Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 5, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 5, 1846 Page 1
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THJ Vol. XXI, Ho. !4C7_WhoI? Mo. 451U. ADDITIONAL EXTRACTS FROM THE FOREIGN JOURNALS KKCBIVED BY THE STEAM SHIP HIBERNIA AT TH1 Xfew York Herald Office. American Affair* In Hngland. [From tli* Loudon Globe, Sept. 16] If any confidence it to be placed In the prevalent rumor in the United State*, that the adminiitration of that country ia favorable to the fpronunciamrnlo which ho* , probably by thia time again placed Santa Anna, instead of Paredea, at the head of the disorderly Praetorians of Mexico, it ia a new and curious example of Franklin's old recommendation to belligerent powers, to buy each other's territories, if they wanted them, as a better bargain than fighting for them. The ancient exclamation of Jugurtha, regarding Rome, wonld, in the case supposed, suggest the only doubt still clogging the transaction; and the Mexican Praetorians may ne assumed ready to be bought, If they hare found a purchaser. But it may be remembered that President Polk asked Congress for 3.000,000 dollars for secret service money, aud did not get them. There appears to be more uncertainty how the federal government intend to raise the ten millions authorised for the avowed mode of carrying on the contest Either Santa Anna and his myrmklons must be content with little for "stoifiing" the war, or President Polk must have u,'known ways and means of satisfying the rapacity said to distinguish the chief, whom a military revolution is now restoring. The garrison of Vera Cruz first signed the reeolutions for Santa Anna, and the people of Vera Cruz then mtified them, who had, only a few years previously, according to a contemporary correspondent from Philadelphia, dug up that general's buried leg, which had been shot off in battle, and kicked it about the gutters. Parades, it is now reported, ia deposed and imprisoned in Mexico ; and 8anta Anna, wo may conclude, by this time has been smuggled through the American blockade. These two republics, in their mode of carrying on war and administration, remind us of the two Homeric heroes, the one slackening pursuit, the other flight, " as in a dream," round the walls of Trey. Such a speedy recourse to the method of purchase?whether confirmed or not?illustrates, even as a rumor, the fact that the American public are getting tired of the war. After the first burst of enthusiasm at the Bewery Theatre and else- | where, it begin* to t>e perceived that the glory ia shadowy, the gain problematical, and nothing assured but the cost. Tocqueville has long ago predicted, that, if the Americana ever went to war, they would soon burthen themselves as heavily with debt and taxes as any European people ; and that their administrative ?-stem, not well organised for economy, even in peac*?the object aimed at being to multiply petty places and patronage through all departments?would become expensive, undor a war establishment,beyond all old-world precedent. Another consideration, which should dissuade the American people from warlike policy, is that war creates a hierarchy of its own, apt to overtop all others. This is a danger more especially to be feared in the American commonwealth, since popular jealousy has prevented the growth ef other than ephemeral powers in the State, which might keep military power in check, or infuse into the army itself a spirit accordant with that embodied in the political organization. But popular jealousy has forbidden that any organised bodies should exist, beyond the dissolving power of annual or biennial popular suffrage. A military power cannot be formidable, or respectable, under such conditions as those to which all other power is subjected in the United States. Even the military school at West Point, a few years back, was thought too solid and permanent an establishment to be consistent with popular government. We infer that democracy will be toe strong to permit the efficient organization of military force-, or that military force, once or ganised, may prove, in the end, too strong for democracy. Very curious are the statements of the New York papers, illustrative, aa we think, of this point. Kor instance, the following " Col. Stevenson's regiment for California still remain* at New York; preparations, however, are nearly complete for its departure, and it will probably leave within a few days. A large number of desertions have taken plaoe, but they have mainly been of minors, and no difficulty will be had ia supplying their places with better soldiers. A strong opposition has been manifested in various quarters to the Commander, but it proceeds from interested and entirely unworthy sources, and excites little attention, and impairs not at all tho efficiency of the '>rce under his cemmand." These lUpublicans are playing with edge-tools, and precisely the edge-tools which, in all ages, have abridged the duration of republics. [From the London News, Sept. 16.] The Intelligence received from Mexico by the last arrival from the United States is of a remarkable nature.? The condition of affairs is complicated. On the one hand we have the nominal President, Taredes, routed at last to sction, and on hit way .it is said, though rather circuitously, to confront the invading army of General Taylor rt Monterey; and, on the other, the ex-President, Santa Anna, embarked for the shores from whence he was so recently expelled, and welcomed before his arrival by pronunciamentoi at Vera Cruz, and in the capital It is no matter for surprise that this demonstration in favor of the man whoso military fame made him all-in-all with his countrymen, should have taken place; the coup, in fact, was long meditated, end rumor had for some time prejAred us lor the endeavor on the part of Mat a Anna to regain the power which he exercised so long But viewed in relation with the ostensible movements of Parades, it presents an aspect of some singularity, though less singular in a country like Mexico than in most others; for there, the Spanish tendency to declare against their leaders ia of more frequent developcment than elsewhere. - A military President at the hetd of an army of fifteen thousand men, might, under ordinary circumstances, be considered a formidable rival even to an experienced chiet like Santa Anna; but when we ismamber how rapid is the spread of the contagion ot' disaffection among troops constituted a? the Mexicans are, the solution of the problem is at hand. It is only too probable that the spirit of fraternisation will swiftly extend from the garrison at Vera Cruz to the army at Monterey, and the pronunciamento which deprives Paredes of power is complete. It is a nice point to consider what will be the course adopted by Santa Anna, when he once more fills the office of President of the Mexican republic. Up to the period of the last advices, the pacific offers of Mr. Polk were not knewn in Mexico. Will Santa Anna, flushed with success, and hailed as a military deliverer, rely upon his eld reputation, and make sn effort to recover that of the Mexican army; or will he rather lepd en ear to the proimsitions from Washington, strive to consolidate bli power, and construct a strong government? If tho surmises which have gone abroad in the United States, have any foundation in truth, he will not take the ijeld against the invaders; but whatever hii wishes on the subject, it is atill poeeible he may, in the first inatance, fmii himieif in auch a poiition aa to hare no choice left Another battle may yet be fought, though the chancei aic, we think, agamat it; notwithstanding the active preparationaof Oeneral Taylor, and the "fire-new courage" of the Mexicans, under an old and again popular leader. The advantage that will finally ensue to Mexico from the r-cent change is still problematical, whether the immodt result be peace or w ar. But it is high time that the government ol the country should assume a perma nent character; that it should no longer be the prey ol the sharpest sword, abroad or at home, but have its inde pendente assured. [From the London Globe, 8ept- 12 ] The dinner to celebrate Mr. Brown's return for the Southern division of Lancashire suggests some matter of positive, as the Coleshill banquet to Mr. Newdegate of negative, instruction. ' * * ? Mr Brown's remarks on the anti-slaverv policy pursued of late years ngreo so much with the views wo have ventured to advance, that we make no apology for extracting them "Gentlemen?The great difficulty in paseing the sugar du'ies, for which you did me the honor to send me to Parliament, the great difficulty was, that it might possi hly increase the slave trade But when we admit rice, tobacco, sugar ami cotton, and cofiee from slave growing rountiies. it did seem al su d that wo should exclude the sugar 01 urn7.ii ana opiun ncruusp inny Happened to lie in the same category as the sugar received from other countries. Gentlemen, a groat change ha* taken place in opinion n* to the mode ol doing away with sj^very. Many thinking men and anti slavery societies We.ievc it is not to he done away with by coetcion. They see that we have 58 vessels of war on the Afiicon coast, mounting upwards ot 800 guns, manned by 0,000 men, at the cost of A'700,n00 a year, and at a yearly sacrifice of 500 of our tine fellows dead or invalided. (Hear hear) This is the annual sacrifice we make for the trial of an experiment which is found to ho an utter failure, and a proof that wo never can effect it by coercive measures. H occurred in ar. early part of my commercial life?when I lived in Baltimore, in the United States? thatlahoi WSs very high,a nd owners of vessels found it desirsble to go to Holland and Ireland, and beside taking in those who could and would pay their passage, to offer a iree passage to those who were willing to sell their labor on arrive! for one, two or three yean, at a certain late, so to reimburse the ship. Yitny caigoes of pas seuttcrs went out. under these circumstances, and ware robed redem,.tionist? It soeventually ledueed the price ot slate luLor in one paitofthe States, that the slaves wptc void to the Boutrism Statei, where they were of snore value ; and the slaves of that state are still of less value than in other pint* of America. Now, it doca occur to me, that if the government would employ a pait nf the ?"00,000 spent on the slave-preventive ships in or rier to Induce the Hill Coolie* and aomepart of Am African r*o# who are better laborer*, to embark a* redemptjoniit*. what we d#?ire to accompliah would be don# with equally a* much or more humanity a* bv tba prorent *y?tem i for it i* understood that the middle postage ,i inhuman beyond anything we have an idea of. I met the other day with a Dutch governor, who had been on the ros*t of Africa, who ?aid that he had met on hi* passage home with twenty sia *ail of raaael* without meet,ng R tingle ihip of war. It *how* how inettcient art our ft" ve*?el* of war, beiide* American and French retiel* of war (the collective force in thin ?eivic*,)io *upprt*? thl* abominable traffic He told me that the number of tribe* in Africa who ?(>e*k different lanauagea wm' ?" great, that though the government employed ?even interpieten, they w?re unable to under tan 1 all the language* ; and (fare* nj the*e conflict*, if I they cannot be diapoted of, are put to death. Now, would i not be more humane for u* to take aoma of theae Lwoor fallow* to th* Weat India coloniaa, and make them irte by a part of thia *700,0001 (Haar, hear .") ( E NE N The War of Word* relative to the Marrlug c of the (laecu of Spain?The Intrigue* lie. cektary to a Koyal Wedding. [From the London Newt, Sept. IS.] We have received Irom a well-informed Madrid correspondent the following account of the intrigue* by which the marriages of the Queen of Spain with the Duke of Cadiz, and the Infanta Luisa with the Duke de Montpeusier, were brought about :?" After the Queen Mother had been disinDolntod in her nroiect of marrT ing her eldest daughter, the Queen, to her bro'her the I Count de Trajiani, she turned her thoughts towards the house of Sa.xe Coburg. While in Parti, she had seen and been pleased with Prince Leopold Kohary. On the fall ofNarvaez, the Court, up to that time under the induenco and acting by the counsels of M de Bresson, sought the support and assistance of the English Cabinet. She addressed herself to Lord Aberdeen, and reqnested him to assist her in obtaining Prince Leopold as the husband of the Queen, and on this condition the Court would enter completely into the English alliance. But Lord Aberdeen conceived himself bound to France, first by his admission ofTrapaai as a candidate, and then because of his having yielded his assent to the pretensions of Louis Philippe (or preserving the faihily of Bourbon on the throne of Spain. Disappointed in their hopes with regard to the Tory cabinet, Maria Christina and her husband, the Duke de Rianzares. who conducted the whole affair, turned again towards France. Convinced of their unpopularity iu Spain, they felt that they could not do without the support of a foreign government, and they endeavored to make sure of that which should offer the surest guarantees for their protection. France soothed the disquiet cf Christina, and the French embassy became the rondazvous of the friends of Narvaez, who are here the avowed partisans of France They first of all sought to obtain the Queen's hand for the Count de Moutemolin, but seeing that public opinion was against this match, they next thought ot Don Enrique, in the hope of inducing him to accept the part of protege of France, but the Prince proved intractable. Narvaez then suggested the idea of choosing his elder brother, as the only Bourbon[left, and whom he undertook to secure. Maria Christina, however, held fast by the Coburg match, and resolved to make another attempt. The ministry of Lord John Russell, since their accession to power, had shown a marked sympathy in favor of Don Enrique, but In nrHhr nnt tn frier ht?n th? f mirt nf Ana in hv tha iiian ,\f forcing him upon them, Lord Palmerston confined himself in the first instance to recommending the court to adopt a more tolerant policy, to grant an amnesty, to calm the prevailing irritation,and rely freely on the opinion of the country, hoping by this means to prepare the way for an arrangement that should content the Spanish nation. But Mr. Bulwer soon discovered that it was impossible to obtai i anything from the court without giving it what it asked for in exchange, that is to say, promising the hand of the prince of Coburg, so strongly desired by the queen mother, and he explained the state of things frankly to his government. The answer of the British cabinet was waited for before they would come to a decision, or yield to the pressing solicitations of M. de Bresson if its assent was given to the Coburg match, liberality would have been tho order of the day in Madrid. The mini try would have been changed, an amnesty would been granted, and a constitutional course of government followed out. If, on the contrary, the cabinet refused, the court would throw themselves into the arms of France, would accept her candidate, and invoke the support of Narvaez The period named by Mr. Bulwer as necessary for ascertaining the decision of his government, expired on the evening of the 37th ultimo. In the anxiety of the critical moment, while yet in suspense, M. de Bresson gave an evening banquet to the friends of General Narvaez and the editors of tho Iteratdo, and there, amidst thoughtful lucubrations and the fnmea of champagne, they discuased and wagered upon the result of the grand atfair which was to resolve their doubts on the lollowing day. The day came and with it the declaration of Mr. Bulwer to Henor Isturiz, that the English cabinet declined the engagement of putting forward the Prince of Coburg as a candidate for the hand of the Queen, and that the court of Spain was perfectly free to act as it thought proper.? These words had scarcely been uttsred, and the Queen Mother informed ot their purport, than -she went to her uauguici, tinu uj iiihkiuk n appeal iu uer mn uie reiusai as to the Prince of Coburg was an insult, she decided her to accept the hand of her cousin, the Infant Don Francisco de Assise. By adopting this course she conformed to the views of the French cabinet, accomplished the desires of M. de Bresson, and secured a triumph for the partisans of the reactionary anti-liberal sj stem which governs us ; for the Infant Don Francisco, who, personally, is acceptable to the Constitutionalists, when taken as the expression and the instrument of French influence, becomes most objectionable to the friends of Spanish liberty and independence. At the same time that the marriage of the Queen with her cousin [was decided on, that of the Infanta and the Due de Montpoasier was settled, wtaicli is nothing more nor less ti;an the renewal of the Family Compact, and will give Spain over to the reactionary coterie who aim at converting the constitution into a hypocrital instrument of exclusive domination. The couutry would witness without displeasure the annulment of the choice of Don Francisco as the Queen's husband It would hare preferred his brother, Don Enrique, but with regard to the Duke of Montpensier, who as a principal might have been well received, he will be repelled as a secondary candidate, for in that match will be seen the guarantee of the otters made to the Queen Mother and her husband, to sustain the reactionary system which weighs upon this country." [From the Lo,idon Times, Sept. 17 ] The Montpensier msrriage continued to occupy the Parisian press and the Parisian public on Tuesday. On the Bourse more confidence in the success of the project and in the acquiescence of the British Cabinet in it, was entertained than on Monday, and hence a trifling rise of prices took place on that day. For those impressions no new fact was adduced. They still rested on the belief that the king would not have taken a step so important without being pretty sure that it would not be treated as a casus belli by Oroat Britain. A telegraphic despatch, received by the French government, stated that on the 9th inst. the I'ope granted the dispensation for the marriage of the Queen to her cousin, and that it waa forwarded from Home on the same night. [From the London 8tandard, Sept. 18 ] The Paris papers are still occupied with the Montpen ier marriage. The news published in yesterday's Standard, from Madrid, fully confirms our anticipation as to the favorable reception of the message from the Queen by the Cortes. A commission has been appointed to consider the Address, the whole of whose members are favorable to the Government. Up to the present moment, however, the long looked for interference of England in the matter had not been attempted, and thus the hopes of the opposition have received the coup de grace. The Journal det Dtlalt states, that on the morning of the 8th, the Pope was to have signed the license for the marriage of the Queen with her cousin, and that a courier would set out with it immediately, and was expected to arrive in Madrid on the 17th or 18th. A royal ordinance, dated the 11th instant, promotes his Royal Highness, the Dnke de Montpensier, from the rank of Rill colonel to that of major general. The Steele informs us that Lord Palmerston has consented not to object to bis Royal ilighness's marriage ; but that in so doing he has exacted the cession to England of the port of Mavotte in the Island of Madagascar ; the abandonment of all claim on the part of France to the occupation of the Bay of Diego Saurez : and a promise that France shall not follow Abd-el-Kader into Moiocco. Such is stated as the amount ol consideration which Oreat Britain is to receive for abstaining from interference with the Montpensicr marriage! The statements of the Siecle are too absurd to demand a grave refutation, but it calculates, we presume, that readers will be found credulous enough to believe them. The Court ier Fran(ait affirms that a coolness has arisen between tho King of Naples and the French Government, in consequence of the sudden abandonment, without explanation, of its "formal promises'' to the Count de Trapani, in regard to his pretensions to the nana oi me t^ucen 01 spam. it 11 auuea mat a communication had been made to the Krcnch Ambassador at Naple* on the aubject. The preaa of Algeria ia aaid to be under a rigid tnrrriUanct. Our accounta from Madrid by the regular mail are not of later date than the 11th irstant. and hare consequently heen anticipated in their more important featurea by the extraordinary expreaa which waa published in yesterday's Standard The Duke de Moutpenaier waa expected in Madrid between the Jat and 4th of October, and both marriagea, aaya the Hrraldo, will take place on the 10th of that month. It will be remembered that the litraldn declared aome ten da) a ago, with equal continence that they were to be solemnized on the 18th Inat The Etfatnol affirms that there has been a thing ol the Carbeta in Catalonia, and that the insurgents have pioclaimed Charlea VI The opposition journals of Ala dud deny that the opponeuta of the Montpeniit-i marriage are confined to the Trogresaiataa ; they declare that it is unpopular with a large majority ol the people of Spain; and that so great ia the alarm ol the government on the subject, that it has not only suppressed several newspapers, but even the right of the people to petition the (|ueen, a right guarantied by tho Charter passed by the Cortes, aud confirmed by her Majeaty within the last twelve montha. A Tana journal publishes a copy of the firat note presented by M. Bulwer to Senor Istunlz on the aubjeot of the marriage of the Infanta. It is of a vary moderate character, and written evidently without instructions from his government. It daacribea the proposed marriage as "one of the moat glare events that can happen in turope," and expresses the writer's apprehension that "it may teud to alter very materially the relations ol Snain with power* which hare tiitherto made it one of the chief object* of their policy to maintain the national independence ot that country " It goes cn to aay that tucb a marriage can only boconsidered a* a marriage ol atate, it contains no protest, but appears (imply to Ttfmplain that no official notilication ot the marriage should have reached the British Kmbaasy, and that it should have been treated altogether a* a privato marriage Mr. Buiwer is said to have made a third communication to Sr. IsturiU to the same eltect, accompanied by an inumatimation that h* should address no mors notes to th* Spanish Govarnment, unless he receiveJ explicit directions to do so Irom Knglsnd. [From th* Psiis Courrier Krsncsis, Sept. 14 ] Tba state of Spain Is becoming more and more comelected?a terrible explosion cannot fail to take place.? * have net laid before the public the letters which we here received from Spain during the last few days. Far this we hed two reasons, the first of which it, that thsy contained predictions so alarming that we felt it to he our dnty to wait till they were confirmed by events ; the second reason is, that thsy contained naturally many contradictions on tha graat question of the moment. W e would speak of tha disposition of bngland, since >he H'Ik . I, I ln?,nU Marie Louisa Fernanda was granted to ihe "ii -e do Montpensier. These contradictions, bow* v?r, do not bear upon simple details. What is car?'? ? resentment of F.ngiend, and tha perils which this resentment must infallibly bring upon Spain All he world knows th# tenor and bearing if the represen Bulw*r M "sturiti The Log llsh Minister hed not then received any positive initruc JT vv ro EW YOM, MONDAY M ' tiom from hii government. Dut a matter was in qucation on which he could make energetic protestations without fear ol compromise himself. and Sir. Bulwcr did uot hesitate to make them formally. Nevertheless, the marriage of the Duke de Montpensier and the Inlanta will be accomplished. The Madrid Gaxtttt has announced it officially, and yesterday morning this new triumph was triumphed in the columns of the Dtkati. Of little importance is the Implacable discontent of the Progres, sist party?of little is th? liunmuinnllhl* ! pug'nnnce it his created in the Puritan fraction, the truly ; constitutional fraction of the Moderate party?of little , Importance are the alarm* of public opinion, an explolion of which ha* never been more threatening, even on the ove of the moat formidable prnunciamtntoi. The Reaction i* infatuated with it* triumph ; it i* struck with that blindness which oaused the iuin, In 1334, of the partisans of the Eiiniuiortal, and,tin 1840 of (jueen Christina herself. Uuhappy Spain ia the only country, perhaps in the world, in which a retrograde government knows not how to open its earl to the legitimate complaints of public opinion. Let, therefore, the cabinet of Madrid persist to the last in its reactionary projects. It will have to sustain an open confUpt with an Immens* majority of the Spanish nation. What uae is there in reminding it, when it will neither see nor listen to anything, of the disastrous consequences which have at all times fallen upon governments which have been misled into such contentions? We have pointed ant the dangers at homo which the absurd policy adopted in 8pain must involve her in. To-morrow we shall speak of the extremities to which England, according to our ideas, must be inevitably carried." Free Vrads In Prance. [Krom the Paris Journal des Debate, Sept. 16 ] We admit the propriety of the protective system, within those limits whioh reason may approve. When a country tinds that tba time has come to organize its manufactures, independently of those general encouragements which are given to manufacturing industry, by means of communication, credit, or appropriate teaching, i it is yet lawful to make exceptions iu favor el' some of the most important manufacture ; amongst these favors it is, wo think, right to com prim a tax to bo paid by the con sumers, they being the whole world. This tax, in the shape of a custom duty, should be, from the first, sufficiently moderate to prevent foreign competition from taking away all stimulus to national industry. It should also be but a temporary tad, and on a decreasing scsde. Out nothing can justify a permanent, absolute end genera] prohibitive svstem. An/t vet itirh i? neu in force in France, and it Ja one to which it it pretended we muit submit without hope of relaxation. The tiim haa now come when our national industry has acauired strength, when the manufafitarers have acquired the same degree of perfection as foreign ones, so that they are enabled to produce the aatoe goods and of the same quality as those which ate to be obtained from abroad.? We will take as an exumpfo the immense number of manufactories which make tissues. With regard to woollen stuffs, we will mention cloth, shawls, blankets, merinos, flannels and monaeline do laine. No country in the world can furnish liner cloth than K.lbeuf ami Sedan. Our manufacturer* do not produce those kinds which are sought after in England, and they tell little abroad, yet there is a trade open of 24 millions, but whoever wants a fine cloth coat buy* French cloth. In the manufacture of merinoes, we certainly bear off the nalm. The vast manufacture ofCatoau works better and cheaper, notwithstanding a quantity of duties for which there are no drawbacks, than the Saxooe, the Lnglish, and the Belgians. The proof of this ia that it sells in foreign countries more thau two-ttsirds of what it manufactures. Blankets we sell abroad in considerable numbers, ami as, to shawls, our progress Is so great that between 183S and 1944 our exports have increased from seven millions to more thsn thirty-seven; we are aurpassed by none in our flannels; and none ean equal ut in the manufacture of muuseline do laine,' which is an article ot taste. With regard to woollen throed, France may well compete with the foreigner, lor we know some manufacturers in I'aris and at Kheirns who tell their thread to Knglish factories. And notwithstanding all this, foreign cloth is prohibited; merinos prohibited, shawls, haberdashery, flannels, cashmeres, damasks, and stuffs, ell these are prohibited. Most of the woollen threads are prohibited; those that are admitted ere taxed 71 70c. perkilog. Blankets pay a duty of Jf. JOc., that is at loast, 60 per cent. Is there common sense in such a thing! With regard to cotton, it is oniv sufficient to ask the manufacturers of London, New York, and Calcutta, which is the nation that most excels in the manufacture of painted cloth! The unanimous answer will bo Franoe. The principal house in Mulhausen sells most of its manufacture of thcae abroad. Now open the tariff, and you will see the same intemnernnre nf jirnh article* a* on wool; you will find (tainted cloth, cotton cloth*, whether bleached or unbleached, muclin* and borders all prohibited. An exception is made alone in favor of uunkcen, which i* allowed to be imported at the high rate of &f. 5c. per Icil, but even then, it must come per French ahip from India. If it doe* not, it i* prohibited. The taritl' i* equally severe a* regard* cotton thread. Flax, in tho manufacture of which a somplete revolution ha* taken place, i* one of tho commodities on which we admit the duty ought still to remain, for it has only recently been put on; but it i* well known that the public i* at present inundated with prospectuses, in which it is shown that a gain of twentyfive or fifty per cent may be made, even with the duty; and tne thing which tend* to prove that these prospectuses are true is, that certain spinners declare themselves ready to do withoat protection at once, if they are given liberty of commerce, and especially the right to buy their engines wherever they like. How can it indeed be believed that we are so interior to F.nglnnd in this respect, when she is known to take here the stock which they manufacture into goods 7 Thus, for iustance, the linens which we buy in Fngland have to go through a double journey ; fust, in the state of raw flax, and then in the state of thread or linen. If on this point liberty is not possible at present, it will be so in a short time, bilks have come to a well-known perfection in France. Our manufacturers in Lyons require no protection,{and yet the duties of 14f 40c., 16f 00c. )9f. 90c. nnd 34f. 10c per kiloarramme aie still kent un. Nor do wathtnk it i* the French manufacturer who demands the maintenance of duty on cocoons and silk thread leaving France; it is a real detriment to national agriculture, which requires the liberty of selling its silks in every part of the world, as it does its wine. This analysis relative to tissues, which taken together, represent the greater part of manufacturing labor, might bo repeated with regard to all great industries in this country, and we should always arrive at the same conclusion, viz., that amongst the Krench producers those who are intelligent and active manufacture as well and often better than abroad, and |>erhaps more economically. They are at this moment ready to compete with the foreigner on free markets ; or, if they are not so, it is the fault of the so called protective system, which disturbs the price and renders dear and expensive the material which the manufacturer makes use of, obliging him then to sell his produce at a higher price. Th?n their inferiority, far from being real, is only factitious, and would cease to exist if liberty of commerce were allowed. This observation applies especially to the iron-founders. These manufacturers will tell yon that in one half of the French forges the work is done with as much perfection and economy as elsewhere. They will add that France is better subdivided than England in its mineral produce, and that these minerals are cheaper and better than in England ? They will grant that with regard to fuel, we have less resources than England ; that many forges are worked witn woo-] nnng, tod tn?t wood 11 a great item of expense ; bat they will nfltrra, at the tame time, that we possess many inexhaustible mine*,where coal can be obtained at the tame price a* in England, and that, too, in the neighborhood of the mineral! themselves. They will mention to you, amongst others, the Berri and the Aveyron They will show that the dearness of the fuel is the remit, in general, of the duty on iron, because the wo ad and coal merchants regulate their prices by that of the tariff on iron. Therefore the ferge-maitera, making use of materials which they get from others, hare no reason to resist liberty of commerce. Tlio fuel would soon fall to the price which it would fetch in the natural order of things. We insist peculiarly on this point, that the apparent inferiority of some of our manufactures is a result of the protective system, although we believe it net to be so We will mention one article which bears out our assertion?it is common painted cloth, such as is made in Rouen. Leaving aside Mulhatisen, and only taking Kouen into consideration, would not the inferiority which Rouen supposes it-clf to be fixed in disappear, if it had the liberty ol procuring at the same price in Kng I nd raw cotten, dyeing materials, and coal, and the iron with which the machinery for cotton spinning is made 7 Tne only difference of prico which supports Rouen in that peculiar branch is not tho result ol natural circum stances The main causa is the protective system .Make all these things as free as they are in the English tat ill, and Rouen will be ahlo to compete with Manchee tor hor Rouen knows how to woik as well as Manchester - knows better the economy of material, and is more v?iif l in the choreic art* ; and it Rouen pays for capital a little dearer, in return it j>ayi ite workman lev*. State of the Crop* In Enrope>-\Vlll there be u Famine I [From the London Chronicle, Sept. 16 J The preposteious alarmi of our ogriculturaliiti, and the riJiculous vaticinations of their parliamentary friend* and adviser*, are deatlned, we fear, to receive a far more deciuve and sweeping refutation than could be desired. Now that the advanced period of the season enable* u*. a* it were, to take stock, and see how we stand with reference to actual and prospective supplies of food for the wants of an increased and increasing population, there apiwar painfully distinct grounds for believing that the ensuing year will be maiked by a dearth and scarcity distressing to the poorer classes of consumers, and grievously embarrassing to our trade and manufactures. With the prospects which, as-it now seems impossible to doubt, await the country at large for the approachfng twelvemonths, we are quite unable to congratulate our landlords and farmers on the negative that events have so promptly put on their dismal anticipations. The case is far too serious for the friendly pleasantries which would otherwise be irresistibly suggested by the recollection of Protectionist bo dings of" inundation'' and " awful sacrince " It is now, practically rpeaking, certain that we are about to enter on a period of anxiety and difficulty with respect to the very first conditions of national wellbeing, such si must at once exclude ell other considerations than those of solisitude for the toiling and stiaitcn ed million* or our industrial population The detailed aocount of the present condition and prospect* of the corn trade, British and foreign, which we yesterday extracted from the Mark-Ian* Erprtu, will have found, in the existing state of public intelligence on these matters, a large number of anxiously in te rested readers. Theabaolute and 'otal destruction of the potato crops of Ireland and Mcotland, and the wide and growing prevalence of the same mysterious calamity in Kngiand, having suddenly thrown us almost exclusively on wheat and other grains for the means ef existence, it is painful to learn to how very limited an extent our available supplies are likely to correspond with this enormously increased demand. Although It seem* tolerably certain that the wheat harveat of thia country it, an the whole, and taking into account nil coaaidtrn- | UK I ORNING, OCTOBER 5, 1 ' tions of quality and quantity, correctly doacribeJ at an "average crop," there is not the slightest reason for hoping that it will be found equal to the special demands of the entuimr vear. Prices have already advanced from 8* to 10s a quarter, as compared with their lowest point a few weeks ago; yet this advance "Aas not," says our agricultural contemporary, 1 hitherto had the effect of drawing supplies." In fact, the weokly amount of arrivals coastwise has diminished, instead oi increasing, notwithstanding this application ot a stimulant that rarely fails at this perio of the year. With regard to those in ferior grains which we usually look to as collateral sources of supply, and which naturally present themselves as the readiest available substitute tor the potato, the pros|>ect is far more gloomy. In place of the extra: ordinary redundance which the more important of our : secondary crops exhibited last yaar, we have this year a marked deficiency. Barley, "admitted on all hands to fall materially short;" oats, "even lighter than barley;" beans, "probably not \more than half a crop;" and peas, "equally short." Such is the summary given by this highly re- j spoctable authority of our present prospects, as regards those articles which come nearest to the means and resources of the potato-eating portion of our population.? It is needless to subjoin our contemporary s inference, that there is every probability of the duty on foreign wheat gradually declining in the course of a few weeks to the minimum rate of four shillings. jf aoes noi, nowtver, oy any means jotiow that mil will imur? <ii a supply; the harvest juit secured having proved more or less defective over nearly the whole of Continental Europe." The data on which this alarming conclusion rests aio sufficiently well ascertained to justify, to the fullest extent, the anxiety which it is calculated to excite. In every corn market in Europe, in France, Belgium, Germany, the Baltic, and the Mediterranean? prices have already risen, (In some instances above the level of our own) not only in consequence of our anticipated demand, liut as the direct result of home scarcity. There is a general exhaustion of the stocks of old crops standing over from former years, which leaves the people of thoso countries unusually dependent on this year's scanty supplies. A very extensive failure of the rye crop, which, in ordinary years, constitutes the chief deKndence of the laboring classes in central and northern iropo. forms another most serious element of continental deficiency, and has already necessitated large importations of wheat into some parts of Germany. France, as every one knows, has for some time past been a large purchaser of our bonded corn, and has even bought cargoes of our home-growing wheat. In short, the United States are, by universal consent, the only quarter to which we can look for any.considerable supplies between now and next harvest; and although the crops both of wheat and Indian corn, in that country, have this year been very abundant, a general European competition for the exportable surplus will greatly abridge its available use to ourselves. Our well informed and paisis taking contemporary, the Economist, strikingly corroborates the etlect of the nrccedina considerations, bv a statement which consti tutcs a peculiarly important element of the general question of the existing relations between our national demand and supply. While our contemporary confidently estimates the Uritish wheat harvest of this veur as being "considerably larger and bettor than that of 1846," be reminds us that last year's deficiency was to a great extent compensated t>y the very large unexhausted surplus of the extraordinarily abundant crop of 1844 ; which was such that, in all probability, thore was a larger amount of corn in this country on the 1st of September, 1846, than on any previous 1st of September within the memory of man. This year wo have no such outstanding resources. There is no unconsumed residue of past abundance to fall back upon. The official statistics of wheat sales, collected from those maikets on which the weekly averages are struck, show a falling off in the amount of wheat brought to market, during the first eight months of this yeai, as compaied with the corresponding eight mouths of last year, which? especially considering tho stimulus to forced sales'atlorded by protectionist prophecies of "inundation"?can only be regarded as indicating the exhausted state of the atocks in the farmei's hand*. The figures for the last month of each period are particularly significant. In August, 1846, 7."i8,854 quarters of wheat were brought to market by our furmers , in August, 1846, ouly 694,906 quarters Our contemporary's conclusion is, we fear, but too well justified?that whereas, "on ths firit of September, 1846, (As stocks of old wheat were larger than ikey probably bad been in uny former year, on the game day (Aii year they were smaller than for many years past " This exclusive dependence of this year's demand on this year's supply assumes, a more serious aspect, when it is farther remembered, that, owing to the comparative earUaees of the recent harvest, and the superior fitness of the wheat, in point of quality, for immediate use, the coneuaption of the harvest of 1846 has commenced many week* sooner than that of its predecessor. n ilflVUI 111) uciuo iw buvjh auvuioboi; nu maiiuioi tone, we have thought it right to nlaco these facts, and their obvious inferences, plainly before the public It is desirable that the country should be distinctly cognizant of circuaataoces so essentially affecting the well-being of all claases of the communty, and the interests and proap icte ef every branch of commerce and industry. Whether the eoooMaration of our actual state and prospects with reference to the supply of tood, will produce any stronger impression on the Government and the public, than a lively satisfaction in reflecting on those legislative measures whiohhave given us almost a free trade in corn, is a point on which we have no desire to pronounce a hasty opinion. Thu present comparatively innocuous corn law was enacted under circumstances that must certainly predispose prudent men, of all classes snd parties, to endeavor to acquiesce to the terms of a settlement which prosenls so veiy much of substantial good, with but a relatively small amonnt of concomitant and temporary evil. At the same time, wo feel that the country cannot he too early familiariaed with facta which may eventually force on all our public men the calm consideration of the question, whether it is, on the whole, desirable and fitting that we ahould continue, to any the smallest extent, the policy of giving to our competitors in a scanty food market an artificial advantage over ourselves. [From the Taris Constitutionncl, Sept. 16 ] Although we have not teen the official returns, the intelligence which reaches ui from the different paits of France, leaves no doubt as to the inadequacy oi the orope generally. It appears from the estimates published by a Ministerial journal, who would be afraid to ay anything displeasing to its masters, that in the south and west the harvest was inferior to that of last yaar, and almost as deficient as in 18J9; that in a small number of the northern departments it exceeds the consumption, and that in the central and fouthern department* the crop* have altogether failed. We may add that vegetable* have been little abundant iu consequence of the drought, and that potatoe* have failed in icveral localities. In the mean time, the price of grain increase* almost everywhere. Last year, at this period, the price of wheat varied in our market* from 30 to 34 franc* per hectolitre; this year it varies from 36 to 33, which would seem to indicate an augmentation of from 30 to 35 per cent. In Pari*, the price of bread had risen during the second fortnight of September from 39 to 41 centime* per kilogramme. It had reached nearly the same rate at Rouea, and in the principal town* of Normandy. It sold for 43 centimes at Lille, and still higher in Lorraine and Alsace, whero its price is 47 centimes at Strasburg, hi at Nancy, and 60 at Colmar." The Foreign Corn Trade. f From the Mark Lane Express, Sept 14 J The harvest may be considered as concluded, little grain of any description now remaining in the fields,even in the most backward parts of the kingdom. As vet but few estimates of the result have been offered, public attention having been so much taken up with the potato disease, and its probable consequences , as to cast into the shade all other matters. Under these circumstances it ha* been extremely difficult to obtain accurate information relative to the yield of the different grain crops, and we are not in a position to offer a very decided opinion on the subject. Judging, however, from what we have hitherto been enabled to collect, we are strongly inclined to believe that the product of wheat will prove leu la tht arrt than wai expected previous to the commencement of harreit The deficiency in quantity man in tome measure he made good by the superiority tf the quality and the great weight of the grain ; hut, with full allowance for these advantages, we still question whether the yield will exceed that of average seasons. This, though not a very favorable view, it more than can he said of any other crop of corn. Trie next in in importance to wheat is that of barley, which it admitted on all handt to fall materially short. '1 he dcfit.tency in the produce it variously estimated ; hut that there is an im portant deficiency it universally acknowledged Next we come to cats; the extreme heat and the want of moistui e during the greater part oj the summer, were exceedingly trying to this crop, and, excepting on the best descriptions oj soil, the yield is even lighter than that of barley Beans are, probably, not more than half a ctop\ and peas have turned out equally short. Indeed with the exception of hay, which is abundant and of excellent quality, the grass amount of food raised in Ureal Britain, for man and beast, is unquestionably very considerably below what is likely to be reijuired be/ore another harvest can be gathered. That an ini|?ort*tion, and that on an extemivo scale, would have been required, even if the potatoea had not been attacked by the fatal diaorder of lut year, we feel perfectly convinced ; ami with thin calamity to crown our miifortunee, we are likely to need eaaiatance to an extent which must raiae the value of agricultural produce ell over the world. It If very fer from our wiah to create unneceaiary alarm, or to aid thoae who, from inteiented motive*, may endeavor to exaggerate the evil* of our poiition : but we cannot ahut our,eyei to the fact that a failure of the jiotato crop, though,only to the extent of one-fourth of the tot-.l quantity uiually grown, would, with the deficiency in other article* of toed, be .ufttr.ient to drive UD urn'.** of nroviaiona to n heivht likely to he productive of serioiia inconvenience to the poorer classes ot the community. Since our le?t, a fur ther rise of from 4s. to 4s per qr. hus takan place in the value of wheat at all the leaning provincial marketa, ami a proportionate enhancement hai heen eatabliahetl in pricei of spring corn and pulse. The total advauce on wheat from the lowest point is 8a to 10a per qr. After ao rapid end impoitant an enhance meut, it it not improbable j that the upward movement mav receive a temporary check The priceanow obtainable are much higher than farmera reckoned on at the time the new corn law a were introduced ; and it ia not unreaaonable to suppose that they may be thereby induced to aupply the marketa lib, erafly for a time, but aeoner or latar w> expect to aee prices higher than they are at preacnt. Our advicei from Scotland and Ireland continue to give very deplorable acoounta of the apraad of the potato murrain. The apprehenaion on tbia subject had, we are informed, in no degree abated : and in the latter ceuntry purticulaily, the most tearful were dread d. Pru-ei nave riieu fully as much ul lata in toe Scotch and Iriah maikataaa with ua ; and, for the preaent, at auppliaa iromrithei quarter can be calculated on. The great rlae which haa recently taken place in the value ot wheat haa not hitherto had the effect of drawing uppliea ) indeed the arrivals of the aiticle coaatwiae into London have beenefen smaller thia than the preceding week, only 9,064 qra. having been reported up to thia IERA 846. (Saturday) evening. The quantity exhibited at Mark Lane by land carriage samples from the neighboring counties bui also been very trilling. On Wednesday the r.ssex. Kent, ana sunem sunns were nearly nare ; ami the milleri being anxious buy era, pricea la. to is. per qr. higher than those current in the beginning of the week were, in partial instances, realized. Thia advance waa generally demanded on Friday ; and though the inquiry waa leaa active than earlier in the week, needy purchaaera hud no alternative but to comply. The averagea are now beginning to (how the influence of tho recent riae in prices ; the last return for tho kingdom being la. ad., and that for London 8d per qr.J higher than the returns of the preceding week. The duty, which liaa for some timo been 10a. (the highest point), must in the course of a few weeks recede, and ia likely to decline gradually till it \ falls to la. per qr., the minimum under the existing law. It does not, however, by any means follow that this will insure us a supply ; the harvest just secured having proved more or leaa defective over nearly the whole o? continontal F.urope. In Franco and Belgium, as well as in several of the more southern countries, the deficiency is i reported to bo so serious as to have caused pricea to rise ubove the level of our own ; und evon in the Baltic quo- j tations of wheat aro relatively higher than in the British markets Thero is consequently little prospect of large importations from any quarter except America ; and tho surplus growth of the United Btates will, unquestionably, l>e shipped to whatever market may promise the best return. If, therefore, France, or any other country, outbid us, even this resourco would fail These considerations have not been overlooked by holders of foreign wheat, and that in granary here has been held at materially enhanced tormi. Our millers have manifested some unwillingness to pay the advanced ratei demanded, and the transactions have been on rather a restricted scale during the week ; the business done both on Wednesday and Friday waa. however, at prices which could not have been obtained in the commencement of tho week. Most of the bouded wheat lias been either withdrawn or sold lur phijMiimji iu riau^c, oiiu iu?id mm uvcji iwiiveiy a cample on offer ciuce Monday Jaat. In thia ctate of affaire it ic not eacy to give quotatione, but ac come criterion of the value of wneat under lock, we may muntion that common 1'olish Odeaaa hai been held at 44c. per qr , being more than it would a few weekc ago havo fetched duty paid. Flour haa been in good reqtiect, and the millers have I experienced no dilflculty in making sales at the enhance- \ ment established on Monday. United Utatea Hour haa also been taken freely, and good brands havo realized 30s to 31s per bbl, duty paid: whilst for parcels in bond 37s, and even 38s per bbl, has been asked. The supply of Barley has fallen short of tho demand, and factors have declined selling the liner qualities at the currency of Monday. Distilling and grinding sorts have also been held about Is per qr, above the rates of that day. The duty on this grain fell a step on Thursday ; and from the present position of the average it may be expected to recede to the lowest point Malt has come sparingly to hand: and the real scarcity of fine qualities lias increased their value fully Is per quarter. Of Koglith Oats only 1.A80 qrs have arrived during the week; whilst from Scotland and Ireland the receipts have been trivial, viz?: 101 qrs, and <j,lK>3 qis respectively. The foreign supply hat also been small And as it is the general opiniou that the most of the Archangel shipments nave now come to hand, whilst the quantity on passage from other quarters is believed to lie ummyoitant, a scarcity of this grain it looked upon as by no nioaus an improbable event. 1-ino corn, whether of home or foreign growth, lias in- j deed already become scarce, and tho market is compare- 1 tively bare of moderately good samples Factors have, j consequently, raised their pretentions, anil the prices ! asked nave been so high as to chock business The sales made on Wednesday were at an adva ce of Is per qr, on Monday's quotations, but since then the demand has | slackened. For Indian Corn a speculative inquiry has been expe- j rienced; and though purchasers have resdily pa d 3s to 3s more, many holders have declined selling Beans have met with a good deal of attention since our loot anil littVA raulivAil Anhunrml rutni- fnr ! '?/nfifln in bond 33i per qr has been obtained. Of Luglish Pea* none hare appeared at market since Monday; foreign have consequently boen taken at high prices. The duty on the two last named articles, as well as that on llye, being regulated by the Barley averages, what we haro said above in respect to the probable fall of the latter, applies to the whole of these articles. The lato rise in the value of all kinds of grain in the British markets has, as usual, influenced quotations at the principal ports on tho continent Wheat has advanced materially all over the Baltic ; but this has been ; os much caused by orders from Belgium and France as by the reports trom hence. Letters from Danzig, dated 6th inst., furnish us with a statement of the shipments from thence during August, from which it appears that of the 3,169 lasts exported, only 380 lasts had been despatched to British ports. Since the previous post-day, rather large purchases had been made there on Belgian account, whilst scarcely any thing had been taken for Kngland. Thchuviness done had been principally in low qualities, for which equal to 44s. to 46a. per qr., free on board, had been paid. For parcels, weighing 63lbs. to 631bs. per bush., though not perfectly sound, 47s. had been given ; and for really One lota 48s. had been refused. Altogether fully 800 lasts | had changed hands within the week. At the Lower Baltic porta more busineaa seems to have boen done in Barley and Peas than in Wheat. We learn, however, from Stettin, that a few purchases of the latter article haid been made there for ahipment et very high ratee, viz., 44s. lor red Pomeranian, and 46a. per or. for fine heavy Uckermark. Barley had come sparingly forward, and had realized equal to '26s per qr., free on board, for local consumption. Peas had been eagerly sought after; and a small lot of new Dckermerk had brought 39s per qr. There was not much grain being shipped, and vessels to load for the east coast of Great Britain might then have been chartered at 3a. to 3a 6d. per qr. for W heat. . At Rostock supplies of new grain had come slowly to hand; and holders having aaked extravagant prices, comparatively few bargains had been closed. The reports from Hamburg, of Tuesday last, inform us that advanced rates had been paid for wheat, but that the trifling nature of the stocks had prevented much busineee Doing done. Fair qualities, weighing 601bs to 80>? lba., bad brought 46s. N. to 48s., and new Mark* of tWlbt. weight, 60s. per qr. free on boerd. Barley had been sought after, and ae much aa 36a. per quarter had been paid for fine heavy samples of new, to be shipped at a Danish port: 8aale, on thaepot, had risen to 36?. per qnarter, and the high terma eakeid had prevented the execution of the orders which had been received. Krom Antwerp we have letters of the I Oft inst. Wheat and Rye were then in brisk demand; and the tendency of prices of these articles, and Oati, was decidedly upwards. In the French markets considerable excitement seems to have prevailed. A letter from Marseilles, of the ith inst., states that the stocks of Wheat on the spot had become greatly reduced; which, with the excited statements trom hence, and continued orders from Languedoo, had caused a further rise in prices. The best qualities of Polish Odessa were then worth 47s 64 , and secondare descriptions from 43s. 6d. to 46s. per quarter. At other ports in the Mediterranean the value ot Wheat was, according to the most recent advices, equally high. At Leghorn, on the 3d of September, there was a lively demand, and Mariaqopoli and Ohirka Wheat, to arrive was then paid with 43s. per quarter free on board. Indian Corn had also been much inquired for, 37s having been paid for Oalatz. At Trieste this article was quoted 33s. to 33s. 6d., and at Vonice 34?. per quarter free on board. Freight from the latter port to Great Britain would be 8s. to 8s. fid. per quarter, and 10 per cent for primage. Miscellaneous. The Covvict Hekrv ?Yesterday morning, Joseph Henry was sent off from the prison of La Roquette to the hulks at Toulon,in execution ofthe sentence ofthe Court of Peers. Until his being transferred to this prison, he maintained hoperthat his appeal to the king for a commutation would meet with some success; ami more than once sent for his counsel, M. Baroche, to whom ho expressed great anxiety as to his fate. At six in the morning he was informed that he must prepare to go to Toulon, undergo the usual process, and put on the dress worn by all persons sentenced to the hulks. He sunk into n state of despair and almost stupor, exclaiming," Oh, God! Ob, God ! All then is over ! No hope la left." And when brought out to be put into the van, he saluted those around him, and seeing an inspector general of prisons Hmoilg mem, ue mini unrjri ill mill anu uw, o nun ma fucestieamed Willi inspiration winch he endeavored to conceal, but coulil not, " I should have prefene-1 death " Seven other ronvicti. condemned to the hulk* for different term* of Itom live to ten yours, were sent off with liitn None of them seemed to have the least comriuer*tion fo- their mieeruble companion Among these was Pierre Muiie Lecareuu, sentenced for six year* as one of Kouinier'a gang of robber*, and when he wa* stripped for being invested with the convict's dross, their was lound tattooed on the right side of his breast. Mori a f'ournitr it a Mtluinr Maqurl, (Kournier's mistress,) whose confessions and e\ tdeuce formed the main ground of conviction ? Galignani. Th* Isthmvs or Pakama.?The Journels had announced last v ear thadapartura of M. Klein on a mlesion from the French and Knglish company of the Isthmus of Panama, to the effect of presenting to the government of New Orenada the draught of a treaty for the concession and opening of a communication Imtween the two oceena. M. Klein has returned from hie mission, and arrived at Bogota with a copy of the treaty, and of the condition of the contract for tha execution of a railroad across the Isthmus of Panama, debated between him and a commissioner appointed ad hoc by the President of the republic. This project, dul y signed by the commissioner of the government, has been omciaally communicated to the company. The latter and tho re public have now only to regulate certain points, which from their good understanding and consideration, of mu. tual interest they will speedily airanga ? .Pari# MoniUur, Stpl 13. Naviuanox or the Voloa.?A company he* ju?t bean formed for tha navigation of the Volga by steam. ! fT.Tr*' 'WHIIVII, tumuuticu BU IIVII eteamerof MO horaepower, only drawing two feet and a hall water, and had it conveyed in piecea to Rybinak, Wii*r?.'if w"Joln*'' t*B*U*rand launched If haabten called the \ oiga, and ia employed in towrsg veaaeia of a peculiar conatruction to auit the river. The diatance from Rybinak to Samora waa done en the firat trip in a iateen daya and a half, which formerly took between three and four monthe. Foreign Theatric alaAt the theatre Royal Atlelphi, Meaara. O. Benth. Wright, Boyce, Worrell, Manama Celeate. and Mre, Lawa, P. Bediord, Lambeit, Munyard. and Howe. At the theatre Royal Lyceum. Meaara. A Wigan, Metdowa, and Keeley. Mra. Woollldge. vtra A Wigan. Miee Hicka, Viaa Tniner, Miae Howard, and Mr#. Keeiey Meaara F. Mutthewa, Turner, Collar, Miaa Keeley, Mia, 1 Villa re, Miaa Kairbrother, Miee Arden, Miaa l.aidiawa, I Miaa Bromley, and MieefHowaid. I At the Pnnceee'a Theatre, Madame Veetna, Mta. H, LD. Mm Two Canto. Hughes, MUi K.trma Stanley, Mr. J. Vining, Mr. Cetn|>ton, Mr. Charlai Matthews. At the (Queen's Theatre. Mr C. J James, Mr. J. Parry, Mrs Cowls, Miss WTighten, Mrs. Mamlers, Mr. Rogers, Mr. Martin, Mr. Norton. ai ivuyhi aurrey luvmrv, jiiv. uiTiugv, Mr. Macready, Mr. Cooper, Mr. Leigh Murray, Mri Turnan, Mi?? E.Terrey, Mri. C. Gill. At tho Royal Victoria Theatre, Mr. Batsman, Mr C. J Bird. Mr Osheldiston. Mia* Vincent, Mra. H. Vising, Seorle, Bruton, Ranoe, Howard, Raymond, Mrs-Lee, fce. At the Royal Sadler'a Wslla Theatre, Mr. Phelps. Mr. O. Bennett, Sir, Mr. Hoekina, Mrs. Brougham, Mra. H. Maraton, Mies Laura Addison. At the Citv of London Theatre, Mr. Charles Kemble Mason, Mr. Lyon, Miaa Richardson, Mr. J. Webster, Mrs. 1L ilonner. At tho Royal Garrick Theatre, Mr. Conquest, Mr. T. Edwards Mills, Mr. J. Chapman, Mr. H. Carles, Miss Louisa Gomersal, Mr. C. E. Palmer, Mr. Hann, Mr. Bowes. Mra. R Barnett, Mrs. Wilkins. Mr. Wdhster has deterred the period of re-opening the llay market Theatre for three weeks longer. The second summer season of the Queen's Theatre, under the management of Mr Abington, has terminated. Mr. Macroady commenced hie long-spoken of engagement at the Surrey Theatre. He will he essisted in his ultra-Thumesian performance* by Mrs. Ternsn, Mr. Cooper, and Mr. Leigh Murray. Mrs. Davidge, the lessee, is going to unusual expense in setting up the pieces in which the great tragedian is to play, in the heat possible manner. The sudden cloaing of the Haymarket Theatre, by Mr Webster, duriag the Gregory row, will, it is said, form, the grounds of an action lor damages, about to be commenced by Mr. Davidson, the Gregorian manager, against Mr. Webster. The damages are laid at ?3,000. Madame Anna Tbillon, and Mr. Hudson, from the Haymarket, have been playing at the Liverpool Adelphi Theatre. Taglioni has been engaged lor two or three nighta. The conri; of the areat Irmreditnn*. Madlle. Rachel. terminated on the .10th ult; the atete of her health, however, will not |>ermit her to reaume her representation* at the Theatre Krancaise, it ia said, for a twelvemonth to come. It ia further atated that Mdlio. Rachel hea obtained from the miniater the conservation of her salary during her long absence -, should this really be the case, the loss will be moat serious to tha Krancaiie, as her salary amounts to above half the yearly grant allowed by the government to that establishment. Der Freyachutx was performed at the Berlin Theatre, to commemorate the twenty-fifth anniversary of the inauguration of that establishment by this opera. Since that period, it has been performed 139 times at Berlin, and has produced to the treasury of the theatre 100.000 thalora. tt ober, the composer, only received 40 Louie d'or for bis work. Miss Caroline Rankley died on the 39th nit., at her father's house in Union street, Middlesex Hospital, at the e-j-ly age of 3d. A few seasons hack, she sustained tb i principal leading characters at Sadler's Wells, and othi r metropolitan minor theatres She had previously been i great favorite in tbo ptovinces ; her last theatrical engagement was at Liverpool, under the management of Mr. Simpson, which ill-health compelled her to relinquish wbout six weeks back. On the day of her funeral, mt^y of the respcctablo shopkeepers in tne vicinity of her (ate residence suspended their business for several hours, as a token of respect to tho memory of the deceased young lady. Mini lie Dejazct is now at Lyons, which city she will shortly quit, to again charm Paris by her presence. Mr H. Bennott, the manager of the Theatre Royal, Worcester, hat made treaty with the taleuted and versetile Mrs Kit*william for three nights, where she will give her role of comicalities. This is a good beginning, end wc trust the spirited exertions, and the production of *' three Richards in the fiold" upon the boards of this neat little Temple of the Muses, will please the lovera of histrionic art, und udd to tliu reputation and golden opinions of the respected lessee. Tugliom ratiroi to tier magnmcent vine on toe caite 01 Como. Madlle. liuv Stephen ii engaged at the Ciro, Madrid, which will shortly open. Madamaa Honore, Demelisse, and Casaon leave Brighton for Taria. Mdle James ia engaged at Milan. " Tho Norwegian raganini'" Ole Bull, is creating a grand furorr in Algiers, where he has been playing to crowded and enthusiastic audiences. The instrument generally played by Ole Bull is dated 143 J. It was made at Bnaoia by Gaspare de Salo, and was carved at Rome by the celebrated Benvenuto Cellini for Cardinal Aldohrandini, for which he received 3,000 Neapolitan ducats. At the taking of Inipruck, in 1801), it fell into the hands ofe soldier, who sold it for 400 florins to Ryzcheck, who was celebrated for hi* splendid collection of stringed instruments. Ryzcheck, at his death, loft it to Olo Bull, as a testimonial of his admiration for that great violinist. The bridge of this instrument is formed by two beautifully carved Aahea, the zodiacal sign of February. This is a strange coincidence, feeing that Ole Bull was born in the month of February. Ole Bull haa several valuable violins; among othara a Cremona, made in 1742 by Ouarnerius, and a Stradivabus, made in 1087 for the King of Spain. Tha bows of those violins are almost all inlaid with diamonds; one of them haa 4a at the end of it This was a present from the Queen of Sweden and Norway ; another was presented to him by the Kmperor of Austria. Dr. Morell, who furnished Handel with the poetry of hia oratodoa, related that "One Ana summer morning ho (Dr. M.) wis roused out of his bed, at Ave o'clock, by Handel; who came in his carriage a short distance froaa London. The doctor went to the window, and spoka to Handel, who would not leave hia carriage. Handel waa at that time composing an oratorio. When the doctor | asked him what lie wanted, he (aid, 'Vatde devil means de vord billow7' which waa in the oratorio the doctor ha?l written for him. The doetor, alter laughing at ao ludicrous a reason for disturbing him, told him that billow meant a wave, a wave of the see. 'O : de vara,' said Handel, and bade the coachman return, without addreasing another word to the doctor " Mr. Geskell Ridings, well luiewn in Bolton and the adjoining districts as an improvisators, a singer, and for hia fund of pleasing anecdotes, cut his throat in a most determined and fatal manner last week, in the yard of the house where he was lodging So coolly did he perform the horrible act that he held his neck over a hole, into which the blood ran. The deceased, who waa lately married, kept an inn at Ashton, but, after a short time, he left both his wife and the inn, and became a teetotal lecturer. After which he betrayed evident symptoms of in< sanity. An inquest was held at the Britannia Inn, More street, Bolton, and a verdict of insanity returned. It has often been remarked how much good music la to be found in our libraries that is utterly unknown to ' the public. It ia a curious fact en entire opera by Haydn, ' the lull score in bis own handwriting, and wnich not ! only baa never been performed, but has never been i seen, except by a very lew ]>ersons,ia now, or lately waa, in the possession of a gentleman in London, it was comi posed lor the King's lheatre, but never paid for, therelore, never delivered. A letter from Paris, speaking of the press, says:' 'The j only literary trade that nourishes, out of the pale of the ! newspaper press, is that of the dramatist. Kach time I that a vaudeville is performed, the maneger pays ten per | cent, to the author on the profits; even when performed in village* ami in barm, tli? playwright derive* two or three fianc* profit. At the Academie do Mualque, the director pay* 100 franc* per act of a grand opera every night it i* performed, and a* lyrical opera* are generally in five act*, author* thu* get ?30 a night. A aociety i* . eitabliihed, with agent* all over Kranee, for the collection of theae due*, deriving for their pay two per cent, on the amount collected: and even aecondary vaudevil; li*t* totally unknown to fame, receive from ?1 WO to ?3000 | a yearjfor due* derived from their humble production*." Wilaon, after a moat *ucce**ful tour through North and South Wale*, ha* gone into Devonahire, and ha*,during the paat week, given entartainmenU in llfracombe, j Barnatahle, Kxmouth, Teicnmouth and Tarquay. He go** on through Plymouth te Cornwall. He ha* been invited to give a aerie* of hi* entertainment* on the songa of Scotland in Pari*, in December next, and la likely to go. Madame Gtiai, Mario, K Lablache, John Parry, and Benedict have given concer'* at varioti* place* in the north of Kngland with very great aucce** ; they will pi-y a visit to i heater Inveipool, Shrewah ury, Wolverhampton. I.Hamington, < tieltenhain. &c. Their concert* at Newcaatle-upou- I'yne, York, tic., were crowded by the principal nobility and gentry in thoee loralitie* Mr. ' "1' ' !' ?? - I - .u.n..l..l - - ... 1... A 11.ap* V_l>k called ' 1'fie London H+ftton," whiclThas made a decided nit, and it citnoot fail of becoming n* popular at any of the popular eilusiouii from the name pen. Lablaclio, Sen , ha* left Pari* for Naples, where ha fulfils an engagement for three month*, and then return* to the French capital. i Madame Caatellan, Med'lie Corberi, Marra*. Ciebatta i and Koinaaari have been performing leveral operae In Dublin with the greatcat rar.ceaa. A new opera, entitled " The Shipwreck of the Medu a," hs? been performed with great *ucca?* at the oeurt , theatre of DreaJen, the music by llaaaiger i like wiae a ' 1 new opera called " The Phantom Ship, ' of which Stag- " ' men is the com|>o*er. The court theatre of Stuttgard . opened on the 36th ult, with a now opera, called " Lichteinaten the libretto from a romance of Wilholm *a Hmlift, by Dingelate If. the muaic hy Lindpaintnor. The king and ipieen of W'urtomburgh honored the performance with their presence. ' The comporor, Rink, died a abort time ago at Darmstadt He whs successively a writing master, court organist, and a Joctor of philosophy. Ilia moat celebrated musical composition* are for the organ. A letter from Kurth, Bavaria, which bear* data the 3d ult. any*, " On Sunday and Monday laat, the Philharmo oic aocintio* Ol toe ciroe ui IWII uoicumiou iu?u annual featival in thia city, on the Grand riaca. Tha numiicr of vocaliata wee 000 ; but whan, at tha and of tha ftf, the public demanded tha eong of Arndt, ' Whara ia tha country of tha Germain," and tha hymn ' Sehleawig, llolftein, countriaa inhabibitad by people of German origin,' ail tha young men preaent Joined in chorua to the number of A,000. The indefatigable ruler of her Majeaty'a theatre i? now at Parie, organizing , n#w treuat, the greater portion of I hie old oompeny having aacadao to tha new Italian opera ! that ie to tneat ( ovent Garden Ha baa already entered into arrangementi witn LobUrhe (who haa rrmaUed true to hnn) Ruhinl, Gua>co Tarnberliok. Kreechini, ' oietti. the celebiated Jenny Lind, Madame* Lagrange Freivoliai, Augri, Barbiari, Guilo, and aevaral othara or e?|tial merit Fanny Kllalar ie engaged far the winter aeeaon at Mi' Ian, where aha will dance with Kuofci, Who haa Juat arrived at Vienna from Paath, In aoma ol tha moat celebiated pa* ol that arUat'a own craatien

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