Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 22, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 22, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD.1 *.i w link, Sunday, niotfmbrt'iK, 1NI8, Hliv Dlinni ili.-llif I'loxrcwor 8<li iuc In A air r It a?On r Ticuicndott* Power lor Pinteor War. When Prolcvsor Morse discovered a method to mike the lightning " bearer of despatches," and even a " common carrier" of messages from merchant to merchant, and lrom tender wife in one city to anxious spouse in another, people in lire exuberance of their astonishment, believed that the march of intellect could no further go. But quite as important a discovery has lately been made, it would appear, almost simultaneously, in England, Germany and America. This discovery consists in the fact that raw cotton, saturated in nitric acid, possesses an explosive quality equal, if not superior, to that of gunpowder. As usual, in such cases, there is quite a number of claimants of the merit of prior discovery. This vexed question we are at present unprepared to pass upon. It is with the grand and important results necessarily accruing from the discovery, that we have at present to deal. What is almost incredible about this gun-cotton is, that the material is absolutely annihilated in ) exploding. It gives out neither smoke nor odor, but passes off in a mere flash, leaving behind no residue. It detonates less loudly than gunpowder, and is not, we believe, inflammable exposed to an equal degree of temperature. - It requires the application of a spark, but is as easily exploded when touched off. The cotton is prepared by being saturated in highly concentrated nitric acid, or in a mixture of nitric and sulphuric acid in equal quantities. When afterwards washed and dried, it will explode, and it matters not how long it be soaked in water; it will, when dried, be as strongly explosive as before. We find that the red men of the forest, before the advent of civilization, wore acquainted with j 11 mode of producing ignition. In an account of a voyage made to North America in the reign of Elizabeth, the following passage occurs:? Oce Jay, while moat of the men were absent on their several duties, a multitude of the natives showed themselves, throw :ng dust upon their heads, leaping and running like brute beasts, having vizards on their laces, like dogs' faces, or else their faces are dogs' faces indeed. We greatly feared lest they should aet the ship on fire, for they would suddenly make fire whereat we much marvelled They came to windward of our ahip, and aet the bushes on fire, so that we were in a very stinking smoke; but as soon aa they came within reach of our shot, we shot at them, urn! striking one of them in the thigh, they all presently dod, and we never aaw Uiem more. The natives of New Guinea were, also, in Capt. j Cook's time, acquainted with some mode of pro- ' ducing fire, as will be seen by the following ox irHCK ? TUrre Indian* ruihed out of a wood with n hideou* shout, at about the diatanoe of 100 yard*; aud as they ran toward* us, the foremoat threw something out of hi* hand, which burnt cxa"tly like gunpowder, nut made no report. What these fires were we could not imagine. We saw fire and smoke resembling those of a musket, \ and of no longer duration. Neither of these modes could httve been by friction as prncticed by the Sandwich I-landers; ignition must have bean produced by the use of j some preparation. The preparation of this gun cotton is so simple that tne material in its explosive state will cost much less than gunpowder. It possesses so many advantages over the La'ter, that it must come into universal use. Not being liable to | injury from damp or other extraneous causes, j Giving out, iu cjinbustion, neither smoke nor odor, it will be a aroat deal better adapted to the uses to which gunpowder is at present applied. The frequent discharge of artillery and musketry in battle will not be attended, in the use of this new explosive, with the inconvenience hitherto J experienced from the smoke which, as in the bat- ' tie of Resaca de la Palma, often conceals the hostile armies from each other's view, and impedes the necessary operations. In blasting rocks, too, it can be used with greater facility and to more advantages than gunpowder. Such and so many being the advantages of the new explosive, it must in a very short period supersede gunpowder altogether ; this will turn the attention of the entire world to our cotton growing States. Our Southern States can grow cotton suflient to supply any demand, however large. The value ol property in the South will increase te an immense extent. The vast prairies of Texas will soon become cotton fields ; for Texas produces cotton equal in fineness of fibre, to any other State; and our country will become, even in a greater degree than heretofore, the mart of the world, as well in that commodity which destroys life, as in that which sustains it. It is singular how rapidly this new discovery has been taken up in this country. In England, 1 its consideration is confined to a few scientific ! men and the ministers of war and marine. Here, its use is canvassed and experimented upon, j from North to South, and from East to West. In- j dividual enterprise will soon bring it intounivers al use; while in England and other countries of , Europe, the practical use of the discovery will be in the hands of the government alone. It is thus with other scientific discoveries.? Steam has been brought into operation in this country to an extent which in Europe has no parallel. Our whole Atlantic coast, and a great part of the interior, presents an immense net-work of railroads, which is extending its meshes day by day, until at length one can travel to any point of the compass by railroad, except where rivers intervene ; and what river of any note in the United States is without its steamboat 1 It is thus also with the magnetic telegraph. In Europe, the governments for their own safety, as well as for convenience, are obliged to maintain telegraphs, but hero they have been instituted by individual enterprise. They are stretching from this point to the far West, to Canada, to New Orleans, and in time will extend to the shores of the Pacific, thus bringing New York within twelve days of China. This it a great country. Maqnktic Txi.bqraph.?We understand that Messrs. Livingston 4c Wells, ol Wall street, have procured from Professor Morse the right to construct a telgrnphic communication between Bufialo, in the Stave of New York, and Detroit, in the State ot Michigan, 4via Dunkirk, Erie, Cleveland, Huron, Sandusky, and Toledo, and that they are forming a company and receiving subscriptions for that purpose. By the terms of agreement made between these gentlemen and Mr. Morse, the line must be completed on the first day of February, 1848, and the wire to be used must be of iron, of not less weight than three hundred and thirty pounds to the mile, and sufficiently tinned or coated to prevent oxidation. There is no doubt that the whole of the subscription will be soon taken up, for those already established are very profitable to all interested. We are glad to see that this company intend to nse iron instead of copper wire, as experience proves that the latter does not possess requisite strength. The frequent breaks that occur on the wires at present used, with other things that we should I ke to t-ce explained, has shaken public confidence in this means ot communication so much that the directors of all companies will be obliged to use every expedient that can be devised, to prevent not only breaches of the wire, but also breaches of confidence, of the latter of which we have recently hail some instances. Iron wire of a proper thickness will obviate the one, and employing none but competent,respectable and trustworthy operators, will obviate the other. But to acquire the services of operators possessing these qualities, directors of telegraph companies, must abandon the niggardly pobcy they pursue at present. It is plain that an operator, in order to perform his duty in a trust worthy manner, should be r>'d * liberal ! alary, or at lea*? m much at would comfortably support him and In? family. His circumstances should be such that ho would be placed beyond tlio reach ol temptation. A speculator in laimnc would not lie dale to give live hundred or a thourand dollars to an operator, it he would consent lo keep back information ol the foreign markets, or change it so as to produce a wrong impression on the public mind. We have recently heard of one hundred dollars being olfered in a ease of this kind. The magnetic telegraph is being rapidly extended in this country, and will continue to be, until the United Slates are as one township or one city. The Plea op Insanity?Loose Construction or the Law.?The wide and slipshod construction of the law relating to cases of alleged insanity, and the admission of doubtful testimony to substanti* ate or rebut the plea, have damaged, and are damaging every day we live, to an immense extent^ the cause of human justice. A murderer dyes his hand in the blood of his victim. The plea of insanity is raised. Some characterless charlatans who have the temerity to affix M. D. to their names, visit him for the express purpose of ma- 1 king out of his disjointed conversation and well simulated wildness of manner, a case of insanity; and by the aid of the flexible consciences or the downright pei jury of these knaves, the felon goes unwhipt of justice. We speak of extreme cases. Others arise where the medical man. thoutrh ho nest and skilful, may yet be deceived by appearances, and in consequence of being pre disposed by previous representations to beliave in the insanity of the patient. Medical testimony should be received with great caution in courts of justice, and more especially in cases of so extremely delicate a naturo | as those of alleged insanity. We have seen, in the course of a celebrated murder case tried in this city a few years since, two medical men of distinguished reputation, give, under oath, dia. 1 metrically opposite opinions on a simple physiological question, the solution of which may ' be arrived at in the daily practice of any medical practitioner. Both these men were conscientious ; both enjoyed a largo practice, and yet one of them decidedly stated an untruth. But questions ol insanity arc much more diilicult of decision, and a medical man must be not only deep in the mysteries ol the human heart, but he must have made hiinsclt practically ac- ] quainted with the various phases of character to be met with in the walks of every day life, as well as with the minute and varied symptoms that in, | dicatc insanity. Until recently, the law of England relating to insanity, was so loose as to give rise to the grossest outrages. The avaricious relatives of a weal'hy person could, on procuring certificates of such person's insanity from two physicians, how disreputable soever, incarcera'e their victim in a mad house, from which escape was impossible, and wlierp, in nine cases out of ten, he was at length diiven to madness by the persecutions he endurrd. The progressive humanity ol the age has happily improved this horrible state of things. The case of Mrs. Patterson, the daugnter of the Kev. Mr. Croes, of New Jersey, who sometime since eloped with her father's gardener, and who has been declared insane by the verdict of a jury rendered in the Circuit Court, before Judge Edmonds, has created a great deal of interest and feeling in this community. The case is one j which would necessarily give rise to conflicting opinions,and we are not surprised that the medical men differed so much in their views as to the young lady's sanity. With this conflicting testimony belore them, the jury had great difficulty in 1 agreeing. They at length lound the young lady insane. This matter is now being carried up before a superior court, and wc feel indisposed to go into its merits at all, as it is at present in a way to be passed upon by a high judicial tribunal; but we cannot forbear noticing one anomalous feature which is apparent in the case, and that is, that the young lady was not allowed the benefit of a i doubt, to which she was clearly entitled. We have no hesitation in saying that every man who has rend the testimony, must have a reasonable doubt of the girl's insan'ty. The case is a curious one, and a further analysis of it might lead us to say more than we wish. But we do hope our legislature will, at the ' earliest moment, take into consideration the present loose state of the law relating to alleged cases of insanity, and that they will devise some means to put its construction within proper bounds and limits. Hon. John Qui"cy Adams.?Our readers will l>e gratified to learn by the following extract Irom the Boston Advrrtiur of yesterday, that this gentleman is recovering from his recent indisposition:?"We are happy to state that the symptoms which existed at the time of the attack ol Mr. Adams, have materially improved since our yesterday's notice. We have ascertained from his physician, Dr. Bigelow, lliut he has in a great degree recovered the power of articulation, and the use of the limbs of the atlectcd side (the right, and ' not the left, as stated by us yesterday.) He is free from pain, has the ftdl use of his faculties, and I though feeble, is able to fit up for short periods." Military.?We understand that the first regiment of volunteers, under Col. Ward B. Burnet, have been ordered to be mustered into the service of the United States, under the recent requisition from Washington upon the Governor of this siaie. j. his regiment ueiongs-to tins ctiy. .The l.etul quarters of the regiment arc at Mercer Hall, corner of Brooineand Mercer streets. IVe believe j that Col Burnet is an old soldier, and has served in the regular army. If we mistake not, he was ; in the Black Hawk war. Musical Intelligence. Sitori.?This chief of violinist* has had a brilliant career at Boston. On Friday night he took his benefit a' the Howard Athenieum,where through the week, he has drawn crowded houses. Nest Friday hegivrs a conceit hero, which will be, far txftllrnte, the concert of the searon. The Apolloneens gave a second concert at Hartford en Friday evening. Tney return to this city nextwetk. Movements of Travellers. Yesterday's srrivals show an increase, still pi-ogressing, over those of the early part of the week. America*.? Horace Brooks and lady, N. Yoik; F T Wilkina, Boston; I) H Destine, Springfield; Mr Voden, J. Roberta, West l'oint; Major Chase. U. 8. A ; Commodore Nicholson, L'. 8. N.; R. Hall end family, W. If James, Baltimore; J Jones, fhile.; P. R Paulding, Tarrytown; Mrs. Woodbury and Family, do.; W. R. Michold. J. Hathaway, U. 8. Artillery. Astos.?Mr. Kossiter, Troy : M. Holland, Conn.: 8 Burns, F-. Richmond, Trov; R. Leppett, do, O. Miller, Salem; J SiKhee. F Lucas,Cliarle?ton; H Lucas, Charleston; A. Lsmhi.it Boston; F Dixon. Phila; A Adams, V. i'*rr, C Cordbcrgh, Prov.; M- Liotuet, Phils.; W. i Ward, H iloiton. 8. Stochmau, Beaton; A F-richson, Hoc!,ester; T. Bnggs, 11. Horton, Boston; J B. Miller, froy; M. Sheiman, V. Jokason, Albany; J. Browne, I Phila ; D. Clapp, Boston, W. Riddle, Phila ; D. St. John, Monticelle. V'"-J Tavford, Va A. Foote, Massa : L. O'Connell, New York; Lieut. Baldwin, U.S. A.; C. (Jria wold, i Nassau; J. Salcott, Loudon; E. Watts, New York; J. Young, do ; W. M Watkina, Philadelphia. Howard?Hon. J Anderson, Westcheater; M Washburn, do; James Saunders, of steamer Acedia, Liverpool; , N Longmen, Philadelphia, 11. Ballon. Rhode Mend; C. ! Sampson. Boston; O. Bacon, Albany, B. Bart, Michigan; 8. Taylor, do; S.J olt, Montreal, R Hawthorn. Boston; i M Higgins.do; E Higgins do: B Lapham, Providence; I K. Butler, Philadelphia, W. LdwarJa, do, C. II Bailer do. I Fmsvbi.ii* ?Henry Ivea, Connecticut; George Dent, I New Orleana; J. Leonard Fishkill; N. Murder ant, Had- 1 Jington; 8. Lsrnea and R Spencer, Hyrac.uae; W." Walcott, New York Mills: Phil. Smith and H. Goodyear, I Boston; J Post, New York; A. C. Wisswsle, St Louis; { Mr. Ford, Syracuse. Common 1*1 ems?In Banco. Nov. 31?Dscisiona.? fliiam Cranston vs. Edward K. I Shed Verdict for plaintiff*, confirmed with coots. Joseph McKeen, et al. vs. Jonathan W'allen. New trial granted Hercules If. Joces, impleaded, lie , ads. 8prlnger Har- 1 baugh Judgment for plaintiff'on demurrer; defendant ! may plead with eoats. ; MichMl Sandford ads. Samuel inn New trial gran ted. { Theatricals. F???'Thht?i.~"Kin* John"atill MBtintin to (haw 1 crowded houses, anil is received with as much enthusiasm as at first The |<lay ia inveated with a freshness of intereat that Will cause it to draw houses aa long at tl.o management can keep it on the stage. It goos ofl moie smoothly than at lirst, and much utoie satisfactorily to the audience, as the delays, which were unavoidable at first, are now entirely got rid of. The enjoyment is now unalloyed. Thero are no lapses or mistakes; the scto a are thoroughly versed in their parts, and the stage business is so admirably arranged by tne exertions of Mr Kean, that there is no tumult or confusion Nothing can he grander than the aereral tableaux presented to the audience, and these tableaux possess the still further merit of being perfect representations, historically true, end each forming a comprehensive commentary on the' pericd they ere intended to illustrate. " King John' will be repeated to- morrow evening. No one should fail to see iL Bowf.st Thkstsk ? Mr. C. W. Clarke's benefit, last evening, was well attended, and the house was crowded to excess. There were thres splendid pieces selected for the occasion. The "Foundling of the Forest" was the first, in which Nettie, as De Valmont, and Clerks, as Florian, performed with much ability. Vache's Gaspard was also well sustained. Mrs Sergeant, as Qeraldine, and Mrs. Booth, as Rosabella, also performed with much ability The Misses Vallqe danced a pai de deux after the play The "Seamstress of Paris, or, the Orphan's Dream," followed, drawing out the whole company, who acquitted themselves with eclat. The diawaof "Robert Macaire," wound up the performance, and Mr. C- W. Clarke's benefit paated off in a highly creditable manner, and was attended by immense crowds of his numerous friends and admirers last evening. Pit ma'i ?W? nvimptoil to ion o nrnu'il at fhtA last evening, ami were not disappointed. The house was (lllod by a most respectable audience, collected on occasion of Mr. Chippendale's benefit, the closing night of the theatre, and the last appearance of M'lle Blangy The vaudeville of a "Thumping Legacy" was well played, and accompanied with roars of laughter throughout. M'lle Blargy danced admirably, and her acting In "La Giselle" was certainly the most exquisite piece of pantomime we ever witnessed Instead of the " Pas Styrien," she danced the "Fandango," which was so rapturously received on Friday evening. It wjs indeed a delicious treat, but not sogiest as when, upon an enthusiastic call lor its ri>|>ctitiou, the fair dannuit substituted a farewell speech. With a witching uaivele she said: ? "Ladies and Gentlemen? I cannot leave you without giving my aincero fun*? for the much lundneas I have received in this city- I bid you larewell, and shall ever bear your memories near and dear to my heait. Adieu." Wherever she may go, she haa our beat wishes. The Alhamra.?'This little place prospers very well, | and through the enterprise and management of the proprietors, Las attained a very enviable standing. It now , occupies the vacuum created in tho upper part of the city by the destruction of Niblo's. This evening a grand sac'ed concert will be performed by the corps of musicians u:.d'-r*he direction of Mr. Loder,and three tableaux vivaus, iilustiaurig Scriptural events. Herr Alexander will repeat his performances here next week. Buwebt Amphitheatre ?Lastnight we had again an immense crowd of the admirers of the splendid feats that have been performed here for the last few weeks, by this fj Undid company, in attendance. Carlo's chair tricks were repeated ; and Kemp'a barrol trick elicited bursts of applause. The vaulting ol the troupe lost evening was highly creditable to (he entire body. The gladiatoiial act of horsemanship by Mr. B Runnels and Mr. J. Blackwood, was loudly applauded. There is in pieyaration, and will be produced on Monday nignt i.ext, a new paotomine, under the direction of Mr Kemp, the F.nglish clown, which will draw u lull bouse. The Bowery Amphitheatre has drawn im- . mense houses since its opening for the present season.? The attractions are highly creditable to the proprietor, and to-morrow evening the splendid new pantomime promises a ilch tieat. Raymond and Warinoi Mknahkrie.?There was an immense assemblage of visiters at this establishment, last evening, ail of whom were delighted with tbe extraordinary performances- those of the elephant particularly. It is indeed surprising to witness the docile state to which these great brutes have been reduced by their keeper, and the liberties which lie dares to take with them The power of man over the brute creation is here beautifully illustrated. Tbe proprietors may count upon receiving a large amount of patronage next week. Collins, the Irish comedian, is playing at Philadelphia, and, as is due to his talent, with great success. Mrs Mowatt and Mr. Davenport tre playing at Pittsburgh. City Intelligence. Fibe.?A fire broke out early yesterday, in the building known as the oil factory, corner of Cannon and Rivington streets. The fire was promptly put out, hy the efficient aid of om-> of the fire companies. The damage luitained waa trifling. Lost Child.?A child named Micba*l Pry, four year* old. waa found by the police early yesterday morning, walking astray on the streets, and was sent home to No. 66 Attorney street Stray Oxen.?Eighteen stray oxen were found in the icinity ol Union Park early yesterday morning. They were put in "Bull's Head" yard by the police. Accident.?A man named Thomas Miller, was1 driven over by a cartman yesterday, about 2 o'clock, corner of Bleecker and Carmine streets. The cartman appeared to be one of the "fashionables" in his line, and drove off* with much tang froid after the accident, which some of the lookers-on would seem to put down as an "accident i hy design " Furious driving through our stieeta has long been felt as a serious annoyance by our oitizens.? The police should be on the alert to protect the citizens from the wanton abuses of our cobmen and public drivers, as well as the milkmen. Magnetic Telegraph.?The New York and Philadelphia Tolcgraph Company are preparing strong iron wire for their line, in place of the weak copper wire that breaks so often. The New York and Boston Company have made their arrangements to reconstruct that line by substituting iron wlrea also; and the New Yoik, Al- I bany, and Buffalo Company, have recently obtained permiiiinn from th? natuntAM to nut nn a thiwl nn ??*<* lino, to be of beefy Iron. Goi hic Hall.?AVe wore agreeably surprised, on visiting the national painting* on exhibition at tbi* place. The painting descriptive oi the battlo of llesaca ?le la Talma, is, almost without exception, the lineit battle piece ever in this city) and as a vivid, natural representation of the stirring incidents, is worthy oi all .praise. The sjiectator teadily recognize* every feature of the scene, so familiar by description. The " Bombardment of Matamoras,'' displayed in the other painting exhibited, is alio admirably executed. We commend them cordially to the inspection of our citizens. Cobokkb's Office. ? Supposed Murder.?The Coroner held an inquest at his ottice, in the Tombs, yesterday, on the body of an unknown male infant, that was discovered in a coffin lying in a sewer, on the corner of 39th street and 8th avenae. The child was evidently born alive, and from the appearance of the skull, violence had been used, which caused death. The post mortom examination was conducted by the skillul Dr. Holmes, and the jury rendered a verdict that the deceased came to its death by congestion of the btain, produced by pressure on the head or otherwise, being unknown by the jury. Police Intelligence. Burglary?Officer Garrison, of the Tenth ward, arrested la?t night a loaferish looking chap, culled Teter Foley, on a charge of burglariously entering the oyster cellar, No. lOti Kivington stieet, occupied by Gilbert Miltr r, and stealing tnerefrom $9 in silver coin, a bias* seal, one buudrvd -cgars, also a coat and seat. The rascal was discovered on the premises, and on making his e?eapc upthe stieet, ho was "gtabbed" by the above nfficei, ami conducted before Justice Taylor, who locked him up tor examination. " J in" Ti?i> I ? \ > oung man of rather genteel appearance euteieo tl e store ot Kimmel & Kverson, leather dealers. No 47 I erry street, about 'J o'clock yesterday afternoon, under pie truce of purchasing some lesther, and, watching an opportunity, slipped into the office, " kracked" the till, carrying oil' near $90 in country bank bills, anl a t ag containing $0 in five franc piecei, together with memoranda of value. The thief is de scrihed a- Luii'g a young man of 19 or 30 years of age, light con.plextuu, well dressed, good looking, smooth face, side locks curled close to his head, a delicate and white hand, about lire feet six or seven inches in height. , Nu an est. I eltinr . l.C Cat Oil! of the Ttnir A u liil,. u rtmnn l,? the i.m..e of Mary ( ochian, muling about n year ago in Church stiret, wui rr bbed of a silve? watch, worth about Jl.?, anil nomthut time no clue ha* been obtained of ita whereabout! until yesterday, when a black worn.. d, called Lucy McCuller, had a regular blow up with t(T husband, she having become jealous from the fact of her man John paying too much attention to a yellow gal in the ueighboihooil. and while I a fltoi anger, seekii g revenge, she apt lied to officers But ley and Buckley, o! the Fifth waid police, stating that her husband bad the stolen prt>i>erty in his possession; . quently John Mcf ulior was arrested, and sure enough the identical wutch waa found on his person. The accused was at once brought before Justice Drinker, huin the (acts appeared that Lucy stole the watch and pledged it in pawn, and then gave her husband the ticket, wnoreupon in her baste to seek revenge upon her husband, involved herself in the same difficulty. The magistrate committed them both for trial. j.artrn}, hr two lUnrk "Drnmini."?Yesterday morning about half past 8 o'clock, oflicers Feeuy and McKeon, oi the Sixth ward, arrested two colored men, one named Benjamin Thompson, alias "Albany Bill,'' rnd the other I named John Chimminga, alias "Albany Bill,'" both of the same alias, for stealing a purse, containing twenty-four dollars (from Lmanuel Lawrence, a colored man, whose , home is in New Jersey,) st 4i Orange stieet, in the rear. ] A part of the money waa recovered by the above offlcera, and identified by Lawrenco, and the two twenties ware locked up by Justice Drinker for exsmination. This case 1 should serve as a caution (or all verdant young gentlemen who wish to penetrste into the mysteries of a populous city, to beware how and wharo they travel. M Tourhtd on the I'oinlt.?Officer Gardner, of the 6th ward, arrested yesterday,a woman called Klixabeth Murphy, on a cliaige of robbu.g an irishman by the name of Owen Milieu, of a puise containing $44. in gold coin, while in a house of iulamy kept by Jim Oreen, at No I vi Anthony streat. The above officer recovered fit of the money, and Justice Drinker committ d the accused ; for triaL Prtil Lor emit I.?A fellow called Isaac Pearoe, was arrested yesterday, caught in the act of stealing a pair ! of boots worth VJ, Irom the barge Star, lying at tba foot of Liberty street, belonging to Anson Garland?locked up for trial. A thieving looking' chap, called James Kennejr, was j arrested yesterday, having been caught in the act of i stealing an ovetcoat, valued at f.7, belonging toKirtali Buchanan, residing st No. .146 Gran I street- Committed for trial by Justice Taylor. A fallow callad Charles Drone, was arrested yesferday, on a charge of stealing a set of curtains from the Coliseum, Broadway. Locked up for trial. i f Th? following presentment of the f*rand Jury 1 is given frwn the f'opy furnished. It will bp ieen that it is not very accurate ; but having no way of getting correc cd copy lor this day's paper, we 1 concluded to give tins as it is. J ho reader must 1 correct it to suit himself, j Presentment of tire ( rami Inquest. New York, Nov. 91, lW'i. The Grand Jury of the county of New York presont? That at the present term of the Grand Jury, complaint was made te them of certain violation! of law committed by person* connected with the Penitentiary on Blackweli's Island. The charge made against officers of one of the public prisons was, that oonvict* whose term of punishment hid not expired, were permitted to escape . from the prison on the second day of November, 194ti, and were brought to the city for the puipose of voting at the 1 election lor State and other officers. The grave character of the charge induced the jury to act with that deliberation which was required at their hands, not onlv from the character of the officer charged, but also witli an anxiety to discover by whom so gross an outrage on one of the great bulwarks of popular liberty had been committed. At the solicitation of the Grand Jury, hi* Honor the Mayor, Alderman Benson, and the District Attorney went to Blackwell's Island and made enquiry A committee of the Grand Jury also visited the Island. The books and record* of the prison have been taken into the custody of the jury. Desirous of obtaining every information, they have examined between forty and Afty witnesses, including Mr. Mott, keeper of the prison, deputy keeper iWalters. and several of those assisting them in keeping the prisoners in custody ; likewise several of fit* naMnni tnffitrAfl in varlnna Marmidmanfa nn itli>?b wall'* Island, priioner*, and al*o panon* in no wiaa connected with tha prison establishment. Thf result of their examination is that at about tha pariod of tha elaction, prisoner*,whoso term of cervice had not expirod.have heretofore been taken from the Island for the purpose of voting. The tirand Jury lia* been satisfied that at tha last spring election prisoners were permitted to leave the island previous to the expiration of their term of service, and were landed on the evening previous from a vessel which had left the island on that day The Grand Jury is also satisfied that they were brought down to this city lor the purpose of voting. From the evidence presented . to them at the present session, it 1* ascertained that, with Aril knowledge on tha part oi tha keepers of the prison, and at least on* of his deputies, charges having been j made that.under several political parties which have held the administration of tha muniolpal affairs of the city, prisoners were parmittod to escape, and particularly that the charge had been made as late as at the last spi ing election, yet ue efficient measures were taken to prevent the repetition of the outrage on the honost citizens of the city at the late election. They are satisfied that some of the officers in the employment of the corporation of the city, receiving compensation from the public treasury, planned and executed this attempt to use gangs of felons to pollute the ballot bexea. The Orand Jury, have, therefore, come to this conclusion:? That there are persons now employed by the Corporation who aided and abetted in the escape of prisoners convicted by the constituted tribunals of the State. The testimony produced convinces them that some of the officers employed on hlackwell's Mend made arrangements to throw into the 9th and 14th wards of this city a number of convicts for the purpose of voting. The testimony

shows that the prisoners, on the 2d of Nov , 1848, exchanged their prison clothos for their ordinary citizen's dresses, that they were taken across the river about dark by tha keepers in boats, lodged in vehicles, brought to the city, and placed in houses for the night. The parties for the respective Wards, crossed at different places, and were under the guidance of different keepers. The gang which was destined for operation in the 14th Ward was taken to a house in Howard street, where a policeman, James Finegan, ofthe 14th Ward, was assisting during the night in contributing to their comfort, Iliey were there supplied with liquor and other, refreshments. About daylight the party was arrested by Justico Merritt and Aid. Benson. The policeman Finegan was relieved from duty on that night, at the request of B. Purdy, the superintendent of Lamps and Uas, and the Orand Jury have no doubt that Mr. Purdy knew for what purpose Mr. Finegan was relieved. The gang of convicts, when arrested, were found with F. McLaughlin, one of tbo Deputy Keepers, against whom indictment haa been ordered. The convicts destined to remain in the Ninth ward were taken to a house in that ward, and like those taken to a house in the 14th ward, they were furnished with liquors and other refreshments; the person in whoso charge they were during the evening, promising to return; when, after waiting as they supposed a reasonable time, they finally passed a resolution, that they would leave the house, which was carried into effect, and the convict* were again that night let loose upon this community. The Grand Jury have not been able accurately to asceitain the number of prisoners who were permitted to come off the Island ; exaggerated accounts have been given of the number. They ueneve me numuer 10 nave ueen anoui iniriy. II is not the number of prisoners taken, but tbe (act that one prisoner was taken out of prison by a public officer for such a purpose, which will shock the moral sense of this community. The examination also shows that other persons left the Island that daysome on a raft, some in.a boat. Those who escaped on a raft were two notorious violators of the law, who were known by reputation to one of the keepers of the prison as the associates of abandoned women, and of panel thieves, who had been convicted of robbing strangers. These prisoners had been convicted at the General Sessions of an assault and battery on public officers, stationed before the houses of these felons to put persons on their guard Bgainst entering these dens of infamy and plunder. One of these prisoners had attempted to escape heretofore. These men had been, at the intercession of one of the keepers, who had heird of their infamous conduct, taken from the quarries and given light work to perform. Although tne usual punishment of prisoners who escape, is to place a ball and chain on them when recaptured, no such punishment has been inflicted on them since'their re-capture. What can this community tbiak of the judgment, not to say honesty, of those who thus manage their prisoners 1 Another instance of abuse will be found of a notorious pick pocket, also relieved from hard labor, and placed at light work in the prison. Under such administration the.pt ison has no terrors for thoso who violate the laws of the land. The Grand Jury have presented bills of indictment against those, who, in their opinion, have aided and abetted the escape of the prison cm, vi ucj^ivvicu imp11 ics|rrtuvc! uuucb aa jjuuiic uu1cers entrusted with the penitentiary. There are others, 1 who, although not subject to the criminal lawa of the J land, have shown themselves, by their conduct, unfit to , hold offices, and receive the money* of our toiling, tarpaying citi/ena. They cannot believe that the constituted ! authorities of this city will permit either Mr. Furdy, Fran- ' cia or Dunham, to retain the places they now held, ' connected as theae persons are with the transaction* of the 1 night of the 2d day of November in the Fourteenth Ward. J The Grand Jury have not been able to diacover that pri- > sonera have been taken to any other ward* but thoae named. The movement appears to have been the work of a few unprincipled men, ready to use the vilest mean* to accomplish their purposes. Fortunately they have been detected, and not onlv was their purposes defeated, but their fraud discovered. The question not only of the purity of our elections, but the security of our lives and property, is involved in such act*. In a government constituted like that under which we live, unless the ballot box be preserved in its purity, our liberties are not , safe. That heated and unscrupulous partisans should . not be permitted to lay their sacrilegious hands on that ark of our safety. Let the people remember that unless the fraud be frowned down and vio- i latioos of law, such as have been disclosed, punished, our liberties are at the mercy of men without principle and without character. And what security have we for 1 ourpeisonal safety, when we find tbo prison doors unburred by the public officers, whose duty it is to secure them, and the felons who are doomed to punishment, and the guard paid to secure them are seen i to carouse together in tho very streets of , our city, from which said convicts have been driven for a time a* a punishment I The Jury have considered ' the subject as one far above mere party considerations. They feel that a public wrong has been committed. And they feel confident that condign punishment will be , awarded to those who have been participators In the j crime, not only by the legal tribunals of the State, but ] also by the authorities of the city, to whom the several , parties engaged are responsible for the faithful perform- , auce of their duty. This inquest cannot close its labors without paying a just tribute to John McKeon, K.sij., the gentlemanly and talented district attorney. His laithful and unwearied assiduity in the lengthened and wearisome investigations which have been made, has greatly relieved and aided them, though it must have been rendered by him at much personal inconvenience. His course has been most honorable to him, and the Grand Inquest tender him their unquslified approbation. The Grand Inquest, in presenting their views to the Court on the various subjects referred to in this presentment, wish to be understood as unanimous in their suggestions. Grand Jury Koom, New York. Nov 21st, 184?. HENRY ERBEN, Foreman. Ja?. Di toc, Secrrtary. The following is a list of the grand jurors Henry F.then, Foiemau; James Devoe, Secretary; David Young, lata a Van a lib an Ht.nhan Volar,.;-.. l..on n f... I? J. B Taylor, Wm. Hnulh, 8. H. Skidmore, John Paret, Krancia Lainb, John Lewi*, James Kenegau, John C. Hall. John Boyer, J. A. Boutelle, J, 8. Bussing, Wm. Renwick, Muliord Martin, Henry Pariah, John Holmea, Wm. EverdelL Pereonnl liitalllgcnea. The Boiton Tranecript of last evening hsa the following We are pleased to be able to intorm our readers that Mr Adams was much more comfortable this morning. and that his physicians entertain strong hopes ot his ultimate entire recovery. Mr Richard Pakenham, Minister from Great Britain to this country, arrived at Charleston, 18th met , from the North, on his way to Savannah, Ga. Mrs. Ganes, the wife of the gallant veteran, passed throngh Philadelphia yesterday Irom St. Louis, on her way to this city to join her husband. She arrived here yesterday noon. Mr. Beach, Senator elect in this 8tate, who has been : dangerously sick from an attack of the typhus fever, is slowly recovering. Ho Is considered out of danger.? ; Roman Citizen. Ogden Edwards was at Buffalo on Tuesday last. Sir Allen McNab passad through Albany on Wednesday. By last evening's northern cars Col. Matthow Payne, a gallant son of ^Virginia, who was wounded iu the hip at the battle of Kesaca de la Pulma, reached this city, and will remain a short time at the Ex- ' change Hotel. The ball was extracted by Or Heinaker, U. 8. Surgeon, on the 94th August, and (ml. P.'s general ' health seems very good lie is on his way to join the ' army in Mexico.?Hichmznd Enquirer. l t'onrl Calendar? tl?n lay. J Common Plkas?1st Part?4, Iff. 18, 96, 18,30, 31, 349, 110, 34. lod Part-47, 817, Al, 63, 88,67,63,67,09,71. Bab* Pons.?In the U. S. District Court yesterj i dny, the Grand Jury returned a true bill against i the mate ami part of the crew 'of the bark Tons, on the ; aharge of "revolt." Also another true hill, against the same parties, on the charge of having confined the cap- < tain during the voyage An ignored bill was also returned, which charged the captain with having assaulted 1 the mate with a pistol. A seaman, one of the crew of the same vessel, was taken before Mayor Swift yester day, and by him bound over to answer the charge of > having assisted to conffna the captain, during a recent i voyage home. 1 at is. ti. a Ji .1 1. I' 1 ' ..JIM .iJ Robert 0?*n, >n f*? Practical, Mode by which on entire Change from I he pre tent Inferior to a Superior Condition of Society may he tartly 'fftttei, beneficially for alt.?Part Firtt. It having been demonstrated that from the beginning, ociety has been based on principles opposed to the facts list the most vicious and injurious practices of the world ave directly or indirectly inoceeded from those erroueus principles ; it follows, that to emancipate the humoti ace from error, and from the evils of error, in principle nd practice that society must be induced to abandon hose principles and practices, and openly ttf adopt the inchnrging lawa of Uod respecting hnmanity, and to reonstruct the social system of man. honestly and consisently, in conformity with those divine laws. There can be no doubt as to the truth, goodness, anl leneflcence of the laws of Ood, or of the incalculable r<>od that would he attained by their introduction into iractice, and not to a portion only of mankind, but to ivery child of the human family ; and now the only difltiuhy to be overcome ie to devise proper means by which he change from the false principles end injurious pracices, emanating from men, to true principles and benefice! practices, may be accomplished greatly and permalently to the advantage of every individual, whatever may >r-their condition, rank, or station, in any nation throuhiut the world. This is now proposed to be done, and n accordance with the deeply and well considered Declaation of Independence intendod to secure equal rights and ijast equality to all. But equal rights and a just equality to Jl, according to that declaration, justly deemed the pride if the human mind, can be obtained in practice or by the intire abandonment of the local prejudices of latitude ind longitude, inexperience or ignorance of men. which :ave emanated from the fundamental principles of humanly never known to change, and which are evidently tcrnal lawa of the great creating power of the universe, rhls change is alono necessary to convert the present haos of society into a state of piogressive improvement ind order, that will soon regenerate mankind and proluce a general, prosperous and happy state of existence, lot to a few but to all. These prejudices of mere latitude and longitude have iroduced the most degrading and injurious circumstances broughout society, and hitherto men have been the rreaure of these inferior circumstances, while the principles >f universal truth will of necessity create a now combilation of external circumstances, all of which will he uperior, and will therelore tend continually to elevate he character of the human race, and change tho earth rom being the abode of so much ignorance, wretchedless, ami misery, into a terrestrial paradise, occupied by uperior intellectual beings. This superseding of infe reto on tuo) j Until hii departure from the capital, Mr Wright wil1 ?! remain a* the gueit ef John Van Buren, at the house of nia (Mr Van Buren's) mother-in-law, where John and he ran talk over the mutability of the Albany regency, an 1 :he perfidy of those infernal bolting hunkers! By the , way. Prince John does not exhibit 'itithe of the patience 2! sna forbearance which distingi shed his "illustrious sire" in defeat, tor, instead of smiling blandly and com- w placently upon all, friend and foe, the Attorney Genetal wears vengeance upon "Creswell and the rest." " Revenge! tevenge! Timotheus cries " The Herald must take the Attorney General in charge 1' igain. It will be recollected thai when he went to Eu- ol rope as the " American Trince John," he was introduced 11 io the world of notoriety under the auspices of the He t! raid, and became highly popular at the Court of St James, p where he was regarded as a " swset young Prince," and ni > " broth of a boy." But since he was locked up in the Columbia county jail for giving counsellor Jordan a tc ' punch en the head," as the Hon. Gran'ley Berkeley lavs, his manners are but indifferently good. John must f? :ake a few lessons from the journal of his sire, the sage oi if Lindenwald, end drink slippery-elm tea to quiet his ni nerves, if he desires to occupy the highest office in the *< gift of the people; above all things he must eschew those Is ' freemen and witnesses." tc In haste, yours, SENECA. j? Syracuse, Nov. 13, 1840. Genii Smith and the Colored People? Onondaga Indiani, their Proipects, f-c.?Political Feelings?Business, Amusements, fa. g You are aware that Mr Smith has recently given sway some 140,000 acres of land to the free negroes of p< this State, in lots of from thirty-five to fifty acres each. ** Recently, a delegation of several of the granted was q ent out to aurvey theao lands, and report to a public * meeting, to be called at this place on their return. This d delegation was sent out in consequence of the opinion " expressed by some, oi tho utter valueless quality of the forms given them. The meeting was called?a chair man and secretary appointed , and a number of colored gontlemen addressed the assembly. The principal part ^ at the delegation were of the opinion the lands would y well compensate them for clearing them up, and cu!ti- P rating them. The " fugitive" portion, especially, were ^ pleased. They thought any thing better than slavery, g ind one boy very eloquently said, "he would sooner live with catamounts than with slaveholders." Another aid?" I was as much surprised, Mr. President, to wake up, and find myself a farmer, as 1 should, if 1 bad awoke and found myself a white man."? . Another said?"We have been told Mr. Smith is seek ing office We dont care for that 11 he can get office di we shall be glad ol it, if it will do him any good. We , ? have got his land, and think we hare the best of the bargain, let hiss get what office he may?and it didn't cost f( us anything, either." i Several votes of thanks were passed, highly praising 8 the liberality of Mr. Smith Yesterday, the Indian school house, erected by the r State for the benefit of the Onondaga Indians, was dedi- . cated in the presence of a large number of Indians and rvhites. Speeches were made on the subject by several B white men and Indians. $300 per annum has been appro- 1" priated from the State fund for the support of a white B teacher, and the school will commence on Monday, the B 24th mutant. ? The prospect of the education and future prosperity # of thii fragment of Onondaga, ii very flattering Almost a the entitc portion of the Christian party are decidedly in C favor of civilization and schools Several of the Tagan A party enter with much favor upon the enterprise With the large tract of excellent lands in their posses- , lion, if properly educated, they have every facility for i gieat wealth and prosperity ; and it w,U be but a few \ years, from present appearances, before they will avail N themselves ol the advantages in their power for eleva- l'l Uon, prosper ty and happiness. U The results of the election have left a very peculiar K state of feeling among politicians in this community. It ? is haid to say which party has been defeated, leaving out , <j the Governor. The democrats contend the whigs have no rieht to sav the State is whir since the I imier.ent I Governor is a democrat. Or if they have gained a victo- A ry it will do them but little good?spoiliwise The whig*, on the other hand, regard the result ai a clincher {,' upon the other party, and are very sanguine in the beliel L that in 1848 they will carry the Union The weathor ha* been and ia atill very mild and favor. M able for the tianaaction of (all business Bulla, dancing achoola, concerta, Lyceum concert*, meeting*, oyater suppers, partiea, Jcc , kc , now become . tho order ol the evening, and with our citified habiii, we are expecting " lota of fun,'' this winter. d< at Court of General Sessions. 01 Before the Recorder and two Aldermen. ? Nov. 21.?John Brant, convic'ed yesterday of a petit nj larceny, in having stolen a pieco of cloth and a coat worth $20 from the premiiea No. 64 Walker street, was w brought into Court this morning, and sentenced to bo Imprisoned in the penitentiary for sia month* Morrell Dale, indicted for o grand larceny In alealing i fine drab overcoit, alleged to be worth $.10, was p. r- *' mitted to plead guilty to a petit larceny and was sou in tenced to three month* impriaonanent in the penitentiary. p Francis Henderson also pleaded guilty to a petit larcany. Judgment suspended, and the accused di*. ri charged. ... " William Kirk, on being arraigned for receiving stolen gooda, entered a plea of guilty, and was sentenced to be imprisoned in the penitentiary for the term of two nl year*. ..... . Recognizanni Diickargea ?In the case of Oscar Hoyt ind Herman Nichola, indicted for an assault and battery, with intent to kill, and in which caae the jury were una- c' l>le to agree upon a verdict, eleven having been In la- se vor of an acquittal, on motion cf Jamos M Smith, jr., E?q., their counsel, they were discharged from their re- y anixancee. The grand inquest then came into court, . e<1 mode their ^presentment, after which they were die- | an charged, and tha court adjourned for the term. [ atzi II!!.' 1, I ... . - 1 1 1 Aiss-?? 19, UtS Th' Poti'feal Msesmrntf ofthr Day - WK<rt Srr:? I (. The wave* of tho political ocean, whi U ware lashed into teniff.; magnitude, by the tempest of the rocent ator- t iny election, have aoarculy subsided era they ate again | * tot in commotion by the approach ol the tune for the as- J| eeruMiig of the Legislature, and the activity ol the ele- 0 n.o.oaof kj leug prevailing here. Although the r hnr .-r. '> lute fdleu into aetoful minority, through the bitterness arid strife of the contending aectioni of the u party, and notwithstanding the aevere leieon that has c boon given by the people to the managers in Albany. 1 yet so Jeep, so embittered is the hatred sustained by one p section of tho democracy towards another, that there is g no prospect of a cessation of factious warfare, nor any f hope of a Anal and effectual healing of the dissensions j ? which exist. The disastrous detest of the party by the t total disregard which has been manifested in different 4 parts of the State, to "regular nominationa," and the ' want of harmony among the leaJers, instead of calming t down the passions and enmity of men, seeaas only to ? have added fuel to the fire already raging; and nothing , but the total tuin and overthrow of the party will cause a the raging elements of disunion to cease. Not from a 8 few embers which may bs saved from the general confla- , gration can the party in thia State be built ap again to its a former eminence, power, and strength. From the ashes, j I the ashes only, will i: rise again. I am persuaded that r nothing will be done?indeed, nothing can be done, e to stay the progress of the consuming elements of 1 discord which have been fanned rather than quenched C hv the recent disasters of the party. The defeat of i a Silas Wright has had the effect?not like that of a <1 bower of rain?to ')'iench the domes, or dampen the n ardor of the barn-burners, but rather that contrary one of pouring ipirita of wine into a heated furnace ; : V and the whole edifice of the democratic party, a* at pre- t sent organized, must fall a victim to its fury and lay low t in the dust before it caa be successfully and permanently o rebuilt. r The democratic papers throughout the State have al * ready begun anew their strife and bitterness, and under t the pretence of accounting for tho "recent results," are 1 indulging in fuiious denunciations of each other. The ? Albany Altai has added wormwood to the gall in which > it was wont to dip its quill, and vitriol itself could not ! r ad'l to the intensity of its onslaughts ; while the Cayuga i * Toctin has turned its quiver of arrows from the Argut 1 and the "Old Hunkers," to dart its venomed barb directly d at Father Ritche, and the " general admistration,"? r charging that Mr Polk and his cabinet exult over the li defeat of Mr. Wright. The Argui replies t# these dif f' forent journals with the skill of a master spirit?parrying 1' [he thrusts with all the science of an expert and wary politician. r The storm which has burst in full fury upon the demo- f :ratic party had been for a long time brewing; it com- ? nenced long before the Baltimore Convention assembled, c ind the result of that convention was not to originate. tj out to allay the then threatening mutterings of internal a liscord. It will be recollected that after the Baltimore n Convention had made its nomination, and aiter the adournment of Congress, Mr Wright, ia a speech made at j P Castle Garden, said that "all private griefs had been for. ? ?ver buried in the ashes of the great national council ? ire " The result shows that they were not buried for- ? tver ? they were only hidden for a time, to be raked out n ind dragged forth before the country to excite men's < r minds to mutiny and discord. The opposition manifested i 1 Fiy the friends of Mr. Van Buren to the administration of * Mr Polk in the eaily days of its existence, and the hitter- n aess exhibited by the regency at Albany towards those T who were disposed to act independently of its dictates? P Ihe proscription?the strife?the wrangles and disputes c In Congress, and more particularly in our State Legislature?all went to show that they wore not buried or lor- ? ? otten, but slumbered only, to be awakened into greater 11 powers of destruction and ruin?and he who proclaimed c them buried in "the national council fire" has been the a first to fall, and fall forever, beneath the fury and force of '' the sterm to which he has since so largely contributed. " Divided as is the democratic party in this State, the " whig patty are but little better off. for, while the demo- a sratic papers are indulging incrimination and recrimina- c tion, the whig journals?the Evening Journal, Tiihune, Courier and Enquirer, and Exprest, are endeavoring, by 0 ill possible means, to get the whig party into the same c swkward position that the democrats find themselves in. r< Meanwhile, John Young, the Governor elect, (to the u great disappointment of Col. Webb and Charles King,) is D recovaring his health, and bids fair to enjoy a leng and n prosperous life?the prediction of the Courier that he u wouldn't live to be inaugurated, to the contrary notwfth- p standing. And Lieutenant Governor Gardiner has no !' idea of resigning, whatover. but is now here, presiding 'j Jver the Court of Krrors, with his usual urbanity and im- " partiality. Permit me here to remark that the vote of : P he State will show that Gardiner runs ahead of Wright, H lot only in the anti-rent counties, but in almost every (l :ounty in the State, except the city of New York, show- ci ng cither his great strength with the people, or Cato's ? weakness. Mr. Wright?the fallen statesman?the "American Cao" with a K?bears his overthrow, disastrous as it is, vith becoming dignity and philosophy, and is already ireparing for a speedy return to tho rocky shores of the Jt Lawrence river, his household furniture being all zj racked, ready to be shipped for home before the canal * :loses. (Belore the canal closes'. Ah! that infernal " lansl, and those d?d contractors, upon whose schemes "ato put a veto, and who, in return, ungratefully put a , lor oy superior circumstances, win regenerate manind. 10 as to change ignorance into knowledge, pover> into wealth, crime into virtue, diieaae -into health, isunion into union, and consequently man iato a supeior being, while his race in every succeeding genera ion, will advance in excellence and happiness, the inmts of every now generation becoming at birth superior 0 the preceding. To change the present inferior circumstances for supeier will be to re-organize society in accordance with be laws of God respecting humanity. This re-organiation will include arrangements to well educate each hild from birth, physically, mentallv. morally, and pracically, that he may become a healthy, intalligent, good nd profitable member of society to ensure his own perisnent happiness. 3d ?Arrangements to well employ each endowment, hysically and mentally, through life, in order >hat he lay be kept in the best state of health, and highst happiness, physical and mental, and be the meat protable to himielf and society, for withont occupation 1 an has been made not to enjoy his existence. Arangements to place all individuals, from birth, in uperior circumstances to be well educatedy employed, nd governed through life: that is, to place them in the aidst of superior and virtuous, instead of inferior and icious circumstances, in order that all shall become auerior in character and couduct, for man must he the reature of 'he circumstances which exist around him. 4th.?Arrangements to well direct and govern all in orer that wealth may he always regularly created a abundance, justly and beneficially distributed ; the haracter of each well formed and sustained through life, Uo. that inferior circumstances may he made continual y to give place to superior?that the happiness of all lay be permanently secured in n regular progression bniugh every succeeding age, and to which continued dvance in knowledge, excellence and happiness there an be no assignable limits. it is thoughtlessly said by the impracticable*. throughut society, because inexperienced in these higher branhes of social affairs in the laws of humanity, and the rsi business of life, that this superior state of existence pen emth is unattainable, and unattainable because isa is so depraved and bail by nature. This ia a lusi jRuumiii, ?:iu a gross ii vi upon Humanity, ana pon the power which created it and this erroneous imresnoH proceed-* from the mine cause that induces men i the higher walks ot lif to neglect the education of the idustrious clanes, and ihen to find fault with and punish lem for their ignorance. To well place, educate, etnloy and govei u all in a high state ot' affluence and moility, will soon be found to be far more easy than to connue the present counteracting and chaotic state of soiety.andthe mean* by which to accomplish this change i practice shall be explained in letter No. 2. ROBERT OWEN. U. 8. Commissioner's Office. Before Commissioner Oardiner. The Murder and Piracy Cose.?Yesterday morning amuel Daly, colored, one of the cr>w of the Harriet, as arrested by Deputy Marshal Collins. There are o\v three in custody; another man has also been arrest1, and detained as a witness. We understand there are tree others yet at large, amongst whom is a white man, amed John Sheridan. There wua considerable excite eut, to-day, in and about the offices belonging to the nited States Circuit and District Courts, inconsequence T this extraordinary affair. We understand tbe log aek of the Harriet was saved from the wreck, and that contains an entry, stating that the crew were in a state F mutiny, at or about the time of tho captain's death, he prisoners have been committed for examination, hich is to take place on Monday morning. The City Post Office. I!* IIkkald,?As soon as you can find a spare corner i jour invaluable columns,would you call the attention f our worthy postmaster to the necessity of having a slice near where the drop letters are put in, stating iat letters to be sent to Europe mast have something . re-paid on them before they leave this country 7 I have, lyself, within the last two weeks, prevented four partus from depositing letters there, in one of which 1 was lid there was a remittance of $25, the poor girl, who as sanding it was a servant girl and could scarcely be nind when the letter wonld be epened in the dead letter lllce, and the poor girl may thus lose the earnings of laiiy a day's toil, and the poor people te whom it was inding, perhaps iu the present state of destitution in Iremd, deprived of the means of keeping body and soul isother. I have no doubt that manv litters are thus lit in our post office, and all for tha sake of saving abont alf a dollar, which would pay tor painting a tew tin gns. In such a case, what becomes of the remittances 7 ^^^^^^^^HIBERNICUS. lUicnmatlsm, Stiff Joints, White Swell. ics, U.mt, fcc ? Compound Syrup of Hydriodate of Potaaia, arsapanllaand Yellow Dock Roe 'The abote is prepared uin iiiv parvn articles, ana is recoinmcnava as tne best sad illy sore care for rheumatism at this srasoa of the year, eseeially. It is ef the greatest importance, as it will remove [I those eitremely unpleasant symptoms, severe p.iius, stiffess of the joiuts, back, shoulders. Sic. It thus purities and lichens the circula'ien, anil leaves everv pa t of the ammil conomy in a perfect state of health. The virtues of esch rticle h ive l.iug been known to the facal'y, a id by their juicious admixture their effects are grei'ly mcressed. For lie by CllAKLKS H. KINO, Druggi.t, corner Broadway and John st. Biug's Cough Candy for sale a* rbeve. tsm NuTljkUon of tus Onto Kiver. Placet. Time State of River. incinnati, Not. 10 7 loet,lolling. ('heeling Not. 18 6ft. 8 in., fulling. ittsburg Not. 17 6 ft. falling ouisTilla 1 Not 13 6 fl 7 in .falling. DION ICY MA11KKT. Saturday, Nor. 5*1?0 P. M. There is nothing new in the stock market to-day Quoitions remain about the same as those current jestersjr, but the business transacted in fancies was to some ale at We annex the current quotations in this market for ireign and domestic exchange, for uncurrent money, ad for specie- ? rorcion KieHSMOES ondou 106 a 107 Hamburgh 34Ks36 arts Sf 40 ai 37X Bremen 77)6a7S .mate rdam 38){a39 UOMKSTIC KlCHAXRr*. oston...... par. a X dis. Mobile par. a X die niladelphia .|>?r. a % do New Orleans.par a >4 prem. altimore ....par a W do Nashville J dit iclimond. ...1 a 1>? do St. Louis I*a 2 do /llm ton, NL.2 a2i do Louisville..,.. IX* 2 do hsrlestou ... 1 a 1)4 do Cmciunatti 2 a 2)4 do svanush IX* 2 do Pittsburg IMa IS do ugust*. ISi 2 do Detroit 2)?? J do nlumbus... , IX * 2 do Buffalo 1 a 1"* do .palachieola.. I)4a * do Albauy Xa? UncuaaiciiT Mover. Bought at Sold at. Bought at. Sold at. England dis par. -Mobile, sp pg 1)4 dis. 1 de )bvTroy,kc, )4 do X do New Orleans. 1). do V do I. country. X do SI do Ohio 1)4 do 1)4 do ew Jersey.. > do X do Indians 2 do 1)4 de himdelphia.. '4 do par. Kentucky.... 1)4 do IX do altimore ... ). do )4 dis. Tennessee,. .3 do 2X do iriinia IX do X do Missouri IX do 1)4 de . Carolina.. 2 do iX do Michigan.... 3 do 2 do Carolina.. .IX do I do Canada 3.X do 2)4.do eorgia 1)4 do 1 do QeoiaTioiss eon Hrrcn. P-r rent. Value. mer. gold,old..IOC 1 IMK Carol us dellart. .104 a IOC do do new.. 100 a 100W Kir* francs 93Xa 94 alfdo'Nrs psr a lOOX Doubloons... ..13 Oil a 10 00 rtoaiie e add.. 100 a 100X Do patriot. .15 33 a 15(10 amvli dr.llara. ..1*1 a 103 Sovereigns 4 03 a 4 97 do i|nvitera.. 00 a 100 4)0 light.... 4 (2 a 4 94 leaican dollars. .tuoVia 'M.X Heavy guineas 5 00 a ? ? do un*iiera...99 a 100 Napoleons.... 3 03 a ? ? Koreig'i ixchngi* are steadily settling down to the iweat poiu a. ottili ig lulla have become ao much reiced, that we look tor an exportation of specie very ion to a very large amount The Oreat Weatern brought it eighty thouiand dollars, and the Acadia one hundid and fifty thousand dollar* in apecie, which ia a begining of the movement, destined to flood our market* itbthe precious metals. Domestic exchange continue* yery heavy, both a* to smand and quotation*. Uncurrent meney ia plenty cough, and considerable business ia dene in the street 1 the way of rcdomption. The Counterfeit Bank Note elector* find it very difficult to keep run of all the apuout hank bills in circulation, aa the new iasuosoome to ght *0 rapidly Our quotation! for apecie remain without any materiel teretion. A* yet there has been very little activity In e precious metala. The Utica and Schenectady Reilroad Company have oaed a contract with two establishments in New Jery, for 6,900 tons ef iron rails, to weigh 04 lb*, to the >rd. This, we believe, ia the heaviest rail yet order1 by any company. The contract ia sufficient for the '1 itire length of the road. The collection* at the rhiladelphia.offlce of the Co.