsider* to cor.a forward j they have boen so frequently >-nd to ??',orely bit that they are afraid to toucb any of the ar sortment of fancy stocks in the list The mouey mai^et is decidedly easier than it has been before for EPonthi. Quotation* for some of the stock* in the street are comparatively low, and we see nothiug in tho perspective likely to prevent a steady progress and a healthy prosperity in all the ramifications ottrade ; notwithstanding which, there are no indication* at pre*ent of any movement in the tock market tending to an improvement of any consequence in prices. The daily tale* in the itreet are in amall Iota and on ihort time, at either buyer*'or *eller*' option, and the brokers appear to be satisfied in making a quarter or a half per cent out of each other. They cannot carry on that system of business much longer, a* many (peculator* in the street will not have a quarter or a half per cent to lose. They cannot prey upon each other for any great length of time, and many must go hungry if something is not done soon to give them a chance to make a few dol" lars out of the outiider*. The new or lower board of brokers has recently been ro-organiseil upon the most approved system of the age, and the financial genius ef those who perfected the plan upon which the board is now based, cannot be doubted. It even does credit to Wall street. In consequence of so many members being involved in financial difficulties, and unable to sottln their differences, there was every danger of the board becoming completely deserted and extinct, it, tljprefore, became necessary to revive it by the application of some new and powerful comedy.- The first movoment made was to past resolution declaring every member tree from all contracts and all differences, or in other words permitting them to repudiate all their liabilities, giving them the privilege, of course, of holding on to whatever assets they might bo fortunate enough to possess. Being thus exonerated by a resolution of the board from all claims, they were ready to resume their seats, provided the price of membership waa within their means. To remove any obstacle of that nature, the price was reduoed, and the board filled up at once. It is now in full operation, but how long it will remain so, is very difficult to tell. If repudiating resolutions are passed about once every six months, the bjard may remain full, but not otherwiso. The white-washing must tako place semi-annually, to preserve even th? molt important member*. This improvej bankrupt law require* no government aasignee, as every one talcing the benofit of it acts as his own assignee. { Wo annex an official statement exhibiting the value of foreign anil domestic merchandise, exported from thin port for tho month of August, distinguishing the amount exported to each country. Commerce ok thk Port or New York?Extorts for Aloi'ST. 1816.. Vointitic Foreign Foreign Jihtre to? Mdze. free, dutiable. Total. Orf.it Britain 782,713 1,257 23,209 ? British colonies 241,338 4,123 1,365 ?* Total Great Britain.. 1,0:4.1191 5,780 28,,74 1,058,445 France 385.875 4.811 30,479 421,208 Belgium 143.947 3,313 5,394 152,670 Spain and her islauds,. 135,313 6,121 11,818 157.G52 China 155,172 ? 39 601 194,777 Holland 121,773 4,477 3,898 130,348 Hamburg 114,1130 1,924 13,639 129,543 Bremen 61,750 1,595 10,288 73,613 Norway 30,495 207 358 31,060 Sweden 28.416 1,281 919 30,616 Haiti 52,609 228 2,326 15,163 Danish Islands 14,337 140 623 15,100 Austria 12.467 522 163 13, lJt Tuscany 11,336 1,727 4,172 21,221 New Oranada 8,M0 1,470 271 10.291 Sardinia 2M?? ? ? *1.181 Portugal 11,710 ? ? 11,710 Mexico 6.063 1,351 2,379 8.797 Uruguay 19 640 1,470 ? 21 110 Brazil 27,387 KS 5,260 33.112 Cnast of Africa 8,217 1,134 4,606 14,391 Whaling Voyage .... 11.000 ? _ 11.000 Total 2,413,782 39,484 167,772 2,621,034 Ship Tartar, Canton, Mexican dollars..... 1,300 " Priuce Albert, London. " 2.040 Brig Hayti, Portau Priuce, American gold, 5,500 " Jerouie, Port au'"latt, " 8K) Bare ivatmreu, ivio ui Jinrirn, uouoiooos, ij,m " S. W. Liarf Montevideo, " 27,GOO Sch. Olive and Viriinie, Jaquemel, " 5,052 ,,, J7 Total %'i,67? 6i7 Nearly one-half of the aggregate value of merchandise exported for the month, was ahipped to G'eat Britain and dependencies. It will be observed that the exportation of foreign dutiable merchandise for Augnst has been very limited, much more no than usual. It would appear by this that the exports, for the purpose of gettiag the drawback and a re-importation under the new tariff, have no' been to any extent. The exportation of breadstuff's from this port to Great Britain during the first six months of this year, has been as annexed :? Kloub amd Wheat Exported from New Yore to Gbeat Britain, Jaiscabv I, to July t, 1116 Flour, bkl$. fVTieat. buih. In American vessels.,.' 237.Mil 257.220 In British vessels 23.439 9.271 Total 310 967 287,093 The wboat shipped was equal to 63,410 barrols of flour, which, added to the othur, would make the aggregate shipment of flour lor the six months 361.360 barrel*. A very dangerous counterfeit was discovered on Wedncsday. A bill of on the Chemical Bank was received from St. Louis. It was struck from a new plate, in good keeping with the issues of the Chemical Bank, counter-signed at Albanv, according to the new law, and ill done with skill The bank never has issued bills !arg?r than a hundred dollar*. The rcceipti from puiingwi, 8cc , upon the Biifl*lo in4 Niageia Fails Railroad, lor the flr?t three month* of he fiscal year?June, Juljr end August?in 1940, comjn.oJ with tho corresponding period in 1845, were as "ollowsI DrrrtLo and Niagara Falls Railroad. 1845?June, Jitly and August $13 A47 33 184B?June, July and August 15,311 A3 Increase, 194# . . $1,764 39 This increase is equal to shout thirteen per cent The period included in the aboTe re'urns, covers the prlnci >al travelling season, and, therefore, the receipts were ibovc an averago. The stock of cotton on hand at this port on the lit in?t., was as follows :? Stock or Cottoh, Tobt or Niw Yobs, Sirr. lit, 184(1In store, and arrived, not landed hales 34,784 Sold, not delivered 8,5ii 3n shipboard, for export, not cleared 2.263 Total 4S,fi3? Tho quantity taken from this port for home use, during he year en ling 31st ult., will appear from the foll#w ng Itock on hand, Sent. 1, 1844 bale* 43,fH7 tcccived during the year ending 31 it nit 314.I'M 838,089 n*.hict? ixport for the year ending AuguitSl, H4? 107,780 tin nt fiOO Iteck on hand, Aug 31, 1846 4A.7A0 244.899' raken for home nee IIS,IPS Iversge per week 2.177 Do. do. leat year Inerefine per week thin year 261 Thiiii at the rate of an aggregate increase of 18,67'J *lei for the year.

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