Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 7, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 7, 1846 Page 2
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N*E\V YORK ITERALD >< ? Yui-w, Wt'itnr?d<if, Ofluber 7. 1S4U. The Ifer*l?l for Knr<i]>r. We wit! have our next lleraltl for Europe ready by ore o'clock to-morrow, in time to be sent by the v-'auHiip Oreat Western, which will sail at three o'clock on that day. It will c nitain the recent important news from Monterey, Cmnargo, Mtramoras and Santa Fe, besides any other news that may reach here be- . lore and tip to the hour of publication?it will be, in fact, a perfect record of every thing connected with the waf, from the sailing of the ast steamer to the departure of the Orent Western. It will j ttlso contain the latest commercial uiicingvuwu, now so interesting; the state of the crops, particularly of cotton ; the shipping news, &c. &c. It will be embellished with a splendid wood cut of the city of Tainpico, the new point of attack, and which is now to form the base of operations against the enemy. We would remind our patrons that this sheet oirers unequalled advantages for advertising, to ihose who are engaged in business of every kind, hut particularly hotel keepec-% tailors, boot makers, Uc. fee. I'rice . six and a quarter cents, in wrappers, ready fotf fnailipg. ? The Foreign Ktwi. The steam ship Great Britain, is now anxiously looked for by the mercantile classes. She will J bring throe days later intelligence. Three days, although a short space of time, are of the utmost importance just now. If the monster steamer nr- i rives after our regular edition is printed, we shall publish her news in an Extra Herald. The Progress of Annexation?The Activity of our iiovcrnincnt, " N'ow, by Saint Paul, the work goes bravely on." Nothing can he more cheering to all who desire the restoration of peace, than the activity that reigns in every department of our government in prosecuting the war with Mexico, and the deter mination that is manitest m every action ot the ; administration, to strike a quick and effective j blow in that unfortunate country. From the heart of New Mexico comes the voice of General Kearney's proclamation, declaring the rich departments of that fertile region a portion of | the territory cf the United States, and guaranteeing to the inhabitants the undisputed possession of their property, and the unrestricted enjoyment j of their religion. From the shores of the Pacific comes the proclamation of Commodore Sloat, declaring the rich i country of California subject to our laws; and promising the people the blessings of a good gov- j ernment, provided they conduct themselves j peaceably, and with a due regard to the rights of j citizens of the United States. From Monterey we will probably soon have accounts of a desperate engagement between our forces and the Mexicans. General Worth is ' burning to retrieve the position which he lost by an unseasonable indulgence of pique; and if there j be any fight in the Mexicans, he is determined to get it out of them. Whenever he comes in con. tact with the enemy there will be hard knocks. There has doubtless been, ere this, an attack on 1 Tampico, nnd of the success of such an attack i there can hardly be a doubt. We give a map of : this place on the outside of this day's Herald The next thing to be done is to attack San Juan d'Ulloa. The very strr ngth of the fortress will ensure the success of an attack upon it ; for if our 1 squadron onee receive orders to take it, the deter- ! mination will be either '.o take it or perish There can be no failure, unless one involving the destruction of the attacking force. Hitherto an ntfu..l. 1. ... V... ,1?| i l r. I vi&v-- n 11 ac urcu ucinjrcu, ISCUUIOC H WW5 KIlUWIl lO our government that the garrison was friendly to us. Now, however, no such consideration can weigh with our Government against the all important one of bringing the war to a speedy termination. Trie p-acn policy which we have hitherto pursued, has inspired the Mexicans with false hopes, and it is now time to disabuse them. When we heard the reply of the Mexican government to ourotf -rs of peace, we intimated our J suspicion that Santa Anna had been playing a double game?j rotesting to us his desire of peace for the purpose of getting free ingress into Vera Cruz, and immediately on his arrival, chiming in with the hostile prejudices of his countrymen, in order to make himself popular. This has, as far as events justify us in drawing conclusions, proved literally true ; and the ardor which characterizes the present operations of our government, seems to argue that they have discovered Santa Anna's insincerity. Should he prove himself the iraitor his tortuous policy would induce us to believe him. he can never hereafter hope that vvii?u^iihiuii uuiii us wiiicu we nave intnerio been willing to accord him. Hut no policy, how tortuous soever, can avnil the Mexicans any longer. They must either light or sue for peace. There is to be no more procrastination?no temporary cessation of hostilities, nothing but hard knocks, until the relations of Mexico are put upon a stable footing of amity 1 with this country. I; Very Late from South America.?By the arrival of the fast ?;>;"g ship Courier, Capt. Wolfe, from ttio Janeiro, after a very quick passage, we have received our usual file of papers, to the 2d ultimo. We find, nothing, however, of any striking interest. No news had been received from the Rio Plata later than that we have heretofore given. TL. r?...? -r_ II .l - n I . < x iic uiiipicM ui mi me oruzus nnu cnuci, were doing "as well as could be expected." It was understood that the Senate and General Assembly would close on the 3d ult. During the present sessio% various nets of much importance had been passed by the government and legislature, especially those regulating the national troops, and those respecting the division of the provinces. The Jornal de Comerrio mentions the murder ot Jo*k da Silva Mattos, tor 50 years a merchant in Rio, by a man named Manuel, a slave, who when captured, stated that he was commanded to commit the crime by his master. Great excitement prevailed on the subject amongst the citizens of Rio. The U. S. frigate Columbia was in port?olHccrs and crew all well. Rumors were alloat that the mission of Mr. Hood had entirely failed, and that he was trying to negotiate with Gon. Oribe, the besieger ol Montevideo. We doubt much the truth of the story. Military Negotiations.?It is rattier a singular coincidence that the two greatest nations in the world? the United .states and England?both ol whom are engaged in war, have, with arms in their hands, ottered to negotiate with their opponents. Wo offer to negotiate with the Mexicans while our troops are on the march to their capital, and the English offer to negotiate with the Argentines in the same way. We have heard of the English com plaining about the United States oflermg to negotiate in this manner, stating, as a reason, that we should withdraw our forces first, but we see them domg precisely the sain j thing.? , How readily they can detect the moat in their neighbors eye, but the beam in their own escapes their observation. . he State Co.nnkntion.?The convention, by a vote of 77 to itt, on Mc.iday strnck out the section in the present constitution, which excludes ministers of the gospel from holding any military or civil office. For other important proceedings I in the convention, wo rofer.onr readers to another column in this day's paper L* - J The i?hort crgi's in LlKul'K, and Emioration. From present appearances, and from all we can learn, we are disposed to think tliHt the number of emigrant* that will leave the old world to seek lln.-ir fortunes in the new, will l>e greater this year ensuing, than t has been ever Irelbte. For a number of years pnst, the tide of emigration has been increasing, but last year it went far beyond the regular ratio of increase, inconsequence of the short crops and the apprehension of famiue The rot in the potato this year is far more general and more extended than it was last, and the apprehension of a great scarcity in the necessaries oflife, is not coniined to England or Ireland, but extends to the continent of Europe. The effect that this will have in promoting emigration is apparent. The hungry millions of Europe look with longing eyes to the United States ?they view it as a country abounding with milk pending famine, and though not as dear to them as the land of their birth, still a safe refuge for all their ills, and a panacea for all their sufferings.? Nor can it be denied that the annual accession that is made to our population by increase, is of the highest value and importance to our country. We are so situated?our country is so extensive? the vast domains of the west, now a perfect wilderness, untrodden save by the foot of the sa vagc, and abounding with all the requisites lor furnishing the necessaries as well as the luxuries of man?that all the surplus population of the old world for fifty years to come, would not be more than sufficient to enablo us to develope our resources, and attain the great rank we are destined to take among the nations of the world. While we deplore the misery that must ensue from short crops in Europe, we rejoice that next year will bring us a greater increase to our population than we have ever seen. Anxiety among the Huge Paws.?There are a dozen or two democratic candidates for Congress from this city. Who are to he the fortunate ones 1 According to the last nccounts, Alderman Hart \t as ahead of Alderman Stoncall in the Third District, although the chances of the latter were brightening. William B. Maclay, and Hold-over Shaler, who for three months fed eight thousand poor democrats, were even in the Fourth District; Ihomas Dunn English was ahead of D. C. Broderick in the Fifth District; and Charles O'Conor had lost ground with the women of the Sixth District, in consequence of his efforts in the State Convention, to take away their property to give to their husbands. There appears to he very little opposition against Jim Connor for County Clerk, it is probable that ho will get what lie deserves?the nomination. There are twenty or thirty who would like to be sheritF, for more reasons than one. It is better to call upon our friends as a sheriff, than to haveany one call upon us in that capacity. The huge paws ought to have another meeting at Tammany Hall before they make their nominations. A lyrnnntt in nnlilipi pnn nuir nnp t..ll 11 a tin. ...... n of the native candidate lor Governor 1 Caution to Females.?Wo have lately heard of several virtuous and intelligent females having been ruined by the arts of villains who ensnare tin-in, through the medium of advertisements for them to accompany families travelling, and also through intelligence offices. We desire to caution all females against these snares; and warn them not to engage with any person, without having first satisfied themselves ot his or her respectability and position. By taking this course, they may escape falling into the pit designed for them. Movements, Sic.?Wo learn that Ex-President Tyler and family have arrived in town, and are at a private residence in Lafayette place. Itluslrai . l.noi'OLD 1)k Meier.?The concert of this celebrated performer upon the piano, will take placo to-morrow evening at tho Tabernacle, and as it will bo the last upper trinity that will be afforded to our citizen*, for tome time, of liatening to the maestro, a grand a* aemblage of the beauty and fashion of the city will be present. His own merits as an artist, place him in the highest rank of hit profession, and are o' themselves well worthy to command success; but, when in addition is ottered the assistance of the best talent in onr city. and of Burke, the violinist, the desire forpublid gratification will be justly appreciated. Camillo Sivoai.?Several papers have announced that this eminent artiste was present at the concert which took place on Saturday last at the Apollo rooms. We do not understand the aim of this piece of news ; but I the fact is, that since Friday morning, C'amillo Sivori has { been lying in his bed, sick. We are happy to learn, i however, that his health is much better, and the proba- i bility is, that he will be out by Friday or Saturday next. | Ma. Lover's Third Irish Fvemna.?The Stuyvesant i Institute was again filled last evening with a highly | fashionable audience, on the occasion of the third appearance of Mr. Lover, in one of his delightftil entertainments. Much as we were pleated with the two first evenings, our gratification last evening was far greater, ' and we feel more than aver incapable of doing justice by any description to thkrefiassd. delicate, piquant wit, the sparkling humor, and the exquisitely tender pathos that 1 c. .iracteriie these " evenings." Mr. Lover sang several . of his chotoest songs, such as " the Angel's Whisper," " Molly Bewn," fcc. he., and his anecdotes and recitations I kept the house in roars of laughter. Among the audisee noticed Kx-l'resident Tyler, and several mem- i hers of his family. There could not have been less than a thousand persons present. The Alhimri 8aloois continues its successful career, and Loder k Corbyn will certainly reap a rich reward from their enterprise. The variety, character, and excellence of the entertainments attract large and respectable audiences, while the admirable arrangements made iv m-c|> viuer, ami t-muic cvnuun iu lauies and lamuies, ' will ensure the success of this pleasant establishment. The Arot-i-oxioas.?Owing to the greet success of their first concert at Newark, and in accordance with the wish of numbers there, the masters Bullock and Cole will give another concert in that city this evening. The extraordinary merit of these children is rapidly attracting the notice of the public, and we sincerely hope, ere long, to seo them firmly placed in the high position they eminently deserve to hold. After they return to this city, we hope that they will favor eur citizen* with another opportunity of hearing them, before their departure eastward. Madame Abdamowics.?We attended, by special invitation, a musical tairie given by this lady, at the Apollo Saloon, last evening, preparatory to her concert on the 15th inst. We found the room almost full of musical amateurs and professors, among whom were some of the most distinguished musicians now in this country Madnme Ablamowicz sang several songs, duets, Sic , and elicited the warmest applause from an audience as well qualified to judge of the merits ol a singer as probably 1 was ever drawn together in this city on any former occasion. The lady has a voice remarkable not so much for its compass as for its fine quality, and the perfect command she possesses over it. Through its entire compass she manages it with perfect ease, ami plays on it as one might on a well-tuned instrument, lier tones are not so remarkable for their brilliancy as ior their clearness and artistic accuracy. Her lowei notes are wanting in dopth and volume, but her upper oucs ate clear, bird-like, and cthcrial, like the song of the lark in mid air Madame Atdamowicz. is destined to make a great sensation on her firat appearance in public. There have been few vocalists in this country who are at all equal to her as an ariiitr. Nhe gives her first concert on the 15th inst. Political Intelligence. The whig*, for some reasons best known to themselves, |iostpvue all nominations for Senalms to lepie- , sent them from this District, till next week No nomi- j nations whatever were made by them yesterday. Abraham Van Alstyne, is the democratic candidate j lor < ongress in the 17th District. O. W Wuner is the whig candidate for Congress in . the 3d District ot Michigan. The democrats of this Stato have made the following I nominations for Congress .?James M Wilson in the 2. tu , district; George A. Starkweather in the 21st ; and ' Timothy Jenkins in the 20th. Samuel H P. Hall is the whig candidate for Senator, i from the district lormed by Broome, Livingston and Chemung counties. Kleetlone. The followrtng is a digest ef the elections for Representatives in Maine, so lar aa heard from -.?The annual election, Sept. 14, for the choice of lit Representatives, resulted as follows Whigs 32; locos 43; no choice 78. Second trial. Sept. 21, In single towns sending 17 Representatives -Whigs 9 ; locos 2 ; no choice 8. Third trial, Sept. 28, in six towns, and second trial in Tortland and Bangor?Whigs 6; locos 1; no choice 3. Total, 47 whigt; 46 locos, and M vacant districts, all of which had another i trial on Monday, October 6th. Otto Sutor, the German who attempted to murder the cashier of the Bauk in Lancaster, a shert time since .and who was arretted iu Boston, hes pleaded guilty to two indictments for the attempted murder Thmrtwh r*h? Tucatrf..?Th? old sterling English comedy of " The Jealous Wife," was pioduced at tbi< thaati e on Monday evening. It wu written by the elder rolman, the tran-lator of " Terence," and ii a genuina classical play. It ii full of effective lituationa, and evince* great skill in the development of the characters. The di Uoguo hat not an exuberance of wit, like that of the play* of Farquar anil Congreve, nor has it their satire, or raillery, or the foibles or vices of the persons in the drains, or society in general The words and actions of the various characters betray their own folly, and constitute the play itself. This is, therefore, the most genuine and truly dramatic kind of comedy The .jealousy and hysteric vio lence of Mrs Oakley?the alternate wavering and firmness of her husband?the young, spirited, thoughtless t'harly?the romantic, gentle, and enamored lUrmt.ure all brought forward with striking effect?Sir Harry Beagle, a coarse, thoroughbred fox hunting country squire? Lord Trinket, a satire upon the aristocracy of l'.ngland?and Lady Freelove. a lady of fashion, devoid of all principle or delicacy, and with a vast fund of assurance and pretension?these, with the rough and irritable old Hussott, and the pugnacious little Terrence O'Cutter, and the old bachelor, Mujor Oakley, constitute the characters of the play, and they were iu general well supported The whole went oil' with great spirit. It is impossible to give a just idea of Mrs. Kean's performance. Since the time of Oarrick, when Mrs. Pritchard first sustained tho difficult part of Mrs Oakley, it has not been so represented on the stage She is the only living actiess who now ventures to sustain that character. Mrs. Glover, whose style of giving it, however celebrated, was always tinctured with vulgarity, has become old, and unfit for it altogether. Mrs. Kean combines, with all the wild and fevetish excitemant into u'hirh alio iathrnurn tho il*nnrtmHnf And tnnn* neri of the lady?in all her violence her good breeding never forsakes her. The rise anil progress of her jealouay, were admirably shown?the moat trivial cauaea roused it and fanned it into a 11 imu ; it became wild and uncontrollable; it took posaeaaion of her whole aoul, and at timea, subdued and repressed ; at others, it breaks out into the moat unbounded fury. To give itdue effect to this, without extravagance, is ono of tlo! moat difficult tasks on the stage. To be true to nature, j under such a state of mind, evinces the great powers of | an actress; and in all this, no acting could bo finer than i that of Mrs. Kean. Her suspicions, awakened by the letj ter to Charles, Orst roused this jealousy. Tne malicious i hints and insinuations of Lady Kroelove, a l lad fuel to I the flame, and thus prepared, the sight of Harriet in her ! own house in private conversation with her husband, gave lise to an indignation and fury that, in her hands, was quite overwhelming The passion went on increasing, now artfully subdued, and then bursting forth, till in tier last groat scene, it rote to almost actual madness. Finding her husband firm and unyielding, sobs and hysterics were resorted to,and with inconceivable effect upon the audience, till, at last, neglected by those around her, humbled, ashamed and sunk in confusion, her mind convinced of her injustice and folly, she acknowledges her error, and asks forgiveness of her hut band. She was forgiven, and thus fhe play closes. As a piece of acting, it sustains the high reputation of Mrs. Kean?it was played with great power and elfect, and nature wan never lost sight of. As a play, it afforded a rich entertainment to the audience, who seemed delighted and highly amused; their plaudits were warm and loud; and the humor of the play, in which it abounded, told powerfully with the house. Mr. Kean's acting was all that could be wished?he was entirely at home in the part, and gave the various transitions of feeling with his wonted excellence The play of the "Two Uentle tlemen of Verona," waa indeed most admirably per I formed last evening. Of Mrs. Kean's Julia we can only | say that it was the very perfection of acting, and Valen! tine, as personified by Mr. Chas. Kean, was one of the best representations of character we have ever witnessed. Mr. Dyott, as usual, displayed a careful study ol' his part, and acted it admirably. To-morrow night will be performed Colman's play of the "Jealous Wile," which was received with such enthusiasm on Monday night. Thkathk.?Mrs. Shaw, who is gratfied by a j suceession of the largest audiences ever collected in the 1 Theatre, to-night plays Juliet, in Shakspeare's tragedy of I "Romeo and Juliet." During the past week her admirable j acting has been the theme of universal praise. The i house, on the occasion of hor benefit, was literally j ciammcd, and without an early application at the box ! office, it is next to impossible to obtain u seat; so great a hold has she upon the admiration of those who frequent the Ilowery theatre. Iler short absence from the stage has given her new powers, aud Margaret Elmore Julia, Constance, Evadne, Catharine, or Mrs. Haller never had a better representative. We almost regret to state her engagement cannot be extended boyond the present week, for acting such as her'sis iarely witnessed, and always appreciated. Mrs. Shaw may feel proud of hor justly acquired popularity. Long may she live to enjoy it. Qbkkxwich Theatre.?'This charming place, under the management of Mr. Freer, is succeeding beyond the anticipations of its most sanguine patrons. The public appcur to pro|>eily appreciate his unceasing endeavors to please, and we are glad to so) them reward him each , night with good houses. To-night he presents a bill of unusual attraction. The performances will commence with the new and beautilul drama of "The Man iu the I Iron Musk, or Horrors of the Uastilc," in which Mr. Freer and Miss Mary Duff sustain the principal characters.? t After which, a Concert by the Ktnioplau Ministrals; and 1 coucludo with tho sterling drama of " f loating Beacon," j Jack Hunt by Mr. Freer; Marietta by Miss Dud". Bowsav Circus.?Another brilliant and delighted audience will witness the achievements of Mr. North thia evening, at tho Bowery Ampitheatre. Every night this popular rider introduces some fresh novelty ? manship, and unfolds some new talent The audience were terrified last evening at one feat, (which by-the-bye was not announced in the bills,) performed by this great rider. At the close of his principal act, Mr. Nerth was nearly precipitated into the pit, in consequence of his horse taking fright at the tremendous cheering of the immense concourse ; but scarcely had be lost his balance, than he bounded back again, and turning the accident to account, struck >nto on<S of those boautiful attitudes which no other rider lie tides himself can imitate. We | observe that a very different class of people attend the circus this season, from what have been in the habit of visiting this place in former seasons ; this is mainly attributed to the excellent order and accommodations afforded to spectators, and the superior company at present engaged. The great wrestler, Charles, is to appear in the Archer's Festival" next week. Walnut Stxeet Theatric, Philadelphia.?The Philadelphia Ckronicle of yesterday says Last night, the Walnut again prosented a brilliant audience, to witness the performances of these celebrated histrios. Mrs. Mowatt played J uliet, in admirable style, and drew forth irroftt Annlonoa Shn in Ann tha ;?-? ?f *?;?. or uy other country. Mr. Davenport wa* welcomed back to the scene of" hii old triumph! with thunder! of applause, and hi! performance of Komeo fully justified the compliment. He is a rising star. Mr. Leonard, the Irish comedian astonished the audience with the excellence of his delineations, coming, as he does, unheralded amoug us. He should be seen to be appreciated. Barney Williams goes to Philadelphia. He has an engagement at Peale's Museum. The Howard Athenrum was opened at Boston en Monday evening to a crowded house. Every thing passed oil satisfactorily to the manager and to the audience. Sporting Intelligence* Naw Yoax Yacht Club ?To-day the subscription re gatta for yachts, manned exclusively by members of the i club, comes off, and, if tho weather is favorable, it will be of very exciting interest. Eight of the best yachts in i the country have entered for the contest, and the prize, two silver pitchers, will be gallantly contended for by the gentlemen sailors. The boats will start from Hnhnkan at 10 o'clock precisely. City Intelligence. F.mpiric Clcb.?The member* of thii far-famed body or rather those who remain attached to it as primarily organized, will meet to-morrow night, at No. 39 Park Row, to take measure* relative to their own interest*, and also preparatory to entering with spirit into the fall campaign. II we are not mistaken, this meeting will be of more than ordinary interest, and rare sport may be expected. If the club, like Aaron's rod, puts forth any blossoms, we will be there to witness and duly chronicle the blow out. Shif Launch?Will be launched this morning, at II o'clock, from the yard of Mr. Jabez Williams, at Wil- j liamsburg, aship of 760 tons, to be called the Atlantic. She is intended for Messrs. Stanton &. Frost's line of New Orleans packets, and will be commanded by Capt. Samuel Rose. Citt ConvewTiois.?This body met last evening and made some further progiess in the report on the City Charter, and adjoarned. Trixitv Church Oroai*.?The mammoth organ lately put up in this church, will be exhibited to-day to the public, and played upon by some ol our best musicians. Mr. Peter F.rben, Mr. Ileinrich, the two oldest organists in the city, and Mr. Harrason, organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral, will perform on it at 10 o'clock. At 11 o'clock Mr. John Cornell, organist of St. John's Chapel, will nlav on it. At 13 o'clock Mr. Wm A. Kinr. organist of 8t. Peter's, will play. At one o'clock Mr Uroatorex, organist of 8t. Paul's, will perform on It; and at 2 P. M . Mr. Speseker will try its harmony. With so powerful an instrument, and so many performers of merit, our ci- I tizcns will have a delightful time listening to the music.' Cas* or Drowbiiso.?'We learn that Chailcs Smith walked off the ferry boat nt Williamsburg, between 7 and 8 last evening, and was drowned. Our informant tells us that there were no lights, and no ro|>e at tiro end of the boat or |>ier, and hence the fatal accident. Mr. Smith has left a family. His body had not been recovered when we last heard from Williamsburg. CoaosrH's Orrica, Oct. 8.?.Jca dental Prath.?The Coroner held an inquest yesterday at the city hospital, ' on the body of Matliew Hcnessey, a native of Ireland, '23 years of age, who come to his death by injuries received hy a bank of earth, at which he was at work, accidentally falling down U|>on him. It appears that on the 11th of last month, he, with some others, were digging a cellar in 13tli itroet, when the earth gave way, causing tho above injuries, which proved fatal yesterday. Verdict accordingly. Hoard of Niiimrvlaora. The Mayor in the Chair. Oct. 6.?The minute* of the former mooting were read and approved. The boud* of aeveral conitablea were approved. Hilt-?The bill of l'hilo Parmale," for extra police pey, wa? *iib*e<|iieritljr withdrawn. The bill of Stephen Heustia, for cleaning the Tomb* foi month, 43t> 07?ordered to be paid; of Daniel Kiker, for M'l 6-7?ordered to b? paid; of Kmanual bueph, for 46 ao, for ipeoial aorvicee?ordered to bo paid. The Coroner'* bill from April to June, u>r uolding 064 inqu*?t?. 41 j:t0-referred. The bill* of John 8. Sevan* and Jame* J. Reran*?one p r ?14A and the other for $1'W?for the laie keeping of i oily Dodine, for attendance with her et the Circuit ??'i l!Rlc'",lon'l county, lie. end for other expenee* whi e they had her In cuatody?referred. , <k. a 15 j0*1* were then preaented and referred, and I Bo*rd "djourned to Friday next at 4 o'clock. Nineteenth A??tvenwry.ef tSfcreat fW* *f j \ o'terday, a vast addition to the aoMlbnont already exhibited, filled moat of the vacant apaMB within the area of the C> tie Oarden ; and rait groofc of viaitera j crowded the Fair during the day The WVious pieces of mechanism and improvements that have Wterly been . made in machinery in general, seemed to 00#up)' the attention of sovsral scientific men, who waM in attend j .nice. A powerful steam engine in full opotation, on a new end improved r^odcl. attracted crowds of persons, who pronounced it a perfect triumph in tMpbranch of art. \ A complicated niece of machinery, for tho manufacture of cards used for carding wool, cotton or (Ilk, was a prominent object of attraction and the crowds who visited it duiing the day, were loud in expressing fccir a>1 mi { ration on the ingenuity ot the inventor. TH various specimen* of shower and water hatha, ahowJraat im move menu in thia department. There is WW selected i?sortmcut of them at the immediate entrance |P the garlen. Several of the benches remain yet to be Ailed up, is several exhibito-a will keep back their articles for a lew days. In the daguerreotype department, the exquisitely finished specimens presented by Mr. Brady, confer of Fulton and Broadway, show in an eminent degree* the great perfection to which thia splendid art has arrhrnd. There is a softness of expression?a naturalness abomt Mr. truly's pictures that called forth universal adaintion. Mr. B. has been the successful competitor for the last few years, having received the first premiums. The managers have exhibited extreme Mfcrtesy and attention to visiters and exhibitors, and are (taking the most active exertions to make the present mir surpass all lormer exhibitions. There is a general expression of satisfaction as to the great advantages derived by the change of location. The coup i\til from the immediate rioinity of the horticultural department, ii truly grand and imposing, giving the whole an ap|>earance of somv fairy palace. The costly array of tho finest specimens of all kindaof manufactures?the busy hum and prepawtion observant 1 every wiiore?the continued succetslon ot group alter group of visitor*, all show the deep interest manifested iiy our manufacturers and artists, as well as the great public in general, in this splendid publiofair. The piano manufacturers, and also the musical instrument nMiiutirtiirers, have contributed wtich in their department. There appears to be a sort fif emulous feeling existing among tho gold pen manufacturers, who have several places allotted to them respectively. Fabrics, in quality and texture, exhibit wonderful improve ments in these particular branches. Cloths, from the mills of some of our most emiuent factors, show a richness of texture and a perfection of finish that cannot fail to excite the admiration of the spectator. The fair will last for about a fortnight, or more, and we shall go more fully into detail when we shall have an opportunity to inspect the catalogue. An address was delivered at J J o'clock, noon, by Mr. Westervelt. The managers all wore red ribbons in the button hole, us a mark of designation, gand were most assiduous in their attentions to all prosent. The following are the names of tho Managers of the Nineteenth Annual Fair :? Adouiram Chandler, James R,,Walter, James Van Norden, H. C. Wostervelt, lleman W. Childs, R. H. MoCurdy, George F.ndicott, John Clowe*. William Hall, Geo. H. Bradford, James R. Smith, Charlas Dennison, Kiuiuu r. auuuiptuu, p. r. ocooais, Isaac Fryer, George C. De Kay, Robert Lovett, UeorgciC. Mann, Thomai B Stillman, Joseph Torrey, C C. Haven, Pimalill MaynarJ, Thos. W. Harvey, George F. Hopkins, George Gifl'ord, T. B. Wekeman, ex-officio. The Gallery of Fine Arte. Sir :? I notice in your paper of the 6th insf, an article on the New York Gallery of the Fine Arte, which tends seriously to injure that Institution, en4 the cause te which it is devoted. Permit me to answer your " fint objection." Judging by the numbers, say 16 or 20,000^)ersous,|who have visited tbo Gallery since its opening, a much larger proportion than attenJed its lirot exhibition, while occupying the rooms of the National Academy of Design, the management have reason to think they owe its establishment mainly to its present location, and foi which they are truly indebted to oar cltV authorities. Since its commencement the public hare expressed no dissatisfaction, particularly the press, who have unanii mously spoken in its favor, contributing their influence ; to encourage whatever tends to refine the people,and add ; to the reputation of the city. As to the building itself, it had been used repeatedly j for public offices, in oil cases abandoned a9 unsuitable, 1 and was iu a very dilapidated condition when granted to I., i :nll TZ. C .1 ....; ,i. ,i , ...? v.?..?i7,ll WW, 111 IOVI, l?..l?l ? lIUi.OUKO ...Oil Wilt?, ' wife. Its present oonJition is certainly a great contrast, being an ornament to the l ark. The Trustee* base expended large sums in improvements, requiring all the receipts to pay ex|>enses and keep out of debt. It must he remembered the services of officers are all gratuitous?not a little laborious, and somewhat expensive. The Institution is nearly established, and measures will soou be taben to increase the collection,and keen it more belore the public than heretofore. By inserting the obovo you will much oblige a friend to THE FINE ARTS. Police Iiitelll|g*ince, Oct. 6?Grand Larceny?Officers Burley ami Welah, of the lower police, arrested, last night, an old Kive Point thief called Thomas Murtagh. on a charge cf robbing George Valentine, a resident of Brooklyn, of a silver lever watch, valued at $35, while in a den at No. 3 Little Water street. Locked up for examination by Justice Drinker. arreir cm ijumcttm.?a nwy xiie uamca vf jassivn Wo?tern, in the employ of Mr. Mark Levy, dealer in fancy goods, No. 49 Maiden lauo, war arrested yesterday, charEed with stealing money and goods from his employer.? ocked up for examination. Furious Driving.? Officer Gardner, oflthe 6th Ward, arrested, last evening, a man called Henry Boyle, for driving a milk wagon across the railroad, near Anthony street, in so careless and furious a manner as to knock down an old man by the name of John K. Weeks, cutting his head severely. * Justice Drinker lined him $10. which he paid, and was discharged. Stolen ?Some rascals entered the premises No. 99 Greene street, yesterday afternoon, between 3 and 4 o'clock, and stole therefrom a diamond breastpin, valued at $50, a cameo bracelet, $38, also a hair bracelet and a gold key and garnet atone, with which they made their eacape. False Pretences ?Offiter Swyzer, of the 3d Ward, arretted a man by the name of Seymour Allen, charged with obtaining goods by falae representations from Pierce 8c Valentine, No. 131 Water street. Committed for examination. Taken fmm a Thief?Officer Koeny arrested, yesterday, a fellow called Bill Jones, having in his possession four handsome door plates, bearing the names of O. Rey nolds, M. Voung, J. Thompson and J. Mansfield, for which an owner is wanted. Apply to the above active efil^er, at the 6th Ward station house. Tombs. Stealing a Pistol ?A. fellow called James Mullins waa arrested last night for stealing a six-barrel pistol, worth $10, belonging to Messrs. Blunt 8c Symes, gun manufacturers, in Chatham street. Locked up for trial. Attempt to Stab.?A German cabinet maker, by the name ofFerdinanl Kelsch, in the employ of Mr. John Be Forest, No. 300 Broadway, was arrested yesterday by ofHcer Bloom, of the Chief's olllce, charged with at: tempting to stab Mr. De Forest yesterday afternoon, with a sharp chisel. Justice Drinker held him to bail in $300, ia default of which he was lacked up in the Tombs. Movements of Travellers. There was quite a reaction, yesterday, in the travelling statistics. The hotels, generally, were crowded, almost to excess, and no doubt, the annual fair of the American Institute has attracted from far and near, the crow tit mat sweu tno ; registries 01 me unaer-mentionea hotels American.? J. Hopkinson, Philadelphia; J. Proude, Louis; W. Clapp, Boston; J AVorrell, Pittsburgh; C. Weiner, Pliila.; C. Oilmore. Baltimore; P. McKay, Savannah; R. Hovey, Phila ; C. Reptiles, U. S. A.; U. Robertson, Charleston; W. Foster, Norwich; D. Day, Apalachicola; H Beglcs, Pa ; R Dilley, Va ; J. Andrews, Norwich; R. and J. Adams, Conn.; J. Day, Florida; G. Kirkland, AVaterford; S Hebbersham, Savannah. Astoi?J Stokes, Phila.; C Chaplan, Scotland; Dr. Seymour, Va.; J. Lord, N. O ; J. Fraser, Arkansas; C. AVarts, Phila.; AV. Peterson, Now Jersey; F. Calvert, Louisville; J. Stcnmon, Boston; AV. May, Washington; H. Burden, Troy; H. Bedlow, Utica; N Taylor, Phila ; C. Lipman, do ; G. Yale, Florida; J. Rathbone, Albany; Q. Barton, Halifax; T. Chase, Boston; W. Hobson, Richmond; J. Townsend, Albany; P. Hill, Providence; J. Htacey, Boston; J. Stetson, do.; AV. Deming, Me.i J. AVheeler, Boston; Capt. Phillott, Canada; Capt. Austen, do.; Capt. McClintocx, do.; W. French, Providence; F.. F.vans, Philadelphia; W. Taylor, do.; E. Caldwell. do.: J. Gardner, Rio de Janeiro; J. Thomas, Philadelphia; W. Howe, Washington. Citt.?Oen. Cadwallader, Trenton; H.Campbell, Philadelphia; H. Davis, Boston; Dr. Southgate, Va.; AV. Bratton, S. C.; T. Roberts, U. C.; T. Black, Boston; A. Waters, Bridgwater; F. AVetmore, Detroit; AV.Campbell, do; N.Holmes, U. C.; K. Davis, N. O.; D. Cutting, R. I.; Q. Johnson, do.; G. West. Boston; W. Cliappen, do; Com.Jones, U.S. N.; P. Dickerson, do ; ll.Smith, Thiia.; Capt. Thistle, Boston. Fiuissli*.? James Morton, Lyons; C. Trash, New Jersev: A. Hastings. Lexington: W. Mav. Bridsrenort: L Trowbridge, Ala.; H. Hodges, Saratoga; i). Staunton,. Chicago; A. Rudlers, N. O.; W. Lindsay. Rochester; J Cecil, Ohio; M. Jewett, Boston; K. Childa, Prov.; Z Keith, Bridgeport; S. Drew, ( inn.; M. Hand, (ieo.; Gen Jewett, Texas; K. Valentine, Boston; B. Woodman, Mass; J. Ilowe, Trenton; T. Tyler, N. C. Howard.?H. Happersetto, Baltimore; J. Mead, Albany; J. Butler, N. J.; T. Applogate, do.; P. Wilson,do., ( Lilansult, do.; D. Kreons, Baltimore; J. McManus, Reading; B.Flynn. Pa.; Gen. Bayly, Honda; E. Sill, Columbus, E. Kibburn, Detroit; K, Williams, Oenevs; S. Wooderson, Bangor; H. Murphy, Michigan; J. Lavender, 8t. Louis; W.Smith, do.; J. Proctor, do.; W. Wood, Rome; D. Rogers. Boston; Dr Morgan, Ala ; B Waite, N. O.; J. Muchelson, England; K. McKerrin, Canada; A. J. Roe, N. V.; C. Hoed, Washington; C. Evans, F.lmira; George H. Booth, R. Navy, Chester; W. Pringle, Edinburgh; F. Evatt, Canada; J. A. Trcport, Washington. Judsok.?J Lester, New London; J. Treat, Hartford; C. Andrews, N Y ; J. Sunmotid, Boston; ti. Thurston. Providence; J, Bryan, Saratoga; J. Osborne, Richmond; H. bay lis, Delaware; E. J. Howard, Providence; S. Good ridge, Hartford; N Thompson, Geo; A. Clarke, Mass; U. i-lagg, is. i.; ?- iwiwu, iimivui r,. nrainaru, Hertford; 1,. Lincoln, Norwich, J. Steele, Boston, C. Deshon, Mobile; B. Curney, Philadelphia; C. St rat ton, Miiaouri; 0. Pearso, Philadelphia; 11. Oeehand, do.; J Thomas, do.; M. Frost, do; J Wright. Now Vork; W. Hunter, Boston; J. Harris, New Orleena; A. Wilcox, New Haven; M. Sturkey, Hartford; P. B. Wilcox, Ohio; 1). Hotchkiss, New Haven. Literary Intelligence. The Rev. John P. Presslv, formerly of Abbeville district, (9. C ) but now of Allegany City, Penn., has been elected to the Presidency of Ertkine College, Penn., by the A. R Synod, who have charge of the College. The number of students already admitted to the fresh, man class at Vale College, is 93, which will be probably Increased to over a hundred. P?Uk Meeting on the Present Bonittag System. Pursuant to notice, a large and respectable assemblage of the people met at Tammany Hall, last evening, lor the pit-pose ol adopting such measures as might bo necessary, to produce a reform in the present system of bonding alien emigrant passengers. The fallowing gentlemen olfici&ted on the occasion?Andrew A. Mickle, Chairman. Vice Presidents, C. H. Sand, President of German Society ; Gregory Dillon, Esq , President Irish Emigrant Society; Louis Le Clerc, President French Society; Dr. Robert Hogan, late President Irish Emigrant Society. Secretaries, Eugene Casserly, Messrs. Roach, and P. A. Uill, editor Staatt Zettung The proceedings were opened by Mr. B. O Connor, who read the report of a committee, appointed at a previous meeting, to take into consideration the present system of bonding, showi i >11/ that the committee had nresented ? niMmnrinl I to the City Convention, on the subject ot the abuse* that exist under the preient ayatem, and that the ! Convention referred the subject to a committee, who reported in favor of a change in the 'aw. Mr. O'Conor proceeded to tay, that he thought the Committee of the Convention had taken a round-about way to reach the end proposed, and he thought the beat way to attain the nect e 1 eary remedy, wai, to addreas the Legialature on the aub| jert With that view,ha offered the following reaolution : Whereas, tne law concerning paaaengera in veiael a coming to the port ot New Yeik, require! that the owner. maater or coniignee of each veasel ahould give bonda to indemnify the Mayor. Common Council and Overseer* of the poor, from the expense which may be incurred lor the aupport ef the immigrant paaaengera arriving in auch veaaela, and whereaa, under thia bonding law, and of that regulating the payment of ' head money ," evila have ariaen requiring legialative remedy, Therefore, be it Keaolved, That the President of the respective Emigrant Societies in the city of New York, viz : Gregory Dillon, President of the Irish Emigrant Society ; James Boorman, President of the British Protective Society ; C. H. Sand, President of the German Emigrant Society ; E. Le Clerc, President of the French Benevolent Society, and Evans,President of the Welsh Benevolent Society, be appointed a committee to memo' rialise the legislature at its next session, on the subject of the evils complained of, and if they shall consider it expedient so to do, that they bo authorised to call a general meeting of citizens without distinction of party, at any time after the tenth day of November next, for the purpose of devising such measures as will ensure for their memorial the legislative consideration its importance demands. Mr. Patterson was here loudly called for by the meeting, but that gentleman did not make his appearance. Mr. Eugene Casserlv rose to speak, but he was inter! rupted a good deal by the cry of " question," "question," from different persons in the assembly, followed by some disorder. Order being restored, that gentleman promedol to rhv. thnt if the meetinr nuuil the resolution that was just read, they would put the matter off till after the Convention. It aeemed to him that all the trouble that had boen taken ob the subject would go for nothing, and there would be double trouble by putting it in the hands of the Legislature. If it be carried to the Legislature, the measure could not be passed without a two,third vote, and he asked what was the reason that it would not meet the same fate as it did in that body last winter? When the matter was brought before the Legislature then, the ship owners and ship brokers of this city sent up ono of the most influential lobbies that ever left tliis city to deieat it, who by some influence or other succeeded in dividing our city delegation of membe rs on the qnestlon?thus defeating the reform we so loudly called for, and which the voice of injured humanity demands. To lay it before the le gisluture again, would be to throw it overboard, for we could not get a delegation irom this city who would not, from some influence or other be again divided on it. Ilere we have a citv convention?the members of which ! we all know, and whom we can all iufluence?whom we can take by the coat, and say to them that we wan? this ' reform carried out, and we want you to do it?me>? | whom ship owners can't influence. I tell you (he said.) the city convention is the only source of remedy we | have, and that body is besides well disposed towards the i movement You know that "a bird in the hand is worth S two in the bush," and why will you give up the certainty for the uncertainty, for if this leform become incoiporaI ted in the city charter, it cannot be removed?it is Hailed and clenched. Let this once be incorporated in the , city charter, and we shall hear no more of the cry of loreign paupers, who contribute ninoty thousand dollsn per year to the city treasury, and whose | expenses to the city do not exceed thirty thousand, we will then have more than enough of resources to pay all the expenses the city may be put to. We would hear of the cry of those men who call themselves Native 1 Americans, hut whose sole title to that proud appellation is confined to the name. I ask you then not to pass this resolution, but let us first try what we can do with the City Convention, and if we cannot succeed in getting the reform we want, from that body, we have tho legislature left, and then we can apply to them. If you do not, the delegates from this city will be again divided, as they were last winter. The gentleman who proposed ; this resolution is a friend, but I sincerely believe that the ; course ol action it points out is not judicious. Mr. Ba*tiiolemkw o'Corcsos next aduressed the meeting, and commenced by saytng that he had but a few i words to say. The gentleman who last spoke has said i that iu the legislature it requires a two third vote to pass i the re'oim we apeak of. I say, we don't care if it requirI ed an unanimoua vote?I say farther, that iftHe measure I was defeated last session, it was a measure which eir.? ; bodied other matters besides. That bill embodied other i matters, but this will not?it will be backed by the deleI gates from the city. Let me say a word regarding the j action that is held before us After it has be n embodied . in the new charter, does that give us the regulation of the matter T .No ; we win ui? >? nau alter that, and the same influence that would be brought to bear against a single bill would be brought to bear against the charter. But, if admitting that the Convention chooses to act on the matter, they may do so ; because, after all, their power is only delegated to them by the legislature. It is better, in my opinion, to defer agitating the subject till after the election, and then we can come forward with clean hands, and it will be done to your entire satisfaction. Mr. Dovle thought that the resolution should be withdrawn, and not acted upon. There were two bills before the legislature, one of which was the same as the ether? both were for benefitting the emigrant, and both met the same fate. They were referred to the delegation from this city, which consisted of thirteen members. To get the Committee together was a difficult matter, considering that they worked from nine o'clock in the morning till three in the afternoon, and frequently during the evening?so they had not time enough to consult with persons who were well acquainted with the subjectconsequently the delegation was divided for lack of a general understanding among them, and for want of the necessurv information to enable them to act understanding^-. He would not impute any motive to them that was not just and honorable?they were divided because they were influenced hv shin brokers and others, sent by pet sons interested in fleecing the emigrants, for the purpose of defeating the reform. This subject has been brought before the Convention by the action of the legislature, and are we to say now that we will take it Irom the Convention and put it before the legislature again. That body would immediately say to you, if you did so, that you had your remedy in the Convention, and dont bother us any more about the matter. But let it once be incorporated in the city charter, and we have it tafe. He would move that the resolutions be laid on the table. Mr. Florence McCarthy said, the only question is, what is the best way we can get the reform we propose I We have been told the matter is now before the convention. If it is, why don't they act on it? Unler any circumstances wilbnot some objectionable clame be inserted in the charter, which will cause its rejection by the people and if the charter is voted down, where is our reform I He hoped the application would ba made to the legislature. Mr. P. A. Roach was in favor of appealing to the convention, so that it could be incorporated in the charter. Mr. Casserly proposed the following rmendment to fltn nrivinnl rnanlnlinna Resolved, That the preient ay item of bonding alien passengers is at variance with the true interests of the city and the emigrants?creating irresponsible hospitals and poor houses?and transferring the solemn duty of administering to the destitute, to a class of men interested in its denial or delay: Resolved, That if the amount now included in the charge for passage as "commutation money" was paid to the city treasury instead of the bondsmen or their agents, it would afi'ord an ample fuud for the prompt relief of the unlortunate stranger?terminate a system injurious to his physical and moral condition, and not interfere even with the legitimate profits of the passenger brokers Resolved, That the adoption of such a law would promote rather than retard the progress of emigration, by : providing for emigrants, in sickness and in Health, and I effectually protecting them from the impositions and frauds to which they are exposed. Resolved, That we earnestly call upon the City Con! vention to direct their attention to this important subject ?involving the condition of the emigrant, the interest of the tax-payer, and the humanity and intelligence of the Empfc-e city. This amendment was carried by acclammation. Mr. Edward 1). ConriKRv being loudly called for, rose, and was greeted with deafening applause. He said he 1 rose merely to say that he was highly delighted with the course matteit(had taken,and with the eloquent argument of his friend, Mr. Casserly. Gentlemen (said Mr. <?.) have talked about sending the subject to the Legislature, but it is all idle flummery to talk in that way. Where is the man in this country who is in want of a loaf of bread that would not take it to-day if he could get it, in preference to waiting until this day three months lor it T 1 hare good authority for saying, that it this matter be properly laid before the convention, that tliut body will incorporate, in the new charter, a provision that will provide the reform wo require. We have heard about office seeking and office-seekers, and gantleraen ' talk about their not wanUng office, but I say tnat there are but lew men who would not tako an office if it were I r%H'nraA In Ihnm I tinun pnmn t?Ara ha ohm as an j Irishman, (cheer*) and my humble effort* (hail be deToted to my countrymen, not for the i>ttrpo*e of speak| lnKi but being called npon by my fellow-ciuzene, I have responded to their call. Hardship* have been ehtailcd j on the emigrants by the ship broker*. Oo to the hospitals for the proof. There you will witness scenes that will shock your feelings, and are a damning disgrace to : humanity ; and there is not a man, Irish or American? for I hold that ono is as good as the other (choers) who has seen them, that will not come forward and lend his assistance to alleviate them. Certain men have endeavoieil to gain the ascendancy over and induce you to procrastinate seeking measures of redress lor those evils, and I am gratified to see the efforts ol Mrj Cassidy aud his compeers defeat them. 11* has ihown that he has sympathy for suffering humanity, and his resolution will stamp him as a friend of the omigiant, and a lover of his brethren in misfortune. 1 have not i come here to claim sympathy or charity. I have come to seeond a demand lor right. When I look at the past hi*, tory of this great country?when I see the feats performed in battle by my countrymen?when I see the noble bridges, the splendid railroads, the magnificent canals, which have been the work of their nanus?when I look at tha battle-field, and find that eight hundred Irishmen were in the ranka.that to gloriously defeated the enemy, and covered the flag of our adopted country with glory ?shell I, as one or them, come her* to ask in charily what wa are entitled to ae a right I trust the vote that ku been taken, wl'l keen the effect of alleTtattiw. H not I altogether removing, the greet roiaery end wretchedneae thet reaulta from tbe preaent odioua end corrupt ay ate m of bonding alien paaaengere. | London, Sept. iMmT***"? Marriage of tke Queen of Spain?The Proposed Hueband an Imbecile?Louie Philippe's Cunning?Eastern Politics?European Repudiation?Lord Metcalfe?Cotton Market?Herald Jor Europe?Theatricals, and [ Music. The marriage of the Queen of Spain and hea eieter, | the little Infanta, ii the great topic of European ex 0'*'" I ment at thia memcut. It ia entirely a French atfdi r j Wlion Louii Philippe could not tucced in get' ting the queen herself for one of hit tone, he hat retorted to a policy which, even already,hat brought down the diiguit and contempt of the world upon him. A weak, impotent and imbecile hutband hat been provided for the poor queen, a mere man of etraw?not a man, at tome tay, and at it it generally believed. By thit trick the queen it virtually put out of the way, at the mother of the future monarcht of Spain, and the children of the Infanta are, in advance at it were, to be the inheritori of the Spinith throne. Thut, by giving to the Infanta one of hit tout, tfie Duke De Montpeniier, Louie Philippe to managet, that one of hit own family, a future grandson, will become the reigning monarch of Spain. And this it what it called building tip the Qrltant dynasty. When any end it attained by unworthy meant, wo may be sure its very attainment will eventually be a disappointment, and to no doubt will it end with this great dynaiterial project Louit Philippe, wise, or rather cunning, at he htt shown himself in hit domeitic policy, has betrayed great abMnca of wisdom i uall hit foreign transactions. Algiers, Tahiti, Buenos Ayres, .Madagascar, and lastly spam, aru pregnant proofs of this portion. In respect of all these countriea he has involyed himself in ruinous expense. The excitement of the Spanish people against the French alliance > represented rs being at its height. Such events, w hich appear to an American so insignificant as the marria^** of A. B. with C. D , are of tremendous consequence to th * people of Lurope, whose fate is involved in the oonduct, .'eeungs, and marriages of a few per te insignificant indivjVi'uaf,_ _2"hus the marriage of Charles the 1st with Henrietta ?/ Fra??* Jn~ directly led to the great republican revolu.'10" ? l ,' and there ia no knowing into what events this , liance may precipitate Spain Don Francisco u A""' who may now be called the husband of Queen U 'abella, is the descendant of an imbecile family. His faU , 11 one of the sons of the weak old Charles 4th. who v<J? UD* tarily gave up Spain and his throne te Napoleon, cone,'" quently he is brother to Don Carlos the Prettnder, as he is called, but who, according to the Salique law la the rightful successor of his brother Ferdinand, the late King. The protests of Mr. Bulwer at Madrid against the marriage arc mere fudge, to save appearances; they are mere episodes to the political novel which Mr. Bulwer writes to Den Isturitz, and sends copies by the Madrid correspondent to the Timet, where they receive a due proportion of puffing, which all goes to the credit of Lord Palmerston and Mr. Bulwer. Lord Palmerston and Louis Philippe understand*each other, and France will show in her turn a due complaisance 10 loo f.ngusn .Ministry in other matter*. Lord Palmerston i* not diiposed to quarrel with any power bnt America, toward* whom he is believed to be a very Troliope. Great event* may be shortly looked for to break out in the east of the old world. It is believed, and obtain* increasing credit in some of the highest quarter*, that one of the object* of the late viiit of Mehemet Pacha to Constantinople related to the triumphs of the Infidel over the faithful Musfelmen in Algeria, and to the concocting some plan for union and action. This great matter, so interesting to th?Musselman,was undoubtedly mooted in the Divan at Constantinople, and by the influence and counsels of Mahomet a change of measures on the part of tb* Ottoman cabinet was speedily developed. Sinoe . his visit, the old >lusselman fanatic party has bean reI instated in power at Constantinople. The old Pacha, as I jg wou known, i* very bitter against France, in whom he has founn' a Btrong opponent in his family views upon I Syria Like ?'0UI" Philippe, the grand object of his am1 bition, in his de.,J'ninG V?? ' " to bui'd up his dynasty and to make his son. ibr"h!?{ m??ar,?h ?/8yri*.whil? ho wishes to leave hi* ^n?.Abbf tb? ^ngdom ?f **ypt. "D'homme propose,"but "<J"V?'e- Contrary to general expectation, he got safe J'^k from Conrtantinople to Alexandria, the capital of hit dominioni, without having been poisoned or ,he?Red* I quence of railroads and steam nangaiiv - ?. y.? sua, Egypt and Syria are becoming comm? politically countries of greater importance t .f' have been for some ages, and the movements in 'hose quarters are beginning to excite great interest. lm,">?rtant events are on hand in Egyptian and Algerian politn cs* That Mahe net has some agoucy with Abdel el Kadlt ' and views with hatred and suspicion the progress er French arms on the African coast of the Mediterranean, there con be no doubt. Meantime, Abdel Kadir has revived, and now assumes an importance greater than, as yet, has ever been attached to him. He is supported by ail tho fanaticism of a people who, in their religion, are one and united in spite of all political or local differences. Abdel Kadir is well supplied with money and arms; he has secret agents in every plaee of importance, and opens one at every court belonging to his creed. He has how at length formally and by virtue of his religious dignity, (for he is regarded as an inspired prophet) deposed the En:p*rer of Morocco, Abdel Ra' mali, for his dereliction to i.he true faith, in entering into | peaceful relations with the christian dogs, while they j are ongagod in a crusade again*' the faithful. Alreschid, | a younger brother of the Emperor- has been proclaimed i Emperor in his stead with all the prestiges ot religious ! wid sanction in his favor. In a short't,n,e we ma> hear I oi all Morocco in revolution, perhaps Eg/P* and Turkey aiding with their forces, and then tha em.' "" "?"1 the French, after sixteen years ot bloodshea *a<1 countless expenditure, will be driven ignominiously out of Africa. Repudiation among European States, is now tha ?,rd#; of the day. Spain has long since been bankrupt, ana not ] paid a cent ot her debt to England. Portugal now da.* I the same, and virtually "repudiates." The momentary" 1 excitement in the money market at tne news, was intense,{ but no great public indigna'ion was felt, similar to tha ! feeling against America. Perhaps the reason is they : honored you, and expected better things, but these they despised, and expected no better. Lord Metcalfe, the late talented Governor of ' Canada, is dead of that cancer whick he camo | home to be cured of. What a picture of the vanity of human nobility, pomp, and ambition !" All j that the earth affords was spread before him ; honors I poured In thickly upon him ; fame, victories, coronets, i addresses, greeted him ; but he was in agony, anJ could | not enjoy them ! He was childless and cotft'd not transmit them! He was dy ing, and did not < want them ! The activity in the cotton market continv'6* unabated?the late news of the partial failure of the I crop in the 8outh caused an immediate rise and Urges' ; sales. Should the next accounts confirm it, cotton will be gold. The Herald far Europe, by the last steamer, > brought us a most interesting budget of Amerioan ami Mexican news?it was a magnificent specimen ! of the astonishing progress and advance of the newspaper > press in America, wrought by the tf*w York Herald ? Next morning your paper had been gutted by all the i morning papers, with the heading, "News from Ameri{ ca," without any credit given or acknowledgment of ! the source of their information; but it was generally < generally known, notwithstanding where it came from. What will Santa Anna do ? is now the general Inquiry. | All eyes are turned to the part he is going to play j but will he dare to meet old "rough and ready" fao# to lace I I I doubt it. { There has been another grand Musical Festival ft. Harford, a country town ofless note than Birmingham. 'I'hls also met with wonderful success, and was attended ty all the professional talent of London. The fact is musicr r now reins paramount. Shakspeare and the Drama are at ' a discount. Both Covent Garden and Drury Lane are j become mere exhibition rooms, like your great Taberoa* cle, Broadway, for errant performers and concert givers 1 The genuine drama is brought forward in them no more. Strange to say, the cheap and minor theatres of the suburbs, Sadlers Wells and the Surrey, have taken up the pnrer drama, where the people patronise Shakspeare, whom the fashionable West End has discarded. Mise ( ashman, it is whispered, is engaged in studying Hamlet, to appear in that character, it is confidently believed she will mako as great a hit as she did in Romeo. Wallack is here, and Russell and Smith. The Ethiopian Serenaders are now giving their concerts at some of the : public gardens, with unabated popularity. But it is now I the dull season in theatricals an well ss in nolitics?a pause previous to the activity of the winter season. United States District Court. Belore Judge Betts. Oct. 6 ?This being the first day of the October term, in this Court, the grund jury li%t was called over; a sufficient number not being present, the swearing in wsa postponed to this morning The trial of Roiier, indicted for larceny on the high seas, was called on. Mr. Staluacht, his counsel, stated that lie could prove beyond the ]>osaibility of a doubt that tho prisoner was insane, and he contended that a jury should first be empanneled to try the question of insanity ; he was, he said, armed with authority on that point. Aster some consideration, the Court ordered ajury to b* empanneled to try the question as desirad by the prisoner's counsel. S ? Tho District Attorisrv briefly opened the esse to the jury, and was followed by Mr. Stalnarht for the prisoner. The Jailor and Deputy Jailor of tho Tombs, and another, were examined as to his conduct since his imprisonment. witts a viow to prove his insanity, which was not material. Tho examination dt bent ette of the mate of the lowe, and of a passenger, was also read as to his conduct on the voyage ; the only material facts in the evidence were, that ne came on board on the loth Aug. and conemitted the rubbery on the 1 Ith, when the ship was about .10 miles irom land, and that as the ship came to Sandy Hook, he threw himself oveiboard. Dr. Tomtriss, physician to the city prison, examined. -Saw tho prisoner after he was brought to tho prison; lv9 had an apoplectic fit shortly alter; be was then put tos be 1, and the usual remedies applied; in a short tunn he began 10 recover; Doctor Tompkins addressed the prisoner in French, English and Herman; ho has had soveral flu since he was brought into the prison; in the interval* between the fits ho continues in a kind of stupor, always lying on his hack, rolling his head from side to side; he refused his food, and it u as with the greatest difficulty he could lie made to eat; Dr. Tompkins had no doubt en his mindol the prisoner's insanity; there is a connexion between insanity and opilepsy; the witness's attention was first called to a sear mi the la;k of his neck; upon examining it, he found it was the mark of an issue, which led witness to believe that he must have hsd some affection of the brain as an issue or issues aie the usual treatment for such a disease. Alter the examination of the witness, the case was adjourned to this morning. Court i elendnr? Tlila Day. Sirtaioa Court?27, 30, 4?, 47, 40, 4'J, 60, 62, 51, J4, AS, 67, 59 to 78. Com*?* Pi-IAS?rart 1st?100, 148, 149, 160, 163, 164, 158, 168, 180, 163. 164, 168, 170, 173, 174. Part Jd-77, S41, 1161,163, 166, 167, 159, 181, 163, 165, 107, 169, >46, 171, 171,17*.

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