Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 19, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 19, 1846 Page 1
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THJ Vol* XII* Ho. avuwhol* No. ?W4 HAILKUAM, CENTRAL AND MACON AND WESTERN KALL KOAl>?, CEORdlA. -tfSital-flflftfe Ailauti^j^^ls A ol the Srate ol Ueoricia, Turin a continuous line from Savannah t<> Oothcaloga, Heorgia of 171 miles, vix :? Savannah to ^lr*coti... .C'eriitrnl Railroad 190 milea Macon 10 A'lanta Mnroii Si Western Railroad 101 " Atlanta to OoihcAoga. Western Si Atlantic " to " Hoods will l>e carried from Savannah to Atlanta and Ooth esJoga, attire following rates, viz : Ow Weight Hoods. Tn Jit- To Ootk Sugar, Codec Lienor, Bagging Rope, lanta. catena. Batter. Cheese, Tobaee*, Leather, Hides, Cotton Yarns, Cupper, Tiu, Bar and Sheet Iron, hollow Ware and Castings $0 St go 7S Floor, Bur, Bacon in casks or boies. Pora, Heel. Fish, Lard. Tallow, Beeswax, Mill Hearing, Pig lion and Uriud Stones fOSt gO 11% OtsMKaSDRKMr.kt Hoods. Boxes of Hnts, Bouuets and Furniture, per cubic foot go M gC 26 Bores and bales of Dry Hoods, Saddlery Hlast, Paints, Drugs and Confectionery, per cubic foot go 20 p. 10S lbs. IS Crockery, per cubic foot go IS " " IS Molasses and Oil, per hlid (smaller casks in proportion.) g9 00 git 00 Ploughs, (targe) Cultivators, Corn Shelters, and Straw Cutters, each gl 25 gl SO Doughs, (small) and Wheelbarrows... .SO HO gl OS Salt, per Liverpool Sack, go 70 go (5 Passage. Savannah to Atlanta glO 00 Children uuder 12 yeare Of age, half price. Savanuah tu \lacou $7 00 (HT" Hoods coptignsd to the Subscriber will be forwarded f ree of I ommissions. Freight may be paid at Savannah, Atlanta or Oothcnioga F. WINTER, Forwarding Agent, C. R. R. Savahhah. Augnit IS. IMP. alS 2m?rrc FALL ARRANGEMENT. PIONEER AND EXPRESS LINE, VI A KAlLK'sAD AND CAM AL, FROM PHILADELPHIA TO PITTSBURG. Thf hHotp Liue it now in fall operation, Passengers leave Philadelphia every morning at 7X o'clock, ui the best and , moat comfortable description of cara for Hamsburgh, where they etnbark on the Picket Beat T><n ia one of the moat agreeable rontea that ia to be fonnd in the c 'Utitry. The scenery ou the Susquehanna anil Juniata rivers ia nmnrpaiaed for beauty and variety. IT7T Office in Philadelphia. No. Z7i Market street. Passengers ahonltl be carefnl nor to pay their fair in New Tork further ihau Philadelphia, as there is no one in that city anthoiited to aell tickets for .this line. A. fi. CUMMINUS, Agent. Philadelphia. October. 1816. CHANGE OF HOURS. LONG ISLAND RA1LKOAD. FALL ARRANGEMENT, On (Uidliter Mu,N UA V, October l^TlkltiTraiua will run as follows: Leave Bbooklyn?at 7 o'clock A. M. (Boston for Ureenport. daily, (except Sundays) stopping at Karmmgdale ana St. Oeorge's Manor. " " ?t9W A. M.. daily, for Farmingdale and intermediate places. " " at 12 o'clock, M., for Qreenport. cbiilj^lSun Hicktville, and all srations east of Hicksville. ' " at 4 P. M. for Farmingdnle, daily. Leavb OREEisroRT?at 8)4 A. M., daily accommodation train for Brooklyn. " " at 3)4 P. M., (or on the arrival of the boat from Norwich,) Boatou train daily, (except Suudaya,) stopping at St. George's Manor and Farmingdnle. Leave FaaMiMODALK at 6)4 A. M. daily, (except Hnndari,) accommodation train, and 12 M. and 5)4 P M. Leave Jamaica?at 8 o'clock A. M., 1 P. M.. and 6)4 P. M., for Brooklyn, or on the arrival of Botion tram. A freight train will leave Brooklyn for Greenporr, with a passengers' car attached, on Moudava,. Weilneadaya and Fridays, at 9S A. M. Returning, leave Ureenport at 1)4 o'clock P. M, or j ueaday, Thuradayand Saturdays, stopping at intermediate placea. SUNDAY TRAINS. Leave Brooklyn at 9 o'clock A. M. for Ureenport. Returning, leave Ureenport at 2)4 P. M., for Brooklyn, elopping at all the atationa. Fare to?Bedford, 8 centa; F.att New York, 12)4; Race Courae. 18)4;Trotting Courae 18)4; Jamaica 2'% Brualiville, 11)4; H, del ark. (17 miles) 37)4; Clowsville, (during the sev aion of Conrt) 17)4; Hemparead, 37)4; Branch 37)4; Carle Place, 11; Weatbury, 44; Hickaville, 44; Farmingdale, 62'4. Deer Park,69: Thotnpao:i, 88; Suffolk Stilion, $1; Lake Road 8nlion.fl 18)4; Medford Station, Si 18)4: Yaphank, $1 37)4; St. Genr.e'i Manor, JI 63)4; Rivernead, SI 62)4: Jameaport, S162S4.Mattetuck.SI 82)4; Cutchogue, SI 62)4; Southold SI 62)4; Ureenport Accommodation Train, $1 75; Ureenport by Boatou train. S2 25. Stage a are in readineat on the arrival of Trains at the eeve ml Stations t to take paaaengeia at very low fares, to ell parta oi the Island. B-mgnge Cratea will he in readineaa at the foot of Whitehall street, to receive baggage f- r the several trams. 30 minutes be ore the honrofa arting from the Brooklyn iidr "S'ateamin" leaves Ureenport for Sag Hap boron the arrival of the Boston train from Brooklyn. Brooklyn. Oct. 8. 18t6. o9 ire Sfc ilMv >*?R rfftv p. v^STrnesT^o.'s NEW YORK AND LIVERPOOL EMIGRATION OFFICE PW BYRNK3 8t CO , of Liverpool, are deairona of in forming the pnbl ic of the United Slates, that they continue *o despatch a liue of lirat class Shipa and Packets to New York, on the 1st, 6th, 11th, 16th, 21st aud 26th of earh month; and on the 12th a-d 20th for Philidelpbia, and on the I! !i and 20th to Boston, and at stated periods to Baltimore; also to New Orleaps daring the healthy season; by eny of which lines parties can engage lor their Irieuda to be brought ,. .,i .1. .i.i... ,i... a., .i.i... i"d Urka at rviabliahmeut m the passenger-trade io Liverpool, and having found the importance ol * direct Agency m tie United States, fo' the purpose of placing within the power of the (Vie ds of the passengers coming out, the immediate correipondenCe with a reapectable establishment, from whom they can rely for attentioh aud favor towards their relations letting iheold country. P. W. UYKNF.3 St CO.offer many advantages to passengers which uo ethers have attempted, in a direct commnuieaM hv the r ships from Ireland to the United 8ta es. as they have, invariably, vessels durirg rhe spring Corn Dublin, Cotk, Waterfonl, Belfast and Londonderry, by which means emigrants are saved mnch trouble audeipense, by being shipped at their own seaport and also that of being landed in any of the ports of the Uuited States to which ships trade from Liverpool, nearly at the same cost as direct to New York. P. W. BYRVlbs It CO. have agents in all the seaport towns in Ireland, from whence steamers leave for Liverpool, and ia many of the mterior towns, who are most attentive to emigrants on embarkation, and by whom any modey can be paid that may be required to procure sea stores, Itc. The persons who act for this Company in tbo United States are? _|ffW TOKK-Mr. Edward Saul, it South, corner of Wall a treat. BOSTON?Mr. W. P. McKay, H MilF atreet. PHILADELPHIA?Messrs H. C. Craig It Co., Market atiaet BALTIMORE?Mr. George Law NKW ORLEANS?Mr. John Toole. Drafts itto kxcHanog ? Drafts for any amnaat, payable at sight, on the Prorineial Bank of Ireland and all ita branches, | and ala,i on all the principal lowna of England and Scotland, without disc.urn. For particulate of terras apply to P. W. BYRNES St CO., S8 South, corner of Wall sr. New York. P. W. BYRNk.8 k CO., a13 lm*m 3d Waterloo Hoad, Liverpool. ie>e- hOK CALIFORNIA AND OREGON?The first class fast sailing, coppered and copper fastened JHlEBbark WHITON. R. Gelaton master, will be des. ps ci.ed early in November for California and Oregon, fondling st Monterey, St. Frihriscn, Oregon City,< olumbia rirer, and if indu'rmenta are offered, at other intermediate ports. For freight or passage, having good accommodations, apply on board, at the foot, of Dover atreet. or at No. 38 Liberty St.. whare letteta will be received np to the day of sailing. _ol3 2? *r JAMES BISHOr ACQ. /iiUjA FOR LI VERPOOL?NewLme? Regular Packet triWWftaof Oct. Je'le?The elegant fast tailing packet ahn IKtMRasGAHHH'K. B. J. H Traak matter, wili sail as an re her rrgnlar day. For freight <>r passage, having accommodations nneqaslled for plendor or comfort. Apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall street, ar to E. K. COLLINS k Co. price ol pastageS 100 Packet ship KOSCIL'B. A. Eldridge, matter, will succeed .h.- , j -L . n .1 ...I \|?..,?I.., oc I... a? ?77 rh | PACKETH FOR MARSEILLES?The packet JijHPyihip AKCtlLE, Capt Win. K Hoodless, will sail JSHBEaou th( lit Noremher. For freight or liv.aage apply to CHAMBERLAIN fc PHELPB, 103 Front at. ot7 re otto BOYD k HINCKKN. ?* Wail, cor Water. AStt IUK U- LIZfc. Honduras, with despatch?The gjKytoftnr faat sailing, coppered nud copper faatrned bark SHbJUHM R. GARDNER. James I'edrrsen, master, harm., superior accommodations for passage only. Apply to Captain on board, or to b ALF.XA s DER. I ol7 lw*rh _ W South a reet. rfjc FOR NEW ORLEANS? Louisiana and New lAJRVWYotk Line? Positively the first and only Regular JHMKql'nrlift for Saturday October 24th?The last tailing bait oKNKSKK, Captain Mincl, will positistly sail as abore, her regular day. For Ireight or passage, having handsome famished accommodati as, apply on board, at Orleans ?tiarl, loot ol Wall street. I r to E.K.I OJ.LIN8 fc CO., 5? Booth at. PosittTely no goods reeetyed after Friday evening, 23d October Packet Ship Louisville will succeed the Genesee, and sail on Noeemher 4th. Agent m New Orleans, James E. Woodruff, who will promptly forward all goods to his address. ol7 r "ifcc ONLY RltOI'L.tH LlAE OF NEW ORsAv^yLEANB PACKETS?The ships to sail in TspJrhUHmsscoft Hegnlar mew Orleans Line, in their proper oruti. At fo'lowt, vi7.:? The packet nhip MKMPHIS, Captain Bunker, foot of Maiden lane, 2lat Oeiober. packet ahip OKNE8KE, Captain Minott, foot of Wall at , 24th October. The ahipa of this line harm* now commenced their regular tripe, will anil erery three daya. I'eraoua abont proceeding to New Orleana will find it much to their advantage toaele t thia line in pieterenee to tranaient ihipa aa their punctuality in aniline may at all timea be depended on, and the pi ice of paaa<ge ta very reaaonahle. for which, and to aecure bertha, eatl) app'ieation ahonld be made ou board the nevtral puckela aa above, or to W Ik J T. TAPHCOTT. .K South atreet, ol7r two doora below Burling Slip KhT<lii'LA.NCh;:~ l u"I.: irUM), JUL LAND, AND SCOTLAND. PARTI KB wialinig to retnit moneye in large or M?4IfWimall anma to their friend* in Oreat Britain or IreU&MSaa'aiid, can d? ao in the moat eafe and aii<editioua mai.uer through tl>\ rabacrlbere, by drafta at night, payable in all the principal towna in K' gland, Ireland and Scotland. Mn#c\ may be rent by letter (post paid) from any part of the United Htatea to them, giving the addreae and uie name of the party to receive it, which will be regularly forwarded by .... jacket or at earner AHAM MI* k BOW. auMlm'r 117 Fulton atreet , .... ^1. ? * E NE NE' IMPORTANT FROM HEXIOO. 1 MILITARY PREPARATIONS OF SANTA ANNA. Another Tremendous Battle Expected The Release of the Offieers and Crew of the Truxton. SiCm <&? die* NRWS FROM THE SQUADRON. I From the New Orleans Delta, October 10.1 The U. 8 nhip-of-war John Adams, Com'dr McCluney, from the squadron oil' Point San Antonio Lizardo, which place she left on the 35th ult., touched at the 8. W. Pass on the 7th inatant. bound to Pensacola. She landed at the 8. W Pass. Capt. Kennedy, (ton of Com Kennedy, of the Navy.) and then proceeded on her route to l'eusacola Capt. Kennedy came up to this city yesterday, and to him we are indebted for the fillowiDg information from the fleet The health of the squadron was generally good. G'om'dr Carpender, his officers and men, were set at liberty on parole. Com'Jr Carpender and his clerk?Mr. Wilkinson, Purser Cutter, and a portion of the crew of the brig Truxton, are on board the John Adams. The remainder of the Truxton's crew are on board the store ship Relief, to sail for I'ensacola in a few days, with the exception of say twelve, who were left at Tuspan, being sick. One of the Truxton's men died on board the John Adams befere sailing. Un tne i5th, the U. S. ichooner Forward iailed for Tuspan. to take on board the sick (Truxton) prisoners On the 23d ult, the frigate Karitan, Captain Uregory, and ateamer Vixen, Com'dr Sands, arrived with Com Terry on board. It waa rumored that he ia to hoiat hia flag on hoard the ateamship Miaaisiippi. It waa not . known whether Com Conner ia to be relieved ftom the ' command of the squadron The aailor who asaaulted hia ofllcer and waa condemned by a court martial to tufler death, waa executed on the day appointed. It was thought that Santa Anna would not ho entrusted with the reina of government, unless he declared himaelf in favor of the war. Alvarex, the fellow who stole the Califomian supplies, and made war against the authorities, last April, has given in his adhesion te Santa Anna's government, and expreasea a desire to help the Mexicans to " vengeance against the insolent conqueres of the New World, who I have usurped the immense territory of Texas." 1 An edict was issued the 4th Sept. from the government, appointing a commission, composed of Ave gentle men, to digest and report a plan, the heads of which are furnished to them, for rewarding and providing for deserters from the American army. Thev are 1st " To determine upon the number of acres of land which the government shall grant, and the terms upon which they shall be granted, to such persons as, not being natives of the United States, shall abandon the ranks of the North Americans and pass over to oura " 'id " To designate the uncultivated lands which the government should appiopriate to this object in the dif ferent States " 3d. " To propose means by which the government may beat render assistance to the individual* referred to, in transporting their families, it they have any, and in furnishing them with the necessary implements of farming " AFFAIRS IN MEXICO [Krom the New Orleans Times, Oct. 10.] Lieut Kennedy states that, at the time he left, no rumor existed of any attempt to be made by the squadron onTampico. There had been, for some time, a report that a hostile demon-tiaiiou wn< to be made on Alvurudn With regard to Mexican internal affairs, very little was known in the squadron It was. however, stated that Santa Anna had put himselt at the head of the army, and was about to march against Oen. Taylor TluMexicans, notwithstanding all their attachment te Panta Anna, would not elect him their Treaident, unless he pledged himself to a vigorous prosecution of the war with America. On that subject, there was little difference of opinion: seemingly, all ranks were burning with a desire to drive the invaders from the soil?if they could. The health of the crows on board the several shipt off Vera Cruz was very satisfactory. and the admirable discipline kept up ha* put them all in a most efficient state to meet the enemy. Officers and men are alike anxiaus for an opportunity to show their mettle. In addition to the intelligence which we haye given in the preceding paragraphs, we have learned from another source some incidents of considerable interest to the public, which have lately transpired in the interior of Mexico. Santa Anna, as it appears, has suddenly become the chief head and hope of the war part)- in Mexico, which, indeed, to say the truth, embraces nearly the whole of the population. He is now, or was at latest dates in the city of Mexico, arranging the plan of an extensive campaign against the s-veral American corpi d'armit, organizing, recruiting, encouraging, exhorting the inhabitants not only of the capital, but the whole country, with a view to meet the danger that threatens Mexico with the whole of her defensive resources We find that Santa Anna had at length quitted his retreat?bis hacienda?where he had been no doubt lying by for the opportuno moment to arrive when he coulu best exhibit himself to the inhabitants of the capital, and profit by their highest enthusiasm, pushed to an'extreme by their alternate hopes and fears On the 14th ultimo, he reached Azotta, a small town distant ten or twelve leagues from the city of.Maxico. Here be eived a communication from Almonte, the ad interim Secretary of W?r, proposing]to|him the supreme Executive power, or Dictatorship. This offer was made on the part of the provisional government, organized by General Salas, alter the fall of Paredes. On the 16th ultimo, then, Santa Anna arrived at the capital, amid rejoicings more enthusiastic than had ever been witnessed before. The people seem to beheld in 1 him their savior, and were almost frantic with joy. The testimonies of attachment to his perion were unbounded The next day the most vigorous measures, so far as declarations go, were taken by the Provisional Government A levy of 30.000 men to recruit the army was ordered. Requisitions were forthwith transmitted to all the principal places in the Republic, for an immediate furnishing of their respective quotas of men. Puebla, and the whole of the towns within a circuit of fifty or ixty leagues of the metropolis, are stated to have complied with the requisition for men, with the greatest alacrity. A regiment was immedia ely raised in Puebla, on tne arrival mare ol tlx new* ot tlx levy of 30 000 men. lo facilitate the armiag and equipping of thin large body of troops, the government have ordered that dutiei od all munitiona oi war shall ceaae to be levied, until further notice. In view of thia extensive armament of the Mexican people, and putting implicit faith in the truth of the preceding new*, (of their authenticity we can have no reasonable doubt, from the *eurce through which they reach ui), it would be madness to temporiae any longer with this infatuated people. The war must now be prosecuted with vigor ; such, indeed, seem* by the late intelligence trom Washington, to be the course traced out by our administration If any hopes have ever been enterta.ned of pacific policy on the part of Santa Anna, they mutt now be abandoned. A rumor was current in town yesterday, that General La Vega, now in this city, had received a letter from General Ampudia, stating that Santa Anna, with fifteen thousand men, was on his march to attack Oencral Taylor?breaking the armistice. If the armistice be broken by the Mexicans, they will never touch bottom. [From the N. O. Tropic, Oct. 10.] Our correspondent furnishes many details of the movement* of Sauls Anne and the Mexican government which will he found deeply interesting, ee|>ecially the letter of that cistty tyrant-demagogue to Gen Almonte The correspondence is presumed to have been a ruse between Santa Anna and Almonte to pave the way of the former to power again. It will be seen that the Mexican government were makirg a great demonstration of re mnance 10 me marcn 01 our invading nmy. 1 lie detail* below are important. Ai our forces approach the capital we are prepared to see a spirit arouied among it people. that will give our gallant officers and soldiers another and perbupi bloodier reception than they have met with even at Monterey. But Oen. Taylor i? at'ortez in brave ry and judgment, without any of the drawbacks of that great captain'1 character. We learn lurther, that a letter from a United Ptates naval olltcer, stationed off Tampico, was received in town yosterday, stating that the Mexicans were fortifying that place, so as to reader it as impregnable as possible, and that not less than MKMl troops were supposed to be there. The M?nitor Rrpuil cano, of August 30th, says thst Don Benito Karias was about leaving Vera Cruz for London, with a commission, the nature of which was not known, though it was in con*equence of the resolution adopted by government in relation to the national debt. That paper furthei says it was reported (it knows not how truly.) that Messrs. liaro A I'amarez had been authorized by the house of the Lizardi Brothers to make new proposals for the conversion of the debt Our correspondent howevor, in a private memorandum to us, says that the merchant Don Benito Karias was not amongst the passengers by the British steamer Mcdway, when she sarivej Irom Vera Cruz. Orr Vrcn* Can, Sept. 24th, 1846. In mv last. I irformed you that* Santa Anna had not yat leit Jalaps, an.l that his poaition waa by no maans settled. For a time his destiny trembled in a balance that a hair might hare turned, but hia good fortune again triumphed, and he is now really the master of his country. To crown this result, some manccurering between himself end Almonte was found necessary, and they entered into an interesting correspondence, which was immediately published in the official journal, for the benefit ol the government and the gratification of the gullible, whore name in Mexico is, par excellence, legion. 1 hare translated, and enclose heiewi h, the most important communication embraced ;n this correspondence. It is frem Santa Anna to his confrere, and declines the < hief Magistracy which had lieen cautiously tendered to him by the latter. The publication of this letter pared the way for hia entry into the capital, through which his march had the character of a triumph. Prepaiationa li. d been made for the ostensible cehdiration ot the revolution eetablisbing the charter of 1IW4, during which bauia Anna was to take the oath of Chief Magistrate. And the artillery thundered, the bells rang, the people shouted, and the politicians chuckled a welcome to Menta Anna, the hero of Tampico and the Bohine ! the well beloved of his country! The government has issued requisitions upon the state* for their oontingenU of troops, requiringthem to W Y O W YORK. MONDAY MO appear at the city of Mexico, or at S in Luis Pototi, within scventi <l?yi after the publication of the orJer. A Jalaps paper, speaking of the proposition recently mule by our government to that or Mexico, hopes that the reply of Congress will be to the following effect "Since the Cabinet of Washington haa confessed, through ita Miniater, Shannon, that for twentv two year* it had labored for the independence of Texaa. Mexico will not make peace with the United State* until due re pan lion shall Cave been made by the latter for that injure and all ita oonaequanae* " The wiitcr eatutely add a : ' But to enable Mexico to uae auch language, it ia n>ceaaary that the ahould gain aonie victoriea, and that ti e commerce of the United Sta'e* ahould be harraaaed 1 y our privateers in every tea," Hcc. A let'er from Sen Fernandea, addreaicd to Col. Parrodi*. givea a aad account of aomo of our aoldiery It asya : " The American*, to the number of full five hundred, have retired in the direction of Camargo or China, to reI join Taylor. " Vou can entertain no idea of the diaorder of theae troops, nor conceive how much wickedneaa they have accomplished, while eternally preaching to us of the benefits which we should derive from their rule ! These semi hnrbariane. as eoon they entered the defencelcc and terrified town, began to gallop their horses through the streets, and were drunk from tlia lim? Ihrv urrivml until they left. No house was respected?they boldly entered any that pleased them. They had three unfortunate beings with them, tied by the neck,and driven along in that manner, whom they said they were going to shoot, because daring the night seven horses had been lost, and these poor fellows were accused of having stolen them. After suffering many outrages a couple of countrvmen found them nearly dead, and cut the cord* which hound them. Thev made good their escape." "El Rrjnihlitano," a print which has supported Sai.t.r Anna's cause and claims with unflinching earnestnes during the greater part of his banishment,has now given him terrible offence in publishing a letter which probably shadowed forth his true intentions, as it is extremely reasonable to refer some of ita statements to sentiments known to be entertained by him. Tho letter is signed with the name, or anonym of Juan N. Villasenor, and charges Santa Anna's government with the intention to banish, to various quarters of the country the meat meritorious and respeotable of ita c'tizeni. amongst whom are named Jose Joaquin da Herrera (late President) and T. Garcia Conde. It accuses Santa Anna of vindictive motives in this regard, and denounces his rule as a Dicta torihip. Santa Anna writes a long report of the newspaper, and Its aorrespoudent, to t^e Minister of War,his friend Almonte. who replies in suitably soothing terms _.-i. v... I 1, seen n<> account of the abrogation?I allude to that making publishets responsible tor the sentiments of their editor* and correspondent*. That punishing persons who tcalumniate the government is. with equal certainty, in full force, and 1 fancy lienor Viliasenor and the Senores, the publishers of "El Repuhlircno," will soon find them selves employed on the ''fortifications of the frontier " or those of Vera Cruz, to one or the other of whioh places, by a recent decree, all criminals are to be transported. The same paper, of the 8th inst., contain* a letter from "a Captain or a foreign sloop of war lying at rcnsacola," dated fith Augnst. This Captain could of coarse he no other than Monsieur Dttbiuil, of the French barm La Perouse, who mingles a very commendable love of scandal with about an equal degree of ignorance and causticity. He says :? " Mr Buchanan, Secretary of State, is celebrated for his robberies in Mississippi. Mr. Bancroft, who has charge of the Navy, was no more than a Professor of History, no great proof of fitness to control a Naval Armament. A? to the Minister of War, all agree 'hat e shameful ignorance governs his [department." (Mum) He proceeds, " Some may consider my language rather caustic, but I am persuaded that it only expresses the singlo opinion of enlightened and sincere men. who love good faith and their conntry, and who are horrified at the state of demoralization in which the government is plunged. " The new* from the frontier gives but little satisfaction to the United States. One naif of the nrtny is found necessaiy to look out Cor the other half, and Gen Tay lor had so much trouble with the Louisiana volunteers that he was compelled to discharge them all " There only needs one single fortunate action to guaranty a brilliant treaty, and there are good reasons for expecting a favorable result." I here is more of t his 'letter, but 1 don't care about copying it Account) from Monterey as late as the 30th ult.. have been received. A letter of the !2t$th aaya that the American* had left Mier for that city, but their march waa low, and reaembled a route more than a march. They were six days moving fifteen leagues (38 miles or leas ) The writer says:? " We are now strong enough, and within eight davs will be more so! There are two thousand troops in the 1)1x7.4, and from eight hundred to a thousand horse at hand, near. Then there are three brigade* on the road here from Sen Luis Potosi, tho first of which ought to reach Saitillo tomorrow So when all our branches are united, we shall number a force of seven thousand men! Superior, not only to the forces of the enemy now on their march, but greater than all they have at Fronton (H?n Isabel), Matamoros and the other towns, which do not exceed fifty-five hundred all told. We have, therefore. only to meet them at the point of the bayoDet." The intelligence of the 30th dissipates somewhat the pntriot'c expectations founded on the statements of this writer, as it brings (Jen. Taylor no further than 8eralvo. where he is detained from want of means of transpor tation. The c ty seems {to be well fortified, and Mejia writes with gieat confidence in the result. Aa the responsibility of defeat or falling back must rest upon Amntldia Meiis can indulire in anv amount of nlaasant anti cipatii-m. I >)o not know where Santa Anna intend* to tix hi* rendezvous, but i presume at Sin Luis Botosi, and he will doubtless endeavor to meet Taylor at some point near that city. The bulletin of the official paper of the 10th inst reports an encounter between two parties-of the opposing ar mies. in the pass of Pacuache, in which the Americans lost six killed and two prisnnets. and a quantity of provision*. The Mexican loas was one horse, and two sol diers wounded! The relative numbers are not given, but I take it to have been another Canales and Thornton atfair, if, indeed, there i* any truth in it. The capital of the State of Mexico is removed to Tolnca. I-ETT** FROM SANTA ANNA. Gen. Santa Anna, Commander in- Chief of the liberating Army, to Gen. Almonte, Miniittr of IVnr of the Rc public of Mexico : Atotla, 1 o'clock, A. M., Sept. 14, 1H46. Sir I have received your favor of this date, acknowledging a decree issued by the supreme government of the nation, embracing a programme of tnn proceedings adopted to regulate a due celebration of the reestablishment of the Cooslitutien of 18-J4, the assumption by myself of the supreme executive power, and the anniversary of the glorious cry of Dolores My satisfaction is extreme to observe the enthusiasm with which preparations are made to celebrate the two blessings which hsve fallen upon this nation? her independence and her liberty?and I am penetrated with the deepest gratitude to And that my arrival at tha capital will be made to contribute to the solemnities of so great nn occasion In furtherance of this object. I shall make my entree in that city to-morrow at midday, and desire, in contributing my share to the national jubilee, to observe such a course as may best accord with my duties to my country?beloved of my heart?and with tho respect dun to the sovereign will of the people I have been called by the voice of my fellow-citizen* to exercise the office of Commander-in-Chief of the Army of the Republic. I was far from my native land when intelligence of this renewed confidence, an 1 of these new obligations imposed upon mo by my country, was brought to]me,and I saw that tbe|imminent dangers which surrounded heron all sides, formed the chief motive for calling me to the head of the army. I now see terrible contest with a perfidious and daring enemy impending over her, in which the Mexican Republic must re-conquer the cnsignia of her glory, and a fortunate issue, if victorious, or disappear from the face of the earth, if so unfortunate as to be defeated. I also see a treacherous faction raising its head from her bosom, which, in calling up a form of government detested by t-io united nation, provokes a preferable submission to foreign dominion; and I behold, at last, that alter much vacillation, that nation ia resolved to establish her right to act for herself, and to arrange such a form of government as best suits her wishes. All this I have observed, and turned a listening ear to the crv of my desolated country, satisfied that she really needed my weak services at so important a period. Hence I hare come without hesitation or delay to place myself in subjection ts her will, and, desirous te be perfectly understood,upon reaching my native soil, 1 gave a lull and public expiession of my sentiments and principles The reception which they met convinced me that I had not deceived myself, and 1 am now the more confirmed in them, not from having gi"eu them more consideration, hut because they have lounJ a general echo in the hearts of my fellow citizens. 1 come, then, to carry my views into operation, and in coropMance with the mandate of my country. She cell* me as ( ommander-in Chief of the Army, and in that ca parity 1 stand ready to serve. The enemy occupies our nut bora?he is despoiling n? of the richest of our territorial an,l ihroatana < u. ith hia iln nuiation I izo. then to the'head of tne Mexican Aimy-nnurmy tho offspring (*yo) of free people ami Joined with it, I will fulfil my utmost duty in opposing ttie enemies of my country. 1 will die fighting. or lead the valiant Mexican* to the enjoy mentof a triumph to which they are aline entitled by juitice, by their warlike character, and by the dignity and enthusiasm which they have pieseived of a free nation. The war i* a neceiaity of immediate im|iortance; every day'a delay ia an age of inlamy; I cannot tecede from the position which the nation baa aaaigned me: I muat go forward, unieaa I would draw upon myielf the cenaure due to ingratitude for the favor* with which I have bean overwhelmed by my fellow-citizen*; or, unloaa 1 would behold hgr humbled and Buffering under a perpetuation of miafortune. Your Kxcelloncy will at once perceive how great an error I should commit in aaauming the auprerne Magiatracy, when my duty call* me to the field, to fight against the enemiesoi the Republic. I should disgrace myself, if, when called to (he point of danger, I should spring to that of power Neither my loyalty nor my honor requires the abandonment of lntrresta so dear to ma. 1 he single motive ol my heart ia to offar my compatriot* the sacrifice of that blood which yet runs in my veins. I wiali them to know that I consecrate myself entirely to their service, aa a soldier ought to do, and am only desirous further, to he permitted to point out tho course by wh ck Mexico may attain tlie rank to which her destiI nies call her. In marching against the enemy, and Jeclining to accept ol her power, I give a proof of the sincerity of my aentimenta , leaving tne nation harown mistress, at liberi ty to dispose of herself as she seas fit Tee election* for number* of Congress to form tho constitution whish RK I RNING, OCTOBER 19, 18 the people wish to adopt. Bre proceeding That Congress will now soon convene, and while I shall be engaged in the conitict in armed defence of her independence, the nation will place such safeguards around her liberties as mny best suit herself. If I should permit mvself for a single moment, to take the reins of government the sincerity of mv promises would he rendered questionable, and no confidence could be placed in them. I nm resolved that they shall not bo falsified, for in their redemption I behold the general good, a* well my honor a* a Mexican and a soldier. I cannot abandon l thia petition The existing government haa ' in tued a courso with which the nation haa ahown itaelf content, 1 end I have no desire to subvert it by taking its place. I feel abundant pleasure in remaining where I am. and flatter myaolf that the nation will applaud my choice I sh .II joyfully arcrpt auch tasks aa ahe shall continue to impose upon me ; and while ahe ia engaged in promoting the objeeta ol' civilization, 1 will brave every danger in supporting its benefits, even at the coat of my existence. Will your Excellency have the goodness to tender to the Supremo Government my sincere thanka for their kindness 7 1 will personally repeat them to-morrow? for which purpose I propose to call at the Palace. 1 shall there embrace my friends, and hastily pressing them to heart, hid them a tender farewell, and set out for the scene of war, to lend my aid to serve my country, or to perish among its ruins. 1 beg to repeat to your Excellency, assurances of my continued and speciul esteem. ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA. TIIK KOCTX TO SANTA FK. rVrom the Washington Union, Oct 16.] We publish the following interesting report of the route from Kort Leavenworth to Santa Ke, from Lieut. Kmorv, chief of the topographical engineer start', with (Jen. K earner's command, addressed to the General. The map and tables referred to, aro too voluminous for a daily paper. Santa Kr, August 24, 1646. Sir I hare the honor to enclose herewith the map of the route of the'Army of the West, and a reconnoissance of the town of Santa Ke and its^environs ,for the purposes of defence. In the reconnoisance, I had the able co-operation of Lieut. Gilmer, of the corps of engineers The plans for defonce, based on this reconnoisance, will be submitted to you. The site selected for the fort having been approved by yon, has been markod on the map, and this morning a force is employed in the commencement of the road to the site. The data upon which the map of the route is based, is the determination of the geographical positions resulting from the measurement of eleven hundred and eight angles of altitude of the heavenly bodies, and the elevation of flfty points above St. Louis, determined by one hundred and ten observations of the barometer, independent of the barometic observations for refraction. It will be seen that some few of the observations, particularly those for time, at Kort Leavenworth, have not nccn computed. These I would respectfully suggest might bo made at the bureau of topographical engineer*. They will change nothing, but only confirm other result*. So also of the height* resulting from the baromet ric observation*. I would suggest that the column of altitudes should be carried out at the bureau, and that the comparison should he with Dr. Knglumau's determination of the menu height of the barometer at St Louis, viv: 29 3 inches, thormometer 31 drg Fahrenheit. These heights give the fall of the Arkansas from Bent's Kort; the elevntiou of the pass of the Raton, roughly computed by me at 7,000 feet above St. Louis ; the elevation of many of the mountain passes between that and Santa Ke, and the elevation ot Santa Fe itself, which is 8.000 feet above St. Louis From this elevation may be inferrod the mean tall of the Ilio Del Nor'e, from this place to the sea, assuming St. Louis to be 381 feet above the Uulf of Mexico. The geological structure of the country passed over has been critically examined, and specimens collected, and carefully labelled. So also of the botany on the route. In addition to the specimens collected in this interesting branch of inquiry, up to B> nt's Fort, every plant was sketched to the lile, in a masterly manner, by Lieutenant Abert, who uulortunatelv fell sick before teaching that place, and was loft there. To arrunge these specimens, name them, and make general deductions, is the work ot time, and requires the aid of light from the learned societies and men of the country. To guide those who avail themselves of the map of It* rntita I B,,,,*>rwt > t.l.U ?r r - camp. Those from camp J3 to Banta Fe were measured with a viameter furnished by Major Clark, and may be relied on with absolute certainty. The grata and water from Leavenworth to the point on the Oregon trail (camp No. 4) ia good, except at the crouing of the Kansas river. From camp -1 to where the road atrikea the Aikanaea, of the many creeka repreaented, we found running water in but Fish Pool, Council Orove, Cotton Wood, Little Arkanaaa, and Cow creeka. The remainder were either dry, or in poola highly charged with decaying vegetable matter. The grass for amell partiee ia tolerable, but for an army, requires much examination to dnd tne requisite quantity From the point of reaching the Arkanaaa until within eight milea of Bent'a Fort, the valley of the Arkanaaa ia from one hundred yards to a mile wide, bounded on each aide by low barren hilia, which aoon mount to the table land?, presenting an arid and barren waste to the north and to the south, until y ou encounter the narrow valleya of the Puwnee fork and Hmoky Hill fork on the north, and the Ciuimaron on the south. Leaving the valley, and the isolatedjcotton-wood trees that dot at long intervals the aides of the Arkansas, the traveller's eye wanders in vain lor any object of vegetation upon which to rest, except the cactus, which here is very diminutive, and the thinly scattered buffalo grass, which I never saw in snfticieDt quantity out of the bottom of the Arkansas to give ene horse a meal within a circle of a radius of 2,600 yards. Wherever the rocks cross out on tho Arkansas, the cretaceous formation developos itself iu uir iviivwiu^ UIUV1 v? buptji pum uon ; ? 1. Limestone, and sometimes a conglomerate of limestone and round pebbles of the piunitive order, and shells. 3. Sandstone, with amonites and other fossils in great abundance, the whole underlaid by dark blue marl The whole country from Fort Leavenworth to Bent's Fort abounds in limestone, and the road is sometimes white with pulverized carbonate of lime. 1 he dust, which rose in volumes, had the same effect as when in a room, where the plaster is being knocked down, producing tneezirg and coughing. As tar as camp live the country is an open prairie, beautifully undulating, waving with grass and flowers, and inteisected witu streams fringed with timber Wherever cultivating la attempted, bountiful crops are made. From that point up to the Pawnee fork the country becomes more and more arid, making it doubtful if cultivation could be attempted except by irrigation, wiuch would confine it to the few beds of streams. Beyond that, except in the narrow beds of the Arkansas, it is quite certain that a crop cannot be produced except by irrigation. As an evidence of the dryness of the air, I beg to call attention to the extraordinary results in the meteorological journal Leaving Bent's Fort, a large party should make its first night five or six miles up the river, aud be ready to make the journey across to the Jimpas, ono day, there Being no water for twenty-two miles, nor^rass until you reach camp 33, twenty-nine miles from the river. F'rom this point, camp 33, to the Hole in the Rock, the road follows the valley of the Timpas, through a broken country, destitute of grass, with now and then a few scrub cedars on the sides of the hills. At the Hole in tho Rock there is stagnant water, but no grass. Fifteen miles lurther, ?t camp 33, at the Hole in the l'raine, there it both grass anil water. Krom camp 33, the read descend* into the valley of the Purgatory, a bold, dashing itream for thie country, with butlittle glass in it* bed. The road now ascends this valley toward* the Uaton, at the rate of 1,'iOO feel in 17 mile*, l>y sharp and unequal ascent*, until you reach the summit. On either side, the mountains shoot up atiruptiy to the height of 1,000 to 1.300 feet, and the valley has a good growth of cedar, pmon, and pine. There i( no grass of any consequence until you reach the spring at camp 33, near the summit. The road in places is bad. On it, about 16 miles below camp 36, an immense bed ol bituminous coal, thirty feet thick, ciop* out, and irom here, on to the crossing of the Canadian, coal 1* found in gieat abundance. On the north side ol the Raton, the geological structure of country is much the tame a* the valley of the Arkansas. In the llatou it changes materially ; and thence on to the Vega*, the surface of the country i* covered with fragment* of lava of various colors, and the summit of the bills crowned with it. The scenery and botany teem to undergo an entire change, except in one respect?its excessive dwaifishnets. Krom the valley of the i anadiaii to the Ocate, tho country to that place, and from thence to the .\loro river, become* tame and flat, the gran i* very icarce, but by adhering to the camp krounds occupied by the army, it will be lound in sumclent quantities for small parties. Arrived at the Vegas, the whole face of the country changes. At that point you begin rapidly to ascend the great chain of mountains running north and south on the wost side of the Rio del Norte. Ths road is constsutly traversed by sharp spurs covered with a dense growth of pine, pinon, and cedar, forming at almost every four or Hve miles, natural military defences, which, in the hands of sn intrepid enemy, would enable a handful of men to keep at bay the largest army Water is plenty, hut the only good grass found was at the camp off the road near the ruins ot the Aztec city of old Pecos. From tliat point to Santa Fa. the march must he made in one day; there being no subsistence for the horses of : an army. The valleys of the small mountain streams, ; narrow and few in number, cultivated onlv by the labo; rious process of irrigation, afl'ord no relief, being barely able to support the small ponula'ion on them. Arrived | within fifteen miles of Hants Ke, you will see marked on the man the strong and almost impregnable position oc i i.!. t?... ...a a...a k. i cupiej liy \rmiju HUH III" lUltci, mm -mm.ium.rmu i'j una ou yoar approach. TIIK SCAT OF WAR. The Slate of New Leon (Nuero Leon,) extend* over a large part of the plain of Monterey, and the mountain tract lying between it and the llio del Norte. The plain i* vciy little known. The plain appear* to coniiit of ex| tenure level* here and there .n'eriected by hill* of moI derate elevatioo, and exhibit* a good deal of fertility, but it lithe cultivated Tbeieoreafew impoitant nvnea in the mountain* of the northern di*trict*. Large herd* of cattle paiture on tho plain*. The ]>opulation ot thi* State i* email, about eighty fire thouiand, and coniiit* chiefly I of white* Monterey, where the lait battle wa? fought, and which ] it now in poaieuion of the American army, U the capital , of the State of New Leon, ami rontaina about Ift.OUO inhabitant* , it i* the teat of a bialtop, and derhrei It* im portance from the neighborhood ol tho mine* I Saltllio, the late capital of the State of Cohahnlla, J which (Jen. Taylor ha* order* neat t# take, 1* ?itutted at IERA ;46. the southern extremity ol the State, on (he side of a hill. I It contain* about Ij.uou iuhabitanta, anil ha* several good stieets, communicating at right angle* with the flaza, (uublic square,) in the centre of which is a huge reservoir, which supplies the tow n with water From the following table of distances, it will be observed that our army has matched 300 miles from Matamoras To Monterey, (city,) 300 Miles. Saltillo 76 " Mexico, (city,) 7 Hi " ToUl 1,01'I AFFAIRS IN YtCATAN. [From the New Orleans Picayune, Oct. 8 ] In another column we have given somo iletnil? of nowi from Y ucatan received yesterday from Laguna direct, and by way of Havana. Had thero been any room before for a doubt in regard to the political poaition of Yucatan, it would be entirely removed by the facta we give to-day. One would suppose that the paaaage of a decree by the Yucatan Congiess in Auguat. adopting the revolution in Mexico according to the "Plan ol tiaudalajara," would have been quite enough to Identify Yucatan with Mexico, and that the would no longer be allowed by our gov eminent all the privilegea of neutrality. The citizens of the town of Canqieachy did absolutely refuse to promulgate the decree of August ad, it was deemed so subversive, say their newspapers, of the plan of neutrality proclaimed but a few months before But (>ov. Barbacbano. under the advice and influence of Basadre, insisted that the decree should be promulgated, and so far as was in his power he has united liis political fortunes with those of Sunta Anna. And yet our government respects the neutrality of Yucatan. Americans are hated there by the people with almost ferocity, and it requires the presence, from time to time, of a vessel of war to prevent outrages against their rights; and yet the country is called by us neutral. Kvery traveller that we have seen from there declares that the feelings of the people are most hostile , their government itself declares its entire sympathy with thu revolution in Mexico, and does every thing but take an ,.ur? in lha ..... ?..lll.._ ?,? "i vM r"* " tuv auu 4,1 cnu'"^ MO' neutral. Nor is tliia all. \Ve have attempted to cut oil' Mexican commerce by blockading her porta, thus de priving the people of Mexico of supplies of merchandise, and the government of the revenue which would accrue upon their lm|>ortation. We succeed in preventing acceil te a lew principal porta ; but Mexico at once opena other amaller noils to foieign commerce, and into these, small vessels Irom Yucatan swarm with supplies, and carry on a traffic most lucrative for themselves, convenient lor the people of Mexico, ami productive of a revenue for Mexico Nor huve we yet reached the atrocity oT this business. Yucatan vessels are regularly furnishing Meiico with the munitions of war, and the supplies ol powder which Moxico is using in repelling our uttacks upon her are imported from this city in V ucatan vessels ! There aie schoonois regularly engaged in this nelaiiotis trade ? They load here principally with powder, and sail for Lnguna, where their cargoes are privately transhipped to (mailer vessels and lent into Tobasco or other smaller I porta which abound on the Moxican coast. This is no | Action?no exaggeration. We yesterday conversed with un intelligent American merchant, who is recently from Yucatan. He assured us that these facts were within bis own personal knowledge ; that the matter was well understood among the meichants of Yucatan, and the schooners engaged in the trade known to all. AH this illicit commerce is vastly lucrative, and the people of Yuc.atau are only feaiful that it will be broken up, and that their ports will be closed by a rigorous blockade ? They have been in full expectation of such a measure, as thay made no concealment ot their hatred to the United States, and their warmest sympathy with the people of .Mexico in the unjust war which thev charge the United Hlates with waging against them. Well may the |>ositiou of Yucatan be called anomalous ! \1exicau to the world at large. Mexican in her heart and feelings, she Ntamls in the attitude of an independent nation towards tho United States alone And we sustain her in this attitude, and we protect her Aag, which covers a commerce the most injuiious and ruinous lor ourselves, aud which supplies Mexico with facilitiea for continuing the war against us To make a simple statement of the facta, one would think were enough to call down upon Yucatan the instant vengeance ol our government; but the statement lias been made again and again by the press of this city ; travellers have Irom lima to time repeated the same facts : it is a matter frequently men'.iouvd in our commercial circles, aud laughed and jested over, and the government takes no step at all in tho business. Rut seriously, our relations with Yucatan are deserv mg or toe moat grave consideration ol tho government At present, the ii the moit convenient go-between which our enemy has, and she impudently venture* to assist her to lupplic* from the porta o^avur own country. INCIDENTS, &C., CONNECTED #IT1I THE STORMING OF MONTEREY. [From the Buffalo Advertiser, Oct. IS ] Killed, at the capture of Monterey, Mexico, on the 33d ulL, ('.apt. W. O. William*, United State* Topographical Engineers. A* an intimate Rnd long attached friend of the late Capt. W. U. Williams, we would claim thi* sad privilege, and, in *o doing, we feel an assurance that a large portion of thi* community will appreciate ami sympathize with the feeble tiibute which wu arc able to otter to the memory of ODe who waa esteemed and beloved, in propoition a* ho was long and intimately known. Born in thi* country, the greater portion of liia childhood and early youth wa* passed in England. Returning to the land of his nativity while yet a boy, his mother being deceased, and his father engaged in business which re quired his absence, ha was left, in a measure, to carve out hi* own destiny in life. He conceived the determination of entering West Taint. Without friend* or influence to further hi*aim, he voluntarily, and alone, mada personal application, at Washington, to some of the distinguished functionaries there, lor an appointment. His prepossessing appearance, and the singular decision of character and confidence evinced by tho circumstances under which he appeared as an applicant lor a position which was in eager request by numbers with the aid of powerful friend* mod influence, procured for him what many, with all the advantages of the latter, failed to obtain. By the particular efforts of those to whom his ap. plication was addressed, and who had become deeply interested in his welfare, his wiahes were crowned with success. Greatly to his father's amazement, who had left him pursuing hi* studies in an obscure village in Kentucky, be fouDd him on hia return Cadet. Apprehensive, somewhat, of his father's displeasure at his assuming the management of bis own destination in life, at that early age, tbo young cadet referred him, in deprecation, to the high position io the class which his industry and good conduct had secured him. With the sanction of tne government, a portion of his cadetship was passed at Paris, where he prosecuted hia mathematical studies, with close assiduity, under the hest teachers of the French metropolis, and there acquired the French language, which he spoko with the greatest ease and fluency. It is hardly necessary to add, that, at the close ol his course at West Point, his tank was among the first of the class. The department of Topographical Engineers was not then organized. So soon as it was established, he was among thoie appointed to that branch of the service * * * * * * Many of the services performed by him were of a delicate and very important description. The topographical survey of the Cherokee country, preliminary to the removal of the Cherokee Indians, the survey of the route for the proposed ship canal round the Falls of Niagara, a reconnoissance of the Canada*, at the time of the border troubles in 1837-8, when a rupture with Great Britain was threatened, were among the duties entrusted to him, which were performed with great credit to himself, and to the entire satisfaction of the government. A portion of hi* early military life, by consent of the rnv?rnmsnt was devoted to civil envineerinr. durinff which time he was associate chief engineer of the contemplated railroad to connect Cincinnati, Ohio, with Charleston, South Carolina. The survey upon which this great scheme of internal improrement wa* based and commenced, was in a great measure performed under his direction. For the last 7 or 8 j ears, up to a short time before the Mexican war, he was general superintendent of harbor constiurtions, and at the same time, cariied on a triangulation survey of the lakes The latter, as is well known to those conversant with the subject, requires profound scientific attainments, and abilities of a high order. The occult nature of this branch of engineering precludes its geneial appreciation On this account it is probable that a large portion of the commu nity were but imperfectly aw ure of the delicacy of the operations, which for several seasons, were carried on under his management, and the responsible nature of the undertaking. The archives of the department at Washington will show, to those who are qualified to judge, abundant evidences of tho zeal and atulity with which this duty was discharged. Possessing in an eminent degree that chivalrous disposition which seeks the most active and dangerous business of the military profession, no sooner did he learn of the rupture with Mexico, than he solicited orders for the field If he could not bo sent as an engineer, he asked to go in the line After the betlles ol l'alo Alto and Ilessca de la Palma, his request was granted. He joiDed the army at Matainoras, and accompanied it to Monterey. Hero it was decreed that his cereer of honor and usefulness should erase. The division to which he w as attached had stormed and taken the outer batteries defending the noint of the attack, and had nenetrated within the streets ol the city. Hare they were expound to a cruel fire Irom an enemy on each aide, concenle d Irom view, end with tenure and opportunity to gi>e a murderous precifion to their shots. Under ?uch circumK'aricoa, to conspicuous a mark could not tail to induce a concentrated aim ; and he muit have been awate of the certainty that he wai about to yield hi* life for hi* country. Too aevercly wounded to retire, he wii left to die in the handa of tho enemy * * * * Hia literary acquirements were of a high order, and hie talent for painting would have sutured eminent eurre?e had he devoted himself excluaively to thia lire of effort Such wai hit fondneaa for tbit branch of the fine arte, ; that he bestowed a large portion of hit leisure to laboriout application to it The time which in too many |t> I stances it loit hy inaction, or worae than watted hy ill i directed activity, he devoted to refined pursuits. He waa interested in the National Academy of Design, was an honorary member of that institution, and its annual exhibitions always contained creditable productions i from his pencil. In cultivating thia ele ant pursuit, he waa not a mare copyist, but aimed at the higher department* of the art. Many of hia compositions, ir we nil take not, would not do injustice to artiata of distinguished merit. [Krom the New Orleans Delta, Oct. 7. i Lieut, t ol Duncan, of the battalion of artilleiy, at at Palo Alto and Itetacn da la Palma, signalized himsell tor hia bravery at the battle of Monterey. ? ol. Duncan it known nottolie very fastidious in hit dreas ? rather neg1 ligent in matters of ike toilet?and this led to a rather I ludicrous error at the interview or parley between Oenerala Teylor and Ampudla, at which many of the officers LD. ftln VWO OnHa of both armiei wen- preaent, end Lieut. CoL Duncan by the invitation of General Taylor. He wa* uuaharen, wore a allocking bad palmetto hat, and aeemed to hare much more of the " 1-de-aa-l-d pleaae" air of the Texan Hanger than be had of an officer of high rank among the regular*. Aa he entered the audience chamber with hii uaual air of abandon, the Mexican officera aeeuied to have been auddenly and afcnultaneeuelr operated on by au electrifying machine. They would look at Duncan and whiaper to one another, and then look ttuu WlUPp<JI ci^niu Al ICII^lU, l/UU JWiC ."?! h busy little Merle Meddle of a fellow, one of AmpudJa'a aida, who spoke Knglisli pasting well, stepped up to ono of General Taylor's start, ami pointing to Liaut. Colonel Duncan, begged to be informed " if that waa not Captain Walker I" "No." "Nor Hayal" "No." " Nor McC'ulloch 7" "No." " Then is ha not at least a Texun 7" " No " The little aid having got this particular and this general assurance that thu gallant Duncan was rot a Texun '1 no how," he breathed freer, and returned to his general and comrade-officers, to whom be in an under tone communicated this gratifying intelligence.? ! To uccount (for the trepidation which the presence of the brave Duncan occasioned, it is necessary to state that General Ampudia has received positive information from his spies, that the first opportunity which may present itsell, the Texans are, to a man, determined to take hi* life, regardless of the rules or the usages of war. Duncan was taken for one of the b'boys ! [Krow the New Orleans Delta, Oct #.] The destructive tire to which the division under Gen. Taylor was exposed, wlion advancing on the enemy's for.a on the til at ult., at Monterey, may bo gathered from the fate of the gallant third regiment. Soon after the time when the order to advance was given. Major Lear, in command ol tho regiment at the time, got killed. ( apt. .Morn.4 men assumed ma command ; ne 100 shared a like late. (.'apt. Bainbridge wa* next to lead : lie got seveiely wounded, and bad to retire. Bet. Mat. Barbour wan the next to take command ; he waa killed, ('apt. Kield waa next, and ho waa killed. At the cloae of the engagement, Cupt. Henry waa in command of what remuinedof the regiment, which were found to number, 011 being muitered, 71 men, including the oliicera and the rank him file ! Major N. r. Barbour, of the Mh infantry, who waa killed by a musket ball in the attack on Monterey, la the nine officer who, at the battle of Palo Alto, repulaed, w ith u single company of the Sth regiment, Jhe whole regiment ot Mexican Lancers, eight hundred strong, for which he waa breveted a Major He waa an oficer of fine accomplishments, and universally esteemed in the army. It is an error to suppose, thatat the time of the capitulation of Monterey, all the strong holds of the enemy woio taken There was u strong bastioned fort at the northwest side of the city still in possession of the Mexicans, in which there weie six hundrod of the enemjr, with a large supply of ammunition. A Jettor from Camargo, under date of Sept. 31, mentions the death of two ol the " Chesapeake Riflemen," vi/. : Richard Hanlon, printer, of Annapolis, and Jacob Wiker, of Baltimore; and also the death of John Stevens, a member of Capt. l'inei's com|>any of volunteers from this city. The same letter says that about seventy men of the Baltimore battalion, who were unable to Join in the march to Monterey, were left at Camargo ; and eubsiM]uently many ot them were discharged. smciAL CORRESPONDENCE OF TUX KXBALD. Camp wkar Mabin, Mexico, Sept. 16, 1846. The Cilti of Marin Taken?The Mexicans' Hurried Re treat?The perfect Order and Quietness of opt Soldiert in entering and pasting through the City. Yesterday, the IMh of Sept, at 12 M., the Ant division of the aimy of oocupation, with " Old Rough end Reedy" et its head, came in sight of the city of Marin. General Taylor commanded a halt for a few minutea, for the purpose of discovering the movement* of the enemy. We were then about one mile from the city?our advance guard one-half mile, and also at a fealt. A messenger was soon despatched to the main body of the division, with the intelligence that five hundred lancers were In the city and muting active preparations for a rstreet ? General Taylor then gave orders that the division march in quick, lime on the city. In ten minutes we were in the city ,and where we expected to meet the most violent opposition, not a Mexican warrior was to be seen, and nearly all the inhabitants had Oed the place. As we passed through to the southern part, we could very indistinctly discern a body of soldiers in the far distance, malting, to all appearance, a very hurried retreat. Our soldiers preserved the strioteet order and quietness in passing through the city. Not a man left the ranlts.und acaicelv was there a loud word spoken. A deep sensibility of pity see in el to pervade the whole masa of aoldiery an they entered and passed through one of the most beautiful places in all Mexico. A frightened Mexican it un objecj^of pity. It is now reduced to a certainty, that Santa Anne is on his way from the city of Mexico to Monterey, at the head of a considerable force. A. D. Naval Intelligence. [From the New Orleans Delta, Oct. ] Hit Hon. Judge McCaleb delivered, yesterday, an opinion at ldigth in the case of the brig Naiad, libelled as a pri/.e, by the ofHceit and crew of the United States brig of war ''Somen." The facts of the rase, as proved, are these-.?The Naiad left the port of Hamburg on the 5th of June, and arrived oil' Vera Cni7. on the 37th of August, when an officer of the " Somers" boarded her, notified her of the blockade, warned her off, and inquired whether the stood in need of provisions or water. Tothii inquiry the captain replied that ha was not in want of any thing. The Captain of the Naiad then. steered for Havaua. Hie chief reason for selecting that port was, that he had been there before, and could enter the harbor without a pilot ; besides which, he was informed by the boarding oflcer, that another Dutch ship, warned off, had gone to that port. After sailing towards Havana forty-eight hours, and having progressed only fifty miles on her course, the biig was totally becalmed. The Captain then became alarmed lest, from the calm, the adverse current, the very bad sailing qualities of his vessel, and the distance (near 1000 miles; to Havana, he should be short of water, and determined to return to the " Somers" to ask the aiinnlw .if n-afnr that Ha/1 Imon nffsavdhsi nnH Amrlinml Ha 1 accordingly turned, on the morning of the 39th August, towards the squdron, and od the evening of the ene day came within light of land, and ihertened tail, eo aa to keep off the thorn till morning, when he hoped to aee tho " Somen," or noma other venal of the equadron. On the morning of the 30th he mw the " Somen" between him and Vera Cruz, and itecred directly for her, varving her rourae aa the " Homers ' bore off, eo ai continually to head towardaher. On getting within hailing diatanoo of the " Somen," the Captain of the Naiad put oat hie boat and asked leave to go on board the former, which waa ?;ianted. llo went on board, asked that hit pMMBgers four in number) be taken off . and a supply of water given. The captain of the " Homer*" replied, that having returned after being warned off, his vessel must be seized as a piize. The Naiad was then taken to Oreen Island, her passengers and commercial letters having been handed over to a British vessel to be delivered in Ven Cruz ? After putting 340 gallons of water on board, in addition to what she already had^ihefwaa given in charge of a prize crew, and tailed for New Orleans on the 1st of September. On arriving at tha Baliza, on the ItithofSept., only 100 gallons of water were left. Notwithstanding a favorable wind daring the whole course from Vera Cruz to this port, so slow a sailer was tha Naiad, thatsho was 16 day* on this voyage. jnere were h persona m an, on the Naiad, on her voyage from Hamburg, and I* on her voyage from Vera Cruz to thia port The above facta are proven by the teatimony both of the oaptora and of the captured?there being no conflict between them. The crew of the Naiad further teatify, that there were about 3A0 galloaa on board when they turned buck towarda the qumdron for water?that they had about I,MO gallon* when thev loft Hamburg ? lii* honor, in the courie of hi* opinion, ftrat atated the general principle* of law applicable to the caae, which eeraed to demand a condemnation. He next commented upon the cane* cited by the counacl, and the teatimony ottered, 'the fact that made moat atrongly agalnat the Naiad, waa the declaration of the captain, at the time ot her being boarded, that he did net want anything. But the boarding officer himtell teatiAed that he ataid on board a very ihort time, and that the captain aeamad quite bewildered, and at a loaa what to do. It further appeared that thi* wa* the flr*t voyage on which ha had acted a* matter. Taking all the drcumatancaa of the case together, aa proved, the Court aaw no evidence of bad faith, nor anything to diicredit the teatimony of the crew, and concluded that it was a caae of urgent neceaai ty, and that the captain wa* justified in returning to ob. tain a (tipply of water The judgment is, that the cargo * be restored free of coat* ; and that inasmuch aa there" was probable cause of seizure, the veaeel be restored upon pay ment of coata and expenses. We learn that the Rev. Archibald Maclay, father of the Hon Wm. B. Maclay, has recently been appointed a Chaplain in the Navy. From Nauvoo?We have taken a short extrac* from the ^uiacy Htrald, which wo pve below.? It li all thai we can give ? nicn ?..7 u. torest. It ii >aid, with what degree of truth we know not. that Governor Ford is ahout to interfere and put an end to mob rule in thi? devoted city :? Nauvoo, llavrnca Co., III. Menri. Paulding and Mulli -an and all other peraooa who may <le?ire 10 purchase piopcrty in Nauvoo and Ite vicinity We the tin Icrsigneil now having charge of thii town and all prot>erty in thia place, do pledge ourselves to preaerve to the utmoat of our ability all of said property from injury or deatrurtion, if the property, the tenlple and other property belonging to the Mormon Church shell be>old within six* months. We are further desiroua that the Mormona may effect a satisfactory transfer of all their remaining intereat in thia place, lor 1 in that event, we believe peace would once more be re| stored to our country. Signed, THOS.UtDDKS.Col.Com. JAMK8D.LOUAN, Cept. JOHN McAULEY, Mejor. j If the account! from thia unfortunate city be true?end they arc from anti-Mormona?the exiating state of things are to be deprecated by every citizen. Many oi those who paiticipatoJ in the doings about Nauvoo, are cen| auring in strong terms the conduct of that portion of the mob who temain in the city of Nauveo. The driving off the new citizens and reTu'ing to suffer them to return the dncking in the riverof whom thev please?the breaking open olhoilsee and ransacking them?the searching of inhabited houaes, he , he., to aay nothing of the report of robberies, has completely cured aome of their strong sympathies for the mobocrats. ? St. /.?? ' Vni #n, Or!.# I The Miitnn Tromc rift says, that e man by the name ; of Snyder, was killad at floxhury en Thursday last, by i he it asm boot train from lost on. I

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