Newspaper of The New York Herald, 17 Kasım 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 17 Kasım 1846 Page 2
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NRW YORK HERALD Nrn York, Tu??<li?y, Xortrubfr 17, 1840* The Ocean Steamers. The Aoadia, with advices to the 4th in?t , wi be due at Boston to-morrow or next day. Tber was a ruinor yesterday ol her arrival. It was ruinor only. The Caledoma will leave Liverpool on Thursda for Boston. Highly Important from Mexico, The news which will be found in another poi tion of to-day's paper, presents features of mor than ordinary interest. Santa Anna had seized, under pretence of sate keeping, two millions of dollars in charge of conductor, and had appropriated it to the preson necessities of the campaign, giving his note fo the amount. This windfall will furnish him will means for carrying on the war with renewet vigor. In the mail, which was lost on its way to Mon terey, was a despatch from Mr. Secretary Marcy to General Taylor, detailing the plan of the cans pt-n, and asking the General's advice. Tin de-patch fell into the hands of Ampudia a i l l>y him was forwarded to San!a Anna If this despatch comprehended the rea plan of operations, it is evident that it must imw i??> innngeu, as tue enemy will be ublt to regulate their course by it and to counter act the treasure*of General Taylor. We resrrei that so important a dttpMcb ?hr>uid not be seni l?y a surer mode ol conveyance. * Sinta Anna has professed himself highly pleased with the issurt of the light nt Monterey, and endeavors to persuade the people that our forces had the worst of it. The most exaggerated statement wf the )o"*?e< in our army are circulated, and Ainpudia declare? that it was Taylor who begged a cessation of hostilities, and not himself. Thus are the delude ! Mexicans persuaded that they are covering themselves with glory, all the time tha' they are suffering the most galling defeats. It is evident that a heavy blow must be struck before this infatuated nation can be brought to its senses. Santa Anna is mustering all his foroes for a battle at San Luis Potosi. The most active preparations are going lorwarl, and he has promised to return to the capital victorious, or to return no more. Ho certainly deserves credit for his energy and determination, and we have better hopes from his activity, of bringing the war to a speedy termination, than from the listlessncas and inactivity of his predecessors in command. Jt now remains for our government to take bold, decisive and speedy measures to meet this Mexican General more than half-way, and to have such arrangements made with regard to the number oftroops and preparations for the battle, as will make |it jde cisive of the fate of tlio campaign. Every spare soldier should be at once despatched to the assistance ol General Taylor. Every vessel in the navy that can be spared from other stations, should bo at onco despatched to unite with the Gulf Squadron in operation against the towns on the coast. In fine, no means should bo left untried that can at all conduce to the consummation of an honorable and speedy termination of the war. The unsuccessful attack on Alvarado has in spired the Mexicans with new courage. They now boast of their prowess, and proclaim unquenchable hostility to the Americans. The inur nals breathe a most hostile spirit. We trust that ere this time Commodore Perry has got possesion of Tobaseo, and that Commodore Conner's third attack on Alvarado has prov?d more successful than his two tirst. STWe await the next news from the seat of war with a great deal of interest. Affairs in California.?We have received by the overland mail, through Mexico, a balch of very interesting letters from our special correspondents in Monterey, Masatlan.and along shore on the Pacific, relative to the movements ot our forces in that quarter. We give to-day two general orders of Commodore Stockton. We #hill publish the remander to-morrow or next day. It will be seen that every thing is protp?rous ib that section. Maouitic Txlxurai'h ?Wi) have an article in type, with atlidavits attached thereto, in relation to the abuse of the Magnetic Telegraph on the arrival of the last steamer ut boston, which isunav voidably crowded out to-day by the highly important news brought by the Great Western, the interesting intelligence from Mexico, &c. &c. The whole will be given in the Herald to-morrow. Will Addison Gardiner Resign 1?This is the question now among a certain cliqut ol politicians. Why should he 1 The letter from om correspondent in Albany, states that the Lieut. Governor elect thinks of doing so. Who believes he will 1 It is said that Gov. Wright advises him to remain where he is. Oua Minister to Russia?The Hon. Ralph J. Ingersoll, the new minister to Russia, sailed yesterday in the paoket ship Burgundy, for Havre ? He w is accompanied by his son, Col. C. M. lngersoll. ThentrtcaJa. P?*k ?The play of " Kin* John" was put upon lh< stag* last uight in a style of splendor and magniticenci that lieggara all description. Never has any thing beei . _ 1 .. I, Ik:. - >" ' 1 -?vu ? (<? ? ?v Ik iu Mil vuuiiii j . mi. rvtJttU 1 IMIIR J OilU Mr* keuu'* Constance, end Mr. VanJenhofT's Kaulcon bridge, wer? fully worthy of the fame of each of tho?< artist* Our critimie of the performauce*, which is ne cenanly ol ?omo length, is crowded out to-day hy th< Mexican uJ K.uropean* news?we ahall givo it to-morrow. The house waa crow Jo 1 in every part with one o the moat faahionable audience* that ever vssembled with in it* wall* Loud call* drew Mr and Mr*. Kean, an< Ur Vandenhoff before the curtain, tri the cloao of th< pi rfonnsDce. Mr Keun made hi* acknowledgment* ft the audience for the kind reception given the play, an, for the forbearance with which they had endured the do lay incident to a first performance, at the same time pro miaing that those delay* ihould not occur again. Th? play i* repeated thi* evening, Bowasr Thxatbk.?Mr. Booth'* benefit la*t evening wa* a bumper-hou*e. Every nook and corner were fill ad up. Mr. Booth p?rformed Pierre, to Mr*. Colemai Pope'* Balvidere, in " Venice Pro*erved," before a ful and crowdcd home. Hewn* ably *upported by an ex Calient itock company. Mr. Booth'* benefit la* evening, afford* am?le proof of the high appreciation ii which hi* ability i* held by hi* numeruu* Iriend* an<l ad mirer* The entertainment* of the evening pattod ort ii a manner highly creditable to " Old Bowery.' Palmo'*.?M'Ue Blangy'* fir*t appearance last evening folly equalled, and indeed aurpaiaed, the expectation* o tor warmest admirer*. The house wa* crowded, ani moat enthusiastically applauded, and more than onci encored, the graceful pa* of tho danseuac. A* a panto mimiat, ah? i* Inimitably expressive, and her style i* ori final. eha?te. an! replete with that delightful ahandut which ia *o rarely m?t with, but always necessary t< a complete success in her profession. Mr. Har.ard acqui1 tad himaelfvery creditably, and M'lle Celeste has)aliead become a great favorite with tho public \V> are glad t notice also mnch improvement in the rorpi it hall< This evening the ' Uiselle" will be repented, and als the Vaudeville of "Perfection," in which by-the-by, Mil Taylor appaared exceedingly well laat evening Tu Ai-hamba ?Herr Alexander, the great Oerma magician, will perform aomo of hi* wonderful trick again thi* evening at thi* e*tabliehment. Since the n?' arrangement* hav* been made to thia gay little place, deservedly rank* second to none In tha city for the v riety ami excellence of the amu*ement?, aa well a* tb cemfort it atford* to vlaitara? combining tho*o of a pari' with the attraction* of a concert room und theatre. Tt enterpriae and deaire to please, on the part of the pr prietora are deaerving ol great praise, ana cannot fail l be appreciated. Bowaav AxrKtTHEATRt.?Mr. Kemp's benefit lai night waa patronized by numerous groupa of friends an admirers of the brilliant feats that ornament the ring I the ( Irons The astonishing ability of Mr. K. haa, froi V"! * 4r*wn ,orlh ,h? mort enthmia*tic exprei hi 1*^Jnir*tlou from hi* nnmeroiis fiiends Lii Iff I hou,e' ??'1 if ? "1'impar house ay b* deemed asu?Cie?tt?si of popularity, Mr. Kern haa every reason to feel proud. Ratmowd ass W*a,BO', MenAuaaiB.-The time lim ted for thi. great to ..main in thi. city i faat drawing to a cloie. After a lew day., we are ii formed, it muat leave for other places w? r?.>.?t advice to all who have not yet mi, this crest collectta o^n.mala and reptile, to do ?, while th*ey can, for if Adorn an exhibition of auch greet merit cinbe eeen , I mm HNKfiVf IRttMM FROM EURfOPE, a ? ? ARRIVAL Or TBS STEAM-SHIP GREAT WESTERN. TWELVE DAYS LATER. y IKTEKKST1KG COMMERCIAL. ACCOUNTS. - Improvement" in the Cotton Market. STATE OF THE CORN TRADE a" THE POLITICAL ASPECT OF EUROPE. r TIIR REVOLUTIONS IN SWITZERLAND ' AND PORTUGAL. i The Sffect in England of the CAPTURE Or MONTE&BY. * ___________________ ; THE FAMINE IN EUROPE. ; THE DECISION OF THE ENGLISH GOVERNMENT | RELATIVE TO : OPENING THE PORTS. 5 - The Dependence on America for 1 rood. ARRIVAL IN LONDON OP THE HON. MR. BANCROFT. | His Interview with the English Cabinet. Extraordinary Naval Preparations 1N E1LL A N D Ac. dcc. dtc. Tlic steamship Great Western, Captain Ma thews, stole quietly into port last evening, pasied by Staten Island, and slipped up the East river about nine o'clock. Very few were aware of her arrival till alter she had retched the pier. She sailed from Liverpool at four o'clock on the afternoon of the 31st ult., with over one hunj dred passengers in her aftbins. The intelligence is highly important, not only ' in a commercial but in m political point of view. The improvement in the prioa of cotton and the condition of the grain trade of Europe, however, alfect us more than all the political convulsions of the world. It trill be teem that two important dccition* in council have been produced wholly by the arrival of the Hon. George Bancroft, and the rcprettntationthe made to the Englith Cabinet rdai live to the tupi'ly of food in America. It appears that England admits her dependence on these United Star* for bread. The political aspect of Europe is somewhat threatening; the entente cordiale seems to be broken up for the present. In this disruption the United States are introduced by the political writers of Europe as a ?ort of balance power against England. Indeed It appears that every political convulsion in Kliremn isnnur nrrainr.pil liv rpimhli cariism, and America is spoken of as one of the leading nations of the world. The news of the capture of Montorey had reached England. Its effect was like that of a bomb shell thrown into the midst of Ampudia's troops in th* Grand Plaza. See the extracts from the English papers in another column. Tho condition of Ireland continued as deplora. ble as her Worst enemies could wish. There hud ; been more bread riots. The import duty on wheat was Is. per quarter' the lowest rato of duty under the present Corn Law. Tho question of subsistence continues to attrast j sarioas attention in France, and hasaciuired increased interest in consequence of the devastations produced by the recent floods. Affairs in Portugal are looking most serious, it is said that the Queen has sent to Spain for assistance; and there is a rumour that she has been deposed. The very menacing nspect of aifairs in Portugal has engaged a large portion of the attention of the press and the public of Pans. In every quarter , tho intelligence from Portugal was deemed | alarming. The price having attained the rati at which the treaties for the acceMion of Bavaria to the Zollvcrein allow the suppression of duties, tho king has permitted tho importation duty free of all kinds of provisions into his kingdom. The Journal dc Eruxellct announces that the Duke and Duchess du Montpensier, after remaining a month at Paris, will repair to Brussels, where brilliant entertainments will be given to them by the King and Queen of the Belgians. Accontits lrom Geneva state that the recent elections have terminated in favor ot the liberals, i which has caused great alarm to the lloman C:i( tholics. Indeed their position in many parts of , Switzerland, is becoming very critical, and seri ! ous outbreaks are apprehended by them. , | Among other indicat'otis of distress or of dn ! trust among the population of Paris, must be meii> tioned the returns o( the operations of the ?av, ings banks of that capital for the week etiiimg ; Monday. From these it appears that tho depo[ | sits in those bnnks on the 25th and 26th install', Jl amounted to 60t*,562f., ntii the withdrawals t>> I 888,523f. J | The foreign otlicc will shortly present a gold medal to Captain lhinton, of the U. 8. ship Ens phasio, as an acknowledgment for tho bravery and humanity which ho displayed in saving the ^ ! crew of the brigantine C. W. 12. K. of Halifax, t some timo since. The revolution at Geneva had spread to other ; towns. t I The cholera had passed the line of the Russian i quarantine on tho borders of the Caspian Sea, ^ and was raging throughout all the Tartar villages 5 of the districts of Salgau and ?f Lenkoran. A considerable number of Cossacks, forming the f j cordon on the Persian frontier, havo likewise been ' attacked. \ | There had been terrible inundations in France. Steamship (treat Britain.?We nre given to ? understand that an agreement has b.-on ?!* tinit3? ly concluded with the directors of the Western t-i Steam Navigation Company to get olf the Great F Britain. The gentleman whom plan* have been ? approved of is named Mackintosh, and is an American, bom of Scotch parent*, He h:\sdis, tinguished himself by several ingenious inventions, and is the patentee of many ot the applioan' tions of caoutchmie, or Indian rubber. Tlio parties will proceed on Monday for Dundrum Hay to ' commence the pieliminaiy operation*. * The account* received lately from Dundrtim it Bay, write our Liverpool cone;|>ondent, have a- not been so unfavourable a* might have been an* i? ticipated, if;we regard the violence ol the gale* oi ,r 1 the period during which she has been in 16 her present situation. Up to the latest ? letters her position remain much the same as before repor'ed, though *he had approach* . ed somewhat nearer to the formidable ridge of rock* which ri*e from the sands near her. ld It is understood that flotation, however, will bo n brought into requisition shortly to rescue the noble n ves el. Great anticipations are indulged in that i. the new efforts ol her commander will lie successit ful." The f*ivtrp<?J 4it>wn of this morning say*, " "Captain lloskeu, o! he Great Britain, whose I1 arrival in Liverpool ?ee noticed last week, proceeded to Bristol on Tuesday, aniUiad several in* I* tei views there with the director*.Friday he is returned to Liverpool, and, on Saturday night, j. left for Belfast, on his way to Dundrum Bay. Flo ,r appeared much dejected in spirit* during hi* stay n here. We are happy to say that his wife, whose is death waj reported in Liverpool about a fortnight ince, is in a state of convalescence." Tl?? Condition hii?I Prmpffti In Kuropc? Tike Suiipoiril Kumln*. [From the London Times, 0ct.3t ] I The decision of the f'abinet i>ii the present cri'is i< such ai was moit generally, and, we think, most re* 1 sonably expected Parliament is not to meit until late in , January The portt are not to hi opentd. A mora popular policy than thii might be imagined by those who make popularity th? reward of concendou' to a premature clamor and submission to an ove' es'.mn' 1 necessity. But those who judge ?f u government's a. tions by its adherence to solemn obligations au i it?appreciation of circumstances, will hesitate before the> ac. cuae the Cabinet of delay, obftinaoy, or injustice. To the first proposal, winch tbe present state of thing; has elicited, viz , that of convoking Parliament, tlioie are many an 1 obvious objections Kor, to puta<i le tho mo't important one, which is founded on tKe prospect of a certain supply of food for tho umpire, it is evident that Parliament could not bo summoned without causing the grea'est em airassment to those for whose especial behoof it Wis proposa l thai it should amtemblo. The unhappy ttatr oj inland u-zI'ftjuires the presence of itg repmantatirst- Their sphaie of action is in their countiesiunl boroughs,not in l.onJon It is their iminadinte business to act, not to talk. They havo most moinontous duties to perform; but these are provincial, not metropolitan local, not Parliamentary To console the desponding, ami stimulate the inluleut among their own neighbors - to assist in the collection, nod superintend tbe disposal of lundi to encourage the prosecution of mulul, mil discourage the jobbery in unprofitable works?to regulate the payment of just, and repress the exaction of immoderate wages?to facilitate the ,purchase, and prevent the plunder of provisions? to subline violence, combinations, and menace- to mitigate an undoubted calamity, anl diminish its probable consequences?those nic now the first duties of the Irish gentleman To neglect such duties for the opportunity of talking in M. Stephen's would, under any circumstances, lie an act of question .ble policy; but now that Lord Beiborough has by llic exorcise of u rutioa.d vigor solved the problem of eta tutory difficulties, it would ho one of gios* folly and uupardonable rashness Ireland cannot at th * moment afford to losa one citizen ot property, station or character She claims tho services of each ol her ions .iiii> bus a l........ f?? I. ... Ka.. I . I nn. J der which >.lio labors tire such a* dem.inJ l?gisla'ivn interference far leas tiimi per swnal and distribute e ti v i' > ; atul tlis crisU is on* wlieri A man who might by wm-i1 thanuielera in Parliament ma> Jo the very gioatest <imntity of good in hia own harouy or parish. ' So much for tho further j.r?iroj<:?ti'>n of Pari amont. \n equal amount of justification may ha urged for the rimduct of tlia Ministry in their nou-remiuion i t tin? corn duty. It't are not unaware that on appi henxi'H ha% prevailed for tome wttkt pia.t * / ti dt'irlk IVe nuttelvet than J the almm Hut Ike danfer it floio no longer imminent Not oulv private advir,#?, th? teuar ol which had heroine generally known aitkia the In<t low j daya, hut the public account* iaca> ily lacoived from America, Rra tuch aa to remove vary .uucliof the mien- I sinoss that l a* boon Ml a < to tha piospartive supply ol j wheat an I Hour. In Ike grmuariet ?f New Vork it timed < an abundance of grant, awaiting only the i mytilte of tj>e- ] culalitn In be ditckerged upon our tkorei. rturh an im- [ pulso will ho giveu hy the notoiiuty of our duties hiving readied their lowest |>oint That any delay in transmit ting the hoarded treasure* hither u ili he caused hy a hope that our present duty will be abiogated i< shown to he ! highly improbable by the declension which an abundant supply has already caused in the pi ices of tho Am erica t^j markut. The auger avidity for Helling dearly has already given way to the more prudent desire of selling at any obtainable price. Competition has bulled the appetite for exceative gains on the other side of the Atlantic at the very time that the detected alUuence of our own resources has deadened the edge of speculation here Instead af advancing, our home prices have already hegun to decline. We do not, indeed, anticipate such a retrograde movement as Khali raise thu duty above ita present point; hut there appears every reason for concluding that the rise in the value of wheat ill | not bo so rapid as waa once anticipated J i- ' denlly of the influx from America, tpeculr !k of com v' Hamburgh, and ?thtr porlt, tch proper occarion, can be doled out to ike uecr< : i/,e Englitk buyer. Whether thi* opportunity ,} soon to occur or not, we leave to be decided b> .0 who will take the trouble to comi>are the prices ol tho last with those of tho present year. Now these, on more money r utions, givo an averago much higher than t' nt But this does not constitute the only, no' the ossential, difference between the two yeat ^rt-nt proportion of the wheat (out to market 1 as of a very inferior description The bu ypar's yield, on the contrary, is of an escc Lait year wc paid for a mixture of good idorably moro tnan we paid during the tan 1? 14 and 1913 This yoar we are paying for 14 inctiing less than we paid for had in Novombet ar. Mor does this consideration limit the diffrrcn. tween tho two periods. Fears were entertained in IS4S that tho obstacle el high and vacillatiag duties might intercept tho intro luc- \ tion of foreign oorn till the winter should prevent its < transmission across the Atlantic. More than this, the po1.1 ,r,k t ,,r I _t =. 01, innnCxir.uta.l i c 11 ,1,,, , V.> I man?no minister was prepared for it. It cnaie upon nil unaware. No grain merchantii?no milieu?no meal dealers were in the field to soften the rigours ol sudden scarcity. But this year tho case is widely different.? Tho duty on corn cannot ascend so high as to prohibit importation, under any circumstances; und there seems every reason for believing that it will remain where it is for soveral weeks to come. Again, the potato Might has been foreseen for month*;?if due prepara- j tions hare not been made to mollify its seventy, the | fault "does not rest, and certainly tho remedy doos ! not depend, upon I'arliamont or the Government.? Both of them have done their duty in giving lice udmission to the only substitute obtainable in niece 0/ the blighted root. Nor could both of them together ease > one hundredth partofthe misery which now presses upon \ Ireland, by rep. aling the duty on an article of subsistence, which not one Irishman in lire hundred could have the means of purchasing. On the whole, then, we think that moder.itn and thoughtful men ui all classes will acquit the cabinet of an imjKilitic obstinacy or a hearties* indifference to the j sufferings of our Celtic brethren ; and at tho same time will give them credit for justice and consistency, I11 our j opinion, ministers have done well in declining to purchase an equivocal popularity by fomeuting a groundless panic; an I opposing to the allurements of party the firmness of principle and the obligations of a solemn contract. [Krom the London Standard, Oct 30 ] Lord J. Kumell and Lord Tottenham, at the eabinct j council, on Wednesday, urged earnestly the con-Utu- j tional necessity for an early loasiun, (before Christmas,) i.ot only to obtain an act ef indemnity for Lord Besbolough's extension ef the Labor Hate Act, but also to ob! tain a parliamentary sanction lor the reduction of the 4s. daty on iaiported grain. The couucil broke up w ithout coming to any definitive resolution .it the meeting of j the minisfert, on Thvrtiay, the tuhject wai returned, and on thit latter orcatton the opponents of an early teuton had the advantrge of Mr. Hancroft't arrival from the United sStatei, tilth intelligence that the supply of grain i collected in the American portt for ei-portatiun, in to am- I I pie at to render extremely improbable the net entity for a | reduction 0/ the duty; thut removing a principal motive for an early tetrion. utirf relieving the Premier from the oh- \ ligationllo take anothtr ttep iii.what he it laid to call " the 1 aa mini it ration of a de tpotitm." Tho objectk 11s to an early session have boen railed j and most onxiously pressed by the Irish ctcrcUry and ' ' the other ministers connected with the government ef ' Ireland &nri u'iili knmA i)ma ni labium Tlmv nil. . .? 1 that an early session miut embroil them with .Mr. O't on ; nell and his adherents, thus depriving the cabinet of its pnncipal support K.very day. they say, given birth to , tome new project of relief lor Ireland, each more wild and dangerous than that of the day befoie?projects 1 1 which the Romanitt radical* muiit contend for, because 1 j they are the projects of the priests, Hnd which any | minuter, hoping to retain the confl?Bc* oi the nation for a week, mn*t resist to the uttermost, because they air ! | made mischievous. Then would inevitably come n , I schism, and with it the downfall of Lord John Russell. ! government ; indeed, Mr. Thomas Meele and theiest of j the repeal rabble are already culling fji Sir Robert Peel, I : who, there can be no doubt, will throw himself into thei) I . ranks, il ho can find no other ushors to oflo*. It is not only on the tide of Ireland, however. that ! there are such difficulties threatening the administration ; at the assembling of parliament, whether early or late Wo have the testimony of the millowneta journal to tht. | fact, that a feeling of the necessity of rcducirR produce . and wages between SO and 40 per cent (for such mutt be the ettect of working bnt four days instead of tix) "it ' rnyidly tpriatling und brcoming almost utiicertil.' l'his m ious reduction in tho amouut ol wages .contemporaneous with a steady advance in the prico of all the prin| ci| al necessaries of life, ia not calculated to infuse an I ; rigi et able temper into the proceeding* ol the popular ] j branch of the legislature. j A third objcctiou to an early session 'may come from Lcid I'ulmcrkton. who cannot be desirous of explaining tho process by which he has managed to give the Kr? nch , government und people a triumph over us. [From the Paris Reform*, Oct. 29 ] Are all the misfortunes to befall us this winter? ! addition to the excessive dearth of provisions, to tho dicaitert caused by incendiar> f;r*s, and to tho public ca1 n. rntlnxa.l bv tl,. ,U.l..wtir. I ~?- 3 .... wi filiation, ?6 aie threatened with commercial crisis.? MonaJ is boarded, and foreigner! are withdrawing tl.eir capital Several bunking flrim litre alreudy nddre?*ed circiilari to their cli. nt?, Infoimirg them tint in conirquence ol the scarcity of mn:iey they are ol liged to reluie all bill* of a longer date than 190 day* 03 1'ari*, 8:1 I AO day* on the departments. The same journal announce* that the price of wheit waa increasing everywhere throughout Ktance. Tha augmentation varied from AOc to If | cr hectolitre in *ome place* to 2f. In the dirtricta from which ran* drawl it* aupplie*, all the petty termer* hn I thrathed their wheat tind thiow 11 it on the market, The sowing , being over, it wn? honed that the grain would become more abundant, and that tlip price* would decrcanc; but tho contrary had tnken pl .ee. and at the Tiiria maikot on Wednesday wheat increakod by If. 1 er hectolitre and n 1 half. Opinion* In England of the Capture of Jtloi.tircy. iFrom the Liverpool Vnil Oct 81.] The town of Monterey, In Nuevo Leon, 11 place 01 in diilerent In portance, ha*, alter three day* severe fight- , irg.been purchased evidently for tha purpose ol a hospital 1 b> Gen.Taylor.the commander of the American force*. It ia admitted on all hand* that the Mexican troop , under Oen- Ainpudia, fought with unflinching courage. At a > proof of thi? they were allowed te march out ol the town ! and ita citadel with all the honor* of war. The turrender was by capitulation It appear* tint the shot and hell* of the American* petformedthe greateit havoc upon the innocent and unarmed inhabitant*.? , Ampudi* was desirous of preventing thi* unnecessary shedding of blood; and he proposed, on the second day 1 of the bombardment, that these poor citizont should be allowed to leave the town. This Taylor refilled. The American* had gained possession of some outwork* and forts which commando 1 the lower part oi tho town where the population was most denro, but they had made no impression upon the citadel. 1 hev had not even reached tl.e Grand I'laxn In short, it the Mexican General had disregarded th* loaa o( lite among the inhabitant*, it i* very queitionable if General Taylor would have sur ceeded. Terms ot capitulation were again prepoted, and agreed to, but they are much more favorable to thu Mexican* than those originally dictated by General Taylor. ?? * The capture of Monterey ha*, we fear, been dearly purchased. The American loss, in killed and wounded, 1* stated to be about Ave or aix hundred men The loan ol officers--tke name* and detail* being given?ia ex Tanely Mvere. Tie number kil'e l on the part cf the M*uomu< i- ?ii'! to bjUi! Miit ./'he A nericins : hut this ti it B?>t '< fr->m 'heir pi-otectposition. and from no .leoi'ire a;?ault hav| i,r hern made upon the principal Je h feno-w e Ba <hi< a* it may. the ?eige of Monterey, and the brave m conduct of the Mesi-an troopi, under the exemplary u leale - hip of (Jeneial Vmptiha, place the nature of the I rutional conflict in b ?erv different point of view from a wli it the \mericai a hid instructed ui to anticipate If the o l'r? ident.t .iiita Aim*, renin ntru<to hia country, ami the t< rest of llie i'-m nrmy ) ? * brave ?? tiium who have ai fought under Ami u lis, the invading force of the Ameri- K cans must inevitable '>i< destroyed, or ba obligpd to lay o il >wn their arm in ^noniininu subjection aud disgrace h For what hare tht*y gained liy what they call a victory ,,] at Mon'erey? No advance to a aurceaanil end on their i p irt. Vhe troops of \mpudia are between them and the citv of M.-xico T".ev are onlheir front in 1 thoir flank, cn'tii'g off tha supply of provision*, recruiting their stren*?ii, incre kji tiuir :.iim!rcr3, and fortifying their .] natui il point- :if ' fence. [j Hut this is n- t tho worst part of their ca=e. TheWaih- n ington EOvarnrueiit h i< already spant.or have incurred ;in expenditure of near twenty millioua of dollxri upon c, the war, and tb^re is hardly a rent lett in the treasury. a, They are unable any longer to supply the invading |t forces, and the plnnderitig volunteers, with money to purchase provi- ions; and necesiitjr haa compelled them to insiruct (ieneral Taylor to lay the country under con- sr trilmtion, and take liy iorre such rations as they can had, and present in payment bay oneta instead of cash. B tVe agree with this !f#sr York correspondent. The war in Mexico is only beginning. The farmer* and pee- j,j . ants did not rtislike it so long ai thoy were paid food ra pi ices for their provision*. But now that the American army lin* stopped payment, and tha country people are to be robbed ol thair corn, cattle, poultry ,and fruits, they will stand upon their defence, join their uational troops, maintain a terii'Ue resistance, aud tight while a drop of ( < blood i* lalt in their veins ' Let us consider another featufe. When thij war began, " the heroism oi America plumed itself on the fact that it . Ind no real difficulties to c inten t with. The journal* of New Vork were po?itivc that Mexico would be overrun iui'l coi"{uert"l m *ix m>>nth* ibut Mexicans ware a nr?t,on cf cowards Mti-t thnt their unite* would be driven het'irn the illustrious an.t invincible General Xachatiah Taylor like a flock of sheep. The trifling afl'air at Mon- (|t terey ha*, w e hope, c!i?'i;?atc<] this dream. Indeed, we h( veiy inoeh 'ou!>t whether an many valorous volunteers e, woul I lmve joined the boasted " atinv of occupation" if j, tli.-y hu t beliored t.ere would have been any fighting at y nil. I'lir Washington got eminent it?elf ap|?ar* to have liiliored under tin same pa-ifi'- iuipretMon* The cam- p(] ;>;iilTU < ii.lwgun iu daplcraMe iguoianceol the real leel?ng in Mexico, the state of the country, its difficulties, or iM danger* * It }<ml>i>.<n indeed u *no*t r*>li proceeding When the -i. war was resolved upon. Mr. Folk'a exchequer contained twelve millions of dollar* These me all spoilt. Con- It g'rss at its 1 ist silting voted a (rant of ten millions more. .,1 Til t to he railed upon Treasury notes hearing six ' pei rent interest, im ! te !eemub|e iu twelve months Hut suppose theae Hotoi, trms chirked, convertible into ea>h lor the u<ea of the at my, how are they to be met t the expiration of the twelve months, when, perhaps, (|j lour times ten millions more will I e required I That we f leave to Ne* \oiU and Washington financier*. The re- gu public, upon tlia be t tecuuty it can oiler, could not raiio a ceu' in any country in Kurope. lit own capitalist* would not trui.t it And yotit is at war with an exasperated people, wl*?*?? anil is invaded without came, and whoso intern 1, if properly managed, are gieater than tl oie of the United Statu* itself. G [From the London Sun, Oct 80 ] * * * ? # 8. "W'liilo the well-wiilrer* of Mexico are meditating r,; upon licr possible i o: ;anizutiou; while .they are actu- bi ally recognizing; minimum of lier present enter- T ptiseth' axii ner futuio prosperity, the wily c( foil ? .rom the United State* are .,| iu*' i\es cf their previous sue- I. i i i. ,io. t mo. * important victories .. . * ...1 liluruia, iiud New Mexico i i jj iull ouisi f Auiorican general.., befo inder Utntnl Taylor p*?li far- 8t wni'dtotlic itleinent* of Monterey, and after a gallant ta of I . y the garrison mikI auxiliary troop*, .>< t ominnn.irii by Ampudia, render a formal ca- <a jut ul Lit ion on the part of ihc latter absolutely Decenary, j , Although Monterey is taktin, and Ampudia vanquished, it must uot^be imagined that thU origiaated id an> thing c} like national poltroonery. On, the contrary, we would 1? especially direct observation to the gallantry evinced by to Urn besieged army? galluutry which ii not merely suf- m ficient to redeem the Mexican soldiers from indiscrimi- u) im'.e derision, but which has even evoked the tacit ac- rr knowledgnment of the conquerors. The particular* oi thu engagement at Montarey are ^ the moit interesting that hare hitherto reached us from 11 the seat of war since the commencement of hostilities. (a On the lflth of September, iJeneral Taylor, with a force in amounting to G.OoO men, encamps at the Walnut Springs, ! a spot removed some three nulos from the city. Mon- dj tarey is leconnoitered immediately upon hisarrival, and , arrangements made in accordance with the information . thus acquired. On tho iOth instant a futile attempt is . made by a > 1 ivi ion under Ueueial Worth to capture the ?" heights orerlooking the episcopal palace; on tho follow- Lie iDg morning the mine endeavor is renewed with better nc success, w hile o diversion is made in a ditierent quarter in !>y t vo other divi.ious, supported bv the Teuuestee, co Mississippi and Ohio regiments. By the evening of the r;l Mil, roD'i'lorahle udvan'agesjare gained by the assailants, V which advantages aie materially increased during !. the s ubsequent day: but not until a quarter-past five on > the evening of the -J 1th?natntly, fiva days (rom the com- w mencemeut of tho uicrations?in tho capitulation extort- th ed from the Mexican lianeial. It would be preposterous H to denv the vanquished army the credit ot having dis- 8C played considerable courage and forii'ude during this Me- jn rioiis and protracted engagement. But, as a lasting tes* tlmcay of tho valor of the Mexicans upon this occasion, . wei suljoin an epitome of the terms of capitulation given ?'' at length in another column; aud we are induced to call especial a'tention to these terms, because, from their re- T maikable iind almost unpirulleled leuity, they are a tri- w umill,!nt refutation of the natcasim and aspersions lat- o\ terlyly i b.,t upuu .Mexico. 1 he terms ot the capitulatioa ca Wheth rtlie government of the United States will ac- ?V cede to tnese pacific stipulations or not, it is manifest that 1 a vuit proportion of Mexico has already beeu wrested from her by tue lawless aggression of an avaricious D( , nc Meutwhile Santa \nna maintains his preponderance Ik in tiio internal legislation ot tho beleaguered republic.? jf la his patriotism, the Mexicans have tho true palladium (n of tho.r tig^ieyu e independence as a nation, and their individual liberties as a peoide. If they consolidate their 111 strength aud place their reliance upon tkeir present Presi lent, the I'eruie mountains of Mexico will not be trad- th dan by a conquering army, and pceple may yet th einLrge from this sti uggle with tiio Axerican* uusca- ov thed, ami even invigorated th The KnUnte Cortllalo In Europe* [Krom thu Paris Presse.l Pc . . * lai But, above ail, n -y it ylcaif God t^ot there mar arise tr] from the new fituation in which this 'ncident has placed or our government a ?ru> ?ys!em of ulPoncc, tcAi'rA may at si length unite all the naltont of cont.ntnt Europe in a com- tg mon umlti standing a^mmt their common enemy England. n We were axked some ila\ s since what nations we would (lesii < to tee combined in this new cordial un ierst in Iidr, . and why wo iucliued for a* iuihib hiwtn ?'? "l coontbt am> Hi ssia 1 Wo wi?h to sum up in a few t? word* our eutire opinian ou that subject We are con- re vinced that sooner er later a contest will take place l>e- ai tween thw Continent and that Tower which uses it for her own purposes under favor of its divisions This coutest will be particulaily a maritime coutest; and now that the C( naval power of Spain is destroyed, w e see onlyvRossia that c i) lend us that efficacious suppoit in Kurojie which the United States are rebciv ii.g for us in America II is ?' our opinion, in a word, that for the repose of Kurope it is hi nece.-imry that the colossul power ot England ha reduced, rn mid that ihi* powor shall not lull except under the triple (Jf allium t which her three national enemies will one day form?nuioity, J-'ruilce, Jluttia and ihe United States. ^ [Krom the 1'aris National, Oct. 29.] (It "Much noise h it been mule during the lait few days de relative to aporopeus article which ap|>eared in an ob nr voire review, announcing that ' now era was aliout to p, commence for the CSuiiot cabinet.' After such a mQgni ficeut prologue wo e*pocted the rising ot the curtain, but the Mmitieur remains silent. M. Guizot is not yet F1 President of the (ouneil. We are anxious to know whe- 'u ther the ' immutable policy' i" by chaaco about to repent til and to contradict itself, und here we a. e pu/./.led The m Hj fte.n, in fact, lias two interpreters. Tho tirst tells us, m, in speakiog of England, and of her alliance?' We con- jf, sider in this respect what we hate over considered;' but i this interpieter always considered, that 'without the P. Knglish tilliance the system was frail,' therefore it is still V1 for the English alliance. This is very clear, but the second interpreter, l.a Presse, has unite otherideas. 'This ai alliance placed France at the tail ot England,'says that <*e paper. >o j>"r-iin in i-ranee, euner king or minister, [n can retain nny nllusion as to the impossibility of ever g(. eftaMnhmg n cor ial and sincere alliance between Krance nnd England. France comprehends that she ' ' O'.lgllt tn return to her natural alliances witn the ar continent.' 1 his. therefore, is nn abaoluto nega- es tion uf every cordial understanding. That ia not cc rafllclant, England ntnl fall. "al this powerwillnot ta tall, exccpt uoJ^r the triple alliance which will he th formed ? day to combat her .iy her throe natural fnemitf Kratico, Russia, ami tho United Statea !"? Such is tlic opinion of tha sticond interpreter ; it is claar, specific, and candidly boitiio, anil if we are not peifectly oc ngreed a* to the meant, the ernt pleases ui. But which *u of these two policies ii at present that of the system 1 Is kt ittheflistor tlio seeoml f Is M Uuirot, who hail the la honor of inaugurating the tirst, about to place the other <<a on * foundation not to he shaken ? Home explanation tr should be given on this subject, as the public has a right > tobacurions WiKm mi EonlMi sixteen years, even to di?graco Are we to ?ie Uussian to-morrow,avan 'j1 to folly I ,\1. Hni?.ot, the enemy of Mr. Polk? M. Uuizot, the inventor of the famous balance of power in U America?M. Ouizot, the partner in the riiliculous in- th trlgues of Texas?is ha about to ofTar his hand to Mr. fg Polk, to proclaim the glory of " the vagabond nation," jjt ami to a?*ist in the conquest of California I Ah, let them say so, an<l lot us be permitted to enjoy the agreeable pastime of laughing much without bocoming much more proud. 08 [Krom the Paris Prcsse, Oct 2!) ] e.r Ara not so absolute. It tha Ottoman empire must fall, r|1 ami Constat,tinople belong to Ru <sin, Krance might find to in the battlement ui a new balance of power sufficient ra compensation to make such an arrangement extremely g( profitable. It would be idle to enter into a discussion ai which can have no direct utility nt the present moment, but it is wrong to say that Fro nee ought to declare that she has no pretensions to make if war or diplomacy should again arrange K.urope No doubt she will not make war to enrich herself at the expense of her neigh, oj bors. or even to recover what has boen taken from her; hut if wai should product) new combinations among States, the has her part murknil ont on het frontiers, . in her mlmest, a.? in the interest of the countries i whit h wonl I be proutl to belong to her, or, r?ther, at to e, joy the benefits of her civilization and her institii.uios. But is not the real question.? B 1 )Ue<Uonia whether France cannot contract batter ii| I..- ..IU1 hurope than that from which she is now p freed? I liw question u, to know whether, with view to g, Uie eventualities which politicians must foresee, Franca y might not to prepare ,or the marltimo contest which n mu?t lka place ullhin a chort period between bar and , K.ngland. Vv'ell, aa wa itatoil )estarday, thara is an alliaoca which appears to be indicated by tha very posi- ' tiouoi Uie states. Lug laud hat in the world Uuee great ^ jy nemies of her maritime power?Franc*, whloh ought ? prevent her from oppressing an.I using Kurepe for her soluatve aitnalagu, Ruiaia. which disputes Aut with er; and WeTThRaa Statu, whose pmpondwrenoe In Amrica she contests The day on which iKt-t thrta greet iarittmt italet ihall unite againit England?the day on ihich they ihall comhne t? attack hir itmultaneoualy in " " J". ?n >latnr?, and in .)n<, it ii evident that thii ' "I Ifill cease to ofprett the world. Thii Ofht to be the object of every (tataiman who wishes > emancipate Kuropa and secure the liberty of the seas; i?d we, who,do not forget what our country owaa to ngland for past eventa, and wa, who foal what we may xpect from her in future, ahall applaud with all our eart everything which may prepare thia salutary triple lliunt-e jirfniii't tlie common enemy. Thia alliance of i*' TiiVd at a later period. ['f rom tin Liverpool Mail, Oct. 31.1 T!ie fotes in faris in honor of the matrimonial con- ' nests of Louis rhillippe and hla ion, have been postaned ???e die, in consequence, ai U alleged, of the in- ! ndatinns in certain parts of France, caused by the late tins and atorma. It ia a rood, and convenient, but it ia not the real exuse There is a storm brewing which the prudent but raiicious, constitutional Kin* of the Krenoh foresees. if not his interest to quarrel with England, and ret he is deliberately, and with malic* priponit, provoked it. would not lock well to have fetes in honor of his tn'a marriage, with helpless and unprotected infaata r Spain, sold by worthless mother, at which fetee the ritish ambaasador. Lord Normanby, for potent political lasons, could not be preaent Thia would afreet the inds, agitate the money market, and derange the good ing'a private interests, aa a funohelder, a trader, tad a anufacturer. His Majesty ia known to be an acute observer of passim events We should like to know?he possibly or robably does?what it the meaning ef the extraordinar works in nmgiets on the land side of the lertresa ot ibrultar. What is the object of the day and night ef rts at Shrfrness, Portsmouth and I'lymeuth 1 In these aerials there has not been such untiring preparation ir the last fifty years, even when K ngland was threatled with invasion. The Ulole, a paper peculiarly un jrthe putronuge of Lord I'almerstun, publiihei the folwing t ? KlTRAORDIttlRT AcTITITT AT SrfCERNCII DOCK-TAID. -An Admiralty order has been received at her MiOesty'i )ck-yard. Hheerueis, for the following shipi of war to j (nought forward for commissioning with all possible (pedition, viz :?The Waterloo, 130 gum; the Howe, !0 gun*; the Asia, 81 guns; the <;?iigea,B4 guns; and tonnrrh, 94 guns; the llawke, 73 euni; Achilles. 73 tint, Russell, 73 gum; an4 Hercules, 73 gun*. The folwing frigates are alto nearly completed The Cornell, &0 gum; Cenquestador, 50 gum; Worcester, 90 u us; and < hichester, 60 guna. Many waut but a few oret to complete them, when they are to be immediate' put into commission and lent tip'jn foreigu service. lie artitam and mechanic! Lave been compelled fer ime time pant to itop in the usual hours allowed for leir meali, and to woik until quite dark, te an to comete the orderi of the Lordt Commiitioneri of the Admidty for foreign equipment, What cau be the meaning or object of thete hurried eparations? The largest and moit poweiful ihipi of ar in the Britiih nary are fitted and ordered for immevte seivice. The expenditaie cannot surely be incurd for mere pastime or idle display. There must be mo place to assail or protect?some injury to resent, or me right to assert. But whero the one or other it, we completely in the dark Ireland. Two loads of flour, the property of Messrs. rubb, of Castle Grace Mills, were on Monday st attacked, within about a mile of the police ation at Kuocklofty; whilst on the way to Clonal, by a party consisting of men, women, and >ys, who carried away, three sacks of the flour, hey appeared to have been lying in wait, coupled in a house cn the road side, and were suplied with bags for the purpose of helping themlives.?1 ijff/erary tret Prcu. The Knglish journals (says the Siecle of Sunty) offer no prospect ol any amelioration in the ate of Ireland. O'Connell, despairing of obining the subsidies annually voted him by the x>r people of Ireland, or wishing, by a personal icriliae, to acquire a share of the public pity, is just announced that he will not acoept the actstomed tribute this year. But to this the efrts of tha Liberator in the present crisis appear be limited. Not one of his letters or proclaations bears the stamp of the politician who n ile, in great difficulties, to foresee anil to advise, he government, on its side, pursues, with a not sry enlightened obstinacy, the line of conduct at rst embraced. The system consists in the itux faire, or do-nothing pobcy?in abstaing froai all interference, either for the purpose augmenting the supplies of grain or effecting a minutiou in the prices. In principle tkis conict cannot be blamed. But the spirit of the sysm must not be carried to the length of represtig, of interdicting the sales of grain which may I miflrt lit r?rir?*c Inr tV?4* r\C ' ? ?- ?Wi WVUWUV Wi fcUO cessitous laborers. Alms, in this shape, present, fact, very peculiar advant*g<>s; they are a sucmr against unforeseen calamities and an encougement to work. Nevertheless, the notabilities the county of Limerick having voted a sum of be laid out in the purchase of maize, alter, ards to be doled out to the people at low prices, e lord lieutenant refused his sanation to this vote, e has prescribed inthe name ofa veryincomplete ience, an expedient which could, at all events, voke in its favor the reason of humanity. But tho famine continues to rage in Ireland, the ements of disorganization are increasing still | ster. Disorder and rebellion are ubiquitous he workmen employed strike for an.increase of | ages ; they even go so far as to fire upon the : rerseers ot the works. In snme nountif# tl>? I ittle are strangled during the night, an outrage hich might well bo explained by the pressure of ingtMT; in others, however, from a pure spirit mischief, the draught and working horses e killed. The lives of the magistrates are where secure; several of them can only leave )ine under the protection of an armed escort, these disturbances continue, the government ust reinforce the troops which occupy Ireland, tho midst of these troubles, and as if the bet- : r to express the antipathy of the two races, all ' e London paper*, without exception, attack ! e Irish landed proprietors, and cast upon their ; vn shoulders the necessity (heavy enough for j em, indeed,) of providing for the safety ot Irend; whilst the Irish journals of all shades in >lit;cs concur in invoicing the assistance of Engnd, as a reparation which is dus to their coun- | f. If the part of O't/oimoll were not finished, if some popular agitator were to take posseson of the part whtcli the Liberator has ceased act, this bocial diseaie would soon be transfer- 1 ed into a rebellion. Bat by dint of amusing his luntrynien with a chimera like -'the repeal of , c union," old O'QwmiU h*s mads them lose e sentiment of reality. Instead of rising to a volution, they will vainly agitate themselves in i laichy. VrtiM*. The Paris papers of the 29th ult., have been re- : >ived. The Journal dti Dibati, without avowing its ject, denies the truth of the rumour that t ranee j td ureed (^ueea Donna Maria to the deplorable : r/.i .i u.,1- i... i~? taer cnwn of Portugal. The Vibatt seems, i ulty of an indiscretiou in that article in saying at " a constitution suspended it a constitution ;stroyed," for we are informed that numerous tpartures from the Charte of 1830 were to be rayed against th? existing Government of ranee by the Opposition journals of the followg day. The fallacy of tn? assertion might be oved by passages in our own history, which rnishes several instances of the suspension of e Hub to* Corpus Act; but the F roach Governent will not probably be dealt with in a cool arimentative way by a press in regard of which e French constitution is?as that press comains?not merely suspended, but positively olated. The potatoes are totally destroyed by the blight; iu me distress 01 me peopie 19 in no reaped leu vere than that which is reported to prevail in eland. Last year was considered a calamitous n?on. It was, however, one of abundance comired with the present. None save those who e compelled to witness them can adequately timate tbo terrible sufferings which, from this unbination of the seonrges of flood, fire, and mine, await the innumerable families miring e approaching winter. We have most disastrous nnd melancholy acluntsof the consequences of a flood which had icarred in the Loire, the waters of which have ddealy risen to a height exceeding any thing lown for n century back. An extraordinary 11 of ram, which continued lor two days incesntly, produced this effect. The Loire and its ibutaries hnve been equally the theatres of this icnomenon, and have produced inundations, lknown within the memory ol any one living, roiighont the departments of Li Loire, Allier, oir ct-Cher, and of the Loiret. In a single night e wnters of the Loire itself rosn twenty French et. The celebrated levees of that river have sen broken through in several places, and extenie places hnve been inundated to the level of the ofs of the houses. The disaster has been most iliimitous at Orleans. The route from Tours is itirely intercepted by the inundation. The couers for Tours, Angers, and Nantes, have ceased arrive at Orleans. A considerable extent of the lilway between Orleans and Tours is submer;d by the waters of the Loire. The rivers Yonne id Duranco have also ovei flowed their banks. Spain. Our accounts fr?m Madrid aro of the 23d alt. The Hritish squadron, consisting of five ships f the line and three steamers, was still wahin ghtof Cadiz on the 19th. The Madrid journals bring us intelligence from , jshon of a later date than the 17th. The JlfrrU- 1 > contratlicts the report of the abdication ol Don11 Maria, and adds that Count de Vinhaie was at raganza, at the head of 8000 men, ready to march Kainst the revolters of Oporto. That journal refesses not to know whether the Portuguese overnment had claimed the intervention of pain, " to save the cause of the Queen, liberty, nd the laws in Portugal," or if that co-operation nd been granted by tbc Spanish Cabinet; but it eelares that the latter, if called upon by Denna I aria, could not withhold an assistance which that Prince* so generously accorded to Spain during the civil war, to in-sure the triumph of the coustUutional cause. Tim Titmpo state* Baror. KendnfTe hi??l presented a note te M. I^tur z, inviting hint not to interfere, but merely to march hoops to the fronuer to awe the insurgents. The Madrid journals contain no local news. The Three per Cents were done at S4f lor cash; the Four per Cents at 214; the Five per Cents at 211; 'he aebt without imerast at tij; and the Coupon* at 20. wltaertand. Basle city has followed the example of Geneva. Exasperated at the temporizing conduct of the Grand Council on the subject of the Jesuits, the people rose on the 22i in open insurrection, and commenced uripaving the streets. The Grand Council immediately tesigned, and henceforth Basle city arid Basle country will form but one canton. Home. A letter from Rome of the 18th, in the UntMrt, has the following :?Upon the lact here mentioned, the Augtlturg liazttte appears to have built its story of the arrest and imprisonment of several Cardinals "A close carriage, escorted by dragoons, conveyed a few days ago to the Castle of St. Angelo a state prisoner, said to be Cardiaal della Genua, who caused or sutiered to be published at Pesaro that absurd proclamation which excited so much contempt. This report is, it appears, without any foundation." Portugal. The latest news from Portugal received at Madrid, announced that a revolutionary movement had broken out at Oporto. The report of the arrest of the Duke of Terceira was connrmed. That statesman i? in prison at Oporto. A regency, it was said, was proclaimed in the name of Pedro I1L It was said at Madrid that Costa / Cabral and Gonzales Bravo were to have left oil * r the 19Lh for Lisbon. Our Lisbon letter of the 16th inst. states that all communication between that cabital, Oporto,and Coimbra, was cut olf in consequence ot the telegraph being broken. The Itiuria of that day contains seven royal deorens, dismissing from their posts as many civil governors, appointed by the late government. M. Palmella demanded passports fer France. ClrcaaslR. The news from Circassia, which comes down to the 27t'a ot August, is ot great and thrilling interest A Russian deserter to the Circasaans, Baki Dellisseau by name, who, obtaining influence with the varieus tribes, has been raised t? an important command, has made a successlul " rar.zia" on the Russian territory, at a period what he was the least expected ; the consequences were that the enomy, being attacked suddenly, made a feeble resistance, and cannon and large quantities of ammunition (all into the hands of liaki Dellisseu. Several native tribes, who had submitted formerly to Russia, elated with this success, revolted in a mass, and abandoning the Russian possessions, tied to tba mountains of Maden Dagb,about 40 mites from the Irontier. The Russian general led in person an expedition against them. The issue was a series of disasters on both sides, notwithstanding that the Russians succeeded in taking soma 200 prisoners, of whom 130 were crmelly murdered during the retreat of the ariuv to their fortress, having been shot by coinmaull of the general. This fact alone sulhces to demonstrate hew this eruel and disastrous war is carried on in Circasaia. It is worthy of attention that there are at present in the Caucasus some 20,000 to 30,000 Russia* deserters, 5000 Poles, and other foreign adventurers, who have lately placed themselves uader the command of this Baki Dellisseu ; consequently the Russians will hereafter have to do with their own countrymen, European tactics, a mountainous country, and with semi-barbarous oivitised Circassians. Turkey. The appointment of Reschid Pacha to the post of Grand Vizier, and his formal installation, a* well as that of Ali Ellendi, as Minister for Foreign Affairs, took place on the 28th altimo. The next day they received at their residence all the high dignitaries of the empire, as well as the ambassadors of France and Austria. A report was circulated that Riza Pacha was to have beau scat as governor of Damascus. The accounts from 5JKKd,;. state that the j Pacha was still there, but would soon depart for Cairio. The Nile had rison twenty-four feet, and made great ravages. Ibrahim and Abbas Pacha had gone into the province of Sehartrie, where the flood had done great damage, the embank meat* being swept away. A1 the boats, both at Alexandria and Cairo, have been seized by government, to transport the material* necessary for repairing the embankments. The harvest of maizee was entirely destroyed, and that of cotton much dauingad. More than six villages were flooded, and if the waters did not subside, it was feared that.Lower Egypt would be converted into one immense lake. The Timet of yesterday has the lollowing:? Mr. Murray, tbe newly arrived consul general, had left Alexandria for Cairo, where he wai to be formally presented to the Pacta. English 1 shipping continued to be so scarce that freight* had reached a most ex'ravagant height, and the s merchants were loudly complaining. Corn and beans had risen rapidly in price, in conseqnenoe of the lata news iroiu England, aa well as all other articles of consumption. India. We have received, says the leaden Timut, ky 1 express from Marseilles, our despatches in anticipation of the overland mail, whiek lelt Bombay on the 1st of October. Tne intelligence thus brought is not of Bush political importance. At Lahore every thing remained quiet; tke troops were healthy and were expecting an early visit of inspection from the Governer-G??erai. Lall Singh betrayed greatlsmxiety aa the time ler the departure of the British forces approached. Fmm Cubal there were, as usual, raaaers of intrigues and insurrections. A report that an English army would invade Peakamur upou the arrival of the coli season, had produced aauck alarm, and it was said that proposals tor a treaty of alliance would be made t? Lord Hardinge. An insurrection had broken out in Caa.itnore, fomented, it is reported, by the Lahore Duroar; and a force sent against the insurgents by Gkolak Singh had been defeated with some Iocs .-everal English officers who were visiting tke country had been seized, and would be detained as hostages, though no fears were entertained for their safety. Cholera was still raging in Sehide, and provisions were so enormously scarce and dear tkat an absolute famine was apprehended. At ftombay there was no news. Trado was rather dull, and all transactions on a very limited scale. A volcano had appeared on Saddle Island is the lied Sea. The mad was carried from Bombay by the steain ship Atlanta, which sealed at P. M on the 1st inst., and reaohed Suez on the 19th, at' 10 1 A. M. k The intelligence from Egypt i* not remvkablf. I Corn and beans had risen rapidly in price, in cou- I sequence of the late news from England, aa well I as all other articles of consumption. ] Chins. j A latter lrom Hong Aoug, dated Aaguat M, aays -.?The late riot at Canton bat led te a long correap mdeace between tha oonsul and tha Ilritiah merchants. The merchants claim, aa a right established by treaty, tbat one of her Majeaiy'a vessels should be permanently stationad off the factories, to bo at hand ia the event of any oatbreak ; but the consul maintains that according to the treaty, which prondea for a reaael of war at eaob of the fire porta, Wharapoa ia ita prapar anchorage, which, tboagh tan nailna off, he, in common with the Chineae, holda te be the port ot Canton The Rntiah community baring ao assurance that they will be protected by their own govern meat, bare reaolred to do their possible to defend themselrea, bare formed into three regimenta of voluntecra, whuch met regularly Car, it muai be admitted, a rather irregular drill. They have sent to England lor 109 musketa and acooutrementa, and will the* enly ra^uire a drill aarjeant to teach them how te make the beat nae of their waanona. The musketa, howarer, are already productive otgeod effect upon the Cbineae, who, while they are not themaelrea very knowing in military tactics, have great reaneot for the poweraofa body of Englishmen with arm* in | their bands, and a design to uae thena. I Accounts lrom Canton atate, that, owing te tW J late disturbance having caused a great want of I Ctiifrtn* and to th* rnntiniifH uarnihr aT mo. 'I ney, the market for both importi nod exports had ll been in an extremely depressed state. Large >1 shipment* were being resile to Bombay, ?nd a I few ships loaded with sugar for England. With the exception of tkeee operations, tne stagnation in the market amounted to a complete suspsnsion of business. i Theatrleala. ;j Mr. L-*Venn's new opera is in rehearsal at Dru- I ry-lane Theatre, the principal soprano pari ia I which will be sustained by Mrs. Bishop. An entertainment, interspersed with song* "d g anecdotes illustrative of the peculiarities of th?? Down East Yankee, was given at the Strsnd t Theatre oil Tuesdny night, by Mr. Morley, lste of the Theatre Royal, Liverpool. Its title is, " Cross- ? ing the Atlantic, and Traits and Travels in Atne- j rica." It was very successful. e Mr. Elwart, a young Parisian composer, has ? received from the I)^e de Montpensier a m ?g-, niflcent portfolio, in acknowledgment ol the nup- 4 tin! mass composed for the Duke's marriage with J the Infanta of Spain. , The celebrated Jenny Lind is now singing at J Frankfort-on-the-Maine, and, in spite of the three V, fold increued price of admission, it is almost iin ' 1 1 1 I I

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