Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 4, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 4, 1846 Page 1
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TH] Vol. XII, Mo. !4GO?WhoU Mo. MOO. TELEGRAPHIC, AHD BY HARNDKX At CO. A1VD ADAMS dt CO. ARRIVAL Or THS \ steamer HIB^rnia AT BOS*1^ ON. ONE WEBKLi"i?R FROM EUROPE. ingniy import commercial Intelligence, j Advan ce in the Price of Cotton. ?TA" fE OF THE GRAIN MARKET. Ob / Mexican delations in Bnrope. THE ESCAPE OF DON CARLOS. Trouble between FRANCE AND ENGLAND RELATIVE TO THE MARRIAGE of the QUEEN of SPAIN. THE MARRIAGE PROBABLY BROKEN OFP. Ac., &o., Ac. ' The steamship Hibernia, Capt. Ryrie, arrived at Boston at an early hour yesterday morning. She sailed from Liverpool on the 19th ult. The intelligence is of the highest importance in a commercial point ol view. The political news may also be important. Of this, however, nous verront. Cotton had gone up a farthing, with large sales. The London Money Market was very eas\ and it was supposed that the Bank of Engl UrtMiIrl ?v?al?* ? ? 1 -*-* - ? * 1 m??o auuuiui reauuuon in we rate at ui- ] terest. Thete appear* to be some ' e between France and England rclativi o marriage or the Queen of Spain. It is lie marriage ha* been broken off. It is will lead to a serious rupture in the t ill. The potatoe crop has turnc. complete failure. The wheat crop is a full average. The government of England and the people of Spain have 'manifested so much hostility to the marriage t)f the Queen of Spain's sister to Louis Philip/e's youngest son, that the celebration of the nuptials has been postponed for the present, if r,t?t forever. Tho immediate consequence is a tremendous war of words between Fngland, 'France and Spain. The remote consequence will probably be the destruction of the | cordial, which has so long existed between thfe courts of St. James and St. Cloud. It is hoped that the sudden extinguishment of the fires on the altaT* of two young hearts, will not prove the means of exciting a general conflagration among the crowned heads and kingdoms of Europe. The total failure of the potato crop appears to be a sad reality. Every where in Ireland, and in the greater part of tlie Brit sh Island, the potato fields arc shrouded with the dark mantles of the piaguo. xoe vegetaoie nag turned into putrid matter, which even the hogs will not devour.? From the continent of Europe, including Russia, we have dismal accounts of the progress of the blight. The future use of the potato, as an art cle ol food, is now almost abandoned. At the latest date, 18ih September, American flour was selling at twenty-nine shillings to thirty hillings per barrel, duty paid, at Liverpool. The price in bond, was twenty-seven shillings and sixpence. The English markets for foreign and colonial produce have latterly assumed a more animated and healthy appearance. Indian corn was quoted three shillings the quarter higher ; and closed at forty shillings for yellow and forty-seven shillings ,'or white. The Bank of England has declared a semi-annual dividend, 3J per cent. The Gazitte dt Cologru says it has been announced for some time that a measure will shortly appear prohibiting the exportation of com from the territory of France. Accounts from Paris dated 17th September, announce that a dispatch had been received conveying the intelligence that Don Carlos, the Spanish pretender, had made his escape, and will I nmlinhlv nri eeeil to Snain. In the affairs oi Spain the escape of Don Carlos from his imprisonment is likely- just now to have important influence. Foreign Stock, particularly Mexican, Spanish and Portuguese, owing to the unsettled state of those countries, has recsded. It is a remarkable fact, that, while we hear of the potato disease in every other part of the world, in the Shetland Island, the poorest of soils, the Ultima Thule of Britain, it is unknown. When 2,619 miles of line, now constructing, are added to tiie 906 miles already completed, France will posses 3,526 miles railway. Rossini is at present engaged in composing a grand hymn, the words by the poet Count Morockelti, in commemoration of the recent amnesty granted by tho Pope to the Bologtiese. Preparations are making at Brest, for (it is said) a two-fold dcs ination. Tahiti and Madagascar; 8000 infantry and 600 artillery will be embarked. According to the returns piade by the officers of the French excise, ihe stock on hand ol Champagne wine in the Department de l;t Marne, was, Ht the date of the 1st of April, 22,847,971 bottles. Ihe French Academy of tho Fine Arts has decided that not one of the candidates who have this year competed lor the prize of sculoture, the subject of which was "Menzentius wounded," has merited the proposed reward. A being, called the " Wild Man ol the Prairies," who hns been exhibited lately at the LgyptianHall, London, is discovered to be a tlwarl named ' Hervio Nano," or Harvey Leach, who perform- J ed some years since at the London minor theatres. The Am ricam, of Brest, of the 3d inst., states that orders have been given to prepare the corvette the Alher, the Bom me, and the Loire, to take troops to the amount of 1601) men to Tallin. Measuies are 111 progress for improving the navigation ol the Meuui rstraits. Capt. Bctcliey, II. N , is at present engaged, by desire of the Admiralty, making a survey ol the dangerous bed ol rooks denominated the " Swillies," which are situated near the Mrnai Bridge. According to the easterns' returns received by the covcrnment, up wauls of 500,000 hectolitres of wheal and Ilour were imported into Prance via Marseilles and along the eastern frontier, in the course of last month. The grain had been purchased at a very moderate price at Odessa and in Germany. Obituary. On the 10th instant, the Pari of Yarborough, Commodore of the Royal Yacht Squadron, on board the Kestrel, oft Lisbon, aged 65. (in the 18ih instant, the Bishop ol St. Asaph, ag' d 76. On the 14th instant, Sir John Williams, one of the judges of the Court of Queen's Bench, aged 65. ftsOn the 15th instant, the Duke of Athol, who nut been sobering for some time under a mental disease, aged 62. E NE n: Ottr Mexican Relations In Kuropc. [1'rom the LonJon Time*.] The intelligence just received from Mexico will inI creese the disgust with which the conduct of the people of that country have long been viewed, end will gr-at- j ly diminish the sympathy hitherto felt for them on eo; count of the ill treatment they have experienced ?t the i hetnis of the Americau government There Is no possi| bility of helping those whe are unwilling to help them niiu luuu u|i, curs 10 no me cointitlcn ol the ;?iexleant. They are wasting upon interna) discord the little energy and limited resources they possess, while standing almost in the |ue*ence of a powerful enemy. We might with justice cease to feel an interest iu the fate of a country so perversely bout upon its own ruin, were it not that our own Commerce Is suffering severely irom the piesent condition ol the relations between the United States and Mexico. A squabble, however contempt' iblo, which impeJes the progress at trade on the part of I neutrals, and renders private property liable to those dangers that are inseparable from a state of domestic i anarchy- such a contention between two litigants who seem both unable to bring the quarrel to an end is a > nuisance which a third paity should be allowed to terminate. Kricudlv oilers ot mediation hava already beea | mada by our late' as well as our present Minister for | foreign aifairs ; but tbo United States and Mexico seem disposed te "fight it out"?a process which threatens to preve exceedingly tedious. On one side we And large resources injudiciously applied, and on the other, internal discord dividing the force that need* the utmost concentration, to give it the smallest chunce of proving successful. We can scarcely hope for the triumph of tho Mexican cause, after the specimens we have seen of the incapacity of the Mexican people to provide efficiently for their own government. Were they to retain their nominal Independence, it is only too iprobable that tliey would continue to be {Mm slaves ol tlialouirit of vacillation which subjects thMB to a constant change of rulers, and dooms the country to a condition practically amounting toanarchy No sooner does the last new President turn his hack on the seat of government than, almost in a night, there springs up la bis place some mushroom rival. He, in his turn, is superseded by another, equally rapid in growth and with as little hold on the ground ho occupies. Benta Anna has by this time returned te such power as can he held by the nominal head of a body I whose members cannot be brought to co-operate in any 1 sustained etl'ort for their general benefit. He is said to bo determined on continuing the war, but it is net improbablo that, with the fatal tendency to disunion which prevails amoug the people, their sentiments may take a specific turn when the President is kmown to be bent on an opposite policy. The downfall of Paredes cannot be deplored, for in the midst of the crisis to which Mexico has boon exposed, with conquest threatening from abroad, and every social evil preying on the vitality of the country at home, the President who has just been displaced remained at least inactive, if not iudifl'erent. Hia imbed. I lity, which might have k : turn harmless undor ordinary circumatancws, render. 1 him wholly unlit to retain | the office of Pre-: nt in .. couutry whose greatest evil is want of n uu govei i ntent. If Santa Anna can ply such a latum, liis r<- toratiun will ho a appj? i fu. not only Mexico itself, l>ut all who aie in.crested commerce, will speedily leel the hen. nt. Whetlic the war is to bo continued or concluded, a strong government is equally essential for the security of neutrals, who will naturally leel dii|>osed to sympathise with that party which afl'ords them most eilicieutly the protection to which they aro untitled. | The Cabinet ot the United States is scarcely to he blamed for evincing an indisposition to negotiate with men who, though nominally rulers to-day, inay he deposed and treated as traitors to-morrow. A country must be itself united befoie it can inspire the confidence of those who are disposed to become its allies, or obtaiu the respect ot such as are in the position of its enemies. Mexico can neither make an honorable peace, nor prosecute a war with the chance of succe?s, until its in uresis are placed under the protection of an efficient executive [From the London Chronicle ] In Europe and \merica?on either side of the Atlantic? thedestmj of the Bpanjah lace seems to be the same. Wheieveritis plumed wo are sure to find, as its concomitants, social instability an l political fermentation. Other races turn their experience to good?their very calamities to profit. One great political convulsion has sufficed lor the Anglo-Saxon, another, greater still, has wrought marvels in the national character ot France; but it seems to bo the peculiar fate of the Spaniard to be taught daily lessons from which he extracts no moral?to have a past, with no lights for the present ?a history, with no landmarks for the future?and to pass without benefit, and even without hope, generation alter generation, through the disastrous ordeal of perpetual revolution Th? aHrirai in cf ;?.?,! Cc*-'? J~ form ui that Mexico hai undergone, or is about to undergo, another of those political convulsions which her n& tional independence has made so familiar to the world Nowhere have the excosses of Kuro|>ean civilisation, alter the discovery of America, met with so frightful a retribution as in New Spain, because nowhere else, per haps, are they so great. Mexico fought lor independence, and has achieved licentiousness She longed for freedom, more from imitation of the neighboring republic than from a thorough appreciation of its valne.or an idea of its responsibilities; and no sooner was the novelty of the thing over, than she perverted it to the worst of purposes. If we measure her existence by its years, it has been very brief, by its calamities, it has been very long. She has managed to concentrate into 25 years of independent existence more anarchy, more political turmoil aud social disorganization, than would suffice for the most backward of the European states to grow old upon. She is fast drooping, without having ever baen erect; decaying, without having ever lived. It matters not what may be her exigencies otherwise, revolution is the ali-engiossing feature of her history. Is she lor a moment prosperous, revolution dashes the cup from her lips; is she depend ent and in debt, revolution peipetuatcs aud augments her embarassments; is she at ;>eai'e, revolution, by disturbing her own tranquillity, menaces that of neighboring states; is she at war, revolution drains her resources, paralyses her srm, and renders aer an easier prey than she would otherwise bo to a grasping and unscrupulous adveisary. At this very moment, when she is arrayed against a power which is exeiting all (Its eneigies tociush her, and which has ali but openly avowed its purpose of dismem| berment, instead of finding unanimity pervading her people, they are split into factious, which have no principle for which they contend, but each merely with a military chieftain at its head, instead of findiDg them united for the common defence, we find province ai rayed against province? tl.o capital against the country, and the country against the capital Backed by the approval of the nation, a military iuler leads her armies to the field to avenge the republ.c for the wrongs and insults which have been heaped upon her; and in ihreo short months, the same nation, with her wrongs and insults yet unavenged, for no cause which they can show against the man, but from their innate love of anarchy and contusion, turn their backs upon their leader, and welcome . a new aspirant to the sceptre and sword of state, no mat ter though he be an old offender against the liberties of Mexico, and one who well knows that his power and per uu ue me saiesi wnen ui> ruie 14 loe sternest ana an authority the most diciatoi iah lastruciivo is the lesson, though tad is the spectacle,which Mexico presents to the world. A people may lose much by holding doggedly hack in the career ol improvement, but the numerous miseries of Mexico have aiisen from her having been too precipitato in her course. She sought to run before she coulu stand, and aspired to be practical before she had learnt to theorise Without indulging in the many reflections to which the present condition of Mexico naturally gives rise, or venturing at present upon any speculations as to the proper cure tor the social aud political distemper which afflicts her, let us consider lor a moment the effect which the new revolution, which we may take it for gi anted has again restored Santa Anna to the dictatorship of Mexico, is likely to produco upon the existing war between the two republics. Several of the prenunci amtnloi in favor of Santa Anna date aa far back as May last. They were then principally confined to the Pacific seaboard, and to the provinces immediately contiguous. Whatever changes the revolutionists in these cases meditated in other matters, they were all agreed that the war with the United States should be prosecuted with all the resources ol the republic. That the pronouncing chiefs were then, as now, acting in conceit with Santa Anna, is a matter which admits but of little doubt. It.follows, then, that either he was deceiving his Inenda, 'or ti at he did not intend, on his restoration to power, to discontinue tne war As the Mexicans do not yet appear to have got enough of the war, Santa Anna has at length succeeded, by continuing the deception, to infuse new vigor into the c(Tints of Mexico to proiecute hostilities Santa Anna is a mail ol energy and coolness? arnan capable of estimating well his own position and that of his country, aud one whose extraordinary influence over his country men enables him to turn Mexican resources to greater account than any othei man in the republic He mi^ht have two ends to serve in rooking a hold dasli j, poioio ue asnciiiii.es in iuii lorcc in nil neighborhood ol Monterey, to extend his own popularity, and to relntpir* hurope with thwt reipect and sympathy for hii country of which it* restlessness and pusillanimity had deprived it But we cannot abut our eye* to the fact, tha- ever aince the breaking out of hostilities the American Government have augured well for peace from the return of Santa Anna to power No eooner did it get alarmed at the unexpected length and expenae of the wnr, then iu eager neaa for the reatoration of the exiled Dictator became but ill-diaaembied. Many partiea in America, and a laige proportion of the preea, look upon Hanta Anna as the uncompromiitng enemy of the United States. It wit evident, however, that in thia particular inatanre the Government bad better hopei, whatever might he it* opinion ofhim. On what did it found ita hope*' Upon promiaea given by Santa Anna, or hi* agent*, or upon well known and weak points in hi* character 1 It may have been on the two jointly, or on tho latter excluaively f resident Poik commenced the war with the magniloquent determination of conquering peace ; he haa already evinced hi* readme** to terminate hoetilitiea by purchasing it. He ha* already a tolerably largo secret tund at hi* dfspo. aal: but he wanted two millions more for stent distribution. It waa not doubted but that mttch of this sum, had it been granted, would have been disposed of in tampering with tho Mexican authorities, who are looked upon by Jonathan as being moie accessible to golden arguments than to those of powder end bell. But everything tended te show that Mr. Polk, had he been armed with his two million of dollars, would have addressed himself, not to the existing Mexican authorise*, but to the auilu.ntiea that wer? to be. fie ro il?l iqiieeio more, ta ngnt ly judged, out of the man to whom he could give both roei.oy and power, than irum him to whom lie could pi ofI ?* ,,ut money , Hauls Anna was his roan and he J? OTerJooked. l-.inds have not been over plentihil at Washington; but, independently of the two millions denied, there hoe still been sufficient te-aend to Havana, Vera Cruz end Mexico. Tha avaricious disposition of Santa Anna encourage* the suspicion that peace through Dim is to b* bought, not conquered. Let the ! world but have peace again, and Paaldants folk and JPFw 10 EW YORK, SUNDAY M( Santa Anna My settle the moralities of the transaction between the?. It may be difficult, when they come to the reckoning, to decido on which aide the nice balance may he iouu? [From Paris Letter of Sept. IT, in Wilmer's Times ] The news if the closing proceedings in Congress with Mr. Polk'i proposal of peace to Mexico, gave ri-e to considerable comment in the Parisian journals. The Journal dr. Dabalt, the government organ, contented itself with remarking, that ''without doubt the new direction given to. the policy of tbe United States towards I Mexico must ho escribed to the otters of mediation made by England." The Epoi/ue, which is understood to speak I the sentimenta of M Guizot, and to be under his special ; control, gave along article on the subject, which is well worthy of isrieaa consideration. "After having," said the F.poifut, provoked hostilities by sending an army to i the Mexican territory, and after having occupied some | towns, the American President has undertaken uegotiaI tions for peace " The Epoqut thinks, however, that the 1 indisnosi ion of the volunteer* to follow General Taylor, : and the great sickaoaa with which they have been afflicted, have done mora in causing the offer ef peace .ban tha sentiment* of jnotice and generosity with which the Presidont pretends to bo animated. It says that it is evideot from the detnaadlor money, that the United States government desire* to obtain part or the whole of California; and that its alienee with respect to the offer of mediation made by England renders it impossible to have an entire confidence in Ae disinterestedness with which it clothes itself. It than add* this very significant sentence which may be assumed to show that the views of the French government?or at least of M. Guizot, who is the head, heart, and sotsl of the government?have undergone no change vketever, aince that Minister insisted in the Chambers oO the vast importance to France ot maintaining the indenaadanee of Mexico "But it is probable that if, on the one hand, President Paredes snows himself sincerely desirous to reply to advances, having for its object tfce termination of a ruinoua war, he will understood on the other hand, from that very proceeding,'that tbe United 8tates are not in a situation to impaaa upoa him, aa condition of peace, the abandonment, with or without indemnity, of one of the most importaat provinces of the republic. It will be sufficient, we tklak. for General Parodes to make proof of a little tirmaaaa and resolution to obtain peace without alienating any of the rights of Mexico or Celilor nia. The recognition by the Mexican Government of the annexation ol Toxao, and the maintenance of the integrity of the independence of Mexico?auch ia the only basis on which negotiations can be opened with tome appearance of juitice. It ia in theae limita that the exigencies of the Government of Washington ought to be conflaed. if Mr. Polk will not give by hie acta a striking denial to the moderation no affects in wordt" The Print think* that the rcluaal of the money demanded by Mr Polk will derive hit offers to Mexico of all chance of success, and that oven the money would not have cauaed to be pardoned the " brutal and hoatile" refusal of an armistice ; besides which, the otfera were certain to be rejected, from the hostility and iiritation of the Mexican people against the' United 8tate?. In another article, the Print declares itself quite poaitive that the ottered mediation of riugland will be rejected by the Washington Cabinet ; and that such rejection will be a gross insult to England. This trash haa really been printed in the Prttte The Conititutionrttl aaya that Mr. Polk's otter was made because the Americans are tirod ol war, and, above all,of the expense. It adds, too, that a further reason was, that the United States might not be obliged to accept at any price the proflered mediation of England; and also gives very alarning accounts of the state of the Aniciican troops, both as regards their discipline and health The (luotiditnnc say* that the mediation of England, if accepted, will probably tin I the Americans more neuron* of peace than their adversaries?tor whilst fighting is going on commerce is at a stand still, and that is a circumstance, it says, which will always prevent the peace of the world from being seriously troubled by the United Statea. In another aru sirous of peace than Mexico, aince they t>uy it. In a third article the same journal remarks on the difference between Mr. Polk'a warlike attitude on the affairs of Texas, Oregon, (Slc , and their peaceable termination, as also of the (probable) meek ending of the Mexican business, when, at one moment, it was believed that a complete invasion of the country would be made. "What," asks the Quotiilienne, "must be concluded from this, it not that the chief of the democratic partr once transplanted into the midst of the great affairs of his country, must be enabled to form a more just account of what can and what ought to bo, and understands that the employment of armaoannot be advantageous to a state which lives by commerco, aud, consequently, by good relations with its neighbors! Tho President,'' it continues, "is in an embarrassing position; for, admitting his conversion, it is difficult to ad? init that of the party he draws after him, and it is natural enough that ho tears to lose popularity in following the politics of the v-higs. The conduct of Congress leaves, him at liberty to continue the war, but it is doubtful if be will do it?for the American army is not disciplined, and would havo difficulty in maintaining its first successes." The Comnrrct says that the refusal of the mouey places Mr. Polk in a very serious and disagreeable position, l'he Sircli expresses the belief that the English Government will certainly resist the annexation of the Califoruias. The other journals either make no comment at all on the subject, or their remarks ore too trivial to be noticed. Many of tho newspapers have given articles about the recent alterations in the American tariff. The National, the republican organ, says that they bear very seve ely upon K ranee, but have been adopted us a vengeance against M. Guizot for his dabbling in the Texas busi ness. The Comtitutionnel gravely states the like absurdity. The same journal publishes a letter from Washington, in which it is said that, at present, the closest and most friendly alliance exists between England and the United States ; and that, in fact England has taken that place in the affection of the Americans which Krauce ought to occupy, but which she lost by the conduct of her government in the affair of Texas. The letter says that the friendly relations between England and the United States appear to tie placed on a firm basis, and that there is not the slightest likelihood that the disputed question ol tne tree navigation ot tne t oiumtna will ever tiouble the peace, unleas England should insist on retaining the navigation in perpetuity?a thing said to be scarcely probable, inasmuch as in a few years it will not heoftho slightest uso to her. The letter alss contains this sentence "England alone will profit by the Oregon treaty, as her manufactures alone will profit by the annexation of Texas." The Epoque has also Its say about the new tariff ; it finds that it is intrinsically bad, even in an American point of view, and that it is very uujust towards France. The Monitrur, as the official organ of the French government, publishes a notice, issued by President l'sredes, of Mexico, dated 3d June, declaring that "until the national arms shall retake the town ol Matamoras and Bra7.0 de Santiago, they shall be closed to foreign commerce,'' Another notice also sets forth that the port of Mazatlen is closed. The Courritr Franc ait says that the English government, Dot having been able to establish peace between the United States and Mexico, desires to induce France *o recognize the neutrality of California, which the Washington cabinet desires to seize ; and when neuter, to place it under the protection ef England and France, and leave it open to the commerce of all nations. As, however, says the Courritr, England alone would obtain all the profit of such an arrangement, it exhorts the French government to remember Texas, and not be persuaded to follow England. It is only necessary to remark upon this statement that tho Courritr Francait shows l'self profoundly ignorant of the state of affairs between Mexico, the United States, and Orest Britain. Notwithstanding the statement that Santa Anna has returned to Mexico, some of the newspapers express doubts that such is the caso That he has returned, as stated, with the connivance ol the United States, is declared by the Prtiit to be very improbable, unless, indeed, in its words, "ha be prepared to push treason and folly further than it is permitted to expect" The Latest Commercial Itews. IFrom Wilmer'e Liverpool Times, Sept. 19 ] Among the more important and interesting items of commercial news taken out by the steamship Hibernis to-day. is the report of the cotton market. Tne advices, per the Caledonia, arrived here on the evening of the 13th, and were delivered early on the follow ing morning >Jn sooner bad their contents become known thHn tlitf cotton maiket underwent n great change, speculators oommenciil to operate to an unusual extant, nnd many of the trade, dreading the realization of the unfavorable conjecture* resjxjcttng the forthcoming crop, which the letters and newspaper accounts from the United State* had ventured to send forth, were induced to add to tlioir storks. The demand on the 14th was, therefore, enormous, amounting to no leaa than 40,000 hales, of which *l>erulntor* took 10,000 American Kur all deacriptiona of Amt rican below & I per lb an advance of ^d per ib. wn readily paid?othor deacriptions were Vd higher.? Kiom day to day, since the 14th, thia demand haa continued. in an active and spirited market, and the aalea of the six days may he stated at about 83,000 bales, with the advance of 'id per lb on American deacriptiona being fully maintained. 7 be market for other descriptions has also experienced a tise. Biazils are more rateable, and in some instances >a'd to >*d higher. Egyptians fully \d per lb. higher, with a Urge business doing on speculation. Sea Islands Xdto Id, and Surats fully >?d per lb? The following table shows the business done in cotton during the year 1046 and to the corresponding period of 11445 :? 1046 1045 1'icrtaie Dtcrtair Import* 1,008,603 1,408 433 ... 390,836 Export* 79,470 00.493 19,177 Sales 1,467 4 50 1,646.480 ... 441,-430 Consumption.... 1,118,500 1 146.170 ... 47,670 Stock* 697 410 960 700 ... 463,460 On speculation '445,880 503,150 . . . 457.470 Now that tha harvest is over, speculation is rife as to ita results, end the effect which it may have upon tne tuture range of prices. Theie speculations, to lome extent theoretical, are nevarthelaa* bssed upon a careful , review, not only of our own reaourcei in the matter of i food, but they roabine'alao the position and resources of other countriai. A variety of circumstance! have to be i grasped and analysed, before a sound deduction can he i made; but, looking at home and abroad, the general iraj presaion on the mluds of practical men is, that the price i of the primary articles of lile will continue to rise, and j that the onlv country upon which we c nn with certainty calculate upon drawing our aupplias is the United States. Last year, it is notorious, owing to the comparative deficiency of the harvest, the stock in hand of the (* mats wns cariy brought to market an-l exhmnWd Locally ' speakiiiy, thai e are now no stocks to tali bsck upon, j ' TbeMUM renuk appliei, though perhaps in i I- si i . free, to the different corn-growing counti ies of t'uropo. : fith the exception of some pans of Poland, itia difficult . | to select a com country from which supplies to a isrge extant can be hoped for. Thslailuraoi the potato crop everywhere must, in the nature #f things, infinance the I price of vegetable food, and, aa the crops in France have tailed this year to satisfy the requirements of that R1T X J%_ i )RNING, OCTOBER 4, IS country, we shall have a now and formidable competitor ' in the markets of the world. The price of food react* with potent effect on the price !

of every description of produce, *o that every man in i business-In short, every member of the human family, i is amenably to its iuffuence. The Irish government, in the spirit of generous liberality, is determined that the i people shall be fed ; and to enable them to be so, public : works, as we have mentioned, will be undertaken to employ superfluous labor. But the making of bridges and toads is not cultivating the earth, so that the means of giving the people enough to do in this respect, is accom pained with a draw buck which extend* the evil it i* intended to cure over a greater (pace of time. It in impossible. under the oircumatancaa, to arrive at any other coaciuiion than that the price of every kind of grain will increase in value before another harveit. The proverbial fickleness of our climate ha* luitaineil it* old charactori*tic* in battling (peculation. The yield of wheat i* better thi* year in the louthern, worae in the northern part* of the kingdom. Upon the whole the yield ia hardly better in 1840 than in the previous year. Even now we hear the cry railed that the temporary liding-icale of Sir Robert Peel will not work under the severe pressure to whioh it will shortly be subject, ed.and parties are already clfcnoring for its repeal Empty stomach* breakdown sttoe walls; and it i* possible?we speak on a review of wnat is passing at bom* and abroad at the present moment?that a change in the law may be rendered imperative before the next meeting of Parliament. An order in council may yet be issued for the admission of all dascriptions of grain at a merely nominal duty. Ws do not sav this from any desire of being thought alarmists; but the fact seems undeniable, that large importations of grain to England?indeed to almost any of the Europoan ports?will repay the venture of American shippers Foreign and Colonial product also sells better. By private treaty a good deal of business has been done, and as holders refrain Irom pressing the market, prices, if not absolutely higher, may be said to be firmer. The healthy state of trade, and the full employment of the working classes, are amongst the cauies which have led to this result. Foreign Stock, particularly Mexican, Spanish, and Portuguese, owing to the unsettled state of those countries, has receded. Ireland. This country, which has so long been the "difficulty" of the British government^ is at present in a horrifying and pitiful plight. Famine, with its numerous aud dreadiul train of diseases, knocks at the doors of the great majority of its brave and hardy population. Already has the cry become universal, " Give us food, that we perish not."? The workhouses, which the Irishman hates in his heart, are being tilled more and more every day; and, according to present appearances, the lower classes, with few exceptions, must, e-e long, become one general mass of paupers. The newlyinstalled government is, it is true, fully alive to the poverty and destitution which prevails throughout that country. Lord Besborough?an Irishman by birth, a resident landlord, and a philanthropic statesman?is endeavt ring to outdo his predecessor in otlice. Accordingly, we are inlormod that lie is prepared to sanction an assessment of a million and a hall, tt> meet and avert the impending tlanger. He is, therefore, applying the provision of the labor aci, to which we alluded 111 our last, upon an extensive scale. He has ordered the hold ing of extraordinary presentment sessiousin eighty baronies, extending over twelve or fifteen counties. In our last, we mentioned that the Earl of Devon and other landed proprietors, had shown an opposition to the principles, or rather details, of the Poor Employment Bill. Since then, Mr Smith O'Brien, tue leader of the Young In land party, has addressed a wordy letter to Loid John Russell. The object ol Mr. O'Brien's letter is, to point out the inelliciency ofthe means which trovernment are devising to provide food for the people. His suggestion is to call Parliament together in the month of October ; this, however, is not to he the Imperial Parliament, but a meeting of the Irish members in College green. The letter is too long for insertion in our columns. In connection witti the subject which Mr. O'Brien writes to the Prmnifir \ir#> rnnv nh?(f>rvA thatthArhip.fSprrfttJirv Mr. Labouchere, ha* addressed a circular to the several lieutenants of counties in Ireland, which contains instructions to the magistrates how they are to act under the provisions of the Labor-rate Act. Meetings have been held at several places for adopting means to relieve the distressed throughout the districts where want has already set in. Tlid most important of these has been at Cork, where the Earls of llandon and Mountcashel, Viscount Bernard, M.P., besides several other of the landed gentry of the district, attended. The most remarkable at the speeches delivered on the occasion waa that by the Earl ol Mountcashel, who stated that the Irish landlords would not he able to sustain the burthen which the hill just passed gave the power of assessing. He stated that the Irish landlords, after the deductions of various charges, derived from their estates only about ?5,000,01)0 annually amongst them ; that the number of destitute people in the country, owing to the recent calamity, would amount to about 5,000,000 of individuals ; and if the whole of the rental of the Irish landlords were divided among the suffering population, it would relieve them only to the extent of one pound per man.? The noble lord then advocated the expediency rtf fsrl vfl r\oi .10 n Innn fn Ir*?lnnrL xnv tn th? amount of one and a half million, to bo repaid by small instalments, with a nominal rateof interest. Mr. E. B. Roche, who also addressed the meeting, read a letter from a medical gentleman, who examined the body of a man named Patrick Barry, who died suddenly, near Middleton, from which it appeared that his disease arose from unwhole some food?diseased potatoes. Mr. Roche also condemned the Labor Relief Act as being wholly inadequate to meet the necessity which existed for speedy, extensive and permanent relief. He went even further, and stigmatised it as the most unconstitutional act that was ever passed. Mr. Roche concluded his speech by proposing a resolution, calling 011 the Government to convene Parliament immediately, toenactmeasures which would aid all classes and interests, and extend the means of employmen', otherwise the social institutions and peace of the country would be endangered. The Lord-Lieutenant, who seems desirous of cultivating the good opinion of all parties, has received several congratulatory addresses from various parts of the kingdom. He has, also, at la t made a tender of restoring the dismissed Orange magistrates. The kind and conciliatory tone of ' Ins excellency's letters to these gentlemen makes up lor any apparent neglect of their case. Two only of the four have accepted the olfer. Both Mr. Watson and Mr. Cleland have declined the honor, but lliey couch their refusal in respectful and becoming terms. It would, perhaps, have been better had these gentlemen consented to uccept the commission again, and to have blotted out ol their remembrance the supposed insult which they sustained at the hands of the ex-Chancellor Sugden. Mr. O'Connell has retired from the arena of public agitation. He once more breathes the bracing air of his native mountains, and inhales the western breeze that sweeps along the wavelushed shores of Kerry. He left Dunlin on the iWth mst., and on his progress to Darrynune Abbey received several addresses, expressing unlimited confidence in his political honesty, splen did tnlen's, and invincible persevernnce. loall ot tbe addresses Mr. O'Connell returned replies 01 the usual character, blaming and abusing the tories, but lauding to the highest pinnacle the present government, and winding up with the most ardent aspirations, and almost invoking the Deity to spare ins existence until be saw Ireland " Oreat. glorious, ami fr<*a. First flower of tha earth, first gem of tlio sea." Ho haa promised the association that, although enjoying the sports and recreations ol a rural lile at Darrynone, lie should not forget the darling prospect of bringing hack the lrisii I'atliement to Collego-grecn. Mr. Kay is ?i have weekly epistles, iiiging 011 the agitation, inducing a starving people to send in the rent, and laying uown plans for the future course winch they should pursue. The last weekly meeting of the association was held on Monday, the ldth. The absence oi the Liberator caused a thin attendance. Mr. John yj v./?m111v i y uic iuuuk uu|)t; cu imnnu, ui tt;u us leader on the occasion. .There was nothing rental kable in the speeches. The rent only amounted to ?102 Might not these contributions be very appropriately and humanely applied towards relieving the thousands who are in absolute starvation. The dispute that has sprung up between the Old and \oung Ireland parties has not been settled. Both are as determined as ever to mnintain their respective principles. A rather singular scene took place at Bellast a lew evenings ago. A meeting was held at that place on the 14th, for the purpose of passing resolutions " of confidence in O Connell, an t to tender him their support in his peaceful, moral tig taiion lor the regeneration of his native land." There wu- n s'lOnn muster of Y. ui g he' si.ders,who pr vented the predionrd reso.utons from Ix-ing passed. Ifie scene, as described by one of tbc Belfast journals, was realty rich. All sorts ol confusion, shouting, hissing, hooting, and cheering, wore resetted ?o, making the meeting have more the appearance of a bear garden than that of saber and rational inon to discuss the resolutions proposed. It was evident that the repealers designed to still* the IERA 546. free discussion of their diirerences between them 1 and Young Ireland. The majority ol the meeting, however, showed themselves determined to rise into the dignity of independent minded, self relying men, who would no longer otter themselves as the puerile puppets ol any man's convenience or interests.? The head repeal warden of the district told the meetmir that 110 man had 11 riuht to nlace his views in juxta-position with those of the illustrious liberator of their country. Dr. M'Burney questioned the accuracy of such doctrine, and the meeting terminated in complete uproar, without agreeing to place unreserved confidence in Mr. CT Conn ell. France. The advices from Paris are of the 17th ult. Some of the newspapers, more particularly the Preue, continue to advocate the immediate undertaking of cutting through the Isthmus of Panama. The exhibition of the products ofChinese indus try, 5cc., collected as a guide to mercantile men in making exports to China, continues to attract great attention. It has also given occasion for several lengthy lucubrations in the newspapers, as to the prospects France has of finding amnrket for her merchandise in the Flowery Land. Generally speaking, these prospects are not considered very llattering, the Chinese caring nothing for French wines, nicknacks, or even silks; and as to calicoes, and cloths, and such things, they obtain them better and cheaper from the English and American. The newspaper, La Prtue, however, exhorts French merchants not to be discouraged, and expresses a belief that eventually great things may be made of the China market. Mean while the worthy journal consoles itself with the assertion that " the French have gained the sympathy of all classes in China," and that, though beaten all to nothing in commerce by those money making jfellows, the British and the Americans, they, the aforesaid French, "may boast of a glorious triumph for their ideas." Ccrta, none but a Frenchman could find satisfaction in statements so extravagantly and so ludicrously false. The statement of the United States paper, the Boston Advtrtiur, that the natives of Papiite, in the Otaheite islands, had driven the French and European inhabitants away, and compelled them to seek refuge on board the French vessels, is denied on the authority of the Government. That there is no truth in it is proved by the fact that the tiove?nment has received accounts to the 17th April, two day# later than the events are alleged to have occurred ; and at that time the French possessions were declared to be m perfect security. The radical and republican party at Le Mans having proposed to dine together, to celebrate their victory at the recent election, the government has positively forbidden the dinner to take place, and of course it will not be given. Such is liberty in Fiance. The whole ut the Oregon territory, bo'h English and American, has been divided by ihe Pope into eight dioceses. M Blanc hoi, a Frenchman heretofore Bishop in Oregon, hus Uen nominal* d Archbishop of the wholo country '1 .vo of the eight dioceses are only filled up at present one bv a brother ot the Archbishop, the other by Ins Vicar-General. At the end of this month, the Archbishop will leave Paris, accompanied by twelve missionaries and eight nuns Ho hopes also to obtain the assistance of four Jesuit.-, and lour brethren of the Christian Schools He has been received with much respect by Louis Philippe. On Tuesday evening last the Minister of the United States was received by the King. The preparation and sale of tobacco in this country is a monopoly in the hands of the government. In 1844, tbe amount received from fliA urn? 107 13fi (YX7 frnrtr** tliA *npnn>? nf fabrication, sale, &c , were 30,262.492 francs ; the clear profit to the government, 77,173,535 francs. No law of primogeniture existing in France, all lands belonging to any individual are divided at his death equally between his children or heirs. This causes an enormous sub-division of lands, which. in its turn, causes poverty among the agriculturists, and bad cultivation. At the end of 1842, there were no fewer than 11,511,841 landowners, rather more than one-third of the whole population. The protestants of this city are making great attempts to effect the conversion of the Catholic priesthood. They have sent to every bistop and curate in the kingdom, translations of the protestant Bible, religious tracts, letters on the errors of the church of Rome, &c. They do not appear, however, to have had any very great success.? The Catholics in this part are busy in converting the protestants, and, il' their newspapers speak truth, their labors have not been in vain. Not fewer than 2000 houses have lately been built, or are now bailding in Paris. New quarters are springing up gradually, but at least ninetenths of the new edifices are erected on ancient sites. If the inarch of improvement continues in the same rapid rate for a few years longer, that it has gone lor some time past, all vestiges of ancient Paris, except public buildings and churches, will bavs disappeared. The newspapers give long accounts ol the as Mtination of a French Catholic bishop by the savage* of New Zealand, to whom he had gone on a missionary expedition. The Catholics of this country have fitted out several vessels to the islands, which the French call Oceanic, comprising all those in the Pacifc ocean. The objects ol the expedition, ol which the murdered bishop was the chief, are first of all religion, next commercial, third political, that i?, it will try to convert the people to Catholicism, to sell them French articles, and to bring them under Prencb domination. The Minister of commerce has written to ths prefects for details ol the produce of the last bar vest; and he states that his own conviction is tha the harvest taken altogether is oetter than that o last year, though it had been confidently statei that there was a great deficit. 8psin. The rumor of a Carlist rising in Catalonia turni out not to be unfounded. Letters from Barcelonr dated the 4th, assert that a band of from 300 t( 400 men, under the command ot a person of tin name of Pietot, has made its appearance in tin plain of Tarragona. He possesses an intimate knowledge of the country lie has seleoted as the object ol his present attempt, and is well knowt for his ruthless and daring character. When the news reached Barcelona, (4enera Breton sent a battalion and two pieces of artil lery in the direction of Cervera. But scarcelyJiai the forces left when information reached him tha another, and a still more formidable chief, the wel known Mozen Benet Tristanv, had made his appearance in the neighborhood of Solsono, nnd that a third faction wns threatening Urgel. Thus Catalonia seems threatened with civil war; and tho present moment, when the angry feeling of tho public is most excited, in consequence of the marriage of the Infanta with a French Prince, is seized on for that purpose. It is believed that befote many day* ate over Navarre will also manifest a spirit n( resistance to the same unpopular measure; and it is not improbable that in other parts of hpain attcn:p's, more oaring, and, percuance, more cm-cuve, m m those thai have as yet been tried, will bo inade by another and f..ll more powerful party 1 hcsc are melancholy c.rcnmatance* for the Duke ol Montpensier to commence Ink cart er in 8pam. " Messengers and couriers," says the Eco del Cnmerrio, " are coining and go ng to and from the two embassies that are now watching each oiht-r with jealous anxiety It appear- thut the French Ambassador sends daily an account to Inn Government of the state of public feeling respecting hit candidate. They had better undeceive themj selves. M. Bresson can only say one thing 'o hit I Government, v,z , that of the 14,000,01)0 inhabitant1 i in Spam, there are onlv a few dozen individual! : who wish for a French Prince. The great remain| rlcr wish for a Spanish one." On the 14th instant the Cortes assembled. Tin Queen went to the Cortes, and read a speech, n which sho announced her intended nurrwi^e with the Infante Don Franci?co d'A?sis, as wcl as that of her sister with the Duke of Motitpcnsicr i It was well received, and a commission was an I pointed, composed exclusively of members lrien'd i Jy to tlie < overnment, to consider the address. ! 1 he commission will present their draft of the adI dress on the 15th or I6U1, and it is expected to he adopted on the spot. It is believed that the disioI lution ol the Coites will tnke placo on the 20th at 1 J?'c latest. They will be convoked again early in December. The capital was tranquil. Belgians. Nothing of domestic interest has occurred since our last. The newspaper* have made simc observat ons on the Ameni-en arid T' ey siy that i' prove* that the United State-a> n tu-..> y <!? ruled between prtuec'ion anil Irve-li.u'e; but tin y doubt not that they will shonly bol'dy declare for the latter. One journal rays that they me too i nlighten* d not to follow the gloiioii* example of England; and the same print makes the admission?rarely extorted from a foreigner?that the people of Great Britain and the United States march ineritably at the head of all nat one. LD. Prtca two Cant*. Owiwk. At a lata bitting of the States of Rothschild, n proposition was made and received with enthusiasm, in favor of the total and immediate abolition of slavery, and the emancipation of all die slaves, 24,000 in number, in the Danish possessions in the West Indies. A complete reparation in money will be made to the proprietors. Germany. It appears that the Congress of Washington has 1 rejected Uie proposed cotnmerciai treaty between the Zolverein and the United States. The Ambassador from Brazil sent specially to ! negotiate a commercial treaty between that counI try nnd the Zollverein has signally failed in his mission. The principles Inid down by Braxil on the one hand, and by the Zollverein on the other, were so very contradictory that there was not I the slightest earthly chance of an arrangement I being effected. I The Prussian King has ordered the draining of bogs and the cultivation of waste lands to be undertaken on a very extensive scale, with the view of finding sufficient occupation for the poor, so as to prevent emigration, which of late has made somewhat alarming dovelopeinents. The Evangelical Synod lias brought its labors to a close, after 56 sittings. It has pronounced upon several questions ol interest in the religious world. The tiing promises to convoke the Synod again next year. The railways in Prussia are 127 (German) miles in length. They cost upwards ol 2S,00U,0UU dollars. The King has given orders that the persons implicated in the late Polish outbreak shall be judged in an open court. This is an immense striae towards liberty in a country where all iudioial proceedings have hitherto been shrouded in the closet, secrecy. Holland. The Hague, Sept. 13.?The prevailing epidemic is rather increasing than diminishing, probably in consequence of tne return of hot weather. Switzerland. The Diet continues its sittings. It has again empowered negotiations to be pursued with foreign nations, especially transatlantic ones, for treaties of commerce on free trade principles. Some remarks have been made on the projected treaties with the United States, but they are not ol any importance. The discussion is opened on the alliance of the seven Catholic cantons. Poland. The trial of the Poles is to commence on the 1st October next. The debates to be public. The number of the accused is not given. The enthusiasm of Young Poland for Russia seems to have suDsiaeti. una antipatny to have taken its place. Martial law, winch lias been proclaimed in the districts ol Bialiste, Keida, and Grodno, as wail as the banishment of numerous Poles to Siberia, tias caused the change. A letter from Warsaw states that the Emperor of liussia was expected there, and that bis Majesty would probably attend tbecampin Silesia. Apartments have neen prepared lor him, although liis visit has not been officially announced. The first act lor the colonization oi the Jews in the grand duchy ofPosen lias been drawn up The corporation rights were tirst taken into consideration, without which they cannot possess landed property. The first Rabbi and the president of die police are at the head ol the establishment. Morocco. The Gazette du ltiidi publishes the following letter from a correspondent, dated Tangiers, the 2lih of August:?Wo are at the eve of great events. Aba-el-Rader, assuming the title of Defender of the Faith, has declared the Emperor of Morocco unlit to roign, and is exciting the population to accept Muly Edris, a descendant of the Imperial Family,'as their true and legitimate sovereign. Edris is already near Fez, with an immense number of partizans, and the first shock with the government troops of the Government may produce an active war, to which France and England cannot remain indifferent." The Etprit Public states that 10,000 Moors have ranged themselves under the banners of Abd-el-Kaoer, who, after having recomposod his Deira, had taken possession of Taza and was threatening Fez. The entire Moorish population received the powerful marabout with marks of triumph, and the hour of the deposition o( the Emperor Alderahman appeared to be near. Markets. London Monet Market, Sept IS.?Since the railing of the steamer Great Western the remarkably fine weather then prevailing ha? continued without inter minion. money continue! picntiiut, notwiinstanoing t considerable demand for the lettlement of the foreign tockand railway ihara marketi, which haa juit taken place. The chiel feature ha* been tho half-yearly meeti ingof the proprietori of the Uank of England on Thursday, at which, alter tome diacutaion, a dividend of 3>? par cent, clear of the income tax, waa declared for the half year. Thia dividend waa by aome not deemed aufflcient, considering the large and very profitable buaineaa that the bank haa curried on for the laat year ; but upon the aaaurance of the governor that a reaeonable prudence dictated the atop, the dividend of 3% per cent waa accepted. A very moderate amount ot buaineaa haa beon tranaacted daily during the paat week, and the market ot ita cloae thia afternon waa dulL Conaola were lait quoted 9;% to OS for money, and 90 to % for the account ; bouth Sea New Annuitiea were done at 94% ; Bank block, for the account, at 1 '211 >?; and Exchequer Billa cloaed 10a te 14a premium. In the Foreign market the dealing! have been of a very limited character. The critical atate of affairs in Mexico haa occaaioned much dulneaa in the atock of that country. The fortune ot banta Anna in thia Republic, appear* to be again progressing toward* tho aacendant. bhouln ho be reinstated in power, it i* very doubuul if it will be beneficial to the bond holder*, eapecially after the partiality he haa already diaplayed for the " repudiating " ' principle. The Spanith accuritica have not undergone any material change, although the queetion of the mari rtage of the Infanta with the aon of Louie Philippe begina to aaauwia an adverte aepect. To-day, hewavar, the t matter ie regarded with a better feeling, and 8panieh f Stock wa? firmer, chiefly on account of the interesting . intelligence juit received horn Parle of the eecapeet Bhn 1 Carlos, which i* conaidered to be particuUrlv weH-timad for promoting the scheme of the Duke da Montpansiar'a marriage. Spanish Ave per cents., for money, were j done at 37}{, and forth* account to 37% and X ; tne three . per cents , for money, at Sfl1,' and X. end for tha account at 8b% and 7t The other traneactiona included?Ecuador, at 4 and 3% ; Mexican, for the account, at 36X and ' % -, Belgium four and a half per cent*, at 97% and X * Dutch four per cents, cartificates at 95% ; and the four per s cent, bonds at 94%. s Bank or F.wfii.Ajii).?A general court was bald on 1 Thursday laat in the Bank parlor, to consider of a dividend. The meeting waa not very fully attended, the i tranquil stage of the money market, and the good position of the affaira of the corporation rendering any diacua * .U-, -r Imnnrtan? linlil-lr The (TO V ft TUX) f took th* ' chair at the usual hour, and acquainted the court that t thia wai a meeting to conaider a dividend, purauant to I the charter and the bye-laws; and the Jirectera having carefully conaidered the Bank's accounta, propoaed a dividend at the rate of :)>* per cent for the half year, out of intereat and proflte. The proprietors would like to know the atate ol the " teat.'' Last yeai it atood on the Sd of September at sss flt-7. anincreaae on the previoua retuin of ?I8,3i>3 On ttie 28th of February, 1848, it waa ?8,583,43(1. a further increase ol ?100,443. On the llatf ol August last, it waa ?.3 839,73.3, being an increase o ?140 311.3 J he total mcteaie on the tvdtole of the pre' i?ent year had been ?130 860 Tho directors bad great 1 satisfaction in ofl'ci ing ao tnvorable a statement to the ptoprieio's, and moved tho declaration of the dividend ? , dr iiuwiiitcr considered, hs tho atl'aira were ao setislictory, that the dividend ought to lie increased to 4 pel j cent, and moved a resolution to that eff ect It this was lost he shoulJ propo-o that a bonus of 2 percent should | lui decl? vd immediately . Posteiity would reap the be j netit ol the improved situation of tho present bank stock! holder* not he The governor assured tho proprietor 'hat the subject had not bee a lost sight of,but that upon tho w hole the direcloia counseled it best for the inierest ot the corporation that tho dividend proposed by the court sliouId be hgreed to A desultory conversation i fullowad, in which several proprietors toek pait; the Htnstidn cnt wtu put und lust, and tha oiiginal motion lor i the dtvidond earned, i hanks wore returned to the go. | vernor, deputy-got ernor, and directors, and the meeting , | adjourned. i I InvKiipooi. Cot ids Maaaav raa thv Wim s'tusfl I flvrr IB?Tho accounts received by the steamer from Boston which arrived heie on the eveuiog of the 18th 1 itist , w,-h reference to tho crop of cottou iu Aim-rice, | arf, to .ijrrruiraging a nature as to have bad an imme ' ii,:-o t!|.;n . tr in 'iUf.. mi *ue previous reports ' I hi to u tbiSHtenrd failure an t'nily confirmed, and ?o i difference of opinion teems to pievail on the snb'ect. i The is rhcrs of letters from all parts of the Stales, whether | on the seaboaid or in the interior, whether interested lu ' the staple er not, agree in icpresenting the promisees most unfavorable, and that, under anjr circumstances, it will certainly he late. Under these advices we hare had a tweeping demand for the staple of all descriptions; . the result of w hich has been to replace our scale of quotations a full ^d higher on Amoricen. nearly ?? on Bursts and Erazils. kc , with \d to Jgd advance on Sea Islands and Kgyptians, according to quality, placing Sea Islands 1 tg J to tid above the public side of July/This changed position of eur market induces us to look with still greater interest to the course- of the Manchester market At present there ie not much encouragement from that quarter, and the failure of the potatoe crop will r.au-e Hppre hrii-jnns as to the difficult) of getting weliov* ti e i ?o ii g ?inter, that ibh) gne ssslilttsWs check 'o c m v. ri ul ent rprtse ?4 4,0 Aroeiican 00 .Vaceive 4 ?W buiai, ?i> J,lM) Kg) ptiana s?s issu tak*h on speculation, anu I,HO American, and >00 -iurnts for export Sates to day, S,O<0 bales. The sales for tue week are, 83,100 hales. I .tnoihrr Rtport ?Mora excitamaDt has prevallad in the market this week then for soma time past. The advices by the steamer which arrived on Sunday ware ef a character to give rise to reasonable apprehensions that the coming crop, uuless favored by a long and pi*p4U*ua

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