Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 3, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 3, 1846 Page 1
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E NE a NEW OUR RELATI0N8 WITH MEXIOO. MILITARY AM NAVAL OPERATIONS. The Vigorous Prosecution of th* War, &C. At. At. ORR MILITARY AND NAVAL OPERATIONS. [From the Washington Union, Dec. 1] The other greet arm of the public service i* now put THJ VoL. XII, Ho. 3U-WMa Ma, ? ??. THAVKUUMO AlXX?,'i MOOATIOH*. CHANGE OJP HOURS. L. ISLAND RJllLKOAD^FALL ARRANOMUKN1 rKiTnuTTi? MOM '^aY, October U, His, TW? w^Ii raa aa Lea?* Baooai ri?r.i 7 o'clock A. M. (Boawa tmin) for Oreonport, daily,(accept BnadayaJatoppuMi * karmiu^Jrlc ana St.Ueoi*e Manor. " " X M.. daily,for frarnunadaie and tator - r... ? (M 14 u W4V4, .44.4 IV! Vlircijjnill, IUIIT, I OUdiyi excepted,) topping at Jamaica, Bra cb, ? Hicksville, and all stations east of Hicksvillo. I , " at * P M. for karmingdmle, datiy. * '*** Ull aitroar?at K34 A. M., daily accommodation train (or Brooklyn. " at *k P. M.,(or oa the arrival of tba boat (Von Norwi-h.) Boston train daily, (eicept Bon- 1 day*.} i. PP>ag at St. George'a Manor and Parmmgdleh?avg rawai-rt'OALS at k A. M. daily, (except Sundays,) aeconnnodati 1 train, aim It M. and 'k I". M. to Jamaica?at i o'cloc. A- M , 1 F. M., and Sk F. M , for Brooklyn, or on the arrival of Boston train. 'A freight train wil) Inare Brooklyn for Greenport, with n T jsaeagers' ear attached, on M?nd*y>, Wednesdays and Fridays, at 9k A. M. Returning, leave tire en port at lid o'clock ' X- M, on Tuesday, Thnraday and Saturdays, stopping at inter- j mediate places. SUNDAY TRAINS. Will hereafter ron to Tomp?on Sta'ion, le?Te Brook'yn at o'clock for Thcmp?onand intermedia's place*,commencing Bander thegtk firvemher, reluming leave Thompson at I o'clock P. M., Farming Uv'st %, Juau'o 3k, lease Brooklyn for Jamalci 9 A. M, and 4 P. M. Fas* to?Bedford, cents; bast New Ytrfc,! lk:R'C> Course, Ilk;Trotting Cguisc ink: Jamaica P ; DnuhrilU, Hyde Park. ( 17 miles) 37k; Clovrsville, (during the ses1 >n oi Court) 3?k; Hempstead. J7k; Branch 37k; Carle Pltce,44; Westbnry, 44; Hicksville, 44; Farminedale, M)d; Deer Park,09: Thompson, 81; Suffolk Station, St; Lake Road Station, $1 Ilk; Medford Station, tl 19k: Ysphauh.Sl S7kt St. George's Manor, $1 OIK; Rivernead, ft 11)4; Jamesport, SI Clk; Mattetnck, SI U.k; Cutchogue, SI 62k; Spntbold, Si 62k; Greeuport Accommodation Train, Si '5; Greenport by Melon train, S3 S. Stages are in readiness on tho arrival of Trains at the several Stations, to take paeeoogers at very low fares, t# all parti of tha (aland. Baggage Crates will be in readiness at Hie foot of Whitehall Meet, to reeeivo baggage f. r the several trains. II minutes be'ore the hoar of starting from the Brooklyn side. Tha steam hour "Hi.,? "...> I tl . a? bor on the urinl or the Boston train from Brooklyn."""* Brooklyn, Oct. ?. 1040- oO rre ? _ ' NU'iiOfc. On and otter f rider, November 30th, the BnpflKXBOsteunbou SYLPH, Captain Braisted, will gSKaRCHLmske the following trips to and from Suten Island entil farther notice, rix Leave New York. Leave Staten Island. At ? A. M. At I* II A. M, 10 1 r. M. 13 M iK " 3 r. M. ?X " <K^ nl?r packets for. havre?second line. M M flm^Rps of th^^^^will sail frlnn^Sra year^^^U^l lowing order s? From N. York. Ffai Havre. I Jan. 1, Feb. 10 May 1. Jane 10. Sept. 1. Oct. 0. jun.l: SKiS: Oct. 1. Nov. 10. ks'l Aug.W? Nov. I. Dec. 10. ftjj i sjs jj: i Dee. L Jan. 10. Tbey are all of the first class, ably commanded, and with accommodations ample and commodioas. The price of passage in the cabin is f 100.Jexclusive of wines andliqnors. Apply to BOYD k H1NCKEN. Agents, No.0 Tontine Bnildings. No. M Wall street. Goods seat to the agents for forwaiding, will be subject to none other than the expenses actually paid. an31 m " new york and glasgow line of packet*. a ift a a Hailing from Networkoa tha lat^mTOlaigow <*Hh^5tK ol each month. From N. York. Km. Ol'gow I Jane 1. Jilr 11 Ship SARACEN, II. X. Hawkia*. < Oct. 1. NorV 15. ( Feb. 1. March 15. i July 1. April 15. Br. Sup BROOK SB Y, H M'Ewaa, I Nor. 1. Aug. IS. ( March 1. Dec'r IS. I Auftnit 1. May IS. Br Bark ADAM CAJMUao Wright < Dec'r 1. Sept. 15. ( April 1. Jan. IS. i May 1. Jane 15, Br.Bark ANN HARLEY.R. Scott, < Sept. 1. Oct. 13. ( Jmt'y 1 Febroa. 15 Thoeo ships are good, enbotaatia) Teasels, ably commanded, and will nail punctually on their regular da ye. Their accom modalicna Tor pateeugrra.are good, end ereryattenrioa will be paid to promote their comfort. Tne agent* er f xaina will not be responsible for any parcel a or package* a* at by them, onteea bill* of lading areaigned therefor. For freight or passage, apply to WOODHULL fc MINTURN, 17 Sooth atreet. New York, or otlre RE1D It MURK AY. Waagew MARSEILLES LINE OF PACKETS. m. m. m The anderme. Jon Ship* will be regularly deapatebed fr* hence on the lit. and from Maraeillea the 10th of each moa auringithe year, aa follow* f? Ship*. Captaina. From N. York. rU'CE do J01NV1LLK, (sew) Lawrence, April 1 Sept. 1 MI98URI, Silreeter, May 1 Oct. 1 AKCOLE (aew) Ereleigh, Juno 1 Nor. 1. GASTON, Cdnlter, Jaly 1 Dee. 1. NEBRASKA (bow) Weteoa, A eg. 1 Jnn.rl. Ships. _. Captains. From Marseilles PR'f.V. da JOINV1LLK. (new) Lawrenea. Jane IS No* IS MISSOURI. Silvester, July 1* Dee. It ARCOLE, (new) Eveleigh, An*. It Jan. It 44 ASTON, Coulter, Sept. 10 Feb. It NEBRASKA, . , ? Watson, Oct 10 Mar. It Theaa vessels are of the Bret elaaa, commended by men oi experience. Their aceommodatiena, for passengers are nneer parted fot comfort and eoarenienee. Ooodr a id reared to the agents will be forwarded free of other ehanree than thoee acta any paid. "'"c'&XfiBSrAfjR V'PHELPS, Proprietors No, Its Front street, or to BOYD m H1NCKEN, Agents, ltre I Tontine Baildings, tt Wall.cor. Water et. british and north amkri^^SMcANIIOYAL mail steam ships /^HBfltfMoi 1300 tone and 440 hone power each, ua der contract wiu, the Lords of the A ami wmHBiWbnrshy. HIBERNIA.. Cape. A. Krrie CALKDOlViA Cop. R. G.Lett BRITANNIA Capt. J. Hewitt. _ CAMBRIA Capt.C. H ?.Jadkias. ACADIA ..Capt.Wm. Htrriaos. Will sail from Liverpool and Boston, via Haliibx, as follows s? rae? Boston. rnoit i.rvxnreoL. Caledonia. Dee. 10.1040 Caledonia Nor. 4, l?it Cambria Jan. 1 1(40 Cambria Nor. 19, Itit rariaen Montr. From Boston so Liverpool SIM. From Boston to Halite M. No berths secured an til paid for. These ship* carry experieneod^aanaoti. No ireirht, except specie, received on 'Jor"frsi(Lt'pi?eacc, or any other information, apply te At HARN^'kH i^a^lJ?*will at. fTf la addition to ths abort lias between Liverpool and Halite, and Beaton, a contract has bean entered I ate with Her Majesty's government, to establish t line between Liverpool sad New York direct. The steamship* lor this service are sow being built, end early next year daa notice will be given of the tiaae when they will stare Under the new conuact the steamera will mil every Bntnrday daring eight modfna, and every fortnight daring the other month* in the year. Going alternately between Liverpool, and Halite and Bostoa. nsd between Liverpool and New York. ?13 r fo* HAYRR.?The aapenor /ranch brig AR VTW^ <-,????. OiMwdaan. to bo promptly>dia ?* ffoVfffc'HINriCieir Broker* lAt EOR LIVERPOOL?Renter Packet of the et IMfh December?The drat elm rut lailtag packet ?hi jSflK A8H BURTON. W. H. How land, mitir, will aui u ?[>.<> e, bar rcgalar dir. At regard* the accommodations for cabin, tecoad cabin and atreraga passengers in this well known eaaeal comment ia nnoecraaary Tertont intending to embark ahonld make immediate application on board, root of Maiden lane, or to JOBKlrH McMURRAY. i.2i W South, comer of fine at. PASSAGE TO PAHA. BKAZtL?The anperior aMMrV fi'tt claaa, coppered and copper fastened bark UNJBhHL DINK, S R. Appletoa, will be deapatchad idPthe above port about the ftret of Oetobor. Invalid*, and other*, who datire to avail themaelve* of the healthful and agreeable climate of Para, will find the Undiae and her accommodatirn* ef a e.haracier net to be anrpaaaed. or particular* apply to JAMES BISHOP It CO., nf4 l?ti*erre r?? " l.lbarrr atreat. ' YAClil NORTHERN LIGHT FUK SALE. The naderaigned, having conelndod to withdraw liENVrom "Yachting," offer* for aale the wall known JBBbachooner yacnt NORTHERN LIGHT, 71 ton* hnrtheft Tim Northtni Light ia moit snbetinmlly bnih of whita rtlt, eopptr fastened* Mprtrtf to the wales, mj4 is very tho roughly fonad in all rcspeete. There are two statn rooms baring two berths each, and right open berths (four of which are double) in her^ller cabin, which, with eight bertha in her (OrwUQ "v,"? KwumgaKioiii IOT 11 pu>eiiKC(i| heing admirablycalculated for n yacht, or paekot for paasanifri. n otr Bontnwn wit#r?. The qualities of the Northern Light for sailing, and a* a " tea Mat, ara too wall known ta raqaira farther descripUoa. . . . For lenae aad other paracolon apply ta tha aubecriber, at No. U Booth Market street. Boston. W. P. WINCHESTER. or to DUMUNT It HOBACK, o*4?w*rrr 111 Wail atraat. f aMJcotT* MKIioN EJMUaNoe and r>ffv E.VilORATlON OFFH-E.?Diafts aa England, Qj^jUa Inland, Scotland and Walra ? Persons wishing to taoaoy to any nart of Oraat Britain or Inland, eaa procure drafta of ihesabaCtibers payable at sight without discount, in all the principal towns, aa followa In l&igland?On Mcanra. J. Barucd k ( o., Liverpool; National anaTrOT'n'lal Bank ol'Entland and branches. In Ireland?National Bank of Ireland aad branches through' " n Scotland?National Bank of Scotland aad branches ' Vtrs'ts'can be forwarded by packet ahip Kosems on the S?th UI si ant, strain ship Cheat Western on Mth, or Koyal Mail sLcsmamp fr?rn Boston on 1st pronme. W. k / T. TAPSLOTT, M Booth street, n23 second door weet ol Bnrling slip. ~T7~T FOB LONIJOM?KiriV rachet- ri s splendid, JWaK fast railing packet ship ELIZABETH, Capt. Beta, Jbttfewill positively nil aa above. ' Tk^ecommodutiona foreabin, seeood eabia and staarag* tin( forth its strength. Buccese has crowned the effoits of our gallant army. The nary hat recently struck two blowa, which muit be felt by the Mexican government. The laat week bring* u* the. account* of the achievement* at Tabasco and Taiopico. An idle effort ha* been mad* by the oppoaition journal* to diacredit the operation* at Tabatco. But, let it be understood. it wa* no purpose of the expedition to seize and to holu the town. A* Commodore Conner *ay* in hi* deapatcb, " The object* of the expedition have been fully accomplished, and by the destruction or capture of all the enemy's vo-sels, a check ha* been given to a commerce by which munition* of war were, no doubt, introduced into Mexico from the neighboring province of Yucatan " We knew before that the commodore stated such to have been the only object of this expedition, in the letter which he addressed to the department immediately after the attempt at Alvarado And what is the reault 1 That our squadron ha* carried off or destroyed every Mexican vessel of war which lay from Tabasco to tha mouth of the river : among them were two steamers, four schooners, several sloops, brigs, See. The affair of Tampico is still more important in its consequence. The town was taken without resistance. The Mexican troops, which had been stationed at that point, had been withdrawn, and inarched off to t>an Luis de Potosi, (iy Santa Anna. The intercepted letters of our Secretary of War, had probably betiayed him into that buogling mana-uvre. The town of Tarapico has not only been taken, with the two magnificent steamers and other vessels, but it will be occupied by our arms.? For th a purpose. Commodore Perry had been immediately sent to the Brazos and New Orleans, to despatch troops, cvnnon, and munitions to Tampico, to fortify it, and defend it againet the Mexicans. The events of the war will demonstrate the great facilities which its possession will supply to our future operation*. But the efforts of the war do not stop here. The government will press ita vigorous prosecution with bit its energy. Time will develop* th* plans which are formi ad. Enthusiasm is now tha word, both in tha armv and in the Davy; and each arm of the service will rival the other in bravery, energy, enthusiasm, and success. Nothing, too, can be more cheering than the rapid formation ofthe nine new regiments of infantry. We understand that since the battles of May last, at least 309,000 volunteers have offered their services to the government, snch is the enthusiasm of a fiee people ? The regiment of Virginia, under this new coll, will soon be oompleted. Several companies have already offered themselves to the governor of the State ; and, at his reqeest, those which are formed in the eastern part or the Commonwealth will be mustered into service at Richmond ; their ultimate destination to be assigned by the Secretary. We understand that the regiment of New York is nearly ready, to be undar the command of Col. Ward B Burnett, formerly a cadet at West Point. The regiment of Pennsylvsinia is ready. The regiment of North Carolina, it is officially communicated, will be ready on or before the 1st of January. The South Carolina regiment (Mr. Pierce Butler as colonel) is rapidly advancing to maturity. There has been no time to hear from Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. We understand that Massachusetts is making preparations to raise her regiment There cannot be a doubt that the whole force called for will be forthcoming in due season. These victories on land?these recent successes in the Oulf?the active and enthusiastio preparations which are making to prosecute the campaign? the triumphs which are yet to attend our arms?all these are calculated to raise the spirit of our people at home, and to operate upon the enemy abroad. With what supreme contempt do they cover the recent calculations of the Mexican papers and people upon our want of men and of money ! Let them seize upon the factious spirit of the federal press, and the efforts which it is making to depreoiate our resources; let the Mexican journals republish the fictions and misrepresenrations of our own infuriated papers, and re echo the mendacious cry about half a million ot money being spent daily upon the war?the enthusiasm of our countrymen, tho firmness of our Con gross, the energy of our Executive, the valor and skill Af nilr arrnv anil RAW will Avamnmn mil (Kn vaunts nf nnr nemy, and foice them into a satisfactory md permanent peace. Theae remark* are drawn from ua by the tone of the Mexican paper* which hare juit reached Washington. MIUTAHY MOVEMENTS. [From the St. Loois Republican, Nor. 25.) Two companies of the regiment of Mounted Riflemen, with their horeea and accoutrement!, under the command of Captain* Sanderaon and Crittenden, were embarked on board the fine ateamera Amaranth, and fontiac, whieh left yesterday, to be conreyed to New Orleans. They were a fine looking body ef men, and well mounted. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. Tuisuar DcnnTMENT, ) Norember SO. 1848. 5 Sm?Enclosed ia an extract from the official despatch of Commodore Perry to Commodore Conner, in which your conduct, and that of yoor officer* and craw, in the recent attack upon Tabaaco, is spoktn of in terms ot great commendation, and which you will cause to be read on board publicly. I here take occasion to exprasa the approbation of this department, of the gallantry displayed by yourself, and by those under your command,as well in the attack upon Alrarado, as upon Tabasco. Very respectfully, sir, Yonr obedient servant, R. J WALKER, Secretary of the Treasury. Cspt H B. Nonas, United States Revenue Marine, Gulf of Mexico. Emtrart of a Utter from Commodore ferry to Commodore Conner, dated "NOTEMata 3, 1848 "1 am gratified in bearing witnesa also to the valuable services of the revenue schooner 'Forward.' in command of Ctpt. Nones, and to the skill and gallantry of har oflioora an 1 man." MEXICAN LETTERS OF MARQUE. [From the Washington Union, Dec, 1 ] lUporta are in circulation at the Havana, and at New Orleans, that the Mexican government is about to issue letters of marque and reprisal against our vessels; that the prises, if any are made, will be carried into Spanish ports, particularly Cuba; and that they there will be condoned by Mexican consuls. Ano'her feature of this privateering system is said to be. that Mexico will issue letters of naturalize*.on to foreign seamen, for the sham purpose of entitling the craws of the privateersmen te the name and privilege of Mexican seamen. This infa mous and evasive scheme, however, .will be deleated. Wo understand, from indisputable authority, that a correspondence has recently taken place between the Spanish minister in Washington, and the Secretary ef State, which renews the pledges ol the two governments to carry out the stipulations of the treaty of 1799. We, on onr part, have instructed our squadron to respect the rights of Spanish vessels, who are destined to any Mexican port, which may not happen to be blockaded, and without any contraband of war on board. Spain, on her part, pledges herself to observe the obligatiens of her treaty, and to prohibit Mexican privateersmen from using the privileges of the Spanish ports. As to the naturalization ol foreigners, we will take effective means to prevent and punish the fraud. NEWS FROM THE WEST. [From the SL Louis Era, Nov. 33 ] The steamer Cora brought down from Weston about nnn in ?a!A en/i allwes. TUe -d- ? 1 made to Indiana of good* by the trading coaapantea oI Chauteau, Jr., It Co., and the Ewing'a, la amid to hare all been taken nearly altogether from the Pottawatamie tribe?they baring recently receired their annuity from the government. Col Rufl" arrived in the ateamer Cora, on Saturday, from Santa Fe, via Fort Leavenworth. We learn that he haa reaigned hla office of Colonel in the volunteer expedition, and haa aince been appointed to a captaincy in the new rifle regiment which ia to leavo Jefleraon Barraeka in the couraa of a few daya. We learn from the ofHcera of the ateamer that ene of the United Statea traina, ronaiating of nineteen wegona, en rente for Santa Fe, waa recently attacked on the Plaina, when about ten daya journey I rota Fort Leaven worth, by a body of Pawnee Indiana, who robbed them of everything they poooeaaed. The boraea add wagona were taken, and euch articlea aa they did not want weie deetreyed. The Government train eeema to have been t?: poorly provided with arma, there being but live guna in the company. The principal portion of the company proceeded en their journey on foot, in order to overtake a company that preceded them. Two ol the men returned to Fort Leavenworth, from whom the above facta weie obtained. An expedition againat the Pawneea ahould be undertaken in order (o puniah them for the frequent depradationa they have committed upon Americana. [From the St Louie Republican, Nov. 31.] In the correapondenoe of the LUtrty (Clay tie ) TVihunf, a variety of incidenta are noted, which are ef internet to peraone who have frienda in the Santa Fa army Ir? h a lhttffir of du <16th fUntnmhhP hn nllttiiee ?A n hocking occurrence which took place on tho 17th ol that month. Wm. Bray,a man belonging to tha Franklin county company, commanded by Capt. Stephenaon, became intoxicated and uncontrollable. After swaggering and awearing in a moat unbecoming manner, he eeued hia butcher knife and mada threat* againat the life of the captain. The latter for *ome time carefully avoided him, and endeavored to pertuade him to hi* duty, but in vain. He ruahad into the captain'* taut with knife drawn, and mada an attempt on hit life. The captain drew hi* piatol and ihot Bray through the heart ; ha lell { dead with hia knife faat clenched in Hi hand. Mr. Bray waa a man U year* of age, and haa left a family to de; plore hia miaguided conduct. He vn an old toldier, and inught bravely at the battle of New Orlaan*. There were about thirty aick persona in th* hospital, Mine convalescent, other* rary ill On the 5?d, Mr. ' benjamin Cockrell. ol Piatt* county, formerly of Ran, dolph, a private in the Callaway company, died and wo* buried in the American grave yard, north of the eity^H. Moon died while the army wen paining through the , Clmarone mountain*, and waa buriad at th* Raten pat*. Col. TlcVa regiment waa vary fortunate in aacaping I ^ 7 <U*<1 1"?a sweh, on* by atoknaaa, th* othar by accidant. On tk* 11th of October, tw# } other* died at Santa Fa-ana. a Mr. WUfcoit, Of Santos r mi " 1 ~ ?? -? W YO YORK, THURSDAY MOl 1 CITY SKETC I I TWI^HT i miyc.? ^ DDDH FASHI county, and the other, Samuel Blount, of the Boone company. [From the St. Louie Kra, Not. 35.] The Pawneee, who robbed the train of government wagon*, on the plain* between Independence and Santa Ke, out open and acattered about three hundred tacks of lour to the four wind* of hearen. The prairie, for mile* around the epot where the robbery waa committed, ia aaid to hare been aa white a* if covered with anow. The villanout rascala, immediately upon getting poaseaaion of the wagon*, aet to work powdering theraaelvea, and the color of their yellow akina waa inon changed to one of snowy whiteness The sport of anow-baliing each other with hands full of flour thoy enjoyed to a great degree ; and after making the moat of the frolic, they bedecked themselves out in the sacks, and in this garb several were seen by the men who teturned to Fort Leavenworth, on the plain, tw.< or three day* after the robberv. 9ne fellow had 'modelled his sack into a turban, and the brand U. 8. waa immediately in front. The letter* were quite unintelligible to them, but nevertheless they seem to prize them quite highly, as in all the breech cloths made of them the U. S. was contrived to be preserved in front They carried off all the arms and clothing belonging to the train, and about fifty head of mules. The robbery was no doubt the affect of grost negligence. We learn from a gentleman who arrived last evening in the Amelia from Fort Ldavenworth, that Capt. Murphy waa waiting at the fort for the arrival of the $130,000 in gold, which he is to lake out to 8anta Fe. The money was sent up by wagons from this city, and thay had nnt r*or>lieil fhara Whan aiiv inlArwinnt laTf if u' a a thought that they would arrive about the 2-Jd. Thi escort was in readiness to march at an hour's notice Brovisiona aad forage for the whole train will have to be carried along, and the journey at this season is one ol great difficulty and danger. INTKlXIOEIICI! FROM MEXICO. [From the Washington Union, Dec. l.j Files of Vera Cruz papers to the Tih Inst inclusive, have been received at the Navy Deportment. The most pro raiuent items of interest or importance contained in them are anticipated by the extracts which we havo already furnished from the New Orleans papers. The general character of the contents of there papers, as our translator inform us, indicates a determination on the part of the people of Mexieoto ronse themselves to some graat effort. All means aie made use of to excite a national spirit aad inflame national animosity. Ike most exaggerated accounts are given of the excesses committed hv the American (volunteer) troops at Monterey, who are charged with robbery, murder, end rape. Extracts of letters irom the United States are published, la which it is represented that our people, especially in the Northern 8tates, have become thoroughly disgusted with the war on account of ita enormous ex pensea, amounting to half a million of dollar per diem! and that it has become so odious that it will be impracticable for our government to raise the required number of troops!?that the Senate will refuse any further appropriations for the war!?that the British government has Insisted on its mediation being accepted, be., itc. Great stress is laid upon the failure of the last attempt on Alvarado, and it is cited as a proof of what the Mexicans can do when they exert themseves. Don Thomas Marin, the hero of this aflair, represents it as a set-oil' against the defeats at Palo Alto, Resaca de Guerrero; and Monterey. Onma AHka!* aawm tk.i. wawlk. .a declare that the country ought to reject the Britiih offer of mediation, as the Mexicans are fully ahle to manage their enemy', reduce him to terms, and carry their triumphant anna to the hanks of the Sabine. The Monitor Rrpvblicano, in an article of the '15th of October, respecting the withdrawal of the troops from Tampico by order of Santa Anna, for the purpose of concentrating them at San Luis I'otosi, deprecates the measure, us the enemy would then safoly taka possession of the place, and make it a depot from which to supply their troops proceeding thence to the interior ; but says, "persuaded, nevertheless, of the great military talents of the said general, we confine ourselves to presenting these censiderationa, which are perhaps, net sufficient to outweigh the advantages which he judges may result from the measure." In the meantime tho great men of Mexico aeem to be anything but cordially united among thamaalves. A lettar is published from Santa Anna to Aejon, dated at San Luis Totosi, October 15, in which he advises Kejon, if General Salas should request him to givo up the pertfolio of foreign affairs, to raftiiie to do so for the sake of the public good j and tells him thst he, (Santa Anna.) bad written to Saias a lotter of advice and remonstrance. Rcjen was neverthelsss compelled to give up his portfolio, as well as Pacheco, the minister of justice and foreigo affairs. General Salas himself is accused of violating the plan of the citsalel, which brought him into power ; and numerous anony mous letters nad been sent to liim, threatening him with eesessination. At the last dates, however, the government was going on quietly, and notwithstanding any apparent discord between Santa Anna and Sales, it is most probable that Rqjon was th? victim of the duplicity of the former. A long letter was addressed by some of tho church party in the city of Mexico to Santa Anna, sneaking with great horror of an attempt about to be made to procure the toleration of all religiona, which they say would be a violation of the constitution of 18it. TOWNS AND SEAFORIS ON THI COAST OF THE QULF OF MEXICO, rrma, tk* I The recent operations ot the nary in the Gulf of Mexico, the concentration of the enemy at San Luie Potest, and the evident design of the American army to move in the taaae direction (iaye the ^miwy/vsnien ) will render informerien respecting the population of the varioue town* along the coaet, the face of the country in the department! adjoining, together with the product* of the oil, and the di?tances between tinea plecei eu 1 Sen Lull I'otoii, and the city of .Mexico?added to the charsctan ef the eevertl harbor*?of the higheit importance. .\ ha increaaod and commandnble activity in the navy, as manifested in the iatoiiicceiifal expe litions against Tabasco and Tampico, will render thi* information still more interesting end important. Up to this period, little or nothing U known on the subject?the best maps are very imperfect?and we look in vain for eesential details through our books. There cao, indeed, be no donbt that tha abaence of much necessary data in regard to the coaet, and tha variom facilitio* so important to a squadron acting on the offensive, has bean one of the main cause* in the delay of the movemeuts of (Jommodore rmnnsr haw am nro era or rati Ha,4 trt fthlarva ftboilt trt lift exchanged for a more vigorous and energetic policy.? Commodore Conner ha* shown himself to be capablo of the most perilous enterprises, and hi* skill as a seaman was folly proved in the admirable and rapid passage to the Brazos, several months ago, in tne course ot w.uch he surmounted all the difficulties growing out of an naknown channel, and arrived in time to be of the most essential service to Ueaerai Taylor. Time, therefore, while it may have operated to excite the gall int spirits in the navy, fretting under delays which they scarcely take the trouble to understand, aad while it may have also served to increase the popular anxiety at home, has no doubt also served to increase hi* information and to add to his facilities. We may consequently loek for some of the most brilliant successes on the part of the Navy, in the course ol a short time. We began this article to sey, however, that wo are enahlsd to lay before our readers some of the very information to which we have alluded, as being so universally and anxiously in demand. We are indented for this pleasure to a genteman who writes what he psirsoiiaily knows, and who apeaksoi what he has seen If our loaders are not a* much surprised as we have been in hi* valuable details ana tacts, we shall be much surprised: ? Sisal and Campeachy, on the west coast ot Y'ecetan, are important only as ports of entry lor Meride tuid tho interior towns ol i ucaten, and as shipping points lor logwood, Sisal grass, lie. Yucatan dot* not contribute to the support of the general government, and has no communiosalon with Mexioo by land. Leg ana, at the aoutheaei bottom of Um Oulf, has a po < RK I 1NING, DECEMBER 3, 1 yHES?VIEWS INiPROS fill III 81I In *?7 1 i ? ?I ri'l^^^H ONABLE CHURCH-CSOlNd IN NEW pulation of about three thouiand?ia healthy, lie* on the west end of an island, and at the mouth ofLaguna de Terminos. It is important to a hostile force, as a depot and watering station, and cutting off communication between Yucatan and Mexico. Harbors aafe and sheltered from all winds. The bar at the mouth passable, with 16 feet of water. The country bordering the streams emptying into the Lageon, is covered with forests #f logwood, and is sparsely inhabited by wood cutters, and much cut up by water eourses. It has an island communication with Tabasco, navigable by < steamers. The only dafence is a block-house with two guns. The harbor is at all times accessible. Tabasco River empties into the Oulf about fifty miles west of Laguna. The mouth of tho river is protected by a bar, shifting with gales and river freshets?depth of water on the bar varying from 8 to 10 feet. Frontera, a village of about three hundred inhabitants, lies at the mouth of the river. The city of Tabasco lies about 70 milea from the mouth or the stream, which is rapid, and can only be ascended with the aid of steam or a leading breer.e. The district of Tabasco, in proper hands, would be rich ia agricultural products, having, for the most part, a rich strong soil. Its chief products now are cattle, dye' woods, and a large quantity of cacao, which is highly esteemed by the Mexicans, and is shipped to all parts o( the country. The land communication with Vera Crui district is very difficult and tedious, and rarely or never attempted, the fishing boats and small coasters rendering water communication more easy There is not any port between Tabasco and Alvarado, except at tho mouth oi the river lluasacualco, which may be entered by boats drawing four feet, and ii worthy of notice a? being ol the contemplated linei of canal communication with the Pacific Ocean. A1 venule is about 120 miles west of Tabasco, and about 40 S. K of Vera Cruz. At the mouth of the river is ashifting bar, over which'thn water varies from 9 to Ifi feet. After crossing this, there is plenty of water. The waters are navigable through a lagoon 8. E. of the city, to Jolucs. a town of 4000 souls, about 40 to 60 miles from the bar. The town of Atvurade lies about IX miles from the bar, contains a pjpulation of about 800, and it defended by the difficulty cf approaching it over the bar, and a recently erected fort; hut in the summer season, they would prove but poor defences, as, in calm weather, a hostile force could be landed under ths guns ef ships of war, (which could approach quite near to the beach,) and the works and town eeuld be taken from the rear. During the revolution, whilst the Castle ef Man Juan de Ulloa was in possession of the forces of Spain. Alvarado became the chief port ef en'ry on the Oulf, and most of the import* and exports were through it, as it has the advantage of an easy and safe road to the Interior ; and it is by this route an invading army would encounter the fewest natural obstacles, in marching to the city of Mexico, the country being equal to the sustenance of an army, with abundance ef water, and no strong points for defence.? The cruising ground otf Alvarado is exceedingly perilous dining the winter months, where the northers blow with extreme violence. The products are cotton and cochineal. Anton Lizardo, (where onr aquadron has been anchored ) 30 miles N. W. of Alvarado, and 19 milea 8. E. from Vara Ctnz, is one of the very best harbors on the Oulf, being accessible at all times and protected from the swell ot ths see bv coral reefs and sand islands. There is not any town here, only a law fishing huta. Verm Cruz, with ita defeacea, and now impregnable caitle, la to well knowa aa not to require particular notice here. The ttrnble Sen Juan de Ulloa protects the town, and the road to the city of Mexico ia defensible in 10 many pointa, especially at Puente del Rey, (where a ;ew brave men could hold an army in check,) that an attempt to reach the city ef Mexico by ita route would he 4uixotio. The population of Veracruz ia variously estimated at from 3j,ooo to 40,000 soula It ia the chief poit on the (Julf About MO miles N. W. of Vera Cruz it the small-port of Tecolulla, and near to it Boca de Lima, both of which oan only be entered by small craft and boata. No good anchorage. In this district is cultivated the Vanilla beau, and jalap, also the frigoli, a large black bean, which ia a favorite article of consumption with the Mexicans. Tutpan lies 130 miles N. W.of Vera Cruz, and 80 miles R. L of Tampico, and is memorable from the lose upon its bar of the If. S. brig Truxton. The town has no artificial defences, being sufficiently protected by the bar at the meuth of the river,which ia Inacceatibla to veaaels drawing over 4 feet. Population said to be about 3,000. It has an inland watar communication almost to Tampico, through the lake of Tamiagua, celebrated for its shrimp fishery. It communicates with the city of Mexico and interior towns,;by the road from Tampico. The country abounds with cattle. Tampico river empties into the gulf about 300 miles N. W. of Vera Cruz? the entrance is protected by a dangerous bar, which is constantly shitting, and a small temporary fort; the old fort, which stood at the meuth of the river, has been literally washed away by the swell of the sea, sent in by norther*. For months at a time there will not he over six feet oi water on the bar, whilst a shift, produced by a single norther, will probably leave a channel for vessels of fifteen feet draught.? There ii no protection, whatever, from the noith wind*, outaide the bar, and it is not rafe to lie off long at a time, during the eeaaon of northers, which are often aa audden aateriible. The town stand* about Ave milea from the bar, contain* a population of about S,000, hat no military defence*, and tne authoritiea will notsgire any came for an invading force to handle them a* the people of Tabaaco have recently heen treated. The country (aa i* alme*t all the country north and eaat of the mountain*, between Vera Craz district and the Rio Grande,) ia rough, wild, and much broken by water courae*. The product* are fuitie and cattle?the grain and flonr being all brought from Puehla, and the country aouth of the mountain*. The Fanuco branch of the Tampico river i* navigable for forty milea, lor vassal* drawing a feet.? The climate of Tampico ia bad for northern constitution*, and for some month* i* exceedingly unhealthy , in consequence of the swamp* end marshes, which, in a great measure, surround it Thero is a mule road to the iuterior, by which Mexico and Man Luis de Petesi may be reached through tho defiles and gorges, end (in some places) over the aterras. Next to Vera Crux, Tampico is the most important port in the gulf, as, through it, the rich, important, and populous district* of Hin Luis, Quaretero, Guanaxuato, Zacatecas, and a part of Durango, receive their imports, *nd send away their specie, hides, jalap, Sic. From Tampico the course of the coast is nearly north to Santander or Hotila Marino, which ia abont 80 milea distant. This last port is accessible only ta vessels of light draught, say not over seven feet. It is through tui* port, in connection with Matamoras, that the districts of Northern Tamaulfpas. New Leon and Duranim their mnnlins of forairn nrodueti. The Kio Uraudo, about 140 mile* north ot Santan ler, It familiar to ua all, from the recent military operation! on its hanka. There it a chain ef amail lake*, or loan da, extending aheut 160 mile* of dutance between Tampico and tne Uio (irande, of which we hate no reliable information, but belieted, for the moat part, to be too ahoal far navigation, even by flat boata. But little U known of thia country along the coaat, except that it 1* wild, and much cut up by aireama entering into the ahoal lake*. Krom the recent map* of Mexico, it will be aeen that tne road from Tampieo to Mexico preaenta a larger diatauce, acrot* the Sierra Mad.e, than from Tula to Santa Barbara, oa the roal to Potoii. Krom Tampico to Alia mira,'it miiea?to Mirndoret from Altamira, 34 mile* ? from Miradorea to Santa Barbara, 3D?from Santa Barbara to i'nla, about .14 miiea, and from Tola to Borrego, :>0 or 40 miiea, kc. kc. In all this route, when I travelled It In 1314, there wore plenty of cattle, deer, bird*, and water. Knm Vara Orui to Santa Ke, 13 mile*. Santa Ke to King'* Bridge, 13 or 16 mile*, thence te Jalap* about 40 miltx, from Jilapa to Perote, which 1* in a table land, about 3d mike* In thi* rout* plenty of catlle and water. Kr.ini dainpoaU ta Vera Crux, 31 mile*, the land, and till you coma to the top of the mil, all I* whita aaud, and to continue* along the coaat for many mile* aouth of Vara lira*, to the depth of from Ave to tan mllat , and her# wa And no wator The aand hill* wluoh are to bo found art altered la ah ape by the wind. Tho tree* upon , i v J E R A 846. IPECTIVE. 11 III B B ^mU^mf^ V; |4 / YORK. ^ ? ------ pf.xi-JJ* v *' ' ?M==? this sandy land are full of briarf, and aloei grow up here too. Cebo Rojo, or Brown Cape, affords a good abeltar for imall vessels, and it.was the place where smuggler* landed their cargoes tor Mexico. There ia a mule road, but very difficult ler travellers. On the north aide of Point Sharp there is a small town and a creek by the name of Santa Anas, where we were supplied with provisions. It is at the foot of Sierra Madre, which en 'a in this point. The only two best roads te the city of Mexico, on ac count of food, water and population, are by the King's bridge and Tampico?not only because of provisions, and because these two roads have been travelled constantly, and must be in good condition, but became, when the mountains are crossed, th?y are right forward, wbioh if attempted from Jjfoufedo, nwutjbe siding the mountains, which ax# mora tedious on account of broken fragments to bo found there. True, the bridge ia strongar than Gibraltar?but than each army can, with tqual advantage, fortify itself, and advance upon it* adversary inch by inch. In thia, however, the advantage given to the part* occupying the west side is, that it can be provided with every kind of necessariei of life from the fertile lands back of them. v From Tula to Santa Barbara there i?, in the very centre of the mountains, a spot called the Gallitoa, or little chickens, which spot cannot be any other but where God placed Adam aud Eve. In this place the traveller rests for some day a. In both routes, when the mountains have been crossed, tho clime is as healthy and free from evary kind of miasmata and disaasa as any in tha bast of Europe. . & ?oitoi>, NOV. 33,1846. Ths Politics of Massachusetts?An Independent Vita or 1 Kings?Ths Condition of the IVhigs, 4*c. ij-e. When I wiote you on the 16th, that the dree of aboliion-whiggery were smothered, not quenched, and that (he "conscience" of young whiggery was yet to be heard, not as a "still, small voice," but rather in a political tempest, I little thought that the first attempt to revive those tires, and to excite that "conscience," were to proceed from the very men who have the deepest interest in keeping the whig party in a quiet state, and who, on the supposition of their being honestly attaohei U> whig principles, should sacrifice "all but honor" tip the ascendency of those principles in the nation, pt % hext Presidential election. Yet it is precisely the very men who are bound to pursue a cautious course, and to labor to the end of consolidating the whig party here, because of its importance, as a branch of the great conservative family of the republic, that are laboring to give head and determination to the ills under which Massachusetts whiggery is stiffening. Theories, the organ of the pure and unadulterated old hunkera of whiggism in thia region, haa published articles reflecting with much severity upon the course of the " conscience" men, and admirably calculated to keep the quarrel commenced at the Faneuil Hall Convention in that thriving and vigorous condition which will meet with the decided and affectionate approval of all democrats, whose interest in the welfare of whiggery it well known to be of the most unselfish character Other whig ptpera of the old school, of a more diecreet natnre than the Jltlat, have lee reflected upon their brethren who have the misfortune to be troubled with that remarkably uncommon complaint in the political world, conscientious scruples. Even the Daily Jldvertiter. if i mistake not, had something, the other day, calculated rather to irritate than to soothe the feelings of the " ingenuous youth," who have taken the welfare of young whiggery and the progress of the colored race under their especial care and supervision I say, "if I mistake not," because the "respeatabie Daily" is sometimes altogether incomprehensible to plain people like myself. A more foolish proceeding than thia on the part of tha old-hunking whiga and their organs never was known. They had an excellent opportunity, after the election was over, to so order matters as to at least postpone an outbreak in their ranks until after the conclusion ot the contest of '48. Every thing was in their favor; and the practice of a little magnanimity would hare effected wonders in their be half. The success of their party in oiner mates, had induced people to vote her* for them, who had contemplated a very different course of action? and if, warm from the victory, they had extended a hand to their erring brothers, I think it would have been received, and for a tame, " bye-goaes" would have bonn regarded as " bye-gones." But they did nothing of the kind, and commenced taunting the men whom they should have spared no efforts to conciliate. That they have been differently adv ised I have no doubt ; for the whig party has too many men of common sense among its leading members, not to see that this course is to the last degree ruinous. But those who have the main control of the machinery ef the party, are not gifted with those qualities] which lead men to hearken to the counsels of the wise and the experienced. Thsy will not take such counsels. Like the deaf adder they will not listen to the voiee of the charmer, charm he never so wisely. 80 deep is dissatisfaction .extending among our whlgs, that it would excite no surprise were it to lead to the complete defeat of that partv in the 4th Congressional District. Mr. Palfrey, the whig candidate thar e,is one of the most prominent of the leaders of " conscience " whiggery, and in his desire to serve his section of the party, crme in collision with the well-known Mr. Nathen Appleton, one of the "cotton" ior-a of Boston, and has aid things which sit as ill on the stomachs of that gentleman's numerous friends, as mouldy bread and ditch-water would on the stomach of an alderman in full standing. Mr. Appleton is set np by Boston whixgery.for all good and true disciples of that "raring faith" to bow down belore and worship, as an outward type of their inward steadfastness and purity ; and those who refuse to beml the knee or curve the neck before him, are ?ft fi ra'f whifh nnlitiral intolerance hai ever cheerfully burning for the particular benefit of all recusauta. Report sevs that the Appleton whig*, in otherj word* the old hunker*, are already in the field, operating against Mr. Palfrey, wboae defeat would gratify them quite a* much aa it would the democrat*. If Mr. P. ha* pluck, and hi* frland* the requisite degree of moral courage, they will be rather incited to greater exertion* by the** new demonstration* of hoitilitjr, than intimidated thereby. 1 am induced to think the better of their courage and conduct, from the fact that thay do not indulge in any of tho*e ridiculou* boast* so common with hotheaded enthuiiast*, and with which results often form so pittful a contrast; for, when gentlemen talk so very loudfof contending to the end. and of " dying in the last ditch," it generally prove* to be "a death In metaphor, a ditch in song." Most people suppose that there are but two faction* in our whig party. They are mistaken, and any calculation* based upon s supposition so erroneous, would Issd to a very absurd conclusion. To *ay nothing of petty clique* existing in the party,there are three distinot faction* in this harmonious body of couMrratrre politicians Each of thasa factions was represented in the lest State Convention, and it was through the union of two of them in the' body that tha third, tha ' conscience" bend, was * cavalierly sent to the wall, a place to which the weakeft invariably go in thia hjghmlnued world of oars.The first of these factions was composed of the friends of Mov Brigg s and contained many of the o|.i and most tiaid members of the pirty,gentlemen who make it a point of coiucienee to believe what their fathers did, and who are not quite clear that ralltoad* are so much superior to the old turnpikes, as people of aklttish imaginations snd an unsettled turn of mind are in the habit of asserting. The second faction consisted of the abolition whigs, wnose favorite candidate for (Jorornor wa? Mr. Ntaphon C. i'hillipi, of Helem, formerly a member of Cougreee, a gentleman of wealth, respectability, end fair talents, a whig o< the | bluest sort, but hiving ta tked to his whigism a black border cf anti-slavery a border so deep, that, in tha estimation of some, it exceeded in dimension* the garment it purported to edorn. Tue Jtllai party, or Lswrsnc* whig*, formed the third person In this political trinity. They ware tha least numerous of the three, bat V ?B ? ID. m*? twa omm. ? from their wealth, and the eaat corporation influence by which they were baoked, would moat probably have carried their point, had there been time for them to mature their plana, which there waa not On counting heada, and finding that they were not atroug enough to carry the nomination of hir. Abbot Lawrence, the frienda of that gentleman reeoleed to imitate the courta of the world m general, and make a rirtue of no situ, uj iu t'wui uia iivhiiiwuvu of Mr. Briggs, maintain unimpaired their connection with the bulk ef the party,"anil, at the lame time, give severe Mow to the " conscientious" people who, for a woniler, were taking part in the proceeding! of the Convention. They were entirely successful in their plana. The " conscience" party expected that the vote for a gubernatorial candidate would have been given by ballot; in which cane Mr. rUillioa would have received ao laige a number of votea ua to have rouderod him almoat certain of being selected aa Governor Brigga' aucceaaor. At all events he would have been placed prominently before the community, in connection with the auocesslon, and would have become the central figure of the political picture of whigiam But the men who w orahip at the Lawrence shrine, had no idea of permitting anv thing of the kind to take place. They abandoned all thoughta of pressing the nomination of their pet. and roaolved to win the regard of the Brigga men, by an aflectution of -seal in be h i 11 of their loader. Their tactics were crowned with the anme success that fell to the lot of thoao members of tlie Baltimore convention who ao cleverly nut the bow-atring around the neck ot Mr. Van Uuren. The proposition to re nominate Gov Brigga, by uiiidimii, ??? Iii>ci"n/".auu ..u^iiu.nmu i? > came only from the abolition portion intho convention, it had the two-folil effect of winning the regard of tlio Governor'* fi iondt for it* inventors, aod of exciting their ill will against the friend* ef Mr. Phillip*. It was, in truth, a sag* devise, midered with reference only to lt? immediate effect?a sort of whig two third* rule, operating to the end of staving off an importunate sect, wnnse movement* promised much that was divagreeablo to ohi whiggism. Whether it waa equally wise, it considered in connection with that future, of which even politi-inns are so apt to lose sight, hut which is the first thing that really great men take into consideration, is quite another matter. I think it w.ta not. and I am not lingular in this opinion. Had Mr. Phillips'* friends been so far giatiAud a* to have been allowed the privilege oi giving their vote* for their favorite they would probably have been satisfied therewith for the time; or, if thoy had not, Bnd should have " rode rusty" during 1847, Governor Brigg* might have again been brought forward to choke them off the course,* and the election of 1848 would most likely'lead. to a cessation ef civil distensions, in tb^ hope that whig union might lead to whig victory. So that, for almost thrae years, the quarrel might have been hushed, to aey nothing of the chancea of ita indefinite postponement by the occurrence of evanta likely, in the courae of that time, to lead, public attention to different matter* from thoee in Which it had ita origin. Aa it ia, the wound ia about to gangrene; and that treatment which, at first, was Uiought to proceed from the dictates of wiadom, is now generally thought to have been a piece of political quackery. The Lawrence whiga, and the diaciplea of tee modern Stephen, are facing each other with aenti menta the reverie of peternal; and the former would be intensely gratified it they could institute upon too portion of Mr. Phillip* the lapidary operation *o scientifically brought to bear by tho Jew* against hi* namesake, the proto-martyr. There will, from pieaent appearance*, be a hard fight between these two sections of the whig party for the next nomination, and which may produce r**ult* incurable even by a most liberal application of that " world-renowned * specific for suflering whig*, "Briggs's heal all," aided by doses of "Webster's Soothing Balm>" an homcsopathio allowance of which latter " invaluable remedy," was administered to the last convention, towards tho close of its brilliant and sagacious labors. The Evening Traveller, of the 17th, assuming that Mr. Palfrey will not be a candidate for re-election,named the Rev. J. B. Felt, as his successor in the oomforUble oflce of Secretary of State. Mr. Felt has had considerable experience in one branch of public afflairs, having been employed by our government to irranga its records, he., in the coarse of wnich business he visited England, to complete our lists of State papers; and he is undoubtedly quslified for the station; but I can assure you that Secretary Palfrey hds not the slightest intention of giving up the 1 place. He oan hold it even if elected to Congress, as there would be nothing illegal in his doing so. He would have been a candidate for the oflce had he been chosen to Congress on the 9th. He is not e wealthy nun, and it is probable Owl the emoluwhig# wiufhvor another man for theVlace is a doubtlhl matter, as that would bo going altogether too tat, ovon for them. Mr. Webster's friends hare are vary anxious to ran him for the Presidency in 1948. I oan imagino but ono i? ?k;el. lam o...M he . /tnmiMnU with anw. VWUklUg^UV/ Ul WUIV.U UV VVWHi WW V W ?H> WWI thing like seasonable ground* for McceM. Mwuid the democrccy run Mr. might, from every point tt view, jC|MmI ** quite an " available " whig OlmitSWkw'Mlf two such great men in the lilt, we 0Mud km a contest into which there would eater mere important elements than any we have entered into which nas occurred for almost half a century. They weald admirably represent the two great interests ef the land, and the battle wogfel be purely one ef principle. But nettMr will he nominated! or, If omehdUdbr, It will only bete suffer an overwhelming mmtm The course Of tjie reference to tho late war. is severely caflMHp mfcany. The point of coodomniatiem to, toi tbdrgiviwf eat that no more troops would be called for, and then. waeto-the impression that peace would be made, hnd beesma Prevalent, calling for a loan, the succesfol ncgottaUmi ofwhich was followed by a requisition for troops en even Northern State# This is pronounced a contemptible trick, totally unwecfhy tho government ef a great nation, and to the tost degree disgraceful. The whole business has certainly an ugly look, and it is much to be regretted that it evar took place, It is liable to great mis-construction, even if " n lair business transaction," which many aay it could not poeaibly have been. In my latter of the 10th, I said that the whig* hnd carried every district) but the 4th, on what 1 believed to be good authority. 4t appears, however, from the official count, which was completed on the 91st, that there waa do choice in the second district, Mr. King, the whig candidate, polling a few votea short of the number necessary for a choice. Mr. Hale his carrtoJ the tth district by the skin of his teeth. That diatrict, you will probably recollect, wae the only one in the State, which the wkiga allowed the democrats, when they districted the State in lUi. They contrived to throw into it a heavy democratic majority, which they could not conveniently dispose of in any other way; and no fact can give a better idea of the iorlorn condition of our democracy, than that they have lost the only district concedsd to them by the whigs, and in such strength too, that their ascendency therein waa held to be beyond the reach of attack or accident. The queation used to be indignantly askad, when the whigs had nine-tenths of the districts, " where i re the representatives of the 66,000 democrats ef Massachusetts r The question now is?" where are the 44,000 democrats 1" Monday, the 28th of December, has been appointed for I a new ttial to elect members of Congress in the 3d and 4th districts. Should the whig* be so lortunete m to meet with success on thit Jay, they will effectively close a year which will then have been one of almost continued trfhmph for that party hi every quarter of the Union.? Whether their brilliant vietortea are to be productive of what Bacon oalli' 'frtut," or whether, like many other* they have won. they are to be followed by ruinoua die anaiona, who shall *ay 7 All mutt depend upon how much wiad>ot they have learned free* tome moet initructive chapter* in their peat history. Horrible Morder.?The Cincinnati Gazttlt, of the 28th, gives the following account of a strange tragedy occurring in the city of Spriaglleld, lilinoia. There haa bean for aome time a family of girfa of leoee character, named Bleak, living on the kocks of Backcreek, in the outekirte of the village. A few week* ego, a young man named Ottoo Davidson, of a respectable family, married one of the girl* and went to live at tha home. On Silhday morning, early, the body of Haleey L Peck, e yonng man belonging to a respectable family hot recently become citizens of Springfield, wee found lying, face upward*, in Buck-creek, a (hart distance below the Black heuae, with hi* threat cut, end a number of wound* en hi* heed. The character end extent ef the wound* may he understood by reference to the deposition of Dr. Oillett, given beiew On the there there wet quite a pool of blood; immediately under the rock* we* tound a hammer end a half dollar. On tha rock*, which are about 96 feet high, bleed wee found, end Woo. I could be traced to e etump and tree, some 34 feet from the rocke. Heio, evidently, the murder wee committed. There ia between the etnmp end the tree end sear the latter, a good deal of blood, and a deep cut ia the eod. it can never be known, but by the murderer'* confe*eion, under whet circumstanoes the fetal blow* were given ?w he ther the victim wee warned, struggled eod we* overpowered, or whether unsuspecting en attack, the flret blow of tho hammer deprived him of nil power o> comprehension. Krom a view of the groand, end from what haa fallen fiom Davidson and Lewi*, it i? our opinion that Tack was lifting quietly on the etump wken he wee struck?that he sprang up, end fell stunned, with hie head at the foot or the tree-that a downward blow wae made with a knife at bis throat, which missed He object, and sunk deep into the eod ; that e second blow with tho ; knife (truck ?nj cm """? ? "'? ? . | the body wef then hsstily caught up end cut down the rock*, where it wee suffered to lie end bleed some time before it wss dragged into the creek. The hammer probably fell over the rock*, and the murderer or murderers, was unable to And it. The ownership of the hammer by Davidson, and other circumstances, led to his arrest, and the lact that Lew s was with Davidson on the previous night, led also to Lewis's arrest. Mr. M?ore, Coroner, summoned a Jury, which ?pent the entire Sabbath in a patient investigation of the iaota in the case. ' The finding of the jury was, that Hal*ey L. feck cam* to hi* death by vioianc*, inflicted by the hand of Otho Davidson. Davidson was committed by Lsquue f'si sons 1 to await hia trial at the spring term ; and .Lewis was { held to bail in the sum of one thousaud dollars, In default of which ho w*3 committed. A statement made by Davidson, during the day, induced the aheriflf to put Lewis in irons, il. L. Peck wu about DO yoer* of age ; Davidson 'Id, and Joaaph Lowia probably 16 Lewis ia from Zenla. Ill* connections are highly respectable. Tea Artistic Diisstsb.?The"ioUowing persons known to have been on board tbe Atlantic, hava not yet boon lound. Nl earns. Hymee, (lidding*, Orr Love rati, Ames, Tinkham, Madder. The totsd number of pemengera loat ia believed to be *6. These, with ton connected with the steamer, swell the whole leas to ferty-flvo. The bodies of John Uleaeoo, Charles RUey. Thom ?s Olbn Tj John McPerlsne, end Lammer Kelley, all oonnoeted ?nm tha steam sr. have not boaa fhaad.

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