Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 30, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 30, 1846 Page 1
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" i m " m TH] WAR NEWS, vn wjkmxma or tixnoo. 1LITAEY AM RATAL 1ETEIUC1KCE. " *1. Sr^T""* military corxispondknck. Mmiiiit. Mexico, Oct. M, leUti full M lit HM Sprint* ??r ilmttrry | Loot ivwinf I ptM rislt to quit* notorious and fashionable place of rooort, called by the Mexicans Calient* Aqei, or Hot prises. Those springs are 'situated about six aOos iMea the city, end here of leto beeosee apiece of sea ah attraction to the American offloere sod acidic re, ee well ae Mexieas citizens The larger of these sprises is abost ten feet square, the bottom oooorod with a boteUhl liateeteae, about four feet deep, aad so it sanded by a substantial cemented wall of lfastooo. The water is about milk warm, clear as orystal, easing from the bottom. It is one of the most apliadil pis pes ia fee world far bathing on a small scale The ether is about one half mile from the brat, and nearer tho base of the mountain. This spring ia muoh smaller, aad remains as aatase left it The water is actually us bearable to the touch I dropped en egg into it, and in fenr minutes it wee beautifully cooked. This is what I call natural cooking. What is rery strange about this te the morning or iTwiiii The water, after itaading over nig hi, U decidedly the belt 1 ever drank?it ii truly delicjoua. If we kave not the pleaiwrei of Saratoga, White Sal her, Newport, te., we do hare the enjoyment of CmMente Ufttfue. Moeraaar, Mexico, Oct. 37, 1846. Mafmr Owe. MmiUr?Tk* Let* Lieut. Cel. W. II IVat $ onTee meek cannot be laid inpraiae of the conduot of Oee. Bntier en the altt ult. He hai not only ihowed hiaielf a statesman, but a general. Hii whole behatio' oa that day deaervea the higheat commendation. He en* tared the Said early in the morning, and la every aenae of the ward led hia ooaamand. He remained in the heat of the engagement till about 3 o'clock, P. M , when he reeeived a alight wound in the leg, which compelled him {0 rathe, and he returned, however, immediately after hia wound wai dreeaed, and remained upon the field til] dark. He la oertaialy a great General, and a man that ovary one ia oempallod te reapeot and love. He i* bold end firm, unaeaumlng, yet decided in hii manners?frank In expreaeiea - diadaina meanness? measures grandeur by the level of reeaea, and possesses in an eminent degree. realldignlfied courage and martial genius. He resembles atucn in appearance end character, the iliustrieaa aed " eternal" Jackson. X batter selection could not have been made to occupy the piece of commander of the volunteer army. President Path has erred many times in relation to the present war, hut in this insteaoe he has exercised good judgment. Of the late Colonel Watson. I hardly know what to nay. I knew hut little as to bis former standing in Baltimore. I rons what I have learned, he stond high in the efiVctiens of hia feilow citit^ns?universally esteemed, end swayed a vaat political iufiuence. To question his bravery would bo ridjouloutly false. It it not supposed that ho eeuld have arrived at that perfectien. which yean mature, ia so short a time he was in the service.? No matter hew great the natural propennticiol the man, how keen hi? perception. how deep and trie bif judgm?n\ theee are facilities which will p> ore highly beneficial oaly ia eoejnetieu with close observation and matnre anperihace- He had all the natural powers of beooniug a great and distinguished officer. All he lacked waa expetienoe. Bat, alat, be waa not permitted to lire to rnjoy ita beaeflia and bleaaiaga. He was cat down likearoae in midsummer?while . Hope was beckoning lei we'd re new and varied acenea by her rainbow ol brightness, Wnd white he waa yet rigorona and tall of .lottea. Aa he entarad the field of battle, hta eye flaahed > ith eagerneaa, hia eonntenence expressed dalight, and In a pint waa aa free and cheerful aa if he were enjoying the peaceful eerenity of the bleaaed society of dear frieada eroAd hia own hearth stone. He entered the deemed field?for what? to fall are the contest ended?te fall a mart; r to the principles he loved?to aaal hia devoties wdth the parting atrnggie. Ha died in battle. Hia history ie told! " Sit tiki terra Urii." MearaaaT, Mexico, Oct. if, ISM. larteae dcniial te Cft. Riiglty?Tke IVeunded? Meul'k ef ike Unmy? Qen. Butler?Death ef IVm. Kef ty?Mmrdiniu / (A* Troops. Cnpt. Randolph Ridglvy received a very various injury last creilai, by being thrown from hi* home. 1 here net m yet learned the fall circamitenee* of the cmo; hot judging from the netare of hie injury (cencuMiwa of the brein) I nhenld net thinh it poecible for him long to arrive It U the opinion of hi* physicians that he will net survive twenty.four hour* Capt Ridglvy it wa 1 known te th? country, and highly rained aa a gallant end efficient officer, by the e?. ore army- Hia leaa will not only be felt by numerous and dear frieaoa. bat hl$ groat genius ant ability aa a cemmandar will ba folly appreciated by all who lore their eeantry and ero anxious for the aucceaa of the Amerieau arma 1 tear it will be my lot to record hie death in my next; yet I hope for the beet. Tkeae who ware wounded in the le'e battle are doing M well aa aan be expected, taking into consideration the disadvantages ef the wse-har and quarters. The weather extremely eold?chilly aa a November day in New Yerk j and what ia most atrango, wa hava ne traat. Tba quarters ef the wonaded are not ao good aa thev might be, es the rooms ia the hospital are furnished with no meana ef warmlagtham. William Kelly, of tho Baltimore battalion, who wa* the Aral man that entered the first battery taken in the eestern part el the eity, died thia morning from effects of woanda received on the lrat day. nevcral othara have died within a day or two peat, in fact, none who were severely wounded have as yet recovered. There appear* te be something In the wound of copper boll, that prevt* aim oat invariably fatal. Many who woro slightly wounded in tbe leg or arm, hove since died, or boon cornpelted to submit to amputation Dei Better ha* nearly reoevered. He will soon be able for duty. The health of tho army is generally good. A fow .cases ef " chills and fever " have occurred within a few dees neat. Nothinsr aerions. however, in their nature. ^ey Mir* am to "ahake" Dp a oia'i idaaa rather than | di^V*- i apaak Dear from "a?U espariaoca," for I bare km "ikaak" "ail to piece#" every other day for two weoha. " ' aort of a deaoo that I am not particularly delight* 4 *ilk. I may bo, whea better acquainted with It. Proa* acta vary flattering that I ahall bo ere long. Itiaaimt.** incrodible bow aoine of the aoldiera atond the oeld waw thar. Homo never protend to aloop in tenta at night Th V lay. out with nothing orer them but a oomtnoa blanket, and aoine are cyan deitittre o( thia. 'When they weA?. they are wat with a heavy dew, approximating near'* iroat, without the alightaat cold or ehiii. I waa much pleeaed with th* following, aaid by a gaofl natnrad. Jovial *ort of a follow, a few dayaago: "Why," aaid ha, "whan I gat back to Baltimore, I can roe lino on th* rnrb-atono and eatch the aoa-bieez* from the gutter, without th* Jekat danger to my health." abut or tnc cxwnut. [From th* Now Orlooua Delta. Nor. 31.] Tha following latter (rem our eorroapondant, with tha Central Army, gi*oa o correct and continuoua hiatory of thia Important dtviaion of th* army of invaaien. It ia th* latoat from thnt Dinaion. Came, Cinaa Diruioe, U. 9. A. ) Creak Son Joe* Oct. 10,1840. | J hay* wrote to you on th* march frequently, and aa uinal in mnch haata. We ore new aacaaip* i aa above, abont ? mile from Freeidio and 30 miloa from Matte jUet, and will naaiinua oar march without any delay ta Mooch ye. Tha rear, under CoL Churchill, ia probably fly* or itx daya bohind, and will join ua without doubt at Moaclora. I rag rat they are not with ut now, for ho hoe aome good troop# with him. Th* 3d llUnoie Regimont. under Col BiaaoU, may b* depended npon?and 1 hay* no doubt will ho noodod. Yootorday lien. Wool received daapombaa from Oaa Taylor giving the perticulara of tha battle at Ma ate ray Thoaa who thought the Manic ana will not flght mutt by thia tinio And theuiaelvaa nfotaken. tie* J ay lor adyiaaa lion. Wool (providing ho ia on th* threat route to Chmuaka*,) to detach a part of Ina commaDd to take Monclova-which ?u already hia determination?with tha whole command. Col. Harney applied yaaterday for eniera to join tha principal ??H ?( hut command, now with i ten lit lor. whi. h waa gi anted and he will Invi very *oon for Monterey with an escort Colonel Harney, 1 consider, will ba a great lose 10 ua In oaaa of aa engagement, and to that pait of bie command here in any event He is a gallant and triad soldier. Our worthy Aaalatant Adjutant Gen Prantiaa ia nyw quite unwell with a fever, but wa hope na will b? able tu raauma hia dutiaa in a few aaya General Shields joined u* at Praaidio, and baa assumed the commend of the infantry. Ha came direct from tarn aigo, and latt ainca the battle ot Monterey. uur Brat dav*a march from Praaidio to Nm waa over a prairie of M milaa; and 1 aaaure you It waa a mar. h watch rr quired a comfortable and quiet nighl'a raat altar, bnt it waa not for ua, for near anout 1-i o'clock a very eevaie rotthar made nt an unceremonious riait, which laid flat many touta ; and it waa quite amusing to aae tba occupants crawling out in tba morning. For my aelf the flrat i. iiaiHtion of tba approach of thia enemy to traveliara 1 had, waa Hading the rtdge-pele or my tent in cioaa contact with my noee, (and 1 feel it now ) and the tent giving additional covering, which ao ler aa that waa con learned, waa vary ecceptlble-ao called my servant to iwcoonoiua, and pick ap cap, clothae, papers, Ac., Ac., evbkh were scattering about, and place them in as secure a condition as myself The raaicn ot tba following day aa nucomloi table from the cold aa the former by the h . nrrauma that you era aware that the armistice enterau *"to between General Taylor and Aatpndia does ** , g ct iha army of Ganarai Wool in iia touts to Alonclova an. * Ghihuahoa. Ail are aaaioua far a fight, and I haitave ih.'P will bo aoeemmodated, and quicker than , aanot.^ Mexican leaders are, without do-iht, inio/med of day'* march ami the stiength of the ?Mineral's comt-tmid; which la much smaller than should antor the port pi :%a country where wa are wending our way. E NE" NEW HKXALJ) NATAL COUXSFONBINCK. J??u' Hotel, Fmuc?u, Not. 31, 1343. The Sailing of tkt V. S. Skip Relief The U. 8. store ship Balitf, altar wailing several days in vain for Oanaral La Vaga, who haa probably returned to Mexico via Havana, sailad from thw port to-day with supplies for tha blockading squadron off Vara Crux. The following is a list of bar officers J? Oscar Bullus. Esq.,. Lieutenant commanding ; Acting Master, Han old ; 1'a.sed Assistant Burgeon, Kelley ; Passed Midshipmen, Wier, Nawcomb and Arnold ; Captain's Clark, Stoneall. Tuner Crosby, Or. Betel end Midshipman Stone, here (one paasangers in her. It haa been noticed with regret that aome of the Northern print* are disposed to sneer at what they term j the " inefficiency" of our gallant little nary, becauie, ; foraooth, it ha* not accomplished actual impoeaibilities Let it b* born* in mind thet, aa with the army in the , Florida war, to with the nary at those little, ihoel-wtter ports on the Oulf, the difficulty was to get at the enemy. But " erery dog haa hi* day," and this sort of indiacrimiuate and unreasonable censure has heretofore been riaited, in no measured terms, by the same journals, upon eur heroic land toroes. The nary, as erery one acquainted with it knows, is full of as game a set of chicken* as arer flapped a wing, and when the half of a decant opportunity is afforded them, if they fail to make the rery saltiest sort of a fight, then ill agree to grope out the balance of my life, with my head tied up in a gunny bag. Let but the order be issued from head quarters lor the siorming of 8an Juan D'Ulloa and you will see whether, for the first time since its organization, our nary will show the white feather.? The idea seems to us perfectly absurd, and to condemn now, without a trial, men Who hare heretofore don* so much for their country's glory, and who are actually panting for the chance to do more, is worse than absurd, it is mean and malicious. The only man-of-war now lying her* is the old Texan loop Austin, which beautiful (pacinian of contract built rastela Uncle earn acquired es a deucser in the " annexation." Fire thousand dollars want to the two ateamera mat towtii oar np rrom uaiveaton, betides eleven hundred to the pilot, and now aha ii not worth the trouble of knocking bar to piacaa. She liaa off the navy yard with both punipa going to keep har atloat, and ia to ha sold or given away in a any or two, to eave that labor. The lata hurricane haa created a monatroua demand lor lumbar at Havana and other piacaa. One of our merchants showed me orders from a single house in tha former city, for nearly one million feat. Six vessels are now loading at aur mills, a few miles above, for porta on the gulf, fieights tan to twelve dollar* par thousand. The weather has bean unusually cold hare during the past three days?heavy frosts. P. 8 ?The U. S. brig Porpoise, from tha Qulf Squadron, it reported in the omng, Sound in. Her news by next mail. THE PROFESSOR. THE CAPTURE OF TAMFICO. [From the New Orleans Picayune, Nor. 91 ] By tne arrival of the U. 8 steamer Mississippi, Com. Perry, at the 8. W. Past, news was received in the city yasterday of the capture of Taapioo by the U. 8. squad roa on tba 14th In.' ant. Wa announced in yesterday morning's edition of the Picayune the departure of tha squadron from Anton Lizsrdo upon this expedition, and before tha day was over the tacceta of tha enterprise. The fleet sailed under Commadore Conner an the 11th and 1-lth instant. On the 14th Commodore Perry crossed the bar with the Spitfire, Vixen, Petrel. Bonita. and Reefer, reinforced from the Cumberland, Mississippi, Princeton end St. .Ylar>'? There ?u no opperition made to the American armi. The town wae surrendered unconditionally, the garrison having been previously withdrawn. 1'he Mississippi sailed immediately for the Belize for troops to gaprison the city. In coming hither Commodore Fsrry toured at the Brazos and despatched a lieutenant to Oeneral Patterson's camp, to obtain troops for the garrison. The Mississippi then came to the Balize for the same object We learn from proper sources that about one hundred and fifty men, recruited for the 1st and 3d infantry, will be despatched immediately for Tarn pico. A detachment of these t roops had already arrived; therremainder are expected to-day or to-ioorrow. Baaides these, tear companies of the new regiment of mounted riflemen, under .Major Bnrbidge, will b? sent to Tampieo aa soon as they arrive. They are hourly looked for. Captain Hetzel of the quartermaster's department, has been despatched to Baton R.>uge for ordnance and munitions; and Captain Barnard, of the engineera, will rej pair directly to Tampico to superintend the erecting end I arming of the necessary defences Although the city wes taken without the loss of blood, it is manifest that is not to be surrendered without e struggle before peace is declsred. The town is now in iwtsession of tha marines and sailors of the fleet, whe cannot be well spared from their ships. Aaeoonoalhe pi ice is suflt 'inn'ly garrisoned by land forces, the squadron will proceed to other business. A cl-snge has come over tha fleet, and we donbt not of its fature usefulness. Many of our naval officers regret that Tampico waa sup rendered without a blow. It Is well enough as it is. Ws incline to the opinion, thst the plsoe will become of the utmost capsequence to the intended operations upon the interior. T"he withdrawal of the Mexican garrison is evidonce that Santa Anna is making preparations for a demonstration upon a large scale in the direction of Bar. Luis Potosi or Haltillo?more probably at tha former. we append nereis a list 01 me oncers o( ue Mississippi Liet or Orncsas Attackkd to thi U. 8 Steam cb MiMiMirri 8 W. Pasa. Nor. 19,1014 ? M. C. Perry, Commodore. Henry A Adams, Commander. John C Carter, Firat Lieutenant; William A. Parker, Second Lieutenant: Henry P. Robinson. Third Lientenaot; E C Anderson Fourth Acting Lieutenant?left at Point Isabel to communir-ate with the commanding officer at Ma tamerae. J. Hogan Brown Master; Henry Hogera, Act ing Vaster?Sent to the United bta'es with prizes. L. w! Minor, Surgeon; Washington Sherman, Assistant do. Lewis Warrington. Jr, Purser; Mark H. Beeches, Pro fesaorof Mathematics; William Lewrll. Jr., Chief Engineer. Alphonso Barbor, Passed Midshipman; Edward Barrett, do Sent home in a prize. Francis Gregory, do Thomas 8. Fillebrown, Midshipman; David A cheevar, do ; William W. Wilkinson, do ; Daniel L. Braine, do Danial p. Martin, First Assistant Engineer; Jease 8 Rutherford, Und do ; Daniel Murphy, ln<i do.; Joshua Hollander, 3nd do ; M. M. Thompson, S<1 do ; James W King, 3d do. Willism Whitehead, Acting Boatswain; John Martin, Gunner; Joseph Coxe, Carpenter; William F. Perry, Captain's Clerk; George Hutchinson, Purser's Clerk. We 'were gratified to learn that Gov. Johnson, aa soon as ho heard that the Mississippi had arrived at the Belize to procure men end munitions of war for the defence of Tampice, proffered for the uae of the United States six 6-pound and three 8-pound brass pieces, together with loo rounds of hell far each gun, and 60 rounds ef grape hot. TbtN gona are ready to go on board ship?bare been accepted, and will be immediately despatched to Tamptco. This ia a commendable act of the executive of Louisiana The neceaeity of erecting fortifications at Tampico with expedition ia apparent ; and the difference in the time required to bring ordnance from the nearest United Htatea depots, and in shipping anch as ia ready for use at once, ifiigbt be fatal to the occupation of that important point. THE ATTACK ON TABASCO. [From the New Orleans Picayune, Nov. 31.] We leain from our private correspondent at Fenaacola that the store ship Relief waa still detained at that pert. It waa reported that she had bean detained to carry Gen La Vagm to Vera Crus, but it waa a mere report. She waa expected to get away yeeterday without fail. The brig Abrasia arrived at Peosacola on the 18th last, from Anton Lizardo. This ia the vessel which brought over I. eut Henahaw, of the navy, and Captain Parktnaen, of the brig Plymouth. Dr. Meaaernnith, the urgeon of the Truxton. also came OTer on the Abraaia The additional report which we have received by this arrival of the Tabaaco expedition, furnishes few fnrlhei rirticulars requiring mention from ua. The gallantry oi ieut rather, of PHtaburg, ia very warmly commended Lieut. Parker, it will be recollected, commanded the prize vessel which got ashore, and waa attacked by an overpowering force ef Mexicans, whom he gallantly re pulsed. We nave been assured by an eye-witness tlia' hia party of twenty-thiee men killed fifty lancers in defending themselves. Letters have been riceivad making en apology for the Mestcen tioopa mho attacked Patker alleging that they were not aware ef the truce, er terms upon which Com. Perry had deaiated ftom firing Upon the town. On the came antberity. it is said, that the leas of life and property during the first part of the bombardment waa absolutely frightful Nothing ia said of the final bombardment, when a hundred more shot were fired. NAVAL INTKLLIOKNC*. [From the New Orleans Delta, Nov. 311 i ne >iexican prize scnooner i eiegrapn, in charge ol Midikipnin Smith, irrirtd in this |>ort ytitardi; morning. Ha delivered har over to tha prize master. The following ia an extract of a lattar which wa re ceived yesterdayIt ia dated U.S. ship Relief, Penaacola, Nov 11, 1846. "We shall aail for the above place (Antonio Lizaido) on the arrival of Gen La. Vega, who takes passage with as. He ia expected to-morrow, and wa shall sail immediately on his arrival. Tha arrest of Capt. Parkinson, of tbe brig Plymouth, on Thursday night, on a charge of high treason, as stated in one ot the city papers, was, we understand, owing to some mistake on tha part of the officers who arrested him, or those who made the affidavit The Captain being a material witness in iba ca-e of tha brig Plymouth, now pending before tha U & Prize Commissioner, an attachm> nt was ordered to be issusd to bring him into court as a witness, and hence tha cause ai the blunder, lie was released by tha U- S. Marshal as soon as his testimony was taken batora tha Commissioner. MILITARY MOVEMPNia. [From the Charleston Courier, Nov. 36] Cel. p m. Butler is now in Columbia, and will remain there lor the purpose of completing the organization of his ragiasant, and should ba addressed, for the present, at that pises J. P Dickinson, tbe LtcuL Col. of the Palmetto Reglmsnt. reached BranehviUe yesterday, and proceeded on to Column-a immediately, prepared to ester on the duties ot the office to which he bee beau elect- i ed. Col. O. was in Alabama, when tbe naws reacht J | him that the aeivicee ol the regiment would be required , He abandoned all boainees. and made his way at once to I head quarters. All the Bald officers of the regiment are | now in Coins,hie, ready ioi service. Passengers on the railroad inform us Uiat in Lexington about lot) men had enrolled their name-, end that much enthusiasm Prevailed is the upper districts. I BSB-gggSi"11 I'gsaaatt W YO YORK, MONDAY MORK NtWI FROM MEXICO. [From the New Orleena Picayune, Not. it.] wimtt receiaed by the aohoonar Ml til paper* from Vara Cm* to the 8th ioataot, bainf alght day a later than 1 oar tdrlcee by way of Heaana. Their intelligence la ' interesting, and not without importance We miaa the popart of the let ioatent, which contained Santa Anne's add re at from Sen Luia, in which he en- I deaaora to heal the diaaenaiona of partiee in the capital, and renouncea fereaer for Uimaeif political olBra. Judg- , log Iron the tone of the papera, thia will not do. Parties > are ao embittered agaioat each other, that he only can atay their eaceaaea and unite the country. All ep|ie?l to him. especially the extreme ledereliata, to aeeume power. Id to* and no win de constrained to do ao. or civil war will ensue The tone of tha Maclean papers ii aa embittered againat us aa over. Nothing ia talked of in tha pro- j vincea but tha war; and in the capital, but the war and tha political divisions. But lot us iirst bring up tha news as to tha expedition of Tabasco. Whan Com. Parry left tha anchorage near Vara Crux for Tabaaco, tha Mexicans supposed that Alvarado was again to be attacked. It was only soma days after that they learned his. real destination. Their first accounts of the result wars published on tha 'Id inst. They treat it aa a wanton, prodatory expedition, prompted only by ! tha defenoeless state of Tabaaco, and they taunt us witn our two repulses from Alvarado, and defy us to renew the attempt. The following day they gave a report of the expedition, which we translate, that their version of the affair may have as wide circulation as our own:? "The morning of the Md of 6ctober there wore discovered, off the mouth of the river Tabasco, three steamers and four schooners of war of the North Americans. At 11 A. M., the same day, oaa steamer and tha four schooners entered the river alone, leaving two steamers ot larger draft at the mouth of the nver, unable to go in. On beard of the steamer which entered was the second commodore of the squadron stationed at Anton Lizardo. The five vessels mounted from twenty-eight to thirty pieces of attilJery, of various calibres, 'it s bung the smallest, and the crews consisting of lrom three te four hundred men. All that day they employed in manning two schooners and two small merchant steaoieis whicu they seized, all belonging to private individuals,and sailing nnder Mexican colors. They found two cannon charged wiih bell upon their arrival at the village of Krontera, distant two leagues from tha mouth of tha rivar, where are placed the headquarters of tho captain of uio pufi. "Oa the 34th, the captured ackoonera having been a> Died, they proceeded up the river aa tar aa the eity of San Juan Bauthia. "On the 36th, they apiked three cannon which they found abandoned at the point called the Fortin, which waa entirely deaerted. They aent to the authoritie a a meaaage. under a flag, demanding that they ahould ant render, and eubmlt to their onlera, acknowledging the government of the United Stateo, allowing the a two noura' time to conaider of it, and intimating that in caae of a negative, they would raze the city. Aa there waa a delay in agreeing to the coneeaaiona which were demanded, they opened their Are and threw a hundred and aeventy projectilea into the city. One | of theae fell into the houae of an Italian lady and killed the unfortunate woman end all her children. What a heroic exploit! [hazana, a term of deriaion.] What valor, well employed againat an unarmed and deienceleaa town ! A fihhmtitr, a LorenzilU would have behaved with more nonleaeas and more humanity ! [We do not know what a filibutiitr la, but imagine it to be aomething of the nature of Gen Ampudia J They then ceaaed Bring for a moment, and the Spaniab, German and kngliali Cenaula, who had their reapertiva Aaga hoisted upon their houaea, entered into a parley with them, (ending oil' to aay to the commander of the attack: Upon whom ia the war made I That there weie no troope ; that they had alteady retired, and that they were only women end children whom they were innu manly killing, and that tbev ware boiidea deatroyi-;g an unarmed eity. Upon thia they retired, taking with them two achoonera ana a brig which were .Mexican property When the governor came down with two hundred ami fifty aoldieia at tha moat, from a height, he opened a file . of mKiketry upon thein Thereupon they again opened their Are, and discharged without coatation two hundred and eighty heavy gun ahota. "On the 37th, at tha break of day, they returned to Frontera. "On the 3dth,the aquadron which waa now compoaed of nine achoonera and four ateamera, created the bar, end tailed for Antou Lizardo to ri-join the rest of the aquadron "The loaa in lulled ia calculated at acme eighty unfortunate citizena, and the lota of the enemy at ene officer, two marines and tic sailors " The Indicator of the 3d inauat, says that the evshiog previoua they were iuaulted by an American merchant vessel, which patted tho city for Sacrificioa to clote ia that the might readily have bean taized by boata and lauuchoi from tha pert, the blockading ahip being at 1 quite a diitance at the time The blaeae u thrown upon I tne government for not providing money and other retourcet to improve tuch opportunitiea. The tame paper of the 4th eeyt that there was then eahore en the reef neer Anton Luardoa North American merchant brig, which had arrived there with provisions and ttoret for the squadron The steamers and launches of the sqtiedron were bueily engaged taking out her cargo, in hopea to sava it by this meant; but ine editor ter* that those who ere acquainted with tte coast say hor loss is inevitable. Her name ie net given. The same day the look-out on the castle signalized a vessel atbore tewards the South. We find no furthei mention el her. The Ind.cndor says that the Catain General at Vera Cruz received despatches on tbo iili instant, covering another from the Secretary of the United State* to tho Mexican Secretary of Foreign Affairs. The purport was unknown to the editor, but be presumes it to be another proposal on eur part for peace?Mr. Tolk presuming that the fall el Monterey will dispose the Mexicans te submission. It will turn out b good joke, says the editor bitterly, for Mr. Pelk [spelling it Porx by accident] when he fiola out that misfortune bss produced an effect preciaely contrary ; and that there it not a man in tne nation wbo thinks of peace until the U. States have given satlsfaction for the injuries they have done us, and indemnified us for the injuries inflicted by their Vandal crusade. He wishes nor i* it authorized to enter upoD negotiations. The aubject belongs to the Congress to assemble in lie-cember, which assuredly will not render nail the eflorta which the nation ia making to obtain by open force complete jnatice. There will be peace, he adds, if the Americana wieh it, but it will be upon theaa conditione, and after the preliminariea have been settled at San Luis or I further tewarda the frontier. Government received deapatchea on the lat inat. from Santa Anna, with a atatemeut of what meaturas for defence he had taken, and expressing a hope that he should be able to repair the honor of the nation Hants Anna also wrote that Gen. Tay lor had received from Washington a million ef dollars, and reinforcements which carried the nnmber of bia troops to 34.000. The Monitor aaya that Gen. Taylor had contracted far 36,000 sacks of corn at $6 a sack. A Mexican to whom (be oontract was t endered, had refuted to execute it.? do teya the Monitor. The poor courier shot by Ampndia, was the one on whom they found Mr. Marcy'e letter of Sept 3 to Gen t'aylor. Thua it appcara that he was not faithful. A ptper of the 23d of October from Durango says that dee. Canale* had had a fight with a party of roluuteeri, killing fifty of them ai d taking fourteen wageni. Kncmiraged Dy hit example the Uuiango paper aaya the whole country waa in insurrection. tannics pretended that he did not know of the capitulation, not having tig red it; and betidea, it did not, lie contended, extenu to volunteers. Theae volunteers had been sent away by lien, 1 aylor. aa some said, becauie their term of service had expired . other* said they were in pursuit of (Janalee ; and yet olherr, that they were on their way to I'ampico. It watalao reported that " they were terrified by the manner in which the Mexicans fought at Monterey." The paperi still complain of the exceaset committed by the Americana at Monterey. Families continued to leave for Saltillo, and from the neighborhood of the latter city, even they were going south to esoape the visitation of our troops. A letter written from Han Luis Potosi on the 38th of October, says there were then 18,000 troops there, and that in fifteen days more there would probably be 30,000 There was no room for people in the city, and previsions excessively scarce. lien Santa Anna had ordered a number of offloera to leave their commands in the army, and to repair to the Tillage i i ruaua ler inn, en ine uumge ui cnwininre an Monterey. Ike lint include! (ieaa. Jaureqm, and Kamirat; (Jala. Carraico ami Laciaco; Licnt. Cole, caatro ami Keiaatdaa; Cemiaacdanta #f aquadrona, liana Landeiei and hairnet; and Klrat Adjutant Mariana Huerta, of the hat'alion of Hen Luia. Wa kiea a lohg ilea patch from Almonte giving direction! for tha execution af a dacraa ot 8el?a, commanding people in poeieaaion of aim* to bring tham in for tha naa ol tha tfavernnient, to ha eppraiaed, he. Wa bate na tima lor the datalla, bat tha Uovernment ahowe iiaail in aarnaat in bringing out all tha aaeLWei in tha country. A report bating obtained circulation that atrangeia were to ba exempted from tha payment of contribution! lor tha war, it ta indignantly coutiadicted. Oaternmont haa not j at mada tip ita mind on tha aubject. Oan. Santa Anna haa daclinad to racaiva any pay for hia aaraicaa. Tha Government of tie Stata of San Luia Potoai haa |HBRii uocrco, ( giuua in numa vt v? / ""1'"" American living there, giving them three da)*, counting from the 21it of Oetn'.<oi, to take their departure. We have the address ot Won. Valencia to the inhabitant* el Guanajuato. ...tied the 3olh of October, aa he we* to inarch to joiu Hants Anna That State i* aaid to hare railed bOOO troop*, in every way perfectly equipped, and to have contributed moot liberally to the war. Hi* add re a* thanks them in the moet glowing terras, In bidding them fhrewell, he charge* them to prepare "victorious wreath*" with which to bind the brow* ot the >olJi*rs whom he wUI *ocn bring beck to them Gen. Setae i* issuing decree alter decree, urging the payment ot assessments end contiihu'ione for the war. Home of the more recent of his financial projects ha has been compelled to reconsider thus early, finding the went* of the government too praising lor the introduction of any new financial syitem The dtvition of troops which defended Guedahjara against I'arade*, left that crty on the 11th October for ban Luis Pot oil. On account of the illness of OeD. Garcia Flore*, So nor i Raidans bad assumed the government of the State of Temsulipai. The election of Deputies to the Constituent Congress, took place on the 13th inst. in the itinerant States We have the result* in many el tnera, hut the render w ouid oot be interested men array ol Mexican names He nor i Hejou ha* been returned, but a protest sees at once made against his elect ion on iha ground of his lacking tba legal qualifications. Old Herrera we* elected at Jelapa by acclamation The government proteases to have taken no put in these electrons, but tire governor of the RK I fINO, NOVEMBER 30. U district of Modoo Mnt an armad forco to Toluea to pro oat a suspected design of orsrawing the electors. Voriouo important subjects aro to bo brought boforo Congress i among othtr things, tho disposition of tbo money rocoirod Tor tbo oalo of tho two steamers. Tbo treasury la aaid not to hire repaired a cant from aaid Mia Sr. Don Manual Baramta baa boon appointed superintendent of tho mint, in plaoe of Sr. Oonxalez Anguio, resigned. Tho appointment excited much remark. Wo And in tho papers a latter from Chihuahna, dated tho 10th October, ftom which it appears that Oor Fries has at last learned of tho adrance of an army of North Americana Tbo Mexioan spies sot down ibs number at two thousand, or perhaps mora, with one or perhaps two pieces of cannon. The officer who makes the report to Oor. Frias Infers that they aro North Americans, or at ! Uftit under the command of North American oMaam from tli* order in which they march, thair mad* of encampment, atationing picqueta and th* like. Th*jr war* seen in th* vicinity of Dan Carlo*, and it waa aoppoaad | war* about to fall upon Rum ad* or Uoaquilla, Thia laat town ia laid down on tbo boat map* which w* bar*, aa being nearly aouth of th* city of Chihuahua, and> Uttl* eaatof tbo main road to th* aouth. We ini*r from thia > that th* Maxicana har* diacovered th* adranc* of Oon. ) Wool'a command. lu rtgard to Chihuahua, w* beliave wo hare before aatd that Oeu. Key** had boon ord*r*d thithar, and a tbouaand muskets granted for th* d*fono*/of th* r*opl*. Since then, both the Goneral and the gnna have bean counteimanded. Why thia waa done no one appear* to know, but we auapect Santa Anna knaw full wall that to aand a tkouaand musket* there waa but to throw thorn into Oau. Wool'a way. A atrong appeal ia mad* to Santa Anna not to abandon Chihuahaa. A large number of Indiana, aaid to reach 9000, had paaaod from Chihuahua into Durango, and it waa feared they would ontar Zacatecaa. Five hundred mounted tioopa left Zacatecaa on the 32d of October, to rapol them, and (?en Rave* waa to leave on the let November, and march against them to reator* confidence to the affrighted people. We have aome account! In detail of the ravage* cemm tied by the Indiana, but have not room ior mem. Advice* from Mazutlan te the lltk of October here been received in Mexico. An English vessel had arrived there, having touched at the vartoua porta of both California*. She report* that the American poaaeiiion of the country it not peaceful; that the greater part of the people [" would that we could aay aU," aaya the editor] are disgusted: aeveral time* inaurrectiona had beea attempted, and with a little eupport they would beaucceaaful. In Loa Angela* there waa in September, an iaaurrection againat the Americana. The insurgent* fortified themselvea in a home, but were attacked by the Yankeea, and in leaving it an action took place in which the chief of the lnaurgenta, and aeveral other* were killed, and many were wounded. The aquadron ol occupation waa much weakened, having ao many porta to blockade, and ao few men who could be apered to disembark. It followed that different pointa were but alightly guarded?tome by only eight or ten men: The French Conaul at Monterey, Mr. Gaaquet, having been put under arreat for having preteated againat the occupation of California, remained (till under sisrvssflance. An English ve**ei had accordingly proceeded to the Maiqoesaa to communicate the new*. We (hall aee, add* the Mexican, how theae audaciou* Yankee* will get out ol thia new difficulty, in which they are involved t>y their owu exceaaea. A aloop-of war of the enemy had arrived at Ouayma*, with a view to take possession of that port (in Sinaloa on the Gulf of California;) but the captain of the port, named *ponaer, with two or three guua and the volunteer* which he collected, fired upon the vessel and oompelled her to retire. Seme of the crew were kiilnd and many wouuded, but the number ia not given. Such i* one Mexican account; another aata dcwn our lota at twentyAve killed and wounJed. Siu.e writing th* above, we have fannd another account of thia affair. It ia to th* effect that the U. S. (loop jt wer Cyane, arrived at (iuaymas and *ent four boat*, carrying 00 men. to seize the brig Coudoc, which waa anv'.bered in the bay. The brig having notice ol the intention, prepared to give e warm recaption te the expedi tion, end with one piece oi artillery mounted en h tavor able point, and with two gun boata, opened e vigorous fire upon th* North American* and compelled them to retire te the Cyane, which wa* ail the while bombard log the tewn, but without doing much harm. Thia uawa w a* communicated by th* captain of th* English brig I"relic, who learned the particular* from the officers ol Ik* Cyana. He reported that the Cyane had more than so wounuea. At Mazatlen there ?u, on the 18th ef October, but one of our vessels of wer, but the inhabitant! were expecting strong reinforcement* bringing U MO men with which to land. Businoss nun were accordingly mcv iug out thejr property. Albakt, NOT. 31, 1844. Governor Khmij; hit Message?Anii-Renlitm?Govtr nvr jyright?iVeio Comtitution?Difficulties threaten inr?Whig Party?The ?Flvf[? Orotic ell, ^e. Already ara the politician! here disputing ai to the lieeition which will be assumed by Governor Young in hie inaugural addreu, relative to the question! agitated by the anti-renteri, and the right! ef landlord! and teaamti, under exiiting leaiea Of a peculiar character. Thoie who aympalhiee itroDgly with the anti-rentera in their demands.fer redreis of'alleged existing grievance!, insist that the Coventor elect is committed?indeed, pledged, to recommend in his executive message, and to carry out, so far aa he is enabled to do by the power vested in him, the measure! advocated by the most violent and ultra of that party who claim to have decided the election in hia favor, by casting for him that balance of power which they claimed to have held. Others,who claim to be more familiar with Gov. Young's viewa upon the important questions which have excited so deep an interest In this and the neighboring counties, deny that he ii committed or pledged to any line of policy other than that develo ed and followed, or rather marked out, by him in hia public course and speeches last winter; and contend that ha will not recommend in his message te the Legislature, any further relief than was intended te be extended, and which waa embodied in the bills reported to the House by the " committee on the troubles listing between landlord and tenant in this State," last wiDter, ef which committee Mr Tilden, of your city, was chairman, and Messrs. Young, Worden and Ira Harris, and others, on the part of the whig! and anti-renters, and Messrs. Bsiley, Bishop, Perkins, and others, on the part ot the democrats, were members; the committee consisting of one from each Senate district. Thin committee, it will be obeerved, then. ?u compoted of the moit " radieal'' material of all partiea in tbe liouie, and the billi reported were accepted bv Mr. Herria and the moat violent and ultra advocatee of anti rent iam ; theae meaaurea ao recommended by the committee paaaed tbe Houae of Aaaembly by a very large vote, all and every of them : and what did theae billa eeek to do I fhe flrat provided for the abolition of the diatreaa for rent; and in place of the old remedy, viz : the landlord'r warrant, the creditor waa left to recover by action at law, and certain property waa exempt from execution; hut thia act provided for a re-entry of the landlord in ,!aao of default or refund to pay alter a certain number daya' notice ahall have been given. Now, thia law, it ia contended, acta injuriously to the tenant, for it leavea him to the mercy of a landlord who may eject him in the deed of winter from houee and home upon a very brief notice; whilo under the old ayttem, the landlord feeling secure of hia debt by the aecurity which the lawa gave lum, was willing to let the rent atand until harveat time should bring a return td the farmer, by which he could diacharge hia debt for rent. Another act provided for the taxation of rente accruing. Thia law, it will be aecn, did not lighten the bur. den of the tenanta at all, while it only laid a heavier and nrohably unjuat exaction upon the income of the landlord Another provided for the mode in which the titiea of leaeekold iande by " deviae or deacent" should he changed ; but thia law could not take effect until after the death of the prraent proprietore of the manor lande, and nntil the title should pas* by " deviae or deacent" to their heira ; the tenanta could not, tharafore, teaaooably expect any immediate relief from thia remedy against the evile of which they complained. It will he eeen, theiefore, that after ell the Legislature could afford them no aubvtantial relief, it being con trolled and governed by tne constitution ei tne state, which denied the now r of the Legislature to pnu eny lew which i should infpair the obligations ot conuacta ; and of thoae tulle which were introduced, the two rooit importent one* failed in the Senate. The hope waa entertained by the anti-i enters that relief could be afforded toem by tne convention called to emend the conatitutiou?hence the heavy vote in favor of a convention in the infected district; but the hopea thua indulged in were doomed to be disappointed. The convention provided, it ie true, against a recurrence of the etila complained of, but uid nothing to remove taose wh'ch it la alleged t > is*; and now it may he ashed, what oan or what will Oov. Voting recommend upon the subject of the " manorial difficulties' in hia message to the Legislature ? Will be plav the demagogue, and, like hia predecessor, talk soothingly to these misled and unfortunate people, merely for talk sake 7 or will he plainly say that the new constitution. Just received from the people, fresh from the baptismal font ol democracy, ha* provided, as far m justice and equity demand, for the peculiar grievances of which they complain 7 or will he adopt the principles of the " vote yourself s farm" party, and recommend to the " order loving people," of the disnff.i/*ta?il /liifrirti " to kn an arlml tkne'vn srnt a net vol wh?t they can T" Great Interest ii felt ham to know what courta Mr. Young will pursue upon three indicate and tronblsrom* queetioni. My own impression i? that John Young ia no more an antl-renter than Silas Wright waa, and I point yaw to the record for the proof. Ins hi 11a above spoken of wara prepared bv Mr. Tilden, one of the "peculiar' and " e*cluaive" frisnda of Gov. Wright, under the Governors immediate and personal supervision. They emanated from the executive chamber, and ware first approved of by the Comptroller and the Attorney General. They were auattlned by Mr, Wngbta frieu la to a ran and althongh they conceded all that could be conceded without a direct violation of the constitution, were in fact the measure# of Gov. Wright end hie administration, and passed by e vote ef three-fourths of the members of Assembly. Gov. Young voted for the bills it is true, but he had not as much to da towards their preparation as had his vanquished rival, and waa l?ss idenified with thair fa's and hratory But how stand the ami-renters affected? they have become clamorous if not impoitunato irons success, and have lost all their small share ot humility and modesty of pretension, becoming i perfect cormorants in thair desire*? not only relating to Cy any mora rant?but having voted themeelvee eecli a a, are prepared to claim, cultivate, couuvl, and ii \ T n n A JL BJLw jljl 146. need b? flght for It. Claiming to hare been the ' vlctora" they demand the "apotla," ud Mi( Inclined to "Jo it while they're Young" thoro la bo end to the roller tod re mediae ihey clamor for. In (tho meantime It will bo interacting (o watch tho conrae of Got. Young. Ho hat a difficult, an Intricate track to follow. If ho grant to the "aoti-rontora" all they demand, ho will bo regarded at a ruth lata violator of law. juatico and equity by tho contorratiro portion of tho commonwealth. If ha refute to tuccumb to the wUhea ot that modeat clatt of cititeaa "who wont pay rent not nothin' elao." ha mat expect to bo denounced and driven out of the camp by them. Thua he ia surrounded by danger on every aide; If ho avoid Hcvlla hit bark it threatened by charybdia We will too now he manageathe helm or State among the rocka and ahoala which portend hia deatruction. One falls mots will wrronk tha lni*rk Ka^ao ? ? ? \x/W;*? party, and scatter its strength and iu glorias to tha mercy I of the winds and wasos. Meantime, how fares our democratic brother I Are , the great, this fierce democracy united in one harmonious ! whole yet ' We are told thata household divided against > itself cannot stand; but we fr ir, "although we cry peace, there is no peace." Tha barnburner* denounce Croawell for that he did not bare his breast to the enemy, and lead on their troops to victory ; and as b elated ays to Pains, so sayath Flagg to Croswall " 1 tall that, Nad?sweat Nad?thou hut lost Much honor, that thou wart not with ma In this action." But Croswall has bean through too many bard fights to draw hia sword against man inT' buckram and I sup pose that since he hu been eo ungratefully denounced by the aristocracy of tha democracy ay " Prince John" and tha " reyal family,"?ha thought with Claude Malnotta? " Oh! that we, tha hawars of woad and drawers of water. Could be swept away, that the proud might know What the world would be without us." Perhaps the nomination* for judgeships which are to ba made neat spring, may tend to harmonise the discordant elements?at least it is so hopad and supposed. My own impreaeion is, that neat fall the breach will be widened again. Flagg, tha preeent competitor, will probably be preeeated tor a nomination lor that olfiee, which, after this vaar, is elective. This would eacite ail the elements of strife in the highest degree, for ha is regarded u being mora obnoaious to a large portion of tha liberal democracy than was even Cato himself before hi* fail. A little decapitation in tha custom-house will, at any rata, have to ba resorted to before Father Ritchie can proclaim that " order reigna in Warsaw." SENECA. Communication with the Pacific. [From tha Liverpool Standard.) sir. k... k. u- w.n...k. crown aurveyor, Jamaica, in which he propounds a plan ef rapid communication, by (team navigation and railway!, between the eaatern and weatarn hamiapheres ? The author haa evidently devoted much of hia attention to the aubject, and hia auggaationa appear to ua to be wellfworthy of the aerioua oonaideration of the board of trade, and of the general meroantile community. The plan embracee, in the flrat instance, what it ia aaaumad may be aocompliahed by contiuuoui linea of rapid ateam hip and railway communication, along the coaat of North America, from Halifax to Tampa Ray, on the weat aide of Florida, thence to Havana, acroaa the ialand ; thence to Jamaioa, and thence to the iathmua of Panama, whieh it ia propoaed to croaa by railway, and thua obtain ready acceaa to the PaciAo Ocean. He properly conaidera, that if auoh a achema were carried out, (either by a great joint etock company, or by the concurrent operationa of the respective governments, through whose territories the linea of rauway would pass,) Panama would beoome the grand point of commercial con centration. The aubject recalls to memory a project which we have entertained for many years, and which, though much Jess com prebend ve than our author's, would, we think, accomplish more effectually one of the prime objects whieh he has in viaw, and if co opiated under Britith au?pic?s would be of incalculable advantage Dot only aa regards our trade, but as ali'ec'ing our national and colonial security in reference to the whole of the western world. A railway tss proposed by Mr. McUeachy,) across the isthmus of Oarien, would undoubtedly be highly advantageous, but our plan would comprise, in addition to this?or rather aa the mote importaut?a canal ol aufflaient ilza to admit of the patiage of the lurgrat ship*. The idea is by no mean* new, and we had Ion: hoped that our government would have taken the project up, but though it haa beffh frequently talked of from time to time ovor a aeriea of yeara, it appeara to have again fallen into abeyance. Some yeara ago the admiialty ordered a aurvey of the iathmua with a view of lormiiig a communication between the two mighty ocean*, and the lata Captain Forater, H N , of the Chanticleer, run brig, waa appointed to conduct the expedition, which he did successfully to a certain point, when hi* death deprived hie country of hia further servicer We are not aware of any further effort having aince been made on the part of our government to renew the aurvey, and arrange fur the purchaae of the requisite land. \11 travellera, bowever, who have croaaed the islhaiua, and amongat them latterly Captain Liott, (the superintendent of the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company) concur in opinion that a railway may bo termed at no very extraordinary coat, and there can be no deubt but that, witk tlie engineering experience and appliance* of the prevent day, an ample ship canal may be tormed, a choice of nHrtl point* more or fee* eligible alee preeenting themielvea The difference In the level* of the two ocean* (of, We Relieve, , about 70 feet) would form no obetacle, a* lack* might a readily end snfely be employed aa in our ordinary canal*, notwithstanding tha respective breadths of the two ocean*. The isthmus i* but 30 miioe aero** at one place, and the highest land not above aix hundred and forty feet above the level of the Pacific. It ia *aid that a company of French gentleman contemplate the project of a communication between the two; but it does not appear that thay have yet commenced operation*, and it ia high time that England aliould adopt the motto "carpr ditm," and bestir herself while she may. She ha* but tew posseaaions, and these comparatively minute and lar between, on the South American continent?namely, Demarara and Eiseqtiibo, British Guiana, and Honduras. Tne reoent "doings" of the United States of America, and their grarping at new territorial dominion in Mexico, California, Ike , render it imperative in us to endeavor to obtain, by lair m.aus, a further to .ting in that country. Our proposition, therefore, W that a strip of land oi iom? considerable breadth should, after survey, be selected for a shin caual across the Utlimu*. and that uegociation* should be made by our government for iU purchase, and if possible ita integrity under the Aag. The canal might then readily be lormed either by the government or a joint dock company. The purchase all cauly cfl'ected, for the .government of Panama ia proverbially | poor, and the commerce which auchacanal would bring totbemaelve* would be an inducement to accede to moderate terms. The advantage* of *uch a project appear to ua to be so obvious as to supersede the necessity of detail. Wa should, in the Brat place, hold tho key to tho Pacific and ita boundless shores on the west of both tho American continents; and a ready access lor Karoprsn shipping wonld be afforded to ail tha porta in the North aud South Pacific, from C alifornia (or even farther north) to the southern extremity of Lbili. No ehip, sailing or , steam, bound direct to Valparaiso, Lima or Ouayaquil, would require to double the atonoy apex of the 8outn American continent, Cape Horn, if this canal were opened out to them. To reach most of the principal ports, they would save some tbousauds of milaa of sailing. Our own shipa migut j>?y a moderate toll for passing through tha canal, and roieignert something more. All, indeed, would gladly pay a considerable sum to sav# time, tear and wear, wages, Ike., and at the tame time the western coasts of tho America* would be commercially approximated, and the trade probably doubled Direct steam and sailing conveyance could also be had Irom Panama to Canton, and also te New Zealand and New Holland, ka. Another grand advantage of a ship canal over a railway acros* tha isthmus would be that the expense, inconvenience, and loss arising from tranaahipmanta would b* entirely dona away with ; and Panama would, moreover (warehouses being constructed), I become a grand depot for British and Kuiopean goods j and manmactures, ?? well as for American produce, te be dispensed as required throughout the several ceunUiea in the two hemisphere*. The Kngllah View of the Operation of the ' Bankrupt Law off lMtlin the UnliesI States* 1 |Krom the London Herald, Oct 31.] We trust that the merchants of Bristol and Liverpool, l ana in" large noay 01 merc<uni< men iu iui> cuunu ; connected w.ta tha American trade, did not omit to mod with the attention it denarred, en article recently piinted in the Srv> Yvrk HemU, and headed "Operation o( the Bankrupt Law of IH41 " It waa an edify inn dorument? too ina'ructive to he neglected,?too temarkahle to lie patted over without comment. We are clmniclera far too faithlul to tuffer it to die away without a word. The majority of our reader* are, no doutit, aware that no arntocracr in the werld aaenme* half the aire, and demand* a tithe of the reaped that haa been con ceded in America to that moat unacrnpuleu* nf all power*?an ariatocracy of wealth. Captain Hamilton, in the heat book ret published on Aaierioa, aatiaftod the Britiah mind beyond .ill donbt that a privileged menev claaa emitted in the United Btatet, far more exacting and potent than any wa read ef aa enjoying exclusive privilege* elaewhort. The auperioruy ol moueyed man, if not written down in the atatutebook, ha lound acknowledged openly and taciUy in all the transactions of social life. "Do you obaorvo," aaid tbo maateT of the houae to Captain Hamilton, at an evening party, "that tall thin peraen, with a coat in hi* "aye, and hia noee a li-.tla cocked I Wall that man, not three tnontba ago, made 5100,000 by a tingle a peculation in tallow. You muat allow mo to introduce you to him." Wherever the captain want the erne pretention* to respectability wore put forward? tbo tame eateem for mora money wee demanded Hed | ut wn pinomra w osr vnoraiuui nir ni i<vu?i> oon ht Uiidtd in the New World, he would heve |?erformed in ene ect eolemn Mtinoar winch he ?u | doo ned to repeat in a tUouaand. Wo ore not unpriced that the people of no money lo ?o enlightened a country at America, ?houid regard with eome degree of |ealouey (tie euvlable poaitiun of their mala -the People of a great deal, in a c a moo re i, cy every claaa efaima to be raapected. every haa Ite privilegea and tighia Hen Captain Hemiliou lived ' till the year of grace 1441, be would have added another i chapter to hie work, and called it " The Artatocraoy of I i Fraud and Needioeae " A belaaca haa been tlruek, end | , ociety equallaed, by recent iegiaiation everybody, we , aey, mint be re?pec led in Amerioe. If a man owea no , nay and can pay it, he nioet be reapected; U another , I owea money and cannot pay it, ha rnuat be leapectad too. Virtue in a democracy muat net lord it over vice i I bore would t>e an end ot equality U ehe did. Money | and reeptctatiiliiy ate ail very well,but a tree boru Ame | LD. MM VM Omu, rioan 1*. wa rtckoa. aomathiog far beyond than both. It was with a thorough conviction of this groat fact that tha bank rapt law a bora referred to woa prepared and peased. It M tha grandeet law on record?th? moat sweeping moaauro known. Wa are sure that we hare but to hint at iu aeoure the admire tlon an 1 applause of every iualTialMfer i> the king dom.-to riak the loyalty of adHpkAut subject ha the empire. It wea e iaw te idpaf tie deb! a of unfortuoate naeo of business, an i to eeeble tbam toatart in life again withont inconvenience. let or hlodrenee. Whet ministry in Knglsnd ever gave their anergic* to auch a talk? Did hit Robert Peel, in bi* most successful meeinra* of finance, approach thia eminence? Did bar maieity. in her moit maternal arpirstions far the well-beinir of bar su.-.jecU, dream of tba glory that a Praaident achieve* wben be become* a huge and univeraal commissioner of bankruptcy f Under the operation ot tba bankrupt law of 1841, 440, 000.000 dollar* were entirely ramittad, and 20,000 inaol ante war* discharged from the payment of their debt*. Nothing like it bad happened tinea the revolution. It wai an acknowledgement ol the inalienable right ol every American to do what ha think* proper, without reference to effect* and consequences. In the yeere 1030 and 1837, America became a g.min? houae, end American* a deiparat* family ot gameftert. "The whole Union," aeya the Ntw York Herald, "we* turned halo a Wall atreet." Kvsry man left hie lawful ocoapetion to try hi* fortune with the dice boa; nobody wee content to etrn a competency by the labor of yeera, when a lucky throw might give it in a day. Every body waa getting rich, and eveiybody followed hi* neighbor* asample. We-may anticipate the consequence. "ThefaJe* gleam of eudden wealth," write* the newspaper already quoted, "which drew away men's mind* from the quiet, honest, and steady pursuit of wealth by gradual accumulation, waa only equalled in inteneity by the gloom that succeeded. Men found their suddenly acquired wealth transfermed. like the fabled gift* of the arcn-destreyer of maukind, into dro?* in their purses- A few remained wealthy, but thousand* were impoverished." Those thousands, ho? ever, demanded the protection of the government, and they received it 'a hirty-three thousand free citizens of the Republic required their uncontrollable freedom to be pioclaimed by an act which should put the matter lieyonu all doubt As f<r us "the wiping out." "the *|>onging out," the "forever extinguishing'' four hundred and iorty millions nine hundred and thirtyfour thousand six hundred and fifteen dollars of debt, might make it clear, their wishes were complied with^The lraud* perpetrated under the act ware acknowledge ed to be "gigantic and extraordinary. l< count not ue otherwise any man disposed to defraud hia Uwfnl craditora wu enabled by this measure to repudiate their elaims, without the chance of punishment. It wu premium held out to dishonesty?* bribe offered to the w*U Intentioned. It wu emphatically an sot to relieve the rascal at the expense of the honest In the southern district of New York, which Includes the city itself, 3400 individuals applied for relief. They described themselreau follows Merchants, 730 Brokers, OS Lawyers, 10 Farmers, 47 Clerks, 400 Office holders, IS Mechanics, 373 Auctioneers, 13 Agents, 31 Victuallers, 11 Laborers, II No occupations Physicians, 36 Miscellaneous, AM Gentlemen, 40 Total, 3640 It is a great satisfhctiou to find that out of the gross number only forty " gentlemen" could condescend to ash the favor of a recall t in lull from creditors whom they bad deliberately defrauded. Why t.ey were excluded from the lerger list of ' miscellaneous'1 wa are 1*11 to divine. Bid they keep giga 1 Wa ara curious to kuow at what point in America the plebian rogua ends, anJ the patrician rogua begins. We trembi* for the prosperity ol Lngland whilst such advantages me held out l?y the opposition shop over the way. Who will stay in Knglami and pay his debts, wbeu he i sn cross the water, be led end clothed gratis, and die e " gentleman" at last/ It is unreasonable to expect us any longer to submit to the oppiessiou of monaichicai institutions whilst democracy pi uvea herself so tender and couaidentie a mother. There were days?but they ere gone, ulas !?when sanctueries a ere afforded to the peisscuted by the merciful mterveution of the Church. It is with humiliation and shame that wa inquire where ah all we he protected to- day from the oruel and persevering edvancee of the tailor, the'continualiy .renewed attacks of the money lender 7 If we wish to pass a life of equanimity end peace we must sail for America, it is ridiculous to >ay we can be at peart whilst we are liable to the calls of the landlord and th* butcher. Wa defy any man to put his hand on his waistcoat and deliberately assert that be feels for hit ueignbor like " a man and a brother," whilst that neighbor is armed by the law wiiu wrm aim ucciantuoiu- i/uuiini luusa every man in America his own butcher, and every man at the present moment is cunstitutinc himselt his own landlord It is certainly deemed sufficient that an individual eats hit meat and inhabits his house to satisfy any paltry claim that may be preferred against him for food and lodging Our accounts from the United States, published yesterday, acquainted us with the interesting foot, that anti-rentum, which has already caused so much disturbance in New York, is as rampant as ever. The officers ol'justice are daily resisted in the execution of their duty, aud seriously maltreated. Kent is a superstition of the Old World, and must be resisted by ail enlightened citizens. So is legal interference, ft is evident that Jonathan will not bo contented until his .thorough independence is achieved. We have said that ho ia already iiia own pur vet or and proprietor, lip demands likewise to be bis ewu justice and police officer/ - Whilst he knocks down the legal functionary applying for rent, be applies to Congress fur a new constitution tbat shall ensure an elective judiciary. What that means in America every body kiiowa: ajudiciary elected by the popu lace to do the popular will. Whan the member of the community may board and lodge for notoing, give himself inte his own custody, and be hia own judge and Jury, lie haa surely arrived at once at e-condiuoa of freedom which the ancients sighed for, and the moderns never dreamed of. Rportliig Intelligence. Facmu snn Tbottiko.?Union Hums, L. I.?By rate, ranee to the advertisement, tn another column, it w*ll he oen that there will be an excellent pacing match ever the above course to-day. The horses Capt W-tigh and Koanoke go to wagons, beat three in live, wsgon and driver to weigh 40J kpounds After which there will be a trot for a purse; and should the day be lair, we anticipate a good attendance. NaTenas PHaaaaniA Couasc.?The first race on Nov. 16th, was sweepstakes for 3 year olds? $S00 subscription - $1*6 forfeit, and $!M declaration? six aubeerlbera and nine nominations?mils hssts. Duncan V Kenner's ch f. Scintilla, by imp. Glencoeoutof l'orchlignt's dam I 1 Wm. J. Minor's Jenny Lind, by imp. Olenooe out of Betsey Malone 3 Time. 1:61 ?1:63?trick deep with dnst On the Second Day, Nov. 17th, for a saddle and bridle ?110 tintrianrA ?&3 lha on iACh-ona mile ont won hw Win. J. Minor'* Glide in 1:M. Second Dejr, Proprietor'* Parte $100, $30 entrance, added?free for all ?g**, weight aoooiding to rule. Mr. John Turabtili'* ch. f, own *Uter to Thornhill?4 7.0 1 1 Mr. Fanning'* ch. m. Gandelette, by im Glencee, dam by imp. Leviathan, 6 y. o 4 il Captain W in. J. Minor'* ch. 1. Caaeiai, ewn lister to Ten Brock, 3 y. o t S Colonel L. kingaman'* ch c. by imp. Riddlesworth, out ot the aiater to Remit*. 3 4 Time, 1:34)4?1:*0. Third Day, 8w*ep?t*ke for two year old*?rabecription $400. ierfeit $334 and $34 declaration?NX Domination*?five paid the declaration?mile heat*. Colonel Bingaman'* ch. c. Bundle and Go, by imp. Leviathan, oat of Fanny Wright walked over. Movement* of Travellers. The derangement in the arrival of the vatious means of travelling, up to a late hoar, ha* limited oar list of yesterday'* arrivals, at the principal hotels: Amesicar ?James Lyle, Detroit; Oan. Lewis Case, do.; Geo. Frost, do.: A. Monroe. U. 0. Artillery; Lieut. Fremont, do : J. Meson, West Point; J. Pnrroy, Btstom Isiandj; W. Boiees, Ohio; V. Southard, New Jersey; M. Phillip*. New Orleans. Asroa.?G. Mutton, Baltimore: R. Long, do; J. H. Scrudder, New York; J. Btockbridge, do; O. Chites.doi J.Hart, do; O. F.vans, M*.; G. Shuttrnck, Beaton; J. Wilson. N. H ; J. Jonoa, Boston; J. Tirhos, Phils ; J. Parkhunt^ Baltimore; G. Lewli, Boston; t. Newtkea, an; J jonkid?, i mjbu, nocoestar; w. noMlr, Bof. falo; J Wilcox, Oxford; Hon. D W abate rand family; M. King, K. I; T- Kobtneon, Maine; W. Riokardeoe, Bo. too| C. Bhecklord, do, W. Oray, Baltimore, T. Taylor, U 8. N.; J Pne?t, Rt Louu. Cit*-J. P. Hearth, Troy; A. Flagg, Fitawilliam Count Pourtali, Hwitierland ; 8- Harper, Philadelphia t Copt Nacdar, Canaadaigna; K. Mortia, R. Morria, Otaego; J. Arm at rung, Detroit: J. O'Reilly, Albany j J. Foray th, Florida j VV Morru, P. smith, Philadelphia ; Rev, Mr. McClaan, New detaey; Dr. Rabertaea, Leaaater. Fa*i?aLit??J. Vaaaar, Poughkeepeje; A. Latham, Harwich; 8 Penoba, Philadelphia; D. bedden, Connecticut! Oeorge F.nglehart, Albany; M. Chare, Canada; A. Rear aeau, 1'roy. Howaan? Mr Hobert, Boaton; M Hogman, N York; W. Kdgarton, Vermont; J- Hhelton, tieorgia; W. Parmanlier, (.anaodeigua; A. Bra water, Boehario( Oaa . Dwight, Miaaouri; Capt Pitman, L. 1. Varietta*. I m roar a irr Saiacaa.?The New Orlaana Commercial BuUtttn *r the -1Mb, aaj a y eeterdar writa of fi. /a. war* iaauad againat the Second Municipality under the Judgment. recently rendered in Payor of Robb fc Hog* aad the hank of Louiaiane. and the Sheriff levied on a large amount of areata belonging to tha Municipality. Among other., on all thair ground ranta, tha now hall and ground on which it atanda, and the iron cloeet ol tha comptioller, containing all the promiaeory nntea and other avidoucea of debt, including thcte belonging to the ?ii.king fund, and alao ontUa money and other aaaaf in the han 't uf the Tie*rarer Tha amount ol tha judgment! under which theao tetinrri have baan mode era, with back intaraat, about $180 000. W? do not believe . that tnare it any patailol in thia country, whara tho afl'aira of a corporation have takan >uch a anddoa and nuUvoi able cbanga aa haa boon iha caao in tha iaatanaa l.aioru ua, oca tha last c ty aiootian. Tba Municipality at present li l.ka a abi|> in dletrve* at aaa, driving before a gala, not only in a ertppiod condition, bnl with thoan on board. Wi t ara in power or command, aitber unwilling or incapable (una or both) to dlract bor rowrae, Maud firmly to too bairn, or takw any moaauraa for bar tafat y. Mr Richard Ukeiihaui Miniatei f'li iiipotcntiary of iha Kingdom of ftrrat Miitian, aril red at Columbia on Tuesday availing, in tha ?#tt

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