Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 28, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 28, 1846 Page 1
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TH] Vol. ill, >11, 311-WhoU Ho. 4801. Foreign Corrrajtonilriicc of (he IV. Y. Hernial. I Loudon, Oct. 10, 1840. i Rupture of the Entente Coi Hale?European Coalition againet Liberal Imtitutione?Jlffairein Portugal?Rat tla of Hunt trey -Ritadilujft ? Cotton Marktt? Thiatricalt. Whut 1 mentioned to you in my la?t communication by lSiitennitt. a. haimr than le.a known an,l K.. now com? out, and is beginning to bo in or* fully deve loped, in bold and glaring oolors?viz., the attitude of dafiance, and even menace, assumed by France toward* [ England. The language of he Pkiii, the rocognized confidential organ of tho royal palace of the Thuilleriea, ia unmistakeabl* ; it haa come upon the aiiniatry here like a thunder clap, and haa taken all partiaa by surprise It ia now the grand topic of public feeling and animad eraion You will no doubt perceive that your correa pondeat gave you the fact some weeks in anticipation, before it fully burst out, as it now at last has done.? Louis Philippe defies England, and boldly throws down the gauntlet, and in this (us will appear by and bye,) is secretly becked by Russia and Austria The fact is, there is a secret coalition forming in Europe, of absolutism against liberal institutions, and the French monarch haa long since belonged, though under corer, to the former perty. England and the United States are the two great eye-sores to the absolute powers of Europe; in both these countries the people, by means of the press, exercise an almost unbounded empire ; ia both of tbem public opinion it, in fact, the sovereign and the ruler, while among the monarchies of Europe it it an offence and a treason, that the public should dare to have an opinion, and to think of or meddle with public atlairs. I remember readiug in the AVu> Terlk Herald, abont a year ago, two or three able and powerful articles, showing that eventually there would be a combination of European absolutism against democracy, as developed in American institutions. Tbo perfect truth and foresight of the editor of the Herald, in tho view then taken, appears by the shadowing forth of coming ovuiits about to be realized. But before the absolute iiowers of tho old European world will think of America, they will first direct tboir views end efforts to put down the predominance of popular freedom and public opinion in their neighbor of England. When they shall have succeeded in re-instuting in England a strong government, and in effectually crushing tiro aspiring and expanding spirit of radicalism, then, and not before, they will begin, little, by little, to show their teeth against America, and no doubt will hope to work, by means of domestic taction and internal dissension, before they proceed to o pen or avow ed demonstrations.? Whatever may be their course or mo lo ef operation, their policy and aim ia decided and settled, ilut while a liberal ministry, and the empire of public opinion prevail, so near at home, they will postpone mora distant operations. In the meantime, as to England, the cry Is, "Detenia tit Carthago;," and now, as you will see by the French news, France has corns out fist-footed, and joined the cry. I told you so three weeks ago ; the Timet has fouud it out to-day, (October 30th,) and has an article containing, in substance, what the Aew York He ram contained long ago, viz., the defiance of France and its policy "to form a strict alliance with the other continental powers against the common enemy." Time will develope the deep meaning and intent of these not undeliberated manifestations. Another matter to which 1 directed your attention in my correspondence, which preceded my last letter, has now, at last, began to excite public attention here, Tiz., the singular anomaly that Ireland was exporting prevision* to Liverpool, while the world was echoing with the cry ol "limine, famine, in Ireland." It is now for the first time noticed, and the Timet of this day (30th Oct.) has a long and able leader upon it. If my correspondence reached you safely, you had it nearly two months ago. The feet is, the extensive influence and wide ramifications of the political connexions of Mr. Bennett, when he appointed your humble servant his oflicial correspondent at London, placed in his pewer the means of information and communications such as only the genius and enterprise of your great American editor could commandNext to the excitement produced in Downing street, end tho purlieus ol; St. James, by the boldness and unsxpected defiance of the posture now openly a*?umed by the French cabinet, the most important and exciting movement Is the revolution transpiring in Portugal; not s* much from the intrinsic importance of that miaerable country and people, but rather from tho serious events which may flow from this affair. Tho bpanish army, under the dicta*ion of French influence, is already on the borders of Portugal, and there is hardly a doubt by tho time this reaches you, will have crossed the frontiers In support of absolutism, and to put down the popular movement : Conte qui Cente; it is the determination of continental absolutism, &ud their gat is. gone forth, that the }>eople and the press must bo put down wherever thev lift up their bead*. In exemplification of thi* determination, already two State* in Germany, (Brunswick and Bohemia,) bare annihilated the pre**. No newspaper it now permitted to be published or printed in either of these kingdom*, by any peraon Only one paper it to be published there, a gazette, which i* to do owned, edited, conducted, and publiahed, by the government! This measure will soon and gradually, bnt effectively,be extended all over Europe, where, not openly, covertly, and where not by fores, by corruption. Russia, with her immense power, on the one hand, and the Jesaits with thair extensive moral energies on the other hand, are the secret life end spirit of the coalition of power and absolutism against the press and the people of all eountriot. If Portugal should bo abandoned to the tender mercies of France and Spain, every thing would aoon be sbeolutely quiet in that country. France has no idea that England will interfere or ipoil her plans in Spain or Portugal; she eeor-ratei her difficulties with belaud, and fondly imagines that she is too much hampered by her situation and ths state of affairs in India, t'affie-land, Borneo, New Zealand, as wei) as at horns, to dare to lift up her Anger. But France exaggerate* her own advantages, and her rival's difficulties. A strong naval armament of observation only, will sail in a fow days from the seaports of England for Cadiz and Lisbon; tba movameut is kept a profound secret, but in a ftw week* it will become public in all ita partionlars. This will be a demonstration only, on the pert of England, but it will infuse such strength into the liberal party in Portugal, as to defeat, (or the present, the immediate view* of France, in totally crushing the liberal hopes of Portugal io obtaining a moderate government. The French army of observation is posted on the frontiers of Switzerland, only waiting for some pretext, some disorder, or tmtute to aid the Jesuit party in overthrowing the new popular government 1 received this morning The Herald for Europe, brought by the Hibernia, yesterday, containing an account of tne splendid affair of Monterey, with the charactoiiatic head of the brave General Taylor. What a battle ! i ne upward tendency of braadstults continues, but tbe time of a reaction is now close at hand?wheat has reached 70s. per quarter, about $2 It the bushel ; here it is believed it will snake a halt, and waver and oscillate for a little time, when it will come down. 1 think this may now be safely calculated upon. The porta, I believe, will not be thrown open. It is confidently asserted that ministers have resolved to permit the use of sugar and molasses in the breweries end distilleries; this will produce a powerful revulsion. Sixty-four million bushels of barley are used annually in Knaland for conversion into beer. An immense quantity of the same grain is also used in the distilleries. The supply of a material with which the brewers here could make a better and cheaper beer, would give en immense supply of food, and supersede the necessity of the vast importation which otherwiso it was calculated would be indispensable. At all evsnts, ona thing is certain: there will be for many months to coma, if not, perhaps an extravagant field for inordinate speculators, yet, henceforth a steady und healty market opea for American breadstufis, as extensively beneficial to tha American producer at a moderate rate, aa at an excessive and undue stimulus. The cotton market is getting into a healthy condition again ; the admirabls knowledge, skill and ability, exhibited io your commercial articles, more especially in your cotton article, which the Cambria brougnt out, has created an astonishing sensation, aud produced tbe mod happy elf eels. The commercial world on both tides of tiie Atlantic, owes e heavy debt of gratitude to tbo New York Herald, for its liberality, foresight and independence; but there ie ajealonsy here in some quarters, by which, while the benefit is greedily seised upon, the source is cither not acknowledged or denied, that ia what I call " little minded." A drain of specie is apprehended here, and tha bank has alieady begun to curtail its accommodations. A cabinet council sat evening before last; the Chief Secretary from Ireland, came over to be present : it alreadv leaks out that tiim petition of affaire in Pertug&l, a* well as Ireland. au<l the opening of tbo porta, were among the momentum mattera dmpoecdof , aa to the latter, it ia believed and generally accredited, that the propoeed plan of diverting the conaitmption of barley from the breweriee and dietillerioe, to the uee of food, will quiet the clamor for opening the porta, and that thoy will not be opened. Theatricala are beginning to revive ; Maddox, at the Frinceaa'a, ia bringing out aome aplendid new piecee. Madame Anna Uiahop goea oai in iucreaiing |>opuiarityf at Old Drury ; Jenkins haa re-commenced hie grand concert! at Covent (iarden , Shakapeare, meantime, ia at a diecouut. The Krench Comic Company, under Mitchell, will open on the 11th November, with greet nlat ; aome of the beat actora from Paria have been engaged. Under the influence of Prince Albert, muaie ia in the pre-eminence ; he ia eeid to be himaelf a good judge, and to have compoaed aome original piecea, v, hich are not bad. Concarta, operaa, and the Krench theatre, are all the " go," and drown the legitimate drama in an overwhelming flood. THX gPV IN LONDON. Lohdox, November a, 1s40. Tht Entente Cardial*?Portugmiie ^ffairi?Of tning of the Engliih Parti?Price af Grain?Theatrical!. Aa I told yon in my laat, and bafore that ia my preceding letter, the difhcultiee between Krance and England go on increaaing, end the diplomatic and newepaper Warfare waxoa hotter and hotter. Krance, from being attacked, haa tamed round and aaaumad the more noble and hot tile position of an aggreeeor, and the articlea irom the palace breathe out deflanco and determined hostility It maybe called at preaent a war between two caoiuete, between the two miulstera, Ouizot and ralmenton. All the other partiea to the war keep, for the prearnt, in the back ground ; but it ia a war of tooth an l nail, xad no efforts will be spa'ad, no ground left untamed by the Krench Court to cruali I.ord Palmeraton r ]|n ;, cot aidored the head and front of tho oil-ndara, and it it o| only awaited by Ktench politiciana here and in E NE' NEW ^ r*ri?, that all the offensive article" which have appetre 1 iu the Timrt, Ckrtmiclt, and other Lnglish papers relative to the French intrigue* in Spain, have emanated from Lord Talmeraton : wnoover was the author, certain it is Louis Phillip and hia family are stung to the quick, and their amour preote is so olfended that their rage ta said to be beyond all bounds, and that nothing can pacify them short of the disgrace of Lord I'almerston. King Leopold, cousin of the queen and aou in-law of the King of tne French, is coming over to talk to her majesty on the subject. Meantime, there is an iucreased activity of iwurwri umweei: ran* ana L,onaon. carrying angry notaa an<l diplomatic remonatrmncea. No event since nis uccessien hat wouudad tho French king to tha quick ao much at thit. Poland, and all her sufferings?all the grvut event* of hit reign, aie at nothing to it?and new lor the first time he ia in right down earneit about going to war with England on account of a young Spanish girl of fourteen. He haa, after being ao often snot at in vain, at laat been hit in a tender point?the ehot comet from the preta, and it haa produced a kind of brain fever of the mott aerioui tendency. After all, the preaa ia more powerful than pittol ihota or gun-cotton , this affuir ia a demonitration. Donna Maria, the unhappy Queeu of Portugal, hat at laat auddenly and effectively loat her crown by her late effort to crush a popular government and re-ottabliab abaolutiam in her ova peraon and court, and ii by this time a fugitive and a runaway from that country where ?he lately reigned as queen. The British aquadren arrived in time at Oporto and Lisbon to save her, and at tho tame time multiply the effort* and inflaance of the Spanish general who waa croaaing tha frontier* with his troop*, but too late to arreat the successful march of the popular movement. The moat wonderful success and rapidity, joined with great prudence and moderation, haa attended thia popular^and democratic movement in Portugal. Accounts have but thia.mement reached London of the concluding event* of thia political drama. The particulars cannot appear in the paper* till after the Acadia tail*. The movement ef the queen, at the motien and encouragement of France and Spain, waa premature, and to the great chagrin of those united power* ha* resu'ted in compete ruin and dewnfalltothe royal party. The affair excite* more iutereat hero than it will among yon, naturally enough, aa the English, of all European nations, have, especially in commercial matters, always had the closest intimacy and connexion with Portugal. I told you in a former correspondence, of the new Mia in Germany of setting up one paper only, to be conductod entirely by tho government, und that tha kiug of Buvaria had put it in force iu his dominions. This plan is to be further carried out in ether German States, as it is found to succeed so well in answering the views of absolute monarchies; and it is under the counsel and influence of Prussia, this movement is going on The inlormation contained in my last relative to the opening of the ports, was fully corroborated by the fact, next day after my letter was mailed, came out the orders in council effectually destroying all the hopes, and showing the unfoundedneis of the assurances of those who had confidently declared that the ports would be upium. nwu, nun i iuiu ;uu 111 my I.IMI ! now no (finning to be confirmed, viz : the fall in the price of wheat has already begun. It had reached as high as 80s for the best sorts, 70s being the average-, the fall has now begun, and I think, from all circumstances, will go on, yet with many oscillations and variations. There is no doubt the great rise was mainly owing to speculators. A general activity is now prevailing at the theatres, and new pieces succeed each other with commendable rapidity. This will last till Christmas, when comedy ami the opera will disappear for the introduction of the holiday farce and pantomime, and the never failing " Ueorge Barnwell.'' The small theatre, the Adelphi. which is well managed and is almost always successful in the selection of novelties, has just obtained lrotn the public a fresh accession of applause, by the production of anew fantastical piece entitled, "Mrs. Uamps Tra and Turn Ont" The Haymarket has brought out a new comedy in live acts, by Mr. Lovell, " Look before you leap," which, in spite of some rather lengthy dialogues and a sprinkling of plagiaries, is upon the whole well written and very amusing. Mr. Webster himself, performed in the piece with a company which, unquestionably, is the beat in Loikion. The Haymarket is at present the chief of all the dramatic temples in tho Metropolis. Under the name of the " Night Dancers," the Princess' theatre has brought outja new version of "La Oiselle."in which Madame Augusta obtained such merited lame last winter at the Park theatre, New York. Miss Sarah Flower and Madame Albertazzi perform the chief parts in ths ballet. The first representation was marked by a frightful accident, wliioh happily ended without fatsl results, but MadameAlbertazzicams very near suffering the cams fate which befel the unfortunate Clara Webster, who was burned to death at Drury Lane. During the singing of ;a duett, "Fly from this fatal Vale," when Uise'.lc stoops down to gather a rose, her light gossaner frock brushad near a lamp, and inatantiy aha was enveloped In Haiti pr of fifP ! Ursa a/1 fill arrnr ? ' the house; ladiei in the boxes screamed and fainted, men shuddered ! when two machine men rushed from behind the scenes and instantly smothered the flames. It was all the work of an instant. Madame Albertazzi displayed wonderful coolness and presence of mind; if she had los< her selfcommand, as poor Clara Webster, she must hare been burnt alive: she was not hart in the least, and reappeared again and continued her pert. Madame Anna Bishop is really a fine songtress and Jdeases the dilettanti, but she does not take, and Drury Lane is but thinly attended. They here pushed the " Maid of Arteis " too far. THE SPY IN LONDON. Execution or Patrick Flvnn.?The Ca&kill Democrat, of the 22d inst., gives the following account of the execution of the murderer Klynn " On Thursday last, the 19th inst.. we were called upon to witDoee one of the most melancholy and heart-rending scenes which has ever transpired within the limits of this county, and we pray heaven it may be the last of the same nature we are ever called upon to record. We allude to the unhappy fste and execution of Patrick Klynn, who on that day took his exit from time into eternity, in accordance with the severe penalty of the law. Klynn was a native of Ireland, thirty years of age, who emigrated to this country in the year 1839 or 1840, and was convicted at the last fleptember Oyer and Terminer, held in this village, of the murder of Robert James, who was Klynn's employer at the time. The prisoner during the progress of the trial assumed the air of a stoic, nor did he manifest any feeling in regard to his fate until the sentence of the law was pronounced by the Judge, when his nerves relaxed, and he burst into tears, stating that he had been sworn lalsely against; yet no person who heard the evidence could entertain a doubt, for never was a chain of circumstances more conclusive, rendering guilt certain, than in his case. Klynn, during the time of his confinement, up to within a few days of his exeaution, was sullen, morose, and taciturn; treating the ministers of our village who visited him with indifference, he being visited in the meantime by a catholic clergyman, to whom he made a confession the day previous to his execution, telling him to make such use of it as be thought tit For several days before he was executed he seemed to be in treat asronv 1 spirit, undergoing great physical end mental prostration of body end mind, preying that God would cleeme hi* apirit from his body before he wee executed, at he did not went to be hung like a dog. On the day of hi* execution Mr. Oilbride, a catholic clergyman from Hudton, labored with him in prayer, in hiacoll, Flynn haying objected to being attended by the miniatera of our village; and at the hour of 3 I'. M ., he waa brought out of hie cell in the lower story of the jail, with a white shroud and cap on, and conducted by under aheriff Beach and deputy sheriff Betta, to acell in the tecond atory, a room about ten feet high, the ceiling of which waa cut through, and the same apparatus that Oreen, of Troy, waa hung with, waa placed over it ? When he waa drat brought out of hia ceil, be commenced utteriug words which were inaudible, suffering intensely. without uerye or strength enough scarcely to stand alone until he got into the room where hung the fatal cord, and thon continued to look up,except when iu praver. He then sat on a chair, constantly calling on God to bless and saro him After remaining there a few minutes he was told to stand up, looking ghastly until the cap was drawn over his face by ttie sheriff', when a cerd, about |hali an inch through ? which was around his neck, (the same one that bung Strang of Albany) was fattened to a rape from .Kn.. ?I !._ -I * ?! ? ..... ... .....iu wiyi a single jerk ol a small cord, launched him into that world where hi* acta will be viewed by an impartial judge, an<l ho meet hi* just reward from him in whoie hand* are the issues ef life. He died scarcsly without struggle, nftor hanging thirteen minutea. That he met death with composure and a full belief in hia forgiveness, we very much dotiht. That ha wa* penitent, we believe, and hope he died happy. The final parting between Patrick and hi* brother wa* a truly heart-rending icene. the convuUive sobs of each being distinctly heard all over the jail. After hanging thirty minute*, hi* wa* taken down by the sheriff, and given over to hi* friends, who wero in attendance, to convey it to Saugertie* tor interment. One word more, and wa nave done. The sheriff, Samuel Du Ilois, K?a., merit* much praise for the noble manner in which he discharged his duty. Never did man have things better arranged, and never did a culprit uader similar circumstance* die easier. Klynn eapressrd great deal of feeling toward* the sheriff and hi* family for th*ir uniform kindness to him, and felt very grateful toward* th*m. The sheriff, while be was discharging hi* duty, was cool, collected, and understood everything perfectly, and performed hi* duty without leaving a pait or portloa of it on which censure would fall with any Justice. Smatn.AE?A few davs since the transmission of mvssages upon the New York telegraph line was suspended for several heure, which, upon an inspection ot the wires in the vicinity of the city, wa* found to have been caused by the following curious incident A large owl was found suspended trom the wires, three miles above the inclined plane, with his talons entangled among them, the copper wire having been twisted round the iron cord* of the Western line. The owl was dead when discovered, and it la supposed that he had lighted upon the iron wire, and while in that position the other was blown against him, and a connection being thus formed, he then received a shock of the fluid, which deprived him of life, or so crippled him that in his flutter ings he became entangled in the wires. The removal of the defunct owl and disentanglementof the wire* en.ibled the renewal of communication* between the two cities.? Phila. Ltdgtr. M YtrntRiotm.?A coronor's inquest at Danvilie, in Morris county, on the 14th inst , pronounced a verdict that klizsheth Peer, a young feniBle of that place, came to her death by an act of some person to them unknown in the city or New York. The witnesses, among whom was Or V. W. Kairrhild, established the (art that she Tell a victim to a gross violation of nature by some person? supposed, from the giri'e amhigueti* story, Jnst nelore her death, to be a notorious "lemale physician " The girl toid the woman told her eke had three paliems ( the same day from tliaebethtown, ami tour ft em Morris i county jtd* w ro 'ORK, SATURDAY MOR] Further Extracts from late Foreign Papers. I Amertco-Mexlcan AfTnlr* In Europe. [Krom the Lonlon Herald, Oct. 31 ] We published yesterday lengthened detail* of the storaiing and capture of Monterey by the American force*, under the legitimate successor of " Old Hickory," commonly called Major (ioneral Zacliarv Taylor, hut better known through the States a* " Old Rough and Heady." These details are highlv creditable to the Mexican troops, and fully prove that the descendant of tho Spanish Mtyusbm is worthy of the character given by .Mact.iavel to the Spanish foot soldiors of the twelfth j and thirteenth centuries. Never were there better j or braver troop* than Spaniards, old or new, in the j defence of towns or fortified places, if well ofllcered. ] No men hear so patiently the assaults of hunger, and they are of iudomitable patience and |>orsoverauce. They proved the character ol their race and , nauan anew oemnu ine nailerea ana Droxeu wain of Monterey, and though vain wai courage,?valuer I atill their indomitable coolneta, ilaadineaa, and I Died reaolve?yet their hearing and bravery , aecured them honorable, if not easy term*. Indeed, the i b.lasting A .nericana appear to have been read a lesson, which we hope may act as a taming thought to their more than human pride. The Cabinet of Washington is I not dispose i to ratify the terms of their General, but tell him to push on the war. But without a full military chest?without a good comaaissanat, and a largo and well-disciplined body of troop*, " Hough and Ready" may not hud it is so easy " to go ahead." The conquest of Mexico may be fouud a more dillic.ult thing than ie supposed by the lawyers and jobbeis of New York. As to Santa Anna, we believe him to have many good and generous qualities; but his most eminent defect is avarice, and his master passion gambling; and the aots of such a man can never be eafely depended on. The country that relies too much on the fidelity of a man who will bet fSO.OOOon a main of cocks, anil he content to lose it il ho have his sport?may too late find that it has ill bestowed its confidence. The Cos si Trade or Kurepe. [Krom the London Kxnress, Nov. 3.] The speculations which have for senio time been afloat as to the course contemplated by the government in reference to the early meeting of Parliament, the ojiening the porte for the introduction of foreign corn duty free, and the withdrawal of the restrictions on the use ol sugar in distillation, are set at rest. Farliament bus been prorogued from the 4th of November to the Pith af January, and as the term "then to meet for despatch of business," isit not used, it is presumed that a further prorogation will then take place. It cannot ho doubted but that the state of the country, as regards the supply of food, must have obtained the most serious and careful consideration of the government; and hence it is fair to presume that there it no ground for alarm. We gave it as our opinion, sonse time since, that the weight of our supplies mum come irom me united Mates, and mat Hence there was no reason for apprehending evil conacqaencoi from a drain of monoy in it* purchase, inasmuch a* payment would, in all probability, be made by the exchange of our manufacture*. The advice* received from America during the nsst week confirm this view of the question. The ilrrald remark* on this point:? "There is no fear of any drain of bullion from England, as the steamer "liibernia" has brought over most extensive orders to our manufacturers for goods to come out under the new tariff, and the amount involved in these orders is far beyond anything we can have to pay for breadstuff*." It is further satisfactory to leatn that there will be an ample supply. A New York commercial paper says:? " The receipts of flour at tide water this year exceed those of last year, thus far, 688,51'.) barrels ; and as, according to ordinary calculation, we have six weeks of catial navigation still before us, as the crops havo been abundant, and the prices are now high enough to tempt the farmer to ho a* early as possible in the market, wo may expect a very large addition to the supply. The Indian corn cr.ips are reported to be very great. There wasnotmjob ol the new crop yet in the New York market; but it was expected that befare the navigation closed, an abundant supply would arrive for European shipment" We have considered that the necessity for opening the port* would dep$?4 upon the demand, and consequent price of grain, in those European countries which require a supply, ilad the price been sufficiently high to induce the American vessel* to pas* us by, the repeal of the duty still remaining might have become necessary. A check in the rise of prices has, however, been experienced. especially in Kranco. Tho Tines ha* the following statement: ? ' The Prrttt announces that the Minister of Commerce had received the reports of the crops, which he had demanded from the prefects. These reports, it savs. men tiou that the wheat crop wai iu amount one*fifth inferior to that ot ordinary years ; but that the excellent uuality of (ho grain reduced the deficit to one-tenth. Vranoe consumes tSO.Ooo.OOC hectolitres of wheat annually ; she consequently only requires 6,000,000 hectolitres to supply the deficiency, or a month's consumption." Against this deficiency the government of France has slready made considerable provision. There is, however, the deficiency in the potato to bo taken into account.? This will, in all probability, turn out to be in some measure exaggerated, as there is little doubt it will in this country, if employment can but be found, there need be no apprehension of starvation from tho impossibility of procuring a supply of the necessaries of lite. By a return made by the Minister of Agriculture and I Commerce,, it appears thst the annual production of wheat and other corn in France ia estimated at 109,00? 000 hectolitres, which, calculated on an average at 18f. the hectolitre, will make a total of grain produce equal to J,000 ooo 0001. (deux milliards), or ?80,009,00>)1. The French government, so as to quiet the anxiety which prevailed as to a scarcity of wheat, have taken early precautions, by allowing It to be imported from foreign countries at a next to nominal duty ; and that the contractors tor the umy and navy, as well as public service, shall bo expressly bound to complete such contrasts with foreign grain, although it no doubt will increase the expense to government in the budget supplies for the year. According to the agricultural reports, the autumn harvest has been very abundant in the department of the Dordogne; in tire Upper and Lower Marne the farmers have on hand a larger quantity of old wheat than is generally believed. The potato crop, which at first was stated to be diseased, has turned out a very excellent quality, and highly satisfactory. Iba grain market at Bar-iur-Aub* ha* been completely glutted with every description ot' com, and the prices, which a fortnight ago were on the riee, hare de ciined 40 to 60 centime* on old and new wheat. Thi* fall in price ia still greater in many other market*, partioularly thoie of Alsace, where it declined 60 to 40 centime*; at the market of Strasbourg, out of 3,64:2 hectolitre* put up for aale, an excellent quality of wheat, 1,464 hectolitre* remained uniold. The name occurred at the market* ot C'olmar and Hcheleetadt, a* the purchaaer* are becoming more confident in the lupply on hand, and will net (ubmit to the late high pricea ot the corn-factor* or dealer*. The price of wheat ha* had a great efiect on that of the potatoea, which it had oeen attempted to represent, not only a* being fcaice, hut bad in quality ; the contrary having proved to be the ceee, thi* uaeful farinaceoca facula haa fallen in price at Kheima and other large towns fully one-third. In the depaitment* of the north?Arra*. Lilla, Cambrai, Bapaume, Valenciennes, he., they are already gatheting in thair winter crop*, which are quite free from any diseasa, as U?t year, and promise to be very abundant, eepecially those ut high aud atgillaceous grounds. A great quantity of wheat and flour has recently arrived at. llavi* nom the United States. at moderate price*, tinhat vest having bean rich and abundant A great man y boats have recently arrived at Dunkerque, ladtn with wheat fiom Htusia, which haa been aeat into the interior by tho river Scheldt. Other extensive cargoes are expected from the Baltic and Odessa, at Havre, Nantes, Boideaux, and otbar porta in the north. The arrivals of wheat at Marseilles lrom the Mediterranean and Orleasa have lately been very considerable, and large cargoes have been iorwarded to Lyons and other extensive cities in the louth, up the Rhone and ttoaue, end lrom Bordeaux up Uie < faronne, the Leire, and other rivers, into the interior, so that the grauaries and markets throughout the whole country are being well supplied, and prices materially declining in Krance.The harvest in Holland bus l>e?n very good, tlin markets are well stocked, and prices becoming lower. Very large cargoes of wneat irem huhii have been sent up Ike llhine, ao less than 140 boati having passed Dusseldori during the inontb up to the 30th inn., with Russian corn. Ilia Neapolltnn and Sicilian governments are laying in large tocka of a heat from Kgypt, Turkey, Odessa, lie. Foreign Thaatrleali. Mr. Templeton, the celebrated vocalist, (peek* with great pleasure of hii late tour in the United Btntes. He s delighted with the Americana, with their character, their hoapitality, their enthuaiaam, and their country. Mr*. Macready haa engaged Mr*, and Mr. Charles Mathews for a few nights ut Bath. The London .Sunday TVmss. in (peaking of Forfait and Wallack, says that Brother Jonathan ia accused of entertaining prejudices ng.dnat John Bull ; if he does Indulge in auch things, it ia not in reference to our histrionics. All parts 01 the United States hare welcomed, cheered, and cherished them. Never was the fact made so evident as in the reception of James Wallack and Kdwin Forrest; the former an actor who had taken his degrees, albeit not in the same college, in the vicinity of that reigned over by John Kemble, and aided by the talent ot Charlea Young, Charlea Kemlde, and a marvelleualy line comedy company. Mr. Forrest, on the contrary, ia a child of the new world's own rearing?one who is native to the soil, and who learnt the elements of his art among themselves. Well, Wallack came first (at the Federal, Boston,) and he was received as an old friend whom they delighted to honor, as an actor who had done much to Improve the American drama ; tliay gavu him a glorious reception. Forrest (at the Park, New York,) was treated as a brother returned to kjs homo, from which he hed been long a wanderer: they did not know how to welcome him warmly enough, or when and how to flniah their all'ectionatc groeting. All thii is cheeriugi we not add that it is a proud testimony In favor ot our transatlantic brother's liberality. A distinction of country is lost when they behold genius, which assuredly has no country. Malibran, Mr. and Mrs keau, Ma tread), Biickstone, Mri. Fitxwiliiam, Mr. and Mrs. Keeley, Tower, and inuny other less eminent performers have acknowledged that their profits have been gretter,end their talents more generally and warmly appreciated oa the ether side of the Atlantic than at home. The kthiopian Ptrenader* are reaping a fnll harvast in Dublin Mr W. A Williams, comedian, expired in Amwell termce, Pentonville Mr Williams uas bom at Weston, Somersetshire, in 17W lie Uas lelt a widow and feut chlldien?the eldest twenty-two, the youngest nine 1 DP < ^ RK I NING, NOVEMBER 28, year* of sge Mr Williami was married twice, but had do issue l)>- his first wife. Mr. Wilson intends to pay a visit to London shortly and give a serin* of his Hooltish entertainments, in Cro* by hall It is said Liszt will replace Donizetti, on director gene; ral of the inusic at the court of Vienna. Brighton Theatre has been crowded to excess during the short engagement of Mr.and Mrs. Charles Mathews I and Mr. John Tarry; the town was never kuown to be fuller than it is at present. Duprez, on his return from Cliinon, where he has been siugiiig at a conceit lor a charitable purpose, became so seriously indisposed in the second act of the Favorite, at the Grand Opera, that he was obliged to quit the same. Conradln Kreutzer has just completed the scores of two new.oporas, entitled the "Montagnard." and "Aurelia." The former is destined for the Court Theatre of Vienna; the latter for the Grand Theatre at Hamburg. Tho "Hon Alvaro" of the Prices do Privos, has been translated by a young Spaniard: and, after having received a few necessary alterations from the pen of a well known Kranch librettist, will be produoed at tho Odeon. All tho seats in the pit at Covent Garden, i? '? said, will be numbered, independently of the stalls,' for the new Italian opera, and charged seven shillings; of course no money will be taken at the doors, otherwise how can persons purchasing tickets be sure of get'ing a place, particularly when a rush occurs on opening the theatre. The Kmperor of Russia has established a musical institution at St retersburgh, similar to the Conservatoire at Paris, and has appointed Vieux Temps, the celebrated violinist, as chief director; the office was offered to Ilubini, but he very prudently declined it, for he is not musi cian enough to superintend such an establishment as that, which requires a profound theorist. Madame Ducpetieux, better known by her maiden name, Caroline Kaufman, has J net left Paris fer St. Potersburgh, to fulfil an excellent engagement as artiste of the Hocietc des Concerts de sa Majestc 1'Empercur de Russe. M. Ileboneck, Son., for a very long time first leader of the Taris Urnud Opera, has just resigned his post, and is surcuodod by M. Girard, latoly chef d'erchettru of tho Opera Comique and Italian Opens Mr. John R. Scott.the Misses Cushman, Mr. Charles Mason, the Messrs. t.'owell, James Wallark, are playing, or underlined to play,at differeut theatres. The Theatre Royal, Dublin, under Mr. Calcralt's management, opened withjMiss Uelou Kaucit, in the tragedy ot "Antigone." Tho interest excited hy tho loss of tho Great Britain steamer has been turned to account by the manager of the Liverpool Royal Amphitheatre, who haa brought forward two well painted views of the vessel?the first representing her "Sailing fiom Port," the other "Ashore in Duudrum Bay." There was a private rehearsal at Reed's Music Saloon, in Baker street, of a new oratorio, composed by Mr. Horn, called " The Prophecy of Daniel." The principal parts were sustained by Mrs. Horn, Mr. Rafter, and Mr. Weth rbee, and tbe choruses were sung by Mr. Horn's pupili, and a few amateur*, the compoier presiding at the piano- ' forte. The subject is Belshtzzsr's Feast ; but Mr. Horn has taken a new view of the banquet scene, after the 1-* mentation of the Israelites, and has rendered it extrerJe. iy ntfective. The oratorio will be publicly performed early in the ensuing season. This is not a bad opportunity to inquire how it is that Mr. Horn is not engaged to compose an opera for Drury Lane or the Princess's Theatre 1 " La Fidanzata Corsa"is to be the next opera produced at the Italian Opera, Paris. The new Paris theatre, Mont|>ensier, it is expected, will be opened next month. Mr. Frederick Jewson, the pianist, is busily ong-aged in com{>osing an opera; the libretto is founded on tho story of Amy Robertson. A German translation of " Les Mosquetaires dc la Heine" has jnst been brought out at the Theatre An-derTVein; they have produced the same piece also at the Porte de Corinthe theatre. The talented acting of Mdlle. /err has greatly tended to the success of this piece. M. Ladureau, part proprietor of the Porte Saint Martin Theatre, died a tew days ago. By hi* will he has left an annuity of i,000 francs (?40), a yoar to a dramatic author, M. Kmjle Vandeiburck. The engagements at La Scala aro very brilliant for the approaching carnival season, and most costly to the manager. Madame Tadolini is to receive 35,000 francs; Mo riaoi, 30,000; Fanny Lllslur, 2,000 frtnes (?80) each night f her performance; and Perrot, 1,300 francs. The sea ion will opon with Verdi's " Attila." The Carnival season at the Theatre La Fenice will open with Verdi's Attila. La Barbieri Nini, one of the best sopranos of the present Jay in Italy, and the tenor Poggi, wili siDg In this opera. During tho performance at the theatre of Cognac France, one night recently, the cord which suspended the princif >al chandelier in the centre of the house, from tome causa or other, broke: tho chandelier fell into the pit, and wounded, more or less seriously, no less than twelve persons. One gentleman had his skull fractured se seven ly that he is not expected to live. The celebrated Viennese dancers, forty-eight in number, under the direction of Madame Weiss, sailed on the 3d hist, in the packet ship Yorkshire, Captain Bailey, for New Yvrk. Whe a Rooke's opera of Amilie was abont to be brought out at Covent Garden, he was very anxious to have a new so enc or two, but so little did the manager think of the op-irathat not a single shilling was expended on its nrodnc tion. A few nights alter its representation Birtley said! to the composer, " Wall, I hope you will have another oners for us." "No," said Kooke, "my next piece will be a pantomime." "A pantomime !" exclaimed the manager. "Yea," said Rooke; "for you don't mind oxpending a couple of thousand pounds on a pantomime, whereas y ou would not spend a shilling on my opera." Kvery bo. ly recollacta how highlv succeaafnl Amilie was and deservedly so. Mr. Wilson brought it out when In Ameri ca, with Miss Shirreff, with tho greatest success. Two concerts were given at Kxeter by the Messrs. Smith, who engaged as their principal vocalists Miss Baaaano, Mr. Lockey, and Mr.H. Phillips; an axcellent band, chicfl y consisting of London artists, Was led by Mr. Willy. Conductor, Mr. K. Pye. M dlle. Tlunkett is to dance at the Theatre Rogio, Tuna, during the Carnival; her partner is to be M. TouisMfit There is much talk in the operatic circles of the exps cted arrival In Paris from Italy of the distinguished vocalist. Madam# Strenponi. It was for this ckautruit fhat Donizetti expressly wrote bis opera of " Adobe." una verai, under similar circumitaucei, hit " Mabuco" It it tail the it not only a great cantatrice, but a woman of great wit and extraordinary faculties. M. Htigtiet, the ipcculator who flnt introduced on the itage the well known elephant, Madlle. Ujeck, it about to adorn the Paritiau boardt with another great attraction, a rhinotcera. 13 feet in length, 7 feet high, and weighing 7,000 lbs. (French weight, their cwt. being nearly equal to 100 Kngliah). Thia animal ia thortly to make hit dibtu before a Paritian audience ; and at a " puff preliminary," it ia given out to have coit the proprietor 100,000 franct (?4,000). The following it an extract from a letter, dated In pruck:?" In the month of February latt the police leaned an order, prohibiting any artiit connected with our theatre writing feviUttotii, and aending them for intertioninthe journal!. Notwitlutanding thil prohibition, one of our beat comedians, M. Amedce Beruth. tent I ftuilletons tecretly to a journal of Vierna, in which he 1 poke in very severe termt of several membera of hit company, more otpccially of tliejrunr premier*, who, tut- I pecting the attack came from the pen of M. Beruth, ' canted the police to tearch hit apartment, and they die covered a font proof of the fruilltlon in question. When >1. Beruth appeared on the stage, he was to hissed and hooted by tho friends of the young actresa, that he waa obliged to retire. This diagraco had inch an egect upon bit mind, that ho went homo, and blew hit braim The next morning a letter via found on the table, directed to the manager, in which ho acknowledged being of ftuilltlant, and requested the pardon of those whom they were calculated to injure."' Mr. Ilenry Phillip* ha* given hit vocal entertainment at acre ml place* in the eaatern countii* with the greatest success ; the theatre at Yarmouth wa* crowded, and hi* various aongt were loudly applauded, especially hi* "Kail of Niagara," "The Bear Hunt," "The -Prairie on Fire," "The Blare Market," and a new song illustrative of Morland1* picture of a wife, with a child in her arm*, soliciting her husband not to spend their last shilling. When KlUston had Drury Lane Theatre, Mr. Hooke, the composer, was his chorus master for some time, aud hi* pupil, Miss Kordo, a talented and rery useful actress and singer, was engaged. One night, when the house was eery thin. Liliaion said in the green room, " There's a plaguy bad house to-night, Rooke, and yet your pupil is playing." The following night was still worse, when the great Roliert William himself was playing one of his farorite characters. Hooka went into the gieen room, and said aloud, " I am sorry to see such a thin house to-night, sir." "Yes." said KUiston, " a devilish bad house.'' " And yet," said Hoeke, " you yourself are playing." With this, Rook* turned upon his heel, and said to on* of the performers, in his sly, dry WBy, " I had him there." The admirers of the Swedish Nightingale, Jenny Lind, at,Vienna have caused a medal to be struck in honor of her. It is now positively stated that Jenny Lind baa refused, and wdl continue to refuse, all offers from London,Peria, St. Tetersbargh, or any other foreign metropolis ; her only ambition is to be numbered among the cantatrtci of the land of Mozart and Haydn. tfrand /?(?? were to have been held at Versaillee In honor of the marriage of the Duke d* Montpensier end the InfaDta, when femxmd Corlex and the Dtalfe e (fuairs were to have been represented ; but the King, being serioualy grieved at the distreas cauaed in several departments by the inundations, has countermandod all such rejoicing. During the course of lest year the King of Prussia,upon the proposition of Meyerbeer,issued a cabinet order commanding that every year, in addition to the usual noreltias, there should be produced at the Orand Opera, Berlin, three new operaa by Uerman oomposeis. In accordance with this royal command, there wiil be produced dining the theatrical year which ha* just commenced at Berlin, the three following original operas: The 'Two Princes," by Henri K.sser}" William of Orange," by Charles Kcket; and " The Armourer," by Ferdinand Ltn7ing. The drat of these operas, the libretto of which i? by M. Scribe,wiil be represented for the first time on the anniversary of the birth ol the King. Madame Viardot Oacdiu has made tier ilthul at the Italian Opera here, as Amine, ip ' La Bomnsmbula," and as Adina, in Doniiuatu's Linn d'Amore." " Btruansae" continues u be performed bet* to gtod houses IERA 1846. Robert Owen, ' On the Practical Mode by which an Kntire Change fram the Preecnt Inferiar Condition of Society, may be caeily I effecttd beneficially for all. LETTKS II. | Letter No. I concluded with stating that " the means | by which to accomplish this change in practice, should J be explained in letter No. 3." This explanation shnll be now given. All the present practical anangemcnts of society, 1 having emanated from the ignorant and vicious laws of : men, ere cornpo ed of inferior and most injurious cir- | cumstances, and are in their variations the mere results | of limited latitudes und li ngituiles. Those arrangements must all he abnndonod in the j same manner thut the old roads of tho world aio now be- j lug abandoned for the vastly superior new railwuya , but . at it is wise to keep tho old roads in good repair, while I the railways are being constructed und finished, so as to render useless the old road ; so will it bo wise to uphold this old wreched state of ignorance, sin and ntiicry, and of universal counteraction of en>*h others happiness, until tho new superior arrangements can bo completed, to ad cn r the Drat inadp ready for tlioia, but until they shall boteexten<'ed to receive the entire of the human race. Thi* new railway to hapniueM for the ruce, will congist of separate scientifically constructed aocietiei, aa independent of erch other, as they can be made, yot, faderativoly united gradually until the race shall becomo at one family of brothers, living ia neighboring houses, having ono well understood interest, and all trained from thuir birth to have greater pleasure in promoting their brother's happiness than their own. And this entire change, impracticable as for sometime I it will appear to many, may be now easily and apeed-'^y ' effected over Kuropc and America. Ono full society being completed as a model ar ^ once seen in pn ctice, all parties, both in America an?'^ would be ftw more eager to follow tho exempt', ^an o* * have been to constuct i ail ways and sl^.tttunagnetic telegraphs, the discovery of which sen jntiflc irDvr0Ve. j ments wore required to perfect this ncy f0j8W(|T# ,y8. i tern for the benefit of mankind. Yet it must not be supposed th??. this change from all that ia erroueoui in principle e^d practice, to all that is true in principle and moat ad ^iftegectus Inpractice, ran l>e long limited to Ki irope and AmeiVVin the nature of things it won Id sooi j pass j,,to Asm and Afiica, Australia and tho Islea oi the Tacifto tnd ere long, from its evident enormous an< s incalculable id vantages, the w hole world will lio most|a ctivelv engaged with all its scientific, manual and mental powers htrughl into beneficial enorgy, to effect tho o lange in \he shortest possible period. But the impatKince ofv.any will now ask what is this change to be I The reply is., that it will be a removal of all from the ?*, , ?f r itiee-, defect* of universities and disndvanlagea el isol ated country residences, into supsrior palacos surre.uo^ed by gardens, pleasure gtounds, and highly co.ttirgted and beautifully laid out land, forming aa e'stMe of from -i,000 to 5,000 acres, accoidiug to locxfrtie',?maintained under continual improvements, by men 4n<j women trained te be superior in mind and body, and to be equal, according to ago, in education and condition, and whose daily pleasures will aiise from beneti' rial axercise, physical and mental, to aid to keep the establishment at all times in a highjorderandllourishing condition The establishments will be arranged and organized to well form the character of all within it from the hour of their birth, to well employ all, in a superior manner, so as to make the most necessary occupations the most to be desired, but none to be ovor employed ordisa*greaably occupied. In education, condition and occupation, according to age, there will be no inequality ? ?in >.-? V- 1 ?- 1 uvi?.IV> mil I1IVIu HO nujr lUC?|Uttilty 1Q Uii BUUCIllOn, I condition, or employment, according to age, between tho sexes, except tVat which nature demands,in consequence of their natural differences. Both sexes will be equally dependent and independent of each other?none will be roquired to live together in opposition to their natural feelings, but all in accordance with their atfections, by which arrangements, alone, can a virtuous or happy state of society ever be attained and maintained-nor under these new and rational circumstances will there be any difficulty in adjusting these arrangements. Children will be educated, not in private families, te be made selfish, unequal, aud to be spoiled by their parents, who are the least competent to form the character of their own children, but both sexes from birth will be trained together as brothers and sisters of ono family, and all systematically educated to huvn the best character,physioal, mental, moral, and practical, that tli-ir natural organizetions.which they do not make, will admit; and under this system of superior circumstances only, all will be made to become, but more easily after the first generation, good, useful, wise and happy beings, to which there will be no other exception than with those who may be malformed at birth, and these will be trained, placed and treated kindly and humanely, according to tlioir respective dofects, which have proceeded net Irom themselves but from the errors of previous society?of society before it had acquired wisdom to ere' te superior instead of inferior circumstances around humanity. Kach establishment will be arranged to well educate, 1 employ, place and govern all within ita domains, end to have a surplus of w ealth to exchange upon principle* ol equity ami mutual advantage, for other kinds, with the neighbors or more distent establishments federative!}united with it. The establishment, with all within its hounds, will he equally common to all, according to ago, for within it there will be no individual property. The surplus wealth annually created by each establishment, will create ita own representative or money, with which to make exchanges with the other productive establishment*, which will be called federative union*, ami numbered from one onward, tor each large district or State. This representative of wealth will be In the form of labor notes, to represent tb* amount of labor in each artiste, for which the notes will be given, end no money will be coined, except for real wealth created and actually in store, to tepay ita value when required in an article or articles containing an equal amount of labor. _ I n. ii win ae universally Known that individuals do not make their own qualities of body or mind, their feelings or opinions, and that these always determine conduct, there will be no individual or separate reward or punishment, no blame or praise ol persons for what they do not create; hut as society forms the circumstances to produce good or evil among men, society will be praised according to the goodness and happiness i which shall arise from superior oircumstancea which it shall create around uU.J *.t > A. lu these unions the inferior passions will not be created, anger will be unknown, an unkind word will never be snoken, an ill-natured expression will be unseen; falsehood, in look, word or action, will not exist?there will be no motive for either ; love will be cherished by all, as the chief ingredient in the happiness ol ail; and the affection that each must have for each will be openly and without reserve knowu to all, and where the greatest mutual affection arises, no other parties will ever interfere between them : all, in each union, will be cordially united by knowledge, charity, and love, and the memners 01 iu? lederalive unions will be aa cordially united by the same principles, and they change places with one another as inclination and convenience may direct, aa brothers and aistara of the same family. " llut how ia this to be deae 1" exclaim men and women of this old, worn-out, irratioaal system of the mere prejudices of local latitudes and longitudes. Simply, my good friends, by creating the circumstances which are rationally calculated to produce these results, and these arrangements may be now easily effected, and there is no other way by which man, or any other power, can accomplish this glorious change for all, terminate the spell-bound prejudices of latitude and longitude, and expand the human mind to comprehend and receive universal principles which change uot, but are the same to-day and for ever. This ia the magnificent end all glorious change for which the writer, by various means, as circumstances changed, haa endcnvored to prepare society, <|uiotly and calmly, without turning to the right hand or left, for more than half a century. unni'Di' <iuc? More ok the Effects of the Gale.?We continue to get further intelligence of the disastrous cflerti of the galo lout Thursday night, ami fear we hnva not yet heard the wont. The Aehtabula Sentinel says the three masted schooucr Oneida,from Suckett's Harbor, with SMI hariela of salt on board, in attempting to enter the Harbor at Ashtabula, on the evening of Thursday last, attack the bar, became unmanageable, and went aaboie below the east pier. The Chief Justice .Marshall, which went ashore some weeks since, lies al>ove the pier. Hand burs are just as good as l'olk Stalks. The following is copied from the Cleveland Plain Dealer of Saturday The Marengo, which w e mentioned as being at anchor oil' this |>ort, was this morning towed in by the Ureat Western. Hbe was on her way here fiom Buffalo in ballast, calculating to load with coal fot Detioit. 8ho was out during tlio gale, ami anchored at 7 o'clock yesterday morning, having lost all her sails ; otherwise uninjured. The Marshal Ney, while lying in port last night, was run against by the propellor Cleveland, and sunk in some '10 feet water. Hhe was loaded with limestone, and owned by Mr. Kldiidge of this city. No insurance.? Buffalo Loss. Adv. Tueeday. Coastwise Commerce.?Much has been said of the vast increase ol the coastwise commerce ol the United States. A new ieature in it has just been presented. Vessels i?ill enter and clear coastwise at the Custom Houses for Oregon city, Columbia River, as also for San Francisco, Monterey, Sic., California; being voyages of as great exteat as any loreign voyage, ami employing the ablest seamen and navigators. A few years since a North west Coast or California captain woald scarcely hare dreamed that his successors would have been classed as ' coasters."? Boiton Adv., Nov. 26. V sir lottos. The Wkathi We learn from Albany that the canals are closed, and that (laighs were iu use yeaterday, both at Albany and Tray. The Philadelphia papers also speak of the cold, though the snow was vary scarce so far south. A breach of promise case came ofT on the 17th inst in , Louisville, Ky. The Courier ssys :-The suit wss , brought some months since by Miss Nsne Hsys.s young and respectable lady of Louisville, egsiust Mr. John Hayes, who is a wealthy wholesale grocery merchant of that city. Tho damages are laid at $30,000. , The factories at Salisbury and Amesbury Mills village , started on Moulay of last week, slier lying still about eight weeks. Unless there should be more Mn they | , will bo obliged to stop sgsin ins short time. j religions intelligence, < A new (JoUiir Methmiist Church wss dedicated at Wil i liamstmrgh an last Thanksgiving 0>yThe /bufsn Recorder -nys that ?!: Pev Mepbeo Bar j nard. Isle Cnitanan minister In Houthboro', having renouneed Unltariauism, has been licvusmi by sic '. laiuoid S^U'k Vssuciation, as uu ol tlio-lox Coi gi t ( ml , luster Ike lie v. < haria* ?. Bailey, who wssMrUku.t j Wsstpoti, ct. uas also ranouncad laitnnaniani. IBJ J LD. M* ?Wt C Ml tit Misboi-ei ?The It?BislatHre of this State met at Jefferson City on the S)th, Mr. Evvinjf was elected Speaker of the Senate, Mr t' K. Jackson, of the Home. Benjamin K Matiey, of Lawrence, w?? unanimously elected Chief Clerk; Solomon J. Lowe, Aaautant Clerk, John Stemmoni. Kngrosiing Clark; Mr Watkins, Knrollinir (Jerk: ami 11. H Ijuksnii Door.keener. The Messnge was received from <?ov. Kdwerds on the rime day. It is long. perheiw necessarily so, from the number of topics to be touched upon. The credit of the State, tho Governor says, is unimpaired, ami all her engagement* have been thus fsr met. The boundary difficulties with Iowa remain unsettled, "yet it may las proper to observe that although some excitement has prevailed among the citizens along the border, yet the friendliest feelings seein to havo existed between tho authorities of the Ktato and Territory, and a most anxious desire to have tho question of bonndety amicably and speedily settled." -* After touching ii)>on various State matters, the menage enter* into a description ef the different species of snags on ttm Missouri and Mississippi r'"vcrj prefaced with the Mlowing remark "Tho #< ,ion 0f ti,e general government in referonce to our h-u_6 MtiKable rivere is lound to bo of the most uncer^ cKSI#cter. If one Congress askes an appropriate M)v<r>1 othari may fail, and br the time the Wo- R of im|)ruvemeut U faisly i? operation, all hnmls Bre topped, the boats are laid up to rot. and the beu* utJ 0f n,,, improvements mede arc niain pw w"nt contiuued attentien." trec* .pta of the State for the last two years, were ' . fl"; the ordinary expenses of the State government |or the samo p triod?including the expense of hold in? the State convention, about $14,000?amounted to i *'.147,574 78. This shows an ordinary revenue above ordinary expenses of $*3,473 84. From the following statement it will be seen that the Stato has performed net- snare in the enrolment of Volunteers for the Mexican War. She sent one o' the first volunteer regiments tq Tefcas, two regiments and two extra battalions fo Santa >>, and has raised a thinl regiment, ouo of the largest and host which has been organized during the war, alse for the Hants Ke ex( edition ; the regiment to Texas being feotmen ; the two lirst for Hantu Ke, borsemeu ; one of the extra battelious foot, and the other horse ; and the last regiment ior Santa Ke, lootmen. IInt ninu companies of tho last legiment reached Fort Leavenworth, the place of reudesvous, when they weie ordered by the War l>?ywrUnent to be paid oft' and honorably discharged, with the aesurance that thoy would he called for il more troops were need od in that direction, and thoy desired the service. The State militia system, says the Governor, is found to he utterly useless. The system is a subject ol ridicule oud burlesque, and is calculated to briDg?what is intended to ho a serious preparation for the defence of our country?every elfbrt to discipline tho militia of the Stato, into utter contempt?iu which sentiments we heartily agree. To the ta rill' of 1817, of course, the message is antngonisticul. A half a column is given to tho agricultural intorost. The remedies proposed for goneral improvement arc stated as follows by Governor F.dwards :?1st, by encouraging the common schools ; 3d, by increasing the variety of our pursuits ; 3d, by establishing manufactories ; and 4th, by improvement of our roads and navigable stieams. Another " subjoct matter of discount" will be seen iijioii the face of the following extract, which is the last we make "An evil of great magnitude exists in our country, to cure which a suitable has haan look. ed for in vain. The evil alluded to, U the practice of endorsing and becoming security in private tranaactiont It involve* the safest and most prudent men In the country, and often briugt utter ruin upon the most meritorious families, and those least deserving such misfortunes. This ovil is sorely felt in the neighborhood of the bank and its branches,where lending, burrowing,and endorsing are more extensively practised than in otnor parts of thu State." The arguments to prove this statement are too lengthy for our columns. On the whole, the message is well writen, decidedly democratic, and has but one fault?its length. News prom St. John. N. 11., and Eaktpokt.? Wc are indebted to Gunnison & Go's Express for papers from St. John, N. B , brought by land. The steamor Portland, Capt. Rogers, from this port had arrived at Kastport with tho crank of her blower broken, and would not leave lor this port until 26th inst. This is the last trip of the P. for the season, and she will proceed hence to New Yoik. We undeistand that the keel of a fine steamer, to lie built expressly to run between Kastport and this city, has recently been laid in New York. The travel on this route has greatly increased within u year or two, and a good steamer will undoubtedly be well supported, as steamers ply regularly between St. John, N. B , and Windsor, N. S, and between St. John, N. B. and Kastport.?Boiton Jlit, Nov. 26. Navai. Intelligence.?Captain Carponder, of the U. H Navy, came passenger yesterday in the steamer Alice from Richmond.?Norfolk Brocon, Nov 26. tWWIt AtiUfHWUllATwae MK rfilv Jfc. Jfc KocirSHflioTiffiTsW Co. ARRANOKMKNT8. Remittuces to and Pusaaa from Umi Britui ui I Im* BLACK BALL, ORbOLD LINE OF LIVER. POOL PACKETS. Sailing from Liverpool on the 1st and 16th of evtry month. Alan, by brat elan American ihipa (weekly.) Persons sending to the Old Country for their friends, can make the necessary arrangements with the subscribers, and hare ihcm brought ont in any of the eight ships comprising the Bla^k Ball, or Old Line of Liverpool Packets, sailing from Liverpol on the Is'end 16th of every month. Also, by first class ships sailing from that pert weekly, which oar agent, Mr Roche, Senior, there, will see are seat ont withont de.lar. The Blsck Ball, or Old Line of Liverpool Packets, comprise the following magnificent ships, and will sail from Liverpool on the regular appointed days, as follows KIDKLIA, 1st January, 1st May, 1st September EUltOrE, 16th " 16th " 16th NEW YORK, 1st February, 1st Jane, 1st October. COLOMBIA, 16th " 16th " 16th " YORKSHIRE, 1st March, 1st July, 1st November. OXFORD, 16th " 16th " 16th " CAMBRIDGE, 1st April, 1st Aug., 1st December. MONTEZUMA, 16th " 16th 71 16th " 1*. S.?The public are respectfully notified, by desire of the owners of the Black Ball, or Old Line of Liverpool Packrti, that no passenger agents but R. B. A Co. have permission from thein to advertise to bring ont passengers by that line, and that they are the only regular aathorued paaaenger agents of said line in this city. We hare at all times for sale drafts at sight, for my smonct, drawn direct on the Royal Bank of Ireland, Dublin; also on Messrs. Prescott Grote. Ames k Co.. Bankers, London,which are paiil free efdiseonnt or any charge whatever, in all the principal towns throughout England, Ireland deWisnd wad wa:ei. Apply*' ada:e**br lat:nt;i eat pail t? ROCHK, BROTHLAB k Co., 25 Kolfon street, N. Y , nni door to the Kaltoa Bub. The officeof Mr. Roche, Bear., net 75 Dahlia street, o7re Liverpool. ?& A A P. wHftRNEjHTOo.'S NEW YORK JtMU LIVERPOOL EMIGRATION OFFICE. PW BYRNK8 k CO., of Liverpool, are deeiroaa of in tormiuR the pabl tc of the Uaited Btatea, that they eoatioae to despatch a line of first class Ships and Pack eta to New York, on the 1st, 6th, llth, Ifirh, 21st and 2IUi of eeeh month; and on the tirn and 20th for Philadelphia, and on the Ith and 22th to Boston, nd at staled periods to Baltimore: also to New Orleans daring the liealfhv season; by aa> of which lines parties cu engage for their friends lobe brought out without disappointment or delay, this being the oldest soil largest establishment in thepasseuger trade la Liverpool, and having I'oaad the importuee ol a direct Agency in the Coiled Stales, for the parpose of placing within the power of the Irieod* of the pasacngera coming oat. the immediate eorrrs|*iudenre with a resi>eetable establishment, from whom they cu rely for attrntiuh and favor towards their relations leaving llirold country. I*. W. BYRNES It CO. offer many advantages to passengers whirh no others have attempted, in s direct commnnication by lhair ships from Ireland to the United Stales, as they have, invariable, vessels dnrisg the spring from Dublin, Cork, Warerford, Belfast and Londonderry, by which mews emigrants are saved much trouble audespense. hv beiug slopped at their own seaport, and also that of being landed in any of the porta of the United Mutes to which shins trade Irom Li verpnol, nearly at the same cost as direct to New York I'. W. BYRNES It CO. have agauu in all the aeapoit towns in Ireland, froin whence steamers leave for Liverpool, and iu many of the mierior towns, who are moat attentive to emigrants on rinbnikatinn, sad by whom lay money can be paid that may he repaired to ngpeure tea stores, fce. The prrsous who act for thifTiompaay iu the United duirs are? YORK ? Mr. Kdward thai, it South, corner of Wall street. B()STUN-Mr. W. P. MeKay, St Milk street I HILADiXPIllA?Mnui. A. C. Craig li Co., Market street. 3ALTIMOBK?Mt. Oeorge Low. NKW ORLEANS?Mr. John Toole. D**kt? ai*t> K?'HAf?or ? Draft* for any amount, payable al sight, ou the Provincial Bank oflrrland and all iu branches, and alao on all the principal towns of England and Scotland, withontdiaconnt. For particulars of terras apply to P. W. BYRNES A CO., St South, corner of Wall at.. New York. r W. BYRNbig It CO., aB Irn'm H Watrrloo Road, Lit*'|vo<>l. FACKKTS FOR HAVRJE?SECOND LINK. ilR Jjk Aft. of thlrtm^ill aail durtu^tne year u^helol lowing order >* From N. York. F a Hayre. IJan. I, Feb. It. May 1. Jane It. Sept. I. Oct. t. Jon.!! felt Oct. I. Not. It. hXrt. Aug .'ia Not. I. Dec. It. Aug! I. slpt ItDec. I*. Jen. it. ' They are all or the drat class, able commanded, and with iccoinmodatious ample and commodious. The price of phalage ia the cabin is fltO, eirluaiTc of winea and liquora. Apply to BOYD k HINCKKN, Agent*, No. 9 Toutine Building*, No. M Wall street. Oooda sent to the agents for fnrwaidiuK, will be sahject to lone other than the eyper.aes actually paid. ao2l m KtMlTTANChS ToIkKLANU, lie. *tt at ^^WfllK Jr., has his 10 Broadway, and continues to remit money, in sums large or 'mall, to persona residing in any part of Irel'nd, in tke same nauntr aa he anil his predecessor in bnaineia ',:*re done lor he last thirty year* and morei alao to any partol England or Irotlanil. Money remitted hy left?T, post-paid to the subscriber, or [ertonslly ,'ep I wl'li hiPi, with the name of the Pgffti nr pen ius >n fri I i d. r >.lai ,1 r *N g. in whom rt ia t ? hr sent, end nt-or i i I it* i i mcdiAtrly transmit. led anil paid ?<< t i , itud a tmti) t to *h?? elf' cl givw t fora-rdi ,, >-? i?nd#r uH lm*$

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