Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 27, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 27, 1846 Page 1
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^ I 1 'III 1f TH] Vol. m, Ro UO-WImU lo mm. Th? Van Rmi Cue. ClBCUIT Cot'nt, Wa.minotor, Noe.iM.lMd. | til oh1ibo. The iatereat in thiacaie, to far from aubiiding, teema to be on tho iocroaae. The court room wu crowded, * nans], to-day although the testimony wu not ao excit- : log m yesterday. No ladiet besiJe the witnesses were in attendance. being contanl to note tha progress of tha Jirocesdingv through tha public prints, without hazardug the i>a*aibiUty at a blush by testimony which might bo elicited. Miss Viroim* Fowls a. the step-sister of the plaintiff" (Mrs Van Ness), o young lady not 'out af ber teens," and of remarkably sweet delivery ot speech, came into eourt a tew minutes after the crier had warned all baring business to " draw near and give their attention," and having proceeded to the stand, which was never oc- 1 cupied by a mora comely witness, submitted to a close cross-examination by Mr.JIradley, counsel for the defence. She was ihswa several notes or letters, which aha said aha would take forhereisteri's (Mrs. Van Naas's) handwriting, and than uttered tha following language I 1 think sistor want to reaide on Miaaouri avenue in July, i 1841 or 1844; I was in the city, but did not live with her; . 1 did not spend all my time there, but was in the habit \ of viaidng frequently; my sister had boarders; she had not boarders generally; 1 only mentioned the namea of three or fhur of thorn yesterday; the house was well : furnished, and to all appearance my aiater lived comfort- j ably; she had some property, but I do not know whether ; she received an inooms, in IMS I understood that tha marriage was talked of in the family; I do not knew when General Van Ness left here; I do not know whether sister received a letter from him when he was here, and before going te Philadelphia; between the aut end 36th of July, he wanted hire. Conner to go; I was proseat at the interview; General Van Ness told her he wanted her to meet him In Philadelphia the first week in August, and that if she did not disappoint him he would not disappoint ber; I saw my lister at her house in October, 1846. but I do not know what time 1 had a conversation with her about the marriage.? I asked her if ah^fas married; aho said, " To he sure 1 am;" I asked," VrTo married you?" She replied, "An alderman;" the described him, and remarked that he was a man somewhat advanced in years, and had a face rather red; he wore a long, brown coat, and had an intelligent countenance; she did not mention that he wore spectacles, and said she was married in a parlor, or aittlag room; the alderman had a book in his hand; she did not state the distance between Mrs. Moulder's and the house where aha war married; she said that General v an nee* nan uie cert meat*; l did not ask bar whathar ha could recognise the man; this wti in tha evening; tha ftrat tin* I n* my aiatar altar har raturn. mroaMATion in uutios to thi mhiuui desibkd. Tha manuscript copy of tha subjoined advertisement vraa read by Mr Bradlay:? " $1000 reward wilt ba given by tha undersigned to tha parson who married General Van Neai and Mr*. Mary Ann Conner, oa tha 6th of Augoat, A. D. 164}, coming forward and proving the circumstance*, be thay what they may. Information to be left at this offloe. ' dept. a, 1648. MARY ANN VAN NESS." TNI ladv TUT to thi tut. ' Mr. Bradlkt.?Miaa Fowler, will you plaaaa ait down, and writ* a faw aentencea at my dictation? Miaa Fowlk* alightly inclined har head, in token of aaaent. One of tha gentleman who aat at the table, very gallantly surrendered hia aeat, and two or three at the aame time presented paper. The lady threw aside her veil, and taking ap the pen wrote the following at the dictation el Mr. Bradley, being an extract from the lady'a own latter, written to her step-sister at Green-Valley: "He waa here day before yesterday, and I should have, mailed bia letter, (Oeu. Van Ness's,) tha aame day, but 1? was /Uyvatus delict with company in the capitol ground**1 Mr. Bbadlxt?(reaching over, and receiving the beautUhl chiiography, the ink not dry,) if thia your ordinary hand-writing, Miaa Fowler? Miaa is air, but I usually writ* with a ataal pan. A steel pen, tiler a short search for one, waa presented to har. and the lady began to write. Mr Bunt. Take your time [several in tha neighborhood said " Luoy " in a whisper)?Mist Virginia Mr Bsadlbt?Take your time. [And every eye waa directed toward* the tahle, where tha lady waa writfog ] Miaa, having finished the task which Mr. Bradley imposed, reaacanded the atand. The latter, from which she had copied the extract, was written on the Mih ol Aagust, and she said aha thought that she had aeut it to tha poat-olHce on the night of tliat day; it was then addressed aa it now waa; it ia tha Green Valley letter. Mr. Bbadlkt?Miaa Fowler, if you write one mora sentence. 1 will be obliged to you. [Our old Quaker schoolmistress used to s.y, " obliged by thee "J Miaa KuWlcs wrote, without tue slightest hesitation, the werdo?" The ceremony was performed by Mr Ketchum " This referred to the aecrot marriage ef her relative, Catharine, to Mr Gray. in Mrs. Conner's house Cron-txavuntd ly Mr. Bradtty.?The date of the lettar la altered; the net*, originally, wa* the 18th, bnt was hanged to tha lBtU; 1 mailed -it before nine o'clock, at night; 1 have seen letters from Col Lea, one of the first counsel for the plaintiff; this advertisement [holding it in bar hand] is written by Col. Lee, and endorsed or signed by my sister, Mrs. Van Ness. Mr. Burnt ?You wereaskedyesterdny, Miaa Virginia aomeihing with regard to a conversation with the Rev' Isaac ketchum and your sister on the subject ot mar riure Tell what it waa. ?iis* KowLick.- She asked him whether he did not remember her asking him to procure the information lor her, whether a marriage would be legal without a license; he said be remembered it well; " Will you," she asked : ' state that 7" he replied: "r reelyI said: "she will thank yon |for so doing;" he remarked, "she must aid me, 1 am needy;" sister replied, "I can't say, any thing about that now;" this conversation was one Tuesday evening, about two weeks ego; Mr. Ketchum said, "summon me;" 1 have stated the conversation to the counsel in the case. thk cofttaftti cr thi littkk dsmandkd?wht aaSISTKO. Miss Fuwlbb testined that the supersctiption of a letter shown to her, was in the band-writing of her sister, Mrs. Van >eas; and the counsellor the deience desired that the superscription mignt go to the jury. Jtlr. Baxter.?Let's seo it. Mr. hesnLKV.?Hero (handing it to him.) Mr. Brent immediately opened it, and looked for one moment over its contents. That was long snough for him to know what tha paper was. Mr. Bssolet.?Did yon look into it! Mr. BaenT.?Yea. Mr. Bbadlbt.?You won't look inside of this; (holding out another) Mr. Bssbt.?I can't croif-asamine the witness, unless the whole of the document is exposed. Mr. Bhadubv.? I said nothing about the inside. If the outside is tue direction ot Mrs. Conner, or Mrs Van Ness, or whatever name she may bear, it is all we want. Mr Bsb.vt.?I shan't cross-examine the witness, unless we have the whole of the document. Ma. Bbadlsv.?It 1 prove a capacity for writing large end small head, entirely difl'ereut, I show the csnscitv to perpetrate forgerjr. Thu *> ioy object in asking the witness te write. Our charge is fraud, cousp.racy, aud forgery. Ma Bbb*t.?Mr. Bradley prove a the superscription, and then proiK>*ea to atop I hate a right to crosa-exau.ine, not only aa to the superscription, but as to the beJy ol the tocuinaot. Ma. Bbadlbv.?1 have not offered the contanta. Xla Bbant?I protest against merely offering the s".ptracnpucu, and not the ceuleuU It U a doctrine ao ab horrent to the broad system of justice, that the Court cannot sustain it without some case in point. I will not croas examine the witness unless I see the contents ot tue letter. Ma Usadlit.?All this, so far as it goes, rests on the similarity of handwriting. If wo show that she could have written diffeient hands, we show a capacity for forgery end traud. We care nothing about the contents, a oKvaacs or thi witnsss?a ooaaacTioit. A diaenssion ensued ou this paint, in which Messrs. Cose, Bradley, May, and Brant, participated. In allusion to a remark of Mr. Bradley, Mr Bskkt said, 1 claim the privilege of defending the witness. Mr Bbadlbv.?I will always speak of a witness with periec ueedem. 1 have sot said a word to prejudice her. Mr. Ukkkt.?1 will answer. Mr. usadltv.?What f said was as an illustration. Mi. Baawr.?I will defend the witness. Mr. (Bradley has urged, because the lady has thie morning corrected u in 1st like, that it is jumping over the feuce , and remarked that the Witness iieaid her sister say heie that the handwriting of the paper is that oi Col. Lee. Such a cansiruction Is natural tor the gentleman to place on it. The jury can sav wnether or not it was an honest j mistake. Colonel Lee's bandwritisff is similar io ! that of Mr*. Van Mew, at a slight glauce The witness discovering that tba Lad made a mistake, hoiies,iy corrected it. It is to her credit, hhe pioved the handwriting against her sister, hut, finding that she mad* a mistake, corrected it. And is Dot a witness allowed to correct her mistake 1 And If there l>e a tule to prevent it, the sooner it 11 abolished the better. In the agitation, confusion and excitement of a court room, a lady, especially, might vary naturally he led to the commission ol erior, and innocently. The Cocbt?We do not allow personalities. Mr. Baser?1 disclaim personalities, and I trust Mr. Bradley will not endeavor to destroy the credibility of the witness. Mr. BasDi.iT?I thought it was my dnty to ssy what 1 did, though I was reluctant thus to illustrate my nrgameat. Ire gentleman will do ma the justice to ss>, I never seaail a witness without good cause. If the witness is imioeent, no one will rejoice mere than 1 will if she escapes unscathed; but ii sha falls, though angels weep. Justice must be done. 1 have not thought to entrap her. 1 he Cover was understood te decide that the body of the letter need not be produced. Mr. Bradley, however, handed the letter to Mr. Brent, [It had aiieauy been lead to the juiy on a preivous occumoo.] The addraas was C. t Van Ness, to the etiect: 1 wish to see you on the business about which we conversed," and signed " Missonri Avenue." Another note was read, dated April 14, Ia44, as follows : " I expected , on would cell ere this to see me, zeiative to business. 1 shall be glad if J ou call to day or to-morrow." 1 ho hand*riling was proved by Miee Connor. a <(Vr.sTiov or tkhacitt. Mr. Barer.?Mi?* Kowler, stete the reason why your sitter and her daughter were not prepared to go to fhila delj'hiu at the Umu you before stated. Mist kowLea.?My sister's daughter (Serene) was ! away at tha lima ; she was not et home. Mr. BasnLKV.?l>id you not say yestsrday, that thore . were no persons but yourself and Or. Kltcban about Iho house when you spoke about the marriage ? (Reading from hi* note# ) Miss kowLca.?I did not say there was no one about the bouse. 1 said no one beside ourselves were present. My niece came in alter wards. There were tu the house, E NE' NEW Mra. Van Nni, my niece, Dr Ketchtun, myaelf, and tha boy. Mr Bacirr.?Yea, I paid particular attention Mr. Bbadlbt.?Did you not tay ao and ao 1?(repeating what be hat before aaid). Miaa Fowlh ? I told you the truth, air. Mr. Baaier.?Miaa Fowler, atate what took place. Miaa Fuwlib ?I went into the pelor ; Dr. Ketchum waa complaining of hia ill health ; ay later aaid, " Do ; not you remember my aeking you whether a marriage > wai legal without a li< eue? f" He replied, " I remain- | ber it well " 1 came in and aaked him, " Will you atate > that V 1 don't remember the worda, but the purport of them, and he replied, " I will freely de it," I aaid, " She ' will thank you " He remarked, *' She mutt aid me?1 am n<>? ly. My niter replied, " I cent ?ay anything about that now." Mr. Br adlev.?What did you understand by the re ; mark " She must aid me "7 Mia* Fowled.?I did not think that it had any reference to thia caae. Mr. Bbadlev.?And what did you understand him to mean by stating itf Miss Fowler?That he should state it here. Mr. Brbnt?I have no queafonsto ask. The lady left the stand, and drew her veil over her faee raeviNe the ahowritiiso. Major J. P. Andrews, a paymaster of the army, being sworn, looked at the letters shown him. and, seriatim, passed his opinion on them. " This," said he, " is somewhat disguised?this is less so?this is about as the last? 1 should say this is General Van Ness's handwriting disguised; 1 dont think the General succeeded in disguising his handwriting; I have six or eight of the signatures of General Van Ness in my office?they are different" " Jc.c.'Tr.-quently occurred, and the Major remarked that the using of the words " and so forth" was remarkably characteristic of the deceased. Ha gave his opinion of the handwriting of the letters, according to their general appearance; he believed that Gen. Van Ness wrote , the Wallace receipt for nursing the baby, aa well as the ! letter in which *' nurain" appears instead of nursing. Cron-examined by Mr. Bbadlbt, who previously read the letter in which occurs the following :? " Dear Mary?I am hare, and hud our matter can be 1 arranged hare just as I wish it. 1 will now certainly 1 make you my lawful wife. 1 go to NewVork this evening i or to-marrow morning; shall be back hare the 5th or7th | of next month, and will expect to meet you here, on my return, that 1 may then make you my legal wife." Mr. Bbaolet?Now do you think it is likely General Van Ness would make use of " lawful wife," or " legal wife?" Major Andrews?-General Van Ness was remarkable for repeating the same ideas in different words. Mr. Bradley?i never knew that a gentleman had a " lawful" wife, or a "legal wife," but a wife. Just look, Msjor, at the formation of the letters. Major Andrews?It is easy to forge s signature, but it is difficult to make the body of a letter in the handwriting of a man who has lived long, and acquirsd a fixed hand. Mr. Bbadlet?Look at tha bad spalling, the syntax, and the omissions. fclMajor Andrews?I have a letter of General Van Nets; at the conclusion, it says, " Yours, resDect." instead of respsotlally. 8om* further qnostioning took place; anl after the Major retired, Mia* Serena Connor waa recalled. TMB OMN1BCI. Mr. Brknt?Miss Serena, you atated the other day, that no one called while you were at Mrs. Moulder'*; yeu alao made a atatement about visiting the waterworks, !ic. Croti rxamintd ty Mr. Bradi.kt?We went to the water-worka; it ia customary for ladies to go alone; we got into an omnibus; it was filled with ladies and gentlemen; among tham wa* a gentleman we had never aeon; he introduced himself to mother, and seeing that we were atrangera, having asked us, proposed to accompany us; and said lie had an interest in a manufactory in the direction ol the waterworks; we being strangers, accepted of hialcindaesa; when we arrived there, he explained different onjeets to u?, auch aat >e chain bridge; the gentleman returned with us to where the omnibus stopped; he accompanied us to the boarding house; out of politeness we asked him to walk in; he did so; and we sat and conversed with him ; soon after the tea-bell rang, and he retired; and I have not aeon the geuilemaa from that day to this; he gave his nama, but 1 hava forgotten it; his (ace had scar* ou it, ou each side, u- though it had been burnt with powder ; he behaved like a gentleman ; on a former occasion, when 1 was asked whether any body went with utfirom Mrs. Moulder's to th* water works, I said "no " I ausweted the question ss it was put; the gentleman did not go from Mrs Moulder's with us, but got into th* omnibus after we did ; the ege of the gentleman waa between loity flro aud fifty ; 1 saw Cornelius F. Van Ness visaing my mother's house after the deeth ef General Van Ness ; when he came, as I had a desire to sec him, II joked at him from the basement; 1 eew him in the passage on the first visit, as he came from the parlor ; ten or eleven days alter the death of General Van Ness, ma aud I were aitting in the basement; seeing the Governor comiDg, ou looking out, " 1 said, there is Gov. Van Ness ;" he came to tho door, and our servant conducted him into the parlor; my aunt (Miss Kowleri tarn hours afterwards, told me (lie had been listening te the conversation between hiaa and my mother; we dined without ma; when my snot and I were about to dress lor the evening, Governor Van Noes came eat; we were at the head of the basement stairs; 1 believe ma stood in the parlor door; my aunt was in ths advance of me; I heard mother say "I do not jest?the General and I were married in Philadelphia, and I will show yon the proofs." He said, on retiring, "1 will call in a lets days;" that w as all I beard Caoss-sxasiiiTcuby Mr. BaAOLcv.?There was another gentlemen in the omnibus; I don't know how many; tbe omnibus was lull; the gentleman got in at the ame place we did; he did not say with wbat kind of a l.ctorj- he was connected; I did not know him before; , e was an utter itranger, 1 believe he said he had factory by the water works; be was so marked in the bee t at 1 would know him again; it was not Mr. Brewster, tor Mr. Schott; when General Van Ness ctme to Mrs v.oulder's, in Philadelphia, it was candlelight, and a might evening ; I can't remember whether the , moon was up ; I came home with my mother I from Green Valley ; I do not remember to havo board I tbe time, the place, the man, or tbe manner of the mar riage. I have only heard aunt speak of them. My auut gov* mother's description: I only remember a little about the clocks ; I thoucut it did not interest me much; I did i.ot know mother wis searching in Philadelphia for the man who performed tbe ceremony ; I know of my mother going to Philadelphia to see ber counsel; I never knew that Mr. Sherbourne visited all the aldermen to find the man ; Mr. Leo an<l my mother went to several aldermen, and said she would know him if she saw him ; my aunt said the alderman who married Geneial Van Ness and ma wore a long coat ; that he was an elderly, chunky man, wore specs ; but I never heard that he had any peculiarity about usiug them; I think I heard mother say aha found a servant girl living at the house where she was married ; mother was tailing aunt; I think 1 heard something about the alderman having his back to the light; 1 remember that aunt, grand mother, and ma, were all present when talking about it ; 1 never heard my mother aay the marriage took place in tbe afternoon, and that the servant girl aid that there was a marriage there about tea time; i beard grandmother say that Ma had given her a description of the man. his dress end the nine*. ??ik?r went away, I think in May, to (re about biuiiiesa in Philadelphia; alao in September; 1 cannot remember after which of theie viaiia it was that mother spoke of having teen a aenrant girl; mother Mid the tervaatgirl said the thought the pertons married looked like t^uakert; I think my mother taw Mr. Chriatian'a daughter, and that my mother left home in February, alter coming home lrom Virginia; I think the went to Baltimore, and ataid one day, in December; no gentleman then went or returned with her, that I remember. THE ltdt't till. Mr. Bbebt.?Miaa Serena, have yon a book that ahowa your name aad age T Mr. Csblulb?(smiling)?That'* ungallant, Mr. Brent. Mlaa Cowwo*? I have a book, sir. Mr. Barer?Pasa it to me. Mr. What is that book 1 Mr. Bater?(It being handed to him.) I will ahow it Mis* Cobweb ?(From the aland)?The leaf ia turned down. Mr BarwT?I'll find it, (turning over the learea of a mall book, which might be put in tba Philadelphia Alderman'* rest pocket.) Mr. Bbsolet?Whoae handwriting ia it 1 Mias Cowwoa? I suppose it la my mother'*. At least, it waa made a present to me'.by ray mother; I suppose mother wrote the reraea. Mr. BasaLET?They mny be pretty; 1 hare not read : them. Mr. Brbrt?Miia Serena, I will aak you to look at thia writing. Although th* verse* ware written when you were an infant, do yen think there t* any reaom- { blance to >our mother's handwriting now ? Miss Cobbob? (Having examined)?I do, air. VI r II...-- ? /Th, .? I .... _.... u|i uii neau, uia putting ni* hand* in kit pocket*)?Ab ! [There was great curioiitv excited to look into thi* ! little bijou. In vain did thoae who did not'' walk light," | a* the bailiff requeated the comers-in with heavy boot*, and also gentlemen leaning on the rail, stretch their i neck* to have a good look at the nonpareil edition of manure rip] Ma. Bbadlxv.?Let'* see. Why, here's a piece of < poetry?verses about a sleeping infant, written in 1918, under the name of Serena Censor. 1 have an album in i my house with a piece of poetry in it about an inlknt two j \ ears old ! (Laughter, not lond, nor gonaral, as it would ' be contrary to the dignity of the Court, and very justly. | It is not a place of mirth ) Ma. Bskmt, (extending his hand )?Hand me the book 1 It is the only sort ot family record, or register, 1 can And. Ma. Braocxt ?Miss < onnor? When your mother told your aunt about her getting married, did it not make an imprestion on your mind ? Miss ' oe.voa.?It did not. Ma B*adle?.?liid not make an impression on your mind T Miss Coanoa.?Ne, Sir. moaa txstimont about hard-wbit|1??. Mr. Mclariaa su the Aist book-keeper ot the Bank of the Metropeils ; he left there in 1A14. and wee there ten years ; tieneral Van Ness was the Arst president ef the hank ; he thought tienerai Van Nets wrote all the letters sxhihited to him ; there is a uuitormily in the handwriting that could not he mistaken ; the *' Wallace" receipt lor nnrstng the child was his. Mr. Bmemt said the re-examination ol the witnesses for the plaintiff would probably terminate to-morrow, In an hour altar the meeting of the court. The Rev. H. was called as a witness, but it was ascertained he is still unable, trom sickness, to leave tke house. Mr. Beadles made the requeat, and Ma. BaaoT acquiesced, tnat Mr. Bradley might have the letters wiuca had been exhibited, that the counsel W YO YORK. FRIDAY MORN] ' - ^ for tha defence night hara an opportunity to annUao thorn. Mr. Mar wiahed to designate throa or four who ahould not hara any thing to do with tha pi para. Mr. BaanT remarked that thia would not extend to tha counaal for tha defanca. Mr. Baaouar would not content to aucb a condition t ha aaid ha waa reaponaible far than, and that thay shcuid not pat* out ot hi* custody. The court adjourned at four o'clock?leaving the \ coiiim*-1 for the the plaintiff In the act of making a tran*> I far of the paper*. Ciscuit Cot-aT, Washinctom.'Nov. 25, 1846 There wu a full attendance, a* uiual, and a* much intareit maniieaUd a* ou previou* occaiion*. Mr. Ai.raao TiWstt wat the first witness called, and, being shown a paper, naid he saw General Van Net* write it. The date wo* November 18, 1846. General Van Nea* looked into the dictionary, to aacertain how to pell the word "ceiling." [The paper Wiu an agreement entered into between General Van Neia anu the witaea*, relative to the building of a house, kc.J Mr. C. Mann, having been sworn, was asked by Mr. Brent to state where he was married 1 Mr. Mann?1 was married in Philadelphia, in Pino street Mr. Mat?Will yon state how you were married 1 Mr. Bbaouit.?That is not evidence. Mr. Cost.?The witness oan't show the law. Mr. Bbbwt.?He can ahow the custom andfuaage. The question waa asked as to the marriage of the witness. Mr. C aslislb.? He cant testify as to the law. Mr. Mat ?It is competent for us to shew the foreign unwritten law by tne testimony of witnesses, "*m Mr. Carlisle.?1The matter is regulated bylaw, and the books of statutes, properly authenticated, are in the State Department. Now, 1 don't see how the witness can prove the custom or usage of marriage in contravention of a statute. Mr tafter reading a law authority, that the foreign, unwritten law and usage must be proved by parole evidence)? I don't know any one who is better instructed to prove this than a man who ia married The CeraT ?The written law ought to be produced, at being the higheat evidence. Mr. Bbent again referred to law authorities, to ahow that according to decision! of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, "present consent," if seriously meant, wss sufficient lor marriage, and waa net neceaeary to begivan before a minister or elsrgyman, and that the law. requiring twelve witnesses, was merely directory, and a less number did not affect the validity of marriage. ;Mr. H. B, Robinson was recalled, and again testified as hj me uann-wriung OI uen. VtB >etS Mr. BaAULtr staled that he had served the gentlemen on the other side with notice to produce certain letter, dated July 3d, 1845, purporting to be addressed to the plaintiff by Oen. Van Ness. And he read the notice. Mr. Bseist said they had no such letter Mr. Coze remarked that it was necessary to show that they had never had, nor ever had seen suen a letter. Mr. Bsadlbv, after a few suggestions from the Court, asked and obtained further time to prepare a paper in another form, in order to the production of the paper to which he had referred. Mr. Bebkt arose, and again [referred to the objection whieh had been raised against Mr. Mann answering the interrogatory which had been propounded as to the manner of nis marriage, referring to law authorities to show that it was competent for him to testify in the particular stated. Mr. Gilths remarked that the law of Pennsylvania ] makes a distinction as to a marriage ceremony being performed by a clergyman and by an alderman. The witness could not prove what the law is?it speaks for itself, from the statute book and the decisions of the Supreme Court of the State. Mr. Bbbist said that it ho could establiah, by circumstantial evidence, that there was a marriage between General Van Nets and Mrs. Connor, the law would presume it to be legal; and if the jury finds there is this evidence, the law presumes there was a marriage. ^At this stage ot the proceedings, a smashing of glass was hesrd, iu one of the windows on the left of the seat ef the Judges. They looked round hurriedly, and every eye was turned in that direction. Mr. Bradley quieted the fears thus ezcited, by saying that " the man who broke the glass didn't go clear out !"J Further debate earned ; and there being a breathing spell, | The CotmT decided that usago could be proved only by those who knew the facts. Mr John C. Kites, known as " Blair and Rives," testified as follows -.?Borne ten years ago I knew the bandwriting of Gen. Van Ness ; he used to wrtto communications for the Qlobt; if this letter (holdinr it out) was shown to me in the absence of suspicious or extraneous circumstances, I should suy it was his handwriting ; the initials look too rouud, 1 think ; 1 have looked ever all of theso letters ; if they are disguised, they are a little disguised ; it they ore counterfeit, they are well done ; 1 dont think " Bincerely yours," in the Wallace letter, is the same as that iu the Laesbuiir Uttar- I tkinir direction is better then General Vuu Net* wrote; 1 hare paid much attention to hand-writing; not having the benefit of achool, I learned how to write from other writing; if thia letter had been brought to me without the initial*, 1 might have doubted whoie it wae; 1 might have thought 1 remembered the appearance; but ifvhe name of Van Nes* had been mentioned, I would have aid it waa hi*; i don't recollect that the printer had anv trouble in correcting miitake* in General Van Net*'* handwriting, when be wrote communications for the Olokt\ a* to tha ?ignature, I will say that my own aignature wu to wall imitatad by a clerk in tha office, that, alter the lapao of thirteen year*, I could not tell the difference between it and my own. Crtti-etaninrd?The name of old Stephen Hopklna, on the Declaration of Independence, could do eaaily counterfeited; thia la Gen Van Neae'a handwriting; thia letter look* more like it than either of the other two. Mr. Bradley exhibited letter! to Mr. Rives, and questioned him a* to the AimUarity of figure* and letter* which appeared in the Van Neat letter*, end the letter of Mia* Kowler. "Are not all the 6'ain theae letter* in the aine hand?" Mr. Rivai?I can't tell my own baad. Mr. Bbert?What did you aak, Mr. Bradlev 1 Mr. Bradley?I aiked whether all the &'s were not made by the umi peraon.?Handing the letter of Mia* Fowler, aent to Mr*- Connor alia* Mr*. Van Naaa, at Green Valley Depot.?la the direction of the letter and the content* written by the aame peraon, according to your opinion! Mr. Kivxa?It may have been written by the oame poraon. Mr. Brxrt?Repeating aloud.?Written by the aame perion. in the aame handwriting. Mr. Bradlxt?Mr Brent, don't interrupt me. Mr Brert? Dont you want the jury to kDow it? Mr. Bradlxt?Yea, but I will tell it myaolf. Mr. Brent and Mr. Bradley alternately aaked queatiOD* at to the formation of lottere, orthography, etc. In reply to a queation of the latter, Mr. Rivai, aeid aignatunea could bo imitatod by tracing. Mr. Bxadlct.?Could nersons, with two or three year* practice, write auch a hind aa thia J [Referring to ono of the General'* letter*.] Mr. Rivei.?One of my clerka, Mr. MaDonald, who copied my letter*, got into the habit of coyping my aig nature io that I eould not tell it myaelf. Mr. Mat ?He waa an expert clerk T Mr. Ritei.?Vea. Mr Brut.?Would you take the letter* in tho masculire or female hand, for thoae of General Van Nea* ' Mr. Rirr.i ?I am not very well acquainted with female correspondence. 1 never had much experience that way [Laughter]. Mr. BaxivT.?I merely wish to bring out the masculine trait*. Mr. Rive*.?Men generally writa a itroDger hand than women. Mr. Brirt.?That'* all. The Court.?You can retire, Mr. Rivee. Mr Rivei, (ea he was retiring)?! want yeu to understand tnat 1 miitruit as to my own handwriting. Mr. Bbkirt.?Certainly, air. The Rev. Mr -Htrole waa railed.?He said, I am a clargyman of tho rraabytarian church; I resided in Pennsylvania as a clergyman, five year* in Philadelphia, and seven in Carlisle; I married more aersena during my rtsidence in Philadelphia, than I did in Carlisle; during the twelve years iu that State, I married a large number ?more than two honored. Mr. Brebt.? State the general practice, and whether a license is obtained. Mr. Bbadlbt immediately objected; if there waa aay Iiroof of marriage, the oeremony waa performad by a aymau ami aet by a clergyman; the custom and usage* of clergymen cannot he introduced to illustrate the cuttom km uaagee of Ja/men : they *Und on a diatinct foundation, bjr tho law ; pereooa in Penaf ylvaina ara marriod according to the ritoa of tho chnrch of whMh thay aro membora When laymen perform the ceremoay, there ia a atatnte. In thia caee, the place whero the marriage ia aaid to have taken place cannot be found, although but eight ahort montha had elnpaed ; the party cannot And out the alderman : there was noth ng to ahow a marriage took place The pretenaion ia to ahow that the person who performed tho ceromony woe on alderman?nay, avan hia name ia mentioned. But how can the linage of a minuter illuatrato tho utage of an alderman. It ia lot up hero .that two yeera before thia pretended marriage, there waa an illicit intercourae begun j thia continual aa auch ,till a elaar proof ia aiiowuof marriage. 1 know of no one better qualified than Mr. flprola to prove the uaage* of a clergyman, or of a hundred clergymen, but thia would not prove the uaagee of an aldarman. Can the party now ahilt the ground, and aay, "I waa married by a clergyman 7'After what we have heard from witneaaea, ia i; competent to sey the party might have been married by a clergy man 1 Hhe haa atated, in her petition, that ahe waa married hy aoma alderman. The allegation ia, that it waa a per (on whom Oan. Van Ness called Mr. Alderman ; but of whoa ahe has liuce bean able to laarn nothing with certainty. Mr. baaicr, (after reducing to writing the question which ha had propounded to Mr. Sprole,) charged Mr. Bradley with travelling out of the record, by adverting to all tha queationa of the caae. It waa a tort of jury argument, and calculated to toreetall and prejudice the urgiiiuent before the jury. I say it ia legitimate tor me to aay that the jury have a right to infer from the evidence, whether the marriage waa performed by a i clargy man or by an aldarman Tha law of fenna) lvania 1 waa merely directoiy?a clergyman waa competent te prove the usage or custom The statute was to protect . parents, guardians and masters, and aileeted tha marriage ot daughter*, wards, apprentices, and miner*. Yv e can show where parties war* married without twelve witnesses, but this did not invalidate the marriage. But in a marriage, like this, where there were adult par- , tiee, sojourners, thsre was no statute law. Th* law was only directory which required witnesses. Every provision

might be violated, nut the marriage waa legal. It was Dotdssignad that all should be lawyer* If the Jury And, Irons the circumstantial evidence, that there wee a marriage, i the law presumes there was a marriage ; RK J ' ' 1 "T. 1 ' ~ [NO, NOVEMBER 37, If " ' ? I Car tha fact of marriaga in Pannay lyania can bo proved | u any other cioil contract. Tho two learn# i gantleI man road from law authoritiaa, and commented on tho ' low of Kennaylvania with regard to marriage It ia unW jeary to aay that their riewe were ditumilar. Tho qoaabon waa adjourned for tho proaont, to anablo a witaaoa to bo oallod. Mr. Kau., being awoin. aaid he furniahed tome atovei to Mre. Connor; ho owed Ooneral Van Noaa ground rant, and when ha went to pay it, the General remarked that tho amount for tho atorea might bo deductad from tho succeeding quarter'* payment, the articles had > sen witness and General Van Nest took place in February last; the witnecs exhibited the entry in lhe dsy book, charging, an the 22J of November, a cooking itove, $20, to General Von Neu. Mr. Mat then read a note, of which the following it a copy, and had been prorad, viz Daab M?I have ordered the Kelle to furnith and tit upiustsuch attove and fixtures, he., at you may with and order. 1 enclose you a ten dollar bill. Your huaband, JOHN P. VAN NESS. Addrett?Mr*. Connor, Miaaouri a tree t. The Court permitted the jury to retire from the room for the day. The diaouaalon aa to whether Mr. Bp role thould be permitted to toatify aa to the uaago of celebrating marriage in Pennaylvania, waa returned end concluded. The Jadgea took the aubject homo with thorn for reflection. To-morrow being Thnnkagiving day, the Court will net meet till Friday. I u my report of yesterday I spoke of a little book, the o; ,jr family bijou, to prove that Mist Serena Connor waa Lot < out of her teena," and to look into which to much curiosity waa excited. Mrs. M. A. Van Ness, it ia said, was only fifteen yeara old when she waa married to Mr. I onuor, her first huaband. Ha wandered off to the Southern cllmo, when she waa but nineteen years of age. The following is an extract Mri. Mary Jinn Connor to hir ileeping child, Mill Serena R Connor. October 24, 1828. oicny ujli, sieep on, my precious gin, No cares possess thy breast, Thy transient griefs cannot destroy Thy foars, nor break thy rest. Though on thy cheek the trace of tears Remain, so lately shed, Yet now how calm thy sleep appears. Thy sorrows all have fled ! To-morrow's dawn will And thee gay, Thine eve with pleasure bright, Planning thy little work or play, With fresh and pure delight But oh ! how different with me, 1 court sweet sleep In vain, My harrassed feelings still will be Of griefs ?my thoughts are pain. In vain I chide my starting tear, And try to gain repose ; The intrusive drops will still appear, My weary eyes unclose. Nor can I hope to-morrow'* dawn Will aught of joy restore; Ah, me '. the star of joy is gone, To light my path no more ! Oh ! than sleep on, my dear Serena, And sweetly take thy rest, While peace, and innocence, and joy, Are inmates of tby breast. For, ah ! too a ion the world will praaa Its cares upon thy brow? Thy dreams to harrasa and distress, That are so peaceful now. Wiisisoios City. Columbus, Ohio, Nov . 12, 104*. Tht Politico of Ohio?Tkt Effort! to Kill off lln Prei, icntiol Candidates, fc. ?Onthe evening of the8th January, 1846,the leading spirits of the ''unterrifled democracy" of this great State, met at the American Hotel, in this city, for tha purpose of discussing the choice viands and neat winas of my friend Kelaey, the accomplished host of that ex' oellent establishment. It was ,the evening of the anni versary of the battle of New Orleans, end consequently aa occasion on which every food democrat 1? bound to indulge in reasonable mirth, and privileged te utte* any conceivable quantity of noneenie. If men canno el way? be "wiae," that if no ration they should not be "merry" whenever opportunity oilers. Still, there should be a bound to jetting?a rule which was grievi' outly infringed by one of the company, who offered the fallowing sentiment, (as appropriate to the occasion and the circumstances under which our democracy had opened the campaign:?"The democracy of Ohio, to the democracy of New Vork, greeting or words to effect. Whether the guests, when this apparently jocose aatiment was piopoerd, were in that blasted stoic wt ea, according te the testimony ol the govemoi of * ? Trsrrisge-feast et Cena, it was customary with tbi Jews to place bed wine before the driakers, seeing thai they were incapable of criticising the quality of tbi vintage, is more thaa 1 caa say; but oertain it it, that ail prasent heartily swallowed both the eeutiment end the wine But with that confeunded "next morning,1' th< dread of all revellers, came reflection on the "mistsdiei of a night,' and no amell number of the gentlemen whu had beea present et the supper, began to wonder, noi oaly as to what the toast msant, but alse, whether it bad pledged those who drank it to anything particular. One Uionght it had en awful squinting towards the aomiaatios ef liov. Wright as the .<i?i deioeeretia candidate for the l'residency, and was meant te pledge the democracy of Oaio,; te aid in effecting that nomination Another thought'it looked confoundedly like the commencement ef tome legal instrument!, which are more commoo than pleasant to those who receive them. Borne thought it meant one thiug, and some another. In fine, not an tgypuan hyerog lypbic, er the Augaean stables were more pored over, to And out a meaning that would net pay for the trouble of study, than this mysterious greet ing. At length, the then editor, but now ex-editer of ths Ohio Statesman, attempted to give it sigmication, and by the same tokea, got into a kettle ef water, which was at 310 of Fahrenheit, boiling heat. Vou will probably recollect that Mr. Sawyer, the much abused demo cralic member from our 6th district, on readiDf tha greeting, wrote a sharp letter to tha editor of the Stat'iman, in which, after speaking in rather warn terms ol (Joe. Wright, ha proposed to amend the toast spoken of, and send grading, not to the democracy of New York, but to the democracy of Michigau?the plain English ol which was, to propose the nomination of (Jen. Case by the Ohio democracy. Knowing how necessary it was to prevent quarrels in the paity, and sensible ot the folly of quarrelling about the Presidential nomination, the editor of the St^teiman appended to Mr Sawyer's lettei a short note, in which he endeavored to explain away what many at red to consider offensive in the toast His axplaoa aa, that the democracy of Ohio, hav' ikenti stand upon th? constitutional currency eating to their New York brethren, trom thai m, as a delicate way of reminding thorn, that it < their duty to do the tamo thing, and strive which !o the most valiant deada In the inroad against be end a paper currency. If this explanation waa not rational odo, it certainly did net appear to be of a chaiectar to give rise to ill-blood in any quarter. But anrh was its late, neveitheleia. Seine of the friends of (Jen. Cass took it aa a positive insult "Is this new editor of the S'nttiman," they indignantly demanded, "a fool, that he can net tee whet the giver ef the toast meant! or, does he suppose us to be fools, and believe that we will swallow his absurd explanations1" On the other hand, tome of tho friends of Mr. Wright, not only took exceptions to tho editor's explanation, but were specially indignant with him for having published Mr. sawyers letter. A very pretty quarrel broke out, but Watch was put an and to by the interposition of some of tha more reasonable end cool headed men of tha par. ty. The Are, however, was smotherad, not extin guished, and would probably have broken out with greater fury than ever, had it not boon that circumstances compelled the editor of the Statetm?n to resign hn arduous and mast responsible station I set down with the intention of giving you some de tail* of the condition or political anair? uere, and a suecinct history of racant tranMCtiona?a proper knowledge of which will enable the readari of tke Herald to under tand how partiaa are aitnatad, and to form fair opinion! a< to their future courae and late ; and I ibould not hare thought the affair net rated in the preceding paragraph, worthy of notice, were it not that 1 have been reading the return* from New York, which let lorth the defeat of the democracy there. In view ot that defeat, the greeting aenttbem from thii eity, by the repreieatatirea of our democracy, aiiume* a significance that it would otherwiee want?that in, on the aappoaitioa that the sentiment waa ottered by way of a pledge of our democratic strength to the werk of elevating (iov. Wright to the Ptetidenoy, and there are lew men in their senaea who will now dispute that such was its intent. I say nothing of the absurdity of sending a hard monay greeting to the democracy of yonr State, who are, many of them, quite aa intimately connected with the banking interest ns the whig* themselves, and ware they to make such an iasue aa that presented by the democracy of Onio, at their last convention, it would ba but "the beginning of the end" of their course, and rtnder certain their everlasting pros[ tration. but the defeat of (iov. Wright, though it cannot injure that eminent and able man 111 the estimation of his disinterested friends, hare or elsewhere, haa, beyond j all question, knocked into utter ruin the somewhat crazy adiflce that had bean erected by many of hi* merely political friend*. The superstructure remains ; but tat edifice has left the sight of men as marvellously as did the palace of Aladdin on the rubbing of the magic lamp by the malignant Neureddin. It haa vanished, "Jihe the meining cloud and the early dew." After the inauguration of Mr. Polk, political matter* took rather irregular turn in this state. Col. Madary, ao long and so honorably connected with our democratic press, rallied from the editorship of the Htateenun on the 1st of July, 1845, having disposed of the concern to two young men, brothers, one ol thara a citizan cf Ohio, and the otnera New hnglander. The Colouel is said to have realized an ample lortune while filling, for eight years, the place of State printer ; but while it ia undoubtedly true that he received laige sums from the State for valuable services rendered, 1 em inclined to baliev# that his. prohte have bean much exaggerated, aa tb* coat of ear ryiug on the Statnmaa waa great, ha sharing no ex Seat* in making the paper a most useful organ lor tha amoctacy, and in ail monay matter* h* haa, ami mast deservedly, the reputation ol being liberal to a fault, be that as it may, having presided over democratic press#* for some seventeen year*, and served the party with zeal and fidelity, he had an undoubted right to reat from hi* labors, especially a* the condition of the party in the na tion was such aa to warrant the be liei that it* ascendancy waa secured for many year*. Tb* new proprietors of the pepar mat with great difficulties at the very onteet of their undertaking, and were aeon convinced that, if SSBeSZSESSSE&aHHHKSeSSr.- *.. 3ERA J46. ! they war* to win and wear anything, it would b*. not I ; wreath of laurel, but rather orown of tkornr It wu their misfortune ioen after they ntered into tbo posses ion of their "now puieboM," to incur tbe enmity of Judge Teppsn, a gemlsmau of whom it may be said, a* ; old Fuller >ay* of the Jeiuiti, that he promptly nay* I hii debt* of ill will. He certainly did hie best to ruin mem, ana uuaouoieuiy maue their position intheieotly ; diesgieeshle Kvery error csuted hy ignorance or the le i csl politics of the State, wae quoted as eridcDce of their j intention to make over the influeace of the Statesman to i the conservatives, or softs, the men whe were opposed } to malting ? "bold stand" in favor of destroying the banks. In one leapeet, they played into the handi of their ene| mie* , for, instead of associating with themselves some Ohioan,' native here and to the manor born," they es* teyed to conduct the paper without such assistance, and ( necessarily fought at grant disadvantage ; for though sufficiently industrious, and desirous if net ant to learn, they had to learn by experience each succeeding day; a moat) tedious course under any circumstances, but absolutely destructive to them They were in the situation of men who, for the first time, wallt through a pass into which no ray of lighlfentcrs, w ho ate under the ne- cessity of feeling every inch ot their way, ami who, when thus groping along, are eat upon by active and determined anemia*, perfeotly familiar with the place, and rockleu of every thing in pursuit of their end. Motives f economy undoubtsaly actuated them in pursuing so ill advised a course, but I am of opinion that they must have saved pennies at the expense of a dollar each. Not to go into mere details on this branch of my subject?which, sftei all, relate mainly to personal matters of ne further interest to tho public, than as the position of the individuals alluded to was one of importance to a great party; connected ae it was with the machinery of that party?1 will say, in brief, that the succeseorsof Col Medarv were accused of aiming at the nomination of (Jen. ( ass; of being in favor of a payer currency, and of several other " high crimes and misdemeanors,'' or whit were held to be such by a number of very worthy, but not very discriminating people, as almost every new charge brought agaiuet them had the eO'ect of killing off some one or more that had been previously made. At length the friends of Mr. Tappvn thought they had hit upon a plan to secure the ejectment from the Statesmen ef persons .so offensive to their views. They determined to make the hard money is?uo; that is to say, to obtain control of the State Convention, which was to meet at Columbus on the 8th of January, 1846, and thea and there past resolutions denouncing banks, sad declaring that the democracy would have no fellowship with their supporters. They ware enabled to accomnli?kth*iranH partly by the u?e of fair mean*, and partly by the u*e of mean* that no honeit man can call fair. Ohio ha* suflered much from bank failure*, many of which'have boen of a character to the lait degree iniamou*. In coniequence of thi?, there ha* crown up a hostility to paper money in thi* State, particularly among democrat* ; and for many year* it has been a great object with the majority of the democratic party, to ao reform the banking syitem * to prevent a few bad men from fleecing the people. These men may be called the Girondist* of the Ohio democracy, a* they poaaaas, in no small degree, or rather their leader* do, the same 'raits of character that distinguished the leading men of the Gironde party in the great French convention?having much intellectual culture and taste, and sincerely desirous of the public welfare, but averse te those violent attempts at reform which defeat themselves. So long as this section of the party, headed by Gov. Shannon and Gen Hamer, had the control of affairs, the democracy, under the banner of bank reform, main tained its ascendancy, though it could not bear up against the tornado of '40 Had its wis* counoils and discreet ' action been adhered to, democracy would have by this time been permanently in the ascendant in Ohio, and as good a bulking system established here as the wit of msn could desire. But, from various causes, there had been growing up in the party a class of men whom I will i call Jacobin*, not as a term of reproach, for that word has in my mind none ol the raw-head-and bloody bones associations ordinarily connected with it; but simply as c expressive of the decision, energy, and determined will 1 of our radicals. None can deny to them the virtues of hi..-.*.. . ? I I --1 ' , ideas. The great error ie to be found in their supposing that the work of yean can be accomplished at ot.ce; end were thejr to prove victorious, It would he but the fore ruoner of their speedy eud perpetual defeat, and the commencement of the almost perpetual ascendancy of the opposite achool ?f politiciaua?the ultra whigs. They seek the eaina enda, though by did'erent means, that are desired by the more moderate men of the party. Vou will at once see that a class of men like those I have described are precisely such as self-seeking leaders can most easily impose upon, by flattoring their prejudices and affecting an earnest desire to casry out their views by legislative enactments, llonest themselves, they did not distrust those who took a forward part in tho radical movement, though snany of these latter had, in sonib way or other, bean connected with banks all their lives Thus, while the better pertion of the hard money men , came up here on the Sth of Jenua:y last, with the most laudable intentions, some of their leaders had olher objects in view. Their ends were?1st, To compel a change l in the editorship -if the Stalfiman, as they assumed tkat that paper would rot support the haid issue. Jd, To , cause the defeat of the party et the fall election, so that , General Cass might not be backed up iu the next demo. , cratic national convention by a great Western State, in I wbieh the democracy should hold sway, white Gov. , Wright, they firmly believed, would be supported in tint , body by the victorious democracy of New York, end hh , nomination thus be rendered certain; and,5dly, to kill , efl Col. Tod, who was. uaquestionably, at thut time, the t most popular democrat in (Jhio. They did not succeed to I the extent they expected. The cenvention met, and every man knew thet e majority of the regularly chosen , delegates wera opposed to the hard meney issue Hence it became necessary to carry by fraud and force what could not be obtained by a fair procedure. The convention wee open to all who chose to take part in its pro ( codings. The whole population of Coiumbna might | have been present, had they chosen to do so, and many whigs did attend and assist the radicals, it was told at | the time, as a capital joke, that a whig member of the , Legislature was very prominent in the convention, always supporting the radicals, well knowing that that was tho way to assist Lis own party. The , moderate men wero completely " over crowed," and lost all confidence in their caure and in each other, as they had acted without concert, and knew not whom to trust Tho proceedings of the Convention were agreeably diversified by a few acts of violence, in the shape of personal assaults, the infliction of bloody noses, and the odvuncing of tho interests ot tailors by the tearing of coati Still, 1 doubt if the radical* would have beau beaten, if matter f had been more properly conducted, and lor this reason: ? By common con ent, Col. Tod had been regarded a* the democratic candidate Tor Governor,and ?o Ur * the nomination wai concerned, tho action of the Convention tvas looked upon a* u mere tormality. Some spasmodic attempt* wore | made to bring forward other candidates lor the nominntion, hut they proved signal failures, the radical presses everywhere going for the Colonel with a maiked zeal and unanimity. Now it did so happen, that this gentleman, whan on bis way homa from tha copper regions on Lake Superior, where he had been ou governmental bit[ ainess, stopped at Clavaland, and immediately altar kit so doing, an article appeared in the Plain Dealer, thr u the only democratic presi in that city, in which it was announced in a manner too pointed to allow any one to auppose that the editor did not sneak without ample authority, that he (Col. Tod) would not permit hia name to be used in tha coming contest, if the democratic partydid not harmomza. Kvenr intelligent men iri Ohio knew what thia meant, as the Flam Dtatrr was well known to bo opposed to tlie " hard" doatrina, and a* Col Tod, when a candidate for Governor in 1844, had written what w-at vary geneially held to be a " toft" letter on the bank question. Whether the confidence of the " hards" in Col. Tod was shaken by this annunciation. 1 have no meanaof ascertaining; but I am certain that no outward symptom* of the existence of any such leeling were visible. Therefore it was, that neither " hard*" nor " solta" were prepared to bring forward any othar candidate when the convention met. On tb* organization of that body, and tht election of Col. Medary to the presidency thereof, thet gentleman, who had arrived here a day or two before from W'aehington, where Col Tod then was. produced a letter from the Utter, in which he took very hard ground Indeed?proving himself to be a bard of the "hards " What influences had bean brought to bear upon his mind lo effect ao great a change ?what was the nature of the inspiration that had thrown so powerful light upon a mind that confessed itself, by the very act ol willing so singular a letter, to have Nil Dravioualv in a state ot midoiirht darkness on the cur rancy questioo?or whether, like Cranmer, he was dealroot to atone lor the greatness of hi* error, by the mag nitU'le of hi* sacrifice?are point* respecting which little can be known, anil about which it would lie profitle<* to peculate. Ilia letter wa* heard with acclamation* by tne radical*, anj with dismay by their opponent*. tie waa nominated, and reiolution* were adopted by tha Convention, in which the hard laaue wn? distinctly made, though an occurrence toward* the close ot tne sitting, ihowedthat the Convention either knew not what it w as about, or wa* frightened at the antic* of the political Krankensteiu, which had resulted from its lahoi a Mr. Corray, one of the delegate* lio>n Cincinnati, a gentleman ot great talent, and an uncompromising radii al, oi lered a resolution declaring that the .State taxes should be collected in gold and silver. Strange a* it may seemthis resolution waa not adopted, though it (lowed with singular propriety from those en the currency which tlio Convention had adopted, and was a logical ueceamity theiefrom, if they had any vitality, arid were not a mere sham. Having voted the ma'or and the minor of a ayllogiim, the delegates were tut righted at an inevitable conclusion. 1 mention this circumstance because it hows how entirely unprepared the Convention was with anything lake a rational plan on the currency question, about which the party had been quarrelling tor years. Weil, the iisue having been made, the Statrtmati promptly gave in ita adhesion, in accordance with the repeated declaration* ofita editor previous to the meeting of the Convention, that auch would be it* course Ail the presses of the party appeared to be satisfied, and fairly supported the ground taken, with the exception oi the Cleveland Plain litalfv, and the Wayne County (now Ashland) Standard So the contemplated change ill the Statmnan wa* not efleeted. Tha plan of injuniig (ion Cass was equally unsuccessful, as that wn based upon the re election of Uov.Wright in New Vork, which . Htsta is now moie whig in it* rharscter than Ohio j Whether Colonel Tod In* been kit ed off, remains to be seen. His popularity has bean rtiJely shaken, but he may rite superior to the storm. When the hunt money banner wn ftr*t thrown to the breeie, the opinion was espiessed by all demociats, I filend* as Well a* foes, that they should be defeated by at least 10,00ti majority?(he former adding, however, that their ultimate triumph would be great, a pliilosoj pbical view of the subject, in which the solt* did not quite concur. Hut in the course of the contest, there entered into It elemenu which caused the w hole body ot the democracy to entertain the belief that success would in all probability crown their exertion*; and events proved that their speculations were uot very tor j LD. *w? C?? to. out of the way The whig Legislature passed a tax law which waa held to be vera unequal in ita operations, and to favor bankara and holders of State stocks, at the expaoaa of our great agricultural intereet. the pride and flory of the State, and also the source of ita wealth ? his law certainly did lajura the whiga. but not to the extent that the hard money tsaua injured the deaaocrata. Thea rerue the question of repealing the black lawe, in favor of which Mr Behb. the whig candidate fer Governor, took open ground. These laws are indefensible in the abstract, but their romiiuaure is demanded by large portions of both paities. on the ground 'hat their repeal would lpad to Ohio being flooded by a black pauper population, consisting of runaway siavea fiom Kentucky and Virginia, and also, because the peopling ol our Stat** with such ueely, shiftless and igDorant beings, would necessarily cause a reduction of the piices now paid for various kiuds of labor It is assarted, indeed, by the op puuruu ui rrpsai, nisi miuu 01 wiiuiis ?aiu Hgaiosthe?? law*, ii prompted by any tiling but philanthropic spirit?that'it contra from incn who are deeply interested in lowering the ntra of wegea. How well grounded theae views are, 1 cannot undeitake to aay; but I think there can be no doubt of Mr. Bebb having loat votes by hia courae in lavor ol repeal But Mr Toil did not gain what hia opponent loat. 1 am net certain that Mr. Tod did not loae votei by the agitation of thia aubject. Reaiding aa he doea in a quarter where repeal la auppoaed to be not unpopular, probably democrat! in aouthern Ohio, conaideied him aa standing on the tame platform with Mr. Bebb; while in the northern counties he rather injured hia chancea of an election by coming out in opposition to repeal, a few daya beiere the teiminati oof the canvass. But neither Ux law nor the repeal of the blmok lawn, nor both combined, did the whiga ao much ham aa the project of adopting the conatliutienal currency ia I jured the democrats, not because that project la ao bad 111 the abitract, aa becauae the people were not prepared | for ao great a change in tho monetary concerns of tho State. Thia is sufficiently apparent when the votes of the several counties are analized. The democrats loat aa many votes in the counties ol Fairfield. Butler, Wayne, Stark, Clermont, sad Licking, aa would have elected Col. Tod, and in till theae counties the hard money doctrine wus unpopular with a reapectanle portion of tho narty, and they ore all strong democratic counties.? F.veu Hamilton did not do much better for Tod last month, than aha did in '44, when ho was committed in favor of banks; yet Hamilton ia regarded aa tho hard aaoaey county, par excellence. Tho character of the Legislature lastchosen, shows what might hava bdou done, had leas jialast daetllaii prevailed. The Senate is tied, and tho whig majority la the Hoase greatly redneed. Several membra were elected by the whtgs by vary small majorities?enough, hade few votes beencbangsd, or evsn withheld from the whig candidates, to have changed the political ooaploxion of the House. It ie very evident that few measures of a strict party charactar can be carried next whiter. The loss of several members of Congresa by the democrats, is entirely owing to tho want of nlt^cx oa tholr part. Whan tha whigs, in consoqenca of quarrola among tho democraoy, carried the Legislature in 1804, they redistricted the State. For soma time, it was a faverite plan with many dameorats to elect in the old district, oa U'WJ uicrcgauung rue law pilMO oy lai vug LiglMa* ture; ud had the State convention recommended that courn, I hava no doubt that the party would have adopted it. But the convention did nothing of tha kind; tno rodiatricting vu aubmittad to, and uie conaeqnance la, that our delegation containa a majority of whiga. Bo much for tbe want of apirit. Had the aame boMnaaa provaiiad an thia vitally Important auhject that characterised a portion of tha party'a action on tha currency queation, the raault would hava baan a substantial victory tor the democracy in Ohio. Parties ara ao nearly divided here, that it ia hardly poaarbla to make a lata prediction aa to onr future political character. Had the whig* carried both brancbea of tha Legialature, and were they to act with oitlinary discretion modifying their tax law so as to make it beer w th equal weignt upon all olaxaoa ?a real property tax. and aoiuawhat altaiing tlieir banking ayatom?I think thav would hare a tolerable chance oi maintaining tlieir cendancy. It ia thought by many, in whoae ability to form a sound judgment en the subject I t.ave much confldence, that what they have moat to fear, ia tho nomination of eomo popular western men for the next Presidency by the democrats. The popularity of such a man would much aid our democrats in the local elections, and reodertha reelections of Mr. Allen to the Senate almost a matter of certainly llut there ia one element which entera into our contests, af the utmoat importance, and which people at a distance are not likely to think mnc-h of; I allude to our State Debt We ere evdJled with obligations to tbe enormcua amount of $iO,OOU,COO, much of which was borrowed at miserably low ratea and at heavy intereet. Vou can foim un idea of tho weight of the taxes under which u-e are autforing, and which galla ui the more because tho wholo of thia immense sum ia exempted from taxation To keep tbe credit of the State good, reflecting men are willing to submit to much?but I am seriously afraid that what Lord Cestlereigh was used to eatlour "ignorant impatience of taxatien," will at last prove too much lor those who aeem to think that a now commandment haa been givrn, namely, that you shall pay the In iirresi on your public ueoii, aim wuica \a?j appear w hold of mure importance than the entiro old decalogue. Already have propositions been made, through some of our roost rcipectuble public prints?in all iustancos.howcTer, that bivfccume under ray observation, in the form of coismunications. and not editorially? te give op the public works te the public creditors, whe shall be at liberty to make the must ot them. 1 have aiso heard the same proposition boldly entertained in conversation bar men ol property, and respectable for their social standin* and general intelligence Were anything of the kilgl to be done, millions would he lost to our creditors, as ho one pretends that the works are worth the amount of our indebtedness, teo much having been wasted, in venous ways to allow any well informed men to entertain such an opinion for a moment Suppose the thing done, for it is not impossible that it may come about, would net Well street shrtek "repudiation" at the top ef its hateful voice, end rare most disinterestedly about breaches ef these obligations which its frequenters habitually disregard, when, by so doing, they can put an additional penny In their glutted purses. However, we hope here, that new resources may develope themselves, with the filling up of the State, and by distributing toe burthen among many, enable us to preserve our faith untarnished. The building of a few?hundred miles of railroads here,would put the metier at reit forever, end if eastern capitalists would only help us to accomplish ee rfosirable an end, they weuld benefit themselves in aore then one way.? Uut that cannot be counted upon WitirgggUrlng like certainty, ami when you feel inclined, either for your own emus- ment or the edification of your readers, to calculate political chance* in Ohio, don't forget to think ef our State debt, any action on which, by ei'ner of our parties, is of tho last consequence, and not to be exaggerated Having alluded to the next rresidency, I will improve this occa-ion to cornet an impression which appears to have fastened itselfupon tire minds of some of the eastern wbigs, end which it behooves them te get rid ef.? They seem to think that our whiga are ell eager for the nomi?ation of Judge McLean lor the Presidency, and that they are specially anxious to see him in the White House This h a great mistake. That our people mnch aimire the Judge, and regard him aa gentleman of great talent and worth, is true; it ra also true, that not a few ef our whigs would he gratified at witnessing hia elevation to the chief magistracy ol the Union?but it ia not tme that he is the first choice ot the bulk of the party here, who would much prefer some other man One objection made to him ia, that he would not be likely, if elected, to make thoae necessary removals Irom office, which have been in vogue for the lost seventeen year*? and this is no slight matter, 1 can assure you The real whigs of Ohio?the genuine blue blood b'hoys? would prefer Henry ( lay to any other man. He would work the besom of " reform" with an enerxy coming somewhat up to their Motions of "the eternal fitness of things." Real go-a-head fellows our workiDg whigs are, and they are uf the blessed opinion of Themistocies, who once said? "The go<l? lorDid that I snouin acnieve virion** mat prove mo oioro beneficial to my friend* than to my enemiei" They have no idea, not they, ol permitting Mr. rolk'a disciples to bare the good thing* under a whig administration, all the same as if ticcesa and defeat were alike. When defeated, they are right ready to (it down to the first part of the Barmecide'* feast. but when attcceiaful, they will hsvo none of inch airy food, demanding that the second port he played, and with sumptuous fare too. To do them just ice, tliey submit with fortitude to reverses, and march to the guillotine, if not with alacrity, at least with resignation; hut the Lord help the man who recommends to them Chriatiaa-like foibrarance and a meek fotgivansis of injuries in their hour cf triumph. I could mention other causes why the nominetioa of Judge McLean it not so generally received bare t * many at the East sup pose; but I have said quite enough to convince those of their error who know of what materials our parties ere composed, t will make no prophecy, but I will express the opinion, that if the vote of Ohio in tha whig National Convention is wanted to bring about the nomination of Mr. Cla\ , that great man and his friends need have little fear ot its being obstiuaicl) withheld from bim. Colonel Medary resume 1 possession of tlio Slafftman some d*>s since, in consequence of the failure of the late propi letor to fulfil the teims of purchase, as I am told. 1 he Colonel lias issued a stirring address to our democracy, who will doubtless respond to it in a spirit most acceptable tu the writer, as he is od? of their prime favorites. it was with much icluctanca, however, that he took possession again of his Old post. Our Lcgi'laturo will mreton mo 7th of December. Anexciting session is anticipated, in consequence of the pe culiar state of, parties In thst body. Very few of the old member! have been re elected, ami Daw men will nn<l It difficult to carry on the public buiioaaa. The moat able man elrcted to cither branch by the democrat!, l? Mr. ' Old!, Senator from Kairfleld and Pickaway, lie ia one of the tew who have had a large legiilative experience. ' and will probably be the democratic candidate for the presidency of the Senate. Several of the new member! of both hrencbea, are known to be clever, and among 1 them Mr Lewia, the whig Senator (ram Summit, will rank high, ea he ia not only a gantlamen of taieat, but iiaa been a legislative ollicrr, and familiarized himself with the course of proceeding* in public bodiea, upon a proper knowledge of which to much depend! m a man's career in public life. When the legUUture ah all have got fairly under way, I will endeavor to lorward yoq another letter, detailing whatever may be of conaeauence in i>e actiou, end alio give tome account of the position viewa, lie., ol our whig party, thil eniatle being mainly devoted to the democrat!, anil al eady too long to allow me to add another paragraph L. DA<iUEHHhOTVPk. APPARATUS KOR SALIC. GIlRMAN, kieueh. and Amerieun < aaieraa, Leoa, Platea, Casea, Cheoncali, he., to per rent, cheaper than any ether place ia the United St?:?a, at IK Broadway. fV.B laatraclioaa eareiaiiv* airca iu the art. Alao, wanted to purchase or hire, a *ood lathe f?r braaa or lleht iriia work, with i-'mU. Kr n'f a'i Kit W , BlMKliaTONs Straw Bnarda. auperior qu ditv, ia?t reeei?? 1 aad feraaie hy .ftdisst k. DllucRM,