Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 30, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 30, 1846 Page 1
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JJLiiL ..L J mi h T H ] I M.XO,l?.MX-WteUR?.?8S f f,.#HLY INTERESTING xsTTBAZizaBaroxi FROM THS SEA TOF W A R. FULL PARTICULARS OF TUB S rORlWTNG OF MONTEREY. IStXKHBSinNQ DETAILS OK THE OOV&AOB or TSB AlCSZlZaAlT TP.OOPS. THE EVACUATION OF MONTEREY. Arrival of Lieutenant Amistead at Katamoras. Sic. Sac. &c. [From the New Orleans Jettersotuan, Oct. 31 J The steamship Galveston, Capt. Wright, about which some anxiety has been felt, arrived last evening. She left Brazos Santiago on Wednesday, tha 14th inst., With a large mail, proceeded to Galveston, where she laid for throe days, and left on Sunday afternoon for this jarrt. Among her passengers we notice and greet with a warm welcome, Lieut Sackett, of the 1st dragoons He is bound for New York, on recruiting service. The Galveston also brings some other officers, among v'hom we notice Major Johnson. of the commissary department, appointed t>y the Preaident under the late law, and attached to the Ohio brigade of volunteers. Tho Major has tendered his resignation, and proceeds to his residence in Cincinnati, to attend to hie private busiMM From Major Johnson, who waa in the late battles, we learn tbet our army under Gen Taylor is in the quiet possession of Monterey , and thet there is no suspicion of any Mexican troops being near him. Santa Anna it reported to ha at San Luis Potosi, at the Lead of an army, and that Ampudia has gone with his forces to mpet him at that place. The force, when concentrated, will amount to 30 000 men, and there ia a general belief that it ia the intention of (Jen Santa Anna to move forthwith, and attack (Jen. Wool as he advance*. On the 3th ioat, a train waa started Irom Monterey to Camargo iar provisions. On the 6th Oen Taylor's express was to (tart for the same destination, to reach a steamboat detained for him, provided he arrived at Caniaigo before the train, and proceed direct to the Brazos with despatches The train got there before him, and up to the titue of Major Johnston leaving Camargo in the steamboat, which was several hoars after his arrival with the train, no cxpreaa had arrived. It waa generally believed there that some accident had happened to the express fider. *? General Worth and his brigade are spoken of in tho highest terms of praiso by the officers who have arrived hare, and the battle generally is regarded as one of the most brilliant victories. The loss of the Americana ia not over 600, while that of the enemy, notwithstanding their superior positions and fortifications, is estimated at nearly treble the number. The terms of capitulation as well as the armistice on the part ot General Taylor appear to have been justified. tut as to thia and the real history of the battle, we mutt war. until the official ret* ns come on. It appears that the Baltimore Battalion and the Alabaroiana were nearly cut up, and (offered dreadfully from a galling fire in the etreete. Indeed the whole of the volunteers engaged are represented as acting most nobly, Lnd <ti>l all which men or soldiers could do. A return of the killed and wounded has not yet reached us. It is laid that General Ampudia was so much frighten 8 lest the Twriana would kill him, thBt he begged Gen Worth to furnish an escort for kfs security, on his departure, which was accordingly done. There were vague tumors at Monterey that Santa Anna was at the head of an army, and marching to meet Gen. Taylor. [From the New Orleans Delta, Oct 31 J The Mexicans had marched out of the city of Monterey urauaat to the terms of the armistice, passing the Rin> onada. (the prescribed boundary,) and drawing up at San Luis Potosi; and our army was in full possession of Monieroy. We have seen a letter from Gen P F. Smith, (Colonel Smith) He says, speaking of the battle:?"We have taken thirty two pieces of brass cannon, an immense amount of ordnance stores, and are now in possession of all tho works, city, and surrounding country." The Mexican force at Monterey could not have been less than 10,000 or 13,000 men ; and now that their forts have Ixea examined by our engineers, they are prououwsad to be of the strongest end most scientific oon struction?impregnable, indeed, it would seem. There is a uoin: in the nroarramme not before known. which ii: tkwt the first flag ol truce proceeded from Gen.' * Weith. He asked for a cessation of hoatilitiei, 10 far aa hi* commaud and the division opposed to it were concerned. while they would be burying their dead in common giave. Tbia waa refused. Ampudia aometime thoreaftar sent a flag to Gen. Worth, asking a cessation vf arms until he could convey the women and children 0; the city out of the town. To this Gen. Worth would sot li Ampudia next sent a flag of truce to Uen. Taylor, Mking uu what conditions he weald grant an armistice v'4*? Taylor replied that the conditions should be that they would surrender as prisoners of war This Ampudia lejec Wd; and then, at the suggestion of some ol his officers, >-<en- Taylor sent a commission to the Mexican General, composed of Uen. Worth, Oen. Hendtison, of Texas, an *1 C?1 Dsvis, of Mississippi, to arrange ibe terme of an I'tjniatice, and they fixed on (he terms finally agreed to. ,^#twitjstanding this, wo learn thst strong dissatisfaction is expressed towards General Taj lor, mure particularly am.''h(f the volumeer wing of the army, lor havu.g assented to the armistico. The Mexicans, they believed, would have held out manyhours longer, and they (the Americans,j Lad plenty of tmniani'.iou, at least lor the email ei'tn*. All the Mexican cannon ol a heavy calibre were le*ft in Monterey.? But the Mexicans, it seems, were still iXJore dissatisfied with their General?for, two daya after the capitulation, they elected Gen. Mejia to the command, in place of Am pM'lia. They lelt disappointed in the numerical force ol the Americans; they thought it was vastly stronger than, in taking possession ol the city, they found it to be; andheie it maybe proper to remark, that, at the time ol the capitulation, the enemy held possession of tLu f a hedral as well as the Citadel. The number of Mexican* killed and wounded has not been ascertained. It if believed to be 3,000. The num her of the American killed and wounded is set down at MO. 01 whom 300 are believed to have been killed. The robber chief Canalea, with a large force under his command, ii at San Fernando, indulging in hi* favorite system ot warfare, wherever he can find isolated or de ached parties of the American army. Ho has killed, lo oi a instance, a Texan sutler, and in another, taken some thirty pack mules, carrying on stores from Came; go to Monterey. The Texan volunteers, Rangers and all, are discharged. The wounded iu Monterey are doing well, and there was little or no sickness there. A co-respondeat writing from Camargo to the Amtrican Fug, ?ays:? I actually believe a majority of the people would be wili ng to diapute superiority with us inch by inch. An excuse is at ham) for every new defeat, anil in another engagement they promise themaelves a certain victory. Several volunteers were murdered in this vicinity within the last lew days. A party of men not attached to the army, seven tn number, mostly all Germans, on ' their way to Cerrulvo from here, were attacked by the Meaic. na, and feur of their number killed; the other three mode their escape, and have got in here. I had almost forgot to mention to you that steamers do not consider this the bead ot navigation; but are proceeding above here to Mier. The Major Brown lelthere for .Mier, and even at the present low stage ot water, it is said she will reach there without difficulty. [Krom the New Orleans Picayune. Oct.91 ] The steamship Galveston, Captain Wright, arrived yesterday afternoon from Brazoa Santiago, coming by way of Galveston. She has relieved our citizens of the pain.ul suspense which ttiey hare endured (or maDy days Our aovices from Monterey some down to the 6th of October. The city is in the quiet occupation of cur iraopt. The evacuaUon it described in the letters of our r 01 reei oni.ent Ancr panning the letters we have received by the Galveston, and miking freely with several military gentlemen, it gives us pleasure that we have no corrections to make in the first report which we gave ef the battles of Monterey. 1 he following order of Oen Taylor announcing his victory istiom the Jimerican Hag of the 10th inst.:? Oantits?No 113. Hasn Qusbtkbs Abut or OcccrsTiotv, ) Camp near Monteiey, Hept 37, 1 ai Id. J Tha Commanding General has the satisfaction to con O gte'ulate the Army under hU commend upon another e.gnal triumph over the Mexican forces. Superior to ui in num(>ers, atrongly lurtilled. and witb an immonaa preponderance o( artillery, they hare yet been driven from point to point until loreed to iua tor ternii of oapitulation. Much tar ma have been ((ranted aa were couaiderod due to the Reliant deience of the town and to the liberal policy of our own government. The Gene i al begs to raturu hia thank a to hia commaedera and to all nia oftlceis and man, both of the tegular and volunteer foicee, lor the skill, the courage and tue peraeverance with which they have overcome manifold .lldtcultiet^and finally achieved a victory ahedding lualra upon the American arma. A great reault haa been obtained, but not without the lox ot many gallant and accomplished officers and bravo m?n. The Army and the country will deeply ayrap.. th./.nwith the families and fnenda of tboaa who have thua aealad their devotion with their Uvea. by order ol Major General TAYLOR : (Signed) W W S BLI8A, As*t. Ad'jt. General. official: OF.O. A. M'CALL, A??t Adjt Gen We ere glad to hear that the report brought over by the McKim of the death of Col. Met.lung, ol the Minisslppi voluntas! a, waa totally unfounded. An officer who let t Monterey on the 8th inat aaya that he waa improving, siid it waa thought he would recover. Hia fnenda will regret to bear that Lieut Dilworth, of the l?t Inlentry, haa dia l of hia wounda. Liaut. Graham, ol the 4th Infantry, wea atill alive, and hopes were even niertained that he would reoovar. He ia so desperately wounded that hia recovery would be deemed a miracle, If E NE NE 1 but he ha* great (trength of comtitutioo, and hi* nume- ! rou* friend* Jo not d**peir. Major Lear, of the 3d Iufantry, i* doing well, and it i* believed that he will recover. The death oi Hermann 8. Thomaa, of Harford county, ; Md., will be deeply felt in hi* native State. He had joined McCullcch'* lunger* to *ee active aervice, and fell in itormixg the lecoiid height. Capt. Owen, (formerly Lieutenant,) of the Baltimore , Buttalion, left Monterey on the 6th in?t, and we are indebted to him for many intereatiug detail*. He infoini* u* that the American loa* in the three action* i? let down at Ave hundred aud ?ix'.y-one, killed and wound* I. Oar oerrespouueni, w-rinng on me avui ult . ma';, x the Ions a little lesi, but it bed not then been ascertaine i with precision The Mexican Ion ha* not been, and probably I never will be, ascertained with certainty. It is believed toe ice J one thousand. Tbo great subject canvassed in the Army continued to , be the terms granted to lien Atnpudia. Officers and men were so assured that a lew houre more fighting would bare forced them to an unconditional surrender, that it vexed them to have their pray escape. One explanation attributes to Cien.Taylora generous forbearance towards a gallant foe. It is urged that Oau Ampudia made the defence of Monterey contrary to the wishes and even orders of Santa Anna. Having himself eiected many of the defences of the city, and taken it upon himself to protect it at all hazards, his responsibilities bore heavily upon liitn; and after the gallant deleuco made by his army, Oen. Taj lor was in :uced to be lenient towaids him. But this is the reasoning of others , we do not discard or adopt it. Others say that Oen. Taylor yitl.led with reluctance to the opinious ot the thtee officers next in command, to whom the matter was refarred in a council of war This, too, is but speculation. The same subject is touched upon in the letters subjoined, to which we refer. We regret te say that cortain difficulties had occurred at Camtirgo, which it was grievously feared would lead to two private hostilo meetings, in which two of our citizens were to take part. We regret to allude to such a subject, and do it only to meet the exaggerated rumors in circulation in regard to the matter. It is stated that Brig. Oen. M arshuli, of Kentucky, had demanded satisfaction Irom Col. Bailie Peyton, of this city, and that a meeting would take place, probably on the 11th inst. Another difficulty was to be arranged at about the same tinio, and in a similar mode, between Captain Mussoa, of this city, and Captain Shivers, of Texas. Most sincerely do we hope that an adjustment may have beon effected without resort to arms In tne American Flag we find announced the death of Captain Robert Mitchell, Assistant Quartermaster to the Indiana Volunteers. lie died at Matamoras on the 7th instant A warm eulogium is paid to him in the Flag. We find the following in the Flag of the 7th inst. : ? list of Men who have tied in Ocneval Hotpilal at Polk, Te.rat, (root Sepf 1st fa Oct. hth, 144(1 Sept. 4th, McDowell; 7th, Newton; 10th, Weeden; 7th, Ottinger?all privates of the 4th Artillery ; 14th, Odell, private, 7th Infantry ; 30th, Tjmms, private, 3d Infantry; 4th, Ryan, corporal, Ath Infantry ; 3d, Stubblefield. 1st Regiment Tennessee Volunteers ; 12th, John Bralton ; 4th, James Wray ; 0th, Johnson ; 7th, Lautz ; 14th, W. Cranmore ; Otb, John Lewis; Oct. 3d, John Peyton ; 4th, C. H. Hopkinson?all privates of the 1st Regiment Indiana Volunteers; 3d, Mints, Ordnance Corps. Forty-ene volunteers have been ischarged during the same period. Oen. Patterson has promulgated the following order, which gives some offence, we perceive, at Matamoras' We copy it from the Flag i? TO ALL WHOM IT MAT COSCEBW. The following regulations are published for the information of all masters of steamboats, lie, running on the Rio Grande, and not in the employ of the government of the United States ; and any violation of these regulations will subject said boat to an interdiction of the privilege of navigating the rivor at all. 1st. No citizen of the United States, or of the republic of Mexico will be received as a passenger Jon board of said boats, without the written permission of the commanding officer of one of the military posts on the river, | or a commissioned officer of the United States Quartermaster's Department. 3d. No goods of any description will be allowed to be transported on said boats which are not consigned to the Ouurtaimaflter'i or Huhfiistanira denarfmonti tA on otfior I of the line of the army, or to the regularly appointed sutler* of the army. 3d. No freight of any deioription wi 1 be allowed to be landed at any post on the river not occupied by the troops of the United States above Matamoras, unless so ordered by a commissioned officer ol the U. 8. Quartermaster's department. By order of Maj. Oen. Patterson, U. 8. A. GEO. A. McCALL, Acs't Adj't Gen. Somo excitement has been occasioned at Monterey by the refusal of G*n. Taylor to allow Col. Cazenau to open a stock of goods at Monterey, which ho had brought there at great expense. It was said he was required to pay over to the alcalde of the city the same duties which would have bean exacted had a Mexican imported them for sale The following order of General Patterson will promote the safety of travellers going to and from Monterey:? Oaocas?No. 0. HcADquaxTEBs Army or OccrrATiox,) Camargo, Sept. 29, 1846 ? Agreeably to the terms of an armistice entered into by Maj. Oen. Z. Taylor, commanding the army of occupation, and the commander of the Mexican forces at Monterey, it was established that all the troops in the service of the Mexican government should retire west of a line passing in a north and south direction, thirty miles to westward of Monterey. All bodies of armed Mexicans, therefore, who shall be found henceforth in the neigh borhood of the Rio Grande, or on the route to Monterev, will be viewed as acting without authority from their government officers, and will be considered and treated as outlaws. The recent murders in this vicinity and on the road call for decided action, and the commanding general directs that all the commanders of posts and camps on the river, and of escorts ou the route, use every exertion to apprehend any Mexicans who may be found in their vicinity bearing arms; and furthermore, that in the event of resistance or attempt to escape of said Mexicans, they shall be treated as outlaws and enemies to maultind and shall be tired upon by the troops, and captured or destroyed. By order of Major Gen. Patterson : GEO. A. McCALL, Asst. Adjt. Gen. Official : John M. Brannan, Lt. 1st Arty. Acting Adjt. That some order of this kind was called for will appear from the circumstances detailed in the following letter received by a gentleman in Matamoras and published in ?he Flat- The death of Dr. Alsbury is confirmed from anothei source : Cekalvo, Mexico, Sert. 27. 181#. From existing circumstance*, it devolves upon me to inform you respecting the recent robbery of >our Roods under charge of Dr. Alsbury On Monday night last, when within one mile and a half of Ramos, on the Monterey road, some of the oxen attached to the carts gave out, and were unable to proceed further. In order to procure fresh oxen, Or. Alabury, a Mr. McLain and mj sell proceeded on to Ilamos. Immediately after we had lett the carts a large body of Kanse Indians anil Mexicans attacked those left in charge, drove them off, and robbed the carts of all the goods, and all our clothing and money. On the next day (Tuesday) myself and two companions were attacked, when near Marine, by about forty or filty .Mexican cavalry in ambuscade ? Dr. Alsbury, I am of opinion, was killed ; young McLane escaped on his horse, and has been met on his way to Monterey. My horse was shot from under me, and to this I attnbute my escape. I reached this place on loot, with loss of horse, pistols, and every thing 1 possessed. Injustice to Or Alsbury, I will add, that he did every thing to forward your interests by his own efforts. D. HfcAKD. THE DETA1I.S OP THE SIKOE. (Krom the New Orleans Picayune, Oct. 31.) itioraTBKKT, nepi. ??, itMO I should hare written yen before thii late h?ur, but I knew, all the while, that our regular correspondent 'H.' ?u keeping you well acqnainted with the stirring events of the past week, and little time had I, even could I have put hands upon writing materials, to giro you an account of the doings of the 3d division of the Army. Krom the time the Mexican Lancers commenced the attack upon our advance, late on the afternoon of the 30th inst. up to the final capitulation on the afternoon of the 34th, there was literally no rest to the soles of the feet of any man in Urn Worth's command. The raiu on the nights of the '30th and 31 at, combined with the constant expectation of an attack fiom the enemy, were causes sufficient to drive awey sleep; but to these should be added hunger and that excess of latigue which drive* off slumber, as well as the circumstance that many of us had wounded comrades demanding attention; with thia combination ol drawbecki you can eaiily conceive that one had little time or inclination for writing Speaking of wonnded comrades reminds me of poor Thomas lie was one of the moat daring apirita in Mc ( allock'a company, and had his horse wounded in the charge the enemy's lancers made upon us on the morning of the 31et On the following morning, while storming the battery on the height overlooking the Bishop's Falace, he wee mortally wounded, and aftrr suffering in credibly died on the merning of the 34th. A ausketbali shattered his hip joint, et the same time that the brave Capt. Gillespie wa* shot through; and the two are now quietly retting side by side on the height where tbey received their death wounds?Mount Oiflespio, as it ha? been appropriately named by Oen Worth. The friends of Thomas are among lha most respectable in Maryland, he was in the tame mess with myself, and it may afford hit acquaintances some consolation to know that every i attention was paid him, during his last hours, that cir| would admit. Of the thousands of Mexican soldiers that occupied tnu uinraitar 01 a rown a row uaya aince, not ai many hunilrsila now remain. At one time, ao confident were Ampudia and hii generala of aucceaa, that thay lent Romano with fifteen hundred or two thouiand cavalry in the rear of Gen. Taylor, to cut otf bia retreat. The "redeeming'' game of the Texana and regulara on the afternoon of the 23d?digging through and under houaea, taking,inch by inch,hut never giving one ? and then the cloae proximity ol the 34 pound mortar ao aucceaafully worked j by Major Mtinroa and Lieut. Lovell-all combined to intimidate the Mexican* to o degree that induced them to I aue for terme. sheila from the mortar fell and exploded all around the great cathedral?had one entered that eetabliahment, filled aa it waa with ammunition, every : houae on the main Plara would have been riven to frag mente, and the loaa of life would have been fearful To par* the ahedding of ao much blood and ao terrible an injury of property, were aome of the mein cauaea that induced Gen. Taylor to offer the Mexican commander the terma he did. I aew Ampudia aa ha laft town for Saltillo on tha morning of the 20th?rode aloug in hie eacort for a mile auSLk ul V!? Ijl* wiwh-br every page In hia black hJatory provee hun auch-looked craat-falien, W YO W YORK. FRIDAY MOR nervous, end timid to a degree. Ho *u fearful loot soma of the Texan rangers, many of whom had deep wrongs still lo avenga, might shoot him from tho way-side, and as he rods through thoir encampment, situated directly on his route, he could not conceal his fears. They allowed him to pass, however, without oven a cry or a shout of exultation. Opinions am various in camp as to w hether tho Mexicans will non|ofler peace, or make a stout resistance at Saltillo, a larger portion I believe inclining to the latter opinion A Mexican who arrived from that place yesterday reports that thoy hare already commenced fortifying it on an extensive scale: but this should be taken mere ly as a rumorjor story ot a Mexican?the most unrelnble information conceivable. Again, a great many ar i die- l contented ut the terms given tbe Mexicans, and think ' hat thoy now will certainly light again after being let o i so easily. Had the battle oontinuedon the tl-Uh throe ho lis longer the Mexicans would undoubtedly have been > r j carnage would have ensued had not Ampudia senti i proposals for a surrender of the town, for hii forces were huddled, if I can use inch a term, and all tbii General Taylor well Icnew. To earry out the known conciliatory policy of our government, however, appears to have been his aim?to spare life and property, in accordance with I his instructions, his object?and this should relieve him from all censure in the natter. For myself, having some slight knowledge of Mexican character, 1 believe the whole policy of our government is, and haa been wrong lor yeata Showei any quantity of magnanimity upon this people and it is entir ly thrown away?they neither feel nor appreciate it. An inherent pride, which grows upon them with evory step in their downward and disgraceful eerier, causes them to look with a pretended scorn upon every offer of generous forbearance in their adversity; and us well might Van Amburg attempt to conciliate his tigers and hyenas by choice hits of meat and love pata 01 tUa head as those people by acts 01 kindness The policy haa heen tried all summer, and the etlocta of its workings have heen shown by rascally extortions on the part of those of whom our government has attempted to purchuse provisions, and by every exertion on the part of tho military to cut our array in pieces when it beleagured this place about But enough of this for the present?a word or two of news, such as 1 havo to ofl'er. The two Texan regiments, under Colonels Hays and '. Woods, will probably retura home in the course ot a week, and should hostilities recommence fresh regiments, mounted on the best horsas that can be procured, will at i ouoe be raised. An express has como in, stating that Oen. Wool, with SSOO men, was to leave San Antonio yesterday for Chihuahua. What in the name of all that is reasonable so large a force is going in that direction for, is more than I can make out. The whole section is now In the hands of the Camanchos us it were, and tha diffleultv of mov ing to large a number ol men, when one quarter of the force it more than it necessary to tubjugate any army that it now there, or that can be tent, looks to me at almost inturmountable. With not double the number, Oen. Taylor hat marched upon one of the strongholds of the country, and drivon off an army complete in all iti uppointmentt?if Gen. Wool goetto Chihuahua with the number ttated, it seemt to me that he will have no other enemiet to contend with than the worat of all?hunger and tuffering. I hope that he will maroh thit way, where hit tervicet may really be needed. Gen. Taylor it itill encamped at tile old ground, three milea from here?General! Worth and Smith are in town. The main part of the wounded officer* are doing well.? Gen. Butler It recovering, while Cola. McClung and Mitchell are alto in a fair way. MoRTcaar, Sept. 99,18441,) A o'clock afternoon. 5 An exiirett riJer hat thit moment arrived from 8allnaa, which place he left thit morning. It it only a day't ride thit tide of Saltillo, and he itatet, on the authority of a Mexican, that Santa Anna arrived at that city yeiterday morning, or the evening previoua, and at once commenced fortifying the place with vigor. He had no lett than 13 OoO with him, which, added to those which lett here under Ampudia, will twell hit army to over 30,400 men. Report farther hat it, thot he it to erect worka and batteriet close by the Kinconada?the limits of our linea by the tixty dayt' truce. If all thit should prove true, the army may have bloodier work to do than ever. One thing it certain?Santa Anna wat hourly expected here when Gen. Taylor arrived, and many think that Ampudia't reatont for wishing to retire, was the fact that he found himself to a degree surrounded after the tucceitaa of the 3d division, and wat anxious to form a function with hit matter en the beat terms he could make. We shall know more about thit matter in a day or two. Lieut. Oil worth, of the U. S. Infantry, died thit forenoon of hit wounds. Capt. R H. Graham, who was badly shot, it it thought it mending. He belongt to the 4th U. S. Infantry. tire. At tnii nour He received order* to return to camp. Los* on tho 21st, in Captain B ' command, three private* killed and five wounded ; twelve horse* killed and seven wounded. The ofHcers with Captain B. were 1st Lieut*. Geo H. Thomas and J. F. Reynolds, and 2nd Lieut 8. G. French, and he speaks of their conduct in the highest terms. These gallant young officers, the captain and his three lieutenants, had ail distinguished themselves in May last, and have now added new laurels to the chaplets which they then won. The coolness with which they managed to disentangle and withdraw their pieces under the hot fire of the enemy, and the precision which each performed his duties under circumstances so trying, have won the admiration of all who witnessed their behavior. 1U) nolds had his horso wounded twico under him on the 21st. II. CsMaauO, October 6, 1840. It is reported and believed here that the Mexicans are fortifying the road betwoen Saltillo and .Monterey. Santa Anna ana hit troops are to rendezvous at San Luis Potosi on or about the 1st of November. It it also believed that another and still more bloody battle will have to bo fought if the troops advance on Saltillo. The troops and ofHcers left here were the most distressed people you ever taw, when they heard of the battle. Had the volunteers kDown that a battle would i be fought, 1 feel confident they would have gone forward, orders or no order*. Gen. Quitman, I am told, fought in person at the head of hi* command, rushing forward and crying out?" Follow me, my brave boys, follow me." Colonel McClung fought with his sword after he was shot down, and in the moment of sinking from tho lose of blood, drew his pistols and despatched two Mexicans. The regulars are now mum about the volunteer*. The army of occupation are all volnntearrf. Gen. Tatterson, Gen. Marshall, and Gen. Pillow are still i here. The last of the Georgia regiment left yesterday, aa escort to about 1400 pack mulea On the west side of the San Jnan, are the 3d regiment Kentucky volunteer!, a detachment of the 1st regiment Kentucky volunteer*, one regiment Ohio, Major Wall commanding Thesa troops are under command of Brig Gen. Marshall fin tka mcis( ai/l*a nf IVia rtror Drnnml >rul in tho tnurn re a part of Col. Riley'* regiment of 21 Infantry, an Ala- | barno and a Tennessee regiment under command of Oeneral Tillow. Major General Patterson command* j tho poat. The Rer. Mr. McKlroy write* from Monterey, to the Rev Mr. Rae at Matamora*, a* follow* "Sept. 23th.?On Thursday, the fea*t of onr ladv of mercy, the condition* ef the capitulation were agreed to, , anil aigned by both partic*, namely : l?t, That tne Mexican* would deliver up to Gen. Taylor the fort* they *till poiseued, with their cannon and ammunition, and all the public property ; 2nd, That the Mencan troop* would be allowed to go out of Monterey, with their email arm*, ix piece* of artillery, and fifteen day* provision*; 3d, That private property ahoutd be reapectea. MoRTicaer, 27th Sept. We drove them from square to iquare?Col Hay* taking command of one detachment, and Captain Walker of the other?and had it all our own way-, ataiated by Lieutenant Van Vliet'a company of miner*, we drove them from houae to houio, and had them penned up in the great plaza, and in a little while could have anni- | hilated them if it had not been for General Taylor, who | accepted of the lurrender of the Mexican*. It wu a great disappointment to us, for we had old icoree to (cttie. We publiah with great pleaiure aome extract! from a letter addrraeed by General P. F. Smith, to a gentleman ofthie o.ty s? Moist raw, Sept. 3d, 184 A. We arrived in eight of thia place with the whole army onthel9tb. On the 20th, General Worth waa lent to the right with hi* ill vision, la which my brigade la, te mobtxrf.r, Mexico, sept 3b, 1830. Having heard, while the battle was going on, that Bragg's battery had been cut to pieces, with some other exaggerated accounts of the upperations of the troops with which Capt. Bragg acted, and fearing that letterwriters may, in tho haste of sending off news, have repeated these rumors, f will give you the facts somewhat in detail Capt. Bragg marched with his battery of light artillery, on the morning of the 31st, in the direction of tho city, with Col. Oarland's brigade. The brigade was tired on from the enemy's works in the oast end of the town Bragg was ordered to take a position as sear his brigade as the heavy fire from the enemy would permit, and soon after this order was executed, Capt. B. advanced at a rapid rate, under a heavy cross fire from two forts, and joined Col. Oarland. At a distance ot about two hundred yards from where the battery joined Col. O., the enemy opened upon it a galling fire of round shot and musketry from two forts. Capt Bragg now found himself in a narrow street, between stone walls, where it was impossible to brinjf more than one of his guns into sction without firing either into our own troops or against solid masonry. With this one gun he could only rake a street without injuring the enemy, whilst his own command was being cut up by their guns. On reporting these facts, he was ordered to withdraw. It was with great difficulty that this could be done, for the street was so narrow that he was obliged to uniimber the carriages to reverse them. Dead and wounded herses had likewise to bo detached from ths car nages, and on withdrawing ths command waa exposed to the tame cross fire under which it had approached. In thia movement Captain Bragg had two men killed : one man had hia leg sh< t ofl' and was taken prisener, and three others were wounded. Five horses were killed and seven badly wounded. The carriage! were not injured, but the harness and implements were very much damaged. After replacing disabled men and lionet, Captain B. was ordered to and took a position under cover of one of the enemy's works which had been carried by storm. The enemy's cavalry now made a demonstration on the rear of our troops, and Bragg's battery was brought to play upon them with round shot, shells, &c , which killed many of them, and soon scattered them beyond a 1J pound battery which opened upon him. The battely was returned to its cover, and two 6potinders were drawn out and directed against a work which was pouting a galling firo of musketry upon our infantry. Round shot were thrown at this work with much accuracy, but as the enemy kept close, but little execution was probably done. In this position our battery was exposed to constant file from two 12-pounders, hut received no damage. Until 4 o'clock P. M , Captain Bragg's bat!ery was frequently exnosed to the enemy's mmmmmsnemmmmmmmi i m i RK I NING, OCTOBER 30, 1& got in rear of the enemy. On the ttlat they were attacked and dispersed on the road, and my brigado and a detachment of artillery atormed and carried the height* end work* on the further itde of the river. On the feM, the flrst brigade, with Blauchard'i Louisianians. (formed and took the height and Biihop'* palace on this *ide. On the next day we (tormed the town, anl had advanced about a mile in it by night In the morning they sent a flag?in the courie of the diy capitulated. On the other end of the town, on the ^ I at. the l*t and 3 1 division* carrie I a four gun battery, and got po*>e*tion of the edge of the town, und the next day but one entered it same distance, but were withdrawn?their los* wasgreit. If our brigade had remained, it would havo had the cream of the utfair. We have taken thirty-two piece* of bra** cannon, and an immense amount ot ordnanco stores?and are now in possession of all the works, city, and surrounding country [From the Matamoras Flag ] MoeTeRKV. Mexico, Sept -J6, l-i-id. 1 have written no letter to friend or foe since I came here Thi* hM been a day of rent to all, and to me particularly, aa I have not been outfide my quartera during tbe whole day, except to ride through our vanquished I ea and gaze on tho old Cathedral with her towering at eplea, standing giant like amid the flat 8pauiih houses that are clustered lound it. Though it has long beon in the | oasossioa of the soldiery, at interval* issue* from it ado p, solemn, sepulchral chime. I know not why, but when I first heard it, my hand involuntarily lilted my hat from my hoail. It waa yesterday, ubout noon, whan 1 was on the tool' of i. Spanish home, gazing on a ceremony?'twas that of Americans marching iu a fort, and Mexicans out?aacii in their stylo. The lighting was over, and a truce had been agreed upon, to end in sixty days. The enemy was to march out with small arms, six pieces of artillery, and private baggage To day about :t000 left for Sullillo. They arc to pas* beyond a line drawn half way between this and Saltillo?which line we are not to pas* within CO days, nor the Mexicans repass. We arrived near tho city on the 10ih, when their batteries openod upon u*. Iluconoitering parties were sent out under strong escorts, which wete watched close1 ly by tho Mexicans, and often tired upon. Old Zack himself went out. At 10 o'clock that night, Major Mansfield returned, after having made a very satisfactory examination of the anproacbea to tho city. (On entering our camp he was bailed by a volly from the volunteer guard ) At 10 nAxt morning a counsel of war was called, and in a very few minutes Oeu. Worth's division was ready to begin the work. It consisted of the aitillery battalion, tub infantry, Col. Duncan's battery, 6th infantry, 7th infantry, MeckalTs battery and the Western regiment of Texaas. On Htindav. the dOth. wa vtsiap.l tn the riaK, ft# iKa city. Next morning early we continued around with much caution, reconnoitring all the while, and under a rapid Are of cannon from a bill to our lelt. In a few minute* we were met by a body of lancer*, who were repulsed with considerable loss, after a few minute*' light. One Texan officer wa* killed in thi* tkirmish, and Capt McKavitt, of the 8th, fell dead, a cannon ball having cut hi* body in twain. Our battery lo*t one borte. We passed the height, and in the afternoon Captain C. F. Smith atonned the next height, captured one piece of artillery, a 9-pounder, wheeled it around,, and played it upon a Mexican fort on the aame height, and, by the luckieit accident, (truck their other piece in the muzzle, knocked oil two or three pound* of metal, turned the piece completely round, and terrified the Mexican* 10 that they took to their heel*. During the whole time (one hour) of Capt. Smith'* operation* on the *ide of the hill, the Mexican* were Eouring ahell* and musket ball* Innumerable at him, but a manoeuvred ?o skilfully. and took *uch advantage of the ground, that he bad only two wounded out of Tour | hundred. I omitted stating that our two batteries had previously cleared the valley between the height* of all Mexican troops, with the two 9-pounder* that Captain Smith had captured. We now opened a heavy fire on the castle, which was a little below the crest of the ether height, and near two mile* distant. But the Mexican* returned the fire with heavy interest both from the castle and the crest of the height on which it stand*. We thon rested on our arm* nearly all night General Worth said be would not lose another man, if by it he could take tho next height in fifteen minutes. At 3 o'clock next morning Colonel Child* was sent to storm the other height, and by sunrise it was our'*. A break of day th? 8th was sent to support him, and a few Texan*. lu a few hours Captain Smith descended from his height and joined us, leaving General Smith with the 6th and 7th regiments in possession, they having been sent the day before to support Captain Smith. Gen Worth behaved like a General, and has won for himself a well deserved reputation. Vory soon Duncan's twelve pound howitzer was sent to Colonel Childs, and was drawn up by drag ropes. The Meiicans l?y this time were confined to their castle, end surrounding fortifications. A descent was made upon it, during which Lieut. Wainwright was wounded slightly in the arm and side. One section of our battery was detached with scouting parties of dragoons and Texan Hangers. Captain Graham's squadron of dragoons and four companies of iuo amhibi> DRiuiuvu, ui uuuci mijui srowu, BUTVneed on the Saltillo road three miles, and 1 with the 13 pound howitzer, two companies of the Artillery Battalion, and one of Tezans, took position in a mountain gorge to repel reinforcements. By this time a breastwork had been ^erected for Duncan's howitzer; and Lieut Rowland, who had command of it, pressed the Mexicans and their castle in good earnest. They soon descended lrom their nest to their outwork. Captain Vinton threw forward one company of skirmishers to decoy the Mexicans lrom their fastnesses, and they came too, cavalry and infantry, when our wnole command rushed forward and charged the Mexicans so gallantly that they had not time to stop at their castle. Xleutenant Ayres, the loremost of all, rushed to the top of the castle, ami tore down their flag. In a low minutes Uaele Barn's handkerchief was in its stead. General Worth then moved the rest of our force to the castle, and we at ouce opened a heavy fire upon the enemy, lrom the castle, with field pieces, a 13 pound brass cannon, and a short :U pound how itzer, which were in the castle These made six pieces of artillery our division had captured. We kept up our tire until late, and remained in the castle during the night. In the course of the day bad news was borne to us from General Taylor's division, and joy at our own success was dampened in consequence. Larly the next morning (the 33d) the Mexicans sent a flag of truce t > the castle, asking permission to remove nlii an.I infirm m*n Anil Wfimpn And rhililrmn frnm thn city, (ieneral Worth wrote to General Taylor, dissuadinn kiin from it, and it waa refuted. Lest the enemy iliould with to retreat, several companies of mfantry, a large body of Tenam, and the aection te which 1 waa attached, were tent out to the mills on the Saltiilo road, to garrison and lortily them. In the after noon, we received a despatch from General Worth, calling our artillery into the city. The fire waa intensely hot, and we applied for a few Tenant to escort us in, and we went ahead, entered the heart of the city and reported to General Worth, who instructed us to send the Tenant ahead, and place our pieces in positions to secure the rear against a sally from the north of the city. In the meantime, our infantry and artillery were driving the enemy before them, one step at a timo. They were failing back, yielding inch by inch, along an entended block of dat buildings, covered with Menicans. After picking through one wall they could be driven from out the nent room, but no further. In the meantime our artillery swept the streets, and their's swept our's at a great advantage. At night we threw a few.bomb ihells into their nests, and they into our'a. We moved our artillery out of their range and rested for the night. N ext morning the dring was resumed, and in ita midst a white flag appears. With it came proposals for surrender. They offered to give us the place, except all public proper')-, arms, kc We offered to let them have their lives, then their bodies and small arms, and Anally their small arms and six Id pound brass pieces, and their private baggage. This was accepted, and thus they capitulated It is needless for me to tell you, it was a hard fought battle and gallantlr won. Kvery thing on our aide was managed to a nicety. Col Childa acted like a hero. Captain Vinton planned the taking of tho cattle, and it waa executed to a thought. Captain C. K. Smith deaervea all praiso. THE RELATIVE FORCES, LOSSES, <CC. We are assured that Amp.idia had from fourteen to sixteen thousand troops?tho former is the lowest number given by any one. They had about fifty pieces of heavy artillery .worked with a degree ef skill and precision unsurpassed by any nation. They were also in a strongly fortified town. The streets leading into the town, to the Plata, wcro nil either cloned up with heavy and strong walls of solid masonary requiring great labor, and exc cuted in the most workmanlike manner, or these streets were protected with batteries of heavy ordnance, planted so as to effectually cover their entrance. The Auieiican array did not exceed 9,000, and 700 of these were reserved as a camp guard, to protect the camp from forces of Mexican cavalry; so that we had hut 4,300 men in the engagement. Nearly all our most effective ordnance had been left behind. There was only the Plying Artillery, which, in order to do much execution, hail to be exposed to a most destructive fire from the enemy's heavy batteries. Add two '44-pound howitzers an 1 one IS-iiK h mortar, and our whole lorce is given. This shows a disparity of more than three to one, and vast advantages against our army in position, fully equal to the inequality in numbers. The loss of our army is Mil in killed and wounded, 41 of whom were officers Major Lear, 3d Infantry, who was reported severely wounded, is fast recovering The enemy's loss is not known with any certainty. The Mexicans in Monterey state it at 12.00 or 14,00, but about 1,000 is thought to be a more probable estimate. EVACUATION or MONTERKV. [From the New Orleans Picayune, Oct. 31 1 Montxxet, Mexico, Sept 2P, 1846?We are at length in quiet possession of this place, the last division of Ampudie's army having marcbed out yestorday morning ? The lit diviaion marched out on the Sflth, the 3d eu the 37th, and the balance on the 3f)th. 1 saw the two laat, and waa able to form a tolerably good idea of the number of men in them. There could not have been fewer than 9A0O in each division, of regular aoldiera, well armed and equipped. Add to theae some 3Ot.'0 horsemen who left the city in small parties, during the four daya light, and at least anno citizens of the town who took up arms in its dolence, and you have a pretty strong force for the defence of a place which nature and ait have combined to render as strong as any in the world. How such an army, thus situated, could ever allow itself to be conquered by a force of leas than 7000 men, will always appear strange to me. The cowardice of Ampudie is now established beyond a doubt. So caretul was he of 1 his pet con, that it is said ha never once left hie bouse when any tiring waa going on. What a pity that one oi our shells could not have dropped into hi* bedroom. I felt perfectly satisfied, when 1 saw the Mexican treops pass out of town, with th* arrangements whioh Oen. Taylor had made with them. To nave taken all I those men prisoners would hove been uaeleee. Their ' e * i ? m ,i !ii| "JAJiPL-jBi'jjp. mm I E R A 16. armi we did not want; their horses were worthleee, with a few exception!, an 1 it would hare been eery expensive and troubleeome to feed and guard io many men ? And moreover, it would have cost many a valuable life to have carried the city at the point of the bayonet. I rode out with the bead or the column day belore yeeterday, when their second division left town. That icene alone would ulmoet have remunerated one for the long journey to Monterey At the head of tho column rode the commenddr of tho division, with hii stag, accompanied by Major 8cott, of the 6th Infantry, with his Adjutant (Lieut Deas ) and I.iouts Hanson Robinson and .VlcLaws. Col. Peyton rode by tbe side of the chief, and received a very atfeclionute embrace from him ns we turned out to let the column march on, when the head had reached Palace Hill. And now was presented a scene that I can never forgot. Two regiments of infantry led off. with colors fiyiug. drum- beating, and the trumpeters blowing with all their might. Tho lifers made all the noise thev could The men wore nil well armed, and the whole division seemed to bo w ell appointed, with the exception of shoes, in lieu of which, moat of the men wore amidols. Three pieces of artillery wore in the centro of the column, one six, one nine, and one twelve (>ounder. The line, marching four abreast, extended about one mile. The army was accompauied by a great mM? females; officers' wives on horseback, , their faces malllnd, and with hats on; soldiers' wives mountod on donkeys or on foot, some of them carrying burdens that I would scarcely think of packing upon > mules; young women with short potticoots, and hats, tripping lightly along; young girls trudging ulong with their little valuuble.s in their arms 1 noticed one pretty little creature, about niue years old, with a pet chicken on one arm and a parrot perched upon her hand. The ugliest woman I ever heard of was walking behiu 1 a poor little lleabit donkey, belaboring him with a largo stick The donkey was ridden by a y oung woman, a second edition of the eld one. \ precious pair, that mother and daughter. Most ot the soldiers looked sullen, and their eyos gleamed with hatred, and a desire for revenge. One of McCtilloch's horses, a valuable animal, which a man was leading outof the way of the Mexican troops, was seizod and led off, the soldiers levelling their muskots at the hostler when he endeavored to recover his horse. ? The animal was promptly returned, however, on the circumstance being mentioned to the commanding officer. Vesterday morning the last division was drawn out in the plaza next to the cathedral?that is, all that the plaza could hold?and Copt. Miles, >? ho is stationed there j with his regiment, (7th infantry,) drew up his command and salute - the regiments as tuey passed him. I inver j heard a none until yesterday morning Pandemonium never contained ai noisy a gang as these Mexicans aro. It seemed to ha the particular end avor of every man to make all the noise that lay in his power. There must have been fifty buglers and as many filers and drummers playing at the same time, aad no three of them attempting the same tuno I saw several regiments of fine-looking soldiers, men of good size, young, active and athletic. Tho 1st division is encamped in the grove, three miles east of the town?one of the loveliest spots la the world, shaded by large pecan and live oak trees. This grove seems to be the only woodland in this region, and is re sorted to by tho citizens of Monterey as a place for holding pic-nic parties. The 3d, a volunteer division, is also encamped in this grove General Worth's division occupies the town. The citizens are beginning to return in great numbers, aud appear to feel glad that the Mexican Army haa left them. THE TERMS OF CAPITULATION, [Krom the New Orleans Times, Oct. 31.] It is said that it was the destructive effects of the mortar that first determined Ampudia to capitulate. It was towards evening on the 33d, when the mortar,with much labor, had been planted in the cemetry, near the cathedral, and within raach of the Plaza. The first shell, discharged about 7 P. M., fell close to the entrance of the cathedral, where the priest was performing mass, and its explosion spread seen destruction around, that Ampudia, being entreated by the priest and otiiers, immediately wrote his letter to Gen. Taylor, asking terms This letter was dated 9 o'clock P. M , on the 33d, bat Col. Moluuo the boarer, did not reach Gen. Taylor till the next morning, near 9 o'clock. He soon returned with Gen Taylor's demand for an unconditional surrender before 12 o'clock; to which it seems Ampudia would have assented; but being dissuaded by his officers, he requested a conference, which was granted. It is stated that Gen Werth privately expressed his opinion to Gen. T., that the terms demanded were too sevore and humiliating, and thought that Gen. T. could afford to bo more liberal. At the conferenco, however, Gen. Tavlor still insisted upon nil terms wiin some pertinacity, uui nnauy agreed to leBve everything with three commissioners on eitlier ide. The commissioners appointed by (Jen T. were (Jen. Worth, (Jot. Henderson, of Texas, and Col. Davis, of the Kentucky regiment?(ien Butler being wounded, ?and by these commissioners, the terms, as published, were agreed upon. They are said to be very generally unpopular with our whole army. The Matamoras Flag states that a Mexican officer,who was in the battle of Monterey, says that " Ampudia was in favor of capitulating upon the terms first ottered by (Jen. Taylor (to leave the city with their lives.) but was withheld, and made to demand a more honorable exit for his troops, by the entreaties ef his officers, who besonght him not to dishonor them by yielding to such terms." This is more than probable. [From the New Orleans Picayune, Oct 21.] Mosiskh, Mexico, Sept '19, 19-18.-1 have just been reading the articles of capitulation agreed to by the com missiunors of (Jen. Taylor aud (leu. Ampudia, and will give you the substance of them. The city, with all the forts und munitions of war to be delivered up to the commander of the the United States, forces. Seven days were allowed for the removal of the Mexican troops. They were permitted to march out, the officers with their sido arms, the cavalry with their arms and accoutrements, the infantry with their arms and accoutrements. Six field pieces were allowed to be taken away, with twenty-one rounds of ammunition. (I am informed that they selected and took away two twelve, two nine, and two six-pounders) The town not to bo occupied by the United Ststes troops, except for hospital and storage purposes, until the Mexican army retired. The Mexicans were to retire beyond a i.nn .irutLMi tftPAiiffh Hinr.nnnmla Pmiii. Linttriii iiTifl Kan Fernando, beyond which tho United States Army are not to pass before eight weeks, or until each shall hear from hi* respective t fovernroent. Our army ha? taken, or rather, retained, thirty-five pieces of artillery, many of which are valuable, and as much ammunition as will ever he needed to use with them. The killed and wounded of the enemy cannot be ascertained with any degiee ol certainty, but it is known now that their loss far exceeded our'*. Tho reports of tho different commanders in Gen. Taylor's army havo not all been sent jn yet, hut enough is known to render it certain that our loss will not vary twenty from five hundred killed and wounded. A considerable number of the wounded will dio, so that tho number who will have lost their lives w id be about three hundred. Gen. Worth lost eighty, killed and wounded; about twentykilled, or have died since the battle. The largo tort on the nosth of tho town is a very strong w ork, and it would have cost a heavy sacrifice ot life to have taken it. It is built scientifically? lias four salients, each of which is pierced lor eight guns. Inside oi tin walls, which arc apparently new, and which enclose an area of some two or three acres, are the thick walls ol a largo unfinished cathedral, inside of which are twelve very large pillats, intended for the support of ihe roof. These pillars are at leart twelve loot square at the base; and, like tho walls, are about 20 foot high. The walls of the fort ere solid and neatly built, having a gateway and drawbridge on the side noxt to the city. INCIDENTS, fcC., OP THE BATTI.ES. A train of over one hundred wagons arrived in Matamorasfrom Brasos Island, on the 0th inst., and left again for Camargo on the 0th, under a strong escort Three companies of mounted riflemen arrived in Matamoros on the 10th, by the steamer Hough and Ready. One of these companies, it is said, is to be commanded by Cept. Walker. It is expected that the trade of Matamoras will assume great importance from the result of affairs at Monterey. Our merchant* are already advancing the price of their goods, in anticipation of a briak buaineaa. The Mexican merchanti are (ikewiae taking advantage of the timea, and aupplying themaelvea with an abundant atock. The area of trade haa been enlarged, and the whole country between Matamoraa and Monterey will be aupplied with gooda from the former place. There will be eome handaomc iortunea made. Haya'a regiment waa diatinguiahed in the attack on the bishop's palace, under General Worth, who rpeaka in the highest terms of the Texans, and says they love to tight better, can stand hunger longer, and can endure more fatigue, than uny soldiers he ever saw. The Texans c re now all disbanded, and are on their way home, most of them by land, through Ran Antonio. Colonel Hays has authority to raise another regiment, of one thousand men' 4 It is reported that Captain Walker had his " gallant bay" shot from under him by a cannon ball ; that in falling. one of his legs was under the horse ; that the Mexican lancers were close upon him, but to avoid falling into their hands, he pretended to be daad, until they haa passed. One of them, however, approached with a'pois ed lance, to prove whether there was life left in the body, Walker eyeing him all the time. The moment the Mexican'a horse waa within his reach, he jumped up, seized the reins, dropped tho lancer from his saddle with his unerrirg five-shooter, then jumped into the saddle himself, and joined his regiment. " If," says the Flag, " the gallant Captain has Tost his steed, the ladies of New Orleans will have another opportunity of testifying their approbation of bis conduct " I Tho troops composing General Worth's division in the I 1?..I I..I ?l ,l,? ...ilUn, I,..,,at ,V... ... try, Lieut. Colonel Duncan'a battery, Lieut Mac kill's battery, and the Sth and 7th inlantry, with Col. Haya's regiment of mounted riflemen. Theie troops did great execution, hut suffered much less then the division under Oen. Taylor. An officer writing a description ef the battle of Mon terey, to a brother officer in Matamoras, says i? " The Teians are a gallant set of boys?perfect dare devils. They will do any thing they are told to do Oen. Worth admires them, and he is not the only one, They ere as different lrom our dragoons as night from day. Major Chevalier, one of the Texan officers, asked to go with Capt. Hmith to storm the first height 'No,' says Oen. Worth,' I want Capt. Hmith to command that party.' ' There shall be no difficulty about that,'sat a the gallant little Major,' I will go under Capt Hmith.' Andthis Major is but a fair sample ol the whole body Col. Hays has gained great reputation amo-ig our ohi ceia. Walker has won new laurels (ten. Worth is the hero of this affair ; he did the most of it, and lost only at>out thirty killad and wounded ; while the mein body of the army losbabout 600 Tha Mexicans, it is thought loet about the earne Dumber. We got thirty-Ova pieces of artillery by the eurrender. After exesainallon, we found that we had not begun the herdeet of the work A11 are satis At d with tha oonditiens of the truce, which lastsf or Maty dees, except, perhepe, some.of the Texana. t The A'leg of Wednesday, the 7th, eeys, a bearer of despetckea arrived in thia city on Monday evanlnglaat, j mmmmmi.ui. nwumu \?vi.i l b g" :T~? ~ ? 1 1 "-? ''1M *W? CMU. on route lor Monterey, only tenjfdnys from Washington City. The steamer AM was chartered Immediately ui>on hit arrival hare to taka him to Camargo Ha will no doubt arrive in Monterey on the 0th, making fourteen daya from Washington Citr. Thla la extraordinary pee l, and would imply that his budget contains ma'tert of importance Probably the deatiny of Meilco Whether the ia to be, or ia not to be Alter the General ia done looking at them, ha'll tell ua what ita all about. We have heard to many different conjectures on the tub jact that we dare not venture one ourselves On the morniug of the 'llat, whilst Gen Worth was reconnoitering, near a mile In advance ofhistroepa, the Mexicans endeavored to cut him oft Ha heard their rntlftk?*trY f????it At him tnhi? l?ft nn.l rrur U'iiAoIintf hla home, lie ami hit staff put ipure, unJ pasted s.lely by the Mexicans, who were so eager to do much, that they per mitted him to escape. A shell from Lieut Rowland's howitzer having peDa trated the roof ot the Bishop's peluce, buried itself in the body of a Mexican and there exploded, tearing the poor fellow to rags. An American soldier, gazing on the scene, said to his officer, ' Lieutenant, that man is kilted very dead. 1 never saw a man killed so dead before in my life " On the evening of the 23d, when lien. Worth had given directions tor his troops to retire a few square* and get a good night's resi, a young but gallant officer, 3d Lieut. Jos. K. Irons, 1st artillery, stepped up to him and saiJ, iu an euergetis tone, "General I consider that the very worst order you ever gave iu your life, sir. We know by the shouts of out men that they are domg well. We know.sir, by the mnull number of wounded brought heck that they are not much exposed And, sir, the moral effect will he bad 011 our men, urid the Mexicans will look upon it as a retreat, and take courage. The General turned on h s heel and despatched another aid to Gen. Smith with instructions to letireor not at hie discretion. Accordingly they did not letlre. ('apt Muasou, of Louisiana, was iu u position whom the bulls were whizzing noma. Many ol the Mexican Cavalry had beon dismounted, and oupt. M. seeing one unhorsed, und making tracks with raru horae speed, ha called to him to stop. saying, "1 can shoot you down, but I will give you a chance " The retreating Mexican was a sensible man und would not stop. Capt M then put spurs tehia steed, and soon coming up with the Mexican (who was armed with a long, savage looking sabre) tried to get him on his weapon side, hut in vain. The Mexican struck the magnanimous ( aptain a blow with his sabre on the left shoulder, and at the moment the Captain was about reciprocating the iavor, by a dexterous use of his sword, a soldier let fly his musket, and the poor Mexican was made to bite the dust and expire. At the close ot the siege aud the capitulation of the city, a Texan officer proposed that the Texan* give (ien. Worth three cheers, und that they wait on him in person and give him a soldier's shake of the band* The proposition wss received with enthusiasm, and the cheers were given in a way that made the welkin ring. Alter which they waited upon the laureled general, and congratulated him upon the success which had crowned his valor and skill. It is worthy of note, that the Mexicans evidently thought that (ien Taylor, with the main body of the army. was where Qen. Worth really was. Every thing on that side of the city was maosged with aucn skill, prudence and generalship?leaving no opening for tham to strike?that they thought of course that (ien. Taylor was thera. This is proven by the fact, that they sent all their flags of truce, even that of capitulation, to Oeneral Worth. Early on the morning of the 'iSd, they sent Oen Taylor's note, under a flag of truce, to Oeneral Worth, requesting permission to send all the old and infirm men, and all tha women end children, out of the city. Gen. W. reaa the note, and addressed a letter to Qea. T., condemning, in the roost energetic terms, the granting of such a request. Accordingly, when Gen. T read tha note, and Qan. W.'s lettar, the request was refused. Lieut. Allen, of the Tennessee Volunteers, hes had hie leg amputated below the knee. He was doing well on Ihn .It h Intt By the Galveston, we received our file of the Treat Advocate, published at Victoria. We gather the following items trom its interesting columns?all that we can find room for to-day. Col Thomas, with the Tennessee mounted regiment, arrived at Victoria, Texas, on the Sth inc.., and passed on to 1'lacedo's Creek, where thay would remain eight or ten days, previous to leaving for Camargo by land. Men and horses were in lioe order, and there has been but little sickness among the troops. Three companies of the Kentucky regiment passed through Victoria on the 6th inst., on tneir way to Camargo. The advance consisted of CaptaiDS Milam'i, Ltllard'a and I'enington'a companiea, and ia commanded by Major Uairrea. The remaimng companies would leave in eight or ten dayi, under the command of Col Marshall. Captain* Lillard and Field, of the Kentucky regiment of cavalry, who had been ill at Victoiia, were both convalescent on the 8th iest The United State* troops at Fort Moultrie, ordered some time since to proceed to Mexico, have beea detained by order, to await the reception of clothing. The clothing having arrived, the ship South Carolina has bean chartered, and the troops -about '160 in number?are now embarked, and the vessel ia to leave, we understand, to-morrow. The men are mostly recruited wrthiu a few months past, in the upper parts of this State and Georgia, and ate said to be as fine a body of soldiers as any in the service. With good drilling, under the experienced officers that have them in charge, it may be expected that they will give a good account ot themselves.? Charlttlon Couritr, Oct. 16 Capt. Thornton, arrived in this city yesterday, from Washington, and left immediately on his way to Mexico. ? Charlatan Cauritr, Oct. 26. THE I.OSS OR THE STEAM IE COL. HARNEY. On Tuesday morning, the 13th inst, the steamer Col. Harney, with a full cargo of Government atorea, bound for the mouth of the Rio Grande, got up steem and want over the bar. It was exceedingly rough, and the tide set tins in caused her to make greater thau ordinaly exsrtiona and she broke her steam pipe. The steamer Monmouth, being in the ant of clossing the bar juit altar the Harney, and seeing her perilous condition, immediately took her in tow end itarted for tho month ot the Rio Urande, After proceeding down the coatt tome dietanca, (ho was overtaken by iteamer Mentoria, and tha Monmouth dtawing too much water to enter the mouth of the river, gave her in charge of tho Mentoria. After arrriring at the mouth of the river, and making two laeffectual attempts to get her in, the breakers being very high and the wind blowing out, she was left at anchor outside of the bar. A shoit timo after anchoring, it was found that she was going to pieces, every sea breaking over her. Every exertion was made from the shore to render assistance to those on board, the steamers Mentoria and Virginian attempting to go alongside, but I it was so rough that it was impossible, and the Virginian tvas near being wrecked; she roiled off her chimneys, broke her hog chains, braces, fcc., and was greatly injured in every respect The Harney went to pieces, the . JA cargo, Sic , being strewed along the shoro for about five miles There were twenty-eight persons on board, thirI teen of whom were saved Capts. Shannon and Rooney, vise mate, pilot and two engineers were saved?the names ol the balance were not known. Of the fifteen drowned or lost, none were known. The pilot beet saved three persons, and the rest came ashore on pieces of the wreck. Air AIRS IN MEXICO. [From a letter from Chihuahua, August, 30th.J " It has been tbieo days since the excellent lienor Trias entered upon his duties as governor. He has displayed the onergy and activity wnich might be expected trom his genius and patriotism. He takes not a moment's rapose. tie has reanimated public spirit. All is actlou and movement among the citizens, who hurry to enrol themselves on the registers. But we want everything, everything There is no powder?there are not arms enough, and the few that we have are mucn out of order; there is no lead, there la no copper, nor piece) of artillery; there it no money, and, finally, no time to create reiourcea, and prepare for a regular resistance, for men cannot perform miracle) Notwithstanding thi), I do not believe that the same thing will happen here.wh'ch ha* happened in Now Mexico. Hut it ia neceaaary that tho*e who direct public opinion should enlarge upon, and cause the nation and the new government to see the difficulties which sur round ua, owing to the criminal neglect of the iniquitous cabinet of Paredes and hi* crew, whom Clod curse ! The other adjacent department* are frigid spectators of what ia passing here. Krom Durango we had not a man?not a look of protection. Zacateoa* the same thing ? We have already lost New Mexico; we shall lose Chihuahua by this neglect ; and, in succession, Durango and other departments will bo lost. Raise your voices, and cry out, in order that the new government mty send u* pnmpt assistance, for hare we shall finish by becoming victim*. We cannot triumph, tor war is not made with suoh elements as we have, as 1 have stated to yeu. " Last night a mob assembled in the public square, rang the alarm bells, and proceeded to the houses and shops of the Americans, demanding their immediate ex pulsion from the department >, and but for the influence of Henor Trias, who went out in person to repress the uisorder, there would have been a horrible *c -no Such is the situation in which we find ourselves in Chihuahua, expecting every moment the pretence of the invaders from Presidio del Norte, eighty leagues from here, and | also from K.l Paso, the boundary between this depart ment and New Mexico." (Krom the Monitor Republicnno, Sept. 21 1 ' Our reader* will perceive from the communication* I published by tho official papor, which w* copy, that the . United Htltnl hftvti i.rnmi*.! Inntml a ariamsl enVOV With foil power* to regulate the difference* between the two nations, 01 else to receive one >?nt to Wellington by the Mexican government. The latter has replied that the lettlement of this aflitir belongs to the new Congro**. expected to meet in December neat, and that in the mean ! time affair* will continue in the ?amo state as a) pre?en'. Thi* appear* to ti* a proper reply. We have already exprened our lentimenta, aome time ainre. as to the course which Mexico ahould adopt for the definitive settlement of a matter of auch transcendent importance.and ! our opinion ia now the same, although with some alight modifications. In fact, we have always believed that it would be the part ol prudence to regulate, In a safe and honorable manner, our differences with the United Htalea, by moan* of negotiation, rather than war, which, being an uncertain resource, ia hurtful to every country which finds itaelf compelled tn resort to it : and for this reason, we regarded aa well-judged the bias which the administration of Decembar, (General Herreru'*,) endeavored to give to the mind* of the Moxicaus ; but at pieaant circnmitaiice* are somewhat changed I "The territory.of the republic has now been invaded and reduced, and two battUs have taken place, in which fortune, from some cause or other, has proved adverse to u*. We look only at facta. Th? h< nor of tba nation, and particularly that of the army, ia aarioualy compromised ; and the whole nation, in a war unjust in avery aspect, haa suffered evils which demand some reparation. We do not mean by thia to any that, in our opinion, the <{una tion ahould now be settled exclusively by h>rc ' i

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