TH] Vol xa, No. UUU-Whol* No. ?54.1. THE NEW YORK HERALD.: IAMES 60RBON BENNETT PROPRIETOR. Circulation---Forty Thousand, DAILY HEUALD?Every day, Price 2 crnti per copy?$1 Q per a.iQum?payable m advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday? Price (Xewu par copy?$3 12W cwiujw nun am?payable is ad ranee. HERALD hDH EUROPE-Every .Steam Packet day. Price <M coots per copy?tt M per aunnm, parable ia adran ce. ADVERT18KMKMT8 at the'nsual prices?always eaaJ a adraoce. PRINTING of all kinds exeeated with beanry sad dei patch. All letters or commtmicatioas, by mail, addressed to lb a.tablishnient, most be post paid, or the postafe will be at ducted from the subscription mouev remitted. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. Proprietor of the NrwYoax Haasui KaTASLiimnirv, erth-Waei enre rnf Valine aid Naeaaa Btreees' TRAVEliLlMO AOCOMWODATIOMS. CENTKAh AND MAGON AND WESTERN RAIL ROADS, GEORGIA. Railroad A of tha State ol Georgia, lorin a continuous liue from Savannah to Oolhcalofa, Georgia ofJTl mi lea, rix :? Savannah to Macoe. ...Central Railroad. 190 miias Macon to Atlanta,. Macon A Western Railroad 101 " Atlanta to Oolhexloca, Western A Atlantic " 00 " Goods wiM be earned from Sartuinah to Atlanta and OotheaIntra, at tha following rates, rix : On~W*ioHt Uoodi. To Jit- To Ootk Sugar, Coffee. Liquor, Bagging, Hope, lanta. caltga Batter. Cheese, Tohseco, Leather, Hidee, Cotton Yarns, Copper, Tin, Bar and Sheet Iron, Hollow Ware and Castings., $0 5# go 7t Hour, Riee, Baron in casks or boxes, Para, Beef. Fish, Lard. Tallow, Beeswax, Milt Gearing, Pig Iron and Wrind Stones.... $0 59 10 On MgasuncMs.tT Woods. Boxes oP Hats, Bonnets and Furniture, per enbie foot. $ * $0 K Boxes and bales of Dry Woods, Saddlery Ulasa, Paints, Drags and Confectionery, per eabic foot.. to Mp. lot lbs. 15 Crockery, per eabic foot It U " " 14 Molasses and Oil, per hhd. (smaller casks in proportion.) $9 00 $12 00 Ploughs, Marge) Caltirators, Corn Shelters, and Straw Cotters, each $1 25 $1 50 Ptongns,(small) and Wheelbarrows... .to 00 $1 05 Bait, per Liverpool Sack $0 70 $0 95 Passage. Savannah to Atlanta $10 00 Children under 12 years of age, half price. Bevannahto Macon, $7 00 tC7*" Woods consigned to the Subscriber will be forwarded , free of ConiBissione. ITT* Freight may be paid at Savannah, Atlanta or Ooth capes F. W1NTKR, Forwarding Agent, C. R. R. Savannah, August 15, 1M6. a!5 tm*rrc REGULAR MAIL LINE FOR BOSTON. VIA NORWICH k WOB- sqetH A1 CKSTER, without change Pt?JWt' '-leCars or Baagage, or withont.^H^SK ISdHk?i-crossing any berry. sssengeB taking their seats st Norwich, are insured their t i ts through to Boston This being the only inland ronte tl. t commnmcstes through by steamboat and railroad. Passengers by this line are accompanied through by the conductor of the train, who will have particular charge of their baggage, and who will otherwise give his attention to their *nlO (UIU UUUiiUIVi Thi> line leave* tooth tide Pier No. I, North River, foot of > Battery Place, daily, (Sundays excepted) et 5 o'clock, P. M., tend arrives in Boston in time to take all the eastern trains. The new steamer ATLANTIC, Captain Dnttan, leaves ft every Tuesday, Thnrtday, and Saturdays, at 5 o'clock, P. M. r The steamer WORCESTER, Captain Van Pelt, leaves A every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at S o'clock, P. M. For further information, inquire of J. H. VANDEKBILT, No. 2 Battery Place. North River. si tf re aMM jum For NEW YORK and intermediate places ffiiinai urf*The steamboat NEW PHILADELPHIA, dHGiaBBaaihCaptaia Lawrence H. Fraxee, will commence running between Amboy and New York, on Monday the Stth Sept. leaving South Amboy at 6X, Perth Amboy at 7 o'clock A.M., touching at Benily, Kossville, Blazing Star and Chelsea, arriving in New York about 9 o'clock, returning will leave New York from Pier No. 2 North River, at i o'clock P.M. Fare from South It Perth Amboy, 25 cents; Bendy 25 certs, all the other lauding* 12)? cents. All kinds of freight uken i ! tlie lowest rates. South Ainhoy^ept. 22,18'6. *25 lm?r UFFOSlTlUNI MUKN1NG LLNE AT 64 O CLOCK FOR ALBANY. Landing at Hammond street. Van Cortlaudt's (Peekskill), Cold sprirg, Newbursh, New Hamburgh. Milton, Poughkeepsie, Hyde Park, Kingston, Upper Red Hook, Brtatol, Catakill, Hudson. 'o*s?ekir and kiuderkook. (D^Psssage, One Dollar. aMin afl THE new and fast-aailtug low-pressure flZylHeaSsateMnitioatMETAMOHA.Capt. P. H. Smith, 3Kw9K2Kawill leave the pier foot of Warren street on Monday. Wednesday and Friday, at 6X o'clock, A. M. Returning,leave Albany on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Passengers taking this boat will arrive in Albany in time for the trains of cars going North and West. Brook last and Dinner on board. For freight or passage apply on board, or of A. CLARKE, corner of West and Warreu streets. Fare to Van Cortlandt's Dock, 25 cents; Poughkeepsie, 5d: Hudson, 75; Albany, SI. ot I in r TU n V .III t u \i I w r t 1 Nil! L'VI.'N iwn i iwl J. JW A *.?* V/ Ibil AA.W \_a JLJ1X1JJ. MORNING LINE AT SEVEN O'CLOCK. I Willi jOk FOR ALB AN V AND TROY-From the f^JBtfcE&aStMirnbo&t Pier at the foot of Barclay street. SCSH^ReL? ndiog at Peekskil), Wait Point. New burgh, Hamitou, >lition, Poughkeepsie, Hyde Park, Rhine neck. U.. Red Hoo i, Bnitol, Catskiil, Ilndaon, Corsackir, Kinderhook and k aitimore. B-eaUfait and d auer on board the boat. The aleam boat f 1 AGAR A, will leave 01 Monday, Wadnet Jay aad Fri-lav Mornings 7 A. .il. The steamboat TROY) Capwin Gotham, o? Tuesday, Thanday nnd Saturday mornings, at 7 o'clock. Return.n* on opposite days. For passage or treitht apply on beard, or at the office oa ths wharf. HEW YORK. ALBANY ANl) TROY LINE. FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT, From the pier at the loot ol Conrtlaudt sheet. The low-pressure steamboat EMPIRE, Captain P.P. Macy, ' leaves the loot ot Conrtlaudt street, on Tuesday, Thnrsdaj and Saturday evenings, at teren o'clock. The Stecmboat CflLUMBIA, Capt. Win. H. Peck, will leave on Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings, at 7 o'clock. 1'atsecqcrs taking these Boats will arrive ia time to taks the Morning Train of Cars from Troy west to Buffalo, aad north to Saratoga, Whitehall and Laks Chainolam. For rejigs or Freight, apply on beard, or at the Office or the whs, I'. No freight tr.ken afleriJS o'clock. NOTIf. B? All goods, freight, bonk bills, specie, or an) etner kind of property, positively ? the owner's risk. j2CT TO TRAVELLERS GOINO SOUTH. NEW AND MOST AGREEABLE LINE TO Fredericki'mrx^, Richmond, Pelerihurgtt, Va ; I.ynchAurgfc, Kslrijfl, IPrldra, N. C ; and Charleiton, S. C. .^asa JBSt THE PUBLIC are iiilornisd that the new JF*imi I*~" I splendid low pressure steamer MOUNT VEitNO.V roilnertiiir with rhe (irr?f Mail Line at Acqnie Creek, leave* Commerce *treet wharf, Baltimore,every Tuesday and Knday evening, at 6 P. M., for the hove points. Through Ticket* to Richmond (I DO " " to Petersburg t 00 " " to Wel.leii, N.C 7 00 " M to Charle ton, S. G 19 00 Doing at the tame price, more direct mid cxpedi.ioqs, and much more certain than the Chesapeake Bay and Jsmen Ki vs' Steamboat 1-ine, all the wide and rough tMtrtino of the Bay, between the mouth of the Potomac aud Old Point Comfort, ben it entirely aroidrd by this Line. Travellers are advised that the Line hereby advertised ia part ami p vrcel oi the lireat Mail Line through Virginia, and that it is the intention of the Companies composing the Great Mail Line that passengers shall be conveyed by thrm in eonnectiou with the Mount Vcmou, always as cheaply as by any any other line, aud with mure Comfort, exp-ditiou ana certainty, than by any other Line ncept the Line via Washington. Kof farther particulars enquire at the ftoiithrni Railroad office, Pratt at.. Baltimore, of STOCKTON k KALLS, or at , the Commerce st. wharf, or on Tuesdays and Fridays on board the Mount Veruou, of C. W. tM'NNKL, Captain. N. B ?Travelleri by the above Line will bear iu imud that they have two hours more in Baltimore than passengers by the Chesapeake Bay and Inines Iltver boau, and yet reaen any point South ot Petersburg at the same time with these last, tveu wheu tlieie is no breach of conuectiou by ihe Bay Line sllf Im'rt " i tyt hr,b uiM. Ok si M.vihka ton ai.?a,m. Daily, Sundays eiceptrd?Through direct at6 o'clock, P. M from. Steamboat titer between Courtlandt and Liberty ft*, ^owkta r-iei Steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, I'.apt. A. 1 l.'Ughton, will leave on Monday, WednesHfc, hPii itf day and Knday evenings, at 6 o'clock. Steamboat ISAAC NEWTON, Cart 'Willism H. Psek, will Ir.ive on Tuesday, Thnradsy and Saturday evenings, at 6 'clock. 5 o'clock, P. M., Lnndmg <tt Intermediate Places. from tbe foot oj Jtarclay afreet. Steamboat SANTA GLADS, i aptmn B. Overbaugh, will leave on .'bIoikIav. Wednetdsv. Kridav. and Snnd.iv after BOOH*. at 1 o:r.li>ek. Steamboat NORTH AMEHICA, Capt. R. H. Kmry, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday eflernuoea, at t eelock. The above boata will it all times arrive in Albany in ample lime for the morning cars lor the East and Writ. freight taken at moderate rates, and none taken after i% O'clock, P. M. All pemons are forbid trotting any of the boats of this line, Withoat a written order from the captains or agents. for passage or freight, apply on board tlieboau, of to P. C. (khnlfr. ?t th# r>roar#? on tb* wfiaif. oKr OgFOaiTlON T1UK.ET OKElGE EUR THE NORTH AND WEST. sWTfl /Hi KOK ALBANY, 71 centv Utiea, $2 ; 8y fl?rt^p^raeiise, $2 10 ; Oswego, $T7i ; Rochester, X?eiCiBptl 71; Bull ilo, $3 ; Cleveland,$1 10: Ports ni'ixh.t*; rituliarih. $9: Detroit, Michigan, fa ; cincin nan, Ohio, f9; Mil wankie, f!l; ( luCago.S 9; Poronto. U, C? tlM: Hamilton, fl 10: Kingston, ft 'el, Whitehall, 12 V) Montreal, fl 10? Psssengers, by applying. k,n get their tickets st the office No. 100 Barclay timet, at the above prices. c9 tm'ch M. L. RAV, Agent. NOTICE. TROY E VE N IN (I LINE . HOUR CHANGED. jMM jmat ON andsfler TUESDAY. September 5, JPths Liw pressure stsamboat EM PI HE, Capt. SC3B3LH. B. Maey, nri leave the steamboat pier at toe loot at l,otirtlainl.Jitreet. at? o'e.ock, P. M., instead ol TP M , aa heretofore. sl4 r ^Mnra rl a KOK STATEN ISLAND.?On and alter Sunday, November 1st, the steambott BY l.PH, Capt. Bmisted, will mrke the following Uipa to mid from Staten Island nnul further notice, | > * Leave Staten Island. I Leave New York. At a At a la it A.M. 11 A.M. 1 P.M. I P. M. W i " I ** " e2i rre E NE NEW Another Uit of the Killed and Wounded. [From the Cincinnati Gazette. Nor. *1 ] Maj. H'm F. Johnann, Committary to the Ohio Voluntoara, and Capt. Johmon, aid to Gan. Hamar, arrived in our city yeiterday morning. He bring* with him the official report of the killed and wounded in the lat Regiment Ohio Volunteer!, which we append. We are indehtod to our neighbor* of the Enquirer and Mv*rti?*r for slip* containing the intelligence brought by Maj. J Official Ltit of the Killed and Wounded of the 1*1 Ohio ... .......?s """""" *" Invincible Rivlemen.?W. H. Harris, killed; shot in the breast with (rap*. Joiiah A. Kellum, severely wounded; arm amputated above the elbow, Samuel Myers, severely wounded; grape shot fractured jaw and lodged in the throat. E. Wade, slightly; spent ball in the bead. MosTooarar Ousans.?Richard Welch, killed. John Farrell, slightly wounded ; contusion of arm and aide. John Clarion, severely wounded ; contusion of arm by grape. Wm. Work, severely ; musket ball through the Foot, amputated. Vandeventer, slightly ; contusion of the shoulder by a shell. John Flannegan, contusion of hip and side, from a charge of horse. J. Ryan, slightly ; flesh wound of leg by a musket ball. Dsttois Coiuranv.?W. O. Davis, ord. sergeant, killed. D. K. Smith, private, killed. Kelley Cox, Killed ; shot through the bead by grape. E. Reese, killed ; residence Cleveland. Thomas M'Murray, killed Lewis Motter, 1st lieut , severely wounded. Alexander MVartor, -id lieut., slightly ; muaket ball in the leg. l)t*ton German CosirsRY.?James M'Closky, private, killed. Geo. Phale, privata, killed. Wm. Weber, private, killed T. Went, private, severely wounded. Chaa. Legan, private, severely wouDded. Puktsmowth Csurisr.?John W. Hewlett, private, killed. (>4tttn Howards, severely wounded, grape shot through the thigh. Alfred Donahue, private, aeverely wounded, grape shot through the thigh. Silas fiurril, severely wounded, musket ball through the leg. Jatnes Latnhock, private, slightly wounded, contusion by a shell. uu?.<i<.iaii . ?n. n. mies, isi lieui ., severely wounded, musket ball through the hip. Wm. Miller, 3d sergeant, slightly wounded, contusion of hip and life by a shell. W J Hogan, slightly wounded, spent ball in thigh, tree. W. Fitzhugh, 1st corporal, slightly wound- | cd, spent ball in thigh. Tlios. D. Kgnn, private, killed. Robt. Doney, private, slightly wounded, contusion ofhip by shell Blows County Bots.?A. F. Shaw, private, severely wounded, musket ball through the arm. J. Fletchei, private, severely wounded, grape shot in the thigh. A. B. M'Kee, private, severely wounded, musket ball through the hand. Cincinnati German Company.?Matthew Hett, 1st lieut, killed?commanded company. George Meyer, corporal, severely wounded ; musket ball lodged in arm ?extracted. E. J Dehooler, private, severely ; grape shot in thigh and musket bau in arm. Henry Weber, do, severely; musket ball in right side?extracted at lelt breast Henry Meyer, do,severely; musket ball through arm?extracted. Butlkx Boys ?James George, captain, severely, wounded, contusion of head by shell?not dangerous' George Webster, 1st sergeant, slightly ; contusion by spent ball?not dangerous. George Longfellow, 3d do, severely; musket ball through thigh-not dangerous. John 1'ierson, private, severely ; musket ball through the chest?not dangerous. John H. Longley, corporal, slightly ; contusion from spent ball. K. H. Alcott, private, slightly, contusion from shell. Stephen Freeman, private, killed. Oscar Behnee, private, killed. The two latter were murdered and moat skoekingly mangled by lancers, who came upon them whilst the latter was conducting the former, who was slightly wounded, into camp?and unarmed. Field and Staff.?Col. A. M. Mitchell, sevdroly wounded; an espiquette (i>? ounce) ball through thelrg. (The Celonel'4 lavorite horse, presanted him by the Cinc.unati bar, was killed) Adj. A. W. Armstrong, 3d Lieut, of cadet*, severely wounded; grape *hot through the knee?leg amputated abort the knee?recovery doubtful. (Copy of morning report) E. K. CH AMBERLIN, Surgeon U. S. A. Monterey, Sept. 34, 1846. The A&vtrtitcr publiihe* in addition to the above the official report of Col. Weller made to Oeu. Hamer. We have not room for it thi* morning, but *1^| give it tomorrow. Major Fry, of the 3d Regiment Kentucky volunteer*, Mr*. Barbour, the widow oi the biave Maj. I'.N Barbour, Mi. Hamer of Ohio, aid to Oen. Hamer, and several officer* and volunteers, arrived in Louisville on Friday last This company owned the Regimental flag, a beautiful silk banner, presented to them by the ladies of Cincinnati. It was car led nu'ing the whole action by Bergeant Lundy. and though riddled by musket, canister and grape, and the staff shot off a few inches above his htad, the gallant and fee-less Sergeant kept .it waving during The whole day, and now has it Hosting on a Mexican lance captnred from the eneoty. MILITARY AFFAIRS. ogtfkral Orders, i WAR DEPARTMENT, . AOjutsst UcneiVal's OrricK, No. 4a. ) Washington, Nov. 3. 1846. The following regulation ha* been received from the War Department :? War drrartmettt, Nov. I, 1846. With a view to expediting the Recruiting Service,the officers on that duty are hereby authorized to allow to any citizen, non-commissioned officer, or soldier, two dollars for each able bodied man that he may bring to the rendezvous, and who shall be accepted for the pub uv >oi vjur. _ ? Thin allowance ia to bo considered as a contingent expense attending the recruiting service,and will be charged to the appropriation under that head. W. L. MARCy, Secretary of War. By order : W. O. Tarsi*!*, AssUtant Adjutant General. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. By our private correspondence we learn that the sloopof-war Falmouth, Com. Jarvia, was to sail from Pensacola for Boston on Sunday, the 35 th inst. She had taken on board from the hospital fire officers and about thirty men, all on the sick list. There were still left in the hospital six or seven officers and about one hundred men sick. The fever which has prevailed at the Penaacola yard, we arc sorry to say, has not' subsided ; new cases were occurring nearly every hour .? Picayune. In addition to tho officers attached to the U. S. Ship Boston, mentioned yeatereay, Joseph C. Thomas, Acting Carpenter, and Thomas W. Stridor, Purser's Clerk, go out in her. Tits Gale of the 11th of October. [Correspondence of the Mobile Herald J U. S. Stkamkr PaiacETOtv, / Pkvsacoi.a, October '18th, 1848.) It may be useful to thoso who desire to trace the gale of the 11th October, as well as assuring those who are interested in ships or friends, that no fear need be entertained couth of lat. 18 14 N., 80 50 W., where the Princeton took the western edge on the tl'.h, and continued running in a line with it until the 11th, moat of the time at the rate (whilst running) of nine miles per hour under .toim sails. Tuesday Cth. !3 P. M., lat. 18 14, Ion. 80 50 W , wind clianred Iron N H to N. W. in a hnuvv hlarlr .nnall weather hazy and threatening to ba N. Every apjiearancc of a heavy blow ; at 4, wind W. N.W. freab ; squalls ol wind and rain ; at 7 1*. M., light air from N. E., and lightning , a heavy dark cloud approaching ui rapidly ; shortened tail and prepared the thip for a blow ; half past II P. M., blowing a gale. Wednesday, 7th, civil time, N. K. gale increaaing : heavy taa on; never >aw worac looking weather ; ciouda black and low. Let. 19 S3, Ion W3 19, ccntinued to blow a'.eady at N. E ; squalls very huavy?Btli, at meridian, 1st. 21 43, Ion. 86 07, wind docreating. Cape Antonio, bearing N. K., 13 miles ; weather too thick to tee it; at 4 P. M , gale increasing, unsteady, from E. N. to N. E.?hove to. Friday, 9!h, gale continuing till meridian, when it moderated ; lit. 33 40, Ion. WO 30 The above appeared to be no more than a preparation for the hurricane which took place on the 11th, and waa felt so heavily at Key Weft On the lOtlt. this ship was in tat. 36 09, Ion 87 33 W. 330 miles west of the reef, ar.d in tiio latitude of it: at sunset blowing heavy ; very hazy at the E. During the night wind from N E. to N. E. by K., increasing to a tierce gale ; ship hove to ; the (quails heavy, quick in succession, light rain in them. Sunday, mil, KHie continuing ana incieusing; sea very higii ; ship raiting heavy and uneasy. At midnight, w ii.d tnckod from N. L. to N. N. K ; wore ship ; wind decreasing ; lat. 9* 4i, Ion H9 19 W.? | IJrilt south 76. West sixty-one miles ; Monday, 12lh? wind north, tacking to the west, it appears also that j no tear lor vessels 1:1 the Oulf 960 miles went of Key ! West, need lie enteitained, when the Princeton expen- j enced nothing more than a moderate gale. Our coal u ill be on board to raoriow, when we arc off for Vera Crux with despatches for Com. Conner. I made the within extract from my note boek. If any part is useful or will tend to allay the fears of your j iriends who are interoated in the tiulfor near it,you can i mske me of it The latitudes and longitudes may be , depended on. Tliey are not one quarter of a mile out ? , Yuu tee they keep us moving ; our crew is getting 1 weak ; 19 men are left behind with scurvy and rneuma- l titm. We are last in port as usual, and first out. Yours, truly, F. KNULK' The Jacksonville (Florida) K>w?, of the 18th of Oct, tavs that 1he late gale waa lelt there with great aevoritv. All the wharves et Jacksonville were carried.tway, aiid several buildings contiguous to the river destroyed. The total loss is estimated at $6,000. Frkshbt at Cum brim.and, Md.?The rain which commenced on Friday night last continued with Imt litile intormission until Mondav afternoon. Will's Creek rose to perhap* within a Toot of being at high aa the la*t freshet. Wo i re informed by one of our oldest citizen*, that the Potomac river never attained the ?ame height within hi* recollection. The back water from the river came into the alreet at the Willi Cieok tuidge, and extended to tho public square, partially undermining Black'* Kxchange Hotel, and causing much damage to the houae, filling all the cellar*, and ran down Mechanic atroet The back water liom below extended up .Mechanic street a* far a* the Virginia Hotel. Immense los* must ensue te many of our citizen*. We alao learn that much damage has again been done the Maryland Mining Company'* railroad, above the Narrows.' We legrat to learn Uiat Mr. Petar Smith lost all, or a great pait of hia crop oi coin, from the island below town, by tha rise of the waters ot the Potomac ? Cum* ; A friend Civilian. On Monday last, in Boston, the Faculty of Harvard I niveraity, and the Professors of the Hsrverd Medical Hehool, assembled et the new Medical College in Orove street, for the purpose of dedicating that edifice to the design of its founders, by appropriate ear vicee. An ad* dreaa wee delivered by Edward Everett. w ro r YORK. SATURDAY Mt Threatened Invasion of Central America. [ Frcm the London New*, of Oct. 3 ] It is wprthy of remark that as often as French and Spanish sovereigns, or French and Spanish governments lay thair heads together for an alliance, they carry their views beyond Spain itself. But it is natural that the Krench should seek to conceal their object of merely absorbing Spain; and it thus becomes their policy to point out to the Spaniards some glorious fee' or adventure which is to redeem tho ancient glory of the country, and open splendid or lucrative prospects to its military chiefs. As Mr. Canning observed, the greed of I.ouis XIV. was not merely for Spain, but for Spain the mistress ol the inuies; ana f rencn counsel naa never been wanting in these latter day*, to urge her to re-seize tome portion of her ancient sovereignty in the new world. Mexico was long the favorite land for their Chateaux en Etpagnt But the "stare and stripes' have become too predominant there; and the object of Franco-Spanish dreams has transferred itself to the Knot of South American republics which extend from the Spanish main over the Andes to the Pacific. There ia, of course, a South American hero; the projector of the scheme; and one who has successfully Instilled it into the ears and hopes of Maria Christina and her French ally. Let us introduce our readers to this personage. The heio of thu Equator for many years was General Flores, a Venezulean by birth,?bold, brave, and of fascinating manners and exterior. He first rose to power in the Equator as a patriot general, and even ruled in that character lor a time ; until, seeking to prolong his power beyond republican tolerance, he was resisted, and compelled to abdicate in 1844. He withdrew to Europe ; meditating, oi course, schemes for a restoration. Ultimately, repairing to Madrid, he succeeded in making himself agreeable to tho queen-mother ; so much so, that he has since lived at the Madrid court more as the accredited minister lrom a friendly power, than us an exiled stranger. We will now state the project of which General Flores aims to be the hero, it has hitherto escaped our contemporaries ; and for the most part, in truth, eluded publicity. Vet it has an interest which may contest with : even the Montponsier plot ; Its objects, prospectively, are largo ; and it spreads itself through other channels | than that in which it directly runs, with a threatening I and dangerous aspect. It may be, as yet, but a small cloud ; a speck in the sky of the northern hemisphere ; but, for the southern, it portend* a coming and widely extended storm. In a word, the chief ruung power of the Peninsula castsa lunging look to those cideranl possessions which were first the glory and thon the perdition ot Spain. That her ex-coloniea are irretrievably loct to her, is a settled fact, consigned already to the page of history ; but somehow or other, this fact has never yet been properly accepted in tht councils of Madrid. Its light has not yet fully penetrated into the chambers of the Kscuiial. Tho submission to the loss, we fancy, has been as yet with a mental reservation ; and Spain, though compelled to defer, kaq never lost the crusade is about to ba undertaken against them, in this present year of grace and civilization? 1S40 JUThe scheme of Flores is, brioMy, nothing lasa than the conquest of the three Venezuelan republics and Peru, to be erected into a sovereignty for some Spanish or Franco-Hispaniol prince. Flores lias even battered Christina, that one of her sons by the Duke of IUanzares might occupy that lofty station. But whatever be the lure held out to her, certain it is, that all the resources of the Spanish government and court are at this momont placed, for the purposes we havo indicated, at the disposal of Flores. The general is commissioned and empowered to raise a Spanish lorce, and may draft from the Spanish army such expericncctbolflcers and soldiers, as he can induce to adopt his cause. Spanish arsenals uud equipment stores are also open to him. He has a camp at Aspeitia, a small town near the coast of Biscay, (or the organization of his force, and for the mustor of ttie military and naval auxiliaries which are to be supplied by Spain. In the raising of these forcea and the preparation for his enterprise, General Flores is said to be aided by his friend, Ueneial Santa Cruz, ex-President of Bolivia, and a forced political exile like himself, who has betaken himself from Bordeaux to Madrid, it is further rumored that the services of an amiable but subtle diplomatist, Don Jose Joaquin de Mora, the intimate friend of both Fleresand Santa Cruz, have been called into requisition. Mr. Mora is a distinguished scholar and eloquent writer; and his accomplishments in these respects are enhanced by his wit and humor He was some years sgo appointed consul gsneral in London by Santa Cruz, when he formed his unfortunate and short, lived confederation of Peru and Bolivia. It was, therefore, imagined, not unnaturally, at Madrid, that such a person, as M. Mora weuld be well received at our foreign oftlcc, and, under this supposition, it was believed he might be able to deprecate effectually, any iuteiference on the part of our government, with the proposed "harmless" crusade of General Flores. But a more active agvnt is Colonel Wright, formerly Consul-general in London for the state of tuo F.quador; but who, when Flores was expelled, followed the for tunes of tun patron. This gentleman is said to have been recruiting for some time-in Ireland; and to have taken successful measures for the collecting and equipping of a very respectable force, for which three steamers ait now Ireightod in London, with orders to take on board the Irish troops, or emigrants, as they are ceiled, in uike part of the soutn-wesfof Ireland. We cosild add to these a great number of facts, all proving the existence and activity of this notable scheme for invading and essaying to conquer peaceful republics, in order to gratify the private vengeance of individuals in the first instance, and in the next to pamper the fatuitous umbitionjof the 8panish court, flattered by the councils of Fiance. But the representatives of the South American Republics in this county are fully aware ol the enterprise; and have addressed fitting remonstrances to the court of Madrid. In England, too, they aro prepared to take whatever steps the law may allow them, cud their own vigilance suggest. Our object in calling present attention to the facts is chiefly to warn too credulous people, both iu England and Ireland, of the extreme folly and Quixotism ol the whole undertaking, as well as of its true nature, in case inducements (which we do not doubt) have been held out to volunteers among our countrymen, not accordan with the truth. General Flores, with the aid of ail the gold ol Christina, has as much chuuce of conquering a province of South America, as he has of annexing u district of the moon. Yet the attempt cannot bat be attended with infimto destruction, misery and bloodshed. Success in any such effort as the setting up a prince of the existing Uispauo Fiench alliance to reign over any por tion of Soutn America, would be utterly detrimental at ouce to the came of freedom and to the interests of free trade. But the certainty ot failure, (for every power iu both Ameiicas would tise to defeat it) docs but render the endeavor morecriminal to us, as it would involve a destruction ol hundreds of our ignorant and conlidlug I riah lclio w .subjects. Fatal IIrcco.ntrk.?We loam that a fatal street rencontre took place nbout noon on Wedn.-sday last, in Somerville, between Wm. A. Lacy and J. A Wilson, Es<i?.. both young gentlemen of the bar, in which Mr. Wilson was killed from a pistol shot by Mr. Lacy. The cause of this bloody interview, was a publication made in the newspapers by Mr. Wilson, on the Is. of Sept. last, after .Mr. Lacy had departed fcr the Kio Grande, a member of Capt Lenows'a company of Kayette Cavalry, denouncing Mr Lacy as having bean guilty ol crimes tbe most dishonest, infamous and penal; and alleging as his excuse for making said publication, that since the departure of .Mr. Lacy, he bad learned that Mr. L. had circulated reports that ho had boen guilty ol infamous and dishonest acts. On Monday evening Mr. Lacy arrived in this place from his regiment at Lavacca, having resigned his Lieutenancy oi the company so soon as intelligence of the publication of Mr. Wilson reached him; he was immediately, however, almost unanimously re-elected by the company, as an estimate of the light in which they con sldcred the publication of Mr. Wilson? they nearly or all baieir his own intimate acnnainiances. county and townsmen, Dad had known him long and Ultimately. I Lieut. Lacy then obtained a furlough for the purpose of immediately returning home to meet the accusation* ami hii accuser. When be arrived in Soraerville, wo learn, a hostile meeting was generally ex|>ected. And on their getting a sight at one another, both drew their pistols, (revolvers) and exchangej two shots, the first from Mr. Lacy, piercing Mr. YV.'s arm, and the second his vitals; neither of Mr. VV.'s taking effect. Both of the gentlemen, we learn, were highly este -med by their respective friends, and those of Mr L. were overwhelmed with anguish when the publication of Mr. Wilson ap peered, and refused to believe Lieut L guilty of the accusations, so fair and honorable had his reputation grown up among them from ms boyhood.?Mrmphit Eagle. Mr. Lacy was examiued and at once acquitted. Negro Property in this State has become very insecure, by reason of the operationa of the negro stealers. This state ol insecurity is becoming greater every day, by reason of the settlement of Iowa, on our North, with an anti-slavery population, and on account of the more perfect organization and concerted action of the anti-slavery men in Illinois. The temptations and inducements held out to cause slaves to elope are becoming more common, and tbo aid and facilities furnished for the escape of slaves more effectual than formerly. The difficulties, risks, and heavy expenses that attend the recapture of a slave, when ho has once entered Illinois, render an escape almost equal to a total losa These things are getting worse every day, because the number of negro stealers is increasing, and they are working with more system than formerly. Lvery year slave property (becomes sub'ect to greater risks, and of course is less valuable. A committee has been appointed to devise some method of staying this evil, ami of counteracting the enbita of the anti-slavery men. A committee of one hundied are to meet on Monday next, and probably may conceit iome useful measures. We are under the impreasion, that in contemplation of the risks, expenses, and loaaea, that attend the holding of slaves in this State, many persona will dispose of tlieir slaves and send them south, preferrirg to do without them to holding them by a tenure so uncertain. The philanthropy of the slave stealer will thus enhance the misery of > many slaves ?Si. L?uit tiew Era, Oct. at>. 1 ho St. Louis Republican of the 39th ult. reports the particulars of the loss of the steamer Sam Seay, laden with flour, lie-, and bound to New Orleans. She struck a snag about 4 o'clock last Sunday afternoon, at the foot ol Dogtooth Bend, and sunk in a few minutes hourly to the top of the wheel house. No lives were loit, and the passengers were taken ofT by the steamer Metamora. The boat and cargo will be a total loss. The snag struck the boat in the bow, and raked her (or twenty feet, tearing off her bottom planks ; and the sunk so suddenly that the passengers had barely time to reach the hurricane rooL 1 he boat was owned principally by Captain Greenlee, her commander, end was insured in Pittsburgh for eight thousand dollars. The diving bell, ! which ley at Kort Pitt, a short distance above, was sent to bar to try and get out tho machinery.
R K I )RNING. NOVEMBER 7, c Boston, November S, lu-tti. 1 The Political Jitftct of bfattachment? Movements on Iho Chen Board?The Democratic and ll'hig Partite. The annual election of tliia State will take place on Monday next, the Oth init. To'an impartial observer, | who haa nothing of a personal nature to hope or fear from the result of the contest, the condition of our political field affords a source of great edification; and were it possible for rabid politicians to profit by any thing, even ui?} uugui reurn sememing iroiu mo state to wiucn naa management has reduced both parties. The democracy are headed by Mr. Isaac Oavia, of \ Worcester, a gentleman of respectability, but possessing no particular claim on his party, and who, last year, had the honor of leading that party in the first of its contests, in which, for almost twenty years, it suffered a very i large diminution of strength. Commencing with 18'J8, i and continuing to 1B44, inclusive, the Massachusetts ; democracy had steadily gained in numbers ; and in the last mentioned rear, they gave almost ?>5,000 votes for Mr. Bancroft, then their candidate for Governor. But, in 184.1, a most remarkable change came over that party, and tbey not only lost some 18.000 in the popular vote, but'aeveral of their strongholds were stormed by the whigs; while others were so spiritlessly defended, as to afford the enemy confident hopea of carrying them at the next attempt that circumatancea would allow them to mako. To what are wo to uttributo a result so disastrous to the liberal party I The answer can bo oasily made by auy man acquainted with the political alfairs of this State. It is owing mainly to the worse than had management of" those to whom President I'olk, in tha plenitude of his ignorance and self-sufficiency, conforred places among us, which gave them tho lead of the party. Vou are aware that whoever occupies the influential aud lucrative office of Collector of Boston, is nocessarily tho leader of our democracy. This has resulted, partly irom tue degree ol political importance which the occupation of that office confers, but more from the fact, that for many years past, and until the commencement of the present luckless administration?which is formidable only in inflicting iujury upon its creatures asd supporters?the office nil been filled by eminent inen, who gained nothing from the place, but conferred dignity and power upon it? men,j of whom it is but stating the simple truth so say, that they were statesmen, and would have been leaders under any circumstances. 8uch men were Henshaw, Bancroft end Rantoul, who, in various departments of intellectual excellence, liavo few equals, and, iu my estimation, no superiors. Under the wise action of these eminent mon, the democracy of Massachusetts gained in strength with each succeeding contest; and if they touched the earth repeatedly after grappling with their stout opponents, it was but to gain increased power from the contact, and to rise with renewed and )et greater energies from the conflict. So certain was their gain, to inflexible their course, and so thorough their confidence in the honesty and sagacity of their leaders, that the liveliest hones were entertained by themselves of ultimately triumphing against the most tremendous odds over encountered by any party ; while the democracy of the nation looked on with admiration, and wore encouraged to believe that the intelligence, the high fame, and the great wealth of Massachusetts, would be finally arrayed on the sido of Liberal principles. ~ On two several occasions tho democracy all but carried the State, though it would bo unfajr not to mention the fact, that their c/uati triumph iu '43 was owing mainly to the excitement growing out of the suffrage contest in ' Rhode lslaud, and that their defeat in '43 was principally caused by tho bad treatment experienced by Mr. Dorr at the hands of a democratic "Supreme Executive Magistrate," as Uov. Morton modestly styled himself. Such wes the condition of the Massachusetts democracy,wkon, for their sins, the unhappy election of that most illustrious of the successors of Washington, James K folk, led to the fastening upon their shoulders a burden, compared with which the Old Mau of the Sea, astride those of the j deluded Sinbad, was as the liding of a petted child on the 1 willing back of e loving father. Sinbad's burden has been pronouncodthe greatest bore on record; but that judgment wu uncreu i vturo mr. itiunuu wua piuuiuiea 10 me ? Ol* factorship of Boston, and literally commenced riding the democracy of Massachusetta to suddeu death, making them "carry weight" with a vengeance. 8inhad was *o fortunate ai to drug hit rider with the Juice of the grape, a proceeding that would have led to his expulsion from every temperance society in Bagdad, had it been known to the people of that famoua city. Like many othor clever fellows, the Old Alan was led to ruin by the temptation to be found in the "Bright liquid, from its mountain mother born fresh; The joy ot the time hallowed vine;" and. drinking deeply, had hie brains dashed out, when they were paralyzed br unwonted indulgence?the most perfect case of "justifiable homicide" ever heard of But our old man was not to be thus disposed of; and the most charming invitation* to "como and be killed," had not the slightest effect in bringing about so desirable a consummation?desirable with all, I mean, who wished well to the democracy in these regions. On the contiary, he proceeded, very systematically, to kill the party which had made him all that ,lie was; and if success be the test of merit, a more meritorious individual, in that regard, is not to be found, than Mr. Collector Morton He laid our democracy as low ns Cxsar was laid by ungrateful men, whose power to murder was the work of his own hands. It was a spectacle for democrats to mourn over, though the whigs were so unkind as to be highly pleased on witnessing it. You must not suppose, from what I have said, that I think lightly of Mr. Morton's talents. Fur from it. I believe him to be possessed of superior powers of mind, and quite worthy to succeed to the place so well tilled by the able men whom I have already named, if he could get rid of an ugly habit he has of carrying his personal antipathies into political matters, and i( argument and redaction could convince him that ho is not an absolute incarnation of democracy, to run against which istho unpardonable crime or the politician. But it was precisely hecause he did carry into tbo place to which he was unpointed, a bitter hatred of men who were guiltless of all political error, save that Involved in assisting in his elevation?the greatest of offences to a small mind?that he proved his unfitness to be the leader of a great party,and which bade fair under such leading,to become very weak indeed. He forgets that his individuality should have been merged in nis character as a leading politician, and that he should have known neither love nor hatred as a man. liven if he had been injured in the course of his public career, by either bad or thoughtless men, that should have boen no reason forgiving full swing to his bowers of revenge, when occupying a great place,thereby prostituting an ottice created for the general good, to the purposes ul an individual malignity, lie piobably forgot?that is, if he hud ever heard of it?the wise maxim of the astute Cardinal Uranvelle, namely: "that wc must not resent every thing, and that injuries aie like pills, which we ought to swallow without chowing, in order to avoid the taste of the bitter." Kvery principle that should have weighed with a man so highly placed, .and to whose care vast interests, was confided,were disre garde!, and a wholesale proscription of democrats enterad upon. Now, the doctrine that, ' to the victors belong the spoils of the vanquished,'-' is one which .cannot be apiiroved by any decent man, not blinded by partisanship ; but had as it is, it is disinterestedness itself, when compared with that individual proscription which hus been so rite in this Stato for the last year and a half ? Bran had it been ordinsry times, Mr. Morton's spiteful course would not have been otherwise than productive of evil to the democracy ; but tho times have been and are extraordinary, and his conduct was but the placing of the match to the powder, and hence the explosion.? That vaguo longing for something different from what ex ist*;. for something that none of the old parties has either the will or the power to giant?was rapidly extended, when it was teen that the whole machinery of the government of a great nation, and the organization ol a powerful party, were made to retrieve no higher or mote important end than the gratitlcation of the petty hatred of a superannuated politician. w. If the condition of the democracy here is ol a character which excites that pity said to be closely related to contempt, that of the whigs is not calculated to excite emotions much more profound or respectful. The whigs are wrangling with a most edifying vindictiveness. The ostensible cause of this agreeable family quarrel, is the existence of slavery; the real cause is, that a large por tion ol the whig party have come to the conclusion that they have been kept in the hack ground quite long enough, and that the good things of party shall no longer be monopolized by that band of old hunkers who have so long had the ordering of matters in Massachusetts ? The old hunkers scandalously insinuate that the love for the slave so loudly dwelt upon by the new lights, or barnburners, as you would call them in New York, is the veriest piece of humbug that the cravings of an inordinate and ridiculous ambition ever caused its votaries to give utterance to. As to what the abolition whigs think of the old hunkers, I believe it somewhat resembles the opinion which King Christopher, of black and blessed memory, ouce expiesscd of Yankee merchants. His Majesty, on a certain occasion, said to one of his courtiers? whether the liuke ot Maimaiinle, the Baron Molasses, or the Count of Cocunuul, 1 aai not not specially advised? | that if a bag of cotl'ee were placed in the mouth of tbut place from which Lbves witnessed the beatitude of las- i zarus, a Yankee metcbant would speedily enter that pleasant place and seize the article. Of this quarrel I i will only say, that it must be confounded provoking to no small number of the whigs here, to And every thing ' monopolized by a few men^while on the other hand,that , philanthropy which can And objects of distress only at a distance 01 some nunureas 01 nines, la ot an exceedingly i suspicious nature. Like Torry-Kin-the Kiiggott's piety, 1 it would seem to have only great gain in vie <v. If the i young whigism of .Massachuaette aims at the removal of giave, political, and moral evils, it can And work enough at home, without troubling itaelf about the condition of the b ark population of the South But ao it ia, avila that lie under our voiy eyesight are the leaat regarded, and 1 if looked upon at all, it it through a reverted telescope, which no diuiiuiabei thero that they become very small attain indeed, and not worthy the lerioua attention of | those enlightened t.'hriatiana who are alwayi ao ready to i engage iu reforming other people'* errori. '1 hough our whig* are thua cut up, they have one advantage over the democrat*, and a prodigiou* one it i?, making all the difference in the world. Itiithia: the democracy are in power, while the whig* are in oppositiou ; and though it i* comparatively easy to hu*h up i quarrel* for the time in an oppoaition party which i* ' striving to change it* condition, nothing is more difficult Uion to unite a party burthened with the reaponaibilirie* ol government, ?*pecially when the government happen* 1 to he in the hand* of weak and imbecile men, a* it the case just now. Never be lo re waa th* democratic party ao badly aituated a* it now ia. In ita worst time* it ha* commanded tha respect of ita opponent* lor the energy and boldness manifested in carrying out ita designs : whereas, now, through.the placing ol remarkably small man in remarkable great placoa, it excite* more of contempt than any ether feeling ; end iUchiofcatreiteaoe for victory In '4k, must be lound in the feet that the whig* IE R A ,-JL m M JLw JL 3k. 1846. may be led 'into the grievous error of despising thai ' enemies, an error which baa often ruined both partior and armies Should the whigs really fall into tbii error, and the democracy bring torward some of their great men for leaders in that contest .the latter may re-establish their affairs, and once tnore occupy the proud position which they held in the days of Jackson. Of whatever other errors they may be guilty, 1 believe they will never again perpetrate the wild folly of briu^ing forth any of the " small deer" of the party to till high places, under the supposition that they are " bucks ol the tirst head." The more I look at the state of the country, the more am I convinced of the proiundity of the truth promulgated bv the Herald some years since, namely, that every succeeding national contest brings forth an increased number of independent voter*, who give victory to whichever party they finally incline to, and who vote i without reference to ordinary party considerations. They gave victory to the whigs in '40, and to the democrat* in '44; and it in in no email degree owing to their i absence Irom the held, that the whigs owe their recent successes in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maine, and elsewhere. ! This now leature in our great battles, U mainfy attributable to the exertions of independent presses?presses at the heed of which stands your able journal, and which, depending solely upon an enlightened reading public for support, and discussing public affairs in a profound and catholic spirit, spurn the trammels of pn^sanship, and are working out a great reform, of which the next generation will reap tho greatest fruits, though the benefit will ho partially seen and fait in our own Jay . We aie all anxiously looking for the result of your eloction, tho most important of any that lias occurred this year. Both parties here hope much?the whigs relying upon that current of succeee which seems to he bearing them oil to fortune, while the democracy are sanguine that the conservative whig* will never he found guilty of suppoiting a man taunted with antirentism, to say nothing of tho Fourieriem of your neighbor tireeley. 1 seo that tho Daily Time of yesterday, which, in the decadence of the Pott, is now the regularly recognized leading organ of tho democracy in this State, has an ingenious article clearly proving that (Jov.i,Wright will be reelected. The Timet may prove a truo prophet ; but when I call to mind, that tho democratic press of late has calculated, " not wisely, but too well," for its own side, 1 am 'inclined to wait with patience for tho returns, and leave speculations to those impatient mortuls who jump to conclusions, and often break their necks by the operation. Police Intelligence. Nov. 6.?Rurglary.?Some kracksmen burglariously entered tho grocery store, last night, occupied by Mr. Ourran, corner of Pearl and Frankfort streets, and stole therefrom a box of segars and fouror Ave jars of los?iges and sundry other articles, valued in all at about $10, and made good their escape. Robbery?Tho residence of Dr Pentz, 7 Oliver street, was entered yesterday by some sneakiug thiof, ahd $50 in Kastorn bunk bills stolen from the doctor's room. No ariest. ? .(.? T... ....... A ?1 ll^.t n-.-_ ?.-i - m.j.?ji v iiu|' uitueii i mci aw iuttlie| "?i ?f retted yesterday, on a charge of stealing a sovereign belonging to Bernard Connolly, residing at No. 63 Cherry street. Locked up for trial. Jlrrett on Suspicion.?Officer Files, of the 6th ward, arrested last night a Dutchman called John Vacbel, under very suspicious circumstances, he having a small bag wherein no had depesited a handsome prayer book, crimson bound, with the name written inside, in pencil mark, " Caioline llalsted;" likewise, several children's books, aud a small Testament. On searching hit person at the slation house, this officer discovered a small brass pistol, together with a chisel and a bunch of skeloton keys. His manners and actions, when brought before the Chief of Police, showed most conclusively that he is an old thief) and from all appearances, in his low, subdued tone of speech, and his general depoitment, he has been an inmate of some Stato prissn. The chief locked him up for examination. In the meantime, an owner is wanted for the above books, which may laad to the discovery of some burglary. Apply to the Chief of Police. Stealing a (run.?Officer ChaJwick, of the 2d ward, arrested two tallows'yesterday, called William Brown and Peter Fannin, whom he caught in the act of itoaliug a guu lrom a wagon, while standing near Fulton market, belonging to George Lingley. Justice Drinker locked them up Tor trial. Surrendered by hit Hail.? A fellow called Jerry Reed, aliiifl Brick, wan arrAStaH vnoTnP/lotr v PutTnranit of the 3d ward, on a bail piece, he having been surren dered by Ins bail, Mr 11 Rollins. who was nil surety for his appearance at court for trial, on a charge of an assault and battery, in the sum of $300 Jerry was unable to obtain fresh bail, consequently Justice Drinker locked him up.* I'etit Larcrniet.?Captain Dwyer, of the 1st ward, arrested last night an old thief called James Williams, having in his possession a pair of new boots, evidently stol en property. Locked up. Mary Bruce, alias Potter, was arrested last night by officer Lynch, of the 14th ward, on a charge of stealing sundry articles of female wearing apparel from the boarding house of Mrs. Chester, No. 103 Kim street. On searching her person, several pawn tickets were found of articles which the accused had stolen from the board ers, and deposited in the pawn shop. Committed for trial by Justice Ketcham. Viimitsin# fr?m OJJxct.?Mr. Mott, keeper of Blackwell's Island, dismissed yesterday, from office, one of his deputies called Robert McLaughlin, who stands charged with aiding auil abetting 13 prisoners in making their escape from the Island, their term ol' sentence not having expired. The motive was, it seems, merely to procure their votes for the election of a certain man, and then to let them run, and trust to Providenco for their future good behavior. liobbtii .?Stolen, by a young man by the name of A1 fred Barnard, yesterday afternoon, from the premises No. 3 Sullivan street, a double barrelled gnn, a pair of pistols, 3 pieces of gingham, 3 dresses muslin detain, acurpet bag, and several small boxes containing fancy goods, the properly of Mr. Alfrod Roberts This young thief is described as being about ft feet 5 inches, dark complexion, curly hair, black eyes, wearing a green coat and dark pantaloons It is supposed that ho went to Albany or in that direction; thereiore others, be on the lookout Conspiracy to D'Jraud?Officer Dennison, ono of the attachet of tho Court of Sessions, arrested yesterday alternoon a man by tbe name of Harvey R. Marks, on a bench warrant, issued by the Couri of Sessions, wherein he stands indicted, with two other individuals, called John K. Townsend and Alfred Kershaw, for a conspiracy to cheat and defraud tho public by the establishment of a mock insurance company, culled the New York Fire, Marine, and Inland State Stock Insurance Company, office No. 20 Wall street, representing their capital at $.100,OOP. They also published in an advertisement a list ol 21 fictitious directors?that is to say, they placed among the list of directors the names of some of our most respectuble citizens, but alti-ring the christian names so that the majority of persons imagined them to be the same individuals. As sccrotaiy tliev used the name of a Mr. McFarland, who at otica applied to the proprietor of the newspaper that contained the advertisement, atnl requested his name to be withdrawn, it having been use I as secretary to the mock.insurance company without his authority. This was done, and since that the paities have been indicted by the grand Jury for a conspiracy. The accused was conducted before Justica Drinker, who held him to trail in $1,000, for his appearance at Court for trial, in default of which be was committod to tbe Tombs. ntijicrior uonn< Before Judge O.nkluy. Nov. ti? Writ. C Porter and Lewie Ballard ve. John Peinblrtnn ami Was. Vennahlr.t.?This was an action for goods sold and delivered. Tho sum claimed was $500. Kor the defence a composition deed was set up, which had been executed by all the defendant's creditors. It appeared that Mr. Ballard, one of the plaintiffs, signed the name of the firm to tho deed without consulting his partner. When the latter heard of it be dissented, and procured the signature of the fli nt to be earased. The Judge directed the jury to find a verdict for plain tills, subject to the opinion of the Court in bank upon the question whether the signature of the firm, to 'ho composition deed was valid and binding on the plaintiffs. For plaintiff Mr. Marsh; for defendant Mr. J Cooke. Hn'uham ve. Hill and Bowne.?The jury in this cause rendered a verdict for plaintiff for $152. Before Judge Vanderpocl. J a rare E. - Jrnniiige vs. Was. F. Schmidt rial.?This was un action for work and labor; the sum claimed was $.100. From the testimony it appeared that defendant contracted to ceil and alter two vessels for the defendants, so as to fit them for a grain cargo. They also claimed to have performed oxtrj work by putting up bulk heads, and by, bracing ami shoring staunchious, &cfor this defendant paid $307 , and refused to pay any more. For the defence a written contract, signed by tlia parties, was produced and proved, by which it appeared that the plaintiff undertook to do the work, including the bulk-heads, for one cent per bushel for the cargo. The defendant's counsel contended that plaiutifl' was bound by thin contract, and estimated the cargo at about 30.000 bushels, which amounted to the sum paid. On the other hand, the plaintiff*'a cotinsul contended that the tiue construction of the contract was the number of bushels the vessel would hold, and not the number the cargo might consist of, for, accoiding to their construction. if they only put one hundred bushels on board, the plaintiff would be bound by it. Evidence of the measurement ol the vessels was then given, on the part of tha ptalnti.f, which, according to the estimate of the plaintiff 's witnesses, waa between 40,000 and 60,000 bushels. The Judge charged the jury, that the true construction of the contract was, that plaintilt' was to he paid a cent per tmshol for every busnel the vessel would hold, and not tha net amount of the cargo Veidict lor plaintiff, $107 U. Kor plaintiff, Mr. Willis llall: for defondant, Mr. N- D. Kllmgwood. Loss op U. S. Mam. Sciir. Stranger?The 8chr. Stranger, W. C. Hammer, master, left Key West on the 3d of Oct, Indian Key on the 7th?eaperienced the lata gale on the 8th from the N. K which I continued until the 11th, when it increased to a perlcct : hurricane Irom K to E. S. K ; while lying to in the gulf, > was struck by a heavy rea on the starboard ijuarter, | which hove the vessel on her beam ends, swept deck, shifted the cargo, lie ; succeeded in getting her before the wind, which dnshled us in s measure to replace the cargo, when she righted, end was again hove to in 20 fathoms, under balanced reeled mainsail. On the morning of the 12th, at S o'clock, she went ashore among the breakers, over which she best, and drove high anil dry | | on the beech, about twenty miles north or Indian River, where the bilged. Crew aOd psaaengers saved. Vessel and cargo total loss. Capt Hammer, who arrived here yesteritay morning with the U. H. Mail, reports a large ship, with painted ports, which had been three day a In company, going aahore about the same time on the outer I breaker t toe wind hauling to the weatward ahe waa blown otT again, and when he last taw her she was dismasted and appeared to be settling rapidly. The crew seemed to be engaged in rigging jury meats. No boats could be seen on board of her? Ckti Uiton Our JN*n. I. , L LD. ? prlf? Two CciiU. Chronological Table for October. lit I mportuut advices of the great domain) for ill American produce in Europe?and particularly in England and Ireland?of the threatened famine in Ireland?and the failure of the potato crop. Arrival of Sivori. id Departure of the Cambria Account! of the capture and occupation of Santa Ke, by General Kearney, who proclaim! himself governor Alio of the nomination of Silai Wright for governor. Sd Account! ol skirmishes between the Ranrerf and Raucheros?the advance of tho American troop* toward* Monterey ; and additional particular* in relation to tlie capture of Santa Fe. Arrival of the Hibernia at Boston with one week's later intelligence of the advance in tho price* of cotton?The escape Of Don Carlo*?and anticipated difficulties between king land and Franco in relation to the contemplated marriage of one of Louis Phillippe's sons to the Infanta of Spain 4th. Departure of (Jen. Jesup, Quartermaster General, from Washington to the sout ot war in Mexico. Rise in tho price of American tlour. Mli. Arrival of a copy of the London Punch at the Union office, Washington. Opening of the Fair of the American Institute. lith. Apprehensions in relation to the fate of the Great Britain 7th. Nomination of John Young, the whig candidate for Governor. Orders issued at the departments at Washington, forth* more vigorous prosecution of hostilities against Mexico. Meeting of the Winnebago Indian Chiefs with the I'nited States Commissioners at Washington 8th. Departure of the Great Western with the Hon. George Bancroft and General Armstrong among her passengers. 9th. Nomination of Ogden Kdwards for Governor by the Native American party. 10th. Accounts of the mutiny on board the St. Mary's. Account* of the capture of the slave btig Casket. Great race between the yachts Coquette and Maria. 1 Ith. State Convention issue the result of their labors, with a recommendatory address. ldth. Accounts of the capture of Monterey and storming thereof. 13th. First appearance of Sivori at the Tabernacla. 14th. Great storm in New York and vicinity. 17th. News from the seat of war?Yucatan declares 1,If in favor of Mauioo 13th. Accounts from Santa Fe? General Ktirnty taken possession of the Governor's Palace. lwth. Santa Anna'* .letter in favor of prosecuting the war. Slat. Accounti of tho loaa of the ateamer Mutual Safety. Arrival of tho steamship Caledonia at Boston. Accounts of the wreck of the "Ureat Britain" at Hathaiullan, on the coast of Ireland. Ureat excitement thereon. Advance in the prices of corn, and of all American provisions. 36th. Accounts of the cessation of hostilities in the Argentine Republic. '17th. Arrival of the Norwegian vessel of war "North Star," at New Vork. Departure of Faredes. 28tli. Acquittal of the slave George Kirk. 39th. Burial of the remains of the late Commodore Decatur. 30th. First appearance of Herz, the great pianist. Varletlea. Mail Rohiikht.?The mail which was made up at this office on the 1st inst., for tho eastern cities, it nas been ascertained, never reached New York. It is supposed that it was robbed between this point end Wheeling, or letters for Pittsburgh wouli\ have reached their destination. The extent of the robbery is not known, but on that day L. A. Benoist it Co. mailed from $1 300 to $1,400 in bank notes, and $f>,Ono in drafts. J. J. Anderson It Co $800 to Pittsburgh, and $300 to New York, in bank notes; Preebury & Co. $000 in bank notes to New York, it is supposed other brokors also made remittances.?St. Louii Union, '20th ult. The Leavenworth (Indiana) Banners ays that the President has appointed Hon. K D Owen, representative in Congress from that State, Minister to Brazil, in the room of Henry A. Wise, of Va. The Philadelphia American of yesterday, says:? "Tho first mate of the crew of the Pons were bo iuiu mo i?mj wr jcaieruuy morning, out, uu hccuuui of the engagement of their counsel, J. Murrey Rush end 0. Rush, Esqs, in tho Cactus case before the U. 8. Court, the hearing was postponed until this morning.? The defendants were, with the exception of two or three, admitted to bail for their appearance. Oeorge Emlin, Jr., Esq., appeared as counsel far Capt. Cheyney, and pieferred charges against the defendants as follows, viz: Against the first mate loxAn assault and battery upon the captain. Against those nalfed in the warrant for confining the captain, and against some of them Ibr an assault upon the captain. lion J ? hereon Us vis, member of Congress from Mississippi, and now commanding tho 1st regiment of Mississippi Volunteers at Monterey, has sent his resignation, as member ef Congress, to Oor. Brown. Ncoro Riot.?Tho Chicago Democrat of the 28th ult, gives the following Laccount ol a rist in that aity:? On Wednesday afternoon, two runaway slaves, who had been pursued to this city, were taken by the agent of the owner before Justice Kercheval, in order that they might be dealt with according to law. While there, some little delay occurring in getting the laws of Missouri, which were deemed neresssry in the examination, the negroes of the city assembled in front of the ofltee, headed by some abolition fanatics?clerical, legal and others - and the fugitives were passed down the stairs by their friends, into tho arms ol those who were at the door, and in defiance of Deputy Sheriffs Rhines and Daily, were taken oil. The mob, puiticularly the negroes, were armed with clubs and deadly weapons, and threats were made by them pretty freely against the officers ol the law, if thgf attempted to do their duty. And, although the offiers exerted themselves to the best ol their ability, they were unable to put the law in force The mobocrats succeeded, and paraded the streets in triumph. left off wardrobe and furniture wanted. LADIES or Gentlemen can obtain the highest Cash prices fur all kinds of Wearing Apparel, Carpets, lie., by stadias for the subscriber, at 11 Marion street, between Broome and Spring. N. STOKERS. X 15.? \ line addressed through the Post Office, or otherwise, * ill be punctually attended to. oW lm*rre CAST OKKCLOIIUNO AND kURMITUKX WANTED. LADIK8 or Gentlemen having anf superfluous or east oC clothing or fnrnitnre to dispose of, can obtain a fur cash Srice lor the same, by applying to the subscriber, at his rear* eoce, or through the post office, which will be punctually I r....la.l In M U f'SVUL'M fl N. B- Ladiei can be attended to by Mn. M. 8. Cohen. ol5 lm*re ~ HAIR DYE DATCHtLDEll'fl Instantaneous Liquid Hair Dye ii ebJLJ solatelythe only article yet invented that eaa be defended on to color tlie human hair, whiskers, lie. without stniuing or injury to the akin, or destroying the health and elaatieity of the hair. Tnis fact is attested by hundreds who I use and take every possible paiua to recommend it. The eo | lor will not he diatnrhed by constant washing, and will be fraod perfectly aailottn aad eran, withent any of thoae unnatural tints so much complained of in the ordinary hats dye. Hold wholesale and retail by WM. BATCHELOR, 2 Wall at. Agent in I'hiladelphia, Eng. Konaael. nlllm'r THIS INVISIBLE WIG UO closely resembles the real head of hair, that sceptisn ' and connoisaenrs have pronounced it the most perfect sod extraordinary inveniiou of the day. The great advantage of this novel anil unique Wig, is its being made without sewing or wearing, which causes its appearance so closely to rrsemble the naiural hair, both iu lightness and natural appearance, as to defy detection, its tenure being so beaatifal, so porons, and so free, that in all cases efperspiration erapo ration is unimpeded, and the great evils of other wigs avoided. The sceptic and connoisseur are alike invited to inspect this novel and beautiful Wig, and the peculiar method of feting the head, at the inventor's, (A. C. BARRY,) 1M Broad way, comer of Liberty atreet, np stairs. si? Im'nc J. STOUVRNEL fc CO., AV 3 John street, near Broadway, and No. SI# Go Id street MANUFACTURERS. and Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Glass, Holar, Lard, and Camphene Lamps, Chandeliers, Brackets, Hall (.amps and Lanterns, Girandoles, Candelabras. he. he. Borate houses, churches, and hotels, feted up with gas, chandeliers, brackets, Itc. We are also maaafeaturing cut and plain glass, of every doeeriptioo, which in quality and cnttiug cannot be surpassed by any in the country. All the above articles made to order, and matched to env pattern, and guaranteed to give satisfaction?all at a great reduction iu price. Glass cut to order. Lamps altered sad refintahed. Goods loaned for parties. at? 1m*iue W H fc. AT ONE THOUSAND buabela lllinota Whwt. juat leaded and for a?l? br E. K. COLLINS k CO., Vi Mnnik ?** ? H-UNti'S GOUOH GAND* COMMON SENSE hu tlwtyibrrn eoneidered is every age, one of (be aareat indicattona nl a aoeud intellect, tad when everted in the c.auae of anffering hamtnity it beeonms a moat ennobling virtue. When angering nnder the effect* ol a cold or alight rough, how much better to at once get rid of it hy employing King a tiniveraally recommended Vegetable I ocgh ( 'andy, than to allow the aeeda of perhapa alia gering aalhma or a fatal conaumption to be aowa to your COOItirunooa. Dnea not cotntnon aenae point out the proper courae to be ptiraued?warm clothing and King a < ongh Caadyi Tlionaanda hare been quickly cured, and maay that bad deapaired?tliea why not yoa, iea<(er. or yonr aching frienda r Head thia from tiie Her Hanaurl D. Burchard ... King'e < andy-Having been atroagly recommended by aonie kind frienda to try King'a I ongh Candy for a yary aevere cold, I did an with, I muc eonjrea, groat acepuciam aa to its virtuea. hot I found myaelf apeedily relieved and able to uttcud to thoae dnnca from which I had aenoualy feared to be debarred A leeling of thaukfnloeaa and a deaire to benefit othera ptompta me to give the littlf-inAuenee my name may poaaeaa, in making the virtoe^if thia remedy knowu to the public, and impartiuga little that which la proverbially a ureal aaautauce to the effecta ol medicine, namely, confidence. grt SAMUEL D BURCHARD, Paator of Houaton atreet Preabytrriau Church, corner o Thompaon and Hnuaton atreeta, New York. Eor aula at Ring' 191 Broadway, corner of John at. o5 In* tc COUGHS COUGHS, COUGHS. CORBYN'S COUOH LOZF.NOES-Thie popular remedy will be found the moa: effectual one bow iu uae far the canm rtf n tiiirlu Pitltli hfkfirisugta irritating! nf ika Innwa ihortnett of breath. asthma, consumption, lie. This ii not like many prepu ationa, got up merely to pleate the palate, hot to rrmnre tnoae diltretsmg symptoms whieh but too of ten prove fatal when neglected, aa many thousands can testify who hare eipenenced their happy and aalwtary effects; aianjr of whom hare heeii i educed to the brink of the grace ? They promote a free and eaay expectoration, and reonireno confinement- A tingle box will cure the moat obetiuatn cough that erer tutted Kor tale by O. COLBY. ehemitt, He., JJI Pearl at. Frvk I in square. agent for the United States. o24 Im'r MKd. ZfcULIO. No. 67 Divine* Street. WILL open a large aiaortment ?f PaHa millinery, Bonnetg. kg. Hhe will offer for inspection a choice stock of k all gooda, comprising ailkt, satins,plain and cut rclreta, he which being aelected with good taste front the letaet arnrelt, ii well worthy the attention of purchasers. Merchant! and millinert from the country, wanting naatenlit and M(t#rni. woold find it thair intoreat to **il hofof# pure hating, ee the tioek le fresh. th# atyle the latest; which will be diapoeedaf on leaeontble terme. o? laao*rrc