Newspaper of The New York Herald, 15 Eylül 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 15 Eylül 1846 Page 1
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TH] Vol. XII, So. JI47?WUul? No. ??WU. Litl?n from lh? Army uf Invasion. No. XVIII. Iht /Tfild ?/ Otneral Optra/ton*. CiMitoo, (Mexico) Ai'ee*r li, !#4a. The commander in chief arrived bar* on tha 10th, and ii busily engaged in preparation* for ma early movement. All tha regular troop* are now ready. It i* expected that tha 2u?? regiment of Infantry, will arrive in tiuie to join u* Oeneral Taylor will advance, strong in th*t arm which the Mexican* have already found 10 terribly and fatally efficient?the Light Artillery. Four batterie* will accompany the army, and a formidable one of (iege piece*, under Capt. Webstar. Should tha enemy make a stand at Monterey,** it is presumed they are abundantly tuppl.eil with ordnance,we may have need of all our own Two route* for the army are ofiered, tho first, by the Valley of San Juan, the other via Mair. A party is now. abient to make a reconnoisance of the latter, and reportProbably vary soon after its return, a portioa of the army will march with a supply train, and establish a depot nearly half the distance to Monterey. If our route be by Meir, this depot will be at Seralvo. The preaent i* almost the firat instance in our hiitory, where a considerable army ha* moved into the heart of an enemy'* coantry, in the proeecution of a regular plan of campaign. Moit of our inroad* into CanaJa, during tho late war. were limited to a few mile* of the frontier, or were designed for, at moit, a few weeks operation*. Homething more worthy to.be called invasion, wa* witnoised in the war of the Revolution, but to avoid the distresses of Montgomery and Arnold, a general must move with due deliberation. And to provide for the neaessitie* of the sorricc? to procure und t ran* port ammunition, to make provision for the forage of his" animal*, to supply looj for ten thousand mouths for a campaign of unknown length, what labor has not a commander to undergo! All the physical fatigue is nothing in comparison with the great mental anxiety he muat experience. The government gives him the means, and expects he will'ao apply them as to accomplish, in the shortest and most direct manner, tho object of high national import it haa entrusted to his car*. If he fails in any one part, the government, the country, his armv, load him with re proaches, and ha ia made painfully sensible that the "head that weara a crown" ties far easier than that of him who commands an army in the field In con'emplating the position of a military sommander, the unreflecting are prone to overlook nearly all this portion of his duties and responsibilities. T.ie battle occupies but a single day, or perhaps a few hours in an entire season; but in writing the history of thnt battle, how much ia to be said of the weeks and months of labor in securing suitplies of men and means of transportation, and in those thousand precautious which it would be fatal to neglect, when you march far beyend your own boundaries, and into a country where every man, woman mnd child, ii required to oppose you. Many of the patriotic citizens of the country who promptly volunteered to come and help us, seemed to nave forgotten that there was something to be done besides mere loading and firing at the enemy drawn up in front That enemy must first besought. If we are the invaders, he chooses hii position, and nearly his own time. But not a few of these really brave men, are too ardent, a? soldiers. They are in the habit ot declaring that they came to fight, and if there ia no fighting to be done, but that instead, they are to lie ignobly in camp, they wish their discharge. And it is feared there ia much of this spirit among our people at home; certainly, it haa gained a foeting in high quarters, lor we reau of resolutions enquiring why tie army of occupation continued so long in Matamoraa. Had the inquirer aeen the total unpreparedness of the army in all those means requisite tor invading a hostile country, and reflected a single moment upon what Gen. Taylor had accomnlished almost without iimiu, the question certainly woul d not haTe been asked. Ii it forgotten that, on the 18th of May, when the American army entered Matamoros, even the navigation of the Rio Grande was yet an untried experiment. And is lie aware that some of the steamers suitable for this were still in Pittsburg) And if the inquirer did not know it, 1 now tell him that after be arrives here, th?- head of navigation, the general's difficulties have but just commenced. The people of the country, even members of Congress, whose knowledge on aiost subjects is unlimited, cannot fully appreciate the nature ami extent ot these difficulties, unless the theory and practice of war lias formed a part ot their education. It is but charitable to a General in the field, aud modest in him who travels every day at the rate of tweuty or thirty miles an hour over the smooth iron nils at the north, to infer that some good and sufficient reason has thus fdr delayed iLe forward movement of a man like the commander of this array That is* perfectly easy journey to the famous " Halls" we are assured by all the village prints in the United States, but let me entreat both editor* and readers of those enlighteners of public sentiment, to l>?ar in mind that in the aforesaid pleasure excursion, time is an isnportant element. Though th? accompanying map is roughly drawn, it is perfectly accurate, having been copied lrom Arista's. 1 have thought your engraver might polish it slightiy, and make it as creditable in appearance, as 1 am sure it will just new prove interesting te the Herald'? readers. X. Y. Z News from tlie Army of the West. [Kiom the St. Louis Republican, September 8 ] Mr. I'lark left Bent's Fort tor hone on the 6th instant. General Kearney left on the 3d ult , for Santa Ke, in advance, we presume, ot the main body of forces. They lemained live days at the loit. The troops had lost about one hundred horses altogether, but wera still in good spirits, and willing to go ahead. j- The company ot infantry reached the fort two days before the mounted troops; thev had not lost a man on th? way, and ware in excellent health. The whole regiment, when he left, were on half rations, and had but few days proviaiona with them. The wagons taking supplies lor tliem were met some eight daya behind them. Mr. Clark'a part) were nttch troubled by the Indlam, and they had to ba constantly on the alert. One man waa hot down in their encampment, and they, In turn, killed three Indians. More Indiana were on the plaiua than had been ?een lor years, and they showed every sigu a/ hostility. Mr. Lwing, of Louisville, Kentucky, who atarted Vith a company of emigrants to California, thii Spring, under command ot Col. Russell, ia on hia return with > ig party. He went * fitr as Fort Laramie, and thenoe to Bent's Fort. He stated that Col. Ruwell'e party haX, rti?ided, and that Ue had started aoross tko mounts]',, w jtn only six men?aneaterpruo deemed exceedingly raah, as aeveral tribes ot Indian* through whom he >l3'j to pais were at war with each ether, and it waa btrlieved that he would sot reach his destination. A letter (rem Mr John T. Hughes, ?f Liberty, gives m*ny incidents of an interesting character. On the 24th. it is said, the e?mp? were thrown into great excitement in consequence of certain strict orders from Lieut. Col. Huff ; volunteers will follow, but they cannot be driven. On U>Ci asili, it ia remarked, the horsee are daily filling. "l'fee men who have lost their horses have generally procured either ponies or mules, and are now remounted. The whole army, ?ear 1300 atrong, is now on the line ot march. The wind blows continuously, but the breeze, in pasAng over the parched desert, bocomes as hot as the African sirocco." [From the St. Louis New Em, Sept. 7.1 We learn by a gentleman who reached here on Saturday, direct with Lolburn's company from Santa Fe, that great negligence had been practised in not appointing a sufficient escort for the provision and baggage wagons of the army, which have left Leavenworth for (Santa Fe. The first train they met was a short distance hevond tbt crossing of the Arkanaaa . and from there to Leaven- j worth they were strewn all along tha route, In compaineaof fire, ten, and twenty wagons, and without any other protection or guard tlian tha ieamatara who war* with them. It ia hia belief, that a greater portion of tha whole train could ba cutoff by two hundred Mexicans, ahould they continue tha road to Santa Ke, in the condition they wera met. Tha utmost carelessness and indifference ia practised by tha teamsters, in driving and managing their ta amiNo care whatever seems to be taken with tha oxen or mule*, many of whom have already given out or strayedoff. Several wagon* had (topped, being unable to proeted, in conieuueuce oi their whole team having dilapidated during the night. Many of tha iquadi ware out of ammunition, a*4 begged of tko trndara a charge or two, they having wuited their allowance. No order or ay item appeared to pievail, either in starting or stopping, and when they did halt for the night not more than half the iquadaever ptetended to aet a guard. If thia itate of thingi be true, the probability ia, that attacki will be made upon them, either oy the ludiana or Mexieana,before the whole arrive in Santa Ke. Naval Intelligent?. The Brewster, at Uoaton, from llio Janeiro, July X), rvpoiti thete the U. 8. Ingatei Columbia, nnceitain, 4 uiistitutiou, Captain Perciial, from PaciAc. Ocean, for home soon; store ship Dale, uncertain, brig Bainbridge, tor home, ?oon The Plymouth, Cemmnnder Henry, waa at Montevideo, and was hourly expected at lllo, from whence she would sail immediately lor Boston, and mav ha looked for about the and of the preaent month. Mormon Now*. Stbambb Ockkh Wave, Sept. 3, 1846.?1 Bond you by the return of the Ocean Wave, a sketch of the present aipcct of the Mormon irar. Tha Anti Mormons arw encamped twelve miles from nan too; 1.200 men, and increasing daily; 2,000 have already volunteered. Mr. Bremen arrived in Nauvoo from Springlleld with ordera from the (Governor, to bring Mr. Parker forthwith be I ore hii Excellency. For what purpose la not exactly known. Tba report nays, Parker never had any authority to nuell the disturbance in the county, hh ha ai assumed to do. It is aaid the (iovernor inlormad liim ha mint do *o, if at all, upon hi* owa authority, and if volunteers were raised, tie Tarker. must do it at hi* own expense The Anti* were .-(waiting the arrival of their agent, Mr. Wagoner, from Ht. Lotus, with the cannons. As soon 8* he returns, it is proi>osed to storm the Holy City, and plough the ground whore it stands. I have Only time to add, us the bout is leaving, that it ia hoped they will have on* flght, and tkill about five hundred of each side. By the next boat wa may axpeat to hear o( blood and thuu _ Jar. . Prraoiistl Movements. Among the arrival* at tha American Hotel last eveiniig alio this morning, wara (Jan. Brooks, Major Turn\ ijUU, *nd Capt. Tnlcott, of the Army ; (,'apt J. Arm. stu ng, of the Navy, aad Hon. Janes Wilson, of N.H ? i,ujjui0 mid*, bft-13. E NE ' . 4 NEV F IE LJ /uacmakajl qtAUMi* ft mla lam c jlpfui'lt^/ Jj -^MONTEREY Intelligent* aid Corr*apond?ne? from Canada. Monrm*AL, Sept. 6, 1845. 7*A? run down the St Lawrence from O^dtnehurgh?Jlmtne*V(iyiit(|-JiJii Wright?Windmill Point--Chimney Iilend? Long Smult?Lake St. Franeie?The Ctdari? The Cat cadet?Beanharnoit?Curious Village?The Connecting Canal> of the varioue Rapids?Their tolidity and beauty ?/ finish? Thunder Storm?Luchint? Mentreel?Mr. Templeton, +c. <-r. Our last advicei brought you down to Ogdentbnrfh, on the St. Lawrence, and in St. Lawrence county, the county of fiilai Wright, -where some of the democrat! lay he must not run for governor, hut hold ofl" lor the presidency. Well, from the look-out on tha ,top of tbe St. Lawrence Hotel, in Ogdensburgh, you can look down into the garden of Madame America Vespucci Parrlsh, or Francis (we forget which is the name of her huiband). It ia a pretty little place?dono up in good taste? and hai a high wall around it. One o f the citizen* informs us that tho descendant a( the m.?t who wrested the name of the continent from Columbus was in tho practise of gymnastic and calistlwnic exercises with her husband in this garden, and that the high wall was built to prevent the aar.oyance of the boys, in which Mr. Krancis (for we ?Uink that's the name of the wealthy German) was perfectly correct. Leaving Og lensburg^, the next peint of interest wa vanie to was Windiai'j Point, celebrated in Papmeau's, Mackenzie'a, and Yen Rensselaer's rebellion,as the place where tha brave Pole, Von Schultz, and his lHOfmcn, were cornered in the high windmill, capturod, decimated, v.u aliot, reprieved, or sent to Botany Bay _ Thu windmill stands on a point juttiDg into the broad r'.v^r. Back of tho mill are tho ruins of four stone he.uses, nothing remaining but the walls, scathed and blackened by (Ire. A few miles down is Chimney Wland, captared by " Old Putnam" from the French, duri- g 'ho French and Indian !war ageinst Great Britain and the colonies A monumental chimney or two ure .'till tending. Then the " Wallop Kopids," where we gallop down the swelling stream at twoaty knots to the hour. Forty miles kelow the town aforesaid we enter the ra (I1US Ul 1 lie LU1IK dnuifc, CBIICII i?*3 U'JilH .JWU . a u?iiun gut ef the river, white with breakere for a di*tau>e of 13 mile*, and where Ike ateamer nt>pear* to fly .lown the terrent with the aweep of a bald eagle. There the river wiJen* out, and you aee among the treea on the American ahore aeveral ladiau hats, and in the stream four or fire of the red-akina catching fish. The river gradually expand* to twelve mile* wide, called Lake *t. Kraneis, variegated with beautiful green uland*. To the right yen aee the Malone mountain, near wnich the boundary puta out from the river, throwing the whole of the Ht. Lawrence into Canada; and that'a why, at Ogdenabarg, you leave the American boat and take the Britiih Queen, one of the Engliah line running in connection with oura. At the foot of St Kranci*' Lake, you enter the Rapid*, Sault of the Cedara, *urp?*aiiig in height, depth and terrible rapidity the rapid* above Niagara ; and a few mile* below come the caicadea; and aa yon daah among the gallant breaking wave*, roaring and aarging for milea around vou, it ia impossible to reaiat the temptation for a regular Iudian yell. At all theae rapida, there are, on the aide* of tke river, large near*boat canala to aurmount them. Deacending bojts run the gauntlet, but ascending, the canala at Iheae hard place* are indispensable. At the feot of the catcadea night came en, and there being a chain of rapid* atlll below u*. dangerou* to run eieept by daylight, we rounded to at the outlet of the Heaubarnoi* canal, rarmeunting the caacade* and the cedara, and behind the mi rAn* wall iir* fnr tha niorht A liltla Ktmlat railai Beauharnoi*. afl'er?ling (halter for the warkmen ?pou tha luck*, lock tendera, Ike.., ii here aituate, on tUa aonlh feaak, like tha ttrong houaa of tha wise man, upen a flat rock. Thar* if no atreat ta the village ; hut the thantia* are acattared wherever the rock afford* a food aite for a floor and Irent pavement. Vou can only get into tha place by the tear-path : and in attempting to get out by any other raute you are certain te lie awamped. A more dciolate and benighted-looking aettlement we have never lean?the flax-headed children at the doora locking like ao many aemi-aavage*. Alter exploring tha port, at tha hazard of broken tionea, or being mired in the lurrounding awamp, we returned to the boat and to a civilized aupper, during which a atorm of rain, with vary good July thunder and lightning, came up from tha aonth, and a litttle iteamer from below paaaedupinto tha ahalter of the canal. Supper being over, our company arranged themielvea in a aemi-circle in the main aaoin, when teveral of tne ladiea and geota entertained ua with an extempore concert "A Life an tha Ocean Wave," being repented by general deaire, aa in admirable harmony with the voyage of the day ; for, during the greater part of it, tlie atrength of four atout men waa required at the wheel to ateer ua through tha braakara. The Britieh government ia deaerving of high praiia for theaa interaecting canal a ; ami the object of facilitating the navigation of thia wild and tearful river, ii carcely lea* praiaeworthy than the auperb manner in whiah the work ia executed. There ia nothing to com pare to thete canal* in tha United Htttea. Tha atone arc drafted aa if for a public ediflce; and the lock* with all the finish and elegance of the fineat maaonry, are ai treng and aolid aa the walla of a fortreaa We beat the Canadian* all hollow in ateamboata?in theae, they can't approach the neatneia, the flniah. the diacipline, and tha comfort of Brother Jonathan'* ateamer* ; but in canal* tho massive elegance, aolidity and perfection of the locki and draw* of John Bull's apecimen* en the 8t. Lawrence, are ju*t aa far ahead of the State*. Theao canala have com million* of money, and it will require an age to render mem pruuucuve Ul ? Uinueuu , um n < I'tiiwi.i M Jiiiri of the policy of Great Britain in open'ng tKia line of navigation to afford facilities of transportation of men and munition! in the event of war ; and not altogether with the view of diverting thejwestern trade and travel down the St. Lawrence, in the | roapect of eternal peace. We loft Bean liar nou thia morning by daylight, passed the rapida to Lachine. nine mile* above Montreal flare, after examination of l>agg.itfe l>y the cu?ti>in hoiue offloar, wa were transferred to stage* the f.nrliifie rapids forbidding a descent by the nver from the imposwlnlity of returning, tha aide canal, for surmounting them, not baiag completed. A very liaavy luinmer rain uahered ua into vloptreal. IfePui up at Daley'* hatel, where me met Mr. Temple ton, tha vocaliat, who had given in this house a moal suaoesaful cancert the evening before. On Monday eve ning next ha givaa another, and on Wednesday night h? 5W tt?abac?'thence he returns, via Nrw York ant! I hit ulalphia, hamaward. Wa should not ba particulailj sarprised if Mr. T. war* to prasent himaali before tin fjaw York In the opera line. We shall h??e a good deal to say about Montreal it o*f next ktUf. Meantime, "Good night," says the Xe? Dvirofc. W YO 1 YORK, mreSDAY MOR D OF GENERAL Ti ^GilAMttTOT J i punt film f 0NTt^4V>3r*LA% T-^xz^gi/AOACUH BtOUI H CHIfIS TIDAL LlNAAtt \_ Monteeal, Sept. t, 1840. Montreal?tht Mountain?the City?the Si. J-Mtrrtnct ?the Quayi?tkt Town Hall-?the Street$?the Scrub Poniet?the Buildingi?the Nrleon Monument? the Suhurie?the Thtatre?Templeton?the Soldiers? the Great French Cathedral of b'otre Dame?the Cmgrenation?the Servicee?Elrmentt of Repeal?the lMchine Canal, fe. 4 e. The kill of Montreal, from which the ritj taken iti name, is visible thirty miles up the river, looking like a very respectable blue mountain in the horizon It ii a beautiful hill. Hanking the town, and is covered mostly with a pine foreat. They proposo making this mount a grave yard, while some of the presses atoutly resist the shingling over of thia beauty spot with tomb stones. Neclte the hill the Ureal Krench ( ?the Iral it moit con plctlous in the iliatance ; ita two square Uothic lower* riaing full a hundred ami twenty feet above the summit level of the mass of buildings around it?said towers being two hundred and twenty feet high. Bui we ahall com.' to the church anon. Knteritig the town from the broad At. Lawrence, the largest atream of chry stallme water on the face of the earth, the traveller ia struck by the singular compactness and elegnnce of the stone >|Uiy, and the clean and spacious terrace* of the wharves stretching along for a mile There in not a more auperhly a.-raaged river border on the continent Then conies tne new town hall uu mo nvai hiopi, w\nj uti iuu(( ui tui iiuue, mmi of the neatest artisti-ul proportions. Passing up into tlip heart of the city, you find all the meets paved with block* of wood as smooth and clean as a floor, aad all alive with cabs, and curious little thing* on two wheels called calashes drawn by little scrub ponies. and dritub by men, woman, and children, at a (weeping trot? The foat walks are moitly of plank, a continuous floor on each aide of the street, which if also a floor of more *olid materials. And you find all the building* of the beautiful blue lime (tone, the masonry of the first order, and the style of tho St Petersburg)! elegance In fact, the main body of tne city hua nothing to surpa** it in beauty upon this continent. There i? one material disfiguration, which ia soon to be removed?and that ia the old market, the very filthiest and nastiest thia aide of Liabon. At the head !' thia market stands the Nelson monumeat, erect ed in lMj, by the citizen* of Montreal. The bauo relievos are broken and disfigured, and the whole thing looks a* though it had stood for three thousand veara, fire and smoke, and the elements. The statue of Nelson on the top. however, stands outumlecapitated, seeming as much at home as if Montreal had been the field of hia operations. The suburbs are made up of one story wooden houses, with half the story frequently under ground, the dwellings sub uivided into dirty rooms of about aix feet square, every room aapaienlly being occupied by a Krencb Canadian larnilyT In one house of two atones, the ground floor was occupied as a blacksmith's shop, while the floor above, lighted from the roof, was the residence of the family. In anether case, we ?aw a millinory store, an 1 a niacmmitn a (bop, oil the nine floor, the milliner occupying the front, an<l the blackamith tha back room. The Olympic theatre, near the old market, i* jaat about aa dingy and unpromiaing, dark and greaay. It appear*, though, to be pretty well uatainad ; .May wood and Mr and Mr*. Skerrett being the liona of the day afier 1'empleton, who, with hia roae, ahamrock, and thiatla, Laa won all the hearta of the loyaliata, the Krench population proteating that ha ii an Kngliahman and can't Ring Sabbath Day, Sept 6. ?Tho flrat thing obaenrable in motion thi* morning waa tha aoldiera on drill?a part of a riila regiment 1a dark green umlorm, while red coati and Highlander* weie acattered about almoat at every corner. At church time we went|up to the Krench cathedral to attend worahip. The church ia capable of holding ten thouaand people, nnd it wa* full to the brim, with a number of devotaea kneeling around tha three apacloua front door*. It i* ornamented inaide with aiUer cruciflxe*, was candle* twenty feet high; a glat* vaie with a crucifi* in it, all atudded and *urround> ad with boqueta of Auweri, and an altar aurround d by a boat of priaat* and their attendant* in white with black cro*M* on their back*. The chanting in thia tramen4ou* church founded like the echo of thunder in the mammoth cave; and the innumerable congregation hovfi and Arnund m tha lolimuitv ol' lh? lervicsi. atl* paraJded.were well oalcalated to inspire a stmngar with something of a superstitious fear, or a disbelief in th? strange sad wonderful apectacle around him. We atood at the aide of the main door without ai the throng came forth in three continuous atreami lor an hour, filling the itraets m far a* you could aee in every direction. The m?i ware French Canadians, with a tincture of Irish? scarcely an Anglo-Saxouface appearing among the thousands. I'riesta in their three-cocked hata, long robe?* sisters of charity in their black hoods, with their mild benevolent laoea shining underneath with the light of the good that they had done, or plans in acorea, wete plentifully intermUeded in the general mass , but altegether it was the must extensive accumulation of unhappy materials that we have aver seen Kvery soul of thein looked aa if it weie profanation to smile ; and more fitting subjects for an experiment at Smith O'Brien's " physical force,'' could not be found in Conciliation Hall. Before dinner, for they dine here at (I o'clock P. M., we rod* out along the canal, in course of construction, to surmount the Lachine rapids above the towu. It ia on the same grand and substantial scale a* all the intersecting canals at the rapida, from the Wetland at Niagara down. \\ hen this is finished ateamboata will be enabled to come into the St. Lawrence from the Atlantic, and paas out straight to < hicago, a distance excoeding two thousand miles along the grandest and most picturesque route in the world, by all odds. They may paas out now, but until this link is tormed, they cannot ascend. The weather yeaterday was from 90 to 0-j down to 10 o'clock at night. To-day it is confined to tha eighties ? The Canadians don't understand this sort of an arrangement for September, bat say it is because the wind ia from the States. Pro bono, Thk Dectoa. P. 8.?Kxceptins the waiter* at the hotel*, there ere ery few of the African race in Montreal. Lias Cn**rLii!*, Hept. 7, 1h4U. D'pmrlurt from Manlrtal? Hum ?f La Prairif?.lt.Itkn'i Fi>rtificati?ni?Houtt'l I'oinl ? U'orkt in Profrnt~Tht I.akt? h'art I-aki I.eft Montreal (hi* morning, per iteamer Prince Albert, (We m:le* to La Prairie, or lather the niin* ef that 1 iatn thrifty village Thn naked chimney* unl (tone w?Ji pre*?nt a tcene of mo*t melancholy desolation, t The country thence by railroad to 8t John'*, at the head of thi* lake, i* flat and cold, though intempemcl with I many beautiful farm* In numerou* flehl* the |>eo|>le r wore (till h*i venting, the women partaking in the work, 1 * in the harreita of l.ngland and Fiance At St. , John'*, a* at all the iown? along the < ana<!i?D frontier, the ftrit oMciala that demand your attention are the redceata. H*r* ? numbej H Um 4?tk regiment win iovsf RK E ning, september 15, *lYLOR':s operat 4 :rv, \ El VI santa i rrr^"- r juchuhkI?i NAfcU S*** "T" \BOr/JA K /iELCALSOSO t|3jj?XS mlli/^/s / ///7WV I jaunt9?==ati*HM7o^~ W/i0mmim mdciiMAUitnroiiAs

ng about the depot. The British hara a fortification above the town, commanding it* entrance ' from the South. Pauiing up the lake, you coma to Rouie'l Point, whero the United State* have a Urge force employed in completing the fortification*. By the Athburton treaty, thi* point (which had been found to be on the Britiah aide, and in consequence of which diacovery our works of defence ha<l been abandoned.) wai conceded to Mr. Webster. The reault if, thai the key of Lake Chnmplain to the ptaiage into the heart of New York, i? in our poaie*?ion. Well manned, the fortre** at thi* point could keep olT any fleet that could be collected by an enemy for a descent into York State. Here a U 8 cuitom-houne officer came aboard, and impeded tho baggage of the |nu*engan. The afternoon icenery upon thi* Lake wa? fine, exceoiiinply. Blue mountain*, green ialand*. white ?ail?, <)ark cloud* muin* ihowarn. and brilliant rainbow*. were blended in arery sort of modification The bay at Viattaburg presents the mast charming locality for an ornamental naval fight, that could be well selected. At Burlington, Vt, at which tidy lettlement Gov. Van Na?* owns a Urge property, Hon. Mr. Marsh came aboard rn route for Philadelphia,to take part in a certain case at law. SKfT. s?Our company landed and remained all last night at the chateau on tne height! of TicomU'roga, the most quiet, umbraguou, and green and comfortable ipot encountered in two thoUMnd miles travel. We lin^?r?d about the ruins ol the old fart and ita out-woiks for the greater part of the day?thence by stages to Lakn Oeorge ?thence by (team up that fanciful mountain enclosure of spring water -thence by stage at the rata of twa and a half mile* an hour to Haratoga, at tha United States, where, before a comfortable flte on the ntorniug of tho nin'h we And ourselves established as in the outaat of our excursion a month ago. On board the fairy little steamer that plie* tha supernaturally picturesque l.ake (ieorge, an old man of the craw brought out a box, with this endorsement written on a piece of paper pasted on tha top. We copy it strictly from the original:? Rnalx. In thy? Uoks ar a liven Kattill-snaix who wos ketcht on Blak mownting he is ate yer otild latt Ouli admiyttunts sicksptints a syte chiidons hafl" pryce or nothen. Oui.d Dies." And this brings ns to a day's repose and a glass of carbonate of magnesia. Tiic Doctob. tmi" latest bui. [Krom the Montreal Herald, Sept. li.] Since our taut snail, the public mind has been more oc r,u|ueu wnu imperial umii wuu i iuviim i?i puuuui, *-?j ?cully since the arrival of the U>t intelligence from Knglanil, with the news of the passage of the British possos iom Bill through the House of Commons Wo believe all parties mint unite in according the praise of consistency to the British Government, for this prompt tnil equitable measure. There appears, however, to be tome doubts as to the extent to which we should avail ourselves of it. Indeed the transition from the old Colonial system, to the new theory of free trade, has been so sudden, that the mass of the people here, have, yet. hardly had timo to lorm a decided and intelligent judgment upon the course to tie pursued. We imagine that their filial decision will be to sweep away the whole of these burdens. The Navigation Laws and the Free Navigation of the flt. I.awrence are still being discussed, but the remarks we have made as to the different duties, apply with still greater force to them. We have already alluded to the present dullness of Canadian politics. This arises partly from the topics brought upon the carpet, during the session of Parliament, having been already pretty nearly exhausted ? from men's attention, at this season, l>einjf turns'! totiieir busines* punniti?ami, perhaps, still more from the cbauge in the head of the government, which naturally induces the " wiro puller*" to put olf their operation* until they can be resumed with a prospect of permanent result*. This is the time rather for preparation than for action. The arrival of Lord Klgin wiil, no doubt, be the lignul for a general move. People know so little of this nobleman that there has been no room for the expression of strong opinion on his appointment. In general he is understood to be distant relation of some marbleainthe British Museum and that is nearly all it ia of more consequence that lie is in the prime of life, and likely to make a lung stay here. Tho fraouent change ?f (Jove mors lias produced infinite inisehief. Upon the whole, Lord Klgin'* comparative obscurity ia, perhaps, in his favor It will leave him te rest upon his acts here for his reputation. The mercantile news by the last mail has given a spur to our market, which is at this moment rather bare in Montreal, on account of the Lachiae Canal having been closed. Tim work will opes on the 30th instant, and ?ovi the inconvenience. We give some very full commercial and statistical tables in another column Krom the half yearly statement of the Rank of Montreal, publiahed in the Herald of the 10th instant, it appears that on the 31st August the assets of this institution were ?1,664,753 13*. Od , and i!a liabilities ?719,330 -2*. 6d. Of the aieeta, ?'117,600 14*. 3d. consisted ef coin and bullion. There il te be meeting of Shareholder* in the Portland Railway Company, to-day, to determine upon tho conrnMo he adopted with such of the r.nglish subscribers as desire to withdraw. We *hall endeavor to publish a ilip, with the particulars to lend with thil number to our Knglisli nuliiicril>er(. We have a few arrival! from among the autumn fleet for Montreal, bat it i* feared many will be late. Two hundred iail have recently reachod Quebec. H. M. 8. Vindictive, bearing the Hag of Admiral Austen. it alio at (Quebec. II. M. Schr. (julnare, Capt. Day field is now at Montreal, Captain Bayfield having been applied to to survey the Laltu of 8t. Peter, upon which the Provincial government ban undertaken some very extensive work*. The Lake is formed by the junction ef several river* with thn M. Lawrence, and i* rendered much *hallower than the sfYeam, by the deposits brought down by them The object ii. to deepen a channel for larger vessels than those which now come here ; but after a groat many thousand pound* have been laid out, it seems to be generally believed that the scheme is impracticable, or that the plan adopted wa* not the beat calculated to carry it out. I. apt. Bayfield's advice ha*, therefoie, been nought. Mr II. Bu?*ange, the well known bookseller of Tarii and London, has presented our Mercantile New* Room with JOO vol* of French book*. The weather ha* b#eu extremely hm tor several week*, arid tho St Lawranca t* lower than it haa been for many years. Political Intelligent*. The Liberal Party held its Htata Convention at Ca/.onovia, the lOih, and nominated tho following ticket : Kor Oovernor, Htnry llradUy, of Penu-V^n. " Lt (lovernor, W L. Chaplin, of Albany. " canal i.omnsia- < Jamrt .Iperry, of Monroe. sioners. ( Jmhn Thorn**, of Cortland Co. About 40 counties are represented by totnr 1?U dalegala* and the selection* ma<ie by the Convention arc caitl 19 ba entiraly MUafoeWry to the party generally ?a? e i a?e igr *m~?m *wv A IE R A 1846. IONS. m( {I tuADVuvriT^Bri I gg-"' .-..^^^^1' , MA*^?R*S' f/euitANi -J \>^J Trial of Spencer for the Murder of Ills Wife In Jmr?ey City. Before Chief Juftice Hornblower, nml Jmtices John Tonnelle, Jr.. Jamc* M'Oonnell, John Oriflith, John (J. Hpear, C. Van Winkle, and Geo. C. DeKay. SIXTH DAT. j The Court sat at It o'clock. The prisoner and his futher and sister, with someoth ers of hii relation*, took their place* near prisoner's counsel Mr*. Sr*4?r Dnnni*. recalled, and crosl-oxninination rosumed?My daughter had jewelry which 1 understood irtie got from her hnsbund ; ?ho had a gold watch and chain and keys, a gold bracelet. a gold pencil, anil gold pia ; she had good clothing, and w;i* well supplied with clotho* by her husband ; when he was good ny nature he was a* kind a husband as any other man ; when he was about travelling, they used to always quarrel; I never *aw him on his knees to her, but I often saw him cry ; they went to Newark ; Mr. Hpencer wont there in expectation of being a teacher in a school ; my daughter said she would be happy it he could got a situation in a school, a* it wetild prevent his travelling ; they went off about it a day or two after the 4th of July ; they had no quarrelling this time : they returned again in the evening ; I recollect her threatening to broomstick him, my daughter said that ho camo in the kitchna to ncnre her girl ; and I went down in the kitchen, and said,"Mr Hi.encer, tins ia not your place, the parlor is your place I said he should not he there quarrelling with my gill; I did not know whether he quarrelled with her or not ; he laid ho would.not go, and he toolc a chair anil at at the foot of the stairs ; 1 said, "I'll sen if I can't make you," and 1 then took the broom by the h ndle, hut I did not raise it ; Mr S|>ericer then went up itaiif ; 1 don't know what they were quarrelling ibeut ; I locked him out onco when lie said he wan leaving Kit wife, never to ceme hack jgaiu; he took hii thing! with him at this time, I theti locked the do?r, because I expected he would come back again ; I can't tell the exact day ; it wan net oa the 'in ' of July; the day he was leaving 1 clout remeinliei whether he bid me goed bye or not; I never put his trunk out of my house, nor did any of my fumily ; w en he returned again 1 looked out of the window and told hint there was no mom for him at my house ; he had his trunk put off on tho steps; he theu kicked the kitchen door open and broke the holt; he asked for the key of the front door, 1 told him 1 would not give it; he theu got something under the stairs and pushed back the holt; lie then brought his trunk across the parlor; there was a good deal of quarrelling at the time ; it appears to me 1 said that I could have him taken up for breaking the door ; 1 said that if he did not behave himself I weuid put him in jail , on the and of July he was locked out; but he got in through the hack window ; before Spencer came in, the girl by my directions told him that my son gave orders not to admit him ; Spencer stood outside the window in the door ; he called his wile and she went to the door ; I went too and told her not to open the door ; Mrs Spencer then told him her brother desired the door should not be opened lor hira ; he said he wanted to get his trunk ; 1 said it would be put out of the window ; he shook his head and motioned to them not to put it out that tima ; the trunk was theu rolled by the girl and his wite into the little front hall; he then left, and we did not - - - ??? ;! mr.raii.ir Kit o v oa InnWoM q a if ho had crying , this occurred after the urreat on the 2nd of July; it was about an hour, ai I think, after the arreit .Mr. Spencer got in, ami a little alter my daughter heard a noiae and went up itairi; (ho then ran down cairn to mo and told me that S|>encer was coming out from under the bed. with a piatol in his hand ; thif con vernation took place right in the middle ef the parlor ; juit upon that 1 ?uwr my son pass by, and he came in ; I then went into the parlor, and Spencer and hii wife were clone together; he had tha piitol in hia hand when he came down itairi; when my son came in all waa in r fooiter at the time; my aon wanted myaelf, and my daughter to leave the bouae, or go to the squire's; we all atood on the itept, and our neighbor, Mr. Marriaon, aaked ua into hi* houae ; 1 can't rrsmumber what 1 laid, a* I waa very milch frightened indeed ; before I left Mr. Ilnrriaon'a home, Spencer came in therg alao ; I don't know that he avid a word ; but he went towarda hia wife, and ahe (low right out of lb* room, and ho ran altei her, the girl next, and I fol lowed ; I did not seo the piatol this time ; he kept hit hand in hia pocket ; Mra Spencer then wont into Mrs. tlarriaon'a room and tha door waa closed ; Mrs Harrison aaid that Spencer ahoald not make a noise, as thero waa a lady sick in the hoiiae ; bo aaid " no she ain't sick ;" be then turned to her and said " there is the damned old hag that wanted to separate him from nia wife ;" I dou't know wlie the lady waa that said this ; I understood she was the nurse that waa attending N ra. Harrison, who was in her confinement at tha time ; 1 then went bark into the parlor, and after that went heme , I did not see him deliver up the pistol, l did not see the pistol at all. ho bad bis hand in his pocket ; there was no regular me.il that day ; Mrs. Spencer irst came back, and told bar brother that Bpvncer waa crying very hard, ami waa going on at a great rate, and waa very serry; my son said be had broke the peace, and would have to go to jail ; he wanted his wife to go to Justus aud not to have him put in jail ; he said also, I understood from ner, that he would go down on hia knees and promise never to go en so any moie: my son aaid it would be useleas to try him any more he had behavod so badly ; he left the piaiol at the noigbltor'a, and then came to the backdwr . my son let linn in; he theii went and took hit?? tt upon the lounger; hia wile waa in the parlor, and ho began crylngj my tun went into Mr. Harntou't ami got tne piatoi i tie tiied my ton to get the pittol and put it aaido ; I don't know of any more difficulty that occurred after on that day ; my ton, on the morning of the 2nd, went lirat tc the squire * to have Htiencer arruatoJ ; I went alao afKi he had gone, and lodged a complaint , when I started tc go to the Juatice'a, he wan itanding by the hed-iiile ; h> knew that I wan going, lor ho said I dare not go I ha< got down to the foot ot the *tairt, an I my hired girl tol< me that Mrs. Spencer wanted to tee mo ; 1 san! that would not go up i thin wa* the morning Pattee left; recollect we nad breaklait that morning, Spencer took I cup of ceflee ; I don't recollect that SjKsncer naid tome thing about staying up too late at night ; my ton uted ti leave atxiut 7 o'clock for hi* butmeit in New York , Mr Pattoe left that day a* noon as he paid hit board ; Patte< left, at ) heaid, in conaequence of the quarrelling tha' wa* going en ; nobody would with to ttay where then waa to much quarrelling ; when I went to the Juatice a 1 don't know tuat there wat any thing aaid by.ne or my tail about Hpencer not being in hit right muni ; I alwayt taid he waa in hit right mind. The <,ourt hore took a MEI rat t the aitial hour, and again mot at 5& o'clock Mat. Dohvim recalled to the atand ? ('-rota examination re? im??i) I lecallect I once (I believe) aai.l to i. Hpencar that he wat a thief; that I had know.. praon. to be punithed for itealjng their own propertyr , I n '' lect on ona occation belore M June. *'h*"n '""y .. \ u. the bell rang and I aaked my hired girl who tra,,,g t.ha ball, the told me that the vonng gentleman (uami ig Mr ?) had came in ; detired h?r to aay he had g > , alter my daughter wer.t up ttaira and found elry had gone Mr., Bnvncerth.n remarked It wat t the tint time be had dono te." Spencer lelt that night, an.I i etui ned tlia following day; I remarked '? lum that he kicked up a pretty thine laat nijht; that ho atoiu hit own property, au.l I did not know but he we-Id ateal *oma ethei property that did iwt belong to ?i.?no?i LD. frlc* Two Ctau. ant dawn and began tony, lie laid he ??h ?orry ha had doue no, and that he did not know it until ha had woke ui> thafollowing morning; the nest ,lay I law the jawairy; ke had it on again, I raoeived a *ln lull at una tuna from Mr. it Linear before the 17th Slav laat, aud 1 teceived a check for >60, hut I wiak to b? allowed to tell the atory. , I'm? Mi atk kere objected to ruling ia the answer of Witn*aa Mtmn th? irntund ai iti lrrnlnvtnf T Thk Dt?-awc* contended they had a porfoot right t? . i^ an I cross-ex amine to the lullest extent The Slat* hud endeavored to show a malignant feeling on the part ?! the prisoner, and it was perfectly competent forth* di fence to go into a cross examination to disprovo tkoso mutters, which they ho*1 opened up thomaelvos. \V itmcss continued.?I reuollect I invitod -Mr*. Hpoacer to go out on Jd July with me to take a little aail 1* the boat. 1 w hi ill; 1 dil not invito spencer to go bocauso I hud him hound over; we went backwardi and forwards two or tkreo times; Spencer wan in th* boat; ho passed us two or three tiinea quite close, we then want home aad Spencer followed us; ke cum* into tka kitchea, and I said, " 1 was son y 1 had not some titty for him," M U In- WM a baby. (Immoderate roars of laughter in court, in which the ladiei wko crowded the pillory heartily joined.) 1 did aot say to .Mr. Hpoucar that I kad ao titty lor him through any ill will. Coubt.?1 took it down pity. Utrmci-No, your honor, she laid titty. (Renewed laughter.) WiTnrn?I had a conversation with Rickardaoa om the evening before the 14th of July. Mrs. 8poncor wai there. It waa in the little hod room; it may bo in tho middle of the day of the 14th of July, or on the Monday or Tuesday; 1 can't remember tho exact time; thoro waa a conversation in the bedroom byw??n Mrs Spencer, Richardson, and myself; it was t o try reconcile Silencer and his wife Kicliardaou was thoro the day befoio also; ha caine in with my son and Mr. and Mrs. Hponoor; i unuerstooa tney nail neeu over to new York; l heard them any they came arroi* Richardson in New Y ork. The State objected to entering into any particulars baring reference to Naw York. ' The Coitkt ruled in favor of the defence. Witness in continuation-In the conversation in the room Richardson said they had gone over to New York, and Spencer found them there; he laid he would Bake all right; 1 should think by their talk there waa some quarrelling before they came across Richardaon ; he would du anything in his power to settle their quarreler in the conversation they said >1 rs Spencer was with. Richardson in Richardson's room; it was not said what kind of room; I don't recollect it was his bed room that was spoken of; I doa't expect he keeps bouse in New York; I understood hi* family lives out in the country; Spencer was very angry at the time; he aaid that he had found them together at Richardson's; some one turned round and asked me if 1 thought there waa barm in It; I said I did not think there wut harm in it, as her brother was there; 1 beard tome remarks made about Spencer's not having gone to the hotel where he boarded ; 1 don't recollect hearing anything said shout No. 2 Tark place, There were a great many things ssid, and I don't remember all ; on the evening of the 14th July, when Richardson osme to the house, I dout resollect that ho and Mrv. Spencer went out together; I did not hear such an expression used aa " damn your soul" that night; my husband is in court; my husband went to live about six or seven yoars ago, with one of my daughters, anil I want to live with the other; my other daughter lives in Michigan; mjr husband came home after my daughter was shot. Question?What was the reason that you separated from your husband ? The Stitk objected. Witness?This waa my only husband; he Is quite an old gentleman, 72 years of age. Question?Waa Spencer the only hashaad year daughter had ? 'r\.,. u- . ? The Coubt ruled out the questioa. Direct examination reiumod? Richardson *11 It ?y houso once on the 13th of July; he came there with Mr. Speucor and hi* wile, and my sou, Spencer made lomi ruinurk ubout hor being in the room of Richardsoa; he did not appear to be angry with Richardson; he appeared to be angry with the wife; I never knew Spencer to have spoken 111 terms of anger to Richardson ou any of these occasions, Richardson became acquainted with them iu the winter of IHlo, at Columbus, Ohio. Witnaai here withdrew. Mart Ki.kmiko (the servant girl referred to in the course of the trial) examined hy the Statk?1 am a servant now in the employ of Mrs. Dobbin, and have been since the 10th May last; Mr. Spencer and his wife were there when I wont to live there; it was the first place 1 went to live in when 1 camu to this country; I heaid a quarrel between Mr. and Mis. flpenoer one night ; I recollect the time of Bpancer'a arrest ; it was tifter tho arrest that 1 heard the quar> relling ; It was about a week before Mrs Hpencer was hilled. I heard Mrs. 8pencer cry oat three er four times?"let go my hair;" she came out of the ream into the parlor, and Mi. Hpencer asked her to go back; ha said "Mary wont you come back to yaur room sgaia, and go to yaur bed ?" she said that she would go up stairs and tell her mother; I heard tliem ge baok to the room again; anAafter a few minutes. I heard her cry out again to ha>e him let go her hair; sliu cried out thr o or four times, and heard her come out again; Mr. Hpencer followed her, and asked hor to go into her room; she said she would riot, but that she would go tell her mother; the same was repeated a third time; I then heard them go buck again; I then hoard the door open again, ami I heard her cry to Ut go her arm; she again wan*, to the room, and that was all I heard; ihc showed ma har arm in two or thrae days after, and it wai all Muck; after lior death I observed her arm and it wa* black; the cry wm that cf one in di:itr?s?; the arm wai bruised; 1 went to bad before 10 o'clock the night before aha waa killed; I got up whan Mr*. Dobbin called me, and found Mr. Spencer letting on the louoger, and tke blood waa gushing from her mouth, and bar bands ware going up an.l down; bur mother wai standing before her; 1 remained there until Mrs. Vpeiicer died; Mr..Hpeucer bad been taken away at the time; 1 did aot lwar the report of the pistol*, and wns sleeping in bed until Mra. Dobbin called ou me; I only threw oa my dress; Mr*. Dobbin called me twice; 1 was looking for my dreaa; 1 used to hear Mr. flpeneer ?wear Tory often. Croii-exammtd.?1 was ibe only servant in the family ; I did all the house work, the cooking and general bus*ness ; 1 usually rose about (is o'clock, and went te bed about ten o'clock . there wa* no doorway to tha kitehen , 1 slept under the narlor ; 1 went to see a friend that evening about 7 o'clock, ami returned about 10 o'clock ; when 1 came in I found Mr*. Spencer cry ing, and *ha aske l me for a drink of water ; Mr. Richardson waa theru also ; 1 heard them all talking, and wbaa I went into the parlor they stopped talking : Mr*. Spencer waa aitting in the rocking chair ; Mr. Richardson sat nasr the table, and Mr Spencer sat behiad the dner^ be wa* talking loud , I am aoi near won was nm max mgm after 1 went to bad, ao<l haaid no peraoas walking that night on the stairway or about the house, n ntill ww called by Mra. Dobbin, who told me that Adeliae *u hot. Adjourned oyer to 9>, o'clock this forenoon. Exploelon of Steam Dollar*. It may be deemed presumption for an humbla aitliea to assert that steam has no agency whatever in the explosion of steam boilers, hut, nevertheless, I will maintain that although ateam may and often doei burat tha boiler or vessel in which it is confined, making egrese from the weakest part of the boiler, scalding and destroying life, aa well when escaping from a mere rant or flsturo, aa when let looae by an exploaion, yet that ataam haa no agency in an explosion like that which occurred onboard the Kxcelsior, or like those which fanerly occurred in our harbor on board tha ataamer* New Jeraey an 1 the ^tna, all of which I witnessed, and a careful examinntion'ahowed a power sudden and quick, with kharp detonation and ahattered wreck, similar in all respects to the action of gunpowdar. Such action ia moat consistent with an assumption that a portion of tha water has been decomposed by contact with white hot metal. This may occur from introducing a fresh supply of water, or by the rolling ol the boat,in turning or laaving the wharf. Allowing the -oxygen ta hare combined with, and formed a metallic oxide with the boiler, thia would leave the hydiogen equal to 1325 time* tha bulk of the water, which is nearly double tha iorca of guupowder. Or, suppose that both tha elementa of tha water remain free, (though some chemist* without good authority contend that this would violate a law,) there would then be 19B7 times the bulk of the water, which is nearly three tunes the lorce of gunpowder, and this would l>? in addition to and independent ef the force ol steam already on the boiler. The hydrogen from one hundredth part of a cubic foot of water would be ample, il suddenly set free, to produce all the results that occurred in the cas?i of the Kxcelsior. construct the boiler, iurnace and flues, to that the flame can ncvor reach above the water: the metal cannot attain a white heat below the water, and lei* than a white heat will not <lecom|>o?e it The present practico of allowing Mame to surround the boiler, is for economy in fuel ? Such an arrangement may explode the boiler with the most careful engineer, whilo the boat ia quiet at the wharf, the flame ii creating a white heat above the water; when the boat starts or rolls, the water .comes in contact with the white hot metal, and the result is a decomposition, causing an explosion, over which the engineer hnx no possible control; for whether hj* saJety i valve is closed or open, the same result occurs The upomng of the valve could no mere ovai 1 to ease the I presume from a decomposition of the water, than the . 0|>es touch-hole ol * gun can case the pressure on the I barrel when a chaige of gunpowder is ignited. I An arrangement lor a boiler having all the advantnges | of economy in fuel, with security against decompo.itien I of the water, may be thtW described A cylindrical , boiler fl feet diameter, M) feet long, lying horizontal, the upper two-thirds (4 feet) shut ult trom the furnace by masonry. The Iurnace extending Irom front to withtu I twenty feet of the rear The twenty feet in rear la an , I open liue or chimney lo no rettinieu over ine rear ena, t mitl continued on the top of the holier to imoke pipe in , frent, io that the fne can act only on the lower third, or I j lent hcoad and JO leet in length, while the hot ur coven nil other parti, except the ?mall (pace of maionrv that it id contact to etitit oft the flame (rum upper aide. The try cock* ihoui I be two leet from the >>etler, end the pi|?M connecting them with the boilei fhould he inclined b hi ft inches,to prevent condenied ileum Iron) roller ting, to iliow f..l?e height or lalie level of water With inch ho aimngement, the moil caiuIeM engineer re*ild not explode it The greatult <tamt?ge would he huretiug the we?ke?t part, einungering thoir only who were in a lino with the uperturo Your*, C. F. DURANT Varlrlln. A very heavy gale wa.4 rx|>enenced ?l the upper end of Lake Kiie on Wedneeda) mid Thuiiday lait No very mrioui dutn.ige wai uone, though lome imaller venuli loat their caigo**. The calamity at .MaJiion, ?? , teem* to havo effected more ilamnge than st ftrit reported. Kleven livn were loat, end pioperty deiuoyed to the amount ot >lftO,VOQ.