Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 16, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 16, 1846 Page 1
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TH] Vol. XII, Ho. Wbola No. M?l. uszxoa.2T jtsttb. ADDITIONAL. PAKTICUUAK8 OF TM? RIOT AT BURITA. ADVANCE OF THE ARMY. Tb? Bxploslon on Board the Steamboat Enterprise. IpMUl DtipaUhii from the Army to tki Haw Y?rk Herald OAm< Ne. III. UiTiMiiti, (Mexico) Aug. 04, 1S44. | Slramifl Jjfidmt on Ih* Rio Qrondt?Koluntur Gont- ' rait?March / Dragoont? Duuiont and Ctmmandtrt 1 of tht Rtfulmri. We hare this moment heard of a tad accident up the Rio Grande. The iteamor|Eaterprise, Jwhen near Keynote, on the epwarJ pititge, buret her boiler, and over twenty of the Teaneitee volunteers are reported to have been badly scalded. Some were killed, but their namee or number we have ?ot yet learned. The unfortunate* were landed at Reynote, where every attention,that hu mainly could auggeia *u given tuem. Hitherto, the boat* to Cemargo have made very ?ucceitful trip*. thia being the M miahap where life ha* been endaugerod. A mouth ago, the Neva Bank within nine milea of Camargo. Nearly all the voluntas destined for the invaaion have moved up. Generals Butler, Marahall, Quitman, Pillow, and Lane are in the field, and will be aaaigned to their command* according te the late law. The Dragoon* have marched from thia pltce, under Capt May. They are well mounted and equipped, and a few daya drilling, which they will receive before the marrh, beyond Camarge, will make them moat effective oavalry. The regulara of the Invading army are commanded aa follewa lax Diviaiow?Oempriaea the 3d brigade, which ia coui[>oaed ol the 3d and 4th regimenta of infantry ; 4th brigade, compoe*<l of a battalion of lat infantry, and the nine eompaniea of the 3d infantry ; several companiea of the 3d regiment of dragoon*, and Ridgely'J and Urag^'a batteriea. Tkia division it commanded by Brigadier Oan. Twlgga. Id Diviaion?Under Brevet Brigadier Gen. Worth, ii compoaed of the lat brigade of Infantry, (artillery battalion and 8th regiment,) 3d brigade (6th and 7thinfantry), and Duncan'* and Capt. F. Taylor'* batteriea. The mounted Texan Eangara will be diatributed between theae command*. The 3d diviaion hat already moved. Probably the lat, with the Commanding General, will he ready to march from Camargo about the lat September. Within little tore than two week* we may expect exciting newa, nd aa we at Matamorai are in receipt of the latent, both by the route taken by the army and by the Mexican* direct from Monterey and Baltillo. you will be appriied of very thing Important at the earlieit day. X. V. Z. No. XXII. MiTDioiia, Mexico, Aug. in. 1346 Mtmiean R(porta?Proipecti^ of Peace?Quirt annng the Pfflt?MeMican Spy ?\aptleon v*. another Htm. It i* a doubtful experiment to attempt, even lrom this paint, to communicate new* to the Herald from the interior of Mexico, for it* numerou* source* ol information frequently enable it to procure the latest intelligence by other routes more speedily, than via Matamo ran. i?i iuuivui iuo iuuuii w o rei eivv norv ironi lue northern provinoes, and even from the capital, may ha interestiag. A report, fully believed at Camargo, and ontirely credible from the general aspect of Mexican affair*, came down yesterday. It it, that l'urudes haa been deprived ef the ootiimand by hit own troops. Ha haa bean superseded as 1'iesident, and now the army haa rebelled against him aa their Oeneral. Pronuaciamentos from the coast town* and citiea of the interior kavr reached Ma'amorar Letters are received from the capital almost daily by aome ef the principal inhabitant* o! thia city, and they now think that aiga* ef retarning peace are discoverable. The recall ef Santa Anna, the unpopularity and overthrow of farede*. notwithstanding hi* Him and undeviatiag hostility to us, the aettlement, *o untimely fur them, f the Oregon question, the dissensions in the army, and the general apathy amoag the people of the country, indicate, they aay, a necessary cessation of hostilities at no distant day. The people of the United States frequently hear that the war is popular among the Mexican*, aad that all are willing and eager to aaciifice every private intereat tor the country's cauae. Now this glaring antrutb proceeds from the enemy's official documents. These assert, that Spartan devotion was indifference ooaapared with that patriotic enthusiasm which burns in every Mexican heart. But aak the people themaelvca, and they tell you that they would hail the approach of the Am erican army aa a deliverance. The inhabitant* for many leagues about Camargo, come in to ace with their own eyes if it ia true, that General Taylor actually livaa under canvaas. when there are ao many excellent houaes in the conquered town, end if he really pay a the people for their produce and labor. There ia not, perhaps, in our land another man ao well qualified for the command of an army invading the country of aach a people. A few dava aince, the military commandant of thia city, Col. Clarke, detected a Mexican lawyer leaving with despatchea, which, on examination, were found to communicate much information reapecting our number* and poaitiona. The Col. caused thia man to be arrested and aent to head quartera. Tto fellow, of course, ox. pected to be hung at least; but he wa< disappointed?for, after admonishing him for hia great indiacretion, in risking hia valuable life to procure information which the Weueral himself would fully communicate to the whole Mexican nation, he aet the priaoner at liberty. The latter leaped with joy, and throwing hie ansa around tha Oeneral, gave him an embrace long aad earnest, in proportion to his gratitude. Hera ia a new attitude for tha "eminent artists," who have lately produced so many v?ry accurate likenesses of our commander. The released Mexican ia now ainging hoaannaba to the good General Taylor; and hi* friends regarded him on hia return, aa one riaen frem the dead. An amusing proof of the difeient light in which this forbearance is regarded by persons differently educated, waeseeaafew nunuteasince. An ancient Oaul residing here, waa indulging in reflections disparaging te our ( encral'i aolriierahip, en thia very account, and raid It grand Napoleon nevuir did ?o with a conquered people. An American officer suggeated that General Taylor waa a conqueror Dut not a roMjor? whereupon the other flew inte a moat undlgpifind paaeion, *haking hia atick, and avowing that It grand Napoleon waa uo grand vleur. On thia c hange ol iuue, the officer lel't the venerablo caviller to regain hi* temper, and cettle ths queation by liimaelf. CiHiioo, Atifnit 24th, 1840. The Army Ltaving Cnmarga for Mantertf? Volunteer)? Camanchel, 4'COen. Worth, left with hia brigade on the Old inritft, for the purpoae of eatahliahing po'ita on the roate between thia place and Monterey. He wai followed yeatarday by the 7th regiment under command of Cant. M ilea. The two regimenta of regulara that are now here will leave in few daya. The volnnteera will loUow, probably, aa aooii aa the Ath of next month, tien. Worth will proceed en toward* Monterey aa far aa China, where he will remain till the whole arrivea, when it will proceed iu one concentrated body to the city, and then Uok out for a battle and natural accompaniment?a brilliant victory. 1 have not the leaat apprehenaien of difficulty in taking the city. The volunteer* are pouring Into thii place with a " perfect ruah." Moat theaa have marched two hundred milea through burning aand, and thick, uglv and unmerciful chapparrml, under a tropical aun; yet they have per formed the march,iu quicker time and in better order,tnan ever troop* under aimilar cirrumalhucea have done before Thoae that enme iu yeaterday averaged on their march 2i milea per day. They conaiated of Mary land, Ohio, aad Kentucky volunteera. aad marched fruan the ntouih of the river in the unparalleled qnick time of ten day a What i? there, a tiue heartea patriot caiuiot do 7 I will tell you?he cannot aubmlt to wrong, deapotiain, nor defeat. A few Camanche Indiana eroded to thia aide of the river a few milea below here, on the evening of the 531, and moat brutally murdered a Mexican family of on* man, two women and lour children. What cauaed thia intamou* act, of theaa moat infamotl* of aavagea, remain* jut unknown Theie rad dewla seem to b? tfce,?worn enemy ol avery nation CiHiino, Auguit '15th, 184(1. Jlni ttill thty Cimi?Qtnrral Taylor will not bi a candtdolt for the l'rfideiry, To Jay teveral regimcnti of volunteeri have arrived, and tha great number that are already hare, and Iba rapidity in which they come in. have actually frightened the Moxicani into a perfect lit of aiUmiihment. They me continually aiking, "wbeie all theie ' Americanee*' " romefrom, and "if there are any lolt at home." They are not to much aitoniihed now hi they will lie. A niall iq.iad of l,ouniana velunteeri called on Ocn Taylor a <laj or two ago, for their dincharge. The (ion, came otl ol hi* tent, and aa rongh at ready, laid, "Goiug hon>e, are ) 011?you are a let of cowarila? better go? that'i all. Stop, ona word more?I'm net going to run lor Treiident. Be off with you." [Krem the New Orleam Timet, September 7 ] By the arrival here , on Saturday evening, olthe iteam hi|> McKitn, < a plain I'age, from Bra/.oi Santiago, Wrdneadav inorninr, the U init . we have rernve.l a variety oi intelligence liom the aea'tofwar, file* of popor* from MiBBorii, with voluminoui communication* Irom our 001 respondent*. From tbeae different aeurera we make up the following summery, romprMng all ti.nt if ncre?*ury to put our iea<>ei* iu poaM>??i<in of ll.o latent ftoli, mov?nieul... projects, etc., which h*ve marked the progre** of the American army, noca our lant politlihed d?iW fc.very tiling if, quiet in Matanioiac aince the advance np the river, the u?u*l >ltigg:*hn?*? in Mexican towni, haa renunied ill ?way thvie The ,1m eric an Flag aoya all the excitement teema lo have lcll Mainmort!*, and followed the troop* up to ( nmai go. Col. CuiUa'a lUgiment ol Ohio Volunteer! ure winning golden opinlona Irum alt claims ot people there. The utmoat activity prevailed at Oamargo-, lioopa ware aent oil' daily into the interior, taking the rout* to Monterey 'J he Jim trie an Flag of the 3Wth nit., in relation to tbia, haa the following:? Thi Aov??n:.-We learn by the lait iteamer from Camargo, that all the regular* had departed lor the interior, with the exception of one regiment. Gen Taylor ? v alill at Cauaago, but it wu? *uppoa?d that be would . >ave in l#w daya. Oen Iwigga had teaclifd Cintrgo, with about 3400 % -1U1 L?iU ?' I " 11 .1 1!?!JULl E NE" NEW \ man from thia place, and we uuJeritauJ ha started otf' immediately for Monterey. CJen. Worth, if be aontinued hit marob, mutt l>a clone | ob to Monterey about tbii time. He will probably have tha benor ol marching the tint troom into that ulaca. un Uk.s the 41 adventurer*'' have got there ahead of him, which would not create much surprise in the minds of lomt. During lome day* previous to the 2!>lh ult , Matumoris had bean rifa with rumcri of tha taking of Monterey by a party of man from ban Antonio It was stated that Col. Harney. with the troopa at Bexar, had crossed the Rio Grande at Laredo, and thus proceeded to the place in question without advising the commander of the movement; bat despatches had been received from him iince, dated at 8an Antonio, no that acconnt ia out of the pale ol probability. Now if there ii any version of the affair that look* reasonable, it ia the Mexican'. They aay that letters from Monterey assert that a body of Americans, who came down by the way of Naw Mexico, ware joined near the Presidio by a number of Texan aventureroe, and tha combined force , had entered the town without any opposition. It is be- i liaved to be true by tha nativea. Two weeks beforo a letter had been reaeived at Matauoras from Nlonclova, | stating that a body of Americans was advancing upon j that place, but it received no credit whatever from our countrymen on tho Kio Orande. Military Rkconhuissance.?The description of a re connoissance to Seralvo, made by Captain McCullouch with his Rangers, which we append, from one of our correspondents who accompanied him, will bo read with interest Col. Hays, with his regirueut, had successively visited San Fernando, population 5,000, and China, population 8,0M), on the road to Monterey; ho himself, with an escort ot twenty four men, returning to Caraargo on the Jflth ultimo, with a report to the Commander-inChief of the state ot the roads. It appears that our advancing troops, baggage, etc., will encounter rome difficulties, and the meo experience groat latigue, fiom the rugged nature of the giotinJ over wh.ob tho route lies. Indeed, thera is nothing lika a military road, or one alfording easy tranait for armed bodies, from Camargo to Monteray. from San Fernando to Chin)-, a distance of one hundred miles. Col Hays found the road exceedingly uneven, and occasionally precipitous, a?jcnding and dcaoending huge hills, thickly cure red with jungle and chapai ral, ai d trushwood icterlncng, so as to rrn.'er the pioneer's labor Iridispeasable During his niarcu ho visited all the ranckoi, or farms, which studded the country in profusion, but the most profound tranquillity reigned throughout Not a Mexican was found iu anni. nltbough report* were tlailj bruited in his ems that u hostile for< e wii concentrating, sorretimes it one place, sometimes at another ; but un making hi* appearance at the spot* indicated, nothing hut the every day appearance ot Mexican country life met hii eyes. The peasantry were inactive, except in 'reely exchanging the produce of their farms and dairies for American gold and silver. At Han Fernando, one hundred miles south of Matamoras, on the river Sail Fernau lo. Col. H 's regiment hail twelve horaos stolen from them bye Mexican earvunt, who waited on Col Walker s met*. Notwithstanding he had eight or ton hours advance of them, some troopers, tuounted on the tleetest animal* of the command, managed to oveibiko him uud bring him back, with some of tho stolen bor?cs. The thief was immediately tied, and summarily sentenced te be soundly flogged. He received one hundred lashes ; but it appears, from conjecture* pietty well founded, that thuy did not save hii life. On being set at liberty, he wi. supposed to have been way-laid and shot by one of those whom he had deprived of hii horse. A similar event occurred at China. During the stay there, of tke Rangera, three horses, were carried otT, but a pursuit having taken place, the thief was caught and immedia ely shot. In his terror, the poer wretch tleuoiuced hitmaster, a citizen of China, and a mun of aubstance, an having set him on, and vengeance will no doubt ('ill on the Don, as the Ranger* are determined to cure the ..lexicons of their weakuess as horae fanciers. Col Hay'* regiment remained, at last accounts, encamped on the Hio San Juan, in advance, waiting orders from Uen. Taylor On the 37th ultimo, it was stated at Camargo, that the whole of the Texan volunteers wero on the point of being disbanded, as they were six month* men. Col. Hays and Ui* Hangers were,it is supposed, to be entertained for three months longer A very melancholy affair, little creditable to ttfe discipline, order and character lor civilization,which, in spite of all that has occurred during the preient campaign, we are pioud to say are the attributes, ol the volunteers, occurred near Burita, Rio Uraude, on the 31st ultimo. On that day a steamboat took en board at Burita, five companies of one of the Georgia regiments A good deal of animosity had previously been exhibited by two of those companies, one against another; one of the rivals w;>san Irish company. From some circumstances or other not explained, a row broke out in the evening between them?close proximity, we presume, producing hostile collision?and fire-arms, and bayonrts and swords, were very freely used. The Colonel of tbo Oeorgin regiment did all lie could (o put an end to this disgraceful affray, but so fierce w?s the conflict between the contending partial, that all was unavailing although it is stated he shot one man and wounded two more with his own hand. While the battle was raging between these insenaates on the deck of the steamboat, Co!enel Baker, 4th Illinois ragimont, ordered out companies A, and O, commanded by Captains Roberts and Jones, to assist in put ing an end to it He then went forward at the head of twentv man and uigrd the rioters to desist, but on lib attempting to ascend the ladder of the ateambout he was fiercely attacked by those on hoard, and after a desperate fight, id wh'cli he was shot through the neck, the ball entering behind and passing through his check, prostrating him at once, his small party waa obliged to retreat, having no ammunition with them, carrying off Colonel Baker senseless. Commissary Post, (Sergeant Oglesby, and six men of the Illinois regiment were wounded?two mortally. Captain Roberts, company A, then attempted to board the boat, but, after a desperate conflict, he and his men were boateu off. Capt. R received a severe bayonet wound through th*shoulder,into the back, three inchea in length. Th* affair having now assumed a very serious asp?ct, Maj Harris brought out th* whole remaining lore* ol the 4th Illinois regiment, well provided with ball cartridge. At sight of thif, th* rioters ceased their dis turbance, when th* Georgians were disarmed and put under a strong ^uard. Col. Baker, who rec?iv*d lii* WWUUU, WUI1U UgUUU^ UULIU lO niAIlU WllU IUU V Hpvtfiu VI the Irish company of the Georgia battalion, (alio severely hurt) will ie?over,it is laid, ai will alto Captain Rogers. There were thirty lying wounded on the boat ana on shore, on the morning of the lit imt, Thoie who wero killed outright, lomo eight or ten, were sau: to have been thrown overboard. An inquiry was to hare been immediately irstituted, to ascertain the cause* of thi* tad alfair. Next arrival will give us more detail*. Explosion or thi Stkamboit E.ttcri-riic.?Wo are exceedingly pained at the intelligence received of thi* catastrophe. On the 3l*t ult, at daylight, while tho Enterprise was about 46 mile* above Keynoia, where (he ha<l been moored to the bank for the night, at the moment of starting, the paddlei having j ust made three revolutiou, the boilera burst with a tremendous explosion. Tho crew and passengers were, in all, 160, the havoe amongst whom was dreadful. The whole of that poition of the beat lying between the wheel and chimneys was blown into fragment*. The hull, and part* toward the item do not seem to have suffered much ; but the forward works, and i<art* lying contiguou* to the boiler*, were split into mece*. There were 16 men lying asleep between the chimney*, who all more or less experienced the *ad effect* ol the unexpected occurrence. Many were shot into tho air, falling overboard and never more appealing , other* descended on the forecastle, frightfully mutilated. The Hist four rims of the boiler*, we are told, were shattered to atoms, and the surprise is that a greater quantity of life wa* not sacrificed. NO aatisfactory account has been given of the cause of the disaster, lor it anuear* that the boilers had been cleaned out the night previous. It was eonjectur ?d that the mud valve hail become fouled, causing the boilers to leak. We append a list of the suft'ercrs :? Killed?Knoch Tucker, A. Boswell, Tens.; Mr Scaps. Texas; Thomas Oauiney, N. Y., second cook; and a stranger, name unknown. Badly Wousdkd.?Lieut Dearing, of the Louiiville Legion; Wm. A. Crook, C. B. Crook, Tenn ; CapUiu WooHi, Wm. (irey, Jacob Bowridge, Thomas tngle, Texas; J. C. Howard, sutler, Baltimore; Joseph Origshy, Mr. Hickcy, lutien, Louisville Legion; Taber, pilot; Thos. Henepee, Samuel Martin, fatnck keily, Frank Tallant, deck hcmls, J. K Crark, mate Slightly wooofd.?Milton Cunningham, Jas. Wilson Tenu ; J. Wheeler, J Humerick, Mathew Samson, Christian Colt man, Texas; J. Dow ning, Mr Adami, sutlers, Louisville Legion; Ldmond Newell, cletk; (Captain Kelsey, Conn ; W. Arthines, lire man; Henry A Kmmons, mate, Dr. H. 8. Tudor. On the 'J8th ult., Lieut. Dearing wa? oat of danger, and recovering faatf; Patrick Kelly was raving and incoherent?would probably die Another man was buried at Rej noaathe day before The bo<ly of one ol those I blown overboard on the occasion, was picked up on the i7th and buried some miles below Reynnsa. The steamer Pnnola collapsed a lluo on her trip up to I Matamoras from the mouth of the river. A portion of one of the Kentucky regiments waaon ooard.hm no < le was injured, although consideiable confusion prevaile.1, from the supposition that the boilers had burst. Tho damage to tho boiler was repeired, and Lhe boat has proceeded up to Camargo. (law, Wosth's Baiotnc ? The steamer Virginian crossed (itn. Wortk and his sommsnd, oOTisisting of the 8th infantry and two companies of artillery, over the Sail Juan river, on the lvth uli. Geu. Worth received orders to march to the village of China, and remain there Iiium luiiiici uiutii. mi jiii un nr nan niti'lied onc-tliiril of the way to Seralvo, all in perfect order. Tbr other brigades were following him rapidly. It it stated, | according to .Yleaican accounts, given iu the streets of Camargo, that Monterey hail lor in garrison about WiOO men, ol whom 'JOuO were regular soldiers, the other* re{ cruits A force uf about Ui*? cavalry wai encamped at ; t.aidneyte. 3o or 40 milaaeastof Monterey. A review o!'.In 1 eguiar troops took l iner at < nmarfo on the 17th alt, when (ion. Taylor inspected them. Tfc?A*weie 3000 in all, the latgcst number that have assembled sinew the war of 181*-IS There VI ^giments of inlantry, a battalion of foot ariMa',. two batterie<t of flying artillery. I he folio wnig brig-idea comprise iht) regular tioeps destined (they uro now doubtless fdr on tneir way thithor) to march against Monte- | 1 rey :? Kihit Llmuon ujidkr Of*. Twinos.- Bngade, under Col. Garland, comprises tho J.I and 4ah Regnuenta U. 8 infantry; 4th Biigadn, under < ol iUii<y, vit : lat mid 31 U. 8. infantry, with Capt. Kidgete) 'a battery of flying artillery. Hccons Diviuon URDta Gtw. Wobtii, oa thb AoTartc*.?1st Itrigade, U. 8. foot artillery, and the fth Hegiment U. 8. Inlantry; 9d brigade, U. 8. 6th and 7th in| ientry, Captain Blanc hard's ( ompany of Louisiana Vo7? . V*1 ^*Pl- Dnncan'a battery of flying artillery. < ol Pertlfor K. 8mith cotamandi the 'Jd Brigade. Wi ILV*.. r#f. J received account* of th? march of Oen. worth a diviaion, who are accompanied by two troopa of W YO ORK, WEDNESDAY MC TRIAL OF FOR THE MURDE ^iMU?nnm.i m ||l!|l I I Ml If I aftUlMT' "I! 1j | | APPSARANOB OF 1 Text! Cavalry, under the command of Col. Wood. A depot has been established at SeraWo, lately visited by our correspondent, for account" of which wo refer our readers to his lettc-appended The advance all crossed the San Juan on tlio 19th. aud *n<l i4th ult. Abkivals at Camanuo?The steamboata Whiteville and K.aple took up to head-quarters the following olttcers : ? Maj. Hen Butler, brigadier (ieneral'Shields, Colonels Karle and Mitchell, ilajors Coffee, Vry, and Boyd ol the volunteers; <lov. Henderson, (Jan. Lamar, and Col Cooke, of Texas; Col. Belknap, Majors Craig. Thomas, and Hammond. Dr. Craig, Lieutenant* Jay and Norval, I'uited States army; Mr. Schat/.el, U 8. Consul at Matamoras. or. nniuKio-iniiisi, sir we loarn max ?.oionoi Harney, at tlie head of about 108 U. 9. dragoon*. 500 Texas cavalry, from tlin Red River district!, with Capt. Beaver, who ha* with him o small company of Delaware Indian*, wm moving on Moaclova. tliu* anticipating Oen Wool'? instruction*. Colonel Harney lelt San Autouio ou the 03d July ("apt Merrill, U * dragoon*, reached Camaigo fiom San Antonio on tho 'JOth ult, having traversed ths distance, three hundred mile*, accompanied by four Germans, three Delaware*, and one Cherokee. He pained through Laredo, a town containing 1MK> souls, meeting no obstacle* on his way, except the asperities of the country The Lapan and t 'oniniauche Indian* had niado several hostile incursion* into the country, above Laredo, lately, doing u good deal of harm to the inhabitant*. tien. Twiggs, with the 3d Dragoon* and the Flying Artillery batterie*\nnde'Ridgeley and Ta> lor, arrive 1 at Camargo on the -.) ult., and were to proceed iinmadi ately toward Mouto*,. The 1 st ami -id regiment* of Ohio volunteer*, the Louiaville Legion, and the Baltimore regiment have also arrived at Camargo in tho march of the volunteer* from Matamora*, they only lout two men, proving their stamina in the moat satisfactory being July considered. Gen. Taj lor has signified his intention to loam Camargo about the end of the first week in September ; he would assume personal direction of the whole advancing force at Soralvo ; thenceforward to head them until they met the enemy. Tbeie were various reports iu circulation at Camargo, at latest date*, about the position of things at Monterey ? some announcing that tho Mexican army had abandoned that city ; others, that they had strongly fortified it, and would certainly make n stand. The volunteers will tuke up the line of march as speedily as practicable, for the goal of all the hopes of tha army, vir. , Monteroj. It wiu confidently expected that thera would be a fight?a field fight, perhaps?in front of that city. [From the Washington Union of Sept. 14 ] News from Mexico Files of Mexican papers to the 36th of August, inclusive, have been received at the Navy Department They contain little of interest except the addtnss or manifesto of (jenaral Saata Anna to the people of Mexica, dated it., icii. ?r i.>v. .i-.. li. i?it? ' ? Cruz. It is a paper of aome length, ably and carefully framed, and temperato iu language ami (entiments.? (It liai beea tent to the department in the extra form in which it was published in the Spanish language It will make probably more than four columns of the Union. We may, perhaps, publish it entire.) He commences with a sort of apology lor the part which he played subsequent to 1S34, in lorcing a Strang central government upon the countiy, which he admits did not result in its quiet or prosperity, and ha attributes to the discontent of tho people, the failure to preserve the province of Texas, lie then briefly reviews the conduct of those who have successively administered the government since his exile. The aggressions of the United States were encouraged, he saj a, by the perfidy of the cabinet of General Herrera. Parades, he says, had always been an obstiuate enemy of any popular representative government, whea be beard of hie projected revolution at Han Luia Potoai, he hoped that his opinions had changed ; but when he suw Parades' maniteato of adhesioa to the plan of St. Luis Potoai, he found it to be .Ii.,1,.. ..r .u? : *?....? ...= |U..C|,..,U0... C ui IUO uaiiuu, than the patriotic address of a Mtirtan general ?>eking in good faith a remedy for the distresses of his country ; and hi) sinister designs were fully developed by hi? not convoking a Congress, and liy the attempts to reconcile the people to the idea of a monarchy ..ml a loreign prince. He denounce*and discusses at length the proposal fur a monarchical lorm of government, which he consider* abiurd and impracticable He accuses tho?e intavor ol a monarchy of having, almost iu a direct manner, provoked the United Statin tj take possesi-ion of Texas, and ad\ ance an army into the interior of Mexico, in order that the nation might be reduced to the alternative ol ?ub' mitting to Anglo-American domination, or adopting a monarchical lorm of government It was 'vith thin view he says, that in 1*44 and IH4'\ when they bad the control in Congrats, they reiused the aid which the agisting administration asked lor the puipose of defending the integrity of the nntional territory. He make* no direct or earnest profession of an intention to pro*e< u'e the war agamrt th* United dta'es, and doe* not speak of tlu* country iu the usual term* of villi lication. He concludes by disclaiming any desire or intention to exercise dictatorial power, and therefore propose* that the i ongio?? abnut to he assembled "hall he empowered to regulate all branches ol the admiiiixtratioii ol 'he government, and that the provisional executive be entirely under its control He al*o recommends that, until a new constitution he proclaimed, the constitution of |H-i4 be ( op ed for tbe internal administration of the department* Santa Anna left Vern Crni on the 18th of August for the city ot Mexico The papera give 110 account of lua arrivnl there ; but one of them, the Hrpui-'icano. com piHIIIB UI IU?1I mm "IP >u. W..U IT menta to ilia army of the north Santa Anns, il ??ya, i? not the nation; nor ii General Taylor a knight-errant, waiting the ariival of a new champion. An official lettei of (ieneral Ampudia, addressed to tha Mexican Secretary of War, and dated at San I.uiade Potosi, August 1.1, upeaka ot the march of (ientral Uainn upon Monterey , and Ampudia promises ta set out this neit morning with the brigade under hit command, to retrieve the laurels loi>t at 1'alo Alto and Kesac.a de la Palma, though he aayihe himaell ia not well, ami the greater part ol hi* men are recruits, without clothing and without mtillerjr. A letter from Monterey, dated the 'Xth of July, aays that they exacted General Taylor thete about '.he 15th of Augiiat , and although their aniall army pit-pared to meke n good rielence. they expected 11 defeat, unlona theflrat brigade of the army, which left Mexico tinder the command of Garcia Conle, should arrive seanoniibly The general of division, lion Tedra Oort*7.?r, had been appointed geuernl-iD-chiet ol the army of the north.? I'hia was subse<|uent to the overthrow ol the late government, bat pteviotis to the arrival of Santa Anna raieitaa was a prisoner in the city of Meaieo, bnt not in iiirivi connnement. ami Mh<1 ankeil lor till puskj??ft?, which it it laid would he given to him. (^uiet prevailed in the city ol Mexico, but the paperi do not te. m to indicate much enthiuiaim in lavor of Santa Anna. A latter received in thii eity, dated New Oileant, Kept. 7, IH46, iais-" By the arrival of the Yucatan aheoner Kernando. from i^ampear.hy, we learn tbat the ilepartmeDt ot l'obeaco hai declared lor MttnU Anna Ttn waa not uneapected. The Acta" of the garriaon

vii made on the nth of Augo*!, and under the uuaptcea of (General Juan Bautiata Traconi*. I nml you neither the acta nor the addreia of General Traconii. they are ao nearly the aame ai thoec which have been % Wen from wuadaletam, Veracruz and Mexico, that they wonld interni no one. We have no larther new?. RK I )RNING, SEPTEMBER 1 SPENCER, k ur His wirt. 'HE COURT ROOM. Trial of Spencer for (he Murder of tUa Wlft I In Jersey C'ltjr. coitbt or ovm awd tkhminih, fiioio* CO., k. j. Beforu Chief Justice Hornblower, and Justices John I Tonnelle, junr, James M'Donnell, John Hrittith, John O. Speer, C. Vuu Winkle, and Geo. C. DoKay. skvkwth day. The Court met at Pfc o'clock. The prisoner took kia usual place near hii coamel. Mil relative! tat near him. NUitr Flrmiho recalled ; cross-examination continued. | This witness undei went a further cro>a examination in relation to her statement as to hearing Mrs. Spencer and her husband quarreling, when the deceased said "Let go my hair," but nothing wai elicited to shake her direct testimony She continued?On the day that Mra. Spenc#rlett for New Vork, Mr. Spencer camo to her (witnesa) ia the kitchen, nnd asked her where Mrs. Spencer had gone. Witness said she did not know; Spencer said she told him a lie, and asked her if she would swear by Saint Patrick to the truth of what she stated; (immenso laughter;) S|>encorHt one time nikfd me did I nit carry letters from his wife to the post; 1 told him I did not ? Witness here corroborated the statements of former witnesses in rebtion to the melting of the bullets, and the placing of the pistol by Mrs. Spencer under the stairs; Mrs Spencor never told me he was crazy. (Juu^tion ruled out, the State objecting. Wi i mis?Mr. Spencer used to sometimes go to mar ket ami purchase provisions Br a ?1 could hear better Irom tho stairs than in the kitchen. The kitchen isceiled. Direct examination returned?I 'recollect or. one occa iou 1 saw Mr. Spencer meet Mr*. Spencer in tho hill, between the bedroom ami parlor door, and with one hand he took huhl oi ner by the breast and put the piatol Hp to the side of her head; 1 saw thin an I was coming from the kitchen; Mr Dobbin then came in, and a* he came in Mr. Spencer took hit hands off Mrs. Spencer's breast; this was on the day that Mr. Spencer was arrested?2nd July?after the time h? was arrested. Croat fTaminalioti returned ? Mrs. Dobbin was in the parlor the day that he levelled the pistol at Mrs. Spencur's head: I don't know if Mr*. Dobbin saw it, but I saw it: 1 did not hear Spcncer lay anything at the time. Witness here withdrawn. Dr. Kdoab Oi.?ott nworn?examined by the State?I was called on the night of the murder, and visited the house where it was committed; I saw the deceased; she was breathing, and she then very soon expired; blood was tluwi g from the wound; I examined the wound tho next day; it was from a pistol ball; It entered the right shoulder blade; it passed through the chest, and passed out at tho left side of the neck; I found the ball; it ban entered the silt ol the window; I Rare me nan to Judge KdivarU. Thil witness underwent no cross examination. William A. Pollard, police efflcer, testified that he discharged the pistol next morning at Temperance Hall, having got it from Justice Oriftitha; I gave baek the pistol to Justice Kuwards; 1 discharged it so that I could get the balls; there were four caps on the pistol; 1 put on another cap, and discharged tire balls altogether. [The five balls were here handed in by witness J Witness?These are the five balls I fired off from the pistol*. No cross examination; witness withdrawn. Kar.dericx PoaaitT examined on part of the State? The prisoner came into my pluca on the 13th July, in Montgomery street, and asked mo if I would allow bullets to be run for lum there; 1 said 1 would; Mr. Bakoinan was there at the time; he bad both lead and solder; he asked Mr. Hakeman which would make the best ; Mr. ilakeman replied that the solder would do best ; he then told me to make the bullets ; he asked me how many bullets would the solder makt: 1 said 1 oid not know; he asked me did I think it would make thirty; he asked how much 1 would charge; I tol l h m to never to mind until he came again; he said he had nothing less than a quarter; he came again tiefore dinner and got the bullets; when ho came agttm before dinner he asked me if 1 had done them; I told him 1 hud; he asked me how much ho should pay; I told him it was a shilling; he put his hand in his vest pocket and said, "here's a dimo;" I told him it was enough; I then gave him the bullets and he went off ; 1 think uhont 31 nr3J tnillnta 1 iravahim: this is the mould. [Produced.] It look* like it. After a brief cross-examination in which nothing material wa? elicited, the prosccotien reited, when the court to^k a recess, after which,* Ji arijn L. Dobhik wa? recalled.and cross-examined.? Mr. Richardaon waa at ourhouae about noon on the 14th July; 1 knew he waa coming to our house; I believe Hpenrer was there; Richardaon did not remain there xerv ling; there waa ?ome conversation between them bout her going with Spencer to livo with him, I heard nothing about ncr being with Richardaon; Richardson waa leaving, anil I think I requested him to coma back; he came bark in the evening; 1 don't think there waa anything aaid about their being in New Yerk the day before; I don't lecolleat anything being aaid about our not having told Spencer why my sister and myself had not told Mr. iiueocer wo were going to New V'ork; I remember something being said about n shawl; Mr. Spencer uWutl m> sister about the ahawl which she ha J got I rum Mr. Richardaon the previous summer; and my s:st?r aaid she owed Richardaon for the ahawl. -Did not the quarrel originate in New York ? The Court ruleff out the question. WitKiia here underwent * long cross-examination in relation to the family difficulties between Mrs Suancar, her husband, and witnesses' iamily, all of which hat already hern reported. Tho case for tho prosecution hero rested. Dirtici. II. tap I. 1 I.. <1.. TV. _ ,ioner at the har ?l> 3-J years of age, the ion of clergy man living at C'ooperstow n, in the State of N?w York Kor tha last few years he ha<l been engaged in various occupation*. He had been engaged, iii the year 1*44. n the I'reiidential campaign or that venr. lie alto m at Ice turing un animal miignetism. Me took a moat actjtii part, teo, in the cauac uf Irish repeal. The? would be aide to show lucta that would tend materially to alter the cliaracier of the crime with w hich he waa charged They would rely upon the simple fact that the putvncr at the har waa imaue, and therefore not amenable to the law* of New Jeisay. They would bo able to ahow that the diicaie wa? hereditary in hii family. They would be able to iliow that hit father and grandfather were idtunc and hail attacks of thia character. The father had four attacks, and he waa confined for five yearn in a lunatic atylum an ! left It in 1839. They would be able to thow that the niater of the prisoner waa confined in the lu atio at) lum at Uticft, and died there a perfect maniac They would he able to show that the uncle of the pritoner, (reneial Spencer, waa attacked, at the age of 67, wuh tint iliiea?c, and waa confined at tho lunatic aa> lutn at Utica, and waa now there a lunatic ; and, to come to the piitoiier himself, they would be able to (how, by the moat coDciuatve testimony, that the prisoner himaelf, upon several occusioQi, manllested the mott conclusive symptoms <d insanity. At LolumOui, he showed ficijiunt mamiesianon* ol insanity. In New Jersey, alio, many peisens thought he was insane lie was deeply attached to bi? ivue tie wm luied by U*r Deauiy uu?j; wbile be loved her, he waa deeply jealoiK of her, aud waa willing to apply that jexlouay to any peiaon whom he could.? Theie waa a uittU-.ulty aroae on a suit at law, between young Mr Dobbin and a party, about the furniture in the houae, which it waa ihown wa* Kichardaon'i. Thia excited hia auapicion. lie wai Jealoui of Richardaon from roprcaeutationa that were made to him, and it appeared bin jealousy wan not groundle>.a. He goea, ia a Htate of exciiemnr.t, to New t ork,to Kichardaon'a hotel, (the franklin Hotel) and then to hie aleeping apartment, and found Ilia wife in Kichai-daon'i bed room, herbiothei being there, 'i hia woi ked upon hia mind They would be able to ihow that ha taunted hia wife here IERA 6, 1846. with h?r molality to him, an,I that with tha cunning of the maniac, ha theu contrived to uie Rich- i aiiNou I or lus own purposes. Thay would be able to I how. that oil tha night of tha lit of July, thii Richardsou alept in the neighborhood of Jersey City, and that circumstances would go strongly to prove the allegation of infidelity They would also he able to show, br declarations of Mrs Dobbin, and her family, that they deeinud the prisoner to be insane. They trusted, that when by the examination of eminent physicians, and the iranr,nl taftfi I.,, ihuv U...I1IH hu ul.l.. <,.alw.u. the prisoner's Insanity, that the law would, iu such event, consign him to the rTtro of a lunatic asylum. for which ho wan better titled, thau hold hiui iosi onsihle for the crime with which he is charged, an if be were au ordinary member of society. The Hon Joshc* L. SrcHcca, win the first witness aworu and examined for the defence The Statk wished to know what they wanted to [novo by Mr. Spencer. The Dkitcnce contonded they had a right to examine him as to general facta. The CouaT ruled in favor of the State. The DirinvK stated they intendod to prove by the witness that insanity was an hereditary disease in the family. The Ststk contended, that acts of insanity should be provod on part of the prisoner, and that inferences should not bo drawn in relation to the prisoner, from the general fart ol insanity being hereditary in the Spencer family. Ho went on to argue 1'iom the books in support of his position. The question was left open for argument until this forenoon at 9.^ o'clock, to wnich hour the court stands adjourned. Superior Court. Before Chief Justice Jones. S?rT. 14?Jottjih 1. JourpKt v? Thr Crotnn Firt Tnsurnnrt OmThi*-*a.? ail Hction brought on three pollcies of insurance effected by plaintitt at defendant's onlce, on houses in Broad street, lor $8 not) The houses were burned down by the great lire of July, lt)46 The destruction ol the houses by the lire was admit tej ; evidence of their value was then given, and the policy was exhibited. The defenco set up was that the premiums were not paid, and that as a consequence the policies were cancelled. The President, Vice President ] and Secretary of the company were severally examined to prove that Mr. Josephs whs called upon several times to pay the premiums?that he neglected to do so that i he afterwards called at the otflce more than once, and ( that he was there notified verbally, and afterwards by letter, that the policies were cancelled. To meet this 1 the defendant ollered evidence to show that the company i acknowledged the policies as open until after the great fire. Adjourned to this morning. For plaintiff, Messrs. Lord and Cutting. For defendants, Messrs Sandford and Taylor. Wm H. Ilnwland and .ValAun Coiwtll i ?. The Croton Inturance Company?This was an action on two policies of insurance made by the defendants on the ship Ceylon, and her freight, on a voyago from Newport, in Wales, bound to New York. The vessel being laden with n rnriro of railroad iron, sailed from Wn!n* <m lhn 13th of February last, and on the 19tli of February, when tho vessel wuio latitude 4H 64, long. 'XI 49, shu met with u violent storm, which continued lor a number of lavs, during which time *ome of the iron in tho hold of the ship, uml between the decki, got adrift. The storm continuing, the vessel became very much disabled, and tho crew, in their endeivors to save her, were compelled to throw overboard part* of the cargo. On tho 4th ef March tho veuol was in sucha diial)led and sinking condition that the captain and crew ware compelled to take to the long boat, and drifted at the stern of the ship until the morning of tke 5th of March, when the vessel went to the bottom. The captain and crew finally reached Havana This action was brought to recover lor tho loss of the vessel and freight. The jury rendered a verdict for the plaintiff for 30. Howland and Chuse for plaintiffs. John Sherwood for ilefenpants. Before Judge Vanderpoel. Wm. Me Cunt, &y hit ntxt fritnd, Plaintiff in Error, vi \ I'almtinr kirhy.?This was a case certioraned from i the Marine Court. It appeared from tho statement of plaintiff's counsel, that tun client, McCune, in the lattor part of 184-'>, took a store in Greenwich street from the defendant Kiiby, lor a year ; that after having occuI pied it lor about three month*, ho found lie could not keep it, and called on Mr Kirby, and told him of hii situation, and requested him to take it oil his hands, oiler| lag to pay linn all the rent up to that time. Kirby re| fused, and McCune occupied tt for some time longer, and i again requested Kirby to tako the store ofl' his bands, l and lelt the key with him. Kirby refused, and afterwards brought an action in the Murine Court for the Ke1 bruary quarter, and obtained a judgment. A certiorari was tlieu issued, and the cause removed to this court, on the ground of the nonage ol McCune. Mr 11. Holder, for Air. Kirby, objected, inaimuch as the question ol infancy was not raised below. Mrs. Sarah Mmrnv then proved that McCune would not be 31 yean of age until the Uth of October next Mr. Holder summed up on the part of the defence, ! an< the Court told the jury that, if they believed }he evidence of Mrs Murphy, they should find for plaintiff in error. Veidictaccordingly, and judgment reversed. Kor plaintiff, Mr. U. W. Stevens , for defendant, Mr. II. Holden. Richard M Clarkr vt. Sutan A. Day.?This is an action on a draft lor $9J7. The delonce is forgery. Tho case is adjourned to this morning. Court of General Sessions. Rafnrn Itm-milur Srott ami Alderman llart and Purser. John McKeon, Ksq., District Attorney. I SrrT. JO.? Trial and Conviction of Charley Cooper.? Tho before named notorious character was called to trial thii morning, on un indictment charging hint with having, on Sunday, August 10th, Itf48, (on the occasion of the iteam?h]{> lireat Britain arriving in this port) picked i the pocket ol u Mr. Berneau, of a wallet,while the latter fentleman wai in the crowd at the foot of Clinton itreet. 'he jury, alter a brief absence, returned into Court and rendered a verdict of guilty. A. D. Kuaiell, K?<(, counsel lor the defeuce, tnen moved the Court to deter passing judgment, in order to allow time to prepare a bill of exceptions. Trial for an Attempted Infanticide.?Mary Gainer was then placed at the bar for trial on a charge of having, in the mouth of May last, attempted to take the lile ol her otfrpriag, a male child, then five days old, by throwing it into the sink in the rear of premises No. 18 New street. Jonas ?. Phillips, tsq., m opening the case on the part of the prosecution, stated, that on or about the 14th ot July last the before named unfortunate woman was admitted I into the city hospital, where she gave birth to a male child on the 16th of the Hume month; that in tne courts of a week alteward", having sufficiently recovered from the accouchmeut, the ielt the city hospital, and a* her history was unknown, iomt one counected with the hutpital followed her lrom that inititutiou; that sue wai traced to No. IS New street, which premises she entered, and, as it wan subsequently ascertained Iroin a boy, she went immediately into the yard and threw her intant iuto the (ink and then lett the premises; that the hoy in question on going into the water-closet, which the accused had just lett, heard the cry of a child, whereupon he instantly alarmed the occupants of the piemises, and then started in pursuit of the accused, whom they overtook in Broadway near the Ulob* hotel, and requested her return and lake her child with her; Uiat she Jemed ever having bad a child, but leturned to the premisei in New street, where she was taken into custody. In the meantime the floor of the water-closet had l>eeu removed, tnd the child taken out, as also a bundle of clothing suitable lor the child ; that the accused then acknowledged the infant to be her'*, and appeared deeply concerned lor its safety; that upon these lucts, the grand jury had lound a lull, charging the prisoner with tnrowiiig the child down the sink, with intent to murder it. heveral witnesses were then examined, and the foregoing facts elicited for the prosecution. W. Shaler, K.sq , ceunsel for the accused, set forth Uie facta of the case aa they had been communicated to him by the prisoner ; also, that there were good gieunds lor believing that she wai laboring under a state of mental derangement at the time the olience was committed, and therefor not accountable for her acts. lir. limon on liaint? railed lor tha delence. save his I opinion, aiao that ol variou* phyalcian* of emint-nce, in relation to the liability ot female* to hare their mind* effected after accouchment tec. J ne uiiloriuuata woman waa acquitted b) the jury, | after a brief consultation. I The Court tiiun adjourned. Court of !4|xialal Heasloua Before the Recorder an 1 two Aldermen. William Krown, cuarged with Healing a coat worth f 3, on living placed at the bar, plead guilty, ann waa owi igned to the City I'ntonlor *0 <!ay?. Krancaa Homeman, | a aolored girl, wa* next placed at tho bar, on aru.n^e i of stealing a pair of ear-ring* from another colon.I gui, 1 named Auu Uei.bain. Kanay, in her deience, k?*ei led a the mo?t poaitive manner, that the earring* in que* tion were given t> her by a geatleinan, at preneut in a nada Kanny wu permitted logo. Wm Randall then called to tnal on a charge of Healing ti nair ot compare* Irom Daniel i hadwiek. Ha waa iound guilty , and aeut to i)ie 1'i nitentiary lor one month. I'atar Regan cnaiged with a vaulting hi* wife, wa* permitted to alide ; it having b r . tatiaiactonly atiown to the Court, that the complain <nt waaola very jealnil* diapoaition, and frequently converted heraelf m a Ttry unlady like manner. Alter 4ii|x?ii.g of a variety of other ca*a* ot minor importance, the Court adjourned uuui Knday next. Kltctloni. Mtmt Elbctioih?'The Mtate election in Maine for Uovariior, Legislature, and member* of ('ongreia, wai held j eMerdaj . We lenrn by piuacngera in the eapreaa train ol la?t night, that in I'ottiand the wing ticket aac, i nudad; and that on the vote for mumtier of Congie**, in which the great trial waa made, the democratic randi dale leu ine city between M>i? and 700 In the minority, ami wan aure to lie dftleatod in th? diltrict lu Kalinoutb '?? u",? >u ceeuo i i usru man i whik gain iu ? or* i omit) , *a ur u? heard lioin, xuil m WolU, ? ?trong uemociutic town, tlie jh?u w?? about uietv Tutea ? boilon C'uttitcr. l'ollilc*! Intrlllgtnr^ fh? Drla -An u* Hi publican K?v?? Hie lollowing wh.tf noir.inatiuua in that state. Kui oovaiuor, ft tor cau oy; fot Co.igieti, John VV. Huuaton, ol suttei Co < hariea Brown hui been nominated forCoogiaM by i tha democrat! in the 3d di.trict ol fannayl?ama Varieties. i In St. I.ouia they lure decorated the police With ft ?tar in imitation of the twiuklrri of our tiotham M f.'a. A fire broke out in Phiia<lelphia on Sunday, hy which ft number of building! were contumad on Marthal it. SItlbiaquantly the firemen onum^d in their ciiatomnry flfflita, in which many wara injured, and aiz arretted I The Cherokee delegation to Wa?)jfi(ton city arrived at St Louia on the flth inat. ' LD. Prlc? Two C?ata. / GREAT ANNUAL FAIR OP THE NEW YORK STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY, Held at Auburn. SPLENDID ARRANGEMENTS. The L11 dies and Floral Hall. An Immense Multitude. Aiaraw, N. Y., Sapt. 14, IMA. There could not hare been (elected a morn eligible, beautiful, convenient location for the great Fair which U now held at thii place, than that on which we are now writing. It ii on an olevution about a mile from the American Hotel, which the people of Auburn have properly termed " Capitol Hill." Whether it shall ever ba the cupitol hill or not, it is a capital hill for the preient purpofe. We now write you upon a platform in " Floral Hall," decorated in the molt taiteful and gorgeous manner by the delicate hands of the fair ladies of Auburn. We hava a view of the eastern portion* of Wayne, Ontario and Seneca counties and a large portion of Onondugu. Owaico Lake, with its surrounding woodlaada and beautiful farmi ii aeon in the diatance south, and on either aide a rich and delightful acenery meets the enchanted eye ? Scarce auch another <pot can be found in the Empira State. Auburn, with her theological seminary, her prison, and neat and substantial buildinga?her buaineif blocks and clean streets, now crowded and bustling like Broadway is entirely in view ?while in every direction ire seen wending their way to thia, at presont im|>ortant and attractive i|>ot, the farmer, with his beautiful priie jf a home or sheep, and the mechanic, with the produc lions of hii "kill and toilsome hour*. The manulacturer is also seen with hii boxes of superior fabrics, and the ladies with their specimens of industry and taste. All are coming, who harp not already arrived, to fill up the grand exhibition, which shall constitute the great show of American enterprise and prosperity. Wo feel more like folding up our arms and gazing out npon the striking scenes around us than writing, but that would not answer the purposes for which we came. We said we were in "Floral Hall." Vour readers who have not the pleasure of seeing it may desire a description of it?and as it is tho work of the ladies, justice to their good tasto and persevering industry require* that j we give it a passing glance. Imagine then a building f 150 feet in length, by 60 feet width, and soma 16 feet ill / height, beautifully constructed, with planed floors, Hixt ornamented in the most gorgeous manner, with | wreaths and vines, and tassels of evergreen, variegated with blossom* of the season of every name, hue, and liiigrunco. On the wostern end, in compliment to th* In.lien, h loriHii ul inc west, is neuuiiimiy wrougat lao word "Buffalo." On the east the word "Cnandagn "? livery pillar and post, neat and stand, if decorated with exquisite taste and perfection?only equalled by the beauty and loveliness of the hundred* of fair beings,who, . like angels, are seen in overy direction moving among them. A little in rear of this, and east of it, fi the building for "domestic manufacture*." This building i*, a* yo* will see by the drawing, got ur> in exquisito style, and with reference to the best possible display of specimens. And so, we may say, of all the other building*?the "Farmers' Mall,"and the Mall of tho "Dairymen." Around the outside of these is the enclosure for the cattle, horses, sheep, be. At intervals of a few rods between are smaller building* for the convenience of tho** whe have other articles, committee roams, &c. Tho whole expense of fitting up the ground*, erecting the buildings. 4tc , will be not far from twelve hundred dollars, which ha* been defrayod mostly by the liberality of the citizens of Auburn, who are entitled to m?ch credit for the enterprise and liberality with which they have taken hold ol the work. Among the specimens of manufacture which are most convenient now to mention, which have come under our observation, we will mention the "Mammoth Stove," from the works of Messrs. Phelps k Jackson, Syracuse, from Duck's patent. There are four different size* of them. The largest weighs <)0u lbs ! Its capacity is aufficient for the camp of old "Hough and Ready," and would cook an ox weighing 3000 lbs. at one batch. It would be an excellent affair for the Aitor House, or th* U. 8. Motel at Saratoga. The smallest is well adapted to the quiet snuggery of iom? clever old "single lady advanced," who, by aiischanco, may be compelled to keep house aloue, and to waste the sweet aliecUon* of her heart upon a lap dog and kitten The other* at* well adapted lo ordinary tamiiy au<i auciien use*, i ney are beautifully finished, and seemed juitly to excite the udmiration of all who Haw tliera, anil were pronouuotd by hundreds. who are acauaiuted with their uie, to b? the real Crocket'*, ahead of any thing out. Thfty are magnum bonum. Hut you will not wiah to devote too much roem for the first day, 10 1 will close, promising more to-morrow. Bv the way, there ia to bo one of the grandest Floral Balls on Thursday evening ever got up in N. York State, of which 1 shall give a description, beside many other wonderful things to come off during this eventful week. The hotels are crammed lull. The American, the great house of the place, by your friend Gamble, la alive with gtiests, and you had better believe he know* how to please them. Yours, tic. Ramblii. COWSUMKIIUN COUUHS, AND ALL DI8KASK8 OK THK LONGS. ?????????????? DK. SWAYNE'8 COMPOUND 8 Y R U f or WILD CHERRY. THK ORIGINAL AND OItNUINK PREPARATION. Ceafhs, Colds, Asthma. Brouchiui, Liver Complaint, Spit; dug Blood, Difficulty of Breathing, Pain in uie Wile and Breast, Palpitation of the Heart, laflsenae, Croup, Broken Constitution. Sore 1 hroat, Nervous Debility, and all diseases ef Tnroat, Breast, and Lnp: .tr.-r...i ...,i speedy eurc e?ar knoWO lor any of above diieasaa DR. SWAYNE'S COMPOUND SYRUP Of WILI? CHfc.RRV. 0Fall the remedies ol the day, and they are a fTMt variety, which profess to be of (Treat value to the homu family, we hesitate not to pronounce DK. SWAYNE'SCOMPOUND SYRUP OK WILD CHERRY u on* of tha greatest discoveries of modem science. Of alltke many compounds put forth for the cure of diseases which affect human nature, not one remedy- could be named which baa la so short a space of time acquired such unbounded confidence with the public, and has pertormed such miraculous cures; and has merited and received so much eulof inm from tha faculty and others, as this justly celebrated remedy. BK CAREFUL OF YOUR COLD. Many people are very apt to consider a cold but a trifling matter, and think that "it will go away of itself n a few days," and they give themselves no trouble about it. But to such we woultl say, " be careful of your colds,** do not tamper with your constitutions. If yon desire to lira to a (nod ' old ate," use such remedies as will effect an aaay aad permanent cure. DR. KWAVNK'a COMPOUND 8YRUP OF WILD CHERRV has cured morecolda than aay othar medicine offered for sale in thia country. Tha certificates of cures effected by this invaluable medicine, which -.ne pro ter.and tend 10 allow it? laualire propertiaa and lL? high rank it liolda in public estimation. The Preaa, ihe Medical Faculty. and thonaanda who hay* Hard HR. .-.\V-AY? K'8 COMPOUND 8YHUF OK WILD ( HKKKY.all concur in pronouncing it one of the beat reuiediea ever invented for the core of all PULMONARY AKKM TION8. CAUTION?Dr. Swayne'a Preparation of Wild Cherry was the fiiat that waa erer introduced to the public in thia or .inv MUM MMkT< Year* after thia " celebrated remedy" caine out, up sprung several othera. such aa Balaams, Caadies, and tun syrupa, trying to build ou that already rstabblished.ao that even pe sons might be deceived (and get a worthless miiTura palincd off upon them) ifthey did not bear in mind the nam* or Dr. Sway**. 0.7" Kemeonber, all preparationa purporting to contain 1 Wild Cnaaar, are A<'Wiout and iounlerfeit, eicept that bearing the written signature of Dr. Hwarsie.? Orea t car* | should be observed to purchase from the regularly appointed I igent. Principal Office, corner of EIOHTH and RA< K utreele, Philadelphia. iiikk&kkbbhk&k Acr.!?T? is Niw Yoaa?UHaai.*i H. Him, cor"*r?' Broaderay and Johu atresia; R. A. 3a"?oa, IM Bowery; k. . WtK^r.i, 708 Blrecker itreet, J.C. Haar, J4* <Jraud, comer Norfolk; J. L Lr.wie. H7 Greenwich; L>opd, 771 Broadway; Wvitt ami Km ham, l?l Fultoo; Mrs. Hav?e, Brooklyn. al Im MWK'r _ CHKlSl'iK'S GENUINE GALVANIC KINGS, AND MJQIfEllC FLUID, rOH THK PBJOl AWJLWl' tui? ur KHKbMATISM, AND ALL NERVOUS COMPLAINTS. NO matter how chronic or severe may be the romplaiat. it readily yield' f? the wonderful powera, aa developed by I tnis remsrhaMe discovery. The mint respectable lutia*I mall from all parts ol'the country, are daily received. TH K OAL V A NIC BICLT3, BRACELETS, CARTERS, (u- are-dapied for varioni disraaes.end can be worn by the moat delicate with perlect saiety and convenience The great tnd beneficial lufliieuce eierted on the system by theae artiI rle> inmi b? witnessed to be believed Only A?eucy in New York, No IU Broadway, between ; Joh stri-at, and Maideu Una. d jr" Kiuiaiitoy pnwphlrta may ba had gratia ilo iwdaiiW *ic TFTl AMAZON Wk*JS, on. GRNTLF.MtN'll Keal Heads of Hair, haiag the latest and freateat improvement in the maunfactara of Wi|i and Heal pa. and the subscriber le happy in being the ftratto iatro! dace them here. Thay display the forehauid and temples to any height, a point ia wig marking never before attained.? They are eonpoaed of reutilatnig or gossamer work. They fit ou the head hy a merhaniral tontrivanee entirely new; they are pat on in a moment. They immediately adapt themselvea to the conntenance, and at once become part and parcel of tho living man. Copy the address K. PHALON.tl Broadway, oppoaite the antt lm*re Olobe HoMl, andtr Jndaon's Hotel.