Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 17, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 17, 1846 Page 1
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TH] ?*l. 1H? ?. 179-WhoU Ho. ?M?. Highly Interesting Intelligence EKLATTVE TO MBZZOAXT A1TAZ&S. Virwa An Onmom or t?e Adminiiteation relative j to thi War with Mexico, awd the Battle* of Mokteret [from the Washington Union, Oct 14-1 One would hare supposed that the battle* of Palo Alto ami nf R?>ora <U la Palme, would have been auflleient to "incline the Mexican government to mo for pooco." Bat Mexico wis too blin<f and vain-glorious to ieol her infenority, even after thoie two memorable defeat*. She 1 may fall into fho same eiror on the present occasion, and ! it may be necessary to giro bar blow alter blow, and to { stun nor into her senses. We haw* no apprahension of General Taylor's strength or his success. He has, probably by this time, 10.000 troops at Monterey?for other troops were on the advance to reinforce the 0,000 which he carried with him. We do not state this fact unadvisedly. We are not afraid of any force which Ampudia can bring against him. The pass between Monterey and Saltillo is the only important obstacle which lies in our way ; and the twenty odd pieces of heavy artillery which we have won at Monterey. can scarcely be substituted by other cannon on the part of the eaetny, whilst they will contribute to open our way through the mountain passes. They cannot cope with us in the open field?for ne one now doubts, that 10.000 of our troops, the finest perhaps in the world, ' are sufficient to defeat any force which the Mexioan* may bring against us. Why, then, should we pause in our victorious career ? Why should our forces " rest at Monterey for the present," and thus permit the time of our twelve-months' volunteers to waste away in inaction I The " Clipper " does not do justice to the energy and efficiency of our troopa It has too many iears of their success, which it unnecessarily say* "should not be lightly hazarded." They may be "greatly outnumbered but we dread no superiority of numbers. Their discipline, gallantry and tkill will overcome all such opposition. Mexico has as yet indicated too alow a desire for peace, to enoourage us in any " masterly inactivity." We must hasten her movements?we must strike blow alter blow. The papers have been speculating upon an expedition to Tampico. Wa see no good reasons why it should not be undertaken. We have still at least -'0,000 troops in the army of the Rio Grande. Allowing General Taylor's camp at Monteray to have one-half of them, we have about 10,000 more in that wing of the army, to furnish troops sufficient for a new expedition, besides guarding the points wo occupy on the river, and maintaining the connexion between our different depots, la the Baltimore editor willing to paralyze all these troops, to incur all the expense of- supporting them for eight weeks, "nntil Mexioo shall indicate har purpose or peace or war ?" Csrteinly thilHAOt QUI policy. Wa hope by the time that the armistice would have expired of itself, we shall see our triumphant flag flying at Chihuahua, at Kaltillo, and, if the newspaper speculation* are in ho holiovoil Tkovhons ? Villnmn SjienUal of lv ^ MV..V?W?, ^UIUB|IS HI TUWUtia, \VUQ V?flUU Ul Tamaulipas,) and at Tampico. At all eventa, we go for action, energy, and success?alway prepared, however, to negotiate tor an honorable peace ; but declining any armistice, until a treaty of peace has been ratified. ? * * * ? General Zachariah Taylor has again covered himself with glory, by his military operations upon Monterey.? The brilliant achievements of the three days, guidea by his genius, have shed a new lustre upon our arms, and added new renown to the fame which he had already won on the fields of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma.? We again congratulate the country upon the success of our arms, and the glory which they have wen. We regret to see that the occasion has been seized upon to make an unnecessary, an unjust, and an insidious fling at the administration. When Gen Taylor, after having covered himself and his army with laurels, agreed to a "temporary cessation of hostilities,"1 he was "prompted" to it by the "recent change of government in Mexico, being favorable to the interests ot peace." General Taylor did not know, could not have known, the failure of the overtures for immediate negotiation. He could not have known that the new government of Mexico had transferred to the aew Congress of the 6th December, the decision of the question whether they would or would not negotiate with us. He has, in all probability, by this time, received this information through the despatches which are in Lieutenant Armsteod's care. And, we repeat, "these despatches will doubtless induce General Taylor to concentrate his troops, and collect his resources as rapidly as possible, with a view of resuming his operations vigorously, as soon as he shall receive orders to terminate the armis tice. These orders, we have no doubt, will promptly be issued from Wsshington. We trust they may reach General Taylor in sixteen dsys, the time which Captain Katon performed the route to Washington. In such an event, little delay (at the worst) can be occasioned; and even that little time can be usefully spent in securing more complete and effective preparation." A few weeks since we alluded, in general terms, to the position of this distinguished officer (General Worth) in the army of the United States. It was unnecessary for us to specify his name. No one could mistake that towering plnme which had been so unfortunately missing in the battles ol the 8th and 9th of May?the ill starred events which had produced his absence from the field?the ardent anxiety which he felt to reappear upon the theatre of the war, to ihare iti honor*, to lead the van?the strong assurance which hi* character rave ua that ho wanted nothing but opportunity to distinguish himself in the service ot his country. If there was one officer in the army foi whose noblo gallantry and generous ardor any man would be safe in pledging his life, that officer was General Worth. And nobly ha* he Justilled this coufidence, and redeemed those declarations General Taylor, with the noble sympathy which so highly graces the soldier, gave Worth the opportunity, which be burnt to enjoy. He permitted him to lead the vsn at Monterey ; and he haa truly distinguished himself, as much by his discretion as by his chivalry. One would have supposed that General Worth would have been hurried by the s" motives which actuated him, to " pluck danger a' . < V* mouth," and rush into the heat of battle, : j^-gard to consequences. Hut such was not - ''rorth recollected how much deper , opine' .?hew many lives were at stake?' 3Wfi?? might be sacrificed by too much dse j art of their leader Iho moat bri' - mer.1, V the day was his ; but it is ditlicul' . * are to admire most his ardor or hir .-?! try he displayed, or the fotbearanr , . j wards hi* men. At all events, h . .rcls to his brow ; and so oomplet 7 i ?:-!#". attracted the admiration of the rd# liar condition had so much west' , W comrades, that his triumph is suflr a jff avy itself. At jtAHp Jatti.cs or Moistchkt ?sd of .A * 7 SNIl'S OF OlISERAI. TAVI.OR. UmJKumore American, Oct. 141 " ' - 4k>i.ough the present campaign against .Fun, io our army experience of all the JUtjerAl Palo Alto the combat was one of Jus1-' upon an open plain, which afforded t,i to the cavalry of the enemy, and where iwvi ' squares, which converts each regiment *' . |>1 .ification, had to be resorted to by General . share, too, the lying batteries, which, in mi urcu iuufteu uvuu i miicr u a 01 ue ..rt; jr war, proved their value. The battle of r-w W^wai a battle at arms' length. The battle of Reeac- on the contrary, was a breaitto breast conflict, when every sinew was strained to give a fall to the adversary, and which, though involving art and skill, depended principally upon sheer courage and main strength. There the bayonet did its work, and told its story. There was here none of the platoon flring and parade mamuuvies of the preceding day. The contest was in the woods. The general conflict involved a dozen minor actions, all tending to the victorious result Here cavalry acton aucceasfully against artillery, which, though sometimes done, as at Waterloo, is a mode of warlure of unfrcqnent occurrence, and only reaorted to where the General knows his men, and can combine the different arms of the service?horse and foot?to produce the deaired result The character of tho two battles of theSthand 9th Inf May was essentially diverse. Still more diverse was the part which fell to the lot of that portion of the army left at Fort Brown. With not enough of ammunition to give te hia men that active employment which, in battle, overcomes personal apprehension by mere physical excitement, the commanding officer of Fort Brow n had to rely upon that pasaiva courage which few but veteran troops possess. While the batteries ol Matainoias ware filled with men, who. In cemparatire safety, fired at the Americans as though they weie shooting at a mark, the soldiers of Fort Brown, instead of the rammer and sponge, the hand spike and linstock, were using the shovel and pick, or idly watching the flight of shells sJmed, and well aimed, too, for their destruction. This srai s third species of tha greet ganua, Battle. A fourth followed in the march to Monteray. Hare the contest was not with the Mexicans. But was a contest almost as destructive, in which toil and fatigue had to be overcome, under a hot sun, in sn inhospitable country .and where the very absence of an enemy -a Purge part being volunteer*,?in itself an obiterl* and discouragement. Hut this march, this flght against tun# and climate, mountain and plain, river and morass, was of incalculable value, looking to ultimate results. It turned the militia into regular#. It taught every man of them that the soldier, to bo a good one, must give up his independence; that victory must depend upon obedience; that without this there is no personal safety. It taught them that how ever individual valor might have done of old, in modern warfare, bush-Aghting excepted, succeas dapended upou converting masses into individuals, whose will we* the inindol the officer that dlracted them. The inarch tcs Monterey taught the volunteera the value oi the " regular" phrase of " shoulder to shoulder," and that used by the Scotch regiments at the battle of Kontenoy?' stick thegither, Iront and rear." When ijereral Taylor therefore encamped at tha Walnut Springs, three mile* from Monterey, hie tlx thousand men may have been counted upon aa an army of regulars. At montcrey the character of the conflict was again <Ji*nged. It waa no longertbe pitched battle of tha open plain, or 'he tumultuous melee of a forest fight, or the passive resistance of besieged men, or the patieut endurance of the toilsome march. The object was now attack, the attack of a city among mountains, commanded by lorrottndirg eminences, ail of which were lot-tided, while the city itself was built alter a fashion that made each bouse a breastwork Means ijuite different from those Whi<.h were successful at I'alo Alto and Resaca had to be employed The dragoon here was powerless?the flying artillery of tint o> cesionsl service, tleavy aitillery and 10 (entry were the arms of servicsto be relied on. The shebi the heavy ball, (ha bullet and the bayonet, the means upon which the victory wes to depend For' tcnateiv the \mericen commander was equal to the new I I '1,1 II I E NE NEW 1 MAP I j 3 j | I \ % \ ' \ yx., " \ \ => \ o* A. American Battery. B. Cathadral Fort, or Citadel. Til We ley before our reader* en engraved representation of Monterey, it* vicinity, end it* entrenchment*, and the advance of our troop*. It we* drawn for the War Department by Captain Eaten, who brought on the deipatche* from Ceneral Taylor. Knowing the deep interest which our reader* will take in theie stirring event*, we have (pared no effort* in having it promptly engraved for our column*. The lower part of the diagram represent* the read, which the armv take in their advance upon Monterev. A large area ot cultivated land, with the second growth el corn upon it, i* spread between our troop* and the city. This first movement is circuitous. Oen. Worth lead* the van. The object i* to secure the road to Saltiilo, and cut offtha retreat of the Mexican* in that direction, and to seize the entrenchments which protect that side of the city. For this purpose hejhas to storm the height* emergency, and had with him an army fully competent to tha execution of hi* daaigni. It i* not oar purpose to (repeat the account* of the battleaof Monterey. There are one or two matter*,however., that aeem to authoriie a remark, even at *o great a di* tance a* we are from the icene of action, the principal of whicti i* the great disparity of loia between the division* of Oeneral Taylor and General Worth. We are inclined to attribbte this to the difference between the work which they had to do respectively; not to any greater prudence or care on the part of General Worth, or any raahnes* or indifference to the loss of life on the part of General Taylor. Taylor gave to Worth that, which to the latter waa, under the circumstance*, the greatest boon he could receive?a separate command?where the glory he might win might be his own exclusively, and in which he ha* in truth won sufficient to satisfy even his daring and chivalrous temper. That Worth, in the use of his troops, did not spare them, is evident from one of the accounts, which states that the storming party of the battery commanding the Bishop's Palace was loo'ted upon as, in truth, a "forlorn hope.'' But batteries, like those around Monterey, upon heights so steep that their assailants had to clamber up precipices to reach them, and constructed temporarily, for one of these, at least, seems tojhave been built of .sand-bags, are less dangerous to attack than would, at first sight, appear. Cannon cannot be sufficiently depressed to sweejv the face of a steep ascent. The hill itself is a cover for the storming party; and it is only when the summit is reached that grape and cannister and musketry can be used with effect; and, even then, but for a single discharge; for no time is given to re-load, before the bayonet becomes busy, and flight, Mas hand tA Kand AASileai iha a 1 lasNsaftaAa fa* tho defenders of the fort What is here stated i* proved to be probable, at leaat, by the fact, that, in carrying the height! about Monterey, General Worth'* loaa waa so small. Whatever the loss, the height* had to.be carried, and Worth was juat the man, and we knew him well of eld, to carry them. General Worth began by carrying the fort which commanded the Bishop's Palace, which we infer to have been on the tame ridge, though, perhaps, on different elevation* of it, and lower down, and, in its turn, commanded by the Palace, seems to have been the city. The taking of these forts secured the capture of the Palace, which then became untenable, and when that fell into Worth's hand*, he had below him still, and at his mercy, the Western part of the city, into which he penetrated as far on his tide as Taylor did on hit. Like a row of bricks, set on end by boys, the upsetting of the first causes the fall, in succession, of the others. Consummate judgment seems to have marked every part of Worth's conduct. General Taylor would teem to have kept hard work for himself, too; and hence the greatness of bis lots. The main battle, which he had to fight, was in the streets of the city, and is to well described in the accounts that have been received that it is only necessary now to refer to them. 80 far as can be inferred from the accounts in the papara, we should not be lurpriaed if the impatience of the army on the aouth of Monterey had led to an attempt to carry the town by a coup de main frum the Camargo road. Bat Montaruy wee not to bo taken at a ruih. It ie evident that ia waa from the Cam ergo, and not from the Saltillo road, thatthadUexican* expected to be attacked. Hera their preparationa ware evidently the moat perfect, and here their defence waa the moat thorough and obit mate. There can be no doabt that hare brave men mat brave men, and aliheugh the Mexicane had wall* in from of them, it i* idle to do otharwiee than admit that they tood irmly and manfully at bay. and that our loa* waa a* great aa it waa becaaae they did eo. This carrying of a city, home by houae, and atreet by street, is bloody work, againet a foe as determined aa the Mexieana were, and wo could not help being reminded by the description of it of the conteeta of Carta* in another part of the same country, for the Hall* of the Montezuma*, narrated in the history of the Conquest? While cannon cannot bo brought to boar on men climbing e precipice, they no where act with more fetal eflksiency than when sweeping with their fire the narrow stroota of a city filled with columns of infantry. Still, street after street was taken, and the enemy forced into the Plasa by the persevering eourage of our eoldiors. The taking of a fortified niece by regular approach#*, n.r.ll.1 lllrf'l 1. m.S, I the only mode of warfare of which the pre font campaign hu (urniehed do example. If there if inch piece in Mexico, end the wer continue*, we ere elaoet led te believe, from whet hef occurred elreedy, thet Toy lor will find it out end tike it, if only to prove thet there te nothing in w erf ere to which hie army it not competent miscellaneous military matters. Lieut. Llewellyh Jonee, United Stete* mounted rifle regiment, hee opened e rendezvoue et thif piece, adjoinSf Auburn llouie. Thi* regiment will rendezvoui thif fell at Jeffereon barrack*, Miuouri, and proceed in the ipring on the route to the Pacific, and will probably J"? chiefly on the frontier of California. W* under tend that the regiment ia already nearly full with recruit*, enlieted from the young mrn of the Weetern state*. Term of eorrioe, five year*.? Cayufa Toe tin who diatingniahed himetlf at the battle* of Monterey, 1* claimed aa a *on of Louialana. II *o be I* a ton by adoption, not by birth He i* a native of Cherleatown, MataachaaetU, end by hi* bravery and good conduct he* won a reputation worthy of a doeeondent of the awn of Bunker lliU. General w/yo J ifORK. SATURDAY M01 y. 3F THE STORM The plan of /jSSiiaiiffi f flMMHflBI HSmaHmnBiiiai iPiiiiHiii pmsMEBgHi \\ I \% , k I \ / Z! v Vti' I ^ \ ~ % 11 , $ . 5 \ 5 I \ -9 * ' I \ & o ,v\a\?8 l]to?M??vivuA\WttvC \ ^ofi Y I + * ? * > \ v#=0* ..V o^V if ^:x/% ( ? THE R E F 1 C. Biihop'i ralaoe. K. F. Foi D. Height* above it. <A First 1 S PARTICULARS Z XT B-l [from tuk washinoto on both side* of the Arroyo San Ju an, (the creek of Ran Juan, scarcely knee deep at the city at this season, a streamlet of the river, which run* into the Rio Grande at Camargo.) The first entrenchment which 'Worth's division storms, is on the other side of the creek. When that woik is gained, the storming party rushes down, and ascends and storms the other hill on tne same side of the creek. That second and stronger work is carried, and within five minutes its artillery Is turned upon the Bishop's Talace. This is built on a height on the same side with the city, but the palace was never finished, and its walls were now used as a part of the defences of the city. Our troops then storm this hill, carry its works, and turnita guns upon the cemetery on the same side of the town. Theieis another hill, and a more commanding position near the heights of the Bishop's Falace, but the Mexicans neglected to avail themselves of its advantages and to take it in the liae of their fortifications. The cemetery below was. however, fortified, and embrasures made in its walls, but the guns from the palace played Worth, too, i* a Massachusetts man, and vgi horn at Martha'* Vineyard A braver or better officer is not enrolled on the lilt of the army.?Bo it on Put. Mr. R. M Taylor, aaid to he a near relative of old " Rough and Ready,'' passed this city, last evening, on the steamer Sunbeam* with despatches for the division of the army under Gen. Taj lor. Lieut Conk, of the navy and Dr. Morby, surgeon of the ship-of the line North Carolina, ware in company, bound, we understand, for the Gulf squadron.? Maytville Eagle, Oct. 8. THK AMKRICAN ARMY. A correspondent of the Cincinnati Chronicle, who was with General Taylor at Camargo, gives quite on interesting account of the state of the army in the United States in Mexico He estimates the invading army immediately under General Taylor, or the army ol Monterey, to amount to 6d l0 men, half regulars and half volunteers, thus : ai'Ti.r.a's uivmov. 1st Keg. Ghio Volunteers -Col.Mitchell $ Manner's 640 1st do Kentucky do?Ormshy / brigade 640 1st Reg. Tenn. troops?Col. Campbell I n 640 Mississippi Volunteers?Col. Davisd <| * 090 Bsltimore Battalion?Watson?2710 f ?r,Sane 400 ffltlTH'l Division. Col. P. Smith's regiment regular troops 600 Parts of 6th and other infantry regti. and dragoons 1080 nsimnanl*. Vf-II l/n-h * mr.,1 I li 11 , .1 ? >. Rangers 100 Whole number Worth's In advance?1700. twiou'i Diviaion. Texai mounted men?Colonel Hay's 500 May's Dragoons?4 companies . . M0 Ridgeley and Duncan's flying artillery 100 Webster's artillery (18 and a 10 inch mortar) 00 Parts of several infantry regiments and of artillery armed as iafantry?2230 1330 Total 6640 There are at Camargo, he says, 2100 men, at Matamoras 1000, between Matamoras and the month of the Bravo 4550, at Point Isabel 130, at Camargo 700 sick and inefficient, at Matamoras iu hospital 700, troops of all sorts from Camargo to Brassos, under Major General Patterson. and Brigadiers Marshall, Pillow, Lane and Shields, 9170, making, with the army of Monterey, 15,810. General Wool has under his command, to advance on Chihuahua, 4,000. General Kearney has at Santa Ke 3700. The whole of the United States armies against Mexico, 23.510 The writer adds : Besides these, there is the California regiment, and the new regiment of mounted riflemen, intended for the war in the West. There are now in the United States Irmv, 26 regiments of volunteers, 8 of infantry, 4 of artillery, and 1 of mounted riflemen, besides the 2 regiments of dragoons ? making in all 41 regiments of all arms. If to this be added the men employed in the Quarter Master's, Commissary's and Knglneer's departments, there will bo shown a force of 30,000 men now in and at tached to the army of the United States. The above account is up to the 6th September. It was understood that if there was to be any fighting, General Wnrlk was tn huv* u hut lis uranturl nt tha war att/l h s diviiioD ha* probably been increased. The Kentucky mounted man had gone to Lavacca, in Texas, near the Gulf, for waut of transportation. The Arkansas mounted men were without arms, at San Antonio, where there weae some 3,000 men, unable to more, for want of stores and transpoitation. Colonel Harney had advanced towards the Bravo with about 600 men, and report said he had been ordered under arrestGen. Wool was at San Antonio. Circuit Court. Before Judge Kdmonds. Oct. 16?JotrpK Blackwood vi. Oco Hastings?This was an action for libel ami slander The plaintiff is a merchant carrying on business in Philadelphia, and the defendant is a merchant residing in this city. Krom the statement of plaintiff's counsel, it appeared that in 184*2 the defendant's brother, John Hastings, was employed by the plaintiff as a clerk, or assistant, in Philadelphia. Some difficulty occurred between them, and Hastings was about to leave, and establish himself in the same line ef business. At this time defendant wrote a letter to a Ciraon namaa Lapaiy, residing in Philadelphia, to which paly wrote an anawer, containing the >lander upon whieh thia action waa founded, to wit: that Blackwood had loat bis property, hia character and hia credit Defondant communicated thia atatement to othera, and added to it, on hia own authority, that a very reaponaible houae in thia city, with all their credit, could not prop him up. The defence waa three-fold. First, that the communicationa were privileged, having been made in good faith to Wilmerden k Austin, and to Thompson k Co , in anawer to enquiries made by theae parties aa to the circomatancea of the plaintifl". Secondly, that plaintilf waa not io good credit at the tiaae; and thirdly, that he auatained no injury. Judge tdmonda left it to the jury to any. on the whole ol the evidence, whether the communicationa were privileged or not If they believed they were, and that plaintiff' made them in good faith, then he was not liable; if, on the other hand, thay ware made from malice and with a view to Injure the credit of the pltiniifl. then they ought to render e verdict for him. Sealed verdict thia morning. For plaintiff, Mr. Theodora Sedge wick; for dafandaat, Meeere Porter and 0< Judata RK I INING, OCTOBER 17, 18 ING OF MONT] OPERATIONS. V iItiiijiu'iJ/'Jlifl^ -- ^ ! iL - , BMMp | %/fl Piwm 555 wmfwmm ? i... % ' - i ; E?4H?* i i V ; a ; r n I r e ?( " 1 '.f,.vH ??? l??? ERENCBI. rt* oppoiite (id* of the River. K. Third Fo fort. H. Second Fort. L. Main Pli HIBF or TIB IT01MI1 N UNION, OCTOBER 14.] upon it, and the Mexican* ware likewhe driven from thl? position. Our troope had advanced in two direction! into the city?Worth'* divition on one (ide, and (ion. Taylor on the other. One mortar waa finally planted in the cemetery, after it we* taken by General Worth, to play on the Plaxa,to which moat oi the Mexican treop* appear to have retired. A gun, too, had been moved by our troop* into the second atory of a hou*e, and preparation* were making to pierce the wall, for an embraiure to fire upon the Plaza. It would appear, from the detail* which have been received that Gen. Ampudia had ultimately three entrenckaaoMkleft?the Plaza, and three fort* on the back ef thetj^ptnd the citadel marked on the map, which wa* net completed, but (till the strongest point of the whole?rot built upon very elevated ground, but it* gun* were well eerved. and (weeping a considerable distance *11 around it Wo do not undertake, however, accurately to define tho poeition of the troops, or the state of the defence*, at tho different period* or the three day*. The official and private letter*, with the aid Additional Particulars of the dale. The Providence Journal *ay?, the gale which commenced lait Tuesday continued till about midnight The tide wa* iortunately on the ebb when th> wind wo* ni us noigm. nome uamare was (lone 10 wnarves, uai nothing serious. Some cnimneys were blown down, and large trees were uprooted in various parts of the city. We have not heard of any serious damage in this vicinity. Our correspondents in Newport, Warren and Fall River report no damage to vessels. The sea was very high outside yesterday, and was breaking thirty feet over Brenton's Reef. It will be seen by an article from the Boston Journal, that the gale was very violent in that city and vicinity. We fear that we shall have to record many marine disasters. The ship news of the same paper, adds " Ship Rhode Island,Py ing at Fox Foint wharf, parted her moorings and swung round against brig Havre, carrying away the R l.'s rail, and chafing her bends very badly*damage to the Havre trifling. Hchr. Dispatch, of North Kingstown, lying at the New Iron Kngland ( o.'i wharf, loading railroad iron for Bridgeport, was badly damaged, being cut down helow the bends, on the larboard side. Some other trifling damage was sustained by other vessels lying at the wharves. A fore and aft schooner in ballast, (supposed the Sarah I.ouisa, Miller, hence of and for New London) dragged her anchors and went asherp pearly high and dry on Bollock's Point. At Bristol, ship Corinthian dragged her anchors and drove ashore on the flats. In Warren, Newport, and Fall River, we bear of no damage to the shipping." The Xewturyport Herald of the 14th, says that the Kale of the 19th ult is reported by the fishermen who ave arrived, as having been.the most severe they have ever experienced on the Orand Banks. Most or them have suffered more or less damage, and several have been fallen in with wrecked, and itis supposed the crews have perished. The schr. Minerva, or Marblehead, has already been reported. Two dead men were found in her cabin, and the others wore probably lost. The wreck of the schr. Zelia, of Marblehead, has since been fallen in with, and also the wreck of a fine Kingston schooner, the May Bee, bottom up. Schooner Chancellor, lying at the dock at Hoboken, was sunk, and schooner Old Hickory dragged her anchor and ran ashora at Hoboken?total loss. i ne scnooner tranquil, at Boston irom coin nprings, lost jib and stern boat, off Race Point, on the night of the ltth. Bark Prospect, at Boston from Sagua la Grande, on the 37th iilt., lat. 33, leng. 77, lost maintop-gallant mast and monkey rail. On the night of the 13ui inst, in the bay, stove several casks of molasse s, and had fore and maintop masts blown away. Scbr. Gazelle, of Boston, at Hyannis, from the South, with potatoes for do. The G. lost an anchor daring the gale of Tuesday night last: and schooner Resolve, Beard, parted chains and drove ashore The R. will get off after discharging cargo, with but little damage. Also, sloop Robinson, tor Norwich. At New Harbor the schooner Banner, Lewis, one of the Albany snd Boston packets, drove ashore during the late gale, and now lies high and dry upon the beach i will have to discharge her cargo before getting off. A violent gale was experienced at Kdgartownon the night of the 13th, from 8. to S E injuring Coffin fc Osborn's wharf considerably. A sailboat broke from her moorings, drove against a pier and sunk , with some other trifling injuries in the place. Schooner Fredonia, at Portsmouth, in the 8 E. gale on the 13th, at 10 P. M , struck adrift with both anchors ahead, in Pepper Cove ; cut away both masts, brought up, and rodeont the gale without further damage. At the same time and place, Ashing schooner Augusta Jane, Ryan, of Belfast, pauled one chain, struck adrift, cutaway foramast, brought up and rode out the gale. Kishing schooners Forreet, of Newbury t Mary, and Piragon, of Portaasouth, drifted en shore at the same time. The Forrest got off'with loss of rodder. The Paragon and Mary remain ashore, but slightly damaged up to the present moment. WicMiaoToa, N. C., Oct. 14.?The French bark Havre and Martinique, which cleared hence on the 9th, for Martinique, while lying at anchor at Smithville, during the storm on Tuesday morning, dragged her anchors and struck on a rock, snd, in order to save the vessel, the main snd foremast were cut by the board. At last accounts she was still on tho rock. The brigs Partridge, Franklin, and Samuel N Gott, wbioh are outward bound, and had anchored down the river, redo the gale out Wlinoui damage, ana, no uouui, ?Ui|<, ,u irua;, mi the storm haa entirely abated. From TKC Hocibty Islands.?Accounts from Tahiti early in June, have been received at Valparano. The French had marched out of their entrenchments lince the last previous accounts, but the natives did not at that time attack them. They left their entrenchments a second time and proceeded aouth, when they were attacked by the natives, who killod the French commander and six or tevan men, and weundad about forty. The French ware destroying all the hnts of the nativea, and cutting down ail tba bread-fruit trees. But the natives maintained themselves in the mountains, which were deemed impregnable, the approaches to them being precipitous, and easily defended by hurling dawn rocks upon the heads of the invaders. A great revival of religion haa bean In progress at Nash villa, In the Methodist Church. Home three hunt dred members have been added te that deeomiaatioa. I ERA . 46. 5REY. z=r % ) \ f ' r> a \ 51 : \\ -3.3 1V^ ' u'l <=p\ ] ill r i ?\\ i * ?|B i * ff n T ; : & : * A- c j~, V ? / 1 v?/ uv // V ft?covering the Cedeireta Road, iza. M. Cemetery. Id. of the above diagram, will elucidate the subject much better than any thine which we can say. We understand that, to the eye of the spectator, the view from the Bishop's Palace is commanding and singularly beautiful, embracing the fields near the town, the heights and suburbs around it, the town, situated on lower ground near the river, or creek, and beyond the San Juan, a range of low hills; and beyond them, in the distance, ranges of lofty mountains towering to the skies. Monterey appears to be regularly laid off into streets, some of which had trenches in tnem, tec , to delay our invading army. The houses are generally one stery high, with parapets in front, thus making a partial fortification from the roofs?the population estimated at about 10,000. Most of the citizens, particularly the women, had retirod before our army approached. The suburbs are well oultivated, and onthe side which Worth's divivision approached, General Arista's palace appeared, striking in its appearance, and ornamented with flowers and orange trees. i. >., r* ?. ^ , ?? A ' \ .. Tub MtntDEk am> Sure id*'Ml naMU) .?The shocking tragedy of Wednesday, wfcich cast a gloom over the city of Hartford, was mors awfnl than anything of the kind thet has occurred bore during the present generation at laast Two young men in the prime of life and full health, were sent into eternity in the same moment, for e minute did not elapse between the firet and last discharge of the pistol that killed both of them. ItaoDears that the long standing account that existed between them, could not be adjuited to the satisfection of both. It had been in litigation, and for two hours they had boon together in the room, and the paperi and memorandum* that were found upon the table, with figure* and itama written out, showed that they had been at work to get at the facts, so a* to come to a final settlement on the spot Oleott still hold the pen with which he wa* writing, or had Just boon writing, firm in hi* fingers, after he had stopped breathing. The papers lay spread out upon the table. Ilolcomb hold his carpet bag in hi* left hand, ft was locked, and contained powder, caps, the ramrod of the pistol, and sing balls that fitted it. It appeared that he took the pistol from hi* pocket, and immediately fired upon Ofcott, who Ml heavily upon the floor, bruising the right eheek, and then placed the pistol upon hi* right temple and killed himself. The ball that killed Oleott must have been fired from a distance of several feet. It struck him above the left temple, over the left corner of the eye, and about an inch and a half from the top of the head, and tended down, which indicates that lie was sitting. It was a small hole, merely large enough to admit a rifle ball of the size of 130 to the pound, and appeared as if it had been cut out with a cutting punch. Tne ball did not go through his bead. The wound in Holcomb's head wai altogether different It was large enough to have admitted the entire muzzle of the six barrelled pistol, which measured an inch and a quarter in diameter. The skin wa* shrivelled, and the right temple was mangled from the close proximity of the pistol when it was discharged Undoubtedly the pistol was pressed against his temple when he discharged it It was all the work of an instant. It does not appear from the position of the parties, as they were found, that they were in an altercation at the time of the murder, though angry words may have passed between them during their meeting in the room. On other occasions, when they met in company with others, and alluded to their affairs, harsh words had passed between them. Mr. Holcomb, who was? a widower, and had a child about four years of age. was duly published, according to the laws of Massachusetts, two weeks ago last Sabbath, and was to have bean married on Thursday, the day after the deeds that sent himself and another so suddenly into eternity. He had made arrangement* to leave for Westfield that afternoon?to be married the next morning .and then leave immediately for 8L Louis. What a sod "bridal day" for the lady ! Instead of a husband, the corpse, mangled and disfigured by bis own hand, is brought home on the very day appointed for his wedding!? Strang* result ol ]>as*ion, and a warning to all not to carry deadly weapon* about their person*. Mr. Oleott was 39 years of age, and lome Ave or six jreara older than Mr Holcomb. When about 20 he engaged in the clock buaineia, and apeut moat of hia time tor about 13 years at the Mouth. He took Mr. Holcomb when be wea quite young and furniehed him with buaineaa, and gave him a atart at the South. Since that time their tranaectlona have been extensive, and till recently they repoaed much confidence in each other. It ia evident that Olco't > x arded llelcomb with much favor, in their earlier :t?? n ctiona eapecially, and looked upon him aa a emart, ahiowd, buaineaa young man?and Holcomb relied upon Oloott for aaaiatance and advice. The end of all thia has been truly lamentable. The friends of both have bean plunged into the deepeat sorrow,and euroly they have the aympathiea of the public. The funeral of Mr. Olcett will take place to morrow. There will be service at hia late reaidence, No 6 Pratt atreet, at 10 o'clock. Hia remains will then be removed to the KpiscopalfChurch.tin Scotland society, now in the town of Bloomfleid, formerly a part of TarilTville, where there will be services at 2 o'clock, P. M.? Hartford Timet, Oct. 10. Vat vie tie*. A Manchester, N. H , correspondent of the Baiton Star, writee that a beautiful girl from baco, Mo., an ope rative in one of the railli, poiaoned hertelfon the nighi ol thellthiuat. She had been aeduced, under promlaa of marriage, by a merchant, who haa left the town. The Bangor Whig of the 14th inet aaya " On Wed. neaday laata lot of amuggled gooda were aei/ed by our Collector, from a man named Muraen. On Thuraday night the gooda were atolen from the atorc where mir Collector had placed them, and to make a finiah of the buaineea, about a dozen men blarked themaelvea and went to the reeidence of the informer, Daniel W. Jamee, about U o'clock, P. M , with the intention of giring him a ride on a rail. Jameahad warning of their approach, and armed hhnaalf with a gun, and when the Mrtrodera buret open the door of hie houae, he diecharged ita contenta among them, and made hia eaoape through abaca window. Aa Jamea did not return, hia wife, m ing about the premiaea.for him, diecoTered'deadjna by the aide of the fence The coroner held an inguaat on the body, and found that the cententa of the muaket had taken effect in theibodyt of dl^" ^0 heart Blood waa traced from the body to the aaaociatea of thia unfortunate man hare not been dieco^ ared. The name of the murdered man waa Jeeepb Ifitmn " LD Superior Court. Before Judge Oakley. Oct. 16.?Cntelanoii vt McKmley ?This case ?u fiven to the jury yeiterday morning, and after about wo hours deliberation they rendered a verdict far the plaintiff for $1,601. Henry Culkt.U vt. Jo An Br over ? Thia waj an action i to recover five penaltie* of $300 each, under the first I aection, title 4, chap. 18 of the reviaed atatutea. The 1 following ia the section " The book or booka of any i incorporated company in this State in which transfers of stocks in any such company shall be regietared in books containing the names ef the stockholders i in any such company, shall, at all reasonable times during the usual hours of transacting business, be open to the examination of every stockholder of such company for 30 days previous to any election of directors; and ?T any officer having charge of such books shall, upon demand of any stockholder as aforesaid, refuse er neglect to exhibit such books, or subject them to an examination as aforesaid, ho shall, for every such offence,forfeit the sum of $'1A0, with costs of suit." The plaintiff is a stockholder of the East River Insurance l ompany, and the defendant is President. In May last an election was to take place for directors, pursuant to the by-laws of the company, and in April previous Mr. A. 6t Mr. If. Cotheal, the plaintiff's sons, called Ave different timet to examine the book* in which stockholder*' name* were entered, and to take lilts or transcripts of the books. The books were shown to them upon each occasion, and they were allowed to examine tnom, but when they peoceeded to take the lists they were stopped by the defendant and.tfae books closed. The facts were all admitted) the defence was therefore altogether technical and resolved itself into two questions of law, to wit First, does the section of the statute above quoted authorise the stockholders to any more than a mere perusal and examination of the books, and.not to take lists or transcripts; and secondly, that only one penalty could be recovered. The defendant's counsel insisted that the Legislature only intended that the stockholders should have but a mere naked right to inspect the books ; that if they intended the stockholders should have liberty to make copies or transcripts, they would have riven it in terns ; moreover, if the construction contended for by the plaintiff's counsel were given to the act,it would be preductive of great incon venience to the officers of the bank, as every stockholder might come every dsy during the thirty days Cvious to the election, and occupy every clerk in the ik, which would put a complete stop to the business transactions of the establishment. He further contended, the statute being a penal one, it should be strictly construed. In regard to the other question, he contended that the recent decisions had settled the law on that point; that if there were fifty refusals to the same person, ha could only recover one penalty. Upon the first proposition, the Judge charged that in his opinion the view with which the Legislature passed the act, was to guard the stockholders against fraud, that they might have an opportunity of knowing who the stockholders were, and if they became dissatisfied with ' the directors, that they might form a party for election purposes and turn them out; and there was no doubt, ha said, on his mind that the Legislature not only intended Kaw elta?U kowa tiluiptv tft inflTMIftt thffi h<Mftkfl. btlf tO make memoranda alio ; aa to the second proposition, be charred the jury, that, in hii opinion, only one penalty could be recovered. The Jury, in accordance with the Judge'* charge, found a verdict for the plaintiff for $300. For plaintiff, Mr. A. Thompaon ; for defendant, Messrs. Wood tc Goodman Before Judge Vanderpoel. Morrtll va. Wood.?In thia cauae the Jury rendered a verdict for $1600. V. I. District Court* Before Judge Betta. Oct. 16.?The schooner Jinn It- vs Ike steamer Sandusky.?Collision ?The libel in thia cauae was died to recover damages for a collieion. It appeared the aohooner was lying at anchor at the foot of 18th street, but had no anchor watch, and was run into by the steamer and considerably damaged. The Court decided that inasmuch as the schooner had no anchor watch out at the time, her owners cannot recover; but as the case was an eatraordinsry one, Judge Batts said he would^give no coat*..Libel dismissed, without costs. Common Plena. R*fnr* JllflffB DaIv. Oct. 10.?McCarthy vi. Oulich.?Sealed verdict this moraine. Before Judge Ingreham O'Connor vt. Buck ?In the report of thisoause, which appeared in the Herald of Thuraday, it ahould hare been atated that Mr Buck was limply lued ai the aurety for the rant of the atore occupied by Char lea Stearna, and that he had no connexion with any other transaction* between O'Connor and Stearna. Court of General Sessions. Before Recorder Scott and Aid. Compton and Walsh. John McKeon, Esq., District Attorney. Oct. in ?Trial for Burglary ?A young man named Henry Wilson, aliaa Hedger, alias Wiley, waa placed at the bar thin morning for trial, on a charge of burglary in the third degree, in having on the night of the 7tn of September last broken iuto the atore of Mr. Sampeon | Hattield, No. 104 Broadway, an., atolen therefrom sundry pieces of cloth, caasimeres, veatings, articles of clothing, kc., estimated to be worth about $400. The accused was found guilty, and sentenced by the Court to be imprisoned in the State prison tor the term ol three years. Sentence in the Cate of Davit, altao Collari ?James Davis, aliaa Dick Collard, convicted on Thursday last of being concerned in robbing the barge Clinton, waa then Claced at the bar far sentence. Ongoing asked whether e had any thing to say why judgment of the oonrt should not be passed upon him, he reada brief statement, which he had prepared in relation to the Bonk of England bills found in his possession, setting forth the description of money which he had given to Parkinson, where withj to purchase in the bills on the Bank of Eng land alluded to; and that it was known to the counsel for the prosecution that it was not Poughkeepsie money, as intimated by them, but principally bills on the Bank of Danbury, and the balance in sovereigns, which fact waa S""" nn tha, trial of Honovman. The Court, after a few remark* relative to the able manner in which he had been defended on hii trial, and the nature of the offence of which he had been found guilty, lentenced him to be impriioned in thn|8tate prifon for the term of eight year*; whereupon, Datis appealed to the court to take into consideration the lact, that he was now upward* of 64 year* old, and had already keen incarcerated in the city prison for about M month*, for hi* alleged participation in the robbery. The appeal of Davis to the court, tailed to have the desired effect, and he was conducted back to hi* old quarters prior to being removed to 8Log Sing. The court then adjourned until to-morrow morning. Movement* off Travellere. The pressure of interesting and voluminous matter in . ?i yesterday's Htrali, precluded, with many other incident! of local importance, th > publication of the arrivals of Thursday at the respective Hotels. We tarnish the catalogue today, adding aa many of yesterdays travellers a^ our limits will permit: Amebicim.- W. Temploton, U. 8. navy;Kd. Selabury, New Hampshire: A. Humphreys, 8. Ready, U. 8. A; S. Ridgeley, Maryland; O. Baker, Col. Crane, R. Luther, U. 8. A; A. Codman, Hyde Park; 8 Bohran, U.S. Navy; E. English, Philadelphia', M. Preble, Portland; H. Smith, Virginia; J Hopkinson, T. George, Philadelphia; W. Caltender, U. 8. A; T. Coffin, Charleston: C. Smith, J. Story, Philadelphia; D. McConcles, U. S. Navy; J. Gore, U. 8. Army: K. Williams, United 8tates Army; H. Darhentell, United States Navy; O.Day, Apalachicola; Or. Hayea, 3d U. 8. Artillery; J. Oonnelli, North Carolina; J. Day, Florida. Asroa ? Geo. Lawton, Peansylvania; J. Taber, Now Bediord; W Bostwicke, New Haven; J. Morgan. Hart ford; W. Samson, Buffalo; J. Walker, Talmyra: J. Sleight, Fishkili; W. Putnam, Koxhury, N. Hitchcock, .Mobile; General Talmadgo, Dutchess co; Captain Thistle, Wash ington; Gov. Browne, Pennsylvania; J. Egglehart, Con?.,?. ?i Maryland: s. Harris. Pennsylvania: I MCUCUiju. , ? I A. Beckwith, Georgia. E. Wright, Philadelphia; M. Tiffany, Baltimore; M. Damer, Virginia; M. Shaner, Boston, C. lvea, I.anamburgh; J. Kertli, New Orleans: J. 8er! geant, Mississippi; J. Lowlier, Batavia; 8. Gale, Chioe1 go; Edward Hale, Boaton; E. Riddle, do; L. Hopkins, V aaaaehuaetU. CiTr.?Captain Palmer, ship ; Jacob Wandell, Portsmonth; N Bedford, Virginia; J. Harris. Now London; Captain Barnum, U. 8. A; L. Webster, H. Owen, New Orleans; Mr Weils, New York; H. Campbell Philadelphia; D. Kresh, Boston-. W. Beery, Seneca, Smith Baoitkead, Virginia; 8. Colwell, R. Price, Phila, delphia; Hon. J. C. Watrous, Texas: W. Mai lory, Norfolk; W. Patterson,-A. Catherwood, Philadelphia: MrOreen, Savannah, J. Crea, W. Agnew, H. Corey, Philadelphia; J Forsyth, Florida; H. Lailor, U. 8. N.i W. Reiston. Lima; fc. Seymour, Vermont; N Ewing, Nash- ? I villa; W. Montague, Richmond; O. To wnsend, PhiladeF Shia; J. Baldwin, Virginia:Col. Payne, U. 8. A.; W.Wilis, Norwich; D. Samuel, Phila lelphia. i Faanauw ?N. Cantrice, Evansville; M Krothiagham, I Massachusetts: C. Wake man, W. Patrick, H. Douglass, ' Saratoga; C. Benhani, Kentucky: J. Davis, Mobile; W. Bunab, Bridgport; A. Richless, New Jersey: 8. Evans, Boston; J. Lernon, Troy, A Sanford, Nsw Orleans; M. Arnold, New York; II. Noble, Essex co; A. M. Jones, Orleans; W. Woodworth, Virginia, H. Leitraan, Newburgh; M. Durand, Connecticut; R. Edmonds, New York; 8. Smith. Albany; I Cro.hy Bridgeport; J. TuckI er, Boston; M. Hart, Troy;L Morrison, l. onneotiout; W. ; Arnold, Poughkeepsie; J Jackson, Rochester. Howsan -John V. Howard. D Howard^ Marine TlUa . L. I; M.Blake, Pennsylvhnia; J. Leake Philadelphia; P Russell. Orange co; B Simmes. Washington cRy; F . p^JImoutii: If Milling. Upton; J. Perhan, Massaehueetts; H. (J/lImin, Washington; J. imu, ' Portland J Dunn, Boston. R Bahcock, R. I: F.. Malrett, ' Proridence; W Rice, Albany; O. Oekes, Vermont; L. 1 Relsnd. Michigan, J. Bailey, New Orleana; A. Bien<on. 1 Teaaa; C. Ruaaell, Boaton; U. iilden, New liatrea; M. Hoyt, Vermont; < aptiin Roe, Wilton; 8. Cutter, U. Harris, Philadelphia: J Bradley, Indianapolis; J. Bush, Port' land; I) ('amberry, Pittsburgh; Hon. A. Smith, Bat aria; B. Valien, Portsmouth; A. Leggett, Batavia; O.Newball, Boaton, H. Burn, Albany; M Pollard, Philadelphia; O. Patterson. Philadelphia. _ Jfosoa's.?M. |Knight, New York; J. Buckingham, Norwich; Judge Jones. J. Cudberry, Philadelphia, V. Hale, New Haaren; J Kmith, W. Dorian, New York; J. Oriswold, Htonington; E. Wood, Utice, K. Alder, Stafford; W. Berry man. New London; A. Bull, Hertford; D. Heeler. Philadelphia; 8. Buckingham, Connecticut; J/ Stiliman,Hartiotd; J Caning ton, New Haven; E.' ope, Ohio; J. Taylor, Philadelphia; H Dousman, Wiaconein; 8. Lowry. Iowa; H. Whltaker, Connecticut; N Kellogg, do; Re* F. Clerc, Hartford; Oeorge Lee, BncheiUe; B. Donaldson, Connecticut. The Britannia, from lloeton the Iflth] ultimo, was scan by Captain Boiworth, of the ehin Manchaetet, at Baltimore, on the 'Jtd, in let 47 IB, Ion do 41, etaadtag aaet, with a full head ef steam

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