Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 6, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 6, 1846 Page 1
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wmmammmmmmmmmmmmmmm TH] Vol. XII. No. U^U-Whoie No. IMS. THE OTW YORK IIEUALD.' IAMES GORDON BENNETT PROPRIETOR, Oirenlation---Forty Thousand. DAILY HE1IALD?Kvur d?y. Fnce a cenu percopy-r per aaiiUD.?rdYable in aJrince. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Sutardiiy?Price Mr eoiy?$1 llfi CMti itrt ?onam?fiyakle in tdranct. HE HALL EUROPE?Every Hteiin P?k?: dey. rncr o% cents per c?i|?y v* w yn ouuuui, payaoie ia aaADVKHTI8KMKMT8 at theinsnal prices?elwgys ??*> advance PRINTING of nil kinds executed with beauty and dai patch. All letters or communication!, by mail, addressed to lb tahlishmeut. must be post paid, or the postage will be di 4, etedfrom the sahscription moaev remitted. JAMKS GORDON BBNNKTT, Proprietor of the NiwTom Hcnai.n KsTieLnngrnT, S(?Tth-Wes? mr? r?t Vslioa sad Nassau irrs?o T1UVKLM.\U ACCOMMODATIONS. I LAST TUP OF THE SEASON. BY THK PIONfcKK AND EXPRK88 PACKhlT LINE bROM PHILADKLPHIA TO PITTSBURGH. aafca caata Hb. Labi i'lil.* <1 ihe s asou by this uiue, will be made on the IJtli of November next. Travellers wishing to avail themselves of ibis pleasant mode of conveyance, will govern themselves accordingly. Olfice in Philadelphia. No. Ill Market street Passengers should be c.rrlnl .lot to pay their fare.iu New York farther than Philadrlphir, as there is no one in that city authorised to sell tickets fortius hue. A. B.CUMMING8, Agent Fmi.aDEi.rHiA, Oet- 1816. o31 Iw UKMTKA1. AMD WAGON AMU W r.S i r.iua KAIL ROADS, GEORGIA. Atlanti^Rsu^oad A ot the State ol Georgia, lorm a continuous line from Savannah to Oothcaloga, Georgia of 371 miles, vie Sev&uuah to Macon... .Central Railroad 190 miles Macon to Atlanta Macon It Weateru Railroad 101 " Atlanta to Ootbealofa. Western it Atlantic " 80 " | Good* will be carried from Savannah to Atlanta and Ooth- | ealoga, at the lollowiug rate*, vi* : On WkiuHt Good*. To Jit- To Ooth Sugar, Coffee. Liquor, Bogging, Hope, lanta. catena Butter. Chee?e, Tobacco, Leather, Hide*, Cotton Yarns, Copper, Tin, Bar and Sheet Iron, Hollow Ware and Crating* SO M ft Tl Flour, Rice, Bacon in caaks or boxe*, Pora, Beet. Kith, Lord. Tallow, Bee*wan, Mill Gearing, Pig Iron and Grind Btone* $0 00 tOUX Oi* Mcaiuremcivt Good*. Boxe* of Hat*. Bonnet* and Furniture, per cubic foot f0 ft ft * Boiea and bale* of Dry Good*. Saddlery Glaia, Taints, Drug* and Confectionery, per enbie foot fO 30 p. lot lb*. 10 Crockery, per cubic foot ft 10 " " 10 Molaise* and Oil, per hhd. (*tnaller caaka in proportion,) $9 00 $13 00 Ptongh*, (large) Cultivators, Corn Sheller?, and Straw Cutter*, each $120 f 1 00 Plough*, (small) and Wheelbarrows... .10 80 SI 00 Salt, per Liverpool Back, ....$0 70 $3 00 Patinas. Savannah to Atlanta $10 00 Children under 13 year* of age, half price. Savannah to Macon $7 00 07* Goods consigned to the Subscriber will be forwarded free of Commission*. 07" Freight may be paid at Savannah, Atlanta or Ooth ealoga. K. WIM KH, Forwarding Agent, C. R. R. navAtritaH, Angust 10. 1846. al0 2m*rrc NOTICh. n' ^ ON and alter 'I hursday, November 0, 1846, a train will leave City Hail for Harlem and MorJHsJHK:' nsiuiiaatO o'clock, P. M Re turning, leave Harlem at 6 o'clock. P.M. The train that leave* v Cu, i all lor William* Bridge at 6 o'e'ock, P. M-. ?ud the train that leaves Williams Bridge at 6)?, A. M., will l>e discontinued. n2 4t*rrc LONG ISLAND UAlLllOAD DO. UaOO^ THK KAK.K to New London and Norwich I in li 'IV l',e Bui.ton day line, has been reduced from -WBUwSiP the laCol November. SB3BIE- To New Loudon $2 00 To Norwich 2 25 October 29. I8SH. o306tr REGULAR MAIL LINE FOR BOSTON. VIA NORWICH k WOR- *? > at WfTl ^ CESTF.R, without change of^L. l^JL I dPCara or Baggage, or without.lWtlMMB , *w3EL- J?crossing any terry. ^"SkSCSL asi-ugem taking their scats at Norwich, are insured their a i La through to Boston Tina being the ouly inlai.d route U; t communicates ti.rough by steamboat and railroad. Passengers by this line are accompanied through by the conductor of the train, who will have particular charge of their baggage, and who will otherwise give his attention to their use and comfort. This liue leaves south side Pier No. 1, North River, foot of Battery Place, daily, (Suudayseicepted) at 5 o'clock, P. M., and arrives iu Boston in time *> take all ihe eastern trains. The new steamer ATLANTIC, Captain Dufean, leaves very Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturdays, at 5 o'clock, P. M. The steamer WORCESTER. Captain Van Pelt, leaves very Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 5 o'clock, P. M. For further information, impure of J. H. VANDEiiBILT, No.S Battery Plate ,_North River._ si tfre ukAivt m0L For NEW YORK and intermediate places b2Bi&9*The steamboat NEW PHILADELPHIA, 3K>a9BI9EwCaptaiu Lawrence li. Frazee, will commence ruuuiug between Amboy and New Y'o'k, on Monday the 2fth Sept. leaving South Amboy at 6\, Perth Amboy at 7 o'clock A.M., touching at Bently, Rossville, Blazing Star and Chelsea, arriving in New York shont 9 o clock, returning will leave New York from Pier No. 2 North River, at 4 o'clock P.M. Fare from South k Perth Amboy, 25 cents; Benily 25 ceuts, all the other landings 121d cents. All kinds of freight taken at the lowest rate*. South Ambwy, Sept. 22, !l'6. *25 lm*r OPPOSITION MORN 1 NO LINE AT t>? O CLOCK FOR ALBANY. Landing at Hammond street, Van Cortlandt'i (Peekikill) Cold Spriug, New burgh, New Hamburgh, Milton, Pough. keepair, Hyde Park, Kingston, Upper Red Hook, Bristol, Catakill, Hadanu, Cogsackie and Kinderkook. (12*?Paasaga, One Dollar. THE new and fast-sailing low-preaanri fleQfi p^3e?te*mboatMETAMOKA,Capt. P. H Smith, ZB^MfliUEaWill leave the pier foot of Warren atreet on Monday. Wednesday and Friday, at 6X o'eloek, A. M. Returning, leave Albany on Tuesday, Thuradar and Saturday Pasarugei* taking tnis boat will arnva in Albany in time for the traiue of cars going North and West. Breaalaat and Dinner on board. For freight or passage apply on'board, or of A CLARKE, corner of West and W arrrn streets. Fare to Van Cortlandt's Dock, 26 cents; Poughkeepsie, 50 Hudson, 75; Albany. SI. ot I in r TROY MuKNlNO AND EVENING LINE. MORNING LINE AT SEVEN O'CLOCK. sMMkjM FOR ALBANY AND TROY?From the Strain boat Pier at the foot of Barclay atreet. 3KeSpS9LLi uding at Peekskill, Vest Point, New bnrgh, Hampton, Milton, Poughkeepsie, Hyde Park, Rhine heck, V. Red Hoo t, Bristol, CattkiU, ilndson, Coxsackte, Jtinderhook and 1 altimore. Breakfast and if liner on board the br t. The steamboat WAOARA, will leave on Monday, Wednesday and Friday Mornings 7 A. M. The steamboat TROY, Captain Oorhani, oi Tuesday, Thursday aud Saturday mornings, at 7 o'clock. Returning on opposite days. For passage or ireiyht apply oe board, or at the office en the wharf. _ KliW YORK. ALBANY AND TROY LINE. FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT, Krom the pier at the foot of Courtlandt e'.ieet. The low-pressure steamboat EMPIRE, I .apt am R.B. Maey, marts the toot ot Conrtlaudt etreet, on Tuesday, Thursday ted Saturday evenings, at seven o'clock. The Steamboat COLUMBIA, ( apt. Wo. H. Peek, will leave on Monday, WeUneeday and Friday sreniugt, at 7 o'eloek. Passengers taking theee Boata will arrive in time to take the Morning Train of Care from Troy west to llnffale, sad north to Haratuga, Whitehall and Lake Chsmrlain. For P.a*:|i or Freight, apply on buud, or at tba Office 01 the w ha. I. No freight taken after JH o'clock. NOT1C K?All goode, freight, bank bille, epeeie, or any etner kind of property, pneitirely at the owner'* riek. JJSf TO TRAVELLERS GOING SOUTH. NEW AND MOST AGREEABLE LINE TO Frederickehurgh, Richmond, Peteribnrgh, Va ; Lynchburgh, Raleigh, Weldm, Af. C; and Charleelon, S C. MA THE PUBLIC are informed that the new ^ a.5fari>>n'l eplenilid low pressure steamer MOUNT SCwJCLVKKNIIN, connecting with the Oreat Mail Line at Acguie Creek, leaves Commerce etreet wharf. Baltimore. every Tueaday and Friday evetiing, at 6 P. M., for the above pointe. Through Tickets toMichmond S? 00 " " to Petersburg 4 00 " " to Welden.N.C 7 00 " " to Chsrle .ton, 8. C .19 00 Being at the eaine price, more direct and expeditions, and much more certain than the < Chesapeake Bay and James Rive' tMeambnat Line, all the wide and rough imrtion of the Bay, between the mouth of the Potomac and, Old Point Comfort, being entirely avoided hy this Line. Travellers ere advised that the Line hereby advertised is part ano r trMi 01 [lie ureal .nail Lone mrongn v irmni.i. ?i? that it i? ihe intention of the Companiea composing the (Jreat Mail Lute that passengers shall be conveyed by them in connection with tha Mount Vernon, alwaya aa cheaply u by any any other line, and with more Comfort, expedition ana certainty, than by nuy other Line except the Line ria Washington. . For Inrther perticnlara enquire at the Southern Hail road office, Pratt at., Baltimore, of STOCKTON k FALLS, oral the Commerce at. wharf, or on Tneadaya and Fridaya on board the Mount Vernon, of ,, , , , C. W. GUNNEL, Captain. N. B?Travellers by the above Line will bear in mind that they liara two houra more in Baltimore than passengers by the Chesapeake Bay and lamea Hirer boats, and yet reach any point South oI reteribnrg at the aame lime with theae laa'.eren when there la no breach of connection by the Bay Li"* all lm*rc rr.Ol'Lfch, Of Blr.Aill.lln lull ALOAN1, Daily, Mondays excepted?Through direct at < o'clock, P. M avsn*t pier between Court Land! and Lihertv iti. -edWSHTj al<? Steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, Capt. A. A . hi mmd" Houghton, will leave on Monday, Wedaae~SLwSK3E day and h riday evenings, at o'clock. ^SteamooatlSAA'' NF.WTON, Cant. William H. Peck, Will leare on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evening!, at* o'clock. ___ AtJ o'clock, P. M., Landing at Intermediate Plaeee. from the foot o) Barclay etreet. Steamboat SANTA CLAl/S, Captain B. Orerbeegh, will leave on Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Monday after aoona. at 3 o'clock. Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Capt. R. H. Fnry, will laavc oo Tneaday, Thursday and Saturday afternoona, nt i The above boats wiU at all timea arnrc in Albany in nmpla time for the morning can for the tost and West. KreijhUakeu at moderate rates, and none taken after e'? * Aifperaoaa are forbid trusting aay of the boati of thia line, without written order froai the captains or agents. Foe pansage or freight, appl y on board thekoeta, or CoP.C. Rebuilt, et the oflee on the wharf. oMr I E NE NEVI The of Monterey. Camp hear Mo <timv. Sept 27,184*. Once more em I (pared, through danger* incredible, saved as by a miracle to write you again. The lletaca and Palo Alto victories are nothing in comparison with the conflict in which our army has, for three succeisive day*, been engaged. No battle has ever taken place on either continent, where troop* contended against *ueh Tearful odd*-where they were called upon to perform *uch feat* a* we have, and in which we have been literally mowed down ?murdered. I dread to commence the recital, and will at my leiiare, endeavor to complete my journal, and will relate the outline of our doing*, with (one of my perional adventure*. We arrived at thi* ipot, about two mile* from the city of Monterey, on the 19th. At all of the imall town* on our march from Seralvo, we have, or rather our advance guard hai, come npon detachment*.of the enemy, *o that we were all prepared for a fight. A* the main body of the army reached thi* point, General Taylor, with hi* utafT, was about a mile in advance. At thi* moment they fired four or five 12 pound *hots at him; one of them paaaing rather olose to ni* person, he returned. We encamped out of reach of their *hot. la order that you may have a better idea of what we had before u*. 1 will describe the poiition of the town* their work*, fortifications, kc. Monterey is a city of about 20.MO inhabitant*?the | houses ere nearly all of stone; a lew of those in the suburbs, of a species of burnt clay: even these will resist muskotshol The town is at the base of a high mountain On one of the hills in its rear, is the Bishnp s TaUce, a work strongly fortified, and commanded by two oilier smaller works, on higher adjacent hills. The road into the town is directly in front, and is protected by one of the strongest forts in the world?a work which contained 3d nieces of artillery, regularly bastioned and Hanked, and which the Krench and Spanish armies separately and combinedly, were unable to take; it could not be carried by storm?only by regular approaches. We. going towards town, were subjected to the well directed fire of this work, as a matter of course. At the southern extremity of the town, and on our left hsuid as we approached it, were two good sized forts; one, a very fine one, manned by artillery and musketry. In addition to those, and in their immediate vicinity, were three or four syiuller works; here also the tops of some of the houses were taken oil, and converted with sand bags into regular forts. In addition to this, every house was loop-holed; the stone (bridges, of heavy thick masonry, were defended by artillery. At tbe end of the streets were thick heavy hatricades, seven feet thick, with ditchos in front, and manned with artillery, to rake the streets as we came into thorn. To sum up, this end of the town, as well as tho other, was nothing but an entire fort; no town in tho world could ever have been so strong. You could imagine nothing more so, and bad we known of the traps tuey bad laid for us. what a place of death it was, I question if tbe stoutest heart would not have shrunk trom it. The whole town, works and all, coDtaine J 40 nieces of artillery, and about 14,000 troops ; one man, behind a stone wall is equivalent, in a military point of view, to at least six unprotected, which would really moke their force, iu comparison with oun. aa aix timoa 14,000, to &000, which number we had. On the 30th, General Worth'a division was sent around, along the mountains, to the rear of the town, to take the Bishop's I'alaco. The engineers gave it as their opinion that that must be the hrat point of attack. About dark, on the same day. my regiment was called under arms. I commanded Major Graham's company. We wore taken about a mile towards the town, where the 3d and lit Baltimore battalions had shortly before been placed. We were in cannon range, and preserved the utmost silence. All were sent back but my regiment, who were ordered to remain and support the 94 pound howitzers, and a mortar to tie placed in position under cover of the darkness, to open upon the town in the merning. It rained pretty hard at intervals during the night. We passed a horrible night About daylight we heard General Worth engaged near the Bishop's Palsce ; about 9 o'clock we fired the first gun, and they opened their fire upon us from the large fort in front of the town, which I have spoken of Being behind the crest of a small rise, our men were almost perfectly protected from the effects of their shot, which were beautifully directed. We continued this for about throe bourse but one man, serving at the howitzers was killed. Sow I have arrived at this stage of my story 1 would fain shrink from ; 1 cannot de justice to it An aid de camp came at full tilt with an order for the 4th infantry to advance with all despatch and storm one of the forts Some of the regiments were already engaged in town. Two of our companies, who were upon the extreme right of our position, did not hear the order, and so quickly was the regiment undor way, that they did not know the remainder were off' until we haj arrived st the fort 1 immediately formed my company at the head of the regiment, one company having been left in camp. We bad but three companies; the volunteers fell iu behind us ; my company led the whole. 1 placed myself at the head of it, and asked the Adjutant where 1 should lead to. He answered, "by the nearest road to the firing." By thia time the roar of cannon and musketry bad become Tory loud. I pushed on?in a moment the big fort opened iU fire upon us, and we had to go nearly a mile under its fire before we came up to the place. I waa ordered to lead; several cannon balls passed close to me when 1 got to within about 200 yards of the fort. Two other batteries opened their fire tipon us, carry ing oil' six or seven, sometimes more, at a shot. We were now in their hornet's nest, just where they wanted us. As we came up to their fort I turned to my men, cheered them on, and led at double quick time. In a moment we caught it. I carried them up to within about forty yards of the fort, which poured into us the fire of its artillery; and with that, the one on the right, of, 1 suppose a thousand muskets,(the big fort, in our rear, playing upon our iear with cannon balls Lieut. Uraham rushed to the front, saying, "Men, follow me " I cheered them on. He was instantly struck with three talis. I turned in a second, and found myself alone with one man; all around me had fallen, and I waa left, as it were, in their centre unhurt. Major Allen again ordered to retire, and I fell back. All this was hut the work of a moment. In this moment 30 men out of our about 95 were laid low. Their cries and groans, the terrible hissing of the cannon and musket balls, which filled the air, added to the roar ol artillery in every direc<ion, miii an impression that I could never describe ? The balls several times burnt the sides of my cheeks, they grazed so closely; every one around me was shot down, and I was saved. Of the seven officers who were with us, two were killed instantaneously, and one mortally wounded. I was in front of all, and saved. Weim mediately formed again, in tne rear, on tne road. By the way, while retiring, my sword was knocked out of my hand by a cannon ball, and I was pretty well covered over with dirt. It made very little impression, however, upon me at the time; the danger 1 had escaped previous ly was so much the greater. Remnants of different regiments formed with us, and we went backsgain. Copt. Backus, of 1st infantry, had in the meantime, from tne top of a house, nearly cleared this tort, so that the Tennesseeans filed under the bank and entered it. The other forts in our vicinity wero still pouring their Are upon us. Wo gained cover near the fort just taken. In about two minutes an aid says, "Gen Taylor has something for the 3J and 4th to do " We were ordered to support Kidgeloy's artillery and advance inte town. Into It again wo went, through a moat terrible fire. We were aow getting into a place where they fired upon us from their bouses, from behind their stone fences and walls, and from every place they could cover themselves. Artillery still playing upon us, we pushed up the street: a small hank of a ditch on the left hand side of it, enabled us, by pushiDg along at a stoop, to diminish our chances of bcingihot. Here the order was changed, and we were ordered, if possible, to take a iort near us, that was committing terrible havoc among our men. There was a halt in front ; thsy came to a cross street?a continued fire of musket y was kept up in the direction of the eiosaing?it was almost certain death to cross the street. We afterwards called this spot the " Gauntlet." By running across, one or two men at croti, and the way I made my legs fly over tbat abort apace of about 40 feet, waa lingular. The balla flew like hail; occasionally you would hear the aonnd (zip) and a cry, aa some more unlucky fellow would fall. On we pushed until we had got pietty well into the town, and in the very heart of all their worlra ; here they poured a scorching fire upon ua?we left the street, and protecting ourselves aa well aa we could bebiDd treea, walla, fences. he , woiked our way in towards the fort; here tkey shot ua down (rom the topi of the houses, 10 that we could not sec where the ahot came from?we would have to run over the open uncovered spaces ; Anally, wa got so near some work with saDd bags, that we could go no further. We got into the houses and opened our fire into it as well as we could ; as soon, almost, aa one of ua uncovered himself, he would have the balls whizzing around him. Here we sent back for a piece of artillery, but it never came. At this place they picked oil' our ofllcors in uniform. Lieut. Hazlitt, of my claaa, 3d infantry, was atruck in the breast not four leet from me. We fought here until the ammunition of the men was almost out, and were then ordered to retire to the place we first started from. Uoing back, along the street, the fire epl>eared worse than at first The Mexicans found out our position, and we took it all the way down, stopping occasionally behind a pile of stones or a house, to blow. We camo to the " tJauutlet" again; the same fire waa still there. I got over aa before in safety Moon alter this we came upon a regiment of volunteers, sitting and lying behind the little bank I have sp< ken ef, in the street; their ammunition had given out We stopped with them, and there we lay with a shower of giape, musket, and cannon balls passing not more than twentyi l , Isoa/ia?o??es> lewvl*-A sell were exhausted?the wounded and tba dead were mixed with the living. It waa now reported that the Mexican* were advancing upon u*. My teelinga at thia moment were more horrible than thoae of death. I began to feel I reckloaa. and caied not how noon it cnme. A? yet we had done very little. The Mexican* had overy advantage ot u* behind their atone walla, and we were almoat out of ammunition. Oenoral Taylor, who waa within hailing diatance, near our flrat foit, aoon gave the order to retire to where he waa; we ware all diaorganiied and broken up; from the spot where we left we were expoaed to a terrible Are; we, however, aoon reached cover, and had to jump into the ditch to protect oviaelvo*. I had, in the crowd, got in advance of my regiment, or rather ot the oglcera, whom I could not aee. The order waa given to retire; Bragg'* battery retreated; I aaw some of my men joining a regiment ot volunteer a forming behind the fort. Colonel Johnson took command, marched the whole on the rood aome diatance, halted; 1 picked out the regular*; and with aome other regular officer* , organized them into companiea, and we atarted back again It waa now night, and we were met by an order to go to camp. J W,M ' con'<* dilBculty move one leg after the other. Wo got to camp, ail firing had ceeaed; 1 * W YO J YORK. FRIDAY MORN ?pve it up. and thought (lie Jay wan lout , however, in a I c? moments, I got some coffee and atarteJ back with my men, on horseback, lor the fort, it rained torrent* Altar arriving there, my company wai placed a* a guard to Ridgeley'a artillery. I Jiopped perfectly exhausted; in a few momenta I had a chill; preaently two more, and then a burning fever; I lav on the wet mud perfectly wet through?auch a night may God never allow me to pax* again I Morning broke, and with it the enemy'* Are; we covered ouraelrea a* wall a* we could; in the augar "house wa* perfect security; a Are had been built, aod 1 | soon got dry, eat some pork and bread, anil felt much better. While one of our men was digging a grave for our olticors, his head was taken oA' bv a cannon ball. The Mexicans now commenced throwing I hell* at u? from the big fort, and (olid shot from the 01 very near us. They had that wont of ail fires, across fire upon us About 9 o'clock, two regiments of voluntee.n arrived to relieve us; on tbeir way down they had been subjected t<> this crosa fire, and had several killed and wo'inded We had to go it; ofi'we started for camp; the shot dew around and among us, fortunately without killing but one man. Upon reaching camp, I went to bed; in about two hours tne long roll beat, out we turned under arms, and marched out to meet, as was report ed, some of the enemy on the field; it turned out tow a false alarm. 1 forgot to mention that iust as we marched out, news arrived lha' lien. Worth had taken the Bishop's ; castle. How every heart waa cheeie l! On the d3d, we were marched out with orders to guard the road, and to prevent a-snrtir; there we were kept all day within cannon runce, but were not fired upon. tien. Worth had left tho castle and attacked the rearofthe town,the lower end of the town had been evacuated the night before, and they hud cone ntrated for a desperate stand in the plaza, with ull their artillery. The Mississippi regiment and the Texan rangers diimounted, fought all day, and drove the Mexicans pretty well into the interior of the town. J4th.?Boon after breakfast, Col. Marino, aid to Oon Ampudia, came into camp with an otter to Oen. Taylor to surrender, if he would allow the Mexican army to evacuate the towu with all their arms, artillery and public stores; <>en. Taylor, aa a matter of course, refused Our division was ordered to be under arms at meridian, at which time the Mexicans were to throw a shell from uiu piaza, as a toaen mat tnoy reiusea me terms onere i them by (Jen. Taylor, of which we were ignorant. Until 12 o'clock, all hostilities were to cease, (len. Taylor immediately left for (.Sen Worth's camp. Fancy if you can, our intense anxiety, as the minute hand reached the last point?no shell?1 o'clock and no shell. As a matter of course the truce had been extended and negotiations were progressing. About 6 o'clock we were got under arms, and marched by a hack way to the forts at the extremity of the town. My company was put on guard, and with several others thrown in advance in some ?mali houses. Nothing of importance occurred during the night; iu the morning wo learned that the town had capitulated. 1 for one was rejoiced enough, and we all wero ; we had hard fighting enough, and so had the Mexicans ; it was a good bargain on both sides. 1 do not exact! know our whole loss, but thiuk our two divisions h lost ivkilled and wounded at least 500 men. About 10 o'clock I went a short distance into and was regaled with delightful apples, orapomegranates. Such misery 1 saw in that shoit the women and children had been shut up in lion and holes, and were maiy of them nearly starve l , they came into the fert, and we divided - pork and bread with them. We were relieved at night . I V ace been through the town, and if ali your ides uiiental magnificence and beauty could be concei upon one place, it would give you an idee of t' irt of Monterey ; its elegant old Spanish man \uriant gardens, filled with fruits of every k streams of water gushing through the str Weil, the war I trust is Mexicans have tried us in the field, in the I behind stone walls, with fearful odds in then y fought des perately, but it is all over with tin Ik, The volunteers are satisfied, and we all are satisfied. Yours, H. M J. TIIK TEXAN RANUERS?WHO ARK TWKYi Since the opening of the campaign, the regiment of Texas rangers under the command of Col. J. C. Hays, of San An u lode Bexar, Texas, have been gradually earn ing a high place not only in the oitimation of General Taylor'sarivy, as appears from numerous letter* from the camp, but in the heart* of the people of the United States, until their exploit* at the battle of Monterey have created a perfect enthusiasm in the popular mind to know who and what this famous " Jack flays and his men" really are. lu reply to our inquires, a friend from western Texas presents us with the loilowing sketch: ? John C. Hoys, a native of vliddle Tennessee, came to Texas early in the year 18.19, 1 believe, and settling at San Antonio, commenced business as a land locator and surveyor. This calling was then, exceedingly dangerous for it was rare indeed that a surveying party went beyond the settlements without a rencontie with either Mexicans, Cam.niches, Boediis, Wacoes, Towackames, Keechies, or straggling bands of some other hostile tribe infesting the we-nern frontier ot Texas. In these esmounters. Hays, though haidiy a man in age, aoou obtained a reputation for coolness, judgment, courage, energy, and a knowledge of frontier life and Indian and Mexican character, which induced the government of Texas to tender to him the command of ita first company of rangers, which was organized in the winter of 1840 and *41. Sometime afterwards, when it was found necessary to raise two more ranging companies, Capt. Hays was invested with the command of the battalion, with tho rank of major, and hejand " his mew" continued to serve aa rangers until the annexation. He ia not mere than 10 years of age (if so old) and weighs from 130 to 140 pound*. 1 need say nothing to you concerning hi* remarkable soldierly qualities, for the pens and voices of such men as Balie Peyton and Gen. Worth have already told the nrnrlil that it hnMafkor inph urarrinra am la?W Uatrs Id western Texae, whore, from habit, all men are good Indian and Mexican fighters, modesty is his most remarkable trait; for it is no uncommon thing to hear an overmodest man characterized as being almost as bashful as Jack Hays. Indeed, 1 question whether there is a man in Taylor's army who has as poor an opinion of the merits and services of H. as he himself. He thinks much and speaks little, and that little always to the purpose ? There never lived a commander more idolized by his men; for his word is their law. Now, aa they are regular frontier men, anj, of course, notoriously restless under any other restraint, his perfect control of them attracted much curiosity, and many inquiries in Texas before its annexation. Their experience with him as a soldier has given him their confidence; but his rigid and exact justice to them, his habits of living and faring as roughly as any privato in the regimeait, when on duty, and ol treating each comrade inarms as in all respect his equal when not on duty, are probably the reason why the boys, one and all, are so willing, without a murmur, to live on parched corn, ride TO or e?0 miles without dismounting lor five minutes at a time, or to fight Mexicans with pick-axes, when Hays deems either necessary. His men, who, in the estimation of (Jen. Worth are the beet light troope in the world, are just the men to be led by inch an officer. Out of tha four bundled, I preiume at least three hundred and fifty ate farmera ana stock raiser* in a small way on the Colerado, Navidad, Lavacca, Guadeloupe, and San Antonio rivers, in Western Tetas. Krem the time of the battle of San Jacinto up to fortyone, when formed into regular] ranxing companies, they defended the frontier on their own hook without pay, emolument, provision, or even ammunition at the ex pense ol the government Whenever Indians or Mew cans approached the settlements runners were despntoked up and down the river* 1 have before named to sotvid the alarm, ant on such notice those now composing Hays's first regiment of Texas rangers raiely required more than six hours to prepare for a campaign of three months: for, after all, catching their horses, running fifty bullets, and parching and and grinding a half bushel of corn for cold flour or Haneii, as the Mexicans term it, were the only preparations necessary. Hot or cold, wet 4r dry, thev carried no tents, and required no other provisions than fresh beef, which was usually driven with them. Once in a while a green horn,on hi* first campaign, would pack a little sugar, coffee, and salt, but he would soon learn that boy* who had to fight for nothing and find their own horse flesh and ammunition, could do it about as well on carni,?solus. In fact, after a little exKrience with such a life, few at last, of those men, would troubled with the care of aay other provision than beef, or with any other equipment than shooting irons, bowie knife, a pair of blankets, a Mexican saddle-tree, and a good horse; which, with leather breeches, indomitable perseverance, an extra shirt, a light heart, great i capacity for endurance and sworn hatred to the Mexicans and Indians, make tip the Texan ranger. Sutler me to digresa for t moment, in order to say that, having been out four or Ave times with theae men, I claim to.knew what ii necessary for the true comfort* of the soldier in active lervice. With thil knowledge, I wan not a little amuied the other day, on reading the Baltimore bill of complaints againt the government and General William U. Butler. T can well imagine the fun the young gentleman correspondent of the Sun would afford to a suuad of Hays's men, on telling his griefs over their camp Are. I refer to the writer who growls about no sugar when his coffee is ready, and no bread when there is beef enough Verily, if the boys had not smelt " carni" for a fortnight, they would quit the very Interesting work, (under such circumstances,) of roasting ribs to "roast" such a customer after their own fashion; and Heaven help the grumbler who falls into their hands. But to continue. When the government ot Texas organized these men into regular companies, they Arst began to receive pay, and, perhaps, half of those now with Hays, gave up their farms and took to aoldienng for a livelihood. Capt. Ben. McCulloch, who command* the first company of this regiment, (to which Kendall,of the Picayune, is attached,) <5 T. Howard, who was lately despatched to Santa Ft by the President, and has since joinsd Wosl's force, to which he will soon be what McCulloch is to the main army; poor Gillespie, who was killed in the late battle, and Hancock Chevailie, originally of Richmond. Va., were Hays'* right band men in the frontier cam paigni 01 rexes Mct.uuoctl is a native ol lennesace, ear the Alabama line, and came to Taxaa from the latter State, settling in Uonzales county, a* a surveyor. Ha served one olthe two field piacea in the battle of San I Jacinto, " the twin sisters," as the Texan* dubbed them, | and there, for the drat time, distinguished himaelf He i* I the hero of what i* known a* ther numb creek fight with the Indiana who burnt LinnviUe. Howard ia a nativo of thiaoity, and commanded in the famoua courthouse fight in the town of San Aatonio, when he found it neceaaary to cleae the door, and. with nienteen men, to fight thirty-aeren Cemanches, both partiea being completely armed, lu thia melee, ho himaelf received four - wounds, and lost nine man killed, all the reat of the command being mora or lea* wounded But seven of the Indiana got out of the room alive, and of these, six were subsequently killed in the street. Oillesple ia either a native of Virginia or Tennessee; and being the lieutenant of the first company of rangers, was chosen Its raptain whan Hays was promoted to the command of the original battalion. Indeed, all these gentlemen are distinguished frontier officers, having long since won their RK I ING. NOVEMBER 6, 184 way to fame iu Texas, in, 1 may alnioit jrrite, a hundred well-fought battles 9. W. Walker, the Captain Walker ui the beginning of this campaign, who, by-the-by. Is from thia city alio, i* now the lieutenant colonel of the regiment, having fairly earned hia election in the ovcnta of the month prior to the battlei of th? kth and 9th of May lait. liver aince the organization of the ranging corps, he has been one of their number, though, heretofore, I do not know that he was distinguished beyond his comrades generally Before the annexation ol Texas an election for a lieutenant of the 1st 111,lion.,, I r, f, A U...1 Dot. cliflb, a brother oI Daniel Katclilfe. Ksij , of tbia city, wai chosen, Walker being hia competitor. Ratclifle, poor fellow, was killed in the little fight between nine men, under Walker, and a party of Mexicans, which took place a lew daya prior to the battle of the 8th of May. But when I think of these men, facts crowd so fast on my memory, that I might write you about them until daybreak. A personal knowledge oi at least three-fourths of the men of the regiment, teaches me that Col. Balie Peyton has'not praised them beyond their true deserts in saying that: ? '' Amongst the volunteers, none have shown more conspicuously than the 1st regiment of Texas mounted ntlcmen, commanded bv that chevalier llayurd, Col* J. Ilays, better known as Jack llayi. Tins corps, from the colonel to the private, has fully sustained its former reputation. In the first alt airs in which Gen. Worth's division was engaged on the morning of the 31st, Col Hays, with seveial companies of his mounted riflemen, were thrown forward to open the ball, which he did most beautifully, encountering and shooting 111 the pro ence of the general the eolonel of dragoon* who commanded the enemy's forces, in tculing heights, storming butteries, and clambering over walls and house-tops, the voice of tho gallant colouul, ami the report* of tlie unerring rifle ol the ranger, were "ever heard in tho v n. The courage and eouatuuey. and subordination of this corps is the theme of admiration in the army.'1 The Vickaburg Sentinel, of the 23J ultimo, contain* the following letter trom Colonel Jeflerson Davia, of Mississippi, to his brother, which also speaks of the motives which led to the armistice : ? ".MonTxuxr, Sept. 2.'>. 1816. "My Dear Brother?The town is ours, alter a severe conflict. The Mississippians were brought into action on the Hist, and performed some brilliant service. On the 33d, preparations were made, and we held an advance post. On the morning ol the d3J, we (the Mississippian*) opened the action early, auil continued tiring and advanaing into the town until near attDset, when we were ordered to withdraw. On the 'J4th, propositioas having been received to capitulate, General Worth, and General Henderson, of Texas, and myself, were appointed commissioners to arrange the terms of capitulation. We agreed, and the papers have been exchanged. It was reported to us by the Mexican General, that Mexico had received coramissiot on the United 8t>tM. They were whipped and u . ould afford to be generous. We hope soon to i turn, a. the war is probably over." INCIDHNTS, &.C. [kroti the Washington Union) Wh,i re ser tter from Nashville that refers to the latteia ol Colonel V'm. B. Campbell and Lieut. Colonel Anderson, which nave appeared 111 thu papers of that town They led the gallant corps that seized the tirst fort that was taken on the east side of the city of Monterey. Tho writer pronounces the whole achievement " the most heroic act that was ever performed by volunteers, and tho principal figures in that heroic band wore the colonel and the lieutenant colonel ; hut it is only ?Ka.r II,? in ....... n, ? ...1 ? < I says the writer, most of toe officers and many of the sergeants, corporals and privates, and there is not a man among the whole of them, who does not feel his fame identified with the regiment to which he belonged, ami who would not regard uusoldier-liko conduct in the face of the enemy, as a disgrace that he could not wipe out. Heiman, the adjutant of whom Colonel Campbell speaks, is a stone-cutter, anl a Prussian by birth. 1 heard him make his speech returning his thanks to the company that elected him?the best speech that was made on the occasion, I believe. What made it more interesting, was his broken (Jerman accent." ' My friends, (said he,) we hare bad merry times together; and 1 am not going to desert you now when there la work to do. My muddcr told me when 1 was about to come to America?Now, my son, you are going to a ree country, and you must love that country, and it necessary die for it 1 trust 1 shall be ever ready to obey ber injunction. Most of you are natives of this tree laud, but I trust there is not one among you whose heart beats in the cause oi his county stronger or truer than mine.' " " lrwas out tne other day to K 's, where 1 found Mr*. V. lying on a bod ol sickness not able to sit up Her son is in the regiment, and 1 expected to hear her make some enquiries about Robert's safety. She raised ber head from the pillow on which it was lying, and observ od:?' All I pray for is, to know, if thore has been a battle, that Bob was iu it.' ' One more anecdote. It is said when the Tennessee regiment got within such a distance of the fortress that their fire could be made effectual, they were told to fire and tail?then to charge?on?on. "Let the brave follow me," exclaimed Colonel Campbell. The whole regiment responded to the call; and when they got within fifty yards of the breast-works, the impetuosity of the charge becamo too hot for the enemy, so they put spurs to Koz nante and tied." MILITARY MOVEMENTS. [From the New Orleans Bee, Oct 2d ] Gen. Jesup arrived here yesterday from Cairo, in the steamer Homer, and has taken up his residence at the St. Charles Hotel. AFFAIRS IN SANTA FK. fFrom the Washington Union, Nov. 3.] The following if an extract of a letter from Major T. Swords, quartermaster, to General Jeiup, quartermaster general ol' the army QtrAaTrRMARTea'i Owice, ) Santa Fx, (New Mexico,) Sept. 16, 1816. j General:?I have the honor herewith to transmit a monthly summary statement for the month of August; and to inform you that everything remains perfectly quiet in this province, and the inhabitants apparently well disposed, though the Indians continue their depredations as usual. General Kearny returned, five days since, from an expedition, with about 800 men,through the settlements for about 1M miles below this, on the Rio Grande, the inhabitants everywhere receiving him with ojien arms, and expressing much apparent satisfaction at the new order of things about to tie established among them. On the 13th mat an order was issued directing all the companies of the 1st dragoons (6) now here, to be prepared to march to California on the 30th instant, though nothing yet has been heard from the battalion of Mormons that was to accompany the expedition; the movement is now ordered without waiting for them, as the season is getting too far advanced to delay longer; all those acquainted with the route, concurring in the opinion that we ought to be off by this time, otherwise that we may ex)iect to encounter much snow and difficulty in crossing the mountains. Three companies of the Missouri volunteers are now under orders for Sobolletta, 130 miles southwest, and two coanpauies to Abiqnieu, about sixty miles northwest. These companies have been thrown out to operate against the Navajo and Apacho Indians, who aro continually committing deprodations, driving off the stock of the in habitants, atc. Shouhl the additional regiment of Missouri volunteers, under Colonel Price, he stationed in this section of the country during the coming winter, I see hut little prospect oftheir animals getting through it, as there will he no surplus forage in the country, and the grazing, for miles around, is said to lie entirely eaten out. The country, round here is, indeed, too poor to sustain any living thing hut the wretched inhabitants, their donkies, goats, and sheep. Should a large military force he kept in the must be attended with enormous expense? the country furnishing but few of the articles necsssary for the support of an army. By direction of General Kearney, I have commenced building a saw mill, preparatory to building quarters and finishing the block-house and fort (Mercy) now being constructed by the engineer department at this place. With great respeet, I am sir, Your most obedient servant, T. W SWORDS, Quartermaster. Major General Thomss 8. Jzsir, Quartermaster General U. 8. Army. Letters fiom Santa Ke calculate that General Koarney will reach California in the course of this month, (Nov.) If he says so, he will do it if possible; for he is one of those men who will do what they determine to do. In addition to the letters which we published in the last evening's paper, (says the Washington Union,) we have seen another interesting communication, which is written by a distinguished officer of the army, dated Santa F>, September lrtth, and from which we make the following synopsis }? Gen. Kearney bad just returned with 700 men from making an excursion about 100 miles down the Rio del N'orte to the village of Tonie. The inhabitants and country are represented to be highly satisfied with the change of government, and apparently to have vied with each other in showing the greatest hospitality and kindness to our troops. It is Dot apprehended that any organized resistance to the troops will be mails, and the commander will hereafter hare nothing to attend to hut to lecuro the inhabitant* from further depredation* from the Navajo *nd Kutau Indian*. In (peaking of the iitiafaction which the people of New Mexico evince at the change which ha* taken place, the writer itate*. that they are rejoiced at being taken under the protection of our flag; that the republic of Mexico never afforded protection to them, and that the late (Governor (Armijo) tyrannized over and oppreiied them in the extreme.holding the liveiorall in hi* own hand*, being governor, treasurer, payma*ter,*ut< ler, and every thing else, and filling hi* own coffer*, leaving all other public agent* nnpaid, or to pay them elve* a* be*t they could ? feared by all, loved by none, and tupported by only a few who *hared hi* favo.~*i but oppoaed, though *ecretly and ineffectually, by all other*. On the approach ol our troop*, Armijo attempted to make a itand in a strong position, with from 4.000 to fi.OOO Mexican*, but hi* fear* overcame him a* our troop* kteadily advanced, and he inglorioady retreated with about 100 dragoon*, in the direction of Chihuahua. Hen Ugarte, who wa? marching frem that place with upward* of 400 dragoon* to ***i*t Armijo, having arrived within 160 mile* of Santa Ke, received from the latter by expresa an account of the progre** of our troop* and of hi* own flight, with a requeit that the general wotild await there hi* arrival. On th* receipt of thi* information, the gene ral left twelve dragoon*, and haataned hack in tho direction of Chihuahua, followed by the governor and hia encorf, all of whom are now out of the territory., V arte tie*. The Hon. Nathaniel White, and th# Hon. Nelaon Rich mond. Aiiociate Judge* of M'Kaan county, Pa , departed thi* life, th* on# on th* Uth, and the other on the 13th ult, thu* creating two vacancies in one county. Thaakagivinf day, in Indiana, will b* on tha 30th in*t. IERA 16. ! Authentic Particulars or the Terrific (Sale or the 11th of October. Kl-t West, October iM, |S46 la my letter of a previous date, you will have received intelligence of the late hurricane, which swept with such i fearful sitae t over this island, and involved the loss of so I much life and property. Every day developes new inI formation as to tha lamentable consequences of this visij tation?and every object which I meet, speaks of ruin ; and distress. There is not a house uninjured on the | Island?with but few exceptions a roof left?and over one ' half, level with the ground. On the 10th the barometer 1 t,v it uiilt, til.. Ba,w v?s?s??svw. v/i "J !" " " sympiesomter, I wgs satisfied that there ware element* in motion, which would toon be earneitly at work. At three o'clock on the morning of the eleventh, I wan down at the wharvei?a heavy sea setting in, and wind blowing heavy |,from the north and westward. The barometer during an interval of six hours, had fallen fl-lOtlis; the wind kept increasing, and at 1 I repaired | home; the water in mv yard was fast rising, when short- 1 ly after the kitchen fell. It was not until about 3, when ' the inhabitants of the south western part of the town began to realize their danger. The wind had hauled to the southard and westward, and the waters of the On If j came rolling in with fearful rapidity; the streets were deepening from the fresh accumulations of each succeeding moment-and then it wus that the impulse of safety became the first instinct ot our nature. Women were wading in all directions?children being carried by their friends or parents; and by a general sentiment all seemed anxious to attain the higher portions of the town. To understand fully the perilous position in which we were placed, it is necessary to know that the business part of the town is nearly separated from the other by a pond, into which the tide regularly ebbs and flows.? Over this pond there was a bridge some 200 feet in length and which afforded a ready communication with the uart beyond. The bridge went early in the day, and when the wind veered to the south west, the waters rushed in from beyond Zinax's, sweeping into the pond and rendering tne only avenue of escape to be effected by swimminsr through the drbrii of falling houses, the govorn meat wharves, kc., kc. To this the air wu tilled with missiles- the slates were driven with deathliko celerity, giving fdreadful wounds?rafters, boards and shingles tlew with the lightness of feathers, and bricks and stones wore fulling in all directions The scene was uwlul ? life's uncertain tenure seemed fast waning to its close ? and amid the crash of lulling houses, the rolling in of the sea, and the messengers born upon tho air, hut little hone could he entertained for safety. It was decidedly the tightest place I was ever placed in, and like a lellow with every fear alive with keen susceptibility, 1 made some montal resolutions of amendment in morals. It was consoling too, to seo ami know that somo very great scamps had leelings of a creditable character, and promised reform if they should be spared The churches, Episcopal and Methodist, both fell; and tho new stone euilice for the Methodists, is likewise down. The 11. 8. marine hospital suli'ered much, and if the pale had continued much longer, would nocessarily have fallen. The light-house, with its fourteen inmates, was swept away?noti a brick remaining to point out its fonner locality. The "Light" at "Suud Key," with its inhabitants, liuvo all perished. Even the graves have given up their dead, and up to this time, about 00 exhumed bodies havo been returned to their mother earth. Our own loss here is about 40. Somo few have been found and buried. Our cisterns now contain brackish water, and tho houses are roofless?it will be a long time before a fresh supply of water can be obtained. The ruinous appearance ol our town is truly sad. The brilliant foliage of our trees is burnt as though the blast of the desert had passed over them, and there is not a green spot upon which tho eye may turn for relieffrom the ruin around us. The women behaved nobly?every energy of the female character on this trying event was brought out in bold relief, and wherever the unfortunate could congregate, there they received a welcome. The man were brave and generous?rescuing, swimming, and battling against every dasger to save all, without reference to lamily or feelings. May this visitation be not turned to some acrouut 1 Will the benevolent not come up and give us a helping hand, strengthen ui ami,I our distress, aud yield to those who in their soriow are truly to be pitied, some of their sympathy and excess of worldly comfort ? I write in great haste, pressed by sundry duties, but may 1 hope tnat you will use your Journal to bring this desolation to the hearts of the humane? Schr Gov. Bennett, of and from NV, Capt. War6aU, cut away her masts during gale; in harbor and will be got ofl'?cargo damaged; vessel sold $483 30. Brig Exchange, Dyer, of Portland, lost her 1st mate during the gale, cargo fish and lumber. Vessel sold where she lays, $603. U 8 brig Perry, Com. Blake, ashore in Bay Hondaall hands safe, masts gone; threw guns overboard during the gale?now being lightened and off, fitting up jury masts. Brig Colorado, of Boston, Capt. Shackelford, cut away foremast in harbor; now discharging and awaiting orders. Brig Gen. Wilson, Minor, ot New Condon, foremast gone, ashore in harbor; cargo being lightened and shipped to St Marks per schr. Wilder, Bryant, master, in good order. Pilot boat Lafayette, of Key West, lost three of her crew. Pilot boat Louisa, of Key West, sunk in the harbor. Crew saved themselves by jumping on board schooner C. H. Bacon. Wrecking sloop Globe, lost her mast alongside of the wharf. Schr. Warrior, of Key West, much Injured alongside of wharf. Ship Ebon Preble, of Boston, high and dry on bank in harbor. F rench ship Reunion, of and for Marseilles, Capt, Ardison, from New Orleans, bilgid on reef. Craw safe. Ship Warsaw, Capt. Crowell, lrom Mobile to France, cargo spars ; ship lost, crew saved. Cargo sold for $800, vessel $635. Brig Napoleon, Libbey, from Havana for Cardenas, Cuba, arrived after gale, both masts gone, crew saved. Snl.l far ?. >?:, Brig Metamora, Bonce, of New Vork, cut away musts during the gale in the harbor, afterwards drifted high and dry on the bank. Cargo lightened, and stored at Fontano k Weaver's. 8chr. W. W. Harford, of Philadelphia, with government stores, high and dry in harbor, to be sold. Schr. Commodore Kearney, Payne, high and dry; may may be got off' after discharging. Hchr. 8t. Dennys catne in alter gale, with masts cut away ; purchased by Capt. J. C. Hoyt, agent of underwriters, to assist in getting cargoes ashore from wrecks. U. 8. Kevenue schr. Morris, Capt Waiden. high and dry, cut away both masts ; crew all saved. Spanish polacca Vencadoro, Bunatado, master, of Barcelona, to Havana. Cargo will be saved in a damaged | state. Vessel lost. Brig Commissary, Fletcher, of Bristol, R. I.j vessel lost; in ballast from Havana to Cardonas. Bark Francis Watts, Perkins, from Havana for New Vork, with sugar, coffee, and tegars; masts all gone; ar rived aftergalc. Captain's shoulder dislocated?reduced and doing well. Schooner Sarah Churchman, Baymore; rodo out gale on Orange Keys; all wall. Commodore Sloat went passenger in her from this place to Balize Brig Eliza, Brazier, of Portland, bound to Havana; lost both masts?now at anchor. Bark Iris, Dillingham, of Boston; masts all gone, cargo being saved; crew all safe. Schooner C. H Bacon, Holt, with government stores; lost both masts; got ashore, but now along side wharf; awaits orders. Schooner Fidelia, of Bristol, R. I.; high and dry among the Keys, 10 miles from this; probably be condemned. A copper bottomed vessel, about 300 tons, bottom up, ashore on sandbar; on cutting into her, cargo found to DC Due 10i>accu ana nores, no name. A achooner aabore near Indian Hirer with cotton. Spaniah acboonar Willanneva, from Neuvitaa,bound to Havana, loat near Bay Honda; 19 out of 90 of ber crew and paiaenger* loat; one man tared bv brig Perry. Light thin Key Weat, driven lrom her mooring*, but rode out gale, aud ia now at her atation in North Weat Paaa. " Band Key Light" and ita aix iumatea all waahed away "Key Weat Light" and ita four inmatea waahed away. Light ahip Florida, at Caryford'a Keef ; remain* at ber mooring*. "Lightat Tortugaa"uninjured. Ship Olive Ik Kiua, Weeaa, of Portamouth, N. IL.from New Orleana for France; cargo of atarea; went aahore on quicktanda on the 18th; ahip and cargo loat, crew all tavud. The new lantern for Tortugaa Light, loat in echooner William on 10th, on ita way to Tortugaa; the contractor and crew all aaved. The newt from Havana, received thia morning, it of the moat diatreaaing character. Over 100 veaaela are loat in harbor; hut four rode out gale. Great number of live*, churchea, fcc., deatroyed. A detailed acconnt hat been foi warded by expreaa to the State*. (From the Charleaton Courier, Nov. J ] The acbr Isabella, Captain Hoby, arrived at thia port I on Saturday laat, in 8 day* from Havana, via Matanxa*. Havana, Oct 10, 1840. " I have never aeen any thing to equal the gal* of the morning of the 11th It waa a perfect hnrricane; home* were blown down in the city and ita environ* ; familie* buried under their ruin*. In the Regla, on the other aide of the harbor, a family of eleven white*, beaide* a number of colored peraona, were killed by the falling of the dwelling, and a thouaand other diaaatera have oc I curred, which are in daily progreaa of being published I It wee truly a melancholy tight to witneia the duatteri ; in the harbor after the gale. I do not beliere that there | are three vetaelt uninjured in port. The French yettelt I of war are, I may tay, more dialreated?a frigate, ateam- I er, and corvette?the corvette la tunlt. the frigate hat i '?1' ' ber maata, and the eteamer ia very much damaged. 1 he iteam packeta running between here and are aunk. The Spaniel. vessels of war are sunk The merrhant veaaela are literally piled upon each other | all along the wharrea. I repeat, that there ia acarcely a 1 veaael in port that will get to eee again They will not be able to find matetiala to repair m ith. I am told that two maata that were cut away to eave a ahip. have been ! aold for one thousand dellara to another ahip I alao ] learn that the gale at Uuines waa very aevere. many eatatef being almoat totally destroyed?on one eatate, 84 negroea were killed by the falling of one of the houaoa, In which they had taken reftige." [From the Charleston Mercury, Nov. 3 ] The laabella, Casein Rohy, from Havana via 1 Matanzaa, arrived here on Saturday evening Hhe left i the former place on the ISth ult, and the latter on the 33d. Captain R deposited about AM) letters lor different ; placaa lathe poet oflce, but none for thia city?hie or-' LD. Pvlee Two Cents. derahaving been not to receive any lla alalea that kua vesaul wa. the only American iu port that rode out the gala of tha 11th iu kafety. Two Engliab and one Span He, were the only onea equally fortunate. At Mutanzaa the gala waa lata violent, and the damage comparatively amulT. The achr F. A. Browne, of and tor thia port, left ou the 5th ult [From the Charleaton Courier, Nov. 3] Saui?a la (iha-vih, Oct. 15. ItMd?The hriga ASolua and Carribbee cleared about the 6th inrt, but up to tha nth they certainly had not got out. The gala commenced here on the 10th. at night, and continued throughout the 13th and 13th. The river roae about fifteen feet, within five feet of the dwelling houaea It fell, on the 14th, one foot, anJ on the lath nine feet. Much damage haa been dune to ground proviaiona generally, but none to the cane, it having bean only aomewhat rumpled. Up to the loui mat. no news had i>e?n received irom ine mouth of the river, and, therefore. I do not know if the two vessels got out ; one thing is certain?do veasel could have got out in iuch weather. The Adolus loaded for New Yoik, and the t'arribbec for Boston. Freshet at the Soith.?Alter a very heavy and almost constant rain for three days, say the Baltimore papers of the 4th instant, it cleared of tide after noon, leaving u most delightful atmosphere?alaiost as bland and wartn as May or June. The wetera in our bar, bor were much swollen, but not to aucli an eitent aa produce any material damage. A number of cellar* in low streets have been flooded We learn since the above was written, that the fell of raiu west of the city wus very gteat, and that much damage has been done. Several families who left the city yesterday al'terneon for their residences in the vicinity of Franklin, could not reach their homes in consequence ef the flood overflowing the road. The milldases at Powliattau factory, at the Franklin mill,and the two mile mill on the Frederick road, have been swept away; also the bridge on the Franklin road near that village. A teamster attompted to cross the stream at Towhattan, and he and his team were swept down the torrent with the loss of two horses drowned, and ho oscaned barely with his life The road to the Franklin works has been torn to pieces and in many places rendered impassable. Washington correspondents state that the late rain hne caused a greut freshet in the Potomac, and the wharves of Georgetown are overflowed. The long bridge between Washington and Alexandria ia in great danger. Albany, Not. 4, 1040. The Election?Troapt?The Seward,andfGreeUp intrigue ?Mr. Wright?John C. Rivei?DitburumetU of put. lie moneyt?Jl Whiff Legislature?Salute in honor of | John i'oung?The Reiult, 4*c., 4'C. The day boat duo here last evening at five o'clock, did not arrive until this morning at half past ten o'clock, bringing with it the Herald of yesterday morning. Tho delay was caused by a douse log on the river. The election was held yesterday in a very quiet man | ner; tho weather was atormy during the greater part of the day, and to this fact may be attributed the very light voto polled here. Spurioui tickets were polled in many instances. Tho words "for Sonator." in place of the word* "for Governor," were printed in German black letter or t<rt over the name of Silas Wright. Tha ticket vai calculated' to deaeive an inexperienoed eye, and quite a uumVier of them were polled. The worda "for Governor?John Young," were put at the bottom of the ticket. It will be teen that, a* I have stated, the Conaervative vote has defeated .Silas Wright. In the counties of Oneida, Onondaga, Albany, Ice., the revolution in favor of Young is tremendous indeed. It is very probable that Gardiner, the democratic candidate for Lieut. Governor, is elected. Polk's administration is condemned. It is a poor creature indeed, and hardly worthy of the sacrifices Silas Wright has made for it. 1 had the pleasure of seeing Mr. Wright this morning at the executive chamber; he looked great, for he is a mighty man. He will redeem himself. But? " Show me the earth where grows no weed, And I will show you a heart whereon no error grows." I understand that the Adjutant General has reoeived a letter from Colonel Thomas, of the volunterre, who has recently visited Washington, in which the Colonel states that no troops will he called out from the Northern States before the next meeting of Congress. This is positively true, and that matter is therefore at rest. The next question which will agitate the country ja the whig intrigue now afloat between Weed, Greeley and Seward for the nomination of Judge McLean to the Presidency in 1848 A correspondence is said to have been begun by Seward, with the assent of Greeley and Weed, and a tender of the nomination made to McLean by Seward. I have to state to yau that I have strong evidence of the ti nth of this rumor, and 1 have therefore reason to believe that it ia true. [ t his is tha old story; probably true.] Bribe whig tacticians, profiting by previous experience, will perfect their arrangements, andfkeep the affair perfectly quiet until the proper time. But it .must fail. No man in the Union but llenry Clay, can command tha i? p.?u, io.,i ... mis n..> ...ill ~ tiemly lor Die interesting expose of Seward's plana. We shall undoubtedly have a whir Legislature ud a whig inauguration thia year, with all the interesting details connected with a change of administration. The <Jag delicate and responsible duty of perfecting the great pro positions contained in tho new Constitution will therefore devolve upon the whigs. We shall see what work they will make of it If the whigs will use the advantage they have gained in a discreet and proper manner, they may hold the power a fourth of a century . Among the arrivals at the Delavan House, we see the name ol John C. Rives, Washington. Mr. Rives will take the evening boat this afternoon for New York.? ThejDelavan is a noble hotel, and well worthy the Immense patronage it receives. The time has now arrived when the vast patronage and benefits bestowed upon a few individuals in the various departments of the State government, must cease to exist. The salary of the officers of the judicial department, (91 men,) exclusivo of the fees of the Clerk of the Senate, la $70,300 per annnm ! The salary of tha officers of the executive department of the government, (90 men,) exclusive of the fees of the Lieutenant Governor, is $90,470 per annum. Here, then, we have an aggregate of $98,774 paid by tho State for the support of 07 officers. Thia la simply, too much, and I rejoice, therefore, that a plan la deviseyl in the new Constitution for the more economical expenditure of the government funds. The following query is being discussed " How will the election in this State affect Polk's poliey in regard to the prosecution of the war with Mexico 7" A salute of 10U guns will be fired in tba Capitol Park this evening, in honot of the election of John Young. Gardiner's election is conceded. The official majority of John Young in this county i? 3,010. The democratic County Clerk is elected, and the Assembly will stand two whig,and two (anti-rent) democratic. John Slingerlar.d, (whig) is elected to Congreea from this district, over Bradford R. Wood, democratic. The Right. In Equity. Who are entitled to it* claim* ? The fraudulent bankrupt or hii judgment creditor* 7 The Iraudulent bankrupt, preparatory to, end in anticipation of going into voluntary bankruptcy, convey* by mortgage or as*ignment, all hi* real and peraonal property to N A. T for their obligation* (but no money.) . Those obligation* of N. A.1T, are, by the Chancellor, declared of no value and void. Who ha* in equity the best claim to this property? the N. A. T., or the judgment creditor 7 Do not N. A. T. become a party to the fraud, when they foreclose, and sell, for a nominal sua*, and perhape to a friend of the bankrupt/ Can a Court of Equity sanction a known fraud in any shape, form or condition I Then why talk of a claim in equity for the N. A. T., when we show that they were used a* a cloak to screen the property from the just and lawful creditor 7 An old maxim, that "might make* right," ieems to be construed now-a-days, that might make* equity. Our new constitution, if adopted, may braak up soma of these old well trodden path*, which have led many a good and honest jurist into error* of the above deeenptien The very common saying, " that if he ha* plenty of money, there is no iear he will escape punishment," ought not to prove true, a* we have witnessed for yean past, in too many cases, both civil and criminal. |HA*coce. I-'rom Nova Scotia and Newfoundi-and ?We have late Halifax and St. John papers ; the former to the 31st instant. Tha Halifax Sun says that the catch of mackerel this season has been most abundant.? Dr. Uerman recommends the eulture of the rootal formerly much used by the native Indians, called the Sea-qeehau, and Masquasete, as a substitute for the potato. The Princr Eilwari Iilandtr says that the potato crop CI that island, although not so large as it generally la, is of much better quality than last year, and that tha inhabitants will have enough for their own use, end some to spare.?Boston Air. Case of Frkkman.?The Supreme Court w*R engaged the whole of Monday on the motion lor a new trial on tha bill of exceptions in the cese of '"woman, tha negro, who killed the Van Neee family. M r. Wright continued his i.V followed on the other side by L. Sherwood, Eeq , die trict attorney for the coonty of t tyuga x no Airorna y General aticceeded Mr. Hherwood. and Mr. Seward cloaed the argument <>? Tuesday evening The deciiio n waa postponed, the Court remarking that they would endeavor to render it before the cloee of the term. APOTHh CARIES HALL THIRTY HI* CATHERINE STREET MARY a. WATSON irtunu htr aineere thank* to the fnenda of her late heaband, and to the pablic generally, for the patronage ao liberally bratowed oa him for die laat ai a yeara, and hega to atate that ahe mtenda earryiag oa the baai neaa, and rea|>ectfaiiy eolicitaa continuance of their kind favora. Mra. W. haa engaged, aa aepertntaadent of the beaieeee. her late huaband a aaaiatnnt, Mr. L Howkina. who haa had eleven yeara' eirerieare la the bnaineaa of Apothecary, Chernial and Druggiat. in aorae of the principal eitina in England and anbaeijiiently in ihia city, and whom ahe ran eoe fidrntly (commend to thoan who may favor bar with their anpport Thnae who entrnat him with their preacriptioea. may de|*nd n|>on having them prepared with accuracy, analneaa and diapateh. In thia eatahlielunrnt no boya or iaevperteeced yonng men are evar allowed to praparn mediciaea or wait ou enatomert. A large auyply of hue Pwediah aad Hmyraa Leechea are eonatantly on hand. A competent peraon will apply them at any time dnrtng the davor eight without eitvn ehaage. Conntry phyainaua euppiiea with para aad geaaine drnga and medicinea A large aaaortment of Hair Oil*, Colognea, Eaieacea, aad iancy article* lor pedlar*. oil Iw *f

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