Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 1, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 1, 1846 Page 1
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r T H ] Vol. XII, Ho. 403?Whoi No. ?90S. A&RZVA& or TBS r D "P * m ixr p c m P T) AT U IV Xi A 1 U o 1 II H 11. OVK WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE. Highly Important Commercial Intelligence. - STATE of the COTTON MARKET. FAILURE OF THE POTATO CROP. ADVANCE IN THE GRAIN MARKETS. DEATH OF LORD METCALFE. Arrival of the Overland MaiL THE RAVAGES OF THE CHOLERA IN INDIA. THE CONDITION OF ENGLAND. fee. &c. &c. The favorite steamship Great 'Western, Capt. Matthews, arrived yesterday morning from r ; -v,~ ?:i?i ? vl pWM| TV UVUVU BUU OCUIDU UU IUV lAlll UIU She met with a severe gale on the 20th aad 21st. We are rejoiced to learn, however, "that although she encountered a storm by whiah she is a little disabled, which retarded her passage, she is as staunch as ever, and will sail from New York on the day advertised. Business continued to improve in Engfcftrtl. Indian com was increasing in value. The Cotten Market continued steady. There was, Indeed, an upward tendency. The Grain Markets were on the rise. Among the names of the passengers by the Great Western, we notice the names of Sivori, the anxiously expected violinist, General T. F. Floumoy, Mr.|Ferrier, late Mayor el Montreal, with his family, Rev. Dr. feoott, and Capt. Corbit of the British Army. There were 128 in all. Lord Metcalfe, late Governor of ^Canada, is dead. The accounts from India are painfully distressing. The cholera?that scourge of the human race?is sweeping all before it in Scinde. The correspondent of a London paper, writing from the East, intimates that the warlike Afghans are being stirred into commotion against the British power by the Shah of Persia, and they have put the projected movement upon this issue?if he will furnish the cash, they will frtrnish the troops. O'Connell has gone to Darrynane, and there will be a lull at Concilation-hall. la his last speech at that popular gathering-place, he dilated on the failure of the potatob crop, and promised the people plenty of food and work if they kept quiet ?if they did not violate the law. He estimates the expense of feeding the people until the next harvest at fifty millions of dollars, which sum, he estimates, the government is ready to advance, if the necessity arise. The Rarttvay Herald says that the United States Bank have seat an agent over to England, supposed to be with the view of making arrangements with parties holding securities there, and so getting to work again. The Marquis of Ailsa died on the 7th instant, aged 75. No fewer than 150 emigrants returned to Liverpool from the United States a few days ago. The charge for the ships of war employed in the suppression of the slave trade, in the course of last year, was ?706,454. In consequeuce of the increasing complaints of the potato crop, rice has risen from 12* the cwt. to 17s and 18s. By a recent order of the Commissioners of Customs, foreign sewing silk is now admissablo free of duty. The trip of Mehemet Ali Pacha to Constantinople must, according to all accounts, have cost him in money the round sum of half a million sterling. The commissioners have reported that the bay of Galway presents great natural advantages for a more rapid communication with North America. Among the late unexpected events oonnected with the corn trade of this country,is the purchase of twocanjoes of English grown wheat lor exportation to France. The F ree trade Society of Paris has ordered a Slendid gold medal to t>e struck in the French int in honour of Mr. Cobden. Arrangements are stated to have been made bjr \ the Royal Mail S?eam Packet Company, for conU veying treasure from the Pacific to Europe, " across the Isthmus of Panama. A corn riot, similar to those which have occurred in France, took place on the 23d ult., in the market of Lusanne, in Switzerland, and the armed police was required to quell it. According to the National, a commercial treaty is about to be concluded between Franee and Denmark, and a French consulship is to be established at Kiel, on the Baltic. It is calculated that not fewer than 40,000 Irish reapers have entered Scotland, via Ardrossan una the Clyde. Suppose each ot these to carry hack 30s of his earning, a sum of not less than ?60,000 will thus flow into the poorer districts of Ireland. A comparison of the prices of the various kinds of fruit in the London markets, for the last week in August of the past and of the present year, shows that in 1846 the price has nearly doubled in every case. The waters of the Rhine have not been for many years so high as they are at present. Most of the ctllars in the own of Brisach were under water on the 25lh ult. and it was feared that the stock of potatoes they contained would be spoiled. The Spanish Infanta Maria Louisa Fernanda, who is atraut to be married to the Duke de Mont, pansier, youngest son of Louis Philippe, is said to j possess a fortune of 16,000,0001". (?640,000.) Mr. Mayhew, who has been in some way connected with Punch, on his examination at the Bankruptcy Court, on the 1st instant, stated the profits of this periodical at ?10,000 per annum. A petition is in the course of preparation in Paris for the abolition <-f slavery in the French colonies. It has already acquired numerous signatures of member af the Institute, the bar, of armniiUfl ami liD?r*ru ??*J??? -? ? - ?%-?j uioii, vi juu^cb, Hio^isiraioP, and electors. Inconsequence of the war in Kaffirland, large quantities of oats are being shipped from the ordnance stores, within the Tower of London, to the Ca|>e ol Good Hope, lor the use of the English troops, in anticipation of the probable scarcity in that colony. Although it was alleged that the repeal of the eorn-laws would necessarily load to a reduction in the wages of labour, such, we are happy to say, is not the fact. From a paragraph which appears in a Scotch contemporary, we observe that the cotton weavers in and around Perth have had their wages lately advanced, and the whole com dition'of the weaving population in that locality is better at present than it has been for nearly fifteen years. The German papers, which have lately come to hand, contain accounts of a great fire which broke out on the evening ol the 29th Aug., at Leipeic. The losses sustained by this disaster are very considerable; the Hotel de Pologne, which has been completely destroyed, is estimated at a value of six millions of francs. The fire appeared to have raged sixteen hours, during which time a number of lives lell a sacrifice to the accident. The Uazttti UwivtrwtUt Alltmanrit, k> which is published at Leipsic officially announces the number killed at five, and wounded at nine* E NE' N] The fondon Gazttte of the 1st ult., contains the orders in council ratifying the treaty of inter- t national copyright entered into with Prussia for the protection of " authors, inventors, designers; engravers, and maker* of any of the following1 works (that is to say), books, prints, articles o sculpture, dramatic works, musical compositions! and any other works of literature and the fine aito in which tue laws of Great Britain gave to British subjects the protection of copyright;" also, regulating the du'y to be henculorth charged on books I and prints, broughthnto this country from the , Prussian dominions. According to(the official returns of the crops in France, it is calculated that there will be a deficiency of ten or twelve days' provisions, and that it will require an outlay of 160.000,000 francs to supply the wheat necessary for the consumption of the country. Barley, rye, oats, peas, beans, &c., had afforded an indequate stock, and scriops fears were entertained forg the potatoes , which were extensively diseased in twenty-two departments. The news Irom India is calculated to produce a feeling of uneasiuess in a political as well as in a commercial sense. Sir Henry Hardinge, it seems now to be universally admitted, notwithstanding the skill and bravery evinced in the war with the Sikhs, has made a bungling business of it, and in all probability the work will have to be done over again. Mistaken clemency in the case of semi barbarians is oftentimes positive cruelty. Ample details will be found elsewhere. Steamship Great Britain.?This noble specimen of maritime architecture, after uadergoing an examination and some slight repairs in the Graving Dock, has again been iloated, and resumed ner berth in the Coburg Dock. She is to sail on Tuesday, the 22d inst. We are happy to say that her passenger list already presents a gratifying appearance. We have no doubt she will also carry out a large freight, and, in her next passage to New York, prove herself worthy of the liberal support which the public seem desirous to bestow upon her.? JYiimer't Timet, Sept. 12. The Potato Failure.?The iailure of the potato crop is universal. The reports from every part of the United Kingdom are appalling, whilst letter after letter from the continent of Europe details the ravages which this strange and unuccount able disease has made in France, Belgium, Holland, Prussia, Austria, Russia, &c. As yet men of science have failed to trace the failure to any particular cause, and the practical farmer feels at a loss what to do. The laet is, the potato disease is an agricultural puzzle, which neither the one or the other can satisfactorily solve. But apart from this view of the matter, it is now a question which all classes, both here and on the continent of Europe, mast seriously consider, how is thistle uuicucy 01 anman iooa to DC made up 1 The crops in the United Kingdom are not more than an average either in quantity or quality. We must, therefore, lock to other countries for a supply sufficient for the large and increasing consumption that is now going forward. Again, the accounts from France as to the harvest in that country are most distressing; a very large quantity ol wheat will, therefore, be required for its immediate wants. All over the north of Europe rjre, the staple article of consumption, has yielded miserably short. Barley and oats are also defective, and wheat far from abundant. It* is, therefore, evident, that large importations of" breadstuff's " from Canada and the United States must take place, for which very remunerating rates will readily be paid. The wise policy of settling the Oregon questiou without havinglrecourse to arms, is more than ever apparent. England and the United States have lost nothing ; but, on the contrary, both are already gainers by adopting the course advised by cautious and discerning statesmen.? fVilmtr's Liverpool Times, Sept. 12. Tns Austrian Empire.?The Suabian Mercury publishes the lollowing statistics relative to the Austrian monarchy: The Austrian monarchy covers an extent of 12,104 square miles, containing 35,293,967 souls, inhabiting 713 towns, 2468 burghs, and 64,20S villages. The clergy is composed of 66,565 individuals, and the church revenue, without including Hungary, Transylvania, and the military frontier, exceeds 7,000,000 of francs. Austria exceeds all other states in the number of primary schools, in which mora than 4,000,000 of pupils are educated, at an expense of 4,000,000 of llorins. Total Exioration from Great Britain and Ireland?The total number of emigrants in 1846 was 95,301; in 1844 it was 70,686. The emigration of 1845 exceeded that of 1844 by 22,815. The amount of emigration in 1845 exceeded the amonnt in any one year since 1825. (inclusive,)*except 1832, (102,140 emigrants); 1840 (90,748) ; 1841 (118,592) ; and 1842 (128,344). In 1843 the yearly total sunk from the last-mentioned enormous sum to 67,212, bat has since been steadily increasing again. The inorease in 1845 over ls44 is principally in the emigrants to the United States and me oriusn norm American uoionics. To the former there emigrated in 1841, 43,860 persons ; in 1845, 56,638 persons ; the emigrants to the latter amounted in 1844, to 22.926 ; in 1845, to 31,803.? The emigration to the Australian colonies decreased ; in 1844 it was 2,229; in 1835 only 830. To the Cape of Good Hope there is an increase from 161 in 1814, to 496 in 1845. Emigration from the United Kingdom to the West Indies has also increased, from 596 in 1844 to 854 in 1845. Of these emigrants only 6,604 were cabin passengers. Muttok Hams.?The European Timet says, that by a late arrival from the United States, we find an import of 14 tierces of mutton hams, which we have no doubt will, with proper management, yield a good profit to the owners. Tbs Condition or Bnglsnd. (From the Liverpool Mail ] There Is undoubtedly s largo deficiency in the potato crop. Daring the laat law days we hare beea Baking diligent inquiries in various directions, and wa have not had the happiness to meet with a fanner who will confess that ha has one sound potato out of fifty, fiaaie of the largest growers, and, as ws believe, the greatest romancers, say that they have not a single root that is worth digging ; and a few only coneolo themselves by assuring us, that provided no more are eaten, end the disease doe* not extend its ravages, it is possible that about one-fourth of the quantity required for seed next year may be eecuredThe Morning Chroniclr, now a ministerial organ, announeri that there i$ not more than e six weeks' consumption of potatoes in Ireland 1 This must be alarming news to Lord Joha Ruse delightful new* to free traders and the speculators in foreign corn. But ie it true > In Liverpool very excellent potatoes can be purchased, by retail, at t*. id. a measure of 00 lb*. There are *om* diseased ones certainly, only fit for bakars of buns and hot rolls, and for pigs. But wa .... -ww~ m .hxvh uiiuvi price pua lor me iw? wnw the qsartern loef hea been deerer, and no complaints made of scarcity, far loaa of famine. At thia moment the arerage price of wheat la about 48a a quarter?a price at which it cannot bo profitably grown in thia country, eren if the farmer had hia land rant free. We cannot therefore, underataad how corn thould be ao low in price and potatoes ao moderate in price, if the latter crop be, aa it ia repreaented, annihilated ? Theae obaerrationa will convey to the reader our impreaaiona that we do not credit what we are told on " competent authority." in abort, to apeak more plainly, we reject all atatementa emanating fiom interested partiea, and particularly from that political auction who are ranaacking the earth and the thing* under the eartn, looking gloomily on the bouutissof Heaven, and doubtingly on the aerciea of Providence?in order to extenuate the arrora, or justify the measures of Sir Robert Peel. The price of broad ia tho only criterion of acarcity and abundance. The cflecta of theae itah measures are the diminution of factory labor from aix days in tho weak to four. Tho consumption of food muat be in the aame ratio?tour potatoes inateed of tlx, and eight loaves oi breed inateed ef twelve. Thia, of course, will produce corresponding effects uj on the markete. How far, then, tho operative manufacturers hara reason te be in ecsteciea at t heir prospecta, and the future advantages of free trade, they are far hotter judges than wa are to deoide In Lnglaml the failure of tho potato crop, admitting it as wa do, to bo a aerioua falluia, will not be particularly fait. The prica of broad la unusually low. An attempt ia making to raise the averages. Speculator* in cern have done this repeatedly end successfully It is done bv fraud. Nominal sales are reported aa konmfii* ones. Kichaid sella Tom flva thousand ni>ri?n ?r at an artificial and conventional prica" Tom aell* the same corn to Peter, at a metaphorical advance of eight hillingi a quarter; and on the neat morning, the weather being ihowerv, stormy, froatv, or eaceaeively unnatural, Peter resells the identical grain to the original Richard, at a Mill greater advance in price, the wheat never having been aoid at all, perhapa do inch r?prevented quantity of wheat being in eaiitenee, and of courae 110 money paid Thia fraudulent tranaaction produce* the deaired effect. The average price ia advanced according to the official return* : and when the protective and preaent duty of ten ahillinga a quarter I* reduoed to the minimum of four ahillinga, in come* a glorioua inundation of foreign oorn, and tha speculator throws upon tho British market a rilo article, the sweepings of aU the stores of Lurope, at a swelling profit. In this way, tho British cultivator is injured, and deeply injured, who has rant, tax**, and rates to pay when he least can ailhrd K, bnt how it is to baaefit the British mannfheturer, who is dependent upon agriculture t* an enormous extent, and the cepability of the farmer to pay rent, taxes and rates, we have yet to learn. We Judge by what we aee. We cannot shut our eyea to _*? knew that the preeeat has been a roost diese1^! * " ""facturera. Not in the cotton spinning !.lr.rTfIHLUnr loD*' bta in the weollen. silk, and Stoohlng trade, in Nottingham and Cheshire, sa wall at *? Lanoaehtre. The paralysia begen with Btr Robert Peel, bin memorable thimblerigging with UrdJohn Rueealhhia premeditated perfidy, and the 41Us Mbtaet in Nevember laet From that /_ wf Y O SW Y(SRK, THURSDAY ! time, and especially from tha day when hii intentions to repeal the existing corn law wera diacloaed, with hii own conaent, aid unquestionably upon hii own authoriity, tha manufacturing interest haa declined. Trade hai become sU?neg| in ail its multifarious branches. Tha exchanges hare eootlnued in favor of this country simply from the exuberance of oar previous exports to foreign nations : gad thia is the natural effect of over production. whether tha return be ten or twenty shillings in the pound to the exporter But this cannot last long. The exports of the present yeer have fallen iff to an alarming extent Consignments to India, (?%laa, America, and indeed to all parts of the world, are,positively ruinous. The Bankoi Lagland, In reducing their rate of interest on commercial paper, has committed an act of unpardonable folly But I it 1* not baiiKiugsMt political act of expediency, su-h as'he directors were comtraiucd to commit in 1837 in favor of certain Individuals who aheuld, if the real intereata of the country had beau honeatly consultad, have appeared in the Oaxttu. The bank, we contend, haa committed % fetal mistake. The importa, before many moutha etapaa, will be found to exceed our ' exporta. Every additional importation of food, corn, I live stock, or dead atodk, and all the periloua atufl'of free i trade, admitted from iiooaaailj from the continent into England, be it wholedoao or poisonous, coming pure in ite worthleaaneaa from the grower, or deteriorated by the manufacturing Jetglar the benelit of the Manchester manufacturer, will acta* a drain upon the oolfere of the bank, give winga to ith anrplua bunion, and bring upon ua the vampire of Mr. Rtakissou. to the horror of that poor dreamer Lord Hipdt?the forty-eight hours approach to a atate ol barter. We beg pardon, for thia allusion to melancholy and humiliating reminiscences. But our argument rendera it unavoidable. Wd>?r from the commencement, and we declared it when our opiniona were in bad odor?for they were opposed to thj| popular feeling of the maniacal day a?that the drat and Boat diaaatroua effects of a repeal of the protective lair*. la favor of agriculture, and the adoption of the prinCtpiae of free trade, would be flrat felt by the manufacturing interest Have not our prophetical apprehensions been justified by the results ' Have we not proved the verity of our principles 7 Have we not established tha madness of our views, by showing. in the short practlMg that we have bad, that free trade iu England, in deflate# of the rules of reciprocity, so much boaated of aaiFtetad upon by air Robert Peel and his shadow, Lord Jokit Russell, and all tha hungry and now degraded whigy cannot successfully combat hostile tariffs 7 Concessions en this popular plea have been made by the United aflhtes. But upon what grounds has this wary, shrowd, and,grasping republic made theml The abandonment of our territorial rights in New Brunswick, our yielding upon gke Oregon, and our cowardly and ignominious assent ta tha plundering aggressions upon Mexico, first upon Texas, next upon California, and, lastly, upon tha wkfllapl tha South American continent. fgr Ull ! V/UU11U5 nm ww VWUVI ACAl lutw Ww ueou peculate upon. [Speech of Lord George Bentinck,] " Ai practical men ike/ muit loek at thing* a* they were; and they wouliT recollect, that in the total destruction, io far proved, of the potato, food to the amount of ?10,000,000 had by the hadd of Providence been taken away from the people. He need not tell them that the bean and pea crop had failed, that oat* were a short crop, and barley deficient. Under such circumstances aa these, when the whole power of consumption had to fall on the wheat cropalone, what could ooour but that there ahould be high prices throughout the country ? If prices were rising then, ho could not doubt but that they would be higher still, and among other reasons for this, tnat while the crop of 1846 was already almost consumed, it should be remembered, in consequence of the lateness of the harvest last year, and the damp state In which the corn was housed, it did not come into consumption till after Christmas. They were now but in, the first waek in September, and were already falling en the crop of 1848 There would thus be four months more in the easuing year; during which the people of this country would nave to be fed on the crop of 1848, than there were to be supplied in the past year by the crop of IMS. Then, vn Use the crop of 1840 icat one third greater than the crop of 1848, which they all knew it wat not,it would it altar to all that before netet harveti there mutt he a great Sserctfy of grain Then what was the state of the continent ol t.uropc? He should speak with no confidence till hehnd heard the opinion of the French Minister of Agriculture, who never attempted to deceive the French people in the way the English Minister trided with the people of England lost year (cheers); but the report of the last few days was that the crop of the south of France was deficient, that France alone would require 2,000,000 quarters of grain in addition to what the grew herself; (Am Franc at well at England would have to fall on the United Statee of America for a supply, tut great at the crop of the United Statee undoubtedly wat, it would not suffice to supply the deficiency in this country and in France; he thought, therefore, that in consequence of the vieitatton of Providence that had come upon them within the last four wetkt, the price of wheat would be high during ike coming year." Ireland* The intell gence which has come to hand from Ireland is interesting and rather important. The repealers seem to have unlimited confidence in Lord liesborough, the newly appointed Governor of Ireland. Addresses from several of the corporations have been presented to his Excellency, to all of which he has given formal replies, containing specious promises as to the future conduct of his administration. Already has h^setto work in applying the provisions of the recent act oi Parliament for employment of the laboring classes in Ireland. The Dublin Gazette of last week contains proclamations to the magistrates of fourteen ditie rent baronies, to hold sessions for the purpose of establishing public works therein, and affording employment to the many thousand* who are suffering the dire and dismal effects of starvation. The Young Ireland party are determined to conttnue their opposition to the Liberator and his followers. Smith O'Brien has been lionising at Rathkeale, where he has dealt out some hard blows to his opponents, the advocates of " moral force." O'Brien repudiates the idea of advocatim. a recourse to arms ; he would, asfmuch as Mr. O'Connell or any other living man, mourn over such an occurrence; but ho will not adopt the principle that no emergency could arise to justify the adoption of physical fores. He told his followers, at the dinner given to him in Rathkeale, that be bad no idea of getting up a leadership to himself *; he was contented to be a follower of the Liberator, but never should be his slave.? This manly declaration of the honorable and learned gentleman's independence drew forth thunders of applause from his numerous admirers. " My dear Kay," has been inundated with letters complaining of the expulsion of the Nation newspaper. In this correspondence, a Rev. Mr. Kenyon has addressed himsell to tile Secretary of tho Repeal Association, demanding the restoration of the Nation to the Repeal Reading-Room, at Templederry, in Limerick. Kay replies, and declines to transmit the balance. Thereupon the reverend complainant makes bold to tell the Repeal Secretary that he shall hand the matter to a solicitor for collection. Significant hint! which, :f carried out, will cause some conlnsion and annoyance to the Liberator; but Mr. Kenyon seems in earnest, and will very likely force the association to refund the money which they have mis appropriated. Some wag ol toe tory press suggests that the reverend complainant would do right to indict the association's committee for " false pretences." In the late correspondence addressed to Kay, we And a long letter from Francis Meagher. It is dated Waterford, Sept. 2d, and tells Ray that he, although one of the Young Ireland party, should consider himself a member of the Repeal Association, and, moreover, that he had a clear right to take part in the proceedings of that body until, by a distinct vote, he was publicly expelled. lie would not submit to the seorct sentence of the committee ; and, inasmuch as he was admitted a member by a public vote of the Association, he characterises an expulsion by the committee as a violation of the rule and custom of the Association. Meagher then passes on to notice the rulo of the Association regarding moral force, and argues in a rather forcible style against the doctrines of O'Connell as nowtpromulgaied.and those he formerly expounded to hu followers. He alludes to the expulsion of the Mition, and tells Ray that independent and intormed classes of the people respect that jour-i 1 h ni .u~ nai, anu win hujijiuh it.. * Wl Repeal Association was not of a vary remarkable character. The Liberator attended, at did the head Pacificator Steele, with other leading characters of the agition. Charles O'Connell, of Ennis, was called to the chair, and addressed the meeting at some length, and, if the doctrines C. O'Connell promulgated be carried out in Clare, we are not among the class who would envy a residence in that tamous eeunty. Thecliairman, in alluding to the triumph which the Repeal party uad gained in Clare, made use of the following very remarkable expressions" No party, no matter hoar great?no party, no matter how despicable, dare prolane the boundary of Clare by any other doctrine but the doctrine that comes from the mouth of that great man." And a little further on he. has the modesty to proclaim'that all men, no matter how distinguished lor knowledge, patriotism, and a desire for the welfare of his fellow-countrymen, if he cannot reason as O'Connell does on the government of Ireland, is a madman or a knave. Charitable opinion J Mr. Steel rose and eulogised their chairman in a style that would have caused an angel to blush. Before the speech of the day, Capt. Broderick, who is never absent from his poet of duty, read an address presented to O'Connell by the Corporation of Waterford. A goodgmany letters, fee , from Roman Catholic bishops and priests were next read. After which, O'Connell rose rose to address the Association.? He first praised Lord Kesborough for his prompt exertions to relieve the laboring population by the establishment of public works in those districts where misery and starvation were represented to exist. Referring to 01111111 O'Brimra lacsssissi KK I MORNING, OCTOBER 1, from the Repeal camp, he stated that if the Association could have a physical lorce man amongst them it would be Smith O'Brien. France. The Paris journals are daily occupied with discussions on the martial arrangements that have been concluded in Spain, and seem to watch with anxiety the articles published on the subject in the English journals, to ascertain the tendency ot the l'eefngs of the British government upon that uli-engrossing topic for France and Spain. According to the latest news received in Paris by express, the hostility of the Spanish press to the Due do Montpenaier's inarnage appears to have a little subsided. The majority in its favor is expected to be very large in the Cortes. The Pans and provincial papers continue to record fresh incendiary llres. The Chamber of Deputies discussed the matter a few days ago, | when the Minister of the Interior defended the po- ! Iir??* frnm tlin uinlpnt nttRP.Irx uiliiph hfari hppn I upon that body. Prior to the adjournment of the Chamber of Deputies, the address of that body, in answer to the Ling's speech, was voted unanimously, in which they expressed sentiments of unbounded loyalty

towards the French throne, and that such was the universal feeling of the electors ol France, who had but recently chosen them as their representatives. Among the late accounts received we And an address in the CotutitiUionmel, signed in the names of the two General Opposition Committees sitting in Paris, by Messrs. Odilon Barrot, Duvergier de Hauranne? Gustave de Beaumont and Leon de Maleville, to the electors in the country, urging upon them the organization of local committees to watch over the registrations, and to collect all information and documents concerning the elections of deputies. An exchange of decorations has taken place between the French and Belgian Governments.? Some promotions in the Legion ofHonor have also been made in the French army. On the application ol the French Cabinet, the Emperor Nicholas has suspended the regulations of an ukase, dated July 10,1S45 (which were very disadvantageous to the interests of French navigation), in favor of French ships sailing from the ports of the ocean for the ports of the Baltic and the White Sea. Italy. Cardinal Gizzi has addressed a circular, dated Iiome, August 24, to the governors of tae provinces of the Roman states, calling on them to adopt measures calculated to improve the religious and temporal condition of the poorer classes. The document states that the Pope beholds with the utmost pain the quarrels, thehs, and other misdemeanors constantly recurring throughout the Pontifical States ; that the chiol causes of this state of society must he found in the idle life which the younger portion of the population are accustomed to lead, and in want of proper instruction to propare them for gaining an honest living by their industry. His Holiness, in consequence, in addi tion to his wish to see education and habits of industry generally disseminated throughout his dominions, proposes founding without delay, an establishment at Rome lor the education of a certain number of boys belonging to the working classes throughout the States, so that they might be, in the first place, removed from the spot where they were hke!y to contract bad habits; and in the next, might form a nucleus of well-instructed non commissioned officers, calculated to suffice for the army required by the State. His Holiness calls on the governors to apply to all persons under their jurisdiction, particularly the bishops, municipal magistrates, and provincial councillors, lor suggestions to forward tins scheme, and to indicate the best mode of raising the funds necessary for carrying it into execution. The circular, in conclusion, calls on the governors to avoid mere theoretical recommendations, and to confine themselves as much as possible to practical matters. The project submitted to the Pope on the 14th July last by Prince Conti, in his name, and in that of the society he represents, is worthy of remark It is relative to the construction of railways in the Roman States, and of the means to be adopted for procuring the necessary funds without having recourse to capitalists. According to his plan tn? persons interested in the enterprise would hatfti to contribute towards the construction at the ratKk of five and a half bajochi a day for the term of five years. At the expiration of those five years, imm of 100 seudi each, bearing interest, would be distoibuted in proportion to the money paid in by the toontributors. A railway lroin Rome to Maples will; H is said, be the first constructed. Spain. In our last publication we announced the decision of her Majesty the Queen of Spain respecting her marriage with her cousin, his R oyal Highness Don Francisco. The Spanish journals since that time have been nearly tilled with articles on the subject. The decision of her Majesty as regards lier own marriage has been warmly espoused by the Spanish press, but the intention of j her sister marrying the Due do Montpensier has oeen us violently lusmim. ? The approaching marriage of the Due do Montpensier, with the infanta Donna Luisa, will be solemnised on the 24th inst. Some changes have taken place in the Spanish Cabinet. M. Isturitz is to be sent as ambassador to London, to replace the Duke de Soto Mayor. The latest accounts from Madrid, state that the Queen intends to restore Don Francisco d'Assise to the rank of Captain-General of the Army, which he held under the preceding reign. The news of her Majesty's marriage was reported to have given much satisfaction in the provinces. Portugal. Our latest advioes from this part of the continent inform us that the north of Portugal is still in a disturbed state, but the capital and Oporto were tranquil. A royal decree was published in Lisbon on the 27th ult., announcing various new financial measures. The fact of the existence oi an enormous deficit is stated, and at the same time it is admitted that the imposition of new taxes on industry is impracticable. In order to enable the government to keep faith with the national creditor, a sum of 2209 contos is necessary. To raise this, it is proposed to impose a new decitna-tax on all salaries paid to servants of the state, civil and military, for one year. These salaries are already subject to a decima-tax, so that now they will be subject to an income tax of 20 per cent. It is also proposed to impose an income tassof 20 percent on the interest paid on the loreign debt, and a tax of an additional decima on the interest of the internal debt, which will be equivalent to a deduction of 20 per cent on the interest of the whole of the fiational debt. There is also to be some slight reduction made in the civil list. The general effect of these measures will be to reduce the general expenditure of the country 20 per cent, by deducting that amount from all payments made by the treasury. The wool, the vinho vtrdi, and the new salt-tax are abolished. They pressed heavily on the people, and scaroely paid the expenses of the collection. A further delay of forty days hu been granted to the Dank and Con fiance# Company for the resumption of cash payments . Germany. According lo a recent enactment, toe second paragraph of the resolutions of the diet of 6th July, 1832, has received additional power; the resolution originally stood thus" All political associations, or which have a political tendency, are prohibited in all the states of the confederation. and the authors and abettors of such are liable to be prosecuted. It has been decided by a new clause that all communist associations are to be comprised in paragraph two, and the leaders, abettors, arA accomplices of such associati ons as regards treasonable projects, are liable to the punishment awarded for high treason, according (o the laws of the country. It appears from recent sulvices, dated Berlin, Sept. 1, that the financial crisis there is becoming more complicated everyday. The railway shares are selling at the present moment at 40 percent below par. The funds themselves have (alien 7 per cent. A petition, bearing 1600 signatures of mercantile men, has been addressed to the King, to entreat him, owing to the depression ot the market and the financial disorder produced by wild and unbounded speculation in railway shares, not to grant any new concessions, and to prohibit the companies from makingfresh calls for enterprises where not more than 20 per eent. has been invested. The cabinet of Copenhagen is said to have proposed to the King of Prussia to grant him the free navigation of the Baltic, provided he would remain neuter in the question of the duchies. Russia it is said supported the proposition, but Prussia refused. Algiers. The Prtu* publishes advices from the frontier of Morocco, of the 15th ultimo, which confirm the previous reports, that Alal-el-Kadir had threatened the French with nnotner irruption. He was stationed on the front A between [Vzza and Fez, amid a powerful trdMwhote fanaticism he is endeavoring to excite"; " he correspondent of the Press* gives a melancholy picture of the exhausted oondiuon of the French army. | 1ERA 1846. India and China. 1 Advice* in anticipation ol' the Overland Mail reached London on the 4th Sept. The dates are ! Bombay, July 18, Calcutta, July 7, and Delhi, i July 7. No accounts have been received from j China of a later date than those published in our last paper. The following is a briel summary of 1 the news contained in the papers which we have I received by this arrival:? The rainy season continued, and the fall was such as to satiety those who desired much of that , most valuable element in India, water. Tran-1 quillity prevailed throughout the whole of that continent. The cholera had lessened its ravages at Kurracltee, where it destroyed several thousand persons during ten days. The troops had lost aljout a fourth of their number. Every praise was bestowed upon Sir Charles Napier lor his kindness and attention to the sufferers. Only two officers had died, namely, Captain J. B. Seton, of the Bombay Fusiliers,and Lieutenant Dawson, of the 19fti k inrimonf t\f Muti\ro InCdnfrv From the Punjaub there js no news. All was nuiet there. The Governor-General and Lord Gough wereat Simla, where the rain was falling in torrents. The departure of Sir George Arthur from the Government of Bombay was fixed for the 5th of August. A long continuance of ill-health is the cause of his retirement. Mr. L. B. Reid, the senior civil servant in the Bombay Council, was to succeed him until a Governor nominated in London shall have arrived. There iB a hope expressed that the Court of Directors will grant Sir George Arthur a pension. I We have had another arrival by extraordinary express from Bombay, bringing letters and papers from that place to the 6th of August: Madras, July 27th; Calcutta, July 23; Delhi, July 22; and Scinde, July 20. A special steamer had been despatched with Sir George and Lady Arthur, and other additional parties, occasioned by the pro tracted indisposition of the Governor. There is little news of interest by this mail; the lollowing is all that we can find worth extracting Sir George Arthur led Bombay for uurope on the 5th of August, the Hon. Mr. Reid succeeding him in the government as a temporary measure. The Governor-General and Lord Gough continued at Simla, whither all the politicals on the north-west had been summoned to a1 consultation?of what description had not transRired. Messrs. Lawrence and Greathed, and lajors Lawrence, Mackeson, and Mills, were at tne hills with Lord Hardinge at the date of latest advices, and were not to disperse till the end of July. This is, we think, rather ominous, especially when taken in connexion with the report of .the intended assemblage of an army on our north-west frontier in November. Maharajah Goolaub Singh, whom we raised to the rank of IIIUC|ICI1UC111 uuvciciyiii vi vacuuiuri, iui a uuuoi" deration, is said to have refused payment of the indemnity money agreed upon to be paid by him on behalf of the Lahore Durbar, and to have threatened to resist any atti mpt made to oompel him to perform his engagements. Can the army about to be asseinblea bo meant to chastise the insolence and treachery of this base villain 1 The chief of the Moohan was determined to assert his independence of the Punjaub ruler, which would, probably, cut out some work for the Governor of Scinle and his army. The Lahore government was as far as ever from being firmly established, but was understood to be anxious to get rid of us Our troops would, most certainly, not remain longer in the country than originally agreed upon, but it was evident they would quickly have to return The upshot will be, that ere twelve months come round, we shall be obliged to take the country into our own hands entirely. The cholera had nearly left Kurrachee, but had manifested itself at Hybrabad, where Lieut. Campbell, 17th Native Infantry, had been cut off, while Captain John Napier, 62d Foot, on the Governor's Staff, had been cut off at Kurra<hee? The 17th Foot had suffered so much at tiukkur from fever, that it was reported in Bombay that they were to bo sent either to England, or to the Cape. The returns of ihe mortality from cholera at Kurrachee, which were received by last mail, turn out to have been nearly double what they ought to have been. About five hundred Europeans in all bad perished. India was quiet throughout, and generally healthy. The monsoon had proved a most favorable one. upwards of eighty inches of rain having fallen at Rombav. The monev markets were somewhat easier, 'and it was expected that a brisk trade would commence on tne opening of the season. Foreign Theatricals. Th# Saltan is said to hare determined on building a theatre for the performance of Italian operas in his palace at Constantinople. On Monday evening, a selection of aacred mealc was perforassd in the large room of the Town Hall, Oldham, in aid of tho fund Tor erecting the tower of 8L John's Church, Coppice Nook. The principal vocalists were Mrs. Sunderland, Mrs. Winterbottom, Mr Ryalls, and Mr. Mellor, aided by a band and chorus. The leader of the instrumentalists was Mr. Thomas Jackson. The audience was exceedingly numerous, and appeared delighted with the music Mrs. Sunderland in Handel's "From mighty Kings,,' and Mr. llyalls in Handel's " Sound an alarm," completely electrified them, and were enthusiastically applauded. After jMf negotiation with ths Theatre Franc sis, Mademoiselle Hechal has given up her journej to Italy. She will spendthree mentis in the country, in the vicinity of Paris, in periectietiiemcnt, and will than resume her representations. Two TUUgg members of her family are, it appears, to be engaged at the Theatre Francais, out of compliment to hor. Rose Cheri, who made so lively an impression in London, is now turning all Taris wild by hel" beautiful impersonation of Clarissa Harlow, in a new drama ofthat name. The critics, with Jults Janin at their head, sbarw the enthusiasm of tha public; and whils the former lavish encomiums, day aftar day, upon the magical power with which the enchantress sways all hearts, tne Parisian playgoers croy d the approaches to the Oy mnas lor hours before the doora open, and fight for ingraaa with fury | ? ? ?1.a waa e^enilw tka Un^iww tragic actraaa at our Tbaatra Royal, ia about to viatt America, where there la little doubt her lady-like deportment and great abilitiea will aecure her both eateem and celebrity.) Mr*. Pope, accompanied by harhuaband, aailed ia the Hottinguer, for New York. On the morning of the 3Iat ult, while the workmen at the Hamburg Theatre were boiating to ita place a iplendid bronze chandelier for gaa ligbta, juat brought from London, and weighing about 18,000 iba., the rope broke, and the enormoua maaa tailing to the ground, waa broken to piecee, cruahing two Englirhmen who had come over to auperintend ita being auapended. The aucceaa of the charming vocalist and naira actreaa, Madame Anna Thilion, in Auber'a petit opera of " The Crown Jewela," laat week, atimulated the manager to the production of another trifle from the aame achool for thia week'a entertainment, " The llack Domino." We have little more to aay in commendation of tha music and libretto of thia piece than we had of ita predeceaaor, but that little muat be that it ia mainly entitled for ita aucceaa to the ability and attractiona of the moat extraordinary and faacinating actreaa by whom the paincipad part ia auatained. Several of her aonga?the Aragoneae ditty, " Pretty Inez," and tha oavatina, " Love'a Power" ?were enthuoiaatically encored, and her ringing and acting throughout were esauieite. She waa remarkably well supported by Mr. Hudson and Miaa Aldridge, who came out with an eaee and freedom in her performance, which we could seerceiy have entiripeted from so resent a <itkutantf We re glad to heerthat thia ledy has been offered en engagement at Edinburgh, where the buaineaa entrusted to ner will bring to maturity tha oualiflrationa which aha evidently has at command, and wnich experianca ia requisite to develops Mr. Hammond baa secured the aarvicei of Miaa M. Pitt, a lady Irom whom we predict much future aucceaa, if bar talents are encouraged. Laat nighL tha unriva.led Taglioni. the acknowledged queen of the dance, with Mona. Hilvain and Madame Proche Ouibilei, commenced a short engagement. Tha theatre, wa have no doubt, wiU be crowded on each evening of their appearance. We ahould not omit to mention that Mr. Hudson haa wall auatained his Irish character in the farces that bavar been nightly presented J"-;? 1mm* wank and in nilr amnion > th? iinlv mnn 1 on the stage, on whose shoulders oven rag of the mantle of Fewer baa descended. Henry Rn*eell appear* at the Theatre Royal, Livsrpooi, for the week commencing the Slat of September. Certain admirer* of Mademoitelle Tagliom are sbou* to preient this distinguished lady with a piece of plate' as a mark of their esteem for her great talent* and artrnc tire accomplishments. The plate represents the ctlebra ted danseuse in the character of Diana and Kndymion. The European Corn Trade. [Prom ike Mark Lane Express, Sept. 7 } Although the weather lias throughout the week been highly favorable, and rapid progress has been made with the harvest in the north?whicn would, under ordinary circumstances, most probably hare produced s further depression in the corn trade?business has slresdy in soma degree rallied from the temporary inactivity of last week. This mutt b# wholly attributed to the continued spread of the Potato disease, respecting which the most alarming accounts pour in from all parts of the kingdom What portion ft the crop may be ultimately saved in a condition lit for heman rood It ia yet impossible to ssy ; but from tho rapidity with which the disorder is s*tending, the most serious apprehension* are entertained- in many localities, where a few weeks ago all was thought ale, the delds now present a brack and hur-rst nprenr- . anca, tha air around being tainted by Jho stench which arises from the decomposition We still kopj> . failure may net turn oat so complete as is *t PjT ,,j d will be the esse , but th.? the yl#W ??J be exceedingly dedcient admit, of ouht 1 .king Into consideration the lect th.t lb., nse.u* mi'Dort to a huge propoitwii ol tha 1w,'<,IJ E.?^n^vey feeding cattle, it ia d Ihcult to torn a conception of the vu. sxtr. /onstimpUen, of erain which must be occasioned by a failura, er eves | great MMmmt In tha ylald thereat Already the Tata* r-v" . . . ... 1 ^ LD. Prtc* Two Cuu. of bacon an J other aorta of animal food hare riaen eon iderably, under the impression that, in conacquence of the apprehended scarcity of potatoes, the coat of fattening piga, lie., will be greatly increased ; and there ia too much reuion to fear that prices of all aorta of provisions will be high during the coming w inter. Seme influence was produced on the wheat trade by the dull advioea from Mark I-ane of Monday latat ; and at all the principal markets hell in the early part of the week prices gave way about 'Ja. per qr The fall was, however, only temporary ; and the value of the article has already in aome degree recovered from the depreaaion. At Liverpool, on Tueaday, new Irish wheat was quoted ?d per 70 lbs, lower than on that day se'nnight; hut this was the only kind on which any reduction took place, ftpiing Corn was. on the olber band, held at enhanced terms, and large purche*es of oatmeal end Indian coin wero made fer shipment to Ireland, the former article bringing 40a per load, and the latter beinw onoted li per quarter higher then en thet day se'anighL 'Later in the week a apeculative inquiry sprung np for lour, and on Friday several parrel# or United States changed hand# at 'J*)#. Wheat, at the same time, partially recovered the fall of Tuesday; and all other sorts of grala and pulse rose in value. The accounts from the principal towns in Yorkshire are of rather a dull tone. At Hull, on Tuesday, the quantity of Wheat brought forward by the farmers proved more than equal to the demand; and before sales oeuld be effected, prices, as per quarter below those of that day ae'nuight had to be accepted. The case was similar at Leeds; but at Wakefield, on .Friday, sellers displayed more firmness. The advices from the leading markets, west and north wost ol the metropolie, held previous to Friday, also inform us of a reduction of Is to 3s per qr. having tdkon place in quotations of whest; and a similar abatement appears to have occurred at tha principal shipping ports on the 01 st coast We may here refer to a cironmetaaoe of a perfectly novel character, whloh has taken piece this week, viz ; the purchase of British grown wheat tor en port to France. The comparatively low price at which fine new wheat has been offered of leto, tree on beard , at Lincolnshire ports, has lad to this new toature in the trade. For the first cargo, taken en French aooeunt. 4*s was paid, and, subsequently, another was purchased at -19s per qr. tree on board. The accounts from Franca relative to the result of the harvest in thet country are truly distreaeing; and by the latest advices from Paris we learn that all aorta of provisions had risen to an extraordinary height. That our French neighbors will reqnire a largo Importation of grain is corUin, and it is more than probable that they will continue to appear as buyers in our markets (Usui prices rise here to a level with their own. Our Hcotch letters give favorable reports respecting the progress made with the harvest?field work appears, however, to have bean interrupted by boavy rain, whtok iell on the 1st instant Wheat would, it was expected, prove a good crop ; Barley lair, but Oata defective, both m quantity and quality. Regarding the potato murrain, the reports are increasingly unfavorableFrom Ireland we continue also to receive tha moot distressing accounts oh the latter subject; and tha doll advices from this side of the channel appear to have produced much less efiect on prioes than ia usually tha case. Contrary to expectation, a falling off haa taken place in the arrivals of wheut into London, onlv 12 ftio amr. ters having been re;>orted up to this (Saturday) ereglaf. The quantity exhibited at Murk-lane by land carriage samples from the home counties he* also been small. On Wednesday the show consisted ef what had been left over Irom previous receipts, there being little or nothing fresh up either from Kssex or Kent This imparted confidence to factors, and they were less eager to press sales than was tho caso in the beginning of the week. Buyers, on the other hund, manitested mere disposition to purchase, but found they wore unable to do s >on as easy terms as before ; and a clearance wae effected it rates not previously obtsinable. Later la the week the inquirv tor Engli h w heat became more sotivo. and the little ottered on Friday was easily placed at an advance ol Is to 2s por quarter Foreign free wheat having been held relatively higher than that of borne growth, and the superior condition of the new rendering mixture of old lest necessary than in ordinary eensous.the transactions in foreign bavo been on a restricted scalo throughout the week. On Friday thore was, however, a somewhat improved demand for fine Dating and Rostock, at pricos which could certainly not have been realised on Monday. The inquiry (or bonded wheat on French account baa rather increased than diminished, and had holders been more reasonable in their pretensions, rather extensive operations would probably have been entered into. Tho price* asked, hare, however, been too high to admit of the execution of the orders received ; end the actual business done hea, consequently, been unimportant The duty is still at the maximum point, ana is likely to remain there far seme weeks; but if the potsto crop should really turnout so deficient as is expected, and the importation of foreign wheat becoma necessary, pricas of the article will, later in the year, rise so as to cause a material fall in the duty. Town manufactured flour has bean in moderate request at tho recently enhanced term* ; and there Is now no prospect of the millers reducing their quotations. Tho arrivals of this article coastwise have been quite trivial; and towards the close of the week good Norfolk houaeholds were held Is. per sack higher than en Monday last For American flour the demand has been active ; several parcels have changed hands, in bond, at 34a. to 34a. OJ. per barrel; and for good branda of Western Canal, Ofta In 29?. tier barrel, dutv uaid. waa aakad. and inuiaa cmn obtained, on Fiiday. The stock of free loreign flour baa already been greatly dimiuiahed ; and aa future arrival! are likely, In tke first instance, to be stared under lock, the probability is that what is now free will bring higher prices than those at present current. Vary little English barley has been offered for sale at Mark Lane since Monday. The few lots of new malting which have appeared have sold at the full terms of that day, and the advance than established on other descriptions has been firmly supported, foreign barley has been in fair request ; and good heavy grinding qualities have commanded from 38s. to 30s. per qusuler, duty paid. The very high rates Which tne malsters have been obliged to give for barley has led to a rise in malt, and prime season-old qualities h ve been sold at aa advance of la per quarter. The value ef other sorts has alee risen, and a tolerable extent of business has been dene at the enhanced terms. The matket has been very sparingly supplied with English and Scotch oats ; and the receipts from Ireland have likewise been triding The arrivals from abroad have also fallen off; and as the major part of the Aroh angel supply is supposed to hare cease to hand, we cms scarcely look for any further large receipts of foreign ; such seems, at all events, to be the general impression; end the principal daalars bava in ee far acted thereon, an to increase their operations. On Wednesday n good many cargoea ware brought to store at prices 6d per quarter above the currency of Monday, end later in the week a further rise, to about tha rams extent, was en- '/ tablished. I Tha want of idppUas has prevanted mueh being done in English beans, but the few which hero oqmeto head ^ have commanded fully previous prices. KgyptiaahgKkW in bond have been held at 30s per quarter. Pees of all sorts hava been sought after, and unlaas tee arrivals should increase materiaDy, this article la likely to rise considerably Indian corn has mot a ready sal# at 34s. to Us per quarter, being Is. per quarter more than it wea worth last week. All over tha continent of Europe the value ef wheat ran up immediately it became known that England would, in all probability, require foreign aid in consequence of the failure in tha potato crop. Prions ere nearly as high now at Baltic as they wore previously at Mediterranean porta; and there is certainly not muck I a - f k....n?aa Kelnw /Inne linUflS fllPfkhP flluttHk terial advance take* place her# Lettere from Viang, of the 29th alt, (tat* that a mat deal of excitement had prevailed then, and that teller* had hardly known what price* to aak for the Aner kinda of wheat Kino high mixed could certainly net then have been bought below 49i. per qr. free en beard, aad other aorta were held equally high, ? *. had actually been paid for lecoudary rorte of mixed wheat, weighing only 60 Ibe. to 01 lb* per buehel. The export* to franco, Holland, and Belgium, had cauied a very material decrease in the *tock* ; and it waa eatimated that ef the 9.000 la*t* remaining, little above 1,000 laata conaiated ef line quality. In Lower Poland the wheat crop waa not well apoken ef, bat in the upper province* both the.qaantlty rag quality would, it waa thought, prove Mtiafaclory Rye hail produced very badly ; and the crop* of mod kinda of ipring eown corn would, it waa expiaoted, be defective. At the Lower Baltic porta price* of Wheat have run up in the time proportion aa at Daoiig ; and, aotwithitauding the late important rite here, quotation* are (till relatively lower at Mark Lane than they are at aay ether market io Kurope. from Hamburg, we heve adviees of Tueaday la*?. In Whaet there had not been much doing, the deamnd having been almo*t wholly of a local character, flue Mlf lb* Mark* wa* then held at equal to 4C*. 0d., and lighter qualitiea at from 44*. to 47? per qr. free en board. A good many contract* for Barley *nd Oet*. to be (hipped from Denmark, had been rioted ii'nee the previeu* poat day. for the former article prioe* ** up to 24* 6d per qr according to weight, me., bad bean paid ; tod for as* lb* I>?m*h Oat* equal to IB*. N per qr., free on iioard. he<l been reaJI*"*I 4 A letter from Brnge*. dated l.t toot., rtatoothet the 1 quality of tlianew Wheat arown in that neighborhood in* Eeoerailv approved ol. but that in point of quantity : the c^op wa?^!ec?de<lly below that o ordinary H-ow I Barley, Rye, Oato, and Potatoea would all prove abort, i and ol inferior quality ., . Prom Kranoo the reporta re?pecting the karvcet are ae bad well be: and in Italy, and other .outhern rountnea, the yi*hl of corn teem, to have greetly dlaap. Minted the grower* The value of Wheat haa rlten to i veiv high point at all the leading porta in the Modi terranean': and the high ralue ol una imeia nma cauaed a good deal of attention to be directed to Indian Cera. At MarteiUea aa much 37a M. per qr., free on boerd.hed, on the 2Pth of Auguat, been paid : and a Urge eeeeel. capable of carrying 3.000 qra., had been chartered to load for (Jreat Britain at ?e. per qr, with 10 per cent and JO guiaeaa gratuity. NarkaU. Lonpow Money MaaatT, Sept. U.- Since ourlaat pub lication money ha* continued to be rery abunden*. b-jt the laflueoce of this circumatance haa been laea felt, from the abaence of by far the greater number of toe large capiullati, who have gone to the country and on the continent, enjoying the beautiful autumnal weather that tua fret ailed far ?ome time peat; and tXe ooura# of political uftaira. though at preeent AgVlia'nrbed la not atlch aa to induce to imm^r,ale op ralicaa for higher price rf coeaoia lug the next acceunt. Kxcheqner btila have w'v^mproyad the pre mium, which remain* very lew, fftbough money la ae extaniirely unemployed) nor haaV(Qg Mock, or Indie took, or leoda, been la deemed ^9?ghout the.weefc.