Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 24, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 24, 1846 Page 1
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TH1 Vol. XII, Mo. 450?WlMte No. ?4W. 8PECIAL DESPATCHES FROM THE SEAT OF WAR TO Till NEW YORK mciiAT.n OFFICE. Highly Interesting ?ori ?-?pornlence. MlTiHMil, ^?pt 3 1840. /Hi. 4 i / i km f. r t?- TKfir Patriot ittn?Th+ir Iiirai of Military Lift?The California*!?Tht Mexican. The ariior of the volunteer* for a fight it perfectly irrepressible. As there is no public enemy near, tliey not (infrequently indulge in a set-too timing thennelrci, in which lorge numbtri are engaged. SurU an encounter happened at Burita, on the .evening of the first, between a part of an lllinoif regiment, and two companiei of Col. Jackson's Georgia volunteer*. Two men were killed outright, several badly wounded, and Col. Baker, a member e7 Congress from Illinoi*, received a musket ball through the neck- The restraints of discipline they will not have, and the doctrine that among a democratic people, a Colonel or General is entitled to mote consideration than a corporal or private, is wholly incomprehensible. We learn that the same independent ideas prevail among the sovereigns encamped on Uovernor's Island, preparatory to the California expedition. Before reaching their place of destination, they will have opportunities of hoUing many a mass meeting on ship board,and ah and u nee of time will be afforded for drawing up their instructions to Col. Stevenson, before landing. Fersons direct from Camargo, report that Gen. Tavlor is to leave for Monterev.on Saturday, the 6th. The dragoons and a part of the artillery are still at Camargo. Besides the regulars, the General takes with him into the field two th uxand volunteer*, being Maj. Gen. Butler's division. The Brigadier* are Hamer and Quitman?the former commanding the brigade composed of one of tho Ohio regiments, Colonel Mitchell's and the Louisville legion. The other brigade is composed of Col, Davis's Mississippi and Col. Jackson's Georgia regiments. In addition to these, of course, ore the Texaus, under the command of Maj Gen. Henderson, Every man here to fight in this war, is rejoiced that our government has determined to continue active operations, pending the negociation* for a peace, should any be bad. All desiro that the greatest energy *n the part ol government should be displayed, and each is willing to put forth hi* utmoat individual eti'ort* to maka it a abort war. Many of ua have been more than a year in this noxious climate, waiting upon the movements of Mexico. Now that she has committed herself in favor of open hostilities, let us have war in reality, or a speedy peace. Indeed, from all appearances here, and from the most reliable accounts from the interior, we have every reason to believe tafct any organized resistance to eur maroh is not contemplated, and that the peace so much te be doDired, is not far distant. A war prosecuted on the principles ef the present one, must ever be the most expensive, and there must be now a frightful disproportion between the cost and the positive advantages we are gaining, or the injury we do the eneaay. The present state of things is a real blessing to the inhabitants. They see it?they acknowledge it, and as far as they are concerned, it might last forever. But the Mexican government, not being a government o( the people, and having separate interests and views, beholds its inevitable destruction in a continuance ( hostilities. Since so many ot the troops left us, we observe a material difference in the hibits of some of the bettor class of citizens. They are less secluded, and seem not to shun, so carefully, our barbarian gaze. I think we may finally tame them. My next will contain accounts of the advance of (be leading division of the army to Seralvo, aid the establishment of a depot at that point. x. y. z. MiTAMORos, (Mexico,) Aug. 91, 1S40. Ttmperance in the Army, Mexican Rnolutiont, <$-c. The Washingtonians and other moral persona at home who hare been ahecked at the accounts?frequently exaggerated?of intemperance and vice in general, in and aiiont thia conquered city, will be gratified to hear that it has undergone a remarkable change in these respects. This is attributable to an order lately issued by the commanding General, under the aanction of the general gova mm arhirh nrnhihitH anirittinilM liniinpfl frnm ing the river on the city ?of Matameras for purpeiea of barter er traffic, on account of any perion whatever, whether sutlers in the army or private dealer*. If any liquor* shall be found, in violation of the order, they are to be confiscated, and sent to New Orleans to be sold; one-half of the proceeds for the benefit of the informant, and the other half to be applied to the comiort and support of the sick in hospital. A subsequent order directs that after the 16th August, the sale of spirituous liquors be absolutely prohibited in town. ? The Colonel commanding in the city, required the Chief Magistrate of Matamoraa to enforco these orders upon all the Mexican resident* and traders. He has since notifled all Americans that they are subject to the Mexican laws in relation to gambling and gambling houses. 1 suppose this notification gives then little uneasiness, for they apprehend no disagreeable visits from the ministers of the law, in a country where gambling, in some form or other, seems to be the chief end ol man. Besides, a few rials realize the fabled Orphean powers, and close the eyes of tho law's most faithful Cerberus A report was current in town yesterday, that the capital had pronounced in favor of Santa Anna. This is most probable, though we leok for our authentic accounts lrom Mexico through the United States. X. V. Z. XXIII. Matamokas, (Mexico,) Aug. 97,1844. Col Davit* Rt&imcnt?Wt Volunteert? Tke Cluyi?Jlritta'i Silver?Garriion of the Town?" Soven igni." Jefferson Davis, Colonel of volunteer*, and M. C. from Mississippi, called here yesterday, on his way to Camargo. This gentleman married a daughter of General Taylor, and it may not be generally known, that though Lieutenant Davis was a rich planter and alavehoUior, the match was no wise agreeable to the young lady's lather. The marriage, however, took place with out his consont, and, it in said, that since that time no word has ever passed betweeu the offender and offended Willi in o few weeks, however, speech, which Mr D. had occasion to utter in the Heute of Representatives, drew tears from "eyes unused to weep". Col. D. had unilorml) abstained from particular allusion to the commutiHinir ftpnprul of thil arm v. Rut nhnvincr tho prompting* of feeling, he finally tfave liee ana lull expression la his admit ation of the man, while bi* eulogy npon the tried loldier was eloquent as it wu just. The coals of Are thus heaped upon the head of the hitherto stern ami relentless soldier, revived a lather's feeling*, and piotuiMy no man would now be more cordially welcomed at Uio head quarter* of the army of invasion than Col. Davis, lie goea at the head of a regiment armed with rifles, and every one i* capable of killing at almost indefinite distance*. Henry Clay. Jr., is alio a Colonel of volunteer*. In cousequence of an injury received in bi* era* he i* detained nere, but will proceed in a few days. This name hs* given two instance* of patriotic devotion, when their country is lound in war. By both, Colonel and Captain (Csssius M.,) Clay, the annexation was opposed on principle. while opposition waa allowable ; but when war result* from thi* annexation, both eome a* cheerfully to fight as if it wa* in support ef a dearly eherished object Let no man be trusted who doe* not subscribe to the doctrine in its full letter and spirit, "our country?right or wrong." A political opponent may be permitted to *ay that the great man of the west, who hs* made thi* name illustnou*, ha* been governed thioughout hi* eminent career by thi* patriotic rule, and we now behold that the noble maxim ha* been tranmutted to bi* ion. Much haa been *aid of Ari*ta'? plate, captured on the 9ih of May. Home writers would induce the belief that several pack mules were required lor its transportation. Let me catalogue the articles, there are twelve breakfast plate*, two *oup plates, one waiter, six spoons, two large camp cups, and six tea or codee cups. The pieces nre missive, but allectedly plain in the workmanship; the name "Arista," is stamped on them in imall capitals. It is to be hoped that these 94 pieces of silver will be restored to their nghtlul owner as privato baggage; taat it may no more be said, we have the Ueneral's plate in our possession. Matamoras is now garrisoned by two companies of re guiar iroo|>?: i?i umo'), commanuea ny uapt. INBUman, and lit Lieut. Haskins; and on* regiment of Ohio volunteers, Col. Curtis. The moit active service expected tor tbem.willbs in occasional skirmishes with lawless vagrants who infeit the town. Samuel Slick truly observes, "It i* generally allowed that we're the top loftiest nation yet," but it is too true that many individual specimens of American freeborns, who daily congregate around the tirndat of Matamoraa, do little credit to tne race or nation from which thoy sprung. The Mexican potitia, with all their weapon* and insignia ol office, do not presume to exercise their functions, except ; over their own people, it requiring the strong arm of the [ disciplined soldiery to preserve some show of order L among our own vagabonds. X. Y.Z. [ No. XIX. jv Camahao, Mexico, August 17, 1?48. ^ Th* R'ennrtnitianct?Tk* CUiztn Otnerah?PMlantkrvpy of (jm. Taylor?The Protprcti, 4*c. , A party under ( apt. Duncan, of the artillery, left on i the 13th. to make a icconnoissance of the road to Monte rev, via Mier. His report is ao favorable that undoubted!) this loutu will be the one taken by the army, and 4 in two or three days the leading division will take up its line ui in?juu. ma nine town oi !HnlT?, when we [ are to bait, and wait (or the main body under the conp manding (icneral. is described aa a near approach to Pai rjiti?e, ttiof placed amid the finest scenery of hill Iand plain, and running stream?garden* of the loveliest llowers, and most delicious frutta feast the eye and the palate, while waterfalla, and herds, and cultivated fields, diversify the landscape. But I will wait, until trom my own observation, 1 may describe these beauties f. in this expedition, the commander discovered in a vll 7 lage, through which he passed, that a Mexican officer I was there collecting recruit* for the army. He ordered } bis men to surround the bouse in which thi* officer was, i and then told the people inside hi* object, and that no one of the quiet citizens would be moleited in the re's mutest degree. They were warned that a strong guard y surrounded the house, and all were cautioned }tnal it V weuld l* fatal if they attempted to eecape. Notwithl (.lauding all this, two reports ot fire arms were soon heard, [ and unfortunately, one of the Mexicans who had diaret garded this warning, waa found to hava been killed, and ' nnother seriously wounded. The officer was not airestI rd The party comio*ing the guard wete princiI pally Texau Hangers, and oi Capt. McCulloch's company, of which 1 inlve before wittenyon. Hume of the citizen generals hava arrived. One object of their ambition has now been accomplished. They hsve reached the ebemy's country ; now, their only demre is to meet the enemy. They are hungering and thirsting for an encounter with their country's foes, i. they burn tor the hand to hand conflict, and ara impatient , tar the music of the spheres, Mat iron raiedes' cannon ; \ E NE NEW Nothing will satisfy them but the advance. They insist that the country expert* it of them, and urge that " if (ieneral Taylor does not accord to the noble and patriotic volunteers the post of danger and of honor, he will brave a storm of indignation throughout the land" Whether moved by the fear of this frightful consequence, or by a tenre of juitice to these brave men. he m?y grant their request, and I m*y have to iof >rm you how they stormed u breach. The " mercenaries" did re speciality at Palo Alto : it i? but just that " patriotic to lunteer*" shall have their ihare of glory at Monterey. An<l the kind hearted vetti-n commanding, may take them at their word and place, these citizen soldiers where ; brave men with to be 1 doubt not many unforeseen difficulties will be encountered alter the march bogies \V'? tow make use of t'^e animals and pack* 10 kin.ily brought to ua by Atiita early in May. in penetrating a for-inn country, it it wne to adopt, ai far as |>osfiit>le, it* mat, . and customs, the experience of ages having HiT.c;. lh demonstrated their utility and necessity. Thus w t m.zb lindit more oomfoi t* ble, certainly, and perhaps m?r?; nealthful, to adopt the primitive dress of the native?a bu.ui sombrero, and, if mounted as most Mexicans ar:, wht n out of doors, a pair of spun. So, their indolent ha"> t?, invariable repose during the heat of the day. mat be .mitated. if one would live under-Jtt degrees South, at t!?j? torrid season. There mode of transportation is likewise necessarilv followed. The roads are not often pn^sed by wheels, and over many these have never travelled Our artillery must go, as well as wagons for the sick But our transportation is principally by pack mules. Thousands will be required for the army, and the spectacle of to many o( these ugly oarriera, will be odd enough. Indeed I am not sure, were it not for our white lacos, but the enemy mig'it hail us on our approach, as a reinforcement. Indeed, as we look at each other, with the hat, saddle, horse, spurs, and sun burnt fa^ei, A la Hexicano, we imagine ourselv a a party of raucheroa, in search of those Yankee vagabonds who never stay at home. Attention will now again he turned toward* Mexico. Talo Alto and Rcraca have lived their day. The newspapers have liaised to other subjects, and scarcely an allusion ia made to our "gallaut little army." Before we did not expect or wish to light?now we seek battles by invading a hostile country. I cannot suppose the Mexicans will erer fight better than they did in May. Whether we do as well, must depend upon the volunteer* In regulars, wc are several hundred stronger than before ?If we were victorious over WOO then, we can now drive 'JO,000, a larger force than can be concentrated. We may be defeated, but such is not the expectation of X Y. Z. Foit Polk, Point Isabel, Aug. 30,1846. The Position and Importance of Point Tiuhel?Ineidi nim and limit. Fort Folk located at the Fronton, commonly called bjr miitake Point Iial>el, is situated on the extremity of an alluvial marly ridge which commence* in the adjoining prairie, and running nearly north and south, terminates in a Mutt" about forty feet high on the " Laguna Madre." This ridge is about three hundred yards in length, rising up from the prairie equally on both sides, and meeting together so as to resemble the roof of lung building. The fort is constructed on both sides of the ridge, which runs nearly through its centre, and consists of a flanked intrenchment of an oblong shape with two redoubt*, one on each extremity of the summit of the ridge, where it is intersected by the lines of the work ; hence they have a commanding view, and are the strong points of the position. Previous to the battles of the 8th and 9th May, the garrison, consisting ot a variable number of men, amounting at one time to several hundred, had been for many weeks busily engaged in throwing up theintrenehment; but notwithstanding the great amount of labor bestowed upon it, priacipallv by Company (i. of the 4th Artillery, it was still at the time mentioned, far from being complete, and has since suffered much from the heavy rains der him valuable in bu profession ; and it was mainly due to hi* excellent arrangements that lie wai enabled to preterve his pott with nut a leeble garrison for its defence ; nevertheless, he and his heroic littlo band have received, comparatively, but a small share of the glory acquired by the American arms, to compensate them for the days and weeks which they spent, night and day, in the trenches. A few nights since new* was received at Point Isabel, which proved incorrect, that Matamoraa was taken, the express rider from that nlace killed or captured, and the fort about to t>? attacked by the rancheros ; the garrison was immediately under arms and prepared for defence, and so quietly was the whole done that some of the citi zens within the fort were not aware, until next morning, of an alarm having been given. It it now considered dangerous to travel between Point Isabel and Matamoras in the night, as small hands of rnncheros have been lately teen prowling about the chaparral The express rider* are required to go through by daylight, and are well armed with colt's revolving carbines and pistolf A. CivroBKiA, June, 1840. Traxxlling in California. In your paper, which sometimes winds ita way from your city to Vera Cruz, thence through the City of Palaces and anarchy to Mazatlan, thence to this the " farthest west," I often see notices of tho speed and mode of travelling from Maine to Texaa. la return, I will give Californian journey of four hundred mile*. I left the Pueblo de lot Angeles (town of the Angels) on Monday morning; our party besides the writer, waa an officer of the Civil Department of California, a captain, and the surgeon of the army, the latter fresh from Mexico, where, according to his own story, he hail rode horses of all classes lor years, still we advised him to continue on shipboard until he reachcd Monterey. With two)" la</ur rat," (or horsemen,) and tix or eight horses, we started, leaving the captain to complete the requisite number of animals from the caraliudo of his " amigna," (friendt) The first four or five milei brought tad complaints from the Doctor of a bad horse, when one of the baquerot changed with him. A few milei farther, more compiainti, and another p.hinro Tun nr thro* hntira vwIa lirniicrht pvuuimr iv una ciimme. On the 37th July, its present garrison, consisting of Major Jno.L. Gardner, Captain Wm. P. Bainbridge, 2d Lieut. Geo. W. Itaini, and Brevet 3d Lieut K. I. Porter, of the 4th Artillery, and 90 non-commissioned officers and private*, (Company F.) relieved Companie* G. and H , then under the command ef Brevet Major Harvey Brown, of the 4th Artillery. On an examination of the work loon after, it wa* found that from it* incomplete (tate, joined to the damage produced by rains, and the great extent of its intrenchmenta, it was impracticable to attempt the defence of the entire fort with such a small Sarrison. without the certain loss of the position being te result. Under these circumstances, a plan of defence was drawn up by Lieut. Geo W. Rains, formerly a member of the Corps of Kngineers, but transferred by request to the 4th Artillery, and is now actively being carried out, by modifying and strengthening the selected portion* of the work, ana when completed will probably be of sufficient strength to be maintained against a greatly superior lorce. The fort as a position, has been, and Ktill is of the first importance : its loss would in all i>robability result in the loss of the Brasos Island as well as the mouth of the river, anil the army would thus be cut off for a time altogether from its supplies ; and if occupied in force by the enemy, would necessarily put a stop to its advance, and cause a retrograde movement ior their recapture. As this result will evidentfy suggost itself to the Mexicans, it is not improbable that Point Isabel may in a short time, again become a place of thrilling interest, as involving in its destiny that of the whole aimy. The country surrounding Fort Tolk ia for scvera miles mostly a prairie, skirted by chaparral, intereper-l sed wi'h enormous ^lickly pear, and intersected here and tuviv ?// pvuus auu in^uuiis, wujcu give }>iuiareiiju? appearance to the landscape, lti* on the border of one or these, about half a mile in the southwest direction from the fort, that Major Ringgold'* grave, with iti picketed square of Mexican muaketc it seen aa a prominent ob ject in the prairie ; near his remain* ret ose many who, like himself, though of inferior station, contributed to the glory of their country by the sacrifice of their lives in defence of its honor. When the army uniier (Jen. Taylor arrived in the vicinity of Point Isabel, on its march from Corpus Christ! last March, there were several houses in the place, one of which?used as a custom house?was of considerable size, but on a nearer approach most of the buildings we re fired by the enemy anil reduced to athes , those left and which still remain in the interior of the fort, are mere hilts, made of picce* of old wrecks covered in with canes a d rushes: tl.cy are more comfortable, however, than tents, and are col lentiy preferred by those who can get them On the vt j irture of the amy for Matimoras, Brevet Major Muaroe, of the 4th artillery, was left at Point Isabel with his company, with orders to throw up a field-work for the protection of the position, as it wan to be the main depot of the army. On account of the immense importance or this post, M^jor Munroe was selected for its commander, au ortt.-er who, ?o long experience, unites every quality oi min i which can reii u? to a large farm Homo, built of "adobies," (mud brick*,) with few door* and no window*; the family, a ho*t in number, had therefore apread tome dry hilles a* a carpet in front of the houae to *un themaelvos, and say " t/uim tahf," (who knowt)to passing traveller*. Here the surgeon, who had travelled *o much, confessed himself done up, and took our advice to return to the Angela again. Thi* " rancho," (form) haa, tince our vi*it, become celebrated by the hard fought battle of General Micheltorena, who, againat the native*, with tomething like 300 on a aide, and (everal cannon*, diipnted the ground for two d*ya, and afUr teeing six horte* bite the duit in place of gra**, magnanimoualjr aurrendered to General Joae Caatro, and Fio 1'ico, eldest member of the legialature, who thu* became Governor, who kindly, at their own expense, agreed to ship him and those that appertained to him, te the place from whence he came (Hun Bias)?an American sea captain, for an obligation, payable with " prtftrencia y prinero oporlunidaitcoming into the contract, for whieh he aiterwarla took moatly German goods, at 35 per cent above market price. The mere thought of these gallant deeds and splendid contract*, have enticed me irom my roan. After detaching the surgeon from our party, and ihifting saddle* to other horie*, we proceeded on our journey, over hill anil dale, in a break neck Rait, until'ior 3 in the afternoon, when our hone* allowed symptoms of blowing, our guide and his animal had no animated Californian to urge him on. A Californian actually doe? show animation when in the saddle, (lain m nana ) and song in mouth, about three, when tumbling over a mountajnou* road, comparable only to a (light of iome thousand lione steps, "with here and there one or two broke, and then, and there, three or four mitaing. Our Californian captain with a drove of horse*, came down on u* like an avalanche We being diipirited and tired both man and beast did not hear him, until he gave our horse* repeated cuts and blowa with hia twenty yards lasso, oriiato. We brought up by hia command, aud told him we could travel V w farther, and hoped there was a rancho near by-We knew better,aa from the great eminence we had rsicaad, we could see leagues beyond u?. Hi* only T (wa will see,) and " a pit," dismount. Hia voice immediately diffused will and alacrity into our guide*, and our laddie* oil in ? trice, aad a trio* wera they ^? w/yo % = YORK, THURSDAY MOI "77 r. ~~ put on fresh horse*; when with a loud and clear" fa- 1 Munoi y otra duct fogutt,' we started down hill, putting | to shame any former run or gallop we had practised during the day, th# horses being indlflerent whether the road was steep.atony, or turnpiked. We had several new horses ahead of?a,which, on leaving the road,would bo brought in by a louu " Ho!" and crack of the " riato," the darkness ol lit* night soon made our ride more unpleaxant, but no les* swift. We passed ono rdnchero'a houM, which our captain would not atop at; languid and unwilling, I left it b?hind, and even its agora of barking curs, from the size of a cat to a call. Nine or toil o clock found us at the house of a nrimut (.cousin), where we disaiouute l. and before I could uaspurand orawl into the con i lor, all the aaddlea were laid awaf, and the whole carallado at teed, pocoy poeu. A tint-rate (Upper wan placed on the table, surrounded by a healthy, happy and rony cheeked lamilr, who, in the mean time, were preparing beds for us; in thii house we were all kuown for years, at lent by name or character; therefore the conversation waa not confined to " avertm?i y fia'm tabt," but all, at leant half, talked at a lime; ami m 1 could feel the China plant , ooxing urough my veins, I too could speak; all onded pleasantly, all slept soundly, and morning broke onus altogether too soon, when " vam*n*t" was the word. The only thing of note occurring was, that 1 gave all my tea to the suivants, expecting they might know how to use it. At supper I found It impossible to drink it, and requested seme not water to be paurod into the teapot, which was repeated two ortbree times, always finding it yet too strong; when, UMO inquiry, 1 found that my whole stock for a week's journey had been fairly boiled up, as the servant supposed the whole was for supper. They were famous for making good chocolate, but entirely too strong in the tea line. With erery bone aching, we started early, the Mptain and the guide being equally at home in a chair or on a saddle. By IS or I o'clock Tuesday, we wei* in Santa Barbara, and safely lodged in a countryman'ss house, where everything looked ahip shape and home&shion: we had now covered i'JO miles ot our journey; Wednesday morning we were on horseback, and niMtfound us 60 miles further north, at one of the'ex-miMoo*, now fast decaying, vet showing the remains of groat splendor. The missions of California were built under too supposition that they would endure for ages, and for ages would afford protection to the poor Indian. What has been the result/ After spending the tens of thousands and hundreds of thousanda left by pious people in Spain, lor the erection of missions, they are fast crumbling to the dust from which they were made, and the Indians disappearing; at this day, there are not sufficient even to clean the rooms where passengers stop in; tit* roofs ire falling in, the walla deeaying, the doors anj window* broke up for fuel. The Adrainistrador gave tu all the assistance and accommodations he could, only wanting in roturn the news of the day. Thursday night, we lodged at a decayed and ruined mission, taking supper in a hall so large, that from the table, neither end could be teen with nnr nn?r ftnrl half maH? tallnw ran.) I as- tha idintit. ing ball and ante rooms were in like proportion', everything was extensive, and had been grand; half of the houses were roollesa, the otiters hopeless, many of them occupied bv loafer*, or people who owned aome of the mission lands in the vicinity4 even those had houses of the size of palaces, once magnificent in appearance, and even now, very extensive in size. Here we had plenty of sleeping apartment), and aome little accommodation-, 'tis a sad sight to aee the rooms fermerly occupied by the good old pious Spanish Padres, now used by men who, a quarter of a ceatury ago, were not worthyHof cleaning the shoes of the Priests. Next morning our horses were missing, a* our Captain and friends had " muchos primoi" (many cousins) located here. By two in the afternoon of Friday we were ag&in on horseback. That night we encamped oa the banks of a river, in sight of a large mission, which occupied acres of land in its buildings; now the entire rooffe stripped of their tiles by farmers, for their own houses it different ranchos; the doors, windows and frames carried off, or burnt up. Here we saw a fear score of Indians, where there had been thousands. Here had been grued horses, cattle 'and sheep, too numerou^ to count. Here had been planted, and carefully cultivated, during the r< ;n of the Spanish Padres, gardens for use and for show -orchards and vineyards or the greatest < ><nt. Now leas j than 80 years) net an anima!, fruit t vine 1 irishing. With the grass tor our bod. athein lor blankets Jand a good fire to warn ott wejWpt it out until morning, dreaming of th? vi of the wild Indians. Saturday night brought u it small aitbt house, on a farm of ten leagues, 60,00 a, where we passed the night, and lost most of oui h, as we supposed, by the wild Indians. They lei. v mistake a horse apiece, for which, amidst many cui^es, we were sufficiently thankful. Sunday noon placed us in Monterey, having in six and a half days travelled over four hundred miles. Two half dajs of the time we laid by. livery morniag, on starting, 1 could hardly get on my horse, from stiffness and bruised bones. Every day, after travelling thirty or forty milea, and having every bone reknocked into its place, I was in the best of plight and humor for going on. Not one night's sleep evei brought present relief?with everything the country afforded, the beat of horses at my disposal, known by every one, and a very accommodating companion, if ( tuf. lered much pain and trouble, you may imagine the re aiiuea ui mo juurun; ui i?ir. nuuuuii uuu ui? companion* among the same kind of people. If you cannot, you may believe it if fully understood by Your * Faisano. The Army Wagons?Are Thejr Suitable for Service ? New Voix Citt, Sept. 19, 1848. Yesterday, while walking down South street, we law ome wagons, destined (as we were told,) for the army in Mexico. It appeared to us that their wheels weie smaller than they .ought to have been. Before Santa Anna left the city of Mexico, on that ill-fated expedition of his into Texas, he had some wagons made expressly for the journey?and if we recollect aright, they had wheels much larger than those of General Taylor's wagons. Kor a very obvious reason were they thus constructed. The roads in the north of Mexico, even in the dry season, are bad, very bad. But during the rainy season, (which commences in April, and ends in September.) they are little better than a vast puddle Here you may see a patch of water, almost deep enough to Hout a yacht of ten tons burthen. There, a swamp, ri vailing in the profundity of its filth, the far fanned Sertaman one- An Incident, illustrative of the wretched state of the Mexican roads, is related hy a military correspondent of one of the Sunday papers:?V>ry lately, he accompanied a detachment of troops going from .vlatamorus to Camargo; so muddy was the road in one place, that they uad to make a detour of thirty mile); such detour however i? not always practicable occasions will occur, when our army in Mexico, soldiers, wngons*?nd all, will have to march straight through a swamp. Then wiil the wagons have to do extra work; and therefore, they ought to be provided with wheels 01 an extra size. A friend of ours suggests, that, alter all, the wagons we have spoken of may not be going to Caraargo, but to some other part of Mexico. ''What if they be intended for Vera Cruz?" was the remark he made, on our mentioning the matter to him Would that this assertion of his were well founded! It was at Vera Cruz that Cortex landed, when with nine hundred men, he engaged in the boldest projects that was ever contrived by man. In our, as in Cortex's time, the most vulnerable part to the capital, i? equal, is many points, to any in Ktirope, or the United States. It ia three hundred milea in length; and it may be traversed by an army in twenty-one day a. On the road are three towna of considerable importance?Jalapa, Perote, and Puebla ?the occupation of any one of which, by our army, would aoon terminate the war?much sooner than the capture of a hundred towna in the north of Mexico. Hitherto, we have waged a "centrifugal war" with that country?a war which Burke, fifty yeara ago, denounced aa rarely, or never, productive of good remits. But, by making Vera Cruz the bnje of our military operations, we shall wage a centripetal, that ia?en efficient war. We shall carry the evils of war to the vary doors of the houites of Mexico's rulers. In holding Verm Crus, we shall holdtha key ?f the South ol Mexico. And, mark ! it is from the south that the inhabitants of the .\1cxican capital get augar, coffee, and other (what are now deeirad) necessaries of life. Much has been said tespecting the unhealthiness of Vera Cruz -more, however. than ia true. At intervals of a few vears. the vel low fever (the epidemic of the place,) rages with'un wonted virulence; whereupon, people abroad conclude that this ii the case every year Mr. J. Bleardale, com. mandor of an English merchantman, tells u? that he haa made twenty voyages to Vera Cruz, without ever losing man The fact is, the natives of Central Mexico are far more obnoxious to the attacks of yellow fever than foreigners of European extraction. The garrison of Vera Crux (consisting principally of troops from the interior of Mexico,) have suffered much from yellow fever this year ; but the mortality amongst a garrison of U. 8. troops would have been trifling in comparison. Political Intelligence. The Union says that letters from Florida leavo no doubt of the election of Mr. Kain, the democratic candidate for Congress, by a handsome majority, A Liberty and Independent Democratic Convention, at Newmarket, N. II., on the lath inst., at which Joseph Cilley. Senator in Congress, presided, among other resolutions passe 1 one, presenting "to the people of the United States, with feelings ot pride and pleasure, the name of John P. llalc, as a candidate for the Presidency in 1848." Varieties. On Monday night, about 10 o'clock, as the steam propeller boat Express was making her trip from Baltimore, and while coming up mt river. sne run uo? n a ihjbi cuutaining load ol peaches and four men, two of whom were drowned. Tne other two were saved through the exertioni made by the crew of the Kxpress. The Ifrw Orlram Picayune says thet but two case* of yellow fever have yet appeared in that city followed by death, aad that there are but two *ick at present in " the hospital. Ai we laid before, there if very little proapeot of there being more than a few scattering case* thie season, ai the general health of the city continuei good.' News from Jamaica.?By the arrival, yeiterday, of the Olive and Klizn, Capt. Weeks, which nailed from Kingston on the 4th instant, wo have papers up to that date. They exhibit but a very meagre show of local intelligence Kingston has been lately visited by two severe thunderstorms, which did a great deal of damage to certain buildings, where the electric fluid descended! The rain fell in a deluge, swelling the gullies and ditches to a degree seldom seen; a Mrs. Waters lost h?r life, being awept,away by a torrent of water into which a|ie had incautiously gone. Many curious phenomena occurred on this occasion, such as tha lightning shivering the blade* of swords in their scabbard*, escaping by a small hole, drilled, a* it were, for the purpoie, at one and. Kvery thing wai drooping under the influence of ttie excessive heat Thermometer 09, Karaoheit, in tta ihale ? N. O. Com. Tim** RK I tNING, SEPTEMBER 24

ADDITIONAL FROM MEXICD. NAVAL INTELLiaENCS. Ac. Ac. die. [From the Now Orleani I'i-ayune, Sept. IS] We learn by our private correipondence from Penaacola, that tho IJ. 8. (teamor Princeton arrived there on Kridav. the 11th in?t . in four aud a half day* from Vera Crnz Lieut Purviance. of the Aug sh'p Cumberland, came passenger on the Princeton. being the bearer of important despatches from Mexico for the government at Washington. Those despatches were understood to he replies irom the Mexican government to tho overture* of the Secretary of Statu, which left Washington on the 27th of July Lieut Purviance wm immediately landed lrom the 1'rincetoii,and ptoceeded on his journey to Washington. The Princeton had scarcely net Lieut Purviance ashore before ahe lec.eived on board Lieut Hunter, of the navy He proceed* at once on the Princeton to Chagres, bearing despatches from the government to Commodore Sloat. According to our correspondent, the purport of these despatches is to countermand those so recently sent forward from New York by t'ommodore Nicholson, in the ateam schooner Vixe n. Lieut. Hucter has orders to proceed until lie overtakes the former. The Commodore'* despatches are supposed to breathe " war to the knife"against Mexico, but those of Hunter, "peace to this bosom"?so writes our correspondent. The Princeton proceeded with all speed to lay in a supply of coal, and would leave Pensacola on Saturday last, the l'Jth instant. The Princeton brings word that the squadron has seized a vossel from the north of Europe, which attempted to violate the blockade, and sent her a prize into this port When she tint attempted to enter Vera Cruz, she was warned off by one of the ships of the squadron, and appeared to comply with the intimation given her. Twentv four hours after she reappeared and attempted to ran the blockade, but was cut off and seized by the Somers, Capt. Graham. This time she sought to avoid the nenaity of her offence by the pretext that she was short of water; but, upon being searched, she was found to have a supply sufficient for twelve day*. A prize crew was at once put on hoard under command of Lieut. Berryman, and the vessel sent to this port. The crew of the prize were Disced on board the Princeton and sent to Pensacola ? The cargo thus seized is very valuable, and estimated at $90,000. As the Princeton left Vera Cruz, the encountered the ?team schooner Spitfire, off the port, with Commodore Perrv on board. As thi* was on the 6th init., and the Spitfire tailed from New York on the evening of the 20th ult., her voyage ha* proved her to be a very fine sailer. But let us come to matters purely Mexican. Oen. Santa Anna is aaid to have reached the city of Mexico, but he had not entered ostensibly upon the discharge of the functions of President Oen. Salat still remained at the head of afl'tiirt, surrounded by the following Cabinet: Oen. Almonte, Minister of Wtr, Senor Itejon, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Senor Gomez Farias, of Finances, and Senor Pacheeo of Justice and Public Instruction. We give this organization of tho Cabinet upon the authority of Lieut. Purviance.to whose courtesy we are indebted for other information. Oen. Santa Anna is represented by our correspondent to be busily engaged in the organization of affairs at the capital, which he found in the utmost confusion. He acts, however, through his agents, prole using to entertain insuperable objections to assuming the presidency without seme formal provision for sucn purpose by law or a new constitution. A Congress hat been summoned for the first of December but liy what authority we do not learn. All the various pronunciamentot had, however, declared for a Congress early in December. Speculations were indulged in in the squadron as to the tenor of the reply of the Mexican government to Mr. Buchanan's despatch, but tlioy amount to nothing more than idle conjecture. The Mexicans, in conversation, say, that if the ' 'nited States will withdraw their troops from the Mexian territory, and again order the squadron to retire from Vera Cruz, they will assent to terms of peace ! Tl Ian hut been suggested by the Mexican!, of exciian., Commander Carpender, of the Truxton, for Oen I.a Vega. We hear not word mora ofthe circumitant.cs of thu surrender of the commander and crow of that iU-fated vessel. [Cor. of the Mobile Herald.] UFF I'KHIACOLA, Sept. 19, 1S40. I have barely time to (crawl you a few lines and send them back by the pilot We left this evening about 8,% o'clock, direct for tchagres, on the Isthmus of Darion, taking out Lieut. Lee as bearer o( despatches to the I'acilio squadren. You will remember we arrived here on the 11th instant, anl have proviiioned, watered, taken in 200 ton* of coal, and got underway again in two (toys?a thing 1 believe unprecedented in our naval annals. Onr instructions are to carnr Lieut Lee to Chagres, whence he will cross in two days to Panama, deliver hif despatches to Cantain Nicholson and return immediately, should he find him there; but should he have left, he is take followed until found, in which case Lieut Lee will write back at once ; the Princeton re maining at Chagrae until ha returns in person, or communicates by letter, after which the ship returns again to I'ensacola. The object ol the great expedition used in Retting the Trinceton ready and at aea in two days, is to get our do spatches to the Pacific squadron before those carried out by the steamer Spitfire, can be acted upon. The present instructions being as pacific W the former ones were hostile. U. 8. Steamship Pai.icKTorr, at Pshiacola, ) September 11, 1046. f The steamship Princeton arrived off the bar laat evening at 6 o'ulock, and came in to anchor this morning off ' the navy yard. She brings Mr. Purviance 1st Lieutenant of the Cumberland, as bearer of despatches. She left Vera Craz on the tith, at noon, having made the passage in four davs inclusive ol three stoppages. The despatches are conjectured to be of importance, and probably contain Santa Anna'* proposal* tor peace. The Princeton had the misfortune to lose a man named We land on the passage ; he Tell from the lore rigging, and although the life buoys were insiantly cut away .the engine hacked and boat lowered, all waa in vaiu, ha was seen to rite once and no more. After a fruitless march the ship held on her way The performance ol the iteamer during tho trip has been such u to sustain her high reputation, and that of the officers commanding her. Upon her departure from Veia Cruz, there were left the cutter Forward and echr Flirt, blockading that port. The Cumberland St. Mary'*, Homers, and the three gun boats Bonita, Kerfer, and Petrel, lay at anchor ofl' Point Antonio de Lizardo. about 10 miles southward of Vera Cruz. All remuiued quiet The Kaglish frigate t ndymion, aloop Rote, and brig Daring, lay at Saciificioi. The other foreign vessels at that anchorage w ere the Spanish frigate Christina, brig Lavinia, and a small armed brigantine. The French brig I<a Parouse waa the only vessel of that nation there. The solitary prize taken during the present or rather late hostilities, has been the brig Nayade, of Hamburg, by the Somer*. Her captain say* he wa* forced to make the coast in distress for want of water; at present,however, she i* detained as a prize. Her mate and *everalofher crew took passage in the Princeton, and are now in Pensacola. She had been previously warned off the coast, and wa* found with the warning endorsed on her papers. Nothing can save her but proof of being in distress for water, and the Mexican coast the only' land she could make. She was loaded with silks and other valuables, and her whole worth i* valued at (180,000. Pknsacola, September 11,1848.?The steamship Princeton arrived thii morning, four days from Vera Cruz. She brings with her the answer of the Mexican Government to the proposition recently made by ui for the adjustment of our diSlcultiei. The content* of the decpatches are of course urtknown, but as a reply was instantly given, it is supposed to be unfavorable. Lieut, furviance, 1st of the Cumberland, goes to Washington as bearer of despatohes. The Princeton left at Vera Cruz the flag ship Cumberland, sloop of war St. Mary's, brig Homers, and the three schoonets Boneta, Tetiel and Reefer. The scurvy had made its appearance on board the St. Mary's. The rest of the squadron in health. An Knglish and French squadron were at anchor under Hacrificios. The frigate Potomac arrived at Pensacela on the Kth inst, nine day* from Vera Cruz, with over a hundred cases of scurvy on board. The Haritan and Mississippi will sail with the first wind to rejoin the Commodore. The former ship has almost a new crew, and new set of officers. P. 8. A flag of truce was sent down to Commodore Conner, offering to exchange Commander Carpender, his officers and men, far General Vega and the three officers taken with him. The proposition was refused. Thk Dumwru; of thk Thuiton.?I am very sure you will not refuse insertion for tho following extracts from my friend and parishioner, Commander Engl*, it is well known that when the report of the disaster to the Truxton reached the Commodore, at Vera Cruz, he despatched the Triuceton to ker relief. My extracts ~ i ki. .i ik. D.F Hivamii>r, September 16, 1840. " I itood in, and anchored in Ave fathom* water; a* cloie ai I could approach with aafetv, and where I conld tend a ihot through and through her, and throw my I shell* on ahore, if nececiary. 1 immediately lent Lieut. Bogga on shore with a flag ot truce. He cro??ed the Bar of Tuapan through a aurf that would cauae the atouteat heart to quiver; attimea, hit boat waa almoat on end. Still, by hia guidance, ahe croaaed it like a duck. ' | directed Bogga to Inform the commanding officer on ahore, that I would permit no ona to riait the brig, until my boata had been on board; and that if he fired on them, 1 would land and attack him. Bogga then pulled for the brig. The aurf waa ao high he could not get on board, to he returned to the ahip. That night, the wind blew, it itormed and rained. Next morning I took a boat, went in, and examined the Bar, aounded round and about it, and found the aurf too high to aend the boata.? Towarda midday, it cleared up. The awell went down, and the aurf appeared leaa angry. At the detire of the offlcera, I manned the boata, with direction*, if there waa the leaat danger, not to croaa. Our boata are firat rate, J ... I tn Tka* r.,ill./l In n-ith the boat*. I directed Lieut. Boggito lead, Lieut. Kowtu to follow, and rait Midihipman utile* to remain at the outer edge o< the *urf, to aiai*t in caM of accident to the i-rotaing boat*. Tlio boat* r.loied, and the officer* oolimited at tho entrance of the turf. Lieut, Bogg* laid, ' I cancroa*!' Lieut. Row an aaid ' I'll follow !' I was in the muen top. M* gla<* kii on Lieut. Bogp*. At timea, hi* boat couidnot )>o reen. Need I tell you of the anxiety that I felt at thut moment ? In an inttant, an officer, at my right, cried out, ' Rowan if capeized V lli* boat Wa* (truck by a tea on the larboard quarter, and broached. Another *ea and another knocked her over, ami over, and orer; and once I looked on all a* lo*t; for few men e*eepe a capaixe in a iiurf. 1 knew, by examination, that the current in the river wa* utrong enough to carry out a boa'. Kor thu reaion, I had eent the third boat, to lie at the edge of the turf. The man clung to the boat At the flrat roll, ?ome were caught under her. Lieut Rowan cheered hi? men, and one of them in particular aaaUted turn. They drifted out. 1 saw them reI 3ERA , 1846. ceiling aid from the third boat. 1 manned other boat*, and sent them to their a*aiita?ce. " Well, now, the (question, " who were lattf 1 w*? in great distrei*. To lute men in a lair light U expected; but to lota them by mrl aud iharka ii horrible 1 acuta amall boat, and directed the officer, in cate Rowan waa aul'e, to pull olfhii hit and cheer: if all were aafe, to throw up both hands. Could th?re be a nobler aiglit, than a gallant officer, with hat oft*, and anus extended to heaven, aa a signal ofs?f>ty, informing hia ahipmatea, at the ditUnce of i mile and a half, that all were aale ' My heart was not in my bodv. It wan in my neck, anil choklag ve. I lay down in the top, till I recovered myself? Our yards, rigging anil top, were full of men, aileut aa death, until 1 nave lb? word, 'all are safe ' tio.l only knows how, for some of them could not swim. The ?urf was so high tliat the third cutter could not go to them, hut lia.l to wait till the current drovu the boat and crew through it, seaward. There were sixiaeu on ho ir.i cach boat " And where is Boggs all this timer lie got safely througn, but before lie could get his boat seaward he was within iiistoi shot ct about Ufty men, with muskets ready to receive him. ' Wherois the white llag I' said he ? search was made, hut none to be found. ' Who has a white shirt P Our sailois dress in blue. ' 1 have,' said the boatswain, who stands about six leet two inches, built in proportion, a splendid looking fellow. In a moment, a fathom of it was streaming from a boat hook. I Bogga pulled up boldly, and jumped ashore, shook hanJs with the officer, and told him he came by the order of the Captain, to thank him for his kindness to the crew of the Truxton; and to say to him, that ho would not fire on shore, unless he fired on us-, if he did, he would land and go to Tuspan, a town six miles up the river. Boggs then pulled for the brig, but could not board her, so he returned to the ship. The officer on shore told him, that he thought three boats were rather too many to come on shore with a flag of truce 80 1 thought myself, particularly, as each boat had 3'J pistols, 10 bowie knives, and lt> carbine* on board. " The naxt day, at meridian, 1 sent two boats, under cemmand ef Lieut Boggs, with directions to board the brig : and, if she was not bilged, to sand down, and throw overboard, her yards, for us to pick up, as they floated out, and then to set her on fire. lie took thrae eight-inch shells with him. At 3 P. M , on the 33d of August, she was fired from stem to starn. A more beautiful sight 1 never saw. When tho shells burst which wera below deck, the splinters flew, and the flames increased. After an hour or so, away goes the main and maintopmast, headlong into the foaming surf '. Then all eyes were on the foremast, which hung on for upward* or au hour longer, when it followed. Kine spars which had aniited in bringing the remaiu) of the gallant l'orter from a Mahometan to a Chriiitian country; to roit there, under the flag he had fought for ao nobly." Captain C a r r cni>k r.?Accounts have been received at the Navy Department from Commander Carpender as late as August 24th. He was then at Tuspan, and with his officers and crew, was in good health. He writes:? j " The people here contiuue their kindness to us, and the men are furnished with as good (fuarters as the place affords." His disaster did not result, as some have supposed, from any misplaced confidence in the Scotch captain, whom he had on board, but from the peculiar character of tho coast. Ho first anchored olt' the bar, in fire fathoms water. Intending to send in his boats the next morning, he desired to get nearer shore for their protection, and found that he might safely anchor in three and a half fathoms. In attempting to drop the brig into that water, (under a gib and s|?nker,) she was lost. He was on the forecastle looking out, with the lead heaving constantly. " Deep four" having been called, be supposed the next cast would give him the desired soundings; instead of which, "quarter less three'' was called. Instantly seeing his peril, he erdered the sails to b* loosed, to back her oil' The main topsail was hoisted, and aback, when she struck. The sails were then taken in, the weather anchor dropped, the vessel llgnuneu ny mrowing overuuaru iuui auu |iuui|'iuB water; and the large kedge was got out astern for the purpose of keeping her from forging ahead. But thcae and all other effort* failed ; and the boat* were unable to live in the surf alongside The launch was itove by the force of the hreakeri. The two cutter* were with Lieutf. Hunter and Berryman. Thus lituated, with no chance to save the vessel?exposed to tho element!, and with a prospect of destruction to all in case gale, or even a heavy squall came on?he receivod a message from the shore offering them assistance, if he would surrender with his officers, men and vessel. He reltis'd at that time to surrender the vessel, but the following day felt himself compelled to accept the otl'er.- Union, Sept. 33. U. S. Brio Washington?Further Particulars.?By slips received Inst evening, from the Norfolk papers, we are enabled to give more minute particulars of this melancholy event, and as the public are painfully interested, we publish below, all the different accounts received. U. 8. Stkamek Emoinkkk, Sept. 23d. We have just returned from a cruise from beyond the Capes -, yesterday, 10 miles to the South of Tape Henry, hoarded the brig J. Peterson, Wilson, from Wilmington, N.C. bound to N. York, and making for Hampton Roads for a harbor. CapL W. furnished us with the lollowing interesting particulars respecting the U. 8. brig Washington. In the late gale of tne 7th inst., in sight ot Smith's Island, the Washington was knocked down on her beam ends ; dismasted?had her deck swept; lost the poop deck, her guns and boats, and had 2s men washed overboard, 13 of whom were drowned. He first descried the IV nn (h* I-2th inat : rnlnr nninn down ran to her assist line* ; wan requested to lay by her, which he did lor the space of four days, having in the interim supplied hei with spars and cable and anchor. In the gate of the night of the lath, both vessels were hove to, and on the succeeding day, the Washington was lost light of :JO miles to the north of Hatterai, making efforts to reach Cape Henry. A bark has since reported, that on yesterday she was standing to the south, which report Capt. W does not accredit Steamer Palmetto, for Brasos. with army stores, supplied the Washington with a small boat capable of holding three or four men. Yours, tic P. 8?Since we received the foregoing, w* hare conversed with Capt. Wilson, who informs us that Lieut Bache, commanding, was washed overboard on the 7th, along with the poop deck, and lost. This information may lie relied on,as Capt. W lay by the brig 3 or 4 days, sod was frrqtMaUy on board alter the sad catastrophe The following letter from Capt. folk, has beta jiolitely handed us by the Collector : R Sena Maooo*, / HAMpreisfltuiDS, Sept 18, ) Dkar Sir?I arrived here last night with dismasted brig Ethurian, bound to Texas, with munitions of war ; we took in tow :id miles south of the Capes. I herewith enclose an extract from our journal: some iteml of news may possibly be gleaned from it, of which you will be the best judge. We were s|>oken, yesterday, by the pilot boat Boston, and I was inlormed by a pilot of tbe name of Lewis, that he had been, on the day before, aboard the brig Washington, about 70 miles to the north of the Cape, under jury masts, standing to the east north-east. Lewis offered tho services of the pilot boat to assist the brig in, but his services were declined, with a request to report him. It will be very satisfactory to Capt. Bach's I friends, and to the friends of others on board to know that the vessel is not considered in dan ger by the Commander. Our veifel muit have been somewhat (trained by towing that brig yesterday ; we were perfectly tight before, but found in her considerabla water. Everything off the Capei had got in lait night : hut there ia no dismasted vessels except the Washington, and ibe would have been in early yesterday. had ihe accepted the service! of tho pilot boat. I shall send this by the first opportunity that may occur. I am very respectfully, your obedient servant, WM. W. rOLK. Brig J. Teterson has arrived in Hampton Roads, and the captain reporta that among the number of the drowned, was Lieut. Bache, Commander of the Washington. Capt. Wilson, of the Peterson, had entered into agreement with Lieut John Hall, the next officer in command of the Waahinrton, after the death of Lieut Bache, to take the wreck into port, for the consideration of fiAOO, if effected in seven nays, and $ AO per day for every day thereafter. The agreement is signed by Lieut. Hunter, and witnessed by Lieut. Kobert Mteinbal, and Midshipman H Barbor?so that their friends are thus assured of their safety up to the time they were parted from the J. Peterson. The Kngineerjwas started back this morning to look after the Washington, aa soon aa she could take in a supply of fuel. Much credit is due to Mr. Olmsted, of the Kngineer, for the promptness and alacrity with which he has plied his little steamer in aiding distressed vessels, an arduous work, in which he haa been incessantly employed for nearly a week. Civil War In the Welt. KiraTHi* rioM N*uvoo.?The 8t. Louis Rrpvklicnn of the 16th inst haa received information from Hancock, relative to the contending parties, down to the 13th inat. It was arranged at the Anti-Mormon camp that there ihould be no Aght on that day?Buaday?the Antiea intending to wait for ammunition from Quiney. Inlets tin re was a compromise, hostilities were probably recommenced on Monday laat. Seven Anti-Mormons were wounded in the laat engagement, and the wonder ia, how ao many ahota could be fired without doing greater execution. The small anna are aaid to hare made vary pietty muaic for half an hour. There must hare been more than a thousand ahota fired. The oaaailanta fought much mora bravely than mi litia usually do, and stood their ground well. Thay did not retreat an inch. The Monnona fought with equal desperation, withstanding all aorta of misailea shot trom the cannon of the enemy. Col. Brockman, commander of the Anti-Mormon forces, is a Campbellite preacher, and it was expected that he would give his men a sermon laat Monday. He did so on the previous Sabbath. A letter received at the office of the Rrpublican gives quite a different version from that previously reported ; aa do the statements of Mr. Parker, of that city, who was at Nauvoo during the engagement, and who brought several documents which he procured from Mr. Wood, the Mayor of Quiney. Mr. Parker witnessed tho fights from tho dome of the temple, and his etatemcnts, as to the Mormon side of the conflict, may be relied upon. At 13 o'clock, M , on the llth, the latter saya, "the Anti-Mormon army took up its line of march towards NauvooJ There were Afty-two platoons of footmen, averaging nine in each platoon, one hundred horecmen, and aeventy-flve artillery men, besides from one hundred and fifty to two hundred in wagons, making, including officer!, upwards of eight hundred men. They approachea to within two milee of the temple : they were fired upon at their advance and llank guards by the Mormons, from a corn field The fire was returned by the anties, first with small ?rms, and afterwards a cannon,charged with grape shot, waadischarg d into the field. Squads of Mormons wart, afterwards aeen at various points, and were suuceasively driven by the fire of the cannon, until the anties halted within a mile of the turpi* The Mormon* occasionally ftred ^ 'M, LD. Prlc* Two C?du. cannon, but without effect. The only artillery of the Mormons are fome cannons they manufactured them elves out of the shafts of ateamboats, which poorly an wer the purpose thev were intended for, and will give the anties Kraut advantage over them, at they have five first|rato six-pounders I do not know certainly whether blood whs spilled yesterday or not?the antiea claim to have killed several. On the side of the anties none killed or wounded The cannonading lasted three hours, during which time fifty-six (funs were fired, about sixteen ot which were tired by the Mormons. It was reported jesterday, by persona direct from Nnuvoo.that tljo Vormons had been reinforced, and were eight hundred etioiig It wis also reported that they ha t imprisoned alt the new citizena, who refused to fight for them, in t'.ie teuiple Neither of these stories war* r.r*t itf il lr P .iker *.'\ % that in the light of the eveniug of the llth. mentioned t.y our correaliondent above, there were only two Mormons injure J ?Oue John I' ( ampbrll, wm wounded in the heel by a ball which itiuck the ground, unit kUncini{. tore aws\ the back part of hia foot. Ano, ther. Benjamin Whiteside*. wounded in the knee | On Kriday morning, Col Brocknian. Commander of the ! ami-Mormon lorcea, neat a letter demanding a iui lender, arini to be given up, free liberty to enter the city, and the Mormon* all to leave within thirty day*. Mr. Clifford, Commander of the Mormon force*, refuted to comply with such condition*, and on tbe lith, the light waa renewed Another letter says of thi? i utile " Kiom one hundred ami eighty to two hundred shots were fired from tbe cannon* of both side* Those from the Mormons were entirely harmless, not a man or horae was injured by them, though they whistled pant at almost every tire. The fire of the anties raked the city, rattling and craihing through thole temporary Mormon building*, but whether thoy did any execution upon lile, I could not learn. The engagement with Bmall arm* laited about half ait hour. The Mormon* were entrenched in the houae*, and had greatly the advantage of the Antie*, who had to fire from an expoaed position. Both partiea fought well. The Mormons .retreating as the cannons of the Anties advanced, until tho cannon balls of the latter were exhausted, when they retreated in good order back to their csmu." The Mormons had a species of gun they manufactured I hemselves,which they call.sixteen shooters, and which will discharge sixteen times, without reloading. At a hort distance they are very effective, and give tne Mormons a great advantage over their enemies. The Hrpublican adds the following:?During Kriday night, the Mormons threw up entrenchments acrosa three of the principal streets leading into Nauvoo?the one immediately north of the Temple, the one south of it, and the one south of that?and then stationed their men in a grove of timber, about half a mile beyond their entrenchments. The Anti-Mormons divided their forces, one portion being detached up the river towards the northern part of the city, and the other towards the lower or southern part, to a street not entrenched or defended. Upon this movement being made to the southern part of the city, a J>uruuu vi mu iviurnioui, wiui uue ur iw? I'jotva u> vui* ery, (lying from house to house, defiled down and defended thii fourth ftreet, by which it waa ivppoied the Antiei intended to enter the city. The Are of cannen and ?mall arms was kept up 10 vigorously by the Antief, until the balls for their cannon having become nearly exhausted, thoy withdrew the infantry portion of their forces, leaving their cannon and a guard upon the ground they had occupied on their first advance. The detachment to the northern part of the city, aftor making a demonstration in that quarter, returned to their encampment. The Anti-Mormons. it is stated, marched boldly up in front of the Mormon liue, under the fire of their cannon, and formed regularly into line. During the engagement of Saturday, on the Mormon aide, CapL Anderson waa killed by a muaket ball, which struck him in the neck. His son, a boy of about fourteen years of age, waa killed by a six-pound shot, which struck him just below the arm. A man named Norris ? as also killed by a similar ahot, which struck his shoulder, carrying away the upper part of his fcody. Two|or three others were wounded on the side of the Mormons, by shots from small arms. Our informant states that thirty-three cannon shots were fired by the Mormons, and fortv-four by the Anties. The action commenced about 1 o'clock, and lasted nearly an hour; the latter part of it was maintained principally by small arms. At six P. M. all was quiet. The Anties had sent to Quincy for a supply of ammunition and cannon balls, and had made provision to cast balls in their camp. It is probable the conflict would not be renewed until to-day, aa the Antiea would await the return of the messengers from t^uiucy and elsewhere. The Mormon force is estimated at from five hundred to six hundred, but our informant states that they have very little ammunition, and are almost entirely destitute of provisions. He thinks that their destitution of provisions and ammunitions must yet render them an easy conquest, although many of them, men and women, swear they will die on the soil before they will be driven sway. His description of the scenes ol distress and nlarm to be witnessed in the city is truly appalling. Women and children frantically running in the streets, with their husbands in the field, and they without home or refuge from the storm In many cases the balls fired by the Anties are gathered up by the womau, and carried to tho Mormon camp to be used again. Huch of the women and childien as can, have crossed the river to Montrose. Many of the new ciluens have also gone over. Those who remain, it ia thought, will sell their lives dearly. It is stated by some of the Mormon leaders, that they havo a mine laid in the streets, by which they hope to ettect great destruction of the Antiea if they gain an entrance into the city. VVe havo thrown together all the facta we have been able to collect The affair haa but commenced, and our knowledge of those engaged on the side of the Antias, whatever may be said ot the correctness of their proceedings, warrants us in the expression of the belief that it will not cease until the Mormons are expelled. DANG NG ACADEMY. BHAKSPEARE HOTEL, cor?kk or DI-ake AND William Stikiti. MR. O. ROBERTSON. iu announcing to hi* friends tad the public, that tin Classes for ihr tuition of Dsncing will re open at the abov* rooms on Wednesday, Sept. loth, akes the opportunity of returuiug hit noil sincere thanks to hit lite natrons for their very liberal encouragetneut, and re-ptcifulfy anuouuces that he will introduce in hi? Academy tin* season, annua new ?nd fashionable dances with the uvurne Polka., Miiu lit aud Polka quadrille*, the graceful tnd inch admired Kedowa, * ith Mazurka ana other *t)l?* il w.ltziug; laucy dancing, kc. Da>a of tuition. Weduasl*V* and -aiudiys Moor* of attendance lor ladies, Misses > id Matter*, from 3 to 8 P >1.; Gentlemen from 8 to 10 in the evening. Asseinblie* will lake pl.ee *ea>i-mouihi>, commencing Nor 4. Mr. ft woald al*o announce that he will kit* private instructions to napi'* or in claa*??, at *emin>riaa or at their residence*, or at Mr. H.'a privatr Academy. 82 Canal street. Mr. R's claa* at the Lyceum, Jersey City, will open on Thursday, October 1st. f >r more particular information, please apply at hi* reiidence.lt Canal street. *18 lm'rc DANCING ACADEMY. NORTHERN EXCBANOE, *73 BLEECKERSTREET. MR. O ROBERTSON, in returning hi* mo*t sincere thank* to Ins friends and the public for the liberal patroaige bestowed on him last season desire*, mo*t respectfully, to aiinoance that In* classes for the Tuition of Danciaf will open at ihe above room* on Fridav, October 2d, when he will have the pleasure of introducing various new and fa*hioa*bla Dance*, tne lavorite Polkas, the Mazourka and other styles of Waltzing, Mazourka and Polka Uuadrille*, and the beautiful and much admired Hedowa Waltz, Fancy Dancing, lie.?. Day* of tuition, Teusdav* and IFridays ; hours of attendance for Ladies, Mia*c* and Masters, from i to 6 P. M.; Gentlemen from 8 to 10 evening. Assemblie* will take place *emimonthlv, commencing Nov. td. Instruction* wilt be given to pupil* privately or in claise*, at aeminariea, or at their residences, and at tne class reom, or at Mr. R.'s private academy, 82 Canal street. The above room*, during the *ummer, have been greatly improved, painted, decorated, aad the floor ha* been all laid anew; miking it equal to any room in tha city. Mr. R. would alao inform parent* who may place thair children under hi* charge, that even' attention will be paid to their proper instruction and comfort while at ecbooi. For further particulars,apply at the class room, or at Mr. R. s residence, 82 Canal street. *18 lm*re WINDOW SHADE DEPOT, No. 7 8PRUCE STREET ESTABLISHED If! 1(40. WHOLESALE AND RE JAIL. ^ B7nt?I?r than tu bp boncht at any other place. Trimming at manufacturers' pricea. Signs, Manners, and Interior Decorations done in a styla not to be surpassed. BARTOL It OKMbBCK, snI7 m*? Maanfaernrers and Iniimrtfa. jc.rrc.tv?iun insukaaol uumrAtii, Orrrca NrMWiu ?t., ormm wi>lnc?iwi' IlVUINI. THIS Compear eoattanes to inanr* Iftiirt loaa m by Vire, on dwelling hoaaM.waiahouM, bmildiegs ia gaseraj, goods, wareaaad merchandise,and every daeenptioa peraonai property; also ifUiH loaa Of <wm by lalaad at| Tigation and transportation. DIRECTORS. Thomas W. Thorae, Klisha Rims, Thomaa T. Woodruff, Anson Baker, K R. Robaoa, M. D. Joseph Drake, Thomson Price, Joseph Allen, Moses Tucker, James K. Holmes, John R. Dansoa, John F. Mora, John H. Ldta, William K. TTiora, Caleb C. Tana, Thomas MorreU, Krancia F Race, Kugene Bogart, JohajU. Marritt, Robert Smith. THOMAS W. THORNJtTFrssidsal. OKO. T. Horn. (Weretarr f lBV.fi A I . BOOKS, at the Beacon Office, No. J Kranklin LA aqoare, Pe?l street. New editions of the works of Thomas Paine, Voltaire's D.ct.oosry, Strao. tH* t-hnet, Volney's Ruins (a good edition). Vale ? Life ol T. Paine,the Works of Mr. Owen and Or Ho^if h, Palmer s PrinWe* of Nature, Shelley's Queen M?b Le ( >wenr, Kmm:Mania. Three impostors (carious book), the Veits#es ol -reauoo, New Traata, Qnartarfy Waaena. k* ? ? ? THfc. FUBLIC. .4 ,thif "^;r .,r^'t! This M to prevent mi.ukes ia tb* minh^fthepublic. Dr. Ho Anon Heine being our family nhys 'cmn wef ?he andersigned. have taken the libeny to ^?;HAMTWIOHT. DAVIS HARRISON. 1 JOHN ELVUUBl. a a 23 Im'rre DEAFNESS CURED. tioi BROADWAY.?(KitrecO?" 1 cheerfully comply I fjO 1 with the repeat of Lient. Mrlntoah, to aute that tie I ?n? mialided home in cim?rqucore of total dofneii and ilu' charge! from the r in ; that under the treatment of D'e. t' AHTLKfc KDWAROS, Auriita, (Ml Broadway,) N. Y., he f ' covered hia heariug and h?? again returned to hit datr." Nigned H. McNEVAN, Sargeon to H B. M.'a Forcea, Jamaica. I All canei of daafneaa attended to. Acouatic Oror>< for tale. A tore cnre for incipient deaffaeaa , armng from cold, diachargea from and butting noiaaa in the e?ra. collection! of hard wai, fee. _ "17 lm?r SOLAR AND LA lib LAMPS. < rl KAN DOLLS AND TEA TRAYS. THK Hubaeriber hu jmt received lane and aplendid torment of Holar Lampe. Hall Unthowa and Oiraudo'ai, containing flrom two to twelve lighti nfipleudid nniah ; alao, for ehtirchei and ho tela, a large a??ortment oft nandeliata and .u.prnd?K Solar lampa. 'or ?lr 1 Ha ioi'm 144 Vuitoo itmt, N. V