Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 17, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 17, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD \r? York, "uionlay. October 17, 1844. An Illustrated Vtew OP T ILK STORMING OF MONTEREY, The Union of the 14th instant, published an excellent map of the storming of Monterey, which was drawn by the gallant Captain Eaton, one of the Aids of Oeneral Taylor. Tins we have had copied and engraved by our artiste, and it appears on the outside of the JVeic York Herald of this day, It was copied and engraved for this office in twelve hours. __ _ THE WEEKLY HERALD. Atm MumiDtr TT T TTSTII ATTftlfffl 1 uun luiiMiaui Oar patrons will receive, in this week's Weekly paper, one of the most valuable sheets that wo ever issued, and one that will be an excellent record of the proceedings of the army. It will contain authentic accounts from the seat of war?full particulars of the battle of Monterey and the capitulation of that city?General Taylor's official report of the glorious three days'fighting ?a list of the killed and wounded?full accounts of the presentcotton crop?political and monetary news?and a quantity of miscellaneous intelligence from all parts of the new world. Also the lull report in the case of Hoyt inKichmond, including the intercepted letters. It will likewise contain a map of reference, showing the field of General Taylor's operations, and his course from Point Isabel to Monterey ; 1 -u- J.i .ri.m.i n auu uic obii/ uucuiaio puiuau ui viu ivuugti anu Ready " that has ever been published. It will be ready in wrappers, at 8 o'clock this morning?price sixpenoe. The Steamers. The Great Britain is now in her twenty-fifth day, it she sailed on the 22d ult. The Caledonia will be due at Boston to-day or to-morrow. The speculators are on the look-out for her. She will bring half a month later intelligence. The Britannia will leave Liverpool to-morrow, for Boston. __________ The Condition of Party Polities in this State?Anticipated Fan. As the election approaches, the situation of parties in this State becomes more and more complicated. It will, probably, present more comical features on the whole, than any election that has taken place for a number of years. A portion of the whigs have expressed their determination not to support John Young for Governor. Several of tho whig presses have taken down his name from the head of their columns, and are now denouncing him as being leagued with anti-renusm, and other heterodox theories. It is now uncertain whether this dis affected portion ol the whigs will throw away their votes on Filmore, or vote for Ogden Edwards, the candidate of the natives The democrats, on the other hand, although a good deal of unanimity prevails amongst them, are not altogether harmonious. A portion of them accuse Silas Wright of leaning to abolition doctrines, and they grumble loudly against him in consequence. But this section of the party is not near so formidable in numbers or influence as tho portijn of the whigs opposed to John Young, The natives are greatly elated in view of the unlooked-for success of their party in Philadelphia. The/ are working vigorously to secure the like results in this city, liow far they will bo successful time will show. It is as yet uncertain into which scale the abolitionists will throw the petty weight of their influence. According to present appearances, the democrats seem to connt upon their aid with the best prospects of gaining it; but the abolitionists are slippery, and their aid, at best, is not very desirable. It will do more harm than good to any party. The anti-renters are sure to go lor the whigs? at all events, for the whig candidate for Governor. As parties arc at present mixed up, we may look tor a very exciting time. We, with our accustomed philosophy, wait calmly the course of events, prepared to note down carefully everything that occurs, for the amusement and edification of our readers all over the land. There will be rich scenes during the election, all of which will bo reproduced in our columns for the benefit of the aforesaid readers, in the most graphic and artistic manner. Tne dirty polit'cs of tha demagogues now have full sway. Cotton Reports?Spkcclatino Brokers.?In our remarks in relation to some anonymous letters which have appeared from time to time in the Savannah Republican, wo omitted to state, at tho instance of the gentleman so grossly alluded to, in the letter dated Sept. 23d, that the whole article, in all its material points, and in all its allusions, is totally and wholly false and untrue; j and that the same is a gross and malignant libel. Wr? car* tir*>ll aurara tVint aimli ft RtAtPTTiant [a tin necessary in this city, to those who are conversant with the Cotton trade and the mode of negotiating aeries ; but when those interested in other cities have been imposed upon by false and anonymous statements, it is proper their minds should be disabused. Ocean Steam Navigation.?We learn that William H. Brown, Esq , the tteamboat builder, will launch on Tuesday morning next, a splendid new steamer, to be called the New Orleans. This steam ship is owned by Charles Morgan, Esq , an enterprising steamboat proprietor; she is to run between New Orleans and Galveston, as a regular mail packet. The New Orleans is two hundred and twenty feet on deck, thirty-two feet beam, and thirteen feet in depth. Her burthen is about nine hundred tons. We understand that she is t<s be fitted with a beam engine, with a cylinder lilty-four inches in diameter, and eleven feet stroke. The steam power is about three hundred and fifty horse. The engine is built "heavy," for seagoing purposes, and is equal to any in use. This fine vessel is built in the best manner, and can now be seen on the itocks, at the ship yard at the foet of Twelfth street, on the East Hirer. The Honored Dear.?The fears ol the Albany ApJnm that tli? 41 (luntAin Mom ft." whnif> nam t" to on the list of killed at the taking of Monterey, was Captain Lewis N. Morris, of the city of Albany, have been confirmed. The Union gives the following information:? " We have inquired at the Adjutant Uensral'a officii, and there cannot exist a doubt about its being Cap am Lewis N Morris, a citizen of Albany. The sirmy Re;nier ktates him to be from New York, appointed from tne Military Academy as necond Lieutenant C artillery, on the 1st July. 1?and made captain m the 3d regiment ol iniantry on thu 31st October, 1933. He was a gallant officer, whoie memory will be embalmed in the gratitude of his counti v." Elections. Ohio -The .JMiny Soouing Journal has the follow ag telegraphic returns from Ohio : ? Whig majority in Cuyahoga Co., 004, and four? towns to he heard from, which will increaaa the majority to 700. Tha vote la very small. tVnig majority large in proportion to the vote Cleveland, whig majority 97 "IV0"1" IU Lake Co.. Bebb (W) 337 majority, which is dning well naJhh<>teTil?.W"*^'in Ye,,i,u Co 4(1 majority for HA h ?"? Liverpool oll'set each other, . ithich is better than usual for the whig* Co^'a'/andTh'.VZlVr rMun" the .lection for ?.?W # i hr Legislature, which waa held on the ftth net The vote lor congreM f?, M ?C iT,d> ? *? *7 Augustine'. . .. C*Vs:' (Whi? 5 , I.son County hom?j 'Jediden oO " " - lie umj Iball w? Adopt tha If ew Conatltatlon I On the taoond Tuesday of November nut, the people of this State will be again called upon to exercise the right of suffrage, and deposit their ! ballots for the election of their public servants to represent them in the Halls ol Congress and in I their State Legislature. 1 The ensuing election differs, however, immensely from any preceding one, inasmuch as in addition to electing their representatives and servants, our citizens have to adopt or reject a new Constitution?a new organic law?which had been framed for them by their delegates in Convention, in lieu of the old one, which was inadequate to our wants. But it is not in this respect alone that the next election will be ot such great consequence?these measures concern only the State of New York, and will have little or no influence in any other ; but our citizens will be called upon to decide by their votes, the question of " abolition," in.which decision every State and Territory in the confederacy is interested. This is a hat makes the next election so much i more important than any previous one. We ; therefore hope that every voter will ponder on ' this question well, before he deposits&his ballot in | j favor of placing beings whom the God of nature has marked with characteristics of inferiority, 1 which the cataract of Niagara could not erase, on a political equality with themselves. This question has been long and angrily die- ! cussed in various parts of the country; and the i one idea visionaries who have made it their hob- I , by, would trample on all the rights and privileges of their fellow-men, and envelope these Uni- I ( ted States with civil war and bloodshed, if they could but succeed in their pretended philanthropic ' designs, setting aside the instincts of our nature? ; the usages of society?the feelings of their fellow oitizens, and disregarding the value ol our free in- ! stitutions. These fanatics and enemies of their country, would force us to associate, intermarry I with, put on an equality with ourselves a race entirely different from our own All this they would do, under the pretext i of philanthrophy. It is now for the first time since the question was first agitated, directly put to the decision of the people of the State of New York; and the returns of the next election will prove whether the colored race are to be placed on an equality with ourselves?whether they are to be made eligible to a seat on the bench, or the office of Governor,'and thus bring about a social revolution that would carry disaster and ruin in its train, and end in anarchy. We trust there is common sense enough left in the country to de cido this question rightly; and we hope and trust ; that no single vote will be deposited without the voter well weighing the probable consequences of i it. The people of the South, and in fact of the whole country, have their eyes on New York, and no election that we have ever had, wdl be watched with so intense anxiety. Our brethren in the South will see by our decision, when in their denunciations of the fanatics, who have done their utmost to create revolt and civil war among them, and incite the servant to murder his master, they placed the whole North in the same category with the abolitionists, that they have done us great injury. They wtll And that the Empire State, at all events, takes no active part in this mock philanthrophy, and that they are content ! to let their Southern brethren manage their domestic affairs as to them seems best. The abolitionists and the abolition journals havo taken the field with a determination to do their utmost, and carry the day, if possible. Pamphlets aud essays on th? evils of slavery?the equal- ' ity of the colored people with the whites?tilled with the grossest falsehoods and misrepresentations are being, published, and will be sent in all directions belore the election, inundating every town, village and hamlet, in the State. We caution the people against them, and assure them that no confidence can be placed in the state- I ments they contain. They are the offspring of the fanciful imaginations of the abolition politicians, and for one grain of truth in them thereare 1 ten thousand of falsehood. Every other subter- i fuge will be used to carry the question of negro j suffrage, for it will be at the November election : that the question will be lorever decided and set- ' tied. If they fail then, they fail forover, and the negro will remain in the station that nature designed him to occupy, and our Southern brethren will be satisfied of our good faith. Nkw Ship New World.?The brig Niger, Capt. | Tlabson, at Boston, from Rio Janeiro, spoke the j New World, on Tuesday last, at 12 M., off South | Sili/-veil umet Kir 1 MMvwt vjj uvi?u iui i j iitiico, oiccnng wcbi | south west. musical. Strom's CoifcssT Last Evanino.?Camillo Sivori had another graad oration last evening. Tho Tabernacle re. I sounded to the plaudits of a very numerous, brilliant and delighted audience, from eight o'clock till half-past ten The enthusiasm was boundless, and, indeed, we know not how it can be otherwise whenever he plays. We , have never heard Paganini, but we cannot conceive how any sounds more grand or beautiful can be evolved from 1 any instrument, than those that were showered from ; Sivori's magic bow last evening. It is not alene his tone, i | (which is indescribably beautiful,) that gains a mastery ' over the feelings of his audience, but the general effect , is wonderful, grand and imposing. In fine, Sivori's play- i log defies criticism, and we can only tell of its power over the audience, and of the feelings it excited in ourselves. The concert commenced with the grand overture from " Semiramide," executed in fine style by the orchestra, under the direction of Signor Rapetii. An aria from the oneraof "Lucia." was varv tastat'ullr ??n? lit Up p. t I Mayer, although the gentleman was not in a* good ' voice . aa when he sang his last song. Then followed a grand fantaitic concerto, (in B minor,) composed i by Paganini, and executed by Sivori. Tho appearance of the great artist was hailed with tremendous applause, which was continued at every pause in the first piece, and at its close was actually deafening. After retiring from the platform, the artist was obliged again to make his appearance to re. ceive the loud plaudits which arose simultaneously from all parts of the house. " Some love one day, some another," an aria from " Der Kreyschutz,"' was very prettily *ung by Miss Moss. This closed the first part of the performance. A grand overture by Auber opened the second part, alter which Mr. Mayer sung " Kin Schutz Bin Ich," a romance fiom one of Kreutzer's operas, in very I beautiful Htyle. The rondo " 11 Cam panel lo" wai then executed by Sivori. This fine composition of the great mattlro is one of thp performances which depends in no small measure on the aid of the orchestra. One or two of the performers did not appear to be quite conveisant with their parts, and it did not go oil so well as it might Notwithstanding this difficulty, Sivori got through his part in such a masterly manner that he was enthusiastically encored, and returning to the platform, he played the latter portion of the piece. But the gem of the eve. mng was his variations on the air " Nel Car," a violin solo, composed by raganini. This piece brought out ell i his powers. It abounds with the most complicated | mechanical difficulties, all of which the great art; ist overcame with an ease and quiet grace which was calculated even more than his skill and dexterity to enchain the admiration of his audience. We | have never seen an assemblage wrought up to such a ; pitch of enthusiasm, as during this performance. The ; piece is full of those captivating eccentricities in which | raganini delighted The orchestra were loudest in their epplause of Sivori's masterly execution of this piece I and indeed from the most critical judge of music, to the { most profoundly ignorant of its mysteries, all were equally delighted. The artist retired amid a perfect i storm of applause, and the concert was over. We are in I oapeote 01 uoniR juauce 10 me tumultuous fur or' ex, citad by Signor Sivori at thu concert. Hit neat concert ' takes place on Monday evening, when be will perform three pieces - the first part of a grand concerto, (in ? I flat) the " Prayer of Moaea." and a fantaaia on an Ameri can air, (violin solo ) lie will be assisted on the occasion by Miae Most, Mr Mayer, and Signora Pico. The orchestra will be under the direction of Algnor Rapetti Catholic Cho*ch at Canajidaiopa.?A new < atholic church has recently been erected in Canandai gua, upon a beautiful site, and ia now nearly finished.-i RecArsIer .jd?. 1.' The Pennsylvania tlMtton. The further returns from this Stale evince a great gain sinee the elections of 1844, for the whig party. In the House of Assembly, composed of 100 members, the result is? Vai*.'646 Dim. Dtm. 41 SI S3 68 leaving 26 to be heard from, of which 9 probably are whig*, 10 democrats and 7 doubtful. The whigs thus lar have gained 12 members. In the Senate, the whigs have elected 16, democrats 14, and natives 1, leaving two districts to be ! heard from, both doubtful. This shows a whig gain of two. The Congressional returns show the following , result:? 1846. Diltrictt. IPAi*. Democrat. 34. 'Joseph R. J agersoll. 3d. Charles Brown, gain. 4th. *0. J. Ingersoll. 5th. John Friedlsy.jfain. nth I W Hnrnhsrk vain. 7th. *A. R. Mellvaine. 8th. 'John Strohm. 9th. William Strong. 10th. "Rich'd. Broedhead, Jr 11th. Chetter Butler, *?in. 13th. "Jamea Pollock. 14th. George N. Eckart. 13th. Henry Net, gain. 18th. JatperE Brady, gain. 17th. *Jonn Blanchard. 18th. Andrew Stewart. 19th. Job Mann SOth. John Dicky. '31 at. Motet Hampton. 29d. J. W. Farrefly, gain. 23d. Jamet Thompson Native American. lit. "Lewie C. Levin. * Membera of preient Congreaa re-elected. In the 12th district, the contest between White (tariff dem.) and Wilmot (anti-tariff) is very doubtful.' In the 22d, Farrelly's election is reported, though not certain; and from the 24th no returns have been received. T_ .U_ I-., r* Dmnmliniili nra> XII IUO IU91 WUIl^ I C3C, A OUIIOJlfUlilW Vf (H ICjJIOsented by 12 democrats, 10 wbigs, and 2 natives. This year by 15 whigs, 6 democrats, 1 native, 2 doubtful. The vote for Canal Commissioners is as follows in the counties heard from :? 1*46. 1844. Counties. Power, WKig. Potter, Dtm. Whig. Dent. Adams 630 ? ? 637 Alleghany 3400 ? 3330 ? Bedford ? 400 170 ? Blair 336 ? new county. Berks _ 850 ? 4476 Bucks 460 ? ? 303 Cambria ? 300 ? 160 Centre ? 133 ? 698 Chester 610 ? ? 664 Clinton loo ? ? 116 Cumberland 130 ? ? 37 Columbia ? 360 ? 1606 Delaware 390 ? 676 ? Dauphin 476 ? 861 ? Kayette 300 ? ? 463 Franklin 600 ? 660 ? Huntingdon 660 ? 1393 ? Juniata ? 40 ? 103 Lancaster 1900 ? 3940 ? Luzerne 450 ? ? 1083 Lycoming 300 ? ? 666 Lebanon 410 ? 630 ? Lehigh 100 ? ? 337 Mifflin 130 ? ? 70 Montgomery.... ? 100 ? 1063 Northumberland.. 600 ? ? 886 i VftrfKamntmi .7 lAi i t Perry ? 80 ? 930 Philadelphia ? 3300 4388 ? Schuylkill 300 ? ? 937 Union 760 ? 944 ? Westmoreland... ? 700 ? 3936 York 10O ? ? 889 Total 13,630 6982 16,691 19,829 6983 16,691 Whiff maj .... 6638 Dem. maj. 4,138 Whig gain since the Gubernatorial election of 1SH, 10,776. The democratic majority in the State that year was 4,397?so that if all the remaining counties give the same vote as then, Power will be elected by about 6,000 majority. Theatricals. Pars Theatric.?The engagement of Mr. and Mrs. If mora loaf avanina If? Vaaa ????i ?"? wweaees^, VfilCU flllWt aCBU IDtOITOd | very flattering token of the eitimation in which aha , and her diatinguiahed huaband are held in thia com- | mnnity?in the ahape of a good benefit and a very crowded houae?one of the largest of the aeaaon. The I new play of the "Wife'a Secret,'"which waa received with I acclamation every night it waa produced, waa repeated, and the comedy of the " Kolliea of a Night," teamed the | after piece. The audience appeared to be entntaaiham i the rieing of the curtain to tta fell in the lest eaene fif the < "Wife'a Secret" end many lediee we obaorvad ehcdding team. Rarely haa there been a play ee admirably adapted to display the talent of a great performer, and at the I aame time ao intensely interesting aa ia the w Wife'a Secret." It abounds with scenes the most pathetic and im- I passioned, which in the hands ef these great artists are I carried out with a trnthfulnaaa seldom witness- ! ed on the stage. The Keana, we believe, are about j to procaed to Boston to fulfil an engagement, and purnose, we also believe, to appear in this great play .which has received the undivided approbation of every person ; that haa seen it The bill thia evening ia the five aot comedy of the "Poor Gentleman" and tha drama of the " Cricket on the Hearth." On Monday, Mr. Anderson will make hie SrA appearance on these boards for two years. Bowanv Thsatse.?Mr. A. Addams takes a benefit i at thia theatre to-night, when he will appear aa "KiDg Lear," and "Carwin." He haa redeemed his character, and never played better than he haa done in "Virginius" , and "Othello," the audience testifying'their approbation in loud cheers. Hia benefit to night, will, no doubt, be well attended On Monday the new drama from E. Matu parations have been made on a icale of magnificence which will aurpan even the former doing* at tne Bowery theatre, *o often chronicled for their excellence in thi* style of dramatic literature. OaxcRwicH.?Mrs. McLean appears this availing in two pieces, Theresa in the melo-drama of " Retribution, > j andLisette in "Why Dont She Marry." Betides these i two pieces, the drama of the "Tale of Blood," will be ' produced, cast to the strength of the company. There : are, in addition to the above, dances, songs, and other entertainments. This pretty theatre is in the full tide of success. Thk Alhamba is rapidly becoming the principal rej sort of our citizens and those strangers who yet linger in our city. Here we hare music of the most admirable description, by artists of great talent, under the ablo direction of hlr. George Loder; and while listening to tho sweet strains of the vocalists and fine harmonies of the band, the visiter may indulge in a delicious ice cream, a transparent jelly, a luscious Charlotte Russe, or any other oi the most rtcKtrtkc delicacies,and sip nectar from crystal ?;oblets in the marble halls of the Alnamra till he really ancies himself luxuriating in the far off clime of the sunny Last, surrounded by Moorish maidens, with? " eyes of lustrous black, And hair that emulates the raven's plume." until waking from his reverie, he recollects with amazement that he is only a few feet from Broadway, and that j Ml this oriental magnificence has been obtained at an I Aitllaw nf nna aKillinv Triilw tViia ia a arrant s*itv arwl the Alhamr > U one of ita moat charming faaturea.? Where else on the face of the globe U auch an enter| tainaaent offered in such e splendid hall ai the Alhamra, at such a trifling outlay 1 We doubt if it can be naral> lelled. Ma. Ann Mat. K*art.?These eminent artists concludi ed, last night, at the Park, a highly successful engagement, in the course of which they have drawn crowded and fashionable houses. The principal feature of this engagement was the production of a new play by George hovel, entitled the'-Wife's Secret," which nas been eminently successful. It is the greatest play that has appeared since the "Hunchbeck." Mr. and Mrs. Kean leave to-day for Boston, whero they open on Monday evening next, in the tragedy of the "Gamester." They I will, in the course of the next week, produce the "Wife's Secret," and we have no doubt that it will have an immense run in Boston. Their engagement at the Federal | street theatre will last for three weeks. Returning from Boston they will succeed Collins at the Tark, and on the I lflth of next month, they will produce for the first time i in America, the play of " King John,'' in a style nf splen! dor and magnificence hitherto unequalled on any stage, either in this country or in Kurope. The scenery, costumes, and properties,will be in strict historical keeping, I even to the minutest particular. The costumes, properties, he. have been in progress of preparation since last June, since which time some sixty females have been employed on them. They are all, with a few trifling exceptions, made in this city. The preparations for the production of this splendid historical drama, have cost twelve thousand dollars, hall of which expense is borne by Mr. Kean himself, and half by the menageaeent. This entire sum has been spent among native artists. In prospect ot the great run that this grand play will have, Mr. keen has made no engagement after the Iflth of next month, ao that both ho and Mrs. Keen are entirely free to repeat ' King John" as long as the public wili desire its repetition. The scale upon wBih this play wiil be produced is f. >r more magnificent then that of " Richard [ 1II " ss produced Inst winter. Some idea of the grandeur of the preparations may be formed from the fact that there ' win w otip ouinnia ana nuy pfnoni on mo sugv n ; once. It will he a stupendous 8iiaktperian revival. 9* Fint Ca?lo, thi Italian Ctowi*.?'The greatest I cuiioaity prevail* to witness tha debut of the great trick ; clown on Monday, evening, at tho Bowery Circus. Hla performance! aro all entirely new?hie joke* and antica arc peculiarly hia own. and ol the moat extraordinary : and novel character. He differ* from all other clown* in having very| little to say, and a great deal to do?perfectly original in every thing, and never offending deli cany or good taste There will be present on .Monday the largest audience ever eeen in the Amphitheatre. On Wednesday evening last Mr. Collins and Yaokee Hill appeared together at the Buffalo Theatre, on occasion ol the .>enent of Mrs Rice. Mr. Collins left for the South the next morning. Mtia Cohen, the iant'utf, tailed iu the J. l. William*, on the lath Inst, far Hew Orleans. Vi ' ' % /4 ' ?1|V^ * '" * 1 Otjr InMlUp r?> Aaiicvinikii Ce*?chtiom morning this I Convention mat at the Rapaaitory oCTbe American Insti tuta in tba Ptrk-Otnibi DitiiaM in tka Chair. The Chair mac raad a report nuMtisi tha propriety of establishing u National Botanical Garden in Florida. Tha report wont on to state that horvpltural aociatiaa, emitted in England and Fraaoe, and Vat tha ootabUahment ol ?uch an inatitution would taod Be materially advance the intereati of horttcnltora, particularly in the South. General Maacaa of Florida, here remarked that ha waa peifactly conversant with the nature, soil and climate of Florida. It had |ieeuliaritiea which did not belong to other Statea. Its forests never lost tha it leave*. The orange tree* were at one time nipped by host in April, but in general remained unhurt After further dwelling upon the vest importance to the Untted Mate* of establishing such a garden in Florida, ha hopad that the matter would be taken up with a becoming degree of public spirit by the country. He thought, Troa the present state and temper of Congress, that there waa nothing to | tie expected from them, lie knew the sanitaenti of the , Chief Magistrate on this subject. What waa called | "Stste Rights," had an influence with him. He suggested the propriety, therefore, of the people eartBining surii en inatitution by private subscription. Far himself, he 1 would gladly give fifty dollars as hie sun gabscription. and he felt assured that one thousand drtlars per year would be sufficient to support it He had become, him ' self, e convert on the tariff question, end Wfest opinion i lie formerly entertained on this subject, he was glad his experience induced him to change?en experience oi over thirty yean He had formerly been Oftosed to the , tariff altogether; but waa now of a different Way of think- | ing. Hia view* on thia aubject being changed, he did I not lieaitate to publicly expreaa them. He did ao unbaai- i tatingly. He never accepted office, While In Congress or j out ot it?and he would not accept any oflee in the high- \ eat gift of the government. (Applause.) He would cur- | only remark, that a viait to Boston, aotne time ago, i where he had been received with unbounffsd hospitality, I first changed hia opinions on the queatien of the tariff. : While in that splendid city, where he had been received ' with unbounded hospitality, he waa on the Ove of leaving, ( whan his friend Nathan Appleton remarked, "Won't you ' So to Lowell before you leave ua, and ana the factorieaT" ie (General Mercer) contented to go; and when he did go. ho saw the wonderful spectacle of seven thousand girls?and they were all pretty girls, too. daughter.) And when he waa pasting in theyali lookgffup at him, (Laughtar,) but vary suddenly looked domta again, perhaps not being much captivated with what they had soen. (Hoars of laughter) He was delighted with the splendid appeararence of the faotoriea? ao clean, ao orderly, ao regular, that had he touched the floor with his cambric handkerchief, he* felt aaeured It would not rereceive a soil; he htd been in England, et Birmingham, and Manchester, and elsewhere soma forty years ago, and than had an opportunity to too the state of society in that auartor, and his disappointment on witnessing the condition of the laboring classes waa great indeed: it waa astonishing to him to see how they oould live there in such a state of ebjeet poverty and wretchedness: he

had. in some instances, seen soma thees or four rami lie* living together in one beeement, and from the general condition of the laboring population it Vu difficult to *ee how they could ?u*tain themselves; he had *een other thing*; he had seen that oomoaiwd with England, they in Ameriaa had the meet decided advantage; coal, delivered at tha mine* in America, coat bat ona cant a bushel, while coal, delivered at the mine* in England, cost four pence.and coal waa the "primum motile" in England; then they had the decided advantage in iron, and with these two advantage* alone it waa sufficient to sustain | the people. He thought that moderate encouragement would be sufficient to sustain this most important and 1 necessary branch of industry. He had heard the Mntlments of Mr. Webster and Mr. Clay on this subject, and had heard both condemned for changing their sentiments upon some questions of public policy on the bank and the tariff; in changing his own opinions upon the tariff j he had done so from the experience of some years; he i considered the great vice of the government of the country was its instability; and as to taking office under the j government, so help him Heaven, be would not acoept it (Applause ) After some further brief remarks, the question on accepting the report was taken, and the report was adopted. Mr. Mains next offered some brief remarks on the subject of acclimating potatoes, which he contended was euy of accomplishment in the United States. Colonel Ct-sax next called attention to the subject of the poisonous quality of the air in the vicinity of kilns. A report on the subject waa before the committee. The Chsixslsh here rese end called attention to the sunjeci 01 me cultivation ot suit in mo uncea amies , After some remark* Irani Dr. Underbill, Mtun. Van Wyck, and another meaaber, on the aubject of the inju- ! riou* tendency of brlok kiln* upon farming and orchard* j on motion, Professor Renwick and Mr. Ell*worth were added to the committee, to report on the subject. The report on agiieultural institute* wa* here put and adopted. The report on the rearing of silk-worm*, and the cultivation of mulberry tree*, wa* next adopted. General Msacen again roae and remarked that America had every advantage over England, except in that of cheapkbor. Shi*had her va*t domain of 1,600.000 square mile*, and *o had Rome in her palmv day*. She wa* now at peaoe with all Europe, and ought to be perfectly secure. England wa* sustained by her navy. It wa* her commerce that sustained her navy, and it was her manufacture* thgt sustained her commerce. He trusted that the subject matter before them would be taken hold of free frem all party bias, and that the institute would fiourilh. The Hon. Mr. Simmons, of Rhode Island, next followed. He advocated the system of protocting home industry, and advancing the interests of the home manufacturer and the laborer. He contended that water power was among the many numerous advantages they fcnjoyed in i the United States, which was far more advantageous than steam power, in most instances, and more economical too. I Steam power wa* of great advantage in large cities.? I 11>.. ! Ill, ,1,1, ?r in ! England, he briefly adverted to the advantage* enjoyed hv the people of the United States, and contended that by I the cotton trade alone, they had England under complete control. The withholding of the *upply frem the Engliah market, even for one leaeon, would completely revolu- , tionize lociety there, and throw her manufactories out of employment, so as to completely destroy her labor. j The Chaibman, also General Mercer, Mr. Ellsworth, ' and others, offered remarks on the subject of the growth of the vine in the United States, and ou other subjects ; when the Society adjourned, to meet again at some time to be fixed by the committee, at the next annual meeting of the fair. The Faib?Ttia T? eoatta.?Yesterday the fair was again cr wded to excess, and the greatest interest teemed to be manifested by the various groups of visiters who flocked to the Fair during the day. In the evening the fire works passed off well. The crowds who attended were more numerous than in the early part of the day, and the scene was truly animating to the looker on. Plunibe's daguerreotype likenesses have fully maintained the high reputation of his establishment in Broadway. His style and finish called forth loud admiration from the various visiters. Thero is a strong rivalry at present between the different artists in this line. Mr. Brady, of Broadway, who took the prize on the last occasion, has also in the Fair some splendidly finished specimens of the art. There aro othen artists also who have in their departments some highly, finished and well executed piece*, end the artut who gains the gold medal will have much cause to feel proud of hi* succea*. To-<lay the re' Satta will be a iplendid affair ; it will come off between io hour* of 10 and 2 o'clock,a* will be *een by advertiaement. There will be a tucceuion of tailing, rowing and *culling. and the amusements will be highly attractive. The Ewnai*.?The Auitin division of thia club had a torch-light proceaaion last night. They moved through Chatham atreet, and had their flag in front, on which wet inscribed the " Democratic Empire Club." Another ' lag bore the inacription, " Free Trade and Farmer*' Rights." Another, " For Sheriff, John J. V. Westeri vett." Several amallcr tanners bore the name of the ! club. Washihotojt Gears.?'Thia mounted company had a parade yesterday, and went through some of the leading street*. They appeared well mounted, and a fine coinpany. Thk "Urraa Tr* Thoi-sakd'' aitd Wall Stbibt.? Quite an excitement was caused yesterday and on Thursday, from the fact of a "run-away match" haviug " come oft " between a lady who has lately inherited a fortune of some S300.0M. and a broker in Wail street. The ladv. among her many amiable qualities and attractions, did not hesitate to accept the hand and heart of the fortunate possessor of so much worth and beauty, and the courtship was not, we understand, two hours on the lapii. The lady did right to please herself in the matter. A relative, who was her natural guardian, had Just left the city for the South, to take charge of the property, ant on his return he will find himself no doubt " agreeably relieved" from the responsible duties. We wish the happy couple full success in their undertaking. John McCauk, the person who had the difficulty with Mr. McMurray, is not the lohn McCabe who buys and sells books on the corner of Nassau and John streets. CoaoNca's Ornca, Oct. 16 ? Sudden Death?The ' Coroner held an inquest yesterday at No. 3 Mercer street, on the body of P. K. Christine, a native of England, about 53 years of age, who carao to his death by henatiiatioii an6 congestion of the lungs, and disease or the the stomach and liver, caused by his previous habits of life. Verdict accordingly. Albany, October 13,1616. Whig and Jlnti-Rent Nominationt. The whig Convention mot to-day at Bethlehem, to nominate county officers, lio. After a spirited struggle between S. H. Hammond of this citv, and John J. Slingerland of Betheleham, the candidates for the whig Con* gressional nomination, Mr. Sliugerland was nomine ed. This gentleman will secure the anti-rent vote in the district. The weather, to-day, has been cloudy, with a slight tki. The conviction that the contervativei will not inpport the democratic State ticket, U growing. Political Intelligence. Convention at Tammaivt Hall to Nomibatk Mimaca* or Ahamilt.?Laet night thii convention, com. poeed of ninety member*, Ave from each ward, met for ! bualnett, and forty-tic vote* are required for a choice! Wileon Small had lorty-aix vote*, and it nominated. At candidate*. John H. Bowie had 43 votet , John Brown, I 27 ; Daniel E. Sickle*, 3d ; Edmund S. Deny, 34 ; Mike Waltb, i7 , (leorg* Montgomeiy, 34; John ?. Devlin, I 21 j t he*. Baxter, 36 ; H. Keyaer, 34 -, W Shaler, 36 , J. 1 Crane, 26 ; (Joo. Tauiding. 36 ; Jat. H. Brady, 20 , Alex. | Well*, 37; N B Smiin, 31 : W. Rutherford. 20 j E. H. Carpentier. 29. A* the whole procet* of balloting i* exI tremely tediout, there wet but one efl'ort laat nignt, and the convention adjourned until Wednetday evening next, having nominated only Mr. Small. Emery P. Pottle and E/ra Pierce are the whigcandiI data* for Auembly, in Ontario county. Hon Jiilint Rockwell it the whig candidate for Con| great in the 7th diilrict, Mat* Hon. Waihinffton Ilnnt ia nnminatn.l k?r mkim > Cong rem, in tliu .14th dUtrict of thu Stat*. John M. Holley ii the whig candidate for Conrrew in the 47th diftrict The whig* of Albany have nominated MarcuaT. Rey| nolda, John Taylor, Valentine Treadweli. and Roboit Selkuk, for Aaaambly. i- -U.L-J-' * ' Ji-mJ . II nlmn VMfcURf. Tiui or 8ran iiixm tuc Notiuu Light add | Srstw?There ttl a brief tad beautiful trial of apooil yesterday, between tho Light and the Syren?the Coquette aa stake boot The two competitors etartod trom Sandy Hook at twe? i ty minutes poet twelve, beating to the windward with a eeren knot ktaeie. In about an hour, the Northern Light, an eighth of a mile ahead, the Syren broke her 1 bob-stay, when ike luffed up and put before the wind for the Hook, and then tailed far the city. The Northern Light of course put about, and she and the Coquette alto returned. Those who taw the race think that the trial was a fair test of the speed of the two Cept. Ore* Thomas was pilot of the Light, and Capt. Ludlow of the Syren. We understand that W. P. Winchester, Esq , the owner of the Light, leases immediately for Bottom To ths Eoiroa or ths New Tons Huulo? Si a :? I find in your paper of this morning a letter from Mr. Parsons, in which he makes what he sera " is a plain statement of facts." The statement is plain enourh The facts 1 will take leave to differ with him about 1 Mr. Parsons states that the boats started with a strong current in tour nmr , mn u? into uvu wai placed at I a point that bore Weit by South from the tVoodlands ' and, that the distance ?u performed in seven hours ' 1 For the first fact, I will appeal to the almanac. High water on that day (according to the almanac maker,) was at half past twelve at Sandy Hook. Now, if the tide fellowed its usual course, (which I am rather inclined to think it did.) the currant would have been itrong against ui, instead of strong in our favor, as Mr. Parsons states it was. This would seem to settle one of the points. Mr. Parsons says, Capt. Rogers showed him a point on { the chart, bearing West by South, from the Southern part of the Woodlands, as being twenty-five miles from j the white bouy at the Bar. Capt. Rogers did do so, Mr. ! Tarsonsj says the station boat was placed there?I say she was not. as the certificates will (I think) preve. Had sho been placed Weit by|Southof the South parts of the Woodlands, she weuld have been 34 or 35 miles | from the white bouy of the Bar. Now, if the pilots on ' board the Northern l.igkt say she was there, and that she | returned the 34 or 35 miles in five hours, against such a tide, wind and sea, they say that which it will be diffl- i cult for them to prevail en any waterman to believe. I Mr. Parsons is unquestionably right when he says? 1 that Mr Stevens " no doubt is very sorry to be ob liged to notify the,preas, that he made no error of judgment."? : Mr. Steven* it very sorry that he felt himself obliged to notify the put>lic any thing about it. To eacape the ' chance of being obliged to do it again, he takee the liberty ef withdrawing the offer (of which, by the by, no notice waa taken) to< run the tame race over again for 500, 1000 or 5000 dollars. Colonel Wincheater, (from hia letter in thia morning's Herald) aeema to think that my mention of the Northern Light waa intended aa a tort of boaat of what the Maria could do with her. If ao, he haa done me an injuatice. I stated it only to ahow that the Maria had met with an accident. The Northern Light, under double reefed mainaail, alngle reefed foresail, and bonnet off the jib, paaaed the Maria (under double reefed mainsail and bonnet off the jib) and kept the leadjfer perhaps half an hour or mere. The Maria's repassing her under thia sail, proved she had been crippled. To this and to thio only I attributed the loss of the race with the Coquette, to whose owner I paid, immediately on the receipt of Mr. Parson's decision that the distance had been done in the time, the amount of the bet In reply to Col. Winchester's challenge to go to Boston and race in a ten hour breeze or over? I say that I must beg to be excused. The injury the Maria has received in the late gale, added to ine loss ot ner cenire-ooara, win pruueu.y Keep her nuiet enough for the next cix weeki. The rase | would theu have to come off eome time in December. I , doubt ii the chance of presenting $600 or even $1000 to the moat charitable institution of either city would (I apeak for myaelf only) counterbalance the score I ahould be likely to get in rounding Capo Cod in that aeason. If the Col. should pay us a visit next summer, or the Marta should go to Boilon, I shall be most happy to give him the chance of making the present he speaks of. Your obedient servant, JOHN C. STEVENS, Com. N. Y. Y.C. New York, Oct. 10, 1948. Seakorth Cottage, ) Jersey City, Oct 12,1840.) Dear Sin :? In answer to your inquiry of at what distance the sta- , tion boat, Northern Light, was placed from the white ' buoy on the bar, I say that I am sure she was not over twenty or twenty-one miles at farthest from the white buoy on the bar (where we started from). At the time the Maria turned the station boat, I took the bearings of a house on the north side of Squan Inlet, some four or five miles distance, which bore by compass S.W by W., which, by reference to the chart, will show j the distance to be what I have stated it. Yours ,most respectfully, JA8. ROGERS. To John C. Steve**, Commodore ot the N. Y. Yacht Squadron. 1 was en board of the Yatch Maria as pilot, on the day of the race between the Coquette and her, and state most positively that the station boat " Northern Light " wan not piaceu wesi oy ooum 01 ine wooaianus. one was certainly not more than 20, or at most, 31 miles from the White Buoy offthe Bar. We had an hour and a half's , flood to stem in going down, and the whole of the ebh to contend with in beating back, with a heavy sea to contend with. 1 am certain that no vessel oould, under such circumstances, have performed the distance, or any thing like it, in the time claimed to have been made. JAMES CALLAHAN, Pilot To John C. 8t*v?!?s, Commodore of the N. Y. Yacht Squadron. porting intelligence. NasHTit.La Fall Racks ?First day, Monday, October ' 5, 1840?Sweepstakes for three year olds; $70 entrance, 1 $20 forfeit?mile heats. Dick Hurt's (\1. Bell's) b.c. by Priam, dam by Leviathan 311 1 Major D. Buford's ch. g. by Tennesteo Citizen, dam Matilda, by Cock of the Rock 13 3 A. P. Yourie's ch.c. Wm. Blackmore, by Wagner, dam by Leviathan 33 3 Time?1 SO?1 60?1 so. Second Day, Tuesday, October 6?Sweepstakes for untried three year olds; $76 entrance, $30 forfeit?mile heats. Charles Lewis's ch. f. by Wagner, dam Emily fpeeu oy .ircuv j i i V. K. Stevenion's b. f. by Priam, dam Sir William 13 3 J. H. Wilson's br. f. by Priam, dam Victoria, by Eclipse 3 dr. J O. Shegogg's ch. c. by Belshazzar, dam Isabella, by Arcby 4 dis. Time?1 64,'a'?I 63,'i?1 6?. Second Race?Sewo Day?The summer Stake Tor 8 year olds; $300 entrance, $60 forfeit?two mile heats. W. O. Cape's br. c. by Leviathan, dam Stockholder 1 I M Kelley's b. c. by Pacific, dam Leviathan 3 3 W. W. Woodfolk's be by Priam, dam Stockholder 3 3 Time?3 68 - 3 68* Police Intelligence* Oct. 17.?Robbing a Stranger?Officer Brown, of the 6th ward police, arrested, about 4 o'clock yesterday morning, three women by the names of Mary Neary, Jane Wright, and Margaret Sullivan, on a charge of robbing a man by the name o( Henry Allen, a resident of Delaware, of the'sum of $340, in Virginia bank bills? | two $100 bills and two $30, Owhile in a house of prostitution at No. 33 Kim street. On being brought before j Justice Osborne in the morning, the evidence against , them not being sufficient to authorize the magistrate to hold the accused, they were discharged. The officer, however, feeling satisfied that the acj cused parties were in possession of the money, posted i one who ihould offer fer exchange any money of that description This mancruvre answered to admiration, for in the course of the forenoon, one of the parties, Jane Wright, the landlady of the honse where the money was stolen, was detected in the act of endeavoring to tirocure the exchange of one of these identical $100 >ank bills at the broker's office corner of Duane and I Chatham streets. The broker immediately sent for the I above officer, who conducted her again to the Tombs, and the bill was identified as a part of the stolen money. This caused the arrest of the other two women again, and they are now all committed to prison for further examination; meanwhile, this active officer will, in all probability, recover the balance of the stolon money. fftfrsspfrd Burglary.?An attempt was made, about 9 o'clock yesterday morning, to burglariously enter the boot and shoe shop occupied by Wm. Docher, in Cannon st., and would have evidently effected an entrance had it not been for policeman Rapp.ofthe 19th ward. coming the "sneak" on tne rascals : and they becoming alarmed made their escape as fast as tneir legs could carry them. No i arrest. Eicaprd Convict?A convict called Richard Roberts, alias William Brown, escaped from the State prison at ding Sing on Thursday night last, in the following manner; It appears that this convict was employed as a kind of locksmith to examine the locks, and see that they were all in good order, on the various cells; his lock, I however, he paid particular attention to, and managed I to saw off the bolt and put in its place a piece ol wood I blackened to represent the iron; he also Atted a key to I one of the enter rates, which leads from the prison vard to the itreet. This done, he made a bold puth on Thursday night, which succeeded, for he made his escape from the prison and is now at large, and supposed to be in this city; he was sentenced for three years and three months from Brooklyn ; he is described at being a man about A feet 3 or 4 inches in height, cenaiderably marked with the small pox, dark brown hair, blue eyes, and quite a spare made man. $90 is offered by the keeperofthe prison for his apprehension. So policemen, be on the look out. Quite a .Prise ?Officer Croxeth, of the 3d ward, discovered last night snugly stowed up in a basket, a fine male infant, on the stoop of the British Consul in College Place, where the poor little sufferer had been avi dently placed by its unnatural mother, to seek its fortune without a maternal protector. The officer oonveyed it to the alms house, where every care |will be taken, and the little wants attended to. Sicknkss in Indiana.?It seems to be the general opinion, that there lias never been a more sickly season throughout the West, than the one just closing ? Very few families have escaped. The effect of suoh e f;eneral prostration has end will seriously affect the pubic welfare Lar?e quantities of wheat have been spoiled in consequence of positive inability to have it taken care of We have seen immense stacks in which the straw had rotted end the grain sprouted. Individuals will lose largely in this way. Bat besides this, we tre told that in many neighborhoods planting lor next year's crop has baen prevented, and that many farmers will not average one acre of wheat next, for throo this season. The weather still continues as warm and dry ae mij-summer, theugh we have had slight frosts.?Tndianapolit I Sentinel. Court C?Uen?l*r? l'hl< Y??y. Suramoa CauaT.?137, is*. Iftl, HI, 170, 171, 17a, 170, ' 101,10, 31, 100, 107. ISO, 109, 40, 4ft, 109, 191, ISO, 144, | 19, M, 09, 67, 104, 100 Portable Nh??ing c?a. a?i tie anbacrlbera have for tome time been eneitced in mannfactaring the tbore, ! Imving b'onthi tut near perfection ? pomble, combining claI K Vice with utility- A? ??ch, with confidence, are offored to I the public. Kor aala by O. SAf'NDfcK?! It HON, , 177 Broadway, oppoaita Howard Hotal| 1 .. '.J. ? 11 Ojrtun In Kvtry Mupt^-A.AP. OwIm, 11 and IS Faltoo Market.?vo refreshment has been discovered mote eonduclve to health and strength than tho oystsr. The ouly qaestiou is, where can tha genuine article ba found in its native parity, freshurss and flavor. It is aaswsrrd. Nowhere bat at A k P. Dorian's, 11 and 11 Pulton Market. Tiara lhay are, and only are, in print excellence. Reinein / ber oa all emergencies. 11 and It Faltoo Market. etallc Tablet Baxor Htropa.?The attesttloaol dealers ia invited to ibis article, being made ol the best material, city manufacture, and under the subscribers' Immediate upereision. They liave in all cases rendered to purchasers the moat perfect aaiiafation. O. SAUNDp.KH k SON. 177 Broadway, lewjdoors above Conrtlandt st. Or Christie's Galvanic Rln|t and Hacjietla Fluid Belts, Bracelets and Strengthening Plasters -wi are requested to inform strutters that a fall assortment of these celebrated articles mav be sees at the Fair of the American Intitule They are all ot the moat baantiful and ingeoiouu construction, and we believe their effctcv in esses of Rheumatism and Nervous Diseases, is now undoubted. The only agency ia New-York is at 1U Broadway. Navigation or the Ohio River. Plactl Tiest. Stair of Ricf Cincinnati Oct. 6 -J feet in Wheeling............ .Oct. a........ 2 feet 0 in?. Pittsburg Oct. 10 1 foot a inc. HONEY MARKET. Friday, Oct. 16-6 P. M. The itock market ia slowly improving. The aelea today were larger than usual, and price* generally cloaed Arm at our quotation*. Norwich and Worcester wen upX; Harlem, X; Reading, ,V- Although the tendency at present ia rather upward than otherwise, we hare very little confidence In any permanent improvement, however limited, and the bears must ultimately make ihs most fortunate and profitable operations. At the second board, the sales of Norwich and Worcester were large, at a farther improvement of X par cent Harlem also improved X per cent. Any real improvement in the value of any of our railroad stocks, does not have a corresponding effect upon the market price?but when we consider that those stook* are held so largely by speculators in Wall street , whose Interests require an inflation and depression from time to time, it is not surprising that prices for these so curitiea are no criterion of thair value. A combination among three or four landing broken, or a corner, will put up pricea farther and fatter than any thing elae in Wall a tree t. The City Bank haa declared a dividend of four per cent for the laat aix montha, payable on the lat of No vember. The receipta oi the the Philadelphia and Reading Rail* road, for the mouth of September in each of the peat three yeara, have been aa annexed :? Philadelphia idd Rcadiro RaiLaoAt). Month ending Sep 10 1144. Si p 30 1845 Sep. 30, 1844. Travel $8,>5) 20 $9.8 0 26 $15 384 47 Freight on good* 3,820 35 4,636 81 10,918 54 Do on coal 58,820 95 117,582 98 181,719 9* Miaa. receipta 85 24 117 73 Trana. U.S. Mail.... 783,34 783,34 783 33 Totala $71,175 09 $132,613 67 $298,953 99 Amount of coal tranaported during the month 53,530 IS 100,221 19 126 347 OT It will be obaerved that the increaae in the trana portation of coal, for the month thli yotr, <u only bout twenty-five per cent, while the increaae in the receipt! for the traniporta'ion of coal was nearly sixty per cent. Thia ahowa a very great increaae in the charges for carrying coal thia year, compered with laat. There haa been an increaae in the receipt! from travel and freight on gooda. So far aa tho income of thia Company ia concerned, it loolca exceedingly favorable, but It mutt be borne in mind that the expenaea ef such an ex' tenaive road aa thia mutt be enermoua, and mutt make a great reduction from the groea income. The reoeipta from cuatoma at Boaton, for the Brat three quartern of thia year, compared with thoae for the corroaponding period in the previoua year, ehow a alight falling off. The amount received in each quarter, each year, waa at followa KIBctcxue or Boston?Jan. 1 to Oct. 1,1143 and MM. 1145. MM. First quarter, $948,MS 72 $1,401,016 Ot Second " 1,179,#57 10 1 .Ml.171 If Third l,91t,757 67 1,16#,447 M Tout $4,165,014 It $3,976,(35 21 Decreue, 1146 $161 .Ml $ The duties on goods warehoused in the port of Boeton in the third quarter of thia year, waa about $340,000. It will be observed that the reoeipta from coatoma in each of the first two quarters of 1848, were several hundred thousand dollars larger than those for the corresponding quarters in 1640, and that the falling off In the third quarter this year, not only offset the gain on the two previous quarters, but exhibits In the aggregate a decrease to the extent above named. A few weeks since we gave some extracts from the report of the Hartiord and New Haven Railroad Company. We have since received the report, and give further extracts, ior the purpose of not only showing the present condition of the Company more fully, but for the purpose of exhibiting the great improvement in Hie affafie of the concern, produced by the energy and perseverance of the stockholders in extending the road. The directors remark that But a short time since the prospects of the Company wore a discouraging aspect Its total annual income was then only about $90,000, its crodit in a depressed state, its stock selling in the market at less than half its par Talue, and the dividends irregular and uncertain. At that critical period, the extension of the rosd to Springfield wss boldly undertaken, and was prosecuted with vigor against every obstacle, with a success which has surpassed the most sanguine expectations. The result has produced a complete renovation of the affairs of the ' Company, insuring the steady and stable growth of its rnsntiivns on/4 a rnnttintlo tnpranainip Kiutnaes The in come of thn Company has more than doubled, to that it now yield* a liberal dividend to the stockholder*. with (he certain prospect of their continuance for the future. In ihort, the completion jf the extension road ha* placed the prosperity of the Company upon a footing not likely I to be shaken by any future ordinary contingency. Nor 1* the extension road comidered with reference to the future, le?? important than ita bearing on the present 1 condition ol the company. Since ita completion, and in I a graat meaiura, In consequence of it, two new and important addition* have been made to the great cha>n ef railroad, which rapidly extending along the populous valley of the Connecticut, is destined at no distant parted to connact Lower Canada with the waters of Long Island ' Sound. Each new northern extension will bring to this I road a large accession of butinss* and travel, which, according to all experience, must increase and|expaadlwith each successive year. Such is a briel view of the prospects of the company, with reference to what may be ooasidered it* local business. and although the through travel betweon Boston and New York is in comparison with this, a consideration of minor importance, still when the road between New Haven and New York shall be constructed, of which there is now a favorable prospect, St cannot hn doubted that fhis road will receive a sham of travel between those two capitals, whatever may be the claims of other existing rontes. When this line is completed, tha entire distance between New York and Boston, via Nair tlavan llnrintrAhl/l inH Kg Wmtarn Hailrn.i/1 ran h? tra. ! verted by through trains with ease and regularity in ieaa i than eight and a half houra. The necettity of a mora ' expeditious route will not then be considered very urj gent, or aa offering a sufficient inducement for capital, ! and etren the tuppoiition that a more expeditious one ia practicable, at yet reata on pretenaion only. | The conatruction of a branch, to connect the mala track of the road, with the wharrea at Hartford, waa autnorized by a vote of the etockholdera at the I ait annual meeting. The eatimated coat ia $75,000, which includea | a valuable property on the bank of the river, freight deI pota. lie. The greater portion of the right of way has ; already been purchased, and contracti have been made lor the work at prices which make it nearly certain that the coat will be brought within'the estimate. The compa! ny have thus far done but a small portion of the trans. portatinn north of Hartford, the amount of which, on the river above, is not leas than 40 000 tons per annum. Connected, aa the road will then be, on the completion of i tho hrmncn, witn deep weter navigation at Hart> ford and Naw Haven, it cannot fail to command a : large 'bare, perhaps the whole, of the extsnsive basin# sa of which the valley of the Connecticut ii the great natural outlet, in the direction of the chief comaaercial city of the Union. To providj means for the construction of the branch, the hoard has authorized the issue of seventy bonds of $1,000 each, with interest at six per cent and payable in three to five years from the first of August. 1848. These bonds are convertible into the capital stock of the company, at its par value, prior to maturity, at the option of the holder. The expense of repairs (material and labor) has been on the extension road, twenty six miles in length, $S,6A7 92, which is equal to $142 per mile; and the cost of repairs, (material and labor) on the old road, thirtysix miles in length, has been $16,570 87, equal to $480 per mile < Such portion of the timber in the present track, which la sountf may be advantageously used in the new superstructure; and the cost of relaying the road (after deducting the value of iron and timber, now in nse) is estimated at $280,000. The board hava antire ooufidence in tha ability of the company to accomplish this important work, without interrupting tha regular dividends; and with Uia view, they recommend to the stockholders, to authorixo at this tims, s sale of the reserved stock, on such terms and conditions as they may judge most beneficial for their Interest, to an amount sufficient to raise the necessary fundi. The company has still tho right to dispose of A 200 shares, Including 1,000 shares of the branch road, transferable to this company, a part of which only will be required t* renew the track as proposed. When the track it relaid with T rail, the aonditioM of the company may be stated, with sufficient accural), as follows:? Amount of stock issued. Including boat atnek . 11, 500,000 Add cost of branch road, including twenty-six bonds sold 75.000 For 1ina<kttli?<l larwl rlaima nytf rnion rofld. ... 10 0041 KutiniHtoil coat relaying track art"1 000 1 .115 boixli issued (including 10 pledged) 616,000 Total 11.440 000 (j Tha board eatimate tha incomo of tba company ttia ' coming year, aftar paying currant expenses, loom all sources, at $196,000, which, after paying seven par ct on the propoaed amount of capital nm) liabilities of tha j company, will leave a balance of $94,000 as a contingent l"""1 . I .? * I

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