Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 13, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 13, 1846 Page 1
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THJ * *. in, N. ITt-WtaU M. ?MH. moKTQTOV otAxrjjra aLAQI/J/A9 iouN nurs OPAOSMNtS 11 / L Jr I t, f M A CAHtTA (I its mm* n ?4atilu> ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS OP THK STORMING OF MONTEREY. Special Deipatehei to Washington. THE BRILLIANT CONDUCT OF OUR TROOPS. TBI BAKES OF THZ KILLED AND WOUNDED, AS FAR AS ASCERTAINED. Throe Hundred Americans Killed, and Two Hundred Wounded. MEXICAN LOSS ABOUT FIVE HUNOREO. AMERICAN FORCE IN THE FIELD, SIX THOUSAND. MinOAV TOKOS, TWELVE THOU8AND. Ac. Ac. Ac. The Particular! of the Battler. [From the Mobil* Register, Oct 5.] By the N*w Orleans boat, this morning, we have exciting account* from Mexico. The American army has fought another battle, gained another great victory, ami la in possession of Monterey. They had hard fighting, fought bravely, and triumphed glortonsly. we are indebted to the New Orleans Picayune far exiru, inn ?ucu we select me minnu particular* Ot the number* engaged on each aide; nothing i* itated precisely. General Ampndia admit* 7000. It la catimated by oar aide that hi* number* exceeded 11,000.. The American force*, altogether, amounted to about 0,000, and the work they had to do is thua deaeribed :? The heart of the city i* nothing but one fortification, the thick wall* being pierced fbr muaketa, and cannon being placed so as te rake the principal atreeta. The roofii being flat, and the front wall* rising three or four fact above the roof, of course every street haa a line of breaatworka on each aide. Of the term* granted to the Mexican* after thi* defeat, there will be differences of opinion?Gen. Taylor probably acted under view of the policy of his government, aa last communicated to him, in view, probably, of the proapect of an adjuatmeat under the influence of Santa Anna. It i* a question whether he would net have acted differently had the despatches now on their way, reached him beiore the battle. The Picmyv/nt correspondent says:? Many persons, particularly the Texan volunteer*, who fought ao bravely, are displeased at these terms. The town was all but in our hand*, and they believed oeuld have been taken in three hours. 1 believe that it would have required much men hard fighting to have taken it, bat this was not the question with Gen. Taylor. He and all his oflteers knew perfectly well, of course, that the town could soon be taken, but he wanted no prisoner* to take up his time, aad eat his substance; but he did have an otyect in view which will be reached by the terms of this capitulation, and that object wiU lead to a result most beneficial to 'our government, under whose advice or orders Gen. Taylor acted in agreeing to these terms. [from the New Orleans Picayune, Oct A] The steamship James L. Day, Captain Wood, arrived from Braso* Santiago about 1 o'clock this morninv. Br ksr we bare received the f loriou* new* that Monterey bee capitulated, after three dare ef deaperate fighting. Capt. Eaton, one of the aide of Oea. Taylor, arrived on the Day, bearing deapetchea for Waahington. He left Monterey on the 9Mh alt Col. Kinney and one other gentlemen accompanied him from Monterey. Col- Kinney kindly took charge of package* of letter* for *, and brought them to Camargo, and there delieered them to hi* companion, by whom they were faithfully delirerod. We ahall not forget the aerrice. We cannot delay the pre** to attempt to write out a narration of the battle*. The following "memoranda" are from the pen of an oScer who wa* in the battle*. Gen. Worth, who led the attack upon the city on the weet aide, ha* imoMirtalixed himself The fighting waa deepen** on our aide, the Mexican* outnumbering u* by two to one, and being protectediby strong",entrenchments The following ia a list of the killkd and wouuded LIST Or KILLKD Col Watson, Baltimore Battalion. Major Barbour, ad Infantry. Captain McKavitt, 8th Infantry. t'apt. Bottlem, lit T*nn**aee Regiment. Capt A. Gillespie, Texaa Ranger*. Capt Williams, Topographical Eng.??uppos*d. Capt L. N. Morris, 3d Infantry. Cant Field id Lieutenant D. Irwin, id Infantry. Lieutenant Haalitt, M Infantry Lieut*nant Hoakin*, 4th Infantry. Lieutenant J. 8. Woadi, 4th InAuitrv ?lL^^'nf^7 LMVICMDl ratmtn, lit do do. A Lieutenant in a tier man Company Private 8.O. Allan. p y urr or wouitsce. Cat Mitchell, Ohte Volunteer*, alightly. Major Maatfteld, Kngineer*, alightly. Major Alexander, Teaneeaae Volunteer* Major Clan. Butler. alightly in the leg. Major Lear, .Id Infantry, feveraly. Captain Downing, Miaaiaaippi Hegiment. Captain Bainbridge, 3d Infantry, vary alightly. Capt Lamotte, let Infantry, alightly Lieut. K. H. Uraham, 4th Infantry, aevareiy. Lieut. Dilworth, let Infantry, aevareiy. f.teut. Wainwright, nth Infantry, alightly. Lieut Ruaaell, 6th Infantry, alifhtljT v IJent. Potter,7th Infantry, alightly Lieut Allan. Tenneaaee volunteer*. U*?t Hcudder, Tenneueo Volunteer*. E NE NEW 1 FIELD < \ ^ ft Oft l.' \ Cj^P* t > ^ LA MOT A f BOCA 0? ^/***Cha CAltlLO ff ,'//501 10*0,0^^^ "'' " j^? (T>\ jF <--* *** r?m / ( - $SjL?^ '<y '"1 \ i CUD OR ? V If %v *?m ^ J Jb || rrfrfffff^V >?Ie?=^\ . CUA OAi ^y^il^FhwS^KS^v# 1^1 sdiTA MONTERE voCAUtAVU tAdJM. Lieutenant Nixon, Tenneaaee Volunteer*. Lieutenant Tbomaa, Texaa Regiment. Lieutenant Anoatrong, Ohio Regiment, aeverely. Sergeant Major Brand, badly. Corporal g. P. Oakley, of New York, aeverely. Private White, in the head. Private McManua, a lightly. Private Grubb, ilightly. Private William Carley, Texan. Private B. F. Reeae, Texan. [From the N. O. Delta, Oct. 4 ] The eteamahip Jamea L. Day, Captain Weod, arrived at a late hour laat night, from Brazoa 81. Jago, which place ahe left on the 30th ult Our lettera by her have not come to hand. There were three eevere battles fought on the *11 at, lid, and 3td ult between the Americana and the Mexicana, before Monterey. Five hundred Americana are iwd to have been killed and wounded, among whom are many brave and gallant officer* The loi* of th e Mexican* i* not known. It i* creator, it ii supposed, than that of th* American* The enemy prayed for an armistice of eight week*, but it i* not known whether it will be granted. General Ampudia tent in a request by Colonel Morino, Adjutant General of the Mexican araay, for leave to evacuate the town. General Taylor granted him seven day*. We give below a copy of a letter written by H. Garland to David Perkins, at Kort Polk- The content*, we are assured, may be relied on as correct. MonTxaxr. Sept 34th, 1846. On th* 31st, 33d, and 33d inst. there was some hard fighting here, and many poor follows have suffered bv it; but I think it may be said with safety that General Taylor ha* the town in his power. The place was much more strongly fortified than General Taylor had an idea of, and the Mexicans defended their works with skill and determination. This morning, Colonel Morino, Adjutant General of the Mexican army, came into camp with a proposition from General Ampudia to evacuate th* town ; he and his army to march out into the interior. This General Taylor declined, and insisted upon Ampudia and his army becoming prisoners of war?the men to be disbanded, with a stipulation not to take up arms against us during the war?the General and his officers to remain in custody until disposed of by our government The parties have been negotiating all day. If they do not a^roe there will be some more fighting, but the place cadnot hold out long. Although we carried the place and won th* victory, yet it has cost us dear. The carnage on our side is great, probably more so than that of the Mexicans. But this we do not know, as they fought under cover all the time. Gen. Worth has distinguished himself as a gallant soldier and a skilful commander. Gen. Taylor gave liirn a fair chance, and he has nobly availed himself of it. His division, with Hays' regiment of Texans, have gained moro ground, and car ried mora point* than all the reit of th? army, and with vary littla Iom. Up to yeaterday at 9 A. M., it wu live killed and twenty-five wounded. The whole Iom on our aida cannot ue much lata than 600 men in killed, wounded and priaonara. I have no time to aand you the detail* of the different action*. We bop* to l>a in town to-morrow. Your*, truly, R. GARLAND. 8arT. 96.?The enemy have agreed to give up the town. I am not poaitive aa to the term*; but it they ho aa rumored, we gain but little by them. It la certain (ion. Taylor haa receded from hi* firat ground, and granted all the enemy naked. It. O. [From the New Orleana Tropic, Oct. 4 ] Bloody intelligence from the neat of war ! Three day* hard fighting '.! Awful eftuaion of biped ! !! Our brave army again victoriona ! !!! The Mexican* made to bite the du*t of their owaaoil! ! ! ! General Taylor proved himaelf both " Rough and Ready," and the pride of the Army, Gen. Worth, haa covered himaelf with glory !!!! Sound the loud timbrel o'er earth and o'er aea, Old Taylor hat conquered?the Army i* free ! !! By the arrival, at a vary lata hour lait night, of the teamahip Jaa. L. Day, Cept. Wood, irom Brazoa Santiago, which place ah* loft on the 30th of September, w* are put in poaaeaaion of new* oi thrilling intercit from the army. The letter* of our correapondenU have failed to reach ua, but an oMcer on board the Day haa kindly furniahed ua with the lollowing item* and the letter of Rice Garland, formerly of New Orleana. After a hard week'* work, w* are a rooted from our alumbert, and haaten to apread the new* before the public. [From the New Orleana Picayune, Oct 4.] Cahf, waaa Mohtbbbv, Sept 94, 1846. On the 91at, 93d and 311 there waa aom* hard fighting nare, ana many poor lanowa rare tunereu uy n. em i think it may safely be said that the town ia in Oencral T ylor's power. The place wn much more strongly fortified than Oen. Taylor had any idea of, and the Mexicana defended their workshops with (kill and determination. Thi? morning Col. Moreno, the Adj. (Hneral of the Mexican Army, came into camp with a proportion from Oen. Ampudia to evacuate the tewn, he and hii army to march oat and to retire in the interior. Thi*. Oen. Taylor declined, and inaieted upon Ampudia and hia officer! becoming priaonera of war, the men to be diabanded and dispersed with a stipulation not to serve against us daring the war. the General and oflicera to remain in custody until disposed of by order of our Government. The parties have been negotiating all day, and if they do not agree there will be some hard fighting, as the place cannot held out long. Although we tain the place end victory, it hae coat ua dear. The carnage on our aide is great, and probably more ae than that of the Mexicans, but that we do not know, aa they fought under cover all the Una. Gen. Worth has distinguished himself aa a gallant soldier and skilful commender. Gen. Taylor gave him a fair chance, and he hae nobly availed himselrof it. Hia division, with Haya'a regiment of Texan Volunteers, have gained mora ground and carried mora points than all the rest of the army, a ad with " / *""> ul' ^ J ? ?. iu., u i? uoiy uv? killed and twenty-tight wounded. The loea on our tide will not bo leu toon ive hundred killed, won ivied and prisoners. [From the New Orloane Picayune ) In introducing tho following eorioe of letter, from Mr. llailo, it can hardly bo necaaaary to rewind the reader that they wore written amid the buttle of the eamp and din of arms. He aaka ua to aay ae mnch for him, but we feel it ia unneceaeary. In the laat letter we have from him, a private one dated the 'JAth ult., be aaya: " ! omitted to atate in my lettera that the Mexlcena had aeven thou wad regulara and between three and four thouaand rancheroa in the cltv. Their killed and wounded waa email oompared with oura, their lege and walla protecting them." Again he aaya : " Capt. Bragg'* battery wua terribly cot up- he loot twenty hone*. 1 am told he behaved gohly. H|a orderly aergeant. Waitman. waa killed. Ridgely had three Boo horaea killed?no men. The dra{*** n*d ae ohaace to light, but were very active aa COUti, ItO. ... .**1 Fnanpuoo, Mine*, Sept 18.1846. We are, at length, within Ave hoar* march at Mont* r*!r' *?/ twelve milea diatant The army left the camp near Marin, thia morning, the lat diviaion atartii* at aix Okiiook,and*1 dtviafam J aerea o'clock- The adyaace w ro ITOKK. TUESDAY MORN )F^GENERAL TAY jjjif ^fZoA/USlTOS / ss&z^y lahauaks / / I OS tl OttASsy 7 6MA6UAIUJI. \ l AUJAfjfr \ TA*l4jr\ ' vyg^aa \ fUOAaf '~* IUKXT*11^'^^' _ .m'^' ttlttUUk, P"* HLA LAM CA , tij~'ifM j :uu Q^^cuajaCl K??5 Y , confuted of McCulloch's and OillUpie'f companies of ranger*, and a iquadron of dragoons. under Col. May. The pioneer corpa was broken up and returned to their respective regiments. The hagcafeof the 1st division, and one half the ordinance train,foBowed that command, and the 3d division was followed lis like manner by its baggage and the other part of the ordnance train. The Vnlimln.r n;?;?inn mowV..,! .? -:_1. t -I-1 1. f-ll A V..M(WU auBivxou tk? CIKUt W?IW?t <VMVWVU by it* baggage and the supply train. The rear guard was composed of two companies of regulars, one from each division, and closed the march, following the supply train. In case Aon. Henderson should arrive with his Texan Hangers, ytoere to form the advance, with the exception of four companies, which were te take the place of the two companies of infantry, which formed the rear guard. Gen. Henderson ove rtook tha army about four miles from here, and his command Was disposed of according to the above named arrangement. The habitual ordrr of battle was directed to be as follows ; " 1st division on the right, tha 2d on the loft, and the Volunteer Division in the centre," Use chiefs of divisions to organize such reserves as they might judge reaper. This order of battle not to be considered invaluable, but to be controlled by the nature of the ground. Fonr men from Gillespie's company were attached to each of the two (Sd and volunteer) diiiions. Everything connected with this day's march has beem intensely interesting to all, and novel to many. The troops marched in closed columns, and were always held in roadiness to act promptly. The column embracing the trains, reached nearly or qnite three milea. it was a grand sight, and ao much did tha men feel interested in coming events, that every one went at it in a business manner, and, although it has been hot and dusty, not half a dozen out of nearly aix thousand five hundred have given in to-day ou tho march. We'havc forded a nmn Bar of it re ami to-Jay, commencing near Maria, with the San Juan, which waa nearly waiat deep. Of courae wo are now in the midat oi the mountaina, but ao inperceptibly hare we aacended what appeared like mountain!, thia morning, that we now aeem to be on a great plain, with mountaina rising into peaka, in erery direction around ua. Our road haa been through a richer region aince leering Marin, tlian any I hare aeen aince leering the Rio Grande. We passed two or three large haciendas, where augar cane ta cultivated to a considerable extent, and the second corn crops are in a flourishing state. All these plantations are irrigated from the mountain streams. Soon alter we arrived here this evening, a Mexican who lias been following the Army from Seralvo, was aeen writing in one of the houses at the haciendas near the camp. On being pointed out by one of the drummer hoys of the 7th Infantry, he bolted out of the doer, and waa pursued and caught A little while alter he broke from the guard, and rau towards the chaparral, hut,unfortunately for the poor devil, he was running directly into the camp of the 2d division, which lies hid in the bnahes. A hue and cry was raised, the guard net wishing to shoot him, ami, after a smart foot race through the thorn bushes, and various extraordinary feats ofdodg ing, he was captured by some of the soldiers of the 7th, after receiving a bayonet wound. He is a spy. Well, to-morrow evening, or next day morning, we shall have seen the question decided with regard to tho strength of Monterey. Information came into camp from Monterey last evening, which Mr. Kendall forwarded to ...? T>..a I. H?1 *i (one report *aya 16,000) troop* there, and that the city ia surrounded by a ditch and breaetwodbi, and the (treat* all fortified How do the troop* act on the ere of an expected battle 1 Only that they are a little more preciac in the performance of their dntiea?a little more carefnl in arranging their arm* and knapaack* to he in readlnea* for an initant'i notice?and a little more careful to procure roet while they may?I tee no change in their demeanor. The only coueenation if, how they will go to work to take the city, abould reaiatance he offered, it ia the nettled belief tnat the Mexican* will fight, and it ia alao believed that many lire* will he aacrificed on both aideaI predict that on their retreat, the army will be awfally cut up. About twelve hundred Texan horaemen are now with ua, and they are deairona of paying off old acorea. In taking the town they cannot engage very actively, but in overtaking the retreating troope they will be active and deatructive. Nina 0*cloc?, P. M.?The imprcaaion of thoae who ought beat to know ia atill that the troope at Monterey will reaiat. Our troope will be greatly diaappointed if no reaiatance ia offered them They have come a long dietance to aeek a fight I waa amuaed at a remark made by Coi Peraifor f. Smith aome day* ago, when aaked what he thought of the probabilitiea of a battle.? i never *u?w a mau iv aira yri nisi lug!/ i?r a imu|| long Lima, but what ha found it," replied he, "and Gen. Taylor will not, I think, leek in rain for another aet-to with the Mexican*." One thing U certain): the enemy ha? been at a heavy expenae to fortify Monterey, and if we do not find out. before to morrow night at thi* time, that they do not intend to expend their money and labor for nothing, I (hall then he tatiafled that there ia no apirit left among them Two hundred Mexican troopa left thia place thi* morning, after ill-treating and pillaging the inhabitant*, aa uaual. But thoae people are singular being*, and vary ungrateful. In Marin, whera Torrejon'a trooi* had, a day or two before, robbed, whipped and inaiilted the citizen* shamefully, I aaw a family aelling muical to American* for two dollar* per bottle, and at the <ame time telling it to Mexican* for four bit* per bottle. We march to-morrow at S o'clock, to encamp three mile* from Monterey. C*Mr Btroaa MoMraaar, Sarr. 18, *t If o'clock, M.? Well, "the ball haa opened!" When within about feur mile* of the city, wa heard a hriik cannonading in that direction. On arriving here we learn that Gen. Taylort with a detachment of dragoon* and the Texan Ranger*, advanced within a faw hundred yard* of the city, when the enemy opened upon them with twelve pounder*.? The flint bail came within about ten yard* of the General. Some twenty-live to thirty ihot were fired at the Dragoon* and Ranger*, pasting through their line*, but hurting neither man nor hor*a. A picket of '.MM) Mexican Cavalry appearod on the plain when our advance firit approach ad, and alter firing a volley or two with their eaoopettee, retired into the city. Biihop'i hill i* itrongly fortified, and they are hard at work on a height commanding that placa. Ho to-night or eaily in the morning we will probably have hot work. They will fight, now, beyond a doubt Camp asrosa Montssst, Sept. 19, 1846. Tbie ha* been a day of excitement and intoreet to our iaolated little amy. The General left the camp at San Krancitco thia morning at sunrUe, and by 8 o'clock the whole column wa* in motion, the Texan Ranger*, and Cel. May with a squadron of dragoon*, in advance. The men ttarted off briskly, and the road wa* fine. After twe hour*'* march, a bridge waa found broken up by the Mexicana. A corn field near at hand afforded material* for filling up the place, and the army proceeded over the flrat corn (talk bridge I ever heard of. When within ab?ut four or Ave miles of the cKy we heard a briik cannonading Some of the man had ju*t previou* to tlu* began to lag, aoma tuff-ring from blistered feat, ami other* from the inteniity of the heat , but no toooerdid the leund of cannon roach their ear*, than they itraightened themselves up and preiaed forward with an eagerneaa which showed that their suffering* were all forgotten. Captain Scott (the veritable), or rather now Major RK ] ING, OCTOBER 13, 1846 LOR'S OPERATIC HCOOO <tC^ ^V J i:i:::Q?Ot?*u* K ff^iiiiRC o~^X f Amk^ EI \ ??^" \ J EL CWOHMrt^*^ ) w AxWiil, LABOTUA ^ A

/ ^Pwl 'pr ; S. 9AQ\JLU?L^r ^SANCM/UtOAL fT ^""^i^icccOCORRALMC WHJ! Scott, who command* the ftth Infantry, marched immediately before ua, and the moment the brave old soldier heard the enemy's cannon, he drove his spurs into his horse and pranced about his regiment as if he would ?ive a liberal portion of his life to be at Monterey, ('apt. liles, commander of the 7th Infantry, by whose side I was riding at the moment, likewise rose in his stirrups, with his Keen, black eyes sparkling, and his nostrils slightly dilated, and gave orders to his rogimentto close up ; but his orders were useless, for the noble fellows were already pressing upon the stall', to the very "imps of the horses. Again, again, and again the noise of tne twelve pounders reverberated through the lofty mountains which rose before us and on each side, and a bur, a suppressed hurra, ran through the line. The officers ran their eyes over their commands with looks of prido and confidence, and the men returned the glance, as If to say, " We ate ready," and pressed on still more eagerly. I rode out of the column, and fell back to look at the Louisiana boys. Every eye among them was bright with eager excitement. Captain Blanchard and Lieutenants Tenbrink and the two brothers Nicholls, wore a peculiar smile upon their countenances, an expression that I never shall forget 1 translated its meaning thus : " Now we are about to be rewarded for all our sacrifices and toils, and we will show old Louisiana that we canra pre sent her worthily, though our numbers are smali " Thar regretted the abseuce of their fellowcitizen* who had returned to their quiet homes, for they well knew how many a brave heart would burn with bitter disappointment and laudable envy, could their returned friend* bit tee them aud know their feelings at that moment On reaching the place of encampment, wa came up with (ieu. Woith, sitting his horse in beautiful style. A handsomer officer than he appeared then, I never saw. Every one remarked the change that had suddenly come over him. From the somewhat dejected air, and saddened countenance that be is said to hove worn of late, Richard was now himself sgain?and the gallant soldier, forgetting all his cares, now appeared before ua, the personification of an accomplished military chieftain. His handsome lace was lighted up with a proud, but affable smile, as ho motioned gracefully to his offlcsn, pointing oat to them the direction they were to take with their respective commands, and not a man who saw him, but what would at that moment have followed him to the cannon's mouth. Such if the feeling manifested by the whole army? which rendera thie body oi men invincible. Thie evening the enemy's batteries have been opened again upon a reconnoitering party of ours. Generals Taylor, Twiggs, Worth, and others, have been out looking at their works. 9 o'clock, T. M?An attack is expected, and every man in tho army willj rust to-night on hit arms. A night attack is what a soldier dislikes very much, because it is then difficult to distinguish friend from foe. September 20th.?Everything remained quiet last night. To-morrow an attempt will be made to take Monterey. A stout resistance is expected, for the town is strongly fortified, as well as the heights that commanded it, ami the enemy has troops and ammunition enough there to defend it A movement will no doubt be made to-night. No one expects aa easy victory; on the other hand, all have made up their minds to see much bloodshed. It is believed thet a large number of the enemy ia in our rear ?in fact there ia little doubt on the subject. An express rider is ofl" this morning for Camsnro. I finish hastily?having already taken notes that wifl enable me to re-write what 1 have already penned in my two last communications. Bisiior's Pslscx, Monterey, Mexico, Sept. 94. This is the fourth day since the battle of Monterey commenced. On the 20th, at noon. Gen. Worth marched from the camp east of the town, in the direction of the heights west of tM town, McCulloch's and Giliespie's companies of rangers forming the reconnoitering party. At night the division bivouacked almost within ranee of the gun* stationed upon the {highest point of the hill on which the Biahop'a Palace ia situated. At davlight on the filst, the column was again in motion, and in a few momenta waa turning the point of a ridge which protruded out towarda the enemy's guns, bringing ua aa near to them aa their gunnera could deaire. They immedlataley opened upon the column with a howitzer laud twelve pounder, Bring ahell and round ahot aa fast aa uey could discharge their piecee. The road now wound in tow ards a gorge, but now far enough to be out of range of their guns, which still played upon ua. Another ridge lay about three-fourths of a mile beyond the first, around the termination of which the road wound, bringing it under the lofty summit of a height which rises b^ tween Palace Hill and^p mountains, which arise oveff us on the west. Wl^g\the head of the column approached this ridge #lmdy of Mexican cavalry came dashing around the nolnt to charge upon our advance. Copt. (Tillispie immediately ordered his men to dismount and place themselves in ambuah. The enemy evidently did not perceive this manoeuvre, but the moment they came up, the Texans opened on them a moat effective fire, unsaddling a number of them. McCulloch's comidnv now dashed into them?Cant. C. i' Smith's rimn and Capt. Scott'a camp of A Miliary, (acting aa Infantry) and Liaut. Longitraat'a company of tha 8th Infantry,with another company of the aame regiment likewise charged upon the enemy. Tho Texan horiemen were eoon engaged with them, in a sort of hand to hand skirmish, in which a number of the enemy fell, and one (Texan was killed and two wounded. Col Duncan now opened upon them with his battery of Light Artillery, pouring a few dischargee of grape among them, and scattering them like chaff. Heveral men and horses fell under this destructive fire. I saw one horse and rider bound some feet into the air,and both fell dead am! tumbled down the steep. The f#ot companies above named then ruthed up the steep and fired ovsri the ridge at the retreating enemy, a considerable body of whom were concealed from onr view, arovnd the point of the hill. About thirty of the enemy were killed in this skirmish, and among them a Captain, who, with two or three others, fell in the road. The Captain was wounded in three places, the last shot hitting him in the forehead. He fought gallantly to the last, and I am sorry that I cannot loam hia name. The light batteries, one of which ii commanded by Lieut. Mackali, were now drawn ujl; on the elope of the ridge, end the howzitera opened upon the height of Palace Hill. A few ihelle only were thrown, before the anemy commenced tiring with nine pounder front the height iamedieteljr orer the right of the column, timing at Duncan'* batteriue. The eereral regimente took poeitioue, end a few more heila were thrown tewarda Palace Hill, but did no execution. The nine pounder continued to throw iu ahot, with great preciaion, at our batteriaa, one bell felling directly in the midat of the piecee, but fortunately hitting neither men origuna. Finding hia batteriee thua expoeed, end unable to effect any thing, <j?L Duncan remored hia commend to a ranche, about half a mila lurther up the Neltillo road, where (Jan. Warth took up hia poaition, after ordering the foot regimente to form along the fence, near the,point of the ridge. The artillery battalion, .'>tfc, 7th, and 8th Infantry, and the l.ouieiana roliinteera remained in thia poaition about two houre, directly under the fire of the anemy'a guna, (now two I ? The balla fall direotly in their midat all thia time without wounding a man : To begin with, the Mexicaae manage their artillery in battery aa wall a* the Americana do? IERA INS. \ t MAM kB&Apj *\ XV / M??*^\ |k / JAUTA I *o "Wife/. ** p*#4,r^%^gj^A /AcnM^r V\ i* CUADULl/ttS& IK M MOM/Pcq^-^ \ wA ^ :SOi//T? ^ ?/>6tfClL^as^Bg.c ?'!** 3?^ / CALBOSO jjph \. /^?l' 4 AW* tHCAt^/ V^? c""> '<<"..* !>thii, I believe, i? now conceded by every officer. At half peat 10 the column moved toward* the General'* po ition. At thia time, Capt McKavett, of tbo 8th infantry, wn ibot through the heart by a nine pound ball, and a private of the Mh infantry vai 10 severely wounded in the thigh that he died the next morning. About fifty .Mexicans now appeared upon the hill aide, over the moving (column, and fired at our troopa tome hundred muiket ahot, without doing any harm. The diviaion deployed into the poaitiona pointed out, and remained an hour or two,when Capt. C. F. 8mith, of the artillery battalion, with two companies, (hie own and Capt. Scott's,) and four companiea Texan Rangers on foot, were ordered to atoim the aecond height! Thia the gallant officer cheerfully undertook, and waa followed with enthuaiaam by the officers and men of hia command. It waa considered am all aides to be a moat dangeroua undertaking, and thia party waa considered moat emphatically a forlorn hope. That the height would be taken no one doubted, but that many brave fellows would All in the attempt, seemed inevitable. The distance to be climbed after reaching the foot of the hill waa about a quarter of a mile; a part of the way waa almost perpendicular, and through thorn bushes and over sharp pointed rocks and loose sliding atones. The 7th Infantry, commanded by Capt Miles, was ordered to support Captain Smith's party, and by marching directly to the foot of the height,arrived before Capt. Smith, who lied been ordered to take a circuitous route. Capt. Miles sent up Lieut. Gantt with a detachment of men, upon the hill aide, to divert the attention of the enemy from Capt. Smith's command, which could not yet be seen. The 7th had already sustained a heavy fire of grape and round shot, as they forded the San Juan, which winds around the foot of thd height, which fell like a shower of hail in their ranks, without killing a man. Lieut Uantt's party were greeted with grape and round shot, which cut the shrubs and tore up the loose stones in the ranks without killinr any one: nut the ral lent young officer eamo within an inch of being killed by a cannon ball, which raked down the ateep and filled his face with fragment* of rock, dust and gravel. Thi* fire wat accompanied by a constant discharge of muiketrv, the enemy covering the upper part of the hill aide, but tka detachment continued to movo up, driving the Mexican* back, until they wete recalled. Capt. Smith'* party now arrived and moved up the hill, the Hanger* in ad. vance, and did not halt for an instant until the Mexican* were driven from the summit. Whilst thi* wa* going on, CoLPeriifor F.Smith, who commanded the 6th and 7th Infant**?-the 5th, with Blanchard'* Louiiiana boy*, under Mfij. Martin Scott, ha>l been ordored to support the whole?gaew order* for these command* to pa** around on each aide and *torm the fort which wa* lituated about half a mile back 0f the lummit on the *ame ridge and commanded Bishop's Palaoe. Such a foot race a* now ensued ha* seldom it ever been seen; the Louisiana boy* making the tallest kind of stride* to he in with the foremost. Capt Smith had the gun which he took upon the height, run down toward the breastwork* and fired into it Then came Col. P. F. Smith's men, with a perfect ruih, firing and cheering?the 5th and 7th and LOtiManian* reaching the ridge above nearly at the *ame time. The Mexicans fired at them with grape, hut it did not save them,or cause an instant's hesitation in our ranks. Our men run and fired, and cheered, until they reached the work, the foremost entering at one end, whilst the Mexicans, about 1000 in number, left the othor in retreat.? The color* of the 6th Infantry were instantly raised, and scarcely were they up before those of the 7th were along side. The three commands entered the fort together, so close was the race?the 6th, however, getting an advance in first. J. W. Miller, of Blenchard* company, was among the first four or five who entered. The three commands may bo said to have come out even in the race, for the 7th was not Ave seconds behind. In less imiu iiTDinmuivR unv ?un iuuuu in me iori wu muuuer* inn awaykat the Bishop'* Palace! More ammunition was found than our troop* will use with the three guns that were oaptured. One of the guns was found concealed. They are I pound brass pieces. Several mules and half a dozen beautiful tents were likewise captured. Killed, none. Wounded in 7th Infantry. Lieut Potter, bullet through the calf of the leg; Orderly Sergeant Hurdle, of K company; Corparal S. P. Oakley, severely in the thigh. Oakley is from New York city, and a very intelligent, well educated man, as well as a good soldier.? Private White?the same who captured the Mexican officer's trunk at Marin, and who received it and its contents from Gen. Taylor?wounded in the head. Fifth Infantry; killed, none; wounded?Lieut Kossell, in the arm; Sergeant Major Brand, badly, in the mouth with musket ball; Privates McManns and Grubb, slightly wounded?Sergeant Uptergraph, color-bearer, distinguished himself by his gallantry. Thus was this brilliant coup dt main made almost without bloodshed. I have not time now to give particulars of this glorious affair. Capt. C. F. Smith was in the advance, with MeCall.at the battle of Resaca de la Palma, and is one of the moat gallant and accomplished officers in the army?so say all his fellow officers whom I have heard speak ol him. Col. P. F. Smith?Gen. Smith of Louisiana?distinguished himself on that occasion, as did Major Scott and Capt Miles, and, in truth, every officer and man did his duty nobly. The gallant conduct of Capt. Blanchard and Lieut's Tenbriack, and the two brothers Nicholla, is praised by all the officers who were there. In truth the Louisiana boys have fought every day lor four days, and I assure you, as Gen. Worth's report will bear me out in saying, and as every officer in the'Id Division will testify, that this corps has distinguished itself on every occasion where they have been called on. The sons of Judge Nichells, of Donaldsonville, have stood Are for four or Ave hour* at a time, driving the enemy under their battery?from bush to bush, and rock to rock, and at last were among the foremost to rush into the Bishop's Palace and take it by storm. Capt. Blanchard and his company have already mad* a reputation that will not soon be forgotten. 8. O. Allen, private of this company was martally wounded in this ftjfht, and died next morning ? < >).i onm.1 iuo no one miied or woundod inbia party of ffip 7^ *?, ***** W,r* wout>d?<l, viz: Wm. Carlay, . ? . , Bmior's Palac*. Monterey, Sept. i4, 1Mb. I data both iny letters on one day, because 1 an obligod to foot up tha news of the lact four daya, having bad no writing materiala along. Evan now, though 1 writa in a palace, I am obliged to hold the ahaat of paper in one hand on my knee, for want of a deak. But 1 have no time lor eatra remarks?a chance offers to sond you the nowr, and I must hurry to give you a glance at what haa been dona hate, beforo Uia express goes off. On the morning of the !Jl?t. Col. Childa, of the Artillery Battalion, with three oPui companies?one commanded by Copt Vintao, another'by Capt. J. B. Scott, and tho third by Lieut. Ay res?and three companies of the 8th infantry ?company A, commanded by Lieut. Long street and Lieut. WainWright; company B, Lieut flolloway, commending, end Lient Merchant; company D, Cept. Hcrivnar and Lieot. Montgomery?was ordered to take the summit of Palace Hill Tho Colonel left camp at 3 o'clock A. M , ami climbed the mountain through tha chaparral and up the eteep rocka, with such secrecy, that at daybreak he was within one hundred yards ol the breastwork of sand bags before he was discovered. Tha Mexicans poured their musketry into them* bnt they rushed up the precipice and soon had tha place. Throe of tho artillery man, hav 4 LD. >< I WORAS^*W\.' L ri . I6?*C j e'''' | in iug ruahad ahead too fast, found theBfelvea in the hand* of the Mexican*. They iurrendered: the Mexican* took their mmketi and ahot them down with the vary piece* they had given up. I aaw the poor fellowa lying there. I have but a few momenta left to write in, and aauat, therefore, defer the particular* of the atorming of the palace until I have more time. Col. Staniford went up nt daylight with the balance of the 8th, and Major Scett led up the 6th. The Louiiiana boy* were on the hill with the 6th, at 8 o'clock, A. M. One of Dunoan'a howitzer*, in charge of Lieut. Rowland,wa* dragged up, or rather lifted up, and opened on the palace, which wa* filled with troop*. The Mexican* charged on the howitzer, but were driven back. A conatant firing waa kept up for leveral hour*, particularly by Blanchard'a men, who left a dozen Mexican* dead upon the hill aide. At length a charge waa ordered, and our man ruahed down upon uie palace, entered a Dole in a door tnat bad boon blocked up but opened by the howitser, and aoon clear ed the work of the few Mexicans who remained. Lieut. Ajrea waa the lucky one who flrat reached the halyards and lowerad the flag. One 18 pound braaa piece,a beautiful article, manufactured in Liverpool, in 184J, and a abort braaa 11 pound howitzer, were captured, with a large quantity of ammunition, and aome muakata and lancea. The fort adjoining the palace walla ia not completed, hut ia very neatly conatructed, aa far aa it ia built. The killed on our aide, in taking the palace, waa yeven? wounded, twelve. Lieut. Wainwrignt waa wounded in the arm and aide by a muaket ball, but will aoon recover, it is hoped. Mr. John Francis, of New Orleena, belonging to Blanchard'a comtwny, waa hilled. 1 will give a full account of thia nflair at another time. CoL Cailda, Capt. Vinton, Capt. Blanchard, Lieut. Lengstreet, Lieut Clark, (adjutant of the Hth,) Lieut Ayrea, Lieut. MeCowan, and the two Nicholls aoem to have been the heroea of the day. The two latter " did tha thing up brown," and not only Judge Nicholia, but old LioaisiuM, may well be proud of aucn sona. The Mexican* lost at least thirty killod?twenty-one had been buried thia morning, and I have seen a number lyiMf on the hill side, that were not discovered by our men when they brought in the dead. Yeaterday morning the whole division under General Worth entered the tewn on this side, and have been lighting there ever ainc*. The heart of the city ia nothing bnt one fortification, the thick walla being pierced for musket*, and cannon being placed so aa to rake the principal streets. Tha roofa being flat, and the fresit walla rising three or four feet above the root, of course every street lias aline of breastworks on each aide. A ten inch mortar came arouud from Gen. Taylor last evening, and is now placed in the largest plaza, to which our troops have fought, step by step, and from house to house. Duncan's batteries are in town, and tha present impression is that the place will soon be taken. General Worth has gained all the strongholds that command the city, and has puihod the enemy as far aa they can go wilhniil fallinrr intn Ilia Karuia nf limn Tavlnr an aim. er lido of the city. All this has been done with the lean of only about seventy killed and wounded. (The nrhiavn meat it a glorious one?iufliciently ao to aatiaiy tha Mbbition of any man on earth. I waa expecting to saojma. Worth nulling hia men into unneceaaary danger Jnljrder to win for them and himaelf great military MM, M hia conduct hps been vary different from (hia. Hit grant tudy haa been to gain these commanding potato with the least possible sacrifice of life. At ftrat it teemed totally im|>oa?ible to atorm theae heighta?it looked like charging upon the clouda ; but it haa been dene The Bishop's palace, which ia aa atrong aa it haa been represented to lie,haa been atormed and taken by our brave oldiera. I ahould hare stated that Col. Haya, with a body of hia troops, and Captains Gillespie and MoCulloch were at the taking of tne palace. Capt. Gillespie was mortally wounded, and died yesterday morning, regretted by the whole army. I cannot keep up, at all, with the Rangers. Their services hare been invaluable to Oen. Taylor,from tha com mencement of the campaign. They fight with all tha steadiness of old soldiers?and are constantly on the movo. The country owoa them much for their nehle conduct. 1 say nothing, aa yat, about Gen. Taylor's proceedings en the other aide of tha town, bacanaa the information I have received ia not wall inthositioatad.- Mr. Kendall and I both came out with this division, neither knowing that tha othsr waa coming with it, until it was too lata to return, and thare ia ao communication between the divisions, except by armed.bodies of men.? the town on the other aide, in doing which ho haa loet about three hundred men, killed and wounded. I de net know the exact number killed, but will he able te uncertain before thia letter goes?awl will try to give ether particulara. General Taylor haa arrived at General Worth"! heed quarter! to-day,and la now engaged In town with Ampu lia'i menengeri, conaidering the enemy"! propoeala tor lurrendering the town and the large fort at the north nhat lido of it. That fort ia very itrong, and ie believed to contain at leaat twenty gone. Hoetiittlea have eeaeed until the conference (hall have been concluded There muat be an imaienae quantity of property in town, particularly in araaa and ammunition. 1 ahould have mentioned that the 3d diviaion merohed from camp with only two daya rationa and no tenia. A large majority of the ofllcera and many of the bmu worked and climbed mountaina, chaaed the enemy, and fought forty-eight houra. with Dothing to eat but raw_cord ? Much or the two dayi' ration! were spoiled by the raine ?and aa the troopa were frequently ordered ou at an initant'a noUce-they left their hareraacka behind. rThere have been from ten to Mtoen thouaand troopa at thia place ever ainca we have been here, but they too leaking out in citixen'i clothe!, aa feet ma they oan dodge off. Aa aoldjera thare ia no eacape for thorn. Monraaar, Mexico, Sept. 36,1MB. The city haa capitulated on the following tome : ?The Mexican loldieri I hell be permitted to _i. nf Imn with their una end lis avail Bald pieces, leaving all their munition! of WW behind, wMh mil their artillery and public atorea. They are to retire to Linarea, sixty miles hence, end about tirty miles north of Saltilllo, and are not to approach nearer than that te this place within sixty days, or until each party can hear from iu respective government Ampadia kept General Taylor until newly midnight last night preparing the terms, etc. Many persons, particularly the Texan volunteers who fought so bravely, are die pie seed at these terms. The town was all but in our hands, and, could they be believed, have taken in three hours. I believa that it would have required much more hard lightning to have taken it, but this was not the question with General Taylor. He and all his offlcers knew perlectly well,' of course, that the town could soon be taken, but he wanted no prisoners to take up his time and eat of his sobstaaoe, but 1m did have an object in view, which will be reaohed by the terms of this capitulation, and that object will laud te a result moat beneficial to our government, under whose advice or order Gen. Taylor acted, la agreeing to those Urns. As I have a few moments to spare before the earss goes out this morning, (he wet detained lest night the slow progress of Imsieese with Ampudia.) I will peak of the operations of Gen. Taylor on his side of the town. Major Mansfield, of the Kngineert, reconnoitered the enemy's works on tho night of the 19th, bnt could ok . s m