Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 27, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 27, 1846 Page 1
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TH] Vol. XII, No. I40U.WIMI* No. ?.W4. llAIUtOAIW, ?o. LONG ISLAND KAILKOAD. FALL ARRAS OEMENT, *111 folluwi: Ltivi iliooKLTN?it 7 oVl< ok A. M. (Bo>ton trfiu) for Ureenport. d?iIV, (except Suudayi) atoppuig at KarmintCilale and at. Ororge'i Manor. " " ?#{ ? A. M.. daily,for Farmingd&ie and inter " " *t 9*< A.Si., Tueadaya. Tlinrtdaya and Sauirdny'a. for Greroport and intermediate placet,at 4 P. M., for Karmingdale, daily. LliX UaiiKroiT?atSKA. M , Mouday, YVedneaday acd Friday a, for Brookl>u. " * at IX r. M., (or on the arrival of the boat from Norwich,) Boatou traiu daily, (except Monday >,) atoiip ng at St. George'a Manor and Karmiugdale. Leave Kahmi.n<id*i.k at 6^ A. M. daily, (except Snndayi,) accommodation train, and I'? P. M. Liavr Jamaica?at ( o'clock A. M , and 2% P. M., for Brooklyn. A freight train will leave Brooklyn for Greenporr, with a paaaeugera' car attached, on Monday, Wedaeaday and Friuaya, ac 8 A.M. Returning, leave Greeuport at 1 o'clock P. M ou T?e?day, Thuraday and 8atnrd*ya, (topping at intermediate placea. SUNDAY TRAIN. Leave Brooklyn at 9 o'clock A. M.. for Greenport Returning, leave Greenpoit at 2)? P. M., for Brooklyn, atoppicg at all tiie ?t?tton?. ?17r UKr*TtCAL ANL) MA.UUN AN1> WtSlc-UiS RAIL KOAD3, OEOKOIA. T o< th?^Malil*MM^Mi(oii tin uoaa line^rom Ha vaanah to Oothcal?(a, utmna of 3T1 inilea, viz :? Savannah to Macon.,. Railroad 190 inilea Macon to Atlanta Mteaa k Weatero Railroad 101 " Atlanu to Oothealoja. VVMtarn k Atlantic " 10 " G.-oda wiM be earned from Savannah to Atlanta and Goth caloga, at the following rates, viz : On Wrioht Good*. To Jit- To OotfiSugar, Coffee Liquor, Bagging. Rope, lanta. cutoga. Batter. Cheese. Tobacco, Leather, Hidea, Cotton Yum, Cupper, Tin, Bar and Sheet Iron, Hollow Ware and Castings fO 50 $?.7S Floor, Rice, Bacon in cub or boxes, for*, Beel, Fish, Lard. Tallow, Beeswax, Mill Gearing, Pig Iron and Oriud Stone* SO SO $0 63M On MtiiuiCHUT Ooodi. Boxes of Hats, Bonnets and Furniture, per cubic loot. $0 SO $0 38 Boxes and bales of Dry Goo4a. Saddlery (ilass, Paints, Drugs and Confectionery, per cubic foot SO 20 p. 10* lbs. S5 Crockery, percubic loot..... *0 13 " " 15 Molasses and Oil, per hkd. (smaller casks in proportion :): ,%?- tnot Ploughs, (large) Cultivator*. Corn Shelters. and Straw Cutters, each 11 25 $1 50 Ploughs, (small) and Wheelbarrows... .19 80 (I 05 Salt, per Liverpool Sack (0 70 90 95 Passage. Savannah to Atlanta $10 00 Children under 12 year* of age, half price. Saviuinah to Macon, $7 00 tT?1" Oooda consigned to the Subscriber will be forwarded free of Commissions. Atlaatyor OothCUO(E. r . VriniLtli FOrwWjp JMWt| v< IV. IV 8ATAWWAH, Angnit 15. 1846. - nlS2ai?rrc REGULAR MAIL LINE FOR BOSTON. VIA NORWICH kVORCESTKR, without change nfSA 1 I I or <" without^BHHp (Zing ihenraMts st'Norwich, are iniiK^heir seats through u> Boston. This being the only inlaid route that communicates through by steamboat and railroad. Passengers by this line are aeeoaspanied through by the conductor of the train, who will hair* particular charge of their baggage, and who will otherwise give his attention to their This line leaves aouth side Pier No. 1, North River, foot of Battery Place, daily, (Sundaysexcepted) at 5 o'clock, P. M., and arrives in Boston in time to talraall the eastern trains. The new steamer ATLANTIC, Captain Dnstan, leaves every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturdays, at 5 o'clock, P. M. The steamer WORCESTER. Captain Van Pelt, leaves very Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 5 o'clock, P. M. For further information, inquire of J. H. VANDERBILT, No. t Battery Place, North River. si tf rc ~ TO WESTEK.> TKATELiLERS! mmwr a* 'T'HE Public is respeetiaji . < Yinned that the recent break J. in the Canal, caused >? tie4tte freshet, having been repaired, the PIONEER U KXrftfcSS LINE, via Railroad and Canal from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh. oommenced its regular trips lor the season on Mouday, the 6th of April, leaving thei^Depot, No. 274 Market stmt, DAILY, at 7X By this route paasetigers will avoid all the fatigue and dan tar ol nilht travelling ui coaches, both Railroads being pas* ed in day I i*ht. Kor further mfornatioa, apply at the old owablisbed Office >74 Market street, 5 doors above Eighth street. ?|>10 ?m*rrc A. a. CIIMMINOS, Agent. - BRITISH AND NOKTH AMKRII CAN ROYAL MAIL 8TEAM SHIPS, /ZjKffTMMul ISM tone and 440 horse power each, un. ^SuJuBDTder contract with the Lards of the Admiral ty. IlIBERNIA Capt. A. Ryric. CALEDONIA Capt. E. O. Lott. "Britannia capt. j. Hewitt. CAMBRIA Capt.C. H E.Judkiaa. ACADIA Capt. Win. Harrison. Will eail Irom Liverpool and Boston, via Halifax, as fellow* yraoM Boston. raoM LivcarooL. Britannia Sept. 16,1846. Cambria Sept. 4, 1846. Cambria Oct 1, Hiberuia, " 1?, Hiberuia " 1C, Caledouia Oct. 4, Caledonia Nov. 1, Britannia " 19, Passauc Mom. From Boston to Liverpool gltJ rroai uoston to MHinai... 20. No berths secured nntil paid for. These ihipi carry experienced turgeous. No freight, except specie, received on days of sailing ror freight, passage, or any other informatiou, apply to D. BKIOHAM, Jr. Agent, At H \RN D>".N ?c CO.'S, 0 Wall it. tLT" to addition to llie above line between Liverpool and Halifax, and Uoiton. a contract has been entcrei1 into with Her Maje*ty'a KoTernmeot, to estabhsh a line between Liverpool and New York direct, The steamship* for this ?ervice are now being built, and early next year due notice will be given of the time when they will *tart. Under the new contract the steimera will tail every Saturday during eight month*. and every fortnight during the other months in ihe year. Ctmng alternately between Liverpool, and Halifax aud Bo?t/v> and between Liverpool and New York. tIJ dffly jfc r. W. uVrne^THxT.'s ME W YORK JLXD LIVERPOOL EMIGRATION O FFIC E. PW. BYRNES It CO , of Liverpool, tire desirous of in forming the pabl ic of the United Statei, that they continue ro despatch a line of first class Ships and Packets to New York, on the 1st, 6th, llth, 16th. 21st and 26th of each month; and on the I2th a?d 30th for Philadelphia, and on the 8ch and 20th to Boston, and at stated periods to Baltimore: also to New Orleans during the healthy season; by any of which lines parties can engage for their Itieads to be brought out without disappointment or delay, this being the oldest and largest establishment in the passenger trade in Lnerpool, ?nd having found the importance ol a direct Agency in the United States, for the purpose of placing withiu the iwwer of the fne ds of the passengers coimog out, the immediate correspondence with a respectable establishment, from whom they can rely for attcntioh and favor towards their relations le vviug the aid country. P. W. BYRNKS St CO.offer many advantages to pasieupers which no other* have attempted, iu a direct communication br the r ships from Ire land totbs (Jlltl.1 Sta M,m they have, invariably, vessels durii g the tpnug f oin Dublin, Cork, Waterlord, Belfast and Londonderry, by which meatis emigrants are saved mocli trouble andexpense. br being shipped at their own seaport and also that of being landed in any-of the ports ol'tlte United States to which ships tra'e from Liverpool, nearly at the same cost as direct to New York. P. W. BYRNES Ic CO. have agents in all the seaport towns in Ireland, from whence steamers le?ve for Liverpool, and in many of the interior towns, who are most atteutive to ruiiK> "" riiiw?iKniiuu, buq uy niitfin any money can ue paidlhat may be repaired to procure ir.i itorei, tic. The penona whs act for ihu Company in the United 9tatea NKW YORK ?Mr. Bid ward Baal. H South, corner of Wait atreet. BOSTON?Mr. W. P. McKay, M Milk atreet. PHILAUKLFHIA?Mctara. H. C. Craig It Co., Market ^BALTIMORE?Mr. George Law >MV OKLKAN*?Mr. Johu Toole. DR4F"M *n>> hicnanor. ?Drafi? f?r auy amount, payable at*i(>it on the Provincial Bank of Ireland and all ira branches, aid al? J on all the principal towna of England and Scotland, withuutdiir. unt. For part.cular. oftenn. apply?w BVRNK8 kCQ ? so-,k. -TOr^n.;v.8NrcYo?:k 24 Im'm 3< Waterloo Road, Lirerpool. "V^rr: Koii-LTVMtr?iu. - The >*w l-iae?aegiiiar Packet of 2l?t Oet?The tnixrior, lait tailing .K??L|....rket ?hip ROOHf.STfcR, 3-lD toua ourtlien, Capt. Joh.. will ?nil %?abort, her ffinlif ?*y? ?.* rv*aaBii? Kavinv ?l*canf aim *ar?*rinr Jl-rom modation*, a* ply to "the Captain onboard, at wtatudaef Burling alio. or to _ WOODHl'LL k MINTCRN, ; South atreet. Prife o| paaiage, $100. 1 he prcact iiiip HOTTINOTTER, 1000 font. Captain Ira Bonlr., will aucceed the Hocheiter, and on her regular dev. flat Nmrmhrr aill "?mT KoK.NKW OkLLa(N? ? Lo'uiaiana and New iffVVVork Line?Regular I'acket for October >?The pHb>'w regular fait (ailing Packet alnp CHARLKMAU>K, Captain Failea, will aa above, her regular day. For freight or paaaaga apply on board at Orleana wharf, foot of Wall atreat, or to E. K. COLLINS St CO., . ? ? , 58 South at. Agent in New Orleana. Jamce ?. Woodruff, who will promptly forward all gooda to hia addreaa. Packet Ship JANk K. WILLIAMS, Parker, maater, will gucceed the Charlemagne. a2ir FOK LI VERI'OOL?To aail ihe 1st of Oc tober MIW -The aplendm new packet ahip ST. PATRICK, JKNKn Proal, matter, 1000 tona burthen, hiving a Co laidernlil. proportion of her cargo engaged, will aail aa above. F?r freight or paaaagp, haviug aplendid accomraodationa, pply on board at pier 4 North Hirer, or to e?3 to ol ?r DAVII) OODF.N. M Wallet. PASSAGE y KOM DELPAST DlrtM'T?To yvflG^nail punctually the 15th November?The a, Irmlul JaWlbnew packet ahtp OLKNMORE, Captain Michael, will aail aa above, her regular day. The aubaenber haa completed hia arrangementa to hare a regular line of firat elasa ahipa. aaling the 15th of each mouth from the above Port, thereby pieaenting the moat favorable opportunity to thoee who may feel drairoua of having their frtenda brought out from the north of Ireland. I>'ct farther particular., nleaae rply Wf by letter. poatpaid)to , JOS. MeMyKKAYi Mr. Pine aaid Sourh atreeta, or to Meeara. RICHARDSON, BROTHERS kCO., me No. 4 York atreet, B Ifiut. PACKETS FOR IIAVRf.-Seeond Line?The >WK.rifkn ahipST. NICOLAS, Captain 'Nathaniel W JHH?|Melii|h, will aail oa the let of Octaber. For freight or paaaaae apply to Ire B6yD ftHINCKEN,M Wall atfeet. E NE NE"V ?iKvir<aum, mm. \ PKOPLK'8 LINK OY STKAMKK8 KOK ALBAN1, Direct?Duly, hou<tay? excepted?at 6 o'clock, P. M. From St'ai%ho*t pter betieten Courllandt and Ijhrrty ill. >*L ?'??nbo?t KNICKERBOCKER, Oapt. A. Huoghton, will (ear* oa Monday, Wedneaday and Friday nrum|i, at o'clock. Steamboat HtNDKlK HUDSON, Capt. H. O. l.ruiundeu, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evening*. at 6 o'clock. The above boats will at all times arrive in Albany in ample time for the tcoruiug cart Tor the East and West. Fitirht taken at moderate ratei, and none takes after J o clock, P. M. All persous are forbid trnstinc any of the boat* of tiuM line, without a written order from the eaptaiua or agents. _ r wi i>.uis|r or ireigru, apj?iy on board 'Jiebonii, or 10 r. I' Hclmltx, a( Uie otfire 011 ihr wharf. , UNITED STATES MAIL LINK. At So cluck, P. M., Landing at Intermediate Place*. From Iht foot of Barclay ilrert. Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Capt.R H. Knry, will leave ou Monday, Wednesday, Kriday, aud Monday afternoona. at 5 o'clock. Steamboat SANTA CL AUH, Captain B. Overbangh, will leave 011 Tuesday, Thursday aod Saturday afternoons, at 5 o'clock. Apply on board, or at the office on the wharf. *2lrc TO TRAVELLERS GOINU SOUTH. NKW AND MOST AGREEABLE LINE TO Frtdrrickiburgh, Richmond, Peterthurgh, Va ; Lynchbwgh, Raleigh, Written, JV. C; and Charleston, S C. ,?a THK PUBLIC are informed that lite new ft^.???JTTie?nl <plet>did low pressure steamer MOUNT jCmJCSSLVEHNON, connecting with the Great Mail Line at ACi|Uie Cieek, leaves Commerce aireet wharf, Baltimore, every Tuesday and Friday eveiing, at 6 P. M., for the above pointa. Through Tickeu to Richmond St M ' " to Petersburg 4 " 14 to Welden, N. C 7 00 " " to Cliarle ton, 8 C ...19UU Being at the lame price, more direct and expeditious. and much more ci|pkin than the <'hesnpeike B w and J?mei River bteamboat Line, all tlie wide and rough pnrtinn of the Bay, between the mouth of the Potomac and Old Point Comfort, being entirely avoided by thia Line. Travellers are adviaed that the Line hereby advertised is p?rt and P reel of the Great Mail Line th:ougli Virginia, and that it is the intention of the Companies composing the Great Mail Line that passengers shall be conveyed by them in con nection with the Mount Vernou, always n cheaply ai by any any other Hue, and with more catnlort, expedition ana certainty, thin by any other Line except the Line via Washington. For further particular* enquire at the Southern Railroad office, Pmtt *t., Baltimore. of STOCKTON St FALLS, or at the Commerce at. wharf, or on Tuesdays and Friday* on board the Mount Vernon, of C. W. OI'NNEL, Captain. N. B.?Traveller* by the above Line will bear in mind that they have two hours more iu Baltimore thau passengers by the Chesapeake Bay ai.d lamea Kiver boats, and yet reach any point South ol' Petersburg at the same time with these last, even when there is no breach of connection by the Bay Line. sit lm*rc NOTlCfc. TROY EVENING LINE. HOUR CHANGED. j0t ON and after TUESDAY, September IS, ^^0559*3^ the low preasure steamboat KM PI K E, Capt. B Mtcy, vill leave the steamboat pier at the foot of Courtlaudt street, at S o'clock, F. M., instead ol 7 P. M. as her-tofore >14 r KUrt M'Al'ENlft.ANiI jMQ jf ON and after TUESDAY, the 15th day of September inst, the boat will run as follows: "mi mfiiifl. Leal c Stateu Island at <, I, 10, IS A. M. and 2, 4. a- d 6 P. M. L'ave New Vork at 7, 9,11 A. M. and 1, 3, 5, nnd 7 P. M. All freight at the risk of the owners thereof. sM r jMM INDEPENDENT MORNING LINE AT CEmS&Bf O'CLOCK.?FOR ALBANY from the lK^9BQHL*teamboat pier at the pier foot ef Warren street. Passage $1 SO. Touching at the foot of Hammond st. Breakfast and diuner provided on board. The swift and mxgiuliceut steamer IRON WITCH .commauded by Capt. Stephen R. Roe, leaves New York, Tuesday, Thursday *ud Saturday. Leave* Albany, Monday, Wednesday and Friday. Landinir at Van Cnnrtlandu. Wnar point, Newburgh, Milton, Po'keepaie, Hyde Park, Kiugston, Catskill, Hudson. au&rc opposrnuN morning line at 6* o'clock for albany Landing at Hammond street, Van Cortlandt's (Peek tit ill) Cold Spring. Newburgh, New Hainburuh. Milton, Poughkeepsie, Hyde Park, Kingston, Upper lieu Hook, Bristol, Catskill, Hudson, and Cotsackie. Passage, One Dollar. j|| THE new and fast-sailing low-pressure METAMORA, Capt. P. H. Smith, 3Bmi3IE3l.wiI1 leave 'he pier foot of Warren street on Mouday, Wednesday and Friday, at 6)^ oVlock, A. M. Re turning, leave Albany on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Passengers taking this boat will arrive in Albany in time for the cars going North and West. Breaklast and Dinner on board. Fare to Van Cortlandt's Dock, 25 cents; PougUkeepsie, 50; Hudson. 75; Albany, >1. si lm r REMITTANCES TO ENGLAND, IRELAND, AND SCOTLAND. PARTIES wishing to remit moneys in large or iAHMQ?small sums to their friends in Great Britain or Ire.aaMBbBa'aiid, can d? so in the most safe and expeditious manner through the subscribers, by drafts at sight, payable in all the principal towns in Englr.nd, Ireland and Scotland. Money may be sent by letter (post paid) from any part of the Unitrd Stales to them, giving the address and the name of the party to receive it, which will be regularly forwarded by packet or steamer. Apply to ABRAHAM BELI. St SON. au2film*r II? Fulton street. ?0- OLD ESTABLISHED UNITED STATES * JgaEWGREAT BRITAIN h IRELAND EMIGRANT HUb( ?KFICE.?The Subscribers continue to bring oat passengers t>y the regular Packet Ships, sailing every five days; and also for first-class American transient ships, sailing weekly, at very moderate rates. Drafts can alio be furnished for any amount, payable throughout the United Kingdom, on application as above, an< inHN HKHnMAN ft l.n . Si HopK. ?.,et. MORNING BOAT FOR ALhAN Y AND TROY ja* PAS8AUK ONK DOLLAR?Breakfast ^JWprfail dinner od board the boat. Passeugers taking this boat will arrive in time to take the evening train of can from Troy weat to Buffalo, and north te Saratoga end Lake Oeorge. The Steamboat NIAGARA, Capt. Wm. Kllsworth, Mooday, Wednesday and Friday, at 7 o'clock, A. M., from the ateamboat pier foot of Barclay street, Returning on oppo ite days. For passage or freight, apply on board, or to F. B Hall, at the office on the whaif. an 19 re TlCUV MORNING AND fcVfciMNG LINE. MORNINO LINK AT SKVEN O'CLOCK iMQ ja FOR ALBANY AND TROY?From Ute Steamboat Pier ai the foot of Barclay street 9G3RE2L.Landing at Peekskill, West Point, Nmttiargh, Hamwou, Milton, Poughkeepua, Hyde Park, Rhiaeoeck.U. Red Hook. Bristol, Catakill, Hudaoa, Coxsaciae, Kinderhook and Baltimore. Breakfast and dinner on board the boat. The steamboat NI AO ARA, will leave oa Monday, W e rises^ y and Kriday Mornings 7 A. M. The Keaiuboct TROY, Captain Oorham, oa Toesdsy, Thursday and Saturday mornings, at 7 o'clock. Returning on opposite da vs. For passage or freight apply on board, or at th? office oa the wharf. NEW YORK. ALBANY AND TROY LINE. FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT, Fgbm the pi?r at tha foot ol Courtlaadt street. The low-pressure steambont EMl'IRK, Captain R.B. Macy, saves the loot ol Courtlai:dt street, on Tnesday, Thursday ad Saturday evenings, at seven o'clock. The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Capt. Wm. H. Pack, will leave oa Monday, Wedaesday and Friday evenings, at 7 o'clock. Passengers taking these Boats will uriva in time to uka the Morning Traia of Cars Iroin Troy west to Buffalo, and north to Saratoga, Whitehall and Lake Chamnlain. For Passrga or Freiglit. apply on board, or at uie Ofica oa the wharf. No freight taken after JX o'clock. NOTlCfc?All goods, freight, bask bills, specie, or any Other kind oC property, positively U the owner'* ri?h. jiff _|?P? I DAILY LINK OK BOATS BETWEEN fLi TllTf* N E W YORK AND 8TATJCN ISLAND. SUGk. The steamboata SYLPH, Captain J. Brattled. aud HTaIEN IBLANLfcH, Caputs D.Vao Pelt, will leave ai follows Leave States Island A, t, I, 10and 11 A. M; all, 1,1,4,4, and 7, P. M. Leave NewYork st 7,S, 11, asd 11, A.M. a?d 1,1,1,4,4, t, 7 and X vast 7 Y. M. All freight at the risk of of the owners thereof. A stage will leave Vanderbilt'a landing for the Telegraphic Station every boor thronghont the day. Fare ItX cents. Jy? h&Si KOK FllEIUHT UK I IIAIU'KK-ri.e A 1 KfllMliVcoprered and copper fa-trued bark ABBOT8JHHMbiFOKU, H. Bnckland, master, of 407 tons register, will be ready to receive freight in about ten days, anu is in fine order fur any voyage. Apply to the master on hoa.d, or to W. h J. T. TAPacOTT. ft". ?< n'h street. .18 rc jrKOIt Fltr.lOHT or charter tins day only. The A I coppered and copper fastened baik LAN AKKJMMIbSIll RE, Capt. Turner, 607 tons by American measurement, is now ready for ses, and will take in freight or charter if offered this morning. Aprly to * 19 |W. Ik J T. TAPrt< OTT, M S?iuh st 15LACK BALL, Olt OLD LINE OF LIVER POOL PACKETS. . For LIVERPOOL?The only regular Packet of KPjrJV'he 1st of October?The magniticeut and celebrated JHMBfafast-sailing, favorite Packet Ship OXFORD. burthen loo* tons, Captain Samuel Veitou, will ssil positively on the 1st of October. It ii scarcely necessary to say, as it is well know to the travelling public,that, the accommodation, of the OXFORD, lor Cabin, td Cabin and Steenge I'aatengers is fitted ont in a most superb and costly manner, with every modem improvement and convenience, that cannot bnt add to the cemfort of incur rini.?i?ii'K, wno noma call find trr (lit |>lrn<lid ?pecimm o! naval nrchitectnre, before enicavini; rlaewhere 1'Or piiiftfff in I'tbin, 2<l Cabin lud Hurftfr, early application should be made on board, foot of Beekman atieet, or to the aub?criber?. ROCHi!., BROTHERS k Co., aiUrrc 35 Fulton at. (ne?t door to the Kill ton Bank), FIR!?T PACKET WHIP FOR NEW OH| LKANf??The ipleudid flrat claaa packet ihip OS('KOLA, Captain Child,.will tail positively on the 21th September. tier tailing i|ualitiea are well known and the it in all re. apecta a mpenor conveyance for second cabin and ateeraue pasifngfn, who are re<l'ieited to namine her accommodation! previoua to their eiigafini by any other renal. Korfnr ther particnlari apply o? board the anip, at pier Ho. 1# E. M. below Old 31,P, or to y ? ^ fc CQ #| Tht well known fait aailinir ?hip JOHN HOLLAND, Captain .will incceed the Otceola, an.l ?ail on or about the lat of October. H? iijf- t < >K UKLKAbT, IKKI.AND.?To .ail pnnckCMV tnally on the Ut October. The tplei did p cket iimtt?e>hip MACAO, (apt. Jamet Se tt, will wincmJ ally nail as above, her regular day. Mie haa splendid accommodations (or cabin and steerage passengers, who Will t be taken on the lowest term*. For paiticalara apply on j board the ahip foot of Pine street.or to J6?KPH McMUHRAV, all re corner of Pine and Sonth ttreeti. 1 JftjT PAt.Kf/r 8HIP BROOKSbY, from Ulasgow^W3CTV All teraons are lorbid tiu'tuix Ihe Crew of thii MIISi Teasel, at no debta of their contracting will be paid by tii* Captain or Conaignees .... WOODHULL It MINTtIRN, f h 87 Honlh street. KKLU1AN COO KIN 11 ST4JVJb.a. Or these famoas Cookiut Stovec for iil?. U.OKO^^RDIN^ W' Y O V YORK, SUNDAY MOR lnudlfeiice from Mexico. [from the New Orleans Delta, Septamber Id ] We obtaiued jasterda) the use of a filo of IMexkan i papers, nearly complete, for the mouth of Auguat. The latent Vem Cruz paper that was submitted to us wii dated August 30th. Up to that time they had not heard of the arrival of Santt Anna at the cardial. LandI in( at Vera Cms on tbe 16th,Lie jjave a dinner to his triends on the 17th, left for his hacienda of K1 Encarro ! on the Irith, and at that place received a deputation sent to him from the capital I y (Jan. Salas, with a communication in which Ike latter devolves upon the ex-l'resident the powers wlucU had been conferred on himself by the late revolution. Krom that date, we look upon Santa Anna aa wielding the whole power ol the country, a* further along we shall more particularly indicate The news of hU arrival at Vera Cruz reached Mexico on tho liUh of Auyuat, and the day was celebrated iu a > holiday, and talviM of ai tillery were fired In two or three days after, (>an. Almonte and Seuor llejon arrived in the capital. lieu. Parades wai (till a prisoner in the castle of IVrote. ! When muJe prisoner he was on kii way to Queretaro, I escorted by lilty lancers, and .surrounded by a few mili; tary friends. 1 he detMbmout in pursuit consisted of GOO troops,|*nd came up with him at the hacicnda of Aliuei huetesonthe jth of luuit. The commandcr of these I ] troops at once intimated to him the folly of resistance, 4Dd lie surreudeied without a struggle. He was con' ductcd at once to tli4 capital, being treated with porI lect courtesy and codtfdoration. Ha demanded to be ; allowed to leave the cfittntry. This was not thought safe before the revolution should be completely consummated; and for g|Mter security he wan, after remaining several days ill Mexico, conducted to Terote, where he now lion, s.ijka papers talk of doing justice upon him us a monarchist and a traitor, but the tone of Uen. halus is quite otherwise ?altogether ruspecttul and expressive of i egret thpl he should be subjected to military restraint, talas ginaiits his case to the discretion . of Kauta Anna. We expufct soon to hear of his enlarge| went. In noting the dauprture of Santa Anna from Vera | Cruz on the ltlth, and (Be approach of (Jen. Paredes toj wards I'erote at the,feme moment, El Indieador exclaims, " What a coincidence ! Inscrutable ara tlio rnys 1 teriea of Divine Providence ! ' Uen Bravo, the lat? Vice President, is treated by the , papers with as much recud as when in power. He has , suffered no restraint whatever. | Uen. Salas, who exercijpdsupreme command from tho 7th to the :10th of August, professes to have done as little I aa possible of hii own will, and only what was urgently demanded by the necessity of the case. He boasts, however, that he had done what he could " /<> aid the brave men who in Monterey haet Met mined to die rather than tuccuml to the invasion undJper/tAitfusnssj of the Jhnericant "' In his communications to Santa Anua Le urges him to hasten to Mexico as mod as possiblo to assume his powers. The papers commend him for refusing to accept the^.ay of President white discharging the lunctions On the 15th of Auguai he issued it proclamation, In which he announced to kia countrymen that a new insult had been ottered to .t&aa ; tliat another act of ba*euesi had been jerpetrutod by the American*. He allude* to the California*, which^he *ay?, the American* have now leized by the strong hand, after having villanoutly robbed u* of Texas. He announce* that the expedition which had been to Ion* preparing would let forth in two day* lortha recovery of the ropjitry, and that measure* would bo taken to arrange the dillureuca* which had exulvd between the people ol the Californias and the various preceding Central adminiatrations. In conclusion he appeal* eloquently to the Californian* to aecood with their bet* exertion* the attatipta which would be niade to dnre out the American*, unite their rich and lei tile territories forever to the republic. The present revolution, he atsuie* them, it not Lice the former one* ; *'we know your worth, aud we i&all never give over our alt'ui ti till we save you from y our anemy." 'l'he Rtpublicunu ot the toiloning day. announce* that Gen Morclea lias been named Conun?n4utt in the California*, ant! that he would proceed immediately to hi* destination, accompanied by So nor < astanaras, Collector of Meuterey. In another paper wo se^ announced tho death ol the Uishop of California, Rnd in the tamo paper allusion i? made to events in California, "at which point our arm* have suffered reverses." In rrgtud to the loss of the Tiuxton we but two or three lines It is said that she ran aground on the bar the night oi the 14th of August; that she thiav over seven guns ; and that her crew surrendered on tht 17th. There is nu boasting over the exploit. During the administration of Hales, various liioalamations had been iatued to arouse the people to take part In tho war, by enlisting, and by contributing their mean*. Ktt'orU were made to organize the local militia, but with little apparent effect The Diario of I3ih announced that Gou. Ampudia had received the command of the *'Aimy of the North'" Anotlier'paper say* that Gen Manuel Komero has been appointed to the command of the tfcfcni Imgade ol the same army (in the -j>:h August I it it mentioned that &IO.OOO had been ramittml to i'a. margo. but the purpose i? not named. The Mexican! could hardly lia?e lupposed it would tun I any of their troops theie. The latest advice* alluded to from Monterey MM coi.t.uiie.l in a letter ol tho 31nt of July, an nounciug the disbandineiit t*f tho Louisiana volunteers, and tiie iJ?;>artuie of 3.0UU of them, whereby it was said that the pioposed march of Oen. Taylor upon thut city and Italtillo would be frustrated Tnere are various addresses ol Governor* of Departments scattered through the >f i -, iu which the people are urged torepel the invasion and " to loll back the tide across the Sabine,'' but we do not find definite meniurei offered, or any thing said by which wo can judge of the number of troops concentrated at Monterey or Han Luis 1'otoii. Monterey is named as tho point where the struggle is to take place, but not in the letter* of Santa Anna. There i? an enumeration of the State* which have declared lor the revolution, but it would be much easier to name tho*e which have not. A vast majority are with Santa Anna Gen. Alvarez, iu giving in his adhesion, boasts to have been the first to declare against Taredva and his tyranny. San Luis Fotosipronounced on the nth of August, and we find no mention of the counter declaration there, of which we have had reports. The Indirador of the 'Jithiult. says that Campeachy would declare on the 19th, and that Gen Uasadre and ex-Governor Mendezj were .theie for the purpose, and that the State of Vucatan would be reincorporated into the llcpublic. The news was expected daily at Vera Cruz via Tabasco. Senor Cortina had acted as Governor of the State of Mexico, but had been succeeded by Senor Olaquible lieu. Soto had been appointed Governor ol Vara Cruz, and Oen. Garcia Corde of Guanajuato. A decree of the 7th of May, cutting down the salariei of various civil officer*, ha* been annulled On the 17th August, $'i0,000 were appropriated to the Mint ?f Mexico, apparently to re-commcuce operation*, which had been *u*pendod. I no intormatioii as to cur fleet and other ships or war ofl Vara l.iuz u not so late ai via lensacola. The telegraph ob the castle of San Juan D'Ulloa appear* to do nothing but chronicle the movement# of our ships from point to point, but it ia kept in full activity by these The passing of flag* of truce 1* duly noted, but no clue to what ia going on under them ii aJlorded. We now recur to such passages in the paper* aa aerve to illustrate the position end ,designs of (Jen. Santa Anna. There are two documents in the papera unfolding his views. One ia a long address to the Mexican nation, dated on the ISth of August; the other, hia reply to Gen Salas, dated the ilOth. lien. Salas, who had previously ordered the Governors of different departments to be guiiled explicitly by the directions of Sunta Anna, on the -Jid of Auguat, issues a Hand,i National, or edict, countersigned by Senor Monaatirio, then at the head of the State Department, and addressed to Gen. Cortina, the Governor of the Mate ol Mexico. This edict embodies Uio views of Santa Anna The following ia a brief synopsis of its provisions:? Kirst. (Jntil the new constitution shall be adoptod, that of the year 1<M4 shall be in full force in everv particular in which it is cot repugnant to the plan of the citadel of Mexico of the Ith August, and in which the present anomalous situation of the country will allow it to apply. Secondly. The functions of the assemblies of the departments, and of the existing councils of government, are thereby declared to be at an end. Thirdly. The present Governors of departments are to remain jn the exercise of their functions, and to be known as the Governors of the Sta es. Kourtbly. Governors of new departments, without constitution, will be regulated by those ef the States whose capitals are nearest. Fifthly. As these functionaries have no legitimate title to iiowir. it ii that Ihnv nor* th?ir ?vii(?nrtt to the political movement which is to regenerate the country, and consequently the General-in Chief can replace ihera, a* may beat conduce to the interest of the "movement" The above ia a frame work by which power will be effectually centralized until the new constitution comet into force, but Santa Anna declares that he will hear of ' no dictatorship?no arbitrary rule." In anticipation of questiona as to hit plana, he says emphatically, "I have no plan but to execute the will of the nation " lie la to be guided by the constitution of Mil, which is provisionally adopted, ''that things may not go on at hap-hazard;" but he ia to use as little discretion as possible, and the new deputies to Congress are to como charged with every description of power. He will in no manner interfere to nffect the result of the elections, or to influence the legislution of the country. [A decree of Salaa is alluded to by the papers, which particularly nrotecta the electors from the interference of office-holder* and from all force or o'her external influence .) Thus then, we see that in resuming power, S?nta Anna does so with no restrictions save such as are self-imposed. All the addresses of felicitation sent to him, and fh?v nrn nvanv ?n?alr ftf hta tmu/prl as hpinif Unlimited to lore and defend the country. The iddnN of General Sale* derolvea upon him explicitly ?11 the rights which the revolution gnve to Hala*. Hanta Anna then may allow hi* patriotic and hi* per tonal motive* ju?t ?uch ?way ai he chooiei, and at hi* pleaaure he may avoid reipon Ibility by throwing upon the Con^rea* to meet in December tfte lolution of every queition which may embarraaa himaetf. The only declaration* ol hi* pwpoiM In regard to the war, which we have ?een we have noted above ; the allmion to " the laurel* to be won on the bank* of the Rabine" i* the moil pointed. The pro mulgatl n of the Bando of the 'J'Jnd waa celebrated a* the crowning glory of the preaent revolution. It >* the late*t mark of the hand of .Santa Anna which we can lind, nave only th? organization ol the cabinet, formed of Almonte, Rejon, Kariaa, and Pacheco. Hanta Anna write* Salai 'hat he will be in Mexico a* imii aa hi* iie.dth will allow, hi* old wound* now giving him much aufTering Our attention waa paiticularly directed to And tomething in the peperato ?how diitinctly the poaiUon of Hanta Anna in the government of Mexico at proaent. The above exposition i* the remit of our labor*, but we had the use of a die of paper* for a abort time only, and may well have overlooked matter* of moment. But to our view Hanta Anna appear* to have no other limit* to hi* power for the preaent than hi* own aovereign will and pleaiure The Hamburg brig Naiade, taken off Verm Cruz by Captain Ingram, ol the Somen, for endeavormf to rto RK I NING, SEPTEMBER 27, late the blockade, arrived at this port yesterday in ' charge of Lieut, li. Berry mau, lata of the U. S brig of warTruxton. Anofllcerof the V. 9. Court wai delpatched en board laat evening aud placed seals upon tho hatches, Sec. The captaiu of the brig and four of hia crew came here iu the vessel, and were permitted to go on shore We learn that the captain has employed Mr. Roselius oa behalf of the owners of the brig tier cargo is principally linens, and worth fully $ HO ,000. The vessel is but five years old and good for her class, but not a particularly fast sniler. The captain tnantains that he never had any intention of running the blockade, but that after ha had been warned off' and proceeded on hi* way to Havana, he found it necessary to put back for water, ond determined to ask permission to enter for that purpose of the comrnunder of the squadron, when he was boarded and made a prize of. We had the pleasure of conversing last evening with Lieut. Berryman, whose coolness, courago aud energy in the affair of the loss of the Truxton have already won for him the approbation and esteem of his country men.? We received from hi* lips n plain straight forward account of the affair, which does not differ materially from the accounts we have already received front other sources. Lieut. B. was four <iaya in a small boat after he left the Truxton, before ho reached any vessel of the squadron, and all fluttered severely for tho want of water and provisions, of which their supply was totally inadequate, consisting of nothing more than a few biscuit and a squill quantity of spirits?but they were all uuiraated with the liopo of bringing succor to their comrades, and preventing them from becoming prisoners of war. Lieut. B. confesses that he whs sadly disappointed ou returning to the brig to tind her abandoned. Ho supposes that the guns, shot, Sec., were thrown overboard, being probably useless from their position, with the hope of gettiDg the vessel off, and that alter waiting three days, all hope of receiving succor from the squadron w'as abandoned, at it was thought highly improbable that Lieut B 'a party could ronrh it, and that Capt. C'arpeiider though it useless to remain longer on the wreck. We give below Santa Anna's proclamation to tho troops of Sau Jitaude L'loa: ? BsiTHttn i.t Aimi-Your generous call having reached me in my exile. I could no longer be indifferent to it, soeing.thut it was but an echo of the solicitations made for my return from other departments. It were impossible for me not to watch with solicitude the calamities that have btcn crowding/in our unfortunate country ? I could not hat feel an absorbing interest in tho progress of the national conflict in which she is engaged. Your conduct, brethern in arms, has been noble?patriotic. By declaring in favor of the plan of Guadalajara, you have rendered an important service to the nation.? Kor this the nation will not forget you, nor suffer your sacritlcvs to be lorgotten in the shade ol oblivion. They joy which 1 feel, my friends, in finding myself once more among you, is unbounded; and when 1 seo you, as 1 do,'.vith the strongest feelings of enthusiasm devoted to the service of our common country, my satisfaction is unbounded, ltelying on your patriotism and virtue, 1 hurried to join you as soon as it was possible for me to do so; and I am now here for the purpose of cooperating with you in working out the salvation of the Republic?rescuing it from impending ruin, and raising it from the ignominious position to which it has been re. duced by treason and imbecility. The cause which wo are about to cesousc ia a just o,ie?aye, a just one. It exacts from the davoted sons of tue Mexican nation, great and heroic sacrilices Never, jierhaps, before have we brandished our swords in cause more noble. True, everything is destroyed, but we. with the nroner snlrit. and aided by the Mexican people, can everything recreate. Let us, then, to our duty, and labor incessantly, till we raise the republic from the abject poaition in wnich, at thin raomunt, it finds itself, on account of the infamoui conduct ol' those against whom you have raited the cry of indignation?who, without legal right or recognised mission, usurped the national power. Finally, we will, by our joint effort*, contribute to fix at once the destinies of the nation. Soldiers of the Republic !? A proud and a noble sentiment auimatei! me when the happiness was mine to lead you to the battle-field against the foreign enemies of our country. With feelings similar I appear again at' this moment to defend the sacred rights of nationality. We will cause eur insulted eagles to riso victorious in the midst of the combat: the nation shall be tenfold vindicated for the numerous outrages she has sustained, and we shall exact for her that respect which of right (he merits. In this enterprise, brother soldiers, the glory that awaits us is immense ! Be then a* you have always been?brave, subordinate, patient; and doubt it not the mission which Providence has assigned us, we will consummate with the happiest success. ANTONIO LOPE/ DK SANTA ANNA. Heroic Vera Crnz, Kith Aug., 1846. (Stale Constitutional Convention. 8?rr. A")?Mr. Allen presented a remonstrance from Ntw York against the individual liability of stockholder beyond the amount of their stock. Referred. Mr. CbatAeld reported adversely to tho section submitted yesterday by Mr. Mann, in relation to the compensation of officers of the Legislature. Table. On motion ol Mr. Nicoll, tho printers to the Convention were directed to lay before the Convention on Wednesday the journal to the present time, printed. By unanimous consent, Mr Conely was allowed to record his name on the votea taken on the report in relation to the power of the Legislature to create debt. Mr. F. K. Backus moved to re scinl the rule Meriting speeches to fifteen minutes. Ta ble. Mr. Towdautd moved the reference to a select com inittee of an additional section to tho article respecting the State officers?organising the comptroller, treasurer surveyor general and attorney general, as a board of re valuation of real and personal estate therein ; and to provide for an equitable impoiition of sMte or national direct taxation. Agreed to, and Messrs. Townaend, Avrault, Jones. W. B Wright and Swackhamarappointed such committee The Convention then iiroceeaed to ceniidei the report on incorporations other than tanking or mun cipal. The pending question was upon the drat section Mr Van Schoonhoven moved to amend the section by adding to it a provision requiting the assent of two-thirai ol the members elected to each branch of the legislature to the pesaage of every law creating corporations or u aociations ; and to all laws authorizing them to take land or enjoy a franchise of way for their own or for the public use. Kejocted Mr. O'Conor offered the follow ing as a substitute for the whole section Association* for the |>ecuniary gain and profit of the associated, may be created, incorporated or continued ny viitue of general laws, but not by special act. All powers acquired under such laws, shall be liable toe * linguishmcnt by law. Lost, 64 to 31. Tho section was then agreed to. Mr. Richmond moved an additional section that no corporation should take privato property without consent of the owners. Lost, 71 to 0 Mr. Hhoade* offered a section empowering the legislature to grant powers and privileges to any asiociation incorporated undci this article, other than banking, trading or manufacturing powers, ns may bo necessaiy to the carrying on of their business. Lost, 66 to 96.? The second section, requiring the publication of the names of the stockholders of these companies and theii condition, and restricting their indebtedness, was reject ed. The third section, makiixr thp mrnnrntors inriivi dually liable for the debts of the corporation to at amount equal to their interest in the ftock, wai read Mr.' TuthiU moved 10 to modify the section that thi stockholders should be individually liable for the whole indebtedness of the corporation! The Convention thai took a recess ArTr.a.iooN Srs?io*?The amendment to the filth section, proposed by Mr. TuthiU, to include Insurance Companies within its provisions, and making the personal liability unlimited | was divided, and the first proposition negatived by a tie vote, 41 to 44, and the latter by a vote of ti to 81. Mr. White then moved to strike out the entiro section. Lost, 45 to 49. Mr. Ayrault moved a reconsideration. Table. The fourth section Mr. Richmond proposed to amend to strike out the latter clause, except railroad and other companies, having a franchise of way, from personal liability for money borrowed, for land, or for iron. Carried, fli to 31. The section &3 amended, was then adopted, 44 to 41. fending a modification of the eighth section, moved by Mr. Loomis, the Convention adjournod.?JIHany Jtrcui. Likittknant Bache.?This officer, whose untimely death has been recorded with so many expressions of regret, was one who eminently deserved, both by his conduct as an officer, and his acquirements as a scholar, th? good opinions and the warm regard, of ihose who knew him. llevotedly attached to the service in which he was engaged, and stimulated by many considerutiocs to make his efforts poi manently valuable, he was last winning a most enviable reputation. The officers of the U. 8 Hiig Washington were, at the time of the dreadful huriicane, enrhgod in experiments |>r the pur. pose ol ascertaining the various grades of temperature, depth, and drift of the Onlf Stream; and Lieut Bache engaged in, and performed the arduous labors connected with this brancn of tha U. 8. Coast Survey, with a zeal and application of knowledge, which promised most gratifying results. Benjamin Kranklin was, wo believe, the first who discovered the variation in temperatu:? of the gulf stream from that of the ocean, whicb it traversed: and while crowing the stream on a voyage to Kurope, threw a thermometer orerbord, Irom which he received an cxact and positive indication of what he had previously only supposed to be true. Lieut. Bnche wai n direct deicendant of the great philosopher, and it was a darling desire of hii heart to complete what hii great ancestor had commenced. It wai not given to him to gratify that wish, for he has been smitten even in the beginning of his labors ; but there will remain a sorrow, not only for his death, but lor the loss which science sustains in being deprived of his strength of purpose, and his peculiar fitness to accomplish the difficult undertaking he was engaged in. Since writing the above, we have received the following note of the proceedings of the surviving officer* of the Washington At a meeting of the officers of the U. S. Surveying brig Washington, held on board, September 24, IM-Iti, it was resolved to wear crape on the left arm and sword for the spare of thirty da) s, in testimony of their unfeigned sorrow and regret for the untimely death of their late lieloved commander and mess-mate, Lieut Commanding George M. Bache.?Phila. Qaseltt, Srpt. 26. Tiik Cotton Worm ?We have authentic information that in portions of the Concordia rotton region of this State, the planters have hud to dig pits and bury the army worms ttiat had collected in the ditches, the atmosphere becoming tainted by their decay, promising to originate disease. No conception can be formed ol their destructiveness or quantity, except witnessed in the fields.?AT. O. Dtltn 181A <n$t. Court for thk C<>i<rk< tign of Errors.?Fiidny, Sept. 25, 1848.?Present?Lt, Gov. Gnrdiner ami 24 Senators. No. 13. O. W. Stanton, jr. ts. (J. W Stanton Mr. 8. Stevens was heard for deft, in error; and ; Mr J. C Spencer in reply. Decision postponed till December. No. 19. Van Surdam vs. Fowler, cause next te I be called. IERA 1846. Euro]w?ii Correspondence. Tht English Ojftr to Mtiliatt?The Meairan }Vir? Victoria?Marriage oj the Queen of Sjiain?Railway Speculations?feeding tht Timet?Money Market - Musical Matteri?American Acton? Supplementary, +e fc. London, Sept. 4th, 1848. Lord Aberdeen gave it to be understood to the American government, that if the United States government shoaid be willing to accept any mediation in Mexican attain, the British government would be ready to act as a friendly mediator. This was an interference prudent and politic. Lord Piilmerstou, on the contrary, a* soou an ho came into office, called upon Mr. McLaue for an explanation why no notice wan taken by hit government of thi* quasi offer of mediation, amd receiving such a complete aud dignified answer as was to be expected from such a man as Mr. McLane. immcdiatelv lends instructions to the IIn tish minister at Washington, not to offer British mediation, but to urge, or rather insist upon it. Tint is t^uito characteristic of the man. I say of the man; for be it understood, that though we speak abstractly of the conduct of government!, yet wo must individualize; for it is always the conduct of individuals, however complicated the government may be, and however abstract Its entirety; for the wise conduct of any government is the conduct of wise individuals; and the loolish maaagoment of auv government is altogether tho foolish management I individuals, who can and ought to be individualised. It would havo been wiser on the part of Lord Palmerston imply to have reiterated to the United States government the friendly readiness of the British government to act as mediator, and not to press, as he has done, his offer, requiring u peremptory answer For should the answer summarily be, as it is to be expected, that tho U. States government decliues the proffered mediation, the next step will be a note from the British minister, under instructions fro in Lord Palmerston, requiring explanation of the intentions of tho United States with regard to California and Mexico, and protesting against any infraction of the integrity of the Mexican empire. This will originate a diplomatic contention more complicated and difficult than the Oregon question. For (treat Britain alone might concede and terminate of herself the Oregon question amicably, as she did. But Mexico alone, it it not to be expecte'd, would make amicable concessionsshe is too headstrong and obstinate?much less, backed by Lord Palmerston, will she be disposed to wisdom and humility. Now, it is not to be expected, on the other hand, that the United States, in the present humour of the people, will be disposed to stop short ot the acquisition of California,?nay,wo may take it as granted, that California is already and virtually haa been lor souio time past an American tenitory. lu such a tlalut, wherein neither side will be able to recede or concede, (for wo may calculate both on the indomitable obstinacy of Mexico and I ., *<! PalmarBtnn on,I ???? 11, u llrm ?.,.l .I.L.mi nation oT the people of the United States) in >ucli t itiluirini*, the question which will necessarily arise, appears likely to he more difficult of management than was that of the Oregon q testion. Thus, there seems to be dawning in the distance a futuie not without its clouds and apprehensions. Much wisdom and modera'ion, much diplomatic skill and forbearance will be required to meet this crisis, and I have no doubt this will all be found among our able statesmen at Washington. Lord Palmerston was minister of war under Lord Castlereagh, ho has thured largely in the triumph, the bustle, the patronage and proiit of war?he has never felt or seen its evils, but he has experienced its power, the power and importance it administers to the spirit which directs it, and he is said to come very near to a love of it in having ne fear or distrust of it. Then gain, Lord Palmerston is a Tory, a war would make hiin Seat, ho would become tlio greatest man in England ; e fragments of the Tory party would cohere together around him, the Protectionists would idolize him and his policy,for a war would be a re-enactment ol tue corn laws Then again, there is a numerous ar i y and navy burning for action, distinction, and prize money ; ami wearied with half-pay. Then also,?and perh?p? above all, though least heeded,?tho political diathesis of the nation at this moment i* a craving lor excitement; and war with it* contracts and expenditures would give this to the inactive capitalist, it would f[ive it to the inactive and restless population. These things and other* are to be thought of, thev are element* uot to be thrown out in the political calr.Hlation of the prudent statesman Lord Ueorge Bentinck, at the head of the landed inteterest or Protoctionist*, ha* already opened the subject in a long diatribe in Parliament, against the ambition and advancement of the United States aud in favor of Mexico, tie went chiefly on the ground that the vast amount oi British interest* and capital involved with Mexico, called for interlerence on the part of the British government iu the present position of Mexico with the Uuited states.? The answer of Lord Palmerston was ambiguous and nonr committal, yet next day Mexican itock rose in consequence, and ha* continued on the rise ever since, especially lince the news from New York ha* informed u* of the pacific intention* of the American Cabinet. With ' a ridiculous exaggeration of feeling, politician* hero took it for granted that the American government was a!>out to come to term* of peace instantly, and without delav with Mexico?and the TSmtt,with ether journals, immediately began to crow,and tauntingly to reproach Ameri, ca with the charge of "backing out!" I apprehend they ' are all greatlyj mistaken, yet the efleet on stock* wti ' electric. An article in the Stw Yurk Herald, relating tc ' the American Blockading Squadron, ha* created *om< ur uoiv, an u mo uiui;?iiutj uau uesu kcjh up Willi xumt | partiality to favored veffeif. The poor Queen of England, cortainly a fine woman and Rifted with extraordinary prudenco and good tensi hitherto, ii carried about from place to place in aearch o pleasure and amusement, to drive away tnnui and for row, if pouible. Alaa, the miieriei of royalty. It if fait that the if lomewhat in danger of falling under that mel ancholic malady with which the latter day of her gi and lather were troubled; if 10, it if a fad proof of the com plcte inettieacy of power and wealth to communicate ' peace and happinesf. Af totho Queen of Spain, by tin time this reaches you, she will, under permimion from France and the other allied power*, take to her anna Doc Francisco D'Assis, for her husband. How different het conduct from Victoria,who boldly, aud like an American | woman, cbot* hira who pleaied her, and married him the I chose. The railway ayatam if become of tuch importance ai not only to command* fpecial department of the newt paper to indicato the ftata of the (hare market, but even to become a department of the Government. A L>uar<] lias been created by act of Parliament similar to the board of control, the board of trade, he , awl the Prefident of this new railway board if to be a member of tho Cabinet by virtue of his office, and the board a department ol Government. All the affairs, regulations nnd legislation, relating to railwayt, will be under the control ol this new board. , In the absence of other excitement, one of the mo*' . singular spectacles of the day is the Demonstration Din _ ner, in glorification of the Timet papor, given by thi Lord Mayor of London, and attended by the great Kotli . tchild and great bankers of London. The Bank haa reduced the intereat of money to 3 pe | cent, at which rate the great housea and brokers can u|j , tain it; the tradara can only borrow at per cent. , Some idea may ba formed of the importance of th< railwayt from returns, which show the average sum re caived weekly, on all the routea in the kingdom, t< amount to nearly 900,0(10 dollara. Trado if improving?the cotton market in confequenci favorable. Wheat and flour continue to pour into the ports, and yet there if raom for more. Mandelssobn * grand oratorio of " Klljah" wwbrough out at the Ureat Birmingham Musical Keitivai lait weak Thia eompoi'tion i> spoken of an tbo matter piece of tin age in muiical production*, land ii laid even to aurpai Haydn's celebrated " Creation it require* a completi army of musicians and (ingera for performance ; th< cempoaer himself, aided by Moachelei, led theorchestri on the occaiion. It underwent many laborioui rehearaali previoua to being given in'public. The instrumental or cbostra at thia ((rent festival consisted of fourhundred an<l twelve performers, among whom were aome of the moil distinguished in the piof*?iion. The inatrumenta were, forty-eight violin*, twenty riolas, alxteen violoncelloa, ten douide basse*, four of each of the following instrument*, viz : flute*, oboe*, clarionet*, horn*, bassoons, and trumpet* ; three tromiiones, three ophicleidei, or *erpent*, and two great drum*. Among the ainger* were, Madame Orisi, Madame Caradorl Allin, Miss Baaiano, Mi** Hawea, the Miiae* William*, Meair* Braham, Mario, Lablacbe, Phillip*, Machin, Htaudigl, See. The tale of ticket* exceeded by ?1300, that of any former featival. Birmingham waa crowded with viiiter* from London and the adjoining countie*. It i* said that the famou* M'lle Sontag. the greateit ainger In the world, who retired from public lile some eight yean ago, by n marriage with * tierman Count, will re appear in public in oraer to recruit her fortune*, her husband having lost the greater part of hi* property in unsuccessful speculation*. Generally, actor* and artist* from America mccMd here well, and " from America" is often put lorth as a clip-trap to public favor. Rustell is doing a good business as an American singer. Mis* Virginia Monier has also attractod some attention ; but there are tome artists from a great theatre in America who have totally Tailed and met with a singular anil mortifying defeat; these ai? the actor* of the great roligimi* tfi-are, the (Jtrriiom and temperance orator*, ami evangelical allies, who arc j all going back " with a flea iu their aan " The Morale of Engliih Politician* ?The Whig* and I hi Totitt ! stated in my former communication. relating to the singular position of the m* ministry, mil the < onserva tire or High Tory party, what a mysterious thing it wai that that party .having the undoubted power, if it pleated to overthrow the new minUtry on the sugar question yet made do effort to do to. The tru h has since com? out, owing to a little squabble between Lor<1 (ieorge Bentinck and Lord Lyndhtirot. It may be well, fur tlic sake of making the cane clear and intelligible, to state the poiition of the great Tory party, and how the sulit occurred In its ranks Peel wan in fact at the hesd of It, and it formed the miniaterial party But when Mir Hobert ; took the coin liws In hand, the kplit aro?e . some sidfd with him, otliera were very bitter Rgainit him lor this measure. Hence hii sudden and unox|>ected fall ? for a portion of his own party uniting with the whig" and radical*, defeated him on the question of the iri-h coercion hill, and the Russell muii?try rsme int<> |0*er Thia dffea came like a thunder-clap upon the party and the country ; it waa indeed eatinordinary to see a powerful party defeated, and a weak and really powerless i party placed in power. Lord Lyndhurst contemplated the ruin with grief, and thought naturally enough, that the falleqftouse migh be buiit up agaio, and the reina of i power be recovered agaio for his patty. The sugar question presented the opportunity, and he determined to avail himself of it But he was out hi his calculations. He reasoned thus We have loat power and placeUm reina of govemaaent hay* fallen from out hands, be LD. Frte* Two Cantl. ' causa wo 'quarrelled among ourselves upon tba corn law question. Hut, on all other matters anil questions wo aro agreed, we are ono identical party. Wall, then, ainco that question ia settled and cone by, let ua forgive and forget?let as bo united, and let us again take the government in our hands, which we may easily do aa the strongest party, and forgetting this one subject of quarrel, which ia now settled, let us go on amiably together for the future, and keep the go vernment iu tue nanus 01 our parry." oucn wu uw rvasoning; and in conformity therewith, he lent reuad hi* messengers to call the heads of ?> party together, to agree together to take the government out of the hands of the Kuiaell miniatry, and reinstate it with the great and moat powerful party -the toriea. But he was mistaken. "A brother offended" ii harder to be won back than an enemy The oifence takea at Sir Robert and hia co adjutors, who had aided him to pais the corn lawi, was too groat to admit of being reconciled so gratuitously. It was a weak idea of Lord Lyndhurst's. Was it 1 to be expected that the offended party should, at his mcro invitation, come round again at once?shako hands with the men who had to grievously otleuded, and join 1 them immediately to reiu?tute them in power? No! it was not to be dune, though thev would thereby put > themaolveiiu power again,and in tho sphere of patronage, I place, and pension. 80 then Lord Lyndhurst's idea , miscarried, there was too much bonKommie in it. All this has since come out by mere accident, in the quarrel between Lord (J. Benliuck and Lord Lyndhurst. Sir K. \ I'eel wan too knowing to join the ncheme of hia old friend ?he told him at once that he would have nothing to do with the matter. But the old man persevered, and wont on with his efforts to reunite the broken uarty?not that he wanted place again for himself, but he aid not wish to see the power and government pass out of the iiarty into the hands of the whigs. That, no doubt, was his only motive. True, h? did not want place for himself any more, but he would like to see his friends, and not his enemies, in power. The scheme failed, and Lord (ieorge has blown it. Peel acted honestlr, according to his declaration?not only he would not aid to restore tho party, but he even assisted the new ministry, with a speech in their favor on the sugar question. The Kussel ministry thrrefore subsists, but on a weak basis, merely by the obstinacy and internal dissensions of the strongest party. It is very probable, though by no meant certain, that the whigs may retain power till the approaching dissolution of this Parliament. But it is morally certain, that at the next general election the great landed and tory party will come into power again under new leaders Itih will be owing to the singular cfl'ect and operation of the reform bill. It is a remarkable circumstance, which no one dreamed of at the time, that there form in the representation whichwas made some years ago, and from which every body calculated upon the ruin of the tories as a party, has been the means of makinir that nartv stronger than it ever was. This effect. iu unloreseen,proceeds from the Dimple fact, that the extension of the number of voters consist* chiefly of small tenaiits, and these small tenants are all under the influence of their landlords, and dare not vote against them. Hence the reform bill, in its very boon of augmenting the number of votesr among the poor householders, lie., has increased, to an amazing extent, the power of the great landed interest. The approaching general election will prove this, and put an end,no doubt, to the temporary exaltation of the whigs. AMKRICANKN8IS. Ralkigk, N. C., Sept, 1840. Church Belli? Puliliei?Phyticians?Senator Haywood, 1 arrived in this beautiful "city ol oaks" last evening. It is very regularly laid out. The Raleigh and Qaston railroad terminates at this place, and strange to Mjr, the democracy of this region go in for putting it down. Their candidate for governor electioneered mainly on that score, and was badly beaten; (I hear between 8 and 9000 votes.) This is certainly a great place for church bells. They ring all day Sunday, because it is Sunday ; and all the week, because Sunday is coming. The young men u?t on tiie time each one will ring. I wo* sitting on the stoop at Zarbrough's hotel, and heard the following "Liquor for the crowd on Sandio." "Dene," says another, 'I'll take Meekins against him, for he has a new bell." "But wail," says another, "until brother Frink begins, and I'll go you two to one against the field." i he main and almost sole topic of conversation, and you will find it very general in the town, is politics and family physicians. The latter is carried to a most ridiculous extent. I was a little indisposed yesterday, and was importuned by a half a dozen to send for as many doctors, (when the Lord knows one is plenty, and sometimes too many ) One was recommended because he . had cured a very severo pain in the face; another the ''black tongue,"and a third, a case of typhoid lever, which is looked upon as sinonymous villi death. It is confidently asserted, that only one case has ever reoovered iu this community. (Ask the "Doctor" if it is not rather queer ?) But enough?1 am well. MUB Senator Haywood has urrivod in town. I have not yet seen him, though I hear he is in fine spirits. Some of hit political friends were about to burn him in effigy, but hi* relations, who are all whigs, together with about a hundred of his friends, had determined to take out the ring I leaders, and administer nine and thirty to each. They were all around, and would certainly have carried their determination into effect, had not the burner* "imelt the rat," and desiited. ] think for tho peace tod honor of the community, it ii well for both parties that it turned 1 out aa it did. ' It ii the thought of tho knowing one*, that kitflic* ' in the Senate will be filled by ex-Senator Badger, if he ' will accept the appointment. It is said he ia in moderate circumstance!,ami it in a measure dependent on thejaac tice of his proleiiiion, which amounts to 10.000 orlS^OO' dollars annually; and he will decline, as he did on a for ' mer occasion, it is thought by others, he wfllb*wil * ling to finish out the unexpired tenn of Mr. H. I have 1 seen several of the most prominent men of the place, who think that his place will be filled by either Kx Oo ernor Alorehead, L. Stanley, K. llayner, C. C. Battle, or D. K. Mr.Hue; all these it is thought will be andidate*, ' together with fifteen or twenty more. ' I must close this letter for the mail, but will give you | a continuation either from Kayettevilleor Columbia. Doki..?Tlie N. O. lMta of the 18th instant, gives | an account of a most barbarous duel which took place on tho day previous near that city":? | " About 10 o'clock the parti?* to the duel, Honore Parmaro, an Italian, and a Frenchman,whose name we coukl i not ascertain correctly, but understood it to be some such I name as Chartier, both well known a* traders on the I river, accompanied by their respective seconds, croeeed over from the city to settle an old quarrel. A pair of duelling pistols were borrowed for the occasion trom a person who keeps a shooting gallery in McDonooghville; and the drama, after settling the usual preliminaries, r wa* speedily biought to a close, by Parraaro being shot, the bail of his antagoniit striking him in the head, a little . nhove the left eye, and ranging upward* through tho brain. The spectators, his own second, or " friend," in. eluded, left the deceased on the ground ai he fall, and lied?not, however, before hie person wis rifled of a watch and breastnin ; and it was only soma time in Mm aftarnoon that the Justice of the Peace of that District, nearing of the circumstance, visited the *|>ot and had the body removed, and an inqueat held on it; from the testimony t before which the above fact* were elicited." j News from Havanna.?The N. O. Delta of the 18ih says?The Spanish ship Tacio, which arrived 3 from Havana yesterday, brought over the large amount i of $35,778 in specie, $13 652 consigned to Andrew Castillo, <>tt,2i4 to J- M. Caballero, and >3,000 to J. Robert Oit runa. Tho Spanish brig Pepito also brought over $13,37r> consigned to J. Prats. 9 We nee it stated in tbe Havanna paper* that, by tho * Spanish brig Pelicano, arrived from SUal on the 27th, the t British merchant steamship Arab was, by order of Santa i Anna, detained oil Sisal, and that he sent some important i sealed despatches to Gov. Uarbachano. i Theso despatches are, in all probability, in relation to the re-annexation of Yucatan to the Mexican Republic, as I it socms by the Indicador of Vera Craz.that they expoctt ed to hear early in September of the prtnunciamenlo in Cnmpeachy in favor of Santa Anna. Tho passengers report that four sail of the French quadron arrived at that port a few days previous to the ailing of the T.; three or four other* were expected, when the whole were to leave for VeraCruz. Nothing farther of interest. Varieties. Heustis, who eloped with Mm. Jones from Hempatead, has been convicted of petit larceny, and sentenced to six month* imprisonment in the county jail for stealing the goods of Mr. Coon, which he took with him on Out occasion. Tho N. O. Commtrcial Timet, complains bitterly of the warm weather in tbat vicinity. The thermometer was averaging on the l?th, from Oft to 100 degrees. Kibe in Massachusetts.?A correspondent of the Bo?' ten 7Ve>wcrt>(,writing from Oreat Barringten, under date of 33d September, says, " We had a serious conflagration last night at Van Deusenville, and the destruction of Cotflng Ik. Co.'s Furnace and coal houses, consuming nearly i 300 000 bushels of coal. The loss will come np to $30,, 00?" _________ Political Intelligence. The whig* of Oswogo county have nominated Moaea L. Lee and Curtis II Cable, for the Assembly. (ten Barker has declined the democratic nomination for Congress, in the 3*1 district of this State, on account ' of ill health, and Hiram H. Borvey la nominated in hia , place. _____________ i onniy won* 1 The Hon. Michael UlahoefFer I'reaident in the chair. Trial of Jutlice Drinker ?The conrt m*t yeaterday > pursuant to adjournment, to giro it* *olemn deciiion in ' thi* grave and important cauae, after hatching it for aix mootn*. After proceeding for *ome time with oloeed door a the member* of the pre** and other* war* admitted. Alderman Benaon offered the following reaolution ' 'I'hut although thi? Court do not approve of many of the official uct* ol Juttice Drinker called in quaation by tho charge* and *p?ciAf ationa againit him, jr*t we d* not And that aufttcient ha* bean proved to call for or Ju*tify hi* removal from office. Therefor*, Retolved, that the charge* be di?mi??ed " It appear* the vot?? *tood thua :? Aye*, the Jtidg** of the Common P>ea?, thraa ; the Recorder, one: Aldermen ol th? I at mi I 'Id, 3. ft, S, 11 and IB. Nay*, Aldermen of the 8th and 10th 11, 14, 18, 17 and 18. Abeent, Aldermen of the 4th and 9th Ward* THE K.ART RIVKR MUTUAL INSURANCE (Stock) Company, of the city of New York, office, No. ?l Wall itreet. Thia Company rontinuei to inaore agaiaat lo*? and damage by fire, on dwelling home*, warehoa***, hvildiaga, i gooda, merchaadiae and hoatehold I ami tare, oa aa favorable , terma a* ?imllar iaatitatioa* la thi* city, i JOHN BROUWE.R, Preaideet. I Cmmn H. Btansi, Secretary. * lm*m

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