Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 23, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 23, 1846 Page 2
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W'" !!' - H.'WHWWW NEW YORK HERAliD. >? w York, Tlondny, November '43, 184<i. Who Is to be our next President ??When are we to travel on n streak or Lightning 1 These are highly important questions They are as important to the man of science as to the politician ; to Le Vervier, the young astronomer of France, as to Prince John, the (young politician of Kimlerhook. As an impartialjxnd independent commentator on the unchanging phase of the moon and of the political events, we propose to take a look at the various elements ol success which seem now to inspire the two great parties in the country, in reference to the fast upproaching Presidential contest of '48, and leave the reader to draw his own inferences. The whig party possesses many elements of great strength. It is (clear that they nave the nar lorial cvm nufliv with in n a fur n u ? i a their avowed policy to encourage the mechanic arts and all lorms of home industry, in preference to foreign. The tariff question will, therefore, be a tower ot' strength for the whig# in the coming contest. They will also pay successful court to the great interests of the West, by the favor they have ever shown to all schemes (or the improvement of river?, lake harbors, ire. &c. Tliat general feature of whig policy which professes to respect and to sustain all existing interests in contradistinction to the tgrw j fat nut policy of following after the doubtful light of new theories and imprac- i ticable rt-forms, will also appeal with great force to popular favor. But with all these advantages, the whig party is essentially weak in many respects. It is weak in a ridiculous assumption of sociul superierity?it is weak in the egotism of superior wealth?it is weak in its anti-national traditions?it is weak in its avowed want of confidence in the sovereign efficacy of popular intelligence and virtue. As a party, the whigs place no reliance on that public reason which is alike the instrument of power and the judge of its exercise. Tiie democratic party has also its elements of peculiar strength and especial weakness. It is strong in its confidence in the fortitude of the final judgment of popular opinion. It is strong in its traditional patriotism. It ij strong in its universal Hostility to aristocratic rule and the undue influence ot money over mind and opinion. It is strong in the general intelligence and explici D.iuyoi iu moones 01 popular government, uui it 15 weak in the divisions which reign throughout the party, in reference to the currency and the tariff. In many States there are unfortunate local causes of distention which have led to recent defeat; and unless a common sentiment of danger should eradicate them, will effect their linal overthrow. If the democratic party could once come to a permanent understanding in accordance with publio sentiment, on the subject of the currency and the tariff, there would be no chanco for the wings. Wo have thus sketched the peculiar outlines of each party, ;?r se, as John Tyler would say. But both parties have other, and perhapsgreater, difficulties to overcome in the rival pretensions of their respective leaders. Beginning with the whig leaders at the North, and we have Mr. Webster, whose splendid intellect has low equals, either in the general compass of mental attainments or in their especial applicability to the science ol government. But Mr. Webster, notwidistanding his great capacities of usefulness, ia borne down, probably beyond the reach of redemption, by the hereditary and longcherished sin of iederalism, strongly tinctured, as it ever has been, with a reported sympathy and partiality for every thing English ?hnglUh laws, English principles o 1 government, English nobility, English policy, and English asCMidancy over all other nations. Such were the features and preferences of ancient federalism, in which Mr. Webster was, most unfortunately both for himself and his country, schooled and nurtured, till the whole frame of his mind became, perhaps involuntarily, but thoroughly, anti-Americanized. Still the partisans of Mr. Webster are suificieiktly numerous and attached to render his claims an effective obstacle to the success of any uuier ctuiuiuaie vu mo nonors 01 me cniei magistracy. Mr. Clay, the standing aspirant of the last twenty years, possesses great and universally acknowledged abilities, and ha* rendered his country eminent service by the brilliancy and the power ol his eloquence, as well as by the practical and useful character of the leading schemes of policy which he has advocated through a long public, life. No one contests the elevation and the purity of his patriotism. Old as he is, could he once rcach the Presidency, there can be 110 doubt that the iron character of his will, and the enlightenment ofhis mind on all subjects touching the material interests of the country, would give us an administration that would leave a deep and lasting impression,- for good or for evil, on the luture Idrtunes of the republic. But Mr. Clay has been so long before the publij, without ever having reached the aim o( his ambition, that a very general sentiment j>ervades the public mind 9 that the fates have declared against him, and that all future efforts to place him in power will be as vain as those which have already so olten failed. He, therefore, cannot probably be made a candidate of the whig party, with any unanimity or chance of success. Judge McLean, of Ohio, is, perhaps, the only _ other candidate of tlie whigs who will seriously contend for the succession. His claims to popular favor rest mainly on the universally acknowledged enlightenment of his mind, purity ofcharacter, and superiority and well balanced abilities. Endowed with extraordinary vigor of mind, a commanding dignity ot character and rectitude of perception and judgment, with the-embellishments of successful study, and a long practical observation of the workings and defects of our institutionshe is perhaps better fitted than any other man of his party to give tlie country a wise and just administration of its affairs. Disconnected from all rliqxttt, unlike Mr. Clay or Mr. Webster in this ! respect, the character, known and well settled opinions, of this distinguished man, offer the best rallying ground for the whigs. But whether th? friends of the other candidates will agree to unite on him, is the question which time only can solve. He seems the only whig candidate rigainst whom there are no antipathies, and who unites tne confluence ot the popular mamei nnd the more intellectual portion of society. There are other aspirants ol a secondary class, but none whose claims or abilities are likely to attract the serious attention of the President-mak- J ing public for the present. We come now to the candidates of the democratic party. At the North we have Judge Woodbury, who, of all others, would bo more acceptable to the South than any man out of the slaveholding States. But he is on the supreme bench, and there he will be suffered to remain, at least for the ptesent; still his friends will excrcise a political influence over the choice that may be fixed on. Then comes Silas Wright, the defeated candidate for Governor of this State. Mr. Wright is undoubtedly a man of very good parts and considerable experience in party legislation and party management in this Slate.? On the wider field of national legislation lie never rose above the level of a dozen other Senators, whe have never been thought of for the Presidency. But Mr. Wright had the advantage of being a Senator of the largest State in the Union, and the intimate friend of Mr. Van flu. rcn?a friendship which has cost him dear. Unfortunately f<ir Mr. Wright, he has been too closely identified with the barn-burning 9 i l*rt.on oi th* democrat party in S*w % crlr, | and i? rori'i'tarcct *i'ch ? perfect residuary embodiment of \ aii Barenism, that he haa brought upon himself the enmity of that great portion of tiie democracy of the whole country, who opposed the restoration of Mr. Van Ruren to power, as well as the unmitigated hostility of the old hunliers. Perhaps the future ma/ open a new and more brilliant career to Mr. Wright. But while he suffers himself to be so justly considered as the avenger of the wrongs and misfortunes of Mr. Van Buren, he ha* nothing to hope, either in this State, or from the democracy ot tho country. It there are other leaders, who hope to rise Phu'nix-like from the ashes of Van Burenism, they will do well to be warned in time by the fato of Mr. Wright. Pennsylvania presents the names of Mr. Buchanan and Mr. Dallas, the first of whom only has any considerable number of partizans. Mr. Buchanan has an active body of political friends in his native State, and the prudent and successful manner in which he has conducted our foreign relations, is gradually giving him great strength, as a public man, in every part of the country. But what with the distraction in the party caused by the tariff question, together with internal dissensions in Pennsylvania, it is not probable that his friends will urge him on the country for forty-eight, although all must confess that he has the abilities and experience to make a splendid President. Mr. Calhoun, like Mr. Clay, has been before the country as an aspirant to the Chief Magistracy for sumo m my years, ana, hkp nis great rival, lie nan been thwarted at every turn by cliques ol politicians of the small polatoe or sausage order. Hit personal character is unexceptionable, bis manners engaging, and his powers of reasoning on admitted premises, altogether superior. ^Bnt in the estimation of many, Mr. Calhoun is a man of extreme fixed ideas, which have at all times led his mind to conclusions that have been beyond the reach of the mass. He lias had the undaunted boldness to advance ideas that no o'her man would or perhaps could advance. We have witnessed him laboring for the annexation of Texas and refusing to sustain a war with Mexico, which came upon us as the consequence of this annexation; and yet he has, probably, reasons for.his policy. His constitutional scruples will not permit him to construct harbori to protect the commerce of the Lakes, but he has discovered that the great rivers that empty into the Gulf of Mexico are inland seas, and within the scope of constitutional improvement. Great as is the respect entertained for the genius and character of Mr. Calhoun as a man, his mind is probably too great and elevated to ever place him in the presidential chair. We believe, however, that his friends are determined ! to run him in 1848, at all hazards. Mr. Benton has somehow worked himself out of favor with his own party. He is still "Old Bullion," but the huge paws have not that love for hi m that they once had. It has b?eu his great error to yield nothing to the understanding of other men, and to make his friends feel the lash of his authority. Scarcely a shadow of his once great name can now be discerned on the political horizon. An interested few will not aucceod in any at tempt to bring forward Mr. Polk for re-election. It a remarkable feature in th<* 1 oryofMr. Polk's political life, that ho Las alw n ambitious of consistency, integrity, trut! d purity of^ motive. Wp wonder if he li -ucceeded in all these ! Add to these the nuttlt it ol the Oregon question, the extension of our :ory by the annexation of Texas, New Mexico, and California, and the measure of his ambition, however great, y will be full; and for all these, ho is more indebted to Messrs. Calhoun, Tyler, Upshur, and Buchanan, than to himself. Without really believing that such would be the case, Mr. Polk's administration will, by adventitious circumstances, be one of the most glorious in the past or future history of the country. And Mr. Polk knows too well the value of the great reputation he is destined to leave to history, to sacrifice it in a vain effort to accomplish impossibilities. Still he may prove his weakness by attempting to run tor another term. General Cass, of Michigan, has had the peculiar good fortune to have been long conspicuous'y connected with the political history of the country, without having be#n drawn into the angry wrangles of party conflicts, and has therefore not to encounter the dangers of those personal hostilities and friendships which are incident to them. He enters the lists with acknowledged superior abilities, and a long train of militaiyand civil services. The public will not forget that to General Cass this country and the world is indebted, that the right of search is not at this moment the law of nations. But in Cass we have the embodiment of the 54 40 men, and that will injure him among the peace men of the extreme right. Cass, however, seems to be the most eligible candidate for the democratic party, if we take a western view of his chances, as McLean is for the whigs. These two men, both children of the great West, will dispute the paternal domain with nearly equal chances of success. Any reasonable calculation will concede the whole constellation ot Western States to either of these candidates, unless the other is in the field, if either of them should be taken up, the other, perhaps, must be brought forward, as a matter of necessity, by the opposing party, to preserve anything I ke an equal contest, for the great West is now becoming the great ronserviitive power for the politician. McLean will probably be the second choice ol the friends of Webster, Clay, and all the minor and hopeless aspirants among the whigs, as Cass will probably beol the friends of Woodbury, Wright,Buchanan, &c. We observe very general and decisive indications ol a disposition on the part of the late friends of Governor Wright to tall back on Gen. Cass, since the late election in this State. The instinct of self-preservation is no where so strong as among politicians. Friendships and enmity are alike forgotten; and that standard is sure to be followed which is most certain to win the j .r _i ? i ? - - I uny. v? r, uicrciuit-, siiomu 1101 De surprised lo see Cass and McLean the opposing candidates for 1848, and no other selectionswiil offer the interest of so much doubt as to the result. But other elements are to be introduced, noltnt volenr, into the contest?the Mexican war?t'-e acquisition of new territory?and slavery. Houston, Crittenden, Clayton, "Old Kough and Ready," aro elements too powerful to be disregarded. After all the calculations made on both sides, the " old hacks" may be thrust aside, and two new men brought forward. Our surprise would not be too great for utterance were Sam Houston to be the candidate of the democratic party, and Zach Taylor the candidate of tha whig and native party. But of this we shall see. Meanwhile, however, we advise the politicians of the land to watch the progress of events at the ensuing session of Congress. See what turn the slavery question may take. The South is determined to have its position defined on this question, and in this the South is right. Tit* rbturn or Steaxkr SoirTimtttR.?This vessel, which left here for Charleston on Saturday afternoon at four o'clock, returned to port yesterday morning, having at eleven o'clock on Saturday night, when fifteen miles south of Barnegat, been run into by schooner Pilgrim, from Philadelphia for Boston.? The S. sustained but little injury ; part of her rails were carried away, and about a dozen buckets from one^of her wheels. She could very well have proceeded on her voyage, but her captain, for fear he might meet with a gale, very judi ciously put back to have her repaired She brought back with her the bowsprit of the choonci. New- from Sotrw autnj. * ?l?f the arrival oi ihebnik Kttnomou!, Mtnsfleld, from Rio Janeiro, and brig Arab, Capt. Baratuv.', irorn Montevido, we have files to the 4th October from the former place, and to the 30th September from the latter. The news is not of great importance, except in relation to the affairs of the Rio de Plata. Fp>m all appearances it seems probable that an alliance Will be formed between Brazil, Paraguay, the Banda Oriental, Corrientes and Entr? Biosagainst Bosas, and compel him to retire beyond Parana, leaving the the navigation of the river free. In Brazil great military preparations were being made, especially in the cavalry, though nothing positive cotdd be sa id of the object ol the government. Sr. Joaquim Franc* had been appointed Governor ofMaranham, and Sr. M Antonio Galvao over the provinces ol Southern Bio Grande. Baron Datfaudis, it was stated by the Rio papapers, sailed for Europe in the English steamer Alecto, on the 19th October, while the Montevidean journals merely speak of the Alecto's being under sailing orders for some specific purpose. Tiie latest accounts from Corrientes show that i Madariga had joined the Rosas party, and (hat ; Urqaiza was leagued with them, though our correspondent, whose letter we give btlow, is of a different opinion. It was also rumored that another revolution had broken out in Corrientes, against the brothers Madariga, that in consequence the Paraguian army had approached to the frontiers, and another Governor of the province had been appointed. % Legal measures had been taken against the Courritr du Bratil, the Oactta di s Trikuiuiot, the Mticantil, and the Journal do Cammercin, by the government of Brazil, on account of sogie alleged infrartinn of tli? Inw milhnrismtr their mililir.nt inn "The Comtrcio del Plata of the 27th September, says that the.main reason of tho failure of Hood's mission was the refusal of Rosas to withdraw his troops till after the raising of the blockadc; and while his troops occupied the territory there could have been no free election for President, as was intended by the treaty. The annexed letter will be read with interest:? Rio db Janeiro, Oct. 3,1846. On 30th September H. M. brig Oriffon, arrived from Montevideo, nailed thence on 16th ult. Three days after Mr. Hood left in the steamer Gorgon, for England, having important despstches to be forwarded to England by the packet, (to sail to-morrow.) The purport of theie despatches was quite a mystery, until letters were received from Montevideo to day, dated 18th ult., which 1 think entitled to credit; they inform that tho despatches relate to a proposition made by Paraguay to the English and French governments to put 30,000 men into the field, provided they will acknowledge the independence of Paraguay ana make a treaty witb her; these forces to be employed against Gov. Rosas, and oblige him to consent to the free navigation of the Tarana. Gov. Madariga, of Corrientes, whose conduct for some time past has been very mysterious, hau come out in favor of Rosas, which had caused great discontent, and there was every prospect that he wonld be deposed, the majority of the people being warmly opposed to Rosas, and in favor of an alliance with Paraguay. Gen. Urquiza was said to be wavering, and might probably be induced to take part against Rosas, particularly if there was a fair prospeat ot resisting him, and of his being elected as Governor of Entre Rios, of which piovince he is a native. He has been on? of Rosas's most active Generals. There is but little doubt of Brazil having signed a treaty offensive and defensive with -Paraguay, and that very shortly she will declare war against Beunos Ay res, the plan being to form a coalition with Paraguay, Banda Oriental, Conientes and Entre Rios, so as to confine Roto the other side of the Parana, and finally to open the free navigation of this river, which will be of immense advantage to all these States, which, if peace and good government are once established, would be the liiiebt in the world for European emigration. Brazil has a large foice now in the province of Rio Grande; is augmenting it and making preparations for opening the campaign in the summer season. She has a respectable naval l'oice at River Plate, has lately bought an Austrian cor vuiii bui|i, uua is muug uui uiuui vcmu uiu teamen. Hostilities were commenced at Montevideo immediately alter Mr. Hood left, by Oiibe'a force*, and Gen. Riveira was about to leave for Colonia to take command of the troop* he had left in the campa, when the negotiations with Mr. Hood were commenced, and which then amounted to about 1,600 men, with every prospect ot being 10 increased aa to give Oribe great annoyance. The blockade of Buenos Ayres wai ao slightly kept up, that large quantitie* of produce were arriving at Montevideo, and a great part of the good* found their way up to Buenos Ayres and Lntro Rioa. Some think that the difficulties will be settled immediately on Mr. Hood's arriving in England; but before new orders can come out, I am of opinion that some active measures will be taken by Braxil and Paraguay, ao as to settle them without European interference. On the 24th inst. the Denmark brig Scandinavian arrived, towing the American pilot boat Absha Jenkin?, which had struck upon the English bank, loaded with a cargo of flour. The Scandinavian had on board an officer and 16 men of the U. S. brig Bainbridge, and the captain and crew of the A. Jenkins. The latter vessel had lost about 600 barrels of Hour, and the rest of the cargo, 1000 barrels, was to bo sold on account of whom it might concern. Intelligence from Cuba and Yucatan.?By the arrival of the bark Rapid, we have files of the Diurio de la Marina to the 7ili inst. The papers contain nothing of interest. Our news from Mexico is later than that received at Havana. An arrival had brought news from Yucatan, to the 25th Octo'.er. The claim of tho American vessel Bolivar, had been ordered to be paid; for what, we do not know. The Yucatanese were definitely annexed to the central power at Mexico, and would send their delegates to the approaching session of Congress. The Mexican government had re-acknowledged the decrees of December, 1846, as long demanded by Yucatan. The subscription in Havana, for the sufferers by the late gale, was already over eleven thousand dollars. The Diario publishes a list of the houses destroyed by the hurricane of the 11th ult. In all there were 397 destroyed, and 442 Injured. The Spanish brig of war Europa, arrived at Havana on the 4th inst. Jersey City a Port of Entby.?Our merchants are under the impression that they will experience much difficulty and trouble in their business, in consequence of Jersey City being the terminus of the new line of Cunard steamships, that city not being a port of entry. They suppose that clearances and entries must be made at Newark, the entry port of that district. Wa presume that all difficulty can be obviated by making the former a port of entry, which no doubt will be done immediately, and establishing a custom house there. Mtnlcnl Intelligence.. Sivoai ?Alter the most triumphant success at Boston, we are to hear thii unequalled artiit once more in thia city. He will give a grand concert at the Tabernacle, on Friday evening, anil will be assited by muaical talent of the highest order. In vocal muiic we ahall have Signora Pico, Mrs. I.oder, Miia Northall and Signor De Begnimin instrumental muiic, M. Rapetti, with hia orcheatra, Messrs. Fontana, Tirem and I.oder, betidea the magic bow of the wonderlul mantro himself. He will play four pieces : the eighth Concerto of Spohr (nrno rentanlt); a favorite duett, with Rapetti, accompanied by the orcheatra : the "Prayerof M<fce* and the delicious variationa on " Nel Cor." Thia will be the last opportunity that our citizen* will have of bearing him previoua to his departure for the South, and without doubt will be the richest musical treat of the season. IlKinav Hk?7..?The Balltmorr American of the 20th aays that the concert of this celebrated composer and pianist was attended, on Thutslny evening, notwithstanding the very unfavorable weather, by a numerous and very respectable audience ? ' The exhibitions of the professional skill and 1 ttit of Mr. H. were given in the moat effective manner, with all the expression, finished execution and masterly style for whicli he i< so jiutly celebrated. In conse' quence of the disappointment to many who were prevented from attending by the bad weather, Mr. H. haa ; been induced to announce a second concert for Friday evening next. | The Swiss Bell Ringers are at Buffalo, and drawing well. The Hughes Family are giving concert* in Harrisburgh, Pa. Political Intelligence. At tho October election in Florida, J. F. Farrior, whig, was elected ai representative by a majority of one. Considering it not a sufficiently expressed will of tho people, he resigned, waa avain a candidate, and ia elected by 33 votea. Fie is now satisfied. So says an extra of the Apalachicola ddvtrtittr. Court for the Correction or Errors.?NoI vembcr 21, 1846?Present?Lieutenant Governor Oardiner, Chancellor Walworth, and 94 Senators. No. 'J8?T. Penny, vs. The Manhattan Company. Mr. S. A. Koote concluded for plaintiff in error ; Mr. S. Stephens was heerd lor defendant in error. J. H. Coons aoa. R. Norton and al. Motion for writ of error denied. -I ThMtrictlfc PiM "Kin# John." with til it? ac?*l6fi?lfttiUp?rior rung. tcUM *l?*ts, and goigeeus JrUil, will be par fbnned to-irght for the ?erenth time. It seemt to Increase in favor on each subsequent representation, and bring now freed from the unavoidable delay* attendant upOn the flrit two or three nights, it but a continued apectacle of stirring incidents, vividly diaplayad, and charactora admirably delineated. There never haa been a play put upon the stage, in this country, in ao perfect a style; and the efforts of thoae who endeavor to raise the standard of dramatic excellence among us, should be gratefully acknowledged end recompensed by the citizenaof New York upon the success of this nlay will depend onr chances of seeing other sterling plays brought out in the same manner. The evening'a entertainment will conclude with the petite comedy of " Advice Gratis," in which Baas, Andrews, and Fisher perform. We trust to see the house crowded, as it has hitherto been. Bowkbv Theatbe.?Notwithstanding the reduction of prices, an experiment which has succeeded admit ably, the manager does not reduce a whit from the attractions offered. To-night the grand equestrian drama of "Mazeppa" is to be revived with a powerful caat. Mr. De Bar, whose excellence in hia profession we have often alluded to, sustains the character of Mazeppa, assisted in the other principal parts by Booth, Hadaway. Vache, Clarke, and Mrs. Sergeant. The Miaaes Vallee will dance a beautiful German waltz, after which the drama of "Nick of the Woods," in which Mr. Neafie will appear in five characters, and De Bar as "Roaring Ralph." The burlesque opera of t e "Beauty rnd the Beast,1' will al*o be perlormed. We commend much the enterprise of the managemant in offering such extraordinary attraction, and hope to see a continuance of good houses. The Alhamba.?This pleasant resort is rapidly gaining in favor with the up-town public, and the attractions are ever on the increase. Herr Alexander, the celebrated German Wizard, whose astonishing feats in experimental philosophy and natural magic have been witneased by thousands with the utmost wonder, is re-engaged for a few nights mora, and will exhibit some of nis favorite delusions. The Alhamra has greet advantages of position, and is one of the best managed and most commodious saloons in the city, and offers amusements of a chaste an t attractive order. We trust that it will succeed, aa it deserves. Bowebt Ami-uitiikatbe.?The programme of entertainment for this evening presents a good variety of pleasing novelty. Mr. Kemp, the popular English clown, will give soma new feats, and will dance his Antipodean fuudango, which is a most extraordinary performance.? Mr. Runnala, the equestiian, appears in his two horse act, and Camilla Gardiner will give a specimen of her splendid horsemanship. We learn that Sijruor Carlo has something rich in preparation for the holiday?, being a Liliputiau pageant, founded upon a fairv legend. We hall ipeak more ol? it hereafter. Raymond and Waring'* mcnaorrit.?The two or three day* of fine weather laat week gave a chance to people to atir out of doora, and so great was the throng to this establishment, that the proprietor! have been induced to continue in the city another week. Mr. Pierce, daily, at 11 a. m. and 4 P. m , enters the cage with lion, tiger, leopard, and cougar, and it is wonderful to *ee the perfect control he has over their action*. The performance* of the elephant, the poney, and the inonkev, will delight all the young people, and are not of ilignt amusement to "children of larger growth." A new theatre haa been opened in Bangor, Maine ; amongst those engaged there we see the names of Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert, Mrs. Hautonville, and the pretty danseuse Miss Robinson. Prof. Rislev, whose exhibitions with his son have astonishel all Europe, has been wonderfully successful in Italy. In Milan, where Grisi and Taglioni failed, he was called before the curtain seven times in one evening. He, at last accounts, was at Genoa. We have received a copy of the play bill of the performances at the Matamoros theatre. The programme comprised the comedies of the " Irish Tutor," " Hunting a Turtle," negro songs, and dancing. City Intelligence. Common Council?Both Boards meet this evening, when it is expected that certain appointments recently made in caucus will be confirmed. In the Board of Assistants, it is presumed that several reports of committees will be presented, embracing those on the propriety of equalizing taxation, altering conditions of letting priviliges of Jersey City Ferry; expediency of compelling the Harlem Railroad Cc. to take up their rails, from City Hall to the Bowery ; also, on the subject of granting permission to lay rails in Hudson street and Eighth Avenue to McComha Oam, in accordance with the application made by Bloomfield, Bloodgood, and others. Thi Steamer Atlantic.?This fine steamer, which left on Saturday evening at her usual hour for Boston, met with an accident, having received some injury in the piston connected with her machinery. She put back from sea, and was soon placed on the dry dock, where she was promptly repaired, and left yesterday afternoon, about 3 o'clock, for her place of destination. She skimmed along the East River'in beautiful trim. Saves prom Drowning.?A man named John fell into the river at Pier No. 6, yesterday morning, and was i saved from drowning by the officer on duty. This presents the thirty-second case in which life has been saved during the last few months in this vicinity, through the efficient services of the police. The Lamm.?The frequent instances of abuse, in the lighting of the streets, that have occurred within the lut fortnight, is beginning to arrest the public attention. It i* to be hoped that the Common Council will make some effort! to check the abuse. Will it be Believed??It it a remarkable fact, but (till we are assured from an official aource, of ita truth, that the great (Ire of July, 1846, which occurred in the First ward, it atill burning on tome of the lota in the vicinity of Broadway. It would aeem aa if a magic nand had 1)een employed to run np tha immense blocks of buildings that now appear, where lately waa a perfect wreck; and in tne lew lots that yet remain unbuilt upon, the smoke still issues from the smouldering embers of the late fire.*.' The Pake Fountain yesterday favored a crowd of anxious lookers on with a peep at the " Maid of the Mist," who, afltr a long absence, appeared to afford satisfaction to her many admirers. When shall we have the fountain ornamented, aa promited by some of the Common Council? We fear not until the eve of the next spring election; auJ then we shall merely get a " promise'" from some new aspirant for office. Finks.?Another fire took place at No. ill Water it., yesterday morning, which was ascertained to have originated in consequence of some ef the embert of the fire of the previous day having ignited the place ag^in. It was promptly put out. Store No. '200, adjoining, was damaged by the previous fire of Friday. The store belonged to Messrs. Fish and Scott FaotT ? Ice of the thickness of a dollar, was formed in thu neighborhood on Saturday night. eifkaimentt lit Human Magnetism ?The celebrated demonstrator and lecturer on this subject, Professor Rodgers, lectures to-morrow evening at Lyceum Hall, Broadway, near Prince, and his explanations and experiments, to those that have heretofore been offered to the public, will undoubtedly socure for him another of those large and respectable assemblages which have steadily attended his course. Police Intelligence. Juvenile Burglars.?Officer* Shaw and Paulscraft arrested on Saturday, four young boys by the names of John A. Crone, Henry W. Crane, George Babeock and Jeremiah Hedget, on a charge ot burglariously entering the coal office occupied by Mr. Seixes, at the corner of Hammersley ar.d Washington streets, on Friday night last, and?stealing therefrom $9 10 in small change.? Justice Room^ommitted them all for further examineJ tion. Buy in* Stolen Goods.?Officer Hill, of the 8th ward, arrested on Saturday a man by the name of Owen Mci Manus, on a charge of buying goods knowing the same to be stolen. Justice Roome locked him up for exami: nation. Orand larceny.?Officers Read and Kendall, of the 10th ward, atrested on Saturday night,' 'womancalled Mary Brown, on a charge of stealing a quantity of wearing apparel, valued at $6.\ the property of Mrs. Catharine Cunningham. The affove active officer* recovered the whole of the stolen property, stowed away in a house in 16th street, between the 9th and 10th Avenues.' The accused was taken before Justice Roome and committed for trial. Stealing a watch.?A loaferish looking chap was arrested, on Saturday night, on a charge of stealing a watch, belonging to Mr. William Mills. Locked up for examination by Justice Osborne. ji Fugitive from Albany ? Officer Colwell, of Albany, arrested yesterday, in this city, on a warrant, a man by the name of James Keenan, wherein he stands charged with a grand larceny Capt. Boudinot, of the 3rd ward, locked the prisoner up in one of his cells, prior to his being taken back to Albany for trial. Burglary ?The dwelling house occupied by Mr. Stephen Conover, No 110 Leonard street, was burglariously entered on Saturday night last by some bold thief, and an ov#r coat, two or three pair of boota, a lady's shawl, and articles of wearing apparel, atolen there from. No srreit. Arretted on Fuipicio*.?Officer Feeney, of the Sixth Ward, arrested latt night an old thief called Boh Campi bell, on suspicion of stealing a piece of cloth, for which an owner is wanted?apply to the above officer. Locked ' up for examination. I Polling Counterfeit Monty.?Officer Wooldridge, of ' the fith ward, arrested Saturday night, a man called Wm. i McDermott and Kliza his wile, on a charge of passing I a counterfeit $90 bill on the Freeman's Bank. Bristol, ; Rhode Island, on Mr. Thomas Martin, grocer, in Orange street. Justice Osborne committed them both for examination. i Suipicion oj Burglary.?Capt McGrtth, of the Sixth Ward police, arrested on Saturday nights, fellow called I E. Johnson, allaa Moore, on saipicion of committing se! veral burglaries. Locked up. Stealing an Overcoat? An old thief, called Fatrick O'Farreli, waa arrested en Saturday, caught in the act of stealing an overcoat worth $10, belonging to Richard Butler, residing at No. 6 Benson street. Committed for trial by Juatice Osborne. Varieties. General Cass, now in Albany, will deliver an addresa in the city of Boston on Wednesday next, in Salem on Thursday, and in Lowell on Friday. Frederick Reigel, was tried in Pittsburgh,last week, for the murder of his wife ; found guilty in the flrst degree, and sentenced to be hung. A girl ia Wrenham. Massachusetts, who passed herself off u pon her employer, a respectable physician, as posiesse.l of sapernatural powers, was last week aen' tanued by the authorities to the house of correction. He* atteaipts at a sect raising would not go down. The Boiton TYanicripf of Saturday aays:?"The gala of yesterday was severely felt in the country. A large barn waa blown down in Southboro'; and wa have heard , i of some damage to chimniee ia ether town*. ( Nauru Ci*oM?u.?'Toward! tTi? o'o* nf the Me??affo of the Governor of the Statu of North ' srolnia to the Legislature u( that Suta, we huJtli? subjoined paragraph*, being the only cim glancing at " Since the l**t adjournment of the Legislature, auch ehangei have beea wrought in our national allsir* ai to require a brief observation. The United States have ha come engaged in war with a neighboring republic, weaker hu.I ii.feiiar in all the element! of national greatiesi, but still iu>t n contemptible foe While we ter veufly unite i.i ih desirethat our country, in her intercourse wi<h foreign nationi. 'may be alwaya in the light,'an I readily render our loyalty and duty to make her alwayi ?ucce*?ful,' right or wrong,'it u alien to the character of freemen to forbear inquiry into the neceaaity which demand* a reeort to the la?t alternative of nation!, ar into the conduct of the agent* by whom it ha* been produced. By an eaaential provision of our ' Constitution, all queitiom of war are, in the flnt inatance, to be lubjected to the wHl of tha nation itself, which ii to pay it* cost* and feel it* calamities That Mexico had relinquiihed her right to take umbrage at the annexation of Texai, by her conditional recognition of the independence of that republic, and the diplomatio intrigue* connecte 1 therewith-, that the characteristic obatinacy of their race, and the exasperation of feeling from the loss of 10 valuable a territory, might nave ultimately led to a war, may berdmitted. Our Congreia, however, carefully endeavored to remove all cauie of hostility on luch account by acknowledging a dispute 1 boundary between Texas and Mexico in the very act of annexation, and giving auuranr? of liberal terms in ita adjustment. In this poiture of atfairi, without comultation with Congress, though in leuion, by authority of the Executive, a* military commander merely, our army wa? mmU to take po*se*sion of the whole territory in queition. Resistance was attempted, hostilities ensued, and we are thus involved in war on a point of honor?the constitutional department of our own government never having authorized an appeal to force tor the country in dispute, nor deAned any objects for the attainment of which it chould bewtged. While ur arm* are signalized by victoriei, worthy of the nation'! renown, and the ipirit of the people ii ready to uphold the honor of our (lag at any sacrifice, it itill remain! a momentous question, under our institutions, whether Congrei* can be superseded in the power to make war. and the authority given to the Executive, only to effectuate the will ot the Legislature, can be mod to determine and aettle the policy or the'country in matters of boundary or any other. " But with the war actually existing, and demanding a vast increase in the public expenditure, the income of the Government i* put to hazard by experiment* upon the revenue, Anances, und currency. The public lentiment ha* long since decided that the Federal Government shall he maintained, in the time of peace at least, by dutie* on foreign import*. It may be assumed to have been equally well settled in the practice of the nation, that in making such ievie!. din:riminations might be allowed, in the selec'ion of subject! of revenue and in the amount* imfioied. to give encouragement to the production of our own industry. It ii now declared that thia practice hai alwayi been a mischievous error; and, in the midst of the exigencies ofthx Troaaurv u ?r!ir?rj<,. tie* yielding $i~,000,000 a year has been abandoned in lavor of a theoretical?ystem, not expected to produce more if a* much, to the end that protection may be no longer recognised in raining revenue. We are, therefore, probably destined to witness a Ion in the revenue, brought about by a change aiming at revenue only. With appropriation! exceeding ti7ty million* of dollar* per annum, and an income less thin thirty milliona. a relort to higher duties or direct taxation must soon be inevitable. These ail4Monal burdens are not likely to be meliorated, but wiQ r felt with the more severity, from another solemn act of Congress at the last session, ordinarily called the Subtreasury law. By this it is required that, from and after the first day of January next, whatever amount of exaction may be made upon the reople by the government shall be paid in gold and silver coin only, or in treasury notes of the United States. If this law is to be evaded by the officers charged with its execution, (as was said to have been the case in its former partial operation,) its passage was but trifling with the public intelligence. If it is to be executed in the rigor of its conception, it will needlessly and mischievously add to the necessary burdens of the government. With a prospect before us of increased levies, to be paid only in the precious metals, except when treasury notes, the evidence of the government's indebtedness, can be procured in their stead, we cannot but welcome any demonstration of public opinion which promises a change of couniela." The High Price of Coal. NewYokk, Nov. 1846. 8ia It is with great pleaaura I have read your articles, characterizing in pAvper te/ras, and presenting in their really odious light, the attempts of the flour speculators to prey upon the necessities of the poor. You are doing a most distinguished servico to the whole country , and you are acting like a benefactor to tho human race. You have kept tho price of the " staff of life" within reasonable bounds, and you have no doubt prevented the disastrous effects that always follow wild and extravagant speculation. This subject brings to my mind another injwhich we, all the poor,are interested. Can you explain the phenomenon of coal being at $7 per ton, , in the face of large supplies and a reduced tariff I This is a serious matter to thousands, as it comes home to the pookets of those least able to bear it. If it be a wicked J combination among the coal dealers, they should be ex- | posed; if itj is the natural result of other and insur- | mountable causes, we ought to know it, that they may i be exonerated from unjust censure. The avarice of 1 man, however, is always overreaching. H. Illinois Lands.?We refer our readers to < the advertisement of Mr. John Grieg, of Philadelphia, in today's paper, offering fur sale 115.004 acres of first rate land in 1 Illinois, unon lavorahle terms. Fanners iu tikis neighborhood who are desirous of (celling their fortunes in the Western country, will doubtless find this a favorable opportunity for purchasing good and clieap laud. The Bonbardment of Hatamcrx, and Baltic of Ke*aca de Falma ?We are happy to ?av that the appreciating public of New York, croud every day ?t " Gothic Hall," to aee these two mammoth paintings The lirat is the true representation of the bombardment of a city during the night ; the second gives a perfect idea of the intrepidity of our most glorious army. The portraits of (Jen Taylor, . Capt. May, Geu. La Vega, Ike., are expreiaive as likenesses. Portable Shaving Case*.?The undersigned liare devoted iheir uuceaMog attention to the improving and perfecting these useful and necessary articles, and hare ou hand a larte variety, of construction most suitable to the wants of the travelling community; lor sale by 177 Broadway, opposite Howard's Hotel. Fine Cutlery?The subscribers' assortment embraces every possible patteru of pen, pocket, desk and spo'tiug Knife, with a large variety of choice Razors, which will be war/anted to the purchaser. Also, bcissors, Nail Files, tic. Q. SAUNDERS k SO.*. 177 Droadway, a few doors above Courtland street. Rheumatism, Stiff Joints, White Swell. ings, Gout, Stc ?Compound Syrup of Hydriodue of Potassa. Sarsaparilla and Yellow Dock Ron .?The above is prepared ' from the purest articles, and is recommended as the best and only sure cure for rhrum itism at >Itia season of the year, es- . pecially. It is of the greatest importance) as it will remove all those extremely unpleasant symptoms, severe pains, stillness of the joints, baok, shoulders, Sic It thus purities and quickens the circulation, and leaves every patt of the animal economy in a perfect state of health. The virtues of each article hive long been known to the faculty, and by theirjudicious admixture their effects are greatly increased, >or sale by CHARLES H. RING, Druggist, corner Broadway and John st. Wiug's Cough Candy for sale as abeve. tsm Navigation ot the Ohio Rlvsr. MlMt. Time State *f River Cincinnati, Nov. 10 7 feet, foiling. Wheeling Nor. 18.... . 6ft. 8 in., falling. Pittsburg .Nov. 17... . , 4 ft. 6 in .falling Loniirville * Nov 13 ... . 8 fl 7 in , falling. JIUNBV MARKKT. Sunday, Nov. *4'4?0 P. M. The stock market durirg the past week has been very ! j quiet, so far as prices are concerned, although the transactions in the principal railroad fancies have been very large. Harlem and Norwich Si Worcester have been the favorites among speculators, but the large sales have had no influence in sustaining prices. The position of ; our foreign relations begins to attract much attention, and i among capitalists much alarm. It ii supposed by many that the Mexican war has but just commenced, that we hare just got deep enough into the business, to prevent a ' retrograde movement, and that the difficulty of progres! sing every day increases and becomes more formidable, i We are anxious to see the exhibit of the Secretary of the ; Treasury to Congress, as it is our Impression that it will ' give us an inaight into the condition of the Treasury, by no means favorable. The people of this country have not the slightest idea of the expenditures made within the past six months, and we think it will require all the financial genius at the command of the government, to : devise and provide ways and means to carry on the war with Mexico. There can be no improvement of any consequence in | the stock market so long as the national finances continue involved in so much uncertainty and mystery. There are funds enough on hand at present, but the prospect is that the government will require many more more millions of dollars, and so long as the war continues, much difficulty will be experienced in raising supplies. Fifty millions could be raised at the close of the war, much ! easier than ten can be raised while hostilities exists. Wa anns* a tsKU *1_ _ TTO BUUCA lOl'IU VI IJHUlilllUIW iur llir I principal speculative stocks in thii maiketfor each day of the past week, and at the close of the week pravioui:? (trOTATIOR! FOR THI PSINCfral. Stocks ii? th> ,Nk?? York Markkt. Sat'y. ilo'y. 7V?. HVy. Th'y />' 5a1*. Ohio Sites 92* - - ? 92* 921^ ? Kentucky Sixes.100 99^ ? ? ? ? fennsvl'a Kives. 69 6?*J ? CB% 60^ 61,'a ? lllinoii Jl\ ? ? ? 3?)J ? ? Indiana Sites... 32>i ? ? 32* ? ? Hrnling Bond). 73 ? ? 73 73 73 ? Kd'? Mr'ie Udi. ? Reading Rail'd. ?2V - ?3 61* 62?," 63 S3 PfMk WorcM'r#!),' 61* G2X 61* Sufc ?h "V Erie RR., old... - - - 42 41 - ? Erie RR.jnew.. ? ? ? ? ?? Harlem.KR. ... MK SOU !0K ? 4?K ??S ?? I Long lilund... 29% 30 29)? *?** 2?'? 2I* 2? , Mohawk ? ? ? ? - *~ Stonington ? 40 ? , ~~ ? Farmers' Loan.. ? ? 14 t3K ? 23 ^ Canton Co 29. 29V 29W ?g ? ? "V Morris Canal... ?? ??, s* W ** I Vich.bnn... .. - - - ?!< 7 I Uni'd Stain Bk. ? ? ? ? ? ? Eaat Boston.... ? ? ? ? ? ? I N. Am. Trait... ? ? 7 ? T" A cempariton of prlen current at the close of tho mtrket yesterday, with those ruling at the clo*e of the preJ vious week, exhibits a falling off in Norwich and Worcester of \K per cent; Harlem X; Lon* Island 1 Canton Company, K\ Morris Canal, >f. There haa not been a solitary transaction at either of the Boarda in several of tho fancies, aa will he seen bj the abaenca of quotaTk? uro?xt4 it?tm?nt exhibits the oondiUon of the i V f '*?? ? <>iwrt??*?0<?h Wl>K M<m>, MMNWi to roporH n<*4* totb* Comptroller on ttuHit io*t - /H ??** 01 iHiSTATKtr Ntw *o*?, Not. 1.1Mb. Rnountt LtabUitm 2 . ? * 5-i ? ? <5?s ; | Hankt :I |s 5? 5?^ c 535 " ' J -s-i i l=? Is Agricultural Bk. ?.7I* 1,7*1 l,J7i 61 *6* 36,164 Albany City Bk.1,093,807 DM! il.068 277,411 194.709 Alb Kxc Bk... 411.444 1\!6S 7.JJ7 6Cl? 1617a* Am tie. bk. .1.424,IM 70,*00 4*6.136 ItfU* l,9l?.6? Amenib Bk 2.063 ? t.4M 67, ! 1>J Atlantic Bk 169.121 16 631 29 11* ;?3*,496 *1,115 Balla-nn 8n Bk.. M.671 15.811 5.109 79.946 *5,374 Bank of Albauy.. 313.909 1MM 16,1.1 113.440 l? 673 Buik nf Albion. 39.041 2,112 3,916 61.444 41 HI Bank ?f America!,767 316 346.120 1.01*.115 110.640 1,5 1,47J Bank of Attica.. 166.636 - 6.1*1 4i,T9J 60.912 Bank o( Auburn.. 316,116 77.111 11,MS 177,636 66.4*3 Buik of Ceuml New York U3?t6 1.1*2 4,497 74,76* 53 190 Bk of CImudio.. 149.106 19,93* (.*17 1?*,W7 15.976 Bkof Commerce 8,300.978 576.6** 1*4,7*0 M2.4S* 1.1 *7H* Bk of^'oruiuK.. 75 996 11,191 1,497 66.563 16.91* Bk of Daoiville 73.163 1.314 9,3*9 *6,641 24,165 Bk of (Ha*tee .. 194.192 '9 102 6.619 14I.-43 22575 Bk of Geneva... 661,176 16 910 (17,740 260,065 *8.041 Bk of Ithaca 1*1.311 23 032 1.723 ltt,l*7 16.161 Bknf Kinderh'k 79,939 7.646 3.116 71.376 36,606 BkofLanambu'h. 297 346 2.Ml 1 591 145,017 17 1ftI Bk of LjwviIU. 96.839 'J.206 1.290 64.174 29,*77 Bk of Monroe..,. 591.016 27,900 7,132 14*,*04 4* 976 Bk of Newburgh. 174,691 10,366 13,176 127 333 74,710 Bk orN Rochelle 5 000 - 764 10,Ul GOO B? of N York 2.073.112 112.932 128,666 1601* 1,632,913 Bk of Orange Co.. 240 244 11 161 6.4C5 116 67 1 47 .111 Bk of Orlrana... 106 603 11141 7.610 193.9>l 26.217 Bk of Owfjo 288 712 1.671 13.199 177.771 96 161 Bk of Pnughkeep'e21J.9oO 7.461 11.6*6 141.162 36,074 Bank of Rome... 216 442 9 180 4,903 141 6*1 45 152 Bkof*iliua 229 810 32 349 7,111 17*,732 6 0*9 Bk of S. Creek. 116,194 4.411 5,017 10,316 19,140 Bk of the State of New York... 3,113,114 114 660 *5*^1 347,410 1,260.424 Bk of Ryracna*.. 277,041 i7,8JI 3.113 163 567 3?0 B nk of Troy... 959,112 71,720 11,316 1 0,7*9 139*69 Bank of I'tica... 172,861 26,891 19.491 26*. 161 94,544 Draneh of do at Canandaicua 231.524 t.636 5,474 149,316 ?,*I7 Bk ol Ve-non... 46.152 30* 1,14 1 66,195 11,867 Bk of Wate.t'urn 43.463 6.717 4.1*6 46 995 5,7*6 Bk ofWatervillr 40.910 I4.7C7 3,367 91111 11.054 Bkof Whitehall. 160.373 16.754 13,3*6 1M.730 66,IK Bk ol Whiteaf o wo 96,713 6,161 1.475 71,494 37 9*6 Black River Bk. 106.367 - 3.1*1 66.815 *7 619 Brooklyn fk .... 90.741 39,614 *.*4* 3* 601 Sink Broome Co. Bk.. 197 Ml 3,41* 9,111 140,402 14,633 Bu'cher?' (k Drc vera' Bank 1.134,021 166.629 163,114 117,390 531.67* Canul Bk Albany 616.361 77,627 *S,]75 207 3*6 1451J2 ( -Uikilt Bank 106,61:' 35,003 6,667 111651 M.ffl CayugaCo Bk... 451,363 31,203 1*.437 219 428 1W.771 Central Bank 119,641 -JO,134 4,834 144,293 16,14* Chauiauque Co. Bank.. .. 317 263 6,431 6.917 148,787 15.34* Chemical Bi-k. 819 040 53,141 (8,119 257,580 851,14' Chem* Canal Bk. 334.937 5,801 8,203 196 906 50,36ft Che?ter .. G6.142 7,7il 1,090 94,251 5,977 City Bank 1.204,239 1M.8I2 149,247 1M.069 864,177 Commercial Bk ol Albany. ... ... .. 415,895 97,686 19,514 M7.916 311,338 Commercial Bk ol Kochoter.... 417,?7't 31,300 6,299 199,3(8 95.753 Commercial Bk of Trov....... 250.669 64,50# 1,533 72,131 44,087 Cuyler a Bank... 29,400 ? JIJ J?,7?2 9.792 Delaware Bank. 161,809 1,100 2.883 87.779 41123 Dro?er?' Bank of Cattariuaui Co.. 38,094 ? 4 924 99,997 1 841 Kiaex Co Bank... 214,471 11.611 4,747 134,9a 4o!z9l Kichang* Bk of Buffalo" - ? - _ _ F.ichanga Bk of Oenesee... .. 27,(76 3,117 2^5 47, *78 7,SOI Kiehaufc Bk of Loekport....... 77,781 ? 2,981 57,514 47 25i Fa?inera Back of Amtterdam... . 112.676 15,557 3,865 58,845 43,170 Faimsrt' Bank of Hodaon 115,021 22,04 0 5,388 93,789 5404 Farmers' Bank of Troy...., 666.968 18,003 18,167 185,973 142,871 Farmera' St Drovers'Bk at Somen 95,382 3,14 1 4,143 50,598 20,731 tanners'It Mannftcturera' Bk... 509,272 7,104 19,285 226,179 189,117 tanners' It Mechauica'Bank of Ueneaee 26.680 11,000 2,284 32,285 21,279 Farmera' It Mechanic*' Bank of 0(denbargh. . 23?,781 ? 3,219 252.000 1,196 karmers' It Mechanics' Bank of Rochester ? ? 1 Of0 63,900 759 Fort Plain Bank. 52,888 3,756 1,263 81,292 13,401 Franklin Co Bk. 74,647 ? 400 79,370 ? Fulton Bank... 1,006,110 116,058 119 203 330,484 755,356 i 'Genesee Co. Bk 65 363 6,120 3,562 47,351 11 471 ' Greenwich Bk... 356.44 3 21,014 27.8b5 119,177 159 861 Herkimer Co. Bk 373 939 31,424 8,867 191.982 18,196 Highland Bank... 3(4,651 23.C8I 11,258 183.647 (5.731 Hudson Hirer Bk. 276.152 34,225 6.409 145.358 59 735 Hnugerf>rd'sBk 23,636 ? 2.585 50.230 " ? James Bank... 18 047 ? ? 53,039 ? Jefferson Co. Bk.. 335,735 29,227 13 951 188,246 81,002 Kingston Bmik. ..'296,204 7,050 8,732 185,866 33,294 Kirkl<nd Bk... 34,865 ? 1,625 47,172^.16,017 Leather Mannfac? turers' Bank... 1,066.847 94,527 152,828 218,531 541 586 Lewii Co. Bank.. 147.165 2,718 5,993 99,482 3,299 Llvi; gaton Co. Bk 225,824 16,250 6,579 141,973 36,8>8 Loekport Bk k Tmst Co 104,927 10,048 4,459 83 866 10,858 Long Island Bk. 556,290 8 744 29,422 123,181 294,345 Luther Wright's .Bank 233 932 ? 4,242 98.9M 8V830 Madison Co. Bank 212,069 8,700 5.094 138,803 28 677 Manhattan Com'yl,640,133 83,867 221.999 ?1,051,450 M?M.?.iio.' Rlr 9 Mn Q1'4 Qi H7I V/7 iis Mi )iO I Ml 'KQ Mechs' Banking Association.... 413,232 37,032 92,551 310,718 412,714 Mechs kKarmers' Bank 712,130 77,940 40,2*0 235,390 283,263 Mechs iitTraderj' r?Baiik "463 710 "11.919 48,814 140,381 286.218 Merchants'Bank 2,548,792 92,00* 690,968 306,213 2,169,973 Merchant*' Bk of Cauaudaigua ? ? ? 24,000 ? Merchants' Bk of Erie Co 12,482 ? 1,784 23,00* 11,441 Merchanjs'Bank in Pmighkeepsie*153.074 16,658 3,993 10?,375 37.811 Merchanb'?xBkl,4tf,947 119,416 111,085 224,421 668,956 Merchauts'&Far s Bk of Ithaca 6,778 ? ? 38,875 27,137 Mer's k. Kar's Bk of Putnam Co... 91,259 ? 2,448 98,733 2,166 Merchs 8c MedianBmk 679,547 59,543 10,314 242,557 80,088 Middletown B'k, 61,146 12,116 1.408 74,802 ' 32 72t Mohawk Bank... 213,932 10,446 12,316 69,7* 76,097 Mohawk Valley Bank 64,08$ 11,287 3,360 123,189 22,8*8 Montgomery County Bank 150.866 27,975 5,806 129.9*6 14,792 National Bank... 1,205,316 52,111 219,800 208,986 63* 677 New York Dry Dock Co 347,401 21,735 13,*08 57,917 29,244 New York State Bank 790,172 48,365 1*,258 187,543 1*3,143 NewYork Stock Bank... 15.254 ? 1,320 91.3** 152 I "North River Bk.839,806 125,703 107,49* 333,415 748,68* OgdensburghBnk 119,358 3*,491 5,941 126,502 32,451 I * ItCo'i Bank 478.286 ? 18,985 ' 08,103 229.610 Oneida Bank 543,422 49.891 17,096 272,204 214,88* > Onondaga County Bauk 29 V 902 21,935 7 146 165,814 81,940 i Ontarie Rank ... 313,914 ? 4.2% 186,661 7C.42S Ontario BrmuchBk 425,145 9.821 3.939 247.516 31.796 Otsego Co. Bk... 221.189 22 901 5,461 143,655 *4,727 Palmyra Bank.. 16,397 ? 174 17,70* 12,762 ! "Patchin Bank... 233.561 - 7.456 71,957 74.4*3 Phe. ix Bank 1,522 826 278,390 304,050 352 542 l,l**,29i Pine Plain* Bk. 58.909 *,488 4,521 84,2** 12,44* Powell Bk 93.779 ? 4,743 1H.165 *3*1* Pratuville Bk.. 164.90* ? 4,396 9 4 942 *7,511 Roches erCityBk 631,436 53,54* 10,555 298,578 194,710 Sackett's Harbor Bank 333,765 50 092 10 077 in 893 35 011 Hiratog* I n. Bk . 2211 994 1,33' 4,925 135,714 37 483 Schenectady Bk.. 277.454 8.488 12 213 106,679 91,161 Seneca Co. Bk.. 261,226 65 85) 5.971 191,423 42.678 1 Seventh Ward Bk 880,641 52,918 105,189 227,0*2 45*.*87 Steuben Co. Bk.. 308.420 5,25* 7.411 166 156 39 919 Suffolk Co. Bk.. 20.856 ? 2.316 7.286 21,0** Tanners'Bank... 210 743 13,281 6.24* 139 *63 *1 724 Tompkins Co. Bk 3*4.695 59 256 7,371 115 #3 55.5*5 Tradesmen's Bk.. *75,293 111,444 106 54* 19'997 4*5,402 Troy C.ty Bank.. 671,291 75.727 12,684 224,00 186.084 U'sier Co. ISk... 198.363 1,350 3 994 *9 M5 30.370 I'nadilla Bk... 55,113 ? 600 50 000 3,100 Union Bank 1,891,647 111,300 414,b*8 408 368 1,208,79(1 Warren Co.Bk.. 81,321 ? 291 9*,00* ? Washington Co. Bank 65,520 1,544 3,012 56,83* 11,20* Westchester Co. Bmk..., 259,278 40,395 8.398 121,15* 34.99* White Plains Bk. 17,000 ? . 1,00* 16,697 ? White's Bank of Buffalo 120,421 ? 3,6*1 26,714 6 3,551 Wooster Sherman's Bank... 30 910 ? 2,08 4 30 09* 7,206 Yates Co. Benk.. 521,627 4,987 5,715 141,6*4 7.496 66,030,982 5,123,745 8,*48,38411,487,471 W,*29.196 t Free Banks. We have omitted the column of circulation of the old notes, as the amount of those issues only reach $781,151. The registered notes are rapidly taking the place of the old circulation. A summary of the items of capital, circulation and deposits, specie and cash item*, public and private securities, of the banks ofthia State, on the morning of the lat | of November, 134*. present* the annexed statement.? Capital *43.024,558 Specie *,*41.3*1 Cirrnlat'n(*ld emission) 781.051 Cashiteaos 7,786 690 do (new do )2I,487,471 Public secaritiesll."06.767 Deposits 30 629.19* Private do 75 237.632 $9592137$ 1*2,299.492 There appears to b* an excea* of aiaeta over liabilities of $6 377,106. This surplus i* to make good any deficiency caused by a depreciation in the value of tha public or private securities held by the bank*. A falling off of seven per cent in tha aggregate value of these securities would usa up the above excess. The movement in the leading department! of the bank* of tbia State, according to thd report! made on the lit of November in each of the pait four year*, hart been m annexed :? New YO*K AT* BA*KI. Nov. '<3. Nov.'H. Nov. '45. Nov. '44. Loin* & Di<coant?i3,'6T.130 65,925,879 69.164.061 66 030.932 Specie II 502,789 8 968,09* 1,194,545 " 1,041,381 CirruUciou IT,1(3.101 3Q, I5S.2I* 21,375,369 22.268 522 Df po*K* 27^89.100 30,391,622 3l.77*,WI 3e.U9.IM It will be obte rved that the circulation *ince November, 1843, hai been iteadily but (lowly iacreaiing, and that tha specie on hand ha* been ateadily falling o(T. SiDce November, 1643, tha circulation haa lncrea*ed $6,105,421, and lha ipaole ha* fallen off fS,464,408. Thi? make* a vmt difference in tha circulation of theie department* of the banki, by no mean* favorable to their credit with the public. The line* of diicount* and depoiita have within the abova period fluctuated mora or le?, but the amount of loana on tha lafcof November, 1946, compared with thoie for tha let of November, 1843, *how an increaie of $15,783,862, and the depoaite an inereaie of $3,-240,036. The conclusion we come to in view of theae fact* i?, that tha bank* of thl* city and State are by no mean* in trong position. They have expanded upon the weakest point*, and have not (trenftheaed themaelve* in any way. If they have become v*ry deeply involved in the (peculativa movement* of the day, the exceai of aaaet* | * Jl *y I

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