|thj Vol. in, SH3.WMol? Mo. 5)40 r HAUHUAM, ? . ^BeNTRAL AND MACON TNTVESTEKN ^B RAIL KOAUS, GEORGIA. Atlantir^[lirw3 M. of the State of Georgia, form a routinooaa line from Se^B vannah to Oothcalnca, Georgia of 371 mile*, ti* s? Savannah to Maeoa Central Railroad 190 miles Mac iu to At Ian 1.1 .Macoa it wmm Kailroad 101 " B Atlanta to Oothcaloea. Western it Atlantic M " Good* wiM be earned from Savannah to Atlanta and Ooth ealoga, at the followiug rates, ari* : On WiioMt Goods. To Jit- To OotK / JSngar, Coffee Liqnor, Bagging. Hope, Innta. calofa Butter. Cheese, Tobncee, Leatlier, Hides, Cotton Varus, Copper, Tin, I JBar and Slieet Iron, Hollow Ware and Csstmes . . SO 50 10 74 I Floor, Rica, Bacon id casks or boxes. Pore, Bed, Fish, Lard. Tallow, Beeswax, Mill Gearing, Pig Iron and Urind Ftoues $9 ft t?S3S On Mbasubkment Uoodi. Boxes of Hat*. Bonnets and Furniture, per cubic loot... $0 M $>26 Boxea and bales of Dry Goods, Saddlery Oiaaa, Paints, Drugs and Confectionary. percnbic foot $0 10p. 109 lbs. tf Crockery, percnbic foot $*15 " " >4 Molasses and Oil, per hhd. (amaller casks in proportion.) ,...$9 00 $12 00 Ploughs, Barge) Cultivators, Corn Shelters, and Straw Cutters, each ft 25 fl Ml Ploughs, (small) and Wheelbarrows... .$0 80 SI 04 Salt, per Liverpool Sack, $0 70 $0 06 Passage. Savannah to Atlnula..... $10 00 Children uuder 12 years of age, half price. Savannah to Macon $7 00 [L/~ Goods consigned to tile Subscriber will be forwarded free of Commissions. 57" Freight may be paid at Savannah, Atlanta or Oothcaloga. F. WINTER, Forwarding Agent, C R. K. Savaivivah. August 15. 10A6. alb 2m?rrc FALL ARRANGEMENT. i MS PIONEER AND EXPRESS LINE, via railroad and canal, FROM PHILADELPHIA TO PITTSBURQ. The above Line is now in full operation. Passengers leave Philtdelohia every morning at 7X o'clock, in the best and most anmfertable description of cars for Harrisburgh, where they embark on the P<cket Beat This is one of the most agreeable rtgites that is to be found >n the c >untry. The scenery en the Susguehanna and Juniata rivers is unsurpassed for beauty and variety. O-Offiee in Philadelchia, No. >74 Market street. Passengers should be careful net to pay their fair in New York further than Philadelphia, as there is no oue in that city authorized to zell tickcu lorgthis line. A. B. CUMMINGB. Agent. Philadelphia. October. IMC. olOtfrc CHANGE OF HOURS. LONG ISLAND KAILKOAD. FALL ARRANGEMENT, jjjgl On aniwlter MuN DAY, October 13, le46jTraiiis will run ai follows: Leave Bboobit:*?at 7 o'clrck A. M. (Boston trr.in) for Oreenport, daily, (except Sundays) stopping at Farmingdale and St. George?> Manor. " " at 9k A M., daily, for Farmingdale and intermediate placea. " " at 12 o'clock, M., for Oreenport, daily, (Sundays excepted,) stopping at Jamaica, Branch, Hicksville, and all siattoas east of Hickaville. " M at 4 P. M. for Farmingdale, daily. Leave Gbeewfobt?at ?k A. M., daily accommodation train for Brooklyn. " " a* P. M., (or on the arrival of the boat from Norwich,) Boston train daily, (except Sundays,) stepping at St. George's Maaor and Karmiugdnle. Liaxe FaBMIxodale at 6\ A.M. daily, (except Sundays,) accommodation tram, and 12 M. and P. M. Leave Jamaica? at t o'clock A. M., I P. M., and Sk P. M., for Brooklyn, or on the arrival of Boston tram. A freight tram will leare Brooklyn for Oreenport, with a passengers' car attached, on Mondays,'Wednesdays and Fridays, at 9k A. M. Returning, leave Oreenport at Ik o'clock P. M, on 1 nesday, Thursday and Saturdays, stopping at intermediate places. SUNDAY TRAINS. Leare Brooklyn at 9 o'clock A. M.. for Oreenport. Re turning, leave Ureenport at 2% P. m., fur Brooklyn, stopping at all the stations. Pant to?Bedford, t cents; East New York, 12%; llace Course. 11%;Trotting Course 18%; Jamaica. 2% Brushville, 81%; Hv de Park, (17 miles) 37%; Clowsville, (during the session of Court) 37%; Hemptiead, 37%; Branch 37%; Carle Plsce,44; Weulbury, 44; Hicksvitle, 44; Karsningdale, 82%; Deer Park, 69; Thompson, 88; * *61U Bttliou, $1; Lake Koad 8 ation, $1 18%; Medford Stsfv. u, $ 18%: Yaphank. $1 37%; St. George's Manur, SI 62%; Rl, vtiead, St 62%; Jameiport, $1 62%: Mattetuck, $1 62%; Cqta, gut, St 62%; Soutbold, SI 62%; Oreeuport Accommodation Train, SI 75; Ureenport by Boston train, $2 25. Stages are in readiness on the arrival of Trains at the several Stations, to take paaaengeii at very low farea, to all parts ol the Island. Baggage Craves will be in readinesa at the foot of Whitehall itreet, to receive baggage f r the several craiua. 30 minutes be'ore the hour of s arting from the Brooklyn side The steamboat "Statesman" leaves Ureeeport for Sag Harbor on the arrival of the Boston train from Brooklyn, flrooklyn, Oct. 8, 1846. o9 rrc regular mail line fuk boston. via norwich k wor- *n*aal ^gfCESTKH. without change boB guCars or Baggage, or without.^B^XB XimdL. -Lerossiug any >erry ^SCSEZf'asseugew lining their seats at Norwich, are insdred their aeats through to Boston This being the only inland route that communicates through by steamboat and railroad. Passengeri by this line are accompanied through by the condoctor of the train, who will have particular charge of their baggage, and who will otherwise give his attention to tlieii cur nnu cuuiiuri. Tlii? line lea> es loath rid* Pier No 1, North Hirer, foot of Battery Place, daily, (Sundaysexceptrd)at io'clock, P. M., and arrirei in Bostou in time m take all ihe eaatrru train*. The new iteamer ATLANTIC, Captain Dnstan, leare* erery Tunday, Thursday, and Saturday*, at S o'clock, P. M. The *t?amer WORCESTER. Captain Van Pelt, (rare* ?rery Monday, Wednesday, aud Friday, at 5 o'clock. P M. For farther information, inquire of J. H. VANDEKBILT. No. Battery Place, Nerth Hirer, *1 tf re m M. P.T^ftRNE-sT^O.'S NEW YORK AND LIVERPOOL EMIGRATION OFFICE PW BYRNES fc CO., of Lirerpool, are deairon* of in forming the pobl ic of the f'niOd States, that they continue *n despatch a liue of first c'ass Ship* and Packets to New York, on the 1st, 6th, llih, 16th, 21st and 2Cth ofrai h month; and onihel2tha?d 20th for Philadelphia, and on the l-h and 20th to Boston, and ar stated periods to Baltimore; also to New Orleans daring the healthy season; by any of which lines parties can engage for their li ieuds to be brought ard large at establishment in the pasaeuger trade m Liserpool, *ud having fonnd the importance ol a direct Agency in tie United States, for the pur|>oae ol' placing within the power of the fne-da of [lie paasengers coming out. the immediate correspondence with a respectable establishment, from whom they can rely for atlentioh and faror towards their relations le iTinjr the old country. P. W BYHNKH (k CO. offer mnny advantages to passengers whirh no others hare at'eropted, in a direct communication bv their ships from Irelaud lo the Unircd Sta es, as they hare, invaiiat<ly, vessels durii g the spring f.oin Dublin, Cork, Watrrford, Belfast aud Londonderry, by which means emifrnr.tsaie aared much trouble andcxpenae, by being shipped at their own seaport and also that of being 1 inded in any of the ports of the United States to which shins trade from Liverpool, nearly at the sr.me coat aa direct to New York. P. W. BVKNE8 b CO. have ageots in all the seaport towns in Ireland, from whence steamera leave for Liverpool, and in many of the iuierior towns, who are most attentive to emigrant# on embarkation, and by w hom any money can be paid that may be required to procure sea stores, be. The persons who act for this Company in the United States are? NEW YORK?Mr. Edward Saul, 58 South, corner of Wall stmrt. BOSTON?Mr. W. P. McKay, 5J Milk street. PHILADELPHIA?Messrs. H. C. Craig 8c Co., Market street B A LT1 MORE?Mr. Oeorge Law NEW ORLEANS?Mr. John Toole. at "h'l't, on tlip riOTiucial tank of Ireland and all ira (ir.mchea, and ala i on all the principal to win of Lngland and Scotland, wi'houi disci.uut. For particular! of termi apply to P. W. BYRNK8 k CO . 58 South, corner of Wall at., New York. P. W. BYRNES k CO., tii lm'ro 36 Waterloo Hond, Liverpool. ~ I KKITlSJi ANU NORTH AMKKl KOVAL MAIL HTKAM SHIPS //& St 5* JcM ol 1300 ton a and 440 horae ixj * ?r each,tn dar contract will, the Lords of ilia Adm.?-WJrnU^m rally HIBEKNIA Capt. A Kyrie. CALEDONIA Cap.K. ?. Lott. BRITANNIA Capt. J. Hewitt CAMBRIA Capt.c H L. Judlnaa. AC A 1)1 V Capt. Win Harmon Wi|l?Ml l.-.im Liearpool and 3oa:on, ria Hallfux, aa fo'lawa mora iiosron. rnoal i.itKaeooL. HlHemia,........Oct. Caledonia Oct. 4. Caledonia NOT. I, Britannia " R>. Britannia Not. 18. Acadia Not. 4, Acadia ..Lac. I, Caledonia " >?> Cambria.......Dec 4. PaafAOl MOKCI. From Boaton to LiTerpool t1*' From Uoatoa to Halifax * No bertha eenred until paid for. 'l'heae ahipa carry eiSerienced surgeons. No Iraight, cicept apceie, receiTed on ays of filing. t-,.. r...oi., u..... ,t..i.r.._.n?, .nnic m """ BMIOH AM, Jr".' Agent." . At HAR.NDKN k CO.'S, 6 Wall it (T~P" in addition to the above line between Liverpool end IUIif'1. au.> Boaton. a contract has been eiitere * i nto with Hnr Majesty aovernuierit, to establish a line beta een Lieerp'iol and .New Yurkdireet The steamships lor this aeieice ard now being bnilt, and early nen year due notice will be given of the time when they will start. Under ihe new contract the steamers will sail every Saturday during eight months, and erery lortuiglit daring the other mnatha in the year. Going alternately between Liverpool, and Halifax and Huston. and between Lirrrpool and New York. >13 r "USL ,'()K LIVKKI'OOI.-Kegnb.r parUer ol ,be Kth wMUfVGetober?The new and aplendid last aailing eni.nerWSm I ahip HUOUKNOT. Capt. Utave., bYrflin 1?0 t ,n?, w ill aai! aa above, her regular day. The acpoiamodatinna for cabin, aecond cabin and atearage passengers, are unequalled by any vessel iu port. I eraona intending to embaik. are reipesied to go onboard andtia' mine for themtelvea before ei quiring elsewhere Kor termsw ineb will be moderate, apply on board at Went Pier of Her. ling Slip, or to JOSKPH .MeMURHAY, n ?< c it of Pme and South all ,s?, * I ASS y Or. I" KUM BLLKAhT DIM LOT?To yVpfS-'Ml punctually the lith November?The ailendid JbgnlEwnew packet ship OLKNMOIIK, Captain .Michael, will >ail aa above, her regular day. The iiibacriber has eornpleted hit arrangements to have* regular line of first claaa ahipa, sailing the 14th of each month from the above port, thereby presenting the most favorable rpi>oitunity to thoae who may feel deairoua of having (heir fnenda brought out from the north of Iredand. Kor farther particulars, please "Pply (if by letter, post paid) to Poire JOS. McMURttAY, cor.gPine and South streets. E NE NEW OPPOSITION FOR ALBANY, Pottage Fifty Ceult, M / ( , THKF?.,u< Spleud.d HtearnerBFLLE, fin=^**ranl*Cai>t. H ?thuvhr will leave the toot of S^ai^kJK_HoK|u?on >treat, neat abovr Barclay, on "lurtd IV evening, Oct. 'lit at 6 o'clock. For p ?a?e or freight, apply to tlie Captain on board, or at the oifice on the d^lk; _ o? 2t*rrc OPPOSITION TICKET OFFICE FOR THE NORTH AND WEST. M* H)K ALBANY, 73 cents; Utica, $2 ; 8y C?. -rV~ky-runic. $2 311 ; Diwriu, $2 73 : Rochester, 73 ; Buffalo, S3; Clevi-laad, $5 30 , Portsni.iuih $2 . riiisbnrih. 19; Detroit, Michigan. $f ; Ci'cin nail. Ohio, S9; Miiwaokic, $9; Chicago.$ 9; I'oronto, V. tJ $3 30; Hamilton, $3 30; Kingston, St 30; Whitehall, (t 30; Montreal, i3 30?Passengers, by sppying. a<a act their tickets at lti? otfioe No. 100 Barclay street, at the above prices J>9 Im'ch M. L. RAY. Agent. TEorLICa LINK Ok STEAMERS FOR ALBANY. Daily, huiolays excepted?Through direct atC o'clock, P.M. / Vol* Steamboat pier between CourtlanJt and Liberty eti. 0m Mte.uuboat KNICKERBOCKER. L'apt. A. ^P Houghton, will leave ou Monday, WedueemE^SBKa9E> day and Fridav evenings, at C o'clock. Steamboat ISAAC NEWTON, Oapt. William H. Peck, will leave on Tneaday, Thursday and Saturday evenings, al6 o'clock. At 3 o'clock, P. M., Landing at Intermediate Places. *Vo*s the foot of Barclay street. Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Capt. R H. Fnry, will leave on Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday afternoons, at 3 o'clock. Steamboat M VNTA CLAUS, Captain B. Overbangh, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoons, at 3 o'clock. The above boats will stall times arrive in Albany in ample time for the morning cars for Oie East and Weat. Freight taken at moderate rates, and noun taken after tX o'clock, P. M. All persoua are forbid trusting any of the boats of this line, without a written order from the captains or agents. Fa passage or freight, apply on board theboats, or to P C. Schnltr.. ar the ntllcc on the wharf. o9rc I'JllA MORNING AND EVENING DINE MORNING LINE AT SEVEN O'CLOCK. sWlft jg FOH ALBANY AND TROY-From the Si earn boat Pier at the foot of Barclay street. 1 3Kaa3BwK_L-nding. at Peekskill, West Point, N$w i burgh, 11 unptnn, .iilton, Ponghkeepeie, Hyde Park, flhiBe i oeck, 17. Red Hoc t, Bristol, Caukill, Hudson, Coxsackae, Kinderhook and 1 altimore. Breakfast and 4 aner on board the boat. The ateamboat MAOARA, will leave on Monday, Wedaeaday and Frida; Mornings 7 A. M. The ateambopt TROY, Captain Uorham, on Tneaday, i'harsday and Saturday mornings, at 7 o'clock. Retarding on opposite days. For passage or freight apply oa board, or at the office en the wharf. NEW YORK. ALBANY AND TROY LINE FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT, Katun the pier at the foot of Conrtlandt street. The low-prossnre steamboat EMPIRE, Captain R.B. Macy, leaves the toot ol Courtkmdt street, on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evenings, at seven o'clock. The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Capt. Wm. H. feck, will leave on Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings, at T o'clock. Passengers taking these Boats will arrive in time to take the Morning Train of Cars from Troy west to Buffalo, and aortb to Saratoga, Whitehall and Lake Champlaia. Far Passage or Freight, apply on board, or at use Office oe the wharf. No freight taken after 5H o'clock. NOTICE?All goods, freight, bank hills, specie, er any ; sther kind ol property, positively a' the owi.ei's risk. j2<f \ MORNING BOAT FOR ALBAN Y AND TROY i PASS AO K ONE DOLLAR^Beakfis , &KaEVB9anran<' dinner on board the boat, Passeaaets .JUmJUUBL.taking this boat will arrive in cime to take the vveuing train of cars from Troy west to Buffalo, and north to Saratoga and Lake Ueotge. The Steamboat NIAGARA, Capt. Wm. Ellsworth, Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 7 o'clock, A. M., from the steamboat piar loot of Barclay street. Returning on opposite days. For passage or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at the office on the wharf. an 19 re NOTICE. I TROY EVENING LINE. HOUR CHANGED. gffidM ON and after TUESDAY, September IS, ^LndtSffindSthe low pressure steamboat EMPIRE, Capt. 3C3C9C.H B Macy, will leave the steamboat pier at the foot of Courtland. street, at< o'clock. P. M., instead oi T P. M.. as heretofore sit r wr LiirsE. A1 Of V - I CLOCK FOR ALBANY Lending at Hammond atreet, Van Certlandt's (Peekakill) Cold Spriug, Newburgh, New Hamburgh, Milton, Pougb keeptie, Hyde Park, Kingston, Upper Red Hook, Bristol, Caukill, Hudson, Coasackie and Kinderkook. [D^ Passage, One Dollar afi THE new and fast-sailing low-pressure ^^etg?3nmpsteamboat MKTAMOHA, Capt. P. H Smith, 3Kfewas^Ba^?_will lenve ilie rier foot of Wcrren street on Monday Wednesday aud Friday, at 6)4 o'clock, A. M. Re turning,leake Albany on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Passengers taking this boat will arrive in Albany in time for the trains of cars going North and West. Breakfast and Diuneroii board. For freight or passage ~pply ou board, or of A. CLARKE, corner of West ai d Warren streets. Fere to Van Cortlnndl's Dock, 25 cants; Poughkeepsie, 50; Hudson,75; Albany Si o4 1m r aWn'aM l.NUEPENDENT .MOUNINU LINE AT ajZjAG&l O'CLOCK.?FOR ALBANY from the 3Ki^BK9B>stenmboat pier at the pier foot ef Warren street. Passage $1 50. Touching at the foot of Hammond st. Breakfast and dinner provided on board. The swift aud magnificent steamer IKON WITCH, com manded by Capt. Stephen R. Roe, leaves New York, Tses day, Thursday and Saturday. Leaves Albany, Monday Wednesday and Friday. Lauding at Van Courtlandts, West point, Newburgli, Milton, Po'keepsie, Hyde Park, Kingston, skill Hiidaou auxtre .Many jgjk t-or NEW k OHH and Uilerinediate places Steamboat NEW PHILADELPHIA, EswSKaSLCiptaiu Lawrence II. Fraeee, will commence runuuig between Ainboy and New Yo>k, on Monday the 2tth Sept. leaving Sonth Amboy at 6)4, Perth Amhoy at 7 o'clock A.M., touching st Bently, Koaaville, B'azing star anil t heltea. arriving in New York about 9 o'clock, returning will leive New York from Pier No. 2 North River, at 4 P VI Fire from Sooth & Perth Amboy, 23 certv; Bently 15 cents, alltheuihrr landing* 12cents. All kinds of freight taken at the In * est tares. Sooth Atnhny, Sept. 22, 18<6. s?5 lm?r TUTKA vEL LfaKfii GOINw SHUT ST ~ ~ NEW AND MOST AGREEABLE LINE TO Fredericktburgh, Richmond, Petcrihurf h, Va ; Lynchburgh, Raleigh, If'elden, N C; and Charlrtlon, S. C. jga THE PUBLIC nre informed that the new fl?mP an'l splendid low pressure steamer MOUNT JLaaJBUC^VKhNON, connecting with the Great Mail Lii.r at Arfjine Crerk, leases Commerce street wharf, Baltimore, every Tuesday and Friday evening, at6 P. M., for the above points. Through Tickets to Richmond $1 DO " " to Petersburg I 00 " to Wrlden, N.C 700 " " to Charle ton, 8 C ...19 00 Being at the same price, mote direct and expeditious, and inoch more certain than he Chesapeake Bay and Jaines River steamboat Line, all the wide and rough portion of the Bay, between the mouth of the Potomac and Old Point Comfort, being entirely avoided by this Line. Travellers are advised that the Line hereby advertised is part and p reel of the Great Mail Line thiough Virginia, and that it is ihe intention of the Companies composing the Great Mail Line that passengers shall be conveyed by them in connection with Ihe Mount Vernon, always as cheaply as by any any other line, and with more c jmfort, expedition and certainty, than by any other Line except the Line via Washington For further particulars enquire at the Southern Railroad office, Pratt st , Baltimore, ol SIOCKTON it FALLS, or at the Commerce st. whaif, or ou Tuesdays and Fridays on board the Mount Vernon, of C. W. GUNNEL, Captain. N. B?Travellers by the above Lint will bear in mind that they have two honrs more in Baltimore tnan passengers by the Chesapeake Buy and lames River boats, and yet reach any point South ot Petersburg at the same time with these last, even when there is no breach of connection by ihe Bay Line sit ltn*re FUR Sl'ATEM lMsAND. 00L ON and after TUESDAY, the 15th day of ^ ',^?Bei)temher inst. the boat will run as follows: CalSKjZaLeave Swten Island at 6, (. 10, 1> A. M. and 2, I. a- d 6 ?' M. Leave New 2 ork at7, 9,11 A. M. and 1, J, 5, and 7 P. M. All freight at the risk of the owners thereof. ill r ?<?3j? PA' KETS FOR MARSEILLES?The packet sMfW.hip ARCoLE.Capt Wm. 11 Hoodies*, will sail BUfauu the 1st November. Foi freight or passage apply to CHA.MBEHLAIN fc PIIKcPS, 10} Front st, o!7re nrtoBOVD fc H1NCKEN 88 Wrl. cm W,ter. gjVac FUIt B. LlZh, Honduras, Willi despatch?J he e. fist sailing, coppered and copper fastened ba-k "W lr "Ml 'I R. OABD.Nr.lt, James Pedersen, master, bavin? tuperior accommodations lor passage ouly. Apply to Captain i>ti board, or to F. ALEXA> DiK. o!7 I w rh 18^ South jitreet.. |M^ l> OK C A LIF(>KM A AND OREGON?The VKF$Vfir?t clatt, fa?t tailing, copperrd and copper fattened JMilGBbark WHITON, R Ueltton matter, will be de?(uiciied early in November for California and Oregon, touch- ( mg at Mouierey, St. Francesco, tOregon City, Colombia nver, | and if inducements are oflcred, at other 'n'e<meui?te porta, j Kor freight or pataa^e, havo g go. <3 accommod 'riont, apply | on hoaid, at the toot of Dover sheet, or a? ho MLibert" a'., where letters will be received up I? tl?? il >' of s- 'ling o!32w*r JAV1KS tfMHOr Mt CO i a*?jj > Oil LI V KKt'OOL?New Line?Kegtiur PatUo 1 IKjfKfe "f Oct. !*>h?The elegant fait iilliiv, w-cke' mil BKuAIIiUCK, B. J. H Traik mailer, nil, tail u no. to her rr gular d.iy For freight or pauage, t aeing Accommodation! aneqTiilltd for plendor or comfort. Apply on board, at Orleam ?h.,rl, loot of Wall irreet.irto E. K.COLLINS k Co. rnce of pasiage $100. Picket imp HOSC1US, A. Eldridge, muter, will incceed the tiirrick and iail November K, her regular day. i21 ih ONLV REOULAK LINE OF PACKETS FOK jgMfl^OLASOOW?Packet of lit N??emb*r? The .plan. flMMCaiim new md fut tailing picket ihip BROOKbBV, Cipuiu McEwen, will poiitivefy nil ei aboro, her regular ^hia ahip hie aplendid aceommnditiona for cabin, eeeood cabin and eteerne paaieniiere. Thou about to ;roeeed to Scotland are anaureil that the alii pa cnmnruii.g thia Ijue anil po'itively on the let of each month. Tlioee wtahing to aecitre bertha, ahuuld make euly application on hoard. foot of t Roosevelt etieet, or to ff. ? J. T. 1 APfM.OTf, I oil) 60 Son ill at. Id door below Burling alip. UhMl'lTANULS '1U I'oMjLAM), 1KALAND, AND SCOTLAND. |*g- PARTIKS wishing to remit moneya in large or tJ^Vy imall ?um? to their friends in flreat Britain or IreJdMMHaaulat'd, can di so in the moat aafe and eipeditioua :naiiu?r through the subecribera, by drafti at aight, payable in all the princi|ial towua in Ki.gland, Ireland and Beotlaud. Money inay he aent by letter ||>oet paid) from any part of the Unit'd Stales to them, giving the address and tne name of the ' party to receive it, which an ill he regularly forwarded by I packet or ateainer. Apply to ABRAHAM BK.LL k SON. J aeWt1m*r 117 Kulton atreet. Ait A. BAUkK'l H~ POKHAV ML?Second Line?back et BeJaVahip ONKIDA, Capt. Jas. Knock, will aail on the MMKmist nl ftovembrr. Kor freight or paaaage apply to BOVD fc HINUKK.V NoTm Wall at. .4**: . fACKItT SHIP ROSCIUS, Irom LiverpoolBa> u,no7 diechargine nnder geaeial order at Or eaua wharr, foot of Wall atreet All gooda not permi led in nve days, will be aeatto the public (tore. o20 wmmmmmmmmww W YO YORK. WEDNESDAY I* ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS OF THE STORMING OF MONTEREY. The Mexican Leu in hilled and Wounded. Arrival of the Steamer AXc Kim at Vew Orleans. The Inneaaed Total Loss of tho Steamer Neptune, with all on board. [From the Now Orleans Picayune, Oct. II ] The steamship McKim arrived last evening frotn Brasos Santiago, by way of Tort Cavallo. She left Brasos Santiago on (the 5th inch Over two hundred sick and discharged volunteers arrived here on the McKim. The McKim was ordered by the quarter-master at Brasos Santiago to follow the Texan coast closely, and keep a look out for the steamer Neptune She did so, touching at Port Cavallo and Galveston and making every in- , quiry. She could hew nothing of her, save from the pi- I lots of St Josephs, who stated that they had picked up on the 4th inst, on St Joaeph's Island, a desk with "Neptune'' marked on the bottom. Gieat fears are sutertainml for her salety. The seme pilots had picked up near the 1 i-anie place a desk containing $1800 iu gold, supposed to have belonged to the steamship New York. It will be recollected that the James I. Day reported the Neptune off the Brasos on the 39th ult , with her union down, In distress, it blowing very heavily at the time. The steamer Monmouth put out to bar assistance on the 1st inst, but it continued so rough that no aid jcould be rendered The Monmouth requested that a line should be sent off I lrom the Neptune, by which tho latter might bo towed in This plan failing, another one was proposed to get the I passengers off to the Monmouth, but the captain of the Neptune thought it sabr to put to sea than to hazard the attempt, Bince that nothing has been heard of her. Major Coffee, Paymaster of the Army, Captaiu Dawson, of the U. 8. Artillery, an>l Captain Howard, of the Mississippi volunteers, came over on the McKim. gThe 1st leg.merit of Indiana volunteers has been ordered from the mouth of the Rio Grande to Montorey. The reader will regret to learn that the wounds of Col. McClung, of the Mississippi volunteers, proved mortal, according to the eecouuts at Matamoras. There were various rumors in Matamoras in regard to the exploits of Canales, in surprising and murdering weunded Americans on their way tq Camargo. We do not believe word of them SPECIAL DESPATCHES TO THE NEW YORK HEBALD OFFICE. Mxtamokai, Mexico, Sept 30. 1840. 1 lend an extra Flag, containing tome more particular* of the liege and captnre at Monterey. On the 18th, Oen. Taylor arrived before the town. He advanced with hii itatf to reconnoitre, escorted by a force of mounted Texan?. When within lfiOO prardi of the out worka, the Mexicaui opened their battcne* and drove hint away. ? Tliii wax the first evidence that the enemy had deteimined to Tesist hii entrance, previoue information inducing the belief that the army of Ampudia had withdrawn TLc fignt loon commenced iu earnest. The 3d division wai ordered to occupy the height* on the right of tho town, from which the enemy'* woik* were commanded. These gained, the white flag wai at once railed, and the capitulation agreed upon. The account* are yet vague concerning tho particular manccuvres,which,it i* said were brilliant beyond ell example in our history; and 1 am c( the opinion that the most celebrated siege* in the Peninaalar war will find their parallel in that of Monterey. We (hall hear ef noble and daring dued*. We ahull hear that breache* were stormed, and batterie* carried, a* never before. Now I forbear to ipeak ot those whom the firit report* hare named as the molt conspicuous; but to-day would *ay one word in memory of the dead. A glance at the list show* the terrible sufl'ering of the 3d Inlantry. Five officer* were killed, and but leventy-oae ol the rank and file of thi* entire regiment were left untouched Thi* terrible fighting wa* in the street* of the town, which w ore barricaded and defended by artillery. The fight, too. wa* carried on irom house to home Many were killed in ascending to the top* of the flat roofed houses occupied by Mexican shooter*. Two of the officer* that fell of the 3d, were New Yorkers?Captain* L. N. Moiria and G P. Field The latter had been alightly wounded, and wa* being carried to the rear by two men, when a party of Mexican ranchero* rushed upon and savagely murdered him. Major Barbour was a nephew of Judge Barbour, of Virginia. He wa* e native of Kentucky, und was brevetted to a Majority iu August, for his gallant services in the battle ot Hesaca Lieut. 1) H Irwin was the Adjutant of the regiment?a univeraal favorite with the army, and a moat promising officer. Lt. Hewlett graduated at Weat Point in 1843, and aerved in the 4th Infantry until November laat, when he waa promoted to the 3d regiment. Capt. McKavett, oi the 8th Infantry, ia likewise a New Yorker, and connected, 1 believe, with the Hamilton#. He fell in storming the enemy's batteries on the right ol the town. Capt Williams, ot the Topographical engineers, was killed in the streeta. lie exposed himself to the enemy's fire with the most absolute contempt of danger. He was a manol many accomplishments, and greut eminence in his corps Lieut. Hoskina was Adjutant of the 4th Infantry, and Lieut. Woods, of the same regiment, waa another of the gallant men who had been rewarded lor servicoa in the lormer battles. It will be remembered that he was con spicuous at Kesaca, in which battle bo took a piece ol Mexican artillery, though it was obstinately delendcd. The officers of the volunteers who were killed died bravely- Uilleapie, of tbe Texas Hungers, fell in leading a charge. Col. McClung, of tbe Mississippi regiment, reported among the wounded, is since dead. It is asserted that aeveralof the wounded cannot racovar. These noble and brave men fell in rendering the very highest aervice one can peifurm for liia country. They baled their bteast# to the enemy 'a cannon, and oacb, I warrant, gave a good account of hirasell before be tell. In tbe midst of our liiumph over the victory , let us bestow a thought upon national justice and gratitude. Most of these officers have left families, and it is for these I would appeal to every patriot and statesman in the land, (iive, by )our legislation, to the dying warrior, the consoling thought that his life was not surrendered In the aatue of an ungrateful people. Invite him to leave with confidence to your care and protection,those whose support has been taken away in supporting you. lien. Taylor had his hoisc shot under him after entering the tow n. He continued dismounted for the remainder of the day 'a fight, exposed to the hottest fire from | the house tops and the beads of streets l Hero wai 0110 instance ol peisonal conflict which might recall to mind the days of chivalry. Col. Hays, of the 1st Texas mounted regiment, encountered a Mexican of the same rank, and a fierce contest ensued. The Mexican, armed, besides other weipons, with a lance, rushed towards his antagonist with his ugly weapon flays, by a quick movement of his fine hoise, avoided the blow, turned, as bis adversary passed, and shot hfm dead. '1 his encounter was so exciting, that the Americans fighting around him almost forgot their owu labors and dai gtrs in their intense interost lor the triumph ol Col. Hays. Volumes are yet to be written of the great achieve ments which distinguished the battle of Monterey. Fur tlier news trom Oen. Taylor will reach here this morning X. Y. Z. THE VICTORY OF MONTRllEY? FURTHER PARTICULARS OF ITS CAPTURE [From the Matamoras Flag ] The steamer Mercer arrived last evening from Camargo, brought down as passenger, Major Coffee, who gives us further intelligence of the taking of Monterey. Major C. reporta the loss on the part of the Mexicans to have been much greater than was first stated. It has been ascertained that filteen hundred would not rover their loss in killed snd wounded. On the part of the Americana six hundred was the lull extent of the loss. Uenersl Toy lor, previous to tho attack, is said to have had no idea of the extent and strength of the Mexican fortifications. But the valor of his troois faltered at no opposition. Besides the soldiery, he nad to fight the whole mass of the Mexican population, who fired from the tops of thoir houses, and did great execution. To parucuianzo me |>erioimance 01 any one regiment or command, where ell did ao well, would bean injustice All have gained imperishable honor*. The valor dlsplayed by oar whole army i* unparalleled in history. Individual act* of heroiam were pet formed, which wiil render the actor* immortal. (Jen. Worth ha* covered himielf with glory. His taotics as displayed in the capture of three of the most important torts, will vie in brilliancy of execution with thore of a Wellington or a Nay. Major Ridgeley has won new honor*. For cool determin d bravery and skilful mano-uning, he receives the Slights', praise r apt C. K. Smith is also highly spoken of. The Tesauand volunteer troop# have gained imperishable renown. The Texan riflemen, with axes and spades, picked holes from one house to another, and drove the Mexican infautry from street to street. As they gained the houses, the dreal rille was made to do its werlc The Mexicans were driven from the streets and house tops. A Mexican cannon waa borne on the shoulder* ol our men to the roof of a house, and made to play upon the enemv. When the flag of truce was received and the capitulation agreed to, the whole army was disappointed. It was only then that they were beginning to tell upon the Mexicans. Previous to this, they bad been hgbting them protected by their breastwoiks, and Bt eveij disadvantage. Now they bad got amongst them, and ware giving tliem a dose which was operating effectually. The liat ol killed aii-l wounded given in the flag is not so full aa that which baa been turnished. We copy the following from the t'ing of October lit: Lilt of Dfmlbl in the Grntral Hotfiial in Malamorvi, fiomthe IfltA to the 3U(A bentrmher. 1346?J. W. Robin- | (on, VV. W Huff, N. Hunt, Barry and Love, P Cook Bud Boyd, and Trotiar, lat Regiment Georgia Voliinteera , < Clark and Comant, Millar and Nhelton, Peyton and Slevena, ami Hhiver, 1 at Regiment Mississippi Volunteers ; Frederick, company C. -id Dragoons , Sbuckeit, Louis- 1 villa Legion; A. B Lemon, Williams, Ariiter, and : H-nith Wiucklar, 3d Hegiment Illinois Voiunteeis ; J. H. Strain, B. B. White, J. A. Bheppard, and H J. Monday, 1
4th Hegiment ll'inois Volunteers ; John A. Williams, Wm. Lucas, John C. Mackie, D. Hudson,W. Drummond, I C. D Fetty and James F.pperaon, 3d Regiment Illinois Voiunteeis Mr. Wm. Buchanan was murdered recently hy a Mexican at Matamoraa. The murderer was pursued, taken, tried and convicted. The deceased was a native , of Wheeling, Va. [From the New Orleans 'Deha, Oct II.] Matamosas, October 3d, IH46 ?I presume sou have I before this received intelligence of the most obstinately RK I CORNING, OCTOBER 21 conteited bittlo recorded in our annala?the capture of Monterey, after a three daya" aieae and auault. On the . morning of the 'flat ult, Gen. Taylor having arrived be fore tho city, Major Manifltld and Capt. Williatni, of tho Topographical Kngincera, were aent forward to reconnoitre, and found but one point where they deemed an impresiion might bo made. Cel Garland, in command of the tid B compoied of the 3d tod 4th Infantry, wai accordingly ?ent forward, and expoeed to a murderouiitie daalM directly into the city. In the meantime, General Worth'a diriaion commenced the attack, at the lame moment, upon the fortificationa in an oppoaite quarter of the town. Worth'a had been intended tor the real or piincipel aaiault, while Twigga' diviiion wai intended merelr to effect a diveratoa in hi* favour by a feigned attsck. But it so happens* that the (alio attack! led by Colonel Oailand, resulted in being converted into ! the principal one?while Worth's division, although it peiformed everything in tbc most gallant sty k\ met with comparatively little opposition. tob 3d Brigade having advanced into the city, tho TennaMae, Mississippi, Baltimore and Obio Volunteers were ordered to take a very strong fortification, the advanced post of the enemy, called the Horse 8hoe Fort. They advanced, the Tennesaceans in Iront, under cover of some corn-fields; notwithstanding a tremendous fire from the topa of the houses, and from the Cathedral Port or citadel, committed terrific havoc amongst them. Nothing daunted, however, they rushe4on and stormed the fort with such impetuos ty, that the enemy, uow expoaed also to a fire in the rear from the Ud Infantry, were forced to abandon the place with the utmoet precipitation. By this time Worth's division had made considerable progress, although their loss was vmnll. On the second day Worth had reached the Cemetery, a vory strongly fortified position, surrounded by a high wall; thia was taken, and a mortar planted there, from which ahells were thrown into the Plaza. The American* had found the streets of the city barricaded Willi stone walls; but no obstacles, na difficulties, U'f?r? fiUiliil im tirninti ntmhlA hv Atnorirnn rntnr enemy thought to have Monterey recorded in liiitory en the Saragoika of .Mexico, and to win unfading laurel* in the repulie which they wero to inflict upon the American force*. The flerceit of the fight wa? in the very itreet* of the city, and thero the deadline** of Texan retribution found no obitruction to it* revenge in the wall* of (tone whioh had been reared to oppo*e it* advance. The Texan* acting a* light infantry actually made their way from hou*e to home with axe* and ipade*. At the end of the tight they had to mourn the Ion of Captain Oilleapie. On the evening of the 33d, our force* had entered the city at all point*?every important position excepting the citadel had been captured; but *o deiperate waa the conteit, that.on attempting to form the 3d infantry. but 71 men could be collected, commanded by ('apt. Henry, the youngeat captaiu in the regiment. On the morning of the 24th, the attack wai again commenced, but during the day the enemy capitulated. h The lot* of the enemy ia estimated at 1,600 in killed and wounded?our* will reach 600. Lieut -Colonel Mc Clung, of the Miaaiacippi volunteer*, ha* died of hi* wounds. Far the firat time lince the commencement of the war, our volunteer force* have had an opportunity of proving that the aiuersion* *o frequently heaped upon tham, an unfounded; they have covered themaelve* with glory. The principal lot* fell upon the Mitaiisippi and Tenne?*en regiment*, and 3d and 4th Infantry. They were forced to fight their way inch by inch into the city; their advance* were made over the bodie* of their fallen comrades; but the almoit insurmountable obstacle* which they encountered served only to add iret-hmel to the hre of their enthusiasm When the armistice was entered into, they had made their way into tbo very midst of the enemy, and were in such a position that, had the fight lasted one day longer, the slaughter among the Mexicans would have been tremendous. In addition to the tegular Mexican forces, the Americans were compelled to encounter tho whole mass ol the population, who lited upon them from the topaof tha houses, doors, and wimluwa. Thus, against the roost fearful odds, and in the face of vastly superior numbers, was Monterey captured; and, I believe you will agree with me, that it waa a glorious victory. INCIDENTS, MOVEMENTS, &C. Lieut. Berryman, tha gallant officer who behaved so nobly at the loss of the Truxton off Tuspan, passed through this city on Wednesday night last, as hearer of despatchea from the squadron at Vera Crux to the government at Washington. We learn from a gentleman who conversed with Lieut. Berryman on the cara, that it haa been determined iu attack Vera CtUS on the land side by an expedition from Tampico, that the hoisting of the stars and stripes in the city will be the signal for an attack by the squadron upon tha Castle of San Jusn dUlloa. This is the only way in which the cattle can be taken, and the obtaining possession of that point is deemed necessary to end the war.? Savannah Rep. rxtra Ott. 16. We learn from an authority we cannot question, that the President of the UniteJ States has called upon Governor Shunk for aix regiments of the Pennsylvania vo-' luateera, to be mustered forthwith, for Mexico. That the call will be promptly responded to, we doubt not.? Phila. Eagle, Oct. 20. Major J. OnipMa, U. S. Army, arrived in the Wilming ton boat ttus MM| m his way to the seat of war. Ha baa toils uii?i bail ha gaaar?aat to (ton. Taylor, to tc rruinate the imMht and advance. Chmrlttion patriot, Oct. 16. Captain Randolph Ridgeley, who distinguished him elf no much in the battle* of Palto Alto and Reaaca de la Palma, was again conspicuous at Monterey. Having found a lJ-pouuder in one of the fort* taken from the Mexican*, he erected a platform for it in the fort, and turned it upon the enemy with the mo*t deitructive effect. Captain Ridgeley, after pointing the gun himielf, waa obaerved comtantly to mount the platform with a spy-glass and watch the effect of each ball, and manifested the greatest enthusiasm and delight when hi* (hot told well among the enemy. Capt. R. is ?aid to have no superior a* an artillerist, in the army. Col. Hay*, whose regiment of Texan volunteer* did o much good service at Monterey, a* to draw from Gen. Worth the compliment that they were the best light troops in the woild.it is already known,killed a Mexican lieutenant-colonel in aiDgle combat. The Texan Rangers are fortunate in the possession of good officers. Hays is celebrated for his coolness and coinage, qualities which eminently distinguished him while protecting the Texan frontiers from the inroads of the Camanches. Walker, the Lieut-Colonel, is well known to every body us tho Captain Walker of the first part of the campaign. Chevalier, the Major, is scarcely less celebrated, having gone out alone about a year lucu iu mo kviu urauuc iu k."''4 iihuihiiiumi ui me cau? On hi* return he suddenly fell in with a company of Mexican cavalry. Chevalier ha<l lost hi* hone and was on foot. The captain of the party rode up to him and ordered him to surrender. Tlio Major very coolly drew a pistol, and presenting it at his head, made him wear upon the cross that he would order his men to keep back and permit him to proceed; and in this wayhe reached the Texan settlement*. NEWS FROM SANTA FE. [Correspondence of the St. Louis Union.] IsDtrssssscs, Mo , Oct. 0.?After a tedious trip of eight days on the Little Missouri, from your city, here I am at home again. On the day previous to my arrival, Mr. John Wear, of Baltimore, and several person* of this county, reached here from Santa Ke. (fen Kearney has stopped all the traders at Santa Ke, and their "name is Legion." He will not move, it is thought, tar from his present position, until he hears from the expedition of ll.n IVnnl mil marnhinv cr.in.t P U i I, ? oV, Tk,? w.i* s iHii.oi st Santa Ko that the goods of Albert Speyer, who went early in the spring, had been confiscated at Chihuahua, but it needed confirmation, and upon the whole if very doubtful, us it is known here that Mr. Speyer ha* British passports. The company met with no difficulty on the route, save the scarcity of wood and water on the Cimmaron. They report the grass as splendid. They made the trip in twenty-four days. The army were generally in good health: somo were engaged in building a fort at Santa Ke, and a pait were detailed to different ranches, to giaze the horses They had raise a mast in the public square, one hundred feet high, lrom which the stars and stripes were floating in gorgeous magnificence, while the a-tonishrd natives were staring at it in silent wonder. "So complete was their attention engaged at the time the flig was being hoisted,'' says my intormint. that "I could have cut the throat of a dozen without their noticing tho occurrence" Business was dull, and the prospects for the traders had. Government wagona weie scatteied all along the road, and N. Colburn, of your city, was mat aVout sixty miles out from here, and Messr . liali and Kean, somo twenty miles behind him. What is lo be done'with the tremendous quantity of merchandize that is now in New Mexico ? A splendid rood is now in progress from here to the river, atWajne City, (three miles) i he river blufl'. which heretoiore was aim?*t inaccessible, is being cut down, and hy the nuxt season the Santa Ke tftdm may start with his ordinaiy team, and not have to use tho almost hundred-anii onc ox-power, as formerly. The spuit of enterprise is abroad with us, and should the overland trade to Mexico continue, we will tome day add "city" to our Independence. Santa F?, Sept. 1.?Mr. Charles Bent informs me that Sublette left Fremont in May, ut the head of the Sacramento, and he think* he will return hy the way ol Bent'* Kort. The rumor* lrom below in reference to the forces col iwiwu ?w v|>|w?o ua me Tei v coiiwanicxor j. \y e mo*u in the morning to meet them, end my opinion ii, that tbev will disperse without giving ui battle. Nothing, however, prevent* the people of the country irom titing ?n mane to oppoie u*. hut the belief that they will t>e whipped whenever they do so; and if a rising should take place un any extensive scale, we think it will be after Uoneral Kearney leaves here for California. "A Are broke out in Danger on the night of the lfith inst, in the store of Meisrs. M. It C. Pearson, Droad street, and extended through the entiro block. Most of the good* in the store of Messrs. Pearson were consumed. The goods in the store of Messrs Htirkins Jx Dudley were mostly removed, and although in somewhat of a damaged state, the loss will be small There was no insurance upon this stock. The office of Nathaniel Hatch, Esq , was over the store of Messrs- Htirkins k Dudley. Most ot his books and furniture were saved. The effects of Col. Hticknay were removed, but with little damage Hie store occupied by Messrs. Huckins k Dudley, and one-half of the adjoining block of two atorea, are owned by Albert Emerson, Esq. The property wss not insured The other half of the store was owned by the heirs of Caleb C. Billings, and probably not inaured. Tha loss, aside from that of Vesars. M. It O. Pearson, is estimated at two thouiand Avo hundred dollars. f ?? I" JERA , 1846. TIm MIIIUb Uw of New York. PROCLAMATION Hi/ Silat Wright, Oovrmor of Iht SWr of New York. The niiioty-firel section ol the eel chapter -170, of the law* of 184'i, entitled " Au act to provide for the enrol ment of the militia, und to encourage the formation of uniform companies," passed May 13,1946, i* in the word* following "t) 91. So mucli and *uch portion* of thi* act a* authorize* persons to commute on paving seventy-five cent* each, a* exempt* person* having conscientious scruples against bearing aims, a* deliue* the jierion* who shall be exempt from militar) duly, etui ell provision* of the bill necessary to carry out the provision* contained in the poitloaa of thi* act which are hereinbefore in thi* section mentioned, shall take cfleet immediately -, but the other part* and prevision* of this act shall not take efl'ect until twenty day* after the (Joveruor shall, by hi* proclamation declare that, in hi* opinion, the ?ume may be carried into edect, consistently with the (afety and in- i tv rests of the State, and the acta of Congress, in luch ' caie made and provided." Kor reason* stated in a general order, issued on the 37th day ol July la*t, the proclamation required by the I above section of the new militia law, to put those portioni of that law in force which were not put in force by the Legislature, ha* been delayed. The requisition 1 of the President for troops for the war with Mexico has been coinpliod with, and most of the militia parades for the year have passed, so that tho reasons for delay stated in the geueral order referred to no longer exist. The Legislature, in this law, haro made a greater numbor of the citizens of the Htate subject to military duty than were so subject under the previous Htate law ; and in providing more extensively lor commutations in money in lieu of service, no new power is exerted and no new principle introduced into the legislation of the Htate. The laws of the State have, lor a long period of years, contained provisions authorising persons who have conscientious scruples against bearing arms, to pay a commutation in money, instead of performing military duty, smd tho validity of those provisions has not been well questioned. If that |iower is possessed by the Htate Legislature, nothing ic found in the laws of Congress to limit its exercise to persons having conscientious scruples; and the sound discretion of the Legislature, subject always to new regulations by Congress, IS supposed to be the linut of the everr-iae of the power, as it is of the power wholly to exempt the citizens ol the State, not exempted by the lawi of Congress, from the performance of militia service. This law provides for the organization, in substantial compliance with the requirements of the laws of Congress, of the militia, which it contemplates shall perform service, and attaches those, who shall not bo volunteers under it, and shall not pay the required commutation, to the volunteer corps for the purpose of service. The organization provided for, will not commission a corps of otlicers sufficient to command all the men enrolled, if all were to be called into service at a time; but it w ill embrace commisionod officers nearly sufficieutto command in actual service double the number of privates embraced in the organization, upon the footing of the organization of the regular army, and a greater number of privates than it can reasonably be expected the exigencies of the country can ever require shall be called into service from this State at one time. It is not perceived, therefore, that any objection of principle can be urged against tho new law upon this point. Its provisions for a full and perfoct enrolment of the militia force of the State are more broad and more minute than those contained in the existing State laws. The country is now involved in a war with a foreign power, and deep apprehension has been expressed, from the belief that a proclamation, to carry these portion* of this law into effect, would, by necessary consequence, operate as a disbandment of all exisliug militia organizations, leaving the State wholly without an organized militia, until the organization provided lor by this law can be reached; thua rendering it impossible, if the contingency should occur, to respond to a requisition of the President for troops, or to ordor out a force to suppress insurrection, repel invasion, or enforce the laws of the State. In this respect, the new law is not as clear and explicit in its provisions as it should have been, and as it doubtless would have heon.if its framers hadjcontemulated a state of war, helore it could be carried into effoct. Vet it is behaved that, in tho absence of express provisions to the contrary, public policy, public safety and public necossity, should dictate a construction different from this? while positive provisions of the law seem to require a different construction, so far as the existing uniform rnrna urn mnrnrnAil anH fitlltr tn nlithori?n if nAt tn rn quire it, as to the whole body of the organised militia, of the State. The commissioned officer* of all uniformed companies are expressly retained in commission and in service, until the organization under the law is substantially perfected in the formation of the companies; in the cities, they are made the commandants of their respective company districts.and arc required to make the enrolment of the persons liable to do military duty within them. The members of their companies, too, as such, are equally retained in service by an express enrolment, and have a preference given to them, when the book* are opened to receive volunteers under the law. These provisions are inconsistent with the idea that the proclamation to put the law in force disbands these companies, because then there would be neither captain nor men, as such, and the provisions of the law referred to would be without force au.1 inoperative. 80 oi the provisions relating to the new organization, at they affect the nnunifbrased militia After the diviiien district Is formed, " the Major General of Infantry, higheat in rank, residing in the bounds of any such division and then in commission," is to divide the division into brigade districts. Then tho Brigadier General highest in rank of any corps, residing in the brigade district and then in commission, is to divide the brigade into regimental districts. Bo the senior^ Colonel, then in commission, in a ro gimcntal district, is to divide tho regimeutal into company districts. All this is after the proclamation, and after previous steps have been taken, under the law, towards its execution; of oouise after the law is in force, so far as the proclamation is concerned ; and yet all Uie officers of the militia are cenaiderod in commission, and these are selected, as the seniors, to perform these duties When the divisions, brigades, and regiments are formed under the law. the officers highest in rank, of whatever corps, are declared to be the commandants of these organizations respectively, by virtue of their seniority; and then the officers made supernumerary by the new or J animation " shad be exempt from doing any military uty except in war and insurrection, but entitled to all the privileges now provided by law." These last officer* are made supernumerary wbcu it became* necessary that they should bo; when their respective commands are merged in the new organization under this law; and until then they remain not meielv in commission, but in organization, in office, and in command. This aeemt to me to be the fair conitruction of the law itself, and the construction which every public consideration requires, *f the teirns of the law will permit it. F.ntenaining these views upon thii point, 1 avail myself of this co n-Ion to declare my serious apprehension that it may not he practicable to pei feet the organisation provided for in tins Ipw, without the aid of further legislation. The enrolment of the entiro militia oi this State is the great labor in that process, and it is left to be perlormed without compensation, which occasions the fear that it cannot he done in a thorough and satisfactory manner, without a change of the law in that respect, (experience may dissipate this apprehension, and a faithful trial will be made to reach the oigauiaation directed, under the law as it is; but the delay in making the attempt has been leas regretted, because, if the aid of legislation shall be found necessary, the Legislature will be in session at the proper timo to extend it. Careful examination and innuiry has induoed the further belief that such modifications of this law, as will save some of the existing uniform corps in their present organization, will promote the public interests, and add much to the vadtm of the militia system to be established Some of those corps in, and in the immediate vicinity of eurlaige cities and towns, have maintained their present organization, through a long term of years, wilk great auccess, and have reached a perfection in discipline very seldom met with in militia forces Such is the First Division of Artillery in. and in the neighborhood of the city ef New York, llegiments, battalions, and companies of artillery, cavalry, light infantry, and riflemen in, and near almost all of our cities, and populous villages, as well as in New York, claim the same remark, and, to tlia a?toni nf thoir nnraiii/ation ileit rvos the same no tic*. Many of these corps are, and aome of them have long hern intimately associated with the munici|ial authorities of their respective towns, and considered as vu Liable auxiliaries to the local police. A change of ti e organization of these corps, to coniorm to the provisions of this law, it is apprehended, would break companies and regiments in pieces and separate their parts, and thus hare a discouraging and injarious influence upon the whole. , The time when this proclamation is issued will enable the Legislature to conaider and pase upon theae questions, before the organization under the law will have proceeded so far at to interrupt tiie harmonious execution I of any modifications of this character, which it may be i deemed wise to adopt. Under the firm belief that the exposition* of this lawhereinhefore given, are the true construction! of it, and I intending, as tar aa it shall depend upon my official action to exocute it according to these Interpretations, I do, in 1 conformity with the provision of ^ 91, before quoted, by | this proclamation, " declare that in my opinion the same I may be carried into effect consistently with the safety 1 end interests of the siate and the acta of Congress in ' such case made and provided " In testimony wheieof, I have caused the Privy Seal of tha State to he hereunto affixed. Wit[L. S ] ness my hand, at the city ol Albany, this seventeenth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred end forty-six. SILAS WRIGHT. By order, i nobacac moody, rtifiie r*ecrtt*ry. com. Kit y in Boston.?li was disoovered yesterday that several forged notes, hearing tho name ot a gentleman of respectability and property, who resides in neighboring town, had paned through the handi of a broker, anil been negotiated by him in State street. Some of the |>aper thua negotiated ha? been taken tip, and efforts are making to.hush up the (flair, and lettle it,without resort to legal proceedings.? Hvilon .Sunday Trlrtraph, Court of Ueiirrul Meaalone. Before llerorder Scott, and Aid. Walsh soil Jackson. John McKeon. Esq , District Attorney. Oct. 20 ?r.ial of Otcar lloyt and Carman Nicoll, ' resumed. ?.At the opening of the Court this morning, the trial ot Oscar lloyt and rsrmaii Nko 11,JorJS"1 "J1''h* an assault and battery with intent to kill ethenne llajrnor on the I7lb of September. I*M. was rea'.me.l..ml the day consumed in saaminlng witnesses on the art of the defence. 3erersl other witnesses have yet to bo enIamined in behalf of the accused. , At 3 o'clock the Court ailjturned until to-morrow morning. | r rx .luU\ w* VW? Own. Tu*k*|lvln| In N?w York. riocLiatTion By SiJiu Wright, Governor of the State of Afrui York. The year eighteen hundred and forty-da draw* to a close. Ita leaxuna have been uncommonly prooitioea, und ita liurveita are realized I'nuaual health hea bleated onr State, and the teeming earth haa yielded ita abuu dance to aupply our neceaaitiea and remitter to our com The wave of passion. which, during the pest year.roll eJ over some of our counties, has subsided, and internal Eeace is restoied to our citizens, and tranquility to our resides. The moat sublime spectacle connected with ciril government is now exhibiting before us. The reproeentativea of the sovereignty of our peof le, assembled to telto in piecoa and re construct the frame work of the State go. verumout.havc discharged the high trust,anil returned to their constituents,and to their private duties,without having excited passion, alarm, or apprehension, in the community ; and our freemen are examining their labors, and preparing to |utss a verdict of approbation or rejection upon tins work, with .1 vigilance inspired by pervading patriotism, and with a calmness and confidence whicn tree institutions can alone impart. Not an individual in the State apprehends an encroachmeut upon his .just rights, or an abridgement of his civil Or religious pilvilrges, fiom this peaceful and voluntary revolution of his government. Stronger evidences of nigh intelligence iind sound morality in a people, cannot be aflorded. * . mr auu imiiiuierauig outer temporal messing) OI kim'rtxt character, constantly flowing upon our State and ita citizen), call for continued thunkTulneia to the Bountiful (iiver ot every blessing. The gift of a Saviour, ainTthe full light of Divine revelation, are spiritual blessings, which should awaken to expressions of devout lhaukfulness the hearts and the voices of a Christian people I respectfully recommend Thursday, the twenty-sixth day of November next, to be observed as s day of public thanksgiving ; that the people of the State, abstaining from their ordinary business avocations, may assemble at their usual places of religious worship, and. uniting with each other, and with their fellow-citizens of many of tho ether States, may pay their tribute of thanks to ths Author of these and all temporal and spiritual good gifts; snd may pour out their hearts to Him, that hi* rich smiles may be continued to our country, and that the signal blessings of this year may be crowned bv the termination of our existing wers in en honorable and just peaco. Iti testimony whereof I have caused the Privy Seal ol tho state to be hereunto affixed. Witness r, . , my hand, at the city of Albany, the nine1 J teenth day of October, In the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred aud fortysix. SILAS WRIGHT. By order, Hoasci: Moodv, Private Secretary. The New Constitution. Jsmks ?Dog t ist to mock us you are oome To talk of justice in a court? My lords, Where should we be if every man had justice I [ The King of the Commotio. In examining the reasons and motives which will influence the votes of some of those whe now hold niece and power among the people, upon the adoption oF the new conititiltion, some light may be obtained by contemplating attentively the conclnions of that diitinguithed utticer ot juitice, Dogberry. We commend them to general conaiderntion. llear him :? " Doit thou not suspect my place ? doit thou not anapect my years ? But, maiteri remember that I am an a;i; though it be not wiitten down, yet format not that 1 am an. I am a wise fellow, and, which ii more, an ortlcor?and, which ia more, a houaaholder , and one that kuowi the law, go to ; and a rich fellow enough, go to ; and a fellow that hath had lonei, and one that hath had two gowns, and every thing handsome about him. O, that 1 had been writ down an an " Hukitiow.?How to write mo down an aae. A.hwkb.?For the amended constitution rote " No." " Maitera, it if proved already that you are little better than lalie knavoa , and it will go near to be thought so shortly. How answer you for yourselves V (frit. Court Calendar. This Dav?Srrtsios Coi-bt.?Noi.fll, 171, 179,18, IOC t 107, 13. 19, 176, 4(J, 64, 34, 190, 193, 300, 4, '30, 68, 178. 174,39,34, 38,49,73,99, 103, 167, 174, ?'3, 81, ISO, 301, 302, 904. Commo* Pi.iai?Part 1.?Noa. 21,38,89,41,43,46,47, 61, 63 I'art 2.?Nos. 96, 12,14, 19. 23, 32, 34, 34 9, 10. Circuit Cot'rt.?Nor. ?, 10, 1-1, 17, 18, 33, 38, 38, 90, 14, 30, ft. Tho New London Morning \twt gives the following account of an accident to the daughter of Mr. Jtoeh WheMen, at one of the factoilei In Greenville, laat week " It apneart that the wat standing near an apright shaft, combing her hair. In a gay and thoughtless frame of mind the stood thus unoccupied and tinging, when by tome tad fatality her hair wat caught in the revolving thaft, and her body suddenly thrown in such a position at to break her neck, causing instant death. The young laJy was not an operative in the mill, but wat working there in the place of a friend,who had gone away on a vitit. She went into the mill, we are told, at the earneat solicitation of her mother, to allow her friend the opportunity to leave, and had scarcely been thete two hours when the cetsitrophe occurred." KAI.I, AND W1NTKK. CLOTHINC, AT THE CASH TAILORING AND CLOTHING ESTABLISHMENT, or W. H. DEGROOT A CO., 10*4 Fulton Street, Second block East ol Broadway, Now York, WHEliE every variety of Gentleman's Clothing can bo had for lower prices than at any other establishment at the city of "'ew York. Over Coats and Over Sacks, of Broadcloth, Beaver, Pilot, Tweeds, and Mazurka Cloths, of every style and color, from $4 to SIS. Cloaks?one half, three quarter and full circle, of French and American Broadcloths, from - - t'j t Dress and Krock ('oats-black, blue, brown, olive and treen, of Freuch, English, Belgian and American Cloths, from it to tit. Office and Business Coa's, Pelto, Sack and Winter Frocks? of Tweeds and Broadcloths of every style in the market, fr.on t- l<> to Pants?Broadcloth, Casaimeres plain and fancy, Doe Skin? French. English, and American, from $1 to 9t Vests?double breasted, straight breast, and rolling collar, new styles: plain andfaucy Velvets, Woolen Velvets,Cas simere, plain and fancy Sanaa and Silks, f.om $1 to t*ALSO, A large assortment of Broadcloth, Caasimeree and Vestiafs, which will be inado to order, to suit the most fastidloas. IT/**Buys' Clothing, of every description, constantly Ok hand. W. H. DEOKOOT k CO.. o7 lm?r No. 101 Fulton atraoc. [ WIGS! WIGS I BATCH ELOH'S new invented Wigs and Sealpo, made ad the burst natural curl hair, and adapted in the most easy 1 manner to tha peculiar style of each indiridaad. They BTW i entirely a new invention, douic nway with all tha vraatioM I dilTicutriea so long tiperitacod by tbaes who wsar win | The public are invtud to iaapoet a iaifs and wall aoUotM stock, containing every variety of aiza aad color; tWy will then be able tojndpe the effect. M wist. OAiuriMjun. iDTtwwrua iraiy nuioi?ciuVTt.l Will atreet, near Broadway. Removed (ton 116 Broadway Pleaac tn copy the addreas. nil lm*re Ullite of the New York Ou Light Company,) October 11, ltM. J THE PRESIDENT and Director! hare thu day declared a dividend ol four and one half per cent on the capital etock of fln? Company, for the ait months euding lat Anguet last payable to the stockholder! en and after Monday, the Id November neat. The transfer book will be cloaed from the 14th met. until that date. By order, 0l3tN..v2rc C. L. EVFRITT. See'r. SCOTT + THOMPSON'S (~t|TY CASH Wholesale and Hetail Family Grocery, Tea, S Wine, and Spirit Establishment, No. J97 Broadway, New York.?J. S. Scott Ic Co., rso. 76 Nassau street, ia eoaae ijueiice of the solicitations of a number of their ap-towa cuaniinrrs, have been indaced tn open an establishment on the cb'Ii principle, et the above 197 Broadway. They will constantly have on hand the best assortment of goods In the abeve line, and at prices that must astonish the inhabitants ia the upper part of the city. Amongst the aaaortmeat will ba found the following : Tras of the la'est importations and finest qualities; sugars of every grade: Yloclia, Java, Laguayra, and Martenibo coffee, winea, cha npaigne, sherry, .Madeira, port, Claret, lie. lie.; Irish an I Scotch whiskey (the Scotch whiskay of the celebrated Olenlevet and Isiay brands): Barclay It Perkins' London brown stout: F.iiinhunrli and Allnviv M .l-? f.-... pickle*; aoap; tpitrin eandlei i olla; old Kngllah dairy rhee.e; Ulaagow apiced hnma; Lngliah, French. *ad American mmUrd; * very large *??ortm?nt of imported Seaari, fte fte lie. N B?Very old and anpenor London dock port; Amontillado pale merry; Manxamlla, do; pale (told and brown iherry; Kail India re*erre Madeira, Newton, Gordon, Mnrdock, and Scott'*, ke. he. P. H?(rood* delivered IVee of exp*n*e in any part of ike city, and for coak fnty. oil Im'rrc BINDLR8 BOARDS. X(\iUI LBS. Book Binder* Board*, from No*. IS lo 65. UVV/V A good artie.ie, and for aale by P&HB8K ft BROOKS. I Imrk UimICTNum**: TO THK IjOVfcRs ot BUCKW1IKAT CAKRS-Do yon want a good plat* of Bnckwlietl I ake* I If yon do call *l the New Tork Coffee Saloon kept by H. Knppelmau, 117 Kulton atreet. wh?re you will find Buckwheat, Wheat. Indian, and Wheal -* and Indian Cake* it *11 honr*,** fod *i can boToned in the , city. Breakfaat, dinner and tea at all honr*. Opna oa Sunday*. '"'r MRS. ti. HILTON, 84 Brrxtdwtiy. opyotite 7Vtmfy Church. PURN ISHK.D and pleaiant apartment*, with bedroom* attached for permanent or transient boarder*; aailaM*. _ alio for gentlemen and their wine*, with or without board, and the privilege ol hre.kfaat .erred in thmr own r#oma.? Oeutlemen in hnimeaa will will fi.,d the location eery coneeniei t for it* coiriguity to Wall at. olt lm?re ? ! l)A<ib'ERRlAN MATERIALS. JOHN ROACH, Optician. n Nuim ktreel. hM mw on hand *n a**ortment of Half Mate ana Medium Voightlaa1 der Tuhe*. AI?o, American, of hll own manufacture, iapri rior to >uy vet made in tne United Hute*. Plate*, Laaei, Chemical*, Coating Boiet, Batha, and erery material e.?ea ia Dagaerreotyping. Thermometer*, whole ale ".ad retail) Spectacle*. Telescopes, Onlranie Bauerie*. lie kr illm*i vkky i mmrtant~to consumers or tea. CyOOI) BLACK TEA, ? cents per Ik. M OOOD YOUNG HYSON i f.A. U cent* per Ik. Krery pnrckaaer of a (It* ponnd package will hare the mm adrantage a* though he pmchaaed fifty cheat*. Oar object in offering *neh inducements, i* tn extend and ex!Urate oar large and well earned popularity ? Tea Dealei*. ALL nlto I)RINK TKA and can appreciate a good article, and wi*h to ekMia Mat little mora than hall tke nanal price eharged lor It, ahonld aend to the principal Hlnre ol the New York and C'uiaa TeeCoam panv, U Catherine atreet, New York. All ordeii from the country mnal be .ccompeuied by rash o? the *ame, and all lettera pre paid 0f goods will not be | warded. *1 lm*rr?