Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 14, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 14, 1846 Page 1
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* ' v-" ' / ?HBaBBBH?9nsnHKnv< TH] Vol. XU, No. )ii(UWIial? No. 44?U. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES 80RB0N BENNETT PROPRIETOR. Circulation - -Forty Thousand DAILY HER ALD?Everyday, Price I ceats per copy?T j tl per uonn?payable in sdyanea. WEEKLY HEKALD?Kyery Saturday?Price 6* caou I per copy??S UK cents |>ec aunain?payable in advance. iJ KHALI) VOR EUROPE?Every Steam Packet da> Price 6 VJ cenU per cop*-?$1 M par annum, payable ia ad | nact. ADVERTISEMEMT8 at the nioal price*?always cast a advance. PKINT1NO of all kind* executed with beaaty and del patch. All letters or communications, by mail, addressed to th c ublishment, most be post paid, or the postage will be di ducted from the subscription money remitted. JAMES OORDON BENNETT, Proprietor of the NnrYot< Hssald EsTaauspMmrr. North-Writ iuhs rmf Knltoe sad Nueii ur?M M-JLJLU 1 , J -J BJ?L-U E. A. KUTZ. MAItrrACTURK* AWD IMFOKTKB OP NAUTICAL k MATHEMATICAL INSTUUMENTS. 180 Wmtrr ttreel, corner of Burling Slip, S Y. WOULD respectfully inform bit Ctiradi ud the public, that he ha? constantly on hand a general a* ortment of Sextants, Quadrants,ClIIWW, Spy Glasses, Theodolites, Levelling Instrumeuta, Surveyor*r Compasses, Chains, Mathematical Instruments, Scales, Parallel Kulrs, Thermometers. Barometers, Hydrometors, Sscrometers, Rules, liauttr Scale*, complete ?eta of Ganging Instruments, aaitable for Custom House and City Gangers, Gauging and Wautage It Ma, kc.: together with a general assortment of English and American Charts of all parti of the World, both geueral and particular. Blunt' Coast Pilot, Bewditch's Navigator, Blank Books, Bills of Lading, Maaifeata, Log Booka, INaatical Almanacs, kc. All the articlea in the above line are of the beat materiala and workraanahip, and warranted correct. Sextants, Quadrauts.Compaasas, Spy Glasses, and all the articlea in the above line repaired in the neateat and moat correct manaer Goods to be repaired aeut for and delivered. au!9 ltawlm'rc BT URL)till of the Honoiable Abkl Mihii, Supreme Court Commiaai ?uer, uotice ia tierehy given ' hat an attachment haa laaued against the estate of Thomas O. Hinch. now or late of Ballston Spa, -n absconding or concealea debtor, on dae proof made to the aaid Supreme Court Comraisaioner purau nt to the dirrctiuus of the Statute concerning " Attacame .ta against absconding, concealed or non-reai<lent debiora." Aa<' that the aame will be aold for the payment of hia debt* linleaa he, thr sa.d Th ins D. Kinc?t appear and discharge auch att*f hment according to law, within three montha from the first publication of this notice. And that the payment of an> debts and the delivery ol any property belonging to aaid debtor to him or for hia uae, and the trauafer of u> property by him for any purpese whatever, are forbidden by law and are void. Dated Ballston Spa, July 24, 18-16 V,. B. LITCH. of Ballston Spa, jyji ltaw3mo *rrc Atty. for attaching Creditors. UN It Kb STATES CIRCUIT COURT, Fifth Circuit and District of Louisiana, Saturday, 27th day of June, A D. 1846. The court met pursuant to adjournment. Present the Hon.Ttieo. H. Mcoaleb. district Jud(e. The Hon. J. AlcKinley, presiding judge, absent. Josiah Bartar et al ts. Chester Clark et al.?No. 1490? It appearing to (lie court that the defendants, Jacob S. Baker, Van Wyck & Phillips, John Hunt h Co., Luke Daris, W.fcJ. Van Buskirk, Walter Jagger St Co.. Mrs. Alice Mead, executrix; Win. C. Waddell. assignee, Maunsel htout, Austin Melville k Co., H. Boareum It Co , Pinkney k Bertine, Weyman, Clarke fc Co., and J, W Pinkney, hare not been served with vroress of subpeena herein, and that said defendants re'tide in the city of New York. On motion of R.H.Wilde, solicitor for complainants, (O. B. Duncan, Esq.. solicitor for the defendants served, being present in court aud uot ohjectink' (hereto ) that this rule be published in one of the gazettes of New York once a week for three mouths, requiring them to plead, answer or demur to the comnlainanta'Dill, not demurring alone, on oi before the G>st Mondty in November next ensuing, or the allegations oi said complainant's bill will be lakeu for confessed by said defendants. Clerk's Office, Circuit Court of the United States, eastern district of Louisiana.. I hereby eertify the foregoing to be a true copy from the origiual of record lathis office. Witness my hand and the seal of said court, at the city of New Orleans, this 6th day of July, IMS. jy 23 .aw 3m in EJ. RANDOLPH. Clerk. CEMENT, SAND AND GRAVEL FOR THE UNITED STATES DRV DOCK, AT BROOKLYN. INAVV AfltKT I UFFICE, > New York, August 2Jth, 184G. 4 SEALED PROPOSALS, endorsed " Proposals for mater ilis for ihc Dry Dock," will be received it this office uutil 3 o'clock, P M , on Saturday, the 2Sth day o< September next, for about 500 casks of Hydrauftc Cement, or the quantity which will be tequired for me during the present season : For 500 cubic yards ot building sand. For 500 cubic yards of beach gravel. All of the above materials ate to be landed on such wharf as may be directed by the Engineer, and previous to the lat of November next. The proposals for cement must state a price per cask of 300 pounds, from which will be deducted UH cents far each cask which is returned. Those for sand and travel must state a price for cubic yard. The cement mast be put Bp ia casks to contain about 300 pounds. The staves must be made of hard wood and boBud with twelve oak or hickory hoops, and weigh about 28 to JO pounds. battel miul >>? papered, and they mast be transported and kept under cover until they are delivered at the navy yvd. Persons intending to propose for cement must send to the Dry Dock office one cask of the above description, as a sample, on or be fire the list of September. The aand must be coarse silex, entirely free from dirt. The gravel must be beach washed, free from dirt, and not exceeding IK inches in diameter. Samples of the sand and gravel proposed to be furnished, must be sent to the Dry Dock office The proposals must be accompanied w ith the written as for the faithfnl performance of the contract, and ten per cent <>l the amount delivered will in all cases be retained until the contract is fully complied with.. No propoaaU will be couaidered unleit accompanied by a written guaranty, tinned by one or more responsible persons, hat such bond will be given by the party whose offer in.iy l>e accepted, under the penalty contained in the 6th section of the act of luth August. 1816. Any further information can be oblHMed of tlie Engineer, William J. .YIcAlpine, Esq., at the Dryl)ock Office, at the Nary Yard, U,ooklyu. PHOSPfcK M. WKTMOBE, si law<wrrc Nary Agent. W'HAKK TIMBER FOR THE NAVV YARD PROPOSALS, sealed, and endorsed, "Wharf Timber'" will be received by the Navy Agent, New Vork, at his officeti Water street, until Monday, 2<th September, at 3 o'clock, P. M.. for 3j?0 Pine or Hemlock Dock Logs, J" to 43 feet long, to average 36 leer, to be green, with the batk on, not less tluui 7 inches diameter at the small end. 1700 runnitig feet of White Piue Timber', J1 by 11 square, to average 41 feet in length, none les^lhaa 30 feet, to be straight and of parallel width. \ 2000 ruumug feet of White Pine Timber, 12 Vy 1* inche* square, to be straight and of parallel width, to iverage ii I'ret, andnoue lesa than 30 feel in length. SOO Willi* Pin? Ti? 11 inAl,.. ,i;.rr.?t.., 91 fo.i lone- 1 Any further qnantity of the abore Timber that mv be required. To b<* delivered at the Navy Yard, Brooklyn, ai linn u required, at the expense of the contractor, subject to th? ininspectinu of the yard. A 'oond, two sufficient sureties, will be taken for the faithful Iierform met of the contract, and la per cent, retained aj collateral security for ita fulfilment. No proposals uil be considered, mileaa accom|>anied by a writtau guranty siantd by one or more responsible persons, tliat iuch bond will be given by the party wlnwe offer in<yr be accepted, under the peualty contained in sectiuu 6tli, of the act of lOili August. IMS. Nary Agent a Office, ) New York, Aogust 2Stli, 18SR. S I'ROsPER M. WETMORE, at law It Navy Agent. NATIONAL LOAN Fund Life Assuiance Society, ol London.?" A Saving Bank for the widow and the orphans'?Capital XMMl.000 or $2,100,000.?( fcinpowered by act of Parliament)?2 Vict. Uoyal aa eut. 71 li July, I8H. UNITED STATES BOARD OK DIRECTORS. (Office 74 Wall itreet.) Nrto York. JACOB HARVEY. E.g., Chairman. JOHN J. PALMER, luq. SAM. a HOWLAND. Esq JONA'N GOODHUOiq. UOR'M A. WORTH, Esq JAM V.8 BOORM \N. Eaq. SAMUtL M. EOT, Esq. OEOROE BARCLAY. WM. VAN HOOK, *,?q. Philadelphia. C. C. BIDDLE. Eaq. LOU18 A. OODEY, E.q. 8. C. WAI KKR. Eaq. OEO. R. GRAHAM. Eaq J. Lea*dk* Starr, Oeneral Agent, and Edward T. Rich %RDbon, Oeneral Accountant, for the United Statea and Briti-h M. A. Colonies. Phy'IoiahsNric York ?J Kearny Rodger*, M. I)., No. 110 Blexker at. ; Alexauder K. lloaack, M. D., 101 Krauklin at.. 8. 8. Keeue. 290 Fourth at. The Merchants' Bank, New York. .. i \ir? v... li .. i- t _ ? mf ? - *-~j i m >' r. 1 ? .. iiyu?, ui(., J* rrail 11. Solicitor?jol.n Hone, 11 Pine st. CM f Office for America. 71 Wall street. Kor orospecfa, tables of rate*, blank forms of application, lists of sub agenti and medical examiner*, lie., please apply u ahuve. One tialt of premium loaned for five years if deaired Medical examiner! attend at the society's office daily at 1 P. M. I'amplilets on life assurance giren to arplicanta free of charge. i> LKANDKH HTAKK, au? ltaw twt Oe.eral Agent. JEFFERSON INSURANCE COMPANY. Office No 60 Wall Street. New York. THIS Company being authorized by an act of the Legislature of the state of Mew York, passed May IJtli, IM, entitled " An act for the benefit of the Jefferaon lusuruiee Company," to fill tip ita capital stock, which was impaired ky losses occasioned by the (Ire of l#th Jely, IWJ ; and the Board of Llirectora or said Company haying unanimously resolved thai the said capital stock be filled op accordm . to the provisions ol said act. Notice is hereby given in conformity with said act and with theappioral ol the Vice Chancellor of the First all the present stockholders of the Company, that they aie required to signify, on or before th< 'lidayof October next, to the President or Secretaiy nf saiu Company, at their office, No. 40 Wall street, iu the city of New Vorfc, whether they elect to (ill up their stoek, and alto in case they elect to lifl ?p their atock, to puy the amount required at sncli times and such manucr aa the Board of Directors may hereafter de cide. And notiee ia hereby further ?irrn that on ilie Mth dav of October neit, in much new .lock shallbacreated aaddiapoaeuof. at Will make nu the original capital of aaid corpora?ion, and for ihat pwrposabooka of subacription will be opened at ihe uid offic e the 21st day of October aeit, and contmoe open daily from l? to 3 o elock nntil the amount requisite ia anbscribed?(ilie presaat atockholdera to have a prior riaht toaachncw .lock.) The agreement to fill op aharea aa*bove mentioned and the new aabacripMons to take effect on the td dav of Noratnhar neil, on which day an iaaulmant of fire dnllara per ahare la required on aew labacriptioaa. And notire la harebt further riren to such atockholdara aa shall not elect to -II ap their atoek. 9r by nealect ahall lorfeit tha ri|hr >o to do. that thay are required on the 2d day of Noyeipber ueit, to aorrender to the laid Preaideut or Secretary at tii* aaid oOtce, their original certiftcatea of atoek, and in lien thereof to receive new certificates, for inch number of ahaiaa u thay may retpecrcrely be entitled to, aaid ttrockholdera receiviuii pay for fractional parts of aharea. T. W. THORNE, Traau Oro. T Hart, Ree'y. Dated New York. AuKuat 10th, 1144. aalt ttawtNtr GENTLtMEN'S FALL STYLE OF HATs7 Bu d, Corner Pine and A'atji* Slrtrlt GENTLEMEN'H HAT8, of the standard style for aa aiDK season, are aow raady for examination and aale. The subscriber derotea hia attention, aa hitherto, to the E'netioo of the Aneat qnelitiea of Bearer and Moleakin , and, as anch, they are with coafideace recommended to 1 >he public. BIRD, fi Jw?od*r Coraar Pm? and Nassau atrtcu. mmmem E NE' NEW BOOKbINDKK8' STOCK noil Tool W*reliotite ? 1 imiM it unni l* va in v i... i Russia Leather, Plow Ki>ives, Bark Skivers, Type Cuu, Colored do i? rushes, Citrttiu. Agat? Burnishers, English Colored Calf, Gold Leaf, Turkey Mitocco, Oilding and Blank Rolla, Maroon and Bin* Roana, " " Tools, American It E. Sheep "kins, Compasses, Hammer* and Binders' Mus in, Shears, Marble and Comb Paper, Lettering Paileta, ?'wine and Thread, Polishers, tcc he. rene. and Plows, Also, I second-hand Embossing Presses. N. B ?Lettering Blocks, (iildmg R lis, Tools, tmbosi- j ing Plate , tec Ike. cut to order at tne shortest notice. au!4 lin rod*in I NEEDLES. MANUFACTURED BV JOHN RIMMER it SONS, ; ALCE9TER, ENGLAND. Robert s btenton. u maiden lane, cup i tkein) BOLE AOENT f6r THE UN ITED STATES. ; ?In no country in the world does the manufacturer so surely reap the benefit arising from deserved superiority as hi the , United Statu; and, for this reason, au American looks lor I the manufacturer's nam* impressed upon any article before i he purchases ; and iflie fin ds the nuality good, he remembers and reconameuds what he haa tried nud proved Still, there | is no role with >ut eaceptiou. All who purchase ^a'dles by , wholesale are well aware that thev are not usual) labelled with the real niannlaeturer'a name, btu with the of the importer in New York. Philadelphia, Ike , who thus deprives 1 a deserving man ofall the creditjustly due to hiin ; andar. the importer can attach his name to the goods ol various makers, th>- buyer has no certainty of obtaining the s"me article ic quality which he had previously purchased, acd again r? quires. This is uot right. ll is time that justicc should be d"ue to the real maker. R. 8. Stenton offers to the wholesale trade, (and trough them to the ladies of the United States,) John Kmm.ei te Son's Warranted Hemispheric, Superlative and Drilled-Eyed Needles, as the best ever imported into tins country. ln~England, and throughout the coutiuent of Europe. where they are sold under the genuine uame, Rimmcr's Needles have a reputation superior to all others. alO rodlm-ih t O^OUlVIJ'l |UW LAM UI1S, AND ALL, DISfelASK* OK THE LUNOS. 9??9??,?9 9 ^ ? ? ? 9 DR. SWAYNE'S COMPOUND 8 V R U T OF WILD CHERRY. THE ORIGINAL AND GbNUIXE PREPARATION Coughs, < olds, Asthma. Bronchitis. Liver Comphiur, Spit Hug Blood Difficulty of Bieailtin*, I'aiu in the bide and Breast, Palpiutiou ol the Heart, Intlueuza, Croup, ilrokeu Constitution More throat, Nervoui Debility, aud nil oUeases ol' Tnroat, Breast, a. d Luufa ; the mote effectual aud apeedy core ever kuowu lor anv of the above diseaaei DR. SWAYNE'S COMPOUND 8YRUP OF WILI> CHKRRY. AK all the remediea ol'the da/, and they are a (rest vajiev/ ty, which profess to be of great value to the human fa* mHy. we hesitate uor to pronounce DR SWAYNE'S COMPOUND SYRUP OF WILD CHERRY at one of the greatest discoveries of modern science. Of a'l the muiy compound* put forth for the core of diaeaaea which affect human nature, not one remedy could be uamed which ha* in so short a space of time acquired such unbounded coulideuce with the public, aud hat performed such miraculous cures; aud haa merited and received so much eulogium from the faculty and rtliers. aa this justly celebrated remedy. BE CAREFUL OF YOUK COLD. . Many people are very apt to consider a cold but a trifling matter, and think that "it will go away of itself iu a few days," and they give themselves no trouble xbout it B it to such we would say,, " be cueful of your colds." do not tamper with your constitutioas. If you desire to live to a good old age," use such remedies as will effect an easy aud permanent cure; J>RJJW A YN E'S C O *1POU N D SYRUP ur niuy vnbitm iiiu cureu ui')rr voiaa man any uuier mediciffe offered for tale in this country. The certifies1 es of caret effected by this invaluable medicine, which the proprietor ia daily receiving, are of the moat gratifying character,and tend to (how its sanative properties and the nigh rank it holds in public estimation The Press, the Medical Kicnlty. and thousands who hare used I)K. SWAV." E'S COMPOUND 8YKUP OF WILD CHERRY, all concur in pronouncing it one nf the best remedies errr invented for the cure of all PULMONARY AFFECTIONS CACTION?Dr. Swayne's Preparation of Wild Cherry was the first that was ever introduced to the public in this or any other country. Years aAer this "celebrated remedy" came out, up sprung several others, such as Balsams, Candies, and even svrups, trying to build on that already established, so that eveu persons might be deceived (and set a worthless mixture palmed off upon them) ifthey did uot bear in miudthe name of Dr. Swayne. [p" Remember, all preparations purporting to contain Wild Cherry, are Jlctiliout and counterfeit, except that bearing the written signature of Dr. Swayne.? Orea i care should bs observed to purchase from the regularly appointed agent. Principal Office, corner of EIGHTH and RACE streets, Philadelphia. & k ^ k k Aoents in New You?char lis H. Riivo, eortirrcf Broadway and Join, streets; R. A. Sands, 188 Bowery; E B. Wanner. 208 Bleeckerstreet, J.C. Hart, 348 Grand, corner Norfolk; j. l. Lewis. 527 Greenwich; Dodd, 771 Broadway; Wvatt and Krtcham, 121 Kultoo; Mrs. Hayes, Brooklyn, si Im M WF*r "CLOCKS, FANCY GOODS AND GLASSWARE. A Large assortment of Fancy Goods, Clocks, Violins, Gui tars and Fiutes; also Glassware, China, lie, will be sold to dealers at reduced prices, at GEORGE F. GERDING, auMlm-c 71 Maiden lane. NEW INVE.NTED WIGS. OATCHELPR'8 new invented Wigs and Scalps, made ol L) the finest natural curl hair, and adapted ia the most eas) manner to the peculiar style of e?eh individual. They are entirely a new invention dninv ???r wjK >.ll rl?? t lifficnlties so long experienced by those who wear wigs The public air invited c? inspect a I arte and well selecr.eo i toe It, containing every variety of aixa and color; they will then beable to judge the effect. WM. BATCHELOK, inventor and only mannfactcrer, I ^*11 street, D?ir Broadway. Removii .ion 145 Bv-idway Please ti. copy the address anK im'rc CHRISTIE'S GENUINE GALVANIC RINGS, AND MAGNETIC FLUID. for the permanent cure of RHEUMATISM, AND ALL NERVOUS COMPLAINTS. NO matter how chronic or sevrre may be the complaint, it readily yields to the wonderful powers, as devi 'oiied bj this remarkable discovery. The most respecuMe testimr aials from all |?ns of the coniurr. are daily received. THE GALVANIC BELTS, BRACELET S, DARTERS ice., nre adapted for varioat diseases, and can he won by thr moat delicate with perfect safety ana convenience. The great and beneficial intlnence exerted on the system by these articles. inoat be witnessed to be believed. Only Agency in New York, No. 1(S Broadway, hetweet John street, and Maiden lane. (ry- Explanatory pamphlet* may be had gratia, slo iwdMtW "re 1 TO WOOLLK> WOODS MERCHANTS. H. MIGEON & CO., CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, AND 8ATTINET8 RE KIN I SHERD, No 341 Wr.iT Stkect, N. Y. REFERENCE8 and orders for work at Mesara. Woolcoti and Slade, 63 Pine street, VV. C. Laiigley It Co., ti 8r?ad street; D. Urighatn It Co., St Pine street. alf>2in*m OUni>.^ ?l^UIVL. W AttiVAXN I CaL) THE Arabian Corn Piute, i* an effectual core lor corns u easily applied, mid gives immediate relief, lu ca?i it should fall to cure the money will be refunded. Over J**' boxes ha?e beeu told thin season, and not oue box hoi beet, returued for having filled to effect a cure. Koraale by David Hands Si Co. 77 t.ast Broadway, 100 pulton street and 273 Broadway, C.H Ring, 192 Broadway, C. Hubbai <8* Hud son-st, Wialt It KetcTium. IS) Kultou-et, J. Kinith, 241 Spring street, E. Nl. Onion, 117 Bowery, nod by druggists generally Price V cwtt ner box. an HI Im *r B1AOKKM' ttUAnDS. M.tKKllbs. Binders' Boards, sni erior jnality, frotu Noa ii to tt, just received, and toi le by HUMS*, ft. BMOOKn, ana 19 m? and 47 at MuTHttt'S CORDIAL. THK superior efficacy of thit article. when used in the laat stages ol pregnancy. la so apparent, that no female who haa once experienced its benefits would be willing, on any coiiditi.ui, i" tie ':iptived of it. Its effects are to shorten and dimmish t lie ?tifferiiigs attendant on Child Birlh one hall, and thus place both child and mother in asute of salety. Tins is no iiuack article, but the prescription of a regular Physician, one who haam ide this branch of hia pi act ice a particular study. For aale at 192 Broadway, eorner of John street. s4 lm'in TO LEASE, for a number of years^a beautifully situated Water Power, adjoining a flourishing Tillage, with a suitable quantity of Land, near the city of New York, ha ring s water and railroad communication with that city of l( miles. The permanent summer supply la from 70 horse tc almost any amount. Apply to MORE k BAKKK, ?' 'm*r 704 Broadway. I'HE AMAZON WTOS, o?. GENTI.EMEN'U Beal Head* of Hut, being the lateat too greatest improvement in the nuiglulari of Wi(i and 4cal|m:and the aabacriber i* happy iu being the firat to iatroInce thrra here. They ditplav the forehead aud temple* U iny height, a point in wig making never before attained.? They are compoaed of veutilatiug or (ouatner work. They ftt on the head by a mechanical contrivance entirely new; they are pot oa la a moment. Thay immediately adapt themaelvet to the countenance, and at oaca become part and parcel of the living man. Copy the addreaa. t. PHALON, (1 Broadway, opposite the ?u?l Im'rc OloM Hotel, nnder fndaoii'a Hotel. '|tO PAI'KH BOX MAKKK8,?M OM lb* Straw Board*. I fro^o. IS to ? '? - ^' bJR O O KCH* *" * inlltm r M and ?7 Naaaaa at. UEAFNESS CURfcD, QQ1 BROADWAY.?lKitr?cth-" I cheerfnlly comply OO 1 with the reaaeat of Lient Mclntoah. to Mate that he waa invalidfd home in con?equ?ce of total dcafneaa and discharge* from the eara ; that uo<* the treatment of D ? f.AHTLEh EDWAKDH, A?ri*ta, (Ml Broadway,) N.Y., he recovered his hearing tnd hut *c*in returned 'O'JJtwy. Signed H. McNKVr.N. florjeon to H. B. M.'i Force*, Jamaica. All can** of deafneae i-tteuded to. Arnuttie r?ro|n Tor ?al? A mre cure for incipient deafne** arising from cold, discharge* from aad bnttini tone* in the ear*, collection* M hard wai, OB. umtl ! ?> Pi l.hs ? I; ntatioii of [he knliu \ |>?in in the bark or mle, hai>itua| co tirene** truption*. tore Ijru. Doctor In >ldiby'? Pile* Specific. ha* made radical cur** in ai >?y ca*e* of .he above nivuii<med complainta, aa c?n be proved by pergonal reference The *pecihc i* not a purgative aud >? an entirely ? fetable remedy, without a panicle of colycynth, jar^hofr or aloe*, i* ple***ntto take and l>erfectly harmlea* in ihe meat delicate cases, male or female. Agent* will be appointed in every town, county or State, where there it "" s'lmSm 'catioa to BtALIkCO, 1M atreet. S of merchaudiie (other than citr* .^sr^?r m W TO = b r YORK, MONDAY MOI OUR MEXICAN RELATIONS. ?4 SANTA AN?A'8 MOVEMENTS, additional particulars or thk ) LOSS OF THE TBUXTON. SINGULAR STATE OF THINQ8. ARRIVAL AT VERA CRUZ or THE PEACE MISSION. 4rc., fyr. 8pedal UeipaUlui t? the New-York HeriUd O0M. IT. 8 Homi S<)i adbom, off Antonio, > l.irnnlo, August JSth, 1816. ) Arrival of Santa Jintia at Vera Crut? Occupation of California by tkt V. S. A'aval force*?1*>1 of /At V S. /?u< Tiurton, and iurrer.tUrof ker ojficirt and crew at Priioners of Wat?Scurvy?Jirrival of and Flo/; of Truce. Hlnco my last, the following event* lia?e creatoil iom? excitement among u?, an.i may mum the iame with you 8aaU A.uua has returned to Mexico; he arrived at Vera Crux on the 16th inc., accompanied by hu wife and friend Oen Almonte: they cam* from Havana in the Kn*)i.-h merchant steamer Arab. On Santa Anna'a landing iu Vara Cruz, he waa raeaivad with acclamation by the army, the castle firing a salnte?but hi* reception by the citizen* wa* not what lie expected?they are donbtful a* to the policy he inland* perilling, and afraid to trust him Soon after hi* arrival be iaaued a " pronunciuineiito," the purport of whieh U, that he wiihe* to oboy the will of the people of Mexico. I learn that ha has mnt hi* lady to hi* old ettate at " Mango Clavo," and left Vera Cruz, with an armod escort, for tha city o' Mexico. The U. S. *hip St. Mary'* waa blockading Vera Cruz when the Arab appeared oft' the harbor; an officer from that ihip boarded the iteamer and bad an interview with Santa Anna, but it wa* nothing mora than a " friendly call"?aa it la well known tbat Capt Saunder*, of the St Mary'*, acting under the ord-r* of Commodore Conner, offered no obitruction* to Santa Anna'* entry into Mexico. General Almonte wa* thf bearer of a box of acgar* lrom our Con*ul at Havana to Commodore Conner. So you *ee matter* hera are yet likely to ondin smoke. Wo have information of a late date from the Pacific, via the city of Mexico, forwarded through the British minister, that California ha* been taken posaesaion of by the U. S. naval force* under Com. Sloat At San Francisco, Monterey, and other point*, the American flag was flying?the citizens of the country heartily joining the American*?no defence appear* to have been made by the Mexican*. The U 8. ship Portsmoalh was at San Francisco. " Hurry on tho volunteer*, or they will be too ate " The United State* brig Truxton, Captain K W. Carpenter, lailed from thi* anchorage on the 19th in aiaiu, on a cruise up uig coasi uo ine nm, wnile standing in to Tuspan, 158 mile* to the northward of Vera Cruz, she captured a small Mexican coasting vessel ; after throwing the cargo overboard, and transferring her captain (a Scotchman) and hia crew to the Truxton, (he was sent adrift. Capt. Carpenter being anxious to cross the bar for the purpose of obtaining fresh provisions for the squadron, employed the captain of the coaster, who knew the course perfectly, to piiot him in. This fellow, without doubt, knowingly ran the Truxton on the reef, as she soon after struck. Every effort (but without effect) was immediately made to heave her olf-the wind blowing fresh from the northward, her guns and shot were thrown overboard (reserving her bow guns,) but she still thumped very heavily. Capt. C.then despatched Lieut. Berryman in one of the brig'* boats, with orders to reaoh the squadron, and get the assistance of one ot the steamers Kour days after, the boat was picked up by the 8t Mary's, and brought into this place on the lUth As soon as the information was communicated to Commodore Conner, he sent the Princeton to Tuspan. In the meantime, while the Truxton was iu U?i? perilous iiiuMi?i,tit<i Mexican schooner* made their appearance standing towards her. Lieut Buthrod Hunter volunteered to take them with 1st cutter of the brig, which was soon accomplished. Mr. H.and five men retaining one of the schooner*, and a petty officer and four men, the other They thon attempted to regain the Truxton, but were preventted from achieving their aim by tho statu of the wind and weather. Capt Carpender finding that Lieut. H. ttnd his party could not get back to hnn, placed some provision* and water iu a small boat, which fortunately drilled out to the schooner?a note was lent at the name time to that officer, informing him that he could either make the best of hit way with the schooners to the sqaadron. or rejoin Capt. 0 ?that it wu the intention of thoie on board the brig to abandou hur, and reach the ahor';, deliver themselves up Lietu. 11. not being able 10 reach the brig, tinned with his prizes for the squadron, where hu ai lived safe on the -i2d, with the schooner in bi? own pos-easion Tuti other one in chaige 01 a "quarter gunnei,' has n.t been hoard iron and it is fparea ?he h>i? l>een lost. Thil boat has siuce arrived safe VesterJa> the Prin-eton returned from Tuspan. an ' we learn, the finale ol the i'ruxtou Thu f nuiaioi' reachod the wreck on the morning of the 9Uth, and lotind the Truxton abandoned A 11 tg ol truce was then sent by Lieut Boggs <and?d, and waa kindly received by the people, w>o inloruied him there were no soldiers ab^ut, \o\ jiu th-v tike any part in the war?he was timber inioim. d inai apt < arpuidcr, the officers auu crew ot the brig lan leu on the ]7th, and oa the 19th thev started on loot for iimnico. distant about 100 rriles intending to deliver themselves up a? prisoners of war Nothing I urther, as >et. i? known of their fate. A The Truxton, aftei being abandoned by her people, and before the arrival of thu Princeton, was pillaged ol ail that con 1<1 be carried of!' hy the Mexicans. On the 2id, (opt. Fngie of the Princeton, finding there was no possibility of saving tho brig, the water then beiug nearly up to her spsr deck, set her on fire, and when tho Princeton left, she was burnt to the water** edge. The Truxtou was built at Norfolk in 1843, and was the finest brig in our navy. The following is list ol the officers who have gone to Tampico :?Commander, K. vv t arpender. Acting Master, Isaac N. Briceland. Passed Midshipmen, John P. Uankhead, Geo. B. B use II vlioshipnian, Simeon T. Bassett Purser, George K. Cutter burgeon, John 8. Messersmith. Captain's Clerk, H Wilkinson. Ol'the crew, about sixty petty officer* and men are aupposed to have gone to Tampico. Lieut Hunter with his ineu, are on board the ( umbeiland and Mr Berryman and boat'* crew on board the Princeton. The health of this squadron is materially affected by the *curvy. The Rariun, when she sailed from here to Pensacola. had eighty cases?the Potomac has over a hundred, and it is making it* appearance on board the Cumbei land. Thin all arites from the inactivity ol the larifa vessels, and the want of vegetables and fresh uro visions ; the -.mailer veaieli which are kept constantly cruising are not troubled with it. The U. 8. iteam cuiter Legare, arrived here on the 9Mh, from the Brassos via. New Orleans. Midshipman Habersham of the Raritan, whs the hearer of important despatches from Washington for Com. Conner?after their receipt, a flag of truce was sent by Com. C. to Vera Cruz?all very mysterious. Blue Jacket. [Cor. of the New Orleans Picayune, Sept 6.] U. 8. Revenue Stiamii Lioiii, ) 8. W. Pass, Sept. 3d, 1848. > I have just arrived from V?ra Cruz, which place I left on the 'J9tb ult., bringing with me despatches from the Commodore for the (Jovernment * * ? * '1 ho >ellow feter had made ita appearance on board the British vessels of war at Hscriflcios. The scurvy prevailed to a fireat extent on board the Potomac frigate. The balai*ce of the squadron were in good health Santa Anna had landed at Vera Cruz. He was received with great demonstiations of joy?the city and castle both saluting him. He waa permitted to land by Commodore Conner. It is piesumed that he had a passport. PotioHKicKPsiK, September 19, 1840. Congrettional Ca?didatei?Woodworth, Delamater, and Taker Btldtn?Opinions ?Proiptch?Surrogatt and hit Fttt?Trouble in the Camp. It is an alarming fact that the all powerful democracy in tliia virrvmnndflrAil district are in trouble. You must know that Duchc**, where parties arc about equal, ia haltered to Putnam with an eight hundred locofoco majority. The consequence in, that there it alway* an energetic content for the locofoco nomination. Thin time they hare it with a vengeance. Judge Woodworth, the Rregent Congreiaman. i? far-famed a* a political mnuager le beat* the deuce electioneering. He don't wade powder. He mixe* up with hii other good electioneering qua litiei that of an excellent financier. Henry Delamater it

the chief opposing candidate for tho nomination. He ia < fair, honorable man?would do very well an a Congre** man ; but he want* to get the nomination " fairly." Tut tut, man ! " All'* fair in politic* " 'l'aber Balden in another aapirant for the name itation ; ?not much talked of The run of tho thing if, that thi Delamatar partiian* declare that they will not vote foi Woodworth If ha be nominated They are both anti tariff man, and great locofoco*. Fight it out. Delamatar will auccaed in Pcugtikeapiie, a* he hai i wry anergetlc friend* Yon muii know that we rlec a delegate from each town to represent u? in a Congre* ional convention to be held at Flubklll village on th< 14th of October. Do *end up a reportei, aa there wili be rich time*. It appear* by return* to the fon?tiltitional Conven , tion that the fee* of our locofoco Surrogate are four tlmei 1 larger than the fee* of any other Hunogale of any othei County equal in t/oint 01 population. Some writer in thr Journal and ?**<? i* poking the atatiatic* uni'er tlx , ahortribaof V. I). BoneMeuI, Surrogate, etc. [We *up poie he ha* more buaiuaaa.j Tha democracy have plenty of applicant* for all thr office*?Sheriff, Clark, iic., and all are engaged bueil) in denouncing each otfaar. Aitha PH.' . 1 jw war -?*- '. 11' .v.11 . ' RK I INING, SEPTEMBER 14, American Affairs in England, Spindles and Speculation*. [From the Liverpool Mercury, Aug. 14 ] The Cambria steamship, which arrived on Wednesday, brings intelligence affording another guarantee, in addition to the settlement of the Oregon question, lor the preservation of that p?ac? between Ameiica and the mother country which, between such parties, ought never to be endanrareit. Wa allude to the nasmntr of the 1 New Tariff Bill, which, in conjunction, with the freo t.ade measures of th? British Parliament, will, by adding the strong ties ol'mutual interest to those of near relationship in blood, language" and institution*, render n future rupture all but impossible. The Tariff bill, it will be i>een. passed the Senate on the 29th of July, by u baro majority ol one, the numbers lieing -2H to 27, received tho assent of the President the following day, and is now a law. It comes into operatiou on tho 1st of December next. A copy of the new Taritt will bo found elsewhere. One singular circumstance is stated. It is, that tho I warmest advocates for war with Kngland on the Oregon question, were also the most strenuous supporters <>' tho ; new tariff. Perhaps these gentlemen, having faile l in | their attempts to involve the two countries in war, | thought the next best thing they could do was to endea[ vour to ensure a perpetual peace. At all events they could not have adopted a course more likely to lead to that consummation, than the supporting ot a measure tending to promote and extena the commercial intercourse between them. The American papers also publish the text of the Oregon treaty, which, we are glad to perceive, is free from those alleged ambiguities and restrictions which were likely to lead to further disputes. The lree navigation of the Columbia river iscouceded in perpetuity, not, as wan thought by some, merely limited to British subjects trading with the Hudson's Bay Company, and terminating with the charter of that company. From Mexico we have nothing new, beyond rumors of movements and preparations. Let us hope that the comparative inactivity on both sides, arises from the progress of negotiations, through the mediation of Great Britain, for the amicable settlement of all disputes bctweon the rival republics of the north and south. Should this be accomplished, the "small cloud in the west," which waa looked to with such apprehension a short time ago, will be completely dispelled, and give place to glorious, and, we hope, long continued sunshine. That it may be so, and soon, must bo the prayer of every lover of freedom and humanity. [Krom the London News, August 8 1 If any credence is to be placed in accounts lrom Mexico, that country is threatened not merely to be shorn of its northern provinces, but absolutely to be broken up, in which case its scattered members might be absorbed by or annexed to the United States, or, tis tbo French say, brought within the sphere of their influence. Yucatan, the most southern extremity of the empire, the most important and populous of the provinces, alter the central ones of Mexico itself and those immediately around it, has declared itself independent ; not in any temporary fit of dissatisfaction, but with a determination to imitate and adopt the local independence achieved by the different portions of the adjoining Columbia. It ii not the higher orders of a stato which keep it together, or which act the part of muscle to knit its bones, and bind all to a common centre. This vital olHce in any great community or empiro must be performed by the lower classes,tie pith and body of the people. In old Europe, and even in the Kurope of this day beyond the Rhine, the tendency of members of the upper class was and is to divide and te break up empires, for each to enjoy his local influence. The rise of the middle clas es and of the people enforced unity ot empire in r ranee, and it doing so in Germany. Unfortunately, in Mexico, and in nil the States peopled by the peninsulars, there is no lowor or middle class. There are a few proprietors, speaking the European vernacular, at the top. Indians and negroes, and Mestizos ho-, low. These people have bo education, no 11ati011.1l pride If the Spaniards had not boon tho most ruthless, the most brutal, the most exclusive, insolent, and stupid of domineering races, the native races would not have combined to overthrow them. Unhappily, their expulsion not only destroyed the links between America and Europe, but even the link* that kept American provinces together. No class of proprietors derive any benefit from connexion with the central government. It is the military which dictate there ; it is a soldier that (rasps power, and gives the only otftce worth having, military jurisdiction, to his comrades. A civilian has no otd*ct in remaining attached to the imperial government ofltfexico. lie therefoie looks to local influence. He sympathises with the provincials around him in keeping their money at home ; in directing thoir own administration ; in advising what is best for their own commerce ; and in seeing their friends, acquaintance nnd relatives a provincial authority, in lieu ot stranger harpies aai officers from Mexico. No woader that th? Mexicans, with the exception of th? dwellers in the capital, are all federalists. Nothing has prevented their establishing universally such a system of goveviMMiii, or non-government, but the dread of the armv ; and thftdicrom/itnrA and (lApra<*.i*tion of Mia military body irfpresent iflve full scope and freedom to th? national tendencies. There are, indeed, some of tho military who hoist federalist banners ; but they care only to make uso of such banners for the time, and trample them in tho dust afterwards. Thus did Santa Anna, and Parades too. And thns may Santa Anna do again ? For, when one powerful province raises the federalist ory, and triumphs ; not- oratent with enjoying the fruit ol ita tnuuipn id its own 10M1 independence it seeks to dominate over the capital, and over iti neighbors ; in which it lucceedi, perhaps for a time, bat to be betrayed by iti chief, and sacrificed in iti turn. This ha* been the history of many a federalist insurrection New, however, if the United States take Mexican federalism in nand.they will make it triumph in a far more complete am! durable manner. The last mail assures us, that Chihuahua and Durango have agreed to form a federal state. These two important provinces are by no means in the neighborhood or under the influence of (Jeneral Taylor and his victorious army. New Leon. Tamaul'pa, and Cohahnila form the scene of his operations ; and if the defeated Mexican army were dispersed, no doubt General Taylor, and his journalist general, M'Leod, would soon constitute therein a federalist republic or state But the fe.leialist -movement in the more internal provinces of Chihunhun and Durango has received its impulse from hunte 1 e and (Jpper Texas. There has been another movement of the kind in Guadalaxara. The seizure of Mazatlan I ) the Amoricana has creatcd another in Cinaloa and Honor Hie Califcmias are no doubt theirs." The power ol Mexico may thus speedily be reduced to its own resources ? That is to say, it must receive the law from the first upstart who marches upon it with any force, and under a 1 federalist banner. It ia no doubt as much for the purpose of crushing these domestic enemies, as of repelling tho army of tl.e United State", that General President Paredes has taken the field, or is about to do so. It is only by the presence of the army in the provinces that he can prevent the federalist rising. The army, when in the capital, together with an army on the Rio Grande, checked such in' dependent and rebellious movements, as between two fire*. But now the army of Arista is beaten and contemned ; and it will require more efforts and power than Paredes can probably employ, to prevent all the northern provinces from bidding defiance to the army and oentral government. and virtually joining the Americans by the proclamation of federalism. [From the Liverpool Mail, August 15 j The Cambria, in a remarkably quick passage across the Atlantic, has brought the intelligence that the tariff bill had passed the Senate ?f the United States, by the calling vote of the Vic* President By thin measure, now undoubtedly the law of the land, the duties unon all manufactures and commodities imparted by the united States will be considerably reduced. To a certain exlent this will benefit the British manufacturer ; but, on the other hand, it will, by diminishing the revenue, embarrass the American government, render it necessary to impose taxes upon the citizens, not for any domestic purpose, but to enable the President to carry on an oxpensivfe and perilous war It is openly confessed that the Unitod States aim at the entire subjugation and annexation of Mexico. All the national energies are directed to this purpose. Congress has voted the required grants of money, which is to be borrowed, on the security of conquest, that is, the plunder of the Mexicau people. It is abunduntly clear that the Americans have no other resources or expectations ; and these they must place the firmest reliance upon ; lor who ever before heard of a nation reducing its income and abolishing taxes at the commencement ol a war ! [From the London News, August A ] In the exports of our textile manulactiiies during the year ending the lbtli Juno, lB4ti, thero appears to lie a falling oil' us compared with the exports during the year ending on the same day of 1846. in cotton yarns tbera is an increase of about 8), per cent; in plain cottons, also, an increase of about IJi per cent. But in cotton thread there il a decrease ol l?'4 percent.; and in print e<i and dyed calicoca of 9^ per cent. The decreaae In worated good a amounta to nearly 94,4 |>er cent. The exact amounta are : Plain cottona exported in year ending June ltf 1M > . . 86J iirtj.764 yda. Ditto ditto 1840 .. 6#3 771,1JS >da. Cotton yarn* 1845 .. 135 040.078 Ilia. Ditto 1846 . . 146.243 600 Ilia. Printed and dyed calicoea.. .1844 .. .1dl.Altf.470 yda. Ditto ditto ...18411.. a-J7,4<M,.V*> yda. Cotton thread 184o . . 3,41(1.898 lha. Ditto ISM.. a 900,7OT lha. Worated good* 18-15 . . ?4,748,0?-J i Ditto 1941 .. ?3,779,048 Tlieorer-atooked market a of India and China are adverae to any improvement In the cotton huaineaa The proapert of a Rood harveat, however, promiaoa to in creaae the home trade, peralyaed for aome time hack by i the potato and railway pamca. Tho aettlemeat of the; i sugar dutiea and the repeal of the com lawa are expeot ed to lead to an extension of ordera from the Brar.ila and , Noith America A freah impotua to the export of worated gooda is anticipated on the paaaing of the new American Tariff, the decrease being mainly attributable to tho i impedimenta hitherto experienced in that quarter Tho r I reduction* In the louacco niiuei, auvocaien ia>i nignc i>y ' Dr. Bowring, and postponed. rather than refused, by the Chancellor of the l.xchequei. would go Tar to place our i commercial relation* with the United States on a mote t latisfnctory footing. The New Votk merchant* have been watching the progress of thil question with interne > interval for upwarda of a year. I The extension of the free trade policy to avary^ranch of buaineas cannot be too promptly followed op. Under ' the old restrictive svstcm, the field of remunerative cmi ployment for capital was artificially narrowed, and tha consequence haa been that capital haMucreaied in a disi proportionate ratio to tha incraaae of the meana of proi j fits Me investment. This wai one of the main nimuli to ! the mad railway (peculation of latt year, rartiei possessed of imall capital rashly caught at the new ) mode of investment, aa promising increaaed return*. ' The present extraordinary rally in th? shara market ia | owing t? the same cauae. By Um repay ment of the da I E R A 1846. posits, and the dissolution ol' colourable railway compa< I nies, these small capitalists are getting hold of some mo- j noj again for which they can And no employment, l eu- | pie will not let their money lie idle,|so long as there is any means of investment open to them ; and the only way to prevent their spoiling railway and other enterprises by I overdoing them, is to extend and vary the modes of remunerative investment, which can only be done by ; throwing commerce entirely free Then- are some who shrink from this conclusion ; ap- j prehending that every extension of maikets increases the temptation to over-trading and the chance of fluctuations, l>y bringing OS into collision with more com|>eii tors. Increased facilities of inteicourse and auirker . communication liy land and son, are affectively counteracting this tendency. The exact amount of demand ia more easily and certainly known. Reactions are more immediately felt; and check over production before it can go to a ruinous extent Them are no so. let* in trade now ; every thing ii published and made known Immediately ; a rise of yarns in Manohester :s known in India in six weeks, anj in China in two month* and a half The tiansler of good* from the home marmiactu i < r to the foreign purchaser, and the recoipt of pay nn*nt, aie effected more simply and directly Stock* which formerly were dispersed among monufac'ursr*, middlemen, and forwarding agent*, are now centered in the haaitx of producer! and consumers The machinery of commerce ii being simplified at the same time that the rnngo ot u? operation* i* being oxtended Though the tradei's enterprise* are on a larger sc.ile, he ha* them nior" completely in hand, sees more distinctly all their minut.a: In this there ia safety for the capitalist, and safety for the workmen ho employs. Kmployment and wages, a* well as profits, will be more certain and steady. Lockpvbt, Aug. 29, 1846. The Town?Cotton Mill?Howe'i Circuit. We find u largo town here in a very awkward topographical locality. One portion of it lies on a high hill, from which you descend abruptly to the lower town, which lies in a low hollow, tea feet lower than tho canal that passes through the middle" of it. A surface is occupied by a population apparently of seven or eight thousand, equal to the area of Rrooltlvn. with it* nixtv thnnannrl inhabitants. The place is not only divided into the upper and lower towns, but is sub-divided by the canal which passes directly through both, ascending the hill by a chain of locks, and spanned by bo many bridges as to give it the appearance almost ol' a tunnel. There are dozens of cooper shops in the lower town, where they make thousands of ilour barrels, and a large mill on the edge of the hill where they mulct barrels of Hour, liast of the canal in the lower town are a number of the elegant residences of the local aristocracy, like the four-and-twenty captains all in a row. Also, further in, the railroad terminus where the iron track from buffalo, via "the lalls," suddenly stops, so that in getting to Lockport from New York by railroad, you must go to Lake Erie, 40 miles beyond the town, in order to come in on the other side. This arrangement of a back doorentiauce to the settlement by railroad, throws the town entirely off the track. The " through lint:" passes some thirty miles to the south on to Buffalo, and the lateral road from Buffalo here turns the lace of the town completely on the wrong direction. Tho people have actually found out this fact; and they have had a preliminary survey of the route for a continnation via the canal, to Rochester, 62 miles, which would at onco bruig the out-ol'the-way town of Lockport into i.Ma i iuo iv^uiui lino ui buv^iwai uiuivK^uiaio, CttBl aim west. There is one small impediment in the way ?and that is the want of a company?and the want ol? funds. True, the LscUporters have a canal to Albany, but a railway through from the lake to Rochester, would bring to the canal itself in this interval, u large addition of business. There is no help for this people, but in a connection with the " grand chain. Under the present arrangement, they are forty miles off in the back settlement. In the lower town, also, is a large cotton factory, worked by a stream of water, biought along the edge of the hill Irointhe canal, it is owned by Hunt, (Hon. Washington Hunt) Fields k. Co. It works up the " raw material" through its several processes, to the plain while shirtings and sheetings. It has in operation some 2,500 spin(lies. and. 75 looms, employing from TO to HO opera lives. The company, in spite of the new tariff, propose adding 75 looms more. Upon the whole, it is thought, that for the established factories, the new tanil will turn out better than the act of'42. It will divert the tide of capital to other iNvestment?, and prevent that wholesale competition in factories of cotton goods, which was ulready threatening a pretty general overthrow ot the smaller establishments. There are several other factories in the village. Judge Hunt, who reached home from Congress, | yesterday, is spoken of, we perceive, among the probabilities of a wing candidate lor governor ; but we doubt whether he would even accept now an unanimous nomination, much less the uncertainties ol a split ticket. Howe's & Co.'s circus company are hnre, and (he people are all agog for the show. The very Indians, who promenade the streets in their broad-cloth cloaks in August, aro curious to see Madame Mucarte jump through the tamborine. Sacramentiuimo. The Dcctor. State Constitutional Convention. SrrT. 19.?A communication was receive! fiu.ii 'be | clerk in chancery or the Moond circuit in relation to u..> I I funds in court, Sic. Referred. Mr. Townseud ni^veo that evening sessions be held to dbpoie of the report* on ) the right! of the citizen and on education. Table, 'f no Convention then proceeded i miner to considei the report of Mr. Hoffman, on the caDalf, finance, fee. 'i'h. I first lection setting apart the snin of $I,MJO.OGO, of the canal revenues, as a sinking lund to pay the interest ami redeem the principal of the canal debt, as it existod on (We 1st June, 1H46, and including $300,000 then to be borrowed, until tho whole l>o paid, was passed over, no amendment being moved thereto. The second section, requiring the payment annually, iDto the State treasuiy, of $672,0^0, in liquidation ol the State claims for advan (-.? and payment* to the canals, was also passed over, no amendment having been moved tberoto. The third section was then read as follows : ? The surplus of the revenues of the canals, after paying the said expenses of the canals and the sums appro priated by the two preceding sections, shall, in each fiscal > ear be applied to the improvement of the Krie cmnal. in such manner as may be directed by law, until uca surplus mall amount, in the aggregate, to tne mm of $3,600,000. Mr. Danforth moved to include the "Black Hirer Canal." Mr. Hawley moved further to amend, by including the "Geneioe Valley Ctmal" I.o?t?and then Mr. Danforth's amendment waa lost. Mr Chatfield moved to strike out the whole faction. Lout. Mr. Chamberlain moved to substitute the following for the section :? The remaining revenue*, after complying with the preceding (actions, shall be applied to the enlargement of the Krie Canal, the completion of the Cienesee Valley and Black Hiver canals aud the Oneida river improvement, as shall he directed by law. Lokt?and no further proposition being made to amend the section, it was passed over. The fourtli section, providing that of the above sum of $?7J,000, $MK?,000 shall annually ho set apart as a sinking land to |?y the gonetal fund debt, including tho debt on account of the defaulting railways, and the contingent debt on stocks loaned to those companies which have paid tho inferos'., when the same shall become a charge on the treasury or general fund, until the same be wholly paid, kc , was also pained over, no amendment being moved. The fifth section was then read a< follows :? Tho claims of the State against any incorporated company to pay the interest nn<l redeem the principal of the stock ol .State loaned or advanced to such company, shall be fairly and duly enforced, and not deferred, released or cumpjomised; and the moneys arising from such ; claims shall be set apart, and applied as part of the sinking fund provided in the fourth section ol ihis article. Mr. Jordan moved to strike out the words?"and not" and "released,' and to insert after the word "enforced'1 me worna "hut may be," anil alter me word "compromised* the word* "an may le moat continent with the intercut* of the Htate'ihia amendment wm debated by Meaar*. Jordan, Richmond, Burr, Perkina, Worden, Honman, < Lntfield, Van Schoonhoven and Hawley, until 3 o'clock, when without taking the queation, the Convention a journcd to Mondaylhany Jirgui. Vai lellei. An lilahman named Patrick Kilay, a laborer on the Vt and Mam Railroad, wai killed in Aahburnham on the ' nifcht of Thursday laat by two Iriahmen, Philip Melvln arid Uennia Shugaie. It appeara that a quarrel aroae bo, tween Riley anil Melvin in the ahantee ot the latter, about a pipe. Melrln put him out of the ahantee, and knocked him down with an axe, when Snugare joined in beating the proatrate man. Hhugnre was arretted by aheriit' ; Itarwood, brought t>eforo Justice Newton, ol Fltchburg, ' and committed to Jail to await hia trial at the next criminal court for murder.? Jiutton Journal. Henrique Thaddeti Street has bean appointed Vice I Confetti of Portugal for the port of Charleston and state of Mouth Carolina, and recognized as auch by 1'reaident From a census recently taken, it appears that Fall rl.Ver' "' population ol over 11,000 jxiopie i I he real eitate is estimated at >4 000,000, and the personal property at $2,6^0,000 Thin in a flourishing place. Died suddenly on the 4th in?tant, at Sviasuae. Mary Ann, wife of Ktra J. Berin, aged 16 year*. After a poet | mortem examination the jurj gave a' a verdict" cau?ed by premature marriage." Although her age ii put down at 1ft, her appearance indicated that ?he wee not more than I'ior IS year* of age. Calvin Run, the murderer of his wife in New York on Wednesday, used to goto the Derue street school, in this city, and hia father (a wood-sawyer) resided.with his family, in the neighborhood of Cambridge street. I There were several brothers, and they all grew up re| spectahle men. We recollect Calvin very well, |and i never knew any ill of him. He was a chair painter.? I Ifotltn B*t. L D. Prtc* Two Cent*. Brown'* Tract, Herkimer <'o , N. Y.> Sept. 6, 194<i ^ The Going to Mount Marcy?Arrival ml Browne Tract ?John Brown, Dr. and Cr. with tht Road -Jl Oypiey Meal?A Olimytte at Br oun'$ Tract ? The Eagle Lover?Moral Refleettint?The Indian Hunter and Daughter? Sore Toet and CKeetem*n't Baltam. With the aid of a second edition of Don .({uixotU'i Roiinuiite, Imve I reached thi* picturesque .topping place in my wiM-wood'i route; at leaet here we are to leave the Uarbs, hd<I tali* to bark* ? an Indian, belonging to the St. trib?, being iu waiting with two finely * embroidered canoe* lor our morning'* passage up the chain of lakes that torm the head waten of the HttdfOD. the Racket, the Oswegatchioa, the Black and the Moose rivers. The diitance through the wooos Iron. I.ewido. .is about twenty live mile* , yet, the road* not having been repaired since contracted, about twenty year* ago, are in u truly awful atate?broken cauiewav* and dilapidated bridge* and morasses, of an unfathomable depth, mako it no small undertaking, in point of enterprise, to commence thi* route They are the monument* of the industry and perseverance of John Browu, of Rhode l?land, who made thi* clearing of about fifteen hundred acre*; and then, the Mate, not completing her pleJgee to i urthern New Vork, Ue wa* obliged to abaudonhis *uttl<sment, and ha* left it wone than a wilderness to the eye* of.every body but the hunter and the tourist. After getting fairly in the wood*, at each stream, we were u l.liged to herd the horses, and drive them across, and ihen carry our baggage over logs, and oft times w ading in the water to our knee*. I have thus made out the debit and ciedit of thi* short part of a long trip Road to BrowVs Th.ict Dr. to hanz. To seven pairs of wet feet, $5 00 " one sprained ancle, il 00 " four blistered toes, - - - 3 00 " falling through a bridge, with hone, 10 00 " feeding eight battalions of mosquito**, 80 $30 AO Hafii' Credit to Road to Baown'i Tract. By *ix brace of partridges, 93 00 ' four snipe, - - 1 00 " eight pairs pigeons, - 'J 00 " twenty brook trout, - 4 90 " one owl, one blue Jay, one hare, 1 00 " not breaking neck, when falling through bridge, - 8 60 $ M 00 Balance due Brown'* Tract Road, 50 Vou will *ee that I intend to make up the fifty cents nf .11 luxb in nl.,.1.^, th- Ulr.. n through the long for out, we rested but once, when we made our drjuna a la f?ucKettt with wooden, not silver fork* Seated around a Are kindled against a dry pine tump, with a dashing little rill curling among the bohbed* at our feet, each supplied with crotched sticks, upon which wna (pitted a delicate lith,hugging a nice alip of fat , pork, which, ai the fire blazei around the little martyr and hia little oleaginous companion, they itew and fry like a newly married couple on a hot aumtnor day? giving and leturning odors of the moat tavyry character. The horses were tethered, and are browsing with great eagerness the bramble* that shade the road. When we emerged into the clearing, a vision of wild beauty buret upon us, far away died the foiests bltnding with the aky, and one lone mansion loomed far behind the trees, built upoa a round hill, a sort of sentinel to the hunter* and fisherman of the better days that it once had seen The moon was full upon us ere we reached thia old timeworn house, and the Moose river (ringed with silver the emerald shawl that seemed spread upon the landscape, resembling the finest cachmeres from the famed looms of Zeflu The inmates gave us a hearty welcome, and the soft side of a well cleaned hemlock floor to sleep on ; a solitary eaglo, whose mate wasahot by our host some 10 years ago, is sailing over the landscape, which ha visits every year with a devotion to past affection that might teach human biped* a lesson, and butterfly poets, that constancy is not an emanation oi the pen, but a principle of the heart. Sail on noble hermit of tha wilderness, thine was indeed the love oflife's early dav, and to call those blosaed memories, dost thou now, in lonely beauty, fill the landscape with au interest that man aeluom sheds oe'er the fragrance of faded affection. 1 envy thy utter abandon, bird of the tempeat and the storm ; withered be the hand that would slay thee, emblem of the noblest qualities that ever graced man or adorned woman?love, truth, and constancy. The Indian has just returned with a daughter of hi* and some dried venison. 1 thank Providence that we aie to have woman to delight and refine us with her presence? I know not how soon this letter will reach you, for you will perceive that post routes are rather scarce^and when I write my next I snail have reached the hunting ground* of the Adirondacs and the land ofjthe Algonquin*, where the axe of the hunter alone has echoed, and the solitary beaver yet build* his dam?where the deer have their run way*, and Indians their trails. May tha winged steed on the seal of this epistle aid it in reaching jou without delay. Tlif Indian begins to snore, and it is time 1 snored to. I have just rubbed my ancle &ud toes with Cheesmun s Balsam. Ciood night. Forgetting almost to state that my poor horse (you can see his rib* as far aa you could see himlfis quite lagged out. We leave mm litre to leeu upon then# lenceless pasture* uu oar return Then mic tincero amico, allow me to aubecribe myself (as diplomatiiU have it) with the moat distinguishcu consideration, your obedient servant, Hafit. Hahti obd, Sept. 13, 184#. Stw Haven, Hartford, and Springfield Railroad Co-? Iti liranch Road to Conn. River?ATeui Freight Depot ? Election of Ojficen?Fare Railed?Military Election?Steam Mill?The Wenther?Pott Office Affaire. The N. H. and 8. Railroad Company Uave done a wonderfully lucrative business the past year. It ia now building a branch road from the foot of Talcott street, on Con' necticut river, to interaect with thair main road a few rods exit of the tunnel. Tliii branch will ba about one mile in length. The Irishman are at work onit'a* " apadily" at possible,and the steam spile driver ia hammering away from morning to night. And a few roda South of the tireat Bridge, a new fieight depot, UM> by 90 feet, is rapidly going forward. 1 he first story is to b? built of h'one, and tho second of brick, which will make it two i tories in hoight on tie river bank, and only one tory on Commerce street Nearly half a dozen large buildings have oither been pulled down or moved off the land be, tween the foot of kilbourn and loot of Talcott street*, to I innke room for it. The work has t>?en 1>egun only a taw i ilayo, but la already under groat headway, and la to bo completed by tho lat of November. More life and activity prevail in this section of our city in conaequenoe, than has been witnessed by that venerable personage, "the oldest inhabitant." At the annual meeting of the Company, held on the 0th inst. in this city, ( harka F. Pond, Oavid Wutkinson, of Hartford; J. Boormaa, K Peck, C. Vanderbili, of New York; K/.ra ('. Rood, New Haven: J. 8, Brooks, Merit'en; F. R. Orillin, Guilford , and C. w. Chapln, Springfield, wore elected directors for the year ensuing. These directors subsequently elected C. F. Pond, President ; James. H. Wells, Treasurer; and Horatio Fitch, Secretary. Three miles of the 36 flat rail on this road has been re-laid with T rail this suamar. The Company voted unanimously to proceed forthwith with re-laying the entire road between this city and New niven wun uie a i?ii . The receipt* of the Road from September 1, 1*46 to 1846, have been a* follow* :? Krotti passenger* $1W>,061 01 ' freight 61,360 73 " mauand expresses 12,800 00 Total $330,611 74 Kxpenne* of operating and maintaining the road, and intereat on bonds and loan* 133,483 34 Net income for the year $106,130 hO Kqualto 73i per cent, on the amonn'. of atock issued. Receipt" the previous year, from September 1,1344 to September 1, 1846, were $176,1184 40. The number of passengers transported between Hartford and Springfield, exclusive of the way and through travel, has boen during the past year, 44,945 Between Springfield and New Haven, exclusive of war and through travel, 806*. The number between Hartlord and New llaven, exclusive of way and through travel, 16,084. Whole number of paisenger* transported between all the xtatioui, one hundred niuety-iix thousand two hundred and seventy-eight. Of thi* large number not one received the slightest injury while on the road. Th - Directors estimate the net income of the Road the coming year, from all sources, (196,000, which after paying 7 per cent, on the capital and liabilities of the company, will leave a balance of $34,000 as a contingent hind. A semiannual dividend of 3){ per cent, ha* been declared, payable on the first of October. The field officers of the first brigade of Connecticut Militia met, this day, at the Kagle Hotel In thia city, a?d ma.ta nf fnlnn.-l K./eUinl Mosferd. of Canton, for their Brigadier General, In place of (Jen Waterman. resigned. Now look out for military prmuncimmenltt, commanding *11 between the ages of IS and 44 yean "to appear armed and eqaipMd as the law direct* for company, | regimental and brigade review and exercise," at the j nearest tircrni possible. There ia fun and rum ahead, ?nd fiolic, and lots of powder to be let off for a month to come. The mounter Kerry (trrct steam flouring mill goea into operation next week The Company owning it. called ' the " llartford Mill and Manufacturing Companywith a cash capital of t'J&.OOO, ia going into the flooring tin* at h great rate. They expect to turn out a little the beat i flour to be found on thin mundane sphere. Vout ptrrmnt. I The weather ha* chopped round hot again. Ther mometer at DO", and no prospect of it) being cooler, until that northwester of Wednesday and Thursday cornea ' back Our new I'ostmaitar is a real Davy ( rockett, go-ahead chap. He has been only a few day a in hi* aeat, but haa earned out already those necessary improvements suggested to him through the #/?? aid, of separate deliveries lor the boxes, and gentlemen and ladiea Ha ia alao goi .g to place a stove and Are in lb* ante room , for the comfort of our citizens, whilst waiting forth* distrihution of the mails He pitched out all but two of lb* old clerks alter he had been in the ofllci one week, and all but ouo weie democrats lis must hurrv up thoee raw reciuiU, and not let them keep the public so long waiting lor their lot ten. after the ariival of the Naw York and Boetou moils Keltglona Intflllgeneo. A new Praabytenan church w.s dedicated tt Nashville on Hunday last. A religious revival ia progressing I in the Methodiat, Kpi*c?pal, and Presbyteriaa |churche? I of that city.