Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 6, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 6, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HER AID New York. Tnnday, Orlobtr 6, 1S46. The Herald for Europe. The llrrald for Fur opt, to be prepared for the steam ship Great Western, will be ready atone o'clock on Thursday. It will be illustrated with one or two important maps, and contain all the news, from all parts of this continent, that may reach the Herald othce to the hour of publication. Steam Ship Ureal llrltuln. This steamer is in her fourteenth day, and may, therefore, be hourly expected to arrive. She will bring three days later intelligence than we received by the Hibernia ; it is looked for with the greatest interest and anxiety by our commercial men. News from the Army. The next intelligence from the Army, under General Taylor, is expected to be of the most important and exciting character. It is supposed that a battle between our troops ana tne Mexicans lias been fought, ere this,at Monterey, anil the particulars are now daily and anxiously looked lor by every one, The I'rogrrn of Civilization.?'The W ars of the Great Power* of the Earth. it is a singular fact that, notwithstanding the general principles of the age are in favor of peace and closer commercial relations, four of the greatest nations of the earth, though on terms of amity with each other, yet are each, at the present moment, engaged in war on the soil of otlu-r countries. England, France, Russia, and the United States, whose united armies, fleets, and wealth, would suitice to compter or purchase the remaining .portions of the globe, are severally carrying on an invasive war upon governments inferior to themselves in power and in moans of defence. England wages her war of concpiest in Hindoostan and South Africa; France sends her armies to Algiers and the islands of the Pacific ; Russia pours her myriad of troops through the defiles of Cireassia ; while the United States encircles Mexico and her provinces by sea and ,by laud. In some respects a striking similarity exists in the causes and the most apparent results of these several wars. They are carried on upon the soil of the weaker party?they atford no opportunities of pitched battles on a scale with those which in the commencement of the present century, caused thrones to totter and fall, which shook to mc luuiiauuou luu social iuieresm. 01 uic worm, and were attended with the outpouring of the blood of millions?they create but little excitement beyond their own immediate circuits; and one and all will end in the extension of the territory of the stronger power. The powerful iniluence of enlightenment and gigantic strength possessed by the more civilized nations, seems predestined to draw gradually within the circle of their own domain the control of the less advanced territories of the earth, till the latter become eventually a part and portion of the former ; and the very ministers who originated and proclaimed loudest the necessity of a balance of power, are actively engaged in the organization ol means practically at variance with the theoretical doctrines they profess to adopt and uphold. France upbraids perjide Albion for her cupidity, at the same time grasping the territories of a defenceless Queen ; England holds up her right hand with a warning gesture towards the aggressions of her rebellious transatlantic child, while, with the left, she applies the match to the cannon which mows down thousands of a fleeing army, and turns the Sutlej into a river of blood ; America utters a cry of sympathy for the hunted Circassian, but is forced to chastise the offending and despicable Mexican. With the justness or right of any of the contending parties we have at present nothing to say. Each undoubtedly can furnish " reasons as plenty as blackberries" in favor of their own proceedings, and justifying the course they pursue ; but the etfccts of these wars of redress or aggression are in one and all the same ; they hasten the advance of universal knowledge. Meetings may be held by the peace parties, fanatics may deplore the existence ol national disagreements, and politicians may condemn the policy of the antagonist administration, for carrying on a war, with all the invective epithets contained in their vocabulary ; but ifthe purposes of these denunciations, indeed, be the extension of civilization and religious liberty, these very wars which they rail against, are, if not the pleasantest, the most efficient workers of their own designs.? Every shot that is fired, or sword uplifted, tends to dissipate the glooin of ignorance now overshadowing so large a portion of the globe,and though the measures used are those of coercion, yet we i n this case believe that " the end sanctities the means," and if, perhaps, " evil is done," itsif " that good may come." Not one of the powers above spoken of, which is invaded by the others, hut is inferior in knowledge, in the possession of liberty, in enlighten, mcnt, as well as in strength and wealth to their opponents ; in fact, the absence of the latter qualities is mainly owing to their inferiority in the I former respects, and the more they associate with those far beyond them in the blessings of civili- 1 zation, the sooner do they acquire those blessings themselves; nor does it materially affect the result whether the associations be of enmity or amity, but if the preference is to be given to either, we say with all due respect and reverence, that in nine cases out of ten, the advance of an army from an enlightened country into the territories of one which is backward in the improvements of the age, does more to effect a desirable change in their condition, than the labors ofa hundred missionaries ; indeed the sword of the former will prepare a way in which the latter may treau wiut saieiy anu useimness ; aim me one arouses the dormant energies, and holds in check the depraved passions, for the other to mould and fetter at will. Th6 experience of the world has taught this to every oue. The spirit of the age mutt have its way; the rapid progress of improvement will carry along with it the four quarters of the globe,J and those that tarry in their movements are liable to be dragged by force. Whether such force becomes an act of justice, or an act of aggression, j it matters not. Steam and electricity will follow rapidly in the road which the sword has made, and cannot be retarded in their march, till a band of iron is welded, which will hold within a world knowing no conflicts but those of genius, and no weapons but those of honest rivalry. Tn SntAMSHtr (treat Western.?This fine vessel takes her departure on her regular trip on Thursday next, the 8th inst. She takes out br i wee* seventy anu eigiuy passenger*,among wnoin aro the Hon. George Bancroft and family, and General Armstrong, our popular and respected Consul at Liverpool. We trust that the Western will have a more pleasant passage out than during her last trip. Her distinguished passengers cottld not have a safer vessel, or a more gentlemanly captain. Quick Passage.?The ship Currier, Captain Wolf, arrived below last night from Rio Janeiio, which port she left on the 2d nit, making the passage in 32 days, and bringing advices sixteen days later than had been hitherto received. We learn by the captain, that on the 6th of September the shock of an earthquake was experienced at Trinidad, winch shook the roofs and threw down the walls of sotne of the houses in that place. The Proceedings in the State Convention.? The Constitutional Convention will probably adjourn to-dsy; and its proceedings are beginning to be important. If the members would now commence anew, we might possibly obtain a good Constitution. We refer our readers to another column for the proceedings of Saturday, *" 'TatWi?oortAOo*? ?In our W*sMn?ton corrw-' | pondence in yesterday'* paper, was a report o ! the conference between the chiels of the WinneI bage Indian* now in Washington, and the Com* 1 missioners appointed on the part ot the United States, to treat with them about the cession ol the lands at present occupied by the tribe in Iowa, and their removal to some tract of land more temote from the confine* of civilisation. The proposition made by the United States Commissioners was by no means satisfactory to the red men, and they consequently asited time to consider it. i They were to have given their answer yesterday. We trust that our government will not deal too harshly with these poor men. This is, we be, lieve, the third time they haveremoved from their lands and holdings at the instance of the United States, and the hardship of so many remoI vals is sutdiciently annoying, without the bargain being at the same time too exacting. There will be nothing lost by treating them liberally; and it is beneath the dignity of our government to urive too uard a bargain with men who cannot help themselves, and who must accede to our terms, whether such terms be agreeable to tlieni or not. We are convinced that the Indians have been hardly dealt with, in their various treaties with successive administrations. They are obliged to remove from place to place whenever it is the will and pleasure of the United States so to order them; and they have been in general most wretchedly compensated for the losses they susj tained by our encroachments. When the red man will have melted away from the face of the earth, we will have reason to repent that our policy towards him has not been more lenient. We trust that in the present instance our Government will pursue a more liberal policy towards the Indians, than has been the wont with preceding Administrations. The Post Office Aoain.?We are constantly in ! receipt of letters from subscribers, assuring us that they never receivo a copy ol the Herald. The comnlaints from those who receive it irreeularlv are " in numbers numberless," but there are many who never receive it at all. Now, we have been bo long accustomed to this annoyance, that we have at length brought ourselves to look upon it with all possible equanimity, and with a stoicism sublimely philosophical. We have entered into all manner of disquisitions on the singular phenomena presented in the present systematic mismanagement of the post-otiice. Regardng most of these phenomena, wo have arrived at tolerably satisfactory conclusions; but there is one thing that still puzzles us, and that is, where do all the missing papers go to ? What becomes of them 1 Who i.ets them 1 To any one answering these questions 'satisfactorily, we promise a liberal reward?perhaps a seat in some State Convention. It has been suggested that the clerks and post masters appropriate them. But we would very I : cheerfully send the paper to those clerks and postmasters who are too poor to subscribe for it, i sooner than have our subscribers so annoyingly i disappointed. If, indeed, this be the true cause ol the failure of the Herald, we now pive notice that ! we will mail a copy of the paper regularly to every clerk or post-master who 1ms hitherto been in the ' habit of appropriating our subscriber's papers, if i such clerks and post-masters will only send us their names and address. We furthermore pro- ' mise not to peach, and to ask no questions. We have made up our minds to endure this outlay j until heaven send us another Post-master General. Theatrical. Park Theatre.?The Keens have returned from their engagement at Philadelphia, to appear again for a short period on our hoards. They were warmly received last i evening in Colman's sterling play of "The Jealous ' Wife." Mrs. Kean's acting was exquisitoly beautiful, natural, spirited, and effective, and more than realized i the expectations which had been raised. It was in truth a delightful entertainment, and its repetition will be hailed with a gratification rarely elicited on the stage.? Mr. Kean's Mr. Oakley was one of his happiest efforts, and perhaps of all his parts in comedy, the one in which he has shown the highest excellence. It was a truly j admirable performance. This evening will prove quite an era in dramatic representations. A comedy of 8hakspeare's is to be presented for the first time in this country. One abounding in fine passages and effective scenes, and not surpassed in beautiful imagery und poetical conceptions oftho highest order by am of the author's nlays. It abounds also in characters strongly marked, and drawn with great spirit?throughout are scenes of the highest dramatic interest. The part of Julia will be, in the hands of Mrs. Kean, eminently attractive; the language is i chaste, beautiful, and expressive, und we need not tav , that it will be given with truth and power. The depth oi uer love lor rroieus, ner griei ri nis inconstancy una desertion, her overpowering tenderness, her gentleness, patient endurance of her wrongs, and her expression of joy, so touching and affecting, at his reviving affection for her, were all beautifully given, and were rivalled only by her Viola in eliciting the admiration and applause c'f the audience. The part of Valentine, played by Mr. j Kotm, was full of exquisite passages, wnich combined a rich sentiment and tenderness, with expressions of great i poetical beauty. They were given with great pnrity of taste, and with a feeling, always one of his prominent characteristics. His readings of Shakspeare are always chaste and beautiful, emphatic, discriminative and evincing study. The play is full of humor, and the characters, of Speed and Lucetta, abound in it and throw a playful light over the whole. Their scenes will he a source of infinite merri ment and enjoyment to the house. And an important . l>ersonage, the dog, who from the jealousy of the actor, we supnoso, has not been announced, will come in for a I share Jt the plaudits of the house. Altogether It will be i a treat of a high order. Bow car Theatre.?Mrs. Shaw appears to-night as Mrs. llaller. We rejoice, for his sake, that manager Jackson has had influence enough to induce her to post, pone her departure from the city for ono week. Her late engagement was such a succession of good houses, that every play goer would have regretted her departure.? In Mrs. Heller she will have an opportunity of displaying her powers to great advantage. The tragedy of William Tell is to follow, which, bciDg strongly cast,' will add to the attraction of the evening. We hazard nothing in predicting that the theatre will continue to be crowdad every night Mra. Shaw appears. She is afavoiite with all classes. Greenwich Theatre.?This beautiful theatre, under the enterprising management of Mr. Freer, is eminently successful. There is an unceasing variety of perfotmances, and the attractions are manifold and of the most sterling character. This ovening, the nautical drama of " True Blue" will be produced, with Mr. Freer as Charles Johnson, tue hero of the piece, and the remaining characters cs1.' to the strength of the company. To this will be added the comedy of" Catherine and Petruchio," Miss Crauford as Catherine, and Mr. Freer as Petruchio.? There will be two performances by the Kthiopian Min strels, and dancing by .Miss Lemte Robinson anil Mr. John Diumond. So many attraction* cannot fail to draw a crowded house. Barret Williams, one of the most worthy actors we have among us, takes his benefit to-night at the Chatham Theatre, and we hope that an audience will be collected large enough to render it a bumner. Kew actors in the city are more deserving of public commendation, and few have served so well to while away a weary hour. A strong bill of entertainment is picsented, which of itself should secure a good house. Lkvi Nobth.?This distinguished equestrian appeared for the flrst time this season, last evening, at the Bowery Circus, before an audience such as is seldom seen at any place of pnhlic amusement. The lower, or dreas circle of boxes, was almost entirely occupied by families of the highest respectability, while every other part of the house was literally jammed with citizens and strangers, who came far and near to witness the achievements of the great artist. Mr. North rode two acts?the principal hcI, so called, and the shipwrecked sailor. It is impossible to convey any Just idea of the extraordinary feats ampiayeu in me tiomemaiiahip of thii elegant rider, or to describe with accuracy all the beautiful point* he make* in hi* inimitable performance. It i? acknowledged by all that Mr. North ha* no equal, either here or in Kurope. Formerly it wai the tailuon for the profeition to imitate the ?t> le of Uucrow-now avery thing i* done n la North. Hi* pantomime on hortehack W truly beautiful?every attitude i* a picture?every movement graceful?every look, every gerture expreisive. The pathetic itory of the *torm worn mariner i* peculiarly touching and beantifuL He i* to repeat the lame performance thi* evening The game* 8nd ?port? of "Morrie F.ngland," were alio mnch applauded. 1 iATK FROM Matanzas.?We learn from the Navunnah llrruUuan that ihe brig Joseph Atkina arrived at that port on the Wth ulb from > J ?> J. A. wa* bounl to New York, but put into Savannah to land fruit. A file of paper* to the ISth ult wa? r?ceived but they contain nothing of importance. * j m tate* that both molaeae* and coffee had advanced in ^ Pftce. II. M! J L J^gggHiHgil r* ? nmmi, . .h Mb. Lo?*r ?Thi* gentlaman gives hi* tbtrd n>:th thi* evening, at the Stuyvesint Institute He introduce* oa this occasion an entirely new entertainment, cubed " PadJy'a Portfolio," frem which bia audience dauht, darter even more amusement than on the two lirat evenings. In the courae of the availing, he liugg soma of his own beautiful song*, and illustrate* hi* lecture, if lecture it may be called, with dailies of genuine wit nml humor. Mr. Lover ha* recovered from the temporary indisposition which caused disoppoiutment to thousands on Friday evening last, and his reappearance thi* even ing will tie sure to he greeted with a hearty welcome Li:oroi.u Uk Mevick.?Thi* distinguished |?rformer upon the piano, ha* completed his arrangements, and on Wednesday evening next we expect to see the Taberna cle thronged by his admirer*. The programme, we perceive,!* entirely different from any hitherto offered, and the talent engaged to assist him is of the highest order. It will be the last entertainment in thi* city previous to his departure for Doston, and of course thousands w'tll avail themselves of the only remaining opportunity of hearing the great maestro. The Ai.hamra continues to be fashionably attended, and the entertainments give universal satisfaction. Miss lliffert has a magnificent voice, and is rapidly becoming ii favorite tier tnleut and becoming ilenortment will en ure her success. In addition to the usual attraction* those clover little trot*, the Mine* Hardwick, aged 5 and 8 year*, ere nightly eliciting applause by their excellent singing and naive performance*. We near that a novel and peculiar entertainment i* in preparation, which will create a sensation in the music loving and pleasure seeking classes. With such able tacticians as Corby n and Coder, the Alhamra must flourish. Sporting Intelligence. Cr*TRtvit.LE Corasr, L. I.?Pacusu sup Tsottih.i.? The bill of performances yesterday morning, announced a fine day's sport to come off, as far as the number and lame of the animals to contend were concerned. There were two purses ottered, and a greit many of the patrons of the turf had their fast favorites in readiness, at a given time, (allowing about forty minutes to reach the track ferry included,) to take the toad to witness the sport? The railroad company, too, sent out two cars, loaded with "human life," including the captain. The first piece of sport on the programme was a purse of $ftO, mile heats, best three in five, under the saddle, for which six animals were entered; but, when called for, only three were in readiness to take the track ; the owners of the other three, knowing that the chances were against them. prudently kept their horses in the shade. At the rap of the judge's mace for the hones to como forth, the lorrel gelding John Moffat, the bay gelding Tom Moore, and the gray mare Flora, were found ready for action, cocked and primed ? These animals appeared in very excellent condition, Moffat being the favorite against the field, at two to one. The judges again culled for the horses 10 prepare Cor the start, but the riders appeared in no hurry, and it required the united powers of the trio on the stand to bring them to the score. When the riders came within speaking distance, the judges laid down the rules of trotting to them, and stated that the slightest deviation therefrom would be to the delinquent's loss. Weighing and other matters being arranged, the animals took the position assigned them, which was?Moffat the inside, Tom Moore second, and Flora outside. Fisst Hkat.?Alter a half dozen false starts, occasioned by the mare not coming up as she should, which gave considerable dissatisfaction to the lookers on, the judges gave the "go!" and away they went, John Moffat taking the lead, Tom Moore close up with him; the mare appearing to do everything else than trot. Before making the turn at the gate, Tom Moore broke up, which lefthira about thirty yards behind Moffat?the mare playing the dancing game considerably in the rear. Between the quarter and half mile poles, Tom Moore want to work in a fine square maimer, and seemed to be co- . ming up with Moffat, who was making the best of his > way lor home. Shortly after passing the three quaiters, ( Moffat broke, and in an instaut Tom was up with him? [ went in front, and continued in that way home, Moffat being unable to regain his position. During all this time the mare was pushing along behind, evidently try ing to ' save her distance, but it was out of her jtower. In tact ! she appeared to be like the Dutchman wife?"No great j shakes." Tom Moore won tho heat in -J 46}*, Moffat four or five lengths behind, the mare distancod. Second Heat.?Tom Moore now had the pole, and at the j first attempt they got the word and were off', Moffat with ' the lead. Before they reached the quarter, Tom Moore ; made a very bad break, which put Moffat ahead of him i all of 100 yards ; but Tom was put to his work again, ) and at the half he was nut more than half that distance in the roar, and gaining rapidly on his adversary. On near ing Hie inree quarters, .<iuuui uiuku up, uuu i um came i up with him ; a struggle ensued for a moment, when broke up again, Tom going in front ; but in lead- { ing to stand, crossed the track in front of Molfat, which would have given the purse to the latter, had the judges exacted the full penalty for such conduct; but after uue deliberation, they decided that taking the heat from Tom would be punishment enough, and announced to the crowd that Molfat won the heat, in 3.48. Among the betting men, Metlat was the favorite still ; and notwithstanding he had not, the two previous heats, given his friends any thing to rely on, still he was at a premium, and considerable money was laid out on him. Thiiid Haat.?Soon after the horses passed the stand, Tom Moore broke up, which gave Moflat a great advantage for a time, but Tom got on his legs again, and made fine play to the quarter, where he lapped Moffat, and at the half, he was side and side with him. Than OMM a struggle, which was continued to the three quarters, where, as in the preceding heats. Moffat broke up, and it appeared for a tew seconds that he meant to stay up.? Fears were entertained that he would be distanced : which was not the case, however, owing to the good management of his rider. This heat waa won by Tom Moore in 140,'a. Koubth Hkat ?On a call for the horses, Mr. Whelpley came forward and stated be should withdraw Moflat on account of a lameness, and Tom Moore started for the heat aluDe, and went the entire round, notwithstanding the repeated calls of tho judges to stop. He performed the mile in 3:30. Faciku.?This was a parse similar to the above, with the exception of the hones going in harness, and came off between the first and second heats of the above.? i When the paean were called lor, two, of the lour ' entered, only appeared These were the brown maro Oregon Mied, and the sorrel horse Capt. Waugh, the others not wishing to risk their reputation. Alter the Judges ordered the drivers to take their horses to nlaoriB tKav noma tin hoantifnllv (ntrnthor crot tho 'fgo!" and away they dashed, Waugh taking the lead. The mare, as she made the turn, broke up in a most unfortunate manner, and by the time she recovered again to a steady pace, her chances lor the heat had deserted her. The horse dashed, on doing his best, which was so good thai the mare could not in any way make up her loss, and the horse passed the stand before she had reached the distance pole. Capt. Waugh won the heat and nurse in 2:36.4'. Not satisfied with tne performances of the mare during this heat, her owner drove her round the track himself, when she made the mile in about 1:33. At the conclusion of the two preceding matches, two individuals called to the judges to keep their places, stating that they were going a match, and wished their., judgment. The animals were started pretty evenly, but of all the trots man ever witnessed, this was the last and most ridiculous. They came home, after great exertion, a trifle within lour minutes. And thus ended the sports of the day. Medical Intelligence. By a catalogue received from the fennsylvania College, at Gettysburg, we find that the affairs of the institution are in a prosperous condition. The whole number of students is 193, of whom there are 16 seniors, 19 juniors, 20 sophomores, 19 freshmen, II partial course, and 106 in the preparatory. Rev. C. P. Krauth, D. 11., is President of the College. Police Intelligence. Rohking a room malt.?Officer Borahan, of the 1st ward, ariestod, yesterday, a man by the name ef Jainos Harrington, on a charge of breaking open a trunk be. longing to Peter Viesnell, who was a fellow boarder, and stealing therefrom $36 in gold, and two silver watches, valued at $10, from No. 10 Albany street. The aocused was arrested on the Kive Points, a little "lushy," and a portion of the money found on his person. Committed lor trial Caught on the "sneak."?A sneaking looking thief, called John Murray, was found concealed under the bed in one of the rooms in the dwelling house, occupied by Mr. Urace, No 'J Madison street, last night, having in his possession, tied up in a bundle, a lot of wearing apparel, va lued at $4:i, belonging to Mr. Grace, which th? graceless raical had itoleu With intent to carry off. Ha waa taken to the itation house t>y officer Boyle, of the 4th ward' and committed to the Tomtn for tiial by Justice Drinker. Jirruttd on Suspicion?Ollicer Walsh, of the 16th ward, arrested on Sunday afternoon, a man called Win. llurton, having in his possession a basket containing several lace caps and dresses, also a bos containing pieces of ribbons, fee., for which an owner is wanted. Apply to Justice Koome, Second District Police, Jefferson Market. Locked up for examination. Burglary.?The l'heuix Coffee Houso, comer of Tine and Nassau street, was entered last night by some " screwsrnan" with a false key, and robbed of between $50 and $60 in silver, principally in half dollars, and escaped without detection. Petit Larcenies?A woman called Lizzy Johnson, was arrest rd last night by a policeman, for stealing a coat worth $4, and $6 in money, belonging to Charles Har vey, residing in East Broadway ; a part of the stolen property was found in her pow ssion. Committed for trial. A black fellow called Bill $ ace, was arrested last night by officer Holland, of the 4tli ward, charged with stealing a $10 bank bill, belonging to Mary Peters Liokgd tip kmt trie!. Court of Oyer and Termini r. Before Judge Kdmonds. Aldermen Jackson and Johnson. The Coui t opened yesterday, after which, the grand jury pannel waa called over, but a quorum not having answeied, the swearing in was postponed until this morning. A petit jury was then sworn, and a number of jurors who had not answered were fined $J6. Calvin Rusk was then put the bar and arraigned. Mr. Vandervoort. the clerk of the court, read the indictment, which charged him with the murder of Eliza Kuak, hi* wife, on the 9th of September lait, by cutting her throat with u razor, to which hj pleaded not guilty. Hi* trial waa put olf to WeJnesday. Kuak i* a amall man, about 39 or .'10 year* of age, and about flee feet four er five inche* in height. There ia nothing ferociona or vicioui in tha expreaaion of hi* countenance, with the exception of a vary realleaa eye. Tbia peculiarity, however, may proceed from the unfortunate aituation in which he i* placed Chailc* Thomaa, a atolid looking black, againat whom it an indictment for the murder of Henry Pert), another black man, on the 13th of September laat, waa next put to the bar, but hia counael not being preaent he wa* ordered to be brought up again on Wedneaday next. The l-ourt then adjourned. l,# I?1? *' New Orleana, in the trial of O'Blenia for ne murder.f young Coomba, could not agree, and aaaae mutt?** WM th* cond trial, with the 1 ' I Ob ?nd St*err Cmv?cm.?Id oonee3Pknce o( the public announcement. that the Rev. Dr. Mfcth would deliver a discourse prepared on board the dl^^aer " Great Western,' in the recent eventful and oxttfordinary passage, from Liverpool. acroaa the Atlanti^ the church wu crowded to overflowing, by an unuaw&acceseieB of stranger*, whom the interne excitement aa( peculiar interest of ihe occasion, had assembled.' Thi Rev. Dr. selecting lor the theme of his discourse, the Mit, 'hid, 31st and Ifd verses of the 107th psalm?" O ' that Ven would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for jkja gronderful works to the children of men," be. Stc. The occasion upon which this psalm was composed ia Mt known, although from the variety and character of thp subjects which it embraces, it seems admirably adapted to all occasions, which the ever-shifting scenes of hwan life, snd the multifsrioiis conditions of mankind raoilfre ; and designed, in an especial manner, to enforce the cardinal doctrine ol the sovereiguty of a superintending Providence in the regulation of the attain of man ^i general, as well as regards the temporal and eternal welfare ot believers in particular. The Doctor having dUated, in appropriate and lomble illustration*, on the vicissitudes, trials and perils of this chequered state of beiag, in connection with a consideration of the mysterioua Operations of Deity In the material univene, and tha elements of nature, as the ministers, either of hie mercy ar Ihe avengers of his wrath, as attecting our mundane existence in the varied aspects of prosperity and adversity^ danger and deliverance, remarked, that the text he Mai chosen, r.le.vrlv pointed out three imnortant truths thednt that the external condition of men in this world, W0> no criterion cither of the favor or displeaaure of God ; forasmuch, as in many instances, virtue was not folly rewarded, nor vice visited with condign punishment; nevertheless, the wisdom and goodness of God were manifested in the con stitution of things, which gave to virtue, even in this probationary and passing scene, a pre-eminence and influence over the manifold and moral evils whiah inevitably existed in society, as the sad r,onset)uenceaofthe apostacy, involving the ruin of our fallen race, "for death had passed upon all men, for that all had sinned" The next truth was, that the dispensations of ProvidflWce displayed the moral attributes of God as the stmsemo and moral governorof the unhorse, physical, moral end intellectual; whose throne was established in justice end judgment, and that the trials and deliverances of the presenGlife, was that process of mental and moral discipline by which God exercised and provod the faith and obedience oi those who put their trust in him. That though the vicious, for a while, might flourish in the enjoyment end exuberance of all earthly happiness and prosperity, while the virtuous were depressed and afflicted by poverty and distress, yet in the solemn day of judgment, it would be well with the righteous, but wo and condsmnation to the wicked, &c The third truth was, that the worka and ways of God laid the surest foundation for love and praise, calling forth the most stimulating motives to exertion, imparting the firmest support in danger and difficulty, and affording that cheering nope which would illuminate (he dark passage of the valley of the shadow of death, flic., Ate The doctor now proceeded to pronounce a mem powerful and affecting narrative of-the 1 rightful tempest with which the steamer and her company were viattod, in their late miraculous escape from impending dtffiruction, some of the particulars of which have already appeared in the public journals, particularly those relating to the religious services, and the religious intentions and experiences

of some of the passengers, and the institution of a benevolent fund for the families of mariners list at sea; prefacing the account with strictures on the remissness of many professors on board, in the performance of their religious duties, prior to the commencement of the gale. It would he vain to attempt even a brief outline, in this syllohus, of the fervid eloquence, variety of thrilling incident, graphic and appalling description of the circumstances, dungers, impending danffi and providential deliverance from the continued conflict oi the olemanlo .,A?.ines wivi/i an/1 biiwiaana billowy wave and angry ocean, reinforced by the awful artillery of the skier, so impreaaivaly depicted by the preacher, atronglv reminding one of tho apostle Paul's inspired and sublime delineation of tbe first recordod shipwreck. During the narration, a Jost ecomium was pronounced in favor of Capt. Matthews, whose nautical skill, calmness, and fortitude, in the perils of the deep, sustained hope and prevented despair, and which, under Providence, had proved instrumental in the preservation of tne noble ship, and those on board; together with tho lollowing anecdote of the Captain, who, when struck by a splinter from some part of the dismantled rigging, was washed off the deck, and saved in the net work of the vessel, and was conveyed to bis cabin in a state of insensi> ility, when, on his recovery, he was found to have grasped a portrait of his wife and family, whom he do* er expected to see again "in the flesh," indicative, observed the preacher, of bia'tenderneaa and manlineas, immediately returning to his post to discharge the duties of commander, to the honor of the directors, and the gratification and safety of his passengers, in the application of the narrative, tho Doctor made a most striking and pungent appeal to tho conscience of the numerous auditory who Lad come to hear him, on the present interesting occasion?remarking, that could he only present an adequate representation of tbe chaos of waters, the conflict of the elements, the mingled emotions of hope, despair, or feaaful apprehensions, which made the stoutest heart tn tremble, ithe knee of supplication foi the firettltne to bend in prayer, the most hardened infidelity to withdraw abashed, that, doubtless, a similar effect would be produced on the minds of those wdo were present, as was cvinceu during me raging 01 the storm, which threatened immediate destruction, causing the voice of blasphemy to be hushed, the tongue of ribaldry to be silent, the bowl of intoxication to be unquafl'ed, and the implements of gambling to be untouched. Yet, alas ! there were many who alter the storm had abated.and the tempest retired,and the waters saw the ttte of Uod.and were afraid.und the ocean returned to his appointed boundaries, forgot the season of their humiliation and vows, an! appeared as if they had repented of their repentance, and grieved for their grief, j and were ashamed of their leers,--urging with deep and solemn pathos of feeling, not to trifle with the admonitory dispensation, warnings and providences ef God's forbearance, last, at a time, when the least expectod; for, during his voyage and visit to Kurope, the speaker had been a night and a day surrounded by icebergs, enveloped in a thick mist, thrown with much violence out of a carriage in rapid motion, and narrowly escaped on the sea with life, on his return to his domestic and social circle, they should be visited with the chaos of God's wrath, the winds of the diiine displeasure, in the stormy conflict of death, and lie, at last, engulphod in the abyss of perdition, in the ocean of eternity. The solemn and appropriate reading of the psalms [ Irom which the text was taken, had evidently elicited an i order ot feeling well adapted to secure a devout and profitable attention to the delivery of the discourse. The subject was handled with masterly effect, and listened to for one hour and a quarter, in breathless silence, showing the powerful impression produced by the fastened eye, the serious look, and awakened conscience, visible in the earnest countenances of the large and respectable audiory. St. Gkorufs' Chtri h.?The Rev. D. A. Tyng read the services in this church, on Sunday morning last- After which the rector, the Rev. Dr. Tyng selected for the subject of his discourse part of the 7th verse of the 13th chap, of St. Luke's Gospel. " I come seeking fruit on this tig tree, and line none ; cut it down, why cumbereth it the ground?'' The Rev. preacher proceeded with his usual eloquence end clearness to unfold this parable of our Saviour. He observed that this tree which our Lord came seeking fruit from in his vineyard, was an emblem of the Jewish nation?to them had been sent Moses and the prophetsGod had given them line upon line, and precept upon precept. They hail been 1 witnesses of his power and miracles, and were his chosen people. So tnen our Kavioui came, from, whom on account of their large profession of religion Rnd great 1 pretensions to holiness, and the many advantages they enjoyed, it was reasonable to expect the fruit of right- j eousneis; but alas, he lound none?it was but an outward show of triAing ceremonies and traditions, Christ, day after day went hy for the space of three years, hut found nothing thereon but leaves only?a mere profession. Thus they were unfmitful and cumberers of the ground?the day of destruction was at hand?they were cut down. This parable of our Divine Redeemer was also a symbol of the Christian church. God's dealing with his chosen people was a fearful and rolemn admonition to every professing church on earth. The Kev. gentleman discussed at considerable length, with great fidelity and boldness, the special privileges, the divine forbearance?the expectation of fruit, and the honor due to Ood. He pointed to the many and numberless privileges which the goodness and mercy of Uod had bestowed upon us. The torbearanco of Uod was a reasonable expectation of the fruit of piety, and a manifest conversion to the glorious gospel or his dear son But our cold and lifeless, and dead forms had robbed him of this honor; and plucked down upon our own souls hi* everlasting I condemnation. Not three order*, nor forty order* in the miniatry, will ever be able to turn back the wrath of God. Hi* application to hi* own congregation wa* forcible and Marching? he mourned over the little fruit that hath grown in thi* portion of God'* vineyardmonth* to month* pant)jf, and no <oul* converted to God. The church wa* crowded to overflowing. After the ermon, he proceeded to adminiiter the holy communion of the Wly and blood of ( hriat, to a large number of the congregation. Citv Corvkrtior.?This body met lait evening, and made *ome further progrei* in the report on the City Charter. They meet again thi* day. Democratic State Senator trom thi* District.? The convention to nominate a Senatorial candidate from this diitrfct, met at Tammany Hall yeaterday. After placing in nomination Dr. John WVatervelt, Wm. K Havemever, John Y. t'ebra, Joihua Fleet, Daniel B. Taylor, Jame* H. Titui, Solomon Towmend, and John TownMtid, it adjourned over to neat week. Chatham street ?There i* a perject jam in Chatham itreet. On Thursday* in particular, between coal carts, omnibuase* and pedestrians, the bustle and thoroughfare is almost perperpetually kept up. The regulation* here are defective. Citt Gtairaiium ? We are glad to see that more atten tion than formerly i* being paid to bodily exercise by the young men of our city, and that the means afforded are proportionably on the increase- The Union Gymnastic Academy, of which Mr. Hatfield is proprietor, and under the direction of Dr. J. B. Rich, i* one of the best institutions of the kind in the country. Nor must we omit noticing Mr. Fuller'* Oymaiium, in Ann street, long known to the public, and where health and pleasure are both attainable. We recommend both these institutions to - * ~ ? ?**? **Sl*??i ikala AWin waa.1 U10S6 wno pay proper uwuuvu %v uiwi wwu rvww. The Great Fire or 1844.?A imrll part of the ravages occasioned by thii destructive Are ii still discernible in aome of our atreeta. At the corner of Exchange Place and Broadway, ruina hare been lately cleared out, and fire atorea are being put upon a large acale, and promise to be very beautiful buildings, wnen finished A little lower down, on the same aide, la a vacant lot, and on the other side, nearly op|>osite, is another lot, the rubbish still remaining untouched. In Beaver and New streets, there are also a lew vacant lota still in ruins. With these exceptions, the entire of the burned district has been rebuilt, and we think very much improved, both aa to style and convenience The rapidity with which so many elegant buildings, some of them massive, have been put up, does infinite credit to the energy, enterprise and public spirit of our citizens. The Mha Auction Was.?We noticed aome days since, the aireet oi Mr. Chapman, who is connected wiih an auction stoie in Broadway, f?r an alleged assault and battery. Mr. Chapman did not obtain a hearing until Saturday last,when Judge Osborn dismissed the oomplaint, upon the ground that it was instigsted by malice. Proreadings are being instituted against bis accusers to bring them to justice It wee stated on Sunday, that Mr. Chapman waa looked up at Brooklyn for being "an acoeeeary ' I khaki fill" ! racacA ta a watoh said M pabUo MOtToo, which It mid tohare baanatolan TMvta an error It is trus that Mr. C was arrested on inch a complaint but on an tx far u hearing, sufficient testimony wee offered to ahow hie entire innocence of the charge preferred; and while the informer, John Brown, of Phiiadelphis. who eonleseed hie own felaar, waa remanded to Kings county priaOB. handcuffed,Judge (iarriaon, declining to give an exeaMnation, took bail for Chapman'a ap prumnca in $300, and discharged him forthwith. The rounspl forthe accuied waa Meaara. F A. Talmadge and Daniel Major. Accident.?Aa Mr. John Quinn, grocer, residing in the 3d avenue, waa driving along Church street, his horse took fright, and striking against a lamp post, precipitated Mr. llainn out of the cart headforemost on the pavement, inflicting a severe wound on the head The horse waa likewise much hurt, having one eye knocked out, and otherwise much injured Mr. Quinn's wound was dressed by a physician, and than conveyed home by a policeman of the 5tli ward. Great Temperance Meeting In the Park Yesterday. Pursuant to notice a large and respectable assemblage of persons, disposed to have the excise law extended to tbe city and county of New York, was convened in the Park last evening, to pass such resolutions and make such remarks as seemed requisite for the object proposed, and having the empire city placed on an equality with the rest of the State in regard to the benefits ol that law. The following named gentlemen presided :? President?Hon. Order Edwards. Vim Presidents?Hon. Theodoro Frelinehuvsen. Hon. Wm T. McCoun, Hon. James (Harper, Hon. Morria Franklin, Hon Thomaa M. Woodruff, A. D. Wilson, M. D., Eleazer Parmly, M. D , Stephen R. Kirby, M. D., Jai. Cockroft, M. 0., D. Meredith Reese, M. D.. Anson O. Phelps, Win. B. Crosby, Wm. F. Lejggett, Wm. Jones, Peter Cooper, Daniel McLeod, Daniel F. Tiemann, and Luther Jackson, Esqs. Secretary?John B Manchester. E'q. Assistants?Fletcher Harper, W. E. Dodge, R. C. Bull, Esqs., and B. C. Dutcher, M. D. The proceedings were opened by prayer by the Rev. Dr. Dowling, D. D. The Hon. Ouden Edwaeds addressed the meeting as follows :? Fellow Citizens?You are convened for the purpose of securing your co-operation to extend the Excise 'aw of 1845 to this city. That law in a purely republican spirit, referred it to the good people of all the towns and cities of this State (excepting the city of New York) to docide whether any licences should bo granted in their respective towns to retail spiritnus liquors. They, by an immense majority, have decided tho question in the nega- | tive?a result most honorable to their moral character, and free and independent spirit. Hero the question naturally presents Itself why was not this law extended to this city ? are we so correct in our habits as not to need it 1 or so sunk in depravity that uny espial to our moral sense was considered idle ! Whatever may have been the motives, yet such was the f<ct, that a movement which was considered a crowning one in the noble undertaking ot rescuing our fellow citizens from all the deplorable consequences attendant upon the use of spiritous liauors, was withheld from us. Now all we ask is, that the nuestion may be submitted to the decree of the good people of this city, whether licenses shall be any longer granted in this city to authorize men to carry on a calling, the direct tendency and necessary consequence of which is to ruin the health and degrade the morals ot the community. But strange as it may appear, yet nevertheless it is true, that objections are raised that the act is unconstitutional. What ! unconstitutional to suppress an evil which has caused more misery to the human race than aU the other evils which humanity is heir to? Unconstitutional to pass a law in restraint of a practice which throngs your alms houses with paupers and your State prisons with crimi nun : i &q nomiug ue uoao lojirevimcnniei munuif band of the Legislature be stayed in plucking, as brands from the burning, the rising youth of the country, and fathers and husbands, from sinking into an early grave I and saving widowed mothers and orphan children from sorrowing through the world? Is it unconstitutional for the government to exercise a paternal care over the community, and to restrain their children in the career of destruction? Of all absurd constitutional questions I consider this the most absurd. And yet this is the only objection which any reputable man has the effrontery to raise to the effectual suppression of such an evil. Yes, fallow citizens, the glorious cause of temperance, which has done more towards redeeming man, elevating human nature, and advancing the happiness of the world, than anything else since Christianity dawned upon it, is in this, the metropolis of the western world, in its crowning effort, brought to a stand. But I do trust that there is a moral sense in this community which will not rest quiet under an order of things like this?that the government of this State will be made to realize that this city is not so mnch of a Sodom as this exemption seems to imply. This lar is now in lull operation in other parts of this gret State, and is shedding its blessings far and wide ; and 1 do hope and trust that it will be ever firmly and resolutely uphold ;1 that1 the people will not only withdraw their confidence, but lrown indignantly upon every man who dares to raise his voice against it; that wily politicians will be made to realise that such measures will not advance their popularity with a virtuous and independent people ; that the road to ruin is not the road to popularity. The Rev. Mr. Chambebs, of Philadelphia, then addressed the meeting. He commenced by saying, what are we assembled here for this evening 1 Why do we meet here, with the image ot the father of our country before ui, and the flag of our country?the glorious stars and . stripes waving over us 1 What are we here for ! Are j we here to discuss principles of international law 7 Are we here to discuss great commercial ques- . tions? Are we here to discuss the principles that govern . the nations of the world 7 Why, 1 ask, is this assemblage of the people of New York here to-day ? I answer that the people are assembled to discuss a matter that lies , near the heart of the good man. Your object is what 1 To drive out of your city the most terrible curst that has ever afflicted the world since it has been a world. Your object is to remove from your midst this abomination. What is it 7 It is to put down the use of intoxicating liquor as a beverage. And to discontinue its sale in all the hotels and rum shops of the city. It is in the hotels where it is sold as well as in the rum shop on the "Five ! Points." As to the good which the sale ol this poison has done, I defy any one to point it out. As to the evils it has done, it would require the Angel Uabriel to tell them. It has injured you all, and will continue to in ui e you all. And yet this abomination of all abominatio s is under the sanction of the law. Is it not high time t uat the people of this city had spoken out on the sub ect 7 Why, 1 ask, should not the people of New Yor'.v nave the right to say whether this curse shall exist among tham or not. Is the great commercial emporium of New York to be the charnal house ol the State?the great Oolgotha. There are now in this city over 3000 licensed grog shops, with an unlimited number of unlicensed one'. You have your large hotels?your splendid subterranean oyster cellars? your magnificent shops, with the gilded chandeliers and French mirrors, and your rum shops on the Five Points? you are emphatically rum ridden. The curse has entered your social circles, and seized on your wives, your daughters, and your sons. It has even entered into your politics, and has given them the rum rot. It is rum that puts in your officers, and not your votes ; and yet you nave not the power of declaring that you will arrest the evil. Your legislature has given the power to the rest of the State to determine by vote whether rum shall be sold or not Why is it that New York is excluded 7 Is it that your lawyers may destroy themselves, and that wives shall be made widows, and children be made orphans! Why have you your magnificent hotels selling rum 7 Why nave juu rum siunng vuu iu iuc race, uu every curnci , ofthe street*? I ask the fathers of Now York, <lo you lore your sons??the young men who are the einewi of the Kmpire State?do you wiihto aee your sous drunkard*' do you wUh to preierre them from ruin?from the ten thouiand rum shop* by which they are surrounded? If you do, then go in a body to the poll*, and exterminate the evil. I myself am a father. 1 have a first-! m ?he it a young man just entering into life; and I hank Uod that he i* a pledged teetotaller?an uncompromising on of temperance. But he is not out of danger while intoxicating liquor* are used at the evening party? where Irunkard*are first made by the rum kept by your fentlemen, your merchants, and your best society. And tell you, that before your young men are sale, yuu must abolish the grogshops in the fashionable parlorsit must be removed. Then, 1 ask all fathers here to vote down the sale of rum, if you wish to preserve your sons from becoming drunkards And you, young men, 1 ask you, if the British were coming up the harbor, would you not buckle on jour armor and rush to the defence of your parents, your sisters and your brothers? Here you have an enemy worse,and will you not buckle on your armor and defeat him? The sin of drunkenness has laid hold of the judges on the bench?the magistrate ?the police?all have been seized by it; and task you to rid yourselves of it. Will you not demand of your Legislature to extend the benefits of the excise law of the State to yourcity? The following resolution* were then offered and carried :? i Whereas, on the 14th day of May, 184S, an act was passed by the Legislature of the State of Now York, entitled " An act relating to Excise, and to licensing retailer* of intoxicating drinks," giving to the electors of the several towns ana cities of this State the right to determine, by ballot, whether the board or board* of excise, in their respective towns and cities, shall or shall not grant licensee for the sale of intoxicating liquors , and whereas, through rum influence, the inhabitant* of the city and county of New Yark were unjustly excluded from the provisions of that law?therefore, resolved, 1. That the exclusion of the city and county of New York from the operation of the Excise Law of 1MJ was a flagrant act of injustice, and should be rebuked in a prompt and becoming manner, by the freemen thus denied that euualitv unon which all our civil and reliffious institutions are founded, and no long and so justl) the pride and boast of every American citizen 3. That we believe the traffic in intoxicating liquoit unwise in policy, dreadful ia practice, and the sourco of unmitigated evil to society ; and that we regard the le gislator by whom it is sanctioned and legalized, untrue to Uie deaiest interests of his constituency, and unworthy to legislate for a free and independent people. 3. That, in the opinion of this meeting, no friend of equal laws and impartial legislation can consistently give his suffrage, at the approaching election, for any candidate who is opposed to the including of the city and county of New York iu the provisions of the ICxcise Law of 1840. 4. That the thanks of this meeting are due, and are hereby cordially tendered, to those members of the legislature who voted for the Kxcise Law of 1846, and who advocated its extension to the city and county of New York. 6. That we fully appreciate, and most heartily tender our grateful acknow edgments to the late State I'e nperance Convention, in pledging their united and untiring efforts for the repeal of that section of the r xcise La* which excludes this city and county from the benefits of 1 its wise and healthful provisions. 5. That this meeting demands, on behalf of the friends of good order and equal legislation, and loi the good of the citizens of New York, the sams ligntt and privil ges as are granted to all other parts of ttie .tta>a , and tnat we will use all honorable means to i>e inclu ed in the wise provisions of the Kxcise Law ol IH4 >, believing that "the Meetings of government, like the dews of I heaven, should fall equally upon all " Dingle's brass band then performed tome beautiful music. Rev Mr. Dowutto en rising to second the reeolutiona, ^ iuiw cut wipt ffcreiim trow to? mu?uii oi nit ixcim law. This law granted to all the towns in the State tbo privilege of voting whether runt should be sold or not, with one single exception, and we ail know what that exception is?the little Tillage of New York. The main ohjeat of this recrement b to shew that wa nautt stand shoulder to shoulder, so that we mar appeal to the legislature, and tell them that this privilege shall he extended to New York too, and that we will not tolerate this tradio in our midst. Aro we not freemen, that we should he deprived of this privilege?and are we uot entitled to the benefits of that law, us well as the people of the rest of the State ' With nine-tenths of the people in favor of abolishing the tratlic in intoxicating liquors, we are precluded fiom doing it, because the law is not within our reachJohn B. Makchestex next spoke. He laid he was altogether unprepared, but would present the assemblage with a few facts worthy of their attention. In the year 1815 there were three thousand grog shops in the city, and how do they stand now t Wa find in May, 1845, 3,197 grog shops in operation in this city, and in November ot the same year there was an aggregate of 4190 ?an increase since 1846 of more than one thousand in tkis city. When we add the number of uiUicensed grog shops, we may put the total aggregate at eight thousand. The Kev. Mr. .VUasH and oilier speakers followed, and the'meebng adjourned late in the evening. Oue of the speakers said that Judge Kdmonds, then present, informed him that of eleven cases oi murder ol wives by their husbands, which were tried while he was on the I, (on n< thorn owed their oriffm to intoxice ting drinks. On being referred to, the hon gentlemen corroborated the melancholy fact. Nineteenth Annual Fair of the American Institute. Yesterday, the nineteenth anniversary of this useful and valuable institute commenced, at 13 o'clock, in the spacious saloon at Castle Garden, and, though several places remain yet to be Ailed, still the vast area of this magnificent building presented an array of the most superbly finished specimens of art, that would safely vie with the productions of any artists in the world. The large and splendid saloon itself is admirably suited for all the purposes connected with the Fair; and with all the advantages of salubrious air and gorgeous sceuery that surround it, will prove a source ot rich attraction during the continuance of this week. The omnibusses hoisted their usual advertising banners at a little before the hour Axed for opening, and several in tire course of the day visited the Fair. The entrance is well covered in from the front gate, along the wooden bridge that leads direct to the Garden, and on either side are some fine specimens of cabs, carriages, sowing machines, and farming implements. A superbly finished hose cart, in this part, will at once strike 'he eye of the visiter, from the extreme beauty of its finish and execution. On entering the area of the great hall, the bustlo and preparation observable in all (Erections, presented a scene ot animation which bespoke the great interest that is felt by the exhibitors. Ihe arrangements are admirable, and each department perfect in itself. The first object that will strike the eye, is the horticultural and agricultural department, which faces the orchestra, and is tastefully laid out with rich festooning of greansgand palm trees. The array of rich dahlias, of evefa hue and color of tha rainbow, and of lull and fine blow, will fully repay a visit here. The passion flower, the rose, and various other " Gems of Flora," here will delight the aye of the florist and admirer of horticulture. The fruit and vegetable branch ol this department present* also some admirable specimens in their way, and a monster numnkin holds a conspicuous position. The Daruerreo types grace the walls of the gallery, and seem much lost in the shade. There appears to be a good deal of rivalling in this branch of art, as several artists have come into the held, at the present Fair, and the successful competitor will have plucked a rich laurel, in taking the palm amid such an array ef exquisitely executed eieces, such as are to be seen here. The various other ranches of trade and handicraft, are all well repre (anted, and an ingenious piece of mechanism in tne clock department?namely, the representation of a ship at tea in full sail and motion, surmounting the billows, which appear in motion, drew forth much admiration. Specimens oi stuffed birds of Faradise, in the area, underneath the Horticultural .department, were also muoh admired. It would take us long to go into detail?and the .catalogues are not as yet prepared by the secretar es. in consequence of the departments not being es yet all filled up. The Tarra, n large and healthy looking plant, is exhibited near the fountain, and labelled ' a substitute fer the poteto " At this particular crisis in the history of this vegetable, such a plant cannot fail to attract attention.? Besiue this, stands a monster cluster of Shrewsbury oysters from one of the city saloons, which would serve to dine a Board of Aldermen. The Hosiery department surpasses that of all former years. Linens, from Mesdames Palmer and Farr. 476 Broadway, attracted universal admiration. At the entrance, an assortment of hair doormats, rt fleet much credit upon the manufacturer. Specimens of glass manufacture, gloves, boots, shoes, ladies hats, laced stockings, muslins, calicoes, and in all the hosiery branch of trade, all exhibited the great improvements that have been made in the arts. Cutlery has made rapid strides?and machinery, for steera power in particular, alao exhibited new improvements. Corn grinding, and winnowing machine*, show much ingenuity in the invention, as exhibited. Stoves hold a. high position, hum are presented in every variety. The Fair wilt not be full for a day or two more, and several additions were being made in the course of yesterday. The confectionery department exhibits, as usual, "relioed taste," a* the specimens in this branch are usually splendid. They should be allowed a more prominent ]>osition. We have cursorily glanced at a few of the leading features of the Fair this season, and reserve a more detailed notice Mr future remark. Among the rules and regulations, which amount te fourteen, will be found the following to regulate tho management as t regards the exhibitors All persons presenting articles fer the Fair, must at tend and have them registered by the clerks, who will hand them a ticket for the same. Exhibitors will be required to return their tickets previous to removing their goods at the close of the Fair. Exhibitors are requested to be particular in having their names correctly entered. All articles at the Fair are at the risk of the owners, who are requested to be present during the hours of exhibition. The managers will direct the most efficient measures for the protection of property, which, however, in no case is to lie considered at the risk of the Insti tute Premiums of gold and silver medals, diplomas, fee.* will be awarded by the Board of Managers on such arti' clei as the judges shall decide meritorious. They will' be announced on the last evening of the Fair, and the medals and diplomas will be delivered at the Repository of tho Institute, as soon as possible thereafter, lut in no case, for want of competion or for other cause, will any article be entitled to premium, if adjudged intrinsically not deserving particular commendation. Competitors for premiums cannot be present during the examination, except at the Judge's request. No exhibitor will be permitted to remove his articles until the final close of the Fair, unless by permission of the managers. The ub committees for the different departments will have oharge of placing und arranging all articles exhibited at the Garden. In case of any misunderstanding, application to be made to them. Fires will not be allowed in stoves, ranges, or furnaces, for exhibition. No medicine, nostrums, or articles of that nature, made and sold exclusively by the inventor or his agent, shall be exhibited at the Fair. No premium shall be awarded to a manager of the Fair. The selection of this fine saloon or theatre is n great imnmvaniAnf it tusn tkm nlil ai#m art <4 isSttAi tKa wiail.a n? agreeable jaunt, where recreative enjoyment, a healthful aea breeze, and numberleu attractive specimen! of the arte and science* will gratify the public taite, and afford abundant evidence of the ODward march of modern improvement. In the evening there wa* a rich display of Are worka, and an uddrese waa delivered by Ex-Oovornor Dickcrton, of New Jersey, the new President, before his Honor the Mayor, the Managers and a very large assemblage. Owing to the very low tone of voice in which the address waa read, our reporter, aa well as several in the vast building, were unable to hear the address, save some few sentences which referred to the progress the Institute is miking. Indeed, the gentleman who attended from this office was most rudely thrust out the entrance to the platform, or stage of the place of meeting, by a doorkeeper in the emrdey of the Managers, who can be held responsible for what the law would call an assault. The many acta of discourtesy i.nd impertinence to which the reporters of the press have been subjected to, particularly by menials and petty officials, requires the adoption of some vigorous measures to protect them, and the iuterests of their employers, from the many outrages which insolent underlings conceive they have a right to use towards them. Our reporters, as well as ourselves, are fully determined to protect the rights which belong to them and us, and those who molest or tamper with them must do so at thair own |<eril. Movements of TravellersThe arrivals of yesterday show a Kill further decrease from the last returns. We found the following at the annexed hotels: Ambbicax.?W. Hoffman, U. 8 Navy; J. White, rhila ; > O. P. Cumminga, O. Hopkins, do.; J. Pringle, Charleston; I Lt. Hunter, U. 8 Navy. L,t. Taylor, II. 8. Marinas; H Ni com, Aia ; w Hamilton, r*aw l ork; II. C. Davenport, Geo ; Kd Needle*, J Hoffman, Baltimore; J. Wright, N J. A?toh.?J. Bush, G. Palmer, N Or leant, W. U'estcott, Goshen; M. Bronaon, H W .Smith, T N. Smith, Albany; M. Waile, England: T Mlocomh, Boston; Reeves, Newburgh; J Claike, Charleston, C Martin, Schenectady; Pierce Butler, B. Oroia, Phil#.; J. Ackermaa, Atjuachenach; C. White, Boaton; G. 8. Coleman, Troy; C. Euatia, Boaton; J. Kellogg. Troy; 8. Brooks, Norfolk; G. Homan, Manchester; L Leppin, Phila ; J. C. Habar, Boston. Citt.?M. Valentine, J. A. Scott, KrchmonJ, J. Haysar, f Stateu Island, W. Tyson, W. Had ley, Albany; J. Valentine; N. O ; A Fenan, Buenoa Ayres; Capt Henry, U. 8. I 1 ship I lymouth; J Hartley, Phila ; J. Ta> lor, T. Hichanl- 1 I ton, N Carolina; O Foster, J. Foster, Pa.; Her. Mr. Wilton. Calcutta. FaarsKLin ? H. Eldridge, Binghampton, J. Ely, Hartford; 8 Gartley. Phila ; J Corning, Mobile; Mr. Burhoove, Mont; Julgo Uarculo, Pougukeepsie, G. liuhey, Elba; L, Hammond, N II ; T Bevana, Nashville; R F?rrail, Ohio; W llool, Phila , M. Braiuiafl, Pror , M. Caaaitlv, 11 Baker, Cm. Howard.?8 M. Lido, Ohio; R Hartaher, O. Falinger, G. Lachena, Phila ; J Scatenaa, N C., J. Pratt, Cin.; Hon. Mahlou Unker.on, K. Frothiugham, N. J.; T Reed, Ogdenabnigh, 11 Kohiueon, Conatatdeville; H Baldwin,Syracuse;/ Baker, Cin; H- Titus, Boston; G Fialaer, Oswego. M I'ownsend, N C.; M. Johnson, Newport; R Johnton, Washington Junto*.? w. H. Hunt, Boaton; J. P. Wright, N. Y.; M. Float, Phila.; L. Bradley, Btco; J Uavia, Pa.; L Boytoa, Cin. Common Pleas. Tloliiru liirltfo Irnfrnhnm Oct. 6. ? Poll ton rt Clark.?' Iiii* cauae wan aumtned I up } eaterday, alier which il was given to the jury Sealed renlict ihia morning Judge Daly ?at In the other branch of the court, hut no being ready he adjourned. Sit|M:rlor Court. Before Judge Oakley. Orr. 6 ? A jury waa i?oin in thia court, afier which one or two #|>ucidl motion# weie heard, and the court adjourued Court i aitiulai-?1 lua Day, Srrraioa lorar?10, 14, 19, 19 14, 31, 38, 34, 39,38, 39, 80 31, 33, 34, 89 to 48 Inclualre TwoCourte. Common Pl?a# ?lit. Part ?Noa #4, I0?. 139, 139, 130, 133, 139, 139, 140, 143, 144, 133. 3d Part?78, 79, 77, 99, 137, 139, 111, 183, 187, 839, ISO. 101 |?, J48, 147, I4f