Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 11, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 11, 1846 Page 1
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?W* O ] .5..w J Vol. XU, No. 'VJk?YVliole No. 45*7. THE NEW YORK HERALD. IAMES 90RQ0N BENNETT PROPRIETOR Circulation---Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD-Every day, Price 3 cenu per copy-$7 35 per annum?pavabl? m advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price 6.V ceuts per copy?3 I2K cenu P-r aunnm?payable in advance. HERALD KOK EUROPE?Every Steam Packet day. Price 6*e centt per copy?$3 00 per annum, payable iu advatic* ADVERTISEMENTS at the uaual pricea?alwaya carh in advauce , ... PRINTING of all kuiile executed with beauty and Patch All let'rr or communication., by mall, addreassed to tlie ratabluhiuciil, must be post paid, or the postage will bel ducted Iroui the aubacripiiou money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor of the New York Hxkalo Establishment, North-Weat comer ofKnltou and Naaaan atreeu' TRAVELLING AOCOHfflODATlONS. CHANGE OF HOURS. LONd ISLAND HA1LKOAD. FALL ARMXGFMENT, jalll jri??8, IjHbf csMtj On and after MONDAY, October 13,1646, Trains will run aa follows: Leave Biiooki vpi?at 7 o'clock A. M (Boston train) for Urernport, daily, (except Sundays) stopping at Farmtngdale ana St. George'* Manor. " " at 9 V A M.. daily, for Farraingd&le and intermediate places. " " at II o'clock, M., for Greeuport, daily,' Sundays excepted,) stopping at Jamaica, Bra. ch, llicksville, and all stations east of Hicksxi lie. M " at 4 P M. for k'arraiugdale, daily. 1 iavk UaainroaT?at 8V A. M., daily accouimodation trai for Brooklyn. " " at 3V P. M., (or on the arrival of the boat from Norwich,) Boston train daily, (except Bundays,) stopping at St. Ueorge'a Manor and Farmiugdale. Lkatr Kabmitodalk at t>V A. M. daily, (except Snndaya,) accommodation train, and 12 M. and 5X P. M. Leave Jamaica?a i o'clock A. M., 1 P. M., and 6V P. M., for Brooklyn, or on the arrival of Boston tram. A freight train will leave Brooklyn for Greeuport, with a passengers' car attached, on Mondays,' Wednesdays and Fridays, at 9V A. M. Returning, leave Urernport at IV o'clock P. M, ou Tuesday, Thursday aud Saturdays, stopping at intermediate places. SUNDAY TRAINS. Will hereafter run to Tompson Sta'ion, leave Brooklyn at 9 o'clock for Thompson and intermediate places, commencing Sundav the 8ih November, reluming leave Thompson at 2 o'clock P. M., Farming Dale 2V. Jamaico 3V, leave Brooklyn for Jamaic i 9 A. Mi, and 4 P. M. Kahk to?Bedford, 3 cenu; Kast New York, 11V; Race Course, 18V; Trutling Course 18V. Jamaica, 2">; Brusnville, ; Hi de Park. (17 i ilea) 27V; Clowsville, (during the sesi vu of Conrl) 2. V; APmpstead, 37V; Branch 37V; Carle Place.44; Westbury, 44; Hicksville, 44; Farmtngdale, 62V; Deer Park,69; Thompson, 88; Suffolk Station, SI; Lake Road Station, SI 18V; Medford Station, Si 18V? Yaphauk.Sl 37V; St. George's Mauor, $1 62V; Hiverhead, SI 62V; Jamcsport, SI 62V; Maltvtnck, SI 62K; Cutehogue, ?i 62Vf: Sputhold, SI 62V; Greeuport Accommodation Train, SI 75; Gfeenport by Bostou train. S3 23. Stages are in readiness on the arrival of Trains at the sereral Stations, to take passengers at very low fares, to all parts ol the Island. Baggage Crates will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall street, to receive baggage f r the several trains, 30 minutes be'ore the hoar of starting from the Brooklyn aide The s'eamboat "Statesman" leaves Greeuport for Sag Harbor on the arrival of the Boston train from Brooklyn. Brooklyn, Oct. 8, 1846. o9 rrc CETTrvAiA A.vi. MAUUN ANI' -V>,3J ,,K> RAIL ROADS, GEORGIA Adancfc Rntlroac I ol the State ol Georgia, form a continuous Hue It im Sa vaaoah to Oothealoga, Georgia of 371 miles, vid :? Savannah to Macon... .Central Railroad 1941 miles Macon to Atlanta, Macoa k Western Railroad 101 " Atlanta to Oothealoga, Western It Atlantic " 80 " GooJs wiM be carried from Savannah to Atlanta and Oolh exloga, at the following rates, vis : Oiv WiiiiHt Goods. To Jit- To Ootk Sugar, Coffee Liqnor, Bagging. Rope, lanta. caloga Bnner Cheese, Tobacco, Leather, Hide*. Cotton Yarns, Cupper, Tin, T4 -r ? iP Sheet Iron, Hollow Ware acd Cast luge , ? ? p 79 Flom r>"'. Bacon iu casks or boxes, # Por*. Fi?h, Lard. Tallow, Beeswax, bull Geariug, Pig Iron and Grind Btouc. fOW $9 82V l't j'kasfhkmkivt GoOl's. Boxes of Hat", B .cuers and Furniture, per cubic fu^U .....$u29 t0 28 Boxes and bales >>f Pry GooBSj Saddlery Glass, Paints, Drags and Confectionery, per cubic foot. to 30 p. 108 lbe. IS Crockery, per cubic foot $0 15 " " 25 Molasses and Oil, per hhd. (smaller caaks in proportion,) ,...(9 08 $12 00 Ploughs, Harge) Cultivators, Corn BhelInrs. ana Straw Cutters, each $135 tl 50 Ploughs, (small) and Wheelbarrow*... .to 00 tl 05 Salt, per Liverpool Sack $0 70 $9 95 Passage. fcavannahto Atlanta 110 04 Children under 12 yean of age, half price. Savannah to Macon, $7 00 [?/*" Good* consigned to the Subscriber will be forwarded free of Commissions. Jy Freight may be paid at Savannah, Atlanta at Oath oga. F. WINTER, Forwarding Ageut, C. R. R. Sataitwah, August 15. 1946. a!3 2m?rrc REGULAR MAIL LINE FUR BOSTON. VIA NORWICH A WOR- aatM jMQ CESTKR, without change fW-sJMi gnCara or Baggage, or without^^^HK r ? T I 1 A-crossin g an y t errv. mssengeni taking their seats at Norwich, are insured their a i Is through u> Boston This being the only inland route tl. t communicates through by steamboat aud railroad. Pasaengers by this line are accompanied through by the conductor of the train, who will have particular charge of their luggage, ami who will otherwise give his attention to their ease and comfort. This line leaves sonth side Pier No. 1, North HiTer, foot of Rgflprv PUffB. ilailir. / Hniii(BvtM*4?*nrg<Il a? A n'oloeL P \,1 a mi arrive! in Boitr>n id time id take all the e altera traitia. The new steamer ATLANTIC, Captain Doitan, leave* every Tneiday, Thursday, and Saturday!, at 6 o'clock, P. M. The ?teamer WORCESTER, aptain Van Pelt, leave! every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 5 o'clock, P. M. For further information, inquire of J. H. VANDEKB1LT, No. I Battery Place, North River. si tf re NCW YORK, ALBANY AND TROY LINE, FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT. From the Pier at the toot of Courtlarxlt Street?Taasage *1 60-Berths 60 cents. jMrt PASSENGERS raking this Boat will ararrive m : me to take the Morning Train of 3ICw3IUK> cars feom Troy west le Buffalo, and north to Whitehall and Lase Cliamplain. The low pressure steamboat K.MPIRE, Cant. R. B. Maey, This Evening at 6 o'clock. Regular days, 1 uesdry, Thursday and Saturday. For Passage or Freight, apply on Board, or at the Office on the Wharf.? Freight must be irat in charge of the Freight Agent, or the compiny will not be responsible for loss. "TROY MOKN LN (i A N D 1EVENING LIME MORNING LINE AT SEVEN O'CLOCK. FOR ALBANY AND THOY?From the earn boat Pier at the loot of Barclay afreet SSIOLb nding at Peakskill, West Toint, New burgh, Hampton, Milton, Pooghkeeptia, Hyds P-.rk, Rhine oeeg,U. Red Hoo t, Bristol, Catskill, Hndaoa, Coisaekte, Kindrrhook and Baltimore. Breakfast and d> sner on board the boat. The steamboat P IAGARA, will leave oa Moaday, Wed Friday and Friday Moraingi 7 A. M. 'the steamboat TROY, Captain U or ham, on Tnssday. Thi ?day and Saturday mornings, at T o'clock. Sl? irnanz on opposite davs. .it iiHie or freight apply oa beard, or at tba office oa lha ahail. NEW YORK. ALBANY AND TROY LINK H ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT, rid the pier at the loot of Conrtlandt it,eat. TV-0 low-preaanre i team boat EMPIRE, Captain H.B. Mary i?are? the loot ol Conrtlandt atreet, oo Tuesday, Tharadar and Hamrdar evaniugs, at fix o'clock. The Steamboat COLOMBIA, ('apt. Wrn. H Peek, will laaya oa Monday, Wednesday aad k'nday evenings, at 8 o'clock. PaaaeuKera taking these Boata will arrive ta time to take the Morning Tram of Can Iron Troy weat to Buffalo, aad north to Sarapiga, Whitehall and Lake Cliamplnia. 'or Paaeugo or v roacht, apply oa board, or at lha Ofllea oa lue wha,l'. No freight taken after iX o'clock NOTICE?All goods. freight, biutk billa, ipecie, or aay otner kind ol property, politicly at the nwnct'i ruk. iMr ' PEOPLE'S LINE OK STEAMERS KOR ALBANV, Daily, Sunday* excepted?Through direct at 8 o'clock, P. MKVoaa Steamiest pier betwen Court! and! and Liberty da. ^ Steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, Capt. A. A^JDjQi Houghton, will leave on Monday, WednetL day and Kridat evemnaa, at o'clock. Jp?n?ioatlBAAC NEWTON, Cant. William H. Peck, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday eyeniaca.atl o'clock. At i o'clock, P. M., Landing at Intermediate Plaeee. JVotn tbt foot of Barclay ilrrtt. Steamboat SANTA CLAC'S, Captain B. Overbangh, will leave on Monday, Wednesday, Kriday, and Sunday after noons, at 7 o'clock Bteasaoat NORTH AMERICA, Capt. R. H. Kury, will laaya oa Taeaday, Thursday and Satnrday afternoons at o'clock. Tht above boats will at all times arrive in Albany in ample time for the morning cars for the East and Wait. Kreight taken at moderate rates, and none takaa after 4H 'clock, P.M. ... . All persona are forbid trusting any of tho boata of thil line, wtthont a written order from the captains or agenti Kce passage or freight, apply on board theboata, or toT-C. Hchnltx,at lha office oo the wharf. ?Xr .mgaea m| Kor NEW YORK and lulcrmcd^te'idarra The " boat NEW PHILADKLThIa If m.' M'tam Lawrence H Krnxae, will eomrr.aure tuiining between Amboy and New York, on Monday the Mth Sept. Inuring South Amboy at gjf, Perth Amboy at 7 o'clock A.M., touching at Brntly, Roasville, Blazing Star and CNrlxea, arriving in New York about 9 o'clock, returning will leave New York from Tier No. I North Rirer, at 4 o'clock P.M. 'are from Sonth k Perth Amboy, 14 ceati; Bently IS eanta, all tlie otlvr landiuga 1?K cents. All kinds of freight taken 11 'l>e lowest ratex. Si.nth Amboy, Sept U, ll'l. alS lm?r Ori'OM 1'1UN~T1CK.ET OFFICE FOR THE NORTH AND WEST. .krnpt jgm FOR ALBANY,TScent^ Utiea, f] ; By U||*"1?1* ' M ; Oswego, ft 7J ; Rochester, SEnSMUKLlf 74, Buffalo, $7; Cleveland, $4 SC; Ports m.'iiib,l9, Pitrsbuith. W: Detroit, Michigan, Id. Cincin nadi, Ohio. 13; Milwaakie. ?} Chicago,! 9; Toronto, U C., 11.7#; Hamilton, |4 SO; Kingston, ft 70; Whitehall, $} 50, Montreal, |4 48?Passengers, by s|iplying, sen get their tickets at tba o?eo No. 1M Barclay aiioai, at the above oh M. L. RAY, Agent. E JNH NEW PLUNKETT & PARDESSUS 11 HAVE REMOVED their Metropolitan Hat and Dip store to No- >833^ P ulton street, one door east of Nassau street, where they will continue to sell articles, equal to those of auy other establishment, at the following reduced ; rates Quality. Quality, 1st?Nutria Pur Hats... $3 50 l.t-Moleskiu Hats, ...?J 00 IM '; " ... 3 00 Jd " "... 1 50 1st?Cloth Caps 1 50 1st?Glazed Caps 1 00 1<1 " 1 00 Jd " 75 , *? ? , 75 Id " JTR | AH other articles at equally low prices. Julei Plunkett It Reus Pardessus respectfully request a continuation of the kiud patronage with which-, hey hare hitherto been furore d. n7 I in re FOR SALE IN BROOKLYN. iM THE Three Story Oianite Baietnent Houaa, IK [ Washmglou street.adjoining tne Lyceum. Tins buildJ^JHuing was erected by day's work, and combines with substantiality all the improvements and conveniences uow introduced in houses iu New York,, viz. bath room, water closet, kc The rear ii euclesed with glass with tea-room, Ike. Water is supplied from a very large reservoir. The lot is 27 by 105 feet, ruuuiug back to one ol the fiueat gardens in Brooklyn. $5000 may remain upou bond and mortgage For terms, kc., apply at 173 Pearl street, up stairs, betweeu il A M. anil2 P.M. nt Stawlw'trcj FREEMAN'S HrLL. TO LET. h^g THIS HALL, built by the Freemau's Hall AssopfB ciation of the city of Brooklyn, under a charter from Xfd&thr Legislature of the Stale of New York, is uuw nearly completed and ready for a tenant. ^This spacious building, fifty by eighty feet square, and four stories high, is elegantly situated for a public hotel in South Brooklyn, on the corner of Colombia and Amity streets. There is a hall occupying the whole of the third floor, and three storea on the basement front on Columbia street, and to a first rate tenant ike whole will be rented by the association at a very reasonable rent, on a lease for a term of years. The attention of keepers of public hotels is invited, and they are requested to view the premises. For further information. apply to rither of the undersigned committee. JAMES FKEEL. 36 Myrtle Avenue. JOHN SWEENEY, Columbia Hotel. South Ferry. THOMAS MULLKJAN, comer of Atlantic and Hicke THOMAtt LKSLIE, gteralarr of the Aslociation, corner of Tillery uid Knlton Kulton su., Brooklyn. Wot. 6. I?I6. u9 lw*c BOAKD1NG MERCHANTS*' HOUSE, Not 135, 137 and 1911 Broadway. MTHK PKOPRIKTOR would reapecifull* inform families and tingle gentlemen desiring Board for llie winter in comfoitable quarter*, with all the couvenieucea of a home, that he haa a number oflight and pleasant apartment* to let (fnrniahed) ?t moderate price*. A choice of room* uray be had by early application. oM lm'rrc ORLANDO K18H. THfc. (iLuBK HOTEL, bti Broadway. TH18 HOU8K haa, during the tnmmer, bees re f<l> paired and painted throughout, and baa entire new furJ^Lniture. It will be re-opened (or TravA.ers, lie., on Tueaday neat, the <th in*tant,aud will be kept ou the old plan ofa restaurant, with the addition of a table d'hote. A few familiea, and am gle gentlemen can be accommodated for the winter. ol lm*rc JAMK8 H. PAOK CHEAPEST AND HLST INSTRUCTION IN WRITING. MBRISTOW rrspectlnlly annonurea In* retnrn to New York, and the re-opeuing of bia Academy for Day and Keening Pupils, at No 303 Hroadwav, camrr of Dunne ttreef. Superior and Klcgaot System of Writing, tanght with certaiuty and ancceaa in One Coarse of eaay Lessons, by Mr. Bnstow. By this system Ladies are tanglit a neat, handsome, delicate and fashionable hand, truly elegant and lady-like. Gentlemen acquire a bold, manly and expeditious style, suitable for every occupation of life?uo matter how bad, illegible, cramped or defective the writing may be. T. r" 8i rangers visiting New York can obtain the system in three days. o2S eodlm'rre HANI'. I m i * ' a rvT f uv a i . i"/i ixu iosiamv >T HO WARD VTHKKT,'' 1? SIGNORA and 8IUNOK KMtRKRO have re-open their school. Days of tuition Wednesdays aud Saturdays, <uid Mondays and Thursdays, at half-past 'hrer o'clock for young ladies and young gentlemen.? Monday and Thursday evenings at o'clock. Dancing and Waltzing Class for Gentlemen. Wednesday and Saturday evenings, at > o'clock, Waltzing Class for do.? AH the fashionable dances, including Polkas, Maznrkas. and Kedowas, will be taught in the above-mentioned Classes. Private Ho trees will be given as nsnal. Private classes, private lessous.and Boarding Schools punctually attended to. o23 I mend "re I'rtlWl HA1 LUKjtliMU iMAGHdNK TH 111 inanyorders that we have received far oor Patent"Hat Luering Machine," have in connection with the atieu tiou paid to the one eihibiting in the Fair, fully snstained the opinion eipressed, that our Machine has brought the po tithing part .of a list to perfection The whole Machine occupies the space, only, of about fourteen inches, and can he placed any wherr in a room, even in a corner We are happy to remark that it has been received with adm ration here, at well as in England, France and Germany, where measuret have been taken to psteut it also; and, we bag to invite those who have not inspected the Machine, to do se, at the south vast corner of Eighth street and Sixth avenue, where one will be found in operation, and will he shown hy Mr. George Mchott, on the premises, who will also receive orders for the pateotees. ofti ItawIm'rrc LOUDEN it SHAW. ENGLISH HAK.DWAKK. HAlK SEATING,lie AGENTS' VP STAIRS PRCES. 1 fiD GROSS Pin'd white bone knives and forks, $6 SO IvV per gross. 100 do fineironnd ttat, do do, $10 per gross. 400 pair carving knives and forks, Irom Zt% to JTX cents per pair. SO dor. patent knob locks, $0 SO per dozen. SO sets fi- e Gothic tea trays, tS per set. SO do balance handle ivory knives, all with French forks, $10 to $'4. Also, all sizes of best bair seating at the reduced list: warranted C S files ol all kinda and sizea; fire irons . trace chains; locks, vices, Itc. lie., with s general assertment of ataple Birmingham and Sheffield gooda at low pricea. a JOHN A. NEWBOULD, ol9 mwfc No. 65 John atreet, (up stairs.) CHEAP SHAWLS, SILKS k CASHMEK-EST PURCHASED by the Subscribers, st the large peremptory sale of Meiars. Bcnkard It Mutton, are now offered at SO percent below the regular cost of importation, comprising some of the finest and best P.... IY...1- ( Sltawl. Long sinwl* of every color, and entirely new styles. Square 12-4 Cashmere Shawl*, very beautiful patterns. > Printed Shawl* ond Scarf*. Mantilla*. Cloak* and Coat*. SILKS. Of new and moit iplendid Brocada styles, at abont half th* manufacturer*' price*. CASHMERES, Of Paturle. Lupin, Seydoux k Co.'* finest cloth* and beat printing, quite new and iplendid pattern*. The above, with a large itock of other good* from auction, are offered at auction price*, by JAMES BECK It CO., o!7 eod2wr li9 Broadway. CONSUMPTION, COUGHS, AND ALL DISEASES OK THE LUNGS ?????????????? DR. SWAYNE'S COMPOUND SYRUP WILD CHERRY. THE ORIGINAL AND GENUINE PREPARATION. Cough*, Cold*, Asthma, Bronchitis, Liver Complaiur. Spitting Blood, Difficulty of Breathing, Pain in the Siae and Breast, Palpitation of the Heart, Influenza, Croup, Broken Constitution, Sore Throat, Nervous Debilitv, and ail disease* of the Thioat, Breast, and Langs ; the most effectual and speedy cure ever known for above disease*, DR. SWAYNE'S COMPOUND SYRUP OK WILD CHERRY. *"Vl>- .11 lh. r.m./l... ,.f ,1.. A.? a?#l ,1. a 1 u which profess to be o7 frc.it nine to'thc huni.,n family) we hesitate not to pronnuuce i)r hwayne'8 COM POUND 8YHUP Oh wildcherry a* oae of thegreatCbt discoveries ol modern ciance. Of ail the many compounds put forth for the cure of diseases which affect human nature, aot one remedy could be named which has in so short a spare ol time acquired such unbounded confidence with the public, and has performed such miraculous cures; and has merited aud received so much eulof mm from the faculty and others, as this justly celebrated remedy. UK CAREFUL OV YOUR COLDS. Many people are very apt to consider a cold but a trifling matter, and think that " it wilt go away ol itsell in a few days," and they give themselves no trouble about it. But to such we would say, " be careful of your colds" do not tamper with vourcon-litntious. If yon desire to live to a good old age," nse snch remedies as will effect an easy and permanent cure. DR. SWAYNE'8 COMPOUND SYRUP OK WILD CIIKHRY has cured more colds than aoyother medicine offered lor sale in this country. The certificates of cuies effected by this invaluable medicine, which the proprietor is daily receiving, are of the most gratifying character, and lend to show its sanative properties, aud the high rank it holds in public estimation The Press, the Medical Kaculty, and thousands who have need Dr. SWAYNK'S COMPOUND SYRUP OK WILD CHKKK Y, all concur in pronouncing it one of the beet re. medirs ever invented for the cure of all PULMONARY AKKKCTION8. IT/"" Remember, all preparations purporting to contain Wild Cheuuv, art firtilinvt and counterfeit, except that bearing the written signature of Dr. Swavrve.?Great care should ba observed to purchase from the regularly appointed egent. Principal Office, comer of EIGHTH and RACE streets, Philadelphia. 44444444444444 AnrvTs in New Yoee-CHaui.es H. Rinn, corner of Broadway and John streeta; R. A. Bauds, IM Bowery; E B. Wanivta. 301 Bleacher straat, J.C. Haer, 14* < J rind, comer Norfolk; J. L. Lewis. j87 Greenwich; Dodo, TTI Broadway; Wtatt and Ketcham, III Eulton; Mes. Haves, 139 Kulton street. Brooklyn: B. Oi.osk Son, Newark; JtfHn Peaeson, Kshway: Mas. Kinnra, 100 Court street, Boston; Duaoin It Co., Portland; C. Dvee, Jr., Proridenca; Hoadlet, Phelps It Co. 141 Water street, N. Y. oil Im MWK?r THE EYE. DK. WHEELER, Oculist, 2* Greenwich street, near the Battery, derores his exclusive attention to diseases of llie Eye and Optlialmir Surgery; and assures the public that there are not amongst the nnmemns diseases to wbirh the human eye is subject, any disorders of that organ which raunnt he essentially relieved or cared by him. The vast number ol undoubted testimonials which can he seen at his office, will satisfy the pablic that his practice is uot exceeded either in extent or success by that of any other Oculist in the United States. Artificial Eyes for sale, and which will bo inserted on reasonable terms. Office hours irom I A.M. to 1 o'clock T.M., after which ke visits out-door patients. A pamphlet containing remarks oa diseases of rh? Eye, with numernae inttances af great cures effected by Dr. Wheeler's mode of treatment, can be had gratuitously at his residence, or the same will ne forwarded to any one making application to him by letteri. post paid. ogrndtm*rc MAGNETIC ELECTRICAL MACHINES, ,-s a ut? .. eight dollahm each. 13 ARTH k SHAW beg to call thn attention of the public ~f their improved Apparatus, for medical and other pnrpneel, wnieh may be seen in operation at their office, JS Broadway, where may be had Berth It Shaw's Galvanie ExA liberal dDeoeat M Country A*** HT lm*re W YO YORK, WEDNESDAY M( OPERATIONS OF OAFT. FREHONTI IN UPPER CALIFORNIALetter from Senator Benton to the President, [From the Washington UnioD.] Sim : Iu the absence of official information on the tub- 1 j ject of Lieutenant Colonel (then Captain) Fremont's ope- ' rations in Upper California, I deem it my duty to lay- 1 before you the private letters which I have received from that officer, for the purpose of showing you his 1 1 actual position at the latest dates ; the unwilling manner in which be became involved in hostilities with the J Mexican authorities of that provinoe, before he had heard ot the war with Mexico ; and especially to disprove the accusation, officially made against him by Gov. Castro of I having come into California with a body of United States troops, under the pretext of a scientific expedition, bat in reality to excite the Americans settled in that province to an insurrection agaiust the Mexican government? 1 This accusation is of the gravest character, most se- 1 ! riouily implicating the good faith and honor of our gov- j eminent, and officially made by Governor Castro, iu a despatch to the minister of war and marine, under daie '' 1 of the first of April last, and published in El Monitor Rc- ' I publicano, in the city of Mexico, by the order of the 1 Mexican government, on the 10th of May last A copy | of this paper was sent to Mrs. Fremont, my daughter, by 1 i the Hon. Sir. Slidell, and an English translation of it is j herewith presented. ' When Capt. Fremont left the United States te complete ] his scientific labors beyond the Rocky Mountains, it was with a full knowledge of the political as well as personal difficulties of the euterpriso. He knew that the relations of the United States were critical, both with Mexico and Great Britain?that he was going through the territories of the one, and among the settlements of the other- that jealousy would attach to his movements, and all his acts I no loienou iu mi) government;?ana no ww perlectiy de- i termined ?o uw the utmost circumspection in all hii con- ' duct, confining himielf wholly to his acientific purauiu, 1 j and carefully avoiding at well the appearance an the 1 J reality of either a political or military miaaion. With I thia view, and after having traversed the deaert, and | croaaed the Ureat Bwin which liea between the Kocky 1 i .Vlountaina and the Sierra Xevada of the *1Ua California, 1 he left hia men upon the frontier, an hundred milea from ' Monterey, and went aloDO to that city to explain hia object and wiahea in peron to Oovernor Caatro. He did thia in the moat formal and official manner, in company 1 with the I'nited Slates Conaul, Mr. O'Larkin, (at whoae houao he atopped ;) and, conforming to the 1 whole detail of Spanish ceremonial, he not only called 1 on the governor, but alao on the prefect and the alcalde. 1 The interview waa entirely aatiaiactory. To the gover- 1 nor'* remark that he w ua bringing a conaiderable body of United Statea troopa with him, Capt. K. answered that it waa not ao?that he had no troopa at all?only a few hired men for aecurity againat Italians, and killing game ?that he waa not even an officer of the line, but of To- 1 pographical Kngineera? and that he waa aeeking a new route (among other objects of acience) to the meuth of ' the Columbia, upon a line further aoutii than the present ' travelling route, and which had brought him through the unaettled parts of the Upper California; and that he 1 now wiahed to winter in the valley of the Han Joaquin, ' where there waa gamo lor hia men, and grass for hia ' horses. To this the governor agreed, and Capt Fremont >' ! left Monterey to bring his men to the beautiful valley ' ; which he hall explored in his previous expedition, and to I which both himself and his men looked forward as to a ] paradise of repose and refreshment, after their toilsome ' and perilous march of three thousand milea among sav- 1 age tribes, and through wilderness and desert countries. 1 Scarcely had he arrived in thia va ley, when informa- I lion began to reach him Irom all quarters that the governor was raising the province against him, and coming upon him with troopa of all arms? cavalry, artillery, and iufantry?and that hia situation was moat critical and dangerous. The consul sent a special messenger to warn him of his danger; the American settlers below offered to join him; but he utterly refused their assistance, be- 1 cause he would not compromise them. But he did what honor and aelf preservation required, and what the cou rage and fidelity ol hia men enthusiastically seconded ; he toek a position, and waited the approach of the assailants; and that position was nearer to them, on the summit of the Sierra, overlooking Monterey, at thirty milea distance, and whence, with their glasses, they 1 could plainly seo the trooi a, with their artillery, which had crossed the bay (of Monterey) to Han Juan, on their way to attack him. The governor, with these troopa, and with all hia threats, after coming towards the camp on the Sierra, did not come to it; and Captain Fremont, iaith- 1 ful to his dnsiirn to avoid rnlliitinn if noa.iM- ft...i:? I himself nut attacked, determined to retire, and to proceed to Oregon, en hit intended route ol the valley of ' the Sacramento, the Tlamath Lake and the valley of the WahUhmath river. Accordingly, about the lllth of ! March, he left hii position on the Sierra, descended into ' the valley of the San Joaquin, and commenced his march by slow and easy stages, of four and six miles a day ! towards Oregon. It is ot this encampment on the Sierra that Oorernor f astro mskes particular complaint in his despatch to the Minister of War and Marine, as an evidence of hostile 1 intentions, and where the American flag was raised, a 1 fortification built, and the American setters called in for ita defei.ce. L'nhapnily we have no letter from Captain Fremont detailing tne events of these days; but the want of such a letter is well supplied by the official communications from the American consiri at Monterey to our Secretary of State, and by Capt. Fremont's brief note to the consul, (written in pencil,) while expecting the attack of Uov. Castro, and which has heev heretofore published iu our papers. Mr. Buchanan furnished us, as soon as they were received, with copies of these despatches, which are herewith laid beforo you, and from which it will be 1 seen that Uov. Castro's accusations agaiDst Captain Fremont are entirely unlounded?that so far from having excited the Americans to revolt, he absolutely refused ' to receive those who ottered to join him ! and more, that when after leaving this position, and granting dis- ' charges to fiveordbcol his mon, he refused to All their ' places from the men in the country ! so determined was 1 he to avoid as well in appearance, as in fact, the smallest ' act otfenaive or injurious to the Mexican authorities. 1 The same correspondence shows the entire falsehood ef all the superlative gasconade which Governor ( astro put 1 into his official report abouttoe spoils of the camp?the 1 dispersion of Fremont and his men?their flight into the 1 bull rushes,and through the desert?his sufl'ocalion in the ' cradle of a dungerous conspiracy, fee., with all which im- 1 aginary exploits his official 'despatch was filled, while j Fremont, with sixty-two men and two hundred horses, were slowly retiring in a body, almost in bis view, and ' utterly abstaining from any act of otl'uncc to the province 1 or Its authorities It was no doubt this false report to his 1 government, and the ridicule be incurred by it in Call- ' lornia, that led to hia subsequent operations in May to exterminate Fremont's party, and all the American settlers on the .Sacramento. On return from the evacuated camp on the Sierra, the governor also put forth a proclamation, in the vien of his report, and even worse, styling Freihont and hia men a band of highway rohhera, plundering the people, lie., which accusation ot plundering the consnl took the trouble to investigate, and found to be a veiy trivial offence of manners, (not of law or morals) which the injured party valued at five dollars, and for which Capt. Fremont gave ten. For the rest, the consul, after all this, declares the inhabitants of the country to be well pleased with capt Fremont, and that ho might walk the str eats of Monterey tho next day alone, if ho chose The only truth in Oor. Castro's despatch is that Captain Fremont took a military position, entrenched it, and raised the America^ flag; but these events were the consequence, and not the cause of Uov. Castro's movement against him; and this is fully shown in that brief, heroic note, written in pencil, in answer to the consul's warning, in i which Captain Fremont, after refuting the aid ot the American settlers, declared for himself and his sixty two men that they had done nothing wrong to tbe | authorities or the people of the country?that if at- f tacked they would defend themselves, and die to the c last man under the flag of their country , and leave it to t meir country to avenge tticir doatns. All tliey did was in self defence. The flax wts raised, not as a standard of insurrection, or as a sign of contempt to the Mexican [ government, but as the American symbol ol honor and patriotism, which was entitled to respect from others? to defence from them?and which they had displayed in ' that hour of danger as a warning to the approaching as- ' sailants?as a bond of union and devotion among them- ? selves?and as an appeal and invocation (if they should c be destroyed) to the avenging spirit of their far distant ' country. To my mind, this entrenching on the moun- 1 tain, and raising the national flag, was entirely justifiable << under the circumstances of the case ; and the noble re ' solution which they took (refusing the aid of their coun 8 trymen) to die if attacked under the flag of their country, lour thousand miles distant from their homes, was an act of the highest heroism, worthy to be recorded by 0 Xcnophon, and reflecting equal honor upon the brave > , young ofttcer who commanded and the heroic sixty-two r < by whom he was supported. s The first letter that we received from Captain Kre- v moat after bis withdrawal from the Sierra, and from the n valley of the Man J nan, is dated the first day of April, in ti latitude 40, on the Sacramento river} and though written ] merely to inform Mrs. Kremont of his personal concarns, ij becomes important in a public point of view on account h sf subsequent events in June and July, by showing that e on the 1st of April he was on his way to Oregon?that he n had abandoned all intention of returning through any p part of California?would cross the Uocky mountain* through the Northern Pats on the line between the Up per or Kettle Kails of the Columbie, end the tireat Kalis c ofthe Missouri-and be in the United States in Septem- c bar. This shows that he had, at that time, no idea of the h events in which he was subsequently involved, and that r he had abandoned the cherished field of his intended sci- c entitle researches for the express purpese of avoiding all d offence to tha Maxican authorities. Of the events in the f valley of the San Joaquin and the camp on tha Sierra d he speaks a few words, without detail, but descriptive j of his condition, characteristic of his prudence in not \ i compromising his country, ami worthy to bo repeated in 'n | his own language, lie saye: "The Spaniards were ft I somewhat rude and inhospitable below, and ordered me n i out of the country, after having given me permission to o winter there. My sense of duty did not |>ermit me to f fight them, but we retired slowly and growlingly beforo / a force of three or fonr hundred men, and thiee pieces ot artillery. Without the shadow of a cause the governor snddenlv raised the whole country against me, issuing a / false and scandalous proclamation. Of course, I did net , dare to compromise the United States ^gainst which uppearances would have been atrong ; nut though it was j in my nower to increase my perty by Americans. I re i framed from committing a solitary act of hostility or , impropriety." Ilia next letter is dated the 14th of May, r

and informs me that, In his progress to Oregon, he found a himself and party anexpectedly attacked by the Tlamatb , Indiana?the moat warlike of that quarter?had lost five j men la killed and wounded?and still axpected to be in , tha Unitad States in tha month of September. This was tha laet latter received from Captain Fra- , mont until the one of July 3#th, from Monterey, ef the < Ki 1 )RNING. NOVEMBER 1 Pacific Ocean, and brought in by Commo<lore Sloat. The event! which brought hiin back you have learned from that commodore ; but the caeaea which led to theae even a are necessary to be known for the juatication of Cap'.tsin Fremont: for, although actually Juatitled by the distance of the war with Mexico, yet he knew nothing of the war when theae eventa took place ; and, though knowing of it when he wrote, yet he would not avail himaelf of hia aubaequent knowledge to justify previous acta, and, therefore, choae to reat everything upon the etate of facta, aa he aaw them, when he resolved and acted. Theae cauaea, and the eventa to which they led, are rapidly aketched by him in thia, hia lait letter; and while the whole letter ia herewith aubmitted to you, yet, for your convenience, I collect ita aubatanca into the smalleat compaaa and lay it before you. The aubatance ia thia : At the middle of May, Capt. Fremont, in purauance cf hia design to reach Oregon, and return by the Columbia and Missouri through the Northern I'ass in the Kocky mountains, had arrived at the great Tlamath Lako, in the edge of the Oregon territory, when he found hia further progress completely barred by the double obatacle of hoatile Indiana, which Caatro had excited agaiuat him, and the lofty mountains, covered with deop and falling anowa, which made the middle of May in that elevated region, the aatne aa the middle of winter. Theae were the difficulties and dangera in front, liehind, and on the nerth bank of the San Francisco bay, at the military post of Sonoma, was Gen. Caatro, assembling troops with the avowed intention of attacking both Fremont's party, and all the American settlers, against whom the Indians k?d been already excited Thus, his passage barred in front by impassable snows and mountains?hemmed in [>y savage Indiana, wno were tninning tho ranka or his litttle purty?menacod by a general at the head of tenfold forces of all arms?tne American settlers in California marked out for deitruction on a fulie accuaation of meditating a revolt under hie Inetigotion?hie men and horeee suffering from fatigue, cold, and famine?and alter the most anxioua deliberation upon all the dangers of hie position, and upon all the responsibilities of his conduct, f'antain Fremont determined to turn upon his pursuers, and fight them instantly, without regard to numbers, and teek safety for his party and the American settlers, bv overturning the Mexican government in California. It was on the dth day of June that he came to this leterminatien ; and, the resolution being once taken, all half-way measures were discarded, anil a rapid execution of tho plan was commenced. On the ltth of lune a supply of two hundred horses for Castro's troops, on tne way to his camp, conducted by an officer and fourteen men, were surprised at daylight, and the whole captured?the men and officers being released, ind the horses retained for American use. On the 16th, at daybreak, the military post at Sonoma (the point of rendezvous, and intended head quarters) was surprised and taken, with nine pieces of brass cannon, two hundred and fifty stand of muskets, other arms and ammunition. with several superior officers, General Vallejo (Val ya ho), his brother. Captain Vallejo,ColonelUreuxdon, and others, all of whom were detained and confined as prisoners. Captain Fremont then repaired to the American settlements on the Rio de los Americanos, to obtain assistance, and receiving an express from his little garrison of fourteen iu Sonoma, that General C astro was preparing to cross the bay of San Francisco and attack them with a large force, ne set out on the afternoon of the 33d June with 90 mounted riflemen, and travelling lay and night, arrived at 3 o'clock A M. of the 36th at Sonoma?eighty miles distance. The vanguard of Castro's force had crossed the bay?a squadron of seventy dragoons, commanded by De la Torre?which was attacked ind defeated by twenty Americans, with the loss of two killed and some wounoed on the part of the Mexicans, ind no injury to themselves, De la Torre barely escaping, with the loss of his transport boats, and spiking six pieces of artillery. In the meantime, two of Captain Fremont's men. going as an express, were captured by De la Torre's men, and being bound to trees, were cut to pieces elive with knives! iu return for which, three of De la Torre's men being taken, were instantly shot. The north side of the bay of dan Fiancisco was now cleared of the enemy, and on tho fourth day of July Capt Fremont oallod the Americans together at Sonoma, addressed them upon the dangers of their situation, and recommended a declaration of independence, and war upon < astro and his troops as the only means of safety. The independence was immedialely declared, and the war proclaimed. A few days afterwards, an officer from Commodore Bloat brought intelligence that the Amori:au flag was hoisted at Monterey ?an example which was immediately followed wherever the news flew ? 'l'ho pursuit end defeat ef Castro was then the only remaining enterprise. He had llod south towards the numerous Mexican towns and settlements beyond Monterey, with his four or five hundred men; and Capt. Fremont. leaving some fifty men in garrisons, set out with one hundred and sixty mounted ridemen in the pursuit, when he received instructions from Commodore Sloat to march upon .Monterey. He did se. and found Com. Stockton in ominand, approving the pursuit ofCastro, and aiding it by all the mean* in Sal power. The sloop of-war Cyane was put at hi* service. Capt Fremont, with one hundred sitd sixty American riflemen and seventy maiines, embarked on that vessel, and sailed down the coast on the 26th et July, to San Diego, lour hundred miles south of Monterey, and one hundred south ot Puebla de los Angeles, w here Castro was understood to be, with an increasing force of five hundred men. The descent of the coast as lar as San Diego was with the view to get ahead ot Castro, and to be in a position either to intercept him if bo fled south to Mexico or to Lower California, or to turn back upon him if he remained at Puebla de lot Jlntelet, or any of the numerous towns in its neighborhood. In tiiher event, the enterprise will probably have had it* conclusion early in August, and official details may now be looked for by the first arrivals from the North Pacific ocean. In the meantime I hope the information I am able to give, though all of a private character, written solely lor the information of friends, and never expected to go before the public, may be sufficient to relieve present anxieties, to disprove the accusations of Oov Castro, and to justify the operations of Captain Fremont I make this communication to you, sir, upon the responsibilities of an American Senator, addressing the President if the United States, and with the sole view of vindicating the American government, and its officer, from the foul imputation of exciting insurrection in the provinces of a neighboring power, with whom we were then at peace. I could add much more to prove that Captain Fremont's private views and feelings were in unison with his ostenaible mission?that the passion of his soul was the pursuit if science?end that he looked with dread and aversion ipon every possible collision, either with Indians, Mexi:ans, or British, that coulditurn him aside from that ;horished pursuit. A more formal occasion for the exhibition of these further and other proofs may soon occur; but the exigency of the circumstances seamed to me to require that no lime should be lost in communicating the iruth to the public mind, both at heme and abroad, in a :nse so seriously affecting the national character, and in wnich uncorrected error for even a short time, would do eat mischief. Tery respectfclly, sir, your friend and fellow-citizen, THOMAS H. BENTON. Washixotox, NOV. 0, lft46. Varieties. The Buffalo Commercial Jldvertinr gives an account if Tanner's new cotton factory in that city. The buildng, which is of brick, is capacious, consisting of three Itories above the basement, 100 feet in length by sixty j ii wiuiu. inn uaigmrni is occupied lor mrostie spiniing, machine (hop and engine room, the first story ibove the baiement aa a weaving (hop, containing tome '6 loomi, the lecond aa a carding room, where the coton ia prepared for (pinning, and the third for the d re ling of the yarn, ita preparation for the looma, and the pinning of the filling. Home seventy six looma and hree thousand five hundred spir.dlet are in full operaion, turning out about 3.AOO yarda per day, and giving employment to fifty operatives. The improvements iround the main building are extensive, some $10,000 >ver and above the amount of purchase having been extended in their construction. The lot, which ia 300 feet >y 133, ia enclosed by five spacious tenements, designed or residences and warerooma, with a grass-plot in the :entie of the yard, and altogether presenting aa naat and icautiful an appearance as any factory in New Kpgland. 1'he machinery used in the factory is of the most imiroved kinds, a portion being of eastern manufacture, he balance imported lately from Kngland. The Portland people are agitating the question of havng a steamship direct to this city. A writer in the Pertand sir gut says?This is a matter that should interest iveiy merchant and trader in Portland It will give a haracter to our trade that we do not now possess, and vhich will prove beneficial. We shall be nearer head uartcrs. and in truth, our country friends will be more lisposod to stop in Portland for the purchase ot goods lew Vork has always taken the lead in the foreign trade, nd there is no question but what she always will. Vkrmoist. ?'The Vermont Legislature adjourned tine it on Tuesday la <t. Defore their adjournment the House f Representatives passed resolutions declaring that ferment will not give her assent to the admission of any ow mate to the Union whose constitution tolerates lavery; and declaring the opinion of the House that the rar with Mexico "was not founded in any imperative iccessity, such as may justify er oxcuse a Christian nalon for resortinr to arms." and that it "naa now manifest. V become an offensive war agaimt a neighboring Repubic " They declare further that "the honor an<l beat iteiesta ot the nation will be nubserved by a speedy nd of the war with Mexico and the settlement of all latter* in diapute by arbitration or negotiation."?.ddreriter. Canal Commissionrrs.?An article in the new onatitntion provides that, if adopted, the Canal ommisaioners and certain other State officer*, who may in office when the same take* effect, " ahall hold their espective offices until and including the 3t*t day of Deember, I-<47 " The constitution take* effect on the first ay of January, KMT, and the term of office of Jonas larll, Jr , and Stephen Clark, a* Canal ' 'ommiaaionera, oe* not expire until the flrat Monday of Kebruery, 1847. V vacancy having occurred in the office by the death of Ir t'.arll, during the reoess of the Legislature, the same say be tilled by the ilovernor , and a writer in the A Iiany i cm say* that if Oov. Wright should appoint, the ppeintee, with Mr. CI irk, could hold on until the Slat i December, 1*47. If this be so, the candidates recently lected will not take office for more than a year yet.? loebtiter .4dt> Tiik Death or a Naval Officer, and an Am1iBlk Man.? We have to announce, with profound egret, the sudden death of Commodore John Nicholson, it the II 8. navy, who died last night at Mrs. Ulrich's, n this city, under an attack ot the apoplexy. We have mown Com. Nicholson for more than forty year*, lie vu* a printer by profession, in Richmond, in 1904?our lear and respected neighbor?but his genius led him into i different destination, and his merits, gallantry, and kill, raised him to a high rank in the service, and made lim many friends and numerous admirers. In several iction* he waa distinguished for his extraordinary cool is** and bravery We deeply lament the loss of such a aan to his country, his family, and his trtands?IPs* V ngton Unfen, Nov P. 1JKKA l, 1846. THE WAR IN THE SOUTH. ? OFFICIAL DESPVTCH OiTAMPUOIA. 3 MEXICAN VIEW OF AFFAIRS. f fr ?SiC. it*. " [From the Washington L'nion, Nor. 9] ^Despatches here been received from our squadron oft' Vera Crux. Along with the>e lettere, journal! hare been tranimitted, Iron, which the following extract! v have been made. What a heiottud people are there ! tu Before the battle Amnudia boaeted that wo ihould be sle- ss feated, and not one of our troopi would be left to taite of ti< the water! of the Rio Grande. And iince the Mexicuni ii were driven from Monterey, they are misrepresenting to every thing?malting our loaa to be 1.600 -and tome lay tu near 3,000 ?and stating that they left behind thorn only i c< about lix pieces of artillery, not lit for uie. Private let- | p< ten from Vera Cru/., however, appreciate the depth of- I B| the blow they have luitained?Monterey being consider pi ed one of the strongest places in the world, Ate. (tc fr A few numbers of the Locomoter, of Vera Cruz, to the ai 3th of October, inclusive, have been received at the lo Navy Department. The intelligence of the capture of at Monterey is copied ftom other papers, with few com- re menti. T The following is a translation of the official despatch of <u General AmpuJia to the Mexican Secretary of War, announcing the surrender of Monterey O Most Kicillist Si a : ? After a brilliant defence, in loss of fifteen hundred men, trom various posts, he sue- G ceeded in possessing himself of the heights commanding is the blehop'e palace, and another to the south of it, and likewise of a detached breastwork, called the Teneria, a: and continuing his attacks through the houses, which he ? pierced in a direction towards the centre of the city, ha a| succeeded in posting himself within half gun shot of the o< principal square, where the troops were posteJ, who sudhred much from the hollow shot. M Under these circumstances 1 was requostod by various T principal officers to endeavor to come to such torms as at would diminish our losses ; for to open our way with the Ti bayonet, surrounded as we were by entrenched one- av mies, would have resulted in the dispersal of the troops, hi and nothing of the materitl would liBve been saved, th These considerations having been weighed by me, I w also took into view what the city sutered, and would suf- ci fer, Irom the attacks, by the piercing of the houses, as th well as the destruction by the bombs, the scarcity of ? ammunition, which was beginning to bo felt ; the provisions which we were losing, as the enemy's lines up- h< proached the centre ; the distance from our supplies, 61 and finally, that to protract this state of things for two a or three days, even if it were possible to do so, could not si end in a triumph, un l I consented to open propositions, A which resulted in the annexed terms of capitulation. hi Your excellency will perceive that they preserve the I" honor of the nation and that of the army; and it is to be w observed that, if they do not grant us as much as was d< perhaps expected, that of itself proves-the superiority of the enemy, not in valor, which he displayed in most of the combats, but in his position within the squares of . pierced masonry, which surrounded the square and cut ' oil' any supplies of provisions, wood, or other articles ne- 1 cessary to subsistence tc With the greatest regret, the army withdraw* from ,, their capital, abundantly watered with ita blood, leaving b< under (lie guaranty of the promises ef the American th generals the severely wounded and the neighboring c[ population of the State, whose civil authorities will con- c' tinue in the exercise of their functions. To-morrow I shall continue my march to Haitillo, where I will await p, the orders of the supreme government. And in communicating this to you, for the information of his excellency the president, 1 have the honor to reiterate the assti- x ranees of my highest respect. tl PEDRO DE AMPUDIA. J1 God and Liberty! Headquarters in Monterey, Septem- JJ bar 26, 1846. jj The following is tho proclamation of General Salas, ti the acting president to the people of Mexico, announcing * the loss of Monterey: "J Mexicans! A government established against the will of the natiou is interested in concealing from it eveu's ,f which are disastrous te it; above all, when the respond- oi hility of their occurrence must fall upon the government m A government whose sentiments and interests e e no '> from the movement bv which it threw oil'it* oppressor* b| baa no need to eonceal anything from it. for the nation itaelf must combat for it* preservation and for its honor |i Mexicans! Monterey has tallen It was not enough to defy death, as our valiant fellow countrymen did lor four days ; it was necessary to do more, to defy want in ' every shape,and the insufficiency of means of resist u ance The intention of the enemy to occupy the whole republic is manifest but the government is determined h to triumph er perish with the republic. Partial disasters h are of no importance ; the Spanish nation suffered much more in the space of six years, and the reault of her he- Jj roic efforts, and the cooperation of all her tana, was _ that the bones oi half a million of unjust invaders whiten the fields of the peninsula. Shall we become unwor- f thy of independence, bv not ahowing ourselves sons V worthy of our fathers f That independence was achieved by us alone, only after ten years of constancy ; and it is not possible that an o> ganized nation should show less strength than its oppressed sons, such as our first leaders u were. tl Mexicans ! The time to act hat come. Will you suf- >i for your population to bo decimated, tending it to perish j> by handstul on the frontier, one to-day, another to-mor- b row, and to perish less by the enemy's balls, than by ne- ? fleet ! The government will exert all its power in the tl efence of rights ; but it has a right to expect that indif- a ference or inactive contemplation shall not jWitLi re- h compense of its plan of operations ; for the nMMVfcrttt b prefer that not one stone shonld bo loft on another, rather than behold its sovereignty, its rights and its J temples trampled under foot. The invincible general n{ called by it to place himself at the head of the troops is d< resolved not to survive the dishonor of his country. In Will it be less so? No. Our blood and our property si will be the sacrifice that we offer up ; and when you are in the full enjoyment of the rights which you claimed, I do not doubt of your cooperation, and with it wo will snatch from fortune a complete (Victory, which in the end will ensure to us existence and honor. tc JOSE MARIANO DE SALAS. t<i Mexico, September 10, 1840. '' The Rrpuklicano of the 1st of October aays :? ? " The disagreeable intelligence which arrived yeaterday from the northern frontier, arid which wa copy, in J continuation, from the liiaro del Qtbiemn, is perhaps the / prelude of still more disastrous news, which will put the t|, patriotism of Mexicans to the test. No effort can bo toe j, great, when the object is to defend our lives, our honor, and our independence. No one who feels all the force th of the word country will fail to experience the utmost 81 indignation against this treachorous enemy, who has Cl dreamed of lording it over our territory : a barbarous f.j undertaking which he cannot accomplish, as we trust, b while a single son of Morelos lives. c " it is asserted that the terms of capitulation agreed upon by General Ampudia, stipulated for the with- r drawal of the Mexican troops with all their supplies and c eguipment, for the purpose of talcing post at Saftilio, and c that the general was reduced to this necessity alter four 0 days ot the severest firing. " We shall always lament that in this matter no attention was paid to the advice of General Santa Anna, who beiought the government to aend order* to our army to . withdraw from Monterey, a place which could not be de- -j fended in any event, on account of ita being commanded tl by heignta. We abali, on this occasion, repeat what we e have already said: the war must be carried on against n thft Amftrimnu na thn Hnnninrda in this rnnturv warr*H & against the F'ranch, by the system of guerilla*, capable of destroying the most numerous and best orgtnized ar- ? my. The establishment of the national guard should be devoted to the practice of the system. In any other way y the republic is lost The artillery of the North Americans is very much superior to ours, and wa must coun- fj teract that powerful element by calling into play all the ' resources of which history, experience, or reason has 5 taught us the efficacy. Shall these lessons be lost upon w Mexico f Are we deficient even in the natural instinct c ef avoiding death I" te No mention is made in those papers of Santa Anna, except that lie had been ill with a severe constipation, from ,, which he had recovered; and that after he learned the J capture of Monterey, he wrote several letters to his |? friends, reminding them of hi* advice to the government pi to withdraw the troops from Monterey. " It is mentioned in one of the papers, as some indica * tion of public spirit, that the dealers in pu/>/u<- (a kind of " beer) in the city of Mexico, had requested the government to double the tax on that anicle, which would ? yield it an increase of revenue, in the capital, of a thousand dollars a day. 1 The moat exaggerated statements are made of the lose V sustained by our troops at Monterey, one account esti- [j muting it at three thousand. fNCIDKITM, fcC., AT MOMTIKXY. * Sociktv at Mowr-axv.?Monterey ia certainly the i, most civilized place 1 have yet aeen in Mexico, and tho ~ society ia quite good. Families, who had left town pie- . vious to the bsttie.arH fast returning What dew young I ladies I have seen, sppearod quite intelligent; were very p, pretty, and dressed in good taste?more aftor the Kurope- tl nn fashion Their visiting cards beie,I assure you, are rl done up quite in style. The following is the superscrip- ? tion of one which I accidentally found : " Ramon de la '< Oerza Floris," with "y *a esposo" underneath?meaning, '' and his wife?which, I think, ia much better than our u wsy, of putting Mr ^nd Mrs Brown. uxis. Abista'i Pai. ack ?i have been enjoying myself of late roaming about the city; the principel street ef which ia that of f'alle de Monterey, leading from the Obi# Pado, er Bishop's Talace, Into the heart of the city, r lotcning a si do of two ot the public plaza's. On this street is situated the magnificent hacienda, or country I, seat of Oenanai Arista. The house is a very beautiful J, white building, adorned with red abont the columns and u cornices. The hall* and rooms are very large and In spacious, with high ceilings. The garden is sdorneJ * with groves of orange trees, now loaded with this ds- *f licious lruit, and laid off in pebbled paths around the flower beds, while on each side are bath* of running cbrystal water, with various little ornaments placed here _ and theie, making the whole a most delightful spot to spend a summer In I Tmt Camvaiuiv.?The impression seems to tie, that at | J the end of the armistice the war will be renewed with a i ten fold vigor. It U said that Colonel Belknap goes down | Ij< to Morrow, to order up the long 10 pounders from Co- "J margo,which General Taylor left behind him?likewise, several park# of artnlery which have lately arrived, and 7, to hasten on large quantities ol supplies which are daily ^ arriving, a* well m several reglmauu more of volunteers. It is exacted that the Mcxioane will make s desperate A resistance at the two passes on this side of Beiullo, celled Di the Rinconeda end Passo de lo# Muertea. Cot. McCtt ivo-Lieutenant Colonel McClung wee ? rapidly recovering from the efhota oi hi* wound* Ono t m I I a ^ " - % JL4 i). Prteo Two Cants. r the officer! of hi! regiment inform! us that the gallant olouel wan the firs I man that ahowod himself on|the firs t >rt stormed by General Taylor's division, and that he sceived liia wounds whilit waving hii 1 word aloft a>id herring ouhil men, shouting " Victory!" The musket all Htrualt him on hia left hand whilat holding hia acaii ard to bia hip, and cut off two of hia Angara, glancing om the scabbard and entering hia abdomcD, fracturing 1 its course, the bone above the hip joint TEXAS REGIMENTS AND TEXAN9. [From the Matamoraa Klag, Oct 14.] Both the Texas mounted regiments have been disband1. Their term of enlistment expired some time proious to the battfe at Monterey, but they were induced 1 remain in service until Gen. Taylor had gained poaission of the place. Texas has now no troops in the aid. Governor Henderson, (now at Monterey) has sued an oider for the raising of a new Texan regiment. 1 serve during tho war. Companies in this regiment are 1 have from seventy to one hundred men each. No ammissions are to 1st given in advance. The first ten, arsons who enlist the requite number of men, and are iproved of by their respective companies, will, upon resentatiou of company enrolment, receive commissions om Governor Henderson. The regiment ia to be raited 1 sneedilv us nnsihle A larire number of the men lie uging to the disbanded regiments will re-eulist Many e on the way to their home*, who will join the new ginient and return before the iirmiatice expire*. The exa* troop* have rendered valnthle servite that far, id rauk hiffh in the eitimation of the regular officers. (Jen. .Vlirabeeu B. Lamar, ha* been commiiiioned by overner Momleraon to act a* civil and military Goverir of the Texn* frontier. He i* to make hi* head qaartera Laredo, a Mexican town on the Texaa aide of the Rio rande. To enable to him to extend hi* juriidiction, he anthoriied to raiae and huve under hi* command a cominy of 100 men. The required force waa raUed from hong the diibanded Texan*, and General Lamar i* now i hi* way (to Laredo to fulfil the dutie* of hia new ipointment. Suceeea to him. He i* qualified for thl*, - any higher (tation. Wo are told by a gentleman who wa* in the fight at onterey, that in tne tiret general charge upon the oxa* cavalry by the Mexican*, upward* of one hundred id fifty Mexican* were killed and wounded, and not a exan killed. A portion of the Texana diamouutad and raited the charge of the Mexican* upon the main body, d from viow by a chaparral fence. The firo which ey poured iu upon the Mexican* a* they chaigod peat, a* very destructive and cau?ed them to m*ue a prepitate retreat. Ampudia acknowledged alter the ha*tie, at his " valiant dragoons" suffered heavily in thiaahirish. We stated in our last, that Lieut Col. Walker lo?t hia >rse in the liege of Monterey, but we have since learn1 that he wa* merely disabled for the time being, from scopet ball, and will be in perfect condition for thn ege of Saltillo. Walker ha* left Monterey for San ntonio, on hi* way to tha city of Washington, to join i* company of mounted riflemen?but a* 111* company ixsed uii the river, for Camargo, a day or two ainco, ha ill probably return before reaching the place of his i*ti nation. DR. I El.IX UOURA (ID'S TALI AN MEDICATED SOAP. IMilS admirable emollient is now, by common conical, L rated A No. 1 as a remedy for blotches, pimples, pustules, urf, lau, freckles, suuliorn, all kinds ol eruptions, and every ccies of discoluratiou of the skin. All competition has en completely distanced by this invaluable preparation, e demand for which, within the last six months, has incased more than 500 per cent, and is still increasina. The earness and Ireihiiesa which its use imparts to the complexu, hare rendered it proverbial aa a brautifier of the akin; id no dressing room can be considered furnished with a pr> er toilet that lacks OOURAUD'S ITALIAN MEDICATED 80AP. It ia alao a delicious compound, and can be used in hsrd or ill water; aud is a sovereign and instantaneous remedy for ic bites of insects. II brauly be, as it Is asserted, only skin ecp, it is the more important that the thin covering in which ivelinrss resides should be kept in its preseut and moat atactire state Dr.G might go ou amplifying ttie menu of hi* alian Medicated Soap, but he thinks that the number ofcerlicatea which have been published throughout the Union at coat of several thousand dollaia, to the Doctor, from ami nt Physicians, Clergymen, Members of Congress, Uaptaina nips, umcrri ol nif \ruiy. iiiiu s mill in ummiBiHiw miien the original of which testimonials can always he seen requiied, are (he Doctor thinks, sufficient to coneinee any le uut wilfully blind. If there be any such, the Doctor iglu apply to them the language of?-.nptnre, and say. "li ye sfieve not Moses and the Prophets, neither would ye believe lough oue rose from the ile td." Uouraud's Ponrfre Subtile positively extirpates, root sad ranch, all superfluous hair. Uouraud's Liquid Uouite will im|>art to the pale cheek and p. a crim?on flush, as inaicnificenl as that of the rose. Uouraud's Grecian Hair Dye will change red or (ray hair i a beautiful black Joumud's Lily w lute instantly dissipates rednesses, fleshes id rougbuess. Beware ol deception, and remember that it is impossible to rnenre the gsauiue preparations of Dr. Gouraud, except at is depot, 67 Walker street,.fust store raoss Broadway, and ol is Aoepits?71 Chestnut street, Philadelphia; Boston, A. 8. irdon. 2 Milk %lreet; Low ell, Carletuu k Co.; Worcester, treen at' o ; Pierce, Albany ot lm*rrc LO Trtt PUHLilU. "1 1VE my articln n trial, and judge for vouraelf. I vrarraat X them all to be as represented, or tbe money refunded. MV E AU LU8TRAL HAIR RESTORATIVE. This universally approved sod admired article, free from rdeot spirits, pungent essential oil. and other destrnctive laterials, cleans the hair expeditiously, renders it benutifhl id bright, and imiwrts to it the delicate fragrance of the owrrs. Heir washed with this exirs?t scon becomes planingly soil and luxuriant in its growth, and it will positivsly ring in new hair on bald heads by its use, and hair that has cen made harsh and is turning grey, or tailing out, bv tha ae of apmu or other improper pseparations, will soon be retored ui its natural color and brilliancy, by a few spplicamns of the F.ao Lnstral. It is a preventive against baldsess, nd an infallible core in all affections of tne akin on the end, as dandruff, and lor preventing the falling off of the air and turn ing grey. It is the simple produce end immediate extract ef some I ants salutary for the hair .endowed with properties so highly ?sing that it disengages the epidermis ana esnillary tubes i corrosive aetieo of the perspiration and ol the dry and end particles that it deposits. This preparation puriflet the sir, gives it a beautiful glosa and softness, and an agreeabla id vivilying perfume. For sale, wholesale and retail, by Jnles Hanoi, Chemist id Perfumer, 46 South Third street, below Chestnut, Phi delphia. A premium awarded at the Franklin Institute. For sale also at ray agents. Wyatt and Katehem, ltl Falin street; V. Clirehngh, 205 and 299 Broadway; V A. Remit, corner Broadway and Liberty; J. B. Jacquemend, 415 roadway; Haviland, Heese Ik Co., Maiden laaa; and by all spectahle druggists in the United States. a24 Im'r RHEUMATISM. )AIN8, and stiffness of the joints, aweMIng of the muscular substances near them, sad other symptoms, too well ova to need description, may be effectually removed hy ir use ol CHA8.tH. RING'S Compound 8yntp of Hydrio ite of Potaasa, Sarsapar'lla and Yellow Dock. The efficacy of theae ingredients is indisputable, end by i<Ar judicious admixture a remedy is formed, that, for the lovenamcd complaints wa may almost term an infallible ire. Of the great numbers who have teateditaeirtOM.no ne has done ao without aeceiring decided benefit, which ct, together with tie rapidly increasing conaomptioo, may e conaidered the beat criterion of excellence that a remedy an poaaeia. Tina ayrnp ia also the beat preparation which eaa be era loyeil to remove complaints arising faom the misuse of mer nry, and that class of diaagreeabla diseases of the akin indiating an impure state of the blood. Prepared only by.OH Ah. H. KINO, 191 Broadway, corner f John at., New York. a30 Im'rh FIVE HUNLfK-fcLl UULL.AHJS K-hWAKU, rO THOSE PERSONS who will prove that JULES HAUL'S VEGETABLE LIQUID HAIR DYE ia not ae heat, the very heat, yet known in this country or Europe, "his valuable discovery will enable a person to dye ae hair or whiskers in a few annates without thn Isest monrenience. This preparation is warranted not to wash out or to injure the health of the hair and rstam ail its softness nd brilliancy. Be certain and ask for Jeles Haul's Liquid Hair Dye Jas all thrrs are spurious. If yon wish for black aak for boi markd N ; if for brown aak for bos marked B. Prem i mns have been awarded to the subeeribov at the ranklin Institute Kihibition. Eor eale, wholesale and retail, by the proprietor, Juleu [aul, |>erfniner and chemist, 4* South Third street below liesnnt street, Philadelphia. And at my taenis. Wyatt k etchsm, 121 b'nlton; V. Cltrehugh, 103 and M Broadway; . A. Artault, Lafayette Baiaar, corner of Libert, and Broeday;|J. B. Jaequeinond, 41) Broadway; Havilaad, Keeeell n . Maiden lane, and bv all respectable drncuista lu the Uns. <1 Stales. lit lm*r TOILET MiAP* ANU PERKUMISKT: [MtK only true and original Walnut Oil Military Hhauiag L Soap, Family Snaps, highly Scented Toilet Anapa, Cogar*. Kttraeu.and a grnrral assortment of every nnty of rftimery of the choiceat description, and at the lowest icea. Southern Merchants, and Dealer* in general, are invited te lanuneoar atock before purchasing elsewhere. QT" No. 1 Coartlandt arrest, i s *Jm?r JOHNHOfif VHOOM fc FOWL US TRAVELLING TRUNKS, ftc [OHN CATTNACH, Trunk Mnnnfsctnrur, No. I Wall 1 street, comer ?f Broadway, has now on hand and constantmaking, a good assortment ol Trunks, Valises, Carpet ts, and Aaiohels,wholesale and retail. Iso, a superior article of sole leather Trooks, suitable for mericaa or Karopean Travel, and Portmanteaus for (be ranch Mailt Part*. Orders tor the West Indies, South America, fce., 81 cd with as patch. og lm?ra ________ JATCHELDER'S Instantaneous Liquid Hair Dyein *bJ solutelythe only article yet inreutee that can be decoded on to color the human hair, whiskers *c. without Mining or injury to the skin, or destroying the health sad lastictty of the hair This fad IS attested by hn.dreda who se and take every possible (sine to recommend it. 1 he to ir will not be d.storbed by constant washing, and will be innd perfectly uniform and "en, without any of those anatnral tints ?<> much complained of to the ordinary hsrir dye. lold wholesale and retail ^ BAT,.HELoR , Wallet. Agent in nuladelphis, Kng Honseel elglmOr UNION HOUSE. rHK subscriber has uken the above named new and splendid Hotel, jast completed, at the centre of the beaatifbl il'age of bpnnglield. Mass and will open the same for the 11,lie accommodation oa the 30th inst. The Umoa Hoase large, richly finished and famished. and offers uaeqaalleff IvntagV* to all persons irarel'ing through cpringfteld for isines* or pleasnrc. Hsying recently kept the "United stes Hotel" and "Congress Hall," at Hsratogs, the sabnber respectfnlly invitee his old friends and yatroas, aad I others, to kirt loin a call in hit saw quartan. 8. 8. SEMAN. dpriagAeld, Jaly U, l#?? aul Jm?r IMPORTANT TO THE LADIES. UST received from Auction, aad offered at M per seat balow Importer's prices t? I Tambour tucked Dresses.,.. 9i M ) da very line do J * ) Neapolitan Lace worked do J JJ ) Kinere Kmbroidersd ' JJ I Needle worked, (two rows) .7 * I do do (rhreerowa). .j t? y * * large lot Colored Organdie Muslin#, at $f 5* pevdresa, usual price .. .... ;J 2 few very splendid Leee Dresses, from.. in J do flosneed. ]from gli to.. v H