Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 18, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 18, 1846 Page 1
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T H ] Vol. XII. It. 301?Wfeolo No. MM. THE NEW YORK HERALD. IAMES 80RB0N BENNETT PROPRIETOR Circulation---Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD? Every day, Pnetleaao par oopy?r M Ptr 1'imn?D i\ able in iJvu.m. WEEKLY HERALD? E??ry Satnrday?Priee ?M Ptr eop>?1 I1K ernuper annum?payable ia advance. HERALD TOR EUROPE?K very Steam Packet '?y. Prict (S. can la per copy?13 00 par aaaam, payttlt ? advance ADVERTISEMENTS at the tuaal prictt?alar*' e*?b inadvinc*. .... I rmniinu oiail kinds executed with beanty id patch All letter or eommanieations, by mail, addreasaed to the ; aublishwent. mail be poat paid or the pottage will be de- , daeted from the subscription money remitted JAMfcS GORDON B?N NJLTT, Proprietor or the New Yoa* Hcuald ??tailuhmist. North Weat corner of Kill too and Naaaaa atreate* TRAVELLING ACCOMMODATIONS. CHANGE OF HOURS. L. ISLAND R.IILROAD-FALL JtRKANOMMKNT ^T71 IOfifcfc OaGStik jHF jWr jtjWr^PPl! On and after MONDAY, October 12, 1246, Trauui will ran aa folio wa: Lull BaooKLTit?at 7 o'clock A. M. (Boaton uatn) for Greenport, daily, (except Sundays) atopping at Fanmugdsle and St. Oeorge'a Manor. ** " at?W A. M., daily, for Farmingdala and intermediate placet. " " at 13 o'clock, M., for Greenport, daily,Snndaya excepted,) atopping at Jamaica, Bra ch, Hickaiille, and all atationa eaat of HieJuy, lie. " M at * 1" M. for karminxd.ile, daily. L urn OunnirronT?at A. M., daily accommodation trai lor Brooklyn. " ' at P. M.jlor on the axriral of the boat from Norwi .It.) Boaton train daily, (except Snndaya.) ppmg at St. Oeorge'a Manor and Farming I 'leLiin FanmnoDALK at X A. M. daily, (except Hondaya,) acconxnodati i train, and 12 M. and P. M. Liati Jamaica?aa 2 o'do- i A. M., 1 P. M., and 6% P. M., for Brooklyn, or on the arrival of Boatoa tram. A freight train will leave Brooklyn for Greenport, with a peaaengera' car attaehad, on Moudaya, Wednesday a and Fridays, at 9X A. At. iletnrning. leave Greenport at l>d o'clock P. M, on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturdays, atopping at intermediate pleeea. SUNDAY TRAINS. Will hereafter ran to Tompaon St*-ion, leave Brook'yn et io'i lock for Thompson and intermediate placet, commencing Saolai ibelli Mivembtr, returning leave Thompson at 2 ?un>[.i?.,rarniiiii sui jiiui?D ])(, leave Brooklyn for J* mile < 9 A. M? and 4 r. M. Fsat to?Bedford, I cents; Hast Nasi Ytrk,: IK; Ksri Course, 1SV;Trotting Course 18V; Jamaica. 21; Brushville, ; Hj da rark, (17 miles) S7K; Clowsville, (during the sesi /ii of Coort) 3 K; Hempstead, 3?K; Branch 37V; Carle Place.44i Westbury, 44; Hicksvtlle, 44; FarmingdaTe, 62K; Doer IVrk, 69- Thompson, 31; Suffolk Station, SI; Lake llnad 8 atiou, $1 18V; Medford Station, tl 18V: Ynph*nk,$l 37K; Be. (>eer?e's Manor, Si 62K; Hiverliead, SI 63K; Jamesport, t1 CiS, Msttetuck, $1 62X.; Cutchogue, SI 02K; Bputhold, SI 63 V; Oreeuport Accommodation Train, SI 75; Oreenport by iKielou train. S3 33. Stages are in rendinesa on the arrival of Trains at the several Stations, to take passengets at very low fares, to all parts ol the Island. Baggage Crates will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall tree!, to receive baggage f r the several trains, 30 minutes be'ore tho hour of smarting from the Brooklyn aide The s'eai-'hast '"8 at.esm>u" leaves Ureenpon for Sag Harbor on the arrival of the Boston train from Brooklyn. Brookiyn. Oct. 3, 1848. ofrrc OlVi* I'&AG AOiO IAAOOJN AuLi Wt,Si'jC.KC? KAIL KOAJJS, GEOitGIA. Atlanti^rtai^Io 1 ol 'he State ol Georgia, lorm a continuous line from Savannah to Outhcaloga, Georgia of 371 miles, via Savannah to Macou... .Central Railroad 190 miles Macon to Atlanta Macou 8l Western Railroad 101 " Allauu to Oothcaloga, Western V Atlantic " SO " Goods will be earned from Savannah to Atlanta and Oothcaloga, at th? following rates, via : On WktoHT Goods. To Jit- To Oath Sugar, Coffee. Liquor, Bagging. Hope, lanta. calaga B'irter Cheese, Tobacco. Leather, Hides, Cot'ou Yams, Copper, Tin, ">r and Bheet Iron, Hollow Ware ?d f astings $8 33 *3 79 V our. Rice, Bacon in casks or boxes, lira. Beef, Fish, Lard. Tallow, Beeswax, Mill Gearing, l'i( Iron and Grind tkonca SO 53 $9 OIK OnMaascscMvNT Goods. Boxes of Hats, Bonnets and Furniture, per cubic loot SO 39 $3 S3 Boxes and bales of Dry Goods, Saddlery Glass, Paints, Drugs and Confectionery, per cubic foot $0 30 p. 103 lbs. 33 Crockery, percnbic foot $0 15 " " 35 and Oil, per hhii (smaller casks iu proportion,) ,...$9 03 $13 00 Ploughs, (large) Cultivators, Corn Shelters, sad Straw Cutters, each $1 33 St 50 Plougha, (small) and Wlieclhariowa... .10 80 >1 05 Bait, per Liver)>ool Sack to 73 to 96 Passage. " * Savannah to Atlanta $10 M Children under 13 yean of ace, half price. Savannah to Macon, , $7 03 Q27" <Jood? consigned to the Hnbecnbev will be forwarded free of Commissions. C7" Freight mar be paid at Suvannah, Atlanta or Ooth ealoga. K. WINTER, Forwarding Agent, C. R. R. Bavawwah, Augnat IS. 1046. alS 2m*rre REOULAR MAIL LINK FOR BOSTON. VIA NORWICH k WOK- *?? * ftWtJ CE3TER, without change r ^-'Ps jnCars or Burgage, or without < * I M ^.croaainy any Perry. ,23HEE_ ssseugrie tAkiug their grata 'I Norwich, are insured their a i ta through u> Boston This bemg the only inland route tl-t communicates through by steamboat and railroad. Passengers by this line are accompauird through by the conductor of the train, who will hare particular charge of their baggage, and who will otherwise give his attention to their ease and comfort. This line leaves south side Pier No. 1, North Hirer, foot of Bsttrry Place, daily, (Sundays excepted) at 5 o'clock, P. M., and arrives in Boston in time so take all the eastern trains. The uew steamer ATLANTIC, Captain Dnstan, leaves every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturdays, at S o'clock. P.M. The steamer WORCESTER, Captain Van Pelt, leaves every Monday, Wednesday, and Kridav, at S o'clock, P. M. For farther lulormatiou. impure of J. M. VANDEt.BILT, No. # Battery Place. North Kivar. si tf re OPPOSITION MORNINO LINK AT 64 O CLOCK FOR ALBANY Landing at Hammond street, Van Cortlandt'a (PeekakiU), Cold Spring, Ncwburgh, New Hamhnrgh. Milton, Poughkaepsie, Hyde Park, Kingston, Cpper Red Hook, Bristol, Catskill, Hudson, Coasackie and Kinderkook. (C^"Passage, One Dollar. , aMPI a|| THE uew and fas'-saiTuig low-preaaura < VF -**^npefJ*steamb> at METAMORA. <ni>t. P H Smith, ZHsm3C9LwiI1 leave the pier foot of Warren street on Monday. Wednesday and Friday, at o'clock, A. M. Re , turuing, leave Albany on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Passengers taking this boat will arnve in Albany in time for the trains of cars going North and West. Breaalast and Dinner on board. HKor freight or passage apply on board, or of A. CLARKE, corner of West and Warren street*. Fare to Van Cortlandt'a Dock, 33 cents; Poughkoepsie, SO; Hudson, 7S; Albany >1. o4 lm r NJ3W YORK ANL) HAVRK COMMERCIAL _ LINE OF PACKETS. H ft fli THE sobscriberi beg to inform their friends and the r>nb lie thit they here tieeu appointed by JOHN BARBE, Esq .of Havre, agents in New York for the above line, one of which will be despatched fiom Havre weekly, thronghout the season The Hups ol this line will be of the first class, commanded by men of character and ability, and the greatest care taken to aire every satisfaction to shippers, as also to promote the comfort and convenience of passengers As the rates of freight and passage will be mnch less than by other lines, shippers and passengers will donbtlass consnlt their own interest by apply mgfor furthe-information to W. It J. T/TAP8COTT, 86 South st , Id door below Burling slip, n6 J. BAKBE, Havre. BRITISH AND NORTH AMERI {v^sjOMCAN Iff)YAI. MAIL STEAM SHIPS "I IWOtons and 440 horse power each, no <<5^3^13 der contract with the Lords of the Adm " ^"Sfilty. HI HERNIA. f'apt. A. Ryne. CA LKDONIA Cap.E. O. Lott. Kit 11 A N NIA... ' 'apt. J. Hewitt. CAMBRIA Capt.C. H E. Jndbine. A'ADIA Capt.Wm. Uamaon Will sail Irotn Liverpool aad Boston, via Halifai, as fob , lews s? rhOM Bcsrr.i*. mom Ltviaroot.. Caledonia. Nov. 1, Britannia Oct. M, I Britannia Nov. 16, Aeadia Nov. 4, i Aeadia Dec. I, Caledonia " 19, I Cambria Dec. 4. > Pstiiria Mower. ' rrnin Boston to Liverpool |Ut I roro Boston to Halifax... , 10. t No bertha secured until paid for. These ships carry el- c Crieneed surgeons. No Ireigbt, eieept specie, received on vs of sailing. f or freight, p?*aece, or any other information, apply to t D. BRIUHA.M, Jr., Agent. i A : H ARNII1 .m A CO.'S, 6 Wall at. In aOdirioa to the above line betsjeeo I .rsryool and | Halifax, all ' Boston, a contract hsa h??n antara > i ,< a ? ir Her Majeett'a government, to eataoltah line between LiV I erp.M.I id Km York direct. The ateamahii" '<U thia ter- f vice are now being built, and early neit yeaf .* iduioe will t be riven of lb' rime when they will atart. Under the ucw < the ateame.-a will Mil every Saturday daring eight i month*, nod every fortnight daring the other month* in the < year. Ooing nlternntely between Liverpool, mid Hnltfni ami ;tii'.to end bet Liverpool Mill New Y ork. *13 r AAj. "> k.W LINK OK NKW'VllHK PACK KTS KOIt ! WfjV LIVKRPOOL?Packet of Hat of November? The Jflk||dKe ?l>lendid, lent Miling nnd fuvori e packet *bip HUT* 1NCIULK. 1WU ton* burthen, Captain Ire Hartley, Will til on oaturdny, Novem >er 2l?t, her regular day. Th* ihipe ol this in* being ell I0M tona r.nd npwardi, perrn* shout to embark for tne Old Country will not mil to iee the advantageato b- derive i from selecting thi* line iniire- 1 fereoc* to eqy other. *? their g eet eapveity renders tl*em 1 every wny more d mf.irtahle end convenient thnn ship* of* mall claee, and their eccomntodetiona for Cabin, He tond Cab it a ol Steerage Paaaengim, it is well known, are aop erior to Yhoee of any line Pnrk?f*. Pereoni wi hiug to a. scare berth* eh aid not fail to make early application on hoard, foot of Bnrliug Mip, or to W. fcJ. a TAPd/OTf, *H r * South ?treet, 2d door, helow Barling allp^ gjffii KOK OLASOOYV?The New Line? regular JWfV racket, lit December?Th? fine feat aai'.iug Br. *>*- hark ADAM C AH II. tM tona, Cnpt. John Wright, will e*o ?a abova, her regular dry. Kor freight or peerage, having epleudid sccomrr mdatieai, apply on board, foot ol Hooeevelt atreet, Eaar< \ to " y WOUDHULL h. MINTU IIN, f7 Hoot a atreet. The A 1 Br. hark Ane Harley.JCapt. Robert Sec tt,will eueceed the Adam Can, ud tail on her regular dr y, the let. juuary. #1 tt a in i w o da an ....iwaiMSB^i igiid Ltd,?. kw. dtf-l^Tg-klf r ... E. NE1 A 2 NEW Y writing, arithmetic and book- | keeping. MR. BRACK} will form rlan Tor instruction in these branches, ia the evening. at bis millace 71 Crosby St., on Mnndayxthe ICth last nUlw'r notice. THE subscriber has removed temporarily, ia coaseouence A of the fire, to No H Wall street, where hie basusess will , be toatiaaed, and vessels of the first class despatched as usual at regular stated times, to Liverpool. Loudpa, the different ' Ports of Ireland sad ficetlead, and to New Orleans, Mobile, ! Charles too. Savaaaah and Tslaa, by whiah freight sad pas- , I enters will be takes at the lowest rates. Bar Art bar parti* r Calars, apply to J. HEKOMAN. all lw*r to Wall street. c left off wardrobe and furniture ' wanted. LA1I1ES OR GENTLEMEN baring superfluous effects to disposs of, such as Wearing Apparel, buraiture fcc . can obtain s (air ash prise for tbe same, by sending for the q subscriber, througi the Post Office, or otherwise, who will j. attend at their residences. J. LEVENuTYN, ' tfg Broadway, UP stairs. 11 Ladies can be attended to by Mrs. J. LEVKNOTTCC * ad lm*rc * lrft off wardrobe and furniture * wanted. ? T ADIES or Gentlemen can obtain the highest cash prices _ A-J for *11 kind* of Wearing Apparel, Carpets, fcc., bv send- J_' iuK for lbs subscriber, at 11 Morion street, between Broome ? and Sp i. ?. N. STOKERS S N. B.?A line addressed through the Post Office, or other- *< wiae, will be punctually attended to. o? ltn'ne it CA3j u>i i i,uiiii.iu a.^ij run.MiijKi. ~ WANTED. \* LADIES or Gsu'lemeu h>n>| any aapertltiona or eaat off " ciotbinii or furniture to diapoao of, can obtain a faireaah P price for the aamr, by applying to the aubaeriber, at bia reai- N denee, ur through the post office, which will be punctually L attended to. M. H. COHEN, (19 Duane at. c N. B. Ladies can be attended to by Mia. M. 8. Cohen. . olJ lm?re * DYUTTVlluLK GLAsS WORKS it BENNt-EB SMITH k CAMPBELL, Dyotlvtlle Glass tc Worlta, Philadelphia, manufacture Carboya lor acida, a Damijohna, Wine Porter and Blue, Purple and Green Mine- ,i ral-Water Bottles; Tumblera, and all kinds of Druggists' , Glass. Ordera addraaaed to No. 35>{ South Krout atreet. Phi- J*1 ladelphia, will meet with prompt atlaution. ul3 lm*rc bl HOLMbS' KITCHEN RANGfcS. THE proprie'ora in presenting the above Kangra to tha publie, warranta them to perform the purposes for which " they are parehaaed, and if not, they will be removed free *! of any expense to the purchaaer. Numerona referencoa n can be given to persons wiahing to purchaae. The pricea al range from 25 to 45 dollara. ai Grates of tha ueweat patterna for Parlort, Offices and Bed u Rooma. Htovea?Hall, Office, and Bed Room 8toves, Stovepipes, " ke. ke. Tin Ware?Bright, plain, and Japanned. They have nusona " at all times ready to set ranges, grates, and boilers. Also el smokey chimneys eared?no enre no pay. V A- GILHOOLY and SON, ti Proprietors and Mannfactnrera.TI Nasaan at Mint B, nit lm*rre v SHAWL. WAREHOUSE, ai -?o. 176 Pearl St 0 THE PROPRIETORS ol thia Eaubliahment invito pur- m chasers to examine their extensive collection, rarging ci from a cotton shawl at 20 cents, to the India camel's hair at m $500. Dealing exclusively in the article of Shawls, we can make it the iuterrat of buyers, on acconut ol tha large as aor ment in asore, as well as the low prices at which we are selling, by the ease, doxeu or aingle oue. v JOHN O. HENDERSON k CO., ri n8 Im*r 178 Tearl street- tl FL.UMWOTYFES. " GOLD MEDAL AWARDED. {J THE Proprietor of the Plumbe National Dagneman Gallery, having diaeoreied a mode el transferring Dagner- ". reotypea to paper, is now prepared to execute thia uaw style u of poitraiture at the rale ol' IM lac aimilie copies for ten Jol- V tare The Plnmbe Natioual Daguarrian Gallery, No. >51 tl Broadwey. Plates, Cases, and stack of all descriptions, at o wholesale or retail nX lm*e ? NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC. K PfcM DELLUC. nephews of tie late B.80CILLARD, " wonld respectfully tuform the public that they are the g true and only successors to PLACE It SOUILLARD I te ri Druggists of thia city, and that they still continue to carry on . t| the bnsiuesa of Druggists and Ar>,tnrearie?, under the firm of ,, Dr.LLUC k CO.. 8CCCE8SOR6 TO PLACE k S> >UIL- 11 I Alii") mt ,k. old .tor? . hi..k.d h? ,h. ...1 Dl ?- It tl Soutlltrd, Nut 1 Park Row and 511 Broadway, and that the i c: have no conuecti >n whatever with any othar establiahm . jg al New York October 13d, list. m*r ?< CJUiNB AND BOWlfc KNI V fcS?ISO siu . nd doable ? * barrel ducking Uuns,suitable lor the pre,eat season. w 200 double barrel cocking Onne. si 400 assorted single barrel Uune, common to fine. a, 300 Bowie Knives, substantially made, intended for setice. " too self-eocking and revolving Pistols, of cast ateel barrels. 11 For sale by A. W. 8PIE8 Si CO., ? 91 Maiden lane, ti importers of Hardware. Cutlery, Guns. Pistols sud Sport- tr ing Articles of erery kind. nS lm*rrc a, HAIR JJYE BATCHELDER'S Instantaneous Liquid Hair Dye is absolutely tile only article yet invented that can be de- y c-uded on to color the human hair, whiskers. Sic. without tl staining or injury to the skin, or destroying the health and r elasticity of the hair. This feet is attested by hundreds who use and take every possible pains to reconunend it. The co . lor will not be disturbed by constant washing, and will be *' found perfectly uniform and even, without any ef those un- " natural tints so much complained of in the ordinary hair dye. Sold wholesale and retail by II WM. BATCHELUR, 1 Wall st. m Agent in Philadelphia, Eng. Kouasel. oil la*r c THE HOWARD HOTEL a now prapared to aec<>mmo- I n date for the winter season a few familiea and aiagle boar- t< ders, with deiitable apartments at reasonable rate. uU Iw?rc THOMAS it WHITE. ,, UNION HOUSE. [* THE snbseriber has taken the above named new and spina- " did Hotel, jast completed, at the centre of the- beautiful i> ril age of Springfield, Mass . and will open the same for the c< public accommodation on tha Mth inst. The Union House tl is large, richly finished and furnished. and offers unequalled ,, adv-utages to all persons travelling through r-priugfisld foi business or pleasure. Having recently kept the "United ~ States Hotel" snd "Cougrass Hail," at Saratoga, the sub- B scriber respectfully invites his old friends and patrons, and * all othsrs, to give him a call in hia new quarters. o 8. B. 8E.MAN. b Springfield. July 14. It4* an! 3m*r a GENERAL. WORTH. a A SPLENDID Likeness of this gallant officer is this day ? published, and now ready for sale. Orders received,and B a liberal discount made to dealer*?only 25 cts per copy, tl GOV. YOUNO'8 GRAND MAH'.H also this day pub- ? liehed,and now ready. Price One shilling. Dealers throughoat the State supplied at the usual rate. ? nlllw*rre CHArt. HOLT, Jr. 15? Fulton at. ^ SHEET KUBoEn, UVER SHOES. ? OHEET Hubbcr Oyer Shoes, Leather sole and heel, ud ? O Elastic shank, warranted superior to those of any other . iBanutsctuie, for sale by BkOWER 8t BROOKS, Hole agents for the manufacturer, 1 nit lw*r 101 Broadwsf. c SANDAL OVER SHOES. P LADIES' AND GENTS' Saudela, maun factored from . (Joodyear's Metallic Rubber, superior to any thine of the J overshoe kind in toe city.l k'or tale by the case or single pair. d by BKuWeR It BROOKS, n Sole Agenta for Ooodyeari'Manufactoriee, 100 Broadway- d nl21w*r ,, NEW DISCOVERY, f BY which all Stoves. and JPipei, or Orates, may be kept a " JET BLACK, with ua beautiful polish at a Coaeb Body, c with oue application a year. Bold only at 11 COUHTLAND b street. u Al?o, HAYS LINIMENT, warranted to cure any case of Piles. Dr M'Nair's ACOUSTIC OIL, a certain core foi " Detifness. Hews's LINIMENT, warranted to cere any case , of itheumatism. Oldridge's BALM OV COLUMBIA, for ?' the Hair. East India HAIA DYE, will color the hair a Jet Black, and aot stain tha Skin. Longley's Western PAN A CEd., warranted to cure any caae of Asthma or Dyapepaia Sold at >1 Courtland street o22 lm*r COaNSUMPTiON, COUGHS, A AND ALL DISEASES OP THE LUNGS DR. SWAYNE'S * COMPOUND8YEUP I ?* VY 1L.U lvilE.K.n.X. a THE ORIOINAL AND GENUINE PREPARATION. c toufht, Colda, Asthma, Broochitis, Liver Complaint, Spit- v ting Blood, Difficult? of Breathing, Pain in the Suit and Breaat, Palpitation of the Heart, Influaasa, Croup, Broken Conatitntion, tofe Throat, D Nervous Lvbilitv, and all diaeaaea of ?' the Thioat. Bre?st, and Lain ; a1 the moat effectual and d speedy care ever known for k X?f nbore diseases, * is t( DPI, WAYNE'S COMPOUND BYRUP OF n MILD CHERRY. h OF all the remedies of the day, and they area great rariety, whir di profess to be of great ralne to the lminan family, wr hesi'ate not to pronounce DR BWAYNE'H COM { POUND SYKUP OK WILD CHERRY aa one of the great- ? sat due sveries of modern science. Of all the many com- tl :>nnndi set forth for the care of diseases which affect human ^ ri latere, sot one remedy could be named which has in so short h i apace of time acquired ?uch unbounded confidence with # he |mb lie, and has preformed such miraculous enrea; and has fneritei and received to much culogium from the faculty and ilhara, Sa this justly celebrated remedy. e be careful of your colds. ii Many people are eery ept to consider a cold bat a trifling n natter,, end think that "it will go away of itael! in a few |j lays," said they tire themselves so trouble about it. But to ueh w would say, " be careful of your colds " do not tam>er hi th youreoustitutioua. If you desire to lire 10 a good ' old I ge,*' use such remedies as will effect an easy and per- c naneui: cure. DR. SWAYNK'B COMPOUND 8YKUP ?i JK W ILD CHERRY hascured mure colds than any other ii nedici ne offered 'or sale in this country. The certificates of il tares < iffected by tins inrnlnnble medicine, which the propri lor is alaily receiving, are ef the most gratifying character, ,> mil toifld to ntiow iu sanative properties, and ins high rank it " lolds ip, public estimation. The l*te?a. the Medical Fncnlty, and thouaaudt who have t( ised D*. SWAYNE'S COMPOUND SYRUP OF WILD d CHER RY, nil concur in pronouncing it one of the beat is. ' mrdiea ever inveuted for the care of all PULMONAHY tl AFFECTIONS. ol ITp" Remember, all preparations purporting to contain Wii.d Cmcnnv, are fictitious and counterfeit, except that T hearing the mitten signature of Dr. Swarm.?Greet care houlobe observed to purchase from the regularly appointed U agent. (1 Principal Office, corner of EIGHTH aad RACE streets, t? Philadelphia. T kkikfikkkk&kkk&w Aocnra its Nirw YoU-liHatLii H. Kirtn, corner of tj, Broadway and Joha streets; R. A. Sasoa, l?* Bewery; E B. j Wakma, JtiJ Blem-ker street, J.C. Hast, Hi Grand, comer Norfolk; J. L. Lawn , Jt7 Greenwich: Dood, 771 Broadway; . WraTT and Karens M, HI Fulton; Mrs. Harrs, 139 Fulton * street, Brooklyn; B. k Son, Newark; John Pcanaon, ' Ruhwav; Mna., loo Court street, Boston; Dt'noiis It c: Co., Portland; C. Dsns, Jr , Proridence; Hoaut-gy, 1'MKt.ra pi Itf.o. lo Water atros't. N. Y. nig 1m MWFV 0) LEECHE5-?-LEECHES?LEECHES. JU8T RECll after a vtryahort peaatga, 10.000 of the ? JN?J?laomeet Swedish Leeches ever imported For safe by ' mi Pearl at., Fraasklin Square. " nUlw*ro U mmeammmmmmmmmmmrnm W YO ore, Wednesday m< ADDITIONAL EXTRACTS PKOX THE FOREIGN PAPERS RECEIVED BY THE ORE AT WESTERN, IT THE NEW YORK HERALD OFFICE. )ur Mexican Relations?Opinions In Europe of the Progressive Spirit of America?The Capture of Monterey. iKrom the Liverpool Mercury, Oct. 30 1 It is lone sinse we expressed our cooviotiou that the uarrel piste J by the United States with Mexico had for :s ultimate object the annexation of the latter to the s Jeral government of the the former. According to the ilvicss received by the Great Western and the Hibernia, -hich are more lully noticed elsewhere, that object ems to draw near to its tamporary accomplishment, a the South east, General Kearney,whose march of fifty sys through a mountainous country, affording every oesible advantage of attack to a courageous and skilful ilAtnV VSI lit.rallv a., ,1. 1 -r J . " " j MMvpi^-ou, tin* UIIVCU pUNPIDlUa UI diita Fe without a blow, and with all the facility and ilat of a Harlequin in a pantomime, declared New Maxio, like California, a part of the North American Union, proclaimed himaelf aa Governor,?taken up hii quarsrs at the palace,?and adminiatered oaths of allegiance > the new ordera of things, to the Alcaldea and other ublic officers,?amidst, it ia said, the plaudita of the lexican people, who are quite overjoyed, if we are to elieve the American papera, at thia change in their rirtimatancea. The Mexican Geueral Armijo, with about 000 troopa, fled towanla Chihuahua,?where, it ia aaid, te further progrosa of the Americana ia to be withstood, it Monterey. theiMexicana, under Oen. Ampudia, aeem > have remembered that they had a country to defend, nd though the place waa captured by Oen. Taylor, and te Americana, or rather delivered up to them, after four aya'hard fighting, the loaa on both aidea aeema to have sen nearly equal, and the vanquished garrison were dowed to marsh out with all the honora, and nearly*}! te efficiency of war,?an armiatice of eight weeka being (reed to, during which neither army ia to make any., (greaaive movement. Vhe difficulties of the Ann-' cana in thia war oi fiMqueat?for such it ia ffiwr [moat openly avowed te be?may be but beginnlnjti ad a measure adopted by the Cabinet at Washington sems likely very materially to increaae them The ivadera have hitherto paid for their auppliea, id the war has been represented aa one rather egainat ia rulers than the people of Mexico ; but aa the Amecans were beginning to grumble about the expenses of ir. Polk's war of aggrandizement, it ia now ordered that te American armiei shall be quartered on the conquer1 districts. The object of thia order ia to compel the lexicons to require their government to make peace on ny terms?including the surrender of New Mexico, aiifornia, and any other province! on which Jonathan lay have set his mind, rather than submit to the usual onsequences of hostile invasion. Its effect, however, tay tie te exoite the Mexicans to greatar union and more itermined patriotism than they have yet exhibited, and i that case General Taylor and his colleagues may meet 'ith other obstacles than the yellow fever, and find their jturn to their own country a more difficult matter than irir advance into that of the enemy haa hitherto been. the Mexicans are true to themaelvea, and if thay do at wish to be absorbed in the North American union, ley may yet secure their own independence, for there re many thousand Americans who strongly object to le aggiessive policy of the President and his party, a olicy deprecated long ago by the most eminent amongst le father* of American freedom-, and the remonstrances f Great Britain and other European powers, will have tore influenca by and by, in case of a protracted stingle, iliaii ihey hud when the American arms were on the ill tide of their success, and American atatasmen and enerala had only to will appropriations of the territolea of neighboring nations to aee them fulfilled, if, on i# other hand, the people of Mexico wish to exchange leir own uncertain state of freedom and Independence, abject to constant revolutions, and liable to the enroachmenta and usurpations ol one military adventurer fter another, a state of things in which there can be no icurity for life or property? for such order aad neaca as pateinization wilh the Northern State* may bung? hy, then, the Mexicans anil American* have a right to ittle the teirn* of their amalgamation a* they ba*t can, nd no other nation ought to interfere. Whvthersuch the with of the Mexican* or not, we (hall loon learn om the aort of reiiitance made to the further progresa f the American* ; and if it be not. the offer of mediaon by tireat Britain, though now refused, i* one which lay be repeated thortly, and with better proipect* ol ac- , eptance. [From the London San, Oct. 30.1 Eight day* later intelligence from America arrived esterdsy morning at Liverpool by the Hibemia. From i ii* intelligence, which ia et a somewhat atarthng cha- , icter, we may discern much that i* immediately disssrou* to Mexico, while we are diapoaed, nevertheless, to race out in the very calamities wnich have juit befallen er military, indication* of her ultimate advancement mong the moat flourishing republics in the new world, t i* to be hoped that *uch anticipation* may at least in ime measure be realised, and that after her many do ade* of tribulation, Mexico may assume to herself that lajasty and prosperity which she is so well calculated > attain, botn by her geographical position and by the oluptuous prodigality ot her climate. By the former ualificution, if it may be so characterised, Mexico is tore adapted to become a gigantic, influential, and opu>nt nation, than any other territory in the western hemphere. Ultusted in the southern portion of the northern ontinent, and connected by the Isthmus of Darien with le northern portion of the loutbern continent, Mexico i the necessary receptacle of all tho overland interourte between the different inhabitant* of America.? y her numeroui port* lituated upon her eastern nd western coaeta, abe command* both of the great ceana, tho Pacific and the Atlantic, thereby facilitating er mercantile intercourae with the ahorea of Europe nd Alrica in one direction, with thoae of Aeia in uother, with the spice-islands in the Indian Ocean, nd the numereu* cluater* situated in the aouthern aeaa. eyond this the aoil of Mexico afford* opportunity for re accumulation of extraordinary wealth through the edium of cultivation. It does not, like the stubborn lebe of a more northerly region, require to be fattened y artificial manures, or to be stimulated by incessant pplications of lime-, it requires neither a complicated rrigation nor an elaborate drainage, but emits a spontaleou* vegetation, and that vegetation of the moat prolitele description. In addition to the capabilities ofTered by his embryo state, it may bo observed that the national haracter is one which, despite its superficial degeneracy, resent* extraordinary facilities for a speedy and permslent improvement. The torpor and effeminacy of the 'lexicons have been superinduced, cot by centuries of emulation end conaueat, but by a protracted etate of ational quiescence: hence these are ossentially remeruble. From their very indolince the Mexican* are liant in diipoeitioa; they may be modelled to any atate I excellence by a suitable government, and by being rought into such immediate intercourse with more ivilisod and thriving races as to lie excited to exertion y a consequent emulation. Mexico posiease* all the laterials for a grand and enlightened people; those laterials only require to be fused by a correspondence rith other kingdoms, and to be shaped by a judicious sgislature. [From the London Chronicle, Oct 38.] The advance of the forces of the I'nitcd States upon re devoted provinces of Mexico, is like the progress of Roman legion, in jormer days, through some district of isia abounding in population, by natural advantage of ituation for defence almost unconquerable, and rich in II the resources that should serve a nation for war. The nalogy might be followed out most closely, were we to elect, for illustration's sake, any of the Aaiatie province which fell before the progress of the Roman arms ? Ve ahould and there, ai la now the cat* in Meiico, two r three aatrane atruggiing for predominance, aa are tita Anna, Paredea, and othera ; we ahould read of ountleaa hoata of barbariaaa, alway* talked of and near appearing, like the 11,000 hypothetical Mexicana rho were to overthrow the amall army of Oen. Kearey in the Canton Paaa ; we ahould And, in fact, the involution, diaunion and treachery of million* alowly but nrely overthrown by the determination, energy, and iacipline of the few. We never doubted for a moment what the reault would e when the Anglo-Saxon race were once committed in conteat with auch a population aa thatfof Mexico ? Phen the nation* were fairly pitted againat each other, > call into play all reaourcea oi arm a or negotiation for .ntual deatruction, it would have been more aaie te have azarded a atake upon Geo. Kearney and a corporal'* uard, although involved in tkedeaerta of New Mexico, tan upon any of the Mexican commandara with a Miiridratie hoat at hia command, it rouat be remarked that lia assertion ia borne out by tbe facta ; far up te thia peiod of the war. the vaat reaourcea of the United Htatea ave never been called fairly into play againat the elfete nd riebile government of Mexico. For all we can aee, len. Ta> lor and a ragged regiment here been buccaneling In the latter country, and appear to have overrun . witn a* little trouble aa one ol our city militia regiionta would experience in a aeriea of avolutiona on liackheath Theie appear to bo only two poaaible ohatnclea which lay inteitere with the viewa of the moat heated polilitana of tho United State* upon the aeveral province* ol ie Mexican confederation. The firat would be foreign terventien Of thia there aeema to be little liktliheod, we conaider that our own government have already, i the moat amicable spirit, oflercd their mediation, and tat the ofter has been declined. Thia aflorda a tolerably itialactory proof that our government deema thia oiler > be aa great an advance a* the exerciae of a aound iecretinn will permit. It mtiat not be underatood, howver, that thia reaaomug would apply to a caae in which ie United Statea gave evidence ol entering upon a line f policy more wild than uaual. A freab caae might reuire a Ireah policy, hven if thia objection were lor the loment aet aaide, we are by no meana clear, couaidering ie tone of tho lengthy letter or proclamation which neral Santa Anna racantly addreaaod to tha coniadaraon, that foreign interference would auit hia view*.? here can be little doubt that, whatever theae viewa iay bo, ho will ultimately be able to carry tbem into ef >ot. Aa yet, be haa been punning hia intrigue* nocauoualy, that we believe all peraena are a little in the irk aa to hia future intontioua. Of foreign interference, then, there i* little likelihood, noiher obatacle may, however, Intervene between eneral Taylor and hi* triumphal crown, and that ia, the it re me dial ike of Congreaa to vote the neceaeary atipliea to carry on the war effectually. Mr. Poik'a own pinion may bo tolerably well ascertained by the meana a employed to get the grant of monay for tha Mexican ar huddled through at the conclusion of the laat aeaon of Cong re a*. Tho aatiafacuon, too, with which tho duaal of tna grant haa been greeted throughout tho m tod Bute a, goo* to ahow what tha opinion ol Um mora avp , - **. . ^ ^ ' -^t-tjTu'iam*^ RK ? ORNING, NOVEMBER 18, | discreet and wealthy cltjrens of the State* actually ia, I ? with reference to theae vsst and ihadowy schemes of ter (l ritoiiil aggrandisement. of which the only aacertained ? I reeult ia?a heavy charge upon the public exchequer. tl , Aa to the detail* of the war, they are comparatively tl unimportant?the ultimate aettlement ia the point. Call- i, fornia haa. or haa not, again joined the confederation? ; a j General Kearney may, or may not, be in posseaaien of ? ! Santa fe. When we look at the account* that reach u* t< i from what is aomewhat grandiloquently called the ? 1 " east of war," wo oannot help making a tacit com pari- 0 I sen between the oonduot of the Mexicans and that of the 0, opponent* with whom the British soldier* have recently jj had to contend In Hinduatan The dafanoe of the paste* 0 in Upper India, and their utter abandonment in Maxloo, ,] iurnfsh still stronger points of contrast. Cl General Kearney's opinion of his adversaries may be , conceived from his treatment of the spies that were sent f, into bis camp by General Armijo, the Mexican oom- ni mander, at Fort Dent. * * * * * ts The army of the United States were then at Fort Bent, which pott thay quitted on the -id of Auguat. Wa j,, do not remambar aver to have read of an caaier invasion, jj, as far as ths enemy were concerned, than thia one of at New Mexico by the United States General The alight- C) est glance at the accounta will, we believe, be a satis- e, factory justification of the somewhat contemptuous opinion we have expressed of the Mexican Beilona. ni " * * in Not a shot was fired?not a fooman appeared. On the j,I3th, the United States arsny encani|iod at the Sar- g pillo, snd hare they learned from Captain <?ook that a ? force of l'i.OOO Mexicans and I'ueblos, with *2,000 armed c] men amongst then, had encumned at and fortified the _i Canion Pass near) Santa Fa. General Kearney had at tj length reached hia Austerlitz?hi* Mont St. Jean. The al rein It, with arrival of the mail, and the promotion of w Colonel Kearney to the rank of Brigadier General, is de- t( licious. This is jnst as though Napoleon had planned and exe- ,] cuted his expedition to Russia, in order to escort the Fa- ? ris courier in safety into Moscow. The prophetic gra- Dl titude of tho autiiorities at Washington to General Kear- ni ney, was exceedingly well timed; it was dubbing him 0| Knight Banneret?nailing him " Impenitor," on the bat- t, tie Said without a moment's delay. c, The writer of the previous account concludes as follows;? gt " In conclusion, let me say, that we have not lost a hi man In the artillery, nor have we any sick at the present () time; that we are all as contented as we possibly can ^ be. q] As no mention is made of loss in any other arm, we . may presume that both cavalry and infantry have got eft' di as cheaply as their comrades of the artillery. E 'What can be the termination of such warfare as this, fc but that Mr. Folk should address the Mexiosui autho- j rities in the spirit of Horace Smith's Southayian ge- tt, nius:? t) "I am a blessed Olendoveer, o! 'Tis mine to speak and yours to hear!" h [From the London News, Oct. 37.1 ?' With the sublime of extravagance, Burke depicted the w French democrats "pricking tneir dotted lines" on the n carcases of great empires aad great lords, in order to at carve them into joints and sirloins. What would be have * said to the Americans of our day, who, having devoured h the better part of the Oregon, and all Texas, are "pricking their dotted lines" on Mexico, and driving the United 9' States, uncontrolled through the midst of that once puis- " sant empire. l( Not only has Commodore Bloat taken possession of ? California now and for evermore, declaring it part and paroel of the United States, but General Kearney has ?' done the same with Santa Fe and New Mexico, compel- h ling alcaldes and cures not only to submit, but 9 to swear allegiance to President Polk. "It can- >' not be supposed," says the Courier, " that these two j* officers of the United States military and naval service > would have ventured upon issuing proclamations such ? as tbeso, without express instructions; and then arises a ' question, (which will be warmly discussed among our- b selves* of the righifof the executive thus to stipulate without condition, the annexation of whole foreign countries * and foreign populations " 11 American commanders, indeed, seem little restricted in " their grandiloquence by instructions from Washington * Vet the plan, it it be one of conquest, has not been ill- " conceived. Well-concerted measures appear to have ? neen ibkrii uy me generals, lor necoming masters 01 an ^ that portion of Mexico east of the mountains, and as far * south as Tampico. General Kearney has conquered ! New Mexico, General Taylor has taken equal pains for n the occupation of Monterey and Saltillo. If General ' Gaines or General Jessun succeed, at the same time, in * the attack on Tamnico, the Americans will have already " carried (or themselves a point of the Mexican empire, w with Potosi and its mines within thair reach, from which a even Mexico is menaced. e We cannot believe, however, that their purpose is con- " quest, with the exception ef California and of Santa Fe, * which is eastward of their proclaimed boundary line, P the Rio Grande. P Tho government of Washington and the naval and mi P litary commanders certainly counted on the power and '< the will of Santa Anna to make peace. He has not been ^ able to do this : but it is evident that he is eager to do so, 0 and that he will have the power, if the Mexican General " Ampudia and his force should be driven from Monterey. c General Tay lor's success, however probable, is by no ' vieans certain. Ampudia is a good artillery officer. He 0 seems well supported. And General Taylor hss given his foe advantages by changing his policy towards the invaded country. At first he paid, and promised to pay i for all provisions, and, like the British army in Bpain, scattered dollars for the food of the army. But the Washington treasury has grown weary of such generosity; and orders havo been given that the general and his army are to live upon the country. ' This severity will have the effect that the Mexican r commander desired. Ampudia has issued terrible pro- ? demotions to deter the Mexicans from supplying the ioe. ' General Taylor's new plaus of living by plunder will be . more effectual than Ampudia's proclamations, in driving off the Rancheros with their provisions and cattle beyond the reach of the invading army. "If Ampudia will but slay to be beaten," writes an American general, " all will be well. Should he merely retreat, he will baflle Taylor, and render hl? force and his expedition utterly useless." Kvery thing will depeud on what takes place at Monterey. If tieueral Taylor receive a check, we mayreckon on the war being carried on with the greatest vigor against Vera Cruz and Tampice. Should the Mexicans, under Ampudia, be defeated and dispersed, Santa Anna may be expected to Step forward and make peace ; on terms, indeed, not so favorahlo as if he could have concluded it at once, but still on conditions not absolutely destructive of the empire. Should the war continue, fatal as it may prove to Mexi- '] co, it will scarcely prove lest disastrous to the United 'J States and to its government, whoso Anancial discredit " and distress will be laid bare. This would be not unlike- 0 ly to produce a crisis, and either compel some new and 1 rigorous taxation, or induce a vote ol the legislature re- v probating the war and its author, the President. Tlx* Policy off Prance?The Revulsion In the s Entente CoxdlaJe. ( [From the London Times, Oct. 30.] i The Pmie (Paris, Oct 08) observes, that now that tha t Duke and Ducbess of Montpeusier have entered France I without any of those sinister prognostics having been g accomplished with which the Duke was menaced, the I period is arrived to close the long disenssion to which g the Spanish marriages gave rise. " French diplomacy," r adds the Prr.?tt:? e "Has accomplished a work of the moat lofty bearing. It a has effected this In the interest of the country, in the t plenitude of its right, and with all the courtesy which a v great nation owes to its allies. In the great interest of v the country?and, we may add, in that of Spain likewise, I which escapes by that alliance, or rather by the renewal L ol its best alliance, from that political and commercial e servitue with_which Kngland menaced her?France no fi longer apprehending that the rivalry which pursue* har d on the aeaa will place itself in her presence at the loot of o the Pyrenees and threaten to bring down on her that v spirit of the revolution of which she is the evil genius? v K ranee is sure hereafter to find in Hpein, where the wor- r ship of monarchy will long bo perpetuated, a Iriandly b power and a faithful guardiun of her southern frontiers, o and, if Spain succeed in recovering her ancient prosper!. t ty, and in resuming her rank in the world, an ally which p may aid her sopse day to maintain the balance of power ? on the seas, so much compromised by tho formidable b force of Eogland. France must find henceforth in the 1 union which has been accomplished an ail vantage wllich ti cannot but ameliorate her position in the world. A n struggle for influence has taken place in Spain between tl France and F.ngland, and France has been victorious.? a This result alone would be of the highest importance, u but this importance la increased still more by the die li satisfaction manifested by Eogland, and by the impotence c of the efforts which she multiplied in order to avert the check which she had not foreaaen. Tho reault is accomplished; ami whatever may hereafter eniue, the fi crown of Spain shall not fall on the bead of a prince de h voted to the policy of England. But France, whilst q securing this result, has not violated any of the bases of i public law in Europe. She has not interfered with that q principle of the balance of power in Europe established e 160 years since to secure the eternal separation of France L from Spain. Should events, impossible as tar as humsn o foresight can imagine, produce that conluaion which v Europe wished to pievent, the renewal of the renuncia- fi tiona which formerly aerved as a means would soon place o the matter beyond the influence of any feara; still more s| now that Priucee enjoy but a restricted power, and that h the aoverignty belongs principrlly to the two nations ei who assuredly would Dover consent to abdicate or con- w found their nationality. Their separation ia secured by tl force of-events more powerful than any renunciation or ci any treaty;jind Europe, which alieady found a sufficient ii guarantee in the fair dealing of our (Government, finds a still stronger security in the constitutional liberty of the )y two nationa whose union she might fear. Nothing, there- ol fore, has been done contrary to the law, J or contrary to al the interest of Europe. Nothing, moreover, has been tr effected in violation of diplomatic courtesy towards Eng- pi land. The French Government would have sacrificed its personal convience rather than depart from the dio- vi visional engagement contracted with her; but England 01 hersolt departed from them, and so dissolved those engage- 01 menta The introduction of a new candidate, a stranger tc to the Royal house of the Spanish Bourbons?the efforts It made by British diplomacy to effect the success of the ft candidate to devoted to her interests?an intrigue on the H point of being accomplished, clearly in contempt of the t< promise given?this it was which the French Govern o ment discovered at the vary moment when she treated in It the engagements contracted with har. The effect of ; a that discovery was to free her from har engagements, and permit her te oppose, not an intrigue to an intrigue, bat a negotiation as honouiable aa it waa skilful to a n manoeuvre as unskilful as it was perfidious. That waa v what caused her success and established her right, and o what renders aa ridiculous ae odious those declamations i h which the British diplomatists have resorted to, and the q manoeuvres which they put in practice, in order to oppose difficulties teen accomplished fact. What rametna b ol ail that at present) Ike alliance la concluded, but ? * One u. .eUhaweca i? e*? , . ,h . !,uvse. ua .... ?.. ? I E R A , 1846. ingland hu protestej beforehand against the contquences of that alliance She haa declared that the mold never acknowledge (the c??e arrivis*) the aeces on of the descendant! of the Duke He Montp?n?ler to te throne of Spain. That ia to ?ay, that the winhed to >ave a perpetual menaen of war auspended over "Spain, ud an eventuality of universal confusion over Europe nrland loves to create situations which canae nations > rati uneasiness respecting; their future prospects, and >hich, by occupying them at home, prevent them from ppoaing her usurpation throughout the world. It ia ae of the habitual baaaa of the odious policy she pursues i Eastern India, and even in Europe; and the admirers Thar policy cite with enthusiasm the art with which it succeeded, in 1816, in confining the States of the ontlnent within a net of internal embarrassments and rentual conflicts which would elfeetuallv prevent thorn om opposing her designs But on thii occasion this menee, which might periietuatn agitation in Spain by mainlining the hope* of all parties ami of every pretender of tat country, i* ao vain, that England might nave spared areelf the odium resulting from auch an act. To be eve that Spain will force the daughter of her king* to tendon the rfchts she possesses by her birth and by the institution of the country?to believe that Europe will cpose itaelf to the chance* of a new war of succession i revenge the discomfiture of a meddling minister, whose ame will sink into merited oblivion?wonld he an act of isanity ; and assuredly neither Krance nor 8pain. nor urope, will trouble themselves with such pretensions, ut the most certain result, and in our eves the best con ' juence, of this struggle, is tho enfeebling of that elusive alliance which for some years past has laced France at the tail of England. It is the roncluon of all the sacrifices which the illusion of that alliice cost us. It is a term placed to the unpopularity liich resulted to the government in consequence of the inacity with which it adhered to that alliance KnginJ has proved herself throughout this affair, and in the iscuasions which ensued from it, se haughty, ao insultig, anj so full of injurious and hostile intentions, that 0 person in Franco at present?neither people, nor king, or miniater?can retain any illuaion on the impossibility f ever establishing a cordial and sincere alliance heseen France and England. The veil which coverod the ^es of the most blind has now fallen ; and, on the other sad, disembarrassed from the grasp of the cordial underandiing, France comprehends that she ought to return to er natural alliances with the States of the continent. And le comprehends it so much the better, that in this fair of the Spanish marriages, where the interests olthe ition and the intggest of the dynasty were equally eniged, she found in Europe that assent which England isputed with her, and that sincere bener ilence of which ngland offered her the mere illusion. Such in our eyes, >r the present, is the most important result of this affair, he French Government demonstrated that it was not, 1 was believed, subservient to the will of England, and tat it coull brave her anger and her hatred in presence f a great national interest. The French Government is elevated the policy of France in the world, by causig her influence to prevain over that of England. We Ulingly permit the opposition journals to newail the lpture of the cordial understanding, so much the more i this rupture is hailed by public opinion with so much itisfaction that we may defy M. Thiers himself ever to i-estabUsh an alliance whose rupture and whose fall axte such sentimant* amongst us. The opposition, morerer, (and that is one of the results we ought to mention i terminating this discussion), has manifested in this rupgle so little political instinct, and so few patriotic intiments, that it will scarcely ever recover from the lerited discredit with which it is at this moment cover1. In a word, a fact great in its present consequences as been accomplished?accomplished within the limits flaw, and for the interest of our country, and with all iternational courtesy With a vain menace for the lture on the part of England?a menaoe which, whilst ijuring Spain in her dearest interests, will infallibly rener the position of England in Spain mora unfavorable?'mx Won/.. ? ~ l.J l"f-' * : ?v-, - '"?I"" ' ."B u?.i.?u<iu l dragging Europe into a hostile demonstration agaiust us, Such are the present results of the affair. Ciod only sows what may be the future consequences ; but if ew complications are to be produced by it, law is on ie side of Spain and on eurs The opinion of nations nd no doubt that of governments, will be on the side of ie law. The disgrace, and we trust the defeat, will be n tho side of England. But, above all, may it please lod that there may arise from the now situation in rhioh this incident has placed our government a new vstem of alliances which may at length unite all the ations of continental Europe in a eommon understandig against their common enemy, England ! We were he I tome day* since what nations we would like to e combined in this new cordial understanding, and rhy we inclined for an alliance betwaon our countrv nd Russia 1 We wish to sum up in a few words our lira opinion on that subject. We are convinced that aoner or later a contest will take place botween the ontinent and that power which uses it for her own purose under favor of its divisions. This contest will be articularly a maritime contest; and now that the naval over of Spain is destroyed, we see only Russia that can snd us that eflicacious support in Europe which the fnitod Statesaro reserving for us in America, it is our pinit n, in a word, that ior the repose of Euro|>e it is ecessary that the colossal power of England he rediicd, and that this power shall not .fall except under the riple alliance which hor three national enemies will ilia liav form?namelv. Franca. Uuiaia nnrl thn IlnitM/i Hate*." And thin if the language of the favored and the favorte journal of the Pavilion de Flare The Corn Trade of Europe. [From the Mark Lana Express, Oct. 2d.] The following table, showing the quantities uf whoat old at the towna which furnish the returna for the ave ag a, from the commencement of July till tho latter end f October in 1846 and 1845, affords matter for reflection, 'he returna a land thus :? ' 1146. 1813 n the week ending Jnly 2d were sold 91 ,??S 102,Jit do ' 9th 86,88j 98,243 do " Kith 91,619 105.629 do " 23d 93,185 117,093 do " 30th 107 922 118,660 do Aug. 6th 100,846 133,009 do T 13th 09,353 145,371 do " 20th 66.306 172,628 do " 27th 80,277 162,977 do Sept. 3d 121,446 145,450 do " lOtli 152,291 109,043 do " 17th 152,307 79,780 do " 21th 179 076 98 705 do Oct. 1st 170 123 127,104 do " 8th 184,347 156,818 do " 15th 193,408 161,022 do ' 22d 159,003 178,368 From thia statement it will be seen that the deliveries rem the growers were much greater during July and Lugust in 184,5 than in the precent year, which we are isposed to attribute to the superior yield of the harvest f 1844 having left more wheat ou hand in the autumn of he succeeding year than was the case in 18445. This iew of the case is further borne out by the tact that a uuaiuoiai'iv |>iu|>viuuii vi wo u'ij'|uico uivu^ui ivrwmu ait year consisted of old wheat till near Christmas; vhereai in the present lemon the new hai not only prclominated, but it hai become a rarity for upwards of a nonth back to meet with u sample of old wheat. From hese inferences we arrive at the conclusion that at the ime of last harvest there was much less wheat of home [rewth in the kingdom than at the same period last year, mmediately after the crop was harvested (say the hewinning of September) farmers commenced filling the narkets with the new produce, and from that period an mormoui increase appears iu the quantities sold io 1846 s)compered with the sales in 1845. We are inclined to hink, therefore, that at regards stocks of home grown rheat we are in every respect worse oA now than we sere at this period last year,having comparatively no old eft, and greater inroads having been made in the new ban is at all usual so shortly after harvest. It may, howver, be argued that this is not the case in regard to areign wheat, a much larger quantity having paid luty this than the preceding year We have no means >f ascertaining what the actual stock of free foreign vheatinthe kingdom at the present moment may be ; ve lire inclined to think that there is a surplus as com mrcd with what was held at this time Just year ; but iow far willthia ge to compensate for the loss of fully ne-half of the potato crop I It la true that potatoea were hen, at now, attacked by the asms disorder, and thatreerts of their destruction wore almost as rile as at pre nl hut nn/insr in the first imtsni-A irt m miii-K Imma readth of land having been planted thif spring than in 94ft, and to the indifference ol the yield from the exremely dry, hot weather experienced during the aumler.the tiiaeaae ha< told much more severely ; we can, lerefere, arrive at no other concluaion than that the mount of food in the country ia much brlow what we ually have at this period of the year, and that a very irge importation from abroad will be abiolutely nemsary. ( , t . The imallDOM of tlie (tocka of old wheat at all the altic porta, the acarcity of shipping, and the consequent igh freights demanded, will prevent arrivala of conaeuence from thence. By tho lateat accounts from Danig, (17th of October.) we learn that 6a. 3d. to 6a fid. per r. had been aaked to carry wheat to London or the ait coaat oi < treat Britain, and fta. 6d. to 6a. 3d. per qr. to .iverpool. Tbia had naturally checked buaincaa, and nly about 2,600 qra. had changed handa aince the pretoua poat day ; fine high-mixed wheat wax then quoted urn 67a. to SOa. 6d , lair high-mixed ASa. to 66s , and ihor ?orta from 60s up to 66a. per qr. free on hoard. Of !>ring earn, noanppliea have come to hand ) quotation* ad, coaiequently, becomo almost nominal. At the lewr Baltic porta, there are abaolutely no atocka of old heat, and aa the larmere do not ueually tbraah much of leirgrain in thoae parU until the lowing of the autumn ropa naa been completed, there hat been ao little ofl'ertoa to prevent huaineii to any extent being done, ettera from Koitock, ot the lBthiOst, atate that hardr a bargain bad been closed thare in wheat lor upward* r a week, owing to the want of auppliea '1 hi* stems lio to hare been the ceae at Btettin ; nor had any con acta for ipriog ahipment been entered into at either lace. From Hamburgh we have advice* of Tueidey la?'; "* ral purchate* of wheat appear to have been made there d French account, which, with the execution of a few rdora received from England, had given rather a lively ino to t e trade. Wheat on the ?pot, good HI lb?. to 61S ?., red, had brought equal to Afta. 9d. to 66a 3d per qr. ee on hoard, and lor e cargo or two to be shipped from iol*tetnr weighing 69 lb*, to 62)*' lbi per bushel, 63*. 3d. i ASa. per qr. hail been paid. . In barley a large amount f business n*d been aona lor baaie, weighing only 49lj )i. per bushel. Oats free on board at outporta hed met ttenUon at pricea varying from 21a. to 23a. per qr. Itee n poeid. ... , , From the Mediterranean ports the advices are of a iililar character, the expected wsnU of (treat Britain being caused the price of wheat to rise materially all ver the continent, more business appears, however, to eve been done in Indian corn than in wheat in that Black set the acarcity of shipping aeema to have eon felt ai severely ee elsewhere. A letter Irom Odessa 1 the 3d of October, aaya that veaaele were then wholly Via* . T. T). Price I'Wii C?nili ui wanting, which had prevented any bargain* bet:.-; cloned. New wheat had come vary (paring lv to ham', for fine qnalitiea of old 93*. to 31* per qr. had bean a*ke I The Trade In Cotton, Sugar and Corn. TKrom the Liverpool Time*.] The breaking up of the protective avatem in thiacoan try. both a* relate* to grain, the chief product of culti vation in the temperate zone, and to sugar, the chief pro duct of cultivation, in the tropic*, muit not onlr produce a comiderable effect on the price* and production of thoee two great article*, bat alio en thoae of many other*, end especially of cettou, which may be conaidered third in point of importance amongst the agricultural product* cultivated and employed bv Civilized nation*. Soma in tslligeut persons well acquainted with th* cultivation of the middle and southern section* of the United State*, think that the effect of the change in the Corn Lew* will be felt even tnis year, in the diminished supply and th* increased price of cotton ; anJ. however, that may be, there can be no doubt that the change will in a few yaar* i produce a great effect on the price anil mod* of production both of that and of ntanv other article*. Th* effect of throwing open the ports of thi* country to tho wheat, flour, maize, and rice of tho whola world, will ba to giro to tho culttratora of the cotton Statea of Amorica a choice of cropa auch aa they have never hitherto possessed Up to the date of this great commercial revolution, tho southern planter oi the United Statea ahould grow nothing for which he could obtain a market except cotton and tobacco, and henca, however low thoao article* sank in price, his only choice was to continue to produce tbom, or to produce in their stead articles which had no saleable value. Th* consequence of this has been that we have seen cotton produced in the United States during the last four years at prices at which it was considered perfectly impossible to produce it a few years siuce, land we have also seen the production of that article sink to a mere nothing in British India and Brazil, in both which countries the cultivatots possessed the power of growing sugar, rico, and other saleable articles. This state or things is now at an end in the United States, for American grain of every kindwheat, maize, anr! rice?is now pot only admissible at nominal duties to this, the largest market of tho world, but it is soiling at vary high prices. Wi, therefore, look unon it as a matter of certainty that the growth of cotton will decrease in the United States of America, unlese its price rite* in Europe to such a rate as will render it as prolitable to grow cotton as it will hsncoforth bo to grow grain. This may appear at first sight to bo an evil, and in the beginning it will undoubtedly be attended with considerable inconvenience to tho manufacturers of this country, but in the end it will prove a groat good, lor it will again induce the cultivators of British India, Brazil, and Egypt, to turn their attention to the growth of cotton, and thus free ou? manufacturers from their present stste ot entire dependence on the cotton of th* United Stales. So recently as 1S41 British India supplied this country with nearly 300,000 bales of cotton, and, if the pricos of that year had continued, it would probably have supplied us with half a million by this tiins. In 1638 Brazil supplied us with 137,300 halts, which has since fallen off to 110,'JOO bales. These facts, as well as the fact of the awry slow increase in the growth of cotton in the Unitad States them selves, can only bo accounted for by the circumstance that the profit on cotton growing has of late been a mere nothiig, except on estates of great natural fertility, possessing tne advantage of cheap and easy access to shipping ports. Whilst the repeal of the duties on grain thus tends to diminish the growth of cotton in the United States, the openiiw of the markets of this country to foreign sugars tends to remove all motive for growing sugar in our own colonies, in preference to other articles of colonial pro sugar plantation*. In f?w yean, however, the lerlalalive protection on the growing ot sugar will cesse, both in the Kait Indie* and the Weit; and there iano reaaon to doubt that thoae counlriea will then grow leaa auger, and more cotton and other article* oi tropical produce. India ha* been a cotton-growing country from the earliest times of which we have any historical record; and the Weat ludioa produeed large quantities of cotton when it wa* thought iuipoaaihle to grow it in the United State* . The object of our protective legiklation ha* been to change thii, and ao to improve upon the arrange menu of nature ; but, like all attempt* of the same kind, it ha* proved to be a failure, With the repeal of these legislative bountie* and discouragement*, the ag iculture both of tropical aud of temperate climates will follow its natural course, to the ultimate benefit of all parties, andiucreased supply of every necessary article, espcrtally the great articles of corn, cotton, and sugar, which, being derived from a wider surface, and a greater variety of pluces. will ultimately be more.abundant and more uniform in supply and price, than they ever could be so long as they were grown in a single country or region. M Iscel laiieous. Hudson's Bay Produce.?The second and last of the annual arrival* of the produce of the territory of tho Hudson's Bay Company bus taken piece, their ship, the Prince Kupert, having arrived in the London Docks,with a very extensive cargo of ikins and furs, feathers, wool, isinglass, castor quills, tongues, tallow, oil, and other merchandise, the production of that northern region.? Considerable difficulty was formerly experienced in assessing these importations with duty, in eonsequence of the great variety of the skins and furs, sech of which was liable to separate and distinct duties, but the whole ef them aro now. notwithstanding their great value, entirely free,the privilege being extended to skins of every description. Insurance on the Great Britain.?A private meeting of some of the proprietors of the Great Wostoru Steamship Company was held in Bristol, on Mondayweek, lor the purpose of taking into consideration tho insuring the vessel. It appears that at a late meeting ot the company at their ottices, in Princess street, and before the (Jreat Britain left Liverpool, a question was pnt to the chairman as to whether the ship was fully insured ot not. The chairman, in reply, stated it was not, beyond tlio sum of 18,0001, to secure Mr. Miles's mortgage to that amount on the vessel, as there was some difficulty or difference as to effecting the insurance. One of the proprietors then observed, that if the insurance should not bo effected before the ship started from America, the proprietors ought to be informed of it. thet each, by a separato insurance, might secure himself, to the extont of his share, from loss. The chairman concurred at once in the propriety of this course, and said that a minute should be made to that affoct, and the proprietors furnished with the necessary information in good time. They received no intimation, however ; ana the vessel, at the timo she got aground, was only insured in the extent we hare stated, ?18,000. Under these circumstances, some ol the proprietors conceive that they may hold the chairman or director* responsible lor their loss ; and we have heard that high legal opinion ia about to be procured on the point. On the merits of the case we do not presume to decide, but we believe we are pretty accurato in the general statement?Bristol Jour. Political Intelligences The Pittsburgh Gazette states ihst General Joseph Marklo has declined a re-nomination aa candidate lor Governor of Pennsylvania. Hon. Andrew Stewart ia now proposed as the whig candidate. The Philadelphia North Jtmerican of yeaterday says:? I TV,? I .itislafiiva <-.f MahVi 1 'ecnlina wiaote (Kis rimv - an/1 an there is a Senator to be elected Irom that State in place of Mr. Haywood, resigned, it is probable that the election will take place without delay. We learn Irom a source which we regard as worthy of trust, that the Hon. George Badger, formerly Secretary of the Navy, will be elected. One of the results of the late election In Pennsylvania is that through the members which hold over, and counting the sure whig districts, there will be a whig majority in the Senate of that State for three successive years. Varieties. After a trial of nearly two weeks, Dr. James G. Russell of Pontiac, Michigan, charged with administering arsenic to his wife, from the effects of which she died last summer, was acquitted. N. Brooks, who was tried in Lowndes Co., Os., at the late Circuit Court for the murder of fclisha Robinson, of this city, was instantly acquitted. The case is sold to have turned on points similar to those which produced the death of Hoyt at Richmond, and the acquital of those who killed him. The Governor of Alabama has appointed the 4th of December as thanksgiving day in that State. In Brockuock township, Berks county, Pa., a man, named John Trostcl, about 80 vears of age, committed suicide last week, by hanging himself inhia bed-chamber. He was supposed to have been In a At of insanity at ? the time. A Baltimore correspondent, dating the 18th Inst, of the Philadelphia Bnquirtr, says 1" Richard J. Turner, the defaulting dark o( the Mechanici' Bank of Baltimore. MIW??MV WUl VI ^lliavil lull mvruiu?i *UU IVVJiWHIUVU for farther commitment It appeared from testimony given by the bank officers, that the total deficit thus far ascertained, is *69,1S7 81. Of this stim, .Mr. Willie? 8. Birch was overcharged *34,374 73. On Turner's books, as far as examined, there appears a (rand, by false balances, entries, lie., to the extent of $33,311 09. Reverdjr Johnson, Km , appeared tor the prosecution, and John Nelson, fcaq , for the defence. The comt, on bearing the testimony, postponed its decision in regard to the amount of hail, until to-morrow. In the meantime, Turner was remanded to prison. Allow me to say here, that the bank's loss may appear large, yet it haaa surploa or linking fund of about *100,000, which will prevent any interfere nee with the forthcoming dividend*. The feden I legislature of Vermont have repealed the license law in that State, and dismissed a bill prohibiting cowling alleys. blias Kent, who is implicated in tbe Oerman robbery died in jail during Saturday night, of delirium tremens. He had been afllicted with thit horrible disease for two or three days. I wo physicians had attanded him; and he was properly csred lor np to the night of hia death, when be was left elone. Those designated to take charge of him beiog unwilling to trust themselves with him, the unfortunate man died unattended ?Albany AtUi. r.hancellor Bland, of Maryland, died at Annapolis day before yesterdey. ? Arrant* or the Cherokekr ?AU classes of the Cherokee* have attended the present session of the National Council. A disposition to live in peace end harmony is manilested, which it is hoped will oontinnete ; grow stronger end stronger,ontil the Cherokeee become nnited in sentiment eathey ere in interest and destiny.? 1 Chrraktt Adv., Oct. M Cocrt ro* the Correct!'*!* or Errors ?Nov. ! 16 ?Present, Lieut. Co v. Gardiner, Chancellor Walworth, and 31 Renters J. Clapper and al vs. P. Pochmaa. Two writs of error dismissed with costs. No. 13. K Kay vs. V. Birdssya. Mr L. Birdeeve heard for defendant in error. Mr. N. Hill, jr., on the same side. I Mx. 8. Stevens in reply. d semr eat ,eh.<al ewe*

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