Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 22, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 22, 1846 Page 1
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> TH] Vol. XIX, la.SM.WiMd* No. MS7. IMPOKTANT F RO M EUROPE. AAA1VAJU V* -XMMMi STEAMSHIP CALEDONIA, AT B08T0N. HALF A MONTH LATER. Wreck of the Monster Steamer Great Britain on the Ooast of Ireland. NO UVBB LOST. Highly Important Commercial Intelligence. Advance in Floor and Corn. NO CHANGE IN COTTON. Great Speculative Excitement in England. die. Ac. ib>. The steam ship Caledonia arrived at Boston at fifteen minutes before twelve o'clock on Tuesday night, with advices from Liverpool to the 4th instant, inclusive. She bringt intelligence of the total lou of the rnoniter iteam thip Great Britain, on the coaet of Ireland? the pattengert and crew all taved. The Great Britain sailed frem Liverpool on the 22d ult. On that night she experienced a terrible gale, which drove her ashore on the coast of Ireland. All her passengers and crew were landed in safety, and several of them have arrived in the Caledonia. Others took passage in the packet ship flew York for this port. Cabin Patitngtrt in the Sttamtkip Great Britain, from Liverpool, when the uml aokort. A lUn, Mrs. Lloyd. Mr. AH wood Mr. Lovell. Mr. A*hby. Mr W. McCounall. Mr. Aabmaad, Mr S. M'Culloch, Mr. Batiaraby, Mr. M'Clellaud, Mr. Behbinctoa. Mr. M'Giltray, Ret Mr. Bleackar, Mr and lady, Maury, Mr* A aad Miaa, Blrete, Mr. Maura, Mra. Baath, Mra. Marlariai. Mr aad lady, Braiaard, Ret Mr. Millbank. Mr. Canadian, Dr. Millar, Miaa, Ciadlr, Mra and child, Minn. Mr. Charcn, Rat P, Mitchiltraa, Mr W. CI*cf, Mr Tkonaaa. Moraao M. t'olana, Mr. Ortax, M. <*oolidc?, Miaa. Oacood. Rat. Mr. aad family. Codakaa, Mr. Pixlay, Mr. Crawa, Mr. Ralatan, Mr. Miaa k aertant. Croak, Mr. andJMr. O. Kay mood, Mr. Cox, Dr. and Miaa. Raid, Rat Mr. Dandaon, Mr. aad lady. Kamotia, M. Da Pinbuaqna, M aad lady. Ranaay, Mr. and lady. Kalian, Mr. aad lady. Rikix*. M. Fiabar, Mr H. M. Richaraa, Dr. Pawlar Mr. John. Ricbardaoa, Mra. Urabb, Mra. and family. Koaaufirld, Mr. Uuauay, Mr. Oaorga Rnwlina, Mr. and aon. Haaiiltnn, Mr Kyla, Mr. Haiaaahn, M. and fiiend. St. Jamta. Mr. and lady. liickaan, Mr. Banndara, Mra. Hiaxuia, Mr. Moathon Mr. HlfT Mr. Btaala. Mr. Holdan, Mr. T. C , Lirarpool. Halland, Mr. Todd, Mr. Holland. Mr. H. Tuckar. Mr. Hoola. Mra. Veughen, Mra and Miaa. Hop*. Mr. Tonne Mr. and lady. Hut ton, Mr. Watt, Mr. Hyde. Mr. Wella, Mr. and Mra. Inehea.Mr. Walton, Mr., Mra and Miaa. Ivea. Mr. Whexleck, Mr. Jackaoa, Mr. Baaidea aereu ktowu up peoJacoba. Mr pie, and fifty children, Jonea, Mr. known aa the "Vieunoia King, Mr., lady, and aenraat. Children," net enumerated i.ardner, Mr. and lady. in the above liat. Cabin Paatangtrt an Ma Packtt Ship Stw York, Capt. Croppar, which tailed from Liverpool on thtU Oat. Allan, Mra. Jnnea.Mr lady and aerraot. Aahmead, Mr. Kmc, Mr. lady aad aerrant. Bleaker, Mr. and lady. Look. Mra. and child. Boaxary, Mr. LaTell, Mr. Caaeida. Mra. and Miaa. Kaymond, Mr. Clegg.Mr. Roach, Mr. Col ton, Mra. Roach, Miaa. Cnolidt'e, Miaa Ralaton, Mr. lady aad aery't Dayidaon, Mr. and lady. Koaenfield, Mr. Ellia, Mra. Taylor, Miaa. Ktaher, Mr. Todd, Mr. Hill, Mr. Tucker, Rev. D. and aon. Ile'den, Mr. Wigxina, Miaa. Huttoa, Mr. And 300 in the at enrage. TUn I _ P_l 1 ' ill 1_ _ C. S xiao I'usoougcrs iu uc vaicuuuia win ue luunu in another column. There was no change in the cotton market. Flour had advanced. Free 34sa34s 6d. Bond 32s a 88s. There were large shipments of flour to Ireland. Agents were in England baying flour for Franee, Holland and Belgium, at!32s. in bond, on the supposition that the English ports will be opened. Indian corn was 46s. The packet ship Siddons, Cobb; Liverpool, Lid ridge, and Columbia, Ratnbone, had arrived at Liverpool on the 21th ult.; ships Empire, Russell, St George, Ferris, on the 26th ult; Patrick Henry, Delano, on the 2d inst. The royal marriages in Spain form, at the pre do in iiiumuiii ue iiiosi prominent points ot discussion in the liura&l press. The most influen*id of the daily papers?the Timet and the Morning Chronicle?protest in strong and indignant terms against the Montpensier union wi'h the Infante; and so belligerent is the tone of their articles, that sober-minded people begin to inquire what it is all about, and whether the head of the Foreign office is not beginning to feel terribly "wolfish" now that he is in power again. The papers announce the death of Tnomas Clarkson, the well known philanthropist. The Bishep of St. Asapbs and Sir John Williams, Judge ef the Court of Queen's Bench, has died since our last advices. Mr. Vaughan Williams has been appointed as the successor of the latter. At the General Scientific Congress lately held at Marseilles, the subject *1? the cultivation of rice in the salt marshes on the banks of the Rhone, was discussed, and it was proved that rice would thrive as well in that locality as it does in Italy. Samples were produced which had been grown at Mandirac, near Narbonne, where a trial on a large scale had been made, and which, notwithstanding the difliculties Attendant on a new undertaking, would, it was thought, yield a profit of filly per cent to the proprietors. Tu* Commerce or EraorE.?The Auttrian Uoydi, in an article lounded upon official docum uts, gives the following summary of the foreign commerce of Europe. The European mercantile marine, without including the coasting trade, comprehends280,000 vessel*, measuring in all 33,493,000 tons. The total value of the merchandise they carry is estimated ^t 11,936,760,000 francs. The proportion per centwhich each of the different States ot Europe bears in this total value are as followsEngland 61 13 46, Fiance 13 3 6, Holland 6 7 9, Hamburgh 4 4-5, Russia 3 9 9, Sardinia, 8 16, Belgium 2 1-6, Prussia 2 19, Ans trim 1 4-6,me TwoSicilies 1|,Sweden and Norway 1 1-6, Tuscany 11 9, Denmark 11-46, Bremen 1, Portugal 8 9,?pain 14-15,and all the othr States six percent. The result is that the trade of France and Belgium, taken altogether, is equal in value to that of Germany and Holland united?that is to say, that each represents 15 4-5 of tho total ? The lour taken together represent about 3-5 of the trade ol England. Iron War Steaxxrs. ?Government has determined to have no more iron steamers built. It is alleged that they become foul much sooner, and are more exposed to damage from shots, than the wooden. Exportation of QtncKsn.via.?The New York packet ship Prince Albert left St. Katharine's dock on the 22d ult., having on board upwards ot tiOO bottles ol quicksilver. The exportation of this article has greatly increased latterly, in consequence of the alteration in the tarifl, and the increase of tho duty which takes place in December The ship Christiana, which recently sailed for New York, took out 300 bottles of quicksilver. Sir Hekry Potitnoer ?This eminent diplomaist has received the appointment of Governor of the Ope ol Good Hepe aud the adjacent territory belonging to Great Britain. His invaluable r ssi vices in China, we hope, may be a guarantee ' that he will manage to put the affairs ot that colony into a proper condition, and that he will be ?hle to make such arrangements as will prevent, n future the|freqnent irruptions of the Kaffirs. E NE' NE"V 1 The Particulars of the Disaster to the Noble bteamshtp Ureal lirltaln. [Krom the Liverpool Timsi, Oct. 4 ] It is with extreme regret we have to announce j that this noble vessel has met with another (lis aster on her ou'ward passage from Liverpool to New York^ and one which, we fear, may disable her from ever again crossing the Atlantic. She left this port oh the morning of the 22d ult., taking one hundred and eighty-live passen?;ers, about sixty tons of valuable fine goods as reight, and about the same measurement of passengers' luggage. She took her departure, witnessed by a large concourse of spectators, amid the cheers of congregated thousands and the roar I of artillery. After clearing the Bell Buoy, she bore away for the Calf of Man, with the intention of running the north-about passage between the Isle of Man and Ireland. The morning was beautiful, the wind was fair, the ship was in excellent trim, and she had abundant promise of a pleasant and rapid passage, and that, too, under the command of an able and experienced captain, who had most successfully for some years navigated the Atlantic Ocean, to the satisfaction of his passengers, the commercial public, and the company by whom he was employed. For about ten hours the noble palace of iron,?the largest that perhaps tenants the deep,?wan propelled by wind and steam at the rate of 12 or 13 knots an haur. In fact, it mav be said that s)ih had overrun herself. At four to Ave o'clock in the afternoon the island was distinctly visible on the starboard how. Shortly alter it set in to rain, and the wind increased, the ship making excellent progress, and the passengers uncommonly delighted with the vessel and her admirable qualities as a sea boat. Night then closed in,dark and wet,and the wind gradually freshened into a halfgale. The log was repeatedly taken. The weather was thick and foggy, and the ship passed the Calf lights before dark, without being able to distinguish the lighthouse at that station. About half past nine o'clock at night, the passengers were startled by an extraordinary muse on deck, and a cry of " stop her!"?" aground, aground!"?" the breakers, the breakers! we are wrecked!"? "oh, we are wrecked!" A general fear prevailed that that the ship was in collision with some other vessel: but it was soon found that she had stranded. The night was dark and stormy, the ship beat incessantly upon the sand, the breakers repeatedly breaking heavily over her, and one of the life boats was carried lrom its lasteniugs on the quarter. Alarms and cries instantly pervaded the ship, and apprehensions were general amongst the passengers that the ship would break up during the night beneath the lorco of the breakers which constantly burst over her decks. To uiu iu turn inuiiii-iii ui wop, mo ugninmg glared, the thunder bellowed portentously from a thick I curtain of overhanmng cloud, and the rain began to fall in torrents. The scene was one that baffles description. So far as the eye could pierce through the gloom, the sea was a general cauldron of foam, and the white spray lashing the sides of the ship, flew over all on board like snow flakes. As we said before, the ship had outsail-' ed her captain's reckoning; and the lighten "St John's Point" being mistaken for that of the "Gall of Man," she went on shore at Rathmullin, in Dundrum Bay. Throughout the emergency Captain Hosken behaved with admirable self possession, energy vand with the greatest kindness; and immediately after the ship struck went down below, and, by his assurances, quieted the excited apprehensions of the passengers. His efforts wore successful. A portion of the passengers returned to their berths and slept till morning. Of the captain and ship the passengers speak in the highest terms. The ship, previously to her striking, displayed in the gale the most admirable qualities as a sea boat; and >he captain, subsequently to that occurrence, acted as well as man could act placed in a situation such as his. A passenger with whom we have conversed states: "I remained in the cabin until near 9 o'clock, when, after taking a turn on deck, I retired to bed ; and I should say that not more than half aii hour could have elapsed before was alarmed by hearing much confusion on deck, and the men calling out to 4 stop her!' Immediately after, she took the ground, at which time the wind was blowing very fresh, and occasional showers were falling. The night was dark, but not so much so that we could not clearly see a light on shore; hut we could not tell what part of the coast w? were on. The tide was flowing at this time, and, ol I I ? ... r....i . UUUI9C| It ICIIUOU V%J UUTC U3 IUI IUCI 111 UJ Wlirclthe main land. In company with oac or two other passengers, I remained on deck during the next lour hours, when the wind having moderated, and all danger, as regarded life, being at an end, the boats were put in readiness for immediate service, if required; but, thank God, it remained comparatively calm; and at low water in the morning wo were so near the shore, that carts and cars could approach within a short distance of us, and the passengers, with their luggage, were in a short time landed." It is not possible to describe the interest and anxiety which this event caused in Liverpool on the 24th, and in London on the following day. Our office was, throughout the day. besieged by anxious inquiries ; and in order to lay before the readers of the Europtan Timtt all the particulars of this unfortunate disaster, we proceeded to Ireland, which enables us to give the following particulars in addition to the brief sketch above:? We reached Dundrur* Bay on the 27th, and found the Great Britain high up, about 300 yards from and lying parallel with the shore, at high watermark At spring tide she had drifted inward about 100 feet, since the night she struck; but had not sustained any damage beyond the loss of her rudder, which is now entirely cut away, and her screw at liberty, uninjured, and in working order. Walking completely round, you see her lying on a bed ol sand, under which, a tew feet deep, are solid rocks. She has evidently, after she tirst took the ground, run several ol her own lengths into the sand, and is now apparently embedded some five or six feet?to us it appears, and this seems to be the prevailing opinion with almost every one in the neighborhood, extremely doubtful whether she will ever be got off. She had on board 1000 tons of coals, 60 tons of freight, and 100 tons of water, which have been removed prior to the next springs, which commenced on the 3d inst. She now lies between the coast guard house and the Cow-and-Call Rocks. She must have passed near the latter, which is only to be seen at low water, and are sitnatad in a great depth of water, upon which, had she struck, she must have gone down, ana perhaps every soul perished. There are numerous other very dangerous breakers, extending a long distance, immediately where she struck, which would destroy any ship that is unfortunate enough to strike on them. Shortly alter our arrival all the freight, with the exception of some ten bales, were removrd to the Liverpool steamtug Dreadnought, tor shipment by the Caledonia. On the captain of that steamer Captain Hosken bestows great praise for the extraordinary exertions which he used to assist the Great Britain, and to get the freight away. A party on the spot furnished Mr. Edward Willmer with the following narrative -.? tt ucii mic avruuk, tun utiuust cwnsieriimion ensued, the captain, sailors, and every one on board, conceiving that they were commencing with fair weather, fair wind, and had every prospect of making a speedy and a very prosperous voyage. After proceeding very rapidly from Liverpool, she ran on shore on the sand banks off Tyrella watch-house, Dundrutn Bay, about hallpast nine o'clock on the night of the 22d, the day she left Liverpool. The passengers, one hundred and eighty five in number, were all safely landed. The news of this disaster reached Downpatrick and the surrounding neighborhood early on the following morning, and the snot was crowded with anxious spectators. The approaches to the shore were thronged with vehicles of every grade, from the nobleman's earriage to the peasant's cart. The whole of the day was employed in landing the passengers' luggage, which was done with the aid of small boats, carts, ?C., all OI wnicn was conveyeu 10 ,L?ownpatrirk, and from that place the passengers proceeded in carriages and jaunting cars to Belfast and Warren Point, where they took passage lor Liverpool. It was blowing a strong gale at the time trom the S.S.E The night was exceedingly dark, and the rain fell in torrents. Immediately on her striking, rockets were thrown up and guns fired from the vessel, which were immediately answered by the coast guard irom the watch-house at that station. This was shortly before ten o'clock. At daylight the next morn- j ing. Captain Morris, the chiel otficer ol the coast guard station at St. John's Point, with his stair, was in attendance, and rendered valunble set- I vices to the passengers ; granted them the use of I tho watch-house, and used every means to protect their Inggage." The surgeon of the Great Britain was the first who landed with the mail-bags, with which he proceeded to Liverpool, via Belfast. They will be sent on to the United States by ihe Caledonia, which sails to-day. In the course of the telle wing i f ii . ?, i W YO V YORK. THURSDAY M day, Weiinetitay, the 123J, a I irgo number of the passengers proceeded to Warren Point, others to Downpatrtck, with the intention of returning to LiverDOol: tile larger numher nrno<>??<l*rt f? il>? latter place, where the scene on the Thursday morning presented one which that little Irish town never before witnessed. Four four-horse coaches and some dozen jaunting cars proceeded at the rims time on to Belfast, to take passage by the steamer Windsor, which sailed on that day for Liverpool. Amongst the passengers were the distinguished Danseuses Viennoise, 48 in number; they are all German but two, one of these is French and t*e other English. From their extreme youth, the eldest heing not more than twelve years old, and the youngest about six, the greatest sympathy and care was evinced for these little travellers.? They appeared quite unconscious of their situation; some of them were sleeping beside their luggage on the shore; the more vigorous were settingouta repast in the coast-guard watch-house, and others innocently amusing themselves with picking up the shells on the beach. There were lour adult females accompanying them, one of whom Mated they had an engagement on their arrival in New York of 1,500dollars a week. Dur- j irig the day, the steamer Prince of Wales went | round from Belfast to render the Great Britain assistance; that was tried at high-water, and found to be impossible; she therefore returned to Belfast, taking these forty little fuiries and their guardian to that city, on their way back to Liverpool. On the same day a considerable number of the passengers held a meeting in the coast-guard station-house, the Rev. Dr. Cox, of New York, presiding, to take into consideration the best means of making application to the shipowners for reimbursement of their passage-monoy, and also the other expenses attending their unhappy situation. A commutes of loar of their number were deputed to wait on the oaptain, to confer with|him on the subject, and to make a report at a subsequent meeting. The committee having done so, were informed by Captain Hosken that he did not feel himself warranted in coming to any arrangement at that moment. The passengers were, however, of opinion that were they to quit the ship without such an application being made, it might tend to their disadvantage on their claiming the return of their passage money on their arrival at Liverpool. Subsequent meetings were held at Liverpool,,and the owners of the ship have, in the most handsome manner, returned the passage-money, and expressed their extreme sorrow and regret that the passengers were placed in their present unlortu uaic siiuuuuu. Indeed, both the Great Western Steamship Company, and their much respected agents, Messrs. Gibbs, Bright It Co., have acted in the most handsome and praiseworthy manuer towaids the passengers. With Messrs. Gibbs, B i^bt&Co it has been a constant study how they could render suitable assistance to them, and thus alleviate the bitter feelings which inusthave taken possession of their breasts at being so much disappointed and knocked about by an occurrence as unfortunate as it was unexpected. A proposal was made to the agents of the Halifax and Boston Mail Packets to send out the Acadia; hut on referring to their contract with the Admiralty, they felt obliged to refuse upwards of sixty of Uie passengers who engaged to take their berths. The particulars of the meeting will be foand in another column. We are truly sorry that so many of our American friends have been obliged to encounter such a serious mishap, and that they were forced to separate from one another in a moment of trial. Some oftheru, those whose destination was lor Havannah, we believe, proceeded in the Teviot, which sailed from Southampton on the 2d inst., lor the West Indies ; others have gone out by the New York, which lelt Liverpool ou -lie same day. Ti - i.^ki. xuoro is u iciuaiiiauic uiiuuuiBiauuc uonuccifu with this most unfortunate affair that must undergo further investigation?which is, that the chart i of the Irish coast furnished to the Great Britain Uys down the St. John's Point without a light, wnilst almost all others now in use has the light marked down an "intermitting light on St John's l'oint:" and to the defect in the chart furnished to Captain Hoslteu, and published in 1846, may oe at ributed this catastrophe. When the light on St. John's Point was first observed, it was thought to be the light of a ship; but as the Great Britain proceeded, it was found to be an intermitting light. St. John's Point was referred to in the ship's chart, and no light being there marked, it was possibly then mistaken lor one of the isle of Man lights. The following letter from Captain Claxtou, one of the Directors af the Company, will give our readers a full idea of the cause of this unfortunate disaster :? Crkat Britain, Dundrum Sands, > September 28, $ Dear Sir -.?On my arrival on board this morning, alter looking at the position of the ship, and Captain Iioskeu's dispositions for getting her afloat at the proper time, I sought, and, as I expected, received from hun a candid and clear detail of the circumstances which preceded the unlortunate occurrence. For the information of my colleagues and the rest of the shareholders ol the company, I hasten to eonvey to you the result ol that inquiry, which 1 have no hesitation in saying has satisfied me that the confidence which we have for so many years placed la that most excel lent man, ought not in the slightest degree to be shaken by an event so deeply affecting his character as an officer and a seaman. The first oflicer has charge ol the ship's log, and ! from him I obtained the following extract:? " At 12h. 50m. P.M. discharged pilot. At lh., abreast of the Bell Buoy, speed 11 knots, wind southerly, set maintopsal and topgallantsail and foresail (foretopsail had been previously sot)course N.W. by N. At 4h., fresh breeze and thick hazy weather. 5h. 80m. saw the land on starboard bow, indistinctly through the ram. 7h. 'Mm , in mizen spencer. 8h., fresh breezes and very thick, with constant rain; trimmed sails to haul up N. by ?., in topgallant sails. 8h. 15m , observed l^ail ot Man ijight bearing jN.W.W. halt W., altered course to N. by W., 8n. 30m., in tirst and second reel of ioretopsail and singlereefed the maintopsail. At 9h. squared the yards. 9h. 30m. in loresail, while taking it in, saw land on starboard bow; stopped engines, put helnf hard-a-port, reversed engines full speed; shin caine up to N.N.E. afterwards'to N N. W , and stopped, clewed sails up." [Then follow details of proceedings as to after occurrences, when she was thumping and in the breakers ] The following note appears to have been added to the log, probably when the excitement was over:?" At 7h., the captain remaiked to mc that the ship ought to be well up to the Calf of Man lights, as the Intr showed she had run har distance. He asked if the log glass was correct, which was a new one, and found correct. At 8b., the were trimmed for hauling the ship up N. by E., after doing which observed the light, and kept ship otl again to N.W. hall N j squared yards. The captain said the ship had run uer distance, but supposed the light was the Call' light, and that one of them was obscured by the thick weather " On examining Captain Hosken's chart, on which aro his cross bearings of the supposed points of the Isle of Man, ol which so short and indistinct a glimpse was caught, I iind it is addressed to the Mayor and Town Council of Liverpool, published by John arid Alexander Walker, agents to the Admiralty, 72 Castle street. Liver pool, and 9 Castle street, Loudon, 1846. It was bought by Capt. Ilosken when going out on ins previous voyage in June last as the latest and most correct chart, but in it is no mention whatever of a revolving, or intermitting hght, or any other light wfcat?vo S? Intin'* noint. There, however. the light is, and it is now my business to show that had the light been, as it ought to have been? having been in use for three years (if I am oor eotljr informed)?in the chart, or had there been no light at all on that point, the accident would not have happened. On taking his departure from the Bell Buoy, Captain Hosken steered precisely tha same course as the Windsor, constant steamer to Belfast, was steered by her captain on Saturday last. N. W. by N., and that is the correct course for the Calf of Man; St. John's point also bears N. W. by N. from the Boll Buoy. Captain Hosken calculated his speed to be eleven knots; it really was more, and his ship no doubt was ahead of his calculation four or live miles. A glimpse was caught of the Isle of Man, but the imhts on the Calf were never seen, which I sr. count for by the fact that it was very thick, and between sunset and dark, when she passed ! probably lour or Ave miles to the south.? Had it been quite dark, the accident could uot have happened, as lie would have steered away his Morth Channel coarse aft. r rounding them. At seven, it appears, by the first officer's note to his log, the captain remarked she must be well up with the Call-lights. There is no doubt | he haa even then passed them, but he had a fine opeu channel of more than thirty miles between them and the Irish const. He informed me that he then said, as he could not see them, he should alter his course at eight, shorten sail and go easy for the North Channel, which intention be had - x i . ~ RK I ORNING, OCTOBER 22, begun to put in practice, and this was the right practice, and if he had pursued it all would have been well, as he would soon have made the next proper lignt in his course of north by east?the south rock, to the north of bfrangforu Louah entrance, (albeit, as he candidly admits, half a dozen miles nearer than he expected,) wV.en this St. John's light, of which he had never heard, and which is not named in his chart, is all at once seen, and that, too, within the exact bearing of the Calf of Man lights, supposing he had not passed them. The course was again altered ; > tie St. John's light was treated as the Calf of Man ' ights would have been had they been seen?i. t , given such a berth as insured clearing the Hen and Chickens, and then rounded ; anil then, in- ! stead of being in a deep-water channel, tne ship takes the ground about a league i? the west of this, at best, deceiving light, and, in his case, de- | cided decoy duck. In hastening to get this letter off, knowing the ! anxiety of my colleagues, I write under some excitement, and under most unpleasant circumstances ; due allowances should, therefore, be made. 1 am quite aware of all that may be said by nautical men. I know, from mv own thoughts. before I saw the chart in Captain Hosken's possession, how many strong questions may be put as to distances and speed?as to one set of lights revolving every two minutes, St. John's light every minute only. To all of theiu I answer, it is easy to say the door should have been locked after the hqrse has been stolen. It was hard to make out lights at all; and, as to counting differences ol time under some instances, it is impossible, or next to it. The facts aie simpleThe captain's judgment was right up to the time of his seeing this not laid down light, and puzzled, as he states himself to have been, to account for not being further a head when he took it for the Calf,, he acted by that light as, I verily believe, most men would have acted under similar cir- , cumstances. 1 have only to add my meed of praise for all that has been done by Captain Hosken since the occurrence?my admiration of his manly bearing under circumstances that migut well have crushed a weaker inind, and of tr.e discipline and good conduct of the officers and men under bis command, who are working gallantly, I may say, under circumstances of great trial and difficulty,if not of danger. i The compasses were perfectly correct, and the ' ship herself so strong as to defy hitherto shocks froru rollers and seas at high water, which, in my humble opinion, would, by the end of last week, have broken up the strongest wooden ship that ever was built. The ship lies in the worst position for coming off; still, if we are favored with tolerable weather, 1 see at present no reason to doubt her being afloat by the end of the week. Yours truly, CHaisToPHia CL&XTON. W. M Bennett, Esq , See'yId addition to the above (relative to the Oreat Britain) Captain Claxtoa bat addreeied another letter to the directors, of which the following is an extract "Should the weather continue as it new is, or not come to the south eastward, or blow from the S.S W j hard, I shell have no fears. She makes no water to speak of. Something is wrong about the fore stoke hole, but, I apprehond, not enough to raise a doubt 1 thin ;, from measuring, she is about three feet in the sand. Tomorrow evening, I think, we may walk round her. The coals are being landed and stacked. The crew are all behaving wall, which is much, considering that moat of thair work ia up to their middle in water." A moat vigorous attempt will be made on the Mh inat. to get her afloat, lor which anchora are being placed at convenient situationa, by which, with her propeller and the aaaiatanca of aome steamers, it is hoped ahe may be drawn into deep water. We, however, greatly fear that this attempt will not be successful A letter addressed to us, dated Dundrum Bay, Oot. 3, contains the following: ? "The Oreat Britain remains in nearly the same state as when you lalt. She is taking a little more water. The pampe were working nearly all day yesterday. They Isnww wa* the aoma aii# and mas* nna> diaxliavwinw the \ conle on the beech There are two (team thnIi here ; should Monday be fine, they will try to take her off at high tide. 1 hear the Sea Nymph, Newry ateamer, la to be here on Monday, with two others, to try if they can move her." The hataat Commercial News. [From Wilmer'a Timea, Oct. 4 ] There baa been an active demanJ for moat of the goods brought to our produce market aioce the sailing of the last ateamer It will be perceived that the sugar market baa been rather buoyant. Large sales hare taken place and advanced prices paid. This remark applies not only to West India descriptions, but almost ersry other sort. All kinds of provisions are high in price. The potato failure iu Ireland has not only affected that country, but, indirectly, the people of England. Oar report of the corn trade in Eurojie will show its present state. Butter, beef, and poik, meet with an excellent demand, and have greatly enhanced in value of late.? Wheat, flour, and Indian corn are now sold at axorbitant rates, and. from present appearances, there is little prospect of their receding in value, There has been en improvement in the Coffee market The supplies are now being exhausted, and dealers wish to get into stock. These causes have induced holders to act with great firmness, so that the value ot the article has advanced. Besides a good home consumption, there has lately been en excellent demaud for exportation. The state of the cotton trade ia a subject of much anxiety and a good deal of comment. Since the beginning of May, Ave months since, prices have advanced enormously?at least twenty-five per cent, or a penny per pound, 'mil nun noi oniy aeriouaiy unci me couaump tion of tha article, but alio the capability of manufacturing the raw material; nay more, have a tendency to cripple the operation k of the Biitiih manufacturer in the narketa of the world, and, to tome extent, that wholelume competition which ia the vitality of commerce. 1 ho increaaed value of the ataple now aa compared with ita value in May laat, ia atated. on good authority, to amount to the enormoua turn of ?40,000 weekly ! Taking the average weekly conaumption at 31,000 nalea of 3<K> lba. each, it will nearly give thia reault. With auoh an advance, and with the unproptlioui atate of the gooda market, both here and on the continent, it may be iooked for, in the nature of thinga, that the conaumption will decline. The Britannia, which arrived on Wedneaday, waa moat anxieualy looked for* aa it waa believed that her advicea would throw aome light on the proapecta of the new crop. Some of the public write re on thia aide of the water fancy that they perceive a tendency on the pert of a portion of the American preaa to exaggerate the damage which the new crop haa sustained lrom the caterpillar and worm ; but the aame ungeneroua atatement haa been raiaed before, to the prejudice of American veracity, on grounda equally inexplicable. It will be aeen, by refereuce to our market returna, that leva buoyancy haa exiated aince the Britannia arrived, becauae it ia believed that the atate of the cropa ia not ao diaaatroua aa the previoua account! led ua to expect The atatementa. nevertheleaa, in the American journala, ahow that thia anticipation ia at leaat premature. Time will ahow. 'l'hc iron market by ruled Arm since we laat addretsed our readers. Ker railway bar an extensive demand hai taken place, at full and wall up ported prices The quarterly meeting, which is to settle prices, he., will be held neat week. Scarcity or Grain in Germany ?The apprehensions ot scarcity are not less serions than in France. In the northern states rye and potatoes, which constitute the principal food of the inhabitants, have completely jailed. They will, of course, be obliged to make up the deficiency with wheat, the surplus of which is annually exported to the northern harbors ol France. This accounts for Lhe extraordinary rise in the price of wheat on the shores of the Balt>c, and the inutility of the orders sent by Frencn merchants to i the markets ot those countries. .Southern Ger- 1 many has. in its turn, become alarmed. The \ King of Wurtemberg, by nn ordinance ol the 14th ult, permitted the tree importation of flour and loreign farinaceous productions until the 1st of May, 1847. In Bavaria, the wealthy inhabitants of 5/ureinberg have just founded an association for the supply ol grain. Th it society, which ha* been authorised by the King, will manufacture bread/and sell it to the poor classes under the markei|price. Capture op l'irates by H. M. Sloop Sirkn.? Accounts have been received from Smyrna, announcing the capture of four pirate bo?to, with sixty men on board, by Lieut. Lyons, (son of Sir E. Lyons,) near Stancho. The following is from the Impartial (U Smyrne ot the 4th ult.:? Just as i we were gome to press we were informed that the boat* of II. M. S. Siren, commanded by Lieuten- ! ant Lyons, son of the British Minister at Athens, bad captured four pirate boats, manned by sixty men. This intelligence is not official, but we havo 1 reason to believe that it will be confirmed. The j Siren wn? at scio when uie master 01 a Doat, just arrived from the south, apprised Lieut. Lyons of his having been arrested and robbed by nirates in the environs f Stancho. The commander of the Siren immediately put to sea with two of the men, who conducted him to a small island near Stancho, where the pirates were seized, chained, and removed on board the Siren. That important capture, will, no doabt, clear the Archipelago, and Lieut. Lyons has thereby rendered an ina> inense service to our commerce." AppoiaTMtNTJi'The Uotttu, of the lbth nit., announces the following appointments1The Right Hon. Sir Charles Edward Grey, Knt , to ba Governor of the Island of Jamaica ; Lieut. Col. Wm. Krid, Governor of the Island o1 Uarbadoes, Grenada, St. Vincents, Tobago and St. Lucia ; Captain Charles Elliott, Governor of the Bermudas, or Somers Islands ; nnd the Right Hon. Sir Henry Pottinger, Bart., Governor of tha Cape of I Good Hopa> IERA 1846. Ireland. It is not in our power to record any improvement in the accounts froin the sister country since the date of our former publication. The distress and destitution consequent upon the failure of the potato crop is really awful. The law lor affording rmnlovment to the neonle is beinir car ried out with alacrity by the government and the landed gentry ot? the kingdom. It is now admitted, on all hands, that the Labor-rate Act is im- , perfect in its details, and it has been urged upon the attention of the ministry that Parliament should be convoked immediately, to remedy its various defects. The papers trom this country are filled with re- | ports of meetings held to provide means lor the j employment of the people. It is a source of grat llcation that, although Ireland has been torn asunder, her people rendered dissatisfied with her rulers, and her best interests retarded by par- j ty and religious animosities, the spirit of charity j prevails among the landlords at present. Every-j thing which humanity can suggest for a speedy I and effectual alleviation of the hardships and mi- i sery so universal throughout the country has been cheerfully adopted. Despite of these exertions, however, there are ceriain localities in which the spirit of insubordination and reckless despair, on the part of the peasantry, have manifested themselves, which, if allowed to proceed, may end in very serious results, not only to the peaceable and well disposed, but also to the lawless themselves. At Youghall serious outbreaks of this description have taken place. Lord Stuart de Decies, Lieutenant of the county of Waterford, had a narrow escape on the 24th ultimo. His lordship presided at the late adjourned extraordinary presentment sessions for the barony of Decies, in the county of Waterford. After the sessions had adjourned, the mob, which hat collected in large numbers, began to hoot, using menaces, threats, and opprobrious epithets, which evidently betokened their extreme willingness to do violence to his lordship. A party of hussars had to escort him to Dromore. On the cavalry returning the mob attacked them. A ringleader, named Power, was severely sabred, but was carried oil' by the populace,when their assaults were redoubled Several of the horsemen were seriously hurt, and the force being small were obliged to retreat for their lives. The Irish papers now before us also contain accounts of outbreaks of Fermoy and Cloyne. At Castle-Martyr a number of men, women and children entered that village, and murching through it, to the terror ot the inhabitants, commenced an attack on the few bakers' and huxters' shops, and seized on all they could lay their hands on. From the village they proceeded lo me resilience 01 me c,an 01 ouuniiuii. contiguous to Castle-Martyr. The mob threatened to pull down the castle over the head of his lordship, and that they would return the following day in increased numbers to carry their tnreat into execution. The government have decided upon directing the board ofworksnot to limit the operation of the labor rate act to the making ol roads, but to extend it to all works which may prove of general utility, and lo the general improvement of the district. Payments are to be made weekly to the poor. On the 28th uit., a serious lood riot took place at Dungarvon. The mob mustered 11 or 12 thousand strong, and were about to attack the merchants' stores, but a troop of dragoons, which arrived in time, had to charge them repeatedly.? The people, however, continued to throw stones, and the state of atfairs began lo look very serious. The dragoons were then ordered to tire, and it is said about 20 shots were discharged. Two man were seriously wounded, but we are glad to find they are still living. The Earl of Bandou has received a letter from Lord John Russell, intimating that the Lords ol the Admiralty approved of the establishment ol a naval station at Cove, lbr the repairs of steamers, ships of war, &c. The woiks are to be commenced immediately. Among the late presentments passed at some of in a sessions alluded to, was one for improving the Roman Catholic chapel of Timoleafe; the sum of ?300 has been granted, but the parish priest was loud and pressing in Uis intreaties to get ?500. Truly Ireland is an injured country when she can get her chapels rebuilt out of the public purse. Turning from the famine reports, the Irish papers are tilled with the saying and doings of the Repealers and lhair opponents, the "Young Irelanders." We alluded to the sceno that had taken place a short tune ago. Since then, another meeting has been held, at which the Liberator's friends endeavored to manage business in a holeand-corner style, and thereDy passtd their vote of confidence in Mr. O'ConneO. The description given of this meeting, even in the liberal papers, is anything but satistactory. if we are to credit these journals, there was an evident desire to prevent the Young Ireland party from taking any partinthe business, and cushioning the free discussion of those differences which exist between the two sections of Repealers. The Young Ireland paity held a meeting in Dublin, on Sunday last, but were not successful, as the moral-force men carried all their own way, and succeeded in carrying a vote of confidence in the learned f/?? ('n?lr Mr OT'nnnplI hiu rint return. ed from Derrynane. The last two weeks has brought lrom him epistlas to Mr. Ray, which have been read at the meetings ef the Repeal Association on the 21st and 28 th ult. The chief topic in his letters is in reference to the distress of the laboring classes throughout the kingdom.? I The meetings on the days mentioned have been thinly attended, and the speeches insipid and unattractive. The rent lor the two weeks ending Sept. 18, amounted to about ?188?a pretty fair sum to be collected from a people said to bo on the borders of starvation. Mr. Smith O'Brien has been restored to the commission of the peace: a correspondence has passed between him anil Mr. Brady, Secretary to the Lord Chancellor. Among the late reports is one from Dublin, stating thatliis Excellency the Lord Lieutenant and Mr. Labouchere had tendered their resignation, in consequence of the Premier not agreeing with them in me proposal to assemble Parliament for the purpose of remedying the defects of the labor rate act. We do not credit the report, and are confident Lord Besborough will not so easily relinquish a post of such magnitude, and that, too, when both his sovereign and his country require his services. There are now unloading on the Dublin quays, two American vessels, freighted with potatoes from the United States. They are of exoelient duality, and selling at the rate of ten pence per ) stone. We understand this is but the commencement of an extensive import trade of the once staple commodity of Ireland. France. The advices from Paris are to the 1st instant.? Public attention is tixedon the marriage between the Due de Montpensier and the Princess Luisa of Spain, and on the consequences arising therefrom, to the exclusion of all other subjects. The interest this atTair has created lias been intense, and is still by no means subsided. The newspapers have been Ailed with it; the Bourse has been convulsed by it; the conversation of every circle has been about it. The known and decided hostility of the English government to a union which may lead to the placing of the descendant of the King of the French on the throne ol Spain, has caused a dread of the |iossible interruption of the lriendly relations between England and France, fierhaps of war between the two countues The l>olemics of ihe newspapers have been more violent than have been witnessed for a long time past. The opposition newspapers, especially the National, the republican or^an, and the Lrmttitutionntl, the journal of M. Thiers, have denounced the marriage as contrary to the true interests of France, inasmuch as it may lead to dangerous complications hereafter. They insist that it is only done to gratify the personal embition of the King, and to bring to the ceffers of his son a vast lortune of thirty millions of francs.? They complain bitterly of the miserable intrigue by which it has been accomplished. And they point out in the most forcible manner thu grosi inconsistency of the government in breaking ott the alliance with England for a mere personal and family affair, after having for sixteen long; years maintained that Europe could not possibly dispense with that alliance, and after having made the most cruel sacrifices, and even submitted to humiliation and shame to maintain it. In all this line of argument the opposition press have formed | themselves in alliance with the British journals, J which has a curious effect, when it is re me in- | bered that for years their stock in trade has been ; to rail against England. The government organs, ; , of course, coinbat the poeiuons taken up by their i opponents by maintaining the direct contrary.? As regards the English alliance, they express u beliefithat the marriage will not interrupt it, for they say that the English people take no interest j whatever in the question. They are particularly ; indignant with the principal journals of London, especially the Timn, for the violent articles they , hare put forth^ on the subject. It is quite true that the British government has protested in ; most energetic terms against the marriage. The j , I BBS LD. VMn Www (tath Journal dtt Dibatt of this morning attempt* to show that the protest has not been ol so grave a ohsuraoter as is generally imagined. It remarks tliat the protest will, perhaps, be published shortly, and that then " it will be seen if it can have the consequences attributed to it, and if it has been ot a nature to cause inquietude to men of .-ense.nnd friends of peace and European order." The Dfbatt subsequently adds these important sentences, which, no doubt, give the pith of the protest:?" That the English government has be. Iieved it its duty to protest agaiast such or such a consequence of a measure taken without ita assent ; that it has made its reserves for the future, for such or such an eventuality as may preseat itself ono day, for such or such an interpretation as may be given to ancient treaties, is possible. That it has believed it its duty to express its dissent, its tegret, and its grief, at the determination taken with respect to the Spanish marriages, is possible." Abd-el-Kaiiek.?We learn from information upon whichwe think some reliance can be placed, that Abd-ttl-Kader renounces for the present any intention of again invading the interior of the territory of Algeria. This decision is said to have been come to in consequence of the state of the misery into which the last insurrection plunged the tribes who took part in it, and the oonvicuon 01 inu r.inir mui uii ius euoris wuuiu ue useier* against the multiplicity of our columns and their new organization, which permits them for the future to reach him in the most difficult mountains and in the most distant valleys. On the other hand, at the moment when the last courier was leaving Tlemcen, a report was current that Abdel-Kader intended to make a razzia upon the tribe of the Ghossels. Gen. Cavaignac has hastened towards the territory of this tribe in order toprotect it if necessary, from the projects of the Emir.? Notwithstanding all his efforts, the Emir has not been able to rally to his standard the Hachems and Beni-Amers who were encamped m the neighborhood ot Fez. The agitation which reigas in Morocco does not prevent the partial return of the tiibes who emigrated last autumn The people of one hundred and forty Ave tents of BeniMaters, who are very rich in cattle, have just established themselves in the Tessalah. Their chiefs have all gone to Oran and deposited their submission to France in the hands of Kaddouo-OuldAdda who has the command of the district in which they have Axed themselves. The OverUuitf IHsll. By an extraordinary express, in anticipation of the overland mail, which reached London on the 22d ult.,we have new* under the following dates: Calcutta. August 9; Madras, August 16; Ceylon, August 19; Aden, September 2; China, July 36. The dates froin Bombay are not so late as those already received. This mail reached Suez by the steamer Precursor. The intelligence from India is not of moment, but that Irom China is very important, as an event has taken place which may probably render it necessary t > review the arrangement* at present subsisting between this country and the Celesiial Empire; in so lar, at all events, as may be found requisite to assure British subjects of yrotection from personal injury. On the 8th of uly ?ome English merchants and other foreigners at Canton, were unfortunately brought into collision with the populace of that city, under circumstances disclosed in an article whioh we annex:? An English merchant, in walking through the streets, was insulted by a Chinaman; the lormer caught the offender, and put him in custody in the Hong. A crowd now began to gsuher outside, lorced open the gates of the Hong, rescued the man, and stoned the foreigners who had taken reluge in the house. The mob. whioh had by this time great y iucreased, now began to batter the doors and windows with stones, brickbats, &c., and attempted to Are the building, by throwing in crackers and other lighted materials. This state of matters continued until half past aeven P. M. when it was decided to throw open the gates of the American gardens, where the greater portion ol the foreign residents had collected with Arearrns. They divided themselves into companies, with each a commander. One division faced towards Old China street, while anoth?r mumliivl round to the front ot Minvaua's honir. The inob, having previously overmastered acid driven off the Chinese police, stood their ground in China street and beyond Mirigqua's bong, and sent a storm ol stones and brickbats at their opponents, who returned it with a volley of balls. This had the effect of clearing the place, and the mob muved otf, leaving, according to the most probable account, four dead and ten or twelve wounded, thougn the numbers are variously given, the highest being thirteen lulled and twenty wounded. When the tray liecame serious, information was given to the Chinese autnorities, by whom a body of soldiers and armed police were sent, and they were now very usetul in clearing the streets; but their influence only began to bu telt when the foreigners had proved mora than a match for the rabble. To guard againat another attack, the foreign community patrolled the streets during the night. The riot was not mnewed. The merchants complain that after what has passed upon many previous occasions, they should not have found themselves in this instance without the necessary protection. There was no Brit sh force at hand; neither steamer, frigate, nor even gan-boat available; so that bnt lor the asxistance which was rendered by the crew ol a Danish man-of-war and some English and American seamen from Whampoa, the consequences might have been deplorable, lha Chinese authorities had issued a proclamation rather censuring the foreigners for what had taken place, but efficient measures for punishing those guilty of originating this melanoholy affray were eipovicu Hum ivcjui^, vii u? iv?iv ->. from a tour ol inspection in the neighboring provinces. The British merchants had addressed a remonstrance to Sir F. Davis, the Governor of nong Kong, through the consul, and so soon as his excellency had returned from Chusan, whither he had gone to conduct the surrender ol that island, it was hoped that something decisive would be done. There was some idea that the governor, j when leaving Hong Kong, intended to extern! his voyage as lar as Japan. There is but little news furnished from the conI tinent of India. In the Punjaub matters continued very unsettled, so that we are not surprisea to ' Ana the government of the Maharajah solicting the coounued presence of a British force at Lahore for a period longer than was origiimlly agreed upon. From Jullundur, under date of the 27th,we And that Gbolab Singh, who had largely increased his army of late, had been called upon Us reduce it, give up possession of certain forts, and alter his line oi policy, particularly as to Cashmere, to ail of which lie had refused compliance. His son was intriguing with Altbbar Khan, and had publi ly re pi cached his father lor his treachery to the Khalsah. In consequence, therelore, of tue unsettled state of affairs, the different corps at Lahore and in the Jullundur Duab will not be relieved this year; at leut, such was the report at Simlah. Indeed, letters from the northwest state the general belief that a large army will be collected upon the frentier immediately after the rains, and some do not hesitate to express the opinion that another march to Lahore will take place next Christmas. A bridge is to be built over the Sutlej at Belaspore, and a military road made to connect Simlah with Jullundur. Intelligence was received in Madras on the HOlf of July from Cuddapah, from which itappean that the small force sent against Nurstmt Reddy and his party of 4,000 men has been defeated, and driven back with some loss; fears were entertained that Cuddapah might be visited by the insurgents It was further known on the 11th ult that Keddv's lollowers were pretty well dispersed, himself a fugitive in the jungles, and - - ??~ ? ?b?'l HA<*s? nffonwl frtr that a reward ol i,wjo rupee. u?. hia capture. I. ATM. Just as we were about, to go to we received hy Lieut. Waghorn s extraordinary exprees via Trieste, letters and diapatcbes from Bombay to the 27th of August. The news contained in the papers before us is not of an important character. The Sikh government was in a tottering state, for the l?ueen Mother and her paramour, Wuzeer Lall >mgh, had no ho d on the atlectionsof the people. The British authorities, in anticipation of a convulsion in the Sikh territory, were busy in preparing for the emergency, and putting down the expected revolt. Lords Harding and Oough were at Simla. Gholab Singh was reported to lie in a very unsatisfactory state, and the Sikh province of Moultan was still at war with the Wuzeer Lall Singh ? Scinde remains tranquil, with an abundant harvest. It was rumoied that Sir Charles Napier was about to retire, in consequence of ill health, which is said to have been seriously affected by the climate. In the AfTghan territory there seemed a desire, on the part of the notorious Akbar Khan, who is anxious to have an opportunity of regaining possession of f"oshawar, and even Cashmere. Intrigues and counterplots were in fall play at Calmi. The oholeret after having ravaged

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