Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 3, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 3, 1846 Page 1
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T H ] Vol. *11. (I*. ^lii-Wlwla Mo. ?WN HIGHLY IMPORTANT1 FROM THK SEAT OF WAR. ?? ADVANCE OF THE AMERICAN TROOPS TO MONTEREY. Appuarauuc ui iuu atacaiuou ju uiy BETWEEN MONTEREY AND SERALVO. AMPUDI A'8 PROCLAMATIONS. A2VOSHSB. OBJBAT BATTLE DAILY EXPECTED TO OCCUR BETWEEN EIGHT THOU8AND MEXICANS, UNDER AMPUDIA, AND SEVEN THOUSAND AMERICANS, UNDER TAYLOR. SKIRMISHES BETWEEN THE BAJVOBRS and BAWOHBllOS. <fcr. Ac. Special DMpAtehei to tH? New Yerk Herald Office Matamoras, Mexico, Sept. 14, 1S4S. Advance of Otn Taylor?Proipoet of another BattleSupply Depot?Ilay'e Mounted Regiment?Mixed Character of the Advancing Army?Retult not Doubtful. The lait arrival from Camargo brought information that McCullough's Rangerx had mat a party of the ene my's cavalry on the road to Monterey. The Rangeri were about forty milei beyond Seraivo, when they *aw a considerable body of horsemen, armed and mounted, supposed at first to be Can&les' rancheros. The Mexicans retreated, and were vigorously pursued, until they came up with a larger body, consisting of near a thousand men. The Bangers then retreated in turn, and brought the news to our General. It was thought that this Mexican force was the advance of their army, and that they intended to give us battle between Seralvo and Monterey, several leagues from the latter ; of course we have reason to expect this, if they intend to defend their city. It was even supposed that the enemy might be advancing to fight Gbd. Worth at Seralvo, before Gen. Taylor and the rost of the army should come up. This th v could not do, however, as Gen. Taylor must have arrived at Seralvo before that place could have been reached by any part of the enemy's force. The brigade of General Quitman was the last on the ground at Seralvo. It is believed he reached it about Friday last, the Uth. And I think we may safely calculate that the army moves this morning lor Monterey. The distances sent you, taken from Arista's map, are not calculated for this route, whxh is somewhat farther than by China. If a battle is to be fought, it will be in less than a week from to-day, and we shall now look hourly for the most important intelligence The enemy may attempt to interrupt the American General's communications ; this would be as effective as a direct attack. Contemplating such a possibility, the commuuds at the principal depots, from the Brazos to Camargo. are awako. In this city, we have a strong guard in the Plaza, a command of artillery in Fort Parede.-., and Col. Curtis' regiment of Ohio volunteers encamped near by. Other regimen's are only a few miles below, and we are ready lor any emergency. Indeed, I think there is a disposition to receive an attack. These Mexicans are curied with such ihort memories that they will need a new lesson every month or two, during the existence of the war. Any reverse, or even check, of General Taylor, would so embolden the inhabitants of this frontier, that a series of attacks upon our different positions might be expected. The steamers are still busily employed in throwing supplies to Camargo, and, that they may be forwarded, a largo force will be required to keep open the road thence t to Monterey. At the last accounts, Hay's mounted Texan regiment was at China, having recently explored the country in the neighborhood He has been ordered to join the army, and will advance with it. It cannot escape observation, that Gen. T. is now marching at the head of a force far larger, but widely different in charaoter, from that which fought at Palo Alto. There, all were regulars. He knew every officer, and had the utmost confidence in every man. Now, he has a mixed force. Though he does not distrust the courage of his countrymen, he has, in his long career as a soldier, had numerous occasions to know the magic effect of discipline. This cannot be overrated The Mex icaas know well,that the former battles were fought by re gulars alone, on,our side and I am told that they count much upon what they conceive to be the comparative Inef nciency 01 tue volunteers. nut u our great superiority 01 race is not a* clearly demonstrated in any coming, aa it ha* been in any past conflict!. I misjudge the character of our troops of both descriptions, and am wholly mistaken in the spirit that animates the entire force which now composes Oen. Taylor's army. We hear they are in the best and highest spirits, and confidently expect to meet the enemy. X. Y. 7.. Matamorss, Meiioo, Sept. 13, 1846. Small Haiti' between itvtral Texan Hanger* and Mexican!?Se?en Killed, f - 4'eLast night, six mounted Texans arrived at this place from Camargo. They report that when about twelve miles this side of Reynosa, they were pursued by a pirty of from tweDty to thirty armed and mounted Mexi. cans, whe fired at them. Thinking it prudent to avoid a battle against such odds, the Americans Increased their speed, and their pursuers soon disappeared. This was on the 10th. Thev continued their journey, and during that day and night were no more molested. On the 11th, the little party had halted at noon; their horses were graz' ing, and they were sleeping under the cooling shade One of them was awakened by a noise near him, and saw the same Mexicans?their friends of the preceding day? V creeping towards them, and within a few paces. He , aroused hi* companions, and all springing to their arms' a severe contest ensued. Swords and pistols were free' ly employed; and the Mexicans, notwithstanding their numbers, were pot to flight. One Texan was killed outright, and another left on the ground in a dying state. Six of the enemy were left on the ground. Korseveral weeks small parties have passed freely between Matatnoras and Camargo; and have, almost invariably, been kindly received, and hospitably entertained at the ranches on the route. This affair wHl have the good effect to make our people more prudent in in (Missing through an enemy's country. It reveals the policy and practice the Mexicans have resolved upon. Wherever we have a large iorce, they are ntuy mvckot amigoi, but they lay in wait for small parties, to which they show no mercy. One of the attacking party, in the present instance, was recognized as a ram hero at wnose house one of the Texans had been stopping while sick a day or two, then he was professing the most unalterable friendship ; now, he was verifying his words by attempting the feul murder of peaceful travellers. The Texans had been lately serving with the Rangers, and being discharged, were returning quietly to Matamoras to IBKfl uwujo. a o me, n in evident enough tnat the lenient policy we have adopted and are so consistent ly punning with these people, it a mott mistaken one. I hate before given my reasons, and declared my belief that it would have to be bandoned. We have tpared their livet?respected their rights; and never, it it believed, in the hiitory of the world, did a conquered people experience to little of the ordinary efl'ecta of defeat, or the general eviia of war. Behold their return ! At Oen. Taylor advance*, flatterr ing thcmrelves there ie no bend to puniah, they at once begin to rob and murder. Contrary aa it ie to our declared policy, ravoltiog aa, it may be to tho fashionable philanthropy of the day, we must mako thia r.eople feel our power, not only on the Held of battle, but in their persona and in thair homaa. Sooner or later our policymust be changed lor one of more vigor and seveiity ? Now tha advantagaa are entirely on one side, and we aie putting arms in tha hand* of the enemy to tight against ouraelvea. I wrote you of an unfortunate collision, between two fleorgis companies on a steamer below Burita. in it, Col. btker, of Illinois, who, in the exercise of his rank, attempted to quell the disturbance, was seriously and for a short time, it was feared, fatally wounded It will tie gratifying to hi* numerous political and personal friends to be told that the gallant Colonel is not only out of ail danger, but will in a short time b* able to lead hie regiment into the field. He hat been in the city a few days, for the benefit of comfortable quarters and good medical attendance. American traders are still flocking here, and filling the store houses with their goods Thus, if the Mexicans should have the temerity to attempt the execution of their threat, to attack this depot, at least ftOO able-bodied aitltens, nerved by the powerful iustinots of wordlv interest and self-preservation, would fight in its defence. We expect hourly information from above, and it may be oi vary stirring interest. Before this time, Oeneral Taylor oan lorm an accurate conclusion whether or not a battle ia to be louglit before Monterey. X. V. Z. TUB PROCLAMATIONS OF AMPUIUA. Mitimosii, Mexico, Bept. 9, IMA. It 11 now ascertained, beyond a doubt, that Ampudia ia |u command of the Mexican foroas near Monterey. With characteristic zeal, ha heralds his approach by proclamations denouncing death io the invader*. To-day an express reached Matamoraa with hit bulletins. There are five. The first ia dated at Haltillo, August 37. Having ascursd them for a short time, I have hastily translated part* of tham tor the Hrrmld. They will (how something E NE NE of tho spirit which the Ueneral says animates hi* own breast, and which he would have ui believe ie universal among hi* countrymen. The style and tenor of all are alike Arapudian. Were his sword as valiant as his pen, he would eclipse the fame of Alexander and Hannibal.? Let me premise an inference from these publications. It is, that the Ueneral, who, in six days writes and causes Jo be distributed no less than Are addresses of consider able length to his soldiers, cannot have devoted much of his attention to that serious work so necessary to oppose the invading army. The truth is, Ampudia writes and talks too much for a fighting Ueneral. But to the documents. ISl-MBtB OKI. " The Oeneral-in-Chief of the corps Jt armie of the North, to tho valiant soldiers of the first division whioh is fouud in front of the enemy :? Soldados?This long paragraph exhausts the Spanish in laudation of their ' military virtues,' ' elevated patriotism,' and ' important services they had rendered their country.' Soldudos?Great and immense are the national interest which have been intrusted to your valor and constan cy under fatigue. The republic and foreign nationi are awaiting the effect of the arm* which the people have placed in our hand* for their defence. Bear in mind that it is ten thousand times more reputable to die for our honor and sacred independence, than to drag out a dishonored existence. Soldados?Be patient under your sufferings ; reinforced as you will be, by the brigades which are on the march, you are certain that the hymn of victory will be sounded ; you will avenge the blood of your brothers shed on the 8th and yth of May, and take satisfaction for those inconceivable disasters. From your Ueneral and sincere friend. Head quarters (In the city of Saltillo, August 37, 1146 (Signed) l'EDKO DE AMPUDIA." The next day was issued number two, in the words following : ? Sl'MSII TWO. The General in Chief of the eorpi d'armi't of the North to the inhabitants of the departments of Ceahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas. Fellow Citizens: (Conciudadanos) for the seoond time I enter this interesting part of the Mexican territory, to lead the soldiers who are anxious to fight, in order to humble the pride of the foreign invader, and to liberate from the minions ot slavery, to which we shall be reduced, if he shall consummate his depraved intentions. We have visible examples of this assertion in the die graceful condition of the inhabitants of Bejar, La Bahia, and recently the district ef the North ot Tamaulipas. We apprehend the great principle is incontestible, that the poonle which seeks to be free, is so. Recollect, countrymen, that the Spanish nation, with the warlike and formidable armies of Napoleon in her capital and strong places, maintained a vigorous and triumphant resistance to the end of the glorious struggle; and we ought not the less to remember, that the heroes of eur own emancipation freni the mother country, with out science in war, struggled for the space of eleven years to break the cbaius that bound us to the will of a monatcb distant two thousand leagues. My friends: Our brethren from neighboring departments has'en to the war; they send thousands of brave volunteers to your aid; and lastly, it is very probable that the leader of our independence (!) and founder of the republic (!!) General of Division and benefactor of the country, D. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, will come to tho theatre of the war, at the hoad of a large reinforcement of troops, to conduct the campaign. In the meantime, courage, countrymen; and oppose the enemy by your utmost efforts. Head Muartera in the city of Saltillo, Aug. 27, 1146. (Signed) PEDRO DE AMPUD1A. To-morrow, I will endeavor to translate and send the others. V. V. 7.. KUMRKR THREE. Pedro de Amjpudia? General de Brigada y en gefe del Cutrpo de Ejerrila del Norte, a lot Habitantti de ette Departamento, Ha jo Sober. The army of the United State* having invaded the Mexican territory, and penetrated with the greatest insolence into the heart of this department, threatens to oocu py its capital; and without calculating the end of hii invasion, 1J am compelled to provide for the emergency, and augment auccessively our defences, placing in action all the elements we can command. The im|>ortance of this place, and my responsibility, are apparent The enemy has dared to present himself at our doors, anJ with his advanae has insulted and provoked us without motive or any reason to justify his ignoble and treacherous proceedings. 1 must, then, avoid and prevent the evil which approaches, for it is thus that honor and duty advise. Let us go to repel force with force, as th* instinct of self-preservation dictates. But I ought first to adopt all the means capable of giving order to my operations; and for this object using the ample authority which the supreme government has conceded to me, and with which, in my character as genoral-in-chief, it has invested me for such casoa, 1 publish the following declaration Art. j it is declared tnat tin* place it in k (late ol siege. 'J. The civil authorities and public functionaries, during the siege, are subordinate to the military in every thing relating te the defence and service of the place. 3. All citizens shall assist with their arms in the national defence, in the manner, time, and form which the authorities may determine; and to this end the citizens shall yield to the advice and orders of their respective military commanders. 4. Every crime of unfaithfulness, sedition, mutiny, or any other which may place in jeopardy tho security, tranquility, or deienoe of the place, shall be tried by the military courts. And that these articles may come to the notice of all the inhabitants, they are published as an edict from this day. Haad Quarters in Monterey, Aug. 31, 1F41. (Signed) PEDRO DE AMPUDIA. snsxs rooa. El General en Gefe?Drl Gverpo dt Fjerrito del Norte qur mterihe. Considering that the hour has arrived when energetic measures and precautionary dispositions should be taken to liberate the departments of the East from tho rapacity of the Anglo-Americans ; and for attending to the rights efthe people and the usagea of war every, person who may prove a traitor to his country, or a spy of the enemy, abnll suffer death without any remission of sentence; ami taking into consideration that it is my bounden duty to put au end to the evils which have been caused by the contraband trade that has been indiscriminately carried on by the usurpers of our sacred territory ; and using the faculties which tho laws have empowered me with, I decree as follows 1. Every native or foreigner who shall either directly or indirectly voluntarily aid or assist the enemy in any manner whatsoever, shall suffer death by being shot '2. A11 those who, after the publication of this proclamation shall continue to traffic in contraband articles with the enemy, shall suffer the same penalty named in the preceding article. 3. Tho authorities of every brsnch of the public service will take especial care, under the stricteat responsibility, that thia article shall be rigorously complied with. (4. This proclamation should produce jiopular action among our citizens, who are under the obligation to mak j known any infraction of it, and all citizeus are empowered to apprehend criminals and deliver them over to the judicial authorities ; and that all persons may be duly notified, and that none may plead ignorance, I order the publication of this proclamation, and that due circulation shall be given it. Given at head quarters in Monterey, Mkt Aug., lS-te. Signed, PEDRO DE AMrUDIA. ai'MBta rtvR. El General en gefe del Cuerjio He Fjereito del Norte que enact the. In consideration of having declared yesterday that tins place is in a etate of liege, and that for thia reason 1 ought to provide all kinde ol neceuery provisions, in obedience to the authority in me vested aa < >eneral-inChief,and of the powers which have been intrusted to me by the supreme government, I now decree aa follows:? 1st. All citizens may introduce into this place free from duties and every municipal tax they have been accus tomed to pay, corn, beans, onions, butter, cheeso, churcoal, forage, and generally all kinds of national products which may be necessary. Jd The respective authorities of the cities, the people and the towns, will endeavor to arouse the patriotism of the citizens, to the end that the provisions ol the preceding article may he observed, and will attend most particularly to whatever will redound to the good of the country and its dearedt interests. 3d. F.very individual, without any exception, who leaves this place, must have a passport or permission from the Major-General of this division of the army, II Jose Uarcia t onde, without which requisite he may be detained, and placed at the disposition of the authorities legally constituted. Oiven at Head Quarters In Monterey, Sept. 1, 1S46. PEDRO DF, AMPUDIA. We have now to observe whether " the vigorous protection of the war" shall come up to the high-sounding style of the manifesto. Oeneral Taylor is now advancing rapidly and steadily towards the capital of New Loon, the city of Monterey. Ampudia, dating from that town, warns his country men of the dangers, declares the city in e state of siege, and is, to all appearances, determined to resist. We shall aee It is, indeed, almost incredible that a force comparatively small, should be suffered to |x>netrate to so great a distance a populous country, and take possession of a city without resistance. It is without parallel. Vet we are ftxhtinv a people whore motive* and princ'plea of action, "seem" to he unlike thoae of other nniiona, and reasoning liom analogy, however correct In algebra, i* calculated to mlalead, In Judging of our present enemy. There appear* to be do aettled rule ol'conduct, either in war or peace. All calculation respecting their probable couraa i* uaeleaa. General fay lor say a that he will believe what he aeea at the head of hie column*, so it will be poaitivcly tafe for u* to predict nothiug. If, contrary to my own conviction*, baaed on some knowledge of Mexican reaourcea, and acquaintance with the character of their commanding general, there ahould he a battle at Monterey, it will only confirm what 1 have above aaid about the difficulty of understanding tl em. I do not believe Ampudia ia the man to suffer himself to be in a state of siege, however he may have declared the town. H* will more probably watch the progress of the fight on some neighboring eminence, that it a reverse is suffered, he may serve his country by carrying the earliest information of anothsr " inconceivable disinter." But again, news erven*. X. Y. 7. Mstamos&s, Mexico, Sept. 8, 1846. Accounts to the 3d hava been received from Seralvo, the present amy encampment. The following are the distances made each day by the flrat, (Worth'a,) brigade, on ita march from Camargo :-Tho flrat day, aoth Aug., wro ,W YORK, SATURDAY IV -- ' z?~ - . ' it proceeded milts and encamped at Rancho Ouadudo, j i on the Rio lintode ; list, 10 miles ; on the 'Ad, passing to the left of Mier, marched 3 miles and encamped at the i | Casa Blanco, near the bank of the Rio Alamo ; itSd, the ' command went 14 miles, many water holes wen passed, , and towards thn end of the day's journey, crossed the , i Resaca Santa Domingo, where the water u permanent; i the neat day continued the direction of the river, South of West, and eaoamped at Punta Aguda, (1 6 miles.) on a ; 1 small stream of good water, running into the Ala ao. On the 26th the brigade reached Bersdro, 19 miles, end it now encamped Oeyond the town, on the Monterey ned. : For the first tune In marching, since the amy left Corpus Cbriati, there is now no anxiety about a plentiful supply of water, so ueedftil to the marching and fighting soldier. Nearing the mountains, they new frequently traverse streams of the purest water, and refreshment and health are found in the rauaerous turroyat at night 1 have thought these details might prove of interest to some whose friends ere now in the field; and more than all that the pure element, whose inestimable value we , have often felt not only in the battles,but marching under this burning sun, is now sbuudant. _ A report had reached Seraivo that Ampudia, who hid been in Saltillo with 1,000 troops, was to bain Monterey on the 4th. We are, likewise, at this city, receiving almost daily, rumors from Monterey, bat > the gutheceere clearly guiltless of all collusion, for not one has the mini uuuiii icnuiuiwv* Ul any Ulnar. > OU DIIUl HOW expect another deluge of report* and* rumors, gome probable enough, and toa* wholly abiurd, yet ell believed alike. Partly from interest, but more to gratify their inherent love of lyinn, the native* now begin to busy themselves in bringing the moit marvellous item* from the interior. Within ten days, I confidently expect to bear all the particntar* of Oen. Taylor'* defeat and capture, and this probably, after he ihall have triumphantly entered Monterey. In a little more than that time, the fact* will reach MMmoraa. We have many account* from traveller* and other*, of the difficulty of aubaiating an army invading Mexico. We were told that the people would drive away thair cattle, and burn or bury their breadstuff*?that they would tarve us, if they could not defeat u* in battle. How patriotiim yield* at the glitter of solid coin. Hour i* offered to the chief of the aubeistence, at $17 the cargo, (300 bbl*.) in Monterey. It it not of the tame quality and whitanet* a* that float Ueneiee, but eiaentially at good. X. Y. /. Camaso*. Mexico, Sept. 5,1446. Oen. Taylor move* to-day. All the troop* have preceded him, and he will, in three or four day*, be up with the army, when the grand movement on Monterey will commence. An important campaign again open*, and our people will again look to the Mexican frontier for new*. Letter* have boon received from the depot a) Seralvo JThe lit brigade reached that town, and encamped on the afternoon of the 25th August One letter tayi, "we arrived to-day, (95th,) making the trip in six day* ; though warm, take It all in all, we had a pleasant march; the men stood it admirably. The artillery battalion lost one man by stroke ofthe sun. We are now in a pleasant country, and I could dot bat exclaim, Bonita ! Bonita ! yes'erday.as we came lit eight of the high mountains, tour or five league* south of us. Seralvo is a pleasant little town. The population grow better and better, a* we advance; and as fur the women ! those of Matamoraa and l.'amargo are ugly euoughlin comparison. At Punta | Aguda, where we encamped last night, I aaw one of the most beautiful creatures I ever beheld ; she was vary j fair?her cheeks rosy, and to a lover of the beautiful, who was hungry, she appeared tha loveliest of her sex' She was handling hot corn bread." Another friend says : "The first day or two from Camargo was very monotonous, then the country became somewhat rolling and more picturesque, but yesterday and to-day, the sconery was truly magnificent. Yesterday, the mountains looming in the distance, and to-day, just before our arrival, they burst upon us in full view, and we' now appear almost at their haao. Serslvo is the moat beautiful spot that the wearied pilgrim could de sire. It looks like the ruins of one of the old Aztec towns, that Prescott describes so graphically. Tha old church is a model of antiquity, and is fit for those gorgeous festivals that used to characterize Montezuma? race. The town is si uated on a high lime stone ridge, and tha water is delightful" Thus rhapsodize the young asUhusissts, equally extravagant whether the admired objoct be a Mexican senorita, manipulating hot oorn bread, or the majestic hills and lovely valleys of her country. frrom this time forward, you may eg&in look for the most improbable rumors and tha most unblushing falsehoods Kxpect to hear of battles which were never fought and sieges that were never attempted. The first reliable information of important events that reaches us from the interior, shall, without delay, be transmitted. X. V. /. [Krom the New Orleans ricayunc, Sept 22] The steamship McKim arrived yesterday from Brazes Santiago, with dates from Ssralvo, or more properly Cerralvo, to the 7th inst. She bi ought, moreover, an extrs of the Jiutrican Flag, published at Matainoras, containing a letter dated the 8th instant, lrom Camargo, in which the following passage occurs, which caused a lively sensatiouiu the city I hasten to inform you of the arrival, post-haste from Cerralvo, of Captain Murray, with iiiioi mation that McCulioch's Hangers had come into Oeneral Worth's camp, at Cerralvo, and reported that on tho 4th instant, about forty miles beyond Cerralvo, they discovered a body of Mexicans, forming the advance guard of a large force, 'ibey retreated as the Rangers came upon them, and were pursued until tbey fell back on a larger force, which was discovered to be from 900 to 1000 strong. It was the general impression that it was intended to attack Uen. Worth before reinforcements could arrive, and Captain Murray thinks that a battle is being fought at Cerralvo to-day, the 8ih. Capt. Murray met General i at ior ? itn a pari 01 mi iorco, tome distance in advance ol the main body, and within thirty-five mile* of Cerlalvo, on a forced march to hi* relief We have letter* from Cerralvo quite aa late at Captain Murray would appear to have brought. The first which we subjoin, trom Mr. Kendall, give* all the detail* of the expedition of the Hanger*, and the ?econd, dated the 7th in*t? indicate* that Oen. Worth waa meditating an attack upon the euemy, rather than expecting one. CaxBALvo, Sept. 6,184?. The two companies of Texa* Ranger* under Captain McCullock and (lillepsie. returned last evening from a icouting tour in the direction of Monterey, and brought back mere full inlonnation of the enomy thin ha* been heretofore received. Capt. Meade, of the Topographical Engineer*, accompanied the Hanger*, having been sent out by Oen. Worth to examine the road*. The party started from here on Friday afternoon, without pack malia or baggage of any kind, and with only three day*' provision*. Before aundown, and at the foot of the mountains, a suspicious looking Mexican waa caught lie endeavored to escape by running, but on finding that hi* horse was unable to carry him orf safely, he turned at some cattle he saw bv the road side, and pretended that be was a vacara, or cow driver, and hunting an astray. This ruse, however, did not get him off, an 1 a great deal of information was finally extorted from him by threat*. He stated that Canale* waa near i'assa Oillos .in considerable force, and that there was also a body of regular cavalry under Col. Carrasco in the neighborhood. A* Passa Ualloa was a place they bad been ordered to examine, the party hurried onward. The road was exceedingly rough, full of loose rocks, and extremely hard upon the horse* ; yet this did not in the least check the advauce. The small rancho of Tasaa Hallos, about thirty miles from this, was passed without an accident, but an old fellow at one of the jacaln stated that two courier* or express riders, carrying nows of the ad\ auce of the Texans undoubtedly, had pasted a short time previous, going ahead in hot haste. A little farther on, about one o'clock in the morning, the advance guard of the Ranger* came suddenly upon tne pickets 01 tne enemy, and aitnougn they gave them a hard chase, the fellows succeeded in getting off by taking to the chappsral. In the pursuit, however, one of them dropped his lance?a regular cavalry?which was picked up and brought in. It was now ascertained that the Hangers were within but a short distance of the camp of the Mexicans, and that the latter had chosen a strong position?in an srroyo or dry gully?from which to defend themselves. They outnumbered the Texans, too, in the ratio of nearly eight to one, having 600 rancheros at least under Canales, and from 3 to 300 regular cavalry tinder Col. Carrasco ; and under these circumstances there was no other alternative left than to retire. The Texans went about two or three miles on the hack track, where on finding a strong natural position they encamped for a few hours to rest their jaded horses. Aa attack was certainly anticipated, for the Mexican leaders must have known the force of the Hangers; yet the morning hours wore away and the sun rose without en alarm. On first ascertaining the force of the Mexicans, from the prisoner who hail been taken, McCulloch sent back a note to Oen. Worth. This officer immediately doe patched six companies of regular artillery and infantry on the road, to sustain the Rangers in case they were beaten back. They were met on the return, three or four leagues from here, and all came in together. The route taken by this scouting party was the right hand one to Monterey, passing Marin. The left hand road, which goes through Caidereyta, is thought to be the worst of tne two over the mountains, anil the other will probably be the one taken by the army. Whether there are any more troops on the route than those encountered near Pasta Oaflos is not known, but the appearance of these would inilicato that Ampudia is keeping a bright look out for the advance of the American army, and perhaps with the intention of opposing its progress Deloie it reaches Monterey. Uah. Smith's brigade came up this morning from Tunta Aguda, ?o that Gen. Worth now has something like 1700 men under hii command. The residents here have been expecting at attack from their own leadora nightly, and hundrede hare left the town for the ranchoa in the neighborhood. CKitRAi.ro, Sept. 7, 1R10. j "From what I can gather, a plan is on foot to surprise Canales *id f'arrasro in their strong hold near Passa dalles. It will be a difficult matter, so wide awake and cautious are these fellows, but no harm ran be done if it fails. "Tha prisoner taken the other night, by McCulloch, j turns out to be a shrewd chap, and of no inconsiderable importance. He admits that he was sent ahead to better himself in the way of swapping horses?that is, by leaving his own and stealing one el ours?and also to collect 1 inlormation in relation to the strength and position of den. Worth's camp. Canales will probably wait some time for his return, for he is fast enough here. "There is a rumor here?nothing nut a rumor, mind you?that Santa Anna is advancing upon Monterey with I ill,0.0 men. I might give you a column of o'hor re- I ports in circulation, font they are all of little moment, and come from most unreliable sources ? Mexican mouths " In addition to the ahore, the letter from Camargo, in 1 the Fiat, says that "it Is positively asserted that tha Mexicans are determined to make a strong resistance between I Cerraivo and Monteraythat Arista is co-operating ?K I fORNING, OCTOBER 3, With Ampudia, and that their forces are rapidly aug- | meriting ; and that the Mexicans are rail) mg to their Itrniiar' from all quarters. This re|ireseutution as to tlie movements of Ai iiu ditlorx horn that of our correspondent, The tollowing is from the same tamargo letter : j The. heal t has retarded somewhat the progress of the , troops wkfth left here with Gen. Taylor, it being out of the question to march during the heat of the day. The troopa ware in high apirits and eager to come up with i the Mexican*. Two companies of Hangers that were here, having their harass shod, started off immediately after Cant Murrey's arrival All is quiet here Proclamatiens from Santa Anns, Ampudia, and the Governor of , TamauUpae, have bean received in town, and are having their effect upon the Mexicans The proclamation of Ampudia makes the penalty Very severe upou all who t?av fHrniah nrAwiairtna asalel In tronannHlnw i,rnwiil?iia or in esyr wis* aid the Americans It prohibit* them trom holding any intercourte or carrying on any trade with ae. Jtynth and a OimAaeatioii of property are the penalties far disobeying the order. These proclamation* i have also boon motived in Meir and Reyuosa. Nothing mora pt importance.

The latest muahsr of the Flag make* no mention of the sickness ua Matamoras or ( amargo. That paper of the 9th, however, says that an evident increase of sick- I nose ie perceptible, and complain* of the north wind* prevailing,as boding no good. The Flag of the 5th says there werethen five hundred sick soldiers in the town. In the Flag of the 9th, we find the following list of those who had died in the hospitals of Mala moras since the 1st of June. The publication of tho list will furnish distant friends with information which would probably not otherwise reach them. A large proportion of the depths comprised in the list are stated by the surgeon to have eocstrred very soon after admission, allowing no opportunity for medical treatment. It comprises also those whose death was caused by wounds received in accidental encounters with the Mexicans in the town at different times :? LIST 01' DKATHS. George Striker, 8th infantry; S. Rhinehart, 5th infantry; W. Landry, 3d regiment Louisiana Volunteer* ; J. Kisher, Washington regiment Louisiana Volunteers; W. Williams, do.; Preddy, 3d Artillery; Montague, And- : rew Jackson rogiment Liouisiana Volunteers ; McKary, volunteer; Smith, 1st inlantry ; J^Brant, Louisville La glen ; A. J. Alexander, do ; Silas Craig, do.; J. Beaoham, do ; Simmers,do ; A Starke, do.; Estis, do.; Barlow, 1st regiment Texas Volunteers; W. J. Clark, 1st regiment Onie Volunteers ; Mann, do ; Benton do.; Scott, 3d Dragoon*; S. Northcut, 1st regiment Tennessee Volunteers; W. Gibson, do.; J. D. Watson, do; Lovd Bibb, 1st regiment Kentucky Volunteers ; Ray, 3d regiment Ohio Volunteers; J. C. Wallace, do ; V B. Howard, let do.; J. Banns, 1st regiment Tennessee Volunteers : C. V. Bernefnr.l .In. n....... . .11 rikin I'nk.n, - I C. Wallace, 3d regiment Ohio Volunteer!; William Reive*, do.: M. L Loatbors, do ; J. Young, 1 at regiment Indiana Volunteers; J. Spriker, 3d regiment Kentucky Volunteers; Thomas Kicklin, do.; McAfee, 1st regiment Alabama Volunteers; .Martin, do.; Smith do., W. K. Miller, do ; J. R llolcombe, 3d regiment Mississippi Volunteers; T. Walker, do.; Thompson, do ; McCorkle, 1st regiment Georgia Volunteers; Brewer, do.; B. K. Jones, do.; H. F. Carpenter, do.; A. M. Boyer, do.; W. WaUins, do.; W. V. Porter, do.; W. Watkins, do.; W. Wright, do ; J. Burgess, do ; J. Thoapkins, do.; W. Godson, do.; W. Hecebuck, do ; J. Walker, do.; Seugo.do ; T. Lock wood, 3d regiment Kentucky Volunteers ; J. Moore, 1st regiment Alabama Volunteers. The Fla? ol the 12th instant gives the most favorable account of tho good order which prevails in Matamoras under the rule of Colonel Clarke. " The quiet of the city at night is almost solemn," says the Flag, and there is none of that riotous dissipation with which the town was formerly disgraced. Lieut. Kane, of the 2d dragoons who is stationed at Camargo, is determined that there shall be no opportunity for such license there ss once prevailed at Matnraoras. In pursuance of instructions trom General Taylor, he has issued a stringent order, from which the following is an extract Camakoo, Mexico, Sept. 10, 1340 Tn all whom it roav B.nnBArn' ?Kn AmortBun rili'/?n is allowed to locate in Camargo, without a written permit from General Taylor. No goods brought by steamboats or mules will be allowed to remain?all such will be seized and sent to the quartermaster at Brazos No person connected with the army, will be suffered to stop at Camargo without a permit from General Taylor or the commandant of tho pest. No private freight of any kind to be brought ashore from steamboats; und, in accordance with the instructions, all persons not connected with the army, are required to leave the place by the 17th instant The Flag also informs us that the Mexicans in Camargo who had been in the employ of the quartermaster, and who were instigated by tho alcalde to cease work, were offered an increase of wages to return to their employment Refusing to accept it, Gen. Patterson compelled them to go to work at their former wages. The Mexicans were perfectly willing to continue work, but were held back through fear of tho alcalde, who was given to understand that he must not interfere again in matters of the sort. The Flag mentions the narrow escape of twe of Walkeffs Rangers from a party of fifteen Mexicans, as , they were Journeying by themselves from Camargo to MatamorM. They owed their escape to the superiority of their horeea end the prompt use of their arms. The accounts which we now have of the riot in the Georgia regiment ere scarcely so full as we published on the Oth inst, but of like purport. The two companies engaged were the Jasper Greens and the Kensas Rangers. Corporal John Wfcah.n, of the Greens, was shot through the heart. The Flag of the 0th says Col. Baker, of the Illinois Volunteers, was then lying at Matamoraa, and suffering much from the wound ne received in suppressing the riot The names of the wounded are not given, hut a full account of the whole adhir is promised in a luture number of tho Flag. We learn from another source, that Capt. McMahon, of the Greens, was undergoing his trial by a court martial at MatamorM on the 13th [From the New Orleans Delta, Sept. 23 ] Wo have been favored by a friend with the following extract ol'a letter written at Point Isabel, on the evening of the 16th inst.:? I wrote you yesterday by the McKim, giving you an account of business transactions here?which are dull.? I have now an opportunity of furnishing you with the news received Just now from Matamoraa, which amounts to this. From a letter received by Captain Perkiua, at j this place, it states that two spies were arrested in the , camp at Camargo and examined; their guilt was so evi dent that they were immediately nung : it aiso states that a party of Americani, on their way from Camargo to Matamorae, were attacked by lomc Mexican*?one American and ?ix Mexicans killed. The new* from Matumoral ii, that Col Clark wa* ahot at while sitting in his room; and that it was ordered that all Mexicans were to be deprived of their arms, and none should either go out of the city or came into it without tho written order of the commander et the post. In taking arms from the Mexiaans, they made new discoveries of se- j cretcd arms of all description*, a* well a* ammunition. 1 Cvery American in the city is compelled to arm and hold himself in readiness?as it is supposed the Mexicans would ]>erhaps take advantage of the apparent indifler ence ol the Americans andiegain Mataraoras; but if they make the attempt they will hnd their receptiou very warm, but not very pleasant. The next news from the army is looked for by the officers here with a good deal of interest, as the account* already received, leave but little doubt that ere this there has been some lighting. ADDITIONAL INTELLIGENCE FROM THE AXLMT Or TBS WEST. THE CAPTURE _0F^ NEW MEXICO. [From the St Louis Republican, Sept. 34 ] The steamer Little Missouri arrived last night trom the Missouri. An express had arrived at Fort Leavenworth, bringing the gratifying news of the entrance of General Kearney into Santa Fe, without the ff ting of a gun, or any opposition from the Mexicans whatever. It appears from our correspondent's letter, that after leaving Fort Bent, most of the ammunition wagons of the artillery were forced to put in oxen instead o< tiie omer animals ; uiai uie oxen nail alio given oui, ana 11 wai with great difficulty the oxen proceeded onward. Several hundred horse* and mule* were left behind the army, unable to follow. The Diary of an Offirtr of the .Army of the We?/. Thi'Iidit, August 13.? Started at 13, M , Col. Doniphan's regiment in sight as we left tho camp. We soon met the spy company, (('apt. Bent,) who, with his small party, had captured four.Mexicaiis, well mounted and ; armed. They summoned him and his party to surrender, i but the Captain told them that he thougnt their safest plan was to surrender to him. They prudently consented to do so. They acknowledged themselves sent to ascertain who we were. They were made prisoners. On* of the Mexicans who was taken day before j ester- | day, was disarmed and sent forward to his village, distant 34 miles, with letters and proclamations. He promised to meet us to-morrow. At A miles we cam* to the establishment ofa Mr. Wolls, an American. He had an abundance of horses, mule* and cattle. With him was another American, who had been sent from Santa Fe by an American merchant of that place, to inform flen. K. that ! the Mexicans were 10,000 strong, and had determined to meet us IS miles this side of Santa Fe, at a deep ravine which they were fortifying. He stated, as hi* opinion, that not more than 3,000 would bo well armed ; and alio, that they had four pieces of cannon. The American* at Santo Fe and other towns, are very much alarmed for their safety. The Mexican* tell them, that if defeated, they will return to the towns and village* and take full vengeance on them. All thi* news is communicated to u* in a heavy rain, and n'A arn onrnmninff in Ikn midlt nf if \'n littlffi AW citement prevails in camp. To retreat nino hundred miiea ia idle ; (no one thinks of it,) and if thejr do meet ua, aa they hare promised, we ahall rindirate the character of the Saxon blood in death or victory. Mark that ! ? Oen. Kearney ia aa coot aa if walking to hie office on a May morning to attend to hia accustomed garrison 4m tiea, and all look to him aa to a man who ia to ehed glory on the American name It ia aaid here that Gov. Atmi|o ia opposed to the fight, but ia urged on by the rich men of the country ; yet the latest accounts are that the rich are backward in lending their money. But if ten thousand men are assembled, tbey must have furnished the means. There la a .air. Bondy living near this place. | He visited na and gave ua a fat steer, l'hia ia the flrst set- ' tlement we have met. 1 he piaee ia called the "Moro "? Two beautiful mountain streama meet here, each of sufficient size for milling purposes. The artillery came tip at sundown. At this place the road by the Hunt-rone comes in. Kainav, Anguat 14.? Started at 7 o'clock; at fourmilea met lour Mexicans aunt by Gov. Annijo to Gen. K with , a letter. They were drngoona, dressed in a roundabout I nd pants ol light blue cloth, similar to our own dru IE R A 1846. goons with a re.l stripe down the outer loam of tne pant*. They all wore lurge Mexicuu hata ; there wai a Lieutenant, sergeant and two privates. They rode small horses. The lieutenant had a sat re ; the others were armed with carbines and lances. They made a very respectable appearance, but such soldiei s cannot fight U. 8. dragoons. Their heavy horses and superior equipment will conquer them. The four dragoous above spoken of, and those taken a day or two since, were set at large to day The Colonel told them that he hail come with a sufficient force to extend om laws over them. That he came as their friend Th.it lie came to give pro tection alike to the poor man uml the rich t hat, although he had the power to do as he pleased, still his orders were to treat all who remained at home in the peaceful pursuit of their business, as friends But that if found in arms against him, the vengeance of hia government and army would be poured out upon them. He told them that, not "an onion or a pepper would be takeu from mem wiinoui a ran e<|uivaiem in rain ; inn meir | or bona, property and religion, would be respected. That he woula soon be in Santa Fe, and that he hoped to meet Got. Arniijo and (hake hands with him ai n Iriend ; hut if that were denied him, he had a force auiticient to put down all opposition, and that |he would certainly do it We are encamped at the Passes ; at this place runs a small mountain stream, and near it a village containing, probably, 100 mud built houses. Thero were three hundred mounted men here yesterday. They have all gone to Santa Ke. no doubt to jwin the main army, which is said to be 1J.OOO strong?t ooo well armed, four pieces of artillery (ono six pounder taken from the Santa Ke prisoners.) The other 10,000 arc said to be armed with bows and arrows, slings and other weapons?the Mexican dragoons report that Capt Cook left Santa Ke with them, but as they get a change of horses, they outrodo him. (The < uptain had been sent from Bent's Kort by Gen. Kearney with letters to Gov. Armijo) He will be with us to-morrow. From white men, who reside hore, we learn, that the Governor exercises the most despotic sway over the common people, aided by the priests. They say to such men as we nave met, " go on such a road, ascertain where Cook and his men are, and return to mo at such a time " Tiiey lurnish no means for the performance of the duty, and give no compensation. Yet no Mexican dare to refuas, or fail to perform the duty. What a change will be effected among these people when tliey are emancipated! If General Kearney succeeds in this expedition without inflicting any pain, he will he the greatest man that has ever been in New Mexico. There are extensive Holds of corn near us cultivated by Irrigation. After spring sets in there is no rain hero till in August, when they have refreshing showers, and the grass begins to grow again. The rain of this season commenced about ten days since, and grass is more abundant. But for thia, it would be impossible to take our animals to Santa Ke, probably not beyond this place. Gen. Kearney's "good luck" still aitends him. We have paased within the last two days, cattle and sheep enough to subsist the army all winter, and we have no fear of starving. Satl'bdat, Aug. 16.?Started at 7 A. M., and parsed through the village. The Col. was overtaken at this place by Major Swords from Fort Leavenworth, who brought him a commission as Brigadier General. After having passed through the village tho troops halted near it, while the Gen. addressed the Alcalde and ^,,,1. (nm Ik. ?r ?r Ik, II, Inl.l lk,m "that he c?me by order of the Government of the United States, to take possession of New Mexico, and to extend the laws of the United States over theui. That lie hud an ample force with him, and that another army would soon join them. That, in future, they were absolved from all allegiance to the Mexican government and Gov Armijo, and must hold allegiance to tho U. 8. and to him aa their Governor. That lor thia allegiance, they would be protected by the U. 8. Government from the Indians, (who aro dreadiul scourges to them,) and from all their euemios. That he came to protect the poor man as well as the rich man. That if 'they remained peaceably at home they would be considered good citizens, but it found Aghting against him, they would be considered traitors and treated accordingly." He continued the Alcalde in his ofltce, and told him to be governed by the laws of Mexico, for the present. He stated to them that he had bean well inlorned "that somo of the priests had endeavored to inai.e them believe that he was coming to destroy their religion ?ud to inflict grievous wrongs ujion them " This, he said, was fal-e no lulu mem mai men persons, prupeuy auu longiou would not be intcifered with. Now mini he under these circumstances, are you, "Mr. Alcalde, and you, two Captain* of militia, willing to take the oath of allegiance to llie United State*." Two of tlieni readily consented, but one of the Captain* availed the question The General demanded a categorical answer, l'no ( aptain said, " yes," but it wan evident it was w ith a bad grace They theu raised their hand* and made the sign ot the cross with the thumb and linger, all pieeeut uu> over rug their heads, and the General in a solemn manner u 'ministered the following oath : " You do swear to hold larchful allegiance to the United States, and to deleud its government and laws against all its enemies, in the name of the Pa ther, Son and Holy Ghost," or words to that effect. The General then said?" 1 will shake hands with them as good lriends." When he came to the Captain, who did not seem to enter fully into the matter, he took him by the hand, and told the interpreter, " tell the iwsn to look me in the eye " The General gave him one ol his significant smiles, and with his keen eyes fixed firmly on him, seemed to say, " 1 know you are a rascal,"? (such, lie no doubt was.)? buttlie others, 1 think, were honest, lie then told the people, (about two hundred,) 1 shake hands with you all, through your Alcalde, an l hail yeu as good citizens of the United States ; upon which they raised a general shout. At this town are extensive fields of wheat and corn, cultivated by irrigation, Irom a beautiful creek. The water is taken out on each side in canals, and spread over their fields. It was a beautiful sight to see the clear mountain water rushing through these cauali, and producing luxuriant fields ol corn and wheat, where rain ho seldom (alia. Our camp wai near theae fields, and although aentinela wero placed very near together, with strict orders to keep every animal out of them, yet some did get in, and aome damage waa done. The General told the Alcalde that he had used every precaution to prevent " any interference with their crops," yet " they had sustained aome loss."? He told him to examine the tields and ? acertain what the damage was to each man, to send him a statement of it to Santa Ke. and that full compensation should be paid them. They teamed delighted with this exemplification of equal Justice?a thing not dreamed ol in Naw Mexico, under the rule of AraUo. New* reached the General late laat night, that we woul 1 have a fight to-dejr kl one of the mountain gorgea, and our movement has been In a strict military manner.? When passing through these narrow defiles, (where an enemy would be most formidable,) the word, "draw sabre," was given, and we passed through et e feat trot. But no enemy has been reen. The infantry passed ever the mountain to take them in rear We passed through several other villages, where the General assembled the inhabitants, and proceeded as with the first. The two lust appeared happy to be recognized at citizens of the United States, and wero seen to emhiaco each other in token of their joy at the change of government. At the lsst one, they brought forward their wives to receive the congratulations of the General, (whose maimer on such occasions is most happy,) and it was evident that his words had gladdened their hearts, for they smiled upon him in a manner which woman alone knows how to do. We encamped at 4, P. M., in poor grass, having marched 17 miles. Ceptain Cook met ns to-day, from Santa Ke, and says Governor Armijo will meet us with an army. He hed been kindly treated while in Santa Ke, and imokad many a " segarrito" from the fair lips of the ladies. The villages wc have passed to day are built of sunburnt bricks. The|houses have fiat roofs, covered with earin, auu Hie ury una cunuoriauie, irom ine antence 01 rain or moisture. Kach one has a church, and a grave yard, with high walla of aun-burnt brick There ia more intelligence among them than 1 expected to find, and with a good government and protection from the Indiana, ther will become a happy people. The Kutaws have recently atolen their atock and carlied oil' aeveral children. Well may they hail thia revolution ai a bleating. One of the Alcaldes to-day aaid, that God iuled the destinies of men, and that aa we had come with a strong army among them to change their form of government, it muat be right' and he rubmitted cheerfully. Major Swords and Lieutenant Oilman brought na the mail to the 19th July, and many a heart waa made glad by tidinga from wivea, mother*,children, and dearly beloved onea.jgThere. ai a plenty of cattle, aheep, and goata, in the country, and we ahall fare well enough. Sonnsr, Auguat 16.?Started at the uaual hour, and at aeven milea came to the village of St; Miguel, built like theothera, of *uu burned brick, and with flat roots Alter much delay, the Alcalde and I'adre were found, and presented to Gen Kearney. They received him politely. but it was evident they did not relish an interview with him. This village contains a respectable church and about two or three hundred houses The General expressed a wish to ascend one of the houses, with the Priest and Alcalde, and to address the people ot the town, informing them of the object of his mission. After many evasions, delays, and useless speeches, the Padre made a speech, stating that ' he was a Mexican, but should obey the laws that were placed over him for the time, but if the General snouiu point an nut cannon at nn oreait. ne could not conaent to go up there and addreia the people " The General very mildly told him. through the interpreter, Mr. Uohideau, that he had not come to injure him, nor did he wish him to addreia the people. He only wished him to go up theie and hear him (the General) addreia them. The Tadre still fought shy, and commenced a long speech, which the General in'einipted, and told him, ne had no time to liaten to " usalaaa remarks;" and repeated, that he only wanted him to go up and listen to his speech. He consented The General made pretty much the satne remarks to the Alcalde anil people, that he had made to the )>eople ot the other villages. He asiurtU them that he had an ample force and would havo possession of the country against all opposition, hut gave them aseuraiices of the friendship and protection of the United States, lio stated to them that this had neter been given them by toe government of Mexico; but thai the United States were shio and would ceitainly protect them, not only iu their per*on?, property and religion, but against the cruel invaaione of the Indians. 1 bat they saw hut a small part of the force that waa at hia disposal. .Mans uioie tioops were near him on another rosd, (suue ot which he showed them a mile or two distant ) ?n i that another ormy would, probably,he through their village m " f?* w eeks. Alter this, he raid, ' Air Al< << 1 . r' > ' " ling to take the oath of allegiance 10 h 1 tales He replied that " he wouiil prater wmii > ' General had taken possession oi iho rs| i told him, it was snlltcient fur hun i km'' u i. nut possession ot hia village " He thru cm ?< '?* *'"j the uiual lormalitiea, he said, ' Vou i?mi tnet yon w"l hear true allegiance to the government ol the United States of Amelica?' The Alcalde said, " Provided ran , he protected in my religion ' The General said, I | swear ion shall lie." He then continued, and that you will defend her against all her enemies and opposeia, in the name of the Kather, Son, and Holy Ghost t-Amen." The General then said, " I continue you as the Alcalde | imanMiMHMMMl LD. File* Two Cents. i of thi* village; anJ require you. the inhabitant! of this village, to obey him as such. I our laws will be continued lor the present, tut as soon as 1 have time to examine them, if any change ran be made that will be for your benefit, it shall be done.'' Alter shaking hands with them he left. The Tadre then invited hint to bis houae, and gave him and his stall refreshments i and alter sundry hugs, jokes, and professions of friendship, with an expression from the General, that " the better they became acquainted, the better friends they would be," and an invitation to the Padre to visit him at Santa Fa, (which he promised) we left the village. Tho Padre was evidently the ruling ( irit of the Tillage, and the Alcalde was under great reatralnt by hii pretence. The Trait to the priest, . and the trank ana friendly manner of the General, had the desired effect, and I believe they parted the beet ef iiicnda, and have no doubt that the luhahitante of St. Miguel will soon he as good demorrata aa ran be found in Missouri The Alcalde informed the General that 400 men left the village to join the Mexican army, hut that 300 had returned home. Moon after leaving this.village, an express arrived from Santa Ke, inturmmg the General that a large lorce would onpose liia match 16 milea from that place, in a deep reVine. It war headed by an individual known aa Salaxar ; that Gen. Armijo refuaed to rommand them, and aaid he would defend the town. The aame information waa aoon after brought by I'uebla Indiana, who aaid there waa a large force of their people among the Mexicana, armed with bowa and arrows . that their people had been forced into the service, and that their chiefs would not permit thein to take their guns. Aa it is not more than two days march to Santa Ke, if we have a tight it will probably be to-morrow. Marched 17 milos. Monday, Auo. 17.? Started at the usual time. Our picket guard took a prisoner, the son of the noted Salaxar, woTl remembered by the Texan prisoners for hie cruelties to them. He stated that the Mexican armr had left the canuon and gone home. The General told him he would keep him a prisoner, and if he found that he had told him falsely he would hang him. We soon met others from Santa Ke, who congratulated the General on his arrival in the country, and tneir deliverance from the tyrannical rule of Armijo. They further aaid, that Armijo had taken one hundred dragoons and hia cannon, and gone this morning towards Chihuahua. We passed to day the ruins of the ancient town of Pecos. I visited it with some Mexican* and an interpreter, who gave me a full account o( It. It was said eo nave been built long before the conqneet.? it stands on an eminence. The dwellings were built of small stones and mud-, some of the buildings are still so far perfect as to show three full stories. There were four rooms under ground, fifteen feet deep, and twentyAve feet across in a circular form. In one of theae rooms burnsd the " holy Are" which was kindled many centuries before the conquest ; and when the Pecos Indians were converted to the Catholic faith, they etill continued their own religious rites, and among them the ferred to him Copt Waldo, of the volunteer*, i* tranaUting tlie few written law* which can be foundHi >D<r, Auguat JS ? The General and hia atafT, and some other ofticara, went to church to-day. There era no teat* in the church, except one for the governor, and , a bench on which hia atib* ait. Men. K. occupied the ' former, and we the latter. The rich and the raffed ' kneel, or alt on the ' ??r, aa beat they can. When the ' Curat* ware ready, the service commenced with a piece of mtiaic not unlike what I hava heard at the theetre, and pretty well ploved. Thia continued with different I piacea of muaic till the ceremony waa over. After which, they escorted the General to his quartan with muaic. There it evidently a large proportion of very ignorant people her#', and many ot tham aeem to think. Judging ironi their depottment. that they have no rights, and are bound to obe) their aupenora. When our law* and institution* ara e?tutdi?hed here, the revourcea of the country * ill be developed, and theae people will becomeproepeioua anu happ) " in audition 10 hat it stated In the Diary, wa havee letter from our regular correspondent, which we cannot find toom for today. It bean date one day later?the J4tti of August- and gives somewhat later news. This part of the letter we copv : " On te-iuorrow a body of troops will march toward*. Aihuquerke, to take poaaeaaion of that district. It la supposed that a detachment of the army will also soon be sent to California. The artillery under Major Clerk, 1 ?s ? ? - y-mviim*. J us |IW|IH IJIpeared satisfied. The General slept in the palace, (we i democrat! mutt call it the Governor'* houie). One comI pany of dragoon! wai kept in the city aa a guard, and the buiineii of the day *aa euded Thui, in the aliort ipace of fifty day*, ha* an army | been marched nearly WW mile*, over a desert country, [ and conquered a province of 80,000 *otil*, without firing a gun?a auccea* which may be attributed mainly to the skill and ability with which Gen. Kearney he* managed ! this arduous and delicate business. In explaining nia object in coming into the country , and the kindneaa he I felt for the inhabitant*, he waa mild and courteous; bat then, (would add,) I claim the whole of New Mexioo 1 for the United States. i put my hand on it from thia moment, ibringing hia hand tinnly down on hia thigh.) and / demand obedience te ite law*. WKonaanar, Augnat 19?The general illiiwi th* whole people to day more at length than he had on 00mr occasions, and took particular care to give them the moat poaitive aaaurancea of protection in thair peraona, property, and reJigion. Many familie* had fled on hie approach, and he told their friend* to bring them beck, and to aay to them that they would be more aafe under hii adminiatration than they had ever been He atetad, that in taking peaaeaiion of New Mexico, he claimed the whole of it lor the United State*, without refarence to the Rio Grando. He abaolved them from their allegiance to Mexico and Got. Armijo, and proclaimed him elf governor of New Mexico, and claimed them as citizens of the United States. The acting Governor and Alcalda* then took the oath of allegiance to the United States, and the people, with a simultaneous shout, exclaimed, " Viv U OentrwL"? The acting governor then eddreaeed the people aa fellow*:? ..." John Baptist, Vigil and Alcalda, political and military Uovernor pro tem. of tha department of Now Maxico, to the inhabitant! of Santa Fa, the capital thereof, greeting: It having bean out of my power, by all the exertions that I could put in practice, to calm the feara impreaead oa the inhabitant* by the detention of Oen. Don Manuel Armijo and hii soldiers, and what waa moat frightful, ha having made them conceive, on the approach or the military lorcei of the government of the United Stateeof North America to the capital, that eaid force* were composed of cruel and nanguinary lavage*, and for which many familiea have left their home*, to hide theaaelvee in the doiert?believing that no (ecurlty, no protection of their live* or property waa to be expected from the commander of laid force*; and in order to appeaae theae fear* I thought it convenient and neceiaary to order to be *et up in the moat public place*, the proclamation of the chief of aaid force*, of which the following 1* it* tenor." He then read the proclamation which (ion. K. had lent among the Mexican* in advance. | Tmvbidav, Aug. JO, and Fainsv, 'Jilt.?The General it* in hi* room, and ia constantly receiving visit* from the offlcer* of ex-Uovernor Armijo and others, who Bed on hi* approach. To all who ramain quiet and peaceable he ptomiaei protection. Many ofthem come into hie pre* senre very much disquieted, but he he* th* happy fhoab ty of calming all their fear*, and ha i* winning { ' jf among them daily. Ex-Oov. Armijo ha* certainly fed. Th* cannon he took from the place hare been ra-texan by Capt. Fischer, and will be h*re *oon. The gun taken from tha Texan prisoner* w*? left in mountain, oarriage destroyed; the gun, a bra** ?ix pounder, ha* been recovered. , , . SaTuansv, Aug. M?The General i* .till receiving visit* end sitendina to matters and thing* which era re wivu mi, wuicu never ceasou 10 Durn Ull ntu years since, when the village wai broken up. The population i* probably one thousand. The church if Urge, and although in ruma, wat evidently a fine building. It was built after the conquest. The eaatern roof or the main building it still good?it if filled with birdf. Af we came in front of it the Mexicana took olT their hate, and on entering the building did the fame. The General learned to-day that Balazar had been in command at the cannon, and that he had passed around Uf and gone to St. Miguol, the town wo passed yesterday. The Oeneral sent him word that ho had his aon a prisoner, and would tieat him well, if the father remained peaceable, but if he took up arms, or excited the people to resistance, ho would hanghitn. Wo encamped at 3 P.M. on the Pecos Creek, in excellent grass, where was a beautiful farm, w ell watered? distance to-day fifteen and three quarter miles. An abundance of vegetables havo been brought into camp this evening, and we have cot fared better since we left Missouri. Bread, coffee and bacon are excelUat articles of food, when accompanied with other little " fixings," which ladies only can provide us with, but of themselves, alter a few woeks, campaigner* become a little tired. An American gentleman has just arrived in camp from Santa Ke; lie left at 13 as. to-day, and says that after the Governor's abdication, the Alcaldes held a meeting and gravely discussed the propriety of tearing down the churches,to prevent their being converted into barracks, and tiiat the American citizens interfered and assured them that they had nothing to fear on that subject, and thereby saveJ the churches. A lady also sent for hint tb is morning, and asked him if he did not think it advisable for her to leave the town, with her daughters, to save them from dishonor. He advised her bv all means to re. main at home, and assured her that ahe and her daughter* were in no danger trom the approach ol the army. Most of the reapectablu people of the town have left, | and many country people are going to town for protection. Tuooar, August lath.?Started aa usual, and at sis miles csme to the cannon, where the Mexican army had been assembled. There had been 3.000 troops there, but it seems that the nearer we approached them, the fewer they became, and when we passed through they had all gone. The position they chose was near the lower end, and it was one of greut strength. The passage was not more than forty feet wide?in front, they had mad* an obstruction with timber, and beyond this at 300 yards distance, was an eminenco in the road, on which their oannon hail been placed; and it was thought by us, that their position was equal to 6,000 men. We reached the hill which overlooks Santa Ke, at 6 r. sr. Major ( lark's artillery was put into line, and tire mounted troops and infantry were marched through the town to the Palace, (as it is called,) on the public squtre, where the Ueneral anil his stall'dismounted, and were received by the acting Governor and other dignitaries, and conducted late a large room. The General stated, in a few worda, the object of his visit, and gave assurances of safety and protection to ail iinolfending citizens. While this trenspired, the stars and stripes were heisted on the stall'which ie attached to the l'alace, by Major Swords; and aa aoonaa it wa* seen to wave above the buildings, it was hailed by a national aalute from the batteriee of Captain* Fiachar and Weigbtman, under the command of Major Clark. While the General was proclaiming the conquest of New Mexico, as a part of the United Mutes, the first gun was heard; "There," said he, "my guns proclaim that the Km* nf ?t>? II U Hul, l?-l ?

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