Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 29, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 29, 1846 Page 1
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p T II ?? a?. tisi kaiuhmui, Mm, CENTRAL AM) VI AGON AND WE31KRN RAIL ROADS, GEORGIA. _ **1 *?7K?f! Il.oJs ?viMi '.he vV??irru anil Atlantic Railroad A of the 8rete ol tieorsia. form a coutiuaous line Irnm Susannah to OoihCAloga. Ueortie o< >71 miles, sti >? Hasanuah in Macon,'tuualHailroed..., 190miles Macon to Atlanta Vacon fe Western Railroad 101 " Atlanta to Oothc-iloaa. Wsstern fe Atlantic " at " Onods will be carried fr.'tn Saranutli to Atlanu and Oothcalo^a. attlie iellowma rates, sis : _ On WkicHi (jooui. To Jit- To OotK 8acar, Cofle# Liquor, Bagniur Hope, Junta. cologo. Ratter ( beese, Tobacco, Leather. Hide*, Cotton Yarn*. Cgpper, Tin, Bar aid Sheet Iron, Hollow Ware ?d c?*ciuo MM M n "Floor, Rice, B.icon ut cult* or bote*, Pun, Reel. k'isb, Lard. Tallow, Bee*? ?, Mill Clearing, Pig Iron and (Hind Stones...... MM MUM On .tlanauaiMBffT Good*. Boxe* of (lata, Bonnet* and Ynrniture, per cubic toot MM MM Box*a and bale* of Dry Uood*, Saddlery liliua, Prints, Drug* and Conlectionsry, perenbic foot $0 20 p. Kit lb*. 16 trocksry, per culoc loot M 16 " " 26 ftlo'a**** and Oil, per hhd ((mailer ea>k* in proportion.) .M 00 $11 0* Plonitha, *rge) Cultivators, Corn Slieller*. and Straw Cotter*, each $1 26 $1 60 Ploughs, (small) and Wheelbarrow*... .(? 00 Bl 06 Bait, per Liverpool Sack, go 70 go 26 Pimoi. Snvaassh to Atlanta $10 M Children under 12 rear* of age, half price. Savannah to Maeoa gT 00 C7" Uood* copngned to the Subscriber will be forwarded Iran of ConaiNMM*. 117- Freight ma* be paid at Savannah, Atlanta or Ooth atoga. F. WINTKK, Forwarding Agent, C. R. R. Saraeuaw, Angb?t 16. >a*0. at6 lm*rre FALL AHILAiNGEMENT. at PIONEER AND EXPRESS LINE, VIA KA1LROAB ANO CANAL, FROM PHILADELPHIA TO PITTSBURO. The above Line ia bow ie full operaiioa. Paaaenger* leave Philadelphia ever* morning nt *H o'clock, in the beat and moat namfertabln deneriptiou of ears for Harriabnrgh, where the* embark on tba Packet Boat T ta i* one of the moat agreeable routes the' i* to be found iu the c u?try. Tbe scenery en th* Suiuuehaana end Juniau river* i* uninrpatscd for baantyaud variety. |T7"(MR'n in Philndelehia, No. 174 Market street. rTii?en*er? aboald be careful not to pay their fair in New Tnrk Turfer than Philadelphia, as ibera is no ona in that city aalhe iaed to sail tickets foittnis line A. B. CUMMINU8, Agent PhiUdelphm. October. 124g. olOtfre CHANUE OF HOURS. LONG ISLAND RAILROAD. FALL ARRANGEMENT, 3IHR jHl Da S3 after MONDAY, October 12, 1U6, Trams will ruu as followa: Learn Bbmkltb??t 7 o'clock A. M. (Boston train) for Greenport daily. (except Sundays) stopping at Farmiagdaja and St. Geergs's Manor. " " atiU A M., daily,for Farnuugdale and intermediate places. " " at II o'clock, M.. for Greenport, daily, (Sondays excepted.) stopping at Jamaica, Branch. Uieksville, Bad all nations east of Hicksyille. " " at 4 P. M. for Barmingdale, daily. Lbatb OBunreBT?at IMA.M., daily accommodation train for Brooklyn. " " at IK P. M., (or on the arrival of the boat from Norwich,) Boston (rain daily, (except Sondays,) stepp ag at St. George's Manor and Fartniagdsle. Lbatb FABWirrai'Ai.E at A. M. daily, (excer'Mondays,) accommodau a train, and 11.11 andIV F M. Lbatb Jamaica?at I o'clock A. M , I P. M., ?ud ?X P M., for Brooklyn, or 00 the arriral of Bosion tram. A (Veight tram will lesre Brooklyn for Greenport, with a passengers' ear attached, on Moudavs, Wednesdays and Fridays, at Bid A. M. Returning leaTe Greenport at IX o'clock P. M, oa Tuesday, Thursday and Saturdays, stopping at intermediate pieces. SUNDAY TRAINS. Lease Brooklyn at o'clock A. M for Greenport Retaining, leave Greenport at IX P. M., for Brooklyn, stopping at all the at itioas. .Fans to?Bedford, 1 cents; Fast New York, 12X; Race ' rte. ItXj Trotting Course ll|A; Jamaica 2-; Brnsl Tills, 1 ; Park. ( 17 miles) 37X; Clowsyilla, (during the sets' ,a of Conn) J*X; Hempsiead, S7X". Branch 57X; Carle Place,<4; Westhnry, 44: Hickseille, 44; Farmingdale, UK. Deer Psra.BB 'lVoiain. M, Suffolk Sttioo, SI;Lake H ad S alien. $1 18Xi Medford Station. $ 18X: Vaphank. (I J7X: St GeoraS's Manor, < SIX; Ktrerliead, Si Mvs: Jsmespoit, SI HH; Maiietack, SI fcts; Cn'chogne, Si *2X; Southold, $1 tlX; Greenport Accommodation Train, Si 75; Ofhsupori by B?>aton train. S2 2S Stages era in readiness on the erriral of Trains et the sere ral Stations, to take passenge.s et very low fares, to all parts 01 the Uls id B ruaae Crates will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall Street, to receive baggage f rthe-ae*er*l trains. 30 minntes be ore the but oft siting from the Brooklyn side Tnt itaao boat "8 atetruan" leaver Ureenport Tor Sag Harbor oa ihe arriTt' of the Boston train from Brooklyn. Brooklyn, < Vt I, IMS. nt rre REGULAR MA'L LINK FOR BOSTON. VIA NORWICH fc WOKjMA ^(CESTER, without change Qu[M& IpCart or Bvi^Hfr, or withoui_^^H||K 3K im. ?.rr. rtiujt any Ferry J5KSC?. r.u>Mnra (ssiug their tests at Norwich, are tuinred their taata llraa|k to liostua This being the only inland route that coinmuuitates through by steamboat and railroad. P.issengers by this line are accompanied thrnOk'h by the conductor of the train, who will hare particular charge of their baggage, and who will otherwise give his attention te their ea?e an (I comfort. This line leaves south side Pier No 1, North River, foot of Battery Pines, daily, (Sundays excepted) at S o'clock. P. M., and arrives in Bostoa in time so take all the eastern trains. The new steamer ATLANTIC, Captain Dnttan, leaves every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturdays, at S o'clock. P. M. The steamer WORCESTER, ? sptain Van Pelt, leaves every Moud*y, Wednesday, and Friday, at i o'clock, P. M. For further lelortnation. inquire of J. H. VANDEnBILT, No. I Battery Piece, North River. si tfre -Mm am FOR CHI'". A Uli.?Probably the last Boat this season?Upper Csbiu finis* rd entirely 3C3KS. with bta-e Rooms. The new end ep'endid K?mb et BOSTON, ' aptan W. T. Pease, will leave Buffal for Chicago. tonchivg at the intermediate ports, on Monday. Novbmhe* Jd, si I P7.M. Fnrfieight or passage, apply on h ard, or to KIMBERLY It PF.kSE. Buffa'o. Ocr. KMA. o27J**re 40k borNKW VOKK and interiuediate places Un3>Tht Steamboat NEW PHILADELPHIA, w " ' aptaiu I.iwrrurr H Kraiee, will comanruee rnuniUK between Amboy and New York, on Monday the t^th St pt leaving So nth Amboy at (It, Perth Amboy at 7 o'clock A.M., Soaehing lit Bendy, Roeseille, Biasing Star and Chelsea, arriving in New York about 9 o'clock, retarding will* leave New Fork from Pier No. I North River, at 4 ocof.i Kara from Sooth k Perth Amboy, *4 cent'; Bently 13 emu. aD'haothar landings tljf cents. All kinds ol'freight token 01 'he Iv nest roieo. Bon'h kmhoy.B*pt O, ll<?. USl n't Of POSITION MORNING LINK AX <* O CLOCK FOlt ALBANY Lulni ot Hootraoail otreet, Von Cortlandt's (Peekskill) Cold Spring, Newborgh, New Hsmbnrsh. Milton, Poagh keepoie, Hyde Pork, Kingston. Upper Red Hook, Briotol, Couktll, Hudo'Ht, I'oooock'e ond Kiuderkook. O^Pissjige, One Dollar wan THE new end lasi-so. I nig low-preosurs fiSBMrnfrstecmoost MF.TAMOHA. opt P. H Smith, jBmBBEK.wiII leore the |<ier foot of Warren otreet on Monday, W?vln???lojr ond Friday, ot ()? o'clock, A. M. Retaming, lease Albany on Tuesday, Thursday ond Saturday Pooienitero taking this hoot will omen in Albany in time for the troino of con going North ond West. Brook toot ond Diuanr on board. For freight or passage apply on board, or of A CLARKE, corner of VVrat and Warren otreeta. ho e to Van (Jortlaudt'o Dock, 23 rents; Ponghkeepaie, H1; Albany >1. ot Itn r TO TRAVLLLr.RS GUlNtr SOUTH. NEW AND MOST AGREEABLE LINE TO Frtdrrickthurgh, Richmond, Pelerthutgh, fa ; Lynchburgh, Raleigh, Iftlden. N C ; and har Union. S C. jaSM THE PUBLIC hi* informtd that th- new C, and splendid low pressure steamer Mi'UM XsseJKaSLVKRNO.N, eoouocti a with the Oreot .Mail L?.e at ttijiue Creek, testes Couiaie-ce street wharf, Baltimore, eeety Tuesday and Friday evening, ati P. M.. for tbe above points Throiiab Tickets to Kirhmond $? 00 " " to Petersburg 4 00 " " to Weldeu.N.C 7 00 " M to Chorle tot,, P C 00 Being ot'.he tame price, ra?>re direct and expedi ioim. and much more oertaie than ha Chesapeake Boy and Jamee Riec htaoniboot Line,all tbo wide ond rourh portion of tbe Boy, between tbe month of the Potomac ond Old Point Comfort, ben k entirely aeuided by thu Line. ... T'ovrlltra ore odrioed that the Line hereby odeemaed it port and t" re el of the Great Mail Lip* th ough Virginia, and thit it io the intention of the Companies composing the Great Moll Line that paaaengero shall be coueeyed by them in connection with thn Mount Vernon, always <s cheaply as by any any other Due, and with more coin.on, rrpedition ana certainty, than by any other Line eicept the Line eia Waahinrron. For Inrtherpertienlara enquire at the Sou'hem Railroad office. rrsttSt , Baltimore, of STOCKTON k FALL*, orat I ha I nmiinrrc it. wluur, or on I ueadays ana Fridays on , board tha jloout Vernon, of C. W. GUNNEL, Captain. N. B ?1 mvellers by tha ibore t.ina will bear in mind thai they hare two hours more in Baltimore than passengers bv the ' Itesspaake Bay and 'smes Hirer boau, and yrl raacn any point Bonth of Peterabtire at the lame tune wit'i thrae las', area whan there is no breach of connection by iha Bay Liua all Im*re .MQ /HI 8TAVEN ISLAND.?On and afiar E?",dSt/ e.NoT ' Lb?,, '?* ,b* steamboat 3ESK3E. LPH. Capt. B anted, will ncke the folloMian trips to and fiom Btatan laland nntil farther notice. * Leate Buten Inland. Lease New York. At I At IS II A.M. IS A. M. 1 P. M. iru. ?? _ 5 " iH ' oii rre _ J1T1 _m INDEPENDENT MOHNINO LINE AT OZSgM&l O'CLOt K.-KOH ALBANY from tha 3BSHBLsteambr>nt piar at tha piar foot af Warn* i iest. fsstane $1 SO. Teaching at the fool of Hammond sc Breakfast and dinner proeided on hoard. The swift and mrgniftceni steamer IKON WITCH aunt mended <>> (.apt. Stephen II. Roe, leaves New York, 1'aes day. Thursday and Satv^f Lenyes Albany Monday, Wedaaedst and Eridar. Landing at Von t.tiartlniidta, Westno .ii Neabtirglt Vittnn. Po'k'-epue, Hyde Park. Kings , n, ? fiki'l wlfirr ND'l Icb. THOY K V L A J A G LINE. HOUK I HA tafcrt. jMM MI > and after TUBBDAY. Beoteenber 13. dUtflka lawjpreeenra steamboat CMPIBE. ' apt 9E3ULN B Mney, wilt laaro the steamboat nior at tns toot "i uonrtlandt straat, t< t'sloak. P. No la?s?sI of rni<;?MffUBn sMf E N E NEW A9DII101IAL EXTRACTS K-OM THK FOREIGN PAPER8 RECEIVED , AT THE NEW TORE HERALD OFFICE. Anglo-American-Anglo-flexican and FrancoSpanish Affairs. lie fco. 'TI1E SdZUME OF CU.IKORNIA. i r run mr i.od.iou oione, !Vpl. ua.J The large item of intelligence that the American squadron hes " seized California." must he taken symbolically. Our transatlantic friends also believe tneinselves to have invented the electrical telegraph : if we may judge by the exclusively American novelty their press ascribes to its operations. The seizure of California, thus telegraphically announced, is naturally announced with electrical faconism Keni,vidi rt'et, is message enough for the patent wires " News had beeattceived in Mexico," it la stated, " that Monterey end UMWraia?[as who should say Great Yarmouth and Great Britain] had been token by one of the vessels of the United States squadron." Piodigious ! They came ten thousand strong, And he was only one But what was that to Jackson, The British turned their backs on. California is as big as the British islands, France and Spain, put together. All thia " taken" in the twinkling of % bowie knife, by one vessel of the United States squa dron ! There never has been anything like it since Capt. Gulliver's cecquest of the kingdom of Blefuscu. We understand, therefore, the symbolical seizure of Monterey and California It is not exactly that one vea sel takes their entire extent; but that, touching at one point, the Americans take a fancy to take at leisure the whole territory. There is not much there te hinder them. They took Texas, a^^rea-sneaks (we mean no I invidious comparison) take M|s, whan nobody is at home. They may take California in the same way, for any one there is on the spot to stop them But American ambition seems now too impatient for its former prelimi nary process. It took Texas by first peopling it?then voting itself rid of Mexican sovereignty?next ripe for American annexation. The process was at least natural in its gradations. But there is no temper for gradations now It is mere passion for territorial immensity, grasping at tracts all but nopeopled, while unpeopled tractsof their own lie between. The appetite grows by what it feeds on. and is one which never will set itself limits, or find a check except in dissevered union and discord amongst the States, or collision with some external force equal to its encounter. For that encounter Mexico h'l given too many proofs of feebleness. The restored President himself, restored by a revolt in the presence of an I enemy?has, before now, been the vanquished prisoner , or a lew hundreds ot Texan* ; and an amusing account wa* girea in a recent tour to that [?i] republic, ol lh? Mexican'* interview with the Texan President, alter the battle of San Jacinto "Santa Anna wa< conveyed without delay to the presence of General Houaton, who, having been wouuded in the ankle during the engagement, wa* 1 ing undeineath a tree The Texan General raited upon a rough pillow, hi* war saddle being laid under hi* head ; a blan ket wa* placed beneath him, and this wa* his only couch Santa Anna wa* led up to him, and boldly announced himself thus Soy Jlntonio Lopez do Santa JInna Preeidentt de la Repvbtica Mtxica*a, y General en Ui/i del yercito de operacionet.' Upon this introduction, Gen Houston politely tequested hi* prisoner to taae a seat on a medicine chest ; to this he consented, but appearing rather faint and not a little agitated, the chest was opened for some remedy for these complaints Having swal lowed a considerable quantity of opium, the patient de clnred himself better *n-i found words to say to his cap tor?'You were horn to no ordinary destiny ; you have conquered the Napoleon of the West!' "In the course of the conversation which followed Santa Anna, whether by design or otherwise, addressed his ceptor by the title of General, omitting the woiu President, lie , and thus, according to Houston's view 01 the matter, tacitly denying bis right to indepeudenoi and authority. 'I only looked at him, gentlemen,' said the Texan President, in hit account of the audience, 'I looked at him once, and he corrected the mistake ; it hi hadn't, you know, gentleoiCD, 1 should beve closed the scene meaning he should have at once ngued hu Such ii the style of -theie border war* ; and such their Napoleona aud Wellington* Six month* back I'aredea overthrew Herrera irom the Mexican Preiiden or. by grace oi miitnry pronunciamento : and now, t>\ the like agency, Santa Anna overthrow* Parade* Thi popular indignation againit the aggie*rion* of the Uni ted S.ate*. lound it* leader in Parade*. Hi* crime bat been, failing to achieve much of glory, or of (afety ioi hi* country?acrime, which, considering the (luggiih ue?*of hi* countryman, will be probably (bared by ho accessor. Parade*, it i* (aid. ha* been too *crupuluu? too con*titntional ; ha* attempted to lead a people tha' can only be driven to action Nobody baa taid thia el Santa Anna Ha ii no* supposed likely to fail by exre*. if scrupulousness, whether aa regard* personal mccjuiii tion, or public policy However, the only programm* which he is yet represented a* putting forth, is, that "il the Mexican people are for war, then no will be for wai though personally he la inclined to peace." It is certain that no great glory has been gainod in thia warfare on either side. On the ono hand, nations, deience baa excited a zeal without energy of action ; on tha other hand, national aggression ha* exhibited the ai dor of acquisition, wi hout the immediate means. It i? impossible to say what Mexican lerblesness may submit :o surrender by treaty : tut General Taylor'a exploit* on the Rio Grande have been the only American glorie* in the Held. I From the London Globe, Sept. 96 ] What Commodore sloat, and two other American off cera, have achieved toward* conquering Califoraia.seerasimply to have been getting within hail of her, and telling her to consider herselt conquered. We beg pardon not ronnimrs.) hilt tnrretl tttt/4 riruaH?" MnatinuH tr> iorm part and parcel ot the United States." That California wil} become severed from Mexico, and taken possession of by the first adventurers, who com? in sufficient numerical force for tenable aettlements, there can be no manner of doubt. Any tool of any kind Can separate what was never joined. Had the distance from Kngland been less (unabridged as yet, by canal or rsilioad acrois the isthmus of Pans aia,) we should ourselves have probably been in the field, territory might have been ceded in lieu of peymein of Mexican debt, and California, instead of Australia, 01 New Zealand, might have a traded colonization. The prospective importance ol that country, especially if its distance from burope were shortened by one or otheroi the modes of transit above mentioned, was ably pointed out aix or seven years ago in Mr. Forties's volume, entitled California :? " The opening of a passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific,across the Isthmus of Panama, or at some more favorable point in that neighborhood by means of a canal has long occupied the attention of the nautical ami sci eniiAc world ; and if this enterprise should ever be rallied into effect, the voyage from Kurope to California would be compara*ively short, and emigrants would be carried there;witn little more expense than to Canada ? If ever this route shall be opened, California will then be one of the most interesting commercial situations in the world ; it would, in tha? caae, be the point of rendezvous lurati itMii cngageo m uie iraaa dciwho r.urope ana Asia by that route , it ii nearly mid-voyage between thoiie two couutriee, and could turniah proviiione and all naval auppliea in tha moat ampla abundance t and moat probably would become a mart lor tha inlercbaiigi of iha commodities of tha thraa continent!. No other nation in tha couraa of thia route would be in any way equal to California " i'heia are view* for iha future, perhapa for tha remote luture. 'I hair realitatiou at an)' period, however, mutt tie contingent on wmt vary eitfaient icgiraeu from any one ot Spanish or.gin, hitherto witneai. d on thai continent '1 ha aingie-?uip Commodore nloet, in hia annexation b)-piociauiutioa. wai at ail eveuta juntidi-d in coutramng the compilative advantage which ? ahf-'in.a would denve even trom the imper.ect freedom of the American taiitf, with liar preaeiil poaitiou under the rail coniraeictory thacklaa ot Mexico. '1 hat lepulihc, li-e tha other Mates oi rioulai origin, haa not had tigoi or in teltigence enough lor ooneiatancy in any of the principle* abeoiuiely aarantiai to new institution* and a new world. 8he haa made a parade of Ireedom, and peopled more prison* than ever did Spanish colonial away , professed encouragement of commeice. wnila renlacina o.d hj d?w absurdities of restriction. .Mr. Macgirgor, iu bit newly published valuable report on the " sum of Mexico," observes, " Tbe commercial regulation! and cu.tom bouae prohibitiona and dutiea of the Spanish Ameiicao Hepublics bare been characterised by barb* roui reatrictiona, and by ignorance of all aound pilnclplea of commerce and finance. Tne moat abaurd lesti ictiuns even upon internal iraAo, and the moat prepoateroua attempts to protect national indu?try, hare been adopted aiiiCe the independence of tboae States, and aa suddenly and capricioualy altered in form Tbeee regulationa, and prohibitions and dutiea have, like the revolution! ol tho.-e unfottunate countnea, been suddenly or capricioualy changed by every new ruler, but aiweya to ihe great injuiy ol tiaoe and rommeice " California avu been aimoat aa laolated from Mesico aa from tbe ia>t of the world, unJer the aleepy regtmr ol cantunei Mr Kurl ea obvoivea, and tha c-ue u not | altered aince he wivto? I "California holds hardly the relation ofaven a coloay to Mexico. Mexico uaa moie intercourae with China than with California. Keen at the time I am writing, advicei I are not leceived in Mexico, from Monterey, ebove once | or twice in a year. 1 he last deputy elected by Calilor1 nie to the Mexicau Congreai, inlori. ed me Uiet during the twe yeaia be aerved, he only received two letter* from cauloruie, while in Mexico " It la curiously illuatrative of the aort of quarter* in which Amtrican conquest haa proclaimed itaeif in Upper Calilornia, to find the following account o( Yertia Buana, by Capt. Wilkes, commander of the recent exploring expedition of the United States :? '"The town, aa it ia called, or rather the acaltered buildinga, consists ol a laige I tame house, occupied by the > agent ol the tludaou'a Bay t.ompauy ; a store kept by I an Ameiicau ; a luliiard room and a bar i e poop-catuu of a sbip. occupied a* a dwelling by an angio American captain ; a blacksmith's shop, and soma oulbuildiogs '""""Alter pasting thtough tbe eutianc# ol Uie bay, we weieac- tcely a'-ie to outinguish the Preaidio ; end had It nut t een lor its solitary lt?g-s*art, we could not '"* aeeerteaeed its aituetiou iiva Una stag' no flag . fioeted ; the baildiag was deemed, the walla had I alien to decay 1 the gun* were diemouated, and every thirg , around it lay la quiet. We wera aot evaa sedated by the | stentorian lung. afaome aoldlor, la fipwUk ? W YO YORK. THURSDAY MC places, even after all political power.ta* well ai military an<l civil rule. has tied I attarwaids learned that the Presidio waa alill a garrison in name, and that it had not been wholly abandoned ; but the remnant of the troope stationed there conaiatetl of so more than an officer and one aoldier. 1 waa not abla to learn the rank of the former, a* he wbi ah-ent, and appeared, at leaat among the foreignera, to he little known. '"At Verba Buena there waa aaimilar abaence of all nu I thority The only otttcer waa the Alcalde, who dwella , at the roiaaion of Noam Sanora de loa Dolores, aome I three mileaolf" It mnat be acknowledged, from the data furnished by the lotegeiug American official account, that Verba Buena waa a very well cboaen point, whereat Commodore < John B Montgomery, of the Portsmouth. made bit aum- : non< of lurreitder, aa we are told, en the 9th of July, to an (abaent or non-existing) "commandant," or the "one I officer and one aoldier" above mentioned It it added by ; the Washington Union, "What tha reault oftbia aum' mona waa. wa are not informed. We imagine the reault | muat have been that silence which givea convent. Fortunately, Providence haa ordered lor aome yeara that whatevar auita ua ahould elao auit England. It auited thia poweiful nation, aa wall during tha Liberal" emigration of I8J3 aa during that of 18AS. to conciliate tha ader.tionof the eraigranta neither more nor lete tuan it auited France to gaiu their hatred Thank* to thia. tho political outcaata, u bo at theae two diatiuct porioda had the good fortuno to gain the ahore of England, met on those shores with abundant aympathica, which greatly alleviated their condition. It suited England, * well a? ourselves, that the caaae of Dou Carlos ahould succumb, and her valiant soldiers participated more than once in the danger* and glories of our own. II suited England that the regency of Eapartero should it-ue victorious from Ilia blow which da (troy e J it in the year 1343; and Kspartero would not have falen, had England paid aa little reapact aa Franca to tba indepandaoca of our nation, la all theae capital pointa the intereat of Hpain and England waa aynonnmous, ao.1 her'a, aa well aa onr'a.waa oppoaed to that ot France To England it ia awing that, on the marriage queation, none af the candidate*, which tha inatinct of hpaiu haa repelled, baa triumphed until now. It ia rumored that even now ahe ia oppoaed to Uke Moutpanaier match, al though in thi* the will of that nation ia equivalent to our own. If thia match doea net take place, itlvill be because the men of the praaant tituorton will not hare been able to conquer tba repugnance of England We know these men and we know well enough bow little their acta are influenced by tba will of their country. But what matters it that if Louia Philippe's maniage scheme is not realised, it is owing te the influence ef a foreign nation 1 Spain will not be the I lea* contented. What matters it that in thwarting this match, England may only propose to herielf to weaken or hinder the strengthening of the fatal influence* which make of our country a mere French colony ? It auit* ua to expel these*; we ought not to perceive that it may equally suit England to ex|>el them When the wili ef a country ia not respected, we ought to deaire that these who are at ita head n.ay see themselves compelled to re specttbe will of another country which is conformable with that of our own. THK MEXICAN ARMY (From the United Service Magtxina ) The matetialiof widen the army ie compounded ore quite autficieat to account for the disorganization of the whole stata. The reuka ore filled up ei her with countrymen and Indiana, taken by force from their village home ateadi, or with criminala let l?oae from prison for the purpose 1 wai told by Mexican Colonel of a regiment at Ouadalaxara, that he had been ebliged to replace the deserters, who had thinned hia corpa to a skeleton, by ordeiing out the eight hundred criminala who lay iapri aon, and parading them before him,in order that he might elect the fineat and atouteat among them to repleniab hi. ranks And when he had done ao he inquired their term of puniahment; many of them who had oe-n condemned to the galley* for tan yeara, had their punishments com mated hy ugie-ing to serve five years in hie regiment In an army ao composed, and among men kept together hj ne bonds of diacip ine or deference for authority .desertion must be extensive; the ruatic soldier tak-a to ins heels on the (hat opjioittiinty. and set* out on hia return homewards, while the emancipated riiminM *e,-ka companionship with the lira' baud ol freebooter* at hand, and finds a Hiding place in some remote quarter They a<e no longer ottcered by gentlemen k tlongiug to the moat resectable ia-ni.ies in the country,*, was the case when Mexico was i deficiency of Spain. but by individual* sprung Irom tbe moot degiaded classes, or hy the common soldier*, iguortureand abandened habits, in tact, team at present 10 be titles for a commission The training given in what i* called the School of War, which haa baen recentl) transierreu to t^oapuitepvc. n 01 toe mo?t tupeilicwl de cription. All thalia effective iu the Mexican ranks i? limited tofourorflve ) oungofficen.who hav?i received a En <>l>eau education, and a (aw Sptuiinb Geneiali and Kiald I Officers,? bo are not deficient in military science. the lotuiai .liowever.are perpetually tbwaited by ttiaircomrades jealousy, and the latter held in opprobrium (or having oetra) eJ the land of their birth and borne arm* against ii lu apite of all the resident's exertions to increaae themilitary reaouraea tf tba country, be baa not been able ;o raise the army to more than 26,000 men, the majority of whom ate without aboea and stockings, and armed | vith English muskets ol the worst description 8,000 are quarteied in the capital; 2,000 at Guadalaxara and in lie department of Jalisco ; until lately, 1,000 on the lexian frontier; 600 in the South; 2 400 in the rempat luUpii, an I next the border of 1 ucatan; 1,000 in Vera Cruz and in id Juan de Ulioa; and the iccnam <er in tn< provinces generally. A tingle instance will show the .uperabnndance of officer* t he regiments usually cou > ists of two battalions, brigaded into one divisiou, coin uianded by a colonel, and each battalion has a lieutenant colonel, and frequently a colonel, though it does not muster al>ove S00 men, and frequently nut more than I >o r.very company, tiiough not above 26 or So strong, la commanded by a lieutenant colonel or chief of battalion, under whom are a capta.n, two first and two second lienenanta; ao that there ia an officer to every fonr Soldiers K conespo ding disproportion is observable in the ca valry; theie is not a squadron of fifty horses, which hot out six or seven officers. The whole Quantity of wrtlii*. t y which could te brought into the field,docs not exceed thirty pieces; mountain-bstteriea, heavy metal for sieges ('oast-guns, artificers, pontoons and baggage|traina. are quite among the res incognitas; nay, there is scarcely iny powder, but what is et American or English make riie corps of engineers, which is equally deficient both in maitritl and artillery, consists ol a battalion of -iOO men at Matamoraa, and a companj in the banack, which toes by the ridiculou* name of the citidel of Mexico in addition to the troop* here enumerated, i* a rural militia, wretchedly organized and equipped, and held in horror by the peaaantry. MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH. [From the Pari* Conslitutionnel ] F.very country which |>o**ei*e* a number of railway*, is hastening to alopt a *y*tem of electric telegraph*; they euapend the wire* over the rails, and will luon endow the country with a new mode of communication.? It i* known that Eogland ha* already eatablithed this rapid means of correspondence over several hundred league*. A few days since a letter from Mr. Morse, who ha* noised one of the moat ingenious problem* of the mechanical part of the invention, Informed the Academy of Science* that the electric telegraph had been applied in the l.'nited State* for a distance ol more than 1069 Lag (ish mile* and that it regularly worked cv -ry day on line* ol' from 990 to 930 miles in length. The day before yesterday we announced the opening of an ?lectric telegraph between Brussels and Antwerp. We are far from proceeding *o rapidly in France. We hare no necessity to mention that, thank* to the irresolution and tergiversation* of our government, we have only just began the execution of our great lines of railroad. The same obstacle* have presented thvmselve* in the establishment of our system of electric telegraph. The line from Pa is to Rouen haa alone been provided with it, and it ia only a iew month* sines that the necessaiy fund* (ware voted for eatablishing it on the line from Paris to to the northI r i;?? i?pw? i. okas.. ? l--? - ?-l i- ?-t-i ciu nwuuri. rr iij ia luaiv au u?i?j in nil in utife step? The Unci of railroad which nearly correspond with our praient lines of telegraph, are either exacuted. or in course of execution, lor a distance of about MjOO kilometres (1340 leagues) It is calculated that the establish merit of lines of electric tilrgrapi* would require an expense of 14?if per kilometre- It would, lliertfire, require a sum total of 7 oao OOOf. to establish the electric telegraph on distances wh?re (he piesent Ulegisph now works. This certainly ia no', en expense at which we ought to hesitate. As to the expense ol keeping ib.-m up, and the aeivire, does not present a muie alaimig figure. The ordinary telegraph according to the grams in the budget, costs 1,#!0,0<W for the to'al distance of 6000 kilometres, or Ondf j*i kilometre. The grant ma<te tor the line ef electric tetegiapb from Peru to Houen, ia only ITOf per kilometre, as that would be e earing in laeur of tha ne w mode. CANADIAN AJFAI1S. [Krom the London Herald, Sept 31 ] The final end official publication of the fact that Lord Elgin has beon appointed to the Morernment of Canada, which appeared in Friday 'a Gazelle, natnr lly It ads us to a consideration of the high trusts he will be called on to administer, the peculiar difficulties he will be reqair concile, the expectations he muet necessarily demolish, end the pr^ud hopes he nill he compelled to dieeppolnt The advent of a new (Jovernor-Uetietal to a colony, which- despite ita Go* climate-hat unwittingly laid the heavy hand of death upon four successive lulera? Lord Durum, Lord eydenhani nir < harlea Bugot, and Loid Metcaife?cannot he ri-g?rdea with in.'ifl'eieuce or aptth). in the distant drprudrncy or in the mother country Here on the one hand, we can scarcely tail to contemplate the appointment of Lord Llgin as an event suhonlnate in importance onl) to the selection ot a liovernor liens ral tor India, or a Lord Lieutenant lor Ireland,while the mere association ol idias recalia to our minds hia predcceaaora' untimely fate, to which the chief seat in the cebinet of thet colony waa the immediate though unnecessary ami unwilling prelude On the other hand, in Canada, hie approecb will be regarded with mingled feelings ef hope, curiosity, and apprehension- hope etrong in the breeets of no one political party?curioeity swaying the expectations of a divided people?and apprehension spread, where it will be leaet realized, or absent where it would be moat justified. Scarcely ever ' haa e man aeeumed the government of a Btitiel, colony , under circwmetancee which more urgently demand the exerciee of high edminiatrxtive talents; not the fine throl rieaol a political economist?not the strong will of am ili; tary despot?not the intrigue of a diplomat!-!? not the i finesse of e political trimmer, but the bold temperance of ! ability, the ready caution of f resight, the perception of constitutional propriety, the management ot polfth al combinations, the weight of honesty, the attraction of (laiikbesa, the coafl-lence ot derision

L rd i.lgin will proceed to < aua< a at a period ef great political oisorganisatiun, eot the less terns liable and genuine beeewse It Sasyaai te be bloodless He will be emoted te eelve the reel difltanhy ef oenduottnw e government la accordance with the present rendition ol that i colony The naHcd previa#* 4 the Canodes, as timet K i% i MINING, OCTOBER 29, II ' invariably hap|>ena in the earlier yean of every eteta ' uuiou, ha? had the atraxonicm of it? upper and lower divi- ' eioua temporarily atrmnlated r> the very meaeurea which were cali uUteil to advauce the tren*th of theireventual union. The movement party in Britiah Canada, at finit too i we.ilt to crti?h their conaervative opponenta within the , lunita of their own diviaion, fraterni?ed with the French ' Canadiana. and, according to the invariable practice 1 a divert clod minority, procured from without a i itrHnffth which ii.trintirullv lh?v lirkiul 1'hat (ha Firuoh C'ujdiiuil should feel aggrieved by those ; rrstnctioui which their previous violence had engender- ' o.l. ?h?t they ihould refuse to kiss the rod which i scourged them, is en event too strictly consistent with | human infirmity to awaken suiprise The force o( Bri- ' tiah radicalism and Kreuch disaffection comhininx to maintaiu the niuvem<-ut party in power under Lord By- ; denhara end hit aucceaaor, wes a natural reault But, aotwithatutiding the opposition from the Lower Canadians to which the legislative union of the provinces was oiigiualiy exposed,when the French pert) had some real experience of the condition of affairs in the united colony. i the alleged Injustice ol that junction, vanished like a dream, anl its " eater uiualing tendency" upon the lower province proved to he a lubrication. When their alliance with the radical party brought the French Canadian# into some practical acquaintance with the feelings and|doctriues of their opponents, the conservatives, the latter were not found to be tucn monsters as they had been represented ; and when at length the radical ministrv overreached itself by grasping at supreme power in the distribution of putrouage, the whole dependency ratified the justice of their discomfiture, and a general election consummated their deleat. The temporary tenure ol place which the radicals had anjoyed, combined with the attractions of a democratic theory presented to the inhabitants of a comparatively young country, had. however, the effect ot strengthening the movement party as a whole ; but the French Canadian began to reel his power and to oxercise hit discretion He no longer rushed wildly into the arms of the radicals, burning with blind animosity, hut he coolly observed that the conservative party, unaided, could maintain its position only with difficulty, while the radicals ware cenfessedly unable to form a ministry, it they hal be-n by cban-a called to power. So he stood aloof, to profit by the balance of political perplexity. In this crisis the free trade mania seized the Bittish minister et home, and, being transmitted to our dependencies abroad, was neither retarded in its current uor mitigated in its violence by the change el scene. Mr. Draper attempted to mimic the agility of Mir Robert feel, but failed to rival this prime weathercock iu his facile obedieuce to the shitting gusts of politioal expediency. The organs of conseivative opinion in Canada at length reminded him that " though s giant may stride over a river, a dwarf sticks fast in a ditch." I he functions of a government carried on by an executive staff of state offi, ids, soon fell into actual abeyauce ; offices were hawked about till no on-i would accept of them, and in this state ol utter disorganisation Lord Elgin's assistance is invoked. He will reach Canada at a period when all the Ingenuity of the Radical phalanx, and all the persuasive of the Ministerial party, are concentrated in a rival courtship of the French Canadians He will meet an administration." of which on# man is bead, body, and tail," not because that Minister overshadows bis fellows, but because he is the remnant of a government, the mere skeleton of a ministerial tegiment, while his ancient colleagues are dispersed, his old followers are disgusted, his uniiuu |""'7 coMfuwij u?uig?unou Lura Lifin will see a Radical opposition encouraged by conterva live dissentions, and deeply devote.I to tbe (ingle object of retaining their Fr ench connection* a* the weapon* with which to recover power and place He will likewise find the old cry of" two race*" raited once more, and the seeds of disturbance (own between the eastern and we itera settler* by a distinct attempt to create a coalition ainietry, not ol radical* and conservatives but of British and French? wherein the whole control of Lower t,anala ! I should he surrendered to the Ualic division of the Cabinet, ; and the entire superintendence of tne upper province conA *ed to the British poition ot the Minutiy He will enl counter an attempt to neutralize in this manner the l< gis . lative union between tbe two provinces to preserve t e auimositienni rival nations, end to perpetuate the je-i ' lousy of distinct lacea He will meet, even in lTpper ! Canada, the Irish Papist, the Scotch Presbyter lan.un.t the Fnalisti Protestant. I> eedina au lutes'ine m A rashness, cuumug, and ub.uuacy. He will find thr?* ' and other complications ol a Chief Governor's urdiusty iiAeultiea collected together loi hie oa u especial com fort, within tvro years of a geueiai election for the Legislative Assembly, an i he will Da expected to over cotur them ell. We doubt not Lord Elgin's ability, and we heartily re loice at his appointmeul; but we do not profess ou that account to shut our e>es to his difficulties His lordship's short parliamentary career, his manly speech in 1813? unrivaii'ed as a maiden effort?on seconding the Address in reply te the Speech from the 1'hroue, his determination in lighting to the last his election tor Southampton on the conservative interest, his caution and eueigy in the government oi Jamaica, justify a reasoui ble expectation that ueser his rule ths i -anadians may ac4Uire as eulatged a visw eflha r own true interest as their condition permits, that they msy repress as much motbtd political sensibility and sbataiu from tha indulgence of :is-much national ptejujice as tha ciicumstancas of their constitution will allow, and that they will enjoy moie uuroservadly than ever those sources of natiouai happiness usually most abundant during that particular stage of social existence in which thay have now the guoJ fortune to be placed But we would remind them that their country is > ouog in the experience of aelf-govei a in i, nt; that their peepla are mixed in their origins nid various in their creaJs; that tho political difficulties ot their present state are enoimous; that Lord Elgin la a man, not a demi god AFFAIRS IN SPAIN. [From tha Madrid Mpcctador] What a surprising contrast is lormed by tha conduct which Engliud has observed towards us in these Uttei by Franca! It would lead to nothing merely to axemiie sttbis momont if the difference with which wo ore about to acquaint ourselves. only prove* the greater tkilfulr>e?a of th# r.ngli-h policy; or it, in reality, it deponds on the circumstance that there if, in thi* iioie policy, a cer tain foundation of morality which oblige* her to reipect our nationality and independence It liifUce* u* to aay that thi* difference exists, and that Graat Britain *uc ceeda, by her manner of proceeding, in attracting as many *} moathie* amongst u* at the diplomacy of Loul* Philippe alienate* by ita mode of acting. We are doing nothing more than exposing a fact that i* palpable to all of ua, and it would even be indecoron* to teek in the conduct of England, which ao highly favour* ua, the motive of aelf-intereit which may have actuated that country. In suite of thia, we ttiall not deny that aelAshneaa may partly instigate the modu$ optrandi of the policy pursued on the banks of the Thames; but if every one who received a benefit?be it a man or a people?strove to discover the intention and the motive of aelf convenience which animated the benefactor, th* word ''grati tu te" could not have been invented, and assuredly th* dictionary would not contain another to utterly super duett*. Supposing that England and France, in their acts, exclusively consult their own private convenience, w* ahail Juevitably be forced to admit that th* interests of Englsnd ar* not found in hostility to our own, and that ihos* of France are; and through aelflahnoa* also, w* declare ourselves the friend* of the former, and th* ana mleaoftbe latter. What matter* It to ua that whan France does us an injury aha may not do it in order to prrjuuic* us, uui omj iw iivur urrivn r at ? ??|uuij oartain that *he daea prejudice u?. What mattar* it to <m that when KngUnd render* ua a bencAt the may do it in order nut to prejudice hertalf, and not forth* *aka oi favoring u?T It i* equally certain that ah* doe* faeor na, and tbia is what we require; we look to raaulta, and care nothing for anything etae. We know not if Kranca, through th* medium of her own private convenience, could give ua an explanation of all the acta which conatitute her policy toward ua, but it ia poaitire that the** acta arc atrooioua, and that they render her odiou* to the heart* of all Spaniard* who are not Jifrancnai<??. We know not whether, hrough the medium of her awn private convenience, the could hit upon an explanation of th* ferociou* i.raty of which the Spaniab liberal* are the victim*, who, ejeciod from their country for political cauae*. have the miifortune to *eek an aaylum in her bo<om.? We know not in what point it ca i *uit our gaueruur ally to compel theae poor proaci ibed wretch** to p**? from oua p Int of her tarri'oiie* to the other on the ligbtaat reqaiaitioa from a vindictive con?ul, or in *bat point it can suit bar to conAu* the unhappy vietuna to diatrieta wnera It i* impoxihie lor them to And an honorable mean* of *ub*i*tenco, or in what it can nit her to make them walk league* end league* With chains aroHO i their neck*, naked and bar*footed. Wa could cite many similar act*, and if Kranca com mitf them in the conaultation of ber convenience, we, ; : consulting our own, ought to entreat Almighty Uod to ' i diveat Krance of all her convenience* Her conve- | nience* and our'* ar* diametrically oppoied to each other. In the year 1831 it auited her to invade our aoil WIU1 an irmf'i iorr?, 10 wren i ruin us our uuvnjr, huu to leava tbo liberal* in the clu'cnes of absolutism. At a subsequent period it luited her convenience, when war began to blaze in the province*, to ad 1 fuel to it* Heme*; and ibe Anally administered a narcotic to the whole of her police, in order that Don < ario* might croaa the French frontier without being teen It alterwaid* auited her to overthrow Eapartero, and how it < appear* thet it stilts her convenience to merry the Duke da Montpensier to the Iniant*, after it had aimed her to m*ny tl.e Queen to Montemoiin, to Tripsin. or to whomsoever eUe it did not ?u.t our conv erne ce tha' he should he mauled Fire at Belfast?Again tuts our vitiate* been visited by fire. About three o'clock thia (Friday) morning, Ara wee diacovered issuing ft om the rear of ttie itore occupied hy (oomlx hi a groeeiy e?tatilt?hment, on Wain street, which nearly joining the large wooilen hui ding known a? the Babel," the twu buihiiag*. at it would seem, were on Are at tha name time, dettroying both, and aleo tha dwelling bouta ' of Jame* Cook, next adjoining the Bible The progress ol the Are wa? here stopped by the tearing down of a building ownad by Benjamin Hazeitine. The building upon the corner of Main and High street* was savsd, but ' with great exertion*. It w*? occupied by Ignatius Bargent, grocer, and bv Hendrie h Bradbury, hat dealers ? Fheir stocki were removed, end sustained soma damage. The large building was occupied hy Hersey k Wilder, tin plat* wuikeis and s'ove ,ie*len<; William (Julmby, | piovision shop, \Ailliam I ilden, (second story,) point | hop. and a |?art of the building was unoccupied ? | Hu.lding owned by A Oshoru sn<l William I iblen. There wn* insured upon Luih.r Coomb's stock of goods, 1 >70<) at the Buckingham I o, Exetei ; large building, , Ost ova $*00. Tiideu >400 Ko< kingnam do. ; Cook.,**!!!), Hrlyok* Co. Ileisej k Wilder, nu insurance, loeeabout I tlM. W V Abbot lost .ibowt $100 worth et etoves. I Heselbne'e building, worth about MM i building oeen< pied hy Coomha, about $*? Total k?*a about $4000. Tha I artgla #/ tha Art Is nat kJMWn.?Jet/set ffgwai, Oct 04 1 E R A 346. N?Ttl and Military Affair*. Major Graham, bearer of deapatrhea from Waehingtfln fo General Taylor, paaaed through Mohlla on the 30th iuet. Col. Whlitler, who wu recently arreated and tried by a court martial, hie Irienda will re to learn, haa been honorably dlachatged lrom arieat auJ restore J to hi< command, by the Piraident. on a lull examination of the lacta. the chargee being entirely uneuetamed by proof Col. W haa been ordered to hia poat In Mexico. The U- 8 steamship Maaxarhueetti Trent to aea yeater4... ... .?W |n. ?i,u U.^ioan oe.u uiKinK ah. will land at Braxos They have bean enlisted tor the 4th. 6th, , 7ti. and 8th infantry, and are under the ordera of officers moat of whom were engaged at Palo Alto and Keaaca de la Palma. The troopa are organised into a battalion of lour companies, and commanded aa follows : ? Brevet Maj E 8 ftawkina, 7th infantry, commanding ! battalion and the recruita of the 7th regiment of inluntry; lat Lieut 9 U. eimmons. of the 7th infantry. Brevet Maj O Wright of the 8;h regiment of infantry, j oommanda tlie recruita of the 8th. lat Lieut J. Beardaley ol the 4th infantry, ia uaaigned to duty. Capt. George Morris, 4ih infantry, commands the re- ! cruita of the 4tb inlantry Lieut. D Wellan, 4th infantry. Capt D lluggiea, 6th infantry, commands the detachment for the 6th infantry, 3d Lieut. W. H Tyler. 6th infantry Aaa't surgeon 8 P. Moore ia assigned to duty with the above commands. g.The whole number of recruits is aboet 680, moat of whom have beeu enliated under the provision of law for the increase of the tank and file of the regiments of the regular aervica. They are chiefly Irish and German, and are a vary fine body of men. AFFAIRS IN NEW MEXICO. [From the St Louis Keveille Oct. 20 ] The folios* ing letter, from Ueneral Kearney's guide to Colonel Campbell of our city, though of no later date than haa been heretofore received, will be read with dean interest by all, from the writer's well-known cha- racter and experience:? Santa Ft, Sept. 3. 1840 The inhabitants of this plane, who fled on the approach of the army, are now returning, and apparently, becoming reconciled with the new order of things Indeed one would think fr?m the present aspect, that tha con quest of New .Mexico ear now complete ; however, much remains yet to be done, and Gen Kearney is using all bia exertions to prevent any occurren e which might be prejudicial to the interests of the United States in this quarter. Ex-Governor Armijo is yet In the province, and is said to be prowling about the mouutains wito a band of two hundred men; ami, strange to say, the inhabitants of that vicinity where he is said to be aie in more dread ol him and his band of guerillai, than they are ol the American army; aud well ihey may be. as they have nothing at all to learlrom us, should tbey conform to the liws- on the contrary, they liave a gn at ueal to fear from a gutrilla war, which Armijo ia disposed to wage, not onlj aeainst us, but ngainat ell the in'ianitants of New Meal co. Indeed his dastardly couduct and his inglorious Hirht hmm ha l?ft him m tin if Its imrtizail llti thnan with bitn. in all New Mexico Tnia, together with hia already having bean an outlaw in aome ot tba lower province*, leuve* the poor wretch hardly a hole by which to escape ; *11 tbia will have a tendency, no doubt, to make him desperate. Had Armijo acted aa a brave anJ patriotic man ahould have done in defence of hi* country and the government which supported him, with the advantages that the na tura of the country afforded, together with the eahauition 01 our troops and boraea after so long a march, he could have certaiuly given ua very hard work to per torm, and he would have now held a very different posi tion in the opinion of menkiud But he ha* fallen, never to tiee. On Kearney left here yesterday morning, with about eight hundred men, for the purpose of visitng the nu-t important settlement* of this province, in ihe *oUtn, and to maiiulaciure the inhabitant! thriven into g od Anierican ci iiena. which, 1 (ear, will be a i fti -.nil piocess at least io> the present I have frequently witues-ed the r'crett, an i U apparently i- ell palatable enough untn the oa'h is being udninistered | tb- n conies the t.ittei pill.wlin h few have swatlowkd ."iui a good grat a However, ahould li'iieral Keainr) be able to , ap ure Vriiujo and liia baud, J think it is hi- in euiion to make an eltbit to that effect, and he has kept it *ecrat the belter to ec onplnh it.) no doubt it would tend greatly to q'd*t the lean ol the people, lor they yet hold huu in greet dread lest be should again get the upper haDd, end resume with double force hie usual tyianmcal away Tne*e views are absurd, and are only to be found amongst the igi.o rant, (unfortunate)) e Urge portion of the population,) who ere accustomed to consider their ruleis invincible . therefore, it the tyrant is caught, it will greatly alia; their looliah lears. There has little or no change taken place in the gov eminent ea y et The native tunctiuuaria* hsve still tneu placet, noi withstanding there are aspirants here aa wail *lih -nn?>mn u l.n bi* r-i Iv In till unv nftiI'm in lh* 1 gilt of c/cd Kearney or the government, tiom governor down; and, what in moat extraordinary, the very men who were to full ol patriotism, and ae eager to light the battlea ol their counuy. would now lay down their arms in order to fill a petty office in Santa Ke. Indeed, I have had myaell not leas than three applicatiotn to intercede for meu, aome of whom you well know, and would be aatoniahed were I to uame them ; but you know that I a:n very modeat in mattera of thia kind, and even if I had any influence 1 would be vety particular in the manner of ita diapoaal. Gen. Kearney will be abaent about fifteen daya, at the expiration of which we mar expect to depart tor California. But much ia yet to he done before that ia undertaken; and let it be conducted aa it may, ita accomplishment will be attended with great difficulty, and ita per formanoe, by an army, will be a feat nuchas hue never been dona before But I wilgnot dwell longeron this subJect, as those unacquainted with the nature of the country would suspect nie of leaking an excu>e to beck out from so arduous an undertaking. Kar from it. On the contrary, I am anxious for it, so far aa my individual comforts are concerned; moreover, 1 kold it a high honor to balong to the advance guard of that American army 1 which will have the glory of planting the etara and stripes on the eho.-es ol the Pac fic. 1 he traders have all aritved hare, and, together with 1 the army, make Santa Ke a crowded aa well aa lively ] place But very tew important aalaa will be made here this year, and, as they have a very heavy sto?k of goous 1 on band, I know not what they will do with them unless they can go south; but aa wa have learned nothing of Gen Wool's movemeuts, it ia considered too much risk tn m in that direction, until there is some eertaintv of pro ection. I think many of tham now wiib thay bad itaid at ihorne, for, with tha immense number of atock and men. with every thing double what it waa before, their outlay ia nereaaaiily much more than they can af- 1 lord (ram the profile of any aalea which they are likely to make thia trip. eases Youra, he , Itc , Thomas piTzrATaice. INCIDENTS fcc , OF THE WAR. [From tha National Intelligencer 1 Lieutenant Cbarlea Hoskins, of the 4th infantry, who waa killed in that gallant charge in tha atreeta ot Mon terey on tha 3tat September, waa a native of North Carolina. He graduated at West Point in IHSA, and waa Adjutant of hie regiment at tha lima ol hia death. Aa an offlcer ho waa aver active and dietingui?hed. Ha rendered vary important eervicee in hia capacity aa adjutant in tha batUea al the 8th and 8th of Mat Nat Aa (Quarterraaatar in tha old t,berokeeanetion in 1B#8,under Oeneraia Scott and Wool, hia aervicea were pre-eminent in all tha operationa pieluninary to tha removjt of tha Charokeaa. To attempt to hear any sufficient tribute to hia tare virtuea aa a man, a gentleman, and a friend, might cauaa thia notice to tranacend ita character aa a record interesting to the public. But that public, which cheriahea the glory of the Republic, and inatantly accords ita admiration for such heroic deeds, will feal aa interest in hear ing of the exalted private worth of auch men, and will ay muath to with those who lament their departure and extol their virtues. Lieut Hoekins possessed a quick -aseaAlsssae U??lUAt. kaa rhnriihoH ft Kiflrh ft rid fljfift enie of honor, anil wee remaikeble lor the generality and chivalry of hU character, and for thoae * Inning trait* which ever aacarad tha rrgird and re?pert at thoae with whom ba moved The old " North State'" never fumi-hed lor the ranee ofthe count'y a mure choice and noble ?plr.t North Carolina will ever be proud of aon? wnooe high character and gallant hear.oK (hall rival hi* Second Lieutenant J S Wood*, of the 31 infantry, then on duty v? ith the 4'h Infan'ry, who waa killed ma t h rge waa e native of t'ennay lvania He graduated ai Weil Point in IS4I. He wai breveted a drat lieutenant for hi* gallantry on the Oh May at Reaaca de la fa I ma whllat tarving in the 4>b infantry, in captnring a Held piece from the Mexican! with a vary few man He waa ayonng and modeat officer, eon of a clergyman in the interior ol Penniy lvania. The citir.ena of hia native town had juit prevented e a word to him for bit gallantry on the flth of May, little dreaming that he wea ao roou to exhibit the aame apirit in another aigual victory which numbera him among the (lain. Flrat Lieutenant DouglaaaS Irwin,of the third Infantry, killed at the battle of Monterey, wax tha eon of Major Irwin, of Old Point ("omtort, a gentleman well known and highly reapected by all the nfficera of tha army . Lieu'enant Irwin waa educated at Waat Point, and di?tinguiahed himaetf in tha Ho ids war He wee a mild, amiable man. haloved by tha army, and hia fate la deeply regretted by all hia companion* in arma. Had he livad he would have rapidly risen to command, aa he |MM>a*(ted all lb'1 requisite* of an ahl-< r ffl.-er All of the offl era of the regular army who hare fallen in ihoae brilliant battle* at aiouterey were gra m alaa of Point, except Lieut Torrctt, lit Inlan iy | fiom Viiginia, a young officer of high promi-e Tbu<e 1 hat lea reflect unlading iuatre U|K>n our arm* and ex- j t.i?'it a remarkable iuauuee of what Ameiicau troop* can I accompliah even in atonning entrenched po-iuom held by superior number*. Tranalatlona fro a* Meileait Janrnala. [From tha Waahington Union.] Oeneral Sola* and hia coadjutor* in the new government appoar to ba vary active in iaauing decree", and i tha paper* are alill Ailed with declaration*, from differ ant part* of the country, of adheikin to tie pratent anthoiUioa, and to the plan of the citadel, breatniog a very i patrioticapirit in pompona teima, hut thcia doe* not aoamtobeeny raanlfettation of aiibataatiai potriotlam _ among tha people. I The Dim I# Official o( the 10th of September, puhliahea the document* relatiog to the oc-upalion oi Naur Men- , co by Uonaral Heart.. > (ieneral Annijo. ma loiter dated at the lownol ManaabJ Angnat90 end addreaeed to the commandant k*o*' ?l of the department of CbttiU ehue, (General *' >?? icoa hia arrival In that , town with ?ixM n , .# - ? .ay?. that would follow him i from Sent* he.* i r ? ? e?|d*?n ?*BUgerto the raoee *y ihe ther# abeodeood him. He mya that the repuiotieo waa aonerally In Invar of the American sevenuaent, end thot the number of L'aHod Miw troop* la taali ?i, It te eortaln T ' L ii. 'flM (lent*. knowledge. did not exceed three thousand, nor fall hort of twenty-flee hundred, General Ugarte aubaeuuently marched at the head of auch troops a* ha could and in the department of Chihuahua, for the purpo<e of proceeding to Mania Fe, followed by (Jen. Armijo with bia aiaty men aa a rear guard ; but while on the road, (Jen Armijo, who wee a day'a march behind Oen Ugar tc, ec nt an expreta to the latter to inform him that honed learned positively, and beyond all doubt, that 0,0(10 Americana would appear in the prnid,o it I S?rt* on the leet day ef Auguatprcciaely. whereupon Oen. L'garte came to u halt A decree or order waa lamed bv Oen Halaa on the 4th of September, appointing a hearif of lour commiasionan to draw up a plan for rewa ding deserters from the Am*ikau army, by offei ing a cession of lamia and oiber ascouragements. Viom the preambla to tbia decree, it ep|>aara that it ia founded oil the aupi>oaition that Dot only many of the regular tronpa. hut many of the voluntaar* of the United 8 atea army , are ioreignara, who bar# retorted to a aoldiar'a life merely aa a uiaana of livelihood, and that nothing more ia required to induce them to damrt than te offer a higher rowaid than they receive from our guve-ument. Tbia decree ia part of a acheme for rajoiiug foreigners, sketched some time ago in a Vara Crux papar, and apparently now seriously adopted by Iba government. The Diario Official of the 7th of September, after am jouncing the arrival of the 4th brigade of tho amy at 4a.i Luia Potoai, on iu march to Muuteioy, aay a: " Tba present supreme government hat exhausted all itameaM, a order to make a auccesaful campaign against the invalera. ***** It has done mora than the etrait>ned circumstances in which the nation ia placed would ^orrait." The French brig Duvirier. of 209 tons burdon, from Havre, arrived at verm Crux on tho 14th of fteptemhar, with a valuable assorted cargo, including, amoDg other xrticlea, a quantity of iwordf. bhe must, of oourao, lave run the blockading force. The editorial* of the Mexican newepaper* on the enbact of tho war. lika the d iclarations of the public bedioo ind authorities in the departments, aro all profaaaedly In avor of a vigorous prosecution of tho coatest. The reason of this is, that each party or faction stands ready to ehuke and overthrow the other, on the ground Of want if patriotism, if it manifesta an inclination for peaoe, at a acrlflce of any ol tho alleged righu or interests of tho onntry. All, therefore, are obliged, in self defence, to teep up an appearance of eulor for tho war, and to b# rery cautious in manifesting pacibc propensities. But la he most intelligent and liheial Journals, it laoasy to par: !?* a latent willingness to admit that peace with the lulled tliatas. accompanied with a earnAc* of territory, f attended with a gun amy tor the tut ore, i* tho oourao lit'latvd by reason ao-i souud patriotism Tho papers contsin very Utile with roepoet to tho Inances of the government The voluntarv contribu ous in support of the war appear ti ho fewer now than it its commencement A list of contributions iu one of he departments is published, amounting in ail to seventyIve dollars. Ureal dissatisfaction is expressed In some of the Jour tale at the arrangement mad*, in London, by Mr. Mnr my, me .<iexicau minuter ro r.ngiau t, Kir U'DIIID.IM be \leura Schneider, agent! of tne republic for the roneriion of the Mexican foreign debt, amounting to hfty n.lliom of dollar! The agieemant wae made wilhthe lohler* of Metiican fund* iu Loudon The particular* of it iad not been made public, but the term* were auppoeed o be highly dieadveniegi-oui to Mexico, particularly ia he alleged lal# of the revenue from tobacco The Rtpublicano declared that the minuter, Murphy, ixceeded hii poarers, end that the egreeaent made by iim and the other coinmiulonere i* void, tteuor Luia de a Koia, the Secretary of the Freaeury, under wheae dlection tha agreement wae pertly mede, bai addreaaed a ong letter to the editor! ol the Htpublicmno In which he ielentia it, and lay that the tobacco revenue was not old. hut merely mortgaged; that he bad received forth* (uvernmrnt, Horn tin ugieenient an advance of hell a million ot dollar*, arid wa? to have received, 'nail more lieu a million and a hail iu caih; and that the termi of he agieement woul I have I'imird-heu the national debt rum eight tn ten mdiioi.e ol* On the i-.u, ol tugiut, a hoard ap minted by tiut govt i iiiiieni, lamonaiattt x ol li e i hit i cieika ol the dilfeint oepariuiHiilk a id ol deitoii K<-jon, Har<> y Tantai if, Karia* ai d I a: to met to take into rouiideiatioti the igieeineui and-locumeii i wlai.g to it nuheequantiy, a appeara h; the Monitor of the 3oth ot Augu-t, the go rernmeot appointed a commiiaiuutr, Don Bciito Fariae, opiocee i to Loud n on nu-iuaai couneried with the areugcuieiit of ihe deut, and the nnie paper mention! a eporl that Beiioi Haro y Tamariz had been com minion d by the hoitee of Lizaidi k Uro.hrra, the lormar egeuti >1 the govemment of Maxico. to offer now propoeale reipccting tba converaion ol the debt, hiuce the loiegotng review wee prepared, wa hav* leceivnu a uie 01 in.- i.ui umuinr 01 vcn i n I, in* latest iete bemgiihe i?ih of September. On tuc .'3.1 ol eeptetnber public meeting of tbo clti zeua at Vol* < lUz was held iu tLc 1U11, tbo chef jl tbo department acting it president. Tfto objocl of [be meeting wan to constitute a junta potriotica, or patiiotic committee, for the purpo-e o( raising means and receiving subscription* to anl tbo government in the war witu the United States. A committee of thirteen araa accordingly elected, to compote the junta patrij/ico and theie the matter no doubt ended, inaiaueb aa [he tubaequent numbers of the Lecamatar contain bo further mention of it, nor any account of contiibutlona obtained General Salts, on the 22.1 of September, ditmiseod Uontral Tornel from hit aiiuation as director of the college of mining?an important office. Tornel, in his lot ter acknowledging the receipt of his dismiaeal, contends that Salaa had no legs! right to diamiM him: aod the Rrpvblicana. while denouncing the measure as higb-b?udtd, whatever might be the errors of Tornel, say a : "We canaot do leas than manliest all the displeasuie which every good citixeo muet feel on seeing guarantees trampled uu ler foot, eui persecution let loose against those who are reputed aa enemies of the existing state of thinga," and that "it U an unworthy policy, and one unsui'ed to a eoun'ry apilt into factions, wbicb seeks to cement itaelf by vengeanoe and persecution " According to the Rrpuhlitana, the reception of Santa Anna in the city ol Mexico, was most antiiusiastic It ays Women children, old men, men ot the people snid of the higher classes ol society, all wished to embrace him, to take bis band, an<i approach as near as poe ible to his person. No one wished to lose a single on# of his looks, or be prevented from hearing one of hi* worna. II j a decree of the 30th of Sept, .'leneral Sola* appointed e council of government, conaiating of thirteen inoividual*. who were to have a talary of two hvnurad and filty dollar* a month each. Uomea Kari?i wee appointed the preaident, Gomez Pedraza, Ignacio Trigueroe, and Dther*. member*. The duty of tho council wee to adviae the executive, and itwaato be inataJled the let of Oct According to the itatementa of the national revenue In the official paper, the whole income of the government la hardly equal to the aggregate of the lalariea aaatgned to the member* of thi* council The Intargrntt, ot (Juannjuato, of the 10th of Sept, e> " By an eapre**, which reached thl* capital on Sunday liat, we learn efflcially that Santo Fa, in New Mexico, ha* been taheu by a division of three tbouaand men from the United Statei, who, alter taking poiaeeaion of New Mexico, are preparing to invade the frontier* of Chi huahua. " The enemy i* advancing on all tide* with a frightful celerity, and, it may almoai be *aid, without mooting any oppoaition ; and wo bohold him penetiato the heart of the republic with an insensibility and apathy which am horrible, which freeze the heart, and indicate a latuie at which the soul shudder*. "Never can wa sufficiently curse the salflah and parricidal calculation which induced certain administrations to regard the Taaas war as an object of gain, depriving it of its prtuif, rendering it odious to the people, whw never saw appropriated to it the numerous contribution* which it was made a pretext lor exacting from them, stifling the national spirit, and disarming the department*. in order that they might fall an easy prep to the adventurers of the nortn." SIMv lA -I A.SU UltLlM ?? I Be MfV first else., Is" ?? copfwrvri and eo,.per fssieaed JEBAfabeik WlillOV R Oelsroe master. wilt be deerTTT-.f'> is >o*vn,bs for Csliforai i end Or-goe. touehiiig ,t ?lo.i rrey.i-l n"'""0 ' rrgou I jty.l olumbta < *?, id if luda'enie.its ere ?* rrd. si orher la eimeoi t? por.s. Koi frright or ,.? *.*. -S ?" * *? eommodmneea. apvly .u hoard, el tlie foot of lx<v*r e.ieel. or at su jt Libertt at., "" "j? txs. KOR OLASOOW-flntil-r Packet let [So* ? JWi-Th. has user Bi packet ship BKUOKnBV, Mi IBUImw one, Cept. Hugh NicLeea, will sail aa above, bar rtguiai uay . .... For freight or paaeage, having splendid accommodations, apply oa board, foot of Ko**? elt street, test K VV 1 WOOUHULL k MlNTUkN. I ni rh *7 Hon in ttreetONLV ttk.?H!L \R hiNtor PM H-Jf* AStJOW?I'achet ill let Piovembji^-Tha ?>'* HLiiil new and feet tailing packet ship BROUK*"B i, Caputs McKwts, will positively sail aa above, her reaalar i'hisihtr has splendid aceomntoditioae for eebia. ??ro?d cabin eud stevra?* pas eusers Those aboat te proceeaito Scotland are aatnred tint the shi|t?.aomgps_'ug_tni*_lt re sell po itively oa the let of each mouth chose wfchi'" -J" care berths, sh mid make sol/ .ppiicettos on b..e-o r<?.U of Roosevelt street, or to w h J T. 1 Ar c u > i ?ta SaHonrhs' "d H.ort*'"* Hurl.n??'lp '' ' _ ' . _ . I s ,. ri A V t fca?U?(<1 ulltr? ' dCaflt if nVi\?A C M Jm. "? ??*, will Mil fw (Im ?? p., if, f 'nM I F~ rt A L T lM"Kfc From Me i '* ? ,e|flk ! ' ... ... hv this *htp will plr* a tend the netgXTj " h ..,j . ier Soi. \or h river, ui to the ?!*&""( u" b ?'-,b iVu It HI.Ni KKN.W Wstlst tlttlC - . ..1 . fl. au. milt ka sai.l fit (til llnK All K o<i? o"' P'rm""" ' ' rtfr ' r .Mr? . ? ? A, k,.| sulf BHMUjn. .run i,i?a'.?><>l ? l,ih-| -1" ?'??' " W WW CQr.hiri r.H.f or Will dtr?OI Ml *oo?le no! perrni . liTTTTe .ln?. ? 'II h* '< ? "? p"bl,f "** TT~ KOlt 1.1 V tHiOUL-lh' N?? Lim?lU.aia* __?lll_l ? L.I of Il?t N.iTrmb?r?The Well konwd, fcdl S&L'.hVi p,ck.t ?h>p HOTTINUUEM. IMO iwi rSnTOnUT. Mnalor *?y horfmsht or haTlu* sp'rndidIft'gO IM W?W t?bl? ifn'o room* cabin, *??|>ly to tbo CtpUift on boord. ?Mt ?>0f ol Burl in, .lip. ^^0DHULt ,, MINTURN. 17 Hoaih ivh Pried ol p???t* Vi 1 he packet .hip LIVERPOOL, 1?0 hum hartbod, Co*. John Elrlridfe. will ?nr-eerl the HoMiafaat. u?l Mil od regdlv ddT. ?'?t t>?c-mh?r . SB... *.... "^^.aExrt'srgretvr OlTrc or to BOYD* HINffrtN. w W,;|, cor WUdf LAKU. 81JSP1"*"* WfMWlW.

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