Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 19, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 19, 1846 Page 1
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w TH] Vol. Ul, No. 431?Wbol? No, 4404 TELEGRAPHIC, AND "Ry HARNDEN & Co* AMD ADAMS & Co. AMlxVAL OF TI2H STEAMSHIP CAMBRIA AT BOSTON. HMF A MONTH LATER FROM EUROPE. Highly Important Commercial Intelligence. American Affairs in Europe. Another Offer of the English Mediation in the Mexican War. THE DEBATE ONJVIEXICAN AFFAIRS IN PARLIAMENT. The Prorogation of Parliament. The American Tariff in Bnrope. ADVANCE IN THE PRICE OF COTTON. IMPROVEMENT IN GRAIN. TBS MARKETS. &c., &c. The steam ship Cambria, Captain .Tudkins, nrrived at < Boston at about H o'clock yesterday ! th'sj morning. This fact ,waa immediately announced to us over the lightning Une. She sailed fror,i Liverpool on the 4th instant, and her news is therefore half a month later. The intelligence, in a commercial point of view, is of t^e highest importance. Trie price of Cotton had advanced sufficiently to increase the value of one whole crop upwards of five millions of dollars. There had been ail improvement in the prioes of Grain, with an excellent demand. It appears, by a debate in Parliament on the Mexican war, that the mediation of England has been, for the second time, offered to the United States and Mexico. The news from America announcing that the American government had made overtures of peace to the republic of Mexico, caused a great change in the aspect of Mexican affairs, and produced quite a revolution in the market value of that stock. The Cambria brings one hundred and thirtythree passengers?one hundred and seven to Boston ; amongst whom are the Ho*. Washington Irving, our late minister to Spain, and D. Mnynard, Esq., bearer of despatchej ; Rev. E. Kirk, Rev. Dr. Dewitt, ami the celel>r;itcd " Cruikshanks," ihe caricaturist. One mercantile tirm in Limerick, has sent ou' for a dozen cargoes of Indian corn. CoiuideraLIo discussion lias taken place in the French journals, relative to the recent alterations in the American taritf. The Comtitutioncl thinks tho tariri'still too high, and enforces on tho American government tlie uere*siiy of establishing docks and " entrepots." The urain crops have been gathered in the llriti.-b Islands, and the general impression is that wheat will bean average yield. Oats the same Potatoes, owing to disease, are every wliere a failure. The Chamber of Deputies opened on the 17th ultimo, with the usual speech from the throne, which was received by the steamer of the 19th of August. The proceedings of tho Chambers have since been confined to the verification of tho election of each Deputy. When this is completed they will return an answer to the King's speech, to which the Peers have already sent up their reply. Joseph Henry, who fired at the King on the 29th July, has been tried by tho Peers, found guilty, and was condemned to work in the gal\<sya for life. No doubt is entertained that the fellow is insane. Ilia Mid. letters and bis con duct prove it. During the trial lie ex pressed a wish to be condemned to death ; but a new State folicy towards these regicides has prevented the realization of this ambitious desire lor " hen; worship." The Bank of England lifts lowered its rate of interest to 3 per cent, and the effect has been vi sible in improving the price of public tumls.? - Thu movement gives greater facilities to trade, and is intondod to obviate all evil consequences of the failure in the potato crop. In thus acting, :lie directors have incurred some censure, counterbalanced by a more general meed of praise.? The share market has an upward tendency. Hostility continues among the Irish people towards Indian Corn, but incieasing intelligence is gradually removing the prejudice. Turnips are in a sound state, and will compensate for the loss of the more popular esculent. At last advices from Van Dieman's Land, the li'lioring classes experienced considerable distress, 1 tl... a nfllu. nrAl.?i;nn ...... I ami hiv vi iuv |?|v/u(uiv?U >yoic lliucr mntly manifested.9 Om<erva?ive Presidents and Vice Presidents of t'te L'ren-h Chambers wer^elected by large majorities, und the ministry has a working majority of 120. The British iron trnde has improved, in view of the opening of the markets of the United States, under the new A Ttericau tariff. Freights in American bottoms were not active, although n partial advance had been obtained on some. The American provision market was in a buoyant *iste. Our account* lrom the English manufacturing districts are more cheering. Trie parliamentary session had been brought to a close. Tho subscription to the Colnlen testimonial amounts to 70,000 pounds. One ot the largest Ireighls of specie on record, amounting to six millions of dollars, has arrived in England, in H. H M. ship-of-the-line America. It was collected on the west coast of Mexico, and in I'eru and Chili, on account of the British mer chants. England has now on that coast a superior lino of ma.I steamers, by which her commercial intelligence is greatly facilitated, arid her merchants enabled to moriopoU/.e some of the most profitable markets in the world. This cargo of pecie from Weztern America, has been deposited in the Hank of En^nm). Accounts troin Smyrna state that no less than j ten piratical vessels are cruising along the coast of Avih Minor. L feiFrom rtccut returns, lately pnbbshcd in a Spa- ! ni<li jourwd It appears that the Spauish aavy : consists of -m vessels or ships ..f war, aimed with !*20 guns, and man ied by 4,751 men. The scarcity of apples and other fruits in England thisyeur will, we expect, ull'jrd to the American cultivator nn opportunity of exporting that niticlo to tliis country to some advantage. The Russian government has just declared the Polish provinces of Wilna, Kowno and Grodno to oe under maitial law, the command of the coercing army being given to General l'askcwitsch Liiwanski. . E NE NEW I bo pre#?'iil year exhibits a remarkable in- ' cr*"*H1,1 ill# commerce of the Ugited States with the kir^aorn of fardiuia. 'I his increase is owing to the successful etfort* of th? American minister at lurijj, Mr. Wioktiffe, ia in^utJini; the leading merchant!! nn/l ~er> . iiiauuitt^iUlCiOUl uruiiuil IU 1I11|1U11 American produce, and export that of their own country to ilie United States d rectly. An a causequei'Ce, American commerce has been relieved \ lrom the intervention of third nations, and, by the esvahlishoient ol direct relations, augmented. As an instance of the increase, the article ol cotton niay be taken The usual average quantity of Auieiican cotton imported into Genoa, yearly has baen ten thousand bales j during the first six months ol'Uieipreient year eighteen.housand bales have been already imported. It is stated that the Prussian government is 1 about to declare Stettin a free port, and to estab- j large entity at t there. The government has bought , a consideiable space of ground near the town, for the construction of a new port and docks. Vi*count Falkland had an audience of the i queen on Thursday last, at Osborne House, on his return tro?n his governmental Nova Scotia. The noble viscount aL?o had the honor to kiss hands, on being appointed Captain of the Yeoman Gmrrd, and received from her majesty his gold stick 01 oifice. The incomn o( Great Rritain, ending the 5th of Jnnuary, 1845 ami 14-16, was ?.~(i,D35,U22, ?58,590.217 and ?57,602.268, whilst the expenditure was ?55 501 740, ?55,103,017, and ?53,873,063. Commikck in thk East Indikb.?The Dutch have recently proclaimed Sambas and Pontiana, on the island of Calamantan and Rhio, on Baiiam, to be free ports. A rumor, however, lias reached Europe that the Moluccas are immediately to be planed in the same category ; and, if so, we inay perhaps &ay that the state of things contemplated by the British plenipotentiaries, who signed the celebrated treaty of 1824, has been at length in a great measure realised. Belgian Treaty.?The Moniteur lict%e publishes the following royal decree:?" Thread and woollen tissues coming from France are only to bo admitted at the reduced duties on a certificate being produced that tkoy are of French origin." The German Zoli.vekein.?The Conjjre?s of the German Customs Union held its closing sitting at Berlin on the 19th. The German journals .state that the advocates for an advance in the tariff have been dt-.fealed by the partisans of 'he status quo. Those journals also declare that the duty on English thread will n?t he augmented, notwithstanding the unanimous demands of the German spinners. Convention cktwken Acstria and Prussia.? From recent advices received from Germ my, it appears that a convt-^tion has been oonc'.tub d hetween Austria and Prussia, by which those two powers bind tuemselves to guard over the rights of Germany relative to the succession in the duchies. The Mineral Kiciies of thk Isthmus op Panama.?At the present moment, when either the cutting of a canal through the American isthmus, or the making of a ra lway, or both, are nigh to be accomplished, a report of the mineral riches of that locality lias been widely circulated in the French periodicals. It is said that a distinguished French engineer, on surveying the isthmus, has discovered irold in the sand of tlin ?>a to the amount of live millions of francs. Important Colonial Appointments.?The system upon which the present government is noting in its colonial appointments is eminently satisfactory. Instead of being given to the partisans of the minister, they have, in every recent instance, been mude the rewards of efficient public service, ?nd in this respect partake rather of the character of promotions than appointments. Thu?, Lord El^in, after ncting with much ability hs governor of Jamaica, ha> been appointed to the more imnoitunt poit of Governor General of Canada: Sir C. E. Grey, late Governor of IJarbadoes, will succeed Lord Elgin in Jamaica; while L. i cute lira t Governor Colonel lleid, from Lk-rmuda, will replace S;r C. E. Grey, and he himself be succeeded at Bermuda by Captain Elliott. The only fresh appointment is, the.refore, to the least important post, and the principle is established that a colonial governor, by an able and diligent discharge of his duty, may rise through regular gradations to the highest honors and emoluments ol the department American Affairs In Europe. fj'ro.n tho London Times. August 31.] The lassitude anil the quiescence which mark the waaing period of this eventful year >e?m to have extended from this country and the other stuffn of kurope to the continent of America, ond the liihemia brings us the intelligence of a coucludcd ses?im and a subsiding war. since the declaration ol' thoir independence, the I'oi'ed Stn'cs of America have not pawed through a more remarkable and momentous seitiou of Con<re*i<. They have stood U|>on the brink of a war with thu powf r mo?t formidable by land and hy sea to the security of their territory und the inteiests of their commerce. I hey have be?n phtnged into rash, wanton, and ineffective hoxtili'ics with their only other neighbor in the American hemisphere. They havo set afoot a consider ithlc Briny, acting I eyond their own frontiers, while the largest sqti&dtons which ever nailed under the American 3ag ore blockadiug the Ports of Mexico in the Gulf ahd in the Par illThey huvo appropriated vast buiiis of money to these military preparation*, and t>y the SubTreasury Bill, which received the sanction ottho Lrgi?? lature at the close of the session, the Government has resumed the dangerous power ot tampering with the public securities of the Union Meanwhile, whatever may have been the real iii'entions of Mr. Polk und his immediate advisers, the diplo rnatic prudence of the British Ministry uud of the Ameri. c?n Senate brought the Oregon controrersy to a timely and fortunate termination. In all these transactions the Cabinet of Washing on may have successfully promo .ed i's own party ends, hut the politl :al cond'ict of tbo President with reference to tho English negotiation and the MeNican war has done littio to raise his own credit as a statesman, or to do honor to the American n it ion. The Oregon correspondence, including tho instructions tiaiuiiutted from time to timo by Mr. Buchanan to Mr. McLane at this Com I, has n*w been communicated to the Senate and published by tbe American journal*. ? It nrovesto demonstration how fur the reel views ef Mr. Poik fell short of the claims he had thought fit to encourage and adopt in his public discourses; and it fuither proves, that In the fln*l settlement tha Americans gave j' up one of the points?namely, the nnvigatiouof the Coi lumhia?to which Mr. Polk and Mr. Buchanan had repeatedly expressed an unalterable determination to adhero. On the lJih ol July, 1SJ.">, Mr. Buchanfcii declared that, "with his prcient impressions, the President can never yiold to Great Britain tho free navigation of the Columbia.-' On the -iOth of February, IH4ti, he idled? The President cannot, however, anticipat any possible change ef circumstances which would induce him to submit to such a proposition (that ol a temporary joint occupancy,) if it should contain asurrrndei t? Great Britain of the perpetual right to navigate the Columbia. A giant ol free navigation of the 8t Lawrence to the United Mates would be no equivalent for such a concessions !" Nevertheless this concession was made ; and > othing can be J mote shallow than the attempt of Mr. Buchanan to cl?ak this r'trong incou?i?tency b/ asserting thai the Senate voted the treaty under the conviction that hy tho true construction of tho second article ef thv project,the right j i ui i.I* I'lt.jnuiiH uny < umlaut IU u n.u ^oimrmn would expire wit'i the pretent lictn?o to tra.le with the Indiant on the north went coast of Amelia, on the 30th of May, ISoD. Air. Buctia'tcin must have beeu perfectly awatc that the lltitfson't Bay Company is a permanent corporation, neaily two centuriet old \ and tin; navigatiou of the Columbia in ?et'.med to it and to :ill OnUih subject* tiading with it in peipetmty. Iu the conduct of tho Meaican war tho President hvi, it pot?ible, ditulaycd a (till more marked lulling ofl'from the con?e ht? Iih.i pinpotrd to himself and promised the country, T lie humilities originated entirely with hit own inttrnctioni to (ienrral Taj lor, fur it it eU.?r tiiat the Mexicani would never have marched a n.an beyond Matamoiat. and the territory between tlio Nuecet and !he Rio Or.inde might with perfect tecurity havo reia unod neutral, until the boundary treaty could be negotiated. Mr. Tolk, however, required a war?he required military patronage and military expenditure, aud he boldly drew a bill et tight on the folly and euthueie&m of the people 1 ho drum turned their hcatis, and tho objcct of the Adminitiation wat gained. We have til along loretcen that the conduct of thia war would preaent inoperable military diiHcultiet, and that the cry of marching to Mexico, invetting the principal citiet, and occupy inr the country, win tho mero dietm of an ignorant populace. Without roadt, without local mp^ljei, with flittle water, and a grrat deal of diteate, the march of an American army into the heart of Mexico would have le<! to lit destruction. And to it hat proved. Oeneral Taylor hat thown himtelf a prudent at well as a gallant commander, and he hat theic?ore not even advanced to Monterar. Nor hat Commodore CoDnor been r^oro enterpiising. The American officer* by sea anl land denerve Km it credit for I the resolution with which they have abstained from those 1' considerate, though sometime* brilliant tinder* taking* which the impetuosity of a foimlar Rom nrnont it to apt to foico upon si l ommundtr. Their <li?cretion ii , praiseworthy; but what ?he'l we say ot Ilie itill more lau- I dable anil placable disposition* ol I'retident I'oikf He ha* 1 allowed the I'ongie.ss to acparate, filer having unrac- l ceiafullr proposed to them a contingent appropriation of i two million* of dollar*, " | roviding for nuy expenditure 1 i which it may l>e ne<-e?>*ry to make in ad* ance for tho li purpose of settling all our difficulties with the Mexican republic.'' The meaning of tin* peculiar phraseology appear* te bo, not that the army should raakc an expudition in advance for the iiihjngatjon ol the Mexican ter- 1 ritory, hut that the Ticasur) ?h*<ild advance whatever may be neoded " to pay a fair equivalent lor any conce*lioii* which may he >nudn by Mexico." .Mr. Duchacmn has tho pen of a pleasant writer, anil ha evidently thought the advance* of the Treasury entitled to a preference over the advance* ol the troop*. In short, alter having held the most arrogant and uncompromising language to i MiiIn at the mtfl point, PlWilmt I'olL wa* anxious to prevent to the astonished dctcendauU of Codes aaJ 1 0 M n yo M , YORK, SITU HI) AY MOI of tiuaiiwoiir t'.ia alternalWs of a well-Ailed nurse. Ho considerate it the" Cabinet of Washington btcom* towards the inter republic, that Vr Buciianau iU((|rott( Vit might be inconvenient lor tho Mexican <j<vct nmeot to, wait for the payment of tlie whole sum unlf the'troily could bo rn'irtod by tUe Senate, and ttii appropriation* made by Congross." Congress, ikercloru, hud it not been lor the well-timed pio?inx /*? Mr. Davit, would have left a haudfome haUnco ia the Treasury, foi- the expreta puruoee ofrvliovii g ilia aace?3iUns of the* enemies. and iionoruiir lUc dmu;;hl?of r?r?4cc The Moiicans will regret ,Tr. Davis'* pralixitT. for. uuon such term* a* these. Ilwy whIiI willingly hp rmi.jutred ?veiv rrorning. It rouini<)? M of the ancient practice o! admin istoriiig a couple of guinea* to cuee a t>U^ eye ?nn what lightly jniln t.jii on a slender ntaroni'it. 11 u rait) itv approve*, and jus tic* smiles ; but what becomes ?f ths just and necessary causa ol the J.?i?ute !f it l>e fitting that Vexico receive two million dollars foi a fall rclotue, how comes it that she has hithei to only been paid in knock-. Above all, what are we b> think of Mr. Polk, who begins w, i'h s'aal an t lead wha| ho is so anxious to terminate with pa(tW an ! gold ? Btk'h i|umtiors need no answers. vlr. I'ojk hai disco* ertl tho dililcultios and ovils arising out of the Mate of wir, e\en with Mexico ; and wo ?r? not diapoevd to ohtme him for hi? fruitless, theurii nwvsl sc%f roa of tnnuiuatiag it. ?%en if , it bo at the uxj>ciiae of his own character as a politician, and t1 soma lu.-s to the di?u<t^ of the I nited States. Mnlco ami tU*lTnltr<I Stattn. In the llouee of < o:nnions on Monday, thlgMtb of Au- ' gnat, I.ord Ueovgo lieutinck called tho ntveation of the llou.-e to the present stato at affairs betwoen tho United fi?>r.e? and Mexico This country had a great interest in Mexico, inairiiuch cs nttr unoual exports to it amounted to .?,'00,000 a year, as lite lirlUab capital inve.ted in its mines amounted to at least ?ltlM)00,0o0,and as the fublio debt of Mexico to thia country Amounted to nearly m much more. War, theretoreJactweon tho Ignited Slates and Mexico, must be extrepely injurious to British commercial interests ; uud if it should end iu the conquest of Mexico by the United Suites, ha feared thnt the Uritiah debt in Mexico would follow tho fate of the debu owing by the United States thcmsojve* to this country. Besides, if the United Statos becamo matters of Mexico, thoy would, in couscquenca of thatr having already aniuxcd Texas to themselves, stand at once iu front an I roar of our West India colonies He then entered into a history j ol llio vji'iuui aggressive menwifi by which the Lmtrd Siatcs had first uf all annexed TVxw, anil by which tney wore now attempting to aunox Mexico and California. Unless there was an end put to tlio war now exist i;i? between Mexico anil tlio Uuited by the lirm and earneit mediation of this country, it would lo tl to result* most unfavorable to British interests. 1 lo argued that there never was a ease of mor??nju?tifiablo aggression thaa thut of the United States up<m Mexico, and Uwt as the annexation of Texas was the test for President of the United States at lho last l'residqatki) election, so would the annexation ol California, If not the entiro of Mexijo, be the test at the election of I\-i#lident in the ye?.r It!Id In gaining possession of MatmiOHM, tho United State* had gained the key to Central \lJ)Hoo, and were tharehy enabled to introdu -e thuir mamif.iotures into it withiut payment of any iliitici. The> had thus'won possession of the commereo ol .Mexico, which was in itself a serious blow to the commercial and manufacturing interests ol Urea*. Britain. After several iein.it l?a on the uujus'ltUble choractcr of tin means by which the United States wore working out their schemes of territorial aggrandisement, he aske l l.ord I'almerston to explain the existing s'.ata of our relations uri'.h Mexico, and pressed upon h in, at the same time, the expediency of our taking tome immediate step* to prevent tl?e annexation of Mexico to the United States, and to put an ona to the humilities now prevailing between those two countries. He reminded l.ord Taimerston that on tho '2SKU of June left, the then Minifterol the frown hid told tho House that (he packet which sailed on the 3d of Juno, had taken out an offer of mediation on the/ pert of this country to tbe ftov eminent of the United Statei. Now it was stated by the. official rgin of the American government that no such offer of mediation had been signified to or made by Mr. Pakecham, our minister at Washington, llo concluded l>y asking Lord Palmerston what was the truo state of Ike ea?a with respcct to this oft'sr of mediation? >1 VUcouut Pai.mkrsion.? 1 shall have great nleiisure la giving my noble friend an answer ?o the question he hM put. T trust, however, that the House will think I tn pnrfuinp that course which is most buiitting the positidh 1 hold it I do not follow my noble friend into those observation* which he 1ms nu lf upon the past transaction* bo twee 11 this country and the baited S-.atr.s, Mexico and Texas, conccrning the relation to that country with Texas, and the annexation of Texas to the Ur.i'.'J StaUs. Theso are matters which belong to past periods?the facU are historically known, an 1 it is not, 1 think, necessary or useful for me at present to exprussany opinion upon them. (Hear, hear.) Sir, my noble fneud has expressed opinions an to the injury which must occr ie to llritish interests front the war now ?-)in|? on between Mexico and the United SL.lo.s- I entirely concur with my noble friend that in the present statu ot international relations in the civilized woild, it is impossible that any great war can be carried on between any two consider* bio and 'ndepeudent states without that war uttecting prejudicially Uic commercial interest* of all other counties which may have i elation* of commerce with tho two contending parties. And in proportion as commerce iucrea*os, in proportion as commerco is freed from all those restraints which tend to limit and superscribe its extent, in that proportion will it bo the interest of all nation? that pcaco should tinitersLlly prevail. (Hsar) ? Theroforo do I look with greater satisfaction upon the progress which hai lately been made by those doctrines of extended commerce which appear to ine to afford additional recmitv for the maintenance of peace all over the world. (?.'heer?) 1 think, however, my noble friend has in some decree ?x.iKCir.ited tho facility with which in his opinion, the United States may establish their authority aurt dominion over the territories of Mexico.? Those territories uru vast in their extont, and ill proportion to their vastnoss is enhanced, the dirticulty of carrying on military operations of an n^^rnmivA character within their Jiuiits. 'I'hut counti y U occupied b> n veryiatge population, of from eijht to ten million* of iniialiitnnts, of a race different from the pe jp'.e ol tho United States, of a religion different from the teligion of the United Mirtes, and though it rn.jjht be e??y for the United Stale1! to incorporate with the Union a country like Texas, tilled and inhabited almost entirely by United State ? settleis, the question, I can iissuie my coMe friond and tho Hon e, becomes Tory diffeient when it applies to the uunevition of territories much moro thickly peopled, aud inhibited by a race different in those two respects from the rice which wishes to posies! them. I will, however, say nothing whicn sh-dl in any degree affect that character of impartiality which baf!'s n government that offers its mediation between ron:eii'li?? pirti?s. (Hear, hear.) My nuble friend doubts ihe accuracy of the statement which was made b> hur Majesty's la'e government with respect to tho otter asserted to have boeii tendered by them, of me diation between the two parties. I am glad, in justice to our predecessors, that my noble friend has enabled me to et t is'.ijussUon light The farts are shortly thesef: It it ptrftrlly true, as atttrleJ by thtrinht Hmmrabltbtrelief ai the lieu I of her Maj'ity't Gnvrrnmrnt, thai an o ffer wit mai/? 11 file IfnihU Statu, ami alto communicattd to ilexice, which h'.r Mi j'tly't latr Ciavernm'nt understood and mtant to be an ojf'rr of mediation That otfer w as, I think, properly conveyed, in terms which left great latitude 01 interpretation to the Government of the United States. Our position with respect to the United Staies was at that time not the position of uiimas.cd impartiality, which befits the charactcr ot n mediator. The question I), t* cen this country and the United state* witrt "respect to the Oregon territory, hail not at that time been liuaily settled. It was possible, notwithstanding tl e negotiatiom then going on. that that question mi^ht have a**unte.i a character which would have divested (Jreat Britain of the quality ol impartiality wbtcli should iiavo belong e l to a mediator. II that discussion had ended in a rupture between Great Ilritniii and t!<o United States, our mediation, ol couise, between the United States an<1 Mexico would have l)een out of the question. The offer, thtrefirrt, which vat mailt to the United Stut'i wat in tffiLl this, that if the United Ulatet were dufioted to accept the mediation of Great llritoin, that mediation would be. frankly offered and tendered. I think that W4? ([ointf a, lur aa iu the then existing state of things, the (iovernmant ol Grext Hri'ain couitl piupei ly hive gone. Tho (Jo""rn mcnt of the United Sole*, li -.vever, considering " not | I have alteady staled with raspoc' to 'he position in whi"t? | the Oro/on question had | I.iced Gieat Krituin ton It the United ?:ates, ditl not think it expedient to ?ipiest any wiili ui-on the Nii'ij-ct, a-nl tiMiinijrc pc in ? r ?ai sn:t, it being understood by the Govenitn-nt of the United States that tno communication wis not one which necessarily required a'i answ-r, that th?y wore left at liberty to net upci 'it it they p'.f<od, but that no umhr-gn would betaken hy this country if they abstained lioin taking any stepi con rcquc:-' upon it. I had, however, au interview not !o?ig at;o . it'i . Ir. AlcLane, the American Minister, who, I ain sorry t? say, was obliged, on accouut ol his health, to ra'lro liom his post here ami return to tlio United States. I am suie erory body who has had the go el fortune of knowing that distinguished nun w ill grea'ly regret that the tw o countries have lost the benefit of his services heie as Uic organ of conimunicn'iou between the two governments (Hoar, hear) 1 am aatisliad that, whoever tho United States may think lit to sand in his place, no man cau be sent who can have at heart mora strongly than he has the maintenance ol gocd relations betw een the I nited States and hngland, or v ho can be possessed in ft higher degree of nil those (lualities wuion night enable him to cony that wish into ellect (He.tr, hear.) I louud from Mr. McLauu that such us I hud described had keen the understanding of the United States; and an, fortunately, it has fallen to my lot, sinre 1 have held the seals of the loreigti department, to exchange with Mr. McLane the ratification of a convention with the United States for settling the Oregon question, I, on theptrt of her Mojei'y'i fovern.nrnt. Mr> tnitrueted Mr. Paktnltam now to make. the i tntwrd ojfer of mediation i'i? a thope that ihall?ei/uire an answer from the United Stolet. A correspondidg communication has been ma to the government of Mexico, mid, thorelons, the tftl'er having now been made to l?ott? the contending patties, It w ill rtepeud on the aaswaia wejmay receive to these com munications iu what degree the government ol this country inay he successful in bringing to nu amicable settlement, a difference which I urn suro all the well wishers ?f l oth Mexico and the l uited States would icjoice to ia? terminated There ii nnotlior point I think of some im|?irt?nce, as illustrative ot geuoi.il principled?that the United Slates having louud themselves engaged in o war with Mexico which involved the necessity 01 great a<M^ lionul expenditure, military and naval, and finding that their revenue was insufficient to meet that increaied demand, bethought themselves how tliat levenue might b? increased What was the step which the government of the linited States took for thct purpose ' That step was to lo a er jtlin ilntirs on imports They said these high protecting duties mifcht be all very well in time of peace, when the revenue is of lest object to us, but we must abandon them now that the commencement of war re* quired a great augmentation of our resources. That circumstance is a ttioiig illustration of the truth of Uiosa gppp^' ' RK I INING, SEPTEMBER 1!) doctrines which go to ihow that freedom of commercial intercourse not only conduces to the development of the commercial industry ot a country, but ii the surest foundation of an augmenting aid prosperous revenue ? (Cheer* ) Mr. D'Isrsh-i considered the reply of Lord Palmerston to be anything but satisfactory. lie insisted on the necessity of our investing, in a determined spirit, the system on which the United States were acting?a ?> stem which menaced at once our North American and our \Ve*t Indiau colonics, and evinced a disgraceful desire lor universal eropiro. Mr B. K.viL espresscd his satisfaction at the spoech of Lord Palmerston, und contended that we ought to fwait br>.I r.Au ii Kai iti u.nr U'ltiilil Iim rotllllli>il ll\. tll*? lTllltCil States to liis lute communication Mr Waillv said lie considered the spcocii ol Lord

r\lmci'Kton to be the speech of a peaceful Minister. Ho wuk deligut?d to hear that the noble lord was anxious for the restoration of peace between the Uuited Slates and Mexico, aiiJ liopod that he would not change hii policy. Hurt, tho discussiou dropped. Prorogation of Parliament. On the'JStli ult, Parliament was prorogued by commission Tho Lonn Charcixloii in a clear voice road the following speech Iroin her Majesty :? " Mr Lobui and lit ?ti kmbjs, " Wo are commanded by her Majesty to express to you the #nrni acknowledgments of her Majesty for tho l>ublic spirit you have evinced in the discharge of your laborious duties during an unxious and protracted session " Her Majesty trusts that you will be rewarded by witrn Bung the benoficial rosulls of the measures, which liavo been sanctioned by lior Majesty for thu present relaxation and ultimate repeal of protective duties o.i cern and sugar " Her Majesty entertains a confident hope that the more heo admission of, the produce of foreign countrios into tiio Uo na market will increase tie c,t> uturti auJ butter the condition of the groat body of the people. " Her Majesty feels the greatest satisfaction in rell tmg that hor Majesty's efforts to settle, in a manner eondistent with national honour, the conilicting claims of Great Britain and the United States, with rospoct to the territory 011 the North West Coast of America, hare ucen completely huccoksiui. ' Her Majesty continues to receivo from all Foreign rower* the Ktriingest assurances of then' desire to cultivate friendly relations with this country. ' Her Majesty commands us to congratulate you on the victorious course and happy conclusion ol'the war in Indiu, ami hor Majesty has much gratification iu annuiinciug to you th.it perfect tranquility prevails throughout the whole of the British posse Jtions in that quarter of the world. " (JitMTi.vMrji or thi Housr or Comjish, " Her Majesty has observed with satisfaction the care you have taken to prevent permanent loss to the revenue und to maintain tho public laith. " Her Majesty lim commanded us to acknowledge the zeal and unanimity with which you assented to the increase in the naval and military estimates,whilh a regard 10 tho exigencies of the public service induced Her .Majesty to propose lor your consideiativn. " Mr L.OUUS AND UBlfTLKMBN, " Her Majesty has to lament that n recurrence of a failure iu tho potato crop, in an aggravated degree, will catno a serious delicioncy iu the quantity of a material hrticlo i f food "Her Mcjesty has given her cordial assent to measures by which this calamity may l>o mitigated in that part of ttia United Kingdom where the cultivation or the potato has hitherto 11 Horded the chief supply for the subsistence of the peoplo. " Her Majesty has seen with pleasure that a considerable diminution of crime and on rage has taken place in those counties of Ireland which had been most disturbed. " Her Majesty is coulidont that on your return to your several countiux, you will Und a spirit of loyalty generally prevalent, i'ho o.vtcnsioa ol works ot improvement has increased tho demand for labor, and the tranquillity of the country has favored tho pursuits of industry in ull its branches. " Hor Majesty trusts that by a combination of prudence with enterprise, and a willing obodienco to Jaw, with a desire for social progress, her people will, through the Divine blessing, enjoy the full advantages of peace " The noble and learned lord then, in Her Majesty's name, and by Her Majesty's command, declared the Parliament prorogued to IVe Inesday, tlio 4th of November, Ireland. Since we last addressed oui readers, the news from Ireland is ot a character which cannot lail to prove interesting. The return of the whigs to power has gladdened the hearts of tlic people, who seem to think that they will now be governed with impartiality, and that their relit ous and political prejudices will be respected. The new Lord Lieutenant Lord Besborough has returned to Dublin. The corporation of tnat city have presented him with aa address. But both it and his Exc>. lienor's reply are of the most formal character. Lord Chancellor Brady is still engaged in restoring the repeal magistrates who were superseded by Sir Edward Sugden. Mr. O'Connell is about to pack up and be otT to the wilds ol Darrynane, for the purpose of following his welltrained beagles on the hills ofKerry. lie appeared at Conciliation Hall, at the weekly meetings held since our last publication. THo chief topic of discussion was the separation of the Young Ireland party from the ranks ol Repeal. Although the Liberator would gladly receive the .Nation" party baek a^ain, particularly Mr. Smith O'Brien, still he is lully determined to keep cleaf of the law, and will not permit the idea of "physical force," to enter the deliberation ol Uie. Association. In his speech oi Monday, the 31st, ho refers to the decision of the l'ope respecting the Irish Colleges Bill. The decision is against the measure, so that John, ArchLishop of ruam, Ins succeeded in his opposition to the muafuru with the College of Cardinals. wnai nep urs. i^rony miu i?iuiriiy win uw 111 reference thereto remain* yet to Le seen. Mr. O'Connell warns the Russell ministry of the danger of forcing the provisions of the till upon the people o! Ireland. He is to move a petition to Hie (iueen, praying for an alteration in its enactments for mixed education. He to'd the meeting that he abhorred a mixed education, because it always led to intidelity or indifference, as in the case of the l'russian Government, which adopted that system. The rent tor the week was announced at JClO-t Is. 61. The accounts of the distress, presont and expected, in conseouence ef the potatoe rot, arc really appall.njj. Mr. Dillon J5rowne, a few nights ago, in his place in the House of Commons, called attention to the poverty and distress which already prevails in Mayo. It is but justice to the present as well as the late Government to add, thnt both have been actuated by the best motives, and adopted every plan they could devise to meet the existing wants and destitution of the Irish peasantry. At the same time, obj -ction ha# been taken to the present Government plan of relief, so far as regards the kind of employment to be providad for the distressed. Lords Gutln'imre and Devon appear at the head of the list of remonstrants in Limerick. The Young Ireland party in Rathk??ale, county Limerick, intend inviting Mr. Smith O'llrien to a publ c dinner in that town. Some active members of the priesthood in the same county have originavd a subscription in support of the Nation newspaper, ami it is said several laymen have contributed to the fund. .France, The advices fr*m Paris are to the 1st inst., inclusive : ? Considerable discussion has taken place in the newspapers relative to the recent alterations in the Auiei lean tariff. The Cvntlitulionnet thinks the tariff still too high, and enforces on the American Government, the necessity of estabhahing doons and tnlrtpott. The f'wrritr Francait thinks that America has made a decided step towards entire freedom of commerce, and praises it accordingly. The Sttc/t believes that the altera'ions in the duties will greatly increase the consumption of French wine?, provided the temuernncw sooie tie? do not make ft too active crusade. The Prcur, on the contrary, finds the tariff r positive injustice to France. "French wines ana brandies," it soys, "ought to have been admitted duty free." it think* the Americans are under great obligations to France; and says that the new tariff "is a singular fashion of acknowledging the immense advantages which France has given to American navigation, in assimilating the Federal Hag to its own, and which has had tor its result to assure to that navigation 03 per cent, of the conveyance between the two countries. And then the Prettt With that |K)teritous solemnity for Which it is remarkable, odds "it will have to bo ascertained some ilny if France has not the right and the duly to recal the United Htates to the practice of a reciprocity more real." The same journal has also given several long winded articles to the same inne ; but they are too dismally dull to be specially noticed. Apart from the newspaper.', the general opinion is that the changes in ttie I 'lilted stales' tariti are n direct and eolenni sanction of ilie principles of free trade, and tuat they will be beneficial rather limn prejudicial to France, or, nt all events, will leave it* commerce unaffected. Still it is undoubted that a very general impression prevails in political and rnnrcai.tile circles, that the United States have not tfeated France so generously as they ought to hnve done, considering the lacilitiesu it has afforded their trade. As to the insinuation ol the Prtue that the fUatesought to favor France, because France allows tier importations to be in American vessels, itis all humbug; for everybody knows that France has no merchant marine with which to make them, nnd thnt, therefore, the Americans owe her nothing on that sccre. The Journal Jt* Dcbalt, the great organ of the government, haa at'length deigned to notice the proceedings ol the United Status lelative to Meii IERA , 1846. ! co. What it guys is very vn^ue and unsatisfactory; but it is still tinged with th.it ili feeling towards America which this important journal so frequently manifested during ilio discussions on tho Oresea question. Tims it nji; M When President Polk caused hostilities to he commenced, it was in despite of the constitution which reserves to Confess the rii>lit to declare war. It was 011 a vain pretext, and without vulid motive. The President flattered himself that he would excite popillar enthusiasm, and probably thereby ere,ate for I himself distinguished claims lor a re-election.? , Success lias crowned his elforts cron beyond his expectation. The American democracy has shown a very cionrjuering humor, the whole oi inc new comment seems scarcely suiucicnt i'or it, and for tho present it innst i go as far as tlio Isthmus of Panama. rhe idea of conquering Mexico has flattered the national vanity and taken hold of every i mind. The Debate then enters into details relative to the raising of volunteers, and the enthusiasm of the mass for the war. As to the volunteer regiments, it says: " for a dillicult and active war, where they would have to deal with a practised enemy, thoy would ha very bad troops ; but against the Mexicans, who do not know liovv to make wnr, and who have no intelligent ollicers, they are a sufficient force, arid unless they bo made to remain in a region desolated by the yellow t.iver, will atmin the object pursued by the American Government." After some details us to the number of troops and the amount of money to be raised, the Dfbiit adds, " Wise men protest in Congress and in the press against the spirit of conquest by which the American democracy is possessed. They show that the system of conquestsand the taste for military enterprises cannot tail soon to be disastrous to liberty, and that the j national institutions will thereby perish. I>ut they > preach in the desert. Northern America seems i to obey a fatal impulsion, and there is no one in , the country with power enough to stop it. llardly would some checks, (tho starred flag of the Union t can scarcely sustain any serious ones in such a i struggle), bring back opinion to that moderation which it should never have quitted. Financial ditlicuhies could only produce effect if they were of great gravity ; but Northern America, however shaken its credit since 1KJ6, can easily find at home some hundreds of millions, and the alteration of tho customs just adopted will add to the public revenue fifty millions." In subsequently noticing in a lew lines the news from Mexico, tho Debati adds, "This republic is in I Tr ,.?1,, l?. onirn.l I... , I,.? guuijiicic uiisutuituu. iv van wui^ uo su?tw ujr uio generosity of its enemies ; and it is evident, on tlie contrary, that the party of violence dominates more and more in the American Uuion." The articles lrom which these extracts are made appeared on the 14th instant. Since that date, the i Journal tin I) c bats has taken no further notice of ! the subject, beyond dimply rep oducing the news received. Nor have any of the other journals thought it worth while to dwell upon the matter. The Courricr Franca i* has, however,Remitted an opinion, that in evading Mexico the Americans are by no means sure to rccovcr Uurs frais, and ! that they will llud that all is not clear profit in > annexing. Touching the offered mediation of < England between the two countries, only three newspapers have made any observation. The ! Prtuc repeats what it said before, that " it is a i blunder or a menace; and the British cabinet | will find in it a humiliation, or a pretext to inter- ! fere for the protection ofllritisli interests in Mexi- i co." It believes that Mr. L'olk will not accept the ! offer, but will dismiss Uritish diplomacy with ' more or less politeness ; ami it informs its readers that the American cabinet did not "deign" to reply to the lirst offer of the English government. The Sieclt says that " it is now quite certain that England means to obtain for herself an excuse fot active interven ion." The Esprit Public is indignant at its being conceivrd possible that Franco should interfere between the United States and Mexico, and rants awiiy on that and other subjects for some time, finally windirg up with an angry exhortation to M. Gnizot to imitate the " dignity" of the cabinet of Washington. a i>ir. iviorin, a rrencuiumi, nyiug iu u|> > a company for the colaniza'ion of lands in Tennessee, in his possession. Me promises that every colonizer may gain an immense fortune, ami yet, strange to say, offers his lands dirt cheap. Some time ago a company was started here for colonizing lands in some other part of the United States, but the thing did not take at all. The French have no taste lor emigration. Mr. Mauguin, a well-known personage in this country, has undertaken to proceed to tho United States, to sustain the pretensions of the family of the late Etienne Girard to some part of the vast fortune lie so generously bestowed upon his adopted country, to the exclusion ol his own relatives. It appears that the harvest in the eastern department is not quito so good as had been expected. There is a deficiency in tho wheat, and the barley and oats have entirely failed. There has consequently been an advance in the price of bread,with every prospect of a further advance in tho coursc of tho winter. This has caused general dissatisfaction among the people, and in several towri3 has led to disturbances. The potato crop is alSo found to bo very generally diseased, although it hud been believed till now that it hail entirely escaped. It is expccted that the Queen ol England will pay a visit to King Louis Philippe ut the Chateau d'Lu. His Majesty is, however, at Neuilly, a few steps from Pari*, and has not n stifled any intention of returning to Eu. Italy. Cardinal Giz/.l, as was expected has been definitively nominated Secretary of State, lie is I tho most popular oi the Cardinals, and one of tho most liberal in politics. Tho Pope's popularity increases every day. The people llocic in crowds to tho little town of 1:'_ _ l,a wnal.nm IU S* D HIV IWIII nt niiivu ???> >.?/ and actually ascotitl the stairs on their knees. Everything lie does is marked with tact and liberality, realty surprising in a Pope, llis kindness to the poor is unbounded, and his sympathy with many of the political offenders, whom no released, has been si.own in a striking manner; ho has even subscribed money for their relief. He seems bent on introducing, as soon as an opportunity offers, most sweeping reforms, notwitnsiandinjj the remonstrances of Austria, Naples, and other Countries, lie is the best Pope the world has had. The province of Tuscany has been cruelly shaken by an earthquake. Whole villages have been thrown down, and 70 persons, at least, have been killed, nearly 180 wounded, and more than 4,000 deprived of shelter. The alarm created was naturally most intense ; but as there was no repetition of the shocks, confidence is beginning to revive. In Sicily, also, the earthquake has dono great damage, anil caused the loss of several lives. Mpnln. The Queen of Spain has gota hn*band?nt last. Isnbellaisto marry her cousin,the Duke de Cadi/, eldest son of Don Francisco, Dvke de Montpen. sier. It is now positively ?tatM that iho military expe- i dition getting up for the Republic of 1 scuador i has no oth'lr object in vie1*" than the establish- i ment of monarchy in tha' country, in lavcr of i one of Christina's children by Mitr.eT. Flores, j formerly President of tho Kepubli':, is at the bot- I torn of the affair. Tho Go-crnmont has caused 1 it to be denied that it has anything to do with the expedition: but it has not prevented it, and that savs most distinctly that it approves of it. I should noi be surprised to hear, t>y an ' hy, or a similar force being enrolled for the ro-eV.abli?hment of monarchy in Mexico. Holland. Very extensive emigrations fire taking place Irom tliis country to tho United States. Froin the village of Wynstersyk, which consists of only 8,000 inhabitants, not lens than !W0 have gone en matte. A fall in the value of landed property and houses to the extent of from 23 to AS per cent, has been the consequence. The Government is said not to be without anxiety with respect to these sweeping emigrations. Germany. A Treaty of Commerce between Prussia and Denmark has been published. According to the arrangement of the German Customs Union, the duty on English twists is not to be increased. Linen threads by machinery will enjoy a protective duty of two dollars (Prussian ) Hanover, it is said, intends ro increase the duty on linen threads made by machinery. A , meeting is totuke place during the present month between the King of Prussia and the Kuiperorof Ktis'in, at Konigsburg. The King of Prussia proceeds lirst to Sile?ia to review a ho?ly ol the army. Prince Lichnowski has been elected deputy at the ( j SHesian diet. Austria and Prnwlo. A convention has been concluded betwaen i Austr a and Prussia, by wnich those powers bind I themselvM to jpiawi #lthn rights of (iorir\%njrf relative to jncccssion in the Duchies. Turkey. The Invt courier froin Constantinople has brought tli.; text of the commercial treaty con- i ______________ LD. Pric* Two Cent*. eluded between Kussia and the I'orte. Uj> to this period Russia hud refused to accept the conditions which the treaty of 1K38 laid down with regard to Kngland and France. Her commercial transactions were regulated bv the treaty of the lu ll June, 17^3, and l?y Art. 7 of the treaty of Adranoplo. The conditions just subscribed to by Russia are most favorable to the Porte. Art. 10 is alone of importance to Russia, as it lays an : 11 ?,.,i.;?l, T, v. ill wu 11111 la I j .-mil.-, OIU1 ?III>-" provided the Cm-a^ians. l-'orinerly Russia paid 3 per cent oil the importation of Russian productions into Turkey, unit a per rvnt on the ex porta tiou ot Turkish i;oods. lu future *-he is to pay in the same proportion as England and France?ft per cent on importation and 12 per cent on exports. ]!y Art. 6 the Forte reserves to its own subjects the exclusive right of retail selling, and the exercise ol' trade, a privilege on which the Forto laid greatstress, and which was, and is still, a subject of contention between the Ottoman and European Cabinets. Art. 11 reserves to the Forte the monopoly of different productions. Art. 16 stipulates special conditions tor the provinces of tho Danube. Art. 17 stipulates that the Turkish llag, Turkish subjects, and Turkish produce, are to be treated in Russia on tho footing of the most favored nation. The duration of the treaty is fixed at ten years. Cape of Uaotl Hope. From tho Cape of Good Hope we have advices to the 28th of May. Ten thousand Kaffirs, who had swarmed round Fort IVddie, were dispersed by artillery and rockets, and retreated, leaving considerable dead behind thein. The firing having frightened the cattle, which were gathered under the walls of the fort for protection, the bensts bioko loose, and were carried ott" by the Kaffirs, t the number of lour or live thousand head. On the Sth of June a thousand Kaffirs unexpectedly found themselves wedged in between t s o parties of the British forces. Capt. Rille's dragoons, mounted men, fought gallantly. Ths Rotter's were galloped over and cut down in the retreat, to the number of some hundred. Overland Alalia TKi* HvArliinil Mnil from Iniliii and CllinA had arrived. The intelligence from India fc^ this arrival is not im,?ortunt. The Marquis of Tweeildale has retired from the government of th? Presidency. Sir Lawrence reel, the Chief Justice of Calcutta, had arrived on the Neilgherry. From Bombay we learn that Sir Geo. Arthur continued seriously ill. Commercial intelligence from Bombay and Calcutta represents trade as being dull, and unsatisfactory?little business was doing ?n?l prices for all the urticles exported were lower. At 1 long Kong, June 231, the latest date from the United States was to the 1st of April. With the exception of the 14th of June, and some atmospherical changes on the 23d, consequent upon a sudden coming in of the monsoon, the month passed oil very regularly. The heavy rains looked for at this time have lairly commenced. Piracies in the Chinese waters nave become alarmingly common. Since last mail hourly atrocities of this description have been perpetrated in the harbor of Hong Kong, or within 20 miles, besides other cases, where the victims were Chinese. An ordinance lor the relief of Insolvent Debtors within the colony of Hong Kong has been promulgated, said to be a transcript of iho Insolvent Act in England. Attention had been drawn to the prolongation of the leases, by the British authorities, oi Opium saloons (where the Chinese indulge in the f atal drug) for another year, Ilong Kong is subjected to oppressive taxation by the British authorities. Gov. Sir John Davies evinces a grasping anxiety to increase his revenue without considering the ultimate happiness and prosperity of the people. The Friend nf China, and the A'?ng L!jzrtte attack the Governor, and complain loudly of his inconsistency and his unsteady character. Vnsliloiu for September, The materials lor the present seasons are to Metal glaci; cuit an l uckin. I'Uids in every variety. Dar. goa tafl'etai do lil, chcckel foulard, taffeta* Chine in narrow stripes or satin wave* ; gros ds Naples of mauv# shot with violet or dark irroen ahot with a lighter shade. Vurv dark plain bari-res arc worn l>y young ladies, and 't . A t a illi frlnirM Had pcUrine very deep behind and on llie shoulders, crossing in front in thoeeiuture, and trimmed with fold* edged with Iringn Morning dres?es of lilac, green, or sky liluo, are made with flounce*, headed by \elrct of the mme color. llobes of brocbrns silk in wide stripca 1 are with flounces en biaia, the skirt doling in front to a* to leave a space of three Angers between the rtrijies, on I which ii placed a gimp trimming ; the sleeves are long ; and tight also m biaia. I Many dresses of pink, lilac, and even white, are trimmed with ilonnces of black lace ; this toilette ii com| pleted by a lace shawl. i Bonnets of crape lispi' have been much in favor, of mo| derate {size, rather |closc at the aides, and spread at | tho top ; short at the ears, and with very full bavolet, and | made not to require tying, the biides being ot very wide I crape or tulle, hanging as a veil. Crape and tullia bonnets of pink and white are ornamentod by marron and d irk green velvet, forming a striking contrast in material and color. Morning capotei of poultede'soie are trimmed with ribbon, without Dmuds, but have a very deep lace, forming voilette, round tho edge. Straw bonnets for morning wear aro trimmed with velvet, to which may be added a lew "prigs of mignionette, ivy, acorns, or chestnut flowers. Capotes oi pale green cape are ornamented with marabouts of the same color. The tulle Tayan is much used for dresses, its extreme ligh'neis giving so much effect to the double skirt; it ia made in all colors, and in black is particularly suited for mourning. This tulle is also much approved for cauezous, with narrow ribbon of pink, blue, or lilac, introduced to show its transparency. Manv little fancy articles are worn of filets de soie ; handkerchiefs in pink, blue, or cerise, some shaded, others striped, are used for the throat or head ; little scarfs of the same description va also fashionable. Market*. Lunos Mo>?rv Markft, Sept. 3 ? After our publication of the lflth ult, and forwarded by the Britannia, the market continued in a quiet state, with very little business doing until the 37th ult, when a notice was issued by the Bmik of Knglaml reducing their rate of interest on LjIIr discounted by them from 3', to 3 par cent. The immcdiato consequence ol this step has beenta give I frcih life ami activity ~io luminal in most quarters; and although the propriety of tho measure hss t>een much C!tiivu*so<] out of doors, we think that the accumulation of bullion in ihe bank, as well u* the supply of cash in tho market, has reached such a redundancy, that il would have been injustice in the bank longer to witholrt the advantage which will be obtained by the public by this itep. A reference to our quotations will show that prices hare improved, and the market is at the same time very lirm. Tho following aro the latest quotations: ?Consols have been quoted !>tf to M't for Money, and to 081 j fur th?? Account; Kxchequer Bills IHs. to 2N. premium; Bank Stock SOf1,' and -JOSS'; the ntnr Three-and-a-Qiurter per Cents D*'? to9ti\; Three per Cents !>6\, to W?,; Ka*t India stoak at-59. Monday was the settlement day in Korean Stocks, and passed over I quietly. Considerable business has been done in Mexi| can stock, at an advanced price, the last quotationa j being 26', for Money, and for the Account. The I causes ot this change we have referred to at length in | another column. To-day the official announcement of the intended marriage of the (Jueen of S]Hun has caused a run upon Spanish stock. The Five per Cents have been quoted 37'? to 1"; and the Three per Cents 3ft1, to V>V. being a riieof I I', per cent. Portuguese Four j*r ! Cents are tirm also at 40 to 4?>,',. Mexican Honda have been quoted 20'3 to OH.3/, which are barely so good as previous quotations. Buenos Ayrea stock is at 43; Dutch Two-and-a Halt per cents aro AO^ to 00. Shares are steady, but there is not much to particularize. n?NKOK K.!S(it *!?u.?An account, pursuant to tha Act Till nn J "th Victoria, cap. 3J, for tho week eDding on Saturday, tUu 'Jd ot August, 194(1. If-r Drpartmrnt. C'.Sil *"") OoYcrrrmrnt Dfbt, Xll.ltli.Hil Other Securities.. Z.oW.iso Of Id Com>'(BillIioii,13,1 IPitver lis', lion... 2,J0?,?7l X29,6JJ,:<13 IJi i ' I s D'rn Iv"nt. 1 Proprietrs'Capifsl, '^00 Cjvornm?nt SeenI 3,Si),210 rvi. (mcltidiim I Pntitir Delimit* tin- Pesd Wnflit An ! clutliiu fcxcliei|r. ii.iity).... 8aviox'i' B.mks Olhrr tieciiriiif .. l3.flt.KM ('oTiTntnionrriof Note* ,W1M4 National I Mil,and (?old(tSil> cr Coin Dividnd Acc'uls) ?,S IJ ,(M>2 : Otli*r lo,07#.0-??? I Se\rn Day It other I Bills K0,0l? ??,MMN '.X,003^0 Lire* root. CeTTOiv Wabbkt?For (he wrtk tnUing ' *1u?utt 31.?The roi orU from Vanihestar a? to tli? statn of the mail.el< there are m dull a* ever ; and the period named lor some of the mill* nt lllacl.hnm and elaewhcta wot king short tinio ia at hand, being lined for the beginning of next week. Still Mlis discouraging state of thing* from the manufacturing rflatrteta ha* not prevented ua having a considerable amonnt of busine** tranancted, nml a steady demand from the trade, from exporter*, and from f|?ciilotora, throughout the entire week, tha daily sales nretnging MOO bales. Prices also, which were inclined to dioop and give way ten tare ago, have been steadily supported ; end a* the " fair " to " good " qualities of American, at thi* advanced period of the year, era becoming comparatively scarce, n alight tnrn of advantage Ua been obtained by the sellers of thoae kind* ? Brazil* also have bean in lair demand, aa well *4 India cotton, and generally the market hat steadily maintained ita ground, although It ha* not been lively, but on the contrary ralhfr dull; this latter feeling arising in soma riegiee from the constant allusion to the failure af the potato crop, and ita apprehended con*e<|uenc*f. 43M Vme'lean and 1600 Mactio h ve been taken on peculation, and 3t)70 American and 400 Sural* for export. The sales to-day are 5000 bale*. Total talea for the week , 3:i,jo0 bales. For Iht week en Jin? .Input 93 ?The maiket grows a little stronger aa we cloao the week. A continued good demand for export, settled One weather, and the announce ment by the bank oi a reduced rata of diacoant, hare givaumore coniideacc generally on 'change. The quo