Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 23, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 23, 1846 Page 1
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THJ Vol. *11, Ho. atfl-Wtoolo Ho. MS*. ADDZTZOXf AZi EXTRACT* FJtOM Till FOREIGN PAPER8 RECEIVED AT THK NEW TORE HERALD OFFICE. The Famishing Condition of Snrope. . The Bread Riots in France and Ireland. l THE EUROPEAN CORN TRADE. [From the Mark Lane Lxpreaa, Sept. 'J8 ] The'great riie which hai taken place in the value of wheat, .luring the last two montha, haa been a atrong Inducement to larmera to bring forward auppliea, and the deliveriea from the growera have, within the laat few weeka, been on a mere liberal acale than ia at all uaual ao ahortly alter harveat. Varioua circumatancea hare combined to lead to thia remit; the very early period at which the crop waa aecured, and the excellent con ition in which the greater part of the wheat waa carried, ad- I mitted of ita being thraahed without going through the ! ordinary proceaa of hardening in the atack. The grain ' waa, in fact, in aa fit aatate for market immediately after j it waa carted aa in common yeara it ia at Christmaa ; and it waa i-apable of being ground with a very amall admixture of old. At the t ime time the fineneaa of the quality cauaad the new to bring higher terma than were obtainable for the growth of laat ye*r ; and the former waa, therefore, aolil in preference to the latter. Nothing can, in our opinion, ad'ord a atronger proof of the healthy tale of the trade than the fact that pricea have ateadily advanced in the face of auch large auppliea aa have recently been poured into many of the marketa in the agricultural diatricta. In conaidering the probable future range of quotationa, thia muat not be i loat aight of , and it muat be borne in mind that a material falling oft" in the deliveriea from ! the grewera muat be expected ao aoon aa the preparation { of the roil far autumn Bowing ahall have been fairly com- ! menced. It ia true that the millera are now tolerably well stocked ; still there appeara little chance of any per- | raanent reaction taking place in onotations when once ! tlia supplies from the firman decrease. At preient there is no prospect of arrivals of consequence from abroad, and holders of the foreign Wheat in granary at the different maritime ports are not likely to become more anxious to realize now when they are sure of having less competition ; and we are, therefore, inclined to believe that the upward movement will receive no serious check. That the produce of Potatoes of the United Kingdom will prove miserably deficient is now regarded as a certainty ; and less is consequently said about the matter than was the case when some degree of doubt was supposed to attach to the subject. The failure of this article of food fully warrants the rise which has already taken place in the value of Wheat, and affords sufficient reason to calculate on a further enhancement later in the year ; hence we feel no surprise at the firm tone which the trade has maintained at all tbe leading markets The inclination to purchase has rather increased of late than diminished, and higher prices have been obtained towards the close than were realized in the early part of the week. At Liverpool on Tuesday previous rates could only be 1 exceeded by 3d per 701bs, but on Friday the enquiry had became so lively as to enable sellers to make from Sd to id per TOIba. more than on that day se*n night for all good qualities. Prices of other articles rose in the same proportion; United States Flour bringing 33s to 34s per barrel, and Indian Corn 48s to 30s per 4o01bs on the last named day. At the leading towns in Yorkshire wheat has als* moved upwards ; bat whilat the advance was only Is. W 3s. per qr at Leeds, and scarcely so much at Hull on Tuesday, the rise amounted to la. to3s. per qr. at Wakefield on Friday, though upwards of 32,00j qrs. had arrived there during tbe week. rrom we wait ana norm wen we nave likewise auvicaa of riling prieei. At Birmingham there wai a vary large supply on Tburaday ; net withstanding which, sales ware easily made at an anhancamant of 2s. to Is. par qr And at Brutol the article wai, on the same day, quoted 2s per qr. higher. The accounts from the principal shipping porta on the eait coast are of a similar character ; at the markets held previous to Wednesday, wheat rose Is. to 2s per qr ,and at these held later 2s to 3s. per qr., though all ware alike well supplied. It appears from our Scotch and Irish letters that the , potato disease is likely to prove even more serious in those oountries than in England. The extra consumption of flour and meal which must take place, in consequence ot the loss of so great a proportion of the customary food of a large class of the population, will unques, tionably diminish the shipments of wheat and oats to the English markets ; and we must, therafora, reckon on much smaller receipts of Seotch and Irish produce than la ordinary years. A considerable proportion of the 10,000 qr*. of wheat reported as received during the week, got up previous to Monday's market, but not in time to be included in the list of arrivals then published; the actual supply coastwise into London has been only moderate since then. The quantity exhibited at Mark Lane by land carriage samples from the home counties has meanwhile been small; and as the demand has been tolerably active, prices have tended upwards Tbe few parcels offering on the Essex arid Kent standi on Wednesday were hehl above previous prices, and though no quotable advance was established, good qualities couid scarcely be bought on as easy terms ss in the commencement of the week. On Friday factors displayed increased firmness, and needy huyert were under the necessity of paying the prices demanded, which were in most instances Is. to 2a. per quarter above those current on Monday. The averages are now beginning to exhibit the effect of the late rise; and the aggregate return for the kingdom having advanced on Thursday last to 2d., the duty receded to 9s per qr Next week it will probably tail another step, and before the end of Nov.. tbe duty is likely to be at the minimum There was not much "doing in foreign free wheat in the commencement of tbe week; latterly, however, more inclination to purchase has been shown. Several parcels changed hands on Wednesday at rates not previously obtainable, and the business done on Friday was et an enhancement of fully Is per quarter. Wheat in bond is very scarce, the shipments to France having nearly reduced the stork in warehouse- the certainty nf t)ie duty receding to 4s per quarter in a short spare of time has corned holders of the little under lock to lane their pretensions, and the prices asked lor bonded have been within 4s per quarter of what similar qualities would bring free By the official returns just published it appears that there were, on the S'h inst only 47.63ti quarters under lock in the United Kingdom, of which 14.813 qrs were held in London The advance established on flour last Monday has not had the effect of checking the demand, the article having sold freely throughout the week at an enhancement? Ametican flour has likewise been in lively request Thi? article has sold readily at 3ti to 33s. duty paid, and 23s to 3tts. per bbl in bond. The quantity under lock on the 8th of September, consisted of 30,806 cwt in London, and 68,588 cwt in tho kingdom The market has been moderately supplied with English Rurley since onr last, but the high rates obtained for the first arrivals of new malting have not been supported. Last Monday there was it will be recollected, a reaction of about Is. per qr , and since then it has been necessary to submit to a further reduction of the like extent. Distilling Barloy has been sold on easier terms ; but grinding parcels, whether old or new, have been in lair request, and have realized fully former terms. Malt has come to hand slowly , and though the inquiry lor the article hai not been particularly active, the recent advance baa been very firmly maintained. I he arrival of Oats from onr coaat have been to a fair extent, 4,019 qrs having beon reported up to thia (Saturday) evening ; the receipt! from other qnartere heve, however, been extremely small, only 60 qrs Scotch, 3.190 Irish, and 4,846 qie. foreign having come to hand. The total supply is, therefore much below the weekly consumption, and fuither inroads have been made on the prev.ously small stocks in granary. The dealeis have, nevertheless, continued to act on the sumo cautious plan as before, retuaing to buy beyond what their pressing wants hare rendered absolutely necessaiy; the tiade has consequently been far from lively. Kactora have, on the other hand, abown vary )i le anxiety to realize; indeed they have in most case, refused to sell except at enhanced terms, and the triflu g business done on Wednesday and Ktidav was at Bteso i per qr. above those current in the beginning of the week. Tne future valuo of this grain must in a great nieatuia be regulated by tho extent of the Irish supply; and as tho extra consumption ul Oatmeal consequent ou the failure of the Potato crop is likely to cause the shipment! from Ireland to be much smaller than in ordinary srnsons, wejean discover no cause tor reckoning on lower prices. '1 lia fm ixv Is* vxat 1 i nIt Raani wKicH kflVA rnm* tn mark at nines Monday, hare found ready takers it the full terma of that day. Egyptian Beam, whether on the apotor to arrive, imve also told quite ai well at in the commencement of the week. The extravagantly high rate* lately paid for Teai have failed to draw supplies, and on Wedneaday and Friday only a lew imall lota were exhibited; in which poailion of attain quotation! remained nominally aaon Monday. There ha* not been much doing in Indian Corn on the spit, but floating cargoes have been eageily inquired lor; toa extremely high terma demanded have, however, pre -W vented many bargains hemg closed. beside* the alteration in the duty on Wheat already noticed, thai on Barley and the otuer articlei regulated by the Barley averagei? Ry e, Beana, and Peaa-receded a atep; and any ot those are now edmiaaible at 3a Sd per qr. duty. By our advice* from the Noith of Europe we learn that great excitement had been cauaed by the advance in the value of wheet in the English market*. From Danzig we haTe lettera of the 19th September, which Inlorm ua that about 730 lasts of wheat had changed hands there duiing the wee*, consisting mostly of aecondery and ordinary qualities. For really fins high-mixed parcell extravagantly high term* had been asked, say 63a. to 66* par qv ; but fine mixed, of 00 to 01 lbs., had been old at 60s. to 60* Oil., and oidinary nuxed, weighing 69 lbs per bushel, at 47a per qr. free on board. The only article* in which any business bad been done, besides wheat, had been rye and pea* , the former had found buver* at 39s., and the latter at 40a per qr. The wheat harvest was generally reported to have yielded well in Upper, but indifferently In bower Poland. The quality ol tha I pper Polish wheat ia described aa very fine, and the weight par bushel unusually heavy. The reports from Rostock relative to the result ef tha wheat tiKireat ate not favorable : the color of the new wheat is said ?e be good, but the weight light, say Mi lbs per bushel No supplies had yet been brought lorward, E NE NI THE MO AS SHE A I The above illustration if copied from one that appeared in the London Ilhutrattd fittct. It waa (hatched for that paper on the morning after the venel went ashore at Rath mull an; the point of Sleive Donarch in the distance; and the two rocks through which she passed The subjoined particulars were given by a gentleman of Montreal, who was on board the Great Britain when fhenventfashore: ?He says that he was in bed and asleep at the time the vessel struck. He was awoke by the concussion, and, on jumping up, heard loud screams from the ladies' cabin He ran on deck. The night was stormy, and the sea was breaking over the ship, which still continued drifting, and it drifted, he thinks, fullv a mile. There was a light visible, and Captain Hoaken said it wn aoout a mile and a bair diitant, and, in reply to a question, laid that they were near Ardgla?a An officer of the ahip waa examining the compaaa, and the Rot. Mr. Tucker, ef Bermuda, teeing that it did not work, atked him the reaton He replied, after tome time, to the effect that there waa aomething the matter with it. The tame officer then examined the compaaa in the fore part of the ahip, and an opinion prevailed that the compaaa waa the cauae of the diaaater. On hearing this, Captain Hoaken aolemnly declared that tbero waa nothing wrong wl'h the compaaa. On the veaael atriking, and during the remainder of the night, blue lighta were burnt and guna fired, and the acene on board waa moat diatreaaing The great majority of the paaaengera were very ill. the Viennoiae children kept crying violently around Madame Weioa; and aeveral paaaengera, who ought to have ahown firmneaa, betrayed lamentable weakneaa Captain Hoaken continued cool and compoaed, and aeveral timea referred to hia charta. No one retired to reat? all were full of feara; but It waa found next day that one passenger had never awoke until morning. At four o'clock in the morning boata came alongaiJe, and nor waa it expected that the farmera would bring forwaid any quantity till the end of October. Stockaof old wheat were, we are informed, nearly exhauated, and very littla buaineaa had, conaequeatly, bo, -n done. At Stettin, on the 19th inat. holder* hardly knew what pricei to a*k, and 50a per qr., free on board, had actually l?ppn naif) at that nort for a nnrral nf *1<1 ITp.barmarlt Th? high pretension! of sellers had. of course, checked busiDeis, and but few bargain! had been closed during the week. Fair supplies of barley had come to hand,and for fine malting qualities 30s per qr. had been realized. Vessels war* then offering to load wheat to the east coast of Oreat Britain at 3s to 3s 3d.; to the British Channel at 3s 9d.; to the West Coast at 3s; and to th* F.ast Coast of Ireland at 3s 3d per qr. From Hamburgh we leara that comparatively little business had been done in wheat since the previous postday, in consequence of the very high terms asked. New red marks of 6olb?. weight had, however, been sold at 60s 3d; and for 03lb* parcels 63s per qr., free on board, had been obtained. There had been few offers from outports, and no contract* had been closed. Barley to be shipped from Danish porta had. on the other hand, mot with a good deal of attention at enhanced rates, as much as 35* to 38a per qr., having been paid for good heavy qualities In the aou'.hem countries of Europe, wheat is even higher than at Baltic port*; and it is quite evident that no supplies of consequence can reach us from the eastward of Gibraltar. A letter from Odessa, of the Uth Sept, informs us that upwards of 30.000 eheta. wheat had been brought there on Italian and Greek account; and that equal to 31s per qr., free on board, had been paid for the best qualities. [From the London Sun, Oct. 1 ] Unhappily the patience of the unfortunate Irish is at length exhausted, ffe have now btfort us that moit appalling tpectacit of national agony ?a people driven lo detperation by Ike pangi of hunger, and bracing a violent death rather than endure the bitter torments of a mot e lingering ditiolution ! Alter sustaining the direct woes of starvation with a most noble fortitude, after piuing in their hovels under an accumulation of all human nnse net, penury, inanition, neglect and despair, and alter bearing these extreme sufferings with a meekness and a tranquility beyond all praise, the laborers of Ireland have been tasked to the uttermost limits ol endurance, and have now risen against their more affluent neighbors. Towards the conclusion of last week a slight glimmer of the approaching insurrection was observable in the vicinity of Ciookhaven., where a vast concourse of the emaciated peasantry assembled togein the village of Golen. to proclaim that their wretchedness was no longer endurable The sullen anguish depicted on every one of these melancholy faces is described by an eye-witness to have attested sufficiently the estremity of their distress. " A more appalling spectacle could net be witnessed," writes one correspondent Want and despair was the pervading characteristics of the multitude. That dark promise of violence and insubordination has been fulfilled. At the | very commencement of this week, namely, on Monday morning, the peasantry at Dungarvan assumed such a threatening aspect, and congregated together in such dangerous numbers, that the military were called out? several shots were fired upon the mob?many of the starving rioters were wounded, and on Tuesday two of them died from mutilation By the context or this miserable intelligence from Waterlord, we are informed 'hat brickbats and other missiles weie burled at the dr-gxins; and that notwitustanding the recent discharge of musketry, a dwelling house at l appa was assailed, and that knots of the insuigents were scattered over the country intervening between that locality and Coik Reaoi g | inese awiui uaings, una conscious inuiiuu evil i?spresuiug momentarily, both in extent end intensity, we cau only turn with greater submission and supplication to thHt Omnipotence, "at whose bidding," in the simple and affectionate language of the Archbishop of Canterbury, "the earth had withhoiden the won'ed provision of food, and turned abundance into scarcity " The rage of lamine has now goaded on the wretched peasantry of Ireland to an outbreak, characterised by mmuchvi.lence, that it caunot fail to inciease their own sufferings tenfold. Seeing this, we would hereby conjure the government, in liod's name, to stir themselves tie, times, or the consequences will tie more calamitous than ; the most morbid imagination would dare to conjecture. If we remember how many and how grievous have been | the afflictions of the Irish population, if we consider within ourselves the awful details of that national privai tion the dreadful whole of which has alone reached the publio observation, we shall be compelled to confess to onrselvea that we cannot ragard this deathful disturbance I at Dungarvan with anything lika sentiments of indigna! tion. borrow and commiseration are the only feelings aroused by a spectacle which might otherwise be only characterised by the attributes ol brutality and lawlessness. What is this insurrection but the struggle for selfpreservation? What is it but the outgushing of the domestic afl'eetions? of that awful and enduring love which is stronger than death? The peasant bus experienced the pangs of inanition himself, yet he has valor enough to continue peaceable and uncoinI plaining- Hia household is one nest of misery end : destitution?his potato-field la a waste of corruption, ; poisoning the very atmosphere he inhales?hia swine are aeld to as ally immediate cravings?hia future is all poverty?his present existence is on# of intense desolation ; still he submits with an admirable fortitude, and I remains silent and impassive, while hie very heartstrings are breaking with grief. When, however, he sees his children and his wile grown haggard with the ! duration of their penury, and nnds no probability ot allaying their sufferings by remaining inactive, and "hiding hia/lime," bis mind ia impervious to reason, hia heart is hardened against justice, and his arm ia nerved j by the potancy of deapaii. f actors are hoarding up | wheat and barley in their cellars, with the diabolical ; hope of extorting lamine prices in the markat--f?nr.ers , and cattle dealers have their stalls filled with oxen M' poultry are not iinideniiful in certain localities, otherwise visited by the scarcity?tha provision storaa are plentifully furnished- a resolute heart, and a strong hand are alone necessary to feed the sta'ving ereetorea at home, and the peesentry rush out together ; into the atreete and byways to seize, by violence, i what they cannot la any other manner obtain.? *~ w* -1 1 w r? ?W YORK. FRIDAY MOI NSTER STEAM; PPEARED ON THE HORNING AFT] f THE DI8A8TER TO Tl several persons went ashore; and, as tba tide receded' men waded alongside and earned passengers ashore on their backs; several, however, wished to remain on board, but Captain Hosken insisted on their leaving the vessel, as he could not be answerable for their lives The following is a very interesting extract of a letter from a young lad#passenger in the Great Britain, to her friend in London;1-- Liverpool, Sept 26 ?We have been n fearful peril The newspapers, by no means reprosentt ithe extent of the danger The ship struck the rocks e ten o'clock; I had just gone to my state-room, and the instant I felt the shock I knew something was the matter. In a moment there was a second shock, and all was confusion Men and women rushed out; the latter from their berths, and some threw themselves into the arms of strangers. We could with difficulty stand Mr. 's, first words tome were ' I think there will be no loss of hla. hut the ship is gone ' ' I think there will be no loss of life !' What fearful words in a dark night, the rain falling, with wind ! There was possibility, chance of it, then. Oh, I cannot tell you ofthe anguish of that night ! The sea broko over the ship; the waves struck her like thunderclaps; the gravel grated below. There was the throwing overboard ofthe coals; there were the cries of ?hiMr?n hi... .1 1 ? guns, even the tear* of men; ami amidst all rose the voice of piayer?end tbia for long Jerk hours Oh. what a fearful night ! Thv mercy, I) Ood, alone saved ua from destruction. The day dawned, and we lay between two long ledge* of rock, while another strrtcned across oar front. Five hundred yard* to the right or left, two hundreJ yards in advance, and the ship had been daahed to pieces. Three hundred persons hail perhaps been cast in that dense darkness amid the breakers ! I cannot think of that night without tears; but I feel, and I gratefully acknowledge, that the hand ot an all marciful ProWhile endeavoring to save themselves, and those endeared to them by nature an i association, they are repulsed by the soldiery, and shut, like malefactors. We are ready to acknowledge that nothing hut some strenuous interposition from the armed servants of the law can ever save a population under such circumstance* from incalculable miseries. The calling out of the dragoons is one of those vigorous but deauly remedies which can alone preserve the community from still greater wretchedness. It is losing a limb to retain life; endangering an unit to save a million Nevertheless, the very consciouinesa of tho necessity of resorting to such a moital remedy, is only an additional inducement to eradicate the causes which have led to its requirement. Let the Legislature proceed upon its measures of alleviation with the utmost alacrity, for, morally, Ireland U on the verge of a precipice. [From the London Times, Sept. 23.] We must say that we see no escape from the evident fact that Kurope begins this ensuing year with a most unusually deficient stock of food. In Ireland alone the food of 4 000,000 human mouths has perished The failure of the same root in other countries amount* ?t?. bably, to at least an equal deduction from the aggregate supply. Throughout the continent the lower description! of corn, occupying the tame place ai the potato in Ireland, have partially, in tome placei totally, failed In very few place* ii the wheat crop more than an average one. The food of the maiiei, however, i* the question There can he no doubt whatever that it 11 seriously deficient, it is impossible to mystify that fact. All the differences, as compared with the crop of last year, which we now know to have been unequal to the demand, arc in the direction of decrease. There is no one particular of increase at all likely to make np for the fearful deficiency under other it<-ms. The result is a plain matter, not so much of calculation as of such forethought as nature has given to a child. A large family that begins the week with considerably less than its usual provision, and without any meaus ol making it up before the next pay day ? a crew which finds itself in the middle of the Atlantic with only a fortnight's stores for the three weeks whi< h will elapse before it can get to land, know that they will lie obliged to live on diminished rations. To treat that necessity^* a merely speculative or possible conclusion would be suicidal folly, and would entail the horrors of absolute famine. The case of ail Kurope is now too thoroughly parallel. We are on the voyage. We are now mid-aea. It ii beyond the power of tlio best management to increase our store. The wealthiest cargo that ever floated, he it gold or, or silks or ipicet, cannot be tranunuted into biscuit* anil beef. Nor ia there any political alchemy that, in the interval between harveit and harvest, can increase the annual supply, or that can at any time so accelerate the tedious processes of nature as to increase our store at even a few months' no'ice. For the present we must live on onr means. We believe this necessity has a large appbeation, and that it is the work of many, years to create plenty. But when we are dealing w'th one year, or two years, there can be no doubt of certain very near and stringent limitation* to the productive power of agriculture. Borne, of cou'se, will point across the Atlantic. In estimjting the power of the I'nited BtH'es to supply the deft leecies of FU'ope, we must considrr not tneir aggregate produce, which, on paper, looks vast eno igh. hut iheir exporting power. That is all thai we have to do; an I everybody who has watched the history of the corwtrade, for even a lew m mths, knows how little Ameiica can really expert, and how powerfully the smallest rise of demand operates on her power of supply. From the columns of a well informed provincial contemporary, we extracted yesterday some interesting observation* on American exports, which proves how little we are to expect from that quarter It appears that during the year 1S44, the last of which we possess official notices, the b'Dited Htates exported to all part* of the world no mora than a >out a million quarter* of wheat.? How much Indian corn it can apere tor 'Kurope we have not the aamo meanaof conjecturing; but the present high pi ice of that article ahowg very clearly the opinion of dealer* and meichauU on thii point Where, then, are wo to look for that exuberant and ludden fertility,or that enormoui and long accumulation of food, which i( to make up at once lor the vauinhed dependence of hungry million!? Kaat and weit. north and aouth, we lee no (ign of luch a uieful auxiliary. ^ The wont tymplomt of the Iriih famine, at we had to ohierre yesterday, hate begun to ihow themietin in the way of popular gatheringi and proceitioni, which at prelent are only turbulent, hut may toon become outrage mi The twin power* of Fear and Rmuour have lent their handa to the coloring of a picture already aufliciently aombro The people have made up their mindi to report the wont and believe the worit. Human agency ii now denounced ai initrumental in adding to the calamity inflicted by Heaven It ia no longer aubraiaaion to Providence, but a murmur againat the government. Tho potatoea were blighted by a decree from on high, but labor ii defrauded by the machination! of earthly power. Such are the flrat eapirationa of diacontent, inflamed by rumor, and diffueed by fear. Such are the thanka that a government geta for attempting to palliate great affliction!, and aatiafy corresponding demand* by an inevitable but a ruinou* beneflcence. The alarm of the populace in the provincial town* ha* ariien in aome caae* from the fact of the wage* paid by Government being below the average atandard ot wage* in the vicinity? in other*, from the report that it ia the intention to reduce them below that atandard Thia i* the aecret of the murmur. But how much doea it uiacloae ! Ho# much doe* it in tioate! It ii the old thing; the old grievance I* at the bottom; the old malady i* breaking out It ia the national character, the national thoughtleaanevc, the national indolence. It ia that which

demand* the attention of government*, of patriot*, and philanthropiata, not a whit lea* than the potato diaeaae The government provided work tor a people who love It not. * 0**00 (From (he Manclieiter Guardian, Sept. II?.] \\V think, that it will he found, upon a careful invert! gation of the facta, that the import* from the United V i . r RK I WING, OCTOBER 23, 18 SHIP GREAT B; ER SHE WENT ASHORE AT RATH] H E G R E AT BRITAIN. vidence waaatretched out to protect and aave in. God grant that I may never forget either the night or the mercy. You cannot imagine aueh a icene We cannot account for the accident, but the conduct of Captain Hosken through the night waa admirable Tho newepapera aava that the ladiea went to bed; aome of them, at the captain'a urgent requeat. lay down in their dreaaea. Towarda morning I did, in my cloak, upon the floor, and covered with a blanket brought me hv a paatanger. At tlawn, we were lowered over the nhip'a aide, and carried on ahore in carta of tea- weed manure We walked through an Iriah hog; and Mre. and I la^ down ^uui.rui iMivr iii an iu?n ramn. wnere wo found a plenty of bread, aome bacon, and divided an egg among three With much fatigue we came on to Belfaat and Liverpool. Mr waa at one time twentv-four houra without eating or aleeping There waa an efficient Coastguard; but, at one time, the Iriih aaaembled in auch numhere. that we feared a riot. To my aatoniahment and gratitude, all the lrggage waa raved We arrived at Liverpool worn out; now we are better." By the subjoined letter from Captain Hoaken, it will be perceived he ia acquitted of all blame by Captain Claxton, Secretary to the company It ia atated that one of the coaat' lighta waa not marked in Captain lioaken'i chart, although it ia one of 1H46:? Bbitai* STtttiiNir, Sept 29. Dtia Sins ? lly the tug I aeud Mr. Smith with all the cargo ahe can take; a few packager may be touched with the freah water, but 1 trnat not damaged, all the parcela, 8cc., are icnt; about sixteen packages of cargo are still here. Mr Smith has account of them. I al-o send all the useless and troublesome men to get rid of them, and mdlir.A Ain?ntM aa miiAk n- Sir.11 V ? tug (gain an soon a* possible the largeit heinp cable to be got in Liverpool, and a corretptMUng ilzed anchor, State* cannot be expected to exercise any very important* influence upon the tupply of food to the entire popula-JJ tiou of Km ope A* we believe the extent of supply j which may reasonably be expected from the United*' State* ia very generally overrated, we will briefly exa- ! mine the facta bearing upon that part of the general i question The latest accounts which we posse** of the exports of grain and flour from the ports of the United States relate to the year 1844, when the following were the value* of the wheat and wheat flour exported thence :? Wheat $500,000 Wheat flour ?,750 489 Total $7,959,488 Assuming that the value put upon these exports was after the ra'e of soon thing lets than a dollar per bushel of wheat, which would be very near the true value at that time, the total quantity would be equal to about 1.000.000 quarters of wheat, considerably exceeding the exports of the next preceding year, and, we believe, those of any year for tome time previously. Now, supposing that the harvest in the United Stales it this year, to abundant at to cause these exports to be doubled ; suppose that, instead of 1,000,000, they amount to 9,000 000 of quarters, we fear that they will not produce any very eijiume eueci upon r.uropean price* u mun ho recollected, that, of the export* from the United States, do inconaiderahle proportion muit be aent to the Weat Indies en I South America; but supposing the wholo rent to Europe, they would not nearly aupply the estimated deficiency in the cropa of France alone, to say nothing of the probabla want* arising from the general failure of the rye crop* in Belgium, Holland, Germany, and the north of Kuropc, and of the oat and pulse cropa of England. At the present time purchases of American flour,for shipment to France; are making in the English markets; and as the prices of grain are now higher over a large part of the continent than in this country, it is highly probable that until some change takes place in thia respect the exports from Koglaud will exceed the import*; and that, whatever may be the amount of the shipments from the United States, they must be considered in reference to the demands, not of England, but of the whole of Europe. It may be said that we have not taken into account the large import* of Indian corn, which may be expected during the next twelve months We have not, however, forgotten them, and well it is for this country, and especially lor Ireland, that public attention, both in England and the United States, was strongly directed last year to the resource against famine which the maize of the Uni ted States might afford. The imports of that grain in the commencement of the next year will, no doubt, be very extensive; but take them at the very highest amount at which the most sanguine mind can estimate them, will they supply even one half of the deficiency arising from the failure of the potato crop in F.ngland and Ireland, supposing that failure to be as general as it is commonly supposed to bo ? We fear they will not do this ; anil IkArumra in (imattnir tirnhnhln , I nfic innp P nf food arising from the failure of the cereal crop* in K.urope, the expected imports of American m 'ire may safely be left out of the question [Krom the London Standard, Oct. .1.] Last week we gave exclusively an account of the vessels placed by the Admirai'y at the disposal of the government for the relief of the distressed Irish. Since then the Admiralty have added to the former number the steam vessels employed in the surveying s rvica on the coasts o Kngl.ind. Ireland, and Scotland, and have made such arrang ments for carrying into effect the propositions ol the government, that whilst the vessels will be employed in the conveyance of Indian corn, meal, and other provisions, they will preserve their character and efficiency as men of war, and will thus be always at hand to assiat the civil pewers in preventing outbreak, and in the protection of life and property. The prompt manner in which so many veaseli have been made available lor tho service required of them affords a stiiking proof of the condition of our naval resources, and of the judicious application of (hem, without in any way dii treating or in'erfering with the regular Admiralty ?ervice Were the surveying vessel* not required, very loon they would hare been ordered into pott, to be laid up for the winter. Ai it ii, the captain*, commander!, and others specially engaged in the suiveya, will bring their drawings on shore, whilst their steamers will be more usefully employed than they hive hitherto been. By the number of men of war steamers now available, the operations of relief can be extended to the western coaat of Scotland, whore the distress, it is reported, is pi easing equally hard on the poor population. The government victuilliug establishments are, we understand, to be all set to work to grind corn and to manufacture bread. Borne of them are already in active operation, gi hiding so many as 100 quarters a day. The following is a list of the men of war steamers, employed in the above aervicc on the coast of Ireland, together with the hulka fitted and being fitted for depots : ? The Stromboli, sloop, 230 horse power, [Commander Kisher, employed on the general dutiei of the tation. The Rhadamanthus, 220-horae power, Master Commander Ay len, employed in conveying meal to various parts of the coast, and'in the mevementaof troops, when required The Dee, 200 horse power, Master Commander Driver, ditto, ditto The Myrmidon, lftO-horse power, Lieutenant Commander Jenkins ; the Pluto, 100-horse power. Lieutenant Commander Lowe, and the Albsn 120-horse power, being of amaller draught ol water, are employed in the conveyance of the corn meal to the several ports from the larger ships, and also to places up the rivers to which the larger steamers could not proceed The Hwallow, 70 horse power, Master Commander Bryant, tender to the depot ship Madagaecar, in the Shannon. The Cornel, ?0-hors? power, Lietitenaut Commander Johnatooa, conveying specie for several porta in Ireland. The Tartarue, 130-horse Captain Wolle, now surveying, to tie employed in the general duties of the station. The Lucifer. IbOhorse |*?war, Commander Kra/or, now surveying the Saltoaa, between Wexlord and We - - ? I- . ! lEfiA 46. RITAIN, OULLAN ndeed, an anchor one-third heavier than the right weighti will do better, and two rablei; also two aeti of good purchase-blocks" and two 4>i falli of white rope (Manilla), and a coil ot 3 yarn apun-yarn I hone they may be here byfThursday morning We should have two tugs here on Saturday, as the tide on that day will be higher than the day we came ashore. Send also the large Scotch blocks, if tou please. The weather ia now moderate, hut rainy, the ehip makes very little water, I hope to commence discharging coals to-day rlease to send copies of this, and of all my letters, to my dircet->rs at Bristol. Captain Cla? ton came yesterday. Many thanka for all your expressions of sympathy and good feeling I want them all, I assure you; hut my conscience acquits me of blame, and so does Captain Claxton, who publicly told me so yesterday. I am yours, very truly. JAMES HOSKEN. On Friday evening, last week, the moderate weather which hitherto had been experienced, underwent a change The wind then increaied to a gale, and during the enduing night and morning blew with violence from the aouth and anuth aoutheait, the itorm being accompanied by rain aud a heavy tea. The |K>werful ateam tug despatched from Liverpool to the amatanee of the stranded voaicl. waa driven to teak shelter from the bay. During the morning the Great Britain gradually drove further ashore, until at length the strain upon the anchors became so great that the chain and hawser snapped, the upper part of the rudder-post was broken oil', and a plate of iron adjoining was carried away. A letter from Liverpool of Wednesday says:?"The Great Britain now lies broadside on the bay?a worse I>osition than formerly. Most part of her cargj arrived this morning by the Dreadnought steam tug." Ijterford, to be appropriated to the genersd duties of the ^station I The Blazer, 120-horte power, Captain Washington. I now surveying at Harwich, to be despatched te Ireland ' immediately tor the conveyance of provisions. * The Dasher, 100-horse power. Captain Sherringham, now surveying the Southampton Waters, to be sent from Portsmouth to Ireland, immediately for the same purpose. The Madagascar, 44-gun frigate, 1100 tons, Master Commander Burney, a depot vessel, mooted at the island of Koynes. in the Shannon. The Andromeda, a 44-gun frigate. 1-200 tons, fitting as a depot at her Majesty's dockyard, Devonpart, end ready to receive the gear of the Madagascar, to be navigated to Ireland. The Andromache, a 26-gun frigate, 700 tons, also fitting as a depot at Devnnport, for Ireland. Thus we have 12 men-of war steamers, of iTMoallective horse power, 6864 tons, and 720 officers and men, and shall have three depots of "OoO tons and 100 men The above, together with two ordnance lighters.also employed, make 17 sail of nearly 9000 tons, and above 860 men, on the coast of Ireland. On the west coast of Scotland, as the distress is not , . ______ %- 1 K. friwor I BUJH?UK?U ig UHVU UVtSIl ml cm |y ui IV uw >v nv?< ?I -- -vessels have bean appropriated They are, however, the following The Firefly, 920 horae power, Captain Beechey, of late employed ha surveying the 9 willy rocks; and the .shearwater, 100 horae power, Commander Robineon. employed on the Bcottiah coaat. They rendexvous at Oban, and follow the direction* of Sir Kdward Coffln, the ("ommiaaary General. Additional aaaiatanc* lain reaerve, and will be given ehould It be required. [From the Taria Reforms, Sept 94 1 The apprehenaioaa of scarcity are not less serious in Germany than in France. In the northern state* rye and potatoes, which constitute the principal food of the inhabitants, have completely failed. They will, of course, be obliged to make up the deficiency with wheat, the surplus of which ia annually exjiorted to the northern harbor of France. This accounts for the extraordinary rile in the price of wheat on the shores of the Baltic, and the inutility of the orders sent by French merchants to the markets of those countries. Southern Germany has, in its turn, become alarmed. The Government of the Grand Duchy of Baden has decreed the free importation of ioretgn (Train and flour. The King of Wnrtemburg, by an ordinance of the 14th instant also permitted the free importation of flour and foreign farinaceous productions until the 1st ol May, 1847. In Bavaria, the wealthy inhabitants of Nuremberg have just founded an association for the sunnlv of train. That society, which has been Authorized by the King, will manufacture bread and fell it to the poor classes under the market price. [From Ualignani's Messenger, Oct. 1] A rather serious disturbance took place on Wednesday night in the Faubourg St. Antoine, occasioned by the augmentation of four centimes in the price of the 4lb. loaf. The following particulars hare reached us frem an eye-witness The inhabitants of the Rue du Foubourg St. Antoine and adjacent streets, chiefly inhabited bv cabinet makers, whitesmiths, Ac., assembled in considerable numbers last evening at seven o'clock, and proceeded te the bakers'shops in the vicinity, in order to lay in provisions of bread, inconsequence of the rise in price commencing this morning 1 he quantity left after the sale of the day was soon disposed of and the crowd increasing every moment, so<>n became riotous, and broke the shop fronts, and several of the gas lamps. This scene continued for some time, and about half past nine o'clock the mob commenced raising a barricade across the Rue du Faubourg Ht Antoine wi'ti the stones of the Rue Lenoir, which they unpaved witb incredible celerity. The Horse Municipal liuard soon afterwards arrived, and rode among the crowd several times, hut they always opened their masses and gave them free passage, closing immediately behind them A battalion of the 4dth Foot, headed by its colonel, afterwards came to the spot. They were received with cries of " Vive la Ligne !" and the tumult having lasted till near midnight,the populace began gradually to disperse, and the streets became comparatively quiet. The rioters did not, however, separate without making an tp pointment for rendezvous at the same quarter this evening The bakers having been prevented baking in the night, carts loaded with bread this motaing arrived from all quarters, and the bread they contained wai sold in the street. The Effects of the Helxtire of California In England. [From the I^indon Morning Chronicle ] For a great portion of the war now carried on between Mexico and the United States the future details are a mystery. The reception ot Hants Anna in the capital. in6 nature ana amount 01 nn? mnuencw, m* contact wita Paredes, the movements of the army, the machination* of the prieits, the upshot of en Infinitude of insurrections, tho desire for independence amongst tome of the Mexican State*, the belief in annexation amongst other*, the subordination, or insubordination,ofGeneral Taylor'* volunteer*, the effect* of the climate, the fever that may Jeopardise the land forces, the acurvy that may decimate the squadron, the faction* at home, the price of money abroad?these, and the like of these, form hut a fraction of the nnmerou* element* that complicate the termination of that unjust war of brigandage and aggression which hypocrisy has almost ceased to defend, and which party is well nigh ashamed of upholding I one direction, however, we see clearly. Whatever may be the obscurity that involves the fate of the eastern provinces of Mexico, the doom of the western one* is evi- I dent. Nothing less than the Drui ix maihina, in the shape of inteiterence from without, can stand between the annexation of California and the ambition of the United States. In California, arms end fraternisation go together. The immigrants persuade, the P*?" claim ; and specious statement* are held forth?it Is not the people against whom the model republic makes war : It la the tyrants that oppreae tbam. Holy In the eve* ol Americans or# the constitutions of < alifornia, and very sacred the rights and liberties of the same. Very sacred ?but needing * guardian. Very real?bnt nnlit to stand J' n'o wonder that such language And* an audience In L ' ' ' . -JL. .. . ? LD. w* VM rum. plwn terms, it ii the choice between peace end war It ia proclaimed at the cannon* mouth in the harbor of Monterey , and by Co m mod ore Sleat at the head of the squadronAcquiesce?and your property will be the (afar, eo alio will your perion i. Demur?and you will be treated aa enemies ; and aa enemies who are left deatituta of a defence. Considering the extent to which the Califomiaaa ran help themselves, and the still saaallar extent to which Mexico can help them, this ia a cogent mod a af statem??nf No wonder that auch language flnde an audience It ia language that baa long been familiar; and, moreover, the audience ia packed. Nothing can be further from the truth than to conaider the occupation of California aa one of the eventa of the quenlla of the Rio Grande. The record muet be read backwarde. The quarrel With Mexico ia an event in the annexation of California. It aupplied the one thing wanting, viz?the pretext To thia end immigration into < alitornia wee organized; to thla end propugaudiam waa auperadded to immigration : to thia end American aettlera became malcontents, and encouragera of malcontents; to thia end the Mexican population waa swamped and overridden by a heterogenous mixture of commercial journalists, agricultural riflemen, and militant miasionariea The beginning of all thia ia upwards of twenty years old. The annexation of Texas itself, although mote prominent in the history ol American aggression, was not more premeditated, and scarcely more systematically organized. We have noticed more than once the sedi turns attempt at separation by tlrahain, and the gratuitous attack, in a time ot peace, ol Monterey, by Commodore Jones?alfairs that took place early, during the solvent period of American liberty, and wholly irrespective of any quarrel between the two governments, in short, ever since the harbor of Han Francisco has been known to be the best in the Pacific, the weakness of California has tempted equally tu e slaveholding cotton growers ot the South, and the mercantile Puritans of New England. The Mexican war, then, means the possession ol California?this, and nought less. It has already Americanized it for the transfer. Practically speaking, it has got its consent for the annexation. But besides this, America is in a position, independent of any positive movement on the part of the Calilbrnian immigrants, to insist upon the cession of some portion of tne Mexican territory. Her saccesses in war admit this ; or, if not her absolute iip^aiia* at laaat (he uranlinflii art/4 Miatrartmnfl flf Mat* ico She ha* uo notion of having fought for nothing; and in what can Mexico pay but in tha caaaion of aoaio portion of iti semi-civilir.ea and ungoverned domain I with what leu than territorial acquiaition can an American itatesman aatiafy an American conatituancy 1 We inaiit upon the extent to which America haa committed heraeli to'the annexation of California. We have inferred it lee* from the event* of the preeent war than from the previoua ielation* of the twoceuntriaa. It ia only by bearing thi* in mind than we can truly appreciate the poaition of America heraelf. Be her atataaman pure aa light, be their view* honeat aa the dav, there ia a pre*sure upon them in the matter of California Tha nation ha* made up ita mind for a robbery, snd will atand no Kjueaminhne** on the part of ita Executive. If California be abandoned for the praient, it will only be re aerved for the equally certain, hut more gradual, operation* of annexation during a time of peace. But we contemplate no auch aqueamiahneea aa we have nuggeated I he detire of the peeple ia tha measure of tne conacience of men like Mr. Polk. Aa tar aa the three partiea of the People, the Preiident, end Propegandiata ate concerned, all that can be foreseen la unanimity France. Despatches have been aent to the Prince de JoiiiVille to make all sail to the eastern coast of Sna^wuh his squadron, in order to prevent, by AWfC^iBrveillaiice, the landing of the Comte do wttjphmoini and other Carlist chiefs. *UMpdn?ul of Breme > at Nantes, recommends moat aJKjngly that Belle Isle, at the meulh of tha Loire, skull be chosen, instead ol Cowes, in Brigland, as a station for the line of vessels about to be established between New York and Jl-rerpen. He says that ihe choice ol Belle Isle would be most advantageous both to France and New York, and that in the event of war it woald poetess great importance. The Journal del Dibalt has declared formally ia favor of tree trade. The adhesion of so important a journal to the great cause, is ol vast importance in France, und may be taken as a proof that the French government is by no means so ill disposed to free commerce as has been imagined. 1 do not think, however, that there is at this moment much chance of tree-trade being promptly adopted ; for ihe persons interested 111 monopoly are both powerful and wealthy, and determined on resistance ; besides which the people are not well instructed on the question, and have not the means of gaining information by publio discussion, like yours have. On the 22d of December next the French government will receive contracts for the supply of 200,(NO kilogrammes, 2,700,000 kilogrammes, and WOO,000 kilogrammes, of dittereni descriptions of Kentucky tobacce. On the 22d of January, 1847, contracts will be received for the supply ol 250,000 kilogrammes and 2,-!00,()00 kilogrammes of Maryland tobacco, as also lor 1,800,000 kilogrammes of Virginia tobacco. It is said that this vast quantity of tobacco will, on the application of Mr King, the U. 8. Minister, be allowed to be brought to France in American vessels ; and this circumstance has excited the bitterest t osttlity of the Bordeaux and other ship owners. Last year, if 1 mistake not, the government insisted on ihe employment of French vessels; and 1 believe that some promise was made in the last session of the Chambers that ior the future none but French vessels should be employed in the conveyance of tobacco. Had this promise been adhered to, it would not only have caused great expense to France, but would, 1 imagine, have been an infringement of the navigation treaties between France and the United States. The value of the oyster beds at Granville may be judged trom the'iaci, that from the 2d to the 30th ol September, the produce was worth over ?,UW,?UW irancs. 'V Spain. The marriage of the Queen with her sousin, the Duke of Cadi/, and of her Majesty'* sister, the Princess Luisa, with the French Due tie Monu pensier, has been sanctioned by the Cortez by immense majorities. The Queen's marriage is not disapproved of, but that of her sister has sxcited a storm of indignation which every body ex* pects will lead to extensive blood shedding, it not to a long and terrific civil war. Almost all th* newspapers, not under the control of the govern* Nient, have protested warmly against any alliance of the heiress to the throne with a prince of France. For this they have been seized repeatedly?one of ihetn as often as tire times in a single week ? Immense pains and brutal tyranny have been employed by the government to prevent the manifestation of hostility to the marriage, but, in spite of all, the feelings of the people cannot be mistaken The British ambassador is most decidedly opposed to it, and, in the name of his government, has protested warmly against it?not, perhaps, in what is diplomatically a formal protest, but still in what is sufficiently decided to cause a serious embarrassment to the Spsnish Ministers. His excellency, yesterday, had an interview with the Queen, to congraiulaie her on her approaching union ; but as, of course, he could not congratulate her sister also, the latter was declared to be unwell. It appears that these marriages hmvelvd to a union between the Carlist and Liberal par* ties, and we are daily expecting to bear of their appealing to arms. The Paris C</nsiUutionntl contains the following :?"We have just received a letter from the frontiers of Spam, stating that HO insurgents, amongst whom are seveial priests, have been taken and shot. At Ben d'Uigel several priests have been strangled, amongst whom is the Vicar Gazi." Germany* Inconsequence oftne scarcity of the last harvest, large orders have been sent out to the United States for different descriptions of grain. Some chsritable private individuals at Cologne, and 'oiher large towns, have sent for grain on their own account, with the intention 01 umnuumig ? at the cost price. In the vexed question between Denmark and the Duchies, the tiermun Diet has not decided for either party, but has s'ated that it reserves to itself the rights of Germany, though without pre judging the question, as to the succession of Holsiein. It therefore dismissed the complaint of the States of Holstein, and called upon the King of Denmark to respect their rights. Though strictly impartial, this decision shows that the Diet is not di> posed to allow the Duchies to he wrested from Germany, but thinks that the present is not the period tor taking any measures upon the subject. The Prussian government is about to establish a new newspaper to defend it from the attacks of other German newspapers. It already keeps up the frazette at an expense of 70,100 thalers per annum. The German Diet proposes to purchase the secret for making gun|K)wder from cotton, leaving, however, to the ministers the right to take out patents in foreign countries. Communications have already been received from theUnited States, expressing a desire that the invention may immediately be introduced there. The marriage oi the lrilunta of Spain with the Duke ol Montpensier did not cause an agreeable sensation at Vienna. The imposing attitude which France is aiming at in the south and ia the north, makes persons reflect that Lonis Philippe is, perhaps, drawing out a plan which it will be the task of the regency to carry out. The corpt di/flomatiqu* is beginning to assemble.? Prince Melternich arrived on the 14th. Lord Ponsonby was impatiently expected. Goontd'Amim has returned. 1